Newspaper of Burlington Free Press, December 3, 1841, Page 2

Newspaper of Burlington Free Press dated December 3, 1841 Page 2
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CHINA. Altliougli tlio lust arrival from England brought us 119 furllicr accounts of tho opera tions of tho English forces against Canton, yet do the English papers wo received by the steamer C.tlc.loui.i, contain several Indi cations of the intentions of tlio now adminis tration towords the Celestial Empire. And those, would seem to us, to portend a deter mination on the part of the present moinhors of the Hritish governmunt to carry out fully tlio views of thoir predecessors, and probably to give to tli;m a still further 0 t -nsior. We see that volunteers from the Royal Artillery, to serve in China, aro called for, and it is udded that a great number had come forward that a new description of projectile weapon had been tested at the Arsenal at Woolwich, and icing found highly cffoclivo, a quantity had heen ordered for service in China. It should also bo recollected that recently in his place in thu Ilousa of Lords, the lluku of Wellington declared that tlio conduct of the Chinese fully jiHtifiud the hostilities com menced against them, and that on another occasion the same eminent personage sail "that Lngland could not carry on a little War." Wo infer, therefore, that speedy termination of hostilities is certainly not ex pected, while it is not unlikely, that highcrob jects and larger armuncnts ara now in con templation thin were at first thought of. The Duko of Wellington, whoso influence will now bo paramount in lliu Mulish Cabinet, gained his first laurels in British India, anil though his liter services woro tnoro calcula ted to engross the attention of Europo, tho perseverance, tilont and succoss which mar ked his early career on the more distant field, kavo as they became known and appreciated, contributed, not a little to place him on the high pinnacle of famn wIipiu ho now stands. Like all British Indian Officers, hn is likely to ontertain ideas of continued British tng grandizomont in that quarter of tho Globe, mid tho most perfect contempt of tho means of resistance in the power of the natives. Theso considerations should also, perhaps, havo their weight in considering the future policy which will bo adopted by England towards China. A Boston correspondent of the Journal of Commerce, giving an account of a lecture by John Quincy Adams, in which lie justi fies the war waged against China, says: "Ho wont through the whnlu history of tho intcr eoitrs'i I ctw..-en thu t'.uropr-vns and the Olct.al P.m-im-i!, ..nil aye pn ti.-ulnr am. -apiue 3 -counts of tho inter 11 Lm'iass.cs Ifr.im tlio Court of St James to tho "l ather nf the flowery I.tnd." lie considered the opium question I) it a tr Ihng inci lent in tin- cam.' of tho present war with China, an J no inorelhoori"in of it than "the throwing overboard of a few chests of tho tea in the harbor of lloston was the oiigm nf the war of tho Revolution's. An 1 ho is right. Ho car ried b:k the causes of tin war to the inlinity first given to Lord .apii-r, in the rej. ction of ihe commu nications, which he was ordered, hv his government, to make directly to llie Vj00 Roy of Canton, and iho proceeding-, that succeeded that transaction." "Mr. .Adam, in the statement of facts in hi- narrative, was as accurst as if lis had msdc a vis t to tho celestial empire himself." Now, it so happens, that either Mr. Adams is misrepresented in these paragraphs, or his accuracy in the statement of facts is not so pel feet as his reporter would havo us believe. He is made to sneak of the indif- nity givon to Lord Napier, when tho truth is, if tho history of Lord Napier's embassy which wo have read be worth a farthing, that all the indignity either given or received in the affair, was suffered by the Chinese. The whole story is simply this : When the British East India Company's superinten dence ol the trado to China had expired, a commission was issued to Lord Napier, and two others, to proceed to China to ncgotiato with tho authorities. In this commission they wore enjuined not to excite tho prejudices of the Chinese in any way, and by a strict ob servance of their forms and ceremonies, to conciliate their friendly feelings. But in instructions afterwards sent to Lord Napier, he was directed by Lord I'almorslon, ignor antly no doubt, to convey his letters, ty-c. directly to the Vice-Roy. It appears, however, that by tho edicts nnd immemorial custom of the Empire, 110 foreigner is allowed to havo diruet commu nication with the Vice-Roy, and that all pa pers and documents intended for him, 1111131 bo transmitted through the Mong merchants, who are in order of licensed traders. Lord Napier, in obedience to thi letter of his last instructions, refused to conform to this prac tice, and consequently his communication! wero returned. Ho construed tho act into an indignity, worked himself into a towering passion, full to abusing the government and the authorities, hy placarding them as dolls and savages, and then, orshorlly afterwards, returned .loinn. Suppose a Cuargu d' U f.ires fi 0111 the United States should insist upon handing his credentials, not to tho min ister to which the British Constitution com mits such business, but to Queen Victoria in person, would there be any "indignity" in quietly rebuking his insolence by putting him in tho right course ? Ev. Past. RLCIPROCITV IN TRADE. n.oV.i UV? ,ben? grea"y a,ml,ei1 lookin: over tllft Into na.l i.w ,t :..!... . 1 ... J Journals upon the character and policy of tins country. I or years it hat, he ji the citeuf ti.os journals to praise ,h Ullil(.(1 HtatMtl, t , . w ,v"; KMiui-iUtfn ujupcvorai ran V-..I . '.11 wiaiUS U nil fit and try to coax the,,, i,ltl a ,I0W u.ar ,vjt, (. Britain, that eyesore in thy eyes of cvurv lie citizen o 'young Franco- and worshipper ' ill ry.' But tliowarfoiuosaliin.fMii,.'.! and try to coax then, im a new war with n, ,, HULL-LB U l n mr.kB. ift 1 1 ll.or.i .. f II gc I WarfOUlOS alfinir Kill.n. 'l 1.. .11111 jui an 1 iuih 1, uxjIULHUOn 13 oil tiptoe for i's coinri . e.uent out of tho -McLeod case, bo. hold our t.inorunietll, driven to it by an impo. r.ous public necessity, imposes, a higher but mil very moderate duty mi Fiem-h Silks and Wines Inaniustanla'l tl.o rsiiulesfiir lirntlier Jonathan are changed to frowns, their flatteries to dentin, allien. Ho is no lunyor thud.vhing, thriviii", galla-it fellow ho hid - 1 ,n; hn-n lepresouted,' ha' a treacherous racal, an uncouth cannibal a redctiiitinnluM llowio-knife savage, whoso insane iiigralilmli to Franco deserves the most condign puiiiroiuent. Retaliation, rotemn' hiii a vigorous commercial warfare aro vehemently urj'ecl, s though I'ranco had any il,iii" to .m,;, mid nothing to hazard by such a course, even wero sho really aggrioved, Mr. Draper, tho U. .S. Consul at Paris, ,a9 I 'ulertakon to stem this torrent of obloquy, aM, n a calm and able loiter In the Journal , I s l)e i haj dfiiionttratcd by indisputable facia a-id .... 1 ... . n..,l . .. '.u,"ci aiuwiv, stali.'lics Its absurdity and Injustice. Hut his I voice is liaruly lioaru ainm tlio roar 01 tno tem pest, and his fact., which cannot bo answered, I aro suflcrcd to pass unregarded. lie simple mull ol tlic cage is mat mo u. States has long endured from Franco such treat ment in our commercial intercourse as no slavo ought to bear tamely. 7 'ho 'paltry five millions of dollars, obtrinoil by so much bluster and re ce'ned with such parade, In payment of a just debt of twcnty.fivo millions, havo actually cost us ten tunes their amount. For years we have been rcccivimr French .S'dks, Wines and frip pery cither entirely free or upon tlio payment of duties nearly nominal. Yet all this time there hardly one of the staples of Ihe United S'tatcs that is not virtually ;-ou7i'rd from entering the ports of France ! Our Grain, our llocf, our Pork, onr Butler, Cheese, Fish, Rice, iic &c. as well as all our varied Manufactures, are shut out from her markets; our Tobacco is taxed (sevcn or eight hundred per cent. so h'gh tint "the consumption of that country is not more than half as much as it was fifty years ago, though its population meantime Ins nearly doubled, and the use of foreign luxuries greatly iucrcsjil. And finally Cotton, tho only American product which is admitted at a moderate duty and this beciU:o Franco cannot produce it and must ruin her own manufactures if she overtaxed it is charged fully twenty per cent, while that of Egypt is admitted at a duty twenty-fivo per cent, lesj. And yet this nation", which taves Ameri can products, a -full hundred ier cent, on the average wl;lch "takes nothing from in which she can produce Which taxes us seven hundred percent, on a staple die does not produce and which sulije.-ts us to an oncrou, an unjust, dis criminating duty on tho only staple she takes ol ii at a moderate, actually crows indignant and talks ficrcnly of rotalia'ion because we subject her products to a tax of twenty per cent. I Wo trust tho day is at hand whsn th! United States shall say tl? all nations, 'Trade fairly with 4 us, ornut,atall! We will take your products 'at low dtltics or none if you choose to recipro ' cate ; if you will not, c shall treat ours.' What honcsrmind, what honorable nation, can object to this ! And what a glorious revolu tion might be wrought uith it in the course of a few yeara ! Tie shr.cklcs which now impedo Commerce would be broken, the barriers which alienate nations removed, and the load which presses millions to the earth, under tho sway of Monopoly and Despotism, would be thrown off for ever. What American heart will not respond to the sentiment, 'Fair Tralo with oich union or nono !' Trihuns. ENGLISH COTTON vs. WMERICAN. Wo have before noticed the plans of the British Government to extend the cultivation of Cotton in their Colonies, particularly in India. The designs that were dnvylopcd last year of substituting their own production for tha slave labor production of this Coun try, by taxing the importation of ours while their own should bo admitted free of duty, and by other means, arc in a fair way of being accomplished. By referring to the English and East India papers, we find many such statements as the annexed, which show that the views expres sed last year were correct. Our Southern friends may before long seo that England is not their only market, and that the home market, which takes 2S(i,000 bales, is their most sure one, and we may see the timo when they will bo as much interested to sus tain tho homo manufacture as we are. Bust. Alius. From the Itimhajr Times, J. me 23, 1SII. l'radiirtinn nf Cc'.lon in India. On eammiU"into tho supplies ol cutton brought to this market il'mm' Ihe twelve, miinihs ending tlio 31st of May, we tinii tint the result is well calculated tnntu nish thwwho have not been marking the progressive increase of this product, but have I ten delhnj wilh fancied secu rity on the recollcLiions of what ui-d lo constitute n larso supply for us, viz:!X'0 to 'riO.000 bales. It an pears, then, llvitfro'ii the frs' of June, 1SI0. to Ihe lirst Juiu. 1311. ih., ihki.i i r.r ,..,n., ...... i hae amounud lo I7l,21',75j poui'ds; or, in Iho previous average, of 3J cwl to tho bile, -173,(105 holes, little short ol half a iinliou of sciewiil bales ! Tliis is a lari-er i-nntiiy ihan .meiica produced up to the , . , ' " ....... .. . t-.iiia.iiiii-u in iiimnuo during the lim year. In 1323. the entire prmlurl of ..... ........ yi u- uiuu'iiiieu io oiuy inn ,-ou,uuu '.".".".Vr' ,,lIou2!l ,,we!vc years after it had naclud 1 11,21 !,..! pounds. 7if McC's Diet. As a fuither encouragement to the cultivators wo nnv state ihat the cousumpt.on orKa. India cotton m (treat llritaui Ins increase I in a L'faler ratio than that of a iy rpiahty whatever. In HI 6, a' which i.e rin.l Iho luerage of American Upland was lsjil., and ii,.11. 1 "5-J- ."N theinnsmnpt on of American was ,,0i' 0,n 1 1''13t bidian -0' bales per week. In IbJ.I, when tho average price of 17; land was 7 3-3 I.. '-'J.r!'.rul !" 3i"-' beeonviimpiion or American was lo.CII ba'es, and Kasi Ioilhu 2,112 hales per week the tacrease, m twen y-thrru years, of the last men tioned, hem,' in lb; ratio ofl to 13. In th some i,e ri.nl, Iho consunipiioii of T.ypibn, Hiaz.l. and West Indn vnriitio-. dm .t .louMaJ. From the I, indoa I.i't rary Gazette, Sept. 11, 1311. ,i(joit I'rotluch and Mmufncliirts. Connected with tin, subject, wo rej uee lo see lint inca-iirrs are beini; sueces.,rullv taktu lo form a national iu'ercum muniealioii of valuable prmucls and manufactures between l.ncland and her mighty lasteiu empire. Ilrs lias been lon; and most stiauci'ly nclccted i and it would h ive been well womIi while to establish a boinl of commission, wilh Bovcrnment intluen o ami authority, to ihnci nnd superintend so important a concern. As it is, iho ti.iiulus appears to have been jnven by iho committeo on trade, &e., emanatin" from Iho Royal Asiatic S icity; whose procicdin" has had a most beneficial cflVcl both at home and in India. Uenowharn thai experiments on iho culti vitinnof cotton are pramisiiw the ercntrst results: and ilint other branches f uiduslry are a. I bein" mi proved and promotol by European skill and encour ageiiient. The Himalayan fineha. I cell acclimated, and found extensively nseu! j and ihei "jirodini ms" lucerne, and other niitrili us t;rasses, of which tra vellers have speikcn in such hudi terms of praise, are also introduces! with every prospect of adding much to our agricultural prosperity. Teas, codecs, silks, and hundri'N of fruits, gunis, elyes, nie-dic.nes, nnd other precious ariich-s or commerce remain yet to bo cu tivaied, nnd interchanged m nbumlance, to the in calculable advantage of both countries. The Fhanklin Pki.nting Pnnss The or- tgnnl printiiiL' press at which tho celebrated puiln-sopher, I)r. Franklin, worked in Imdnn, as a journeyman printer, in Iho years ':J'i, known as "the Franklin Printing pre.s nrr ved in tins lown a few days ago, prior to its do paiture for Philadelphia, where it will ho placed in tho hill of tho Philosophical Kocio'y, lo which institution it Ins been presented hy Mr. John H. Murray, of Now York. .Vr. Murray has very con-ideratoly determined upon allowin" this interresting memorial to remain in Liver" pool till the end of iho present week, and it may be viewed gratuitously at Iho Medical In htitution, Mount Pleasant. The press is a strotiL', heavy and cumbrous piece of machine ry, of ancient and primitive construction. In one of the beams is inserted a laro brass plate hearing tho following inscription : "Dr. Franklin's remarks relative to this pr.'ss, made when .ho cam3 to England as the a.'ent of Massachusetts, in the year 17GS. Tho Dr. at this timo vijitcd tho printing office of Mr. Watt', of W ild street, Linroln's-inn-Fiolds, and .'oiii.' up to this particular press (afterward in" pos. session of Messrs, Cox au.l .Von, of Great tluoon-street.of whom it was purchased) thus addressed the men who wero workid" it 'Come, my friends, wo will drink together; it is now forty years since I worked like you at this preos, iikn you as a journeyman printer. Tlio Dr. sent fora gallon of porl'cr, and he drank with them -.Success lo printing.' From this it will appear that it i? 1(H years since Dr. Franklin nirkuil at this identical pros, June, 18X1" la,'!',!1. ii,M0r' U l"' had .-hinged his ho was , ,"!rio'1 t,Ht ,ia'1 "'Wl since Ii.i was a journeyman. In s ,Uyj ( adoles- hu a,,d his lPilr',rlm U,B.J ' ,alic lnny "";' Nv''l!"r' "ei!catli.g on h'is fel low .workmen tho virtues of teetolalism hv preaching of the ill e,rec.s f a," 1 ot dcavoring lo convince his hearers that there was mora nutriment in iho bread and water than in ha fa pint of malt Jiijor. As agent for Mas. achllsettS WO find him Bo.,.li., if! . 1 Ion of porlor. On another brass plate is the following :-"Preso.ilod by .Mers, Manild and fcoiiF, prmtera' broker., London, to Iho Franklin Library Philadelphia, through J. 11. Murray, HJrj. Octol or, 1811." 'J'his Interesting relic I a i been visited by sotr.ool themost.liitmguihcd of our townsmen, among thu many gentlemen of tho medical, clerical and legal professions, with alarge number of ladies, all of whom have expressed their great gratification at seeing it. Itherj'iml ;'ei.cr. float. A prisoner who had unexpectedly been acriuitlcd of Iho charge for which ho was arraigned before Judge Ilowlin, tho other day, upon being informed tint ho was at liberty lu go, turned to the Jury, and with much feeling observed : "Gentlciro-i of tho Jury : I thank you from the bottom of my heart for the decision just ren dered, vou will ho over remembered in mv vraih 's: to vou. wnrlhv nn- I must war. r.utc friend, (addressing tumsoll to Ins counsel,; I wish it was in my power to double vour fee i tho fcel- ill!7 I entertain for vou cannot hn nvnressed bv words; you arc, indeed, tlio criiniypi s benefac tor : lo you, your honor, (addressing the Judge, who could scarcely suppress ajjnile,) 1 am cv. erlastingly indebted ; lint all I onn say to you is, I promise you, upon my honor, now that I am free, that I will never ho guilty of slatting ttgum as long as l live." tit. J,ouis ISuuclin. K.n or a r.icit rorn. Cfetnont V. during his fcobio and prolhgato reign, amassed cuor mouse riches by the sale of ecclesiastical bene fices and by other scandalous means, lie had enriched his relations and his dependents, but ho had not secured their gratitucd. Tho mo ment that his death was announced in the papal pales, all its inmates rushed tton his treasures as iflhey had been thoir lawful booty. Amon- gst his iiu.ncmus household not a single ser vant remained lo watch the dead body of thoir inastcr.UThc wax candles that lighted his bod of state fell upon the bod clothes and set them on lire. The flames spread over tho whole apart ment, but the palace and wardrobe wero so plundered, that only a miserable cloth could bo found to cover Iho half burnt remains of one of the richest popes who had ever governed the rnurrii. vamjilclt s l.ijc of I'ctrarch. FRIDAY MOR.NIN'CJ.DUJKU'UJl, 3, 18 11 Tho Lake navigation has pretty much closed for tho season. The Burlington and Whitehall made their last trips on Tuesday, and have gone to winter quarters at Shelburn Bay. The sea son has been remarkably favorable, and wo loam that little or no freight remains behind at cither end of the Lake. Tho Winooski has discontinued her trips to .St. Albans, but will inn between this and Platts burgh until driven olThy the inclemency of the season. MR. CUTTS. We aro happy in having an opportunity to do this gentleman justice in reference to a paragiaph copied into our columns a few days since, severely censuring him for his le-niaihs on me survuy tun. i no lollowing from the Woodstock Mercury, will sot tho public right on this subject. After quoting the article alluded to, the Mercury proceeds "Tho article, is a tissue of falsehoods from bet-in iiin to end. In tho first place, Mr. Cutt did not speak upon the passage of tho hill for a ccoloi-ical survey of the state, cith.-r on Thursday morning, or at any other time. Sordid ho ninko any such re marks, as nro hero attributed to him. Tho my ro mines mauo nv Mr. U. m any way relaiin" to the bill, were made on Wednesday evening, Nov. 10th upon an amendment offered by Mr. Vilas of Chelsea a leading Ijjco Feco member of tho house, which propose! to leave lo a future legisllaurc, to fix a c m- pensation for tho -urvey. This amendment was op. pOH-ddy Mr. 0., and in the course of his remarks Mr, C said, "that it had been vhhptrcd to his parly jntnut, oy certain gentlemen, uhohad thrown thi and other obstacles in the tray of this bill, that this leas a ;i irly question, because a surrcv had been re commended by a IHiig Gurcrnor, and ifadontcd bit a Il7ii!f Legislature, then to the Whii; party, would auacn all ne credit ql the measure, hit Mr. (J. scorn- EO ALL ATTEMPTS TO MAKE 3IEASCRCS Of PCI1LIC TOL- lev, jir.nn tartv qcesho.ns is this iiocse." The amendment was further opposed by Messrs. Chand ler of Hoj lstj -k, bcargentand .Shatter. and reiected The question then came up on tho final passage of uie lull, and arier some discussion m which .Mr. Cults not j An, the bill was lost. For the truth or the above- .statement, wo refer our readers lo tho report ot tno proceedings as it appeared in Walton' Daily Jojrnal of ISov. 10th. Thus it will bo seen, thateo for as .Mr. ('utts is concerned, there is not n. panicle or truth m i1io abovj oxtracl. Hut tlio samu is a hcer labrication, uiadd out of whole, cloth, either by the e-jiioroiiuo i.ano.uo vv in, or hy so no other indi vidual, lo nijiiro thu reputation or Mr. 0." Wo nro not surprised that tho friends of Mr. C. should feel a little sensativc, at seeing thu sturdy champion of a good cause thus unceremoniously denounced without reason ; hut they should makn some allowanco for tho strong feelings of thosu friends of tho sur vey bill, who, supposing tho measure hud been wantonly sacrificed, wero ready lo visit a severe responsibility somewhere But wo are satisfied from this statement of the facts that Mr. Cutis has been unjustly cen sured in tho matter, and most cheerfully do wo embrace the earliest opportunity to inaku tho amende honorable. Wo arc not prepar ed to believe, however, that there was any sinister design upon the r.ipiilaiion of Mr C. as most certainly ho had provoked no hos tility of tlio kind ; and sure wo arc, that I-is reputation is not of a toxturo to hu injured by so puny a shaft. As a gentleman, he is universally respected ; as a man of talolits, and a sound legislator, ho stood among the first in thol louse ; and as an ardunt and effi cient suppoitcr of tho Survey Bill, ho is en titled to thanks of all friends of that meas ure. WAaillXCTON GOSSIP. Correspondent of the Hirprcss, WAsmsmos, Nov. 21. The new "Fiscal Agency" project is pretty well under way. Wo bhall havo propo ed soniedunj; like Kxchoinicr lidls, or Treasury Xutes for a medium of circulation, which seems to me vv ill answer ihe purpose- of currency. A currency every whore receivable for public duties of itself will do much toward Ihe-regulation of F.xchanges, but it is Imped that tho controllers or tho Fiscal Agency will havo Iho power of dealing in lUchaiigcs both at home and abroad, ir tho President is preparing a plan as I trust ho is, that will cieate n c irrency ns good m New Orleans and Si. I.o us, as in New Yoik, it will beogrcatfiathcrinhiscip. At nay rate, a National Hank king out of tho fjucslion, tlio President's plan, of not objectionable in real priuciplo ought to bo tried! Its expediency ought to ho tested lalher than thai things should lu K-ft as the are, Correipondtnce o" Inc failed Stales (lazetle, Wasiiin-gtox, Nov. 10, IS 1 1. In my lost letter I spoke of the ruining in f lliu Secretaries. Thcr aro now hard at woik, and I havo felt a mighty itching to know what would he) iho result of ibeirs labors. I hear though I pretend not to hear it from iho fiist aulhoriiy, that iho .Secretary of tho Navy will re commend soma alterations in tho nioilu of conducting Iho business arising out of that department. 'I hero is much room for nmeiidincni, reformation, and econo my t but whether iho .s'ei relary has been long enough at his pe.t, as yd, lo discover tho evils, an I lo devi'sc iireuicdy, U i ncciuin. I'm ho is very piumpi, as you have seen by Ins letter in answer lo inc. rnnitmau of tho town meeting in your . ity, touching the public vessel on tho stocks at your Navy lord. Tho At torney (iencrat, I see, bus returned lo 1 1 us city. rhcro seems to bo no iloubt that the Secretary ol iho Treasury will recommend sonic protective tlulics He is sound in his views upon tho tariff question, but is always conciliatory. Still lha nspcctsof the tunc. indicate Iho propriety of guarding every point of na liomlnnd Individual expenditure, with reference lo the other fiJo of Iho Atlan'ic. at least j nnd Pennsyl vania, with nil her patriotism, has soma regard for what is docmcd her prencr policy I said something in my last touching Ihe position in which Mr. Stevenson left oui pulil!'- relations in l'.ng land and 1 hear more of it siuco 1 wrote. 1 havo reason to hclievo Ihat iho Sjcrc'nrv of Stato considers tho claims of I'mgland to search our merchant ships ns not only unjust m themselves, hut sj pertinaciously enforced, ob to call for a grave rcbu'.o from our Gov ernment. I mentioned in my last that Mr. Stevenson bad written a very vero letter just I cforo ho left England 1 heard also mora of Ihat now. It was a Parthian arrow, nnd the ex-minister, it is said, boasts tha' its point was poisoned while Lord Palmcrslon cor. nd crs iho embroiled stato of tho negotiations ns a de lightful legacy for him to leave to Ins Tory successor. Tho subjects will, I think, occupy n considerable place in tho President's mcsagc. Ily the way, since the return of Mr. Tyler from Virginia, ho seems lo live himself up to business and tho improved state cf ibis health will nllovv of somo extra exertion. Thcrci-i a great deal of whispering about nomina tions here, mil somo talkingin by-rooms at tho ho tels. jIr. Stevenson, just relumed fioin Kngland, is talked of ns Iho opposition canlidatefor (lovcrnor of Virginia. And his friends arc speaking of lii'" "penly ns tho parly candulato for tho Vice I'icsidcncy. This of course, excludes tho idea or Mr. Tyler being their candidate, nsboth President and Vice President can not ho elected from one state. Thero arc certain persons in Washington, or havo been lately, who eanio to seo what they could make for Pennsylvania politicians. Tho plan, as far as I can learn, is to call together tho opposition members of Congress, soon after thu commencement of tho next ses-ion, nnd endeavor lo procure an expression ofopimon in favor of .Mr. nuchanan, of your slate. as tho parly candidate for tho Prcidency. If tins can not bo brought about, Pennsylvania will demand to lurnisli at least tho candid He for tho Vice Presidency and that will he your present Governor, David H, I'orter, Esq. These arc movements in ndvancoof the ordinary steps, liul it is sometimes "tho first step vvh ch counts. And if n man is really talked of pretty earnestly for ono office, his chance is at least pretty good for (he next. The report is, that Mr. Tlivcs, of Virginia, will oc cupy a position in the Senate, next winter, moro near ly connected with what aro called the Whig doctrines, than ho had during the extra session. Whether this is to conic from -oinc change in that gentleman' views, or from a knowledge that no measure is to he proposed upon which the friends of the late President can divide, is not known. I havo not heard anv thing to be relied on touching the aspect winch affairs aro likely to assume in Ihe oilier house, Hon. IlEsnv A. Wise has turned another somcr set, and fancies he is on his legs again. Perhaps the people of his district, who aro tired of his antics, have induced by their remonstrances and warnings ibis unexpected repentance, On Monday, tho Bill inst. Mr. Wise addressed the people of A ortlinmnlun, in w Inch nildrcss he distinct ly declared that ho could never co-operate politically with Ihe Locofocos that while in the priv ate relations of life-, they were many of them unexceptionable, yet, as a party, he believed them totally unprincipled, anil had no confidence whatever in their political integrity that he was no "third party man" wasfor no reor ganization of parlies that while he could not support Mr. Clay, having had reason to chango his opinions of that gentleman, yet ho would sustain any other Whig for the Presidency and that as IbrMartiu Van l.itren, (who would probably bo the I.ocofoco candi

date for tho Presidency) ho shrank from the iilca of ever giving thai individual bis support. Mr. W also declared ihat Mr. Tyler was out of tho ipie-stion ihnt neither party would support him and he also expres sed the opinion thai Mr. Clay was equally broken down with Mr. Tyler. OPINIONS OF PrtF.'IDF.NT TYLER ON THH TARIFF. Ono of tho topics of the Message of thu President, at tho approaching session of Congress, will bo ofnecesity tho readjust ment of tho Tariff. Tho following extract from a letter addressed by Mr. Tyler, to Win. Kobinson, Jr. of Pittsburg, Pa., un der date of 17th of October, 1840, will therefore bo read witli interest . "My opinions were- fully expressed at St. Clairs ville, and at Steubenville. At both places, in regarel to the question, What arc yuur opinions ns to the Tariff J I answered Ihat I was in favor of sustaining tho Compromise Hill. That it contained the principle of retro-action, the moment tho duty attained its min ium, which fore ed up the pro-cction co instanli, to what icas cquicalent lo -10 per cent. That tho change which 11 cflectcd 111 the plan of valuation, nnd the mode of pnymeut, was fully equal in my view to 23 or 30 per cent ; and that wilh a cessation Jit the war upon the currency which hnd paralyzed the industry or tho country, I was anguine in thu hope and the belief, that prosperity would be speedily restored. That in connection with this, I would take occasion to say that I was is lAvon or t;ie riSTniDCTiON- or THE I-ROCEEns Or THE SALES OF THE rCULIC LANDS amosc the States, asd is r.vvou or n visi.no the REVENCE CV 111TIE3 ON- IMPORTS, I.N OprOSITJON TO KESOUTTO A SVSTEM OP DIRECT TAXATION, S CVCrV way onerous to tho people, unproductive lo the It ens ury nnd expensive in tho collection. That in these views I was plca-cd to believe that I concurred with .Mr. Clay and General Harrison, so that there existed a prospect, in the event of General Harrison's election. ihat a pcrnnnciit system would be introduced in place oi a iiecimg aim ever-varying system, which promised ono tiling lo-uay and produced another to-morrow," I'rom Ihe Boston Atlas. VnU.MOiNT, At tho request of an intelligent friend in Vermont, wo givo the following communica tion in relation to tho attacks upon Gover nor Paine, winch have lately appeared in papers professedly neutral, and are slated (o havo emanated from tho same sourco. Theso attacks are so weak and pucrilo as to be beneath notice, hut from the use which has been mdo of them by tho Locofoco pa pers in that state. Wo ask the attention of our friends in Vermont to tho following : OOVKUXOIl IWNBANnillS .MHSSAflK. Vekmont, Nov. 23, IS 11. ' llr. Editor : I ask a short space in your columns lor Iho purpose of paying my res pects to thu iitithorofn series of articles in tho .-(inoriai department of thu Boston Times. criticising, ratlior severely, tho message of Oo.nkii.voii Paine to tho Leinsluturo of Ver- niotil. Tho intrinsic sluiiiditv of tho arti- rlC in r.Knc,!.... I.I 1,11., " ... .,..t.iiuii nuiiiei sniem mom irnni nnv noiico irom mo, wero it not for iho fact that somo of thu moro 'simple-headed ofihu Tory editors in this stato havo republished thorn, and doubtless regard ihum as the finest spo ciinuns of political erudition which havo re cently greeted their oyes. Tho articles to which 1 refer, nro ilistiniiiiisheilmc.eminuiit- ly, for ignorance, scurrility, and falsehood audit would hu dillicull' lo decide which quality of thu three is most conspicuously developed hy iho vvrilw. I havo neilhe'r timu nor patience to follow thu ignoramus through all his disrupu'iihle blunders, correct his historical errors, and exposo his puuiile nonsense. I shall only noiico thosu i;l.iiin!i specimens which chanted to occur lo mo on rho learned 1 riicban opens his criticism ns follows : '-Unvi-tnnr f'bnrtrs Pnmn. wiiom the rreen moun tain I oys havo elected ns 'a l.ing to rule over them,' fur Iho tuumg political year, hnsbce n delivered of n message, which to constitutional lawyers, is a curios ity. As Iho (lovcrnor is well known in Ibis State, ins iigue siiouki not no mil uikut a ou-mici i mm u Ihercloro otter our htnnblo services in proclaiming Ins merits, not onl to his lloslou friends but lo nil the rest of mankind. ' In sneaking idtlm power of removnl from offico ex ercised bv Ihe President ol the United f'tnlcs, hu says tlio Constitution ihreclly gives bun no sucli power, nnd that it is ditncull to imagine bow it should ever have been derived fioin that provision which author izes him In nominate, and 'by nnd with the ndvico nnd eim.-eiH of Iho Senate, lu appoint all officers. Somo things nrevcry difficult lo otno men nnd very easy to others t nnu, incrciorc, winio mis suiucce seems vcrv dillicull In the iimlerstaudini: of Gover nor Paine, it was not at all so lo the finnicrs of the Federal Constilulioii. Hut they wero simple men nnd lived in nnnge whe-n Ihe complications of modern notifies were nnknoee n. llatl (lorernor I'ainc roll' mtlcdthc Ih.batcs in the Contention irliiih derised tie Constitution, Itc would hare ptneitiu tlial Ihe pow er to remore was recorded as rent distinct from the power toapoinl, and was rested in the President alone, in ne -es try implication, i '.Now I tako the liberty to inform the cru lllo critic nnd profound "constitutional law yer" who composed the foregoing paragraphs that not ono word was said in tho Conven tion which framed tlio Federal Constitution, on tho subject of vesting the power of remov nl from ofiicoin llio President alone and I take the still greater liberty to givo it as my humble opinion, that this luminous F.xpound- er of tho Constitution never saw a volume of the debates of that Convention. If ho had he certainly would never havo hazarded so wild an assertion. After tho Convention had adjourned, nnd the Constitution was submitted to the people, it is true, the sub ject of removal was discussed in the Feder alist, the joint production of Hamilton, Madison nnd Jav, the two former pf whom wero the most conspicuous members of the Convention which framed tho Constitution, and may, consequently, be supposed to know something in regard to tho powers conferred by that instrument though Ihcy would not, of course, claim so much knowledge on the subject as the learned writer in tho Times newspaper. The following is an extract from the Federalist, No. 77 : "It has been mentioned as ono of theadvantages to bo expected from tlicjco-opcintinn of iho Senate, in tho business or appointments, Ihat it would cur.tril utc to tho stability cf the Administtnlion. 'I he consent of that body would bo necessary to displace ns well as to appoint. A chango of tho Chief Magistrate, therefore, would not occasion so violent or so general a revolution, in tho officers of the I-'ovcrnmeni. as might ho expected, if lie wero tho sole- disposer of .uuee-s. ,,ue-rc a man m nuy siaiion nan given sai isfactory evidence oHiis fitness for it, a new President would bo restrained fioin attempting a change in fa vor of a person more agreeable to him, by tho appre hension thai a discountenance of lliu Senate might frustrate the attempt, and bring some degree of dis credit upon himself. Those, who can best estimate the value or a steady administration, will be most disposed to prise a provision winch connects the ollieial existence of public men vvi h the approbation or ill-approbation of that body wliie-h from the great cr permanency of its own compoistion, will, in all probalility, bo less subject lo inconstancy than any other member of thu Government." The number from which this extract is ta ken, was written by Alexander Hamilton a man whose prejudices, as every body knows, wore all in favor of a strong Execu tive. And yet he anti-republican as his principles aro declared to have been, and dangerous us were tlio powers witli which, it is said, he was in favor of investing the Ex ecutive hero takes strong ground against conferring tiie transcendent power of indis criminate removal upon the President ulono and maintains that, uuiler tlio Cotistittitson, the concurrence of the Senate is, in all cases, required. So much for tho opinion of Col. Hamilton a man who, as Mr. Jeffer son declared, exercised a more commanding influence in the Convention which framed tiie Federal Constitution, than any other member of that illustrous body. But ulthougl the opinions of such a man, on a controvcr led question of Constitutional Law would be entitled to great consideration on ordinary occasions, ct when they come in conflict witli the oracular responses fioin lb" oJito- rial tripod of tho Boston times, 1 admit that they should bo regarded witli many grains of allowance. I shall accordingly proceed to fortyfy tho Colonel's opinions with another authority, confessedly entitled to somo little regitrd among intelligent men, though of course it dwindles into insignificance when opposed by the rudicnt genius who daily il luminates the columns of the Times with his ethereal wisdom. 1 allude to the IIo.N. Joseph Story, L. L. D., a man who has occupied a seat on the bench of tho Su premo Court of the United States for near ly thirty years, wiio has adorned thatgravo and dignified tribunal hy his 'virtues illus trated it by ids genius and learning and honored it by his spotless integrity. For Iwenly-fottr years ho sat by iho sitlo of the illustrious Marshall was honored with his friendship and, more than any other man, enjoyed his confidence and regard and 1 need not say to you who know him so well, that both in this Country and in England hu is regarded as a man of thu profotindust ju ridical learning, and as the ripest It-gal scho ir in the Union. In discussing this ques tion, in his work entitled "Commentaries on tlio Constitution," a production which is regarded as a standard authority in all the States, which has been republished in Eng land, nnd highly complimented by tho ablest jurist in that country for its enlarged and lib eral views, Judgo Story says : 'The- lsnmiaco of tho Constitution is. that tho Presi kill 'shall ueininate, nnd hy and with the advice and consent of .Sen ito appoint,' evic. The- power to nominate docs not naturally or necessarily include the oovvcr to icmove'. and if the power lo appoint does mrhi In it, then tho latter belongs conjoinily to Ihe Kxccutive and iho Senate. In short, the removal takes place in virtue of the new appointment, by mere operation of law. It results, and is not se-painble, from tlio appointment itselli Thu was the doctrine uiaiiitaineil wilh great earnestness by tho Federalist, and it had a most material lendcucy lo quiet tho just alarms of iho overwhelming inlluence-, and aibilrary c.xorcisj of this prerogative of iho Kxecutive-, which minhtnrovo ratal lo iho personal independence nnd freedom of opinion o public u!licers,ns well as lo the nubho liberties of iho country. Indce-d it is utterly impossible not to feel Ihat if tliis unlimited power of removal does exist, it may he made, m iho hands of n bold and de-signing man of high ambition, and feeble pruic pies, an inslruiium of tho worst oppression nnd most vindictive VTiigcane-o. It was not, therefore-, without mason, that it was urged by the authors of iho IVderahst. lli.il the power of rcinoual was mci- drill lo tho power of apjioinlmcut- Th.it it would bo a most iinjuslilisbloconstructionorihe Constitution and of Us implied powers lo In Id otherwise. That such n prerogative in tho l-.xecutivo was in Us own nature monarchical and aibilrary, and tnuneiitly danuerous In iho best interests, as well ns to Iho lib erties nf tho country. It would convert till tlio ofti ccrs of iho country into tho nie o tool, nnd cii-nlures of ihe Piesidint. Adcpeudanie so scrvi'r, on one individual, would .'clcr men i f high and honorable niiuds from ingaimg m inu putjiic service. And if, fniitrnrv lo CM-rclaiKUI. Sllell 1IICI1 should be I rniM.li, into ollicc, they would be reeluccd to the ucccssily'of ncrilicitig every principle if indrpen Ynci lo the hasly perusal of tlio papers. w II of lint h oi'MngiB rale, or of exposing themselves , lo too ui grace ol he-nil! remove.! irotn onicc, unu that loi nt n tune-, when it might no longer ho in Ibcir power lo cngagu In other pursuits." Such arc-the opi ilons ofCol. Hamilton and J udgo Story, on the Constitutional question, nnd in thoir opinions Mr Webster has repeat edly uxpicsscd his full and hourly concur rence. 1 havo not now n volume of hi? speeches nt hand, hut you will find ho discus ses the question with his usual force and per spicuity, in tho speech he madu ntthc Odeon when the silver vase was presented to liim hy your citizens a few years ago. But passing by the Constitutional question thu learned ciiticoflhu Times proceeds on the score of expediency, nnd asks : "If a Collector hcldctovtod in robbim.' ihe Treasury of millions, must the President wait for Ihe Senate lo removehim 7 Ho might steal mi 1 ons moro before the Senate could assemble. Ifn Postmester General Ic eletrcted in peculation nnd in deranging the accounts of the Department for the purpose of concealing the irauo, iimsi me i're-siueui vvuii iui uu uuiuiu ... a scmblcl" To which profound question I beg leave humbly to reply in the negative. But as when a vacancy occurs in tlio nbsenco of thn Senate, tho 'resident now proceeds to fill it, for the time, on his own responsibility so in the case supposed, tho President could remove the unfaithful officer forthwith, sub ject, however, lo the action of the Senate as soonas they assemble. If thoy should con cur witli tho President in regarding the caus es of the removal sufficient, tliey would, of course, approve of his conduct. If not, tho injured man, who had been so unjustly de trraded, would, at once, bo restored to his station. But lolling go of tho question of removal from office, in which his success was, per haps, neither distinguished nor satisfactory the gallant Knight of the Times sallies forth in a general assault upon that portion of the Message which treats of the Veto power. But hero he must excuse me from following him on his Quixotic expedition. For hi historical errors nnu misrepresentations arc so numerous, his ignorance is so deplorable and his scurrility so gross, tint even if I ha tho inclination, I havo not sufficient time to expose them. I will, however, notice a paragraph, as it furnishes at once a fair specimen of 1 1 is modesty and his historical accuracy. In speaking of that portion of the Governor's message which asserts that the veto power has no place in our Const! tulion, tliis luminous expounder of constitu lional law observes : 'Governor Paine siys that the early solders of Vermont were too jealous or liberty to allow such a power any place in their Constitution. Does the Governor mean by ihe early settlers or Vermont those who devised nnd adopted its present ConstitonI II so, to upset his theory completely, ice would in form him thai the rctoipoirer is encrraftcd on this eery Constitution. It authorized the Governor and Council to propose amendments to bills, and lo sus pend them to tho next session of the Legislature,! such amendments bo not adopted bv the Represen tatives, so much for Ibis boast about jealousy of liberty !" Now one would suppose, from the bold n ess with which he makes his asset lions that this addle- brained ignoramus knew something about what he was writing. But ho does not even seom to be aware, that un der our present Constitution we havo no Council at ill in 1 in reply to his assertion, that it confers upon the Oevernor the veto power, I will only call the attention of the learned gentleman lo the following extract from the Constitution of Vermont : Chap. 2d. Sccion 22d. "F.vcry Rill, which shall have passed the Senate and Hoiuo of Heprcsentatives shall before it becomes a law, le presented to the Gov ernor j if he approve, he shall sign it ; if not, he shall return it, with his objections, in writing, lo the House to which it shall haveoriginated j winch shall proceed lo reconside-r it. If, upon such reconsideration, a ma jority of tho House shall pass Ihe bill, it shall, togeth er with the objec-ioiis, be sent to the other House, bv which it shall, likewise-, bo reconsidered, nnd, if ap" ' proved by a majority or that House-, it shall become a law." Sucli is tho republican language af our Constitution, and I cannot record a better commentary upon the ridiculous and presump tuous assertions of thu Critic of tlio Times, ... iu ii, man uy quoting Ills own language in regard to (7overnor Paine "Who is this profound Constitutional lawver this enlightened statesman ? He probably never read a treatise upon civil government. i - ... , . . - 1 .urn is noi ueticr acquainted wilh political piniosopliy than ninoly-mno men of any hundred who can bo found in the villages of Now England. All indignation, at sucli arrogant pretension, is thoroughly overpow ered by mirth. Laughter is nil that is left us, and an inclination to laugh, loud and long, is irreprcssablo 1" But 1 have already extended my remarks to a much greater length than I origin ally inionded, and will bring them (o a speedy termination. When my attention was first called to the papers which contained this learned criticism, I feared from the llourish of trumpets and the display of heraldry with which the assault was preceded, that our new Governor would be ulterlv demolished In die fury of the onset. But, in the language of Mr. Webster, "I breathed easier and freer" when I perceived tint "ihe vigor and suc cess of tlio war did not quite como up to the lofty and sounding phrase of the manifesto." A word of caution to tlio inflated booby of the Times, and then I will relievo jou. When lie next undertakes to illuminate the ignor ance of thu Green Mountain boys, I advise linn to study his alphabet- Wo arc a plain, republican people. Wo make no pretensions to extraordinary learning. We never boast Wo never swagger. And when a man, of such huge dimensions us they learned critic in question, comes all the way fioin Boston, and with tho pomp and paraelu of a Beacon street duiiely, undertakes to instruct us in matters pertaining to our own Constitution, wo advise him to exhibit some evidence that he has seen the authorities to which he ie fers us that ho has read the works from which he pretends to quote hnd. Ihai ho is uol himself utterly ignorant on every subject upon which lie wishes to enlighten us. A Green .Mountain Whig Yankte Winn fJnv-PBVMB a i. ........... ------- .i iaec- iiiiiii. her of the lxmdon Courier contains the follow, iug extract of a letter from an Knglish gentle. tr.an travelling in America ; "1 am travelling in Vermont for pleasure and in formation. I havo journeyed 600 miles in my own carriage-, ami have not seen n person in my progress (o whom I should havo dared to oiler alms ! As I was dvlJincd .an hour or I wo, a few days s nee, 1 F,iw a sturdy loAing farmer pass the tun, driving a houc cnrtlonded with wool, on which he was seated. Ha drove to n storo, shoulders his bales of wool ouoiftef nnolher, nnd placed them in Iho merchant's shop. who do you Ih ink it wasl Paine, the preicnl Gov ernor of Vermont I" MISSISSIPPI. Full relurns havo net been received. But enough have, to induce the belief that the Loco oco, antibnnd paying ticket have succeeded. nun our understanding of the ipicstion in is sue, wc rcsrot this result moro deeply than we do Iho vhig defeat in Ihe groat State of o'iw vorlt. It is a stigma upon tlio national escutcheon. It is a declaration to tlio world, that one nt least of Iho s-nvnrniirn States of this 'Ulou. does ,utt rnenocf itq t iltlhr.nt inns that honesty is of no estimation with it. Tho bane ful ufi'ects will not ho confined lo a loss of char, actor abroad whero Iho dishonesty of one mcinner win be considered the dishonesty of tlio wholp. But it must have a demoralizing clTcct at home. Communities cannot, any more than individuals, continue high-minded and hon ourahle, after having lost their own self.rospect hy a disgraceful action. (ETThc Court of Chancery has issued an injunction against the Bank of Bennington, ind appoinfcd Gen. Henry Hobinson and Hon. N. II. Buttum receives and to closo up its affairs. The Bennington Banner, a paper not very friendly to the hank, says : "It receives its hills in payment of its out standing notes nnd debts. There is no anx iety heroin relation to the ability of the bank ultimately to redeem all its bills.1 FROM FLORIDA. Kt. AfJUsTINE Nov. 19. Bv the arrival. yesterday, of the tchooncr Waller M., Capt. "''"""i iu uay, oi me steamer wm, Gaston, Capt, Henry, wo havo tho gratifying ...n.ii inu I..IJHUIU ami Killing otli.) Indians, by an expedition of 3d Artillery, commanded by Capt. V adc, in tho neighborhood of the Ilills horo' River. An expedition is now snitin nt at fortl.auilenl.iie, for Sam Jones' Camp.Sa in. formation of his party enptund, as stated above. Col. Worth, and his gallant followers of tha little army, is doing much for Florida. A letter from Fort Pierce under date of the 14th inst. states that Capt. Wade and Lieut. Thomas of the 3d Artillery, witli K Company, of the same Regiment, had returned to Fort Lauderdale from a scout on the Hillsborough, just before tho boat left. They had been exceedingly for tunate the result was 8 Indians killed (6 of them warriors,") nnd If) prisoners, (8 of them warriors.) Some 30 acres of corn, &c, and several canoes, were destroyed. It is said tht Sam Jones is on an island in tlio Okeechobee with some 00 warriors, and that lie is deter mined to make a slan 1, and die sooner thn sur render. Tun Mf..viu NErinoEs. Tho3o surviving Africans of the Amislad embarked at Nsw York on Wednesday last for Africa, in the bark Gentleman, bound to Sierra Leone, which was on the same day towed down the harbor by a stcamci. They are accompan ied by Rev. Messrs Steele and Raymond and Mrs. Raymond, Missionaries, and Messrs Wilson and wife, teachers. Before their departure several public meetings were held in New York, which were attended by many persons, particularly by friends of the mis sionary enterprise, connected with the re turn of tho Mendiaiis. A letter is published addressed by a committee of ihe mendiani to Mr. J. Q. Adams, thanking him for his ser vices in their behalf in arguing their cause, and accompanied hy a present of a bible. 2'l.e answer of Mr Adams is also published. Woodstock Nov. 20 On Thursday night of last wech tho dwelling house, two barns, and wood house, together with a considerable part of the furniture in the house, a quantitv of grain, provisions, wood etc. and about twelvt tons ofhay in the birn, belonging to .Mr. Ly man Gould, of llartlaud, were entirely consum. ed by fire. We understand that there was seven hundred dollars insured on the property in the Windsor Co. Mutual. Mercury. CoNFI..nRATION at St. John, N B This devoted city has again been visited bv an ex tensive and devastating fire. The totaf number ot buildings consumed by the recent fire at St. John is stated in the St. John papers to have been thirty-nine, arid the aggregate loss is csti mated by the News at 8 l.'.'OO.CHK). Onlvfour vessels wero burned, although many others were in great peril, as the tide was tiut. The whole ol the present district was within that laid waste in January, 1537, and as tho insurance companies have ofhte declined to insure wood, on buddings within that district, except at verr lindi nrpminm?. mn., nf,l,rt ..er, ... o - , ,.v.-.v.uis Duue.-ie.-rs were witn. out insurance. Fine, The large wooden factory buildiW. belonging to tho Unicn Manufacturing Co. aitu ated in C'laremont, N. II. was entirely destroy, ed by tire on Saturday evening the 14th inst together with mot ot its machinery nd con joins. How the tire orignated is not known, but it is supposed lo have been occasioned by the friction of some of tho machinery in the base, ment story of tho main building, and thence spread rap dly upwards towards tlio roof. The nf'ltvf'l""'11011 at about .S-J0,()O0-of which 10,000 is insured. Tlio dwelling houso of Austin yler, Lsq. on tho opposite bank of the river took fire from the- ei,iA;c r .,. ' and was partially consumed. Amiable Farewell. For several years the Louisville Journal has been cmzan-ed in ih. m.. desperate, harassing and successful warfare wiui me Louisville Advertiser. The editor of the latter paper is about to remove to St. 1,,!. and his hold enemy takes ieavc of him in the following affecting strain : The Advertiser, of yesterday, contains a lone valedictory irom its late editor, Shadrach Penn. Shadrach, alter a residence of twenty three years as an editor in this city, goes to spend the ... ,i "'V "jf ins ooncs in St. Iouii. Well, ho lias onr best wishes for bis . all the ill-will vvc ever felt for him passed out ong ago through our thumb and fore-timier. His "','" "obti.-i.-iiu most ungentle one : but wo trust that his life that first begins to blossom at the advanced age of half a century. May all be well with him here and heiealtcr ; for wo should bo sorry ifn poor fellow whom wo have been torturing eleven vcars in this world, wero to bo hande-d over to the tender mercies of the Devil in the next. bliadrach, farewell ! PUBLIfJpAlTII. e!o(cl!onr7-S ar alr?lly al,l,""J tho election lordovenor and members of the Le- gislaturc of the state of M.ssissinpi ha. cone candidates ; the iuo joined, it, that Mate, be. tween the two puttes in the late canvass, be. ing upon the question whether the state shall iiiantam its faith, solemnly ple.lged by law for the payment of bonds created a nil issuod by it, authority, or shall repudiate, disivow, an re nounce all obligation lo nrnvulo f, ment of either principol or interest thereof. Ihe hi.'s slpevl inanl'ii v .infnr,i, s'J?r' l.il.ii. .,r.i. ....i.i:. r"Y, "ioia- .' " "'V IT"' ""'. '0 U'cofocos have siioTS:1 oUmws m:,j'nrit-for ,hc It would le difficult io conceive, were not the fact oo well established, that ll.c force of par t could drive a mijority of the pernio of any sta p to such an extremity as ihis. Tho primlple of the proposed implication of contracts lo which the stato itself is a parly, would, as the reader will percuvc, apply to one sort of contract, w hatever ; so that no right of property, re!atm e.f soc.ely, would, if the priniii. le , e carried on , ho sale from its desolating and dcs. ornitintr inlluenco. Tml,. . acs" .hoso who advocate. fucl, aesilom .IdoS as being, m every boiise,,lV!,ruc,jvC?, lU0W''