Newspaper of Burlington Free Press, March 11, 1842, Page 2

Newspaper of Burlington Free Press dated March 11, 1842 Page 2
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in AS. CONGRESS. Washington, Fob. 'M. The Benito has hot boon in soasiun to-day, ind tho Homo of Representatives lias done nuth injrofpuoiic Interest. A part of tliu day was devoted to tht consideration of the Retrench ment Resolutions, a part to a petition from Blair nnd it Rives, asking for remuneration for printing tho sixth census return?, ami a very small part to tlio proper business of tho day, bo mg .the consideration of private Bill. The Retrenchment Resolutions relate to the business maters of tho House, and propose a re trenchment in tho contingent expenditures of that body by tho reduction of the number of clerks and the diminution ofthn messengers, pa1 pes, and all tho poreons in attendance about the Capitol. Tho Retrenchment Committee seem to hate mado a wholesale business in the work of reform, and seem to have acted with more hurry than discretion in arriving atRomo of their conclusions, mere are ranlier ollonccs which need the pruning knife than those connected with the clerk's office. It is not beginning at home ot longing at tho right quarter, to cut down tho salary of dorks, or diminish their number, to increase their labor, while Congress is killing timo and protracting the length ol tho session, In thn almost total neglect ol public business. There is but lit t lo news not rnnnecteil with Congress, Tho I'lcsidcnt lias sent a communi cation lo the House, in answer to a resolution of that body railing for information called for at tho present tnrtnent. This answer is in refer- enco to the state of ourexisting negotiations with Great Britnin. Hon. J. P.crce, U. S. Senator from tho Stale of Now Hampshire, h.m resinned his scat in the Henato and loft the city. Mr. Pierce will hard- IV nave a inoru acceptable man lo succeed nun. To his political frierds he was partisan enough to bo always a fiithu member of the Scnat",and inui'.hmoru unexceptionable In his opponents than many of his opponents. In the committee room ho was laborious, attentive and just, and there, where a momlicr may bo most useful, he has been of great scrv co to the country. Wasiiinoton Fob. 27. All the news hero to-day is to sny thorn is no news. Tho absence) of Mr. Muffii from the ChihioI where Iio has neld forth for so many Sabbaths past, has had tho effect of making u Sabbath-day's quiet of nil that has been said and dono in und about (ho Capitol. fl'l .1 . i niTu inontns ot tne session will pass away with tho present week. But lillla has been brought to pass, and nothing of much importance to tint country. The past week hasbuen it broken one, nnd tho death of an honorublo member with the holiday of 22d mado an inroad upon much of tho intended business ol tlio week. Tho business properly in order to-mor row is upon tlueu subjects and whether one of tho three, or nil of them, or neither of them will ho disposed of. is matti-r of doubt, The month will have terminated withou tho passage of the Bill for the relief of tho Dis trict Banks, and winch proposes lo allow them to receive and pay out the notes of iho Banks of Virginia and Mary land so long as these institutions shall he allowed to ronlinuo in a stain of suspension. This Bill has passed the House, and is now before tho Senate for its consideration. i no uanKrupt ucsoiutions, proposing instructions to ttic Judiciary Uommittcu in regard to thirteen amendments, arc also among the orders of the d.iv, and again the Resolutions proposing- an amendment of the Constitution by I lie restriction of tho veto power of which Mr. Calhoun is to ban; a speech which lie expects lo have an op portunity to deliver to-morrow. Mr. Clay's speech is promised for Tues clay, and thus you see in advance there wil be no lack of subjects for debate for the week, at least in the Senate. In the House, there are as many subjects connected with Retrenchment, tho Civil Diplomatic Bill, and the proposed re-rstab lishment of some of tho salutary rules of tho txtnt session ol Congress, a matter, con cerning which the Globe is uttering terrible philippics. 1 ho hope of accomplishing any business at the Extra Session of Congress rested upon tho establishment of these rules. and the chances of success in business tho present session of Congress, rest almost entirely upon their re-establishment among the standing orders ol the House. The three great questions of the Session tho Apportionment, the Currency, and tho T. arm, remain as yet untouched Mr. Caldwell, of New Orleans, has been nominated as Supertendent of the Mint. Washington, Feb. 28. Prtocrtnss or Tim Virro Resolutions Dis ANOTiia Disunion Memouial the TlilCT B lNKH, tfcc. Mr. Calhoun was to-day delivered of hi promised speech upon the resolutions sub milted by Mr. Clay of proposing a restrict tion of the Veto power. His speech had the merit of ability nod brevity, and in many dm: of it of truth itself. The question was discussed of and bv Itself, no extraneous mattur being introduced to sustain his opin ions. It gave a condensed analysis of our form of government, assumed boldly that was not a eovenmieiit of minorities, alloide reasons why it was not and whv it ought not to be a popular government, pointed out with great distinctness the character of its divisions, and finally came to the conclusion (lint the Veto power was the Conservative power. The speech was not niiiro than half the length of ordinary spec Hies, and in (he way of tor.donsalioji a model for all speeches. Mr. Calhoun having closed, the consideration of the subject was postponed until Friday next. Mr. Clay will speak to-morrow upon his resolutions upon matters and things in gener nlofa eiivernniont char.icier. Thubill.il I said, will bo i!:;' 'ils' labored effort of Mr. Clay in Congress, tho' no' (he last speech us to dav Mr. Clay gave notice ot in-, intcn- Uoii to chxso the debate upon the resolutions proposing a restriction of tho Veto power. Mr. Clay will, therefore, probably be heard many limes before the few weeks pass awny, when he will leave the Senate. Tin? House were lo-day threatened with another "llaro up," growing out of the Presentation of a memorial from Ohio, upon ' ...i . ... ..r .. .I!... i. ..r.i. it..:.... IIIU 51IUJOCI Ul U WISSUIUUVII, Ul till? UlllUII. Mr. biddings, of Ohio, was the offender tliis day, nnd llie petition came from Ash tabula, in tho State of Ohio. The House tif Representatives promptly gavo it thn go by, nnd but 24 members of thu-Honso would jiut themselves upon the record for the me ' irioriaL Tho vote was uo sooner taken up- on thi matter than several members sprung fa their feci, for the purpose of offering Res olutions, that any member hereafter presen ting a like petition should bo regarded as offending the Home, und justly incurring its censure. None of llie Resolutions were in order, anil none, thcreforo, were received. Washington, March 1. Tke Senate Chamber Mr. Clav's Srctcn. 'Tha Senate Chamber was literally wreathed Inauiilas and beauty this morning. The spec ocl WMamiwt imposing one brilliant not uttfy for the bright eyes nd rosy checks which tVttea t)l urou-id tho chamber, but for the number of persons In attendance. Every av. I enue to tho chamber was blocked up, And one could hardly movo to the right band or to tho l.r. ! . V . - .1 Jl . ... ... . ., iuii, in aoors or oui, to cue gaiicrics or upon mo floor of tho Senate Chambor, without stumbling over a bevy of ladies. Bright eyes sparkled every whore, and' In such profusion that one otiiri not turn in any direction without meeting , sieht alwavs nleasant to look noon. It was a nobTo audience, and as numerous as it was, it was but half as numerous as it would have been if tho .Senate had convened in a placo whero a larger audience could have assembled. Mr. Clay was well aware of tho tribute paid him in tho presenco of so many ladies. The gentlemen, for the most part, had been driven troin the walls of the .senate Uhamber, in tlio exercise of that proper, natural, and proverbial gallantry, which yields what is preferable or best to the ladies. Tho speech which the el oquent Senator had prepared, however, was not intended for tlio most numerous part of the au dience. It was rather arithmetical than rhetor ical, more, in brief, a sober subiect, that re- quired plain spoaking, than a figurative one, wlucfi would admit ot an ambitious display. A word or two, however, was duo to tho ladicr, and Air. Clay was too gallant a man to waive all allusion to tho crowd of admirers, who hovered round about him like so many good angola ur ging him onward in tlio performance of duty. .Mr. Clay, tlierelore, commenced with saying that he did not come here, as if he woro enter ing a garden adorned with beautiful flower: and sweet scented shrubbery, to cull tho tea rose, japonica, jasmine and woodbine, and weave them into beautiful wreathes to ploasa the eyes, and regale by thoir fragrance and flavor, the senses of tlio ladies. With tho flowery intrn. luction tho Senator proceeded to tho discuss. ion of Revenue, the Tariff; tlio Compromise Home valuation, foreign Invoices, spccihe am. discriminating duties, tho 20 per cent, urinci pie, the distribution matters embodied iu lib Resolution. A sketch of the speech I send vou, f tlio whole will be nut by and by,) much of it will bo read with groat interest, and all that relates to tho I anil, the Compromise Act and kindred ones lions. .Mr. Clay adheres to tho Laud Bill as a mi tier of justire to tho States, and as a milter of policy for Iho Government. Tho Comprom ise Art, Mr. Clay contends is not be interpreted literally, although as a matter of justice it is proper toadhorc totl.e surit ofllioact. So far from being bound to tho loiter of the act, Con reus is bound to create a revenue coii.il lo the economical expenditures of tho Government whether it is 20, HO, dO, or even 100 per cent, The proceedings in the House of Represen tatives have been of no interest to.dav. Out of Congress there is nothing new. Surini? has opened with great promise, and tho day opened wiin an tne genial sweetness, of a iMayil.iv. The leaves and flowers are nuttinir forth, and thn public grounds bsgm to bo carpeted with the vculcnt covering of early spring. Congress ai yet is not in the middlo of the spring. The " Dickens" is to bo here a week hence and has taKen rooms at I uller's Hotel. Washington. March 2, 1812. The proceedings in Congress to.dav have beenot no great mteics!. Something has been S lid, but nothing whatever done of any public . ,r- t- t.. ;.. l. , " iiui'ii'si. -nr. ) rigni, in ine oenatc, lias tmuu very amo aim logical sneecn noon tne lies. olutions introdurcd by Mr. Ciav. The speech was in Mr. Wright's best style, and in a man ner a model of what a speech should be. Its conclusions will be regarded as untenable, and many will think it strango that a man of Mr. W right s strength of mind should maintain such a position as lie avows in reirard to the Tariff and Compromise Act. Ho opposes Protection, anil is lor limiting the rate of duty to 20 per cent, to effect this, and to bring about an ex penditure corresponding to the receq.H of gov. eminent. Ho pioposos a repeal of the Distri bution Bill, and has put his wits to work for upsetting the Distribution policy and the Tariff' at the sumo breath. The I louse of Representatives have been dis- cusiiug, though in a different shape, the same question of retionchment. The other business lias been of no interest. lVi-tnorrow the business properly in order will bo the proposed relief for the District Bulk, by allowing tlicm to deal in the paper of the B inks of Maryland and Virginia. Tho res-olu- tioii3ofMr. Clay are also before tho Senate as the iiiifniisl cd business. There is nothing very remarkable going on in tho political circles here. Tne President awaits the action of tho People upon h:s Kxche. qner scheme, which is, every where, coming in to favor. Tho powerful Report of the Hon. N, P. T.illmadgo in Congress, Ins given it an im petus, w h.ch is destined lo gather strength, day alter day. Loiters pour in hero now, calling upon embers of Congress to enact the plan into a Law. Virginia is coming into tho moas. ure. The pressure for money there in the pre paration ol tho Binkrt to res"um3, and the call lor old debts, with the inability to pay them, make men think it is not worth the while to be ruined for Politics, or to throw up all the schemes for bettering the currency because only an old-fashioned Bank of tho United Slates cannot hn got. Tiro will be no imiiiu. cii.uo acnon in Congress However. Actum on this inattor must aw.i.t Mr. Clay's retirement to his own cherislud "Ashland." It is known that ho is opposed to Mr. T.iilmadge's Bill. It is known the report .vasmnle adverse to his advice. Hi business intellect, therefore, while ho is in the senate, will dazzle down many loss, or lights. Where he is, many are overawed His proud and lofty spirit, his overwhelming popularity of manner, Ins age and experience, and that subduing eloqucn. o of conversation he has, more brilliant in the social circle now th in in llie Senate, tune man's minds to obedience, He is a great man, and pre it men, particular)' when they are leaders, hale to take tho Inrk track. It is no', ho.ve.'r, improbable, thithu leaves Congress but to enable li.s friends ti act with more IrceJuui : and sure it is now, that so long as he clings to a U S. Bank only, and in the Senate himself, insists upon it, nothing for tlio currency can ue none. dispensations of Providonco have struck tho appaueu senso oi me siarucu iiauun, won equal and superior amazement. Within that period, residing hero, 1 have recorneu uio re markable deaths of a President of the United States, a Comodore in command here, a Com mander-in-Chief, a Judgo or the Supremo Court, a Senator, and two distinguished Representa tives, all suddenly docoased here hi the midst of their responsible duties. Never were such and so many changos'bofore ; and yet it has not been a year of unusual mortality. But " when the judgments of God mo abroad, tho people of the earth will learn righteousness." So we may hope. Hovv often, in the midst of those strango and saddening events, has tho familiar and worn out quotation roccurrcd to us with increasing lorco "What shadows we are, anil what shad ows wo pursue 1" And how appropriate, at this moment, seem tho solemn, tragic verses of Shirley ! at whoso recital, it is said, the great Cromwell, in tho height, ol his pow er and gloiy, used to tremble and shudder with strango and unutterable emotion, their mysterious senti ment reaching to tho depths of his dark spirit's gloomy grandure. "Theglorics of our mortal state Are shad ows, noi sul atamial things: There is no armour azninst fate i Death lays his icy hands on Kings. Sceptre am! crown Musi tumble down, And in Ilia dust bo equal mado With the poor crooked scythe and tpadc. "Sjni'3 men with words miy rein thi? fiuld, And i lanl fresh laurels where lliey ki I : But I heir strong nerves at last must yio'di They time, but one another still. Karly nr lute They sloop to fnith, .And must give up their conquering bicath When they, pale, captives, creep ta death. "The garlands wither on ymrbrowj Then boit no more yi ur conquering deeds, Upm daatli's purplo allar now See wbern I In? victor victim bleeds. All hemls mnt enma To the cold tomb : Only then 'd ms of ths just Smell sweet and blossom in the dust." FRIDAY MORNING. MARCH, 1 1 I3U. TARIFF MIOETING. Pursuant to instructions from a meeting holdcn at tlio Amer ican Hotel on the 2'h dav of Febilrury A. D. 1842, the sub scribers, appointed a committee for that purpose1, invite the friends of DOMESTIC INDUSTRY, ill this and tho nei'ihboniif' counties, to meet attheUourt I louse iu Btir- lin'Mon, on Friday tlio 11th of March instant, at 10 o'clock in thn forenoon, for the purpose of expressing the sentiments of the 'cople of Vermont, on the duty ol Congress in relation to the romotion of the interests of the uonucixu classes, and the rito- rncrioN or America v i.Anoit. GISOIUIK P. MARSH J( ) I IX N. PO I KIM ) Y V. ..V"; IAItllY BRADLEY S TEItKlFIC STEAMBOAT KXl'LOSION, AND LOSS OF LIFE. From the N. O. Bee, Feb. HI. The steam towboat Mohican, Captain Ilea ton, on Saturday etcnim; last the 19lh Fob. while cn:;a;ed with the towboat Star, iu towinr the Jlritih ship Ed. Thorn, (inward bound) across the Bar, burst all her boilers, by which we regret lo add, that from 12 to M lives were lost, amonjj wham are the two cnijiiieers, two lircman and three deck hand-!. I.t. Bukun, one of the Revenue officers at the Balize, was blown fiom the boat on board of tho Star, and was killed en tliesimt. The mate of the EJ l ii.rn, was milsu uy tlio explosion, and the Capiain is uSnjerously wodllded. The latter, and Captain Ileaton, who 1. likewise U.ir'y hurt worn brought to the city yestonlay nn board the Star, and medical aid was immediately pro cured to render them overy possible asiis tanrc. Capt. Hoaton, of the Star, (a brother of the commander of il.o .Mohican,) did every thin;; in 111s power to alleviate the uullerinu ol the wounded, and with a promptitude worthy of credit, returned forthwith to tlio city with a view of securing immediate remedies for their recov ery. The Mohican caught fire Immediately after the explosion, and was entirely consumed. The deficiency of water in the boiler is sai'd to lave been the origin of this afflicting accident. srarwk.ta TIII2 TARIFF CONVENTION. directed against 1 1 i tit sucli fur inslntico ns bis loiter contains then bis complaint would have been well founded nnd just. But that was by no means the ensc. On the contra ry wu spoke in the most measured anil guar ded language, scrupulously refraining from tlio use of nny term which would imply tlio rc molcsl personal or official disrespect. Tlio wliolo aim and object of tho article was lo point out what wo conceived to bo tlio bad policy of repealim; tlio Law. Wo simply spoko to Mr. Y. as tlio organ of his constit uents in this section of tins district and wo assuro him that wo faithfully reflected their sentiments. Trim wo wroto with earnest ness and warmth, but, in tlio words of Lord Chatham, "the zeal which oflTonih'il him was the ardor ol conviction." Hut Mr Young says that our articlo was "calculated to wound liim in tha house of his friends." If so, it was only because wo succeeded in convincing "liisfriunds'byfairand legitimate reasoning, that the repeal of the law in question would be, under tho circumstances, ill-advised and injudicious and not, wo repeat it again and gain, from any disrespectful language to wards hi 111. Where then has been our erroi i Iu what respect have wn sinned 1 Wo niuy have erred in our iiidcmciit. But wo claim for ourself the sanio honesty of purpnsu and tho siniu purity of motive which wu cheer fully concede lo Mr. Young. And further, so long ns wo keep strictly within the bounds of personal respect and decorum, so long ns wo use courteous language and preserve a proper tono in our public discussions, so long ns wo assail no privnto character, and bring reproach on no man's good nanio so long we claim the right, deny it who will, to defend the measures of the party, which the FrtKK I'rtEss has always supported, both against the ferocious assaults of Tories and thufickh' policy of Whigs. O110 word more personal to ourselves and then wis will have dono with this mutter for the present. Mr. Young says, at the close of his letter, after complaining that our name does not appear in tho Press ns Editor, that "such paper may "assume such exclusive censorship over his "conduct as to deny to others the right to nt temp his defence, or oven to ofl'.'r any thing "by way of excuse." Now we suppose this paragraph has reference to a little sparring on this subject which lately occurred between us find the Watchman, and we will only re mark in reply to it, that we had not the slight est disposition to find fault with the Watch man for undertaking lo defend our Repre sentative. On the contrary we supposed Mr Young would himself be the first to complain on that score. Wo only demurred to one allegation of the Watchman that namely, in which ho attempted to make it appear that wo had condemned our Representative. Thus much 111 our own defence. Less wo could not have said in justice to ourselves. Of the reasons which Mr. Y. has assigned for his course, if we deem it expedient, we shall speak at longili iiu.m i-uk, unlci i il'iuJ by Ills rude languugo towards us. rcction to opinion and conduct, by thoir counsel and example in arresting these consenucncci'. What is to bo done I 'Ibis is the question whoso (solution is necessary to nave South Car- olinafroni an extensive emigration, if notdupop. uiaiion, Wohavoiiow reached that condition which leaves no alternative between tho reten tion of stubborn habitp, with decreasing prosper ity, mid chatigo of occupation, with the prospect of permanent wealth. Well, whit is to ho done if our favorito pursuit is abandoned ! Tho path in plainly marked out for us by Nature. If we fail to follow it, wo have nothing to thank but our own apathy and indolence. South Carolina possesses groat natural capacities for Manufac turing. It is a inelaiicholly fact tint wo aro far behind tho ago iu a knowledge of our own res- ourcei, sluniberinjr over advantages, which, if properly employed, would make us the most prosperous and independent people In existence. The country that relics for its annual reven ue on ono or two Maples of export, subjoctH it self to all those losses and futiclmitions which follow wars, mercantile revulsions and revolu tions in commerce. A fall abroad in the market valun of these staples frequently reduce the nro. Ills of Agriculture so suddenly and so hrgely as to afl'ect all dependant branciicH of industry. i ins cannot nappcn wuere inu purMiiiMin i.iuiiiir and tho investments of capital arc more diversi fied. All productive labour does not, then, flow into ono or two channels, so that when the cur rents of external trade are impeded, stagnation succeeds. But that scheme of industry which calls forth a variety of occupat ons, mechanical, commercial and agricultural, constantly replen ishes and invigorates all tho internal springs of wealth. If tho foreign market fluctuates and falls, the interior currents of trade and circula tion remain in undiminished activity, and a di versity in the modes of industry and in tho ap plication of capital enable tho country, so cir cumstanced, to fall back on other and more in dependent sources of income. The arts of life which are quickened and improved by an inter nal movement of labour are then sure and healthy supports to an industrious population. The fund by which industry is remunerated is not, in its precariousness, so variable in amount as when it is exclusively derived from raising pro ducts for a foreign and distant market. But it will bo raid that if an attempt is made to change our present schemo of industry that if we direct our attention to developing the rich mineral resources of our state, or engage iu working up our raw material, we fiavo not the capital and enterprise necessary to the success of those operations. This is very true under tlio present state ol feeling, habit anil opinion among our capitalists wh'le they obstinately adhere to existing modes of investment and pre fer the uncertainly attending the production of agricultural staples for a foreign 111 irket, to tho security of a homo demand. Wo have not only this obstinacy of habit and lethargy of dis position to overcome, but a deep rooted prejudice against all such enterprises as will bring us 1n to competition, iu the same pursuit, with tho Northern States. Such are tho baneful cITecIs of misdirected public opinion on this subject that it is only necessary for a man to embark Ins capital in manufacturing to have his credit damaged and bis best directed etliirts frustrated. It is our next intention to show that we have the means at hand by which Manufactures may be established in South Carolina, while the capital by which they may uo safely introduced and ad equately sustained need not be sought abroad, but it is to be found within hcruwii hunts. tlin vl112 nnttv (or tho Inst Ihrco voirnl Anil wheth er they require Mf, tin Ihttr teprutnlailxr, on const!- , mini ( it:i,iiuiia 11 iiii;i''ii5 111 iAii.'uii.iicy, iu im plicitly uilo'it the opinions of o luri", however respect ed their opinions may bo on many important ques tion ( And should they nuvcr these questions in the nfflrmatiie, llicn havo I mistaken them ns to tho first 1 itnrhynny imaim do I truly represent tlienms to tho second ) and I will npfuro tlicm, that 1 had not even ttiotiL'ht of addina Isicm t.ti'n t-hn!ft urmu fame, by oilier means than by a scrupulous and con- scirniiiiusnsciiarga 01 my mines. And III respect lo Iho taunt about sngcnnd ire IcgUlat'wn, in repudiating ur repealing n law before il has I ten tested by cxnericnro 1 nnpreh-nd but few of my constituents will doubt, but tint, hail fiicIi been Ilia fale of mm)' of tho laws which congress havo passed wilhin llie peril d of snino years past, tlml o ir country at this time would hnvo'becn vnt'y heller oil linn it miwisi nnd, on thu contrary, that il Ins been the experimental lestnf experimental laws thai has caused the ri puliation of confidence, inlrg ntv, fortune, nnd sicred honor, boihof tilt? notion nnd Individual, ns if nil tho evils nf Pandora'- box had been sown broad-cast throughout the land. I cerl iin')' have nochsposi'ion to withhold my rea sens from my consiitiieuls n? to the cuurso I nnv pursue in Hmf, or tho diiercpnieics, or a 'parent in consis cneies in my couree, while acinu ns their lep ie"cnlalive j but on , tho contrary, "hill always bo solicitous for the nrivilcirenf rendcrin" llicm. Peril ins nnone ncqnainlid with the circumstance Hcsnv Chy. The following leltir from the Hon. Henry Clay was read in iho Kentucky House of Hep- Wo hopo every true friend of protecting 1 rcsenintives . n ihc .jj ult. ..1..... ' c: 1 ...-V..-.I "To thcllmarabh the , (feneruf Astemmy iy nemuchys "Washington, .Senate CiiAMnr.n. 0 labor, every friend of Northern interests nd every opponent of Southern dictation in this vicinity will attend the Tariff Conven tion lo be holden at llie Court House tbisihiy. Let every firmer, every mechanic ant! every laboring man, who believes il to be the duty of the Government to protect the labor of his bauds against the ruinous competition of for eign countries, every mail w ho believes ho is entitled to thu privilege of using his own muscles and sinews without molestation or interference from abroad, let every good cil i.en who would not see tlii-Fnci: Lvuortr.ris of New England made "the hewers of wood ind drawers of water" for the insolent and arrogant Stavc-Driccrs of the South let every such man attend this convention nnd levotu the day to his country. We desire to sou a general turn-out, a united and reso lute rally of the Faumtus and Woukino Men of Chittenden County. We hope a voice may ho sent forlhfroni the Convention that will cheer nur delegation in Congress and encourage them to continue their exer tions with new zeal and a morn deleiniined resolution and not to relax from their labors till they succeed in securing thn adjustment uf tho TarilTon such a principle as will re cognise the right and dttti of our Govern ment to shield the industry of its citizens against the disastrous competition of Eng lish Capitalists on tho one hand and Eng lish pauper labor 011 (he other. IVbruary 1G, 131 " When I last had tho honor of nn appointment as rne of tho Uniled Kialcs bcnalois. Irom KciilucKy, 1 intimated, in my letter of acceptance, iho piolnluliiy of my not scrvinpt out tlio whole term of six )cais. In consequence of lliere having teen Iwo exiri ses sions of Congress. I have already attended, since , tint appointment, ns many sessions of Congress, ns i ordin inly happen duriii!" a Senilniial term, without , csiima'int' my cervices at die present session. ' "I liae fur years i.esired lo re lie. into pi i no life, j hui havo hitherto been preM-nied from exi euiina my

1 wish by considerations of public duly. I should hate ' r.., ni.-.l niv seal in llie Se inle. nl the cominrncriiism of thepresenl session, but for several reasons, one of which was that tho fieneral Assem' ly did not meet , until near a month after Conijre-s. diirinu which nine J iho Siaio would tint lime been fully represented, or my succe sor would haw had only tlio unccilain ti ! tlo nf an r.xecnlisDap uitinent. ' "The line Ins now air vul when, I think, that, ' witlinul any just reprc aeh. I may quit the public ser vie" nnd bestow some nlli ntion on my pmnto ntiair, ' which hate sull'erid much by die occupation of llie 1 largest part of my life in the public c.imii'ilH. If iho Rnnnn velernn find liilo lo dirhnr;' after thirty vinrs p'rviee, I, who have served a mucli longer per- Good. The Hoslonians have sent six ves sels to Calcutta fieiglited with ice, lo 'nke in return Cargoes of Cotton. A cargo of ice will purehase two or three cargoes of Cotton, and the raw material is plenty at thn north. Rip Yun Winkle of the South will wake up, after a while. IlTfiov. Seward sent the South Carolina re solutions, declining any share of tho Land Dis tribution rune, to thu IN. V. Legislature yes terd.iy, with a brief message. lie cvpoacs the inconsistency of the nullilying State, which iu 1932 invoked tho aid of New York iu annulling a T.irilV law, because all national sovereignty remained undivided and undiminished in thu several State--, was strictly and merely a con federation, without absolute independence o sovereignty. Now her argnmiut is tint the Union is a body corporate, distinct from the States as political bud.es, and capable of hol ding real anil personal properly ; and that tin public lands, like the vessels of'the navy, bolon0' to the Union, itc. iod. inny "I lit THE II EST JOKE YET. Our neighbor of llie Sentinel is getting to be one of the most ficeiious wags in the country. Last week hu perpetrated the following which we consider the best hit e have seen this many a day. There is no man whose diameter for honesty and integrity of purpose stands any higher than .Mr. Van liureu's. Coiitniiiiiicnliosi. i' iustlv claim mine. . leave, therefore, lo tender to tho General As- tiMiilili'. nnd do now hercbv leiulir. nlv rt'sl'Mintlon of UieollKC which I un a oi oennior, in ine ncnniu oi llie tin ted Stales, fiom thn Slate of Kentucky, to t e cIT.et on the 31sl day of.Marih, 1912; nnd lie quest thnl the General Assemb'y will appoint my successor to tnUe his sent on that day. I hive fixe I that day in allow mo nn oppailunilynf assisting in llie completion of some measures which have been originated ny me, " 1 ei'iiiracc mis occasion 10 oner to ine uenenn Assembly my most profound and yrairful acknowl edgement fur the numerous nnd distinnuishe I proofs, by which I have been honoicd, nfits wnrm intm-h-menu nnd generous confi lencc during a lonf scries of years. "1 have the honor to be, ipc, "ll. ulai . The remarkable mortality of the year past at Washington is thus feelingly referred to by tho correspondent of the New York American. The report of tho death of Gov. Morrow, appears to have been permature. lie remained very ill on Saturday : Hew momentnut, impressive, lingular, and numerous the strango public bercaviuenti of the last twelve months ! Here, this night, at one instant, lie yet uum'.erred atnoin ui the dead bodies of two eminent and venerable Represen tative in Congress, a circumstance unparallcd During the htl twelve montlm, other rulcinn MR. YOUNG'S LETTER Wo would direct the particular attention of our readeis to the letter of our Representa tive which will be found in an other part uf our paper. It seems to have been Mr. Young's object in this letter to assign his reasons for voting lo repeal the Bankrupt Law though he must excuse us fur saying that in our opin ion, ho has travelled widely from that point for tiiu purpose of making an unwarranted and unprovoked personal attack upon us, Wu shall not imitate his conduct in this par ticular, however. No sly and unjust inuen do, no indecorous language, no rudo and discourteous remark of his van provoko us into a personal controversy with him. We li.tvo other and moro agreeable duties to perform, different and worthier objects to achieve. We shall take no further notice of Ins personal allusions, therefore, tliu;', to point out their injustice. Tho first, cause of com plaint with Mr. Yoiiu4js1that,tl(u Freo Press has no responsib'o Editor. In answer to this grievous accusation, we would respect fully inform our Representative that the old Proprietor is still the owner of the establish, menl, and that ho it ut full liberty to hold DOMI'STIC INDUSTRY. Krom the ChnrlcstonS. C Patriot. It has become evident lo every citizen of tlio leabt reflection that those modes of labor and applications of capital which havo ordinarily prevailed in tho Southern Atlantic States must oon undergo a radical change or they are des tincil to experience an emigration both of their capitalists and blavcs, that must be attended by impoveribhment if not depopulation. It is im possible that the cotton.pruductiiig region, whoso soils aro measurably exhausted can maintain a compotion with those Western States, the productive newer of whose virgin territory is four fold th.ltof the lands earliest brought into the cultiva'ion of this agricultural staple. South Carolina stands preeminently in this relation to the new cotton countries. It Jooa not require much foresight to pe'.oive how soon fche will bo dependent ;,n t"u iirirtticrii states for a Market for b- r great staple of evport and for llut mark-1, hhQ wiu nvo t() C0ln,elt. with Ahb-,,3l Mississippi, Louisiana, Arkansas, and 'jcxas, where cotton can bo profitably pro. duced at '1 and 5 cents, at which price our ag ricultural investments wll1 not yield !1 per cent per annum. The climate and soil of South Car oliua forbid a competition with tho northern slates in the growth of wheat, or with the North Wet in rearing live stock for oxport, but we bate a climate and suit unsurpassed by any on the faco of tho nlobo in producing the ncccssa. rics and r.omfortH of life having all tho cle. mcnts necessary to the production of wealth and a dense population. A fall of 50 per cunt in tne iiiarliel value ot tier principal staple ol Washington Citv, Pb. 22, 19 12, To the Publisher of fie Uurlington Free 1'rtss: Sir By the kindness of friend in the fourth Con- eri'sonai uisincioi erinoul, 1 receiveu some wee'ts since several numbers ol I he I'reo I'ress under din. of tlio 21st of January, doubtless forwinjwl w.ih n view of aitrictin',' my attention to nn aitiele nserled in the editorial department, cont.iinni!: sums striiuures on the cuursj I ha I pursued, nn I tlio voles I h id g v en, iu relation to the lliiikrupt i aw, so called; for which, tho writer would seem disposed lo arraign mi bel'oicmy co-islitueirs. To them, I most cheerfully boll myself nmemble ; and 111 llie resull, it they convict mo of error, the con sequences thereof must rest oo mv own head. Tho article referred to, heinn fraught Willi vamus a'lesilionsnnd inlerrosalorics, to which il was doubt less intended 1 should nnko answer, it may be expe dient here to give a synopsis i f ihesun-, asn prelim inary or inducement to wli.it I may heio wrfie. In (lie first place, the writer resrets that I should baoseeii fit to clnmje my vole without siviusrrca rons either lo tho llouso or to those who elected ine, for such an exlinordinary proeeedin' s nnd that my con liiuents will not lie satisfied Willi my course, without a sood nn I sufficient reason for ine cliane. The wriler also nllejies, that the measure. ( i Mink. rupt Law) has been a favorite inoasiim with the Whig npcrntinn ol tho llaiikrurt Law, thai ils defects, (which were renerallv conceded to be many, and im portant) inii'ht he obviated bv ninendmeiils ' cforo il went lino opernlion, if llie law itself should not be repealed, it certainly would not havo passed, for il was llns circunislnnce. in conni'.xnn wiih iho land bill, so called, or iho bill for n distribution of thn sales of the public lands ainoni! ihesevernl Hiatcsj ihnfatu of which h ins entirely upon tho passaii: oftlin Bank rupt bill, that induced many members of tho House, of whom I was one. lo vote for th unsure of the Bankrupt bill; whi'h 1 certainly should not have done in it. pie-cnt form, bad it not been for those causes! lor 1 con nvcu me i.anu oui to ne vastly beneficial to thn nation ntul to Vermont, while I could not new Ihc Bankrupt law in the same light in its present form. At thepresenl session, still believing that the law In I better bo repealed than to iro into operation w th- out amendment, 1 vote I nceordinclyt hol.hiip myself, however, in readiness to yo for its mil ndmcnl in pre ference Ion lepeal, solonir ns it could be retnuicd for that purpose j as will .appear from my votes civen on Mr. B'icss' proposed amendment. I will s ato tho fans in that case. Whilst iho npeal nf tho law was under considern llon.MrBri'.Ji's.willi the view ofs iving iho law.nlTered an amendment, nnd a vote w.astakcn by ayc& noes, on its reception: when my name wascal ed.percemne; the vole to be n lose one, I cast my voto in the no2 afTfe, or niiamst the reception, with tho view, shoul I the oflercd niiianduienl bu rejected, i f mnini;aro considrinliou, sliou d It bo thought adv sable; bu' previous to tho nimouncoinont nf iho vote by iho Speaker, I ascertained by accident, (from a word dp pp d by Mr. Bolts, wh i had learned tho fact,) tint tlieru was n majori y ni i ne vole i r Ie.-cun2 1 lie amendment, on which I rose and changed my vot", and thereby nvouleil tho necessity of moving n reeon sulernlion, nn I saved the anr'tnlni'Mit for tho tune being i on whirh nccnsiou. it wasf icetiouslv observed bv one s tiing noflr ine, that I controlled the vole of the I louse al my pleasure. But on lha followini: nay, the prop ised amendment was rejected by quite a mil iritv. I still vutinir lo retain it. I on ely ff.T tj this circiriH anco to -how that I was notohnoxiou loa Bankrupt law in every form; nnd also to show, how eas.lv nn apparent inconsis tency in ly arise from the adoption of c.vpedients for ever so taudib'e nn oliieet. And I will ask, who on earth, unacquainted wtih the mechanical power ol tlio lever, woul i noi can a man a fool. who. in endeavoring to raise some pon derous body, should ad l to il the heft uf a lever or crow'nrl Bui if, ns moral agents, we are permitted to devise .and adi pt expedients according to our capacities, for the accomplisiiincul 1 1 o jecis, nines- resir.uno i uy paramount obligations, il iscerl.un'y incumbent on the nctor. not lo shrink from a ci nseieiiiious dis charge rf his dutv, fiom fe.ar that it may hue llie annenraiiennfineonsisiencv: but ralher ic't his rise will the ch in y, candor a'na conlidiieee of those fur whom he acts. While on this part of the subject, I will rrTcr to another voteof imno, vi.. the vote m t to receive tlio petition pri senled by .Mr. A 'nuts, prnving that Con zres would devisjtnu'ans for foilliwith dissolving tho Union, for tho reasons tisercin a s aned ; which vo'e, iinevplimel, might lead to apprehensions of in consistency, or even to an a" andonment of tho uni versal ligln of pttilion, which my constituents had good rcns'in lo behove I he'd sacred nnd inalienable. I do so bold, and si do ninny others who vo ed with mo on that oce isiou ; an I to ns great nn extent am! w ilh ns feailess nnd in lomitable a spirit in the per rornniicoor iluryj us lint uf Mr. Adams nod others who vole I with hioi on tint oceai in. And perhaps, ilioeiuae for which wo nro contend iii''. would have been even sirengtheneil in ihervent, had the voto been much filler against iho reception linn it wis; or even uainimmis.exeepting tho voteof Mr.Ad im ,who is rea 'y,a le it willing, to stand nlnne 1 1 tho breach ns he perpetual senline!, th grand land tnar'i.wheneverit nnv bo go d p l:cy,nrcp'di''nt fir others to retreat or draw off; nreund whom tho frieudsol liti-'ttv and the ligln of peti 'on, may again an I again rally ill the defence and support of human rigiils, arconlingiy ns llie nest nines ami occasions shall ulfjr, or pr.sent themselves. Tlie pt-iiiiioi h id been before tho lions-indirectly, iu I In J bjeit deli U.l nu.l cj.isidere.l in nil us eoiiM qunnees, for the s lace of twi weeks: llw louse hid been axil. tied in tin: m.' in timo ulinisi to dissolu tion, wh lo tho co.mlry was beeouiin ' nm-nsy nnd out of bu.inr tit the deiav of busin-'ss to rongress. I'hosj wh had ei7. dou lh o nsiou, believing it a f.iv ir.iblc nooor unitv fir destroying .Air. Adams', and with it, the right of petition, hail become wioncht up to almost frantic inn lints, from having the lash s i l.inrab'v anolied in laci rating and tearing on- n then festering sires, and in presenling their def irnutv to ihe world iu no cj no'y alien le ; nnd our friends at ill Sojlh, who are w ith in on aim istcyery occasion w'..r,, nl.ie.'d m n v, rv unnleisant situation. Undei th.'S I'irc.iiiistances, it was th i.ight adv;sV lo by in my, (who hive not the le isl imp isu.oti to sur render tho right of petition,) thai, tnisni'ich as no fni ther consideration ' fthe sjiyect, oilierwi-e lianby w iy of weakenin ouro.vn stiengili, routil ho nail, it were hotter to relieve the suljeel at oneo from fur ther e.n-i lerntion for tlio tune being; nnd in s ifiank and ample a in inner, as to leave n i nppr.-hension on Iho minds of our n .puk-nts, that Iho right to petition, an i to be heard, was in tiny wise nbomb tied, or the hopes of its fru'ii Is and advocates in any wise weak sneil or destroyed And having mado this digression, I will again re turn to the siibject-innlter the ll.nl' nip' Law. I could not consiaeuno sly give it my final support m us present form. . . I In I supposed tint tho Con litulli n, Ul giving power to Congress " lo establish uniform laws , n the suhjo toi tmr.riiplcies inrouxnout ine uunru .-oiie , eon oniphtcd no other 'hnnsuc'i ss were soniellung Uio sum lluue ol muse vvilien nau ueeu iei;-iiiv lion. And ns to tho propriety or Impropriety or Ino repeal, I am n'so nwnreinal the advocates of the law, nnd lliuso interested in preven'ing the repeal, havo tha plausible, of advantageous side of tha question j in ns union u inu voluntary pan oi uio invv is iinuijuv wilh all svinnnthv for sullerini! humanity, uresenlincr n ense, vvhero Iho skillful painter of human woes ban ainplu menus nnd materials for uinkirig a sjrong im pression ol ins picture upon llie sympi nciic minaa nnd hearts oi n vnst portion of enmmimity. In a field no ample und undefined, tho number of bankrupts may be augmented to nny desired c.xlcnl, even lo half a million, as Ins often been dono both in nnd out of congress, or lo about one fiflh of iho whole wluta nin'o population of tlio union, from twenty one to ono hundred years ofngc, besides women nnd children; ur in other words.lhtir families; nnd that it consists) of iho great class of really upright and well deserving peopiu in community, who nreoorncuovvii wnn niuiu lion, bu' not from nny fault of their own nnd aro now only asking Iho ituvernmtnt to grunt them rc- mi, uy just relieving iiieui from their crcunors. .in i were uio colli realuiea of the enso 1 .1 ie oi ins towing pictin es which some are nble In civo of it, scarce any sacrifice would be U o prcat for ils relief, even lo n di regard of tha constitution, or of almost every social vitiiio nnd obligation. jxorwoiiiij I nl nil bounders ooil ns wi ninffio won hold tel if from suffering humanity. 1 brieve such has neither been my character, nor has it been understood lo be such. And in Iho present case, I will not deny, but that m iho plenliludu of mv synipathirs, whim swelled lo overflowing by the influx of every ronsid cm ion of llie IikhI, mill passion of the hear', by thn picture of human suffering, pre-cnted Willi llie intent to indues Iho p issagoof the law; that at times, I waa ready to grant even more than human relief, had such been hi my power to give. But I must confess, that it di 1 no1 make so lasting nn impression on my mind ns (o induce n firm behel lint it was all n sad reality 1 nr lo ndopi exirnor 'inary experiments or means to al leviate. Hut still another circumstance wherein the prospective ret ipitcnts of the bencfi s of tho law had iho advantage in urging its passage, in opposition to many weighty eon iterations, ofien consisted, not only iu the nm do means by them ptssi-ssed, but in thai imporluna epersevereiire wt It whirh a claim on charily, whether real or only specious, w ill urge its suit upon lliesyiupalliics ofthosofrom whom i' seeks re lief! And more especial y in tho present case, in which Ihe nnpor unale voice of ono active person, possess ng nnip'c mcan, is heard loudly abovo mat ol n thousand or the intligen', or wretched Poor, who have no benefits lo exnect from the law t or above that of n thousand of the independent yeoman ry, win till their own lamls, nnd teed theirovvn nocks 1 from whoso bounties thebunkrupt, ns well ns the rest of mankind are fed and clothed, and who.having no occasion lor llie law, rnie no clamor lor its pnssnges And henco sjmo may, unawares, adopt the clamorous and importunate vuiceof a few, for thepopulat voico of community. To exemplify IlmcasOj such n petson ns the editor of ihoCouriet and Ktiqinrer nl New Yorl.. possessing nil Ihe reqjsilo me ins, iiicludinx thnl which he pos sessed Ihrou.li tliuiueiliiiuiol his w.dely circulate I pa per: anxious tonvail himself of tho benefits lo bo con feired by tho law, and expecting in addition, to rcnlizo a vnst sum by adverlismg under the lavv ; had both an micro t. nnd an ability, to bo heard extensively in favor of ihe law. So nlso, sie'li men nsMr S and others of the c ty of New Vo.k, who could memorialize Congress in tjvnrol llie livv.nnii ngainst lisnllern ion, posipono incut or repeal, tinder llie assumed appclhtion of sol vent citizens; when a' lliesaine tinii', some of them at leas', were anxiously waiting to nvnd themselves of lis benefits, m bankrupts, or insolvents; were enabled to do much to sustain the law, not only by their own memorial, but by sending blank memorials to all parts of ihe rountrv, to lie tilled i p, circulated and igned, and lorwareled to Congress, ns an expression in favor of the law. I hive tho igbt proper thus lo premi e as to pome of tho methods pursued, m ci iisrnuenceof a petition or memorial, fillo I up from a blank, at Burlington, er mom, and sigivd by a tery respect ible number, nnd clas, nf the citizens "f lluilington, nnd forwnrdfd to my coll.'ague, Air. .Slndo, in a 'eller under da'o of 15th Jan. which memorial was as follows, viz. "To the Senn-cnnd House rf Representatives of tho Untied States tn C'ongiess assembled. Your niemorn iss respectfully but urgently remon strate against any inlerfeience with the Bankrupt Law v.lh -r by Amendment, Postponement or Repeal, un til it Ins received n lair practical trial. 7Wof llurUnztitn, Slate of I'crmrnf, January 1512' Which wold Tow n, Diiilington, nnd VermcBt, were written, to till up thcprinlcd hlaiiK. Now this una nil riL'bl a 1 very clever; and I was cralilii d in loi king over the names "if the s goers, to ihinli that not n single signer was in a siiuniion iu lied for Ins nwn dt-frts-, but e nlv fur others: IW was I at nil dis,deasid i r surprised, lo find among the signers, seme, whom I had good reason lo under stand, were as Intel v ns Oetubct last, wholly opposed io a Bankrupt I.nvv, at lenst, to one ol ine present rorin : And I must confess, that hn I 1 been al Bur lington, with no other or gi eater respuntluh v resting upon me than that of signing the inemonal, I dou! t h ss should linn- (.iirnrd it nlso And I call well hope lint there was no lehng of complacency in nny one, tesiilt ng fiom tho performance of so chniila1 le nn act, to induce llie ur Ik lo in die I'rte 1'ress to which 1 havo rcf-rrcd. 1 will conclude 1 v protesting before mv constitu ents mid before tho'world, against those thrusts in tho dark, calculated to wound mo in tho hou&e of my f lends, euiiched under the bend nl editorial articles, with no avowed edilor of the paper; no ono lo as.-i.uiu or take the responsibility for what it cou'ains ; no op- pott mt v nuoreii tt mo lor making oeience, unless i am di-po ed to defend against n shadow, or ' uefT, t the air: and vet, such paper may assume such exclusive cen- sjrsliipover m conduct, as to ui ny io tuners tuo r gill to ntlemp' mv defen-e, or to even oiler i tight by way of excuse. An I vet my con-tiiuents nnd others, whom I regard, might continue t read the I'rtu Press, mi-eon-c ous uftis want of edi onnl responsib lily ; sup-po-ing il lo rest upon Henry B. Stacy Usqr. and not upon bis ghost. But 1 leave my ca is: with mv constituents. AUGUSTUS YOUNO. T II 12 -M A K K 1-2 T. I1RIGIITO.V M.UiJCPIv-MoNDAY, Teh. 21, 1542. Iteportrd lor the New Kmland I'nrmer. At Market, dOO Beef Cattle, 710 Sheep, und 600 Swine 70 I'd f Cattle unsold, l'niccs UitT Cottle L ist weeks pri cs for a like J quality were hardly sustained. Wo noticed n small I .., ..1 ... n. o: n in IIUiiuii! ui , ii,.k i- i .il iitr i.i in .ii tfi. uiiu u i i, iiu quote fir t quiny. 5u,r0 a 51375, Sieotid quality. $1 Tin S3 2 1. Tlurd qu iluy, S3 "5 a ii 10. Sieir. One lot of weather nl 52,60, 53,00. Also lots at SJ.'.O, SI.'.'j Si.CO nnd i5,:0 Saint. A lot ol large Hogs, 4 for saws nnd 5 for Banuws. Lots to peddle, ! for sows and 5 for Har rows. Atieinil, Irom ! to u. nfl.. nnd technically understood to be so. Laws of civil conduct, uncrating prospectively on the future nclion or con Juct of the citizen t nnd not 111 the nature of edicts, operating retrospectively, or upon past actions; orexnost facto t or such as should go directly to inmur tho obturation of conlricist though not pro iuhited 111 o 111.1 ly words: nnd I believe this to have been thn pinion of iho Supremo Court of tho United Stntes.from what may bo glean.il Irom us decisions in respect 10 hankiupt or insolvent laws, which hav come under lis consideration, tcrtatuly the pteseiu lavv is tint after tho sunditude of tho Bankrupt Lavv of 1S00 ; nor of those Bills, which havo from time to tho district responsible for every paragraph in tlio nrliclo of which lie complains. Rut we' woulel atk Mr. Y. whetlior this alleged wnnt of rfipouiibiliiy ha nny thing ut nil to do with tho morili of the question? If our nrilt'la hid been filled witholfensivo iilluslons ., . ., ., . .,;,.. t .. r export, uncompensated by tho fertility of nature that gonllemnn, or nineteen in twenty of orft,provcll ir,)ccfkcs ol agriculture, by which all his lug constituents in this section of she could augment tho quantity of tho product, leaves her with an average rate of interest of not more than -i per cent per annum on tho creat est breadth of her cotton lands now under culti vation and the largest amount of Iter aricultiir a investments, tiiicti a condition of tluuza u; indicative of nl.irimnz consequence. It calls for thi collected wtrdotn and concentrated encr. g'Cjof imlucntial men who aro able to (I've dl party for the last llneo years: ami, inasmuch nssuch 1 "me been urged upon ihe consi lerntion nf Congrr men as .uessrs. Ainms, uiny, vveiisie-r, Davis, Sar ge.int and Berrien, together wuh ilicll.ibinetsuf Har rison nnd Tyler, have given it their cordial suppoil, I m g'n, finding, myself in such company, be vvvll excu cd fir didering wiih Mr Prentiss a lii the con. stiluliomlity nr expediency of tho law. And I mil shrewdly asked by the writer, whether it is iluiparl of sngennd wise legiila'ion, aficr having fr.a - m.,i esliblished n law so loudly deunu; '.. ,1,'" ' uUr voice, 10 rrjiutiafennd rcpe-J, lt befor.'HsevrePenci.s or di feet Inve been '.csted by a single day's experi ence? A'.. 1 whether I suppose it will mid n miliary lenf to tho duplet of my fains, 10 voto in favor of re pealing a I iw in JnnuAry, which I contributed inform in July, wiihgn: giving my constituents a Bolitary reason for ihe change 7 A Ril I mil assured by tho writer, thai quiioa n tmber bt my constituents tlcstro answers to these que'siions, If my constituents Uvo had any anxiety on tho subject, or havo been 111 any wise anxious that 1 should plead to tho indictment, or nnko answer In the charges nnd interrogatories, pel hips sjuie excuso is due fir my long silence oil Ihe subject. 1 i-onless 1 had doubts as lo iho propriety of policing thearlielo at all, notwithstanding us apparent I'dilorial charac ter, contained in nn old and tespecnblo whig paper, liavinvr an extensive circulation, both 111 nnd out of my own District; knowing, ns I did, thnl the old editor had long s nco reused 10 edit the paper, and finding from strict examination thai no editorial responsibility rested on cither the pnper ilself.or the article to which I hnvu refencd; and thai Ibis was the manner in which iho piper was going fotlh to ihe vvntldi But learning of lata that other newspaper in Vermont suit recogn'zc thePrie Press as ono of tho political organs and jouinils ol tho day, I have thought ptoer to waivo that objection. Another, and as legitimate a re-ason, peihaps, fur tho delay, Ins been, that toy cons ituents, heforo whom I stand arraigned, niijjit havo ample timo lo compare tho allegations of the writer, wiih their pre sent and past rt lleetions upon iho siibject-iiinltcr con tained in the article; and also to give time lor a com mencement of operation under the ltinkrupt Law in vaiiotts seclions of thu country, which vvhould the better enable tlicm 10 judge as 10 Us merit or demer its; and hence, nsto ihecunediency or inexpediency of ihe law. And, inasmuch a llmntt'clo in lliol'ree Prcsa acorns intende I to placo mo before tuyconstilu cntH, monyof whom I know, nd all of whom I re encct, hutdo not know the writer of iho article) 1 it is wiih them I hold communion and not with him. And heir I w II n them, whether a ll inkrnpt Law rf any kind habccii a favorite mtusure wi'h by Mr. Sargeart nnd others, suieo ISlo; nor do I belicvo it icseinbVs 111 many of its features nnv Innkriipl livv extant, in the world; and whatever timo may d.srlose as to its merits or demerits, 1 shall most riiectlully nvvai; us nvvnnl. For I havey,, to learn that llie passage of the pro-si--? .nn. Ia tint i,,n much in nceordinee Willi lliose i.T.'.,ct..,;t.n nnriniinis unoii iho confidctico and in- te'Uily of coniiiuiuitv, (its grand cement) which course oflegislauon I havo ever coniteinneii : our whether it will not eveuiually, be classed 111 lint se ries c f exp'-rimetital legislation lor the osii nsuno ' ell efit nnd reluf orcoiniHuiiltv, or oflhe H ilton, ihenne rnllnni ,.,i I nnnritllcs t f which to cxiilain, hns calle inin n.nsi frentient use. word nearly obsolete, until repudiation in word nnd deed, have become ns rife ns nniutliei.za iiirouguoutourwiuesptc-ui". uc fiva pcrous counlry. Tho present liw seems to 1110 to possess moro of tlmn nlii.nfn 111 lit, T Itin'w 111 W. ihao of a binkrun' law ; ne thor of which I had h ipposed was h udlv railed for in Vermont, or iu tho lib consru-tmn il district. I ha I supposed the tioiple of Vermnni wu Id much prefer such leglsl ttion, and such laws, ns would properly protect and reward the industry and eiiti-rpriso of ils citizens, I y means of n protective tiritT or stii It other means, (if any.) a may serve 10 retain in our country n sufficient quantity, of the universal currency of iho world, ns the base of a sound nnd sufficient circulating medium for the trans, nelingof tho business of tho country, by protecting il i.T iniutnr ntnni dr.iin to foreign rou nines in pay ment of articles, the proluclioti and mnnufaetiiro of winch, under prouer.ciicouragemeni, wntiiu uc 1110 re sult of the well revvnrdrd labor of tho citizens of our own co inlrv; nt tho .nine tune, .lfVirding homo market, and consequently tho best matkttfor ibeag riettltural proUici ufiho country 1 hence giving to domestic mJunry in nil its vailous operations, a suit u'oleand pn per rcwaid . ... . On this subject I apiirehend my'consi.i -ent. necel have no fear-is .0 y'desigti. or ' ever apnaicril .neons,, " ".'; cnlian rc IUU9UIIIVI. , 1 ffi io'uv: h .... prnjpe, f rehef by bos'ion wnoLr.sALi: rmcr.s cuni Corrected trith trrect tare. frrAv. Sunns. Herds Grass, $;,'- to 3 CO per bushel IUd Top, 43 10 50 cents. I'lovi r ?oiihern, 12c South ern, 12 to Me. 1 lax .-ei o, 01 to 10 1 ej hu. L.ucernf, 23 c per lb. Canary S ed, 1 50 a 4,.r,0 per bushel. diMis. The nrineipnl sales cons'st of a cargo of while Corn, ukentnily n the week, nl COc. npda car;:o since nt T3c ; velfcw thi do. fO a Glo ; 2,000 bushels do ol I, liSc : 2 000 a 3,000 do CGc per bushel 1 Sa 10000 bu dels New Orleans, white and vello., 53 a 37c 1 a inigo Delaware Oals, 43c per bushel t Northern II) e, from vtsiK P3c. do. do. Coin Noi them, blislnl TO to -do. Hound Yellow i7aCS-do. Sotilhtrn I'lnl Yellow fO a White do. 50 n- Bailey a ltye. Northern, tO a f3 Oalr, -oulliern 4i 1 13 -Notthcrii do. 13 to 50 Beans, per ' usln I 75 a 1 tO. WOOL. The sides oftkeceeluring the week, will not fall much short of 100 ClVUb-, nt ihe late reduced quotations) moderate nles of pulled bnve been made, Ii I in f.ireicn o:il-e there is but linle doing. l'lime or thxonv Kleeees, vvn-htet, lb. 47 a EO e. Amer. can full hlod, eto 43 11 46 Iio. 40 n 41 Do. 1-2 n 33 n 301 4 nnd common do 30 a 32 Sni)rma Sheep, washed, 20a 26 Do. unwashed, 10 a 14 Bengasi do 8 n 10 Snxonv, rlesn, I'nrnos Avies iinpirked, 7 n 10-do. do. ptckek 12 n 16 Supctfine Northern pulled lamb 37 n 42 No. 1. do. elo. do. 3S 11 37 No 2 duelodo25 a 30-No. 3 do do do 1- a ID. PHOVIilONS. Largequantities have triivrddu ting the past week, and the market is nliogcihrr un settled, end present quotations nrecon tqurntly in o jrenl mrnsute qu tc nnimnal. Her f- M.s, 4 m. new bbl. 33 23 a 9 60-Nvy 51 CO a S tO No. 1 S7 50 a 7 73-do l'nnic ii 00 n 5 30-P. ik r.tim e jenr, 4 inn 1 1 1. S12 a 12 fO e'o 1 It nr 81 1 n 1 1 50 -do Mess $9 CO a 9 50-do i'ltms S7 00 S 00 tin Mess from other states a CIU'.USU Sluppin; an.14 meal, 4 lo Oc New 5 to 8. The Cincinnati Hepublican of thn 26th. tilt, announces the receipt of a now article of import. The steamer Victress from Illinois Uiver, nt Cincinnati, brought 100 Ions of Ice, taken from that River. Tho whole cargo was sold at auction on tho 2Clli till, at S4 83 to SG 25 per ton. VF.W S.VLt:. Tho Sale of IVvv in ihj new Con grcgational eetiiik- llou-o will laVe place 10 morrow, at 10 doele, A. M. A rrcdit-","..v'r nine. iei.,.tw-tij-t ouths VVllI-rVTiSt'T. I'wou dvntefo lawsof deaiblfulpohcy if do 1 wouiii i" . , nrosnectof relief by rdMhiTbr Mt, I cmihl ncconinlisl, or Sen&M" great and paramount an object na that . , :.. t.uti nntiilllC. am nvvate, that, in rel..noil to the circumstance, of . r.i ..; ii.ni runt Law. bv ihoeo who had eo , rccenlly nssislcd in in pissnge, thcra is au ajipanrit Ti' rfl wiI i0 a iCetilifr et 1 inconsiMcncy, wiiieniiiii'i-, - 1 AbMnonc e toi le r t lis 1 iioptivilepoofcxplnimnglo Iho House, and by bat'An0" ' ,, means to their constituents, under the lucvious Soov Hoty. t n c.c?k ''inil'KHANCn NOTICE. B.J. T.,ncwilldliver a lecture before the Ww ooski Tct',rnce Society i h Uricr- Church al he Kolli ay eve. March 13th. Tie q!ialriv mVcims ' f lhP ''"''bBton total Ah- stinmce dl beholden uiHeveninc at 6 0 CWK at-:n8t;0urt House. ;n uiei frcn IV O. Tucker, l'-S'l- of VcrEen.l. "iu. March. ctv is expected rhr(,'cn Ttlal 1 j. a' t ' CcteM