Newspaper of Burlington Free Press, December 24, 1841, Page 2

Newspaper of Burlington Free Press dated December 24, 1841 Page 2
Text content (automatically generated)

THE UI0I1T or SEARCH. rosi this n. v. TnniCNn. Tho correspondence on tliis subject between Lord Palmerstou nml tlio late Minister lu Great liritnin, is exceedingly full and interesting We present ticlow the principal points in each ollici.il communication. I. Lord l'.ilmcrston writes to Mr. Stevenson acknowledging tlio receipt from liim of two jiotop, complaining of the search and detention mi tlio coast of Alnca of the U. States vessel Douglas by II. 11. M. brig 'Termagant, Lieut. Seagram. Lord l'almcrston ackuowlcelges that 'the detention of a U. K. slava-trading- vessel is in tlio abstract irregular,' bat alleges a special agreement between the commanding officers of II. M. ships on tho const with commander l'aync, of tlio U. .V. Navy, fur (.enrolling and detaining rhips found trading-in slaves, and proceeds to the proof that the Douglass was a slave-trading II. Lord l'almcrston again writer to Mr. Stevenson acknowledging the receipt of a note complaining of the seizure and detention of the schooner Mago' by the 'Termagant and of the schooner 'Hero' by fl. 1!. Al. brig 'Lynx.' Ho again a- knowledges that Hritish cruiser? have no rilit to search and detain U. K. vessel s, even if they are engaged in the s lavo trade, but again refers In the agi cement which was entered into March 11, 1S-I1. lie Plates that such cases cannot occur again, as the Admiralty had Font positive orders to lier Majesty s cruisers not again to detain or nieddlo with U. S. vessels en gaged in the slave trade. III. .Mr. Stevenson informs Lord l'almcrston that he shall iiiiiuodialoly lay before the U. S. Government his Lordship's letters. With rc gaid to the alleged special agreement, however ir, .Stevenson saw lie has no other information than that contained in his notes. 1. Lord I'. writes transmitting to Mr. Sic- xonson a copy of the agreement entered into between Capt. 1 uclor of II. Ii. M. sloop Wo verine, and l.icut. lMvnc ol the U. S. ship ol war G anipiis. V. Too ltritish Secretary a-rain writes to Mr Stevenson acknowledging' the receipt of his t.oto demanding indomiiily for the detention ol in.- ori' .h ut, sailing under .American colors no procerus w h.'iow tli.it tlio vcssjI was a SotisIi vesse', and that tlio U. K. Il.ig wa merely hoisted js a piotcction, which he con tOMlls It rdlllllld no; b I. Lrd I'.ihnor.ston, in reply to a complaint from the American Minister, of the seizure and ami (1 'entiiin of the inert hint shin Susan, savs that his Gov eminent does not claim the right to search American merchantmen, and it such ca-cs hac occurred thoy were irregular an I cannot occur again, lliit'ho alleges there is an essential dilibioncc between sta-chiii' a vessel and examining her papers to see if she been titled to the country u hose Il.ig she may have huisted at the tune. Her Majesty 's Government arki.ovvlolge lint the rights ol the I". States flag e-cni.rs a vessel fiom search when she is piuvided with timers entitliiiL' her to woar that llig; but. in order to ascertain llus, it is ncr.es saiy Hint her papers bo examined, and to this hois persuaded tho U. f. (iovoriunent cannot tinjuft. Lord I'. hopes that the day is not far il.stant when the U. S. Government will 'look to th.ngs anil not to word.- ami perceiving the wide and entile distinction between that ricrht of search which has heretofore been a subject of ii scussion anil that right ol search which almost all other Christian nations lave granted each other for the suppression of the slave trade, will join the Christian league and no longer per mit her voxels to bo engaged in undertakings which herhws punMi as piracy. VII. Mr. .S'.cvcnsiu writes to Lord Aberdeen expressing his surprise at the ground assumed by the hte llriti-h Secretary, and denying the r'glit asserted in his last communication. The precise nature of the right claimed is to board and d-'ain nil tends for the purpose of ascer taining by an examination ol their papers their national character, and of deciding whether they aree'ititlcd to the protection of the 11 ig of the country under w hich they sail. The distinct. on attempted to be mado between the right of pjaHi and the right of visitation for this pur poo, is declared to bo wholly fictitious ; and indeed the la'ter is thought to be more odious and Misult.iig than the former which is purely a belligerent right and cannot be enforced in tune of peace. Too principles of public law, Mr. Stevenson contends, expressly declare that the vessels of all u nions in time of peace in navi gating the ocean, shall ha exempt from every spor ics and purpose of tntcmiptin.i and drtcn ti'jii, unless engaged in some traflic contrary to the law of nations, or expressly piovided for by trca y or i o npact. Although T'imcv is admitted to be an ulil'iice against the pi.bllc law, suit our Minis'er coiiteuils that all pirac.es arc not of-f-Mcs ag.nnst tho law of nations. Piracy by international law, and tint nude such by the in inicipil law of any States are of an essentially thnVetit character. Hence it is that the litter ran only bo tried by tho country within whose jurisdiction ur on board nf whose ships on the ocoaii tho offence may haw; been co intuited. The slave trade, he says, is not cognizable un der tha law of mt ions. Although piohibitod by most notions aid declared to be piracy by their laws, it is yet not an ollbncc against the' public law: and cannot ho enforced by the oidinaiy right of limitation, detention, or 'other fcarch as it ought be if it was piracy by the law of nations. Mr. Slcvcn-on piocoeds to establish this point by citations from eminent Hritih writers. Tho s'avo trade ho says, is lawful to all Govern ments who have not forbidden it. Tho rg!it then claimed by tho Hritish, derives no support from the principles of tho public law, but is left to stand upon the ground of ex-pulicn-y ami nrecfi'y, ss the means of executing the ox-i.-tir.g treaties for the suppression of the slave trade. Whether this bo so or not, .Ur. Steven son says he has no means of judging, and deems it therefore unnecessary to adopt it or deny it. Lord I'.ihnerston's error consists, lie thinks in assuming tho necessity mil expediency of the poivr it proof of its cxislcner. Tho principle if allowed, would make every commander of a Hritish cruiser the exrlu-ivo'judge of tho na. tional character of vessels sailing undei tho I'. S. flag. The United States, moreover, cannot bo hold re-ponsiblo for the conduct of other na tions who seek to cover their infamous traffic bv tho fraudulent use of the American flag. VIII. Lord Aberdeen addic-sos Mr. Steven son in reply with a 'most unfeigned respect for the rights, honor and independence of the U. States.' Ho fhows that tho decision of the Ilriti' h authorities, to which Mr. Stevenson re ferred, hac boon reversed, and therefore carry no weight. Tho confession of our .Minister thai the blao trado is extensively carried on under the fraudulent uo ol the American flag, is regarded as justifying tho whole claim of tile Ilntii-h government. It constitutes that reason able ground or suspicion which the law of na lions requires in such case. The admitted fact of this abuse creates the right of inquiry. Lord Aberdeen renounces all pretension on the part of tho Hritish (I'overnmcnt to injt and spirrh American vessels in time of peace, nor is it as American that suclncssclsare vh-iled. Andas tho number of actually American vessels en gaged in tho traffic is 'believed to bo small, tho danger of interference with them will bo of rare occurrence. It has been tho invariable practice of tho Hritish Navy, and Ixird A. believes of all navies in the world, to ascertain by visit the real nationality uf vessels on tho high seas, if there bo good reason to apprehend thoir illegal char acter. In certain latitudes and for a rurticu'ar objecta tho ycss-sls referred to are visited, not as American but as Hritish vessels engaged in an unlawful traffic; as belonging to nations who have conceded the right of search, or as pirati cal outlaws. Mr. Stevenson would hardly claim immunity for Hritish vessels engaged in the slave trade, or for piratical advantiirors, merely because they display tho fhg of the American Li-hn. Great Uritain, h says, claims no right the. is not willing to grant, and a mutual right 41' seaich is behoved to bo tho most simple and . lectinl means of attaining tho object winch h (J jveinmentH have in view tho suppros. , iT the sUvc trade. Hut this proposal hat. always been rejected by the United States, and it is lor them alone now to determine what may be duo to a just regard for thoir national dignity anil national Interests. IX. The concluding letter was written by Mr. Stevenson. He recauitulates the whole matter in controversy, and bus defines tho point at is- sue. Groat Ilritain united by treaties with other nations in conceding the mutual right nt search for the purpose of suppressing the slave trade. Independent if swh treaties litis right if search amid nit he. exercised. The United States dc elin d to become a party to these treaties, doom ing it inexpedient to yield the right ot having their vessels searched in timo of peace. Mean time some of the other nations who whore par ties to these treaties, continued to jirosocuto the trade, and in order to do so with niorcclfec't. resorted to the flag of the United States. TiW prevent this (treat Ilritain deemed it necessary hat her cruisers in the African seas, should have llo right of detaining all vassels navigating those sear, for the purpose ascertaining their luminal unanicier igaiusi tins practice me United States Government protected, and de manded reparation in the numerous cases out of winch tlio present discussion has arisen, which however has been refused by the Hritish Gov crntnent, who still assert the" right ol her cruis crs to contiti'tu the practice. In a former note Mr. Stcvonon attempted to show that the right thus asserted was substantially a right if search, which is disclaimed by the Hritish Government : and in the next place that if it were not, still the right of interference in tho manner assorted with tho flags of other nations, not parties U those treaties, was not less unlawful and un justifiable. Tho right assorted by her Majesty's Govern incut is clear and explicit; it ii that tho Hag of i no united Mates shall exempt no vessel Irom search by Her Majesty's cruiser in the African seas, unless she shall be found provided with pipers entitling her to the production of the flag she wears and proving her to bo United States property and navigating the ocean according to law. Tliis Mr. Stovonson regards as an actual denial of the right of tho U. S. vessels to na vigalo tho ocean in time ol peace without being s injected to cxam.nition at d detention. F.vcry conimandpr ol a British cruiser is considered the j'ldgo to decide whether the e.-sal be 'unig.ii mg the ocean according to law.' This is sub. tautially the right of placing British cruisers in any part of the ocean and prescribing the term" upon which other nations are to participate in me iroeiioni ot tiu sua. It is, in elloct, a claim of jurisdiction over tho whole of the African coast and seas. Where would tho eorci-e of this power end, ifoncc submitted to! It might easily lie extended so as to include the right to search for seamen and deserters, and that of mipros-ments. Docs Her Majesty's Govern Hunt believe, asks Mr. Stevenson,' th it such a power would be tolerate 1 by any independent nation on tho face of the earth ! Thus far thon Her Mniestv's Guvornnient I ntvw it-it mis iuwlt to bta no w oi v lino n ino grounds of ovuodiencv. Mr. rtinvonsoo duo not, as has been apprei.'o.idcd by Lird Aberdeen, deny In Great Britain or any other nation the right of seizing their own vessel or punishing their subjects for any violation of their laws or treat os, provided it ho done wilho it violating tho principles of public law or tho rights of oilier na'ions : but ho duos deny the right to Groat Britain, 'nor will she l o "permit ed, to extend such interference to the vessels or citizens of the United St.Ves dling under tho protection of the 11 ig of the.r country.' If Grcit Britain, as is alleged.'-auii.it restrain the slave tride of her own people witluiit violating the rights of other na tions, MS impunity i-. to bo deplored but it can- not be avoided. Mr. Stevenson docs not believe that this right of visitation was over practiced hy any nation in time of peace- lie was also ' tnisuuilei stood liy Lord Aberdeen as to the e.x- tent of his a.l'nissiou of the Abuso of tho Alnc- rican 11 ig. Nor can the American .Minister il-hiui uiu lurco oi ine reasoning arisint out ol tho limited number of the b.m-i Jhlc American vessels actually engaged in the s'lave trade, to prove that the danger of in erference with Anie-! rican vessels will lu of inro occurrente. He' readily admits the fact but does not perenne 1 whit bearing in lias upon the present d scus-io i. ' If lhrrr a-:u imt i, sln.rl.. ,.nJ...t ,t,rt ir. States engage J in the slave trade the' evils and ! , n'mnVfrain.Vsrl.1 bcfT )m l'?'iy interruption must still , ake place whenever the ! U'C! iZ S'SiJA fc right sh ill so attempted to be entorced against , pen-cs of that Department, endui" on the .Will Sent tlio-o tint are not slavers. ' '311. Alsol'ro.n the Socrel-irv of iheNaiy, pxhilutiin; Rot I,,, t 1!,nr,l,n- li .i . , ! '1''Oiitini!'.ntej)einesoftlicSocie-tarvofllicNavy tiiillxiid Aberdeen declares lint so much and .aiv Commissioners' Ollieersj which weresev lionorand respect are duo to the U. .V. llig tint ! ""'ly '"d on the til le, nnd ordered lo be printed, this abetted right is only to ho exeicised in cor- -Mansiim saie notice that on to-morrow be tain liliti, !...; ..-..1 r.... . :n . - . ... Would llllrolllCl! n resolution in ri-lntini. t,. ,1... o. of" w at .msence': can it be to the United States if the honor of i their llig be violated whether it be done upon1 one put of the ocean or another! As lo the weii-ioiiiiiied suspicions' which a'ouo willjus. tify it- exerci-e it would hive been well if thee l.id boon n.uro Urictlj- daTmcd ; tint the riu'lit claimed cannot safely be confided to tho-e ol Ilor Majesty's crul-ers who haie beretoforo ox-erci-ed it, is shown by the cases which have al ready occurred of its abuse for which no repi. ration has yet been nude. Mr. Stevenson thus concludes : The undersigned must, therefore, after tie most careful consideration of the arguments ad vancod in Lord Aberdeen's note, repeat tho opinion which he bus heretofore expressed, that if a power such as tint which is now a-serted by her .Mnjo-ty's Government shall bo enforced, not only without consent, but in tho face of a direct refu.-al to concede it, it can bo rugard-'d in no other light by tho Government of the U. States than a violation of national rights and se veroigiity, and the incontestable principle of in temal law. That its exercise may lead to con. senucives of a painful character, there is too much reason to apprehend. In cases of conllict mg rights between nations, tho piecite line which neither can pi-u, but to which each may advance, is not easily found or inirkcd ; and yet it exists, whatever may bo the difficulty of decerning it. Inordinary cases of deraii"e ment there is little dangJr ; each nation mav and often does yield something to the other, huch, however, it is to be feared, is not the present case The peculiar nature oftha power asserted, and the consequences which m ly be ap. preheiided from its exercise, make it one of an important and momentous character. Involviii" as it does, questions of high and dangerous so. voreignty, it uny justly bu regaided as deeply endangering the good understanding of tho two countries. Ought IJor -Majesty's Government then, under such circumstances, tu insist upon its enforcement ! That it w.ll not, the under signed cannot permit himself to doubt. Ilo will therefore rontinue to cherish the hope that, upon a careful review of the whole subject, Her Majesty's Government will see the impor tance of adopting other measures for the sup. pression of tho slave trade than those now pro. posed, and which will bo far better calculated, not only to accomplish the object desired, but to preserve tlio friundly relations of the two couu tries upon principle!, consistent with the interest and honor of both. Ton.vi co The Hartford Times gives a glow, iug exhibit of tho tobacbo statistics in tho"town of U indsor, Conn. Col. I'J.elps of Warehouse Point, cultivated lilty acres ot tobacco the past year, and raised at least that number of tons, which at 10 cents a pound amounts-, says the I lines to S 10,000. .Voveral of the towns in no iiuigiiuornooii ol Wind-or cultivate tobacco -:,y conquerable extent, many of the far mors planting from one to three acres, and mak. iig pron able crops. The Hartford paper wishes lo know "what Yirginii will say to this!" .S'ho will undoubtedly consider it unconstitutional ; ni'ftrxr n iti i,f ..nil t -..v., , w.aii Biown in Connecticut will bo looked upon as an "almrmct!, c .i... Jetter ami spirit of tho rights of tho Old Domin ion as they wero always laid down by "Mr. Jeflursou" and finally settled lo all political i-ieniiiy oy mo "Resolutions of !)3." X. Y, iini icr. The Grand Jury of Philadelphia have found bills aLMinst Mir uil.ia iii.n o i i... . ii, , ,. ""-", I'aiiiuoi jnuiio , John Andrews. T irana i ....) i - i ' ;.ti,,. 7 ' J and sundry b Id, f7.;1 'P'wy ''"fraud the Slock o don of tho V. a. Hank ot several thousand UUJIlltfc. . CONGRESS. At the commencement of tho session of the House on Monday, the Spcukc,r announced tha following Committees. Standino Committees. Committed of I-Hl-cIioiis. .XIpr llntsletl. lll.nr. Cravens, llcnj ltiun llnm'all, Iloidcn, Harloti, Turncy, 1 Idiisioii mid Hi ynulds. CoiniiutlccofWays nml Means Messrs Fillmore, Holts, S.unon Mavun, Wallace, T 1 ."it ntsli.il, J. 11. IiiRcrsoll, .1. W, Jones, Allierton nnd Lewis. Committee of t Inims ,Mcsis (iiddinijs, Osborne, Cowcn, Tomliiisoii, Arnold, Hubard, l!urke, J. W. Wdliams niiti Jledill. Committee on Coinincicc Messrs Kennedy, Win thriin, Tola ml, .1. C. Clnilt, Knyncr. Allen, t-. J. An drews, T. W. Williams and Ferris. Uoininitlco on rut no Lines- Messrs .Morrow, Lewis Williams, Truman Smith, Qenlry, llronon, How ard, Cnscy, Ilrcw sler and Jacob Thompson. Committee on llio I'nt Olllce nnd Post Roads Mcsrs l!ric2S, .t. t Williams, ltiisscll, Ilrockway, Owsley, Hopkins, A. Kennedy, John G, Flujdnnd Plainer. Committee for the District of Columbia Mcsrs Fnilcrwond, Summers, Alexander Knndntl, l'owell, Kichard . Thompson, John Campbell, Ward, Uaw son ami Itidlnck. Commillro cm the Judiciary Messrs Barnard, Trumbull, Puree, Maxwell, Thomas F. Fos cr, Mil ton llrown,CharlcsJ.Iiii;crsoll,Kjoscvcltand Saun dcis. Committee on Revolutionary Claims Messrs Hall !'.(. CJooile, Tnplt'tl, Thos. J. Campbell, Mnynnrd, Washington, James, I'liruienlcr nnd IV. C. Comic. I'miiiiiitKe on Public ll.vpeiiditures Messrs Sbcp penl, I.inn, Hudson, John T. Stuart, Meriwether, lireen, Clinton, l.itllcficld nnd McLltllan. Committee on Private I. an I Claims Messrs Moore, A. II. II. Stuait, John Young, Win. (J. Johnson, It. 1). Davis, Cross, Turncy, I'nyne nnd Cliarle Drown. Coni'iiillcS on Manufactures Messrs S.iltonslnll, Tilhiinhiisi, Randolph, Slade, Iliml, Henry, Hal tr shim, Aaron V. Drown, nnd 1. C Caldwell. Conimitlec on Acriciillure Messrs Debrrrv, Ridij wny, Simonlon, Mattocks, Duif, Shaw, Kdw u !s, I'arlrnljie, mid John Ilastmes. Coiiimitlee on I n Jinn A Ifiirs Messrs Cooper, Ca rmhtrs, Ci il'cndtn, .Soller", W. Ruler, Waltcrson, Ilarr'j, Weil -r, ""it John C. I'dwards. t'.jiiini.ileci in Miliary Allairs Messrs Stanley, Penll.inn, fim- n W.!liam D. Cnmpbtll. Stokcly, Win (). Duller, S.i ..i. i, Mi b-r, and J. T. Mason. Coinmiltee on liie .Mililia .Messrs Kcim, Coles, Wnrd, Doyd, S. II. Duller, Reduif, Alfitd .Mai shall, Sweeny, and Houston. Committee on IVnJW Alfiirs Messrs Wis King, C.ilhniin, Jolui C. cfirl., Durnell, Fe senden, Gra ham, Mnllory, an I cbd'oid. ''umiiiitlii' on Fniuiijn Afl'iirs Messrs John Q. Adnms, Cusliing, Kvtre'tt, W. C. Julinson, Granger, (iihuor, Hunter, llbett, mid 1'ioffit. Committee un the'rcrntorici .Messrs I'opc, Chris topher, II. Williams, (tarnt Davis, Sellers, Gates, I iiet.ii, Caldwell, llayos, Dean, and Charles A. I'loyd. Comutilteu on Ucioitilionary Pensions 31cs'srs Taliaferro, Rodney, Sl.iby .. Clarke, Mnthiot, I,. W. Andrews, Dabco-k, Jlmiliews, I'ornacc, and W. Suiith. Coininillrc on Inva'id Pensions Messrs Morris, Aycrigir, Di.tr, Gordon, Sir itlun, Isaac D. Jones, Donn, Snnford, anil Augustus Youn. Ciiinuiittc on Rouls nnd Canils Mcsrs I.iw lencc, I .nnc, John D. Tlmmpon,W.W. lrivm, Sprigg, Strenroil. Wood, Daniel, and Itiuys. Coniiiiitti'O on Patent i Mrsis R. McClellan, (. illusion, (terry, Ram ey, nnd Snifurd Messr. D.nidiiian. Waid. Auniisiiis Ymmc Crnnsmn t oniiniiicc on ! 1 1 1 to illumines "'i' - , iiiiiiimifu mi tiuvis ii nnn i;nnnisiieii nusuics Messrs I'. i.-tman, Deevjn C. A. Floyd, Jack, and .dat'oeks. Cjiutnitteo on Accounts Messrs Marcb.ind, York Carey, Stdty N. ( hrkc.and.I. I.. WiUnm-. Committee' on Mileage Mcsui T. W. Williams IT....... . ll.r - 1..I... f IM......I. .1 .t . . 1 b-rt. ..WI..IIUI.I, w.iii i.t,.iiu, ttesuiioh, an i j ir. Commiiteeon ihelbrary.on thepirt of ihe House .ucssrs liuitiiiiia-t, .xycuag, and Sumter. SPCCIAL (OlMITTECS. On I I'mnce and ibe Currency Mrssrs Cusliini-, John I'. ICennedy, Gilmer (i. Dai, Wise, Roosevefl, Prodi', McKay, and Win. W. Irwin. O-i th'- Appoinimrnt of Representatives Messrs i.vi-u-u, . nuns, i.nruiiicrs, Mnnincrs, 1'tarcr, John T. Smart, Dull tck, Cross, and Wi lier. On tho Simibonian Derias Messrs J. Q.Adam, Habers'inm. Triiinno Kimtn. ITi.il nnTn Ls J l"SerMV 1Iulllcr. Huu.-ton, On tlu National lotindry-Mrssis W. C. Jobnsnn Snnon .Misin, King, Rm 'o'pb, .Mallory, Hunt l'annenler, and Cave Johnson. ' Wu coinleiiro the proceedings of -Monday from the ."wjnai inieiuycoccr. Is Sr.s-ATE, 3ir fc'tvitr, of Arkansas, annearcl nml loos his seat. A mo sage wn icceived from the President of ihe "a mines, euvering a renorl from tho Secretary of War, mult' m coiniili nice with a rtsolution of ibc Stni!('3. of Mircli list, showing (he comparative rnndition of iho public defences. Laid on the table in i iiiiicii o io no nrinieu. lS '"" A m 'ssiici-was received from the House of Rmre- sentanves, .t-nmg that Jt ,a, pas.ed n rusobuion np po'iiiui!jiin its i art a committee of three members m direct ibc fxiiiindiiuro of nil tho monevs npprontialtd tot tin- put chase, nf books for iho lab.arvol'Cutigttss. .Mr Cliyinn tn.ni-il tb.it the re-ohition becontiirred in; whii-b million was adopted. hi the llotSEoi- Ri-.rin-.sn.NTVrivr.s, besides the a:iiuimcei,K.,it of ihe ( umiinttec-, w Inch we have Riven in anoiber place, iti -r,iiiU.-tnU u;.c.i ii. r.t lowiuj resolution, which was reid for information. R' solvi-d, Tint ihe several metnorhls, petitions nnd Pollutions pieseulid lo the I louse of Represenl.ilivcs nt the list Congress, and whieh were not fin-illy aci ni im.aN I all InlU which werereporti'd, acted on, nod I 'st in ihe Senate, and such bills as were refericd lo coiniiiiitei'S and not n purled on, be again rcfirre I to tbu coininittfeM to whi' b iho sriino were respectively uf 'rred nt the last Congress, a written iivi'icst lo tint e-fl'.ci being liiiidtd by any member to the Clerk of the House, wbo-o duly it slnll bo to enter the same upon Ihe journal as if presented in the Hoiso. .Mr Wise inquired whether this resolution would not cudiricvvniilry abolition petitions. The Speaker icplied, No such petitions not hav ing neen rcceivco, the rcsutution would not embrace them. .Mr Wise said be had then no objection to the adop tion of tho resolution. And iho resolution was adopted. Mr Underwood desired to oiler the following reso lti'ion, which was read for information : Unsolved, That the Speaker engage the services of f ur steniifiriphers, at i compels iiion not cvceeding S3 per day lor each, to be paid out of the contingent fund of the House, whoso duly it shall be lo report the debates and proccidinj-sof tho House daily, nml u "i), ioi iii-cruou in inc newspapers puniisiieu in this Ity. 1 lie stenographers so cugascd shall rc-im lltll anions llletliselves tbu limn ulnrli rnrli tlinll employ m ta'.ina short-hand notes ofibe debates and lirocecdiimo, and preparing tho samu for the press. They shall furn.su the public pnnteis, with all prac lieablo de-pateb, a ciiy of their repoils for insertion in tbe.irpiper,nnd sueb printer-shall publish iho sum al hngih in the. newspaper ediicd and published by lliem without ehargu to the (lovernment ; and, in caso l hay decline iloiinj so, the reports of the sicnogrnpliers sln;l lie delivered to sueb oilier printer or edilor as tho Speaker may desiijnali', who will insert the re purts in lnspiper. Any steuoarapher so employed may bo removo.l by tbu Speaker at any lime, ami another cmpluvcd in bis place. Tho Speaker shall locate iho sleuograplier- so employed in such place in the Hill as ho may deem proper. Tho slenora pbtrs shall ninko known to any member which of them reported any speech attributed to such mem ber. The House then proceeded lo tho choice of a Chap lim, and ibe result was as follows, (.Messrs Cubbing, Wnnl and Roosevelt nclins us tellers:) W hole number ol votes, Ncrcssiiy to a choice. Of whieh Mr MtrriTT received Mr Hawiev " Mr Fhencii " 193 100 131 12 53 So the Rev. Mr Mai-FITT. Innnn ror. ivi-,1 tn. jorilyof nil the votes, was declared duly fleeted Chip. Inn on the part of the House for t'c present soision. Iv Tim Sr.s-ATr, on Tuesday, tho following appoint ment of Column lies for the session, was announced by iho President pro tern. On Foreign Id Irion Messrs Hivts, Preston, liu chimin, Talhnaduo and Cboale. On Finance Missrs F.vans, llcrrien, Manimn, Wiiodliury and Dayaid, On Commerce Mi sirs Huntiugtun, Woodbril"c, Iviiii:, Harrow and Wimht " Ou Minufurturrs Mc-srs Simmons, Archer, .Mil. ler, Ditehanau and Mnrchead, Ou Agriculture .Messrs Linn, Hates, Harrow, Smith n Conn., and Sliitgcon. On M btary Afl'urs Jlessis Preston, Jlerriek, Den ton. Archer and Pierce. On the Militia - Messrs Phelps, Fulton, .Smith of Ind., WdlhiiiK nnd .MeRobirts. On Maval Allairs Messrs Manguin, Archer, Wil liitns, I boatn and liaynrd. On dm District of Columbia Messrs Iiavard, I oiiiiL', King, h'crr and Rives. On Public Lands Messrs Smith of I., Talhundge, N alker, Huniinaion and Prentiss. On Pnvnlu Laud Claims Messrs ncnderson'.Linn, Tappnn, Fulton and Dixin. On Indian Affairs Messrs Mnrchead, Whl'e, Se vier, Phelps and Denton. On Claims Mis. m tiidbam, XVrlsbi Woi'b v tCKl t.ii! and Pl.tlpi On Rcvoli tionaryClniins Messrs Dixon, Clayton, Smith oftjotm., Allen nnd Culbberl. On the Judiciary Messrs Dcrrien, Clayton, Pren tiss, Wnlker nnd ICi rr. On the l'ost Office nnd Post Roads Messrs Mer rick, Simmons, Mcltoberts, Mouton and Miller. On Roads nnd Cnnals -Messrs l'orttr, White, Young, King nnd Cuthbcrt. On Pensions Messis Hates, Pierce, Allen, Gra ham and Sevier. On the Library Messrs Prentiss, Tnppan and Cboate. Oif Patents Messrs Prentiss, Porter, Henderson, Mouton and Stiirccon. On Public Duiidings Messrs Kerr, Fulton and Kv.ins. On F.nurossrd Dills Mcss-i MeRo'.i rt, Mi'ler and StiirKcnu. On I.nrolltd Dills Messrs Pod r nud xxdliims On Contingent F.xpenses t.f tho Sjen.i'e lVI.li. .p 1 1-. Mnsrs ' Mill', I .1 . il 1 1 .lull l , mis. i number of nitilious were nresetind and .'oiv- initldl, and a number of hills, mostly priva'n, weti introduced and nferred to tho appropriate commit tees. 3Ir Mangunt offered a icsoliilton for tho appoint ment of a standing committee, whose dutj it should bo to report on Iho ones ion uf printing reports Irom ine I'.xccutivo Heparini nis, memorials anu rcinons, with the accoti'panyitig documents, &c. Alter sonic remarks it was ordeied lo hoover one day and to bo printed. Aflcr a short executive session the Senate adj. Is the Hocm: or Rrpnrsn.s-TATivcs, petitions nnd memorials wero called for in tbu order of States. Massachusetts I cing called in turn, several members picscntcd petitions. MrCusbing gave nnlico tint ho would ask leave hereafter to bring in n bill for iho relief of claimants for French spol attons prior to lfOO. Mr Adams (nmoucst n vast number of tu'iitintisV picsenlid a petition from sundry citizen ol Hamilton county, Ohio, (is the Reporter utidcrsinod ) pi.ij nig tho lepeal of tho 21st rule', which end rule is til the following words t "So petition, memorial, rc-o'ution, or other paper prajinp the nbolitnm of slavery in the District of I'ohimlih, nrany Stale or Territory, or the slave trade between the Slates or Territories of Iho United Slaltsiu which it iiowe.tts, shall hr received by tins House, or eiiterlaini'd in any way whatever." Mr Adams moved that the pernio. So referred to a elect eoiiimitlec of nine members, with instructions lo leport a resolution repealing tho said rule. The Speaker s-iitl the instructions could only be entertained by general consent. Mr Cave Job'nsun objeeled. Mr Adams then modified his motion so as to sim ply refer the petition to a select committee of nine members j and nsked the jcas and navs on that mo tion. Mr Mcrriwcthcr moved to lay the motion to refer on tbu table. The yeas and nays being taken, the question was tackled in the ncgaiivc, yeas 97. inysfl-2, Mr Adiins' nio ion recurring, a call of ihe lloii-e was moved and ordered. The roll being called, and the niincsof ab sentees, 103 members answered. Further proceed ings mi ibc call were then suspended, by a voioof PO in 90 tbn Speaker decided in the affirmative. Mr Mcrriwi'lber, expressing, n wi h to detniu the ques tion, tho motion was laid over 0113 dav, under the rule. Mr Adams then presented another abolition peti tion, ind moved tint it be referred to tho Cnmmiltca on the Judiciiry. Tho motion was laid on the tabic, Vi as Gd. mvs

The reception of petition, proceeded in the order of males as lar as 1110 members Irom iNcw 1 ork. Mr Fillmoin, then, on leave, introduced a bill ma king appropriations for tho expenses of the present se-sjon of Congress, which was Iwiecrcad and refer red to the Committee of Ways and Means. A reso lution pised graining the use-of the Representatives Hall lo the Agricultural ('(invention on Wednesday evening, nnd the House ailjiurned. In the St.sATr, on Wednesday, Messrs Preston and Calhoun, of S. C. nimcarcd and took their seals. Mr Wright presented n memorial fiom citizens of -VI-. ...... "V- V...,. . ! n ..i.ii;ji.i i.uum),.fw iiiik, ii.iyiuy villlrcss PO Uir as ibey may consider it wi.-e and expedient, to inter cedn with the Drilisli (ioveinuicnt for the liberation of ihe American cituens now pr.soners at Yan D10 man's Land. Mr Delnnm presented a inemoriil in u-lat on to Marino Hospitals m the Western wnters; and a pe tition from tlio Clumber of Commerce of ihe city of i-iiinticipiim, praying mat piers liny ue constructed 111 I'liilad.'lplua harl or. Mr D.iyard pre-cntcd a petition, pray ing that piers may bo constructed in tho river Delaware, ou the westi rn side nf Christiana Mr Woodbury presented ibe petition nf sundry citi zens of Michigan, praying Congress to make .111 ap propriation lo improve the harbor of CJran I river, 111 lint Stale. Mr King presented the joint resolutions of tho Leg islature nf Alabama, riquesting tho 1 stablishmeni of u imiu oiuco in mat stvo lor Iho opposition ol the lands acquired ender tho Cherokee' treaty. Also, joint resolutions from the same I oily, in which complaint is made of the great inconvenience resulting 10 tho community from iho present raits of poMngo, and requesting that Congress will conform the same to the mill coins it-sued linm ihe mint. In addition to iho above, petitions nnd memorials were presented by Mes-rs Ducbanan, Wright, Miller, Sevier nnd Pierce. Mr Merrick iirroduccd n joint rcso'ution provi ling for Ihe tranft r, to the company, of the stock held bv the Unite I Stales in the Clusipiakc and Ohio Canal ; which was read a first ind rcond tune. .Mr F.vans inuoluccd a I ill lo gram awards to the attorney" of persons having claims under treaiie- w it I) three sepcrate powers, out of tho money which lias been paid, on account uf ihe same, into the Treasury of ibe United lalcs. Mr Prentiss introduced n bill to nulboriio ihe pay ment nl' invalid pension in ci nam enscs ; a bill for the ri-hcf of Thankful Reynolds; u bill for tho relief nf rster Johnson, of Xorth Carolina, and a bill for the relief of Huldah Tucker. Mr White iiittniluced a bill making appropriation for thecontintntinn of 1 tic Cum' erland mid through out the Slates rf Ohio, Indiana and H iniiis. Mr Huntington introduced a bill to indemnify .X'oih Mdhr and olbers, for the capture bv them of n ti"" 1 ...1.. .1, .. . i 1 , .1., i ii, m hi 111. 1 . .-states. Mr Porter introdu ed 11 bill suppl-mentnry to the act to provide for tho adjustment of titles 10 lands 111 the Territory nf Michigan, and for oilier purpose's, passed in 1 C3G ; also, 1 bill granting coiiipeiisiiion for ibe serviTs of ilu- Miehi.'.-iu militn, and a bill for tbu rel if of Obtd O. Lacy. Mr Fulton introduced a bill relative to lands claim ed hyeer am persons in Arkansas ; also, a lull to set llo tho lilies to certain lands in tho sum; Stale j a bill for the relief of Samuel .N'orris ind Frederick Satigrniii! a bill lor iho n lief of Henry Vvi son, and a bill for the rilief of F. ,iraini D. Divou. Mr I'icrco iiilrodin ed a bill to settle ihe claims of Xcw Hiiupsbire against Ilu United States; a bill granting 11 pension lo Margaret Soincson; lull for ilu reluf of .Mary Snow ; nnd a b.b u iqu.ili.u ihe pay of the Army of the United States, and Dr oilier purposes, Mr .Mouton itilro luccd a bill to nitihoiie ihe Leg islature of Louisiana 10 sell Ihe linds heretofore np propmli'd for school purposes in that state. Mr I. inn introduced a 1 ill creating a new- land dis trict in Mtssiuri, and changing iho bi uudirirs of ihe souih-easlerii nnd western land dislri t ill iho slid -tatcj nlso, a bill to coivinn- in force tho act for the final adjustment of private laud claims 111 Missouri, approved m IIV.', and to which a supplement was appended ill ls3"; a bill for tho reliel if James II. Relfj n bill to confirm tho claim of tho heir- of Jo seph Segar, deceased, to a tract of land 111 Missouri! a bill for the relief 1 f Adam D. Stewart j and a bill lor t lit relief of Mbaslnn II itcliernnd olbers. Mr K ng introduced a b.ll nutlmrisin-' ihe sett'e mcnt and payment of ccrtiin claims nf iho Slate of M.ibauia against ihe- Unite d Sta is; a lull for the re lief of cltlers no the public lands, who wero deprived of certain benefits under ibe pie-einplion law of June, 1631 j and a bill for iho relief of the lc;al representa tives of John Scott. The lulls above named were severally read a first and second lime, nud appropriately referred. On mutioii of Mr Day.ird, the commi tee of .Yaval Affairs were insliucu-d to inquire into the expediency of abolishing iho revenue cutters, and of employing a part of ihe navy 111 that service, A reso'tition introduced yesterday by Mr Manpimi, was taken up, amended, and adopted, in the following foim ttesidccd, Thai a standing committee of the Senate lion'Tn'rprm,,! S matter, transmiticd hy eitherof iho li.xecutivodepart- lueuis, and all memorials, pctiib ns, accompanying do inncnts, togciher with all other mailer, the print- nig of winch shall bo moved, rxecpiiiig bills origuia-1 .. ..it . a.-, 1 L-i.tiiiiiiiiiia out lit 11 v nil V oenaiui, cniniiiiinieaiions from iho Li-gisbiiurcs of 1(10 respect ive Slates, nud motions 10 mini, bv order of the stnnihu.' coiumitttvaof Iho Senile, ef renorts. docu- incuts or other mailer pcrliiuing to iho subiecla re ferred to such committees by ihe Senate 1 and il shall bo tho duly of such commiitco on pruning 10 report 111 i vory case- in nno day. or sooner, if nraclie-sble. On motion of Mr Harrow, tho .Secretary of tlio Treasury wis inst'ructed 10 inform tho Senate what ..muuii, .11 puiiuu Minis nas uccn survejeu anu i no sale in Louis alias and, nlso, what (jiiaiility was ad vertised by proclamation, nud uflrrvvurds suspended, and the reason therefor. On motion of Mr Linn, the coiumillco on Com merce was iiisiructeil to impure into (bo expediency of unking an appropriation for improving the navi gation of tho Ohio. .XI issis imii. nml Xtissiinri rivers. j by iho removal of snags1 trunks ol trees, and oilier "'"'ill' """" 111 iimi unities, which annually utiruy a ttreal number of steamboats, nndolher water ciuft, andnva t amount of prodiu-o and merchandise 1 he various pnriions of the President's alcssogc were referred to the appropriate coininitue s 1 ,, . . 11 . . . . .-ii. .or ixxiiiuury siiumitleo. a resolution, wnini lies 1 over, uisinii-iiiibe committee on i aval Alhirs lo ' mrpiirc into iho expediency of fixing, by law, ibe 1 tho pcacn establishment of Iho K'nvy, so as not to ho j changed 0x01 pi byevpress provision ittada by Con. , - , , iii smim-ii nun in nuuH-ij w. jress, j in nr. imi-tut lirriinSIN ATI IS, ,ir It llluoi('ll, , at his . ij'i, si wnscxcuud froms ivpi' on tho select 1 ..... .. 1 1 . ii . 1 iiiiniiiioii on itcirciicninciit Mr 1 "inert (by teoeral ' ,ii n r ior' 1 from t' t committee on Ways nnd Means n resolution author izing that commillro to employ n clerk, which was adopted yeas 10fi, nays 51. Mr Fillmore, from tha committco of Ways and Means, repotted a bill makini? appropriations for tho Civil Department which was rend, rtferred to tho committee of the Whole on tho stale of the Union, reported lo tho llouso without amendment, rend a second and third time, nnd passed. Petitions were presented m tlio order of the States, beginning at the point where the call was interrupted jeslcrday, nnd nppiopriately referred. Numerous petitions of nn abolitionist character were present! d from New York, Pcmi)lvanin,Uhio, Indiana nud Michigan. .Soniooflbesc, being directly wiiliin tbn tirrmsiuns of the twentv-first rule, were not ri ceiteu Others, fur the removal of the seatof (jiivcrnni.'iii fio'ii the District of f,i,i nubia to some I place where "-livcrv does not exist , lor die repoil of ilin luinlv-fiisi ruin: for the rtneal of all laws bind : tho hi lalninnts i.i Hie tree males, inc I'eocrni (ioverinneiii. nnd the nation to tho support, counto nance, inrt snnriioii of slavery! for the passing of law- to ptoliilnt lit' tinnsj.nrtatioii ol slaves coastwise m vesils r,f tin Fnitrd States! and to secure free dom to nil slaves l"ln n by eta, with their master's consent, hevond ibc binds of slavtholdili!' States, worn iltcidtd by ilu Speaker to he rcccivnble under the rules, tbouali L'videntU- devised to evade the rule. From the decision, on tho second nnd third class cf petitions, appeals werc taken by Messrs Cost John' son and Wise, which glvinc; use to debate, were, nn der tbu rules. laid over till to-morrow. Mr Under wood ntsn r-nressrd his dissent from tho decision. and expressed a wish to nia'.c some remarls to Ibe 11(1111' Mid l ie country to-morrow on this sulncct. Mr Underwood, in presenting petitions, moved for n select eomniitteo of seven on the snbtect of steam boat navigation generally, nnd a select committee of f evi n on tliu cliuns o me liens in ittunscy, itiiu io have been the fust to set n sleainonat m operation. Thesi committees vtercnnlertu hy the House. Mr Thompson of Mississippi, gave notice of inten tion to introduce n bill to repeal the first seven sec tions of the Distribution law. Mr Hopkins gavu notice of a bill to repeal the bankrupt law. Mr dishing, from tho select committee on the plan of finance, reported from that committco n resolution "reuinriiie: tho Secretary of the Treasury to furnish to tho House the plan of finance alluded to in the 'resilient s .viesiage " I'assed without debate. Various notices of private bills wcrcgivcn by difTe-r ent members. Peforu the Territories were called for petitions, at a quarter tielorc Hirer, the 1 louse ntlioiirneil. In the Senate, on Tliurs'Jiv. Mr. Preston mtro duccd a resolution calling upon ihe Secretary of the I rcasury to report his plm for a Fiscal Agent as soon a nnsiiilc. it is suggested that .vtr. 1". niny lie pia. ceil at tho head of the Select Committee on the Cur rencv. Mr. Linn introduced a bill for tho occupation, of urezon, anu throwing the sine d of our protection over the settlers. It wasrefered toasclect committee of five. He al-o gave notice of bis intention to bung in a lull tor the repeal ol the Distribution Act, anil to npplv the proceeds nf the sa!c of tho public lands to the ilclelices ol I lie country. ThoSenito adjourned over to Monday. In tlio House of Representatives, the greater pari of ,1, ,t,. n ,.! .r..-.i ,i. ...i.t..i.rii, I'resiutnt s .Message to the appropriate committees, nn inc reicrcnceoi mat part which treat- ot t tic tir ill, a achate ensued which lasted until tho hour of nd joiirnuient. without any definite action. Onoporlion te lor rciercnee to the committee nn .Manufactures, while another is for a refcr.m v. in iho Committee ol Ways and Jleins. Mr. Wis? insisted that it would boa test question as regirdtd ihe House, for bo hai always found that those who desired a jnotccUve tariff voted for n reference lo the Committco on Mnn ufactiircs, while llioso who looked to revenue, voted lor icitrnng to tonininca ol Ways and .Means J'RIDAV .MOR.VIM'., Dr.lT.Mlir.lt 21, ISM. PllOGRKSS OF ANARCHY. Vc ask the serious attention of the honest and right-minded portion of the community to an article from tlio Huston Atlas, which will Lo found in another column, in regard to the recent alarming and high-handed pro ceedings of tho Tory monibcrs in the Ten nessee Legislature. Ever since that State was admitted into the Union, it lias been tho invariable practice of tho Legislature to elect their Senators to Congress, hy a joint vote of tho two Houses, in general assembly. From the first year when Tennessee be came an organized State, through all her subsequent history, amidst all her political revolutions, and oven when the spirit of fac tion has raged highest, this has been the uni form rule recognized hy all parties to bo of binding obligation and opposed hy none. Both Whigs and Tories have elected their Senators in tliis manner without n single ex ception and till this year neither party ever had the hardihood to question the propriety of the established custom. "" c,,s tom is too st-iii-ralile, what rulu too sacrcil, to bo disregarded or trampled down, by the 'r.;.s, when it happens to impede the ad vancement of a parly favoritu? With their usual felicity of interpretation, tho Tory members of the Tennessee Legislature have, all nt once, discovered that tho mode of electing Senatois by joint ballot is unconsti tutional! In what patticular this practice conflicts wilh tho constitution these modern Solonsdo not condescend to inform us. it is quili.' sufficient, it seems, for tho benight ed Whigs of the country to bo assured that such, at this particular time, is the settled opinion of tho Tennessee Tories. Whether these disinterested patriots wero influenced in their opinions by the probability that, if they adopted the usual mode of election, the result would he tho choice of two Whig Senators, we are, of course, uiiablo to say. It is not at all likely, however, that such conscientious rentlemcn would ho influenced, in the slightest degree, hy such unworthy motives. Oh! no! it would bo "nitron stitutiuiial " to intimate such a suspicion. True, when they possessed undisputed sway in both branches of the Legislature, they hnvo themselves adopted this very identical mode of rlecting their Senators, and this was all right and just nnd appropriate, be cause then tliey could choose n devoted and faithful believer in their own political creed. Hut note tho case is widely different. If they should adopt the usual method of election, J- , tl.o result would un j doubteillv ho the choice of two Il'tiV SVll , , ., . ,, , . ' utors 'ind that would bo iiiaiufestlv micoH stilutwitiil. Such is the convincing logic of tho Tonnessco Tories. As a stroku of par ty policy we lieaiiily rojoico at the course thoy arc pursuing. In hy gone times they have played the sanio gamo in Maryland, New York and New Jeisey, and tho people, ' indignant at their factious conduct, have, in every instance, wilh their " huge pairs," vetoed their wicked machinations. Antl, mark our words, so it will ho in Tonnessco. Tho plot, the treason may succeed foi a timo, as it did in .Maryland and New York, hut just so sure us another Election day comes round, tho political black-legs the traitors who achieved it, will get such a drubbing at the hands of thtur betrayed and ..,' rnnslilnonU ns il,,.., ...ill I i-i 1 outiagiU constituents as tliey will bu likelv to remember for tho remainder of their lives, (ly-We understand that Messrs. John II. Puck, of this town, and Soi.on Giiout, of Hollows Falls, liitvo been appointed Aids to (iovcruor Pvini, with the lank of Colonels. THE TWO EX-L'HESIDENTS. A Into number of tlio Albany Argus con tains n long nml clnborate article urging the re-nomination of Mr. Vnti Ilureii for the I'rcsitloncy. After enumerating the un rivalled ncliiovcmcnts of this illustrious Stntesman in liis political enrcer, this oraclu of tho " Uemocracy" discourses with great self-satisl'iictioii upon the "graceful" nml "philosophical" port of the retired chieftain in 1 lis classic rctrcut at Kimhrhook. The Argus considers it quite vulgar and itnli- 'Icmocnitic in Ev-Pitr.siDF.NT Adams to con descend to represent tils district in Congress after having occupied the Presidential chair mid thinks the undignified example of this rude plebeian affords a striking contrast to the "graceful," polished, patrician bearing ol the "philosophical" Martin. Tlio fol lowing is an extract from tho articles to which wu refer: Of ibc generations since the tt-e-ntniinn tu-n Pru, sidents only havu been denied a re-election. It may 00 lUOUir 11 111 V (1 Ol S O II USUe a COIllnans.in ,Mu.-n them, respeciing tho tnannrr in which ibey hive borne themselves under such a dispensation. Dm their poli ical faith cannot bo mora directly at oppo site s, than t'icir course of conduct 111 tins ie-pcct. If an iin-ntislitd desiro of place, a craving for public in.-, oi ii-iiiiisui,iuoiit: occupation which an impaitciu antl restless snirit could neither conceal nor subdue. prompted n return, in a suhordinntc station, to the scenes 01 political and legislative contention j a for ward gladiator in ihe strife, provokim- conflicts and excesses in the representative arena such ns have never nciore uccn witnessed, antl tarnishing to the worm the example ol an e.x-prcsidcnt, returning, Willi a fresh zeal and a sharpened app'iliieo fie rem rudi ment of a public tarter: if such an exhibition was calculated to Uiininith the t evpecl for the presidential tifficcantl the admiration of the presidential charac ter; Iho calm philosophy,' the serenity, the pleasing and the graceful acntucscenco in event-, lookinrr nut upon the world wilh the sensations which an interest in the public welfare cannot but excite, but with no desire 10 mingle in ihe affray, can scarcely fail Id re assure our f.iuli in the elevation and dignity of our nature, and in the successful working out of the great problem of self-government." The best commentary upon this beautiful specimen of modern democracy is to he found in a late number of the Democratic Review, where this "undignified" example ot the venerable Lx-Presideut is tints spo ken of : "His (Mr. A.'s stores of Rneeial linnee-li-drr. nn "every subject, gradually garnered up through tho Lumv ui ma uMiuuiuniury niu, in uiu wen arrangeu "storehouse of a memory which is said to hive nov "er yet permitted a single fact to cs -ape il, gives him "a great advantage over all new- comers. Ilo is a " wonderful, eccentric genius. He belongs to no parly, nor does any parly belong to him. lie is of 100 coin a nature to ho long a party leader. Hen "original, of very peculiar ideas, and perfectly fear less and independent in maintaining them. He is " remarkable for his all'ibihty lo young persons, and "surrounded by them al his own table, he can be as "lulaiious and as happv as the cavest of them. I 'or "one service, at least, t'te country oires him a debt of "gratitude. I rrfi.r to thefinc illustration which he ujiorucu 0 inc true cnaracur n; our lnsiilituotis, ' ichenhe pasted f rom fit Presidential palace to his "present liost on the Jloor nf the lhusc of llcnra.cn- "tallies. Though the position which ho has there "mado his own nnv not bo that which his fiends "might wish lo see him occupy in that body, yit in - trcry;ioiu oj rieir r.-ic example icas aj.nt one: Democratic Heviar, rol.'l,page 70, What docs Master llrook say to that? THE TARIFF. We are rejoiced to hear that the sub jpet of a protective Tariff is likely to be coiuo the prominent topic of discussion at tho present session of Congress. Tl North has submitted long enourdi to the bluster and bravado of Southern 'Hotspurs I he timo has arrived for northern men come forward boldly, take high ground, and insist upon their rights. It was tho besetting sin of the Tory pattv, when thev were in power, that they yielded every thing Southern arrogance. "We must carry the South by falling in icith Southern mcautrcs and the ISorth by party machinery," said .Mr. Van Huron, and no man ever practiced more faithfully upon a professed course of policy. And no party ever trod more close ly m tho "footsteps" of their leader, than did the late Tory iwry die.- trucks of the nine iUagician. Wu 1110 rejoiced, therefore, after such disgraceful truckling to the South by Northern Tories, to see tho Northern Whigs pursue a bolder course. They will be sustained in this hy the united voico of tho fico states, always eixccpting New Hampshire. Tho following is from the New York American : ' The high tariff current is -cuing stronger every day, and it must sweep nil before il. The anti-tarilf men rtro losing confidence in their " Drittsl, C9-" and though ibey may yet bluster and threaten, the world is older than it was m 1P33, and the pros pciuy and 111 lependence- of the w holo Union is ncvi r again to Lcsacrificcd to tho caprice and igiioraneeol a stna I part. 1 Protection of P'reo Labor,' U the mot. to under which we are rallying; and if worst comc to worst,, these words wi.l receive n deep nnd mo ineiilousinlerpretatK p. The democracy of workup men are waking up to aH ihe import e f ibis sentence" IheCominittteouMinufaetures(towhichthissul.iect ilongs) isvvell constituted, and iswtrthy of particu lar obseivation, as evidence of ,,e good judgment of the northern Whigs in their se'cction of jpt, NEW PAPER AT WASHINGTON. Tho first number of a new paper, called the I.vm:ri:.m:NT, has just made its ap pearance in Washington. It is conducicd by Messrs. Pleasants, Johnson and Woodson, and is to be devoted to the support of thor ough Whig principles. Those who have marked the cotuse of the Richmond Whig, 0110 of the most ably edited papers of the country, and a most powerful ally in that great contest which resulted in the utter prostration of tho Tories, will feel assured that this new paper will ho conducted with spirit and ability, when they are informed thai Mr. Pi.i:.isats has left tho editorial cnuiroi 1110 wing to cinbaik in thi enterprizp. new CxritV ATiNo I ism -A letad dryConds house in New or I., is said to nourish under ibc tuloof KOch urn .1- Auiam. 'I ho ladies, of course, patronirfthc establishment largely. Picayune. This is :t mistake. Tho name of tho firm is h'ctchum Chcatum. Hut tho ailies will undoubtedly bo satisfied still, if the si.'n bo mado to read : Ketchum, h'issam Chcatum. For tho ladies can stand frflt ing provided you kiss 'cm ; but it wont do to cheat Vm out of their kisses. s'viiJ filaksJ,1c?r!l lmUml 10 '""''O 'he Mioty Moor say " -My troy ohfc " or ".My .U,y cThfo ha. f 1, into the scto and yellow leaf I' An ans cr prone 1 certified, i Rquctcd.-.V. Y. Atlas. """i Wo hereby certify, that although way may ho one way, yet the right way may be May. Is tho Athisjuitisfied with our certificate! Tin: iiT:sr juki; of Tin-; skaso.w The last Washington Globethat "errcW tcr clrge,,tiamm"vM ,10 f0on ill graph, which we regard as the best joku we havo seen for years: up t':c ilenmrics of niv.uave o,-,n7,,'. ' I'niltini (r(M,,(tl ... "" ru I11LMI5UG BKNTON. Tlio iMudisonian lias this beetle-headed lumngoguo fairly on tho hip. It shows conclusively (hat Pnr.smr.NT TvLcn's Fiscal Project, which the Missouri Gladiator as- iili with a ferocity more rabid than usual, is identical witli tho Government Hank pro posed by General Jackson in 1830, and which tho " old Roman," in his veto roof age, sa d ho would recommend to Congress, if called upon for a plan. Hear the Madi soniun on the subject: COL. IIU.NTON-TIIK MKSSAOIJ. The Preside nl s .Me sane l.nil scnrrrlv i.rn .r.d nn Tuesday last, when Col. Denton roao ond ilo nouncctl that part ol it which relates to a financial shcnie, in strung and decided terms, as unconstitu tional and b'cdcral. Althojgh wcllavvareof thellon. Senator's peculiar notions upon the subject of financi-, yet weconfess that wo were not a little surprised thtt 0110 of Gen. Jackson's greatest admirers, nnd who coincided wilh him 111 nil lit" measures and recnin mcnd.ilions, should find tins scheme of President fvler so very obicctionable. If bo will tal.o tho trouble 10 turn tiOcneinl Jackson's Annual Message. of 1930, he will find that it contains suggestions, upon the same sulijcct, almost luenti al with thoso 111 tho Message just sent to Congrcs.. In that Mcs-airo General Jack-on, says "lus thought praclicib'e to organize such a Dank" (National Dank) "wilh tho necessary offic", as a branch of iho Treasury De partment, Insed on the public and in 'ividual deposits. without power 10 nifiKo loans or purchase pn perly. wbi"b shall remit the funds of the Government, ond tho expenses of which liny bo paid, if thought ndvi- siale, hy allow ing its t lliccrs to sell hills ol exchant to private individuals at a moderate premium." Now cannot Col. Denti n ur, and will not every body sec, who takes tho trouble to read tho Mcssagu irom which uieniiovo c.x'rnct is tniton, a great simi larity I etween this scheme antl the one proposed by President Tyler! (Jen. Jackson proposed that their should bo places of deposites ns Treasury I'ranchcst .ii 1 ),ti a i'i.iiiluiiiuiiiiiiiii.3 .ninni,!!..,, na place's ue deposit, bin disconnected with tha Treasury Depart ment. Gen. Jackson withholds from his scheme tho power to make loans and to purchase property: nor docs Mr. Tyler propose to give to his any such power. wen. jacKson propo--cu 11111 ills agencies should to la-cu on "public ami individual deposits t" so does Mr. Tyler. Ocn. Jackson requires that his agencies shall remit the funds of tho Government j so d-s Mr. Tyler. Gen. Jackson recommended that his agencies should have authority to deal in exchanges : ...i,,.. u, r..l,. r. . ...... . l.. r ..1 ti. : :h I not propose to gives certificates of deoosit to indi- UUt. .'.I. I.H.I. II I, UUU 111.11 Ulllllilll .I1IIK7UI1 vidual depositors, as is suggested by Mr. Tyler, but that follows as .1 necessary cons-ipicnce. From the above comparison of ihe two schemes. P. is shown that there is no essential ddl'ercnce in them. Why, then, should Col. Denton denounce Mr. Tyler a and allow Gen. .lank-on's to pass without a single world of objcciion 1 If such a scheme is considered constitutional and democratic. when suprastrd hv thn la ter, we cannot conceive why it shou'd bo thtught otherwise when recommended by the former. Wo shonld like 10 be enlightened upon thi3 subject by the honorable Senator. From the Doston Atlas. IIIClI-IIANDIin & OUTRAGEOUS CON DUCT OF THE I.OCOFOCO MEMBERS OF THE TENNESSEE LEGISLATURE. We expressed a few days since, the grati fication wo felt, at the prospect of a termi nation of the difficulties existing in the Ten nessee Legislature, in relation to the choice of two Senators in Congress from that State The Senate of Tennessee is composed of twenty-five members twelve of whom aro Whigs, and thirteen Locol'ocos, Mr. Tur ney, the Speaker, being one of the latter. After a long discussion in the Senate, in which the Locofocos strenuously opposed tho proposition to go into Convention with the Ilutisc of Representatives, for the pur pose of choosing two Senators in Congress, Mr Speaker Tur.nt.v gave in. Ilu express ed his sense of I lis responsibility to his con stituents, an acknowledged majority of whom wero Whigs, and who had treated him with great kindness, and ho avowed his determi nation, even at the risk of displeasing his political friends, to carry out the principles of the Constitution antl Laws, and to vote in favor of going into Convention. With this x'ievv he introduced two resolutions, ono proposing 11 Convention, 011 tho second of December, to elect a Senator for six years, to succeed the Hon. A. Anderson and the other, a Convention on the third of Decem ber, to elect a Senator to fill the unexpired term of tho Hon. Felix Grundy. Both reso lutions were adopted, 13 to l'J Mr Speaker Turney and tho twelve Whigs voting in tho affirmative, and the twelve Locofocos in tho negative. For this honorable course, wo took occa sion to pay, what we considered a very well merited compliment to the Speaker. Wo supposed the matter settled, and expected tlu intelligence, ere long, of the election of two Whig Senators. It seems, however, that wu reckoned without our host. Tho machinations of the political villany of Loco focoism rue still triumphant. There is no depth of degradation too low for that party to descend to, to compass their purposes. If there is not spirit enough in the Whitr ma jority of the State of Tennessee to visit theso political scoundrels with the hot wrath of political indignation, we aro greatly mistaken in thoir temperament nud thtir patriotism. The Nashville Whig of tho third of De cember, gives the following account of tho proceedings in the Legislature on the 2d: "After the resolutions were adopted, by whuh tho two Houses agreed to go into Convention for the election of Senators, no one, save the party to tlio subsequent extraordinary and faclio s proceeding nunc pated any further ditlicully on ibe subject. Hut yesterday morning, when a message from the Hous0 of Heprc.-entativcs announced that the Kcptescnia-live- were ready to receive ihe Senate, and a motion was ma c by Mr Will.atiis ol Granger, that the Sen ate repair 10 iho House of Representatives, Mr I.augh bn of Warren, in a violent speech, denouneed tho election by joint ballot as uiirorulifufiiwar, and re fused to leave the Senate chamber 1 in which be was joined by eleven democralic Senator, iz.' .Messrs ttatdner, Hardwicke, Johnson, Mnrlin, Macho, y. ler, Matthews, l'owell, Ross, W'attrhousc and War ner, who iiiainiained llicir neals while the majoiiiy of the Senate, wiib .XIr Speaker Turney at their head rcpi.rcd to the Hnll nf Heprcfcntat ves. When thev reached the House, tho tpicstion was nuide as to the vabdiiy of tho t onvcntiou as then cnnstiieited Trm presiding ofbctr, (iho Spta' cr of the Sci.nic ) gave it as his opinion, that the Convention was ful v-com. potent to meet upon its own adjournments anda suid for absent members, but that the election could not be proceeded with, m tho absence of a quorum Uwo.thirds.)of cither branch ot the LelT Zf Hi I rom llus opinion, tho Speaker of ihe House and several W hig members on ihe floor, dissented, to fir as the right of the Convention to proceed in the tire t on was in question, but to ntford lime for duo dtbb.' j ration, tliey cxprc-scd their willingness to adjourn. On the other bind the Democratic members who d droned the "promiscuous assembly" as ihcy were pleased to term thoConveniion, excepted to so much of the opinion of tho Chair as recognize-d the validity of tho Convention for any purpose whateve r, and de nied Ins right to pn pound motions m tb0 1 1 all or Representatives without ihe presence of two-thirds or tho Senile! Adma upon this doc nnc, almost CO members lift tho Hull when ihe question was pro pounded by Mr speaker Turney on the adjournment .Notwit hsiiindiivj this icp, Mr T. firmly maintained Ihouulhoriiv of tho Couvt ntion, ami an adjournment was had without further interruption," On Friday, tho ltd of December, the Con vention again n.snnblcd and Mr Speaker Tuit.vr.v, tho pure-minded and chivalrous Democrat tho man who had magnanimous ly sacrificed his paity prepossessions to his patriotic sense uf duty Mr Speaker Turney was among the missing. His high sentiments of honor his dctoi initiation to stand liv th I Constitution nud the Laws u ere not in-