Newspaper of Burlington Free Press, October 22, 1841, Page 2

Newspaper of Burlington Free Press dated October 22, 1841 Page 2
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i.ixJisi.AiiutE or VKiimoKfT BENATE. TncnsnAY.Oct. 14, 1SI1. The Senate was tailed to order by tho Secretary ahin theScnatora answered la their names respect-' voly, wero r.uahned irnd look their (cms, and ihe flcnato was organized by Ihe election of lion. ItoRAcr. Eaton, President fto tent. De Witt U. I'laiiub, Secletaty. F.dwajOA. Stanhoi'bv, Assistant See. Kev. CiiAtLE? R. HAnniss, Chaplain. 'Cantassini; Committee on the part qttht Smalt i Messrs. Woostcr, Cark, Swill, Crawford, I)af.a, Untch, Eaton of Washington ro., I'lrtchcr, Aiken, Sabiii, Sovvles, llcmenway, I'iak nnd Itowo. Tho Secretary win directed to inform tho House of tho omaniatiou of tlio Senate. On motion of Mr. Woosler, tho rules of tho Senalo for the last yuar wero adopted, for tho time being, as the rules of the present sewn. (solutions lly Mr. Dillingham, providing that both Houses meet in tho Representatives' hall at 3 o'clock tW afternoon, to hear the report of the Can vassing I'otnniillco adopted j bv Mr. Woostcr, pro viding that each member of tho'Senato and it offi cers bo furnished with one daily and one weekly newspaper adopted unanimously, without debate. Memorial, of Moody Rii-h.prea nleil ny Mr. .Dil lingham, alleging that the memorialist had received, n majority of the votes of the freemen of Essex coun ty, for Senator, and claiming the scat of Mr. Howe the returned Senator from Essex. The memorial vas rend nnd laid on the table. The nicmoriil nl ones that the votes in the town r( Victory were illegally excluded from the count by the clerk, and if counted, would give Mr. Hich a ma joriyof tho votes. Tho certificate was iriven Mf. Howeby tho Clerk of tho court, on tho ground that Victory was not a duly organised town, and had no lejal officers to reccivo and count tho votes. Tin's question is to be decided hereafter, while, for tho time being, the returned Sonalor, Mr. Howe, takes ids test. fltsolutizn fly Mr. Crawford, providing for the publication of tho Legislative Directory-adopted. The Sergeant at Arms sent in his recommends. lion foroffceers of tho Senate, viz : Zsbina C. Camp, (or Doorkoeper and P. A. Garfield, ossi-lant Door "Keeper, who wero sworn by tho Clerk to tha faithful oi-cnargeoi tneir duties. A message was received, informing iho Soaate o f me organization 01 tnu ut'iiso ot Representative., liy the appointment of Speaker, and a committee to can vass inc votce. filiate adiourncd to 3 o'clock, P. m. HOUSE OK RKPRKSK.VTATI VES. TKUssr.AV, Oct. 14, A.M. The members of tha House were called to order bv the i'ecrttarv of State, when the roll wa called and ineoaiu au.iiims'ercd. mo ncureiary oi state pre eentjd the crc Initials of Cornelius rttilfin. of St. Albans, which he had declined to receive, it being signed by a "jvjticcof the pcaco and prc-iding ofli ccr of tho (freemen's) nieetin?, in the absence of tho constable anil the selectmen." The statute requires 'Sl.o crcden i ils to be signed by tlie presiding officer, tsko niusi lid cinier uic consiiuio or one. oi nie so "icctnii'ii.l Mr Colli) in ivcd lb it Air. .Slilfin be ad mit ltd to a scat. Messrs. Pullatn and Chan Her of Woodstock fibjcriol to admitting Ihe gentleman lo a seal on t'lese ercd ntin'.s.arid s ig.'atid lint t'le usual rourst-ai io mlniit, on the Met being stated, by soma member of tho House on his own responsibili ty, that the person had been duly elected. .1 state rnentnf the manner of tho election uni ninL'lii' Mr. Hubbard of Franklin: upon which it sjcined that the election look pi ice after an adjournment of the meet ing; another member expressed tho pinion that Air. Slilfin was legally elected, and ftill another lint 'Lis flection w-as n fraud, when .Mr. Adams moved lo liy lh motion on the table, which was opposed by Mr. Vila", who concurred in ihe m'ows expressed by Mr. Chan Her. This motion was negatived, 93 to E6, when Mr. Cobb withdrew his motion, and Iho 'credentials were sulk-red In lie tipcn tho table. Tho Secretary of Slato pri seated tho credentials of Mr. Asa G. Ilewes. of (dastenhiirv. signed bv tho town clerk as presiding officer, and no n leilion of tiie lo cality ol Iho election being taisnl, Air. llewrs was ad mitted lo a eit. Mr. Ahr.nn V. UieoufGninhv find Mr. Asa Doly of Bennington were admitted to saw vnthoil their ere lentials, on the sjteiucnl that they were duly elected. The secretary of S'atc presented the credentials of Mr.??. W, Scott of Gieenshoro' accompanied by a ccriiucato ol tlie presiding olliecr mat Jlr. Scott had not resided in the town of Greensboro1 one t ear next preceding the day of election. Of course Air. Scott muni riot rake a scat. The II then proceeded to ballot for Speaker, Messrs. Helard and Hayhos being tellers. Air. Chandler of Woodstock nominated Hon. Carlos Coojidguof Windsor, and Air. Cobb nominated Levi II. Vilas, El, of Chelsea, when Mr. Coohdge was elected by the following vo'e : Mr.Co.nidge, I?9 "air. rilas, 65 l V. Chandler, S Kevvall Fiillam.Jr. 1 Pamud Swift, 1 Win. Hcbard, 1 John Pirrpnmt, I Wholo number of votes 511 Tho oalh of oDica was administered lo the Speaker, who expressed his gratitude for this renewed cv i ience of confidence, and his rclnnce upon the candor and liberality of the House to sustain bun in iho execu tion of the duties of tho chair. The House then pro ceeded to the election of clerk pro tempore, Messrs. tHebard and Vilas being tellers, when I-Vrrand I'. Herrill, Eo. of Alontptlier, was elected and sworn. Mr. Merrill. 1313 O. H. Smith, 85 On motion of Air Chand'cr of Peacham, the rules of the House for the last SLSsion were adopted for tho time being. On nomina'ion 1 y the Speaker, the IIou?o appoint fd the following .-enllemen n conimilice ol the Sen tc, tocinMsuhe volesfor Governor, Lieut. Gover nor, and Treasurer : Bennington Co. Messrs. Sargeant, Canfield, HouzhMn. W'iwl'mm AIrssr. Hillings, Eager, Estabrooks. Wfnror AlessrK. Porter, Henry, Buck. Rutland Messri. Slason, I'ot. Nee ham. Ad'iiso'i Afessrs. itoscoe, Picrpoinr, Barnes. Oranqe Messrs. Tcnny, Colib, Howe. Chittenden Messrs. Griswold, Beach, Webster. H't'iinrlon Mcs-r. Keith, Waircn, Davis. Klalcduttia AIcsrs. Hubbard, Barber, Stone. Isimoilc. H irlhurl, Hines, Andiews. Orleans. Mes-rs. Cleveland, Chandler, Pierce. Alessrs. Dov cv, Amo, IViller. iirad Ae .Messrs. Adams, I.a Id, Ilain. A rei!iilion from Ihe sena'e, for a joint Amenably nt three o'clock tins afternoon, wa concurred in. Air. D ina moved that ih Governor be informed of the organisation of the Senate, and of its readings to receive any communication he may havo to makes adopted. The Senators repaired lo ihe Hall of Iho House of H'l"rcsnniiies to hear the report of the Canvassing -loinmiilee, nnd coon returned. Resolution lly .Mr. igninj tn o'clock to-morrow morning for Iho e'cclion of Governor, Ac. iir. inmt assembly of both Mouse; passed. The ru!es of the Senate, in (elation to the appoint ment of standing committees, wero dispensed wjih firths tinebe ng, and Iho committee on Rules was appointed by thi chair, vix. Alejsrs. Wooslor, Dil lingham and Clark. Adjourned. MOL'Sn OF REPRESENTATIVE. 3 o'clock, P. AI. A resolution from the Penale, for ROD copies of the legislative directory, was concurred in . Mr. Thornton moved that Cornelius Stilfin of Si. Albans bo admitted toaseat without producing hi credentials. Mr. Thornton slated that Air. Slilfin was duly elected, and liiat no one was present to contest his Mat. Mr. Chandler of W. said that this statement trough! iho admission of Mr. Slilfin wiih'n ihcusua .pie House, nd ho was therefore in favor of his admitMon. Air. Hillings inq'iired whether the election was made after an adjournment of the meeting ? Mr. Thornlon ilicro wni no a Ijournmcnt of the jneeiing by tho freemen. Kr. Slilfin was then admitted and sworn. Mr. Perkins moved that Alr.N.W.Sv-oltof Greens boro' be admitted lo a seal. Air, Cleaveland called for the reading of the lEih .Vee, f 2d part of iho contititinn, requiring a 'yearV residence preceding ihorleclion, lo mat can indnid ual eligible la ihcoflicc of town reiirfsenlaiivejit wot cad. Mr. Billiins (ialle,l for Iho reading of the certificate f Mr. . Ssn'i which slates that Mr. Scott had no resideil in ihe town of Greensboro, for one year pre ceding his election. Mr. Peikins s'aied that Air. Scott was brought up in Greensboro that hr remove.! from tho town, and returned again about six months previous lo the elec tion, On tho call of Air. Hchard, tho lG'h section of the thaplir of the reused s alutes relating to elections, wa9 read, uhich require iho presiding olliecr, in case r.ny person elected representative has not resided in tho State two years, nnd it the town one year preced inc his election to slain ihe fan. Mr. Hehard opposed the admission of Air. S. on (he ground tW be had no evidoiirH nnihlimr him io a seat. His certificate, on the face of it, denitd his cli- glllllU. Jlr Adams colled for tho ajes and noe, ayes 4, So the motion to admit Air. Scott to a aent was oat. Tho Senate came in, w hen the joint assembly re ceived the repwrtof iho Canvassing Committee, ita- ug t,v tv.w w o' . uitm 1 1 it, 1U1 1U t, S , Fur tlmernor. Charles Paine, Nathan Smdic? I3,3',S SI.3OT 3,oia 248 47,0 Tilus iiutchinsunj S'callering, Vihole number of votes, For Lieut. GtTtrntr, Wailatill R. Ranney, Toward D. Uarbir, Alvali .S' ib in, 'Kcattering, Who's nuinb.T nl 53,776 21,331 ?,N)I CS 47 P7I fur TriatuTtr. John Spaulding, 23,9 i: Daniel Hal twin, 21,315 Harry Hale, . 2,722 Scattering, 18 Whole number of votci, 69,027 Tho miurtia of Johnon, Mansfield, Sterling nnd WcJ'.fortl wefc not admitted, thevotca notbeingon clmej in the fo'iurfi. ?fo votes were returned from All. Tabor, Hancock niid ftiplon. When thoScnato withdrew. Rerttnlknt, By Mr.Uanilelil) for a oinl assembly to-morrow at 10 oVlock to elect a Governor, licut. Governor nnd Trenurtf i adopted. lly Mf. Ames, instructing the committee of e'cclions to inquire into Iho right of the town of Victory, to bo represented in this House, and also ns (o the right of Iioomis Wells lo a seal for said town ndoplod. By Air. Swift, in viting ihe clergymen it Alonlpelier to officiate a Cliaplamsof the House, adopted. By Mr. Cleveland lo s inply the members each with one daily and one weekly newspaper; adopted. Tho House then proceeded lo the election of clerk for tho year ensuing, AIcsrs JDewey and Davis of Norwich being tellers t ond F. F. Morrill, Esq. was elected. F. K. Merrill, 133 O. H, Smith, 73 (!. G. Eastman, 3 Scattering, t 1 , The House then proceeded to the ehetion of Assis tant clerk, tha same gentlemen being tellers, when Amhroso I.. Brown, Hi, of Rutland was elected. Ambrose I,. Brown, 133 C. O. Eastman, EG Scattering, I 2 A resolution from the Senate for a joint assembly at 10 o'clock lo-morrow morning, to elect state ofDccrs was concurred in. The House then proceeded lo the election of en gros'ing clcrs, when Oel Billings, Esq. of Woodstock was c'eclcd, Alcssrs. Sergeant and Henry of Chester being tellers. Od Billings, 131 P. C. Jones of Chelsea, 83 Samuel Swift, 1 Owen Atiller, 1 Jlr. Wchtcr rose and alluding in appropriate terms to the recent high-handed outrage in forcibly soiling nnd removing Air. Grngan front the stale, presented the lollowing preainiile and resouiticn i Whereas n iolent infiingemrnt has been made on the right and sovereignty of this Stale, by a foreign power, exercising dominion in the ntighhotinif prov ince of Cnmda, by the seizure and unlawful impris onment of nneof its citizens : with a view of insula ting immediate inquiry into the cause of such force and imprisonment, tleso'.red, lly the House of Reprcenlalives, the Senate concurring therein, that a committee of members of tlie House, and -members of the Senate, le appointed, whose duly it shall be to en quiic into the late violent procedure, of tho British authorities in Ihe Province of Canada, in forcibly scii ins within this State, and cnnievinz bevnndthc iur- idielion of the same, nnd of the United Sln'es, Col. James W. Grngan, an American citizen depriving him of personal liberty, and in -areerating him in a dun geon at Montreal; and 'hat aid coinmillrelia author ized lo send for any person or papers which may aid them in their investigation, nnd lint they make report of their doings ns soon as possible. Air. Chandler of Wo id'lock movs-d, not, however, in opposition to the resolution, but lo gio tune for consideration, that it be hid on Ihe tablo. Agreed to, 123 to 3'J. Adjourned. SENATE. Fnm w, Oct. 15. 7eoi(i'iii, By Air Bottom, assigning 3 o'clock to morrow afternoon for Ihe -nouiiiiatiaii of county ofli eirs, and 10 o'clock, A. AI. on .Monday next, lor the joint nssemh'y f both limits for the election of county officers. A motion to lav upon the table was lost, and Ihe resolution payscd. S'nnding Committee On motion of Air. Harriett the Senate proceeded lo he election of standing com mittees. The hour for going into joint au-mhly for the election of Governor, if.c. having .irrivid, the .Senators repaired to the hall of the House of Repre sentatives, before finishing thv iKillolings for chair man of coiiiiinileiH. 'I he. Senators returned, nnd on motion of .Mr. (Talk, ihe completion of the election of standing committees was postponed ti 1 the after noon sesf-ion. On motion of Air. Dana, a conimitteoof two was appointed, (AIe-rs. Dana and Sabin) to wait upon ihe Hon. W. 11. Kutiney, inform him of his election to llieotrice of l.t. Governor, nnd President i'f the Senate, and introduce him lo the Chair. The com initKe performed that service, and reported that the l.t. Governor would appear in the Senate in the after noon. Friday, On. 15. Tho morning hour waa occupied in taking the hoarding houses of the members, and at 10 o'clock the Senate came in and Ihe joint assembly proceeded lo the election of State officers. IZlection of Governor. Senator Woi.stcr noiiuuattd Col. CharlesPaim, Air. Cobb nominated Hon. Nathan Smilie, and Air. Hurl' tin! nominated Hon. Titus Hulehi'mn. Mero Hehard and Vilas were appointed tillers, anil the result of the ballot was the election of Col. Charles Paine. Paine, 1 16 SuiiliCj 95 Huichiiunn, 9 Win, A. GriswoP, 1 ) Aa G. Hcwie, 1 not counted. Blanks, 2 S nicelion of I4ieut (iorrrnar. Senator Dana nominated Hon. Wiitstill R. and Air. Ta) lor nominated Edward I). Bather, l'.fq. On the. first ballot Hon Wailslill R. Kaniiiv was elected. Ranney, 151 Hither! 53 Alvuh Sabin, 0 K"n,jr 1 no, counted. ?:ion or" 7'r'oiurer. Senator WooMer iioimnMed Hon. John Spildinr. Senator Dilliiiirham nominated Daniel Baldwin. Esii. and Air. Sp riding wasdeilarcd elected. npniumg, li.ildwiu, 05 Harry Hale, 3 On motion ofAIr. Dewet . a cnmmilteeof three was raised lo inform the Governor. Lieutenant Governor, anil Treasurer elect of llieir eh-ciion ; nnd Air. Woos tcr of Ihe Senate ami .Messrs. Griswold of Woodstock were appointed tlie committee. I lie ."senalo with 'rew. Air. moved to reconsider the vote of vesler- dav. denying a eat lo N. W Scott of Greensboro. Air. V. Haled bis object to bo to bring hack the question, ta us lo nfer il to ihucoinuiitUc of elections for examination. Air. bid am smrucsied thai l ie nrnner course was for the gentleman claiming a seat lo pncnt tho case by memorial, which could he referred lo the coiniuU tee of ofileeliin.s for nn examination of the facts in tlie-case. He wished every opportunity g;ven to the gentleman from Greensboro' to obtain a full hearing. Air. Vilas thought this unnecessary, and uioted lo lay ihe motion on the table, remarking thai he would then move the reference of the credentials lo the com- iiulteenf elections. .Mi. Chandler of P. ihoueht it waa not competent for the House lo ovirrule ihe evidence of the ccr'ifi- cnte, thai tho ic'iirned mi niber was ineligible. .Mr. Jlei arodeeiiiu t uus wnolc movement entirely unnecessary: he bihevd tlie iiinrned member now stood in I he- f-.-i tnr rdalion lo iho Houo thai lie did before the vole refuting him a seat. As to the cre dentials they were not in the possession of I he House and could not be (cfcrnd. Ilcnclicvcil iheonly course was for AIr.(Soott to bring up hi case by memorial. Air. Vilns in isled upon the propriety oi" this course, lie thought ihe credentials irti c in the possession of the House, or ouyht to be, ond ceuld bo re ferred. However, ha was willing, to save il bale, to nnhdiaw his motion, nnd then mote the reference af 'ho credentials. He did withdraw his motion In lay themot'on of reconsideration on the table, and the question recurred, will the House reconsider tho vote of vctterday I Air. Chandler of W. opposed tho reconsidetalion. Ho had ye slerday cheerfully voted for iho ndmissioit i f the gentleman' from St. Albans on prima facie evi dence of his right ; hut ill this case, the evidence was clearly all the p'brr way he was clearly ineligible, under the con-liiution nnd laws, end proved so by iho very kind of evidence which iho statute lequircs. If iho case is further io be examined, it should be done by memorial, and not by reconsideration of tho de cision, which the House was bound, in rcgaid lo ihe constitution, lo make Mr. Vilns Ihen iiiintd lo lay on the table ihe mo lion to admit Air. Scott, which was agreed lo, and then, on his motion, the credentials of Jlr. Scott wero referred to the committee-of ilccliori. A resolution from the Senate, for comity conven tions on Saturday afternoon, and for a joint assembly on Alonday afternoon, was received. Air. I'lillani said tho ell'ect (if fixing so early n day for electing county officers, waa in occupy tlie lime of both Houses with firqueul joint asscmh'ics, and ho wished lo obvia'e llus obieelion bv deferring thu ap pointment of county officers unld the nominations were prepared. On his motion, the resolution was laid on the lablc. SI N'ATE. 2o'chck. P. AI. I.ienl. Governor Itanney appeared in the Hensle i nnmtier, was introduced oy .viessr. nana nno an. bin. delivered lo the Senate n brief and pertinent ml dress, and on receiving the oath of office-, took the chair ns President of the Senate. Standim Committees. On mniionof .Mr. Woosler the senalo resumed ami cniiipli-ed thcappointinent of lis Planning coiiiiniiieee, aa lottows I On Finance. Messrs, Woostcr, Dillingham nnd rrencn. On Claims iU-frt. Clark, Wbeelock and Bollum. On Hdutation Mctrs. Ealon of F., Dana and Sheldon. On Agrkulturt Messrs. Cliipinsn, Crawford nnd (Ihslgcll. On .lumihc(urc Meters. Palmer, Gilson, and Aikrn. On IXeelionsMttsn. VMi, Ealon of Washington and Burrelt, On Military Affairs JItssrs. Crawford, Sicvsna ano nowies. On Hands anil Canui Ateters. Rotlum, Russell, ann aievene. On Hanks Alem. Swift, Fletcher and Hatch. On I,and 7'i te Mcc!., Deou, Howe, and H rvfiiwar Manorial, of Moody Rich, and all papers relating to Iho election of Senator for Essex county, on motion of Air. Dillingham, rcfoi red to committee on elections. llesolutionsKv Air. Norton, designating Monday next, 3 o'clock P.M. for Iho e'cclion in joint assembly of Judges of the Supreme Court t passed. By Mn Ulodgetl, for tho election of Secretary of State, on .Monday next, ot 3 o'clock P. AI.; laid upon the table. , . Senate adj turned. liOtJSE.-20'cork.P.AI. ' Pctitibhs, JJ-c. Of Jonathan Benjamin ond others ngnint the riclit of Air. Dovvev of Guildhall, to a seat. nnd of Israel Altrcy and others against tho right of iiir. vvoiis oi victory to n scat, vvcro rcierrcd to me committee on elections) of Henry Gules and others for n turnpiko, referred to tha committee on Roads ana (jamus. Resolutions. ly Jlr. Davis of Norwich, raising a conunitlej of three, with power to send for persons nnd papers, to investigate the management of tho Stale prison ; adopted. By Mr. Chandler of W. in structing tho General Committee to inquire into the expediency of nl'estig Ihe time of making out the grand list ; adapted; Fiont tho senate, fixing n lime for county ecnvctitions, tic mm tided on mo tion of Jlr. Fullnm, so ns to fix Alonday afternoon next for holding county conventions, and Tuesday, 3 p. in. week after next for a joint assembly to make tho appointments; and thus amended, the reso lution was concurred in. From the senate, fixing a time for Iho election of Judges of the Supreme Court; amended so ns to fix on Tinjslny next, 3 p. m. for this purpose, and concurred in. By Air. llublmrd, for a joint nsscmblyon Tuesday next, 3 p. m. to elect Secretary of Slate; adopted. Hills. Jlr. Hcbard introduced a hill lo pay Ziba Nichols ; referred to committee on Claims. The Speaker announced tho committee on Rules, viz: Messrs. Swift, Chandler of W. and Vilas. Jlr. Webstar cilled tip Iho resolution relative to lite seizure of James W. Groghan. Air. linker moved In strike out the word "Colonel" remarking that Jlr. Groghan never held a commis sion to authorise that title. Agreed to. Tho resoi ition was further amended so as to fix three as tho numberof Iho conimilteu on the part of inc House. .Mr. Fiillantsaid he was opposeltothe resolution in its present shape. He thought the preambleasau- med vvlial ought lo he proved when it asserted that tin outrage was perpetrated by the British authorities. Jlr. Chandler of W. did not deem the objection to the phraseology of much conscouence. The preamble Itself was of no force, and solong ns it was a matter of doubt whether the statement in it was or was not correct, he was disptsel to let it stand, and pass lite resolution, Jlr. Fullam rcnlied lint if tho nrcamhlo was of no force, then cut it oil'. Ho waa not opposed lo inqui ring into trie lacts lo ascertain wneincr im was inc authorities orofa lawless set of desperadoes : but bo was not willino. by an official act of the Houc, to stale that which was untrue. The resolution was then nassed. and tho House ad journed. SENATE. SATt;itn.T. Oct. 10. The senate concurred in the amendment pro. posed by tho House in relation to the day for the election of Secretary of Slate, and in passing the resolution object. lii'so'utiims. Relating to the election of Se cretary of State, introduced yesterday by Mr. Ulodol, withdrawn, upon his suggestion ; ins tructing tho committee on the judiciary to in quire into the expediency of authorizing town clerks to take the acknowledgment of deeds ; adopted, lly Jlr. Kitou of Franklin, joint rc Milutinn, providing for the report of joint rules ; adopted, lly .Mr. Dana, instructing the com mitte on tlio judicial)' to inquire into the expe diency of an amendment to the KM section of chapter 28, of the revised statutes; passed. Reports By.lfr. Woostcr, of the committee nu rules, ruh'.i of the last scjioi. The report was accepted, and the rules, after amendment, on motion of .Mr. Dana, providing seats for ex plain -Senators, were adopted. I'tlii'mnf lly Mr. Swift, the petition of Hen. ry Roblmr, asking remuneration of expenses in apprehending a felon, referred to the committee on c..innn:. of George Town, and petition of iiiiiers, relating lo i,ssux hunahirial election, referred to committee tin elections. The Senate took up the proposed amendment of the I louse on the resolution relating to county appointments. On this, question a somewhat protracted and interesting debate coined. .Messrs. Wooslor, l'.ilnier, (Jilson, .S'.thin, Dana and Barret wero opposed to so late a delay, nro. trading tho appointment lo the third week of tlio eonon, and tio much interfering with other and important business of the General Assem bly. .Ve.-srs. Katnn, of Fianklin, Dillingham, and Clark though they regretted much tho pro. pored delay, were inclined to concur, lor the reason tint a division of the two Houses might be productive of quite a? groat delay. Tho Senate resolved to non-concur in the proposed amendments of tlio Iluuse, and return, ed the resolution and proposed ainendnienls. A message was souu received informing the Seni.tu that Iho House had resolved to insist upon their amendments. Mr. Clark moved that the .Senate recede from their rosolutiiri of non-concurrence, and after dohato by .Messrs. Aikin, Harriett anr. Ijitoti if V'., in iivirof th j iiDliun.and Messrs. Crawford and Dana, opposed, The .S'enale resolved lo recede from their vote of lion. concurrence. IIOL'SK. The .Speaker announced tho committee of flections, viz : .Messrs. Hehard, Pierpoiut, Can field, Fox, Hillings .Adams of South Hero, and Junes of A'lchmoiid. Petition.', tfr. Of Charles dimming and olhorf, and ol Alpha Allen and others against land lax in Charleston, leferrcd to Land Tax committee. Of Mr. .Net It JSailny and others, agaim-t capital punishments-, relerrcd to judi ciary committee. Of Amni Nichols, to the com. on Claims. Ol Jinn. W. Vail and others, on the Hcencc laws, referred to select commit, tee of live; of Dana li.iilcy, to the same com inittec ; of Kbonezor Colo and others, ol inha bitants of Newark, and of A-a Durkce and oth ers, severally referred to Land Tax committee ; of Alva llrovvu and others, to annex part of Fairfield and Fletcher to Cambridge, referred to General committee ; of Abel Drury. referred to committee on Claims. liesohttionr lly Mr. Reach, raising a com niiltce of live to consider tho expediency of a geological mrvey of ihe Slalo ; adopted. Ry .tie. ow in, instructing me judiciary committee to inquire into the necessity of providing for the commitment of vagrants, &,c. to the house of correction : also for the providing for levying execution on holy of debtor under the proviso ol the (KM sec. C9lh chap, revised statulcs ; alt.o as to Ihe propriety of explaining the law relating to interest on executions all which were adopt ed, lly Mr. Kobbius, for a committee of one from each couiilv. to rniiort a nlin foreiniializi. tion of taxation on tho grand list ; adopted. From the Senate, for a joint commitlajg of three Irom each t Joiisc lo report joint rulelr; concur, red in. lly Mr. Houghton, directing tho com mitteo of elections to inquire whether any per sons holding ollices tinder the general govern- mum nm nuiiiiiiir mj.iis 111 nils I10USC , aUOplCtl, Hills introduced y Mr. Whiplilc, to pay Simeon Horrid;, SH".',i."), referred to committee on Military Aflairs , by Mr. Adams, requiring tue grann jury tone BnmuioneilaltlioJilly term of Grand Island County Court, referred to members Irom lirand Island county ; by .liY. Fullam, to pay Kmerv Melondv. referred to committee of Claims ; by .Mr. Shafter, rolatim' to inns oi titvorcp, (one year's residence in the State, instead cf three, to be required of libe lant,) referred to Judiciary committee. Mr. Slason moved a reconsideration of the vote of yesterday, adopting the resolution rula. tivo to the appointment of county officers : ngrerd to, when Mr. Slaeou moved'to rccousi der the amendment, fixing upon Monday after noon, tho l!(ith ins!., for the Joint assembly ; Ion, -12 to 7!', and tho resolution was again passed, .Vr. Rico moved that when the House ud jouru, it adjourn to Monday morninj next J no galived. Mr. Hcbard, by request and out of courtesy, moved a reconsideration of tho vole of yester day, adopting tho resolution relative to Mr. Grnghan's arrest; agreed te. Jlr. Fullam moved lo lay tho resolution on the table, for opportunity to oiler an amendment to make it what it should be. Mr. Vilas wished to know what the gentle, man from Ludlow wanted ! Mr. Fullam A simple resolution of inquiry to Icaru all the facia in the casn. Mr, Hehard taid ho was willing the resolution should lie for amendment, on the understanding that it bhould soon he called up. He woqld he very glad if it could bo made better. Mr. Davis of N'orvvhich called for rim ajres norv. Mr. Dewey objected that it would ho oxtrc mely uncivil, to say the least, to refuse any gentleman of tho House an opportunity to bring lorvrard amendemcnts. Air. Fullam said he sought no advantage of the friends of this resolution, and ho would be prepared shortly with an amendment. Ho ob jeeted that the preamble charged the Canadian GovernmEnt with committing this outrage, whereas the fact was that, upon tho requisition of the Governor of this Stale, that Government had repudiated the act, and released Groghan. Mr. F. said ho did not see any necessity fur hasty action on the matter. Ho understood that tho Government at Washington had directed the district attorney for tins State to renair to AU burgh to investigate tlio facts, nnd also that the Governor in his annual message would bring tho subject beforo tho Legislature ; and in his oni. nion propriety would require the IIouso to defer any action for the present. Mr. Chandler o( Feacham said this was me rely a question of lime not a question touching tho merits of case. Ho much mistook the temper of the people of Vermont if they would sudor the matter to piss without notice or in. vestigation. He was ,n favor of giving an op porlunily for amendment. Jlr. Davis said he would withdraw tho call for the ayes and noes, if the amendment could be prepared in half an hour. Mr. Fullam I can draw a better resolution in less than half that time. Mr. Davis withdrew his call for the ayes and noes, and the motion ti lay upon the tablo was agreed to. On motion of Mr. Jleach, his resolution rola tivo to a geological survey was reconsidered, amended so as to raise a committee of one from each county, and again adopted. The Senate returned tho resolution relative to county appointments, non concurring in the amendments of tho House thereto ; whereupon tlio House resolved to insist upon amendment". The Senate subsequently receded from its non concurrence, so the resolution, as amended by the House, is now the resolution of both Houses. Jlr. Fullam called up tho resolution on tho Groghan affair, and moved tho following sub stitute : Resolved, Tho Senate concurring therein, that a committee of five members of this House bo appointed to join such committee as shall be appointed by the investigate tho alleged arrest of James W. Groghin, an American cit izen, within this ttatc, by tho authorities or citi zens of Canada, depriving him of his personal liberty, committing acts of violence upon his person, conveying him beyond the jurisdiction of tho United States, and incarcerating him in a dungeon in Montreal ; said committee to bo authorized to send for persons and papers, and make report of their doing, as soon as practi cable. Mr. Webster said he saw no great difference in the resolution, bt.t ho preferred the original : the facts were already known, and were consis tent with the statements in the original rcso. lution. Jlr. Fullam suggested that if the facts wero known now, there was no necessity for investi gation. Mr. Vilas insisted that the outrage had been committed by Ilritish authorities, by persons in Hrilish uniform, and belonging to the Ilritish service ; this was already proved, and ho would stale these facts, calmly and deliberately, to be Mire. He objected to si. ppiug over tho mailer, or palliating it, as was proposed by the amend. uc tit. Mr. Fullam said there would he no question as to the rights of American citizens, nor as to tho atrocity of this outrage. Hut it was said the original resolution was in accordance with tho facts, as already known. If so, why in vestigate ! Why not at ouco denounce the Bri tish authorities as villains ! He, however, did not know tint the alleged facts were true, and ho wished to know tho real state of tho matter. Ho thought it did not follow that the outrage was committed by the Ilritish authorities, be cause the persons engaged in it wore tho Ilritish uniform ; as well might it be said the tea was thrown into Bos on harhor, in olden time, by Indians. In his view it was absurd, cowardly, to make charges, and then investigate. Mr. Vilas thought the original preamble dis tinctly indicated the object of the investigation ; it was not to elicit the facls these were now known but the causes of tho outrage. He saw no propriety in comparing this outrage to the old 'lea party ;' in this iuMancc it was known that the outrage was committed by persons in British uniform, and was countenanced by Bri tish officers. .lfr. Cutts said ho did not consider the alio god facts to he proved; the Homo had only newspaper evidence. If proved, then he would say that tho original resolution was altogether too tamo ; andinste id of stopping to inquire into the ciuses of the outrage, he should be for sum marily denouncing and treatiug the outrage it self as its atrocious character deserved. Mr. Baker said there could be no question ic.'io committed tho act- Tho persons wore well known, and tho facts proved hv good evidence. 'I'o ba sure this evidence was glmn in the news papers, hut it was not therefore to be doubted, any more than official documents wore to be doubted which came though tho same source. Mr. Davis of Norwich thought tho original preamble and resolution preferable. He did not consider that the people would look to that for Ihe facts, but to tho report of the committee. In his opinion it was not sulliciniit lhat Groghan had boon released; that neither healed his wounds nor satisfied tho outrage upon the coun try. Let us not cower beneath the British Lion, said he, but lay the facts before the people. 71iey would not disagree much upon the matter. Jlr." Hcbard thought there was little necessity of working up a war fever or talking about cow. ering before the British lion : though, by the way, he feared tho gentleman from Norwich would cower as soon as any body. As to the atrocity of the outrage there was no division, but as to tho manlier of getting at the facts gen tletnen might disagree. He preferred the ori ginal resolution lot lie amendment, hut suggest ed after all whether the first stop should not be to ask Ihe Governor to communicate tho facts in his possession. He was aimous to know al tho facts. If half oi tho statements wero true, there is ample ground for strong feeling. He moved to lay tho subject on tho table, view of submitting the proposition ho had alluded to. Mr. Vilas objected the House might as well proceed with the original resolution. Mr. Dewey supported tho motion he wanted the facts, and suggested lhat tho IIouso would he placed in a ridiculous attitude if the investi gation should result in disputing the assertions contained in its resolutions. The motion was carried, 1'JOlnOl, when Mr. Hcbard ofTurcd a resolution, calling upon tho governor for the facts in his possession, which was adopted with but one dissenting voice. The chair announced tho committee of the House on joint rules, viz : Messrs. Swift, Chand ler of Woodstock, and Vilas. SEXATI3, 'J o'clock, P. M. Resolutions. Bv Mr. Hatch, instructing the committee on the Judiciary to inquire into tho expediency of passing a bill, providing for tho appointment ol Chaplain of the State I'rison in joint assembly of both Houses. .Mr. II. accom. pained tlie resolution with a low romarKs saying that ho had no reference to existing report ; res. olutiou adopted. By Barrel, instructing the uamo committee to inquire into tho expediency of so amending tlio Hcvtsod Statutes as to limit the precise nine of closing tha polla for the election of Representativ es to the General As sembly ; adopted. Hills By Mr. Eaton, of the committee on Education, altering the uamo of tho Vermont Academy of Mudccino to that of Castleton .Me dical College ; read tho lirst and second limes and passed to be engrossed for a third reading, Committee on Hilts. Messrs. Wheelock and Aiken,appointed by the l'reeidcnt of the Senate. HOUSE, 3 o'clock, IV M. Tho .Speaker announced tho following com mitlees ; On altering the time of making out the Grand Lilt .Messrs. Bobbins, Graves of Bennington Co., French, Sprague, Buck, FifichU Smith of II., heilh, (iilchriftt, Btrhcr, eV;idre'.'A Vunl.n, Gravos of Essex Co., and Ilazcn. On Geological Survey of tho State Mosrrs, Beach, Sargeant, Jones of Dover, Sheldon, Slack, Iloscoe, Nilos, Kingsley of Aforctown, Hastings, Barney, Baker, I'rcntlss of Irasburgli, Amos, Kinsley of Grand Isle county. To investigate affairs of Slate Prison Messrs. Davis of Norwich, Swift and Slason. Petitions, -c. rcjerrcd. Of W. M. Moslier and others, and John F. Deal) and others, to committee on Military Affairs; of Mr. Graves and others, to committee on Koads and Canals; of Trustees of Troy Conference Academy for a fund to endow an academy for tho instruction of teachers, to committee on Education; of select men of Blnomfiold and of A, W. Stearns and others, to Land Tax Committee ; of inhabitants of Brain troo for a law relative to persons ac quitted of capital ofl'enccs on the ground of in san.ty, to Judiciary committee ; of H'm. Billings and others, to committee on Manufactures. Bills introduced and referred. By Mt Sar geant, relative to jurisdiction of justices of tho peace, providing for proceedings when tho hail in any case is within the fourth degree of affi nity to tho justice, to Judiciary committee; by the same, relative to tho election of town ofli. cers, providing that in towns containing 12000 inhabitants and over, the freemen may vote for town clerk, constables, treasurer, selectmen, and grand jurors on one ballot, referred to se lect committee of three ; by Mr. Hcbard, topay Win. Maxham, to committee of Claims ; by the same, apportioning Senators to the several coun ties, (each county to constitute Senatorial Dis trirt, and the Senators to be divided as follows Bennington S, Windham 3, Windsor 4, Hut. land 3, Addison 2, Chittenden 2, Orange !l, Washington 2, Caledonia 2, Franklin I), La moille 1, Orleans 1, Essex 1, Grand Isle 1,) to judiciary committee. On motion of Mr. Hcbard, the com. on elec tions had leave to sit during the session of the House. On nomination by tho .Sergcant-at-Arms, tho Speaker approved and announced tho following appointments ; Gen. S. B. Flint, doorkeeper. Lnman Hublce, ) Norman Durant, Officers of the House. Moses Hawks, ) Gamaliel Washburn, Messenger. GOVE UNO llS MESSAGE. Felloa Citizens of the Senate and House of Rcprcstntatites : Tho people of this state have reposed in our hands for the ensuing year tho powers of legis lation and government ; and the first and most gratifying duty we have to perform in their name and as their representatives, is to acknowledge the continued favors of Providence. 7'ho earth has yielded its annual increase, health, hap piness and prosperity smile upon our land, wo still enjoy the blessings of a free government, and peace is as yet within our borders. So far as regards the present condition of our state, at no period have we been called upon for a more unfeigned expression of gratitude to the Giver ol all good. The I "gislative provisions, which ym will bo cal led upon to make for Iho people ot this state, will be, like their wants, few and simple. Tho wis. dom of your predecessors will furnish you with the safest guide, and it has probably left few al terations to be desired in our domestic policy. Still it is your duty diligently to consider any improvement which may bo suggested, and to leave nothing undone, winch may promote the general welfare. Education is a subject which cannot fail to command your earnest attention. It is true that no community can boast of mare widely and uni versally diffused instruction than ours, and it might therefore appear useless to urge this topic upon your consideration. But we must conti nually bear in mind that it is not the result of accident that tho people of this state, with so few exceptions, can all read and write, and have enjoyed the benefit of at least a good English education. They owe their happy and enviable condition, in this respect, entirely to tho un ceasing solicitude nnd wise legislation of our forefathers. While our state was yet almost a wilderness, those, who themselves most felt the want of education, vvcro most careful that their children should not grow up in ignorance, and the efforts they made to establish and support common schools ami seminaries lor the higher branches of learning, must forever command our gratitude and admiration. Common shools havo always been within tho immediate reach of every child in the stale, and it has been Ihe honorable ambition of every parent to deny Ins children no necessary opportunity fur attending them. Nor has this been the limit of their am- bition. Many a generous father, while follow ing the plough himself, Ins sent his children from home, that they might, by having better moans of education, qualify themselves for more extensive usefulness. It is true that all this could not bo accomplish ed hv legislation alone. But wise and whole so,r,o laws have laid the foundation of this, as thev havo of all other usntul social institutions If legislation presents the means and points to the benefits of o lucation, there Is: no reason to apprehend that thoy will no t be jriadl v accepted. 'i'i. .......t ...i . . . ..i.:i. la iiiu e-Aiimpiu anil Uliemji iiguiuuill , ttimii o in our power to afford, are all tint is necessary not oiily to support and preserve our present sys tern, but greatly to extend and improve it. If our fathers bestowed on us a betler education than thoy had the moms of enjoying, shall wo fall behind them in benevolent clliirts ! Let us rath er emulate their example, and make our en deavors surpass our abilities as thoy did. While, then, I would recommend to you that scrutiny and vigilance respecting our common school system, which are so constantly noces sary, and a pecuniary provision as liberal as thoy have annually received, I would commend to your favorable regard, our higher seminaries of learning. These are the nurseries of our pro feseioual men, and thoy consequently exert as great an itilluenco on society as our common shools. If it is important that our farmers and mechanics should bo well qualified for usefulness and respectability in their callings, it is equally essential that our clergymen, our statesmen, our physicians and our school masters should be so m theirs. It is hard, too, that tho poor as well as the rich should not bo able to reach and drink at tho higher fountains of knowledge, and to no object can the bounty or the legislature bo more pro pcrly directed, than lo placing tho higher bran ches of learning within tho reach of those who have not themselves the means of obtaining them without some assignee. I would not vvh to he understood in these remarks, as intending to recommend any undue profusion in the expenditure of public money. On tho contrary, I should bo tho last to advise or consent to such a course of legislation. It is my duty to direct your attention to measures of public interest, but you are the proper judges of tho fitness, expediency, and practicability of those measures. Economy, not less than intel lectual cultivation, is essential to a well tegti latcd community ; and it would ill become us, while endeavoring to improve our fellow men by education, to corrupt them by an example of extravagance. Nothing in my opinion will more conduce to the advancement ol tho wealth and prosperity of our people, than a geological survey of the stale. Tlio time has arrived when our interests seem imperatively to require that such a survey should no longer bo postponed. The earth has been sufficiently cleared of its forests to admit of the necessary examination, and tho expense attending it will be trilling, compared with the benefits to be expected from it. Similar surveys have already boon undo in many of tho states, which havo'opened new and highly productive sources of wealth. Very encouraging indica tions havo already been discovered of tho oxis. tence of valuable ores and minerals in different parts of tho state. Agriculture will derive great advantages from tho light which science cannot fail to throw uon the native character and va rieties of our toil. Should useful ores be dis covered, it will open a now field for industry, and, by increasing tho number of consumers of agricultural products, add a now: inipuleo tq the enterprise of tho fanner. .Should you agruo with mo as to the expediency of providing for I euch qn undertaking ( ueuM n'Sfrst 'hat it should embrace; an examination into the botany of the slate. Tho success of the enterprise must of course depend, In a groat measure, upon tho qualifications of those who may bo so lected to carry it into exception. Under tho census of I81tlanow apportion ment of tho members of tho House of Hcpreson tatives of the Congress of the United States must necessarily be made. It will thoroforo bo dome your elulyi cither to direct the rhction, by general ticket, at tho annual freemen's moot ing in 1811, of as many members as may, under such apportionment, bo assigned to Vermont, or to postpone the election to a day beyond the next session of the legislature, thereby giving to that body the opportunity lo mako the neces sary provisions on Iho subject. Communications have been received hy the Executive, from the constituted authorities of Ilor ilajosty's Province of Canada, relating to the recent outrage upon our northern frontier, in tho forcible seizure, and abduction beyond the limits thereof, of a citizen of this Stale. I shall take an early opportunity, by special mes sage, to lay these documents beforo you. Congress, during tho last session, among other measures for tho benefit and relief of tho country, provided for the distribution of tho pro coeds of the public lands among tho stales. Ver mont will he annually entitled, under this law. to a large sum of money, and it will ho notes sary that you should mal;o provision for its re ceipt and safe disposal. How it shall he tilti- inately applied, so as to allonl tho greatest be ncfit to our constituents, will bo a matter of urave deliberation after it shall have boon re- ccived. Vermont has not followed the example of many ot nor sister slates in cmuarKing in ex pensive works of internal improvements. Ho cent events have abundantly proved the wisdom and prudence of this course. Vast benefits to the community arc doubtless to bo derived from such undertakings. Thoy are perverted, very clearly, when they ond in a prostration of public credit. When there is any uncertainty as to tho adequacy of income to be derived from them, they should bo engaged in with tho greatest caution. Still their advantages should never bo lost sight of. They aro especially important to a country situated like ours, remote from market and where the nature of our produce docs not admit of expensive transportation. In proportion, too, as other parts of the country enjoy greater facilities of communication with the markets on the sea-board, is the value of our lands and or their prndvee diminished. It is not to ho feared that tlie vigilant sagacity of our people will overlook considerations like these ; and at no distant period we may expect that public atten tion will bo actively directed towards a subject of so much interest. When tho entcrprize of other states shall have brought, as thoy soon will bring, their rail-roads to our borders, the means, 1 am satisfied, will not ho wanting, of continuing them through our own state. Foreign and domestic capital, and individual euterpri.e, will unite to accomplish tho object, and the state, hy husbanding its resources with roferoii co to such an event, may undoubtedly hasten its arrival. There aro other .subjects of legislation, which aro not less interesting and important to the in habitants of this state, but over which you can have no immediate control. I refer to those nowcrs which have been delegated to the IOV- eminent of the Union, for national purpose-", and to bo exercised tor the general benefit. Hut nl - though thus delegated, thov ought not to ho !. 3i. fi. ii. u.t.u.Tr.j .. ,i. On the contrary, so vastly impoitaut is their ox ercise to our prosperity, that it is our imperative duty to satisfy ourselves that they aro not per mitted to lie dormant in the hands of those to whom they aro delegated, and that they arc ex ercised in such a manlier as will protuotu the pu blic welfare. This duty is the more incumbent on u--, because it is also emr right, if it should appear that tlie powers of the general rtivcrn inent have been insufficiently or unwisely grant ed, to apply a remedy by uniting with the other states in an amendment of the federal consti tution. Tho exercise of none of these powers is of such vital importance to the agricultural interest of this state, as that which enables Congress In afford prtitcctien to domestic industry, by impos ing duties on the importations of loreign pro ducts. An entire prostration and stagnation of busi ness, arising principally from the absence of any effective protection to domestic industry, while the states remained separate, led, iioro inline, (lintel y than any other cause, to their union. 7 ii remedy thu evil, steps wero taken, at the earlie.-t period after the adoption of tho l-'edcral ('(institution, to establish a discriminating sys. torn of revenue from duties on imports ; and tho country, undents operation,, emerged, with unexampled rapidity, from embarrassment lo wealth, power and national greatness For more than thirty years, Iho constitutional power of Congress lo impose duties for Ihe purpose of protection, remained unquestioned' Every suc cessive Congress exercised the power without tho suggestion of a doubt as to ils constitution altty ; and if the constitution itself had not been, as it is, perfectly clear on the subject, yet time, usniee. constant legislation, and universal ac. quiescence, have fullv established its possession li.. d,n ..-,.n,,t A",J nli ,1., however, after a generation had passed away, xnd wlietl thopursuit.s and business of tho coun try had been built y n, upon tho basis of protection it suited sectional 'ami p.irty purposes to oppose it on the ground that it was unconstitutional ; and, strange and unjust as it may siWt a long established system of laws, designee! I" encou rage and protect domestic industry, has !;?cn, for the present, at least, abandoned not bo cause tho people of thu country so willed it, but because a single southern state, denying: the constitutionality of such legislation, threatened violently to resist tho execution of tho-o laws. And this has been termed a compromise ; a compromise which yields all that is demanded to violence and a breach of faith, and quietly consents to tho ruin of a vastportiou of the coun try for tho exclusive benefit of a comparatively iiinn section. It is needless to sav much of the causes which have thus led to a disenntiuaupe of protection to domestic industry. A remedy for such an evil can be found only in the intelligence and spirit of that portion- of our countrymen, to WIIOsC CXISteUie SUCH prOICCtllin Will OO lOlllnl to bo almost indispensable. I am not aware that you, as legislators of this state, can direct. ly participate in applying- a remedy : hut vou can at least urge upon our delegation in Con gross you.' deep and abiding conviction of tho strong necessity of shielding, by an adequate tariff, tho domestic industry of the country. asiatnst competition with the pauper labor and solid capitalists of Kurope. 11 the constitution ot tlio United States does notalreadyautborizo Congress to afford such ne cessary protection to domestic industry, lan guage would tail to accomplish the object, and any amendment of the constitution would be fruitless. Tho states havo surrendered tn the Genera! Ouvernment all power over tho sub ject. When they gavo to Congress exclusively thepowor to lay duties, they deprived thomsel-! ves lorever of all power to protect domestic in. dustry. They surrendered this power to Con- gres, io mo cxieni to wiiicu tuey possesseu u themselves, and for tho same purposes, for which they themselves might have used it, not - "': " . " I."" tectlllg tliu industry oi our Cltiznn.s against j 2e within yourselves and nro become jcepes ofun ruinous foreign competition. If Congress do 1 just thoughts? Hearken, my dearest breihercn. not possess this power, then the states them - selves possess it ; for the states havo retained all power wl.icli they have not granted to ihe ' ;ivc'of ;ri' , ,10 poor ",, tlc, ,,, pew.,flu government of the Union. Hut nothing would we, Tlie poor when ihey see what respect of pr bo moro absurd than a construction of tha i sons arises even in ihe hoiis of God front money r Constitution which would thus distribute the power of lavill" duties, civill" it to Coimrn.s furptes tho purpose or protection. It would be superfluous lo attempt to show lhat a nrotcctive to iho nrosncritv of this portion of thu Union. The value cf our agricullutaj products, and especially of wool, depends entirely upon, mo success ui our luantuaciorics, aim e very iar-1 scrtiiiiiuc oe -recs rniscu inrtii irom me dung-inn, ro uter in. Vermont is deeply interested in saving ilieui I a level w itlt ihe prince- of tho people. At any ram,, from tlw iiiin wl'jcb, it is feared, is impending over I the equably dint u upheld in the new Catholic chnrchi tliem. We cannot raise wool lor exportation, aud :f j i purely r.pii.tullcal mid in . harr.cttr with the print-ir vre abandon wqid-gtovyiiv, what arc we lo do Willi, plcsot our IVmocralic Republic, any other kind of prislupe wliich.wo may raiee in its Hut tl inny bensked, as there are nnpew sold from ploce? W6ol will not he received in foreign countries -qnl fun,j nr r, VuitM,i ih cle-ruvmm fupporlnll--uliich have upplis of their e n, a"d whom out own If is '5'n"i bv i1" fr " e-fl" "F" rradf hy the country will con-ume it, when manufacioriea shall been its consumers, nro compelled lo cultivate (, sod ns thcimnly mode of subsistence 7 What vvoul I our farms or our produce bo worth, if lhoe now en. Rased at the loom should come back to the ploueh j We could hardly mve away ihe contents of our over, burdened finnarici). Manufactures arc )tt in ihcir Infancy, and although durum the short period ufllictr existence, they have acquired strength Willi unexam pled rapidity, llicy cannot bo supposed to he stranger than those in ol Icr cop nines, where they have been much lonrcr established, and vv here labor is cheapest. Vet in nil countries, protection has always been found to ho necessary lo their existence; t and no gov ernment on earth has ever been so blind to its own interests an I those of its crizen", as lo permit freo trado with other countries, in articles of us own man ufacture. There aio two very sufficient and obvious reasons for tin. One is, that n free or reciprocal trade never has been, ami probably never can Ic, es tablished. Thepther i that to alle-w one country, whenever it mtht choose, to Inundate another with lis surplus manufactures, reduced in value at homo bycxccivo production or bankruptcies, would bo to ruin those engaped in tho samo business in llieim pri.rlins country. Steadiness is Iho safety and fluctu ation the destruction of trade. Ens'.md,witha modesty peculiar lohereir,prnclaim and advocates the doctrines of free trade, for ihe benefit of other nalions, while for her own benefit sho prnc. ticca upon a directly opposite system. In thus ndvo catinir free trade, she is seconded by (lie Southern planter. Hut neither from the one nnr llie.olhcr cart wo consent lo receive instruction. Thev have their intcrcsts,-und wo have ours. H'ehavoala the capa city to understand, and, I trust, iho resolution lo' maintain our rights. Tho attention of the people of the whole Union haa been directed, by events which have occurred vvithin the last few vcars, to certain nmcndmcnis which ore deemed escntial in ihe Perietal Constitution. Tho undue stimulus lo ambition which is ihoueht to bo' supplied by the prospcctoflho Presidential office he iiu; enjoyed by ils occupant for a tciond term of four year-, ha created creat alarm for the balance of lh powers of the General .Government. Kxperiemehas certainty prove ', mat u mere is any danirer of that hatance I ring destroyed, it arics from tho constant efforts ef Iho cxccititc department lo (xlend ils pat ronnpc and power. That such efforts liavefrexjuenlly been made, In enable the I'rcs;dcnt to secure a re election, can hardly be doubted i and it is to be- feared that Ihey will continue to be loo often made, so long as human nature' remains unchanged. A ircncral complaint, arisini! from tho nnic well' grounded apprehansion, exi ts as to the President's power of removal from office The constitution di rectly gives him no such power, but he has been al lowed to lake il by implication. It is difficult to im agine how It should ever have Ikcii deJived from that provision in the constitution which authorizes bun to nominate "and by and with tho advice and consent of the Senate, to at point" all officers. Tho President and Senateaiejoinllv ma !e the op pointing power, and, in the abs ence of all other pro vinous on the subject, one would have supposed they must a') be jointly iho removing power. Hut iho President claims to exercise it atone, and more fre quently c.xcrcies it without any rause, except for tho political opinions of those removed, than from an im partial regard to thefa.lhful performance of the public service, which lormid the so'e argument in favor of lis existence. I'or, if the Constitution designed to giva such a power to the president, it uuit Into been for the purpose of e-nalilnii: linn lo make removals re quired bv the nuhhc good. Hot it has been pervcr'ed ig a totally dilDrantimrpos" j that ofcmblni li jm to Wward his supporter-, strengthen his influence, and secure his own re-election. Another similar subject, lo winch I would invito vour parlrular attention, is tliopmvrr ofthe Presi dent to veto lulls which have been passed by both Houses of rongress. This t the only monarchical feature in i urform of government, and it is difficult to understand how it should ever have been ensrafied upon re-publican institutions. It was probably take-n, W'lhout much n llcnion as to its conen'innees frnn the ll'itisli constitution, which vests a similar power in the kill'' : but only to nrotcet his own nreroeniivo I frnni eneronph merit. Hin dir ilneniiriuifin Un.. . ' it has not been erciscd by him for more' than two ! cniiiri' s. The early settlers f Vermont were too ' jcr. Imts of liberty to allow tu-h a p.' any phco in ' our constitution. Toforniajust notion of the tnainitu le of the veto power, as il may he exercised hv iho President, we must keep constantly in view, that to prevent ihcpas s.i ;e of wholesome and necessary laws, is ns bad as lo pass thns.j which are iiu.-chicinus. The power to make all law, might bona properly entrusted to tho PresiVnt, as the power lo prevent all laws. Tho hi-tory of all h-sislation proves that a maturity of two thirds nn seldom be obtained on disputed rpi'stions : and lo allow ihe President to resii the enactment of such laws as be pleases, unless pard hy so nrg n m.ijirity, i, in, to re'i n'c in one man almost the cntre power of leri-lntion. lint the President not only claims the right toc.xerrise the veto power when ever he pleases, but to excrc ?c II as be the constitution, without nnv regard lo Ihe decslona f the Supreme fouri, or to the precedents established I y his predecessors. He appears to be uncontri lied in ils ixereie, cither hv law or precedent, nnd to have nothing to consult hut Ins osvn consci, ucc, and nothing, to regard but his own characcr for consis tency. If he is right, we may bid farewell In all tabt'ity in our institutions. livery four vear- the law- of'tho country may he changed, nnd its 1uiiik s cmharras sflland desirovcil by the constitutional 'cruplrsofa. new Prr-tdcnt." The tanlll thertistribution of the re venue from the public lands, internal improvement, all ihe great measures fi r the welfarcof iho country, will ho con-tilutional or unconstitutional, jut as iho President may happen to I e selected from one part of the Union or the other. I submit to your consideration whether it 'snn' ex pedient to propose an aniendincnt tif the constilulicn, which shall render the President ineligible to a re election, nnd which shall modify bis povrrs of re moval front office, and of preventing the passage of law-sby Congress. Por myself, I-canfess that I cannot do' bt lhat, if such amendment should he n leptco by ll-e requisite, number of states, it would greatly contribute io per petuate our free government. I hive thus expressed my views on these important subjects, freelv and frankly. They arc, however opinionson matters of opinion, on which we are all al liberty to ilillor. I he discussions of a deliberative! ! V'cmb'v are likely to lead to more jut conclusions ! thai 'ho reft Tlion of an individual, unaided I y tho reasonings of others, and I shall rather yield to' your' j tilg!ii"nr, than wish von to he governed hy mine. Ciatr'nl for th manifestation of your confidence and regard, which has summoned me from the busi ness of private! life to a siatim si conspicuous as that, to which I have just been called, I commend all your deliberations to that nmnisc enl Power, whoe pur pose wo have fondly hoped it miiht he. lo buildup institutions in this country, w ht h would be favora ble lo human Ii1 erly and Ihe improvement of man kind. PHAKLES PAINU. Iontpclicr, October 19, 111. Communication. CATHOLIC CI'.ltr.MOXir.?. The consci ralii n of the New Catholic Church iir this town, took place last Sunday week. The Rt. Hev. Ilcnedict Pcnwick, of ostpn, tho consecrating Prelate, was assi-tcd in lull ponlifieials bv the Itislieip of Nancy, in Prance together with sevm Pr est in clerical lobes. High Mass was i h-ntcd hv ihe Rev. Ueorgo IVnwic'., of Georgetown colic 'go, D. as sisted as Deacon and Sub-Deacon by the Rev. 3Iesra. j Xh3 ',hc whole 'ccremom-s, though lengthy, and thn Inglish sermons bv lii-hop Penwiek ond hy .Mcssr-. O'tilernc and Dalv of MuMh bury, in tho t) llierne oi liosion, anil uooncy ot I'iatts' urgh.- 1 inrcilimi. mm mr r mini uisrourso ucin ere" n V ion , 1- -I. Itl-l.nn tn I ...fln.nnnn l..r.l.t.. .( e... Prench UMion in llieafternoon, were highly rd.fvinr. is manifest fmn ihe profound silance ond attention that reigned ihrougliO'U the immense assembly tthtr being jinimcd together w ih n the walls of tho small' edifice not less than 2CP0 psrsons, 'he several thou stnds lomp.iclo I together round nbont the In ild ng eager In catch ii . glinip-e through the door and J win elows, of the doings inside The Church, which I of llrick, CI ftft long, -19 brnadj and 30 feel high above the underpinning, with galleries nl 1 lie fionl and on both side, was principal ly erected by means of collections raised by the pas tor, Rev. Jeremiah O'Callaghan, in the neighboring cities : the Catholics of I'urlington and vicinity con trit uted freely according to ihcir inenns, nnd so did the native? citizens. Much to the satisfaction of ? parlies, ihcexliliee is kept on ihe free- and aposrolic principle ; there being no proprietorship in pews or in' seats; neither are Ilia worldly terms Tm'nc ami thins, nor respect of icrsons odious to the Divine and Kcle siastical laws known or hinrd llicre. .fames I. My ffin??.V of K,orv ,M ,, KeH,e, (,r pm0rl3. fr lf tl,r us Christ .re it,. It j come into your assembly n man having n golden ring i in lino appareu, nnu lucre snail conic in a poor man in mean attire, and vou have respect to him lhat i lothcd with fine apparel, and shall eay lo him, ir thou hero well: hut say lo the poor man, stand I Ihou there or s'l under niv footstool. Do vou not 1 Hath not God cho en the poor in this world ruhin i fa'1" an 1 heirs ofhis kindoin, hut vou dishonor the. whcnlhev seo tho sacred Temple, disfig- re-d with i boxes, called 'pewsf when lliev lino inciiiscives uc I tki,ip r their Creator and Re'ecmer. On ihecon- trary, Ihe rich, when thee behold ilicmrclves scaled . I. lie ilemi.miiU. in ihe suncrhlv trimmed new-, ninvbn I puffi-d ua with pride and perhaps despise or forget ihe beneficence of kind Providence, who in his own in-

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