Newspaper of Burlington Free Press, January 28, 1842, Page 2

Newspaper of Burlington Free Press dated January 28, 1842 Page 2
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FOREIGN. "Boston, Jan. 24. Tho steam packet Britannia, Cnpt. Ilewott, arrived hero on Saturday afternoon, at 5 o'clock, in a pas sago cfl8 dayj from Liverpool. Sho on counturcd sovcrc gales, and on tlio niglit of tlio 15th, her life boats wr-rostovo to pieces. On entering tlio harbor at Halifax, she grounded, hut got olT in a few minutes and anchored for tlio night. She brought 80 pas sengers, among whom is Mr. Charles Diikcns, mid tlio Earl of Mtilgrnvc. We have received our supply of London papers to the 3d hist, and Liverpool papers to tin 4 lli. During tlio long interval smco the date of our l ist previous news, tlio state of political affairs in England and on tho continent had been generally quiet, and tho apoct of niorcantilo affairs had somewhat improved. Mr. Everett, the American Minister to tlio Court of London, with Mrs. Everett and f.imily, arrived in Upper Grosvenor street, from Paris, Doc. 13. On Thursday, Mr. Everett proceeded to Windsor Castle, on a visit to tho Qucon, and on tho following day ho took leave. On Wednesday the 22d. he paid visits to members of the royal family in London. Tho British Government has adopted the conciliatory measure of appointing, for the adjustment of the questions in controversy with this country a special embassy, and to tills office has appointed Lord Ashhurton, formerly known as Sir Alexander Baring, and for many years a distinguished member of Parliament. Ho was, we believe a mom ber of the Cabinet under tho Duko of Wel lington's administration, and is a nobleman of great wealth, and of great distinction for talents and knowledge of business. We understand that ho will be sent out in a fri gate. Ifo was expected to sail direct for the Chesapeake in a about theeo woeks. The London Times slates in the following terms, tlio motives of this appointment, and the qualifications of Lord Ashburton for per forming is duties. "It irives uj much pleasure lo announce, that the Hi2ht lion. Lord A liliurlon, nt tin- request of Her i. 'J3,!' """eminent, i- nlmut to proceed to the bulled jlnlcs o i a (.penal mission, with the object of sot tlintr all existing dillerenccs between tint country nn I our own. IIu Lordship, who will end in a few wec.i bad le-ri aslcLiI to undertake this si-rvice nnd h id consenlod lo duso, before the President's Mcs saire hul been received, eothat the tnision in n ci tron, whatever bo its chirac cr ,r results, has been had recourse to, wholly irrespective of anything con tame I or omitted m that document. "The -'cp itself, wo thinV, is a wise one. Without nt a I prcstimmrto innijine tint it has originaied in any humble suggestions of our, we may neverthe less romm 1 our rnders, that o ily a few weeks mvj wc strcnin Hy urKe 1 the peculiar propriety of makiV R special churl, at the presen' time, to remove every reiiiaimnj ground of dispute, inasmuch as the in traduction of new elements of irritation conlincni upon further dc'ay, louthi eventually render an ami cable adjustment unattainable, and involve both coun tries in all the horrors of war. Wo d. nit know lhat any great exp.-nse will be incurred by this mission ; but even if I here sluiU, tho vast importance nf iis , J ' "J'"-" w iiiioi possiuiyoe ovenaieil, is more than sutucijnt, terminitc how it ir.av, to warrant ths expenditure ofn much larser sum than is likely to ho required. IVor in it n iriflin-r mnrit nn th r, of Her Majesty's present Ministers that they have thus linden llto.i nn enterprise which, licit successful or nat, is manifestly adopted on the most rational da'.a, with the best pos iblo intentions. Two things st all events, arc clearly demonstrated by the an- pointmcnt ol this special mission in the first place that tho Cnnervalivo Ciovcrnment, in-tead of iniitat ini tlio AVhiffs in prosecuting a sories of speculative noli ical ewicriments. are cr.nd,lv A.l.lr.cb;n.. !..... s;lvcs to the repair of such practical evils as, by cn (jemleritiL' a want r.f mercantile confidence, operate injuriously upon British commerces and secondly, that Sir Ilobert Peel' Ministry are intent, by all practical mean", upon tinintainin? tho blessings of peace. "Jfcilhcr must it he supposed that Lord A-hbur-ton's mission necessarily implies any deficiency in the instructions r powers of the American Minister at Her Majesty's Court. Those instructions and pow. crs, wo have no reason to douht, are of a plenary order j while, from the known discretion and ability which this blot upon tho character of the Homo has been carried through nor to 11,11110 how many times tho rules of the House havo boon trampled upon, or tho privileges of the members set at defiance, by a reckless and unprincipled majority. Highhanded usurpation, unprincipled and lawless assumptions of power, intimidations, tho gag, tho bullying ot Wish, and the snunking trickery of PnorriT, reckless and dishonorable intrigues, votes on points of or der to sustain a falsehood, or to put down truth, violence to the privileges oftho minor ity all these, from tho beginning to the end, have stamped with tho seal of infamous noto riety all who havo leagued together in this most unholy war. Lot tho country mark them well, whother Whig or Loco, and lot thrm answer to their constituents fur their votes. Let it bo remembered too, that none of this violenco was needed. The law would have been in a short time repealed hy the House, without any ofthese high-handed and outrageous proceedings. But the hlood-thirs- ty ferocity -with which tho unholy alliance of a portion nf thn Whigs with the Loco Focos has hunted down this law, would not he con tented with allowing things to take their due course. All older and the rules oftho House must give way to hasten their ends and, had as tho IIouso has been in times past, the repealers of tho Bankrupt Law, with the Speaker for their agent, have struck a fear ful blow Ht those rules, which tilono have been the means of keeping tho House from relapsing into pel fort chaos. On the guilty heads oftho perprctators of thesu lawless acts bo the consequences of their offences. Boston Atlas. The main question, on passing the bill to be engrossed, was then taken and decided in tho affirmative, as follows : Yeas Messrs. Landau" W. Andrews, Arr.'oann, Alherton, Marion, Hccsnn, llidlack, llirdscyc, Hot's, Povcrne Boyd, Aaron V. Ilrown, Charles Hrown, llurke, S. H.iller, William Butler, William O. Iluller. Green W. Oldwcll, Patrick C. Ca 'dwell, John Campbell, Win, II. Campbell, Thomas J. Campbell, Caruthers, Carry, Chapman, Clifford, Clinton, Coles, Cnwm, Ctavcns, Daniel, Garrett, Davi, Richard I). Davis, Dean, Donn, Doin?, East man, John C Kdwards, K.'beit, l'orri", John f!, Poyd, Charles A. Floyd, Foinance, Thomas V. The authorities teem to U lamentably inac r' V1'!. a,r,' tiye. a iy people think they could h uc effort- ris, Jolin ilnstinjjs' Mays, Holmes, liojl.iii, l'louck, ed nothing it they had tried; but others al!cd,'e 1 llouto", Hihard, Hunter, Charles J. Inner oil, i.evvis, i ith tn, .vnranam .Hciuciian, nouert .vtcuici hn, McKay, Mallory, Marchaml, Alficd Marshall, Thomas V. Mirhill, John Thumps m, Mason, .V'nlhews, Maitocks, Mrdill, Miller, New hard, Ows lev, I'armenter, Palridije, Pnvnp, Pickens, Pluiner, I'lumniiT, I'ope, I'roffit, ftaniscy, Itedini;, Ilaynold , Illicit, Ilijn, Staird, Saunders. Shaw, Shepherd, Shields, Win. Smith, Solleis, Sprii, Slccnrod. Alex II. H. Stuart, Summers, Sum er, Sweney, Tnlnfcrre, John B. Thompson, Tii;dett, Turney, Underwood, Van Burni, Ward, Waltcrf-on, Wcller. Wc tbrook, .lames W. William", Christopher II. Williams, Wisj, A. Voting 121. N.vv Messrs Adams, Allen, Sherlock J An. rows, Arnold. A vcrisrir. Bi' cuck. JltiKer. Barnard Blair, lloardman, Borpen, Brewster, Hrizgs, Bri ek way, Branson, Mil on Brown, Jeremiah Brown, Harnttt, Calhoun, ChilJs. Chittenden, John C. lark. Stanley N. C'arke, Cooder, Cia ston. Cus'i- i?, Debcrry, John rdwdrds, rCverctt, Kewndcn, illmore, A. Lawrenco Poster. Gates Guldinik. nmnsor . Gwin, Hibersli mi, Hall, Ilalsted, Will iam S mlint;t, iH-iii,, u?,nr,. ii,son Hum, J;s"ju It. Intrcrsill, James Irvm, nillnm .n- vmu, James, viiliam Uusuolinson, Isaac l. June- John P. Kennedy, Lane. Lawrence, Moore, Mcrcan, Morrow, Usti irne, reatce, l enaieion, j owen, iscnj Uandall, Bandulih, Kayncr Itidgway, Rodney, Uoosvelt, Wi'liam Iluse!l, Jame M. Russell, Sal tnnstall, Simonton, Slade, Truman .Smith, Stanly, station, Joan r. Hiunrt, tucinni . Thompson, lacoh Thoninson. Ti'linshast. Toland. Tomlmstin. I'ritmliiill. Wallace, Warren, Wr.shinnton, Thomas w. William-. Lewis Williams, Jo-epli L,. muiiuif, llinMro, ood, John 1 oung 90. of the Quoon Dowager scorn to havo sub sided. .Tho King of Prussia was about to make a visit to London, whoro ho was expected to arrive on the 21st inst. This visit is niado on tho inritation of tho Queen, to stand godfather, in person, on tho baptism of Iter son. Ho has requested not to be re ceived in England with tho honors paid to crowned heads. ANOTHER TER1UHLR RIOT IN CINCINNATI. CtxciNATi, Jan. 11. Our city is at this moment in a stale of tre mendous excitement. Yesterday, after Hank ing hours, it was rumored that t lie Miami Ex vnrlinix Cc. Hank and tlio Itcnk if Cincinnati, both old broken concerns, had stopped payment. This morning, at about !) o'clock, a crowed in consequence assembled before the door of the latter Hank, and a notice was soon huiir out up. on the door that they had suspended for twenty dayr. When tho doors wsro opened to hanjr nut this notice, a rush was undo for the inside, and all it contests, consisting of desks, conn lors and the vault were broken and thrown into the street. Money to tho Amount of 52C1.000 was taken from the vault. The mob then wont to the Miami Hank, whirh they broke opin and destroyed its content?. The Rc!nnge Hank, adjourning thu .Miami, of which John Bates, the well-known West Union linan. cior, was an officer, was next assailed. A run was made upon him, and ho continued to re deem all his itsuo.', until the mob broke in and destroyed every thing;. Thence they crowed over to Lougcc s emtf, who was godfather to the Savings. lLnk at Loilisvilie. Tin'i was l;e wiso destroyed ; and the crowd gathered at the corner of Third and Alain Mrccts. A strong; disposition on the part of tho mob was manifes ted todei-troy the Traders .Mechanics' Bank ; but they continued to redeem their notes, which vvcro nothinjj more than certificates of doposite with promises to pay in current Batik note.--, and thus escaped. IIow this most disgraceful riot will end, time only can t-how. A few oftho military have been called out but have effected little. "They marched through the crowd with fixed bayonet?, but they were goon attacked and compelled to retreat. As they lclircd thev wuro ordered to fire upon the mob. which thev tlid. Their cutis were loaded with blank cart. ridooF, however, and only two or throe were slightly injured. Cincinnati is disgraced for ev or in the eye of those who love urder and re spect the law?. There is among our pooji'o no sympathy, to bo sure, lor those persons who are concerned in resuscitating those rotten concerns but every one i? indignant at the method of evin cing resentment. with which he had deemed It proporto acrompa. ny tho prcsontation of theso petitions and mo. tnoriali, without aiKerting, fora moment, to a circumstance which had a personal relation to himself. Tho Settato would do him tho justice lo admit that he rarely intruded any thing of that description on their notice ; never, indeed, un 'ess under a Banso of unavoidable necessity An information had recently appeared in sotno of ths public prints of tho day that the movement now in progress in the other wing oftho Capitol to wards a repeal of the bankrupt law had origna. led with him, (Mr. Clay) He disdained to en ter upon any thing like a defence against a charge so base and dishonorable, and ono so con trary to the. entire tenor of hi whole public life. It might, with equal probability or evidence, havo boon assorted that ho was tho author or proinptor of the proposal of a gentleman near liiiti tn iepii.il tho distribution law. lie held tho insinuation in profound contempt and scorn. A single remark he would tna'io in ref erence lo tho delegation in the other House frain his own State. At the last session every member of that delegation, with one solitary exception, had voted against the passago of the bankrupt bill ; and even that single advocate of the bill, on his return to h's own district, found so great and general a dissatisfaction with the provisions of the bill, that ho had, on the present occasion, felt ii his duty to give such a vote as lie presumed it would appear ho had this day given in that body on the tpicstion of repeal. Hut it frcined, notwithstanding these known fact.", that Mr. C. was to be held responsible for tho otes of all the Representatives In the other House from this Slate on that question. But Ihoto who imagined that Keiiliiokians were made of such stipple, servile stuff as to lake their public course in legislation from the dic tation of any man, had yet lo learn their true character. Those gentlemen had quite ,as good a right to dictate Mr. CV course as ho had to dictate theirs. The Representatives from Ken tucky in either House of Congress, had enough of manly independence lo judge and to act fur Ihemsolvc!', and to vote as thair own individ ual views of duty should prompt them. Bat this accusation, base and despicable as it was in itself, had notwithstanding assumed suchashipe as to render it Mr. C.'s duty to bring it to tlio notice ot mo senate : and lie lelt very sure that i! Waif only necessary for hint to bring it homo to Ihc bosom of every Senator, to have it prompt ly, instantaneously, rejected and repelled as tit. torly groundless. For, whatever might have been their difference of sentiment and no man regretted more than ho did that it bhould have boon his misfortune to differ in opinion from any portion of the gentlemen of that Cham ber he was satisfied that all, both friends and foes, would with ono voice do him the justice to say that, whatever might have been the errors of his Lead, he had at least scu Jit to live, as he h pod lo.d.e, an iioncstman honest in his pab lie as in his private life. fs swelled, apply sweet oil, or a linamont mado of this and agua ammonia, and drink freely of si pnery oliii,r.atnep,orsagetea. "If tlio swelling is very bad, it is best to call in tho doctor or blister, and apply a bag of hopB dipped in warm vinegar around tho nock from oar to car, the sufferer breathing tho fumes of the vinegar. Gargling a strong infusion of Senega snake root or Cayenne pepper will do for largo cnildron or L'rown persons : and after wards use vinegar of squills. Give a doso of calomel when the skin begins to pool off; and be very careful for many days after, not to take cold." (ten. Farmer. "Look here, sambo ; you got that quarter do! lar you ow es me." "La ! CulT, no money so scarce ; so many etoporages in Mobile.there ain't no money in cir culation !" ''Oh, hIio, Sambo ; whit do nashun you got to do wid Slobilu ! Nigger pay up, pay up!" "Well, look hnro CiifT; me hoar master tell more than twenty men that same tale, and I ain't see nogeiii'min treat him like you do me. Act like a gcmiuan, ifyou is a nigger." 23, PIUDAV MORNING. JAN'UAUAY 1942. tendon of our readers ro this subject, for wc shall resume it at mi curly day and enter moro at length into tho discussion of it. good to tlio greatest number. Such a tnrilT would iromolo nhko the interest of tho F.ast and I be West, tho North and thu South, and spread! prosperity throughout tho land. thiN hid t hoy been promptly on tin spot, lh!y couMi o-iMiy nave prevemru hip disgrace. The scene of tho operations of the mob is not twice a stone's throw from tho Mayor's office. The in dignation of the citizens was greatly aroused sonic two or throo weeks since by the cxplcg.ou of the Lebanon Miami Hank, pome thirty miles from this city. This is probably one causa of the outbreak j yet those who have taken the most active part in it aro those win havo nolli ing to lose. At present the arm of the law is palsied, an 1 tho honor of the Queen Citv is tarnished for ycarc Fire o'rtac!.. The crowd is still great, but the mob have ceased their active operatiuus. Several of them have been arrested, and r now in jail. About S'JI.tWO wore found upon their pcrsnns. There will bo a strong guard out to-night to Proler.t the Binks that are in good ftputc. Threats were thrown out against the Life Insur ance and Trubt Company ; but ihey continue to p.iy specie for their note?, and will probably cs cape. Six o'clock All is quiet, if it continue thus all will be well. A strong guard has been or dered out to prevent farther depredations. GRRAT RIOT AT COLUMBUS GEORGIA. Columbus, Georgia, was thrown into a great excitement on the 3th inst., by the discovery of inc muruerea nouy o: one Arnott, on the prem ises of a notorious magistrate named Ivey, the associate o' a reputed gang ol outlaws. A mob collected, rushed upon his house, an! destroyed live buildings. A large meeting con. vcnetl next diy in tho ruarkot-bouee, at which the Mayer, Co'. Lewis, presided. A resolution was presented, directing Ivey, ami an nuiur nucn cuaracters, lo leave the city in a cortaiu number of hours, or that summary means would bo used. Col. Ilines Holt, iato M. C, andJudgo Stur nf Mr. ICverett, as well as from thoverv short nerinl 1 gis interposed in behalf of law and order, and a d inns which his Kxccllcn Ins been in ibis .country substitute, declaring that the laws of Georgia were suiticient to protect tho innocent, and pun nish tho gjilty, ii.nlly prevailed, and the meet ing aujourncu. tho jircsumpiion n, lhat, fir arnus satisfactory reasons, it Ins aipearid lo him tint the di puled paints between America and ourselves bad belter bo entirely cviimit el to Lord Ashhurton anl 'he Wash ington Cabinet. Tho Rp'ioinlmcnt of a special Am lnsabr fio n this couitrv, is, of itself, a piece of mirkol respect to the Uniiol Sine Cioiernmenl, which cm h n lly f,ii of lislna duly appreciated and of paving the way for an amicab'e net;aeiation. A friendly intercourse tn, between our special envoy the lea linjr -talesmen of America, dictated by a cor dial anxiety to co.iipletd ui inlranL'ible bond amilv, cannot but bo alien led widi beneficial results. All that b iih pirties conteod Tor, may not be immediately s3-uT(Mt hut, hy tin r.'.as inih'c concess ons h'tely lo le yielde I without dishonor on either Bide, the main plin's in dispute may be so re hice.l in i nportancc as to ren ter futun surrenders mare irlva-itaseous to uac'a thin a dojcd nJherenceto mere unsubstantial punctilios. ' T ie s-dection of f.ord Ashhurton for this delirste mission njijiears to us, upon Ihc whole, to I e descrv maof omnisnditio'i. His Lordship i, by universal ii-'tnjwWgment, tho prince nf British merchant. With i nnicise m-rcantile interests exlcnihna over th. whale word interests v.h ch, ulnl- peculiarly iJen-tii-J with Aiii -nei, cannot suder interruption in any (juarter without ineurrinr a serio s injury in their en', lire ran?e, his Lordship Ins the ndvanrigsnf proceed, in'.' to Ihe Unilel S(aie3, not only with the hijdient claims upon tlio cousi Vialmn of that trading com munity, but witln d reet personal concern in Ihe lminlenaiica of i;eneral peace. Thus, while the in depcn leneoani integrity of I.ird A-hburton pla-e him above the suspicion of und ilv vieldinj to cvtra agant deniaii Is which hocn well afTird lo resist, his Lordilii)'s largo and inlimale connexion wi h Ame Tican connnereo may nam ally bo s pposed to dctar him from all s ic'i ptly sliekl ivis m may obviously lead 1o interrupt it. The tH'"' Lord, besides, is thoroughly aerjuainled with tho whole q ::-iion touch iij tho rit of search, as afleciine. nmnn all nali". lus psrre-tly comnali.ile interests of bmn.miiv so l inat l.nri An!iurton's appointment will be United States 13 ank. The following is from tlio Philadelphia Enquirer : "The examination in this ca-"", before Rccor. dsr auv, was brought to a close last night about nine o'clock wdich resulted in Ilia Recor nor xiiiiiiig u a3 n:s nrm nonet, that there wai suiiicidiH cause produced in the investigation and testimony belnro bun, to warrant bun binding tlio dolond una over, and lie accordingly uouiiii ovor rwcnni.as dille, Samuel Jaudon, Jnsoph Cowpcrthwaite. Thomas I) mlan. and John Andrews, each in the sum of 810,000, in two sureties, to appear at tho Court ot Gencr al Sessions, to answer the chiwe brought against them by Austin Montgomery that is. for a r.nnsiiracy to ro:i ami cneat Hie stockholders oftho United States Bink. "Tha Jiocor.ler briofiy recapitulated his mode oi jirocccuiugf, ami men exprerscd his opinion, merely as to the cause for binding over tho de. fondants, with a decided firmness, of his con. scientious duty. Tlie court room was crowded all the afternoon, and a great number remained to hear the rc.ulr, which, when announced, there was a flight dinpoitinn on the part uf some of the auditory lo applaud, but was iustant ly chocked by the officers of the cour'. REMARKS OK MR. CLAY. In the Senate a largo number of memori es and remonstrances were presented hy different Senators, against the repeal or sus pension oftho Bankrupt law, and against any interference) with it. A PROTECTIVE TARIFF. Wo nro fully satisfied that tins is to bo the paramount political question on which (he two groat parties of tho country will bo compelled to take sides at an early day, and perhaps al the next general canvass. And under this conviction, wo call unnn tho Whig press of this stale to bucklo on their armor and prepare for the contest. The issue was fail ly presented hy Mr. Hudson of Massa chusetts, in his late admirable speech in the lower House of Congress. In answer to ihe asset tion of llhdt of South Carolina, that thu Protectivo system imposed a tax upon Southern Labor for the benefit of Northern Capital, Mr. Hudson showed con clusively, by a scries of facts which nono can dony, that tho truo issuo was between the Laborers of the North and Southern Capitalists. And yet notwithstanding these nro tlio true parties to tlio controversy, our NOKTHKRN I.AI10II AOAINST SOUTIIKIIN CAPITAL. Wb ask tho attontion of tho Laboring men of tlio Slato to tho following extract from the speech of Mr. Hudson of Massa chusetts on the subject of a protectivo Tariff. This speech is tho clearest, most conclusive and stntesman-liko production which has been delivered in tho Hotiso of Hoprcsenta tives for j cars. It is a cool, calm, dispas sionate argument, perspicuous in its shlo and irresistible in its inferences. Mr. Hudson is said to be n plain, unpretending farmer perfectly courteous in his inter course with his brother members of the House, und republican in his manners and associations. But howuvi-r civil ho may be, personally, to his political opponents, ho is severe enough, in all conscience, in his treat ment of their arguments. Sometimes ho riddles them, without mercy, at others, he cuts them into powder and scatters them liko saw-dust mound him. Ho has made a perfect jcllil of Mr. Ithett's speech, and if his constituents havo any bowels of com passion they will allow him (o remain nt homo in future on his lordly plantation in South Carolina, and not expose him lo such another flagellation, by returning him to Congress again for truly, unless ho posses ses tho hide of a rhinoceros, his hack must smart most keenly under the severity of his castigation. We regret that our limits will not allow us to copy more liberally from Mr. Hudson's speech this week ; but wc assure our readers wo shall give them copious ex tracts from it very soon, and will Heat them to tlio whole speech it our columns arc not too much crowded. Meantime we com mend the following extract to the careful perusal of all our readers. It shows con clusively hjio uio the parties to thu Tariff controversy : We have been told upon this floor lint a discrim maliny tariff was a tax uion Southern labor, to in Itadc. n.-.-cntnlile to the Unile.l Slates V. frilly inferred from Mr, Cvcrett's concurrence s and wi certainly auaur from it the most auspicious results. 1 Hcaivn gram that wo be not di?ajiiointed I" Parliament has been further prorogued by proclamation to tho 3d of February, then to meet for tho despatch of business. It is slated tint the Queen has signed her inten tion uf delivering tho Royal Speech in per son. It is said that tho King of Prussia, and other other distinguished foreigners who aro expected to attend on the christening, will bo present at the ceremony of tho opening of Parliament. Tho bip'isni of the Princn of Wale? was to ut: Jilaco at St. George's Chapel, Wind sor, on the SCtli nut. The King of Prussia, nnd .Ferdinand, Duko of Saxe Coburgh, were expected lo be presents as sponsors for tho young Prince. It is slated that inconsequence of Queen Victoria having expressed some uneasiness that her son the J'rinco of Wales should have, during her life time, precedence of his faih or, it has been rcsulved lliHt I'rince Alhejj shall bo iiiiinedi itely created King Consort, hy tho title and rank of ids Majesty King Arbcrt.. Tlmoysl family were rcideot at Wind--or Cas(e.. "The. Qucon nnd the young r' 'nco nnd'l'siuceis wcro in a sound date of j.j Ti'c pppr.vhvnsioni for the .health A Sj.s-tiui.AR Will A tavern keeper in An dover, Vermont, died a few days wince, leaving a un'oeny io ino amount ol anout lonr thousand dollar. During his last sicknetp, whon aware that his end was near, he made his will dfstnb ting Ins property in the following order ; Tn four of his children, lie gave one dullar each ; to h'w wife one half thu remainder of his wealth and to his youngest son, who was foolish, the other hulf. The lour boys to coino in possession of The widow and vounscst son who were tnnoa seas the bulk of his property, w ere to have ueo of it during their li ep, and after their decease tho remainder w as lo ho put at in'erest for one hundred years, then to he ex)cnded in building a school Iioueo in Brattleboro, in that Hate. I he man is stated to have been in his ri"ht mind, Uoston Times. REPEAL OF THE BANKRUPT BILL IN THE HOUSE. The hill for the repeal of tlio Bankrupt

law passed the House of Representatives on the 17th inst. hy a majority, on the final vote, of 32 ; yeas 12G, nays 91. This is u much larger majority than that by which the law was carried at ths extra session, when it was passed only by means of an amendment postponing tho operation of it to tho 1st of February, and then only by a vole of 11 1 to IOC, or a majority of five. This precipitate nnd cruel act of LgMa tion, which on Saturday commenced in vio lence and disorder, has been to-day carried ihriiigh to Hi final consummation. 1 luve not time nor pilicno; to recount nil the hamefid and mosl disgraceful mean, bv Mr. Clav said be was charged with the pre "Ciitatinn of a great many memorials, all re monstraling against any repeal or postpone. ment of the bankrupt law. lie would not trouble tho Senate with having them lead. There were a groat many from the State ol New York ; two from the State of .MarylanJ : nno from tho State of Pennsylvania ; ono from Newark, Now Jersey ; one from Boston, signed by hundreds of person-, a citv which, from its mercantile character, must bo supposed to have knowled on lha subject, in which were mingled the names of tlio.-catiic and uuablo topiv their debts: al. so, three from his own State, in which were the proceedingi! of a meeting strongly rciiiontratin against interference) with tho law, going into arguments to show why it should not bo repeal ed or postponed. To this there were 100 srzna. tuw, all of which the secretaries of the meet ing informed him were voluntarily made, Mr. Clay returned to an oiiinion winch had b"cn thrown out under tha sanction of o'iie high commercial authority m Now York, that the bankrupt bill, if it should becouio a law, would operate lo throw ono hundred millions, worth of property into the market lobe sacrificed. ' Such a remark, roni'iig from tint source, might ! he liltely to have fcouis weight, Bat it must be remembered that the estimate of one hundred millions was mere assumption and random con. jecturc, for no man could tell, with anything like accuracy, what tlio ainourt would be"; it might ju-'t as well have been set down at two hundred millions as al one. tiut, he the amount what it might, in estimating the weight of the statement, as an argument against the bill, it should be in quired, nn the other hand, what would be done with this properly should the bill not go into effect I Would it bo kc)t out of tho market ! Not at all. On tho contrary, it would be thrown into the market, to be r.old under the hammer by sheriffs and other officers executing the pro. cess of the courts, and lhat without competition to raite the price. For, when Iho property of a debtor was seized by one of his ei editors, what motive could his other cred.tors havo to enhance its avail?, by competition at the sale ! None in the world. On tho contrary, should the law re. main undisturbed, what would be the course of action under it I According to his understand ing of tho ac!, it would produce a distribution of the good of the debtor among all his credi tors pro rata ; of courec, when his projerty should bo set up to sale, it would be ihc iriterett of them all to make as much out of il at possible. i nt: v nuum uiu ii uj', insicati oi suuenng 11 10 be lacriliccd fora roug. He considered that, whatever mijjlit bo the exact form of legal pro. cecdings in carrying out the law, tho result in practice would be, that, under the benignant operation oi inecct, mere would be a ilistribu tllin of the debtor's ofl'oe.tp. not only amnntr nl Washington, Jan. 18. The Bankrupt Hill again Prospects in S n ate iVtto Mmemenrs in ihe House nf Jlrpre fentatiies Executive dominations, t-c. The Repeal Bill from the House of Reprc. senlativcH found its way into the Henato and re ceiled a lirst leading. When tho question was put, " hhall thu Hill hate a second reading at this lime with a view for reference," a dozen voices answered no. The motion required unanimous consent, and therefore could not be put. Mr. Calhoun manifested the most friend ship for the Bill, and about all of Ins way of lliiiiking fccincu to bo delignted when it made its appearance. 1 his bill, however, is neither to be coaxed, smuggled or driven through the Senate. While it will not be factiously resis ted so as to permit an expression of opinion, it will be contested at every steii. In the calculation which 1 presented last night, I should have plai cd Mr. Moutou of Lou isiana IUIMM," tl.U .. t.u a.t.wJ w . u repeal. Tho Lofiinlaturo instructed thair Sen ators to sustain the la v, anil those instructions remain uiuepcaled. Mr. Mouton, I learn, also intends to vote against the repeal. This in a full Senate, will make a tie vote and defeat the repeal. It is possible Mr. Rives of Virginia, may vote against repeal. Thero is a great difference between voting against a bill and for the repeal of a bill. One may, as Mr. Rises did doubt the utility of a law before it becomes a law, but once entered upon tiie statute book, ho may wisely regard it as too sacred to bo ex punged liom'tbo iccord without, at least, the trial of execution. There has been legislative trilling, as well as legislative criminality, in the action of the House, which it becomes the Son ate to arrest ; or, if tho Senate lack the power, then it should be done by the Hvectitivc. The strong oinnion iV that " in spile of lamentation," the iinfortuinto men will b-; allowed at least to receive tho benefits of the law. The Whigs in Congress who have voted agauut it, have acted in bad l.utli tn the country and to the lug par ty. I he evil they lino done it is not yet too late to remedy, and 1 bslieve from the ind cations t have seen, that justice will yet be done. Tho House and Senate have both adopted in structions in regaid to this bill to-day, tho Mouse by a vote of d.'J to 01), (notwithstanding the iot-3 ol yesterday) instructing the commit tee on the Judiciary to inquire into tho cxpedi ency of reporting a bid perfecting the act ol An. gust last by amendments. Tho Senate havo in Hlructcd the Judiciary Committee to inquire in to Iho expediency of amending the Bill bv re porting a clause including corporations. In tho meantime the ciiem.es of the Bankrupt svs tern intend to press action upon tho Bill from the House, with what success a day or two will show. To dav. Mr. Morehead has given notice of his intention to vote for repeal. Hh reasons are that the people of Kentucky are opposed to i the law, ami he as the Senatort of tha State is I bound lo obey. Tho proceedings in CongreF?, aside from the incidental action upon this question, havo been without much interest. In the House there was a little II ire up about rejecting Petitions, pray, ing for a repeal nf tho -1st Rule. They were all laid upon the table, by raising tlio question of reception, as in the Senate when abolition memorials aro presented. The last hall hour the Senate was in session, with closed doors, t-'everal Bxccutive Mess, ages were received the morning, and such ol them as w ere private referred in the afternoon. Several nominations were confirmed, but none of at) v great interest. readers will recollect, that in thu hlto Tariff! crease Nonlarn capital. The contest, gentlemen . .i ii r . .. tell us. is between .Northern canilal and .Southern coniest in mo iiouso ot uc ircseniatives, i ,,. v, sttr, i u-,.h m .., nn n,i r ,),- thoTorv members from everv freo Slate. with country ; but, sir, 1 nm compelled to say that the . . . , truth is the ery reversed this. It is -oulhern capi win, uiiut- i-Ait:iiiuiis, voiuu wiui ooinniTii tnl against iNorlhern lalior r. t ...i i i. . ' lv hri'ii Innnleil ns hein. ri vjii!itaiisis, against laortiicru i.niior. nm The Not th has Irinueiit lv been taunled .09 beim? rich and nrasiunir. Gentle- men havo ncintcd lo our inanufac.urins; villacis as we nro not particularly anxious, nt tho pre- ! evidence that wc are fattening upon the labor of w hat . , ,. . -( ihev dinoniinalo tlio great producing Slates. Hut sent time, to enter into n long discussion of why doi-enllcineiiiiuint loo.r mannfjcmring villa tlio protective system, although wo aro thor- Rc.'l I.et ihem Jooh lo our soil, rouj.h and ruped as 1 J 1 it i. unit eoninarn our ciiIrivatcil-lieliK with their ex- oughly convinced that the whole North will soon be compelled to embark in the dis cussion. Looking back from tho present gloomy condition of affairs, to that bright period when the National Debt was mado tn vanish (misled sod and ha'f cidmatcd planta'ions, and ak thcinsclies w.icthcr they cannot account lor Uus (in ference, by our habits if industry, and the character of the lahorwc employ. iVor isittr-'u lhat our manufactories are carried on or owned by the wealthy, lo the extent lhat gentle men would rcuescnt. Many of our cotton ana wool len mills nre owned nnd operated by men of sma I capital the laborers in the mills owning a portion uf before the general prosperity of tho country, 1 CUC'. m jlassaehu'ciis fnd I speak of my own a natural enquiry is, " What has produced Stale only because I ca.. sjieak of htr more mi 'er 1 . J ... , ' j slaiidinlv Ihan of any oilier,) require but very l.ttle thu chuilgo V And It IS just as natural that I cajiilal. We mnuifictiire boots and shoes lo the those who look to public events for tho causes ...lii. l.ulJ tuuiicu i.lili so ureal i change of circumstances, iho great reduc tion of duties on imported merchandize. Tlio truo theory of thu protective policy was shown fully between the years 1824 and 1828 ; and its practical operation was exhi bited by results from 1828 to 1834. These results were seen in tlio success of tho far mer and manufacturer, thu general advance of National prosperity, the rapid diminution of our National debt, its final extinguish ment, an overflowing Treasury, and a dis tribution of tho surplus lo tho Slates. But along with tho diminution of protec tive duties, a change has come, over the ; smiling face of our country. Wo do not say that all tho evils wo now endure can be traced to tho passage of tho compromise act, still less would wo reproach the projec- roliua whether be can present a picture like this , n- ins uwu ooiiu; woeiiHT iur leuuu's ur nn I amount of S1,000, 009 annually. This lame sum is in n arcat extent the product of labor. The comer Stun Jl 11 raw IllUe UllO elme. Is pmilitccJ hy l,tnii toil. The nnnnficMiro of furniture nnd chair aiuo mts lo Sl,:iOO,OCO annually, and labor i- ihe principal ingredient in th s product. Tho same is ir eofhaN. which arc man factored to the amiunt of about 8700.000 per year. The annual product of slraw bonnels and pafoi-leaf hat- is S ',000,000 j and tliH begins and ends in labor, nnd labor, too, mostly p rformcd y women and ch.l hen. Ily iheofficul sta tistics of Massachusetts it will be seen that there are pn (bleed annually of these htlle articles, theso house hold maniificlures uch as slraw and ialinleaf hats and bonnets a ery large amount. In some towns, where such articles arc manufactured, the amount in dollars is len times the amount of the population of the town ; and in some few cases Iwico that amount lhat is, a town of '.000 inhabitants will produce of of slraw, palm-leaf, and articles of this character, S20.000, and, in some cases, SP.00O. though, in the hitter case, a jmriion of ihe article, partly manufac tured, was obt dine I m the adjacent towns. 'I he?e articles are, lo a nrea' degree, the product of labor, and nre produced"! rincipally by thownmen and child- j ren. Anil it is by unrcmiiting toil, uy patient nnu coniininl apiuirauun, uiai uit-Mipruuutii uiu uruuuni forth, lly means sucli as thise. bun Ircds of poor fa milies, of lone widows and destitute irphans, are s ipjiorted. And l would sladiv 3K mvinenu troni fouui t.a Horn ,,,,i..i tors of that incasur with tlio present suflcr- tliorc will submit 1 toil like this 1 IIu know s that they ing condition of our country. Thov wero , AnJ s,il1 'peil" f our nuniiraciurers as ' - lliouch ihey were nil men of overgrown capital, rnl- called upon lo act ill a suddeiremergencv ling i?. luxury an.l in wealth I I will give the gei.tle i j c 1 1 i . .i" loan n specimen of Yankee nnnuficliires. There arc a crisis ; nnd wo cheerfully accord lo them .n,,, wi,n 13 or 20 nul.sofniy ic-idence who purity of motive, honesty of purpose, and a ' manufacture woo 'en ware. And what, Mr. Sp'jUcr ' . . ' 11 I do you suppose Ihey produce I I will tell you. 'Ihey lofty patriotism. But wo must say that, manii'iictiireiii's and icath beards and mo; handles tvlltht tint ri'llllPllnn nf .licermilmlinn- fill. ! n"(l cIlIiIIS phis'. Alld W llCIC (Id Oil SH pose t!lCV wlulotlio ruluction ol discriminating du- fmJ n n,n,kclfur ,uc.0 fiarte commrdities !.l will till lies undoubtedly contributed largely to vou. They send iliem into the wr-tcrn uuerncsi 1 I1CV IHItt Ullll'UI "ll HLViii j ... .'.iS3.iil i, .w mini. turn of the debtor's effecte, not only among all his crcditorr, but at the highest price they could be mado lo command. Mr. G wont on to ty that it was not his pur po0 to L'. at this time, into a discussion of the subject generally, lie had thought of tho bank. ruit act as a measure which ranui recommended lo Congress not ouly by all considerations of jua. lice, of humanity, and benetolciu'c, but reroin. mended no less by the appalling existing condi. tion of the country. If, among all tho olbcr UislresBCF, ilisroutcnts, and disorders, wh.cb eterv where prevailed to so alarming an extent, thu Legislature thould now slam tho door in the ftirex of thoc unfortunate men who had nt lonuth hoped to bo liberated from irretrivablo embarrassment by the bcneficicnt operation of tin law, it would produce sued a sU'o of e xciIp men', dictreif, d .'order, and tier pair, frem one end uf tin) la.id to the other, that no um could forcfec or ten cumar' Jr the consequencr s. Hot h c iU no' i"rm "n't' tho h, lef rn irr The Alabama House of Representatives did not do a great deal of important business on Christmas day. The presiding officer found il impossible to keep the members in any kind ol order, and all lhat was really done to any effect, was tho rejection oftho motion of Mr. Clemens to uing a joint Christmas song beginning thus : rtotv UiriMnias comes, aim merry I.el ctcry bosom be ; I.ny down thy mallet Terry, And lit the Senate free j This is no lime for spouliiij!, Malic no resolves t" day I Thy voico is great at shouting The incrrv roundelay, And cndmir with a crso about Kss No?;, and invoking Iho arrival ef a supply of oysters and gin. The Speaker decided the motion not to be in crder, and roon afterwards the House ad. jourucd to Monday. The poetry prepared for Iho occssion, inn which was ruieu out in unpar liamontary, was by Mr. Smith, a representative from luccaloosa. SCARI.KT PKVKR. A correspondent sayv, "The happiest effects have resulted from washing the patient in weak lys which feels a liltlo blippery to the linger. It is tcit tobezui in tune, when tlio lever or redness lirst appears : and with a cloth or sponge apply it all (iter tho child every few hours ; but il the fever has got u), it should bo repeated every live minutes till tiicneat auatcs. uue ol cur childicn was getting better under this treat. ment ; but his uurco aburved in the night, ho was again very hot, she washed him all ovor, and in a few minutes every trace of fever had fefl him. lie fell cool, elert comfortably restore harmony between tho dilforent sec tions of the country, it has also aided almost every other cause lo bring about tho present disastrous state of public affairs. We repeat again th.it wo do not intend at tho present timo to go nt length into a dis cussion uf the Tariff question. Wo know the great mass of the Tory parly are enam ored of thn Southern ductrinu of "Vcc trade." It is u beautiful dociiinc in theory : but no nation with w hich wu havo commercial intercourse, is willing to carry il into practi cal operation. They are quito ready to supply us, to surfeiting, with the product of their pauper labor, and arc even so liberal as lo consent lo receive from us, free of duty, ono of the great staples of iho South, which outers most into the formation of the fabric witli which thov supply us. That is, if wo will tako of them a pound of fine muslin, valued at six or seven dollars, they will lako of us, duly free, a pound of cotton which ihey cannot raise and must have, valued Ht ten cents. 1 ho wheat and flour, pork nnd bacon, which also enter into the fabric, as a part of tho support of tho operative, em braced in his wages, they will not allow us to supply, because they can furnish these articles at about double what they would cost from this country. Wtdl nnd truly in- these articles are sent 'or sale. We have another class of manufacture of a dif- I fr rent character. O tr cotton, woollen, clas, iron, and jiaper manufactories turn out an annual product abo'H equil to the cajiital invested. Take a'l our ina-nufaelnre-together, and thennninl product isat least one third more than the capital invested. Not that theannmil proju t is so iikcIi e'ear garni far other-wi-e. The mteirsl and insurance on ihe capital and fabric, tlio cost of tho raw material, the cost of the labor, and oiher incidental ch.irgcs, are all lobe de ducted, lnfact, n company nny lurn ofl'an annual product greater than the capital invested and still prosccnle iheir business nt n loss. I'rom this view of our manufactures, it will be teen that our fabrics aro in a great degree the product of labor, and not of ca oilal. Hut how is it with the products of the South 1 Ta'.e their great staple, cot ton t of what is that the product ! of labor or of ca pital ? Of capital, almost exclusively. Thcr land nre capital, and their slaves are capita', made so by their own law s. In siri liuss of sjieech, hey bate no labor, in i lie sense in which that word is used, as ili.it iiquisli.il from capital, in the production of their cotton crop, if we exccit tho overseers nnd the few while men who nro employed. Hy ihe inslitu ions and laws nf the South, their slaves nm properly canilal in the same sense lint our machinery is ; and I when Ihey talk of protecting their labor, they mean, 11 IIICV IMCIO Itny lillli, luutcun. m.u (in.j.ci... In this view of the subject, I claim no originality i Mr. Wooilbnrv. that Notlhern man with Southern principles Mr. Woodbury, the late Secretary, whose authority will not bo disputed by my friend from South Catolinn, presents the the same view, in his report upon ci Hon in 183G. He e-timaies the whole amount of capital employed in the cotton culture as lullowsi Capital in land", Capital in slaves, Ca.ital In horses, cattle, ic. rioalim; capita', for taxes, tools, overvcers, &c. MI2,O00.OfO 403,000.000 20,400,000 30,000,000 S771.OOO.O0O Makiiifagrnnd total of With these facts staring them in tho face, will .Q.imli..rti intlinininn lliitOnnr. have fheeflronlrrv . l ii 1 1 T u UIM18, llirit UU' HiH-imic ut mint nun is (i ti'iuroi deed did Mr. Robertson say, on tlio floor of i,etwetn Noiihem capital and Southern Iahor7 His the British House of Commons : " tra idle for in to nulearor to persuade other a contest between Southern capital, or what is made capital hy their laws, nnd iho free labor of ihc North. mi.- .' .1 r. i.'...l. t.A.n .u.. 1 Uf i;ci!lll mail Hum ouuiu t iiiuiiii.i miiienis 111.1t notions to join icith us in adopting the principles of any thinj should be said leni'ing to array one iart of irtiif irns cu,( i ret i raue. uaer nations .neic j me union ngJinst tun oilier aim yet, in ma same as ircll at Ihe noble Lord opposite ami thote te'io sneech. lie sneaksof Northern minufaclurers ns op .trtnl ,rilh him. that irhat ire meant bv Free Trade I nrttsnrt. nlunderers. rabhers. The renileman lells tern nothing moit norlets than, by meantof the great 1 us lha', if tho protective policy is adhered to, the aaeaniapes ire enjuitu, iu munujioiy vj un mcir markets for our manufactures, and to prerent them, one and all, from ecer becoming manufacturing nations.' This is a fair exposition of the English doctrine of " Free Trade." And this is tho beautiful theory which ihe Tories of this country are so anxious to carry into practical operation. It was to realize this idea that Jlhett and Pickens of South Carolina de nounced tlio coiiiinilti.'o on Manufactures as unconstitutional, nnd thai the Northern To- and has had no return of it since. Kvcn bathing ,.jM rj 0 by tl0 magnanimous Alherlon uiu noi iiiv.t'itK lys ins ii very son r log uueci, , , ,i , ,i, ..,: H!l,..(l,n..,!,l'r,.P.. rail ,.,! oE a,n ,. joined ll.Om III llll'ir V.lin nauvfcMiigd' m f jc ti. If t'-e ihf ' ' it. We ask the nlm and dij KXCITKMKNT AT ANNAPOLIS. It will bo seen, by the letters from Annapolis, that a pctson has been arrested there on the choree of U in an incendiary. The Annapolis Hepubbcan of this morning has the following notice otiho affair l "The Iteporter fur tha Northern papers, who it tended tho first session of the .Slaveholder rv,nn. lion, became suspected, on taking bis seat at the re assembling of tho Convention on Thursday evenini, nnd a considerable excitement ensued. He was invi- led out of the hill by tko door-keeper, and went from thenco to the gallery, from which he was soon after cnnduitcd, and taken intoone of iho committee rooms The excitement increased he vva accompanied from Ihenco to Iii9 lodging at Coopers Hotel, where his papers nn If fleets vverctnkenposse.-sionof and It was thought a IvtsabU by Justice Iluntcr, for his safely and public pence, lo commit him. Next day he was brought ep under a writ of na leas corjnie and a very interesting examination was na.i ntloiu nssociatc judge urevver, which lasicu tour hours for the prisoner Thos. S. Alexander of Kn najiolis, and .Mr. I'almer nf I'rcdrkk, for the pros J rntion, Mr. Causin of St. Mary's, and T. F. Uovvi. IJsq. of Prince Oeorgc. The prisoner was rccojniied as the Reverend Charles T. Torrcy, one of the Re- poriersirom live uuyoi vv ismngton empioyea to re port for Northern papers, nnd, as a part cf his contract to nttend nnd rejiort the proceedings of this Slave- l.nl. I.... I' r U.r.il.n .1 He was finally remanded fur further examination," Tho above, which we cut from tho Wash ington "Globe," affords a fain indication of tlio state of feeling at the South, and the course of treatment they seem determined try adopt towards the North. Tho truth is, if is full (into fur tho North to wako up, ntid look about them to sco where they are, and how things are going. Heru is a reporter, employed by soma Northern paper to attend a public nueting al Annapolis, and report their proceedings for tho press, deliberately arrested, brought before a court of justice, (!!) nnd committed to prison as nn ixccndiaii y. If it bo a crim inal offence for a Northern gentleman to at tend a public meeting at (lie South, for ths purpose of listening to their proceedings, or of reporting them for the press, it is full time for us to know it. If it hn a crime for a Northern mm to go pcucably and quietly into tho Southern Stales, and to endeavor to gain personal information in rcgutd to their peculiar institutions, not by any secret, under-handed means, but by those which they have themselves adopted for making them public, wo say again, let us of tho North so understand it, that we may govern ourselves accordingly. If thu laws of tho slave-holding Slates make it thu act of an incendiaru, for a Northern man to attend a public meeting among tlicm, and to commu nicate, their proceedings to his friends ut the North, it is lime fur us to prepare ourselves properly to meet those laws. Wo arc no abolitionists. In common with nine tenth, wo might say all, of the people, of New Cngland, we believe Slavery to he a moral and political evil; lo In crime and a sin in its nature, and a curse to all among whom it exists. But at tho satr.o limn, wc believe it to bo an evil of which it will bo very difficult for the South to rid it self, and w hich should bo carefully approach oJ l.v il... .'g.iuniiii nnd unskilful. Wu lip licvu that no good can ensue by the violent denunciations which some Northern aboli tionists are constantly pouring furih against tho South nnd all connected with tho existence of Slavery. Such fierco and un discriniinnting nttniks can only bo produc tive of jealousy, heartburnings, nnd ill blood, without advancing tho accomplishment ef their desires, a single step. But while we condemn tho rash proceedings of such, at the North, wo think tho course pursued by thu South in regard to this matter, at (lie ve ry least, equally reprehensible. There is also this important difference between ths two cases, thai while these violent measures ut thu North are confined to a very small proportion of the inhabitants, the entire South seems lo combine in showing itself as vio lent, as foolish, as raving mud, as Garrison or his maddest followers. We havo no desire to join issuo with ths Soulh on this or any oilier question. Most siucetely do wj doprocalc any course, lhat shall foment sectional jealousy, nnd draw a line of distinction between thu interests of tlio fsorih and South. This very course, however, the South is forcing upon us with nil its power. They aro constantly making this tho great, absorbing question, in which all others are swallowed up. They rail at tho Northern Abolitionists as fuuaticcs and incendiaries, when their own sentiments ar equally fanatical, their languago and their actions equally inflammatory. Wc have homo from them almost every thing, and ihey would do well to pauso and reflect that "There is a point, beyond which forbear unco ceases to be a virtue." In llieir de nunciations of those who even differ from tlicm in opinion in regard to their peculiar instutions, they havo shown iho most foolish illiberality that ever disgraced any controver sy. They havu lynched Northern men found among them, on (he mere suspicion of holding Abolition sentiments. They havo withheld their votes from ono of tlio most splendid men that ever graced the Union, on llic ground of a suspected difference of opin ion on an abstract question. And now at last they have brought tho machinery of their penal laws to prevent the exercise of tho un doubted rights of a citizen of the United Slates. If tlio South be determined to persist in this course, ihe crisis must soon come, and the sooner tho heller. They threaten us witli a dissolution of ihe Union; but what have we to fear from such a step that does not apply witli ten-fuhl force to them 1 Tha North has so long remained quiet under their instills nnd bullying, that they think to fright en us by this hug-bear cry. God forbid lhat wu should speak linhlly of such on event Cod forbid that wc should by any means ad vance it one step. We aro fully convinced that if such n dissolution is ever brought on, it will be hy iho measures of Soxithern, and not of Northern fanatics, and on thrm lest iho responsibility, l.ct the South conduct themselves like reasonable men, and nolliko Constitution will Ic destroyed; and ho more thnn intimatis mat the Union will bo uissoueu. i irsm lhat nny pculleman should so far forcel his duty to liin.aplr n,t liltt .xtril.t. iw In kiieak of (hssolv inir InC Union; yes, ur, 1 am more Brieve I than nlarmid at thisthrtalj it has been upeaird so orten that it has I,,., il ;,.... il.. n ve the Union I VMio would siflVrbv such nn event? Let gentlemen count the cost before thev take a step involving a ich horrid o 'lint I will not dwell upon n subject sonninful. Hut. if the Union must be, di-solved, 1 e I lie rcjiponsiuimy uj-ua nws' , t'nlnct. ... Ar .i Unidii iiL'ninMnoihrri I wmtU urcn-then the rord foolish mmlnu'l., nnd wo will answer lor it meat' ! 0mCricS n',e. li,,IU COmry interest. Let n thscrimiiiatinjr Mull ho vy.scly nd of .onhcrn denunciators will never effect umoiM jiuiciiiiii, . , . ,ncu,hmir iftwcen uxurifs ana nerrrsn . , . , . . . . .... (Tuns to aliollshiiK 10 "" " duM, i'J . 'oiirown industry, ami those wlurh do riot, and it , Jl, dup l'SlonatO UI- w! r"Va,. ''Pl if un Oj, by -npirliej ihe puvrst