Newspaper of Burlington Free Press, October 1, 1841, Page 2

Newspaper of Burlington Free Press dated October 1, 1841 Page 2
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ADDRESS Uftlit Wills mcm!crN of Congress lfltuotcoilc orthc United Slates. VisLt.ow Citizens '--Tho Hxtra &'csio!i of Congress has, at longth, boon brought to a close The incident -vliich belonj to the history of thi session, and especially thoao which have marker, its termination, .aro of a nature to jiakc m strong an impression upon tho country, anil to excite co much intctest in the future action nnd relation of tho whig party, that tho Whig llcprcHCntatives in both Houses of Congress have thought it their duty, buforo separating, to address thojr constituents with a brief cxpoR.tion of tho circumstanced in which they conceive liictneolvcsto bo placed by the events which I:avo recently transpired. 7'lns session of Congress was called tte al most tho lirbt measure of that illustrious and lamented citizen whose claction to the 1'rcsi- tlcncy was no less significant of tho general sen tirnent of consideration of tho acto of the pre ccdiiiii Admin, stralion. than it was oxfiresidvo of a wish for an immediate and radical change in the public policy. The improvidence of those who hail jubt been expelled from power had rendered it inevitable ; tuid the country hailed the meeting of a now Cougrens an the mrc pledge ol relief from all those evils which the disantrouf incompcteucy of the men at the head of affairs had brought upon it. The l'cople desired the early adoption of the policy which had been promised them by the I Ting party. Tint policy had been brought to tho consideration of the Country throughout a contort of nearly twelve year.-' duration, main tained Willi unexampled duvulion ; and its prin ciples were illustrated by tliu prccep'u and pincl-EH of the mot eminent anil patriotic ol our oili.'.ens in every lorm by winch jh-y were nble to address themselves to t!ie Intelligence ol'tho J'coplo. No one nii.-ai'irolionded llio.su principles : they were identified with the labors of that gtcrttpirty whose unparalleled KUtcojs watt both the lol.cu and the reward of that gen eral coniideuce oftho Nation. 'J'hoy promised reform i 1st. In the restraint of E tecutive power and pa'ronag'c. 2d. In the wholesome regulation of the Cur renr-y, and the advancement and interests of In-d'l-try ; and 3d. In tho establishment of an economical administration of tho finances. They proposed lu&ccom'ilUdi the first nflhoso objects liy liniitiiig the i-emcc oftho I'io.'idcnt tj a b:ngfe term ; by furl.i Iding all oCicurs of the (iovernincnt from tt.tarfor.ng in electionr ; and by a voluntary telf-iloiiial, on the part nl tlie ( 1 1 1 I .Magistrate, in that excessive use of the ve'o piwtr xvhie h had reunify become bo ofi'ensive to the country as an instrument of par ty supremacy. They hoped to achieve their next object by tho establishment of a National UanL ; by the adjustment of the system of duties upon a mod erate and puiinaneut scale, adapted a. nearly as practicable to the interest, and conifnrinble with views of ox ery portion of the Union ; bv the es tablishment of a uuiinitu system of liaiikruptcy; and by the distribution of tho proceeds of tf.c public land.-, amongst the States a measure recommended not only by considerations ofjus ticclo the Stales themselves, butaUu by a sad experience ol the embarrassment produced by the cuirency resulting from the administration of a fund of such variable amou'it r.s one item in tho ordinary revenue ot the Government The establishment ol an economical administra tion of the tiinnces they expected to attain by cultingdou nall useless olli-es ; by enforcin n Unct nccouiifibi ty of tho pub'ic agents-; slid, more conspicuously, by m iking exact and adc quale proxision for tho ascoitaiumniit and men tual liquidation of the piddii debt which the patt .admin, ftratinu hid criMtod bv permitting their expenditures to overrun their 'receipts, and winch thi'y bad concealed from publie obserxa Hon by the oisy device of repeated issues of (jovornmcnl notes. These xvero the nromincnt rioints tn whirl. tho policy of the Whig party had hewn directed k;u which cnnsuiuicu tin; great nisi.es before int.- Luiiuiit in en,.-recent t re 1 initial election-,. U e ate aware that our ailxer.s.iries in the con test now deny the?e issues, founding their deni. si chioliy upon the lact that no manifesto was put f irlhto declare the terms uprui xvhioh xve in Hsled. Wo chose rather to appeal to the wide-ly-difi'itksd lino'.x ledge of cur principled xvh ch had been impressed upon every man's mind in tlmtlong struggle of years gone bv ; xvith xxhicli uur party had identified, and of winch its very name wa an exponent. It need nut he said that, in a representation spread over a territory nf such extent as that comprehended by our Union, and exhibiting in teret,ts so d. versified, xvhat might ho railed" the characteristic principles of tho Whii' pirtv, throughout thi xv.de sphere should be"sul.ject to occasional modifications, dependent upon lo. cal inll.icnces ;aml that it xvas incumbent, il.eie fore, up. hi tho pmy to move together in a apint if m ilU'i1 concession and accomodation of upr l mal d fTijieiKCs of ojiiiiion. It need not Le iiild that, in the system ol measures xvlilch xve have enumerated, conllicting v;cxv might nat i rally o,-t between the Ile:roioutati.'csuf dis. tant poi nous of our Ili'pubhc, and that oulv by i iio ridding ol minor interests to the establish ir.eut oftho policial good, entire hannony was 'i be obtained in the ac'ion of Coiign-fe. This vas na'ural, and to bo expected. IJut xve lelt .- proud consciousness that in tna patriotism of tut par'y all such difficulties xvould vani.Ii, and ' :at the denrmils ol an enlarged welf.ru wuuld I " met and lulfilcd, Ihiough'iiia v.rtua of that t,irit of ccmprtmi-e and Inrlicarsiite, that liber .ii audc iiiiprohen.ilvt sentiment of ten' denial id ceix es-ion, which rests, at the heart o) nnr nfed racy, and which constitutes the livun' pnn i,i!o ol our Union. llftn.e tho appointed day urrrived forthe meet 1 g i'f (' ivn'tf'', at the c.vp'ratnui of but one u,irt m ntn fnun thn dale ul Ins inauguration, urtiel ieil l'les.dciit xvas snatched iroin us by i, gi-a'-p of death ; toj snon fjr the happ.nets of is cnuii'ry, but not Ion loon to axvakeii in our in inns a deep and awful fcusc oftho irropjra i !e lo. s which wo have i U"tained in the depri xaMn'i of a great and go d nnn not too soon to "iv ii' o us hoiv i ng and h.nv b.lterly our i mitry is d njinrd todepiuro tins heavy m.nfur i i.-. In this our cal.iiu.ly, xve h ped to find . ii .-o' iiion in the character nd prmcvlesofhini iIkiii the C'institut.oii hail deignstcd to till fie i Tire of the departed i hief. it is true, that waids that individual, oven at the moment of li sfiele, 'ion lor tho Vice Vresidencv, no xerv .-most public nttcntimi had been directed ;and it n equally true that but a pasemg regard was icstjxxed upon the curroutof Ins juexious life and np.ni. I. -. Wo only hiiexv Jinn as one pro-c--s. ng to be a member oftho Whitf partv, and .is Ki;ng to identify h, in -elf xvith tlm. u' gieat leadtrs ot tlt parly xxlu- opin.ons wul princi. plus were ihcjily ungraxod in the most cous'ne hour ads ol our political h:sto.y, and xvero road nd understood by oxery citi.nn in the laud. In tliib connexion, where ha had (.ought to ho pro. imnctit, wo discerned xvhat w conceived, and what doubtless he meant, tube a pledge ol faith Jul adherence to the cardinal doctrine.) Yor which wo btr iggled and with winch the hopes of the cuun'ry mere indis.- olubly bound up. Wo hoped to find conroLriuii also in the fact lint h s accession 'c the 1'ics.dci'ry brought bun i i'o rt.uuiuii.oti and intimate ical fellr.xshm xuth tho choEou yangUHrd of mOs Whig party tho first selection mule by iTen. Hakhison of a Cabinet, di-tingu:fl,ed fnrn paramount abil ity, uitcrnty,oml fidelity lolhe glor.oiiH cauo in whicluve had c inquerc! a Cabinet ouu nent'y crowned xv itli tl.o public confidence, in whum all men trusted aa in tho very embodi ment of tho principle of tl.o partv to which they belonged ; who were iiisepartr" associated xvith its glory, and in who-e gec eious and hon orahlc rola'ion lo tho president xve had the seen, rity ol wlcc and prosperous counsels, mid hi tho pledgo of a co-operation xvhicli should enable Ii.wi to ucccmpVh alTuJifit the nation desired. V'ieso hcjxoswerert further enlivened by the oncourag ngt(fcc the President rofer- red, in Ihf first. biiJBF to tho nation, to tho "evor glorious oxai'Tc" aftbrded han by the I'alUeretf l.he(;rr.,t Itopubl.can school, and the declaration of Km determination to walk In the path which Ihov pointed out. In tliu indulgence of thoso hope?, Congress entered upon its labors. IJy adopting rules for tho despatch of husincM conformable to the emergency of an extra session, und in view of tho great amount of legislation which the times required, we have boon enabled to achiovo all, and oxen mi re thin all, that our coustit'ients could hivo demanded atnur hands. Tho lead ing and groat measures nf this session have boon under discussion, in Congress and out of it, for many years past, and little remained tn bo said beyond a repetition of former debates. Thero was nothing in tho circumstances or position of either party in Congress to require, or exen to justify, protracted discussion; and the majority, therefore, felt thcmselxcn entitled to give to tho extra session the character of a Congress of ac tion and decision, rather than ono of debate ; and xve feel assured that in this effort xve have done no more than respond to the just expecta tions of the l'cople. Firtt in urtrei exdarnnnn'Htthe hills missed ilur. ing tho session, and that to which tho public command most imperatively droxv the notico of (yongrcss-, was the repeal of the Sub-Tieasiiry iiaxv. uur next care was the enactment ol llio Land Hill. This xvas followed by an act con verting the debt which the preceding Adminis tration bad entailed upon the country into a loan of twelve millions of dollars, which is limited for its redemption lo a period of three years. Associateu xvith tliu measure xvas the Kevonuc Hill, rendered necessary not only as a moviion towards the extinguishment ol tho ban. hut also as indisponsiblo for the supply of means to meet the ordinary and necessary appropriations oftho year. The Raukrupt Act, so earnestly and so long sohci'ed by a largo and meritorious class of our citizens, has been passed, under circumstances xvhicli cannut but relied the highest honor upon the Representatives of many sections of the country. As a morsiiro standing aloim, it might per haps hue been destined to a further delay : but being brought, as it xvas, into that secies of measui es which xvere supposed to embrace the sciiemo oi lenel which tho nation at largo re quired, it met from a Whig Coimress that sup port of n Inch the chief argument and hightst value are derived from the respect which every one felt to be duo to a comprehensive policy, xvhoe scope should include overv interest in the nation. It is a trial for the benefit of the country, and remains to bo altered or improved, as the public wants may hereafter be found to require. 7'iiu importance, in the present pos ture of our aliairs, of attending to the national dol'uncejsiiggojtfd tho measures of establishing a llniiiu hquauruii, ol rcpairiuv and arming the cm locations, of providing for tho defence of tho Lake:-, and ol bringing the nation at large into a. state of iead,u.;ss agauiit hostile aggres sion in icgard to xvluch" measures, as groat unanimity prevailed in Congress, xxo may .iafoly .isauru ou..-eives may win meet tin; undivided approbation of our constituent.-, throughout the xvJiolo Union. 'Ml.. . 1 . i-ii ... mis rjpm rcviaw, lenoxv-citizens, will ex hibit xvhat xve have done. What we have failed to do reiiMins to be told. It is with profound and poignant regret that xve hud otirsolxes called upon to invoke your atfeu'ion to thu pomt. i,'j,() tho great'and leading measures touching tins question, our aii.iniui enueavors to respond to ihe earliest prayer of th nation have been frintrated by an act as UHlooLcd lor as it is to be lamented. si oi s.ix iii yn i, mat, liy mo exercis? of that uowur in Ihe Constitution which has ever lison regarded with suspicion, und olten wi odium, by the I'eoido a oovvor which -.- h hoped w.h mixer to be exhibited, on l!iis.subect, by a Wing I'leaideii! xve haxe been defeated in two attempt-, to create a IVr-al Agent, xxhtch mo wains oi n.e country hail demoiHlrated to lis in the mot nb-u!u'u form ol proof, to be eminently necessary and proper in the present ('inerency. Twice have xxe, wi'h the utmost diligence and doiib"raIi'iii, ma'urtil a plan for the collection, safe keeping, and disbursing of me purine moneys through the agetiry of a cor- unranon a.iopieu lo that end. and mice ha, n been our fate to oiieotn.t ;r the opposition oftho President, through the application of the veto power. The chirtclur of that veto in each ca-e, the ciiTiimManre- in which it xvas admi nistered, and the grounds upon which it has met im un-.ura (ii-apprimaiiriii oi your Iriends in Congress, are sufucently .apparent in the public dof-uinents and the debates relating to it. This subject has acquired a painful interest v.iui os aim xvin inuntiess arqunc it xvith xou, from the unhappy dex elopements with which it is accompa-.ied. We are constrained to say that xve hud no ground to jiwnv us in the con ytction that the xetoof the Prevalent has been interpo-fd on tins question solely upon con cieniious anil well considered oiistitutional scruple as to duty in the case presented. On the con'rary, too many proofs have been forced upon our observation, to lenu us fiee from ap. nrehen-ion that the President has permitted h.m-elt to be leguiled into an r,p moo that, by mis oxiiiti.tion ol his prerogative, he uiHit be able to divert the policy ol his Administration into a rn.nirii'l which should lead Id noxv pohti cal combmitioiis, and accomplish moults which must overthrow the pro.-ent divisions of parlv in the c oun'rv, and finally pioduco a state of thini's vvmcn mo-e who elected him, at least, have never contemplated. Wo hivo .-eon, from an early period of the se-uimi, that the Wing party did not enjoy the confident c of the President', ll'ith inortifica lion we have observed that Ins associations were more sedulon-ly .aimed at a free comtimnion w ith tho-e who have been busy to prostrate our pur-po-es ratlirr than those who-e principles ouuitd to be most identified with tho power by winch ho was elected. We have reason to' bulievu that he has peim tied liinieil in l,o aoi.i-oni-lir.,1 couiisellfl, and mil lence.l bv th !: U'lm lilt n manifested )ea-t inteie.-t m tlie success of Wrg .u.,n,.IVr. ii inn cru iri.reteiueil to lie hi- opimoiis and dosigm have Loon Ireely, and ex on iii-o'outly put forth in certain portions, m l those not of tho most leputable, of the public pre.-, in a manner that o ight to be deemed of. knsno to Irs honor, as il iiHtainlv , ii, feelings of those who xvero believed to be his Inetiil-. In the farne.it endeavor manifested by the niPiib-'is of tlie Whii' partv in Comm.s, i,, ascoilain spec, Ii -ally the I'rcsu'lenfs notions in n-Kitnci io iieii.1 s-ol such a bill rdatiii Mo a I'is-.il Agent as would be hk.'k- to mnm lo n piobatioii, the hequcnt changes of Ins opinion and the singular want of consistency m his views have billl"d his best friend--, and rendered the hope ol adjustment with him impossible. Congress, early in tho session, called upon the Secretary of the 'I' rnnsnri' hit- tli-.t i.U.. , c n I ifcal geut j thn result nf this call was a hill which was reported in detail, with .111 nrirniiwint in its lavor.and it wa, as xve h id a ri"ht lo rn.Mrd it, revened by all as tho bill of the President. In fact it was known to cyn'ain provisions in reference to tho assent of the .States, which corresponded with th0 private opinion of no member of the Cabinet. Tln bill the President had c.eii informed nuru ll HIM (inn imit. lino .-.f the House ho would be willing lo siVn if passed y tui.gress; yei n contained provision Owl diwnim, in regard to which ids Veto jJessago atlinn- his objection to bo allo-rctber insuperable. The President has sllticiiiiiiiimti. declared that this xvas nut bis uinimir.r n,,;i that when ho r-aid ho would sign tJW bill he had not read it. 7'ho plan of an Hxcham'e It ml; such as was njrted after the liitt Veto, the I resident is undersiood by more than one mem. bcr of Congross to whom be expressed his opm ion, to have regarded as a favorite measure. .. . , .. "j'iiiiuhi Mit'L-sieu as it e1" a'td after using every pio. imr eilorl to iifcertain hlj t . 1. . u was in viexv ol this opinion, smnr.t,.,! r,u :, ,, ., ..vvir. huh.- u Mill II, that tho Lommitlet. 0f the House of Repreen. 1 tames reported tin. second bill. Jt undo pro- visum for a Ilanlt without thn r , . . ik" "I IUU ........ - ii, .iHciosejy as pos-. s-bk. to that c ass of mercantile oporations-, which tho first Veto Message describes with approbation, mu which thiit pipor specially i. liihtrater! bv refereiico io (Jio Mnali excl a iges' of th lljnk f il,e Uuited'States in i3.w,whicli the President affirms 'amounted to ujnvards t.f one hundred millions of dollars.' ot this plan, when it wils Kiilimittn.l 10 was objected to on a new ground. The last eto has narrowed the ipii stion of a Rank do.vn J to tho basis of the Sub-7'roasury scheinr, and it is obvious from thn opinions of that Mossago that thn country is not to expect any thing boiler than the exploded .Sub-7'roasury, or some measuro of tho same character from Mr. Tyler. lu the midst of all these varieties of opinion, an inpcnctrablo mystery seemed to hang over tip; xvholo question. Tiiero was tin such frank interchange of sentiment as ought to charac terize tho intercourse of a President and Ins friends, and tho last persons in tho Oovornmonl who would seem to have been cntruted with his confidence on these embarrassim? topics xvero tho constitutional advisers which the laxvs had provided for him. In this review of tho position into which the into events havo thrown tho Whig party, it is with profound b-orroxv wo look to the course pursued liy tlie President. Ho has wiosted from us ono of tho best fruits of a long and pain ful struggle, and the consummation of a glorious victory ; ho has cvon perhaps thrown us once more upon tha field of political strife, not xveak- ncd in numbers, nor shorn ol tho support of the country, but stripped of the arms which huccoss had placed in our hands, and left again to rely upon the hMi patriotism which fur txvclvo years sustained us in a coidlct of unoriiialcd asperity, .,,! ..!.l. il.,,ll,. I. ...,..,.l.i .... . '.I... I-..H I... '.. ..nil iii,ii iiutillj UIUIIIL US Lll Mil; i UII11II1UIIL of those brilliant hopes which ha. has done so much to destroy. In this state of thitiL'S. the Wliitrs will n.atur- ally look xvith anxiety to the future, and inquire wnat arc the actual relations between tho Prcsi dent and tluHj who brought him into power; and what, in llio opinion of their friends m Con gress, should bo their course hereafter1 On both thoso questions wo fool it to bo our duty lo address you in perfect frankness and without reserve, nut, at Hit sam-j tune, with duo res pect to other.--. In regard to the fust, we aro constrained to say, that tho Piesidont by tho course ho has adopted in respect to tho application of the veto poxver to txx-o successive, bank charters, each of which theio xvas just reason to bdievo xvould meet hi.s approbation : bv Ins withdrawal of con iideuce from his friends in Congress and from thu members of his Cabinet ; by his hcstovr.il of it upon others notvrithjtauditig' their notorious opposition to the leading measure.? of his Admi nistration, and voluntarily sup irate J himself from those by whose exertions and suU'ragcs ho was elevated to that office through which he reached his piosent exalted station. The exis tence of this unnatural relation is as oxlraordi nary as the annunciation of it is painful and mortifying. What, art tho consequences and duties xvhicli gro w out of it ! The lir.-t consequence is, that tho?e who brought the President into power can bo no lon ger, in any manner or degree, justly held responsible or blamed for the administration of tho Executive branch of the Government; and that the Piesi.lei.t and his advisers should bo exclusively hereafter deemed accountable llul, as by the joint acts of Providence and the l'cople he his constitutionally invested with tlie piHVoi-s of Chief .Magistrate," whilst he remains in office he should bo treated xvith perfect rc. pect by all. And it will be the duty of the Whigs, in and out of Congress, to give to his otlicial acts and measures lair and full conside ration, approx ing them and co-operating in their support x here they can and differing trom and opposing any oi them only from a high sense of ptiwic. uuty. The niori! important question remains to be touched. VX hat oiigut to bo tho future line of conduct of the Whig party in this extraordinary emeigency which now exists 2 7'nny came into po.vor to accomplish great and patriotic objects. IJy the Zealand peiso '.craureof the majorities in Congress some of tho most important of tho-c objects have been carried at the Kxtra Se-sion. Others yet re main to bo elected. The conduct of the Prc3i dent has occasioned bitter mortification and deep regret. .Shall the party, yielding to sentiments ol despair, abandon its dutx-, and submit to de feat and disgrace .'Far "from suffering such dishonorable consequences, the xery disappoint ment which it has unfortunately experienced should servo only to redouble its exertions, and to inspire it xvith fresh courage to peisevere with a spirit unsubdued and a resolution unshaken, until the prosperity of tho country is fully re established, and its liberties firmly seemed against all danger from the abuses encroach moms, or usurpations of the ilvecutixo Depart, tnents of tho Government. At the head of the duties which remain for the Whigs to perform towards their country stand conspicuously pre-eminently abovo all others l'irl. A reduction oftho Executive power, by a further limitation of the Veto, so as to se euro obedience to the public will, as that shall be expressed by the immediate Representatives of the People and the .States, with no other control man tint vvli.cli n indispeusible to avert ha'ty or unconstitutional legislation. liy the adoption of a siiil'Io term for the in. cum'ient o' the Presidential office. liy a separation of the Purse from thn H .cnril and xvith that view to place the appointment of in.,- n'-uooi me i reasin y in Ooii"re--s; an IJy sul iectuiL' thu turner of (Iisimw.:iI r.,i, office to just restrictions, so as to n.iuti.r th.. Pros, dent amenable for Us exercise. Second. The establishment bv a nscai agcni, competent lo collect, safely keep, and disburse the public moneys, to restore thu i i . n ciriency and to equalize the exchanges of tho country ami Third. 7no introduction of oconomv in il.i. administration uf the Government, and tho dis. continuance of all sinecures and useless offices. I'o the effectuation of tueso obieetb oiido thu e.U'itions ol the Whigs hurealtor to be directed. l nose only should be .Members ol Congress x ho are willing cordially to cooperate in thu accomp. Iishnient ol them. Instead of strikim- our Hi" lot it be i eared still higher, with a liimer hind bearing upon its told- in conspicuous letters "The Will of tho Nation uncontrolled- by the IPdl of One man ; one President.il Term, a Frugal Government, and no .Stib-Tiuasury. open or covert, in substance or in fact : no Govern- inent Dank, hut an institution capibleof guard ing the People's Treasure and administorni.r i the People's Wants," Rallying under that banner, lot tin appeal to that People whose patriotic exertions led to vic tory in the late glorious struggle, hot us in. vol:u the attention ol the legislative Councils of the sovereign .Slates of this Union. Instructed by their immediate constituents, let them ,as. certain and express tho public will in relation to these great "questions ; and especially let them, within their lespectixe constitutional spheres exert themselves to give it ellect. Animated bv these principles and I'llidnil lit- Providence, defeat is ininossibh. and ii-ioonX and success inevitable. We miy confidently hope that vast numbers of our fellow citizens, who have hitherto been separated from us, will unite with us under such a glorious standard : and that majorities in both houses ot Congress sufficiently largo may be secured to carry" any measure demanded by tho welfare of thu nation, in spito ol the interposition of the poxver xvith which one nun may have boon accidentally tn. vested. Disappointed in that, if such shoul'd bo our lo', thero will remain the hone of an ainninl. meiitnfthe Constitution, curtailing the execu tive power. And ll that should fail, xve havo only to recur to the nobla example of our ancestors, to recol led the duly xvo o-.xo to ourselves and posterity, and to bear with manly fortitude for three rears longer tho sullerings inflicted during the last twelve years by tho ma! administration of the executive department of the Government. Wo . -i'-"i nave inu iuosomuuii 01 ifiieciing inai, in 1 tho ...can tune, if tho President can proxent the Imi., r ..11 .1 1 ...1...1. snail have tfio consolation or rellectin uuuiuiiii-iK 111 .111 ii.u i; mm .i.iiuu UOI'I CSS IS desirous to accomplish, Congress may check or prevent muiiu oftho mischiefs which, under a ;i,i;.,,., 1 : ,1... 1. ,i,-',n punuiii iiijiu iiiuniu inu uuui, I U JU," have tho power to impose J. MACPIII'RSON BKRRIKN. N. P. TAIiliMADGK, O. II. SMITH, Committee nf tlie Senate. J. P. KF.NNFDY, b'. .MASON, 110RAC1: j:vi:ri:tt, J. C. CLARK, K. RAYNFR, Commithf 1 the I loin, tf UimenUi'-i-o, Whereupon tho qnos'mn was tikoti upon Ihe adoption nf said Adrecs, and it was unani mously adopted. Ordered, That twenty thousand copies of said Address bo printed and circulated among the i-uopio ui mo unueu oiatcs. Ordered, That tho bald Address he signed by the members of tho committee appointed to pre pare the same, and that the proceedings of this 1001:11111; no sifjnuu nyino rrcfiiuems, ami coun tersigned by the Secretaries. On motion the mnotimr llmo mtinurnod sine die. NATHAN F. DIXON, ) ., . . JKItEMIAII MORROW, ( 1 Tesuknls- K. Rv.-.r.n, V CitnisToritF.R Morgan-, Secrctarits. R. W. TiioxirsoN, ) the president of the United stales of America. A 1' 11 o n r. a m a t 1 n v . Wkkbras it has rnmo to tho knoxvlcdijo of the ooycrntiient ol Ihe Unued .States that sundry secret l.odces. Clubs, or assucinttnns cxi.qt nn I hi, IStnrllirrn l-'roiilers that the members of these Lodges are uouiiu ui;emtr uy secret oaths j that they havo col lected firo arms and other military materials nnd su crcted them in sundry nlarus mini llial 11 is llmir nnr, po o to violate tho laws of their country by making mihtnry and lawless incursions, when opportunity bllldl Oiler, into thu '!Yrrit,,riri nf .1 Pmii.r viitli which the United Siatcsaio .al peace 1 and wheieas it is known that traveling aigitalurs, fmm both ouks oiiiiu line, visa incse l,oilsi. aim liatougue Ihe members in -ccret mer.timm. sliniutniini' 1ln.n1 in it. local aclsi and wbcuas the " line persons are known toloyy coiilribu lonsou lliu ignorant and cred lous tar tlieir own tieueht, tints siipnutunn and cnnchins themselves liy Ihe basest means ; and whereas die unlawful lutentmnsof Ihe members of theso Lodges bavealready been inanifcstcd in on attempt lo destroy thu lives and property of ih0 inhabitants of Chippe wa, in uannu.a, ami uie public properly ollho lliilish flovernirirnt iheio belief : Now. tlierrfiirn. I.Mu Tvleii, President of the United Stales, do issue this my proci.iiuauoii, mimonistuna ll sveu cvil-mindiil persons of llio condien minisliment vvtiich is rcrinin to overtake ihein : aMjrino them that the laws of the umte'l states will lie ngoroiiIv executed nijamst their illegal acl9 , and that if inaiiy Invx less Inclusion into Canada they fall into the hands of tho Ilritish authorities ihcy will nut bo reclaimed as American

citizen", nor any interference made by tins Oovcrn incut in their belislf. And I exlnrtall w-cll-mcaniiiirbiitiVliiilsilnsranni, who may Imt joined thec I.ndjjis immediately to ttimuuuii mem, nun 10 nsvc iioiiuti; morii to no with their srcrel inee'iiif:?, or unlawful oaths, as they would avoid serious consequences 10 theni'dves. And I ctpcet tho in clluienl and Wil.disioed mem licis of llio community to frown on all thes? unlaw. I'ul conibiiialions and illegal prncceilins, and to assist the (loiernineiit in maiuiaining the peace of tho country ns;siMsl the mischievous consequences of ihe acts iif'hesc violstors of ilia law. (Jivcu under my hand, at thecitv of Washington, tho twenty firih day of .Vcpteinber, A. II. one f L. G. 1 thousand riellt hmidrid Olid fnrlu.nnr. nml of tha Independence oftho United .States the Bixty-sixtu. , ., JOHN TYLER. By tho President i Dsnitl Weotkk, Secretary of Slate. jyn)AYMort.viyr oCTOHUlt, 1, 1 8 1 1. PUBLIC MEETING. In pursuance of a call signet! by numer ous citizuni of Burlington und tho vicinity a public meeting was hidden at tlio Court lloiisu in L'urlington, on Monday evening thn 'Zi th lmtunl, for tliu purpose of express ing the feel ngs ami sentiments of our citizens in ruhilion to the late outrage committed within this State, liy thu seizure und ab duction of J.vmcs W. GitoiiA.v, at llhurgli uy nn nnned lorco from Canada. The meeting was organized in tho Court Room by tho appointment of IIE.MAN LOWIIY, President. Gcoitui: A. Allen, ) ... . , . Uaviii Kci-.ii, 1 I'rcsulcnts, AsAiiui. Puck, , . Gkokui: K. V,..vrr,lhccrct"'"- It being found that tho Court Room was insufficient to leceivo the crowd of peo do in uttendanc;, the meeting adjoutned to the luvvn Rooni.whero having asseiiihlcd, a counnittee of five, on motion, were appoin ted by the chair to draft resolutions for the consideration of the meeting. The committee consisted of Chailes AA nm, Julin B. IIo!ltiiliock,.l. Ilvde, John Pick, and Daniel --1. Snialley. DuriiiL' tliu absence oftho conimittei, ma ny spnited and patriotic but temperate re marks were inado by numerous individuals present. The committed returned nnd reported the following ies:lutions, which, after somo remarks by a lumber of individuals, were adopted. Ilttolml, That e'try state, kingdom, or organized coiniiiiiuiiy, eliiiiniis lobo civilized and free in fact, is hound to pro, vet all who aro allowed to remain xviiliin its hunts, ami whenever thur rights are inx ail ed 10 exert its uillueiee and its power lo icdress the injury. llisohtd, That tao life, liberty, and prosperity of cxiry person within the protection of ibis .Slate, should he regarded as inviolable; and no man should be subjected to l.j-s, restraint or injury, except by or der of law. I'.very violation of property, therefore, which n not in ennf irniity.to law i every violation of liberty nut jii'litied ly ils piovisious i and every pcr sanal injury not eoiiiiinudfd bj judicial ilcteruiina lion is an ollence against the pc.aco of the State, de serving icprotiation and puni-hineiit. tcsulrttt, That cxiry nidi pendent nation must ne cessarily have the right of asserun--' Ihe principlis on xvhicli itsgovernment shall be nihiiinUteiul ; ofm actin its ow n laws for the cou-tucl of all w.lhin Hi hini's, and the sole nshl nf rcul.ilin,' i s iuteinid police, without control, hindrance or dictation of any other power. Any attempt, theriforc, by foreunets. lo uilerferu with our po!ie, or to control the action 01 our government or its laws, ian otlence against the sovcnuiiiy of ihe Slate, a publie indignity to our character as a fien and independent people. Il ' dred, That this un-eiing having learned thai a parly of armed men, on the 19tli Septcmbtr, come from Canada into (ho town of .lbiirghv and there seized James W. ttrogan, under ihe protection of lli.s Civirnineut, andcirried I11111 by force beyond ihe liiuils and jurisdiction of I his Mate, do hcuby de nounce din a-t a a hvh banded ouiruge 1101. her lo be permuted nor tobrated. rVjorn, That we are unvvilbng to bebevo the aitinorines 111 L.aiinua capniuu 01 oruenng a lurcinic entry into our territory. We prefer to confide in then iatcjruv, m lluir desire 10 mainiiiiii Ihe relations of neaceaud good neighborhood, and we will gentp u iv net on this u;ipo'ilion until afier n fil l knovvledgi of ihe facts of the seizure thev sh ill refuse to disown the act and release Ihe captive. llisohtd, Thai wo haven right to expect a prompt disavowal of lhi inva-ioii of our territory, and such risln-ss as ihe inruri-of tho casa may permit, audit will brill linn to determine unoii die eo-irse demand. ed of us, when w-e shall havo learned that wo have cohrtcl loo much in Ilritish sense of justice. Ituoleed, In thedel-.cate pnsluic nf a'airs beiwa-en llns co iniry nnd Ureal llrilain, we are unwilling to tatiuaiiy slcps Itiat may exaspnatc or prevent a speed)- Icriniuali 111 of tho dillieultics nlrca 'y cxi-linji bat 11 sense of what is duo tonurselves, will not per mit us to'bo silent when our rights are invadul i and let in 111,01 i-opsider it as threat, when we declare that wo wilj permit no inxas.on of our territory, coinn when it may. Americans know their right-, and kn.nviug will inii.iiii them, littalred, In the full belief ihat this oulrne will be disavowed, we leeouiiueiid 10 our fellow wizen- lo nfram from all attempts to retaliate, and to wait ui ctly but confidently lite action of ihe Ci.ixerunient. Itnolrcd. If llns oiilr-o,., shntl ho itistiticd. it will be an rJj'roni m the nation ; and loth - nation wo con fide the keeping of its honor and the protection of its citicns, herehv ploiluiii! ouisrlxes to a hearlv co-opera .ui, and CtUlf iXTCP.lXtJ 'I'll t'l' PlFl'V THOl'S X) filtr.UX MOl'XTAlX UOVS.fiOni) XI) TKL'i:, SHALL HI'. KRADY l't'It THU CitlSIS. Voted That the proceedings be signed by tho officers oftho meeting, nml published in both newspapers printed in this village Tho mooting then ndjouriied sine die, 1 1 EM AN I,0VRY, President. Gr.oitcr, A. Ai.t.n.v, ) ,, , . nxvinltiir..,, ''"' I'xlenh. AsAIIIil. IXK, 1 O'lton,,,.. K, I'L.vrr, ) src'"ei- , MEETING AT ALBL'RGII. Al n meeting of tliu citizens of tho toxvn of Alburgli, on tliu evening '-.'1st Sept. 1311. to tako into consideration tho gross outrage committed on tlio morning of tlioSOth Sept. 1811, niello Inking of James W. Gkouak, an American Citizen, by mi armed force from her Majesty's dominions, from tho house of Win. Brown in Alburgli, Slate of Vermont. A. C. Butler was culled to tlio Chair, nnd V. V. White cliosun Secretary. On mo tion of Dr. II. Reynolds it was voted that the Chairman and Secretary catiso tobo pos ted up at different parts of the town a suffi cient number of notices, calling a meeting nt the Church on Friday tho 24th Sept. 1841, to see what action should bo taken in rela tion to the outrage before mentioned. Voted, That a committco of tlirco bo ap pointed to collect tlio fads in relation to tho outrage, und report the same to the Meeting on Friday. Voted also a Committee of 3 be appointed to dr.ift resolutions expressive oftho feelings of this community and report tho same to the meeting on Friday. Where upon it was votod that, II. II. Reynolds, Giles Harrington and Win Sowles, be a Committee to collect evidence, and A. C. Buller, W. W. Whito and II. W. Vander vort, a committco to draft Resolutions. Priday Sept. 2-1, 1841. A numerously attended meeting convened at the Church in which A. C.Buller.briolly stated the object of meeting, whereupon, Win. L. Sowles Esq. was called to the Chair, and W. W White, A. C. Butler and Uanfurd Molt, were chosen Secretaries. ylfter sumo remarks from Dr. IJ. Rey nolds and others, in relation to tho lato bru tal otttrago, it xvas voted that tho Committee report tho facts nnd evidence llioy had ob tained in relation to tho Case. Whereupon tlio Committee inadu report oftlis uccompa tying affidavits. r......i ..I .1 . .1 r. . v oii'u aiso, inai tun uomnutteo ap pointed to draft lesolutions report their pro ceedings Whereupon they, tlirou'di A. C. Butler reported thu following Preamble and Resolutions which were severally read and unanimously adopted. Whcr-ns, an armed force, acting under Ihitiflioffi ceis and Hrilish authority have again, 111 tune of pro lound ptaee, inxadid our soil, oncTnt midnight broken uilo our dwelling-, threatened the inmates' with m slant death if they attempted resistance s forced an .iinericiiii uiiKcn iroiu nis ned, and atler severely woLiuuiuii 111111, aouucieu mm ualeeU and in a most ill human and brutal manner into a neigliboriii" province there lo suili r theindion.tie.s of tho moil n? it,-, cutrristie clemency uC Ilritish authority ; llieiefoie, lle-olreel, 1. Tnatfroiu tho reniiiiir,iiofn,.,T.... r,nu crimes and ontraucs by the llnii.-h fJoverinnent wo cons der no inJiviJu d apparently or really safe either in 1111 iicisuo or (iiu,ieriy, uui on me oilier hand, con slum; v.i,uj, iu iiiuuiie-iiu-iiu norrors ot a imjht attack Iroin a brutal -oldicrv. lewlred, 'i That wo deem it incumbent upon the proper authorities of our Nation to take promut. tner- t-elic and, as lar as 111 them his, sutlieient measures not only to prevent a icpetitioii, but to obtain satis factory redress for tho indigmtiej oifercd and outror-es airouuy commuted. lluolttd, i. That howexir great an evid a war bo tween tlie United States and (in-ni llriimi, i,.u pear tube, we look upon violated rights, the infraction of treaty stipulations, the murder and abduction ol our ciuzcns us minutely gieater evils when sulllrcd to pass unnoticed or with impunity. Itesoivftl. -1, That we havoeoiiri.co!iri,tf.iisJn ,1,., ability and disposition of the olfieers of our Covcrn ment and the Ame rican people to see that tho repeated imligiiilus ollercil this nation, and the late outrage loiiiiiiiueo upon una eominiinuv lie amplv and sails faetoiily atoned feir, and that th'oy will b-'avo no rea soii.ioio iineriiaiii,! unirieii 1111111 tliey procure inu ii-ieusi: 01 1 ue iiumiduai laieiv KiunappeJ Iroin the undisputed terntory uf the United States. U'iulted, 0. 'Ihat tho chairman of this meeting uppoint a committee ol llireo whoso duty it shall be to procure further evidence 111 relation to theoulra-e and transmit tho same 10 the proper authorities. "Hereupon me cnair appainlod It. II. Ileynolds lolcs Harrington, and Win. Sowles as sau'l com milieu. Voted, That the proceedings of this meet ing together with these resolutions be sign cd by the Chairman nnd Secretaries, and co pies bo forwarded to the Governor of thi Slate and to the President of the U. S. W.m. L. SOWLES, Chairman. A. C. BcTLUIt, Wm. W. Wiii'ii:, Secretaries. Dam'oku Mott. ) The fololvviiig aflidavits relative to th abduction of GioL'uii have been forwarded to tho proper autlioriles with a view to his release. Mil. liROW.VS Al-FIDAVIT. "I, William llrovvn, of Alburgli, in the County of tiraud Isle and .Slate of Vermont, ul lawful age-, de- pote uiiei siv.iuai ucivvcen tne pours ol two and three 0 cioeiv on .iiounay morning, the'.'Uth inst., my dwel ling Inauo was bru'.cn open and entered bv a "all ot armed men ,n the dress or uniform of llrflish "Vol unteers now stationed aenws the lines in Canada, as near as I could a-.sert.ain or judge, fiom twelve to twenty m number. 1 was first awoke from sleep bv i he rush e-f the said company into the room luhomin'' Ihe bed-room m which myself and wife were sleeping liniiiidiitilyupon their entering, the room was b-dii-ed by a glass lantim held by one uf tho company, when one of the company, as I sprang from mybed met mo at llio door ot my room and levelled Iih gun and bayonet at me, and ordered me to remain where 1 was, and desist from calling my boys, who were slee-ping ill the chamber, as I atlcmplcd lo do, or he would shoot me I al tins moment several ohcrs if the same party rushed into another bed-room adjoin, ing the same louin .in whieh they first uitercel, in which James W. lirogau was iheu sleeping, as thev eniertd llns room they cried nut '-hero he is .' jure lie is 1" others said "shoot I im !" "blow his brains mil 1" it winch time thev sewed linn and Hume tiatelv dm" .'id him from his bed, vvi'lioul any elothi s u.cept hTs slurt, throiwli tho first mentioned rouni npparentlv -o sirangh-d, that he could nut speak or make, much muse, or able to make the Ic.a-t resistance. 'I hey im mediately conveved him to theroad, w here wo xva". "ous xvere slanting, into w Inch Ihcy londed up and liovuolfiovvaids Canal-. And furthermore, this Deponent snub lint Ihcsiil James W. I .ri i i,.n i, 1, res eled, as I understand, with his family in ihe town of Lockporl .V. V. sine-e about the middle of May a-t at whieh lime he removed with In fiiuilv fiom the town ol'Swauton ui the county of Franklin V, rmoir, and return'' 1 heie on busiin s-., as he said, ih.atiliv previous to his secure. About day light nf 'he sunt morning, about two or ihren hours af-er the enmpauy aforesaid lift my lions- wnli thesaid (irogan, a mail in the Ilritish Dragoon dress, and upon one of ihe dragoon horses, rode down fiom low arils ihe Canada Ii.u, within about thirty rods ol my house, iu ihe town of Alburgli, aforo aid, when he discovered my self. Lsuiure .Sow Ics. and lie son. stntntii." nsir .... house, al w Inch ho w heeled an I ro !e back" as fast as no t-ouiu run ms uorse, saith, that Ihe nfarrsa And further this elcpo.ient 'd J .mien W. nrogau is an -viieii, .in iiu-i-o, nun ue "ii- ouru and pro I ui) in tho townof Uoo-i'-h, iu the state of New Vor'-, as is said and believed heie. Win. IlltOWV Alburgli S prtmirri-.M, 1911, Thealiove .Sub-criliid and sworn befoio mo II. W, IttVNOLns. Jiihtiet of the vtaet. I certify the within and a1 ove to be a true cony of nn iiri-,io:il nll'iil-ivi! kiili -rttu-it I,,- air lrn.. .. Alburgh, Sept. '.'lib lfill. II. W. ltnv-Nouis, Justice 1'eacc. JlltS. IIKOW.WS AITIDAVIT. "I l'atty Itrovvii, of Alburgli, in tliocountyoftirand ble, Siaiuof Veriiiout, of lawful ngo do elepo.-c and say, llixl In twis'ii two and th rev o'e lock on the morn, ing ol llii'SOili instant, Sipt. Hll, I was awoke from ship by the noiscof a gang of armed men, iu Ihiiish uniform, rushing into ihe house, in the mom adjoin ing the bedroom where niv husband and tit s- If were sleeping. The room was lighted liy a lantern which ihe i-ompanv broualit waih them, aly husband nil mediately sprnn' from Ins bed, and asked llieui what they wanted! upon which oneof ihe rnmp-iny posied liiiuself iu the door of our room, and pointed his gun Inwards him, and said, "not a word from you." Ai tlii. in v h'isbunil hallowed, '-bovs!" Illenilinrr .. l I supposed, Ihe luys who were sloping in theiham I er, w hen another one strpprsl to the etoor and loaded bis gun. und said, "shoot linn! not a word from vou!" At tint tunc oihus of the same party rushed Ll1" '. ,r.rn.T.v ,cro Jnnic V. fJropr.nwnMtl.o retired Secretaries rom.irr. . , . itli;, vt nun 1 nt'iim pevcrni voices rry ntiT( -iicro m.-.-, in it ii ni Mio-ii nun i mow ins iiriuii oui. i They instantly sc.isnl Jlr. (Jrogan and drugged htm from his bed through ibo room out of tho bouso. 1 i"i in tq iii 111 FiiO'il 111 1 ti I 1 (w lis irnitrn nu oiu not near .air. (irm-an speak, but ho made a noio asif ho was stroniiled i and evl.en ,U hn throagb tho roim Ins head appeared lo fall upon l's,M""n' . s" l0'1'3 ir ..!' ..... u,u mem. no was im- mediately ihrovvn into a vvaggon and drove olTtoxv- eight o'ocloek of tho sainn evening, having 'just' ro- inndeistand he ea'nd bis famuy rkbic. 1 i'S my sysler. l'ATTV ItllOWN. The abovo sworn to before me, Sept. 22nd, 1911. WM. KOWLLS, Justke 1'cace. Alburgli. Sent. 22. 1911. Alburgli, Sept. 22, 1911. .ii le. .u. ven i .v.s .7 ar r m. 1 1 . "I John .At -lfrow.-in. r,r .Vlhitrftti. in thn rntintv of S,ll ITlSSII'IVt? 1 tM,f I ,'11 n lu. .,.?.. . r, . . , e i i ' wiauu isif, oinie oi vcrmuiii, oi inwiui ugi, oejto---ami say, that I haxo bi-cn acquainted wathdaincs W. - '. '(l,l IIUIll Ills IIIIKIIIUUII lllllll- , I, Sell I IIIIIV tl.,U lluil he was born either in l'ovvnid, Vermont, or in tf lt. I.,.t.-..r, I i lousieu, in me ooiiuoi -now 1 one, 1 nciievu in nuy sicb and of respectable parentage, and it was reported , . iiuiit .u, iiu vns ii iiiiiiiiii iiiiiii ui ll tuiuiiii;ti in the United Stales service, at tho limo e.f the invasion of l'lattsbiiigh by tho Drilish in Ihe course nf 1S12. mliv ilionu-iv Tho abovo sworn to before me, Sept. 21. 1R 11. II. II. KHYXOLUS, .usice Peace. Alburgh, Sept. 21, 1811. Correspondence of the l'rcc Pits". TEItltlBLK MUKDEIt N N. YORK Nnvv Yoiik, Sept. 27, 1811. Our city lias for n few days been the sccno of great excitement in consequence of the discovery ol another terrible murder. You may remember to have seen a notice in tlio city papers of last week, of the sudden disappearance ol a printer, named .Samuel Adams. He was last seen on Friday of last week, xvhun ho called at the officu of the Missionary Herald and said that ho was co ing to a certain store in Canal St., which ho never reached. Ho was last seen at tlio cor ner of Chambers street and Broadway, where there is a lareo L'raiiito buildim.', tho rooms of which aro occupied as offices of various kinds. In ono of them, J. C. Cot.r. author of a system of Hook-Keeping, and brother of the inventor of the repeating rifle, has a room, next to xvhicli a Mr. Wheeler has a writing academy. Colt xvas owing Adams a small sum of money, and on Friday, on be- nig lum mill -iwll IIIIUIIUIJU IU ie.-iivu lliu 1.11V , n.r ,,.1,1 it, ..i r..l. i.i ... i .i Adams said he would co and got his money On Friday afternoon, soon after Adams xvas seen at thu corner, Wheeler heard a crcal scuffle in Coil's room, followed bv a lieavv hill upon the floor. He looked in tit tho kov h de, saw two hats upon the table, and Colt engaged on the floor. At about 0 o'clocl ho heard a man go out who soon icturned Wheeler loft a man to watch, who looked in several timusduiing thn night, and saw Colt busy scrubbing the floor Tho next morning a large box, marked for " St. Louis via jNew Orleans," was seen standing in the hall. It excitud little remark, as it was generally believed to con niii some of Coil's propel tv, as it xvas tin derstood ho intended to leave tho city. Soon after, a carman took it awav. A few days after, Wheeler, on seoing a notice of Adams disappearance, communicated the intelligence to the rulice, xvbo lorlhwilli commenced an investigation. In Colt room were found several snots upon tho floor, which had been scrubbed and smeared with ink. .1 hatchet was also found, the handle ot which h id been scraped and like- wise stained with ink, and spots of the same liquid vx eie found upon the wall. Colt xvas IV... I '.I .1 , , , , loriuvvitii nrrcsieu anu loiljcu in mil. lie denied all ktioxvludoo 0f the whole nfl'uir, said ho was not in the room that night, and know nothing ot any box having been car nod aw.iy. This excited still .stronger sits picion, and a search was forthwith couimenc ed for tho carman who took axvay the box. Iiu xxas found yesterday (.Sunday) motning, and said that ho xvas employed and paid by Colt to tako tho box on board the ship Kal amazoo, lying at tho port of Maiden Lane. Tho officers immediately went on board the vessel, which was just about sailint: for New Oi leans. She xvas detained, her hatches taken up and tho box found. In it was the dead body of Mr. Adams, packed in salt and wrapped in an awning. Of course there can be but littlo elutibt of Coil's guilt. He has hitherto been esteemed a quiet, in- ollensivc man, though not leinarkahle for honesty or good mnrals. A woman, known to have been kept as his mistress, has been found in possession of the watch which be longed to Adams. The affair creates, as well it may, a great excitement in the city. Nothing of special importance reaches us from Washington. Prrsielont Tyler has is sued his Proclamation with reference to the border troubles. It is understood that Judire McLean declines the placu m the cabinet olTered him. His successor has not hum mimed. MH. WEBSTER'S POSITION. Tho dissolution of tho Harrison Cabinet has boon a source of very deep regret to the Whit's of Now En-d.iml. fj nn. ITorriv.m iii the organization of that Cabinet, succeed ed in drawing around him several oftho most talented mid cousp cuous Whigs in the Union; so arranging his appointments that each poi tiun of tho Country should ho ro presented. The dipositiun of theso mat ters, us made by that lamented man, was entirely satifactory to tho Whig party throughout tho Nation, so far as wo have been able to gather tho public .sentiment. Tho circumstances which have led to so early a disiiu'iiibeinieiit of that well arranged Ca binet have been deeply deplored, by those who had anticipated the happiest results to our Country from tho united t-florts of that group of talented add patriotic statesmen. Under tho circumstances, however, nn foitmiato as they xvero, vvo look upon the dissolution of thn Cabinet a? having been inevitable. Wu hear, occasionally, "hlauio cast upon tho retiring members of that Ca binet, for the course thoy h.ivo taken but we are quito unable to perceive how they, or some of them at least, could havo been expound to tako any other course than that which they havo pursued. It is a subject upon which, under present ciicuinstances, xxo do not wish long to dxv ell but justice to . i it i iV f "wi wu m (i i in in iirriml rx r "" "u nuiu muni ucnuilieu ol nil connniii.i,t I t . confe'll,t;"t J'o" iholr resignation. - J ....... w WO puree VC. witll fooliiiTS nfvr.ru . . '. ' 'v""-'-""g,l 01 very great rcgrcti tliat some portions of tlio Whig I'rcsi -particularly in the West-am , ... "'"J questioning the propriety of Mr. Webster's l'rcscnt l,os'loni Ids connexion with tlio '!UW U V"' LUt ar a"mVlng oWos to ucsccnu lo I ia t orruded ovi. nf ,,,,P.nnn L.i,,, .,, ,i, ,- ,. . , , , 1 ' ul)llsu ' ,ilat distinguished gentleman. If tl ICV limit- t,. nn!., , 1 t... .i . " ii'ii "11 Jjeuu uiiil uy tnij course, vvo appiclmnd thoy will find them-sclvi-s sadly mistaken. halever mnv havo hepn nor IniliuMnnl opinion, upon the obligati0I, of any menbor oftho Cabinet lo retire, under tho ..nfnrtM. iiato circumstances in which they ,yCro in- u,vt-u-c nave always considered, and do now consider, that question as on., n.t...i personal to the gentlemen themselves. Mr. W ouster has decided, in his own mind, that Iio can remain in the Cabinet that ho can rotain lus present connection with tho Gov eminent, without derogation of his nnrsnnal honor. It is entirely Sllflicinnt f- .... .1 . ho has come to that determinniln,, well know that ho would bo one of the last men to occupy any position, which would throw upon hinitlio least shadow degradation. His exalted talents his ma- lured intellect his intuitive perception of right and wrong, aro sufficient guarantees to .no u enpiii, mat me decision he has made is a correct decision. Wo mno lin:,.-i;i ... joice that ho has come to this determination. l lie vvliole Nation has abundant cause to re joice at it. His very presence is a tiled ..f safety. While he is thero, presiding over the Foreirrn Department, xve mnv rnt o.cs. ed that the honor of our Country will he pre- .-iru, niiei mat every elfort will bo made, consistent with a due regard to that honor, to maintain tho present umicablu position of our foreign diplomacy. Wo are not among tho number of those, who intend to maintain a continued hostility to President Tyler's administration, bocauso some things have happened under it that have not entirely suited our tu-.m Mi. very much, of good to the Country, has al ready been effected and we have cood rea son to believe that the President .ami M, Webster aro determined to cany out tho Whig Policy, and to jj forward in'the adop tion of those measures which were the basil of the great political revolution oftho last jcar. If they do this, whatever eouris others may tako, xve shall accord them our cheerful and beany support. They will deserve and, from thu most satisfactory in dications, wo know they will recent, tho support of tho Whigs of Massachusetts. Boston Alias. LATER FROM CANTON. Probable Bombardment of Canton .Six- Uj thousand Tartar soldiers in Canton- Loss of the Florida, with a cargo valued at &00,QOO-I)eparlurc of the British. Fleet for Pchin. The ship Florida, Capt. Faucon, left Canton May 17, Macao 19th, and was "'recr.ed on lingantino sho.il, off Littlo SS Harbor, on the 21st inst. Mr. Bush, :i passenger on board, arrived in tlie city last night, via Monmouth, N. J., and has kindly furnished us tho following informa tion : Our last dates from Canton were by the Fben Preble, since which, nothing very re markable has happened, though much was in preparation. Capt. Elliot has, however, since May 1st, had an interview xvith tha Kwan Chow Fou, a high Mandarin, who was desirous that Capt. Elliot should give up tho furls. Caplain Elliot replied, that on the pav mcnt of 6'-'.',000,000, ho would deliver them up. Kwan Chow Fou, surprised at such terms, replied that the Emperor would never make such a treaty, and that they must fiitht. It will be recollecied tliot fjnl Elliot's first demand xvas six millions, which has noxv been inci cased to twenty-two. Several Ilritish vessels of War wero off the Factories, and Capt. Herbert, command ing tho advanced squadron, had orders, in cast of any signs of hostility on the part of tho Chinese, to Kombard tho city, and- not to ceaso till it was reduced to ashes lie was to afford at ihe same time all noces. sary protection to foreigners. leas were high and scarce, and wero only to bo purchased by dollars. No sales of imports of any description, tho Chinese feeling very sanguine of renewed In.stiliiir. The maiidaiins will not allow tens to como iu. The city was full of Tartar soldiers, more than 00,000 being there already, nd large numbers an- daily arriving, Justus the Florida was leaving tlm Macao, nexvs xvas received of an outbreak The rumor being that ihe Chineso had com menced hostilities. The Florida nassnrl Cniit. Elliot in the steamer Nemesis on thn- lSlh, bound to C.intuu. A pan of tho Ilritish fleet was to Inavn Hong Kong May 25, fur the coast, bound to Pekin to commence, hostilities. Tho cargo of tho Florida was insured in China. She had -100 tons nf Tun ;it- .i ihubarh, valued hero at about $200,000. Tho Florida struck tho shoals nt half nast 1 o'clock, and was abandoned at S o'clock the samo evening. Tho schooner IJirdstor Capt.'Crainvur, oil' Tiirkciton, N. J., very kindly took of tho tiew, and rendered ihcnt every sort ice in his poxver. X. Y. Ihpress. fX?Wc learn that Col. J. W. Grorran. an account of whoso arrest is given in the prc- Cfi'tlina columns, xvas seen ihroimh the ratr of a prison in .Montreal, by n gentleman who has just returned from a visit to that city. It appears that he is suH'erinr: much from tha wounds he had received. It is said that vcrv few on tho other side oftho line aro found to approve of tha anest. A few days will' undoubtedly docido what tlieauthoiitics vr.'ll do in the case. St. Albans Jltucngcr,