Newspaper of Burlington Free Press, April 1, 1842, Page 2

Newspaper of Burlington Free Press dated April 1, 1842 Page 2
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Umm CENSURE OF Mil. BIDDINGS. Hy avfurenco to tlio Congressional pro tccdlngs in-'ttf-ilny' pnper, our renders will ho mntlo ticfjlmintcd with the recent high handed proceedings, of the House of Repre sentatives in (ho virtual expulsion of Mr. Giddincs of S'liiii, for presenting to ttint body a scries of Resolutions in regard to tlio " Crco-lo" rasp. Although in our jndgmciit tiro 'introduction of theso resolutions, pend ing ihe ncgociation between our Government nnd England, was ill-timed anil injudicious, ycMho groat truths which they assert will bo faun) on a cl.isc scrutiny, to tic in strict ac rordanro with tlio doctrines of tlio Declara tion of Independence. Sumo of the doc trines may go a lit lK; too fur, hut in the main wo regard them as correct. But tlio most alarming feature in tins transaction is the insufferable tyranny of the House of Representatives. Wo know those Southern bullies, with their naloral allies, tho Northern Tories, wero Iroiling, with ill concealed rago, lit tho rising surges of popu lar indignation winch broke forth from every free Slalo in the Union, at the recent ario- ries of resolutions imon n subject iMcli iind called forth some IntwcAfa tbu other end of - - - t the Capitol nnd in tho nation. Ho desired to lay them before tlio country and would cull them up for action at tho next opportunity. The icsoliitioiis were read as follows : Nrsotrtd, That prioi to tlio adoption of the Federal t'onMitiitiou each of the .evetal States composiiiji this Union exercised full nnd exclusive jurisdiction over the subject of slavery within its own tciritory, mid pus .tssed full power to continue or abolish it al pleasure. lirtotcrtl, That bv adopting tho t'onsliliilun nn part of tlictiloris.iiJ powers wero delegated to the Federal Ooveriuncnt, lull were rescrud by and still pertain to each of the several Stales. flcsolntl. That by the Slh section of the 1st article r the Constilution.'cach of the several Stales, surrr n dertd to the Federal OoverntiiciU all jurisdiction ojcr the sitbjecls of commerce and navigation upon the high seas. Iletofrtd, That slavery, being an abridgement of the nilurul riuhts of man, can cxmt only by force of pos itive niunidplr l,me, and is necessarily confine 1 to the territorial jurisdiction of the power creating it. llesnltid, Thai when a ship belonging lo the fill Jtensof any Stale of thi Union leaves tlio waters and territory of such Sinle, nnd mills upon the high seas, the perrons an board ecase to be subject to the slave lawsof such Stair, and henccfonh are governed in their relations lorach ollur by, and are amenable to, the hnvsof the ITnilid Slates. Ilisotml, That when the brig Creole, on her Into pasairo for Now Orleans, lefi the torrilori.il juridic lion of Viruinii, the slave laws of thai State rcascl to have jurisdiction over the persons on board said bri, and melt prisons became amenable only lo the laws of tlieUmted Slates. llisoltcJ. Thai the perions on board said ship, in returning llicir natural rights of personal liberty, vi - itiicu no inw 01 ine ciincn a,is, uinniru in nyi heniliv. nml nri.tnt!v liable, lo no nunishmciit. f.s.iYrr', That nllaltompls lo regain possession of nr tn rn ni iim a-ii.l in'motis nrn nliall torizcil Itv l ie gant bearing of the Slave Representatives f-tititiitijn or law. of the fined Slates, and arc in . 1 fniiiiinhlilt. u.n, mir n.itinnal linnnr. towards the venerable ex-president Adams. .Vwntf.Thai nil aeeinpuitoexiri our national in- But we wero lint vol noile nroniirod for such ' Invor ot 1'ic rn.isivie siac narje, r,r io uui wo wero noi ci quilt, prtp.ircu iDr sutn ti,ic(!lhia i(ikm n lh(, attitlldo r nillt.,.,lmll.; n !lll unblushing ntti'innt to r.hnhe tho voice of "cuniiiuici! in human btines." are subversive f the 1.. I r - . .1. . C ' I! I tC Inl.rnula r t' .1 i t ii ,i i riuilis aim iinurious in tin: ui fine" imu nn. hiuh-'"- froo discussion in the people's Hall. And 0, lho fn.e SlJlt0H ,llc uniuthori.ed by the Oonstiiu- has it really cotnc to this i Do these South- Hon, and prejudicial to our nal onil character. cm blacktruards reallv sminose that we of W- ''10V,;U ",c Ircvioiw qncsuon -ii 1 . . . . ,, I...! 1... the Free Slates are such miserable cravens r'n nl0Vl!" lnu ' that we will lamelv sit down undtr this ac- 1:1111 UP b!c. I bo latter motion was cumulated load of oppression and insult ? Maided in the negative, jcas 52, nays 123. Ifso.weaRst.ro lliem tbev wofullv mistakn '"i-. "s su procccacii io re- tbeir men. Out one steti furtbe'r can be n,ark lliat tlu;ru W(;IU cor,i,i" ,0l,ics liko ccr- taken bv the So-.nh and that is to demand Vs wIl;" "fl,t-,,s shuil ''ercan of the North the Immediate and uncondi- g1-''8 fi'ared to tread. tional surrender of cverv man who doubts The Speaker reminded the geiitleiuan that " It .tit til the divine origin of their "peculiar ,.- ",c previous question nao neen ucmaiuieo. . ' . t n I .1 1 i. .. .11 turns to he tried by a jury of Slave-holders under the summary process Judge Lynch! To the honor of tlin Northern whigs be it spol.i'n, they voted, with scarcely an exeep rton, against this rdioininablu proceeding of the House, while the Northern Tories, true ding, by n -decision of tho House, on nn tip peal. Tho House decided against tho Chair. Mr. Giddings wasthenolToicdby unanimous consent, porm'ision to defend himself, hut de clining to avail himself of it, tho House pro ceeded to vote, on tho resolution of censure first, which was carried, ayes 125, nays 09. Tho pieamblo to the resolution was then adopted, ayes 119, nays 06. JWr. Giddings took his hat and left tho House, and on Wed nesday sent nt his resignation, couched in precisely as ninny words as would convey tho fact, and no more. The Speaker was instructed to notify the Executive of Ohio of the resignation of tho member, nnd there the matter rests for tho present. Mr. Giddings will undoubtedly put himself in nomination again, nnd probably will return to tlic House before the close of the Session, rc-elecled. Some progress has been made in Com mittee of the Whole on tho Loan Dill, but not much during tho two days that this case was tinder discussion. to their ancient servility, (learned in tho school of tho " Northern man with Southern principles,) threw their voles with equal tiamimity, in furor of this high-handed out rage upon the rights of their constituents. Mr. Everett mured that there bo a call of tlio House. The motion was not sustained. The previous question was seconded, and the main question was oidursd. Mr. Everett roc and asked to be excused )m voting, and assigned as his reason for so doing tli.it the subject was very important, and would probably come up belore tho Committee on Foreign AlT.iirs ; and he wish ed lo reserve tho cun-dderation of the ques tion, or tlio expressions of opinion, until he had an opiiortitnitv in committee to examine out, nnd it would seem that tho statements with regard to thobrulality of Salazar who ducted thu prisoners from Santa Fo to Mexico, had not been very much exnggcrat o J. IIo ordered several of them shot on tho way, merely because they hecauso they be came sick and exhausted, and therefore nn inconvenience. Wo find also in the Bee, copies of n cor respondence between Gen. Hamilton nnd Santa Anna, and between Barnard E. Bee, Esq., n Texan functionary of sonio sort and Santa Anna. It is a very strange correspondence to say the least of it, and with all our partialities for Gen. Hamilton and Mr. Bee, nnd with all our prejudices against the Mexican despot, wc are constrainrd to say, that in our opinion, the latter conies the best out of it. Tho let ter of Gen. Hamilton is a most unaccounta ble ono in every respect. Ho proposes to bribe Santa Anna into nn acknowledgment of the Texian indepondancc, and to pay n very largo sum of money more than five millions of dollars at the very time that tlio Gener.il knew that ho had not been able to maintain tins personal expenses of his mis sion to "Europe, without appropriating the binds of a Viiginia Company for the purpose. Tho answer of Santa Anna, is naturally ami justly indignant. His answer to Mr. Ben is more courteous and respectful. The dictator acknowledges obligations to Mr. Bee and to Gen. Houston, for their personal kindness to him during his captivity in T'was, but at tho same time expresses tho most determined purpose of reconquering tho Texian territory, nnd is bv no moans very flattering in the opinion en tertained of the republic. That ho nnd tho entire Mexican population feel the full determination to recover the territory wrest ed from Mexico, tbero cannot bo a doubt. How well they will succeed, is another thing. Courier iy Knq. SvNTiFsPiMsovEits. The NowOrlcans licopub I's'ies the following letter fio n Mr. Falconer, the l!ril- ish subject who aceon. panic I the erudition iu ihe same capacity ns .Mr. Ken kill did. .Mr. Falconer was Mcasul as lie readied the city of .Mexico. His letter is as fo lows: Sin, Koad.ill joined the expedili in at Austin as a guest. He was not cnro'led and was not sub ject to any military orders. He alo had a passport, whieh he freq'icnlly produced upon the route, which nutl.o ,Z((I h m lo enter Mexico an I Santa Fe. This pas-ort le obtained at New Orleans, and it was -inncd by (he Mexican Consul in thateilv. He was w.lli llieprty, consisting of lue, wh.ch was not C 0 N G U E S S. " Anti "D wlslll''i ulso, on tins occasion to In the Senate, on Monday. Mr. Barrow "P" nuiiorrence oi itic nreoranu presented the resolutions of tho Lej-islaturo C0I,1SC 01 "u gentlemen liomuiiio, i.Mr. ..iu of Louisiana. condmnniiiL' tho conduct of tlio "'"Ssv Mnvtivu, jimWilin Imi-nnl. ll... .lmontrnn T. 1' IOVU a OU .! T. lytlSlllll'' fllSO OSKetl tO consul at Santa Fe. and also their treatment Lo excused, offering similar reasons, but with of Americans held as nrisoners. which were t,ri!W request. After some conversation, ' .t t .1 flll referred to the committee on foreign relations. wuuurew me lesotui.ons. i no Mr. Barrow also presented the resolutions of T'liou being raised whether ho had a right the same lef.islatt.re relative to the M.ironis lo wilhdraw tho resolutions nt thai stage, do Maison Ron r-rant. which ir'ern referred "e Speaker decided in the amrmativc to tho committee on i.ublie lands. Vmm lhU decision, Mr. Andrews appealed, ' t. ... I I ! " I Mr. Allen offered a resolution calling tinon uul -IM' 'i'ur. 1'osition and I'omcv nr tiii: British CIovkrn.mcnt. The Government debt of Eng. land is commonly set down in round number-' at 84,(K)0,0()0,0()0 ; a sum that would load with dollars a train of wagons 15(H) miles in length, supposing each wagon to occupy four rods and to carry ono ton. As the industry of Kiirnnd, most foriun.Vc- ly, Ins not sufficient looe change in its pocket to pay on at once tins huge m irtgagu on its bones and sincwv, it is forced lo pay llu whole aiiifiiint every thirty years in the shape of inter est, without lessening the debt a fraction. It i forced to raise yearly over four lhoiiatnl big wagon loads of dollars as a memento of the wars waged by tho aristocracy of Great Britain against democracy of France anil the United States. To lo.li with coined silver over 400 wagons, a train tint wo.ild oxtnnil mnro than halfway from New York to I'liiladelphh for a great na tion to do this o?icaor urcnsiomilly, is easier than some might suppose; but to do it year after year for c or, is a hard problem in finance. There is hut one way iu which a Nation hav. ins no gold or Eilver mines can fairly obtain these metals and that is, to buy them with the products of their labor. C'oncqucntly the tax payers of Great Britain, in ordi;r to raise said It KM) tons of dollars per annum for the fund- homers, are necessitated to eell goods to that amount in the world's market every year, before they cac think of spending a cent m said mar ket even for stock to manufacture. It is not necessary, however, thai the English should extract the ir,We of tier yearly tribute to the fuiiil-hoMers from other nations. They lind a market for much of their labor among the liund-holders themselves. If we suppose the latter to ovpeiid one half of their income in pur i., ..i. i -...I 1.1 n'.'i. Viliii-. i" rui-ii I u Mil i:n .lnu i .till ltiii: ;i.i Mrin-.li I -"i i.,:u,i i.. i. 1-..H - .i... . ' captured. The leason of bis beiiis with ilni ninv tun .tin. ni.iu v.. in in uuiu i, ll imiim s drt' inner' , r I r- I ' . i r-rt i. -. nations need send them onlv ; about 2000 tons of I u,7,nvirig tint h? had a"';';! .tiu''i! .....v.. i". nun. , nun nun.- niuiu nun ,,, i wi'iiio einnie mni 10 remove Irom tlio scene of any 1 train of wairons rcachuis from thrown Point to .hostilities tint mi"lit occur. At the lime ofhis inn- Ticomlorooa a train that mi"ht eabilv nass "lu Mr. Kendall bad certainly not exhibited anv ... ... - I l.nclllrt inli Ml!...u lm nn.. ..i I.. I !. one s door m a sin'le tiav. ' - "-' " " previously .pi : is , i , done, lie was on Ins mad to Sinta Fe. and when . miiMiiiw, i.usian , may uc oxc is. , , reached that place, if he had been permitted to ed lor entertaining a most indent desire that nroemUofar. iniMithave. ami urolnblv won',1 l.nv,. other mtions should buy 1 irirelv of her m.inu. conformed to ihe hw of ,Me.io bv nrcseiuiii'r Ins I'acttires and tint they should buy at high pri-1 l"lort lothelo-al Mei"an auilioritirs. cos a!s.). Nothing les can save hcrfroin a rev-1 )V,lu,JIr' ,K."" P",r"1 ll15 companions 0i, ..:.. , eln otul a white Ihs. and were assured that they .I, ' . . .. . . would n it b" in ide prUoucs. This assurance was I lie reigning aristocracy of Great Britain not fulfilled. They were made prisoners, nnd Mr. naje long employed a very injrenioiis method of Kendall s passport uns taken Irom him. He was otTectitlij both these objocts. Ilv adroitly ttim-1 entitled to I, permitted to return lo Col. Cooke, or, mating tlir.rtiT HNmrr, they have inatnged to iiepioci.ue tne cm reney ol nearly every conn Wor.vns on Titr. I'ENonscoT. It is a re- iiiarkablo fact, one worthy the attention of our Legislators, that tiicso ferocious; animals hive been ripidly increasing for tho last few years, destroying and driving the deer from the Men lorosts down into tlio settlements, anu oc ranionally killing sheep. Tlio remains of larirc iMooo have Iromienlly been loumt, llial were run down and killed by tho wolves. One of our citizens had quito an adventure with them last week. Col. John (loddard, who has teams on the Matawnmkeag, was going in to bis camps, nnd iu approaching a spot whom an ox that had died w&s hauled out of tho road, he discovered Hetcn woKcs to work on tho car- cars, growling and fighting. Col. Goddard had ins gun with nun in Ins sleigh, hut Ins only am munition was a small patridge charge and a sin L'lchall in his pocket : this lie dropped into his gun, nnd advancing near enough to be sure of Ins object, ho selected tho largest and most fe rocious looking one, fired and brought nim down. This instead of frightning away the others, only caused them to look up and gtowl. Col. (5. wishing to secure his (jamc, advanced cautiotislv with his mm In his hand, readv to mo the but should they attempt to make game of Into, t his however they ibd not attempt, but walked around, keeping about 20 or 80 feet from him, snarling, growling, and showing a most lonnidablo lot ol teeth. Col. U. notwitli. standin2 did not rolitiMuish his object, but sue (ceiled in bringing olThis prize, and carried him saloly to the camp. 1 Ins would bo excilmj nu sincss to one not accustomed to the hick wood: but it was rare sport for Col. (loddard, for ho loves adventure, and tho more hazardous it is the more fun for him. Another of our citizens saw three within the imits of tho City. He ha I been lo a camp in the vtooiN, and returning, three wolves came out into the road and kept along before his liorso some hall a mile before they returned in to the woods ajjain. Kennebec Journal. then, but that of defeating the little hope which re inainedof tomo bemficial Icgishtion by lbs present Congress, could have been meditated, in thoofl'erof these resolutions 1 Can il bo supposed, that Mr. Ovldings is not aware ol the distresol state of tho country, and ilia absolute necessity of some legislation lo prevtnxils inter mini Can he sunnnsn lliat members fire nerformiii" tlnir duly to their constituent", in thus making sporl for uiciusf res. uv arrnvinir one section ni mo eouniry against nnolher, by the notation of such questions as the'e, while the public Trcaury is S'llfcrid to become bankrupt, and the industry of tne nation is narahzed, through their neglect of their proper duties 1 If the House cannot pass n vote of censure upon such con duel, wc trust the public will raise thur voices against it. wc Hold it to no a duty to protest aiainst conduct which tilacs so much at hamrd the highot interests of the country. President Tyler has sent a message to Con- gross recommending a suspension of the distri bution act, and proposing to pledge tho land fund for the redemption of the new loan some eighteen millions, or so. The President again urges the necessity of an increase of tariffilulics Mil rccomnioiuh the exercise of the discrimina ting principlo in favor of articles of domestic growth and manufacture. Tho tariff committee will report in a fawday. WHICH IS THE TARIFF l'AUTV 1 Tun Dkum.mimi Hoy or Lunuv'.s Lanc. Ma jor General Winfield Scolt, while on the frontier during the late border difliculties, at a compli mentary dinner given him by tho citizens of Cleveland, related the following characteristic anecdote that occurred during the battle of Lun. dv's Line in the last war: In the very midst of tho battle, his attention was arrested by observing at a little distance, where a whole company of riflemen had just been cut down by the terrible lire of tho ene my, three drummer boys quarrelling for a sin. glo drum, all that was ct. to them. Soon the two stronger ones went to "fisticuff," while the third quietly folded his arms, awaiting the issue of the contest. At that moment n cannon ball str'ick the boys and killed them both. With one bound the little fellow caught tho drum from between them, and with a shout of triumph, and a loud "tattoo," dashed forward lo tho thick est of Ihe fight. Said the General, "I so ad mired tho little soldier, that I rode after him and cnquiicd his name, which was , and di rected him to find mo at the close of the battle ; but I never saw him afterwards." At this moment, Mr , one of the most respectable merchants iu Cleveland, arose, and vith a smile and a bow, informed tho company that ho was the "Drummer Boy of I.uudv's Line." Transcript the committee on the Judiciary to report on tbn subject of Gen. Jackson's fine, which, on motion of Mr. Clay, was for the present laid on the table. A large number of memorials were pre sented and referred. Among them was ono by Mr. Choate, praying for specific duties on manufactures of cotton. Mr. Clay's resolutions were again taken up nnd Mr. Huntington addressed the Senate in support of them. Ho contended that Con gress had a right, and it was their duty to af ford protection to out iiiautif.icturi's. Ho d funded also the principle of homo valuation. When ho had concluded, Mr. Clay obtain ed tho flour, and after some conversation between him and other niembeis it was un derstood that be would address the Senate on Tuesday, iu conclusion of the debate. The Senate then went into executive session. Mr. Bolts then roso nnd asked leava (the Slate oi Virginia having some tnno since been called for resolutions, and Mr. B. not tbereforo having the right to present a res olution nt ibis time) to offer a resolution remarking that as he intended to move liio previous question upon its adoption, bo would refrain from making anv remarks. Tlio resolution was read for information, as follows : Where ii the lion. Jo bin It. Oiddiiijs. the mem ber Hum lilt) sixteenth Congresion il ili-.trici of the Slate ol Ohii, ll n tins day present"! to ilus House n series of rcsolu ions touching the must important m lereaisconneetel with a large portion ol the I'n.oo, now a Mibjert of negotiation between the Foiled rtlalei-alio ijieai i.riiou oi i,,e oio.m oi'iie.i e u.i urc Ihe result of which uny evenlually involve iliose in try iu the civilized world, at iho same lime tint J they restricted their own banks from emitting nines of a lower denomination than 25. Thoy ha ve thus established a small-sizctl measure of value abroad to sr.i.t. by, and a large size meas ure at homo to nuv by. The opciation of this policy in enriching Eng land and in impoverishing th s country, may he seen by a mere jilancn at our table of imports. From ISJIO to 1SI0, ten voars, our gross int. pirts amounted lo 3l,.')no,:il2ll.l. Allowing our price to have been doubled only during this period by tho expansion of our currency from the use of h.ink paper, (and all know our prices wore Wire than doubled from this cate) it fol lows that we paid 8050,171, -.7 more than we (houli) hac paid for the same goods provided our ciiriency had been pnrnly of silver. This vast sum equal to 1!),.')00 ions of silver was therefore, mi far as it went lo pay for British upon lb" auihortv ofbis nas.nort. in lenn left hi' companions and loli-ire pursued hi-j iiirncy lo Sniia Fe, wilhout interruption. If lie was wiih a hos tile parly be hid a right to return ;f not, lo proceed. Ilisfale, ifl.o rtluriicl, might ultimatclv have been thai of llie pirl V will. Cool"', lint (tie possilott'y, llml a mm who tieirs'-.i dig of truco may Mibcqiicnllv be shot in hatile, is no imiifiealion for Lilling hi n when bavin.' ihe flag in his ImikI. Among Indians surh an cinMcin of peice ii n spieled. I!ul nt all ewills, il i n ll mini .ict, liin to pioftos a respect for il, and then in violate the prolectio i which it was lecigninl tn nflbid. Tile secret iiislrucions of ihe. Commissioners who accomp'inie I thi expedition, and win, it is tnled, were I o Inatwilh Ihe inhabitants of A'cw Mexiio, were not s'cn by .Mr. Kendall or kno.Mi to him. Thur chaiactcr could not have been anticipated fi o i n the presence of the military. Tlio military fotce was not larger ihan was neiv.iry for the pro- leci nu oi inegoou-o: ine nit rcnaius Irom tlio at Jacks of Indians i nor larger, I believe, linn the mil itary force which accompamt.d ihecaily Missouri c.x pediiioiis lo Santa Fe. Thopar'y with whom Mr. Kendall travelled, as a prisoner, left .San .Mtg il upon October ITlli. He I bad been detained at San .Mtg'il for near a month On Ihe evrmug of the 2'jd he reached "oodc, a clear train to lliu Ilritish tnoimv power, a dead lo-s to us ; a loss which, divided among ! Valcira. The next morning a man of ihe name of UlictMHIO.OOO of tailzies of tho U. S.. amounts l.irnest ilu-l from exhaustion. Ilehml suflered much Si'MIl lift Inr oieh 11 tun uic inii in m.u'-n ui un: previous u.ivs. ill: 1 previously. i-siill or InoU uny .-vcnliinlly mviilvc liius.- n. " " . ears were cut nil- lo be presented bv our eaplam lo and pcrhips Ihe whole cmliz-nl world in war ; hen we rounder llio-c simple facts when t hi, 9periur omccr, as eu.lence ibai'ibr iimii had not anil whenas ihe duly ol ewry good cilui n, and par-1 wo consider how iirei.arv tho eontiniianci) of! . ..I-.I.. .1... .1 e ..... I n ..I .......... .. . . iiciiuii i : iu "i '! . .... ... ...... , tins game is lo the very existence ot the llnlisli E - ; er : . , ri mm, d Mnl M mV. dUW, , ' .larcl,y-wc cannot doubt that that ohgarehy e.xert not onlv all its subtlety, but, il need ful, all its force, tnpreiclit us fnuii abmdoning the ruinous financial policy wc have been pur suing almost over unco our birth as a nation. Il was the o;iii,ioi, years ago, of some of our ablest ..talesmen, that if Kugl.iinl could not pre vent the establishment of the specie policy here among ibe People uf ihe I'll: led Stalt.at pilch a unit and under nio i eireiniKianeo, winch i-. the i.nly ef fect lo lie aeeoiuplislii it oy Ilie lulrndiiclion ot .sen- ..i- ,1... I..,.K,1,',. IK. ..Til,, inn v In . In the llou-e of Representatives, several te l0 t,c ground- as-u d by ihe l.iub fun.-iionary noiiiinn uoro ninci.iiir.fi .in li..iv. ,,,,. 1 " log cliarge nl I tin imp in ml ati.l iitiic'ne iru-- : petition W( re piesi nted on li ,ic. Among aml jlKK,. mnl-my nni Inllk.r aie lh,.HIII n.n,-ln them was the llelilion of Patrick T. Jack- and .innroved in tiim hoeking 10 nil sens; if law, I . 1 ... . i l t li. .i- i ii ... i.. ; i . ... 1 .il.... I... M. ll" .1 .1. oroer, aim inn, rimiv ioi.il mil.- ov o. cr l eans, s u won o, on er lo otoitu SOU a.ld others, by Mr. ...throp, Ol. the Itcsoleul. That llu- limine hold ihe conduct of ihe ; .. Intii,a ,tp,t. :atlal thus create a stron,- subject of the maniif,ictures ofcoltun, sotting "l ineml-r a- altogether unwarranted m nnwar-: lict.w;,v ,)r a eMlil(C(i rurrlirv i the-o I nnniUI, 'llll, iir-ri.ni int. pciii' i niiiiriiiii.i uvii .ii '.ill i tortli Hie necessity ot spucilic duties lor their ihe I'eoploof ibU cwurry, andofib.s body in parnc-protcction. Uiijpriion being mane Mr. Holts moved a suspension of the rules, for the purpose of enabling him to offer the resolution, and nkcd the jeas and inns on thai motion, which were ordered, and, being 12S, nays Fiun.vv MoiixiSG. ahui., i, i?u. MR. GIDDINGS, OF OHIO. This gentleman lias resigned bis seat and gone home to his consliiuonts, for tho pur. pose of being again returned to Congress, as be doubtless will he, hy u decided majoiily. lull ivcrc Ins election tli'ticiiiluiit upon our vote, he would remain ;i private cin.eii For, bc.irlily as we condemn ivery ntteuipt of the lfousc to cousin c members for dis charging their duty in their own way witli-1 ,l,ea? .are cl'a';'l o( the pr.itect.ve J i spcaKing for it, and in their elaborate 111 UIU 1 IliC'S UpjlllCillllU IU II1U SllllUCl Ol, .IS We have repeatedly slated that tho Tory party in tho mass, cherish n deadly hostility to tho principle of n protective Tariff. These statements have been denied, with very lit- tic success, however, by certain gcntlnmen who supported that party in this State. Wo have shown that the Tories in Congress have during tlio present session voted almost unanimously against the principle ofProtoc lion, that the last Tory Statu Convention thai over assembled in this Slato unani mously adopted a strong anti-Tariff rcsolu tion, and that llicir leading papers in Ver mont are constantly ridiculing the Tariff conventions which have lately been bold in lifiercnt sections of the Stale. No ono has yet ventured lo deny theso statements, for tho very simple reason that every bodv nows they are true. And yet, in the face

and eyes of these plain nnd undeniable facts tbero are ceVtain gentlemen who desiro to make tit 3 intelligent freemen of this State believe that tho 1 ones urc in favor of a pro tective Tarifi". But wo nre determined that the readers of the Free Press shall not bo deceived in ibis matter. Wo shall, there fore, spread before them occasionally sncl evidence as will satisfy them that tho Whi arc tlio only truo fiiends of Protection, and that tho Tories arc just as hostile to n protec tivu Tarifi as they arc to any other Whi principle. For this purpose wo nsk the attention tins wenK to tlio lollowinj extract from that great gnu of this Tories, the Wash ington Globe of March 19th, 1S42. Till-: ADMINISTRATION AND THE HIGH TARIFF. livery person must ee that the revival of the high tariff is now the main object, and that the Webster Whigs and tho Clay Whigs emulate each other in their labors to eliocl the rev.val. Mr. Clay submits tho resolution to v'olato the compromise and raise the duties to thirty per cent, anil the Webster Whigs become the champions of tho proposition, take the whole argument on the'iisolvi's and deliver the mn-i elaborate speeches in favor of a oroturlivo tariff that have ever been delivered since the foui'.da- tion of the Government. Now .Mr. Velter H .Mr. I yler s lirst Minister, and while Ihe Pros, idi'iit has no party iu Congress, (Inlf a dozen indii iiluals excepted,) yet Mr. U'cbtcr has a considerable parly, namely, the majority of the "nu- l.tl'r! ilift Senator nml ltnnm;nntiti,'rtc hern and ovcry where, now nnd forever, to maintain and defend" tho resolutions presented by Mr. G. flic Now-York Canals arc to be open for navigation on the 20: h of April. JUDICIAL JOKE. During the last war, Judge Banks of Mai- iicbusetU was at otio tima tho only Demo cratic Judge upon tho Bench of the Common Pleas of that State. Ono day while ho wai holding a Court at Greenfield, Mr. Wells, a witty lawyer of that place, asked leave to rend somo legal report with a view fo its ac ceptnnco by tho Court. But Judge B. re marked that as bo bad had a fatiguing day, ind it was near night, ho would adjourn tlio Court, and hear the report in the morning. In the evening, the nows arrived of General Hull's surrender. This whs tlio subject of somo ill-natured and unpatnolic laughter among the Federalists, of whom Mr. Wells was one, while it filled their opponents with grief and dejection. Next morning Mr. Wells came into Court ind wns accosled hy Judge Bangs as follows ! " Mr. Wells, wc will hear the report you proposed to offer before Ihe adjournment last evening." 1 be report is, your Honor," said Mr. Wells' rising, " that General Hull, and nil bis army bnvo surrendered to tlio British !" " Sir," said the Judge promptly, " the Court do not accept that report." The House proceeded to the order of tho day, which was the calling of lliu Slates for resolutions, beginning al Hie point wlieie this call was broken off on n former day, which was on the adontion of the resolution Air Sillinlv fi.r ..,,..,,1!.,., .1... HITil, ...I.. ..r tHr.CH, H'SUltl'll S lUllOH.s: IMS fbr. Iloilcn f llir. lli-oeliinc ml. wli. in rm lli!.. Cib ... .... . , 3 resolution baling been taken, and tin; main fptestion uidered. After some unsuccessful attempts to avoid meeting the (ptestiou, the yensiiuJ nays wero taken and the resolution was adopted by a voto of 103 to 1)8. Thu rule ns amended by the resolution is us fol lows, the part in italicn being that which was added by the amendment. Jciolntf, That so much of the I27lh rule of ill So (iwo-tliinU not voting in the alliniKi- live) the rules were lint suspended. I'hc call for resolutions resting still with tho Slato of Ohio Mr. Weller rose iu his place and olluifd the resolution of Mr. Bolls, as-his own And tho resolution having been again read Mr. Weller moved the previous ijuestinn Mr. Holmesdesired to bo informed wlielb- House a i in tliftlew:i)gw-or.l, 10 wit : '.Nor i-ba 1 Hl ) jf ,,K C!, for ihe previous (piestion was Viirdot the numbers pieseni be, mid hereby is, no sustained, it would preclude the gentleman in rci-muRM aim cintigei mi l in.' iijus! tiny, at ,-H nt.!,. Mr :i,l,li.,l fin... nllnr! .t. anv lune. bva vileola mil intv ol the members ore " t -(,' un sent, suspend th i rule and urdu- of the IIjufd for defence I lie purp is, oi ii'iun; lot i ciiiiiuiiui-r ui inc , noil oil the state of the Union ; ami that 1'ie I fame m iv al .mylimi,ojawcyaMlrtiuVi,tmtmcri ;, question was ordered, il would bo the ri'dlt ms nt t'l.iiitin ic ruin and oriir far tht l ii-oi,- u ft ' "o"' '. .. ' - .. ... j. .. !.. - . ... I -XI. 1- ... pejri'dwf mtrnartoj lie ym nu;ee uj tie 01 liio vieillic'lll.ill iioni uniii io raisu n (pies II :u". tint'' on vie sine oi ne ivuim irom me ran. .... . i i... i i ... i iUttra'hn vfaw, bill r,fcr,e,l to il. afar acti.w. "un 01 P"V",B1', uuu iu ue iicaru 111 Ills own tritmut atbau. e.i oKuiiuniiuuHMKiKKii'iiiii; that I delelice, as the resolution involved tho char states, loi co us into :i bloody and expens ve war. Such was al bottom a leading cause of bur last war against us ; and we are not unhkolv soon to see the same motive reproducing the same criminal results. England's greatest difficul ty in pursuing such a policy at present will be to keep her own slarving population cjitict while her army is sent abroad to butcher ours. To obviate this difficulty, she will protend to her plundor.'il subjects at In, mo that she comes to r.na'o our fields and bum our dwellings from pure philanthropy fmu a holy lovo of freedom from a disinieroi-tcd synip.ithy for tho negroes she ktolc Iioni Alr.ca and sold to our fathers and she may find some, men in t'r.s world silly enough to belicic her. Rut the kbal govern ing motive of tho policy sbo has ever adopted toward this, country is simply this: she desires thai ire should buy lirge'ij hir manufactures mf liwjlhent tit moil I'iiices. M EX 1 CAN I NTKL L I G ENC E. jnoy lie offered, Tlio Speaker then proceeded in tho call of the States, and a largo number of resolutions were offered and adopted, among nliicb wero the following : On motion of Mr. Rayner actor and privileges ofth.it gentleman. Mr. Giddings requested time for making hi defence, and after some conversation, moved to postpone the subject a week from Thursday next. Various points of order were raised nnd discussed. Tho Speaker decided that the previous question could nut be now entertained, fur the reason that the i'esclrid. That the I'residi nt cf the United Slates tie rruittii'd to i-oiiimiiiiieale I.) this lluiisu ni as enr ly a period us ,oivl,h',u ,t of all appointment lo of- IICC (Hill llive ni-l n i-i'hil-wiiivu mi. tin 'l .llilll . , . , , last, cither by the lUeeiuiie or the heads of Depart- gcilllcntaii having as .ed a postponement, to menu, Iho immie of Hie appointee-, Ihe Male ; m entertain the previous question would bo to v,hieh ihey were born, and ibobiaie in which ihey 1 reeded ut the time of their appointment. deny bis privilege Oi) the motion of Mr. Andrews, modified Mr. Fillinoro appealed from this decision. at the surgeslio!! of several members After much debaie on the appeal, and van ?jo(!,TbaMbel,re.iiiU ui of the United State jous incidental points of order, lliu previous nnd the head, ot itic. ovem i wjm question was inuved and seconded, nnd the (3 t'iiiinuin'Titti tine i lloawm f rir niinlivt- ihr imme() rjaichof the inemWr, if nn-f if ilm VGih an-1 main cucsticin on lliti iipjitM) ordered, whew ,)un nn:. leiiiv ior uiiiee. ... ,. i . ." .-r: . T... ml', la n-l.tiiieunhinirlUwecii lhoc who t"C "e"e adjourned. hsve tipph. li'' l"'tm slid tt'""" w'"" npplicniion () ,ilc ,IPXl dav, (Tuesday, March ,A,t. Lvfi"..iiJ. Uiheri'i r-rrton or m r;. . , . . enu w .u inn io uio iin.imioo wiii'inci or not " 'r ' . .... .... Mr Giddni"s( i Ohio, Hid he I' id a so- tlio prei win qui mioii uia ct:i on .xir. lnu escaped, and ibis barbarous proceeding occurred in every instance, on llie ro.ui, nilicr 1 1 natural death, or of murder. About a mile rroni Xaleneia, a Texan vi liinKcr nt the name nf Me.MiMer was shot. It :s said, that lo usier married asm ol Hie late Ch ef Justice Mar shall. He was lame, anil untitle from f.ubuo and e.x liaiislion' to wa I; at the S iine pace a? inoi-l ol ihe other men. C.ipl. Deunslo Kjlazar, who had Ihe elnrceol ihe piny, eilled .Air. (i. Van .N'cs tohini and direele.l bun io no In the rear and to inform all who were inland, that if they did not iiinnedialily nveilakc lh"0lh t prisoner", h'e would'order them to he shoi. and lliat a seraeant and four nn n bad been oiileredio ihe rear fir tint puipose. When Mr. O. Van Nes w.n m Ibe act of complying, nn I Im l not repeated the whole order, the ercinnl nnd hi men ".line up. The sergeant ii sited MeAlisl.r "why be did not "O faster 1" He I tidied, "lint be was' not able, for Ins feet were erv sore." lie was nluio-i laullv sliol lliiouu'li the head. Ill ears were cut ofi; In bhuki l and his pantaloons taken fruni him and his bodv lefl on ihe road. t'pon ihejuibof IJc'ober ttereaehed Hay Crislo val. .t niuht llieie wa a sevtre snow storm. None of i s had inoie than one Idanki;1, and iu the iiioruing there was moie than lito inches of sno.v upon us. Heie eoiuniciiced what is called tho match of the lir.mil Jornada. Il is so cal'ed, from iheru beun.' no waler iho whole distance, nnd ihe liffieullv Willi Inch 11 i performed. We moved ofl" at noon of the :iUt, an I our inarch continued the wholu iiijtlil. Thtie was a halt for about an hour and n half iu the niornin;', when the march aKaui cominrnced, and was continued lliiniighout ihe day, and with the ex ception of nhout three hours, ihroiihnut the nbolt niyht, and until about 10 o'clock ihe nejt morning Dunne, ihe whole lime no nrnvisi, ns or water ert five n in ihe men. Itwasaltoul se en o'clock of I hi list nilil, lint Itolphin, a inciehaiit, was shot. Hi had l.tfir I ten sick, nnd bad been carried i n the sick wairon, as it wits called, nearly the whole distance from the Itivtr lluinlnfuo lo San Miguel, that is, (rnm Strnt. 1R toflct. 12. Me eotiltiiiie.1 .ti'lt nnd in- Wt. Itiiil in tin. 'nir ftrb.onc hnnurt nt tint I firm mini ibe llnic of his denth. Ileobtainril ner- lhi . , . c , . 1 uustionof oneof the Me.viean soldurs lo ride, and Jltb nist. copious nccounts from Mexico, w.lt in he.ic, (,f tuB un'li(1 flit l0 iny for ,),;, and a variety of official correspondence and 0N"r' wl,el,1 f0"lc.M,):'!ie,s "' l- One of ihem 1 I lir.vt nl nnd iioillldet Illm. He mil smile Hints, erv- in? ou' to have his lite spatid, when another soldier shot him dtad. IJrilith wask'lled the sams niyhi w'uh dolphin. He had been pr. mine I to ride iunaL'od during the ihv, upon account nf sickness. His brain were knockid out by a soldier, but we do not know what occurred preiious lo hishunj: killed. (iilis wis nnother siek tolihcr. He cttiftht cold soon nficr IcniingNnti Mijutl, which wa-followed by a si veic iiillinialion of the luiir. A few minutes lefnre lii n'enlh. a soldier nrcsen ted at him n iiiuskc", Ness, who it i and snt ped il in his face, laughing at iho pninful ef- details relating to ali'airs in that Jlepublic, Tho Speaker said that, if the previous which aro of a good deal ol interest. Mr. AIcKne, nearer of despatches from our Gov ernment to ihe American Minister in Mexico, and of tho answers to ihem from lliat func tionary, bad arrived at New Oi leans, ac companied by several American gentlemen, among uiioin wero M r. Van seems wont out SciTtiiarv expedition, and Mr. Lumsden ono of the . "1!t'lll!mU!en,ib. Editors of the New Orleans Picayune who ' pm e I with a loss of lill-i but there ere o her scenes .. I feci il nrodiieed. His bodv h as Ihinwit into ihe bush to the bnntlt I'D In, There was nnolher man of ihe name of dates wero aecmn bad visited Mexico for iho purpose of pro curing tlio release of Mr. Kend.ill bis as sociate, one of tho captives iu that ili-judged and ill-l'.iti.'d nuterpiise. Mr. Van Ness was released through (he good offices of Ternel, iho Mexican Minister of War. Mr. Fatilkenerr a British subject, also (liken flagrante delicto was released by Santa Anna upon tlio mere reijuett of tlio British Minister, and came to New Oilcans with Mr. Van Ness, and Mr. Lumsden. Kendall was still held a prisoner in Mexico, with but dubioui prospect of liberation for some time. Tim Simla Fo priioncrs bad been lie.ttt'il Hithereat barbarity, through- conn "fled with th's inarch of longer duration, and of lliu nun! iiniifiil kind. Tor inanv davs no food was distributed, and on some days only two heads of corn were vutnloiaeii man. alien arncics oi orcss a Iho men could lib decency spare, they exchanged upon lbs roa I for subsistence. The old wa t.o ereit ihnl ihnlossof what thev parted with added to their Mid'eriiiL". fieneral Arinii;o, the Oovcrnur of Xrw Mexico, Ind, at the Km (Jilt in, caused ihem lo bf stripped of llirir coits and w.iisieonts, nnd 1 1 it ir second blankets lo he taken from lliem. They had mil llieref. re, mfr,t..tut elulhing lo proiect lliem from ine Hcveriiy or Hie v miner. I neir snocs were worn one ol Ins constituents, wc would letuso to lionize a man for an uncalled for, reckless, wanton trilling with tin important public in teiest (already embarrassed witli difficulties enough,) and this too, for the manifest mere purpose of a little notorily. The case to whii h his resolutions applied bad been np piopri.itely inferred to lliu committee of for eign relations, nnd was a matter ot negotia tion between thu two nations a negotiation greatly embarrassed by the rude indiscretion of Congress in publishing Mr. Webstci's let ter, before tlio ink was faiily dry upon it. tny attempt therefore, to forestall the sub ject by pieuiatiirc action in tho House was so manifestly uncalled for nnd iiidisctoet, as to find, no apologists in Congress ; nnd pre cious few out. And yet Mr. Giddings, ns if iu mere wantonness, without consulting a solitary individual on the subject, introduces bis ill-timed resolutions, gets up a storm and then what I why, wilhraws his resolu tions, and skulks ! The llotiso foolishly pro ceeds to censure him, and llieieiipon ho re signs, goes home, and appeals to his constit tients. If bis constituents regard tho true in terests of tlio country, they will keep him tbuie. F or if bo has no more discretion than thus to trifle witli the lime of Congress and the treat interests ol tho nation, the country can well dispense with his services. On the other band, if ho acted conscientiously in obedience to tho dicl.tles duty in offering bis resolutions, then in withdrawing lliem on iho first manifestation of populai feeling, lie betrayed a weakness and want of moral courage which totally disqualify him for any "real achievements. Mr. Giddings evident ly sought to apo Mr. Adams-. But bow un like ! Hid that old Patriarch offer to leiVA- drata tho petition lliat iiad drawn down upon him such a tempest of wrath and indignation 1 Not he. Ho spurned tho offer. Honestly impressed witli a sense of his duty in the matter, he defended his position, single band ed, almost ; and nobly did he triumph. But in this case, it was all heartless, icckless, bravado, resorted to for mere notority, and readily abandoned when that object was at tained. Thus it is, that Congress fritters away its time in worso than idlo bickering and recrimination, whilo tho real necessi ties of tho country aro ovei looked and neglected. Wo copy iho following from tiio Boston Daily Advertiser. II will be perceived lliat the Hourc of Represent.! tuts has been diictted fiom ihe performance, of its i....it,.niilniirsl,v ihe alteuiim foiieof Us member. apparently lo see how far be could outrit"C the ftehng! of anotlion of his colli agues, nnd Fisnaliic hi d sie-i New r.niil.iud Senators and Itonresentativcs and a few others from other State--. Now all tariff, all speeches leaving Iho 01 iv Wbw far in the roar. .Mr. FOREIGN. Tlio Columbia Steamer arrived at Halifax on tho25ih, which puts us in possession of English dates to tho 4tb. The Earl of Aberdeen announced in tho House of Lords, Feb. 21, that the ratification of the quintuple treaty relative to the slavtt trade, had been exchanged by four of the powers, but that the ratification of ihe King of the French had not been exchanged with those of the other powers. Tho protocol al the desire of the French Plenipotentiary bad been left open for the accession of his Gov ernment li a future day. The treaty would now bind but the four powers who had rati fied il; but tho treaty with France concluded iu 1831 and 1S33, to nearly the same pur port ns it regards France, remained in full force nnd vigor. A letter from the correspondent of the Times, dated at Paris, Feb. 20, says that a council of Ministers was to be held that day at the Chalnau of tho Tuilcries, under the pres idency of the King, at which tlio protest of the American Minister against the ratification would lie discussed. If it be truo lliat Gen eral Cass had inndo such n protest, it must probably have been doiio on bis own respon sibility, as bo could hardly have received in structions on the 17th of a date subsequent to the intelligences of the signing of tbn trea ty being received in this country. Later news from India had been receivod by an intermediate overland mail. TheHd vices from Calcutta arc to Jan. 11, and from China lo Nov. ISO. The hitler is not impor tant. I hero is a variety of news from India of some Mitorcst, but no events bad occuned of great importance. It is stated lliat a reinforcement of 10,000 troops was going fotward from India to Chi na, with a number of heavy guns. It was reported lliat the first grand movement con- ebstcr is from the part of the country which tcmplatcd bv Sir Ilenerv Pollincer would bo nourishes on the high latin", and Inch fjrnishes . . ,". ,,,, " , Ihe speeechos and votes which sustain it. Iu n'illnst 1 ekin. I here was no later r.ews Irom the expedition in China thar has been this respect, .Mr. Webster mii-t be deemed the real head nf the high tarifi party, .notwithstand ing Mr. Clay's labors lo placo' luii-clf there : and this being tho case now, il will be pilpably so when Mr. Clay retires. Tin. event will lake place next week ; and after tlu; Mr. Tyler's Prime Minister will bo as openly and publicly the head of the tarifi' parly as he is now actually and covertly to. This is a fact for the public mind to lake possc.-s.on of and lo dwell upon. The public complains of the miction of Con. urcss ; yet what is mnus mi ! bud ess tann pceche--, and endless measures to create a ne cessity for a tariff, and all this from thu Whig- tties. I hey aro lor taritl thoy are I r taxes they are for loans tl.-y ate lor the laud bill. All thofO measures occupy I'onrp.-s, and they arc all Whig measures, and the Whigtrios, (not the Democrats) arc responsible for them. Tho Whigs conduct the me isurcs ; and what are thu inca-urcs which they promo'e ! They aro laril), first and above all, and then every thing tint lead to a tarifi', and because it lead to tarifi'. They aro for loans, because it load to tarill'; thoy aro for taxes, because they lead to tariff; they are for Treasury notes and Exchequer bills, because they lead to tariff; a'ld they are for the land above all, became, mere than all, it leads fastest to the ".'r.u.d ultimate object hiirh land' Thus Inch tar ft' is the absorbing nbj.tct in Congress. Either direct and openly or indi rectly and cnvcrtlv, it i the crand object of tha Whigs, and Mr. Tyler's fir.-t minister is the pit. tontial chief of the party Wo icpeat it : this is a strange state of things, t ut not more strange than true. 7' e Democracy alow nppas ihe high tariff: the Clay and Ihe Wib-iter Whigs rival each other in its suji nrt, hut the latter boim; most interested are the most prominent, active, and powerful in its support ; and thus the Ad ministration, whatever may be the private feel ings of Mr. Tyler, is the i etual and potential head of the high tariff party now in Congress. I ho Boston Courier recommends thai Congress bo put on board a ship of the line, and sent to Botany Bay. Wo second the motion, and call for the previous question fXOur neighbor of the Sentinel appears to bo disturbed a little because wc call the party which be supports the Tory party. Wo will give our reasons, for applying that name to them, next week. Wo will show him that we do not usu tbo term in n re proachful sense, but as descriptive of tboir principles not for tbo "wit," but for tho truth of it. PLATTSBUUGH BANK. This institution wo learn closed its doors on Satuid.iy last, and will wind up its affaits. Il has about thirty thousand dollars in circu lation, to meet which it lias somo forty or fifty thousand in properly. The bill holders however, should not allow themselves to bo shaved, as this is a safety-fund institution, land its circulation must bo redeemed, dollar ! for dollar, within a few mouths. As near as wo can learn, thueiriiro capital of the Bank two hundred thousand has been sunk. out t llit ir feci were blis'cred they were exhausted ' i.ard of Ibe relations which ent ust bclvwcn the Hates ly f.itigiict unity were nlniosl inkrdi llio-e not.ofthe Union. Mr. (iidduiRS must luic known that broken dow n were under the npprehriisioii of being the proposition ollered by bun could not be seriously kil'edi and in litis lame, miserable and sull't ling con-1 mHaincd by the lion c, anil that Ihey would act as n dilioii they ri-uhed Santiago. firebrand thrown among Ibe inenbets, to mttrtupl iMystlfniul some few oihcr vrrc not ibprived ot , l0 business oi tne iioum-. in if proposi ton sun- , Willia.,1 Klado nubhshes a card in tho n.i. niu I I .... I .... I l.n.r r,,r. .l I... I.ini uere ns inamfisl v irun n I lev Die 111 " muiisncs .1 t-.iltt III llic luno than ninny iii bavins rived ibe menus whihir.ici fil and demoralizing, he mui bale known Intelligencer, expressing his great surprise at prevented ihu ii."ceily of parting wiih our clothing, that hov could n U be adopted in the House, ami ror. .lf uroreediti"!) of the !nno ni rvnsurin" Mr. .. I .., n.n..t... ..I mii'ii linn nnticislentle with I lie. life r r e x, . .riV"!. "I o , ' ' 41 K-nSu." 'i'i VuiVfihe S,ef Win, r,po,e 5'd. i, ,,..,,. ' ,i . , I ngs, .on dec taring that he "bIhu!-. rrady, received herefrom Canton duecl, viz. to Oct. 2j. A reinforcement of .jOOO troops was to em bark from England for India without delay. The number of vessels with troops and mu nitions of war which have recently sailed for China from England is seventeen. It is stated that tin augmentation of tho standing army to the number of 20,000 men bad been resolved upon. Tbo news from Africa shows that the ac tive enemy of the French, the Emir Abd-cil-Kndcr, was reduced to gi'eat extremity, nnd that many oflhn native tribes had made thuir submission to the French Government INVASION OF TEXAS ! New Orleans papers of the Kith inst. con. tain the important intelligence of tl invasion of Texas bv the Mexicans, recoiled by tho stcaimr New York, which left Galveston cn the 12th inst. Several Texas gentlemen we ra passengers iu the New York, who state tbt the invaders aro variously estimated at from 8 t 15,000 strong, under tho command of Arista, and had entered Texas at various points. Tha Mexicans already occupy San Antonio and Go. bad. The Taxans were concentrating on Vic toria, Gonz.iles, and Austin, at which places a dcpernte resistance will be made. From an Extra of tlio Civilhan. CGalveitonl of the 12th of March: "By the steamer Dayton, just armed from Houston, wo learn that'exprcsses arrived Tea. tcrday from Austin, dated on Mondaj last, s'a. unjj i ii.u imeingcnco nau reached that place, that San Antonio was taken by Mexicans on Saturday last. Capt. Dotton, who brought the Intelligence from Austin, states that the num. her of Mexicans was large, numbering several thousands. The exprcsa which reached Victoria last night, states that a body of JJOO Mexicans, who captured Capt. II. Ferguson, and from whom he efcaped, Mated that their force on this side of tho Nueces numbered 600, who were der. lined for Victoria, that !),000 had gone to San Antonio, and that there were in all 1-1,000, this side of Ihe Uio Grande. Men are turning out rapidly at Houston. A number of men left this city yesterday for tlio -scat of war, and a company is expected tc leave to.day, Tho Boo adds the following from an authcntis source At 11 o'clock on Sunday, as the New York was coming out from Galveston, we met iho steamer Edward Ilurrelson, just from Houston, ml learned officially of the surrender of S.m Antonio to the Mexicans, under the command of Gen. Vasquez, on the fti instant. His forca consisted of 00 lancets, 330 cavalry ; 100 infant ry ;U0 mo'intcd Caddo Indians, and about 550 raucheros, and is, no doubt the adinnce guard of the army. All the .Mexicans in Hexar have joined the 'invading army. From the informs, tion wo can gel, the ent'ire Mexican fnreo now iu Trns is behoved to bo about 15,000. Gen. Ilurrelson has about 2000 uion under his com. maud at Gonzales, and is daily receiving acces sions, lie is p epared to guo the enemy a warm reception, and although tlie numbers arc largely against them, ho and his men are cer tain ot success and impaticn' for tie; conflict. Oo'i. Houston lolt G.ilirston on Sundsy inom'ng, at 10 o'clock, for tho ariur. Ifc ;nes