Newspaper of Burlington Free Press, January 14, 1842, Page 2

Newspaper of Burlington Free Press dated January 14, 1842 Page 2
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CKUIB IPIBTBO THE TARIFF. F tinmen Notes uroN Taiufp and FnEn Tuaue. A Govornnirnt, whether represented by ono man or"tho million," can learn wisdom front but two sources its own rxprricltct', mill thei'.xperii'iici! of other nations. The former is nn expensive and dilatory mode of instruction and that Government is best, in this respect at least, which can reap tin harvest of know ledge from the bitter fruits of experience ripened by others. Head the following: "Ittissia was prosperous in 191fl, '17, MS nnd 10 ; but, fascinated willi I tic theories of Adam Smith nml J. II. Siy, s'ta a.l.iptal a iow larill't i 1S13, on the plan of letting traito regulate itself. In this TnrifTshc abrogated her prohibition, nml lowered her ilulii". The cotm ry vvus immediately deluged with foreign goods and, in due course, drained of its specie, as wo Imvo been in past year?, to pay fcr the surplus of Ihosa imports, winch far exceeded her exports. The trios: disastrous concqucnccs took place. Circula tion was sloppid. Distress and wretchedness over spread the land. Tho manufacturers first fell victims to this mistaken policy, Agriculture next felt the shock, and finally, bankruptcy swept Rway n largo firoportion of those commercial houses, whoso cupid ty had paved the way for tho misery of the country." Iloro is experience hero are known and undeniable cffects,resuliing from equally well attested causes : and how was the evil cor rected 1 By a return to a protective Tar i(T. The following extract is from the Em peror of Russia's circular, written by Count Nesselrodo, in IS27", on the subject of tho now Tariff: "To produce happy effects, the principlesof com mercial freedom mi'st bo generally adopted. The Stale ichich adopts, nil lit others reject lhem,must con demn its oicnindustry and commerceto pay a ruinous tribute to those of other nations "trout a circulation exempt from restraint, nnd the facility afforded by reciprocal exchanges, almost nil governments at first resolved to seek tho means of repairing the evil, which Knghnd had been doomed to suffer j but experience and moic correct calcula ting, bcrause thej wcro made from certain data, nnd upon results already known, of the peace that had jti-t taken place, forced theui to adhero to the prohibitory system." "England preserved hers. Austria remained faith ful In tin! rule she haj laid down, to guard hcrs"!f against tin- rivalship of foieign industry. 1'ranco, with tli same views, adopted the most rigorous measures of precaution, and Prussia published a new jTaritTin October last, which proves that she found it 'mpossiblc notito follow the example of the rest of Ktt rope." "In propnrlion as the prohibitory system is extended and nidered perfect in other countries, that stale itlc pursues the contrary system makes from dan to day s i -r'fees more extensive and marcconildcrablc." "It is with tho most lively feelings of regret, ve ticknowle Ice, that it is our own pre per experience which eiulilcs us to trace this picture. 'Ibu evils which it details, liavo been realized in Russia nil I Poland, since the conclusion of the act ofl91S. Agriculture- without a market indu try without pro lection, langui-b and decline. Specie is exported, and tho most suld cor.mercial houseware shaken. Tltepn'ilir p jsp'Tity wu'd -jon feci tho wound in !1 cti'il on private fortunes, if now regulations did not promptly change tha actual stnto of affairs." "Events havo proved that nur agriculture nnd our commerce, as well as our manufactures, are not only paralyzed, but brought to tho blink of ruin." Hero is experience for our guide, against tlto theories of our free trade philosophers. J,et it ha borne in mind, however, that wc do not quarrel with the doctrines of froo trade, when rightly applied and understood. Tbovcry term "trade" implies dealings between two par iesand to make it a free trade, there must bo no restriction on either side. Trade is an ex change of commodities money represents the value and settles the difference. Let the ex change of commodities between us and England be free on both sides, and no one will complain. Jlfuko it free on our side, and restrictive on theirs and it "condemns our industry and commerce to pay a ruinous tribute" to the commerce and in. dustry of England. To call such a situation of things by the name of free trade, is as absurd as to say that a boxing match between two per eons, one of whom has his h tnds tied behind him is a fair fight, because, forsooth, one is free to knock the other down as olten as ho please. A friend, whose opinion I value higher than that of any theoretical writer living, lias illus. tratod the absurdity of free trade with a country who will take nothing fmm us, she can do with out, excepting gold and .-ilver, in return for what we buy, in the following manner : I go to tny estate in the country to pass the Summer, and am surrounded with twenty farmers. They in terchange labor; tools, horses-, &c. with each other and they cultivate their farm--, and get in their crops, by an interchange of labor and tools', without the payment of a dollar. On my part, I am only there for the Suu.mei and buy of them my provii-iot s, anil hire that wc rk 1 wish to have done. In this manner, I pay theui five hundred dollars, which I cat up and consume. At tho end of the summer, I am to much tho poorer in purse, and they so much the richer. In the illustration, I am America they the rest of the world. Now ware America rich in gold and silver as my friend i, it would be of little consequence, provided the mines would yield rapidly enough, if tho experiment wcro to be carried on a little longer but unfortunately our wealth consists in exactly what other na tions will not take, viz. the productions of the soil. They will rot on the ground, whilo the few glittering coins that aro left us to sot our own energies in m 'tion, to supply us with the iiiciusof making our other products valuable, are raited up, and shipped to foreign lands. Wo talk ofa return to specie payments in this country, as if it wcro only necessary for our Legislatures to vote that it shall be done. Could a correct return be made of the coin now in tho country compared to tho amount in 18U7, the impossibility of tho thing would be apparent. The truth is, our specie has left tho country, for tho very plain reason, that we import, under therfree trade syste m, in the face of an impos sibility to export, under the very same system, anything but specie, in settlement of a largo balance. If England would receive llour, pork lead, and the various productions of the West, in payment for the manufactures tint are pour ed in there, wo should never have behold the humiliating spectacle of a rich and productive btate in the Union bankrupt and dishonored. If Congress would make a Tariff tomorrow, stifli. cient to set in motion the manufacturing iuilits. try of Now England, tho price and demand of the productions of tin agriculturist would bo double in one year. If, on tho o. her hand, this branch of national induslry dull bo neglected the following consequent may be safely pre. dieted. "AuuictTfntv ituout a siAntit-r INDUSTIIV LANOUISIIINO AND DECLINING THE COUNTItV DRAINED OF fcPF.dC AND COMMERCE rAKALIZED AND Dr.STSOVKD." I'. Kroni the Huston Atlas. THE HISTORY OF 'J 'HE CULTIVATION OP INDIGO IN INDIA. In n lalo letter I sent you extracts fp, McCulloch's Comiuerci.il Dictionary nnd tho History of South Carolina, rolalivo to tho tiso nnd decline of tho cultivation of Indigo in America, und its contemporaneous rise In I i lia. From tho facts there stated, it np. pearod indhtpiitabhi that tho rise of tho ono proved the dirgct ciuiq of the ftl) of ,0 other. It wus also shewn that tho present nttompls to improve tho growth of cotton in India nro precisely similar in ovcry respect to thoso mado by the same in the improvement of Indigo, nnd thai thcre fjro it is fair to suppose that a like succt ss will attend their efforts. Both retptiru the sumo soil for their growth. And thin far, tho history of their success in Cotton is an exact parallel with their attempts to improvu tho cultivation of Indigo. If, in tho follow ing fuels relative to the culture of the latter, taken from the report of proceedings of the Kast India Company, wo substitute Cotton for Indigo, mul change tho dates, we have an exact account of what is now going on in India in regard to the cultttrcof Cotton. Who can mark thu exactness of the parallel be tween these two attempts of tho East India Company to "injure a regular supply of ar ticles essentially necessary to some of the most impoilant British manufactures," and any longer doubt that the success which lias already attended one, is also sure to follow, in duo time, tho other? Extract from the Report of tho Proceed ings of the East India Company in regard to the culture and manufacture of Indigo: "About the year 171", most of the Planters in Ja maica, and other !iritih possessions in tho West Indies, relinquished the cultivation of Indigo, and tho Spanish and French coloni-s, (where tho best kinds had been, made,) continuing to export, the l'rilish consumption of iho finer sorts was chiefly oltaiucd fiom foreign sontces in Europe. Ulieii the ISritish Provinces of North America had broken off their connection with the parent state, and the Company's territories in India had become greatly extended, another change took place. The Courts of Directors made extraordinary efforts to increase the production of Indigo and improve Its quality, foreseeing that, if thty succeeded, the result would at once be highly advantageous to India and beneficial to this country, by ensuring a regular sup ply of an artukle essentially necessary tosome of the most important Hritish manufactures. Influenced by these views, the Court, in 1779, entered into a contract with a gentleman in Ucngul, who was en gaged in the cultivation, for a supply at prices which were intended to encourage the growth. Other en gagements of ilinsauic kin 1 were successively made, until thevcar 17S9. At ili.itpciiod, tho Court, taking review of whit had bo. n done, found that very heavy losses had occuric I under tho existing system, but lint the indigo produced had nrrived at a considerable degreo of perfection. Tho result of tho enquiry was a determination that the Company sliou'd cease to purchase fur at least three year-, nnd that the trade should be laid upon to their servant and other ncr- ons under their protection, upon the payment f freight, company's duties and charges. This, it was Imped, won lit ciealc competition, and operate towards bringing the artielo to tis hiirh a slate of improvement as poss'ib'e, at Iho same time that it would effect a red icti-in in tho cost of manufacture. As a farther aid in (limning trade, the Company made largo ndvances of money, secured on the Indigo, on a plan of remittance to London, and this course was followed for many ytais. In F05, the Court saw fit to order that their com merce in Indigo should bo resumed in the following year, by ready money purchases to the amount of ihrco lacs, and open to provisional extension in that seasrvi; and with some intern issions tho company continued to purchase, Litherin the same mode or by contract, for exportation to London, to a greater or less amount, mini a short lime before the expiration of the late charter. To assist the planters Of India) in their attempts to rival the superior produce of Americans this iras all that icas contemplated ; but happily more has been r,ct.;.,-.,l India, fur many vcarspast, has produced Indigo of quality sni....,Mr i,nt of any other country and ba9 long been the chief source: uf supply lo the rest of the world." Accompanying the Report from which extracts are made, is a large number of papers in immediate reference to thu subject, called from tho company's collection. Thc following extracts from a few of these docu ments, will show the success of tho principal measures pursued by the Court, in further ance of their design, from the commence ment of the improvement in the production of Indigo, until a high degree of success was attained, and thu manufacture became firmly established in India, und entirely supplanted in the United States. In a letter, dated March 17SS, from the Court of Directors, to the Governor General in Council, it is stated, notwithstanding the Micces and the advantages nlready gained, tho losses of tho company had been very considerable, ns follows : Cost and charges, JT30.O07 Produced only 'JI,5'W Loss, S.G11 Or equal to 23 per cent. "I'mm a duo consideration of thcs9cir'aimslane,"' sav: the letter, "hp S'v tlu ni-resiuy for adapting sjitnj oilur mea-uns concerning lliis article, than th')c that hao Ihn ii heretof ire pursued." we have t'letefore. fntinailLe rnntib inlnn of lltp subject, cniiic to n concl inoii lu decline all further concerns in Indigo, for the term of three years ; din ing which t)riod, we permit of its bein j cnt home. on tlieaceount of our servants and nil nlheis undei mr protection, upon payment of fieiglit ami Com inny's rharges. We are led lo tho manure of hviti" iip n this branch of trade-, in the hopes il will create in individuals ilial kind of competition which will not f -nl in operate in bringing ihcuriiile to its greatest possi1 lo perfection." Subsequent letters are principally in re ference to tho efforts of the Company to im- provo tiie quality of the Indigo, for tho pur pose of supplanting tho American and other kinds. In a letter from tho abovo to the sumo, dated May 1791, the first acknow ledgment is made of the marked improvement of Indian Indigo, and its cfiects upon other kinds. 1 ho letter says: "Tho measures vott havo taken far nrtinlmn on couragement to iho cultivation nnd manufacture! of inuigo, meet our entiru approbation, nnd wo trust front the favoiablo prices that hao been obtained at our late sale-, tho planters will find their account therein. It is with satisfaction wu learn ik owing to its improved ejuality, continues rising in tiie csieeui oi uic several oescrinnons nt ti,A rnn. ,,.-. and that there is a prospect of a considerable export lnlhnlnr.K,n innrt-M. Hi. .,' V o" ; .. ...v.uwwa ui;trciieiy re sulting rrom the trade, is sufhcicnt to induce us to acquie.-cein its continuance, until the artielo becomes more clloclually established." The same letter contains the following table of tho quantities of Indigo, imported into England, in tho year 1789. Spam, 318.7SJ lbs. Portugal, 9G,GI7 do America, Slo.lll do Kist Indies, 37UGQ- do Ostend, chiefly Knst Indies, 210,339 elo Other por's, 79,1100 do 1,953,537 The letter adds, that as tho entries aro always mado larger than the actual quan tities, the above amount would ho nearer tho truth, if rated at 1,700,000 lbs. Of this, one million pounds was consumed in England, and the residue, of which tho East Indian horo its proportion, exported lint as 1 cannot, in the limits of a single) loiter, find room for all that is worth extract ing from these papers, I shall, in another lettur, resume thu subject. T. .M. I). A nnmui'ui. Tiiaurdv. Tito Geoigtown, Ulitn, ntauUni'U, ol the Killi mst. savs "On Friday morning last, Mr. Hugh O'Noil of I'orry township, in this county, was found Uoael near tlio (lour ot Ins house, unit the house burning over tho murdered bodies of his wife aim llirco cliiurcn. rrom circumstances, il was supposed (hut liuniurdord hiswifu and tho three children, set fire to tho house, nnd then cut his own throat No other cnuso can bs assigned for this horrid ded tlun mental derangement." niK CAl'TUKH OPTUE TKXIAN SANTA 1'E EXPEDITION. We copy the following letters from tho St. Louis, (Mo.) Republican, of tho 21th lilt., giving further particulars of the capturo of this entire expedition. The Rep iblican taye, the from San a Fe will excite a thrill in every inrr can hi cant: r-Vim ftit f-'f ( 'nature of the Tcxian I-ive- ditioii,tonfirmed-lndisnily to the American Consul unit lit rutuent Americans in aania re I lsnpi.csnp.vrr. Dec. 1G. 18-11. Messrs tjlilors We hae! news nitaitt from the av.t liti, nfn iiiil inflin It miurp. riinnor Alvarez our American Consul in New Mexico, with live or six ftthcr gentlemen, nrnved here (My beforo yester ilav, nfler a tedious trip of E0 days Irnm Sanla Ke. Thev wito much imnoyed with cold weather and simvv. ihrontrhout ttearlv lite wbeilo route. Thecom- p iny consisted of 12 or l"i when they left Mexico ! 5 ol llieso separated irnnt ine party nooue ovu u-iiu- fViMi lior,v r.n.l tn.ib n mnrp Sun. hern rilltc to avoid ihe cold. Of the rest, one, n German from Ibis ncighboiliooil, wns frozen tp death t three others are at Cnltnn Wood K. rk, one so much frozen that he canm I linvel, one sick, nnd tho third compelled lo remain titid keep the two from starvation. They had a.iiiw. nnlp I, fi in their in session hv Mr. Alvarez and his friend, liable at any moment, though, lo be ilepiiveel ol all ny tiie in nans arounii. .is-isinncc is lobe sent from here i'limciliitelyt whether it is timely nrnnt. we cannot tell. The slnrnl IhcV encountered was verv violent, and the snow tell to the de pth of Iwo or three feel it was much driricet in places, -o that it was almost impossible to travel. The five who left the main parly, having to pass over a prairie country nltogellicr, (where no fuel can I o procured,) il is supposed ihcy perished. This, however, bears no comparison to what rollows. 'Hie lexians, on ih Ifitli O.io! cr. arrived in Santa IV. ill much worse circum. lances than could ever have been imagined thev aro all captured, bound, nnu sent as prisoners to the city Mexico. Tho causes and attendant cir cumstanccs, as given by our informants, aro these : Tho deputation, on their arrival near Sanla Ke, were divided into three parlies ono tinder tlio com manrl of Hoevland ! another under Cook, tho Com1 missary General from Texas j and tho other under Mcl.eod or I.oud, tho Commander-in-Chief, (avcrv inefficient man, anil, withal, a fop.) When near the nlaco ofelcslinalion, Rowland with two more, were Dentin advance ns pnies. to ascertain the disposition of tho .Mexicans towards them. Not understanding the nature of their embassy sufficiently, and from tlie-ir contradictory Matcmcnts concerning the place from whence tlicy Itat cel. they wcro supped and or dered not leave the bounds. In the mean time they mado their escape, but after travelling five davs and only progressing fifty miles, they were taken by some sncpltcrds, urougntin ami snot, oeven more irom tlm romnanv wcro ntrnin sent in among them was Kendall, tho editor of tho I'ycayunc; a son of Leslie Combs, ofKy.i and a Mr. Lewis they bad in their pomcsMon the Constitution nnd Laws ol Texas, the American pas-ports, Stc. of Kendall and others. On their wav in, llicy were taken prisoners by a Captain of the Militia, nnd marched out before the presented guns of the company to bo shot i bv the entreaties of lie prisoners and others, tho Captain, however. disobovcu orders, and tool. Ilient to tno n.ivernor. Shortly after, seventy morenud then the whole num ber of the Texans were surrounded and taken j Cook being tho only one desirous ol mat. ing the least resis tance. Their fate is wretched in tho extreme. That day thev were slript of nearly all their clothing, de prived of their slti.es, hand-culled, and started on foot '2000 miles to the city of Mexico, with orders from the Governor, that each man, ,tis ho gave out, must be speared or bavonetlcd, and left on the road-side. They had gone 30 mi'es fiom Santa Vc, (when these men left,) and three of the iniiiil er wcro already slain in obedience to the order. Lewis, it is throught, by hi knowledge of Iho Spanish language, worming hiiii If in and becoming a favorite w iih the Governor. proved traitorous, and informed him of the distracted and destitute situation of the company hence the disregatd paid to the Constitution nnd Laws (if Texas, , . . iii 1 ., .., ' antt especially tiie paporis oi jvenemu nnu inu oilier Atnericains. (of wliieh they made a bonfire in the public, square.) The resident Americans al tempted to pet Kendall and his companions released, and sent tticni some clothing, Hut diu not succeed ; and in nil probability tho clothing noier reached them. It scents to havo I cen required by Hie Texan Govern ment, that the Company should not fight if they could pos ibly awiid it, I ut merely publish the Con stitution nnd Laws, make some arrangements about trade, and return home. Had there 'not been nnv prevarication in Iho statements of Howland, ami if ihe rest bad made any show of resistance, they would have taken entile possessieiti of the country inimc ''."''i' The Governor was -urprised at their situa lion, supposing ."': - h ennriurrniio. united, and pleut fully supplied with provisoh'C ah U m.-..'... ... Santa I'c. The Americans are ordered not to leave the town the goods of some of them aro confiscated nnd their lives endangered every hour, din's Hent. with other, wasincu tody, bu' released; Giddingb' goods taken front him ; sonic of Rowland's taken aNo. Signor Alvarez was shamefully trcaied, or dered to icmain in the limits of ihe town, and assas sination attempted bv tho rabble; but he disobeyed, ami slarled for this place mnnnlialely. I havo been thus particular, knoAing that if you had not heard previously, you would be very nnviniig to learn all the circumstances. You may rely upon the vcra -ity of these men, and the correctness of Iho statements in the main ; simc slight variation mav occur in iho details. After a n spile ofa few days, tlio gentlemen will In, in nurcitv on their wav eastward, when von can learn nil more connectedly, minutely, an I much more than I convey m mis sheet. It is rumored that l2or 15 Delawaroand I'otlawat nn, in Iinlinii4 luclv attacked a tnrtv of Sioux, in one of lh"lr hunling excursions, nnd were all killed except one, who telurred to tell the tiiourntnl inie. lite Houx numbered front itO in 4C0. Yours, &e. WesTKns Mlssni-RiAN- OrricE, KtiKPr.MincE, Dec. 11 l&ll. J A patty uf el. hi Ainerie-nns arrived at this place yesteid.iy Irom Sanla V ; in company willi Manuel Alvaicz, i'sep. United States Consul at Santa I'c, . in,.., n! ii i. ihi'v left nn tho '2Uth October. From these genlleiiKii wo learn the p uticular-of the ar- ru.t nt Ihe I cxan i..xpv(ir..oii in uic iiopaiuiuut ui New Mexico, nnd Us ici-ults. liiforiiintionli.nl been I'.irwnriled tn D.111 M.iuuel Aiiicgn. both fiom Mex ico eitv. and from General Arista, eoniuuiiJing thu .Not mem .nexicau .inn), ui nivu.-ji.uiuii-... n alls Irom Austin, in June. Much nnxielv pri'va le'd tiie Mexican population ; and such was the convic tio.i uf thu Governor (Manuel Amegu) hat iho Tex ans would catty the tinmtry, thai he made his will, .itiiUccated his own eeisurediid thai of the wealth iest citizen. On ill Slh of September, Mr How laud n 'I'm an nrtieer. account .iiie.il bv ltoscburv and II. t- kcr, leached Sanla l'e, and on ihe 11th, n Comanche. ..rough! Iiiloriualioii lliatlliu lexan lotce It tu icacii n.l iluie-isii rti a lt cmeiit. .Mr lliiwlaud was or 'ere'd to temaiii ei'htdajs in Santa IV, but finding himself suspected of being a Texan spy, left with his coinpan tons on thu evening of iho l.ili. On Ihe loth, an Indian, accompanied bv a .Mexican, (a citizen ol Tex ns.l nrrivedand vvcrotmpiisoned. The Italian gave exaggerated accounts ot tho fatco nnd intentions of the I cxans. During the 11 Ii, 15th nnd lGth, tlio Mevican militia passed through Sanla Ke. going out lo meet thoTexaiis. On the IGlh, the Govcrnoror- dered all Ihe foreigners to confine themselves to Santa Ft, and departed himself for the scat of war, On iho ISth, news arrived that Col Juan Andres Archulelta, nt ili.'. head oft he Mexican militia, had met the ad vance corps of the Texans, under Col. Cnol;, 63 men nnd 7 ofi'icers.l al Atitoiichico, 73 miles from Santa Fo, Negotiations wcro attempted to bo held on the nartof the Texans. wherein Navarro represented on the part of tho texans, that their oliect was to invito the fvevv .Mexicans to unite inemseives to tnc i exan Republic. The answer was that tho Texans must sutrenderor fight and they eventually surrendered without firing a gun, on condition that their lives hould be secure. On the 7th of October, news arrived ol the surren der of Col. McCloud, and the main lody of iho Tex ans, 200 in number, somo 50 miles in rear of ihe nosi lion ot uoi. uooi.. uiitiio au oi aeptctiipcr, tnc Mcxicins celebrate I their victory at v cgas, tho frou tier settlement uf tho United States. Tho Texans were stripped of their arms, properly, and shoes. Thasa wcro thrown into a pilo itt the public square, anddisiribuicdamongthe militia bv the Governor himself. The proclamations, &c. found nbout the icxans, m the f-pamiiii language, were thrown into a bonfire, and tho prisoners and foreigners bound, driven up, and compelled to witness it. Amongst these documents burnt waB tlu-passport of Mr Ken dall, (ihe Kditor of the New Orleans Picayune.) who, with sonio twelve traders, were taken with Cook's party. These genelemen hod beon confined at San Miguel until the eaplure of McCIoud's party, when tlrj' were likewise snipped, and turned into the com- nioii crowd of prisoners. Tho whole number of prisoners was Jul, who were immediately marched oll'in n fang, barefooted nnd half naked to the cily of Mexico, a dulanco of 2000 miles, at a season w hen the frosts are severe nttd theweathcrinclement. The conduct ui tno .Mexicans is represented ns savage and ferocious ill tllCCXtrctllO towards tho dafrnretesii nris. oners, nnd to havo extended, in many instances, to the foreigners residing in the country. Sir, llowland and his companions who had rctrenled from Snntn Fo, wro overtaken by a parly of .Mexicans, near the uivcr recos, wueruuosuury was Killed. Howland and linker being brought to the Governor, were, by hisorder shot, without trial, as Texan spies. On tho 17lh October, before his departure from Santa l c, Arinego, the Governor, wrote to tho Aincrictn Consul, orderingtho foreigners to confine themselves within the town for twenty days. After his tlepnriuro tho nephew of tho Governor, who is HI51I coumiaui nnu necretary, accompanied tiy a wr eeaut and s d Iter, and followed hv n mnli. nimeliixl the house of the A uteri nil Consul, burnt into it, and wounded hint severely in tho face. Thrcn.s were mado by tho rabble against the American citizens nnd tinny arrested and thrown into pri-on i from which on tho return of the Governor, they were released. niter nieacieing tno American uonsui, llieinoh proceed ed to the jail, where their lender s.ubbed the Mexican (from Texas) who had been srrestcd with the Italian on Iho ISth, The above is a detail of facts nj far m naeenlned by the gentlemen recently arrived at this place.twho ,3,.Hn..l ir, K,nl'-. .,..1 .J ' ' ..... ... .., ,,,,,,, r sce-nes of the luinsclknii. WASHINGTON CORUESl'ONDENCE. Correspondence oftheN. Y. Kxprccs. Wasiiinoton, Jan. 3. Tnt Tarrf debate disposed of In the House of Hep rcscntatintThe Discussion inthe Senattcontin uedEvors excepted, The Previous Question was catricd in tho llotiso to-day byatijvotc, tbcSpeakcr voting in Ihe affirm ative, and tins putting mi end to the nrotrac'ed nnd irregnlnr dsrussimt which has continued there for three, weeks past. The Committee of Manufactures, you will lea-tt, are to havo charge of that portion of the I'rei left's Mess igo which Ircaisnf the Tariff. ' This Coiuiiittco is composed of tho following gentle men t Mr.Saltonstall, of Mn's, Chairman i. I.. Till nghnsl, of It. I.i J. F. Kandolph, ofN. J.( William Sladc, of Vermont ; II 1. Hunt, of New Yolk Thomas Henry of Penn t R. W. Habersham, of Georgia) Aaron V. Ilrown, of Tcnn t Patrick C. Caldwell, (rS. C. The Matiifncturing States you sec nro well icpre st illed. J'r. .Saltiiusinll, ns Chairman of the Com miller, is veil nullified for tho post assigned hint, and will prcscitan exceedingly alio and valuab'e lte;rt upon hesiliicct. His associates upon the Comiuiitec nro nlso fo- the most portable turn. The itiaiiifacluring intctcst of the country, it is well undcrslooc here do not seek lor protection to the ex tent presuiied by gentlemen from the South. 'Iho Revenue o." the country to the extent required for the expendituttsof the Government and the payment of its debts, now amounting to fourteen millions; will nf ford protection enough. For simo years to come there seems to be no pro! ability of any surplus in Ihe Trcasnr, even with high eludes imposed nt the Cus toms. The Public Lands will yield nothing to the Gcnctal Government, and between present expendi tures and the payment of past debts there will be de mands enough upon the Trcrsury for all receipts at Custom. The Loaa bill will probably bo considcrcd to-mor tow in tho House of Representatives. The bill pro poses an extcn ion of the time to 12 vears, and nn in crease of tho amount to 811,500,000 SG 600,000 of the Loan of the Extra Session, and $5,000,000 new. It isprohablc that this bill will pass, but exceedingly doubtful whether the proposed loan can bo ncgociatotl. So say letters from New York, lloston and other cilics. It is peissib'e, however, that the loan maybe ncgociatcd abroad,, if the intere-t is made payable there and the time more extended. Tee bill reported proposes the rcdemptiou at thu pleasure of the Gov ernment, and somo other checks, will prevent a for eign loan unless removed. It has been in contem plation among some of tho Loco-Foco members to move an amendment to tho till when it comes up tiir consideration, and to propose Treasury notes as n substitute. If tho motion carry with it the strength of inu uany, ..iiigscnuuKii limy vuiuiur ine nnienomcni to change the proposed loan to nn issue of Treasury notes. Since the isstio of Treasury notes inthosess ion of 1337, the question of issue has never been a slrictly party vote. Mr. Henton and his friends have opposed the creation of this sort of paper money, nnd so have many of tho Whigs. In regard to tho proposed Board of nxchcqtter, there is soine faint hope of a change of policy in re gard to it, butilis so very faint that nogood anticinn- tion can be realized. If the Whips abandon it nltn. gethcr, thj Loco Focos will endeavor to make a sub- treasury system ot it, and pusli it through Congress. In the Senate the party have left the debate to Whig Senator-altogether, and so far thev have cone Imvnml the opposition men in denouncing the scheme. Mr. Ilimlingloii.of Conn., to-day found n thousand enor mities, and not one virtue in tho whole report and bill r.vcry pari nnei parcel oi tno Pill was repudiated. Mr. Hales, of Mass., will continue the dir-cussinn. hut in belter temper, I believe, and with different views

man those entertained by .Mr. II. Mr. Henton is driving his postponement Hill In dc. feat the; Bankrupt Hill, and is aide! by Messrs. Cal houn, Wright, and Htichanan. Tho petitions are coming in in all quarters asking for repeal, but so far they da not seem to be numerously signed. If the friends of tho Bankrupt Hill work half so well ns the enemies of the measure, there will bo no danger of re peal. I mentioned as n rumor last evening the ntnrrnige of the daughter of the President. Itttmor did not tell the truth. 1 1 seldom docs. My informant heard tho report from one who saw bv the ngenev of clair voyance. It is nn event to happen soon, but which lias not taken place. Tho Kail Koad men had a very full and spirited meeting this morning, nt the room of the Post Master General, in the Post Office Department. Some fir. teen Stales were represented, and about nil the Hail Koad Companies in the country. The Post Master r ,t ..l..,,3..A.I .m.nl nr,ivi.lin0ni,lniriitB luetic in Ihe present mm arranoemeni nml ti. . ccssary remedies or tliem.togethcr with his Kcport to inu i rr-uie-iii ae mo commencement or Uic session of Congress. The views of Mr. WicklilTe were submit led ton Committee of fifteen one from each Stnte of which Louis McLane, of aid., is Chairman. The wuiiiiiiiueu ..in ien,n lo-niorrow, to wincli time the Convenlion have adjourned. Address, s were made at v uiiii-ii ,,. .i.i uini win iiucuniiuueu to mor row. Il is hone I that some cood mil' l ,1,;. meeting, but very doubtful ns yet whether there will urnui. vours. i:. II. ,, , , , WAstusoTON, Jan. 5, 1912. .Mr. aiorchead lias made a mnst rtnni,.,. o i. : the Sannte to-day. in opposition to tlm l.vnl,r.m,..r project. This .-peech was not (inly highly intercstin" in itself, but possessed an adventitious importance itom ucmg supposul lo express the opinions of Mr. Clay Mr. aiorchead took no miilillit i,iiiniiili I.. expressed himself entirely thoroughly uncoinpro. in smgiy opposed to incproposed plan. He thought libeller to bear the ills wc now endure, than tocx poso ourselves toothers that we know not of. Fn in ins spcecn ii is inir io conclude mat lie will not hear to tiny measure of compromise. Does Henry Clav entertain the same sintinina 1 To a great extent it is to be presumed lie dors Hehas siid that he knows not ol'nny form rf moj.fic.ilioii of which Ihe Lxeheq ier is susceptible that will meet the views of those who have advueated a Hank of the United Slates. At the same tune air. Clav is nrnhahlv nnvermsl by more enlarged views than miMnf those who op pose the plan genirnllv. He is willing lo do any tliliiL' that in iv be fur the uliimatc benefit uf ilu n i. linn, bill ho really d "e- lint beli.'ve lint ihe proposed p'iin, tin trr any modification, will be ptiiductive of such In tit lit. Vfter Mr. .Morchead had conchuliil. Mr. Sinilllnn s Mui'te on tho same tulip-, t for somo time ; nfler lie had linishcil, the r-eitale niljoiirntd. There has been much siirpn o in ilio nnlitlcnl cir. ties here nt the course of .Mr. Borrow, of Louisiana, m his peecli i of ye lerday. During the last session he was considered ns a Tyle-r man, and hut little was hoped of bun in ihe crisis which has followed. Nev ertheless ho has come forvraiel boldly and without flinching shown himself in the position of n true Southern nian,and entirely silenced the rumors which, during ihe extra session, were common lo his disad vantage, placing htm under Executive influence and control. I he President slid seems satisfied with bis own course. I here is littlo doubt that he is greatly mis led as to iho true tone of popular opinion, I y the par Uitc3nnd ttaltercrs who surround hint. He is much dissatisfied (as it is reasonable to suppose ho would he) with the feeble and inefficient courso of ins press here, nnd earnestly wishes for a more energetic and experienced conductor. Whether such an ono can no found, and induced to take charge of his organ in this city, remains lu bo seen. Among the remarkable) events if the day, is tho unauthorized presencoof General Gaines in litis city. ..ubiuiiuiaib unuu ui, ui.uiui lliliu ui UUsCIlCu OU- taincd fiom the Secretary of War. When lin arrived a regular leave of absence was tendered him by Gen eral Scott, which he refused lo receive. Under llicse circumstances, tho General's age, services, and posi tion in the army, be;ing token into consideration it wua juugeu inexpeuietti io uouri .llarlial linn ; anJ leave of absence was made out in his favor by the Prc sidenl himself, under which he may now be consider ed as absent from duly. It is to be hoped for the honor of the service to which ho belongs, that General Gaines and his lady will not sec fil to nauseate tho public with their rc dious lectures on H'r an d Peace for the future. I am not fully advised how these exhibitions may bo regarded at the North. But here thero is but one opinion regarding them, and that is of such a nature that if the Geneial fully understood it, ho would never make this region the theatre for display in that line again. rilOM PHILADELPHIA Correspondence of tho Journal of Commerce.l , . , , aniMiiELriiiA. Jan, 3d, 1612. This was the day for the annual election of Di rectors in the U, S. Bank. Tlio ineeiing was ono of the stormiest that has ever been held in the insti tution. A most voluminous report was made by Ihe officers of the Bank, affording a minute history of the condition of the institution. Ilnamesevcry individ ual debtor, tho amount and character of tho debt. It occupies some two or three quires of paper, and what is more and better, it was ordered to be pub lished I ,8o we shall at last sea ihe bottom of this sink of iniquity and corruption. A violent debate on a series of resolutions offered hy air. Josiahllandal occupied a considerable por tion of tho time of the ineeiing. These resolutions allege that the Iwo last assignments were illegal nnd should be rescinded, quashed, abolished, or some such term. Mr, ltawle look n decided stand against them hut air, Kandal proved the more successful debater or had tho belter cause, for tho meeting adopted his resolutions. So the nssigments, except the ono first mode to secure the ;oj noM, nro rccinded provided the action of to-day is confirmed by a ineeiing order ed to bo held for the purpose on the 3d .Monday in Febttary next. If it should, the bonk will again be in statu 7tto antibellum. Jlr, Biddle showed himself neither deod nor dashed ipr ins ncKet wastn I lie field, and at the present wrb ling it is unknown, vv men hat sticeeeled in election. tlm.HI.HV;.. ,1,. .L...L. . r .1.1:"" t '"T"" l'-clll ,ciii ui iiiciiiBiiiuuan, gnevs, ofitrr, tint a 1 was ibout JjO.CW)! uini,mnii On Saturday last, nn motion of air. Brooke, a rule was granted by the district Court to show cnuso why nil tho attachmciitawli'uh havo been recently issued by tlicjitdgment creditors of the Hank of the United Slates, should not bo quashed. It is contended that a specific mixta of enforcing payment of judgments against corporations, is provi led by the act of as sembly, namely, by sequestration and that tho law providing for attachments upon judgment is not np jihcablcto bo'lies eorpototo. Wc are informed tin' similar rules have been grnntcd in other cases, and as the question raise I is ono of considerable importance the dcc.sion of the court will be nwaitcd with much intcrcstby Iho members of tho legal profession and tho cominui.ity. INDIAN HOSTILITIES Fom FLonmv. fly tho arrival yesterday of tho s'eamer Ocn. Clinch. Cant. Brooks, we ,tte in posses sion of the St. August. nc News and tho Herald, of Friday and Mitiinlny last. Wo have nlready men tioned the recent murders l y the Indians in Kt't Florida, but the following, which wo cxlrnct front the Nnw, is n more particular statement than' has before been publMicd I Axornen Indian Ournor. ' aiunnen anp Db STnceiloN or PnornnTV. For some time past, our citizens in this section of the country, Knst of St. Johns, have been lulled into nppaicn! security, tinder the idle nnd vnirue' bet cf that there was nn danger to be apprehended, since lite notorious Wild Cat nnd his liiirty, who were helievrii io no the only Indians who iac heretofore committed denrc lations on this side of the river, were shipped. But wc havo now tore curd the factthnton .Monday Inst a party of twenty one Indians approached the settlement nt Mandarin, and after capturing nn old negro belonging lo air William Ilartly, laid by until night, when they at tacked the home tif that gentleman (William Harlly ) w ho happened to be out hunting, killed his wife and child, and aicssrs. Domingo Acosln, and William aiotpus. The Indians, after committing the foul deed, plunetereel tho house nnd applied the torch. It was consumed, together with tho out-buddings. They then proceeded to the plantations of Nathaniel nnu ucorcc nan v. too inmates Having lieu, nnu likewise 1 nmed nnd destroyed them. Tho Indians then proceeded a short distance in a southerly di rection, where they encamped until morning, when they released the old negro and proceeded on their course. Cnnlain Currv. of Mnmlnrin. with a few othor citi zens, followed their trail the next day for some dis tance, until it was nnauy iosi. On rumor of the transaction reaching town. Lieut. Judd, with a small detachment of soldiers from the oarracKS, iiieomy avaimuie lurcc, lmmeuiaieiy pro ceeded in pursuit. The Indians are stilt believed to bo North of the Picolata road, as no signs have been discovered of their re-crossing. Wo learn bv a gentleman direct from Tampa, that there are 32U Indians at mat post, who nave surren deree!, and among them 100 warriors. Those cap tured by Capt. Wade are not included. Savannah Hep. of ucc. 30. tD"0iov. Seward, in his preparations for the New Year, has subsituted lemondae and cold water for punch and wine. I bis is a bold in novation, but one which the spirit of the tunes demanded. The Temperance cause has a right to claimjan example from the hi. h st authorities. The amount heretofore expended for wine &c. by the Governor will now be given to the poor. lbany Uicnmg Journal. I iio Temperance movement in the West is strikingly successful. The last Louisville pa ners say that upwards of 500 had signed the pledge within a few days, under the efforts of reformed inebriates. The St. Louis papers of the 21th ult. speak in high terms of the move- ment in that city, and mention the encouraging fact that more than iiOO drinkers have been re- formed there. FRIDAY MORNING. JANUARAV 14, 1312. THE GREAT TRIUMPH. It gives us great pleasure to inform our readers that that portion of the President's Message which rotates to u TarilThas been referred to thu Committee on Manufactures The Northern " Dough-faces" and Southorn nnti-liirifl'nie.n declared that this would be a i . rw , iosi epicsuon. i no opponents ot tlm pro tective policy, led on by the illustrious Charles Gag Atherton of New Ilunpshire and Rhett and Pickens of South Carolina took the ground that, ns revenue was the only object to bo regarded in tho readjust ment of the Tariff question, tho committee of Ways and Means was tho proper com mittee to bo charged with tho whole subject. These champions of Slavery anil advocates of the infamous Gag Resolution, Ipuguud together as thoy havo been for years, in uu unholy alli.uice against Northern ftee labor, boldly denounced the rniumilti'n on Manu factures ns unconstitutional, ami pioposed a resolution to aboli.sh it entiiely. But wo aro proud to say tlio Northern Whig opposeel the molly crew with nn undivided front and, shield to shield, battled for their lights with n spirit and resolution which will convince Southern bragadocios that, though thoy may delude such inveleratu dough-faces as Ath erton and Eastman and Burke of New Hampshire, into nn infamous abandonment of the truo interests of their constituents, yet it will require something mote on their part than bluster and denunciation to explode tho protective system. With thu exception of the Pennsylvania I ones, Parmenler of Mas sachusetts, Pniridgo of New York, und Will iams of Maryland, tho Tory Members pre sented an unbroken front against the refer ence to tho committee on Manufactures, or in oilier words, against such an adjustment of tho Tariff as should recognize the right of protection or discrimination. On the other hand, the Whig members from tho states of Maine, Vermont, Massachusetts, Connecticut, Rhode Island, Delaware, New Jersey, New York, Pennsylvania, Ohio, Michigan and Kentucky voted unanimously in favor of protection. Wo ask our readers to mark this division of parties on tho Tariff question and remember it till tho next elec tion day comes round. Wo call upon Nor thern Laborers, upon the farmers and work ing mon of ovcry class and of all parties, to mark icell who they are and to what parly they belong who thus dare to vote ngainst ,. sivt.s tho Agricultural statistics, the Ma their interests and do all thoy can to betray ufacitiii.ig. statistics, and tho IMucalion them to the slave power of tho South. Wo liopo our Abolition friends will remember this vote also beforo thoy do any thing more to destroy tho Whig party and elevate tho Tories to power. In such un event what iiavo they to uxpeel Thoy will perceive, by comparing tho votes in thu two cws, that the division of parties on this question is essentially the same as that on tho aboli tion of tho 21st rule, denying tho right of petition. In both cases they will seo Nor thern Tories tho Dough-faces of New Hampshire and NW York leagued togeth er with tho Slave-holding Democracy of Virginia and South Carolina, in un infamous crusadu against tho rights and interests, tho Liberty and Labor of the North. If this does not satisfy our abolition brethren that their success in this country is Identified with the ascendancy of the Whig parly, then no cfibrts of ours cuti nrousu thorn from thoir dreadful delusion. What hnvn they to ux- pect from thoJondcr mercies of u party in which such democrats us Pickens nnd llhett nnd Calhoun uro lu"I)htators" nml such chivalrous spirits ns Athcrlon nnd Eastman nml Ilurku tliuir loving iilltcs 1 Tho following tablu will exhibit hy states, (lie yens and nays on Alhnrton s Resolution fiirbidiling iivun mi investigation into the in terests of American Labor for that was its manifest object Yeas Nays. Whigs. Loro. Whigs. Lncin o a t o , o 5 o o o 0 'I o o o n 1 0 0 2 0 0 0 (I 0 0 18 17 1 0 0 i! 0 0 0 11 11 10 2 1 0 0 1 0 3 10 2 0 4 4 2 0 10 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 4 0 0 0 2 0 0 0 10 0 0 10 0 7 C 1 0 0 2 0 0 0 7 12 0 114 0 2 1 0 0 0 2 0 0 21 71 00 14 Maine, New Hampshire Vermont, Massachusetts', lthodo Island, Connecticut, New York, Now Jcrcy, Pennsylvania, Maryland, llclawarc, Virginia, North Carolina, South Carolina, Georgia, Alabama, Mississippi, Louisiana, Arkansas, Tennessee, Kentucky, Ohio, Indiana, Illinois, Missouri, A BANKRUPT TREASURY. The Sentinel copies nearly a column of largo capital letters and exclamation points from a late number of tho Boston Post, an nouncing tho fact that tho Treasury is bank' rupt. "THE NATIONAL TUBAS Ulil Its JSANIvIi Ul l l and that in eight short months after thu Whig party came into power ! !" exclaims thu Post, in wonder and iinia.enient at the astounding disclosure. And the Sentinel rolls un the whites of his eyes, in holy horror, and echos back the exclamation with hands piously uplifted, "THJ NATIONAL TREAS URY IS BANKRUPT! ! !" Tho Philadelphia United Stales Gazetto takes off the hypocritical cant of thu Post by the fol lowing capital story : " Mistress," said honest Betsey, the ser vant maid, " I want a new broom, if you please nia'ni." " A now broom, Betsey I why, where U that which you have been using 1" " It is all worn out to tho handle, ma'in." " Worn out indeed ! What shocking carelessness ! Why, Kitty, your predeces sor, used it for nearly two ytars, and now you, who have not had the broom in uso a month, complain that it is all worn out ! What shocking extravagance 111" Thus it is with tho Tories. After having eujoved uninterrupted possession of power for twelve long years after having issued millions of Treasury notes, which they could not redeem, and contracted an enor mous debt which they left for thcr successors to pay, when at Inst tho People compel them to deliver up tho keys of their empty iron safes and scout them from ollico with derision and scorn, they turn round upon their successors, roll up their eyes in devout astonishment, and exclaim with distressing agony, " ISchold the fruits nf Whig ascen dancy ! "THE NATIONAL TREAS URY" IS BANKRUPT ! ! .'" NEW HAMPSHIRE is. TENNESSEE. Mr. A mold of Tennessee, in a speech which lie recently matin in tint House of Representatives, had thu hardihood to inti mate a doubt whether the- Tory pativ in New Il.unpshiie, embraced all that was e'. celle'iit in literature nnd morality. These scruples of the Honorable gentleman and his bare-fai-eil presumption in cxprussing them, called out tho redoubtable IMinoiitl Biiiku of the Granite State, who repelled, with becoming spirit, tho " insolent imputa tion" uf tho rude Tonnesscenn. Tho fol lowing is un extract : "New Hampshire is, indeed, thrown among the lulls. She is the Switzerland of America. IUr mountains point high up among the clouds, where eagles take their flight, and enjoy unrestrained the freedom of ihe skies. She is a land, sir, of "iiiouii ta.it and of flood." IIci c!o' d capt his, even in mid summer, gliiten with the frosls and snow s of winler. The terrific avalanche, tprings fiom their summit.-, and thunders down their sides. I!ut, sir she is also a land of crystal streams, of glassy la'-es, embesom ed among her lulli and of beautiful valleys and meadows, dolled with neatand pre'ty vdla.'es, teem ing with lerlilily, the hum of indusiry, and all ihe evidences of wcalih and prosperity. She has more of thoso noble triumphs of liberty romwion schools, more village spires pointing to heaven, and more of tho monuments which mark a high and advanced statoof civilization, than any other Stale of this Un ion, with perhaps ono or two exceptions. If thero aro any exceptions I am not awaro of them. And, Mr Speaker, if the is indebted to any cause under lieavcu for tier advancement in prosperity; wealth. and civilization, it is toher lofty mountains' and her beautiful and'fcriile valleys. Her people breathe tho mountain nir, tho air of lieavcn and of liberty i and 1 eri 11 fa 1 r.na ' " 'A"1' them what ihey are a hardy, vigorous, intelligent, aim energetic people a people, nr, schooled in in dustry, morals, and virtue, lovers of justice and equal ity, and democratic because llicy aro the lovers of rus tice. Such is the outlinoof tho character of New Hampshire and ofher people." After this very pretty flourish, which wo copy in justico to tho aggrieved State of New Hampshire, Mr. Burko proceeded to compare tho moral, natural, and social con dition of this Statu willi that of Tinnpnn statistics of both, and strikes a balance, nn each. laiL-olv in favour of hi, ., Pn. J ,., . ,. mini weiiiin. .ccoieiing to ins exhibit, lie made out that full onu-fourth of Mr. Arnold's constituents, over 20 years of age, could not read. Hereupon, he gives Mr. Arnold tho following thrust under tho fifth rib: "Xovvnr, Ie'onot doubt that he tiuly represent!, hl-eh-trii t. An lean it 1 ei wondcre-el ntlliat ho should fall into ucli gtos and ali,urd e-ir'riu levunlton Male so far ib taut and efwhuh piob.il ly ono fourth of lis coiilitucnt have never leadl And, nr, lo t-how I tint tin, n iTinr. rim mil ni'culmr In tin, ireiitFi.. man nil nc, 1 ut aro common to 'IVnucs io otaior of a ci-ri.nn siamp. i tnusi utg (luii'toi ine v.nair io rea l Iho anci: lute which I send to Iho table. Mr Ilurke scut up an anccdoto to bo read by the ClerU. The Clerk read asfollovvs t J things, an Irish invention, is that lepoitcd by KxcKimiNGiv PBiitANT. They raise some execel-, Charles O'Mullcy to havo been tr e I by one of ingly briilant e rotor. in Tennrsice. In the I.cgisla. ' tho Dublin banks to avoid the penalties ofsus itiroof that Sttue i, a Mr Dew, whether liea-en-de- pension. ! hot coin was shovelled out to the ernileJ or not is more than we can te I. Mr I'cw ' : .,i-i. t,,n i,m-,. i Vi L ' onodovunJerlookto defend Jchn Tyler. Speaking anin stricken blll-l oldcrs, and the run teciiff of Ihe President, be addressed die Speaker as follows! thus cherkcil, tho Hank bad in the mean tine ' Sir, ho is a native of the Old Dominion th' oppoituivty to ttrongthen itself from abroad. land of Tom Jcllerron. of Madison, oflho immortal Washington tlio land of tho Presidents, and tho birthplace of tho fathers' tif Democrats. Mr Speaker, When 1 spcalc ol the rather ol Ills country, i uo n with feeling cmoilotis of my toul. Alas, is iheic any gentleman piesent wnouoes not emu up at me men tion uf his name', as if ho wcro fhivcring among tho eternal -nuws ot south America 1 Hut sir, I cannot dwell here. 1 ro,icatthat John Tyler descended from a pure stock yes, sir, fiom lite noble band of Pilgrim I atltcis, wlin landed beforo my day on the Plymouth rockoi o'd Virginia 1 And there, Mr Speaker, that old rock rears it prou l front aiono of the glorious iiiuiiumems oi ine eiw Dominion i, "At tlusnagoof tho remarks of Mr Dew, Maury, Iho audience interrupted liim with loud outcries, whether of ipplauset or condemn llion is not stated, although the principal words '(In it Dew P wcro par ticular) auj.ble. ThcHpcalttrpro ceded, doitl tlo-sun- ucr tno impression Mint ho wit- achievingtinprcceden ted tiiutnplis m tho oratorical lino j but wu regtet ihot oui lim Is do not permit us tn in ertain our readers with the icmamder of Ins bnllanl snc-ch. "Alter Mr Dew hail i.i in lu ,1 lu sinccli. another genllein in aro-e. ando' servel that ho would liko to hear it I. II e more from Ihe gentleman who had just lakcnins scaliclativi' to tno geographical location oi 'Old Plymouth Uo I'. ' Mr Dowieplicd that the lock is where you nor I nave never uccn. and that 1 su licicnt t nnu it m.i t.,r, 1 rciuat tint it is to tlm Old Dumimon. commonly called the State of Virginia I" .Screams and yells. I ho cream of thu joke consists in Air. Burko's quoting this last specimen of Ten nessee literature. Mr. Dew, the hero of tho Plymouth llock story in Old Virginia, is a leading Tory member of tho Tetmesseo Legislature I Of this fact Mr. Butke has since boon advised and is out in tho Wash ington Globe apologising for having gibbuled his political brother. This is what we call a, capital joke. facetious! Ye u-h'j have sides lo split Prepare to split them 7iou: Our Great Grandmothers were simple enough to consider Shakspcarc something ofa wag in his way, and wc ourselves havo been so foolish us to shako our sides occa sionally over what wo considered the humor ous pagcspf tho Pickwick Papers and Oli ver Twist. But a specimen of wit ha3 re cently appeared of such brilliancy and point ns would shame Charley Dickens nnd even mako Willcy Shakspcarc blush (if they had ever seen it) to think they had offered such trash to the world. The gem to which wo refer made its fust appearance in tlm last number of the Burlington Sentinel. How far it has travelled, or how many times it has been republished since, we nro tillable to say. Hold your icahtbands and read it. "What's the matter with the toes of your boots !" says a passer by a few days since to a cideri'c who has always" been in the habit of swallowins all the stories of the lederal leaders and whoc gaping scams resembled the mouth of a certain whig orator on thu top of a log cab in. "Nothing, except that I have spoiled my botits kicking up tiie earth in search of tome of thai money your folks told us would bo had for tho picking np, as soon as "Tip and Ty" were elected. UNDEVELOPED MYSTERY. The article on our lj3t page, from the Now World, will repiy a perusal. We lave rea son to believe that it is a faithful narration of facts essentially true in all its particulars ; and how aptly does it demonstrate that truth is, sometime, more marvellous than the ima ginative creations nf fiction. Mr. TitOMl'sox, by the way. has a very happy knack at tollin" a story. f7"A full account of the disastrous fato of tho Santa Fo expedition will be found in another column. QTVe invito tho reader's attention to an article on the subject of protection in Rus sia ; also, to another article from tho Boston Atlas, on the culture of Indigo. WiSDson, Vt., Jan. 12. Daslmclue Fire. About 7 o'clock on .Sunday morning last, fire was discovered in lr. N. C. (iDchlardV Book store, in this village. Mr. Gnddaid had barelv time to save his accounts, and Mr. (Jilkey thosb of the Post ollice (which was kept in the same room,) by entering through a window, when bo was driven out by tho thmes. Tlio cutttont&of the s-torc, arc estimated at $.1,000, on which there was an inuranc of 131,000 at the Ver mont .Utitual. Tho tenoinent belonged to Mrs. M A. Clark, and i nn out, re lcs;"tho policy ot insurance had ospiretl a clmrt tititu bafure, and ha! nut been renewed. C'mmiclc. Finn in ViiiTEli.u.l..-The lar.'e ami ev'en sivc biiild.n recent'y eree'ed by .lultti II, 15 ivtl, E.-ip, and occupie d leir in iron loundery, i-aih lactury, wagon and carriage shop, niacin . c . p, etc. and also tho .-aw-inil, j,tt put in'n ope, i r.ttioii, wcro entne!- dc-troyed em the evei.iu of the oth in-t. T io lire is suppo-ed In line originated in the part occupied hy .Mr. Lot li no 'el, as a sash factory, while iho we rktuoti were at their meals. Tho loss cannot be less thin from 67,000 to 10,000 owned by J. H. Boyd, Esq. Destkl-ctivu Finn .t Dethoit By an extra from the office of the Detroit Daily Ad vertiser, dated Sunday, Jan. 2J, we learn that a most destructive lire has occurred in that city, by which the most valuable square in that city is reduced to ashes. Tlio wide loss is estimated at 8150,000. The tiro commenced in tho Ohio Houso block reaching from tho brick building to Wooelbridgc street. Alter this-, were destroyed a wooden building on Woodward Avenue ;" a brick buil ding occupied by F. Raymond ; tho Daily Ad vertiser Ofiice; by Mr. Warren, with groce rics, and by the Registers ofiice ; tho four story brick building, corner of Jellcrson Avenue and Griswold street, cost 2,000, tnsurcd about i S0,(KH) occupied by Custom House, J. Palmer, I dry goods ; A. S. ll.igg, bookstore nnd Tree , press Ollice ; the H'oodeu building aelioinin" ' tl and the 'four story brick buildin, oVcupieS . "J Newborn d hard ware store, and Gardner's crockery store. 33 Two beautiful war schooners wero seized atJersy City on tho Ud, iust., by a revenue cut ter, under direction of Mr. Curtis, Collector of Now York, a9 having been built by Bell & Drown, and illegally fitted out in the city, for the Mexican navy, to bo employed against Tex as. Their cost was 800,000, of which 30,000 have been paid the balance to be received on their arrival in Mexico Each is armed with a Paixhan thirty-two pounder at innlship, and si.v ciuhtecu pound carounailes ; and each is fully , i... ii . i ..... 1 ..I . ' otlicercd bv .Mexicans, and manned chicllv bv ' Americans. Thev were cleared at the Custom "out0 as merchant vessels, by Harg ms & i Brotoers. ID Tho Mayor of Now York has issued an official notice, as a caution to tho inhabitants, which states that there have been in that city within tho past ton days, forty, mo cases of sick noss, caused as the attendant physicians agree, by roisoN. An examination into the subject, has satisfied him that tho poison was contained in smoked BEIT Tho beef aljuded t, had a bluish, unhealthy appearance, and was probably Iromeliscatcil animals-, or was partially spoiled beforo being smoked. None of tl o persons , aflectcd have died w ith this poison, altl.ou 'h ma- ny ol llictu were Uatieerously ill. How to stop A nux os a IUm-, .An ex cellent nlan. and like many ntl,. avollnni