Newspaper of Burlington Free Press, September 24, 1841, Page 2

Newspaper of Burlington Free Press dated September 24, 1841 Page 2
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mm yffigaaa ARRIVAL OF THE GREAT WES TERN. Tlio Great Western slcnm-sliip, Capt. lloskcn, iirrived nt Now York on Thursday evening, bringing London papers down to the 31st ult.. having loft Uiistol on the 1st inst., making the passage in 15 days and 3 hours Thu Great Western made her outward passage in twelve days and ton hours, having nrrived nt King's-road, llristol, nt 5 o'clock in the morning of tho -'Oili ult. Tho intelligence she brings of tho over throw of tho Wlii Ministry, was anticipated as inevitable. The majority of 91 in favor of the turios, makes them all powerful. Thcro was much difference of opinion with regard to tho authenticity of tho China uows which was brought to Now York by tho Akbar, and which was of n later dato than had been received in London. It had, how ever, ail effect on the tea market, causing prices to fall. Tho arrival of tho overland mail from India, was tidily expected. Although there had been some rain since our last advices, the weather, on the whole, had been favorable for tho harvest. Large supplies of wheat and llour had been receiv ed and prices had declined. Thu London papers announce the death of Theodore Hook, in the 7o!h vear of his aire, lie died at his cottage in Fulham. of bilious cholera. From its commencement ho had been the editor of tho John Hull weekly newspaper. Of his many novels "Savings and Doings" is the best. Mr.J. O'Connellhas been appointed dep uty lieutenant of the county ho i oprosetils in Parliament. Daniel O'Counell announced it the Repeal Association, a contribution of .100 from New York, making .t'GoO which lie bus received from America. A meeting of the Colonial Society was lield on the fiOth, to lakn into consideration the case of iMcLeoJ. The Mail of Muunt cashel presided, and resolutions were passed urging the Queen to direct tho energies of tho Kingdom to vindicate "thisgioat nation al wrong." Tin: Gkai.v Chop; The accounts of the harvest are highly etiei'tir.iging from all paits of the kii gduni. In Wales it is saiil to be the general opinion of the farmers that they have not had so good crops of wheal and barley for the last 12 years. Thu general belief that thu crops are not so much dama ged as was supposed, it is thuuuhl will cause tho duty on foreign wheat will go no lower, though speculators are still sanguine in their expectations. At London on the -'(lib, pii ces had not declined, though the market dull at former rate. The average prices for the week ending on 20lh was 80s. lor wheat -J Is. lOJ.for bailey, and ;is. 7il. for rye. Prices at iho latest dates wero linminnlh from Gs to Si. per quarter lower. Large quantities of foreign wheat had arrived, amounting in all to about (124,000 bushels, v i.h above 6,000 barrels Hour. The quality of new wheat which had come in was inferi or. Most grains had a downwind tendency. Tilt: CASE OF McLEOI). House of Common", Aug. '20.1 Mr. Roclnc-li, feeing the noble lord, til c Secretary for Foreign Alfairs, m lit- place, sud lie would no' fiut the qu'.5twn of which ho had tfivcn nolle- nt the commencement of the session. His object in pultiti' these questions was a a far us pontile to promote pence ; and to obuin litat cnJ he would siteest that before they came to any conclusion honorable mem tiers should understand the question of our relation with the United States. The question, or rather ques tions, ho was about to put were the in number, mid related entirely to ihe detention of Mr. alel-eod. Tliat detetittou arovj out of transaction!! connected with the Steamboat Caroline, an attack upon which in thcUintcd Stairs territory had piven frrcat um brage, not only on tho Stale of ."ew Vuik, bui to the United Stales t'enendly. Mr. Koelntck herr i;avc n brief but correct oceount ef the transactions' ill question. Now, what he (Mr. Roebuck) wmtcd to know of the noblo lord was, first whelhir llnre had bteti any rhance m the lauuae' of the V S. (Invcriuncnt, mice the accession ot a new (.ovrrnment to pmver. It should always bo recollected, tint tin should have been themiswn given to Mr. I'ox, that on the estab. lislunenl of (lovernuient in the I . S. they Inddechir el they coti-tdered th'-iiiselvi-s ami uablc tn the inter national law established aiiiotn; thu civilm-d nation of Hurope. The sole medium of ouiiiiiiuieatiun with ivhcr nations was the federal Uove iihikiii, toy means if the 1'residi-nt j and the pci plo of the I nited States has no more notion of .i w York as on mdepeiidi-nt state than the people ofT.nuland ha I of the county of Rutland beinij s i. Such, he eotieeivi d, ought to have b-rn the answer made ti Mr. Forsyth wh"ii h rlaiineil for .New York authority over the Hntili subnet. He wanted t ascertain from the noble lord these fiets. I'irt, whether ln'i Mnjea yV llovcrniueiu had, by any fui in il dr.'liriition, ns'iime-d tho entire icponibi!ity of (he-attack on the (.'atomic. -cxt, if so, whether tin (overnnicnt of the I 'nited States had adimttrl tint icspous bihty, and then had dummied leparaliou for un outrage nri ijjrv coniniitled upon the United Stales, liecaitse, it liould lit reeolleeteil, that if lh govern iiient of thai country demanded reparation for an in. ory mrlic eil on the Uniied Slates, it would not do hen, for Ilium to turn round and say thai the q e. n ieted between us and the -tai.i of New ,oik, i.'illun who, jiirisiii.'tiou only the matter lay. The next rjiie.-tien was win tin r l.ei .laj. -tj's (Jov -riiment hail statul speeiii"jlly to ilie duicrutncnt of the I'm! il Si nes that in the case referred to, Mr.Mc-T.i-od acted under the command of a supi'iinr otliccr. who was proceeding there under the expiess sanction nl'iho (invi rinnent. The fourth ipicstion was, w belli .V her Mij sty's fiivcrmncnl had deiniin lul fmm fie covet tnie'iit of the I'mled Stan s whether, afttr itieli nilcelarannn, thu (iova nt was able and willing to Hintnnli e thes-.ifi ly and hbeialion of Mr Mcl.end, noiwilhslaiidin any (let- riiiiiruii-ii of the courier thu state of New Yuri., nri-niir out of tin pruccediiiipi now pe-ndiner them a.-.nnl bun. I.nrt. ly if tho Uoveriimuit of the t'nltul .Viatcsliad ndnu!. ne nhdry cf.iich s-inetiou mid nuihorlty as a pro b-ction to Mr. Me I.eol.Hiul if the demand rifeircd l i had been made, In-Mr. Itoclnu k as id whether the noble lord euuld utu any rircunintniicPs in e. ii'maiion or tustilication of ihe eonfnued detention ol Mr. Mcl.eod by lite authorities of the state of New York. f.ord Pahm-rston rose and f.nd, he slioul.l be the h tinaninlhnt liouo who would md rpo ebitrtei'ii, or who would rurtail any iiiform.iiiou which imht ticcivcn on anysuhjeetj bin be ni the Pime time f U iDimd to ruinirk, that the proceeding of the hon. in-inber for Itith were eoiuew Inn irre ular ; lu eaui-e ho was sire the Inuse wool J be of opinion if questions ii ion matters nf tha ereati st difficulty and di hcdey were to ho prehctd by lion, niembeis with a mil of inrrntue. It hi rinnp exireuuly iliBUuH for tho indi vidual w hose duty it might be lo nuswer tho num. lions to refrain from ijoiniint tMisi, ;, ,,0 (.,,., M winch ilioi i'iestions rihttd, and lima under ihe firm of n!ns a qin,tun, a delntg mihl be linmitht nn without notice upon a matter oftlic -real-rl national iiniiort'ince. (Hear, hi ar.) However, lie, (Lord t'alint rst'ti,) tbould he lnppy lo uivu thu hon. mid haiued nimbtr fir 1 "atli the lufornrition lie asked, uud lie had no doubt iho Hati nient lis wh about lo make would tuidtn hcl;cethc iiimds of nnnv oer-nus who ho ill, iImi.l that ihe pre-ent Flaleof ihe one lion wiib 'rir.-inl i.. Mr. M' l was liki ly lo brim; on u seririiH dillerenee mi ween ineiwo countries, lliu narrativo of the lion, nn.l learned sfiiilriiinn wac, he behevol, siib.ianlially eorr ct, ntrl upon it lie, Lord I'aliueislon, Ind no par. tieunr runrk to make. Ii was imin. inm nc i... i..... nod Icirned i;entl'mau had Haled, lint upon ih" lirt ilein iuJ iirid.i by 1 1 r Miqesty'ii oovi rinu.'iii f,r noi raiioii oi .,ir. uci.iod un iin-.wer Imi tj.'eii reluru nl by tho lato Sceretnry of S nta of the IJiuted Slate win li by no means wa saiisfjctory, ami he i old ralinortton, w as quite ready to admit as a iloetrmn ui imcriiaiiioi ii i tw iiiai iioouu eouuiry nail a ri'dit lo state in reply loo demand for redress for a wroiiu done either to another rountrv. or the snliii.n r,fnn.,.i. r eountry, that il had pienhar inni'iiuons wiiliin it. ilf. l(er, Nulions iliill with each other ns nsie. nato communities, ibey knew nothing of the internal I istitmioiu nf each other t if a wron word done, re dress must bo e'Hi ii, mid if the laws ma constitution of tho country did not etiah'e it lo pii tl hi t redress ,,.,i..i, .-.union in no alter nalivo winch in such a cjsu became necessary. Cheers. N iw, alllio irIi Ilia first reply nf iho American gov- riiiineui nan iie-i-ii, 'is n ioou'oii, cut reiv wromr. n. lo the principles of interualioital law slihouijli ho Ind i-oiiMilered lhat reply to be unsatisfactory yet ho P-imiov. iue-mmjiieuou oi ueio auie IU lllorp Ilie hon. and learned member for Uath nnd the house, that fioin the present covcrinnciit of Iho United States u comuiiinieatioti had been icceiveil, eonlainitiR a for mal inti action pivcit to Iho Attorney (leiieral of iho United States, with reference, to this question, which contained doctrines just and consistent, with the laws of nations, mid perfectly in accordance with the prin ciples upon which Her Majesty's government had do mantle I Ihe release ami liberation of Mr. Met.cod. Hear. Hear. The paragraph which he should read from those iiistruelions would, he believed, nnswer more than two of Ihe questions whi h had been put to him by the lion, and learned member for Rath, for it would show tint Her Mujesty's government Ind uoi'd it re'ponsihilityfor U! nltaek tu.ido upon the Caroline, nnd thai the Atntricnii government trea ted the air.itr nsone to be dealt with Utwren the two irorcrnnirnta and totally unconnected with the ques tion alleetini; Mcl.eeid. Hinr, hear. This instruc tion, which was elated the ltilh of March in Ihe prceut ycir, was from Mr. Wi lister, the Secretary of State lo Mr. Crittenden, the Altorney-C.eneral ol the United Slates, who was then uboiil to proited lo New York mi Iho business of the stale. It neited in the first place- the grounds upon which Mr. Mel.cod had been arieleil, and t len piocecJcd lo state: "I haio now to inform you that .Mr. For has ml dressed a note lo this dcrartnirnt, tinder date of the lvltii inst., in which, miiltr ihe immediate instruction and ehr clion of his tjoverninent, hedcinands, formal ly nnd officially, Mr. Mcl.eod's imineiliitu release, on the around that the) transaction, on account of which he has been arrested nnd is to be put upon his trial, was ofa public character, planned and execut ed In pi tsonsiiuly empowered by Her Majesty's co lonial authorities to takeanv steps anil lo do unyaets which might be necessary for the ilcfencc of ltcf Ma y ty territories and for the proteelion of Her Ma jesty's sublets, nnd that consequently those subjects of Her Majesty who encased in that transaction were performing an act of tiuhheduty, for which they can not be personally and individually answerable to the laws an i tribunals of any foreign country i nnd thai her .Maj7iy's (l.neriimeiit has further iliuvtid Mr. I'ot lo make know u to the Ooverntueutof the United Stiles, that Her Majesty's (iovernnieiit entirely ap proves of ihe rourse pursued by Mr. nnd the linit'iage ndopnd by him in the correspondence above tiiMilioupd." (Cheers) Mr. Webster iheu went on tn say "There is now, tliTefore, an authentic declaration on the part of the Rritish jjoviintnent. lhat the attaik on the Caroline was an act of public force, done by military men un der the orders of tluir supenoi, and is recon'red as such by the (lueeii's gouriinuiit. Tho importance of th declaration is not to be doubted, and the l'ri' sidi nl is of opinion thai it calls upon him for the per formance of a IiikIi duty, 'lhat an individual formim: liarl of a public torce, and acting uudir mtthorilv nf his government, 13 not to bo held liable as a private trespasser, or malefactor, isa prineipleof public law, -.inctiouej by the mages of all i ivihni nations, anil which llm mivtrilmetit of tbeUiuti'd States has no inclination lo dispute. This ha no connection wlnl evir with the question whetberin this case theatlaek on 111. iarntiiie waj, as the HritiMi irovcrnmriii Hunk. It, n j istiti ible employment of folic for thepu"pMuof iifciei.uing tne iintisli tcrntory lrom iniprovnKei! at lac', or whether il was a must uniustitiahleinva-ioii. Ill nine of peace, of the territory of the United Slates, 11 1111s government lias regarded it. I tie two ques tions am essentially ililleient, nnd, while acknowled r!u;that tin indiudual mav ehum imiuumtv from the cotisequi'iieesof act done by him, hv showing that lie nited under national authority, tl.U government is not to be undets'ood as changing the opinion' win h it has hen tofote expressed ill regard tn the real nature of the trtusaetion which resulted in the de traction nf Hie Caroline. That subject is not nece saty for any purpose connected with the communica tion to discuss. "All that 11 intended to he said al orcein is. lbnt since the attack on ihe Caroline is avowed as a in- aet. w Inch may justify reprisals or 1 ven gt neral war if the irmeriiiuf nt of the Uoiiid Simps in the 111 Igmi nt which it shall form of the transactions and ol us own duty should see til ro to deeidi', yet it rius- o- a question entirely politic and political -a question b.twveu independent tntiuus, and tint individuals eoiioeiued 111 11 ea1111.1t ho atmted mid tried bjurc ihe ordinary tribunals as for ihe rmbnitni ofniiii.ic.pal law. 'if the attack upon Ihe Caioline weie unjii.liti itile, us this gowrnnu'iit has nsrrli'.l, the law which hisbe-en vidulejis ihe law of nations, mil Ihe redress w Inch is to be son-dn is tin. rnlrvo authorised in sue II caehy iheprnrisiimsiirtlialeode. 1 on are wen nwitre mat tne iTi-iucnt Ins no power to ariest Tlir liroi es'diniis in the eivll and courts of iho MUeof -New York. If this iiidielintnt were peieiing in one of thu courts of the United 'tttes, 1 am dirtcled to say, that the I'le-udciil upon the n-eiipt of Mr. Fox's last eoiiimuui -ation would baV'" miiiieitHli ly ihr 'cted a imfc prusujui lo be en tered. (I.oud cheers.) -Now, (saal l.oid l'.i'merston) nothing eould he inure hoiur.ible lo the li.nerument of the United Stiles, e.r more satisfactory to Hint of ihis country, ilnu this deelir 1I1011 of principle. (CI rers.) Hi' though he haJan-wind all the qie lious put to him by the bon. and learned member for Rath I'v-ept one nmrdy. whether ilu I'tuled States had uiaue a iiem inn upon tius country tor mjuiie done to he United States at large, nud not for the 'late of New-York i rpicinllv. Unque-tioiiahly the fir-t de mand had h cn made on lhal Looillid. anil in tho coure of I it sr.s,ioii he (l.ntd l'aliuer-lon) had sta- un uiai met a a grniiiid lor Ins ijinriion, lint it was iuiio,iblethat Ihe United Slali s eould turn round, and siy it was .1 qu"stion helwn n (5rent ttritain and on" .sin!oonly(!lenr,heir.) Thecon-titiilioii of ihe United State lllaeed all ibese tnaltrrs ill tbf li'inil nf lh,. Ipdi ruble Row rmnint, and the tenth section of the nri arncie m ine eiiutitiiinn iirovnliil that ".n Sta'e shall enlt r mtoniiy treaty, alliineeor conl'i'd eraiion, or grant letters elf marque an I topri-al. No Statu shall, without eon-ent ol Congress, lay anv duty of tonnage, ki 1 p troops er ships of war m tune ol peace', enter into any agreement with uno'lier Stale, or with a f ir'ign power, or engage in wnr, un less actually iiuadi d, or m sueh imiuent Tanger as will not admit of de'ay." (llnir. hi ar.) Therefore, II was Iterfeetlv true lb It this onelioni'onlil no mori' be tend lo be lu lweeii (ireal Itiiiuiu and ihe State of .New tiuklhaii (it Ameiieaii bad fell hi ri If ag-ii-vid by (5reat tin am I it en Id be said thn imp.. lion was between Aineiica and lie eo uilyof Rutland ( Hut the Hon. and learned mrinbrr for llalh line) on a forn-cr evening ii7gcicd, that Hi r Mai siv's Cov- eriimeut ought, in the out-'l of this allair, 'lo have ent out 11 special envoy to ihe niiilioTiii" in Iho stati of .Vew Y' th. Now, lie (Lord I'almeislon) was of opinion that such a protreding would have iimoiinlrd 1.1 a nullification 01 dcniil on the pint of flteat Hi it. 1111 ot (hi-liind nneiilal priueipb s of the e-on-tiiulioti ol the Un, lid Stuns, nnd lhat they would have treated it as an allront upon the I'cih rul liovi rnmeiit ( I lear. hear ) '1 Iilti f.ue. tl !iimt 1'inm mil- iii-f. leet on ihepart ol Her MapsivV (!oMrnnienl that Hit-eiiiiKe had not In i n tnkin un the innlraiy, it had Ii-iii avoided o t of 'lie respect they were bound m pay to the eons, Iinttiin ut I rni,d St.ui... (I li ar, hear.) lle(I,oid l'alun-rslon) ousted he h a I now I'ui'ti nnswe'rs to the question put to liiui. He hmild ho sorry to autieipale the course which the 'iovirnuicut of the United States m ght think proper to follow, in older toe nnv out the prinetpl. of m "in law : and he ihoueht the Ilnu and Ii am- 1 i'l-llllemail Wnllld III' best nnsu-rnil if bi (l.fird I'almerslon) nhi lined from entirin;; furlhtr into the matter. (Clin r-) Ql'l:sTI().h I'lill'v VlitiJi.Niv AnsjTitM-riii.v- 1ST Can two spirits occupy the .same phy sical iiotut in tho same! intitni'iii iil'tinn. olwl not each lose its identilv in that of the oth er ? lite "tent .fohnalhau Ldwanls Imtli ii nothing is lhat whereof a rat is die-ainim; when ho fcluepclh and iomctiiii' is tlmi which ho peiceivelli on itwaking, then what is that which ncctits. in the transii. Iiniufon thcetwo states of Menial heing 1 hen the antecedent and consequent in hvsics are so far nnait that ilm law nf ccusu and ell'ect has ceased to exist between them, what I elation does the nntio'wli.nt still ii'l.iin to its consequent Way Ilium not he at vanishing point whuro st'iut thing leaves offand nothing be gin, sufficient spare for n possibility to hovn its shallow between. I'htlttdi nhut North Aniciiitiii. 'I'm: North FAfa'rr.u.v Houmiakv. The Hangor Whig of the 3d inst. has thu follow ing paragraph ; Tho I'm ed Slates Troops ordered In occupy the po-isat the Aroostook and Fish rivers, m theihspiited iiiritory, started from I loullon on Tuesday list, Ihnfir.tdeliehuieiH sfn ted with a hiavy tiam of ovui Hinl all Ilm neces-ury implement for i learing Ihe mala and for erecting iiiub e quart' rs and bar racks. A good ui.hiary road, supported by the (Jen eral (.overiimeut, from Huulion to Fih rivi r, may soon beexpeeted.ntid a tegular mail mule with a iiot olliceat 1'i-h river and ihe Aumstook w illhiTiinblisb. ed imuiedi.iti lely. The d'eneral lioveruiuent is now ,,ni,, uj.uii lira iLiio.iij, nun iiitii. nuiiiu 0 I ai'Klllg out until a dual scltlniHiii of the question. l'ni:eAHTo.Ns ron waii. Orders were received from Washm-jton to put llieU. S, ship North Cam. li mi on tho war foolinrr. Thn unoer inins are In be' r....i .......... .1... in..:,..... .....i .i. ...ii, . . . changed, und 1'axliain'n substituted, and her powder and shot to go on board llusday. Orders have been bteeeneil nl the Yard to expeslile the vessels on the ojoeka and repair llioso in oulinary. This is as it nuuin oi, ..v, ) . i-oier. OOMI'MMKNTHI Af.nin. 1 Sir, ft.-. M'tm l.nnnn Railway Times, under da'cof'&d .May last, tsayn. I1" if. i-ni.i I 1 .. .. . ' r . , I .. ,, i 1 i'ioiiiie-o uy i .iriiauicii,ui which Sir I iidnck Smith, of the Rojnl ICngineer Crops wiik chairman, lo examine into Ihe condition of rail ways, reported! "That the Locomotive Ungincs man ufactured llV Mr. NlirriS. of l'hllndelnln.-i. lirrtVimmil I fifty per cent, mure duty limn nnyothrr cneints in I use in l-.ngland."- J'hitud. Yeif.O'ot. From tho Nntional Intelligence r. T11K LKTTKKS OF HIWIGNATION. 'l'lie following IcttoH of thn Secretary of the Treasury and tho Attorney General, resigning their respective trusts, have been placed in our hands for publication : Wasiiinoto-v, Sept. II, 1811. Sib : Circumstances have occurred In the course of your administration, nnd chiefly in the exercise by you of the veto power, which con. strain nieto believe that uiy longer continuance in oflice as a member of your Cabinet will be neither g rt'cablo to you, useful to the country, nor honorable to myself. Do mo tho justice Mr. President, to believe that this cnucltisiftn lias been adopted neither capriciously, nor in any spirit of party feeling or personal hostility, bit from a fence nf duly, which, mistaken tlfouoli it tnsyb'c, i.' yet 6 sin cerely entertained, that I cheerfully sacrifice to it the advantag-CH and distiiictmti4 ofotlicc. . lie pteaio ', thorofore,to acccit this my lesijj nation of the ufi'ico (Jf Attorney (iuner:il of t'10 United .Slates. ' - erY rcstiectftillv, ynfirr, etc. J. J. CHITTENDEN. Tun l'ltcsiDn.NT. TitnAsL'itv DnrAitTMr.Nr, .Sept. II, 13 II. Sin : Alter the most calm and careful enn siiluration, and view itio; the subject in all the aspects in which it presents itself to my mind, I have r.oino to the conclusion that I ought no longer to remain a member of your Cabinet. 1 theiol'iiro resign the office of Secretary of the Treasury, and beg you to accept this as my let ter of resignation. 7 ei avoid misunderstanding, 1 distinctly de clare that I do not consider a dillerenee of opi nion as to the character of a Nattonal llauk a sufficient reason for dissolving tlie" tics which have existed between us. Though I look upon that ineasuto as one of vast importance to the prosperity of the country, and though I should have deeply depleted your inability or unwilling, ness to accord it to tlie wishes of the people and the States, so tincipuvoc ily expressed through their representatives', still, upon this and this alone, unconnected with other controlling eir cuuistance.,! should not have felt bound to resign t tic place which I hold in your administration. Hut controlling circumstances do exist, and I will, in my own justification, place tlieui in connexion butorc you. If i but ju.t to you to say that Iho bill which first passed the two Houses of Congress, and which .va relumed with your objections on the Kith of August, did never, in its piogrocs mi far as I know or believe, leceive at any time cither your express or implied assent. So far as that bill was known to me, i r as I was consulted upon it, 1 endeavoied tobringits provisions as nearly as possible in accordance with what I understood lo be your views, and rather hijict than (j.'iriW your approval. I know the extent lo u Inch you were committed on the question. I know the pertinacity with which you adhered to your expressed opinions, and 1 (headed from the first the most disastrous consequences, when thu project of compromise which I pre sented at an early day was rejected. It is equally a matlerof justice to you and to mvself to say that the bill which I icportcd to the two llnusos of Congiess at the commence nieut of the so.-sion. in obedience to their call, was modified so asto meet your approbation. toumay nor, n is true, nave lean tlie lull throughout, and examined every part of it : but the lliih fundamental article, which became the contested epictiou of principle, was freely elis- e'.usseu netween ti', aim a was uniierstond and unequivocally sanctioned by yourself. The last clattoe in Iho bill also, which contained a reser vation of power in Congress, was inserted on .i e t.... :.. , ... me win en .nine', in yuur presence, arm with your approbation : though you at one time told ine lhal, in giving your sanction to the bill, von would accompany it with an explanation of your inai nisi clause. In this condition nf things, though I irroatlv regretted your veto on the bill as it pased the two iimises in v.oiigre-s, aim tiinugii i foresaw thu excitement and agitation which it would produce among the people, yet, considering iho changes which the bill had undergone in it. passage, and in variance from the one vou h id agreed to sanction, 1 could not find in tint act enough to disturb the confidential lelatioti wlutli existed tietween us. was disposed to attribute this act.tiauglit with mischief as it was, to puro and honorable motives, and to a con srietitious conviction nil your part that the bill, in some of its provi-ioiis, conflicted with the Constitution. lint that opinion of your course on the bill which has just been lottirnedto Con gress wttii your second veto, I dri not and cannot entertain. Iterur to what has passed between us with respect to il, and you will at ouco per cievu that such opinion is impossible.' On the morning of the Kith of August, I call- cd at your chamber, and found you preparing (lie nrsi vein nieer-age, iu uc despatched lo tliu Senate. The sucret.iry ol War ei.iiue in also and you read a portion of the message to us. He observed that, though tin- veto would create a great sensation in Congress, yet he thought the mind nf our fr.ends better prepaid! for it than they were some days ago, and lie hoped it would be calmly leceiwd, especially as it did not shut out all hope ot a bank. To tins you lepited that you really thought theio ought to be no dilli. culty about it ; that you had siillicienlly uido-a. ted, in your veto nics-ago, what kind of a bank you would approve, and lhat congress might, il they saw tit, ji.iss such a one in three days. 7'im ISth being the dav fur our regular Cab- inel meeting, wo. assembled, all except .Messrs. Crittenden and Granger, and you told us that you had a long conversation with .1ussrs. Jier r it'll and Sergeant, who professed lo come in behalf ol the U'lugs of the two Houses to en deavor lo strike out some measures which would be generally acceptable. That you had your doubts about the propriety of conversing with them yuinsulf, and thought it more proper lhat you should commune with them through your coiistilulional iidvier.. You expressed a wish that tlie whole subject should be postponed till the next session (d Congress. You spoke of the delay in the senate oi tne consideration ol your veto message, and expressed anxiety as to the tone and temper which the debate would assume. Mr lhdgor said lint on inquiry lie was hap. nv to find that the best temper prevailed in the two Houses. He behaved ihey were perfectly ready to take up the bill reported by tho Sec. lelarvof the Treasury, and pass it at once. loiiicplied, Tall: not to muol r Hwmg's bill; it contains that odious feature of local discount. wliiih 1 have repudiated in my message.' I then aid to you, 'I liaio no doubt, sir, lhat tlie House, having ascertained your views, will pass a bill in coiifotliuly to them, provided they can lie satistied tliat u vvouiii answer me purposes ol the Treasury, nud relievo the country.' You then said, 'Cannot my cabinet see that this is brought about J nu uitisl slaiiei by mo in tins emergency, Cannot you see that a' bill passes Congress such as I can apptovo without incon sistency ' 1 declared again my belief that tsuch a bill might be passed. And you then s.,ud to inc. 'What do you understand to bo mv opinions! State them, so that I may teu that there is no misapprehension about theiu. I then said tliat I understood you lo bo of opinion tlut Congress might charter a bank in the District of Columbia, giving it its location lieie. To tins you a-scuted. That they might authorize such a oauK to cstaulisli offices ol dis count and deposito in the several States, with thy ass-ent o! the States. . o this you icphcd, MJon t name discounts : tnuy nave neen tlie source of l lie must abominable cot millions, and aio wholly tinnercssary to enable the haul; lo uibchaigo Us unties lo tne country anil tlie (Joy. eminent,' I observed in reply that I was proposing no. iiiiug, uui sunpiy endeavoring to biato what I had uiideiBtoud to be your opinion as to the pun crB which Congress miilit constitutionalilv confer on a bank ; lhat on tliat point I stood cor. recieu. i men procecueu io pay tliat I under blood you lobe ot opinion tliat Congress might authorize such a bank to establish auoncms in tlie several Stales, with power to deal in bills of exchange, without the assent ol the States, to which you replied, 'Yes, if thoy be foreign billr, or bills drawn m onu .State and pat able in another, I hat Is all the power necessary for I rmictieit t Tmr Ilm r.i , 1.1 ... f.,,,.!.. n,..l n,.,,l'.l i,u. exchange and the currency.' " oir. v coster men expressed, in strong terms ma ujiuiivii piie.ii ii eiliireur weiiiui answer all just purposes of Government, and be salisfac- !. In ,1... ..nnr.1n. h.1 .t 1 I 1.:.. ....r I mo iiuulhi;, ,uiu eiuioure'et ins iirciueuucu II nn ., .l.;l. l.-.l ' 1 .... v.,.., tmj u.iu ne'uu piejiuse'i, espe cially as it dispensed with the nssent of the Vlnlnu tn ll.n .. f !.. , .tutus iu iiiu ei e-.iiiou ui an insiiiueiuii necessary forcarrvingoutho fiscal operations of Govern ment. Ho examined it at some length, both as toils constitutionality, and its influence on the currency and exchange?, m all which views you expressed your concurrence, desired that such a bill should bo introduced, and especially that it should CO into tho hands nf Komn nf vnnr frieuih. To my inquiry whether Mr. Sergeant would he agreeable to you, you replied that ho would. You especially leqtiosted Mr. Webster and myself to communicate with -Messrs Horrion and Sergeant on the subject, to whom you said you had promised to address a note, but you doubted not that this personal communication would be equally satisfactory. Vou desired us, als vU....,iiiivtiiiii ,.ieu loose; geiiiiiouie il lint tn eiilillnit vnn nnrsiitifilti. 1ruf l bic l.nitw c, in coiiiiiiuiiicaimg wiiu iiioso gentlemen, ""ri;""1-1' ". ...'in iiiuiisuie', it iiugiie no maue a subject of comparison to your prejudice in the course of discussion. You and Mr. Webster then conversed about thn tiarlienlar wnrdimr nf the 10 fundamental article, containim? the iPrant ofpowortodeal in exchanges, and of the connex ion in which that grant should bo introduced; you also spoke of the name of tho institution, desiring that i7ii( should bo changed. To this I nhinetnil. nc it ee'nii 1,1 i.p. .!..l.l., t... n ...1. --.-j .w.,w, .... 'l.,lfui UU IIIUUU ,t sun- ject of ridicule, but you insisted that there was lllllcb ill n lininn. nml line Ittcti,..! 1.... ..... ' .."..IS, ...... .,,1. IM.'IMIIUUII uugue HOI to bo called a bank. Mr. Webster undertook to adapt it iu this particular to yuur wishes. Mr. Hell then observed to -Mr. Webster and myself that we had no time to lose ; if this wero not immediately attended to, another hill, less acceptable, might begot up and reported. lU.. .I.-. i i . ' . . . 1 . ..o lojiiiou iiiae wu wuillll lose 110 llllie. -11. Wnhstnr ai'pni'ililiirKnr.llnl .u. M..p.... I?--....... e . , . .... ,,, n. i.u,-jiiL-ii and .Sergeant immediately, and I waited on them by bis appointment at live o'clock on the same day, and agreed upon the principles of tho bill i..wiiniiiiu iniii iuui U.VjilusSUU Wisues. VI1U am apprised of the fact, though it did not occur 1 111'.' Iirosnnen. that altor ilm l,,tl t,o .1P,. and before it was reported, it Was seen and ex- !...! 1 tr. .1. .. . .. iiiiniiuu ii'ii j euai your aueuiloii was es pecially called lo the Kith fundamental article ; tliat on full exaiinnlatioii you concurred iu its- provisions : that at tiie same time its name was so modified as to meet yuur approbation ;and the bill was renorfnd and n.issnd. in nil ticulars as it was when it came through yuur lauds. Vou asked .1r. Webster and myself each to prepare and present yon an argument touching the constitutionality nf tlie bill ; and before tll(ve arguments could be nrnnarn.-l anil rnml be- you, you declared, as I beard and believe, t'o gentlemen, members of tlie House, that you would cut olVyour right hand rather than im prove it. Alter this now resolution was taken Vll'l fisknd find iinriuiclltr M-.....1 il.n ... n...l.n. . Ai' i - " .' ni'.ii mi; lueillUOIS Ol your Cabinet to postpone the bill; but you would unit llli I rril'il' n..- !.,... t.. . f-i - - v' -u "iiiix.1 U1VIII IVJ JJUl,-) any assurance of your future course, iu case of such postponement, fiy some of us, and I was myself one, the etrbrt was made to gratify your wishes, in the only way in winch it could be done Willi propriety; tliat is, by obtaining the general concurrence of the Wing members of Ilie two Hoiisj.s iu the postponement. It failed, as I have rca-ou to believe, because you would give no assurance that the delay was not sought as a means and occasion for hostile movements. During this season of deep feeling and ear nest exertion upon our part, while we were zealously devoting our talents and influence, to sti-taiu you, the very secrets of our Cabinet councils made their appearance in an infamous paper printed iu a neighboring city, the columns of which were daily charged with (lattery of yourself and loul abuo of your Cabinet. All this I boro ; for I felt thai my services, so long as they could avail, were due to tlie nation to that great and magnanimous people whoso suf Ir.tges elevated your predecessor to tho station winch you now fill, and who.e united voices approved his act when he summoned us around him, to he his counsellors ; and i felt that what was due to his memory, to the injunctions which ho lolt us iu hi.) last 'dying words, and to thu people, whose servants we were, had not all been performed, until every means was tried, and every hope had failed, of carrying out the true principles upon which tho tiiightv move inent was limn Jed that elevated him anil you to power. This bill, framed and fashioned according to your own suggestions, iu thu initiation of which I and another member of your Cabinet wero made by you the agents and negotiators, was pr-sed by largo majorities through the two Houses of Congress, and sent to you, and you rejected it. Important u was tlie part which I had taken, at vnnr monnst. in tl,., of this bill, ami deeply as I was committed for your action upon it, you never consultnd mo on tne sttiijectol tho veto message. You did not evenicferto it in conversation, am! the first notice I had of its contents was derived from rumor. And to me, at least, you have done nothing; to wipe away the personal indignity arising tint of tho act. I gathered, it is true, 'from your con wrsation, shortly alter the bill bad passed tho House, that you had astnmg purpose to reject il ; but nothing was said like softening or apo. logy lei me, cither in riifnronen tn inisr.lf ,.- i.. tllO.-O Willi Willi!!! I hill I'll mi, inn!, .ot.,. I -.. ....... - - v... I..IIVIIl. (lb rcquuM, ami who lirid actuil themselves aiul in. tin coil the lv ilou-utf lo act upon tlio i.ntli of that ronitmihir;)! inn ti.l eh-'iuim : . . , cumiv; ii-i ii, nil1 seem, the volo message attack,, m an cspecia'l in iiioei me- (.-ry proiisions winch wero inserted at your rcuucst : and ci tl. m,,,,, ,.r ii,.. - poration, which was not only agreed to by you, I.,,, .,,A(.ni..ll.. -.1 . . . J J u... V.-JH....UII, i iiaiige ii iii meet your expressed wislie--, is undo tlio subject of your criticism. Different men miolit Move il,, 'i.., it,,,, :.. difll'rent points ol light, hm under these cir cuiiistances as a matter ol' personal honor, it would bo haul for me to rem tin of vuitr counsel, to seal my lips and leave unexplained and tin- ., ........ unue iii-s in mis transaction ilie do. paiture from straightforwardness and candor. So far indeed from admitting the encoura"e- llieilt winch vnn irii-.i I,, il.,.. 1..1I i' :. .' n' 1 1 1 1 . uui nuin iim ii-ee'p- lion, and explaining and excusing your sudden and violent hostihte- titti'it.ij t ...... .1. ...... i..t.. your eto Message an interrogatory equivalent ... .".nun uiae n was such a tunas you nail alrcadv iloe.lanwl rnnld r .... v ".... i vi ui, e- iiiu f.ineiiiio. rsuch is the obvious effect of tho first inlerrnga- inry ci.uise on me second page. It has all the forru of an assertion w.ilmni I have met and refuted this, the necessary in- reieiico fioin your language, in my preceding statement, tho rnrrei'iii,. ,,r ,, l,;..i. i you will not call iu question. lour veto to the first bill vou rested on con- stitiitional ground and tho high convictions of c.oiistiienco : and no man. in mv omnion. had a right to (iiestiou your sincerity. 1 so said, and 1 to acted, fur, through all the contest and col. hsion thai arose out ol that act, you had my ad. hereuco and support. Hut hmv" is it with res. pert lo tins ' Tho subject ol a bank is not new lo you ; it is more than twenty ycais that you hue made it an nhinet nf .;,i.,,. .,;,. .,,,,'1 ,,f study, especially in its connexion with the coo- stillltm.t'.l ...... ..f ,1.. ,. ... ... ..muu.m.j.unuis i u,u ,cncrai iioveruinent. ton, therefore, could not he, and you wero not, taken iinprepirod on this question. The lull which I reported lo Congress with your appro, bation, at the commencement of the session, had the clatue relating in agencies, and the nowcr to deal iu exchanges, as strongly deve loped as tho one you havo now rejected, and equally without the assent of tho States. Vou referred specially and with approbation to that clause, many days after, in a conversation held in tho Department of State. Vou sanctioned it in this parliciTlar bill as detailed above. And no doubt was thrown out on tho subject by you, in my hearing, or within my knowledge, until the letter of .Mr. Ilotls came to your hands. Soon after the reading of that letter, you throw out strong intimations that you would veto tho bill it it were not postponed. That letter 1 did and do most unequivocally condemn, hut it did not alloc! the constitutionality of tho bill, or justify jou iu rejecting it on that ground ; it could alfect only the expediency of your action ; and, whatever you may now believe as to the scruples existing in your mind, in this and in a kindred source there is strong reason to believe they havo their origin. If 1 bo right in this, and I doubt not I am, hero Is a great public measure demanded by the country, pasted upon and approved by the re presentatives of the states and the people, re jected by you as President, un grounds having no origin in conscience, and no reference to the public good. The rejection of this measure, ton, continues the purse with the Bword in tho hands of tho Executive, from which wo strove to wrest it, in tho contest which elevated your predecessor and you to power. I cannot con cur in this your course of policy. In or out of office, my opinions remain unchanged. I can not abandon the principles for which, during all my political career, 1 have struggled : especial ly I cannot be one of the instruments by which the Executive) wields those combined, accumu lated, and dangerous powers. These, sir, aro the reasons for the important stop which I have felt it my duty to take, and I submit them as its justification. I am, verv respectfully, yours, T. EW1NG. To tho I'nnsiDn.NT. The following letter from Mr. "iVebstcr, con tains his reasons for not resigning ins place in the cabinet : Washington, Sept. 11, 1911. My Dear Sir, I thank you for your kind and fiiendly letter. Vou will have learned that Messrs. Ewing, Hell, lladger, and Chittenden, have resigned their respective office?. Probably Mr Granger may feel bound to follow the example, ,.7'lns oc currence can hardiy cause you the same degree of regret w hich it has occasioned to me ; as they aro not only my friends, but persons with whom I havo had, for some tune, a daily official inter course. 1 could not partake in this movement. It is supposed to bo justified, I presume, by the dtllerences which have arisen between the "Pre sident and Congress, upon tho moans of estab lishing a proper Fiscal Agency, and restoring a sound state of the currency ; and collateral mat ters, growingoutofthoscdifl'eicnccs. I regret those differences as deeply as any man ; but I have not been able to see in what manner the resignation of the Cabinet was likely cither to remove or mitigate the evils produced by them. On the coatrary, my only reliance fur a remedy for those evils has been, and is, on the union, conciliation, and perseverance of the whole Whig party ; and I by no moans despair of see ing yet accomplished, by these means, all that wo desire. It may render us more patient under disappointment in regard to one measure, to recollect, as is justly stated by the President in his last message, how great a number of im portant measures lias boon already successfully carried through. 1 hardly know when such a mass of business has been despatched in a single session ol Congress. 1 lie annual winter session is now near at hand ; the same Congress is again soon to as semble; and feeling as deeply as I ever did, tlio indispensable necessity of some suitable provision for the keeping ot the public money, for aid to the operation of the treasury, and to the high public interests of" currency' and ex change, I am not in haste to believe that the parly which his now the predominance will not, in all these respects, yet lulfil the expectations of the country. If it shall not, then our condi- tiou is. forlorn indeed. Hut for one, I will not give up the hope. My particular connexion with the administra tion, however, is in another department. I thinl; very humbly none can think more humbly of tne value ot me services winch I am able to render to the public m that post. Hut as there is, to far as I kno-v, on all subjects alt'ecting our foreign relations, a concurrence of opinion between the President and myself, and as there is nothing to distt.rb the harmony of our inter course, 1 have not felt it consistent with the duly winch I owe the country, to run tho ri by any sudden or abrupt proceeding, of embar rassing the Executive, iu regard to subjects and questions now immediately pending, and which intimately all'oct the preservation of the peace oi uie country. 1 am, dear sir, with constant regard, Vottrs, eXVc. (Signed) DA.VI. M'EIISTEU. II. Ixctchuii, Esq. New York. Wamii.mitox, .Sept. IU, 1911. To Messrs. Gam:s it Seato.n : Gcntli'.man ; I.e.t any misapprehension should exist as to tho reasons which should have led ine to diller from the course pursued by my late colleagues, I wish to say that 1 re main in my place, fir.-t, Im-urne I folic .-cci m sufficient nusiiitbfiir the dhftilittiim if the hit Ctibiwt, lii the culnntanj art if its uwn members, I am perfectly piirsiiaded ol the absolute ne cessity of an institution, under the authority ol Congress, to aid revenue and financial opera tions, and io give the country the blessings ol a (rood currency nnd eboan nvc linnrmc Notwithstanding what has passed, I have confidence that the President will co operale with the l.oaislature iu overcoming all e'.iHii til ties iu the attainment of these objects ; and it is to the union of the Whig pirtv by which 1 moan the whole party, tho Whig President, tho Whig Congress, and" tho Whig people that 1 look lor a realization of our wishes, lean look now here else. Iu the second place, if I had scon reasons to resign my oflice, 1 should not have dene so with out giving the President reasonable notice, and afibiding him time to select the hands In w Inch he should confide the delicate and important allatrs now pending in this Department, 1 am, gentleman, respectfully, ".your obedient servant, DANIEI, WEI1STEU. I.KTTKll KUO.M HENKY Cl.AV- Tho Ihltimore American publishes the following letter from Henry Clay, in answer lo one picsentcd 0 him by a committee of Iho Whig citizens, and ur ging upon him a piihhc reception in ll.iliiniore, on his return hunie : W-ikiiivotov,, 1511. (Jenti kmfn In ihe midst of my prepai lltllllls for my departuie to my home, I have received, by the amis ot the jj.'iilleiiicn who h ivudouo un ihe honor to wait upon mi', yonroblyinu communication bear ing dele thisdiy, Irausiiiiiiiin; a resolution adopted al a puhlio meeting held al lliltiinore yesterday, by which il is proposed to disiiuipiish my expected vis.t lo that city by siipial pubhcdciiiunstiatieins. I pray you tienileineu, and Ihoso who conslitiiied that meet mir, lo accept my most eira'cful and respectful ac knowledgements for this new and vraifjiug proof of ri I Inch me ll t and confidence. I should embrace, Willi plena ire, the opporluiu y of visiting your city, al this lime i bill jailed as 1 am by the arduous labors of the Session of Coneri'ssjiist closed, and sharim; with the companion of inyjoiirney, mi eager anxiety lo lerininale it, without de lay, I re'giet that I Must postpone n visit lo your city. losotue fill'ire ilny. If, ereiitleninu, all has not been accomplished at the last .Session of Congress tho public interest deniiiuded, more, much inuro, has been clleeied than 1 aniieipaledal il commencement, If we have been Kicatly disappointed 111 the failure ofrepcated nitemps 10 csl iblisli n sound currency, reguliito exchanges, an I separate thu Purse from iho Sword, wh it Amer ican Citizen, what Whig wall, on thai account, su rren. der himself to the sentnneiils ofon lenohlu de-pair I Who will not say that we w ill porse v.'rc, w it It red ub led courage, until every icniamuij; object of tha glor ious revolution of November last shall bo completely consummated I Shell we be discouraged because one iiimii presumes to set up his individual viillagniiifl the vull of thu nation I On the contrary, let us superadd lo the pievious duties winch wo lay under to our country, thai of pirn hum from the Constitution this sign of arbitrary power i this odious but obsolete xcstigeof Itoynl prerogative, l.ei us, by a suitable amendment to thn t instrument, declare that Iho Ve tothat parent und fruitful sourccof all our public ills shall itself bo overruled by majorities in tho two Houses of Congress They would persuade us lhal 11 is hariuli'ss becauseits oflice is preventiTc or con servative ! As if Nation ought not he us much in jured by thearriM of llieen.Ktmentof good las as by the promulgation of bud ones I I am, gentleman, greatly deceived, notwithstand ing the astounding developemcnls recently made, if Ihe Whig en isi. is not stronger than ever it was. Hesiing, as it does, upon truth, sound peili- v, nnd enlightened patriotism, its votnrie'S must be false nnd faithless, if il does not gloriously triumph notwith standing imy temporary disappoiiittni ut, eevpt, gentlemen, assmnncra of high regard and esteem of Your liiind and oh'l srrv't II. Cl.AV. Messrs. UeniRT CiuMoa, AVc. Fill DAY MORNIN'O, SKPTKMIIKll, 21, I 8 11 TIIE END OF THE SESSION. r,.,,,. v.: i i nt...... . -r..i.... mnriiiiir nilllxl ,'I'l.n ,.C I'm, I m. mi utiiiwiiui Jiiiuiiiuiii.t;i ui x uusui v i inuiiiiiiu auvat- i nu iu iiu sua ivuu k ' - -j uiijuilllliju lust UtUIIHI) U X.V.VJI U I Itriea fill IrtllPiliil lit minH n r rsrtl lw (nl previous resolution, titter one ol tlio most la borious and fruitful sessions tliat has ever been held. Except in tho first Congress. beginning in March. 178D. and ending in March, 17)1, and tlto session of 1811-12, .. taken together, of equal importance, (or which promise so abundant n harvest of hies- sing to the presolu and future trcncrationsA as that which has inst closed , ... , , . 0 " Uno measure only is waiitiiig to comtdcto great system of policy which wo could contcmplatu with unmixed pridu and pleas ure. That measure the reader will, of course, understand to be the establishment of u iscal Agency, to substitute the lenenlml Sub-Treasury, and, ditcctly or indirectly. to regulato tlio currency, and facilitate, if not to equalize, the exchanges between dil ferent parts of the country. That measure has failed, notwithstanding tlio unwearied efforts of the Whigs in both Houses of Con gress to accomplish it. If the postponement for a few months of the adoption of. some measure of that sort were the only conse quence of tho failure to pass it at this Ses sion, the evil would be more tolerable as it would be alleviated by the hope of success hereafter. Hut tho schism which lias crown out of this subjuct (having its root, however, iiiucii uccper than that) between the Execu tive and Congress is a subject of the gravest regret, because of its throwing a strong shade of doubt upon the probability of future agree ment between those Departments, not upon tins point alone, hut upon other questions concerning home affairs which m.iv hereaf ter present themselves for their ioint action. Notwithstanding all which, we retieat. thn .session has been a highly imnortant one having resulted in a body of most salutary and beneficial legislation. 1 ho House of Representatives had not at any time yesterday a sufficient number of Members present to form a quotum ; but continued its session pro forma to a late Hour, to givo time to the .Senate to act upon the hxecutivc business before it. It finally adjourned at eight o'clock, P. M. leaving the Senate still in session. The Senate was occupied the whole dav in tho consideration of Executive nomina tions, few of the results of which have yet come to our knowledge. Among the most interesting nnd important was lite confirmtt tumaX the nomination ot Ldward hveretl to be Minister to Great Britain. The following appointments wero alsi confirmed during tlie evening's silting : Waller Forward, Secretary of thu Trea sury. John McLean, Secretary of War. A. P. Upshur, .Secretary of ihe -Navy. Charles A. Wicklifl'e, of Kentucky, Post master General. Hugh S. Legare, attorney General. fioxr.iti'xsinvAi. wmc Mi'irnvr: At a meeting of the Whig members of the Sunateund House of Reiii cseotatives of lbi 27th Congress of the United .States, held in the City of Washington on the 1 llh Septem ber, 1S11 The Hon. Nathan F. Dixon, of Illiodo Island, on the part of the Senate, and Hon. Jeremiah Morrow, of Ohio, on tho part of the House, were called to tho chair, and Kenneth Uayner.of -. Carolina, Christopher Morgan, of New York, and Richard W. Thompson, of Indiana, were appointed Secretaries. Mr. Mdiiguni, of North Carolina, offered tho following resolutions: Ilewlrtil, That it is expedient for tho Whigs oftlic Senate nnd House of Representatives of the t'ui'cd States to publish an addicss to lliepeopleof the Uniied States, containing n succinct exposition of tho pro minent proceeding of tlie extra session of Congress, of tho nicasuics have been adopted ami iiioso iu which ihey have laded, and thu causes nf sueh failure together with sueh other matters ns may exibit truly the condition of the Whig pony and Wing pros- A'lrorrr, That a committee of three on ihe pari of ll.A V. s ... I e . n .... . I. l .1... 1 1 uiu ,'uiin, n,i, it , k nil uiu i.ll I UI II1U 1 llill-l, llU ;i. pointed to pupaie sueh address, and siihni.t il to a nieeling of iho Whigs on Monday morning ne.xt, the 13lh instant, at h.ilfpast R o'clock. And the question being taken on saiil re solutions, they were unitmmoitsly adopted. Weroupou the following rcnllenicn were appointed said committee ; Messrs. Berrien, of Georgia, Tidlinadirc. of New York, and Smith, of Indiana, on tho part of the Se nate; and Messrs. Everett, of Vermont, .Mason, of Ohio, Kennedy, of Maryland, John C. Clark, of New York, and Rnyner, of North Carolina, on the part of tho House. When, on motion, the meeting adjourned, to meet again on Monday morning. The meeting assembled, mirstiant to ad journment, and Mr. Kennedy, of Maryland, reported an address to thu people of the U. Suites. Wo have not room for the address this week ; it will appear in our next. The following is nu extract : "The first coiiiiueiico is that those, w ho brought ihe President into power can be no longer, 111 liny man. uer or degree, ju-ily held responsible or binned for Ihe adiuinistiulioii of the Kxeeu'ive branch of the (overnimiil! and that the President and his ndvisers should bo exclusively hereafter deemed necouutable. Hut ns by the joint nets of Providence and Ihe people he is constitutionally tmeste'd with the powers of Chief -Magistrate, whilst he remains in oflice he should he treated with perfect respect by nil. Ami tl will be Ilia duty of the Whigs, in nnd (ill of Congress, to give lo his official acts and measures lair and full con sideration, approving them and co-opcrnlins in their sitppoit wlieie they can, and dilU'ring from and op Mosul" fine nf them nnK from i Iik.Ii sense of iinhlir. duty." ' ' " Mil. CniTri:.iir..v. The Alexandria Ga zette says that it is thought the President will nominate Mr. Crittenden, lato Attoruoy General, to tho seat on thu Bench of tho Supremo Court, lo bo made vacant by tho resignation of Judge McLean, just appoint ed Secretary of War. Should this arrange ment bo made, nnd Mr. Crittenden bo nlaccd upon tho bench of tho Supreme Court nf tho .1 . . c . . uiniuu oiuiva, uiu Piiwiuiuii vimiiu iju its greatly adorned by his high judicial attain- j incuts, as it would, no doubt, bo consonant1 ., , . ,. , ith his own feelings. IMPORTANT l'KOM TIIE 1'HniMTIKii. AN AMERICAN CITIZEN KIDNAPPED IIV TIIE BRITISH. The followinff outrago far esci-eil. uimtr that lins transpired since the commence 7. ,ro,,u"-'s' 11 poopio iii inn i in c,.i i . . w.Mtuu juiiu LUUUNUU 10 SUUmit tO . t ' isiicii iiiviicuom, . .i .1 f C r UI lHJUllHJll Alburglt Sn rillirs. Sim il Of! 1 Q.I I 1 b-i j'i. iu-iii Mil L.IIITOII : A li.-emcm. 1 th ...oiuueu uueurrcu in IS linirililw.rl.r.h.1 I.... .... ... ,!. .7 WJ,,C ,cro ,0 obtain a pla'ce in ,llc Junius of'v i no circuinstniices were as follows. Lust night iihout 2 or 3 o'clock unarmed force (from tho other side of the line) ofsotnu iwnlvn nrnrmnnnn 1 .1 .. , iiuniiwi eime-ieei uiu uousc 01 it Mr. Ilrown, in search of one James Grogan who uau arrived at Urown's (a brother-in-law of his) tho previous evenine: thnv fi, torcd the bedroom of Air. and Mrs. Urown. who immediately raised an alarm for hired man and son of Mr. II. then in their lod ging room, tho mob immediately placed a bayonet at each of their breasts threatening that if they uttered another word they would e... mem soon as they found their mistake they then entered the room occti- uy urogan-gaggetl hint, and dragged him from hisbed to.-i w:im,n., :.. .. bb inn street, and made olTwith him towards the lines, Ioav. ing all his of his cioihes, a hat, bayonet and a handkerchief behind. These aro .-,11 .i, acts to bo obtained hero. 1 am t.,1,1 tl( .i. cause of this treatment to Cm,, i ,i... he was connected with the firing of buildini on tins lronlirr in the late rebellion. r:, gan hasa wifo and a large family of chtldrun. .it LiocKpon, ix. i . Iroin whenc ho had lately (.uiiiu iu mis pmcc on uusincss. A VisiTon at tiid Springs, Ry a gentleman direct from the scene nf this outrage, mo learn that Mr. Grcan wag severely wounded in his attempts to escape, iiaving ins inigii run through by a bayonet utid a serious injury inflicted in his side. This occurred about four miles this side the line. How loin are the nnonln nf it,,. IT..iin.l e- I - w V UIU VUflVU Status lo submit to outrages of this nature? TIlL-UiL'NDANCK IN THE WEST. The following, from thu UuD'ulo Adver tiser, will give our readers some idea of tho abundance of the crop in the country border ing on the great Lakes : A gentleman who has forn great mini! cr of yean been largely engaged 111 the lorwarding business en ihe canal and lalies, had occasion a short lime sinco In '0 In ( Hfnirn (In It... o,..n...l. ... I. r n ... .... oi.niiueiuL iiuieu in Willi a Clue-ago man, who appealed by 110 means inclined .u u.s,,.,,., uusmess aim prospeels ol Ins town. Among othe r things, be said lhat between the close 0r navigation tins season and its opening next spring m, less than three hundred thuusand b she-Is of wheat would be leceivcd and stored al Chicago alone. This seemed . incredible, that ,t was rt,(ciui strong expression of disbelief, nnd ihe conversational last ended 111 die making a bet ol.-,(XI, thai tl.eChiea goinnii s statement would not prove true. On nrrtv-nit-at that port, our fonvardingfricnd mentioned the. matter to his agents and correspondents there, who assured him that according to their bebt information, the amount of wheat in storeat Chicago ne.xt spring would not fall short of four hundred thousand buh.'N and the upshot of the matter wa, he bucked siiai'dit out of his bet. " We learn that wheat is brought into Chi cago from a distance 0r 150 miles, and tho procession of teams, as they come in, to un eastern man, is a very novel and interesting sight. Tho wheat is carried iu large wa' gons called "Prairio Schooners.''' Each caravan for, from the various suctions of 1,10 country, they go in numbers sufliciently arge to bu entitled to that appellation has its captain. They camp out nights, and each man carries food for himself and team, so that a fortnight's journey is made at little or no expense save that of time. On arrivinj; at tie suburbs of the town, the captain goes in with a sample of his grain. A bargain is made for the whole brought by the caravan, and the next day, with the money in his pockets, or in goods for his fam'ily, each countryman is winding his way homeward. At Michigan City and other principal towns on Lake .Michigan, the same scene is daily exhibited. An immense amount of surplus produce is already accumulated at pons on tho lake, but not a bushel compa ratively will reach thu eastern market tint season. 7lic price of flour there will bo ruled by the supply furnished by the eastern States and Ohio. Aro not the eastern people directly interested in so improving the harbors of Lake Michigan, that the pro ducts of tlio upper lake country shall not, as now, be necessarily kept back from market I Iloston Atlas, Death or Loan Svdi:mi.m. Wo learn that Lord Sydenham, Governor of Canada, died on Sunday last, from wounds received by a fall sometime since. MAINE ELECTION. The election in Maine has resulted in tho complete triumph of the locofocos. Gov: Fairfield is elected by about 10,000 majority, and there is a majority in both branches or thu legislature. The unfortunate occur rences ut Washington have contributed lar gely to this result. statement of the votes cast fnr S.m.i. tors 111 this County. s a 3 -2 1? s s re m Holton, l." l." 71 71 ' llurlington, .'llli :)I7 iWl 'Jl ft Charlotte, 1.1 l'JI U7 1)7 Colchester, lO.'l lOM 118 113 llssev, l.'ttl IHO 170 17() llincsburh, l.'lO l.'U 77 go 43 nuntinjrton, 110 110 09 OS Icricei. lf).i l.V) l'.'l a Mails-field, 0 0 -II II Milton, HIS 1!H VF l.Ti Iticluuond, 77 77 ltiT I'JiS Slielliurn, 07 Of) 03 OS 1 St. Gcorire, i -J II a rnderhill, 07 07 101 104 Wcetford, 113 11(1 1(C) UKi Williston, l'JO 1117 1 'Jo 133 1557 1370 1753 1700 M .'u. iA. .pt. ma nirniijninent oi mi KCiitlcmnu In-fore lluu-celcMHtiral tribunal at Roili tstt r, cinlcil without ncrninhlishinx nny thtimilic !-... T il . mm. r ... o .1 I prinrinal witness, Miss Munlock, ua-hmnc to npprnr until tne ct ii cuii una Dvcix uun uy me irgai court '!'ird Tueselay of ihe same mouth. It is staled lhat the yoemi; lady has acted m this matter uuder the dviecef cvuiiut.

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