Newspaper of Burlington Free Press, April 22, 1842, Page 2

Newspaper of Burlington Free Press dated April 22, 1842 Page 2
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PRODUCTION OP SUOAK IN VKR.MONT. Do our renders know, that next to Lou isiana, Vermont is tlio greatest sugar-pro-ducing-slntcin the Union, according to tier population? Such is the fact. According to the report of tlio commissioner of Patents (who is required hy law to report agricultur al statislics,) Vermont produced 5,119,2GI bs. of sugar (over 2339 tons) in 1810, being over -17 3-4 lbs to each inhabitant. At 5 ets. per lb. tins gives S233,9G3,20-being more than one-fifth of tlio value of our wool at'30 cts. per lb. Hut this amount wo are confident is very far short of tint actually produced in 1840 ; it certainly is very fir below the quantity produced this year. Wo understand that a largo number of the far mers of Barn; gave in their returns of this year's produce on last Saturday week, from which the produce then for tlio town was es timated nl over 70 tons, mid the probable amount for the season was set down at 120 tons. Tlio population of that town is 2125 .mount produced, over 112 lbs. to each inhabitant. Tlio saniu proportion through out the stato would give 32,098,170 lbs. that i, over 10,3 19 tons, worth nt 5 its. n-r lb. S1.G34.9S 80 being more than the wiiolo valuo of tlio wool ! This is a mere ck tiraate, it is true ; yet wo think it safe o say, thai (lie sugar produced in Vermont this year will be worth one million dollars at 5 cents nerlb. When wo remember that sugar is produced with very little actual expense, and nt a time when agricultural lauor cannot oth rrwiso be employed, it proves to be a branch of business whose importance has been al together underrated. Wo think wc have not even now presented it as strongly as we might. Add the farts, that not ono half of the sugar-mapu in the slate are used, and that tho business is not systematically enter cd into, and it would probably lie safe to say, that the farmer.! of Vermont can, if thev choose to do so, produce moro than double the amount above rstimati d. It is a subject worthy of ibo attention of the farmers and ofCongress, too, Sugar must bo protected ; nml wo are glad to see that it is embraced in tho new tariff bill. Watchman. 2 1. and under 73s. 73s. ar.d up.vanls, Another. Voicr. from this South. We nro glad to perceive the Mobile Chron icle, one of tlio ablest papers in the South, has come out nobly and boldly in favor of home industry and -linerican labor. That ami under paper says " I hers is no part ol tun world bettor adapted to manufacturing purposes than our own Stato of Alabama ; and if her poople, instead of shipping their cotton to England, to bo manufactured and brought back foruso, with heavy cost and charges at tached, would but divert a portion of their capital to manufacturing from the raw ma terial of their own production, it would save a vast amount of unnecessary expense, while it would add greatly to the wealth of the state, mako us more Independent, moro prosper ous, moro happy, more American. The South has been brought to tho verge of ruin by ibu adoption of theories and abstractions, which, howdver well they may look on paper, nnd however plausible to "talk about," are utterly fallacious in practice. For years we have been playing into the hands of England nnd to the ruin and prostration of American interests, and the sacrifice of American in dependence. It is time to discard theories and abstractions, and resort to something practical; to abandon a British policy, tint but enriches England and impoverishes us, and adopt ono purely American, that' will promote American interests." llo would be forced to lleo to the cultivation of tlio roil by a horizontal tariff of twonty percent, nnu in n is now pursuit tic would be joined by tlio various olhcr-clas son dependent upon his la. hots, anil from a consumer would becomo a pro. ducer to the extent of bis own wants ; but who will buy that-surplus of flour, pork, wool anil cotton, formerly required to sustain tho 00,000 shoemakers and those dependent on them! u uu urn uuii'jn; mat, a man in lyongrcss wonld willingly produce such a stato of things ; but yet there are inanv who. in the heat of ex cited jealously, and misled by false reasonings, auvocaic nncirincs winch In tlioir application wi uld inevitably lead to these results. , English Cons Laws. The following sclicd- mo win exhibit tho changes proposed liy oir iioueu reel, in tlio Uoru livvs ol ureal iciiain. It will bo seenbv those versed in the subject, that the proposed changes will only benefit the wheat growing countries in tlio immediate vi cinity of England. When famine prices shall have raised the price or corn to such a rate that foreign countries can afford to export tbitlior their wheat and flour, the result will bo that I'o- and will be almost the only country tint shall bo able to improve tbo English market. All grain evrcpt from Hamburg, Stettin, ond Dantz- ic, ut l re as much excluded, in tact, as now. n.. i,.ii-)j ,t. .I,,,., ;.. i, it. i.. il.n ..r all cniintric. When corn ranges at ibis or a higher rate, the grain from countries in Europe, in the immediate vicinity can be allordod, but not from America. And whenever the prico of corn is so ingii, ami t lie duty so correspondingly low, lint wero it to continue, cum coum no at lorded Irom America, all the European ports in the vicinity will immediately pour in wheat and flour in such quantities, that the puce in Eng land would go down, and the duties again go up in a corresponding ratio. So that by the time any supply could bo proer.rcd from the United Slate", they would be again mot by duties so hich as to cause heavy losses to tho importers into England. Such is tho necessary result cf any sliding scale in England. America cannot compete with Europe for her market. With lixed duty, America, from the quantity it could ciiicl, would bo able to contend successfully for the Engliidi market. With a sliding scale stands no nhanco with tho wheat growing coun tries of Europe. Whenever the average prico of Wheat, tmdo up and published in the manner required by law, shall he, for every qinrtnr, Proposed i'reent Sliding Sl.dinj Scale. Scale. CndBI..rJ'J?ja,6d. 36,81 Sts. nnd under Mj, o'. and u:id. r fiis. .'iK nnd under 51. 3I. and un.r "is. .V. nnd under 56. uii- ami under 57. ."7s. nnd ut. ler .r5s. .V5. nnd under !9s. .",). ami under fill-. bOi. and under Cl. GIs. and under Ills. f!2s. ami under fit'. f3s. an. I iiivlvr fit. fil. nnd under fiV. fi"M. and fifi", GO, and under G7. (i7s. nnd uud G3. nnd nnd ntl. nnd tinder 70s. I 7fl. and under 71. alone, upwnrds of thirty Whigs who voted for all tho rest of tho Whig ticket, gave their votes for Mayor to Mr. Staats. I it addition to theso he received the votes of some two or three bim bo I norsrm htam'ht into tlio city from neigh boring towns for tho cxprcia purpose of restor- ngtho regency ascontlancy. We regret that we cannot close this account without referring to an act of brutal violence which followed the closing of tho polls in tbo fith ward. For several years past, notwithstand ing tho excitement attending several ofour elections, tlio peace of tlio city has remainctl undisturbed. 11 tit yesterday tho partial triumph of Loco Foc'oiani was heralded by its appropri ate precursor, a bloody off! ay. Several persons wore severely injured in this disgraceful row, which was onlv prevented from becoming gen eral by tho active interference of a few of the better disposed citiv.cns. Vote for Staats . 3038 Townscnd 2132 y er G7. ) er GB. 5 ler f.'ls. ) ) 34 8 13 0? 318 5 -J2 8 17 0 31 8 lfi 0 30 8 15 0 23 9 110 23 8 13 0 27 3 is o 23 -a 11 0 2', 3 10 0 21 8 9 0 23 9 B0 22 8 7 0 21 8 ) 20 8 0! 19 8 3 16 8 SO 1)3 to in 8 3 0 G 3 2 0 2 8 10 10 .NEW YORK ELECTION'. Wo gather from tho New York papers that the Whig ticket succeeded in Now York so far as it regards a majority of tho Conn cils. Mr. Morris, the Loco-foco Mavor, has been re-elected by a majority of about fifteen hundred The following is the result of the election so far as the Councils are concerned. ciiAunut oi'Kicnus nr.i'.CTr.n. . H'luiM. I.ocofocos. Ut v.'arJ Calvn Balis. do di 21 3.1 da till do ulh da Glh d,- 7th da 8th do Oth do 10th do llth do 12th do nii do Ulh do 13th do lGt'i .lj Kill do Herman V.'eitervelt. Caleb S. W.n.lhull. (i 'out-' V. Ncs' it. Jno. A. Uii.Ierwool. Wdli.nn DjJjjc. Robt. Martin. David T. Williams. ftoliert Jon;3. William AdaiiM. CLiiks in Crolius. Iteltard Atncll. Chii. W. Smith. Jantcj!i. Svleantts Oedncy. William II. Sweet. Mi0-C. r.eomrd Wm. D. Waicriinn, Ulijali F. 1'iirdy. Oaniil Watd. A'r.iliatn Hstfu-UU Clnrles J. Djdge. Rieliarti t Carinsn. Georfio W. AMerlon. Ilci't. W.Itonnell. 1'eter I'.squtrol. John Stewart. John H. Sctj'e?. Ilunry I'. D.ivies. Wm. A. lira Iv. F.drtMrd I). West. Walter Mead. Kre.l.-rick II, Junn retlij;rew. Staats' majority GOO ItUODE ISLAND AND TUB PRESIDENT. Wo arc indiditcd to tho Providence Jour al for dn extra, containing tho following important (locunicnls. 1 bo President right ly avows his determination to stand by the constituted authorities of Rhode Island. His rixecll'ney SAMUEL WARD KI.N'O, fSnvi rnnr. nnnta n fieneral. nnd Conntnnder-in rinef of the Slate of Rhode. Island and Providence Plantations. A PROCLAMATION. Whereas. I have this dav received from his T.rccl enev JOHN TVLUIL Pnr.atpr.NT or the United Statef. n communication toitcliinr the noltlicnl af fairs of this State, n ropy whereof i. hereunto nn-tii-xcd : I do tlicriforc issua this my Prnclatnalion, to mine known tbo same to Hie trnod peoplo ol tui Stale, lint they tiny take hi:cd thereof, and gqvern themselves accordingly. In to-timon wbereol, I have caused tho seal of said St ile to ho affixed In thec presents, nnd liavinir simicd the same with my band. rn -i Given nt tbo citv of Providence, on tho it 0.j fourteenth ihy of Airil, in t lie year of our Lord one thousand eisht hundred nnd forty-two, nnd of tho Independence of the United State i f Ameilci, tho sixlv-ixtli. SAMUEL WARD KI.N'O. Uy bis r.xeel'cncy's cotninanil, llcsnv iiowes, .eciciary ol mate. l'oui the Midi ouian. TIIH TARIFF. When it i.-i conidereJ thalnne half of our for eign, nnd nearly ail our coitin,r tra lo is (boon dent on mviufnc'urcs : and that all hides bronirht from Buenos Avres and o'bor cnan'rie.i to oilier into ttits lius'mess, are paid for in American il nir or other productions nf our niiI, and tint botli are trasported in American slups ; and that the vast o'nntilv ol the nianuiartorcd articles con tantly in transitu, along our coa!, and upon m:r inland' rivers and rai'roads are comeyfd ly American carriers, employing American "raj ital; tkt lneiflr. f lin fur!,' 1 ltrini.fMi.1 fnt-cn... n.. n. Mod. all thne indirectly ctniilcvcd in furni-.hio. commenci'ti 1110 i im last is the means to food, rlotliu au.l instruct tins vast ' narrated in the ("mirier and I''nruiror : number, with their dependents, all relying fori ...U(,r(h,. lfrio, nVay ,i,h oecurred in ih their occupations and mcar.H whereby to live. ixth Ward and w which we have ! ahead all," led upon the liiiinbie"loitlior businos.!," we eln ; a larwe collect on of iiidivnliuls, said to eon-in ,f ihr not only ho able to lorm a ili'tinct and clear tier. , not rims r-pirian llaiM, proceeded to the re idenee .. -r .t . . -f.t. i . ..r II..I.. .. 1 1 ....I.. t. ........ 1 ...1.. :.. .1.. III ....... . IM.S.nn , ,,, , ,,, r(.1r , ,,e I Catholic t alliedinl, ami C' lnuieiieul nn attack upon ' Ht with brio .bats an J aU atleuintcJ to force nn en- 1 lie whom ocrasmn was two violations of the peace, during tlu; day nt tbo Sixth resulted in tho discomfortim1 trouble, disgraced by Tbo first was Ward, which of those who thus rcpiiinoi mis importance m mis iiranni ot in duslry, a a li'ilimia! concern, but also of that luraionious connection between those three vi tal interests, agriculture, commerce, and manu fixture?, to which wo alluded in the outset. Let the man who loves h' trWc eoun'ry, and who iloubt tho propriety rf afTording' incidental pro tection to oar manufactures, go with m in im. agination to the little county of Essex, in whir h, in IS t(), wore manufactured bnrit arid Fioci to the amount of SSo.lWOJO'J. He i-ces nothing like crowded, unwl.olcsumo stilled streets and lanes of the manufacturing cities of the Europe, an countries, though ho will find whole mm inunitics, engaged in the business of Fhncnnkiiig. Wide streets, flirted with neatly painted ami moderate sized homes each w'llh its garden ground, ami ith tasUM'nl though huinblo" oruu- mem ; wiiiim rarmu uiBfe, iicaiin ami con trance. ,e lire sorry m aw, mat tno wnilows wee bro'ten in, nil 1 the interior of tho houao and nunt of 1 lie furniture in the front rooim, very seriously in jured. Not les than some iviv or seventy tnisfi!cs weieiyin;aoont wneu wevi-ted flic premises. Itiidion llugbts was not nt home, having been in i Pitilndilpb a lor somodavs pas , and thifnJi'd lli.hoii Dulmis n. lung in Ins bed in ibe Imk ro nn of 1 lie first story. nja:nt ibei.'oor ol'wli'cb, ibe iniB.-iles wero llirown f oin Ibo ftreet, struck in ranid s.ieces. non of courso ritisn; serious nlarm in the mind of tins very au'.'ii aim itetiie I'rclute. It pjinful to recor I this most disgraceful of nil me pujiuinr uuiiirrahs wn cn navo oceurreil in our citv ; nn I wo sincerely hope lint every nos blei fTirt wi I bo undo to brim; to piiuilimnt the inf.imom perpuratora nt u. .ewr nei.ire Has out city lieen .1..... .I...-..... .1 .. .. . ' 111117 111-1 ll, U. .Ul Mil- MIIIU'Sl IITIOIO LETTER OF JOHN WHIPPLE. To his nxctllcnaj Samitl W. Klso, Goccrnor of Mode lilanil. Wc transmit to vour Excellency tlio letter of the PreMclent of the Unite I State', in reply to yours of the Gib instant, inrelaltiti to our revolutionary move ment in Kliodo Islan l. l on wi I observe. u h peisure, that tho opinion of die Presi 'ent is firm, clear nn l decided. It was expressed niter n state ment of facts, aecompanieil by a number of ilueu ninnts Irom tmlti parties, nnu is to accordance, u-illi ibo umniuious onini' n of tbe tnciubers of tbo Cabi net, nn l we believe with that of every m.'inbcr of Congress, to whom the case, has been fairly sta ted. At tbe same time wo obscrvo lint nnd tin- weiricl pains Inva 1 (0 1 ta'ten by tbo t.isurreclio lists to f.irest ill public. opinion, by loading tbo newspapers in lliu dill'Tcnt ciiii's witii statements so unbbisliin.' ly f ils Ibat we refer lo r.xeelleucv the cxnedi- o icy of ndotiti'ig soma mode ofciiiii!,' publicity to the truth. They represent in most of tbn newspapers ' that have come under our oli-crvation, tint the party in favor of the People's Constitution linte a large majority ot the whole peop'e in Us favor; nud t lint a very small portion of the peoplo have pertiuatioiisly adhered to tbo old freehold nualificatbn, thus render in!; a peaceable and legal change of government wnolly imprariicatjie. ims is tlteir case as they have caused it to be stated in ino'-t of tbecities in ibe Uni in. They seek to jntif revol'ition upon the facts that a majority of tfio 21 000 vo ers of the State n-nin favor of thrir Constitution, and that there 19 no otii'-r moiieol teires9tnan ny revolution. Your E e'.h.ncv well kn is tint Intb il,eo, statem'tits arc wholly false. That party Ironsht every man to ;ho polls who was in favor nf tl7. Cons uiition. in order lo vole against the reca '' r s itution in March last. The whole mmber of .oie polled against it was P, GOO or tberenbouK. Il is . Known that nt least l.U'JU rreeholiler.s votrd against llie lee-il Conslilution. not beeiuse t bey Herein r.ivor of tho Peop'e's Consti utinn, but bcimr opposed lo any extension of suOVne, they were against both Con- stttu'ions. i-enuet tnee i,uuu vote', nnu mere re main but 7.000 in I'tvo-of tbe P.vmto's Constitution. or ahoitt one t'tird of the votirs or t!ie State. lint their case would slant upon no better around were their moj iritv clc ir and undisputed. Xothinc Im' neeMjty will justify revnlu inn. This ibey admit and tb'refire ibey ulte'iiut in tli":r ditf rent state ments if vaiiou parts nf the Union, to impress upon tho public, ininil nnotber gros nnd niabci -us f-ilse-liool, w bii-ti is that the fri ebnbler.s refue nn i'ten- s on nf the elective francbic ; wberens every Itbod Island man kn nvs that there is no snbtan tal i ence between Ibe extent nf that franchise nndi r llie IcL-al Coustituti m, prnrosed lo the peonle bv the Contention of frctlo'ilw, nnd tbe extent nf the samo franchise provided for in the People s Consimi tin", wimbling every native born white ma'c citizen of the Unilcd "ila'es, with no other rpahficalion but residence, lo lite elcetue franchise, 'the lega1 Con stiiutinn ren'iired n residence of two years, nnd I'm Per nle's one var. The leual O' n-tiiution admitted natutalized t'orcincrs who owned n freehold estate of S13I in value; the People adm.ttcd them upon one year's residence. We believe that tho citizens of the other Ftates wi I learn w-lh surprise and abhorrence. Ihat n party nf men, cenernlly, ns wo believe ordetlv nnd wrll snnsr.d. has lieen nr:nmzsl in Ilhoilc Island, and e to li-beve. by n few selu-li nnd nmbiiiou- lead- beloneintr s mte toine nnd some to the other of e two n 'btical pirt e-, mat they nrcieiltv nnd truly the mil utty, nnd Ihat tliev I'ave a right liv force in iniir.i tbe s vre!,'titv of tlic .State, in order lo estab. lisli n prinei le enncfritd bv tbo constituted autbori ies. nn.l rei Tte.t liv ibeni because tbn boon proceed 'cd front a legal Convent! on, hist mi! of M being the work of their rovi Idtionarv band-. Under the operation of such prnciplcs no Onvcrn men! can exist n ingle year. Il is not nierdv rrvn liilion, but tevoluti'in after nil ibe objects t hat revrdii tio l cm achieve bav ) b'O i ritttln-il. ft is n piinci-pb-n t onlv siibvers'veof a rcjireeiitative repub (5 ivernm-nt, hut latal to t la ciiitmiiincool n ileum eraev in any and nil its fjrmsof leal or fancied per feetion. If a revolution has-d upon such principles should stc-eed in Uho lo Isl md, tbe same mere law of force, will inevitably ptotra e every State (.oxetnmeni m lliel'nion; f ir t'vre is no1 u State in the V don in wlileb actual "iievnncis of noMions t f the peonle arenatn t'teas nu n " en nn To n:i great as those complained of in 'h" State or Ithaite Islanl. JOU. WHIPPLE, for the Committee. This is the first neenslon. so far ns the Clovcrn ment of n Htnte nnd its Peoplo nrc concerned, on which it has becomo necessary to consider of Ibo pro priety of exercising theso high nnd most important ' I?. , .... I i . ... r . . I,.. ........ r .1 ...... consul inn inai nnu tegai iiineiioos. ny ncmu n mn sidcrnpon of llie nbovc recited nets ofCongress. your executive will nol to see mat no power is inves ted in the Executive of iho United Stales lo nnlici- patoinsrrectionary movemcntsngainsl tho Oovcrn- ment oi iinoue isi.iu.i, so ns to sanction too in terposition of the military authority, but ihat there must aj aeliitl inurrectim manifested by law less ns endilaces or to Whom a pr donation nrty bo nd lrtic'i nnd who may bj requirid to bctako thsmsclvcs to their respective nhodes. I have, however, in. nmure vour Excellency thnt should t lie time arrive, and my fervent prnyer is that It may never come, when nn insurrection shall exist ngaitift the Government of Rhode Island, nnd n re- fUl-IIHill PMHII OU IliaOO lipOIl IIIU hiiiu mu United Slates to ftriiish protection which is guaran teed 'o cacti otnto ty me uoiisiiimion nnu i.-iwt shall nnt be found to shrink fiom the performance of a d 'ty, which, while it would I e Iho inot painful, is nl the samo time the most imperative. 1 have nlso to say i uni in sueii n contingency, llie incentive count not look into the real or supposed defect ol llie exist ing Government to nsciriaiti whclber somo other plan nl Government proposed for n loplion was bet ter suited In the wnn's and more in nccotdnncc with the uilic of nny portion of her citizens. To throw Ibe Executive power of this Uovcrnincnt into nny nneh controversy would bo lo make the President the nrmed arbitrator I rtwren the oeniito df the diller- cnt Stnlis ami lhcireoiislituteiiaulii'itities,ninl might lend lo nil tisuri ed pocr, ilnngerous nit i' lo tlio la h'hlvof thoStitc Covernmetits nnd the liberties of t'le People. It will bo my duly on Ibe contrary, to respect tho requisitions of that Government which has been resignisel ns the exis iug Government of t!ie Stale tbroueb nil tunes oast, unlit I shall bend- vied in regular manner Ibat it has Icen tillered and nliobsbed, nnd nnolbcr suliilutcd in its plnce, by le gal nnd peaceable proccidiiu's, ndopitd and pursued bv the aulhnrities ami pcop'o of ibe Stnto. ?"or enn I bring myself readily to beliive that nny such con tingency will arise as shall render the interference of this O ivcrnmcnt at n'l ikc srry. Tlio Pcop'o of the State of Rhode Island have been too Ion,- disiuigui'be I for their love of order nnd of regular government to rash into revolution in order to ob'nin n redress nf grievance, teal or s.ippoed, which a Government under which I heir fathers live I in peace would nut in due season redress. No portion of her Peoplo will b wi'bng totlreni h their fair fields with Ibe blood ol their own brothers, in order to obtain n redres of rrievanccs which their constitutional au thorities cannot for nny length of time, resist, if prop erly nppeati'd to uy me popular voice. ioneoi incm will be willing to -el an ex.auip'r, in the bosom of this Union, nf such frightful disorder, such nee less cotivul ions of society, such danger to life, liberty and property, and 1 kely to bring discredit on tho charac ter of pomilar governments. My reliance on the vir tu", intelligence nnd patriotism of her cilizensis grent anil abiding, nnl I will not doubt but that a spirit of conciliation will prevail over rash councils, (bat all ne'ual grievances will he promptly redressed by the existing Government, nnd that another bright exam ple will he added to the tnnnv already prevailing among tbe Nnrlh American Republics, of chanjo without revolution, and a rcdicss of grievances with out force or violence. I tender to your Excellency assurances of my high respect anu consideration. JOIIXTVLER, Washing'on, April 1, 1342. increased. The anangomont is this: The district clerk appoints tlio circuit clerk lis depu ty, and in return, the circuit clerk appoints tlio district clerk hh deputy, and thereby they se cure to themselves almost douhlo compensation! A very snug littlo family arrangement this ! Now, Msesrs N. York Editors, respond to this specific charge, mado hya responsible member of Congress in his place guilty, or not guilty 1 Q. E. D. OPINION OF AN ENGLISH STATES. MAN ON FREE TRADE. Not a great while ago, when a proposition was brought boforo tho British Houso of Coin tnons, by Ministers, to reduco the duty upon French Wines, Mr. Robertson, a distinguished member of that body, gave the following dofini tion f tbo meaning of Free Trado : "It was idle fonts, bo contended, to endeavor to persuade other nations to join with us in adopting tho principles of what was calci Free Trade. Other nations knew as well as the no hie lord opposite, and those who acted with him, that u-ltat he meant i.y t rce I ratlc teas nothing' rnnre nnrtcur, than, by means oj the great adianta ges wc cnjnynl, In get a monopoly if atl,from ever becoming manufacturing nations." Let the American advocates of the Free Trado System ponder seriously upon this lucid English definition of their favorite theory. Lot tho Whig majority in Congress decide whether they are willing to allow the English manufac turers to get a monopoly of our market, and de prive tho laborers of our country of tho honest fruits of their industry. arming lioight and each party, the old gov- rrnmontiind tho suflrngrj, nro preparing to settle the niieslion by force. Tho Gover nor has issued his proclamation, culling on tho military commanders to call out tho mi litia nnd hold them in readiness to net ot n moment's warning. On tho other hand, tho sulfrago party nro organizing and arming themselves for tho contest. Death or Tim Right REvnnr.ND dp. Ent.- land. I ins eminent 1'relnto breathed his last this morning about So'clock, in the 53lh year of Ins age, having undergone a lingering and pain ful illness, hi? disease being inflamatioti nf the intestines, exhibiting throughout unabated cour age and strength of intellect, with an unwaver ing reliance in tho promises of a steadfast faith. Ilisbop Uiiglniid lias been a resident of our city for 22 years, during which period he lias presi ded over the Diocese committed to his charge, rnmprisingthn Statcsof South Carolina, North Carolina and Georgia with singular talent for both civil and ecclesiastical administration, anil with a paternal regard to tho interests of his church, while in the civil relations created bv allegiance to Ins adopted country he ever exhih t:d r-jspoct for her inst.tutiors, zca for her inter osts and sensibility to her rights. Charleston Mercury. Prom llie ll'tchmand H7nV. WASTE AND CORRUPTION OF THE VAN BUREN ADMINISTRATION. Wc pat on record Mr. Merriwotlier's Report on the waste ami corruption practised in Flnri ib, as a larttng monument tif the prnfiijatc prodigality of Van Hilton's administration. We invito to it the serious consideration of the country. It is compiled from official sources, and every statement it contains maybe implicit ly relied on. This, however, is only a single Department. 'I he Famo waste pervaded every hranch of the public service. Wherever the Government made a contract it was fleeced whether for the biro of steamboats, tho removal of Indians, tho purchase of wood, or coal, or lime. It would seem that tho Administration considered itself on'rusted with the public money, only to feed - needy favorites and partisans. Certain it is, .it Mich was the only uso mado of the public money and for the millions squandered by Van Huron, nothing can bo shown, except dc- f.iultiii'- ofhVor.s and .Hwindhtig accounts. As germain to t Ii t in titer, we subjoin a letter from a valued correspondent : Wamiimitom, April 8th, 1812. Relieving, ns I do, that tne most effectual mode of checking the extravagances of tho Government, is to expose them to the public

gaze, I shall, whenever I see any digram ahu- ee, take the liberty ol bringing them to the at- litr. r- tention of the people. Acting upon this princi ple, 1 peg leave, through your piper, to submit to the public judgment two instances of expen diture in thu War Department, which have re cently come to my Kinvvieiigc. I give you FRIDAV MORNING. APRIL, 22. 1912. THE NEW TARIFF. Tho hill reported to tho House of Rep resentatives of tho United States by Mr, Sai.tonstai.i,, Chairman of tlio Committee on Manufactures, if passed into a law, will, so far as wo nro capable of judging, afford reasonable protection to nil branches of our domestic industry. It appears to have been drawn up with groat euro, after n pnlii'iit, laborious and extensive examination of the whole subject, nnd, in the main, with duo refer once to tlio interests of the wholo country. Wo understand, however, that an effort wil bo mado by our delegation, to increase the duties on'iniported wool above the rate 'it present fixed by tbo I ill, and uc sincerely hope it may prove successful. We hope this niouMiru may bo tbo coniiiiencomenl of a gicat National system, which slmll become tho permanent policy of our Government in nil future time. It is in vain to expect i the period will ever arrive when Govern- ' .,inlj ...ill lw, ,1 ... inlni-ficl ,wt tt lllf.lP 111;, Me (If that Nations will regard each other ns mem bers of ono great, friendly, harmonious fam ily. National, like individual chaiitv should I begin nt Inline, and henco it always has been, ; and probably always will be, found necessary hicra'l extracts from the official" archives of the for Governments, in the first place, to regard coantiy. 1 do not pretend to vouch for the cor- thB interests of those lor whom ihcv act, at reciuesso. o recoro; ,or .no nay is past wnen , , , ns , even official reports ran be implicitly robcil on. 1 , . . All 1 will bo responsible lor is, Ihat tbo copies . iiuerainy aim niuiiusnii ia is iuiuimiiuh: with their own welfare anil prosperity, i lie nt ,i!. mii he.iir.rml in nvlfnii,ii,.n i.t .1,!. 7.1: I .. , ... ... . i - - ". " "., u ... nn-. in mi-til nt;. nnu tentment resides, m close alliance with iiuliis. ' wcare r)uite certain th u every gon.l citizen wi 1 mute dry and frugality J every member nf each house-1 H condemning it, and in nil proper means to hold, who is old enough to Jahor, in cn".i"cd !'-l,,u mi-rc-uiis who perpotralcu it to speedy , ' t .11.. : .. ..r . . . .- i nistice. cncer.u.iy ... rv ... ...u .r r. KiocmaKing; ..,, . , , ,,,,, ... ... n. tho little girl is playing lier tmnblo lingers, bind. ' the residence of ibe ItJC. ISV.op, nr duoed ibe great, ing a lady s slipper, while her childish voire is est excitement amnnv the Catholic Iriih. They ns- LuliI i.fittiir ;i Enri, !i fli.t iiilnr, ..!.. ..r . I, ' seintited in frenf nnmli.,.. I n nmi..., l.n:. n:i I.... WTnui -, . ' iiiivi u, ,t : " ,'i"ti.i m.vii i,i-iiiii, mil rat-'.e-tat-tat of Vr father's hammer upon tho 1,1 1110 r(,T'est ot one of their Cleruy, re mil ns soon llf,nler I hp itirfeti-in nt T.,.,... .pA..ln. ....I lap-stonc. He is the owner of tho houi-e and jot on which no resides, and ins an intoret in' the toil, aa vve'l.isa il jpp.seated and intelligent love of his country, llo will not tell you tint be is a citizen of MusarhueutN, when you ak him of his country; ho is an American, proud of the distinction, and ready with his whole strength to do battle, even to tho death, for bur rights, whenever uho is availed, without iu. jx liring wlicr". INow wiui is more nr u who would deny to that man and Ins fjtnilv such laws as shall tn. tore to him and them the adequate reward of Uic lauor oi tueir iiaiiiis, anu tho moderate mile. sono u f . Inch ahuuhl ultimately plaro them hcvon.l loo reach or danger of want ! Who vould willingly the wages of such i class of the iiiliabi'ints oi ur uoiove.i country and, aoccssarily, their condition "anil chararter also reduced to the standard ol the miserable be Ing? uYs-cribeu uy nir. Jester, in his recent work4 as comprising the bulk of the operatives of England 1 But this cannot be : they may be forced to relinquish tlioir business and it is possible tbat our shoes might bo furnished tis by tlio paupor labi r of England at a few rents a pair cneupcr man now nut me American t-o-r'nrue will mbm.t to ii'i mob degradation. LETTER OF PRESIDENT TYLER. To hi lixcetltney Hit (iovernor of J!. I, Sin: Your letter nf the lib inst. was handed me nn I'ri lav by Mr. Whipple, who, in company with Mr. P rancis aim .nr. i-ni'er, caiieu upon me nn aat nrdav.nti'l placet inc. loth verbally nnd in writinc. in posession of tin prominent ficls wh eh have led to theprescm imirippv con ih'oii o. ni.ngs in itnone Is and. n s nio oi iiiuius wnieii iverv.'ocrn. pence nnd pood order must deplore, I shall not mlveiiturc tne expression ui niiiiion uinu. niiise iiuesiirius nt no- mest c policy, wlucli seem to nave given ri-e lo llie unfortiina'e eontrnvi rsics between a portion of the nnd tbe exuding Govcrnuient of the State. Thev nre o lestions of .Municipal regulation, theml- iustnient ol' which bc'oii'is exclusively to llie i cnple R2o0. Ol ll.Illl ll-ltllU, .11.. . ...... .t,lll. ,1113 li". 1 11 I1IUII , can li ivc iiotliini to do. l or llie resii'ntion or my conduct, in any interposition which I tuny be called upon to make, between ihc g ivcrnmcnt ofn -late nnd any portion of it. cilizcns who may nssiil it with do mystic violence, or may bo in actual insurrection iKiainsi it. I can only look to tbn onstituiion nnd Laws nf ihellnited rftntes, whic'i plainly declare tbe nbligati nsof the Evee dive Dcpartpieni, nnd leave it no nliernativcas to the course it snad pursue. Ilv the tilt S"ctionot trie lln Articleot iiiewonsti ..t .i... i,..:....l S!.n.. :. ; :.l...l l... .1.. arc correctly taken from the official volume The fifth section of tho act of Congress pas. sen on the -Ut ot April, 13U?, concerning "Public contracts," and other Mipplemcntarv acts require that the departments shall annually report to ('.ingress an abstract of all their con tracts. Iu pursuance of the.-e acts, .Mr. l'oui sett, Secretary of War, nn the l.":h of E-jbru-ary, 1S:W, made a report to the House of Rep- roMjin.uives oi tne contracts ot ins department for tho preceding year. This report is number ed 171, and may be found iu Iho "lit volume of Lvecutivo of the sess.on of 1 S:i7-"8. The re port eotisiMs ofa letter of tho Secretary of War, and various statements appended to it, marked with tin; letters of the alphabet from A It. II, inclusive. In statement II, if yon will take the trouble to oMiniinoit, von will find tho following abstracts of contracts, vvh cli I lave caused to bis caiefully eop.ed: Page -19. Fort Leavenworth, Missouri. May '-'id, lsW. Captain Thomas Swirds, Assistant (r. Mas. ttr with W. J,. Walking. Lime. For ftir'nifhipg and delivering at Fort Leavenworth, by tho !Ust of July no.xt, five thousand hut-hols nf good slacked Lime, for tho sun. of $23 ?;l per bushel, llond in $000. Page CO. I'okt Leavenworth, Missouri, July 2!tli, IS.I7. Captain Tliomas Swords, Assistant Or. Mas ter Willi J. it. n uts. Charcoal. Vor famishing and delivering at Fort Leavenworth, by the ,10th of September next, three thousand bushels ot l,liarcoal, for the sum of Olo ua per bushel. ilonJ in vote on tho bill of Mr. Saltonstall will furnish another test bv which wo may bo cnabb to decide who arc, and who are not, friends of tlio Protoctivu policy. And when tlio question is decided, the yeas and nays shall bo spread before our readers that they may see for themselves who aro tbo true friend of Amkhican Lmior. PLUNGING THE NATION IN DEBT. This is tlio present war-cry of tho lato Van Huron party. Why did they nol think of it when they were themselves in power 1 When Van Iturcn guided the helm of State thcro was a in tut. National Titr.Asunv op poutv millions op dollaus when the Peoplo dismissed him from his post and took command of tho Ship themselves Van had not only squandered this vast am ount of revenue hut had actually "plunged the nation In debt" lo the extent of millions of dollars. Nor was this all he had des troyed the currency, ruined exchanges, em barrassed trade, rrippled commerce, broken down Manufactures, plundered tho peoplo, and in all things had so withered nnd dried up every sourro of revenue as lo prevent tho Whigs for years from successfully stemming tho torrent of disaster and restoring the coun try from tho extreme embarrassment in which his policy had involved it. But wc hopo all may yet ho right. Much has al ready' been done. The work of ' Retrench ment and Reform" has already been begun, and though tho task is Herculean to remedy all the ovils of twelve years of inisrolo yet wo have an abiding confidence in great and good results not far remote. RESIGNATION OF SENATOR PRENTISS. Wo last week noticed tho appointment of Mr. Prentiss to tho District Judgeship of tliis State. We understand his appoint ment was unanimously confirmed by the Senate ar.d that gentlemen of all partie vied willi each other in expressing iheir opinions of his eminent fitness fur the office in question, and their regrets that a man of so much firmness, so much integrity, and of such transparent purity of character was to he removed from among them. It raraly falls to the lot of any Senator to share so largely in the respect of his fellow members for his personal worth and private virtues Tho following is Judge Prentiss's letter of resignation. Washington. April 11. 1313. S r Having accepted Hie judicial a, pointment rc cent v conferred unon .ne. it bee tnes mv du'v to as I hereby do, my ttnt in the Senate ol the milled states. In s.irrenderinrr the trust 1 have held for no less a neriod than eleven vtars. 1 hone 1 may bo nlbiwed say, lining i 1 do it tinner a deep cons ioufiuss oi aving iliseiiarned the hi'jli nud responsible dunes L'lonsini! to it. in a verv humble and imperfect man tier, that it has been both my sludv nnd my nim lo act. at a tunes, with n scriit.u ou rcearu totncprin- cip es of lie-1 ons it jtion, and the Ciovermiient under which vve live, nnd with a strict fidelity to the inter ests of tho country nt lnrire. ns well ns to tbe inter est oi tne intelligent nnu pain 'tie people to wuose generous pninaltty, more than to nny merits ot toy own. I nave tien mm uted lor tne elevated an i mgni- tied s iilion for two constitutional terms in succession It is alniot needless to say tbat it is v.'.lh no small te'ieo of naiuand reefer, that 1 break oil nnd sella rntii oivsclf from relations nnd associations formed un er circuins nnces of uch peculiar inter, st, con lerrmg upon me, ns they have done, in the Iiil'Iic? sene. both hnnoraiid uratifiention. IJut tbouebtbes l.atiousnnd associations i.nv no loncer cxi-ain fict. thev will exist m lively nnd entifvin'. remembrance. nnd have place near my heart to tbe most distant day of mv life. In retiring Irom the tenale, i snail carry with me an nindinz -entimcnt ol exal ed respect lor tne oooy collectively, nnd tbe kindest fu'linsiand sinceiest per sonal regardful every member individually. To each and nil I liei. to oresent mv unfei?ned a-'know ed incuts lor the kindness and courusv lliev nave inva nablv iiinniti sled towards me nt all times nnd on nil occasions, nnd lo .assure tbein. though it mav be but a poor return for s much undeserved partialilv and favor, that Ibey will ulvvnys have mv best wishes an i most lerva.u prayers tor ii.e.r tieaiiu, prus'c.ity anu happiness I am, Willi lugli respecr, yourni.euient servant, SAM'L l'ltr.riTISS. The Hon. S. I. Socrtnnn, President of the Senate. Coitiiiiiinlcafloii. Dean Swtft has somewhere said ''116 "ivlli. ..I...,.- - -I. ...I l.i, ll,n l.!..l,,tiatt "..v. I'Uil.O .1 3l.rlllU IIL-O UJ mw it.,t. " side, is u public benefactor." I will add that ho is a public benefactor at n very small expense. Will not our villagers and towns men generally aim to become benefactor in this cheap way, and during tbn passing spring, lino our streets nnd roads with shado trees I havo a word to say lo our Farmers, about increasing the valuo and beauty of their farms, and rendering more attractive tho homes of their children, by ibis means, but must defer il till your next paper. Tho object of this communication is to mako a suggestion to those members of our " Total abstinence Society," who, by the blessing of Providence, have nobly rescued themselves from the power of thodoitroyer during tho last year. Suppose, my friends, thai yon unite, and plant and thoroughly protect from Injurt, a row of trees around tbo Court House, or the public common, or long some one of our streets, and let this bo symbol of your deliverance, and tiio wit ness of your fidelity. And so often as you shall look upon them, they shall remind you of tho happy change in your condition, and of tho noble principles which you have en- god to support. And when you shall havo finished a useful honored life, your children hull look upon those trees, and say with joy, " Our fathers planted theso in tho year 184, when they joined the Total Abstin- onco Society." . C. an ler the direction of Justice Taylor and offi-crs in, pert nn l iinvs. Tile III li ntV Were Cllle. lout h the mivnr nK,iil o o'clock, nnd continud on dutyiluring the niglil. All h'iu.-, ui mv nine M. going to 1'rCSS A. ill. It is not necessary to waste words in con demnation of such tlio above. Tho inch that would approve or palli.ifc, would aid in the commission of such an act. an infamous outrage as THE ALBANY ELECTION. From the Albany Aihertiser of Wednesday. The anual election for ward and charter offi. ccrs, which was held in this city yesterday, tor initiated iu the success of Barent P. Staats, tbe Loco Foco candidate for Mayor, by a large ma. jority, and by tho election of 9 Whigs and 11 I.oco Focns to the Common Council. It will bo seen by reference to the canvass, that tho vote on tho Mayor was not a party one, a largo number of Whigs-, for reason best known to themselves: ranting their ballots for tho Lto Foco iniiduhte, n the 4th ward im;! sla'kcd Lime I! nt gS.'l 7.1 pr bush- el. Charcoal at 81!03 per bushel ! ! ! These matters need no comment. I refer them to the judgment of tho people, giving them tho naked tacts and the source irom vvmcii I tiave Ucrucu them I perceive that some of the New iorlt edit ors have attempted to discredit tlio statements contained in mv former letters, bv insiiiiiatinc .' ..r .1... II;,U,I VlMln. i. 1j .,r.;.l...l (I,, . ., .. 1 r..iT , i.iu.ii ... mi ......... .i ..... inn uipy arc mo nnspring u. mince, i mi not t n,P,l Mate, In mean to descend to a controversy with those union n unm-i. n. iuum ... .iii i.iiiieui. inn. ri . . , . , . - , , protect enchof them nuainst invasion nnd on thenp-1 I'-'i '' "a """- ................. u ... ... plica inn of ihc Legislature, or F.xee live, (whin Ibe public expenditures in that city. Iho reports I.ens'ntme cannot no conven-d) against damtitic of Iho cnminii.Mon appointed to investigate those rinrrnrf. .inn uy in" nr. ... . ...ifrrsj apprnv.u on matters will soon bo puuiisheil, and then it will me . ""'""" . "' ' , bo Fcen whether my statements were malicious nn iii!imii-..i...... ...... ............ v "'""'" ; .... ,.,! All it'll tit. .... il.-,. i.....r I ... m hu- m Mr in ' .nr ,il I in til. (l nimuitf u i ui.u.. ..... "...... led mates, upon npnucniinn oi uie i.erisniureoi ucu ju.i ip, i i. ut- ... j"..r...i.. . ... State, or of tbo Kxecutivo, (when the Legislature tho parties implicated, and therefore could not cannot tic convened, . ... enn .or... sue., i.uui' it oi uie inihiia of nnv oilier htalcor htntes n may he nppli- ed lor, or nsne nnv su iiceni in suppress eucu I n - , ., t .. ....:.. r . insurrection. Ilv the third section of the samr act. w, l spccifyl0no of thp abuses which I referred t is nrnv,. It hat whenever it mav he ne-cs-nrv n to in my leucr aim u iney aru nuHiruuv oi a the jndsment of llie President, to tiso the military controversy about the facts, I turn thotit over to inrce oereov iim- in, , v nnu., iiici-irtutiii jvjr. Aici;icllan, o fvevv iorK, who stateu iiieni shall forlhvvith, by proclamation, command such in- n ,i, )1nnr f.,i,S nus0irif llonresontativeB a T.IK BIMT1SII PAUTY. Whilst England is imposing duties on American nroduciions. ranzinc from out Imndred to one hundred and ninety per cent the self-slvled democraen of this country aro clamuiiiig for the doctrine of "Free Trade," by which the products of KngVsh pauper l.ilior am to lie admitted to our markets 'free of duty." See tlio speeches of Ath erton, Woodbury, Calhoun, llhett, Wright and lienlon. And if you desiru mure evi dence, sec tho Globe, Now York Evening Post, Now Era, Richmond Enquirer, and in fact all tho leading Tory papers of tlio coun trv. Would not such a party bo moro pro nerl V stvled tlio 1 British Party V For I J -w- J ' while it is notorious that our wool, touacco cotton, pork, and all our agricultural pro ductions nro taxed in the British ports at enormous rates, this party aro opposed to increasing tho duty to thirty per cent, English products which aro brought lo our markets. The time is rapidly approaching when such a party will ho scouted from uve ry section of tho land by the indignant voice of an incensed people. suri'ents lo d.sperso nnd retire peace.ble, to their re m etivo n' ode w ithin n rm inside time. Ily the net of March 3, 1P07, it is provided "that in all cases of insurrection or obstruction to tbn laws c i ther of iho United Stntes ormy individual Stale or Territory, vvbero il is lawmifor ihn President of Ibo United Slates to call forth the inililin for tho purpose of suppre sio such inurrectiT- or of causina Iho laws to ho duly exer. it shall bo lawful lor him toetnp'oy for Ibe mu p,.r poses, such part oi tne lanu or navni lorce ( .lie United Stntes ns slull bejutlpcd neee-rnry, hnvinp; first ohf rvtd all the prcrroiifites of lie law in thai ttsprc " .1... . ... IMd in n UUJT u. two .I'jtwmgpx&T. . . Tho facts, aa stated by Mr. Mc Clellan, arc as follows: A Mr.lBettS"ls Judge of the District Court of tho U;S, Court of Now York; Dan. lei Ilotts, tbo brother of the Judge, is clerk of t n- District Court, and Mr. Metcalf, a ton-in. in i tlio Judge, is clerk of tho Circuit Court. 1' law provides that tho emoluments of the ollicerH ehall not exceed SlifiOO each. This prohibition is p -jitivc, but by an tigoiuouH con- l,.t" ,1... . l,rnc . f li. .t ll'.t I' .1 1 at V ...... ii. v'h'.l.' f ' ' . ' '; MANUFACTURES OF GEORGIA. Wo noticed a few weeks ago tho rhaim that was rapidly taking placo in tho South ern States, particularly in Georgia in refer ence to protectin;.' American Industry by discriminating Tariff. Tho more we ex amine tho subject the less surprised aro wo at this sudden revolution in public sentiment. n looking over tho repot t of the United States Marshal relative to tho census of ia, wo find that this Stato embraces a much lar!cr mamifiicluriiir. interest, than oven her own citizens are probably aware, is will bo sufficiently apparent from an in spection of thu following table, taken from tho Marshal's returns. It will be seen that even in thu anti-larifT Stato of Georgia, no less than srrnt thousand men nro engaged in manufactures, that the capital invested is upwards of three miUlonscven hundred thaw sand dollars, and that their product amounts in value to moro than four mllllonand a half per annum ! A.n employed. Cast Iron, not stated, liar Iron, 41 Gold, 405 Marble and Stone, 109 Capital. Product, n-1 slated. 491 ions. .Machinery, Hardware, ipc, fhnall Aims, Mttnls, n rick and I.unc, Wool, Cotton, Silk, Miscel'.rneous, Tobacco, llau, etc. Leather. (Sc. Soap tV candles, "621 Sp.rils, &c. -'IH Ad others, 1,'.33 181 19 5 1 555 10 770 21 3 31 s: 537 i.COO S7f,3t3 SJG 300 not stated. SMP.TOO 82,000 S373,3i5 S9G3 SI.'O S'.JU 87,930 S187.U71 $.7,120 S.'9,G0U S2,tS-,S3- nol stated. 8121,831 SG2.300 SI31.233 47.8GG 813 S5,fi00 8143,G5 Si 000 8301,34 8153 $5 89.3G3 S3.'.7G1 4130,000 siso.roo 8120,000 e2'3S5,513 LATEIt FliOM ENGLAND. Tho packet ship Sheridan, from Liver pool, arrived at New York on Saturday eve ning, bunging London papers to March 14, ind Liverpool of tho 15th. An overland mail from India had been re ceived, bringing further particulars of opor- itions in AfJghaiiistan, but no later new s from China. DESTRUCTION OF THE MR1TIS1I AUMV IN INDIA. Advices from Bombay to Ft braarv 1. stato tint Cnbool has fallen, the whulo Ilritish toico thcro amounting to G00O men, annihilated ; one entiro Urilish regiment, the 'l lth, erased at ono foil swoop from the army list, and live native regi ments cut to pieces. I lie ladies of tho envoy and the ollicers, lb in nuinbcr, have been car ried into captivity by the ruthless Affghatip. Sir m. MciNatighlan, our envoy to Cabool, had been treacherously assassinated by a son of Dost Mahomed, his head cutoff, piraded through the streets on a pole, and stuck in derision on the walls of Cabool by the infuriated insurgents. Ihglit thousand troops wero to leave Kngland for India. India. Official de-patches were received at the board of control on Thursday morning from Hombav and Calcutta. U o reirrct testate that they fully confirm the melancholy news which we published un tho previous day relating tn the destruction nf the army in AfTghanistan. 1 ho accounts which have appeared ol the dread ful cataMropho, wo understand are rather under than over rated. The army in Jellalabad, when the last accounts were sent ofT, remained secure an.l groat hopes wero entertained that they would be able to maintain their pesition until such tunc as rcinforcoinen's could be Bent to tlioir assistance. Londuti 'Standard. Tho French Minister of .Marine has rec ommended anincroasu of the French Steam Navy, by the addition of 5 steam frigates of 540 horse power each ; lo fiigates of 450 horse power ; 20 steam corvettes of 220 to 330 horse power each ; and 30 vessels nol exceeding 1G0 horse power, making in all 70 additional steam vessels. Accounts had been received of a mutiny among the troops of St. Petersburg, in which several stall oflicers were killed. Tho Corn Law Uill, after a two days' de bate iu thu House of Commons, was on tho 9lh of M irch orJoru.l to a second reading by a vote of 2S4 to 17G, making a majority of 10S. A very important measure was introduced by Sir Hubert IVol on llie llth. Me brought forwatd tlio Hudgpt, in which ho proposes more important additions nnd changes in the system of luventic than have boon adopted for many years, llo began his statement by showing that there has been a deficiency in the revenue of each of tbo five years, which, with the estimated deficiency of tho present year, will amount lo . 10,072,000.- Tho present year's deficiency, nn the present du ties, ho estimates at .2,570,000. To meet thi-stato uf things ho proposes, besides im portant changes in tlio customs and excise duties, a direct tax on land and income of 7d on a pound, or nearly 3 per cent., to bo con tinued three j ears. Tlio tax is to apply to all the property and income of tho country, except to incomes which do not reach .150 a year, which aro to bo exempt. This tax is computed to produce .3,771,000 per an num. THE imiTISil VST. UPON THU OUF.GON. To the miter cf they. Y. llxprtss Tho following very modest communication I estractcd from the March number of the Colo, nial (British) Magazine. The Western trap, pers may as well hang thcir harps on the willows their occupations gone. F. Decided Right. Tho following question was lately dob.itud in a Wisconsin Lyceum. "If a man saw his father and mother in dan ger of drowning, which would ho feel bound to save first 1" After a very ablo and clo- 11IIODE ISLAND. Our readers are probably avvaro that with in a year there havo been two conventions held in Rhode Island, each for tho purpose of framinca new constitution for tho State Ono convention was hold according to law and the constitution submitted bvthem to tho peoplo has been rejected by a majority of about GOO votes. I he other convention was held without warrant of law, and was composed of delegates chosen at party meetings. Tlio constitution submitted by the illegal convention (called the free suffrage convention) to their constituents has bee approved by thoni, and declared lo bo tho paramount law of the land. Tho party arc preparing to hold elections under it, deter mined, as they say, to enforce it nt tiio point f tt... Itii-iitiot. if nnenccurv. Tim ninci... . " .. . Tho Philadelphia Inquirer announces the jiticnco is mat uierq is grcni exciwmem ,.,,, of Adam Wal.lie, long known as an ex. 7ofae rjiiortf the Colonial (Urilish) Maga. zine. A Nr.w Colon v. Sir: It has often struck mo that it would he a wise policy on tho part of this country, lo establish a new colony on tho Western roa-tof North America, at the mouth of the river Oregon, or Columbia. This large territory, rituatcd about -lj deg. North ht, and watered by numerous line rivers, is now but a howling wilderness, altlio' capable of support, ing millions of the human race. It would be but about si" weeks voyage to China, with which a profitable trado imaht be carried, ar.d provisions obtained for tne support of tho first settlers. Emigrants inignt bo easily carried thither by tl.o West Indies, across the Isthmui ol Darien, and along the coasts of Mexico and California. A colony judiciously established in .. . . ....iil.l tin n enii,,t,trl.4lnM ... , . , , .... I mat icrriitot, ..". "-..inuniuiiiu iw ...w., -I..""'. ... ttut.3iiuii nan ueuui-u ; American schemes oi npranuizement are ag. ill tho affirmative. pres-ion, am! a useful outpost on the skirts of .. . I. , t t - .. tho Russian Empire link between tanaiia It would be a connecting nd India, and being blcs. IT. niton npei-rt-e W. ....a..-. .,,! .1,. rtnr-tl Wool, i otninniidand of tho Ilastcrn Department has ped with a fertile roil, fine climato and good nMIVItt 111 (ntt'll nml tnlrnt. In .'iniTA lit 111' Virr nB. He ! ..!..... ... .....iilil Litnil li.l,.rn q Unll.l.l.inn 1 atiivcd ill town nnd taken lo linns nt lIcNK-rs's. He is engaged inputting our Harbor in a proper stato of defence, nnd during the last week mounted upwards ol two liuntlrru ptinsin me uinerem iur. mentions Wc lenrn that in a very few days there vv i'l be nn u nl m ,hn Nnrrows. and on fiovf ruor'g mid 1". lis' I nnds, upwards of Four Hundred pieces of heavy Onl- I nance, consistins of 2l's, 3!'s, and 12's. The works 1 n .' l. 'll....'. U.rlllV... ic...,ni .... .... I.-,,.,-,,,,, u till lltUIUlC F. ...I..,. UU ....J' ,,".. u ..unt- Isl- harbours, would soon become a flouribhing scion of tho mother rnntry. I am, sir, your ob't servant, II. thorough repair. .V. J.Cjarcr. Tun Mexican Army. Wo find in one four C.inipeachy papers of tho 15th ult., throughout the State It has r'ron loan a'- tensive pubiifher a statement of tho Mexican Army, that had just been received by an arrival from Vera Cruz. Tho force actually on foot and moun ted, was iipuiird nf '10,000 mm ; and al-