Newspaper of Burlington Free Press, April 29, 1842, Page 2

Newspaper of Burlington Free Press dated April 29, 1842 Page 2
Text content (automatically generated)

Coiiiiiiuiiicalion. Mr. EniTon. It is presumed thai very few of your readers liavo an opportunity of reading Canada Papers especially those liiat have independence enough to tell the wholo truth and contrast the present ox ponscs of Government with tho former. Tho Quebec Gazette is tho only paper, it is well known, in Lower Canada, that docs this; and it would bo well for your readers to know tho blessings of n Colonial Govern ment, and make such comparisons as they think proper. You will please publish the following, tuken from tho Quebec Gazette of the 22nd of December Inst, headed Can ada Govrrnment Economy, and oblige A Sunscninnn. CANADA GOVERNMENT ECONOMV. Tlio following hai been handed to us as founded on tho l.isls of Warrants nn thu Low. er Canada Ueeciicr General or 1810, and tlio KsMmato for IS 11. It furnishes some curious items of tlio do. ingo of our " responsible Govcrniuoni" for the time Iming. Now tint they aro united with the responsible gentlemen of Upper C.inida, ami havo p-n-latmed their "responsibility," wo suppose, Mr. Scrrctary West, will beep Mr. Secretary East, in check, and tb.it Mr. Atlor ney General West will look sharp alter the trrounts of tho Crown Lawyers East, and sn or, r'V,' rcrsff, particularly in the division of the 83,000 of our money, granted permanently by tbn Imperial Parliament. Doubling tho expenses of the Civil Govern ment of Lower Canada beyond tho Icqal appro, pri.ition in the course of 'a few years, shows that there were other and more suhkUtnl'uil .grounds than those generally alleged lor get ting rid of "responsibility to tho well nndsr stood wif.liDs and interests of tho people of Lower Canada, as e.vpiessed through their Representative!-," and substituting a sham rep resentation a " kind of icprefcntative Govern, niont" ns Mr. Joseph Howe has it. 'T.vpfnsrs of Civil Government in lstfj, sjiictionrd by ilio King in Co ined, and to which iho Iinjc- rnl Ai t confined tho tlovcrn r ia Special Coiinci1, (charitable and rd icalionat institutions and pub lic unpro c nenls excluded,) 3,033 0 10 F.xKncs of Civil Government, l's- tiu.alB of 1311, (clntitiiblc and educational instilulbns and pub lic improvements excluded,) 11G,:05 0 0 (FROM LISTS Ob" WARRANTS, 13:0.) deling Civil Secretary, incrca-ed tioin XS0Q to -"00 per annum. Acting tssislant ditto, from jC'JOO lo JC300. As'stanl Civil Secretary .ind.iritrt, for me seigcrs, to N. Yor'--, Ac, contingent and extra expenses, .0,306 3 0 Provincial Secretary's expenses of office, 1,071 6 fi Ejrtra expenses, ditto, 230 0 0 1,301 j 0 (F.xpcncs in 133 , jC30.) James Cuthbcrt's salary, Chairman Special Coimc.l, i-tOO per annum, S.r James Stuart, do. at do. from 11 III Nov. lu 30th September, Kind's Printers, printing Ordiuanccs Special Council to 3 Vict., cap. I, inclusive, William Pow ci, Registrar Ad- ) miralty. . . JL'IEOV And Commissioner Requests, GOO) Ciintingmt account, Sheriff (itiebcr, (The same in 1632 -.fi 1,200.) Ditto Montreal, (Tho same in 1332. JC1.200.) Ditto Three Kiveis, (Tho same, in IStt-CijO.) Adjutant General's Militia Depart- m cut, (Same in 1332, DTn ) Thomas Amyot, late Provincial .Secretary. pension, Expense of r.xccutive Councillors and public o livers attending tern- porary removal of seat of Govern- ment at Montreal, during BIO, Police Force, 13i0,(in 15J-', ?0j) Special S.rvi e, (Stewart Dcr- biahirc, T. W. C. .Murdoch, an 1 C. Duiikin,) Indemnities. Charles Dorion, Saint Kucticho, Charles L. Dumont, ditto, I.enn Globcnskcy, St. SchoIaslKjiie, l'aij for indispensable services, not provided for by appropriation, C2G 17 335 5 1,732 13 730 0 2,?35 10 5,900 0 9 1,017 13 2 1,735 14 0 400 0 0 1,903 12 10 31,337 3 11 C01 0 0 1,013 4 1,037 17 403 1'2 8,900 0 0 FROM nSTIMATR TO lOrn OCTOIlF.rt, 1S11. Civil Secretary's Department, (Tho saino in 1932, 2,731.) Contingent Hills Crown Olicers. (JCl.CCOin 1832.) 9,03 3,000 2,300 C.000 1,230 Sheriff, lluchcc, (1,200 in 13.12.) SliLriir Montreal, (1,200 in 1812.) fhcrilK Tlireo Rivers, (30 in 1832.) Adjutant General Militia's Oiliee, in rludin: Iwn Provincial Aids-da Camp-, jCMO. 1,455 0 0 tin IM-', i-'Jiu.) Certain claims. Attorney General in 18!?, '39, and '40, S.0C0 0 0 Special services, Advanced bv Mil itary Chest in 137, '33, and '31, fi,223 0 Police expenses, (In lSJ2.-700.) 22,700 0 liomd of Works, 2,000 0 F O It F. I G N. Ctrrespondcnre of thp N". V. KvcniogPost. Lonwi.v, April 2J, 18-12. Important Nr.ws ntuji India. Disas ters of the Dritish in Afghanistan. By letters from Bombay of' tho lsl of February, intelligence has been received of the great est disaster uhich has over yet befallen the Rritish in the Eni.f. At least fivr thousand English and Anglo-Indian troops have been destroyed in their retreat from Cuboo! ! .Success in the East had become so much a matter of courso, that the first accounts of this tremendous disaster were at first discred ited. Subsequent accounts however, leave no doubt of the accuracy of the leading fea tures of tho intelligence. Retwocu .1,000 and 0,000 troops have been destroyed the British commander General Elphinstone, has been taken prisoner numbers of Eng lish officers have fallen tho British Envoy, Sir Win. M'Nnghton has been treacherously assassinated the murder of Sir Ale.xander Humes, is confirmed and Lady M'Naghton and sixteen oilier ladies arc in tho power of tho Affghans. Such is an outline of the disasters. In order, however to give your readers a view of lho whole circumstances of tho case, it will be necessary to revert to thu past. Tho position of thu Ilritish in India, and tho ex tent of their dominions, is but imperfectly known in England, and cannot bo supposed to bo very familiar to lho generality of Amc rican readers. Tho spfoad of Russia influenco in the .Eust, has ever been a source of jealousy to England. Accordingly a couplo of ycas ago when Russia marched on Khirech, nnd was known to bo intriguing against us in Persia, tho Anglo-Indian government took tho alarm. It was resolved tint a grand blow should bo struck. Russian influence was dominant in Persia; Affghanistan lies between Persia and British dominions, so that when it was found that tho Russians were intriguing against them at Herat, "and were gradually extending tbrir influenco caslwnrd, England determined to extend hers westward. In doing thi., slio committed n great nnd unpardonable blunder slio quarrelled with tho Affghans, and madothom enemies instead of friends. Shu took up, as her protegee nnd puppet, nn indolent, imbecile old proflignto named Shalt Soojuli-of-Molk, who had been very properly kicked out of Cobool by his subjects, and in order to place him nil tho throne quarrelled with tho popular chief Dost Mnhomnicd. The troops which marched out ofCabtil are said to liavo amounted to fi,.10O fighting men. They consisted of horJUnjosty's-Hth, the olh, 27lh and 51th native infantry, a troop of horso artillery, six companies of sappers and miners, Glh Schah's cavalry, six troops of Anderson's horse. There were, besides these, 7000 camp followers; nnd though tho safety of tho ladies and their husbands may ho presumed upon or hoped for, there is no Impu for tho rest Treachery and massacre have dono their work, and the hones of 13,000 British soldiers and subjects lie bleaching upon the wild mountain passes of Khoord, Cabul and Judgedulluk. Tlio Aflghnns appear to have almost wallowed in blood, and to havo gratified their bigotry to the utmost, and it is impossible to add more horror by detail to the sickening fact that the whole brigade has toon butchered butcher ed under the most solemn promises of pro tection and good faith. THE MASSACRlToF THE BRITISH TROOPS LN CABOOL. The following extracts will givu tlio best view of any articles which wo find in the English papers of the lato disasters in Af ghanistan : The captured Gtiyzncc overran AtTjInnistan, and took Dost Mahoinmcd prisoner, and placed Sl.-ih Soujah on tho throne. Iiussii reetned a cheek, i ii .-i.i Milium ueu lu uiui-sn power, ami an apparently went well. This, however, was only ihv bcirinniii" of tlio ami. Tlu A!n,'lt.m, a luibul ntfanrl wnrli.u race, swoiullitit 1 1.. v would in t line .Shall Soojdi and the old tyrant only rcm.iim'd on athiono propped up by Ilritish bayonets, at an i!iiiupisoexpcne, with, out any corrcpwi Jing adranttuc to the Indian ucn crnmeiit. In October last h was thought s.ilo to with Iraw a portion of those bavonels, and, thupdi hints ha I In en received of an hitcndeil ri-iiiir, they wero diies."irdtd, and Sir liobert K ilu left w.th bis lirieadr, and icaeliecl .Iell.ilal.ad. a dulanen of nlw.nt 90 Hide", thrill ,!i an :i nost nnnasible cnuntrv. Here he wn iminrdiatclv surrounded bv an armv of fiom 15,000 to 20.000. and cooneil i:n will'.in ilm u-Mla The winter eanio on; (and in tho mountains of All KlnnMt.in it i alnusl in bad as in ltussia,) nil com munication with 'abool was cut oil; ihe insurrection commenced in that eitv, the hnue f t10 ant sjldi.'i andciitirpri'iny Iravtller, Sir leander i!inn, wasattacked, and hiimelf and brotlur mutdjied, mil tho Ilritish r.lta.-' e.l in tbe.r entrenchment In- of cxnpcratcd AIDhans. M provided wiih'ammu nilion, and short ol provision--, the laialnii were oblige 1 to negotiate. Accordingly, intiricws took P'aco uciwecn the parlies, anil a convention was agreed upn, emrnntreing the unmoUsted retreat of the Ilritish tsJell.ilnli.id. The insurgent eliiefs exhibited (jreit willinj-nes-to Iiinc the llritsh troo is removtd from I'ab.iol.and arraiiiemr.nlH mo said to lnvn been mm!n f,-il,,.t purposo at liin-rcnt mretinK which weie held oulside me rnnionmrnis. ner nrious paileyi, a inesa'io was on tlm 2Jn I of IWemher hron.rhi frnm Al.-I.i.. Khan to Kir Win. H. M'-VaHhtiin, io request an in terview on tho fidlonmc moinin;:. 'I he lliitish envoy went thither, acompinird by Captains Lawrence, i i-iii . '-Until ..e. joiy nan n i necn present five minutes, when a si.-ual was given, an I all wero S'-ize.l and forced In mount behind some fJhib'n M.i. The llnti-.li envoy resisted and was .Inn, ,is also Captain Trevor, who had slipped oil' thu horse on nmcn oe inn oecii p aceo. l ho imudeieis arc now Sllll tO lift " G'l.l7.Pi-ti " f.i- rMin..i,- .... 1 1. .. t ...i... fi'ht aw soldiers "for tho sail.- of God," and who, if killed in lialtlr, nre called " yhuddee"," oi Martyis. The treatment of Sir Win. II. M'Xaughton'rt body t. . . i. - i i. i ....... "... . . . iim iit-i-n iicacnuiM a- inasi o.iruarous. ills iQdy is stated to lnve ojilre.l a lare sum for its ransom, in order to lis being d cently interred. The oilier two olfictrs were saved bv tin dread of lho Glrt.ets to firent them, let the lihdzics, who rodo before them, should be wounded. They teturned to iho canton ment on the Sth. Akhbar Khan has, ii appears, boarttd of his having in person killed Sir W. II. M'N'i xli'aa Major 1'ottinocr, well known since tho deft nee of He rat, took clnrac of tho HiilMi nii-sion, and tho neoliations for the withdrawal of the troops were continued. On tlio Olh of January they remou-d from their cantonments, which word instantly tie.ed hy th insurgents and burnt. The snow was one toot deep on the ground w hen tlio troops reached llceg- ronii, tnree nines itisinnt. i lie schemes of Aklii ar Khan then became evident, lie lia.l despatched emissaries throughout ihe country through which lho unfortunate lirltifh snldieis had lo pns, calling the people to rUo ei mst, and slay tho infidels. His call was not beard in vain. On the first day's march Cornet Hafdynnn, of tho 5th cavalry, and some men, were killed. Malioinined Akhbar Khan, who hail taken chnrpo of tho retrctt. contrived to induce tho Ilritish to lake up stations nt uivht where he chore. On thu 7lh they move I to Uarerkhar, where tho three mo'iiiinin yuns vveto tseired. Their rear guard were bhfjed to act on tho defensive durin" the whole of the day. O.i the 9th tho ramp was nearly fcurrounded bv enemies, and i; becamu evident that tho Ilritish soldiers would havo to light their way to .Mlalabad. Captain Skinner went lo Jlahnninud Akhbar Khan, who was on a hilt close to lho llnti'di eamn n.wl 0 1 impure.! why they could not proceed ac ordain to thu 0 i convention. The reply was, that they had left tho 0 i Cab'jol cantonment" bffore tho troops destined to protect thorn weie ready, and that no clu-f hm ho I (Akhbar Khan) had means or power to protect them, I notwithstandinir their convention. I This military convention is not fully known, and ! therefore all its inovisions cannot ba stated. It pretnnded that among ilia articles there are some de claring thai al houyh tho liri ish troops weie to evacuate Adjjhauistau, and that notice of such a con vention Ind I een -cut to Ganeial .Nott, at Caudalur, and to General Sale, at Jellalnl ad, it is said to havo been signed by General Klphinstonc a rommir.der-m-ehief, and by Major I'ottinger, ns nciim political aecnt, nnd nlso by Diigadier Anguclll, and Colonel Cllanlber.',. Akhbar Khan, whoso violent hatred to the lintish hid bi-on sharpened, not only hy the ciinoucst of Ins fither's territories, but by his own evilo and subse quern imprisonment in llokhara, and by Ins wild fana'icism, demanded of ihem, on tho third dav of tho letreat from Cabool, that ihe lliitish should, when fiirioundcd by tho Ghajees umb r his com mailt, make new terms with him, and promise not to proceed further than Tnzcen, until tho withdrawal of ihe forco unJer Sir It. Sale from Jellalit mil u'. known, and ha insisinl on sit hostai;cs. Major l'ot- lin'er. vvlio was lame from n wound, instamly olllred to be one, mid nt Akbiiar Khan's orders, Captains Mackenzie and I.awrenco were included, TheGhazccs were, however, not restrained in Iheir attacks, and n feaiful slaughter followed on the moveinem towards Khoord Cab il. The column was a takeil on all sides. The fourteen ladies, who were in the centre, seemed objects of jpe -ial 'eiri Mrs. Anderson and airs, uuyti inn eaen n cl lid carried mi; Akhbar Khan, wlnlo tho Glnzeesvvero Ihiu basv. nrnr...l his inability lo n strain them, and on tho Dili of Janu ary iiemanneii mat tno laities should be plared tinder his protection. The miserablo vvcatbrr, tho snowy wastes, the much mountain trackR. and lho month of Januarv, in the colih st rcions of Ceniral Asia, com- ileum irn.111 iu jiei i. i uc uojijgcs naiiru lor some dav m tint neighborhood. 1 ho demand on General Sale to relinquish his posl was mado on the 9th of January, and on ibat e'av he refused to do so, unless by orders from lho Supreme Government. Ills unswer was taken back to Akhbar Khan. Tho unfortunate Sepoys began again to move, and wero ogam osai!eds ihe Sepoys, who form siieh.goo 1 Foldiers under the broiling sun of India, being enervated nnd slupified by the cold, scarcely nliVre-i nuv resistance, and lnin,lr..,lo ,.i ... soon despatched by the (ihazeo cut-ihroats, but tho i.urujieius, u uiome iirnvomen, I ept togctlifr until they reached the nas3 of Jugdulhilt. Here General l.lph miono and Brigadier .Skelton h-raino hoshges ami were detained two miles distant by AUilV C neral I Iplun tone wrote a note in pencil to Ihi". aiher Ancifti1 1 March to-night ; thcrois trcai hery 1 Tho Hritish troops marched early in the night: thev came lo lho frightful mountain passj it was bar ricaded i they fnreed die way.nnd reached Jugdullul., which they dtfen Vd for some- lime, until Ilneaditr Augnctil was killed. All order was then ciuircly lost, nnd confusion mil separation, slaughter nnd destruction, ensued. Several officers who vverowell inn-nited, mil mpti'd lo male gor iheir way into Jill il.il.ai!. Koine of them arrived within three or fo ir miles, when ihi'y wore murdered nnd plundered, nnd their bodies lefi o.i the road. Only one officer, IWtor llrydon, of the Gih llengal Naiive Infantry, though wounded ill several places and exhausted, succeeded in teaching lho pbieeof safety in Jellalabad, ' " i ruA?"1, f .,ho tVo f f 1,10 'hcr 1,.oco soldiers and (j.uuocanip Minivers nothing certain is known; many havHbcen li led, others tire elispersed, nnd os vet it is difficult lei decide. The names of 35 officers have ben piiblnbed n. kil'ed from iho commence- mnt Of the lllRtlrrprlir.n Km. Fw ..... 1 .I,. . ..... ...i,a tun riiierinintu ,iat t icy may nmoj.it to us quadrmde, out of ihe great mmittr mifsing, Soinu of the Sept ys arosa4 to havo been sold as slaves lo tho Oosbcs Tartars. Letters continue to arrive from various quarters leptcscnlmg tho slnto of tho prisoners and hostages. Akhbar Khan is said, in a letter received from Major I'ottmger, dated January 2J, to ho nt tho fort of Iladeeabad, in the Lughman country, Whero ho keeps the following prisoners, viz.! Generals Klphinslone and Skclton, Lieutenant Mackenzie, Captain nnd Mrs. Anderson nnd child, Captain Iloyd, Lieutenant Hye, Lieutenant Waller, Mrs. Trevor, Lady Mac naughton, Lady Sale. Mrs. Sturt, Sir. nnd Mrs. Kilcy, Sc'jcant nnd Mrs. Wade, Captains Troop, Johnson, and O 1'. Lnvvrence, and Mnior I'ottingor. There are besides, tho six oiliccrsand the sick who were left at pal oolon tho departure of tho troops. Akhbar Khan, m lho letters from ihatforl, which aro received un sealed, is described ns doing everything "to make them coiiifurtablol" An attempt of lho Insurgents to seize Ghitzneo is said to I e so far sui oessl'ul as that the town is in their power, hut Colonel l'nlmcr. willi his regiment and six months provisions, is s ated to bo safe in lho citadel. At Candibar nn insurgent forco showed itself on the lOih of January, when an attempt was madoto carry oil" the camels belonging In tho 43rd llengal Infantry. On tho 11th, I'ruira Snftur Jung, tho youngest nnd favorite son of Shah Soojah, and Alahommed Atla, lho Chief, came with a largo force within five miles di-tanco. General Noll marched against them on tho 12lh, and in a short timodisperscd tho whole willi a trifling loss. The youmf l'rinco proved himself a coward, ns he is a traitor to his father's friends. Gincr.tl S.ilo has, however, maintained his position at Jellalabad, which bn has furlified with -a ditch, nnd planted' cannon in dillcrent places, with n detenu inition to defend his position to the utmost. Akhbar Khan hasattcmpted to raise lho Oolooses, or heads of the neighboring clans, in order lo attack Jellalabad, but Ihe gallantry an 1 resolution displayed hy Sir Hubert Sab; in October, dining his march from Ca bool to Jellalabad, hasgiven thcni such proofs of his bravery, lint thev have hitherto rather hesitated. The troops in Jellalabad aro slated lo ho well provided with food, nnd alio lo keep their ground until tho I rginning of .March, particularly sinro they havo already di'couililcd two contemplated attacks. Tho celebrated mountain pass cal'cd tho Khyber, lies h-ivveon Jell dab id and I'e'hawur and tho in habitant", who are in po'ession, have been long notorious fer their plundering propensities. Akhbar Khan sent to ofTennnney to induce them to resist not only tho departure of tho troops under General Sale, but also the entry of all the troops which maybe ordered hy tho Supremo Government to relieve lho gai rison at Jellalabad. The Khyberries aro stated lo ho highly incensed at lho small sum offered for Iheir concurrence in his plans hy Akhbar Khan. It was not more than 1,300 uipees. They, however, havo made preparation- lo resist on their own ncrntint, and a brigade, under the command of Colonel Wild, which was sent from tho Sutlejo early in December, having reached I'eshawur, made an attempt (o force the pass. Having left their artillery behind in India, and Ihe only gun procurable in that direction being unserviceable' ones from the riekhs, the. attempt made by Colonel Wild was unsuccessful. Two rciments pcnelraicd lo tho fori of Ali Musjid, where a lirili-h garrison was stationed; but, ns they found neither provisions nor ammunition thrre', thev were obliged lo retreat towards IVslinwiir, having 'lost nn officer and samo men. In the mean tune, the Supremo (.oviTiiment has not been idle. General Pollock has been despatched at ihe head of a considerable rein foreeinenttovvardsresliawiir, which ho with sufficient gnus and. abundant animnnilion rciched on thotli nil., and is now making preparations for proceeding thioilgh the Kbybcr pass. W.vsiiieotov, April 10. Vestenlay bein a very stormy and inelem cut day, I did nut go out, and elief not hoar the inolmrholy news of the death of tho Hon. Jo. scph Lawrence till this mnrninj. Tho alll'ct in intelligence was announced to tho House immediately afler tho readine; of tho journal, and as soon as tho usual resolutions were pass, cd for tho funeral solemitic., tho II mso adjourn ed. The event was announced in tbn ilnnan hy.Mr.W. W. I, win, whose .1,'sfrict adjoint Hint tif the deceased, and in the Senate bv Mr i..i i..i. . 1 . iiiiiiiiiiitiu, ouui ui wimjui proiioiinccil very do- epicnt and appropriate eulogies upon their do- parted friend. ml i!i "'"''''''J?;11'''1' ''as occur-1 he' m'eHLof ,1 ,1? fcr we' MS , namely :-.Mr. Ramsey, .Mr. O.-lc, Mr DIacV .Mr. Danock, and his own ; an extraordinary ami tmprccoilotitcd mortality. In Mr. Lawrence, Conp-ress havo Inst one of its most able, nvnori. enced, and useful nictnborif, and tho State of i onnsyivanw a most excellent and valuable cit- ' at a loss lo know when ho finds time to pcr l0"' form the immense labor ho does with his pen, W isiiiNG-roN. April 120. unci pnlsioel Imnel. lint that ho elocs per I havo frequently told you that the Loco-fo. frn, ,t wo know, for'tlio cvlUonces of ii .no cos, as a party, wore the determined enemies of , ,l51y borol.0 ls. Certainly ho can never the I arm system, nf the encoura 'cment ofi i i ;t, , the dnnncrahj of the couiitrv.ofl" lere-on I mA "over weary, and he who expects labor. No: thev prefer to givb that protect ion j 10 jucounter him in a confiict, must rise as and encouragement which Amerir.au laborers L';lr,'. !1d bo as wide awako as he, or he icipiire, to thu workmen of Kngl.ind, l'ranre, ' will be sure; to come off "second best," as and other countries of Iluiopo. Thoy arc the j every man who has ever had tho temerity to "low wages," foreign trade and homo starvation ' r-rapplc with him has had eood reason to ......... n.,.1 .irt. ...... .1. Vli.: r..- . . . i . JJ.lll, .1IIU LUllUlllllU IIJU Y llllS lOT lllfllllllj HI uncouiaL'c our own .Manufactures, give life and animation to the various branches of American industry, and thereby create a demand for labor and tho products of thu Farmer. As a consid erable portion of the I.oco-foco party at the north, in Pennsylvania, for instance, and New Ye rk, Ohio, &.c, aro in favor of the encour agement of American labor, and American Manufactures, tho party pipers have, hereto fore, been a little' cautious about coming out with their real sentiments on this important measure; they have been for "ajudicious Tar ill;" for 'Sound and moderate measures," and all that sort of thing which did not commit them to any lliiny, nor prevent them from going against any tiling, but such as thoy mijitcl.ojso to call "a judicious Tariff." Hut the Globe, the Koran of the J.oco-fcco party, has at length thrown eilf its disguise, and "come out boldly against the proposed Tarilf, which it calls a "federal Whig moasu.-i." The editor save, this J arid "is retaliatory, thero being a penal duty of 10 per cent to he incurred iu a year by countries which shall not reduce duties in favor of certain American articles, and it is Federal Whig, coining from the old federal party, now telf-Hyled Whig." Hero wo sco the cloven feiot of anti-Americanism. Tho editor is wrathy because an Amer ican Congress, or American statesmen are about to protect American articles hy what he calls a penal duty of 10 per cent, to ho incurred by countries which tav American products so high as almost to cxrludo them from their markets. It is all right with "the Globe man," that these foreign countries should thus severely tax American articles, but the moment tho Whig party proposes to lay a duty of 10 percent on articles coming from thcso countries, hy way of retaliation, on, men, tins "Globe man " is all in a blaze about it. He virtually says "I'oreicn nations have a right to lay such a duty on Amer ican prrpuctF, urn as Hour, wlicat, corn, pork, beef, laid, butter, t!a.v, hemp. &c. as thev nlease. even a duly that will exclude them from their nuts, anil you havo no business tn complain in about i', but above all ym have no business to lay a retaliatory duty of 10 per cent, or any other per cent upon their products, and tlio proposition to do so is a Federal- Whiur measure : it is outrageous, absolutely awful ! !" "It is most intolerable and not to be endured'' ! After this snundiiiL' of thu kcv.noto hv'uhn Globe man," who always pilches tho tune for iiiovvnoio j,octdoco party to ung, all 1 havo to say to tno reopie oi rennsy vatua. whose urns. pority depends upon tho encouragement of her iron manufactures, and the amount of rna mul flour they may ho able to sell to the mantifac turers ot New Kngland States, is, look to vour own interests; take care that your Represon tatives iu Congress don't play you false ;-fcc that "the Globe man" lias iiiit more inlluoiico over them than you have. Close watchin" will io uoucai men no narm, and may provont dis. honest ones from doing a deal of mischief. "A word to tho wise," &p. Iiwdditiou tu lho editorial article in tho Globe of to-day, from which I havo tiuotcd, I am ona- lilml In ..tif., fl.n. I.. I.. . . w.-- ...,w .iiui, ui repiy in a remark ot a memuer pi congress tbat tho Wofeico would no iiiv leio.i upon tlio Tariff question, tlio cunor sain wiey would ot; that the party would oppose the Tarifl; and if rlmuM FLM-arato from it Oil tbat nliocllnn tl.n.. . would cast them olT, excommunicato them, nnd no longea consider them ns he:oniii" to it. Thero can therefore, bo no mistnko about tho fact that that party has taken irround a.minst .all oiiciuiragpiiimit ol American labor.and lu favorof uurciH iiucresis aim mat it is ttieir ilntorinina. tion to maintain it. And tlicco aro the men vv ho i speal; with so much contcnint of "tho whito , negro laborers of tlio north," as living meaner than the black slaved of the south I CV'Tliu wlnlo negro laborers of the north'1" I I.Utlo know thoy who uo this sneering language ' towards the laboring men of the north, oMhe di" - nity and ennobling tmalitics of labor. I.ittlo know they that ho who cams bis bread by tho sweat of his brow, has inoro cauro for truo self respect, lias a higher claim upon his country for usefulness, and contributes more to tho wealth and improvement of tho country, than any advo cate of foreign interests who may bo lord of n ten thousand acres, and master of a thousand slaves. "Tho whilo negro laborers of the north 1" And whnnro those to whom this insulting languago is applied 1 They aro tho hardy yeomanry of the country : the honest farmer, the hard-handed mechanics, the industrious manufacturers. Men

of very little refined sense, but of a largo share of soutiel, practical common sense. Men who ran tell these advocates of foreign interests, anil consumers of foreign manufactures,' many things which wore never dreamt of in tlieirphilolsopliy ' But I rcjoico that tho Olobo has thus tomo out against tho labor of tho north. Now let us see bow many of its followers in Pennsylvania, NuV York, Now. Jersey, Ohio, &c will daro follow in its foot steps, and oppose the protection of the American laborer asainst the pauper labor, and the "low wages" of Kuropc. - MR. ADAMS. Thcru now look down, in front of you and on tho forlher sidu of tho Hall, and you will see a small man standing niiei auuressing tlio House. Ills appearance is veneriblo, but be stands erect, unbent with tho weight of 7.3 summers, tho' his head, a largo portion of which is bald, is whitened by the frosts of that number of winters. You see, tho' members have gathered around him, all the seats near him being filled and many ch airs having been hiought in nnd placed in the open space in front of lho Clerk's seat. His voico is sharp, sometimes loud and shrill, jit oiner times so low anil indistinct that it is impossible to hear what hosavs. but von can see hy lho closo andrivottcd attention of lho members that what hu says interests thorn deeply. Generally ho stands nlmost motion less, but when ho brings out one of his short emphatic sentences or exclamations, lie makes a stroiic Gesticulation with his head nnd body, bowing it down nnd swinging it as it rises with great energy, at the sniuu instant uttering tho emphatic word. Perhaps he has succeeded, as ho seems delighted to do sometimes, in raising n perfect tornado in itiu uouse : in that case, vou see n dozen members or more, all on the floor at the more, all on the floor at same time crying out "Mr. Speaker," "Mr. Speaker" ' rise to a point of order" "Mr. Speaker," ioc Amidst nil this hubbub, confusion, uproar and excitement, in which tho voice ofMr. Wise, who is just below us on this sidu of tho Hull, is hoard abovo all tlio rest, you look overtoseo wlicathcr ho who raised this whirlwind has been blown olT hi it, and you observe bin, standing, with a I lOOk iIS innocent ns ;i nn ni nc run mn I unmoved as the neak rr..innrilT. now ,! then, perhaps, tittcrintr n sinnlo sentence with terrible energy and cfiert, or giving u I.1U1H or reply to some ol Ins assailants which ' come upon them like the cuffs of a bear upon T nu "l"" ""-'' the cut 1110 canmo 'oc that has dared ' dm i-i,n.i. n.:. I to conio within i v, ma mvv I need not tell vou UM0 that man is; thero is but ono Jonx 1 Qoixcv Ahams in tho world, and no human being would bo mistaken for him, or ho for I ,7 Tr r " ""W " T' f rst.," lllSs0at' 11,0 ,Mt ,0 lcavo 110 ca" ol t,ic 1,01,80 cver 3 liim "gone '10.mo 10 t'ut his dinner."with such steatly and I constant attendance) at the Ilemsn. nnel in. king so largo a share in its business, ono is riUDAV MORN'ING. Al'ItII.,29. 1912. TARIFFS. Tho first tariff law that was ever enacted hy our government, was passed hy the Con gress of 17S9, nnd approved on the 1st of Juno of the same year, by President Washington. It was tho second act passed by the first Congress of tho United Stales, after tlio adoption of tlio Constitution. Wo believe no other revenue act was ad opted with any view to protection, before the session of 1S10. That act established a few manufactures among us, such ns hats, boots, shoes, harnesses, nnd the coarser cot ton fabrics, but it was wholly insufficient for wool, woollens, and most other manu factures. We groped our way alum? in tho dark, struggling against adversity and em barrassment, importing more titan wo expor ted, and laboring under great difficulties, till the tariff liill of 1824 whs adopted. That tariff gavo the first impulsu to lho industry of our country, and a great number of our citi zens embarked in tho business of manufac turing, but, suflering under tho combined difficulties of a want of capital and a want of skill, while at tho same time the cheap fabrics of Eurpe wero flooding our markets, many, who engaged in the woollen and iron manufactures, were ruined. Thoy deman ded an incrcaso of protective duties, and succeeded in obtaining it in 18-28. This was called the " High Tariff Hill," and its opera tion was. most salutary, so far as tho business of thu country was concerned. Hut tho South raised a great clamor against it, and threatened "Nullification," unless' it was repealed. In 1832 there was a modification of tlio tariff, by which somo duties wero reduced, ond others, not required fur protection, such ns those on ten, coffee, cocoa, and a long list of minor articles, wero taken off. This however did not satisfy tho South, nor thu " Freo Tradu" parly of lho North. Thoy remonstrated against tho protective policy altogether, and demanded its repeal. Presi dent Jackson sided with them, and thu continued threats nnd clamor of lho South and of lho importing merchants iu our cities, stimulatcil by Fnglish agents, wore so great that tho friends of protection wero compelled to yield. A " compromise act was accordingly effected in 18113, while President Jackson was in lho chair of state with largo majorities in both branches of Uongress, by which all duties were lo bo' in , , . . . . i crrnnitn lv rpilitrntl m n cir..akf,,,. r.f gradually rrdurcel, in a succession of iiinu' yeais, down In i'O per cent, tiud nmdo uni-' form in lint rale. Thu u.'il waa strenuously! opposed hy tho New-England Whigs. Rut ns the Tories had tlio majority in Congress, it was passed into u law, nnd received tlio npprobation ofl'rusident Jnckson. Uy that law tho last reduction will ho mado on tho first day of July, 1842, nfter which there will bo no duties, under that net, abovo 20 per cent, ad valorem. This is the law now in forco, except us modified by tlio net of the extra session, which raised the duties on imported silks, wines, &c. up to tho rate fixed hy the compromise bill. Thcso duties had been repealed as to French silks and wines, by tho treaty with Franco, in 1831, hy which wo obtained indemnity for French spoliations upon our commerce, subsequent to lbOU. 1 bat treaty had expired, howev er, by its own limitation, before the duties were raised lo 20 per cent, lasi summer, HARD TO I'LUASE. The Democracy hold n convention In tho Court House in this town last Tuesday for lho ostensible purposo of obtaining nn increase- of the duty on imported wool nbove the rale nt present fixed hy tho " Turiff Hill" of Mn. Sai.tonstam,. As wo said last week, wo stnecrly hopo tho duly on wool may yet be raised before the bill of the Committee becomes a law of thu land, nnd it will bo time enough for lho Tories to clamor after that event takes place. It strikes us hownvcr that thcso gentlemen nro very " hard to jdcasc." For while they have been denouncing tlio Whigs, for years, nsthe High 1 arif parti, thev now claim that appellation for themselves, nnd scold the Whigs most lustily for not imposing higher protective duties. Rut, " let that pass," for tho present. Wo shall .unmask the duma gogues, however, at our leisure. Rut the most amusing part of the proceedings of this convcution was the appointment ol a com mittco of three lawgcrsio select some " dem ocral" tn tho Senate or House of Represen tatives to whom the resolutions of tho "par ly" might be safely entrusted the delega tion Ironi tins btate being considered by thcso "high tariff" men as loo strongly at tached to lho principles of" Free Trade" We nresiimn tlio rnniiiiillon will enlnf-i .!. crtm amj W,mlbltnj of Ncw TIam,sli . J c' or t'"" "J Aictt of South Carolina safu all'J prPf 'c". " truo democrats" and good " protectionists" enough to tako charge of their proceedings. Qucri. . Wonld'nt it bo well cnouch to request tho Washington I Globe to publish the resolutions? ami the New Era, Evening Post, Richmond Einpii rcr, Albany Argus, "et id omne genus" to publish thciui II the wire pullers, who called this meeting, instead of styling it n convention to protect tho "Wool growers, hail chriscnod it " A meeting to pull the wool over the eyes of the people," they would nioro truly have designated its object. Wo shall pay our respects lo somo of tho rusolu tions of tho convention when they appear in tlio bcntiuel. APPOINTMENT HY THE GOVERNOR Govr.nxoi: Paine has appointed the Hon Samum, C. Cratts, formerly Governor of the State, lo fill lho vacancy in tho United States Senate, occasioned by the resignation of Judqk Pnr.x-riss. Wc understand tho Governor tendered tho appointment, in tho first instance, to the Hon. William J.vnvis of Weathersfield ; but though earnestly urged to accept it, he peremptorily declined the proffered honor, on account of his advanced ago, and the feeble state of his health. Con sul Jarvis is one of tho greatest wool growers in Ncw England, and wo presume it was this fact, together with his well known zeal and anxiety to sccuro alcquate protection to this great staplo production of Vermont, which induced tho Governor to offer him tho ap pointmcnt in question. Wc have no doubt however, that tho appointment of Ex-Gov ernor Crafts will bo entirely satisfactory to the people of the Statu. Senator Crafts passed through town last Wednesday even ing, on Ins way to Washington. A SPECIMEN OF TORY ECONOMY Tho committee on public expenditures are digging tip some rare specimens of Van JSu rcn's "retrenchment and reform" adiuinis tration. The last that wo have noticed was nn item of expenditure in (ho Post Office Department. In 1S3D, ono George Plitt was commissioned by tlio'rcdottbtablo Iwos Kendall, that sturdy champion of" retrench ment nnd reform," to proceed to Europe and examine the various laws regulating tho post offices of the old world. J'litt was absentT?cc;i months, and for his services and expenses, during that period, received tho following democratic, economical allowance Salary as " Sjiccial Agent," $2,000 00 Expenses! ' 7,0 16 00 Grand " Democratic" total, S'J.GIG 00! A salary greater than is allowed to any of the Cabinet officers, instead of tho econom ical pity of a simple democratic "Agent." It washy suchjois as this that lho partisans of Martin Van lluren wero rcwartled for party services, and the Treasury drained to its last dollar under tho glorious dynasty of "re trenchment and reform." Who can wonder thai, willi such reckless and lawless squan dering of thu public money, Van lluren should havo bequeathed a national debt of millions to his successors in office? And yet this is tho party which is now rending tho air witli cries of Whig extravagance and a bankrupt Treasury ! THE APPORTIONMENT HILL. It will bo seen, hy reference to the pro ceedings at Congress, that tho House of Rep- ' rcsentatives luivo adopted (iO.oOO as the ba- sis of population for thu election of a mem - I her of the House. This vutu was passed by , a majority ofshlien which is sufficiently lariro to justify the lieliel lltat this number will1 , 1, i . , .i ii ! . lw. mllinrrfl In liv- tin. HoiKf. I in nrfsnilt i bo ndhcrctl to by tlio House. Tho presont number of lho IIousu is U-li If this ratio of (10,500 should be adopted, lho number will be increased to 250 and the States will ho represented as follows: Maine 8, Now.IIamnsbiro 1. Massachusetts. 12, Rhode) Island 1, Connecticut 5, Vermont 'I, New Vurk 40. Now Jorsev fi. Pennsylvania 23, Dnlawaro 1, Maryland 7HVirginia 17, North uaronna iu, Koutn uorlina 7, Ueorgia ), Ala- uama b, Mississippi l, Louisiana '1, Tennessee 12, Kentucky 11, Ohio 25, Indiana 11. Illinois 7, Missouri C, Arkansas 1, Michigan !3, total, JOU. If tho proposed now ratio should ho final ly adopted, tho States of Maine, Massachu setts, Now York, Now Jorsoy, Pennsylva nia, Delaware, Georgia, nnd Arkansas, will havo tho saino number of Representatives as at present. Virginia will lose four North Carolina three South Carolina and Ken tucky two each and New Hampshire, Rhode Island, Connecticut, Vermont, Mary land and Tennessee, one cacti. Ohio will gain six Indiana and Illinois, four cncli Alabama and Missouri, tlireo each Missis sippi and Michigan, two each and Louis iana, one. It?- Tho " Old Dominion," n leading Tory paper in Virginia, announces its deter mination to support tho following ticket for the presidential contest in 1811, " let others do as they may." For President, John C. Calhoun, of South Carolina. For Vice- President, Si7e2s Wright, of New York. Hurrah for a Protective Tariff! TEMPERANCE. Through tho exertions of Mr. John N. Ilickok, a reformed drunkard, and an in defatigable laborer in tho causo of total abstinence from all intoxicnlin? drinks. twenty-ono individuals, constituting, with j two or three exceptions, the entire crew of1 tho steamboat Iiurlington, havo signed tho following pledge, " c, whose names aro annexed, desirous of joining a Society for our, mutual benefit, and to guard against a pernicious practice, which is injurious to our health, standing, and families, do pledge ourselves, ns gentle men, that wo will not drink any spirituous or malt liepiors, wine or cider." Mr. Ilickok is entitled to great credit for his unwearied efforts in the cause in which ho is engaged. Ho knows, experimentally, tlio evils of the practice ho is combatting, and is generously devoting himself to the reformation of others. If ho could induce the Directors of lho Steamboat Company to banish all intoxicating liquors from their boats, and take down their bars, ho would confer a still greater favor upon tho com munity. They have already the example of other boats, nn experiment with tho appro bation, it is believed, of the public. Tun Uou.ndaiiv Question It nas boon rumored for somo days, says the Roston Daily Adv. of yesterday, that tho Secretary of State has written to Gov. Fairfield of .Maine, request ing him to call a session of the Legislature, for the purposo of obtaining thoir sanction to measures for the aeljustinent of tho boundary question. Tho Portland Argus says on this PlllljOCt It is now pretty sronerally understood in this quarter, that Mr. Webster has written to Gov. Kiiiliold, roqueting him to call forthwith nn extra session of tho Legislature, for the porpnsc of appointing commissioners to treat with Lord Ashbtirton and lho General Government, on the Northeastern Uuiindaiy Question. It is al so understood, that Gov. 'Davi--, of Ma-sichu-s-etts, has been written to on tho same subject, and for the same purpose. In the Massachusetts Lcgi.-laUire, at tho late session, certain resolutions wero passed, which it was understood were intended to invest the Governor and Council with authority to meet the caso now supposed. Whether tho resolu tions aro regarded hy the Governor and Conn cil as conferring the requisite power to accede to any terms of coiiipromu-o likely to bo proposed, wo aro not informed. It is to bo regretted, wo think, that the grant of power to assent on the part of this State to any arrangement which should be satisfactory to the Governor and Council, had nut been specifically granted. The Saco Democrat, (published at tlio place of Gov. Fairfield's residence) confirms tlio re port that tho Governor l.W week received a letter from Mr. Webster, suggesting the expe diency of calling an extra sression of the Leg. islature. Tho Democrat was not informed of tho determination of tho Rxecutivo in relation to the matter. TRIUMPH OF PH1NCIPLK IN RIIODLMSLAND. Wc have the unfeigned satisfaction to inform our readers, that their fears for lUiodo-Island may now bo at an end. Our siter State has acquitted herself nobly, in tlio difficult and dan. gerotis circumstances in which she has been placed. She Ins shown that she is well emit led to the rank of a true Whig Stale and that she is ardently attachotl to the cause of Order and Law. Tlio frietuls of the legally cstah. li.-hed government deserve the thanks of the whole Nation, fur tho prudence and firmness with which they have acted. linslon Atlas. The l'ruvidenco Journal gives a detailed statement of tho votes cast on Wcdtiesdav, and which wero collected by express. The follow ing is a statement of the aggregates : :ccAnTui.Aii).s-. Kill; Carpenter. Scatt. Providence count v l0fi!l Newport do ' 8fi!) Kont do (ill) ilristol do -l.")3 Washington 7ijj i.-)i:t L'lW an o." 1761 WllKI Majority ail 9 Total vote 71.VJ. New Shoroli.ini and Charlestown to bo heerd from, which will prob ably increase the vote lo about 7H00. Returns of Representatives in the Legisla. tn re have been received from nearly all tho towns, giving 02 members to the true, legal, constitutional party, and 10 to the disorganizes. Tho former have tho entire council, IVom Mexico. Tho N. O. Bee of tho 11th publishes a letter from llrantz Mayer, Sccreta ry of tho V. S. Legation at Me.ico, relative lo tho release of Franklin Coombs by .Santa Ana. It correiboratcs Mr. C.'s statement already published, but says that his release was effected through tho interposition of Mr. Rllis, our Minister thore, and was not granted merely as a personal favor by Sant.i Ana, as stated hy the latter to Col. Hamilton. It shows by a brief sketch of lho wholo matter, that Air.' Ellis did ins duty promptly, fully and clhciently. A letter has a o beon recotveu, (..ays tlio lice, er Ins alo beon recotveu, (-ays ilio no r., vi- i.- iii .!,.. ii... I Irti.ltl .,f Mt , i i;lt, f March. Ho speaks in term 1 of high encomium of Mr. Mayer, from whom ' Z S L lis limited means of acipiirinsr information, ho llm'Us mat every exertion ins ueen mauo uy Mr. I'.llis to procure his ihoration, compatible -"V . . 1 .. ' ' . Willi his instructions. 110 exprosscs no Hope of release except through the interference of the (lovcrnment of tho Fnjtcd States, ..T tl.n I'n.ln.l l.lm. COMMUNICATION. Mr. Kditob sfri i take lho liberty, fromtformoc .acquaintance), to communlcatoto you a fovr thought wiucii uao ucen suggested to my mind on lho iub joct of a protective tartJTt which, if you should con- a.uui oi suineieni imparlance, you oro at liberty to) publish. I know it is a great subject for an illiterats farmer lo writo upon, but it is n subject in which farmers have n mutual interest with other classes of society) and tho time has come, in my opinion, for the laboring class of thb community to pauso and ro lled, and learn if possible tho causo of our national and individual sufToritigs, and tho courso necessary to bo pursued to rcitorc tho nation to tho sunshino of pros perity vvehave enjoyed in former days. Now, I suppose! 1 need not stop to provo that tho national machinery is out of gear, in somo way, anil that this is the main causo of our sufferings. Hut what has produced Win disarrangement 1 Wasitan imperfection in the machinery itself, and did some thing break 1 Or why is tho car of tho Republic thrashing away, thrcatcnin?e)cstrtictionbotlito itself, and tho high hopes of the American people. 1 believe experience has uniformly shown that, in nnrl.ing out a course) for tho future, it is wisejto ldok back either upon our own past experience, or that of others, and seo tho results e.f measures taken in similar cases, that from thcso wo may draw some inslructioti for the present emergency. I have been astonished while I havo looked back to ihe days of Washington, Jclllrson, .Madison, Monroe, Adams, and Jackson, and found nil those noblo and high-minded patriots agreed on tho subject of a protective tarhT. And raj astjnisbinent has been two-fold ; first, that so many of tho worthies whoso memory wo venerate, with all tho diversity of opinions they possessed on other sub jects, and tho diversity of circumstances in whiab they wero placed, should, in this ono principle! of protection and revenux, unite in perfect harmony. And again, I havo he-en yet moro astonished to men of brilliant minds, men in high standing in th political world, who, with all tho light of pas ex perience shinini; full upon tlicrn, and in thefacoanj eyes of lho public prosperity under tho old tariff, ara yet ready to stand up against it and say that it is wrong. Nay, they aro s: perverse nnd unbelieving ui.il mo iniraciQ-vvorKing compromise Act, with aU dcstructivccfl'ectv a decreasing revenue, an empty trca,'lr'" extra sessions of Congress, and bankruptcy, and distress among the people, has failed lo convinea them. O faultless and perverse generation. And yet, sir, these samo men, who thus stand opposed to llio tanfl policy, have the hardihoo I and brass topre c aim themselves Jcffcrsonlan Democrats, dyed in the vvojI! If such men would but examine the subject with candor and attention, and hold themscbea open to conviction, I am sure they must bo convinced. If the testimony of our former 1'iesidents is not enough, let them look at theucj and then judge. I would not as'; them to pin their fiith on the sleeve of another, but only to yield to their own personal convictions, and be honest. I ask, was it not tho Tarifl' that paid the national debt; that enlarged our borders by the purchase) of extensive and ferule lands, which we now hold toincreisoour wealth and power; that protected our infant manufactories, our commerce, and agricul ture, and led the nation on with rapid strides to an eminent distinction amongthekingdonrsot thu earth 1 l es, wo were movin; on in prosperity, Iiko a well regulated train of cari on a railroad, propelled by the pjvvcrful steam of a 1'rotallce Tariff, until tho latal moment when a disappointed Calhoun turned all tho powers of his inventive genius against the country, by throwing his whole Slate across the track, in ad vanco of the train, which was moving with such ra pidity that a concussion must havo teen fatal to tho passengers. General consternation and dismay wai depicted on every countenance. Hut at this import ant crisis, w hen nil was discord and confusion, tha cool and collected voice of Jacl.son was heard abort thegroani ami sighs of lltcdisheartcncd crew, in ac cents mild and persuasive, yet firm on I bold, com manding the tract to bo cleared, and that without delay; but all in vain, and incvitallo destruction stared us in tho face, and there was nu alternativa left but to run tho fearful ri.-k of attempting to crmh a si.ter Plato bcncaih the ears, or to bo thrown from off the track, or, as a last resort, to let ofi" the steam and stop. In pity in n ;sirr statu tho sacrifice was mado, an I th is the Compromise Act sprung into existence. Tlio question now is, shall we cool off, and stop for ever, or Jire up, and go ahead! To theso inquiries) tho public luin.l is turned and well it may. be. Now, I think tho case is plain, an.t the decision easy. I'rudenco.and experience say, raise the steam, not so high as to burst tho boiler, but just high enough to give a healthy action to the whole machine. Let us have a duty on well selected articles of foreign im. porta'iou, that will raise a revenue efficient to mtet tho expenditures of Government, and operato at an encouragement to home manufacture, and the object is accomplished. This would leave the proceeds from tho sales of the public lands to be divided among the States, to I o expended in their discretion. "Uut" says one, "wo havo no right to violate tho Com. promise Act, and im-rens tho TarilVj it would b a violation of the nalimial faith, and cannot be dons." Of such an individual r would ask, what is thero in the Compromise -ct so much more sacred than in any other Act of the General Government, that it cannot be altered or repealed I Aro tho decree of Congress like tho laws of the -Modes nnd l'ersians, that change not ! Ifsueh is tho case, if wc are to be bound by n single vote of Congress, then is our in dependence gone' lor ever, and wc are lelt like tho miserable fragments of an cxplrdetl steam-car. Rut this is not tho fact : Congress has a right to devis means to advance- the prosperity of the nation! and ice have yel a right to petition Congress to legislate for the goneral good of tlio tr.'toic people. We have yet (in tho northern .States, at least,) the freedom of speech and the press; and we will endeavor to use the.-e privilege sj as lo prouiolc the gcneial good of the people and the whole people. So says A S rOW FARMER. Tub Waii is India. Tho London Morning Herald speaks of tho cfforli of Great Britain to murder tlio Affghanislam, in terms which lit tho atrocity of thoattcmpt t 'The attempted subjection of Affganistan being immoral in its origin, 'nothing that has occurod can deprive any future attempt of similar immorality. Tho Affghans aro not rebels or insurgents; they owe no fealty or nllqgianco to tho British Crown, and the en deavor of England to deprive them of inde pendence is ns monstrous as that of Napol eon to destroy lho independence of Spain. The rising at Cal.ool-blooely, cruel, sanguin ary, and brutal though it he" is a movement te achieve independence. It ,s not insurrec tion it is a war. Thcdeadly revenge which aniniiitcs each Affghan blow is not without parallel in European struggles for national ity; and tho disgusting insult perpetrated on tho remains of W. M'Naiighten could read ily be exemplified during the recent civil war in Spain. If wo will conquor snzu'-bnrbar-ous tribes, and fight with a peoplo ignorant of tho civilization of western warfare, wo cannot complain tint their struggle for froe dom is as wild as their passion and as re morseless as their wrong." The Children in the Woem. Two chil dren of tho name of Meggher, the oldest not over six years old, strayed from the residence of their "parents, into tho woods, about four miles from tho town f Dartmouth, Nova Sco tia, on tho afternoon of tho ljtb instant. Sev eral persons started in pursuit, bjit they all re turned without success. On Sunday the 17tb, a largo number again went in pursuit, and after proceeding about six miles from tho house of tho parents, through the woods, their attention was arrested by the barking of a dog- of one of tlio patty, when they wero both found dead, locked in each other's arms. From tho ap. poaranco of their limbs, they must havo suffer ed dreadfully. Tho father and mother were both lying sick at the time. I Tho National Intelligencer says...lt gives us pioasuro to do amo 10 state in.n an oner lias ' boon mrde, to tho Uovcrnincnt, nt pir, and on . .1- . e .. oiuervv so i.ivoraoio terms, ror n consiuorauie j part eif the I'. S. Ijan lato'y authorized by an I n . I rt. I rin.rrf-K. uvv O' '