Newspaper of Burlington Free Press, May 6, 1842, Page 2

Newspaper of Burlington Free Press dated May 6, 1842 Page 2
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IPIHIS JPIBIBi Punnc Extravagance and Connu- HON UNDER TUB LATE ADMINISTRATION. During tlio lalo canvass, and since, it was asserted that an examination would expose corruption, fraud, and extravagenco on tlio part of officers of the- lato administration, which would astonish tlio peoplo of lliis country. This examination lias been going on, and tlio committees are beginning to re port. Tlio NuwYork Custom House, and tlio Indian Department reports are nol ycl made j but wlren they are, wu shall see a m:iss of corruption wliicli will abundantly confirm tiro troth of llieso whig lies. Two reports however, have heon made ono tip on the expenditures of tlio lato administra tion in improving the navigation of tlio Mississippi, and .mother upon tlio Florida war. We give n sample. In 1837 an appropriation of $210,000 was niado to remove obstructions in tlio Mississippi, and a Mr. Talcott was employed to superintend tlio work. In Feb. 1839, tlio Senate called for information of tlio progress of tlio work, and tho superintend ant stated that they had cut through a bar 100 feet wide, 900 feet long, and 1C feet deep. This was all that had been done, and tlio expenses of the work were given at two hundred and twenty-three thousand, two hundred and thirty-one dollars! Tho committee give some of the items which are as follows : f f-'ilver watches, SHSti 00 Repairing cK, 45 50 Chronometers, 290 00 Repairing do. 2.r IK) Muslin, 77 00 Mu.-Tietobar.", 120 00 Dry Goon's, 100 00 Carving, 20 00 Painting office sign, 0 00 Diving, 10 00 Mesa Oof, , lO.'i 00 O.nniliiis tickets, 0 75 ll're of carnage, fyi 25 Ho-iery, 2:1 00 Refreshments for men, 25 00 POII P WIN'S, 20 25 OVSTRKS, 5 50 Fines to ShorifT of Charleston, S. C. 14 10 Glass funnels, 5 50 G las.-s jars, a 50 Hardware, 3,322 00 Justly thoy say, " tho eommittoo cannot come to the conclusion that such expendi tures wcro intended by Congress to be in pursuance of the appropriation which they made, " to remove obstructions from tho eyes of its political friends who aro in favor of j domestic industry. While their parly in Co- grcap, throughout the country ay, even in our own Massachusetts legislature, sh iw, by their votes, thoir hostility to the interest of tlio la borer and their preference for the products of foreign pauper labor, their' press Is busily en. gaged in throwing dust into the eyes of the ptsn plo by specious promlsos, made only io docieve, and meaning nothing. If the Post really is III favor of a judicious discriminating tariff, let it say -what will suit it. If Mr. SaltoiistaH's re port is a good one, and Ids proposed tar.1T a ju dicious one, why not be honest enough, Mr. Post, to say so 1 If not, why not give the pub lie the benefit of your objection!" 1 The great organ of the Locnfiico party, tlio (Hobo, is, how. ever, less cautious and non-committal than the Post. It has come out, upon tho proposed tariff bill, with the whole force of its feebleness. II the raw-head and bloody.tones ol tha Hart ford Convention arc enlisted in the assault. It seems almost at a loss even for words of suffi cient virulence and bitterness of party venom and parly slang to testify its hate, ilear the Globo for a moment : "We endeavored a few days ago, to give to the country some idea of this now bill of uJor abominations in wlnVh protection is oponly ta ken as the object at the hill, and revenue follows behind, as the consequence and tho incident; anil in which every species of duty specific, ad va lorem, cumulative, ft '.lieu , and retaliatory were collected together and heaped up in a pile on impnrtod articles, in order to throw millions upon millions of dollars into tho hands of a few manufacturers, and thus make this thrill, in ad dition to its first oliject, subsituto for a national bank, in enabling the few to plunder the many. The general view which wo presented of the hill would do this; but to have any adequate idea of tho enormity and wickedness ol tlrs new Hartford Convention tarilf, we must view it in dotai', and give a scparato examination to some of its prominent provisi ins." The above hardly require any comment. It is hut a short extract, but it can speak for tho whole. It shows the spirit of the opposition which cory and any tariff bill, having lor its objocl any discrimination in favor nf homo in dustry, will encounter from the party of which tlm Globe is tho organ. This attack of the Globo upon the bili of the Committee on Man u'artures, will be echoed and reechoed by the Locofoco presses in every portion nf the coun try, and will form the text for many a partizm harangue. Meanwhile the Post 'and its few double-dealinir, hypocritical, canting pretenders in favor of home labor will continue their futile efforts to deceive tho people of the United Stites, and blind tliom to tlio treachery and hos. tilityof Locofocoisin to the best inteicsts of the laboring man. Oil don't make it a party ques tion, they will toll us, if a word bo said to ov pne the open hostility of their who'o parly to the cause "of American labor. Not mike it a party question ! Who compels us so to mike it, if we would not give up entirely the whole question in issue ! Who but the loaders of the very party of vhirh the Post is a most submis sive member ! Who have ever attempted to stifle all investigation into the wants of a suf. fenng country! The entire Tory portion if t,ongres. lio mauo it a party question when Mr. Winthrop moved, las summer, for a com mittee of investigation for the sake of much - I...1 :..r l ...l... i... .i . ..I. e .1 SI ti mi i m-rutju iiuiiriiiriiiiiii, aim win', ny llli'ir vim's mouth of the Mississippi river." The largo hmvedl'icy preferred darkness to light ! Who expenditures here made, and tho little bone- , made it a party question in our nun fit rrsoliioiT frnni tlinm. rl-mnm! nt il,o I, nnd. ! setts House of Representatives ? Who made - li n..Ailnr. :.. !. l..!..l... r !.:- ..i I li .1 iai I v ijiii:-" mil in iiiu ic IMtllut u til vllll), HI Mime, and of iew iork, by voting down ron. lutions Savoring a discriminating tariff! of those who made and those who approved them, an accountability for th! disregard of the public interests hero manifested." " Tho existence of the Florida war," say tho committee, " has afforded an nmplu oc casion for draining the public treasury. In every department of the service connected with it, extravagance of the most unprece dented character has boon indulged. In tho purchase of supplies, in the transportation, Who have uniformly gone, as a party, in solid col umns, both in Congress and elsewhere ves, uniformly in opposition to protection! Who but the locofoco party and its Icadors ! Not nuke it a party question ! It is too late now to use such language as this. You have driven us into the arena of parly strife upm this question and because ths wholo country is rising tuiniil tuoiuly, by unequal efforts it is true, but still with constantly increasing strength in behalf of protection, a portion of those who have provok ed the storm would now beg off from ita conse- bv land or water, of soldiers or stores, tho ... - . . ... Inuence puunc money neon wasted uy tlinso Unhappily fordism, f eir own partizir. friends charged with its disbursement. Already will not permit them to play this double part has there been expended many millions of wi'heaso. Tha Globe mikes no bo tes of ma. , ,, . . . . ik.nga party question of the I arm. It Ins dollars, in prosecution of a war against a j ,irmvll ,0wn the gauntlet, and is calling its le band of savages, which, from the outset, has , pious to bark it in its unholy war upon the best not furnished" so many hundred warriors to I j"'cs, of M- B"t ,. . , , it up. Oh no ! we must n t make it a party oppose. I ho committee have ascertained l(luestion. We must stand peaccaVe by, and that, within fivo ears from the outbreak ofiseethe life-blood of tho country drained, drop hy hostilities in that Territory, between the first ,,ro!'' '"'fn10 "'Z "f,,,e 0VC'rSrmv" , , . I. . turers of l!iiirop. e must see our own coun- of January, 1830 and the first of January, ' trymen dependent upon the pauper laborers of 1S41, there have been employed in tho Europe for their clothing, their munitions of war nn.n.iinn ...-.,.,. l. -..I for ctery species of 'manufactures even of 1 j those very manufactures whoso raw materials iiiiiiv-s.iteu aieniiiiiuiiis, ungs, iiuu scnoon- crs. Many of them have been employed at . .1: :i .1... r 1.5 ,.,, u..,,, . ,,,...-. ,.i.-.r ...... , prn.cJ )f tl(;jr ,,omo ,n;,riiet, ..nabletoell t,eir has quadrupled tho sum at which, originally, 1 produce eitlior at home or abroad. Wo must tlii-v could havo been purchased. In refer- . stand try, and see all these tilings drawing no ir. grow on. our own soil, vie must see our 1110. clianic, labcrera and operatives ruined and turned out of employ our agriculturists do- rnco to tho hire of the steamboat John Crowd!, General Jesup, in reply to the committee, says that the boat was lured nt thu price of" three hundred dollars a day, and her expenses and insurance." " She w is not .worth fifteen thousand dollars, and one hundred dollars a day would havo been nn extravagant biro for her." For the en t r) period sho was in service, the fiovern tn.'iit has paid eighty two thousand five hun dred and fifty-five dollars. Tuesday, April 2G. In Senate, numerous uetitions wcro nrescntul and reports of a prtvsie nature wcro imile. 1 IK' Dill lur lliu iuiivi 111 in? rcpri33;illiiilca ui jauivs It. Ilnll (on account of n claim nn iho Unvcrnincnt for tho invention of Hall's ride) wns discussed at some tcng'h, and laid over without final n'tion. 1 lie hill to rcmova certain cases Ironi tho ntalo 10 the Federal Judiciarv was advocated at soma lemzth by Mr. Herrien. in me llouso llie Apportionment mil was again laKen un. and Mr. Urines modified his amendment to tin amendment of Mr. Athcrlon (which proposed to iusert tho ratio of 53 373) so as to insert 60.179. , mr.t oopir, ol Uiuria, continued nis remarksirnm vtcrday in advocacy o a ratio of 66.200. Mr. White, of Indiana, and Gordon, advocated n large ro, rescntntion, the former expressing hij willingness In no for as low n rate ns the present, and intimatinc that the ratio (C0.500) inserte I by the Committee was the result of a caucu- among the members from the larte Stites. Mr. Kvcictl would vote for any ratio to striko out that inserted by llie t'oinmitlee, and con sidered the ratios of 7O.RF0 and 50.179 most clieible. Tho amen lincnt to ibo anieudoien', to insert the ratio of 60,179, was then adopted: Ayes, E0 Noes, 72. Tho amendment of Mr. Alherton. as amended by Mr. Ilrizt's, (i. o. bv inscrling 60,179,) was then adopted t Ayes, 90) Noes, 64. Mr. Ita'sted, from tho Coinmillca of Elections, moved an amendment providing for tho districiing of the States by Consres. Tho quesliun was debated with reference to the constitutional powers of Congress for this purpose, until adjournment. PXTOACT I'ltOM THE REPORT OP THE COMMITTEE ON MANUFACTURES. The committee bav'ng como to a decided opinion in favor of discriminating tlittic", from other reasons also, such as must rommend thcniselvo to every pnliiollc They believe that discrimination in die a'Sessmcnt of duties is necessary to thojiros polity or every branch of industry, and is essential, not only to the prosperity, but to the very existence of sonic of our most important manufacturing and mechanical interests such ns have been protected and fostered bv tho policy of out law, such a are most esenthlly and extensively conne ted with the labour and industry of our romitiy in all ils brandies, and some of which have hitherto been considered as ol'tho highest impoi lance as national interests. Be lieving this, thry could not lail 10 re nmincnJ a bill lnel on principles which, in Ihtir opinion, aro no. ri'ssary to tho very existence of such interests. They do not propose to raise iivre revenue than ii necessary fir an rconi'inical adimnislralion of tho CI ivernincnt, but ihey do proposeto do Ibis in such a mintir, tin1 while, In their npini n it will not bear unTjinllv and opprcsnvely on any part of Iho com munity, but on the contrary, will render the wle le nitinn more prosperous in peace, and be ter prepared for war, it will extent ils protecting shield over the labor and industry nf the country. TIict object has been to assess duties on imported articles in snch a manner, that while a su licient revenue will tlieyhopa be provided, the act shall afford rcasonahlcencoiirase mcnt to o ir own producers of the jaino articles, and slnll stimulate tlieir cnterprie. ami reward iheir in ihi'lrv, bv so far s 'n iring to them our own markets, tint they m.iy, at least, enter into n fair competili' n wilh foreian producers. They have especially con sidered thecondilion and wants of those branches of indiis'ry whoso products arc, in a great incisure, tho result of labor, as the chief cause of iho diff'emico in the cost of producing manufactured articles here and 10 Europe i the difference in tho wages or value of labor. Hut in diciirniniti'ig tho rate of duties, they hive not disregarded the interes sof the revenues on llie coitrary, they be! eve that more revenue will be collected by iho present b 11 than would be received under a lower rate of duty, especially if llie duty wns nd ratorrm ; and they 'have not niado any duly ulil-h will he pn hihitory, unles ihc mar' et is now wholly supp'ied bv our on ci'izcns, under the ope ration of existing former laus. The srreat iiiteresls connected wilh wool, in its growth an I manufacture, require tho continuance of Ilia protective no icy or the (internment. 1 hose vast interests, fir they may he considered as identical, aic in a stile of gnat depression, as will bo -cen bv re ferring to the siatemcnls of Mr. Schenck and of Mr. Ciitl', one of n committco from Windsor county, Vermont. I here are now in the tTni'ed State', ac cording in iho census, nt least 200 000,000 sheep. The capital invested, estimating llie sheep nt 2 each, and the land necessary for their snbsistnnee, (being at t lie mm of one acre for three hcep) at S12 per acre, would nnin'int to 8120.000.000 : to wbi h shou'd be n l 'cd the investments iieus-nry for the support 1 f iiioe I'li'jaaeo in ine care 01 snccp. ine cupping 01 me wool, A-c , oniouniins to some milli.ins more. Tho annual product of wool may ho estimated at fifty millions of po md. All the preal interests of the country are now in an extremely depressed condition every branch of ind'istrv is paralyzed. How i it that, in a time of profound ncace. with a country ahnundinz in nalural resource, withnn acliveand enterprising pnpnlation, increasing without parallel in llm history of ttie human race, and rolling on towards tlio Western nwnn. setilin?rns rich lamls ns llie sun Kbiius upon. and when Providence has blessed ns with fiuitful seisnns. wilh all the means and f.icili les of snccesslul enlerpriss ; how is it that, bless,.(l hy Heaven beyond anyotlier penpie tvno ever exi-u-u, ine vimx 1 i-um-plaint sho dd come up from every partof llie land' There are several causes for the present depress on of properly, and general stagnation of business, one of which will be admitted 10 he (he I iri:e amount of our importations over the nniount of exports. This depresses o ir home industry, and draw- from the country nnmnllv large balances in specie, crippling ivir I auks, and depriving them ofihe power 10 erant the necessary facihlies. I lie same causes produced lb? exhaustion of our, and the embarrass ments which were thepritii;in!eaiife.soflhe adoption of the Constitution. As stated in iho very able pe tition from Wind"! r county, Vermont, "fioin 1733 to 1733 ihetrado of the thirteen o'd Stales was perfectly free to tho whole world. The result was. that Great llriiain tilled every seclion of our country with her mamifictiires of wool, (olton, 'inrn, leather, iron, glass, and all oth'.r articles ii'id here, and in four yi'ars she swept from the country every dollar and etcry piece of gold," iVe. , . . In llie last term of G.-neral Jackson s administra tion the imports exceeded the exports each yenr, miking an excess ol su'.i.usi.JUi . The excess of imports during llie three years of sir. ll ir.-n's nVlinmistratioii was neirlv seventy mil lions. In 1810, thefirst timef r ten year, there was Hxeess ofexnorts. In llie import- excecueu tho amount of tho tax. There is now an over supply ,e ,a, ,0 inclination to do it, dares not offer of almost oil atticlcs, so that in many cases a mode- , ,1 ,,i .,,.1, !.i, ir i, .l,nnl,l rale inctoase of duly will not afloat iheir price. As to tho peopln such an insult. If lio sho UleJ, to tnanuractuicd articles, tho evidence before thecom- and the locofocos tako him to their arms, they mittee proves, that when duties have been hiirhcst on C01,J no( savo ,jn etom ,10 yirtUOUS IndiB- atticle which can bo ac vanlOBCously manufactured .,,!,.,, f,i, , , i. ,? here, the reduction or prices has been the greatest, os nation of t o people. Action now, by tlio in coarse cottons, noils, i&c, owing to the homo cam- peoplo, will aid forward tho good cause, pedtion caused by tho security of the market. Our Itoprcsentativos, who havo facod tho Those oppuscd to discriminating duties, with a re- , 1 ' . ... 1 fefonce to tho preservation of particular interests, fury and storm of tlio slavo interest, nnd however impoitant, object, that the sys cm toxes the northern "doughfaces," incessantly to tho EcSW present ttme, will bo nerved to firmer and branch ot liusme-s has a direct in'cresi in tlio pros- iivi-nur iituuii, njr uiu luuiiiiinaiitu ui inun products will be increased, when already there is a vast surplus tn the country trying in vain 10 find s marUt abroad. If the mechanical and manufactur ing interests sre sustained, tho homt market will be iiicoesi reliance 01 1 ne agriculturist. In the lungiiago of Gov. Davis, of Mas sachusetts, tho question is, "shall we in sub stance be all farmers, or shall toe divide into various employments, that our wants may be supplied t" in niritv fif ihn tnnniifni-tnrinrr nnd mechanic arts. T llO Cf Itnnlita. ttinm lintn it wn mv. eommcrcial interest is intimately connected with iho ,im fm ,- ,!,!. ,i i,ii- ,m,irn. manufacturing 1 the exports of manufactured ancles " 1 " ' 1 .1. 1 nn. 1 11 unnwiiu having becoino an important item in the whole amount nf ntnnrtM. Thn! national nolicv which en- co irages enterprise, which protects every branch of industry, nn I which developes Ibo resources, and in creases die nroilnetinna nf inn ennntrv. must increase nur eommcrcial prosperity. Manufactures ore also of immense importance' to tho coasting trade. It is un fortunate that we have nol the statistics of this vast business, exceeding in nmounl our foreign commerce) carrying exchanges and the products of our soil, nnd our manufacturing and mechanical skill an I labor, A TnnmtiLn Amin at Louisville. One man burnt to death and another murdered. A fire broke out at Louisville on tho 10th hist. which consumed a house In which there was a sick man, a stranger, who becamo a victim to the Haines, it is supposed that a person nol Known 10 tne tami V where tho Rick man lav. from port to port along pur two iho sand mites of who came a few days previous and assumed tlio . .1 . . t rivcrn, " authority of taking charge of him and his of. nr - u.iuigi. our v.181 interior. " f,0 ,,!, !,il,l!n,r no firn. Kntnr,! il,. trmio. II ln rrraat tnmiitnrnia nnrl nivl'rniinfT imp I ""'"""h u''iii wm-i rest, n is such an intctnal commerce as was never nujoiuinff nouses were aisu ucsiroycu uoioro 1110 hctore enjoyed hy any naunn now emplovmgnn 1111- names could ho checked. The most terrible part of this affair is yet to relate. Whilst tlio lire was rncitifr, a gentle man named Patten, an old and highly rospecta hie citizen, rcmoted his furniture, fearing that Ins house mi2ht also be consumed. After tho fire had been completely extinguished, and the bustle and turmoil altendant thereon hail some what subsided, Mr. Patten proceeded to replace his property : and whilst in tho act of doim; so, was attacked in tho passage loading to his house by a man armed with a Howie knue, who coolly and deliberately, without, tho slightest provocation, stabbed I11111 to tho heart, and made his escape. 'I his unfortunate man expired al most instantly, but with his last breath uttered in language loud enough to bo hoard, that his murderer was named McLaughlin, who has since been identified, apprehended and impris oned, to await his trial. It is the opinion of the LouisviIIo Journal, that that city is at present infested with a frichtful cane of incendiaries, and that Ihc fire here mentioned, was undoubt. cdly caused by some of them. FRIDAV MORNING. MAY 6. 1842 monso tonnage, nnd mnnv inrrre shins, hko those he- twrcn Huston nnd 'S'ew York', and New Orleans- voyages equnl in length and of equal importance to tnoso across iiietiantic. . Besides, our tariff of dicriminatin2 duties have never dealt out favors with a partial hand. All havo been considered with equal favor, as the claims of all are equal. Our whalo and other fisheries havo been nrotected by a prohib itory duty on foreign oil and a heavy duty on fish. Our coasting trade is confined exclusive ly to our own vessels. Foreign wheat art! oili er agricultural products are charged with a duty in almost all cases prohibitory ; and the great Southern staple has hitherto been protected by a prohibitory duty. That most numerous and important class the agriculturists havo the greatest interest in the prosperity of our manufacturing and mechanical labor. A rhange of nolicv which should broak these down, would deprive them of the best markets. Wherever manufacturing establishments aro locatoJ, villages spring up around them: their effects aro immediately seen in the inrroased value of land in tho vi- cinity. Perhaps it would not be extravagant to state that trie establishment nt nianutactures has added an amount to 1 lie agricultural wealth of the country equal to tho capital employed in nianutactures. l ew are aware ol the cxtcntot demand for agricultural produce, fur the supply ot a single maniilacturing establishment. h.ipposo wo should now depart from Iho poll, cv, heretofore pursued, of so adjusting tho tar- iff as to favor the industry of our own country, universal embarrassment and confusion wou d ensue. The whole machine, which has worked so well, would bo thrown into disorder. I here are now, by the census, 600,000 operatives, all busilv engaged in tho thousand different pur- suits which stimulate industry and enterprise, and keep society in motion, bv the mighty prin- ciplo of JJivisinn of labor. What are thev to do ! Tho larger portion of them must become agriculturists. That occupation would become overstocked. The great stimulus to exertion the vicinity of good markets, scattered over the land would cean. Thinim tvmilil Inve n ton- dencv to sink downwards? lo a dull, uniform have always opposed the principle of pro level, instead of being all life, and activity, and tection they aro opposed to it how, and Labor, in its countless forms, divided and 'J' arP T n" !" Jlmir J10"'1'1- 10 dnl subdivided in its multifarious pursuits, stimtila- tho now 1 anff bill of Mr. Saltnnstall. 1 hey ted, encouraged, protected, is tho life-giving g0 for a Tarilf for revenue alone, nnd that l.l 1 llk.llll.- ui lliutli;,!, lllllfl u UIIIUIIl. I 1113 II IB 1 .1. I l" T I T- . l....f which has worked out iho unspeakable differ- w,,h a r P Land Distribution encn between ancient and modern nations. bill of the extra session, wl.ich will of conrso Liigland has led the way. It has elevated her diminish tho necessary revenue duties. Fa te her present eminence among tho nations. It rp err f .1 enabled her to maintain herself triumphantly vor,nB a rurl(r for r"'cnue alone ,bf.v arc against an i.urope. suppose a lilast had come iiueny opposcu, as a party, 10 any iiiscrim over her industry, in lis various forms, and par- ination in favor of our own labor and in- lesolctd. That tho Whip party, bavin" tho Exec utive and a largo present nni nity in both Houses of t.oneriss. are atone responsible i r tins sross neglect ui ine ri 11 is qiiu iiiicrcsis 01 mc wuui growers ui cr tnont. This resolution was adopted at the Tory convention holden in this town on Tuesday of last week, in tlio face nnd eyes of thn notorious and acknowledged fact, that almost every Tory member of Congress, and till the leading Tory papers in tho country are op posed to imposing any protective duties icularly her manufacturing capacity, she would have fallen, powerless, llie continental na tions, who had heretofore been dependent on England fur manuf.ictiired articles have wibclv determined to be 110 longer ilcnendnnt on for. eign nations for what they can furnish by their RHODE ISLAND. Thn rxtra session of tlio Lcgislaturo of Rhodo Island was closed on Wednesday of last wock. Tho result of their deliberations was, that tho Revolutionists should not for tho present, at least, be resisted with arms. On Tuesday of tho present week tho Re presentatives of tho ""jams culottes," wcro to assemble for the organization of thoir new government. They havo invited tlio military to join them, armed and equipped. A commander of one of tho uniform com panies, who received a special invitation to assist in tho escort duty at tho inauguration of Governor Dorr, made the insurgents the following capital reply. The writer, says the Providence Journal, acknowledged thn receipt of the letter inviting tho company to perforin escort duty at the inauguration of 0110 Thomas W. Dorr, but concluded that there must bo a mistake, as (ho company was not aware of tho existence of any such Governor. They were training themselves according to law, nnd held themselves under the command of Samuel Ward King, Gov ernor, and commander-in-chief, nnd would feel tho greatest pleasuro in escorting Mr. Dorr, or any 0110 else, at any time, and to anyplace which the Governor should direct. Thu Legislature, whoso session closed on Wednesday of last week, ordered tho State House to bo shut up and placed under the charge of the Sheriff; and if any man, or body of men, attack the SherifT.or attempted to enter tho house without his permission, 'they wero to bo dealt wilh according to law. Wu observe in the Journal of tho proceed ings of tho regular Legislature, on thu day before tho close of the session, a sot of reso lutions, the first of which is as follows: Resolved by thi General Assembly, (the Senate concurring with the House of Representatives there in,) That ihe freemen of the several towns of this .State, an I of the city of Providence, qualified 1 1 vote for General Officers, nnd every male citizen of the United States, nf the ngo of twenty-one years, who shall have resided in tho Sute one year, and within the town or city whore he may claim a riuht to vole three nmnlh, and who shall have been taxed on pro-p-rtv valued at least SI30, within one year from the whatever ! ! ! Tho Tury parly, as a party, time he may offer to vote, and shall have pud such - - - 1 in Mnin inwn nr itiiv. nr. nun iu?v nrc I ereuv ic- quested to choose, nt n town or ward meeting to be holden on the thy of June ne.xt, de'egates to at tend a Convtnlion, to lie holden nt Providence nn Ihc first Monday of Aunisl, 191'.', to frame a new Consti tution for this tale, wilh full powers for this purpose; said delegates to he elected on the basis of population, in llie fu lowing manner, to wit i etery town of not more linn S0 inhabitants may cb-ct n Iclcga'e; of niore tlnin 830 and not inoie than 3 000 inhabitants, (wn iti'leL-ntes: of more linn 3 000 nnd not more than C.000 inhabitants, three dele rates- nf more linn 6,000 nnd not more than 111 UU'J inlialiilams, lonroi ieesifs ; of more than 10.000 nnd nut more than 14 000 in- In' itnnls. five delegates: of more than 11,009 nnd not more linn IB, 000 mhabitans, A', delcalesi of moro than IS 000 and not more than 22 Ono inlinlut nnls, seven delegates; of more than 2i,000 inhabit ants, eight delegates. setts capital has been invested in the estab lishment of manufactories. From 1830 to 1840, Massachusetts increased her popula tion 23 per" cent. Tho incroaso of Nov Hampshire was 5 1-2 per cent. i, ... .from ,he OMeof the 23rd ult. Mr. Wright presented the joint re olulions of the Legislature of the Stale of New York, instructing their senators, nnd requesting their representatives to vote in favor of tho repeal of the Distribution bill. Not n single Whig will regard Ihe instructions. Wn hope not, certainly, for no such fn

structions" wero adoptrd by tho "Legis lature" of Now York. Tho resolution! presented by Mr. Wright, wero smuggled through the New York Senate on the morn ing of tho last day ol tho session, at threo hours after midnight, when thcro was no quorum present, and of course no business could bo legally transacted. This, however, wo aro awaro is no argument with a Loco Foco against tho validity of tho instructions. But it will probably excuse tho Whigs for not obeying them j for when they passed the Senate, after midnight, and without a quo rum, in order to furco them through, the Tory majority refused a Whig member the right to speak to the question. The Albany Advertiser says, this is trie first instance on record of llie gag being applied in the Senate of New York. Tins trampling under foot Y(C freedom of debate was the crowning act of tho Torv Senate. VIRGINIA ELECTION. The Virginia election took placo on Thun day of last week, and wn have not as vet re ceived sufficient returns, of course, to onablo us to docido definitely as to the result. Wo presume, however, iho Tories have carried the State as usual, This State is one of their strong holds, being tho hot-bed of slavery, anti-protection, and "free trade." We hope wo shall bo ablo to give the par ticulars ne.xt week. Meantime, wo would admonish our renders that the friends cf northern interests, and of a Protective Tariff, have nothing to hope from this State, and if the result is auspicious, it will be so much clear gain. This, however, we again sav. t do not expect ; for Virginia cast her electoral vote fur Van Burcn in 1840, and has always been the prolific mother of "Abstractions." dtistry. We have proved this repeatedly, by tlio published resolutions of the Legislatures of Now-York, Maine, and Massachusetts ; by thu voles mid sieoclies ufllio Tory nieni- nwn induf.try.and hate taken advantage of this bors of Congress, and by extracts fiom tho blessed period ot peace lo developo and culti vate their own resources. And what is the consequence ! We see them rapidly advanc ing in the great branches of manufacture, the products of their skill and industry finding thoir way to the markets of other nations. In other wolds, each nation is taking care of itself, Inch is the great security for the prosperity of all. They are legislating for tlioinseltes, impo-t-ing dutie, making commercial regulations, This resolution, after having been (lis- n'irlw (r'tnt.Aa qII ni'K. llm i-iiimtrtl !n inslfmtr ttif 1 SO Tarffa party question, and then, but not till then, win inieiiigeiii men ucnisw u is piiilcic hi ho new-born friendship for discrimination, lie have not done with the subject. Prom the Doaton At'as. HOSTILITY OF LOCOFOCOISM TO AMERICAN INDUSTRY. CONGRESS. Wo hope none of tho real friends of a din r.-imiuatiug tariff will be deceitcd bv the pre tended friendship of a small portion of the licofoco prose in this portion of the country to the cause of protecting American industry. Their zeal is too new-born, their conversion too Fiidilon not to subject it to deserved suspicion nf ,.;,,.;i.. il... r--. .1... .... ii-.i I '.mi-'. . .1 j i. iihc mi. ui,. iiiiil nr; imiLT llllll lliair associates, either in word or deed, either t.y their votes or their conduct, acting with tlinm, or supporting their views, thoita how 1 itte American industry bis to hope from tlieir kupport. (live us an open enemy rather than & pretended friend ; and for this reason it would .v better for the cause of home industry that these its pretended friends, but real enemies, should thro! awathe mask thev have so re. cently assumed, and which so ill conceals their insincerity and treachery. hen tie find them Pf.eaking of the course of the entire body of LocofocoH in Congress, in reference to the sub. ject of discrimination, as it deserves ttheti we find then) denouncing their double-dealing, and vailing upon them to come out like men. and na for Aniorican industry, against foreign pauper labor when we find any considerable portion of their party frionds, either in Concressor in pmi State legislature, acting and voting in fator of home industry through any agency of theirs then we may have something to thank them fur; but till then we may well view with doubt :ino uiintrusl their Iiollow vague and uumean lug professions. If the Post is really in favor of a judicious discrium ating tariff, why docs it not favor its readers with something let eoueral and moro tangible 1 Why d..s. it never deign to de icend into particulars ! When it has had before it for several ticcks the able, and certainly intelligi ble, report of Mr. Sallonntall, why cannot the Post favor its readers with ita views upon that proposed tariff! Does tlm Post like it, or dues it not Why is it so non-committal upon a great and important ineature of public policy, so toon to engross the attention of Congress and tho whole country 1 The answer is a plain and tbvinns one to all who are familiar with tberouno both of that Journal and of the pr'y to which it belongs, er and nearer, and not even make an cifirt to resist it, because we must not make the 1 anil a party quettimi. Away with such miserable cant ! 1 .nt tlm I'.ist ..ftil Ou I .nril l .icn trillri-l u lln 1 .1... ......nrtu nhnnt lhri-1. llilllinns lliti nni?:nn a mrlf lino, tnko A 1-lritVof duties winch, wllt'c It will Mipply llie nc I H y ha e themsey:; and done in -XVew?? Ilio unirit nt im i-ti'i I n nrinmttiitn tn t in I .inn. n"'' . " .,, , ' . i. . ,u ... ... : ii nnri balances, wu uo niuen 10 resiim- Let the Post unsay its malicious slanders and r ih nation. Itevenuo is necessary: it must falsehoods uttered last January against the be raised from duties on imports; and if these me Homo I.Patrn r I d it. if it be sincere, sneak out wi-elv arranged, they will encourage domestic inuns- openly and manfully against the course of its 'Ife Z"'"'"' And whv should we not rely more on ourselves anu nn i...rn.n nnievl Isibcreanv thinz in Ihe policy of other nations to induce us to lei I ihe way in free trader Free tradel Wlicre snau we go 10 nun mi nil f,,r ill All the ereat nations nf nuropo are protecting their own indns ry, nnd encouraging their 1 r. .......... ... hpfiirA unknown. own iiriiiiu.ii-iiiK b .j .... - v-. i. ..... tir.iw- n tin. tii-rmnn stales, nnu even itus-iii, are niaKini; rnpu wivum t hi iauu.u.,.i..v.-) ..-v. H system ot rigorous restrictions. . J.. ... .i r. ... ..n.lna nliinirn tlinr nnlirv .uJ...... i. nr. pallf frcnimrlnnir ilia United Slans. ci.. ...i.i un ailnni tins nolicv. free trade will be only ... - ;.t .nl ihni mil ours. Wo shal eniov nisi much commerce wnn mrm m;-) m .'. n urn miv allow ns. MiaU wo look to l.nglnnd r,r n,ip ...iinnln nf fice Indel Kngland imp' sis prohibitory dunes on nil arneies sue can hot w manufacture. This is her settled policy, niiouu nn t,.;,.ni inr r. with her vast sunn isscs noiircu in upon us, break down our est ibhfhnienis, nnd we agaia import our co Ion, woollen, and other manti mctiiie I "oo !, what would she rcciitoin return for . Wnh what unn u we nav uer i .-n" m i i ta'ie from us our heil and ci.rn, unless her miiila tion is in n starting emm niu, ne-ausi- unj mi .-r..... ... il. Itrtrniini- Itnrnl ill eresls. The product nf o ir fisheries and our forests will find no admission there, because sue mum encuurugn hki mi iiii. l,-r i-olnninl timber trade. She will tat-e a few thousand ho.'slua ls ot tomcco, oui yiiiugru u i j..,.. n I .mi nf tn times its ortainal cost, and tie vi-ding a twelfth part ol tier revenue iro n iiiipun.. ... . . . r ..... .i,ln nf lIlA fri-flU'lll Sim will not lanoimin uiiuii .............. istry bould not this Government use Iho power it i.nLnacnc in ill a rnililint it inn nf nritiniicl Wliv should not tt e legislate for mirschc. not bv ex- cussed liy several nieuiuers ot tin; convention, ccssivo duties, which wnu.d delcat the rctcnuc, viz : IWcssrs. JSarbr.r. 1illtnaliam. 1-arr, and check commercial enterprise, but by so ad. .i ,i. r ..n..:..u. .,,l...,i,.,l Tl, . ... I -I . ,i ' ml UUU UIIIUI9, IIU3 HHHHlllUH.u nun ilkui nw justing the tarill, that, tvhile it will raise a Kuffi- ' . . .. '. , cient revenue, it will stimulate and encourage wmiu iumhuhou, hi un; sumi; iui:iuh..u ..iu-, every branch of industry ! If Oils be done, la- wns adopted by tho Tory Legislature of New no wu. in... .sow, i. i no rn oh ... 'e , ; . b f , tonvcntioll mc, iiitrmc rrnni-ftil in 1 tin hill .nrp iivpiI nt Ihn Iniv. I I J est rates, which, in tho opinion of the commit- What say you, Mr. Sentinel, do you go this tec, will secure these otijects too lotv, in the dortiino of your party? or do vou "back pprehnnsion of some of the committee, for the .... , i ,i,. ,t. ,1 irj.; .:.,-:.,i u. a nt. nf thn (Internment. "" o A well-regulated tariff, on a scale sufficient ol protection ! 11IK right up to tlio marK, for the wants of tho Government, ia iho only Dana, and answer the question like a man Fiidsy, April 22. In Senate, sundry memorials and petitions were nrceiited. 1 .1 .1.- ....i -Mr. nerrien. irom me inmiiiec on him juuieiarv. uhmittrd an unfavorable renoit on Ihe bill remitting ihe fine impose I on General Jai ks in by theU. States ni, ure may allow ns, llllll l UI IJ 'l,ll"lHli.i, III IJII, The grounds taken I y ihe report arc understood to be lliat the request was not made by General J.ic!. son. nor by any personal friend of his: and, fuiiher. that tl.erc was no etiiliiicc ncloie l lie i oiuiii lire to show for what cause, or under what citcuinnanccs, the fine was imnoscd and enforced. The Sinnte then pneeeded to ihe consideration of Ivxecu iteliiisiness. Io the House, a long disc ission took place on the queslion nl amending llie Journal, lit rein linn to Un tiresentnlion of Mr. Gooili-, of Ohio of certain rcsuhi lions adopted by a portion of the people o( Ohio, in trlmion to llie vote ofcin.ureupon Mr. Giddings. A laruenunibcrofurivalebillstiassed stapes, and evtral imma'erial resolui.nus wero offered, alter which the House adjourned. uonuay, iipru z.i In Senate, to-day, after the reiepiion of various nrn,l(ce r mannfa lure of this country, eseept our pennons, resolutions, Sc., during tlio morning hour, cotion, which has become os-enliai to ner ccnton The bill lo nronde lor tho satisfaction of claims arising under tho treaty of Dancing Rah' it tJreek was iaK.en in. nnu nner n uir-misHm 01 fuiiic icniii, in which Messis. Scvirr. Walker. Linn, l'helns. More- Head and Hen teison participated, wns rcvomuienueu totno vominitieci n inuian Allans. J L .1 I. ... ...t , q I r if ,,'liil-l, llllll IIILIM1'I ...... , . , til I,. i,r n.i nim wealth and power and she is straining every nerve to become independent of foreign nations for this. A departure from that policy under which unties on imnorts have been so arranged as to encourage do. On motion of Mr. Clsyton.n resolution wasndop'cd mesiic industry, it is feaeil, would lie most u '"'r'"'?- iciurers. bv de- I hc operation of directing on enquiry by tho Comiiiiltee on Finance Foreign nations vould flood Una country ttun ineii as to the cxpidiency of nn appropriation sufficient to productions, an I destroy our manufacture r9i " leatling Tory papers in the country. And wo now call thu attention of our neighbor of thu Suntinel, of his readers and of our read ers, and for the second time, to tho follow ing resolution of thu last Tory State con vention which over assembled in Vermont flesolrcd. That the tine principle of the Federal Government is lo confine ils nelion to the objects THE In our view of the case, this seems to bo a pretty rensonablo proposition, and worthy nl least 01 ine consideration 01 an parties. THE APPORTIONMENT BILL. Tho House of Representatives, after a long and animated discussion, havo adopted a new number ns tho ratio of representa tion for the next ten years. The number they have now settled upon is 50,179. Tho vote, on adopting this ratio, was 90 yeas, to NATURAL ALLIES OF THE SOUTH. We ask tho attention of northern men of all parlies, but particularly of Abolitionists, and the true friends of protection to Ameri can labor, to the following extract from late number of tlio Richmond Enquirer. The Enquirer is tho most influential Tory paper in the southern States, and of course speaks the sentiments of the southern Tories. It is, in fact, the acknowledged and accred ited organ of tho slave-holders a id "freo trade " politicians of the South. When wo find the great champion of tho South holding such language, who can doubt 1 But to tho extract. Let Mr. Ritchie speak for himself. ith a icw to the piomotion of their own in. Itpediicnlly enumerated in the Constant nn, LK V-1 50 navs a majority, which would sceni to tlieir own national interests. Why 1NG INDUSTRY TO IlKGULATH ITSr.LF ! !! . . r. . . .1 n. r aciliu UIU ipil'Slluil, an mi cis niu wuuai- ui effectual remedy for the evils the Government and the peopln are now suhVring. It will in. spire confiilenco throughout tho country. It will again set every tvliucl in motion. It will improve and enlarge the currency. It will send out its life-giving influence to the extremity of ., . 1 .-!... ..: I . .i . tne union, auu give vigor nun activity io wiu wholo system. It will at once (and nothing else will; restore public credit. 1 ho people ol this country know tint our resources are abund ant. Lt them but tee that Congress has pro. ided a proper revenue, and has done it in such a manner as at the same tune tn encourage and protect their own productive industry in all its branches, whether it relates to commerce, agri culture, manufactures, or tho mechanic arts, throughout the broad extent of our land, and the Government will command at onco all the. aid it liny need. THE CAUSE OF PROTECTION. np-s, dj ,t UeulL'e.ilcViitg, s 'v ! , -ar f tn V "Jtlm h iu became i, I " hlftn.', tu-tmps he noun-nf IV erect a lighthouso on the llrondy wine Shoals, Dcla- .riving th'ni of llie homo trarltet. I He operati on ioi ware nay. i it won u oo uko iiiaim um - :Z ', a-i.-ui.. i: j ii. i i... ...I, M, u Imve ost a ereat part of i iiu .-Tii'iic nuiuumi-u. i are cauru, iiiiu.i ........ ; it. In fho lln,,. n,. mnli.,1. nf tlr,. ll, Kill In .!. H..tmin Irmln nf Olir OWI1 prOdllCe. WO Hate n,i il. .....;. .-.e il,,-r. .,i ., .,. i. ..i.. ',.Za ik. .t i. dim. fact, that four-fifths of all I.'."' ir' '."V? i-""". nf n,,t -omhern norts is uy iiji VII4 il rirniin-iF, tii.lf I r. I"W, Hill iiitm li)i, nnu I tne lOIIIIHVi rnit.iiii0 . ; - J ,' f alter n brief discussion, it was posluonvd to Thursday fnreiun. We ere now uffeiiiiR an inundaiinn ot next. The Apportionment Hill was again taken tip in I'ouiinillie of the WIuiIm nn the Stale nl ihe Union. nnd Mr. Alherton mnvi-d to strike o it iho rnlio of G0,500 (ns previously instiled by thu Committer) and inucrl h.f..w.1. Mr. Htiggs moved to amend the amendment hy struting out tno proposed rami, mm insfrung ui, si: A dUcussion of some length f.d'owed, participated vnrinim inemticr-l BinitlL' whom WrrnMr. Un. dortvood for a tntio of B9C00; Mesirs. Slukiley and Thomnson of Ken'iieliy, a larger rauoj .aiessrs. Wm. I'.. Jnhnsmi. Titliiudiasl. Alherton nnd Key nobis, the einendmeiit ot 53,375, and Mr. Cooper, of Ueorgit, a rsllo ot 6ti,VUU. TbeCoinmtitee rose, nnd a resolution of Mr. Kill. more wa adopnxl, requi stint' ihn Vcrettry of State to futuish llie House with n lahulai slaleincnt of the nitons of thr iHnllol Oront llntiun in nmons, nu t teeenl uudmcallont ol tari'ii riii'irrfuri'in gutettiinrnta. toretun. ne orr mn. n........, -. foreign goods, arising from the overstocks and the re duced rate of labor in Ktirope. This wo may always be subject lo at limes, under any inrni wnyi r " paused) but the lower tne uuiie, iiib ui h"fi U will occur. . . It is hardly necessary tn remark, that raising the duty on nn article doe, nut necessarily raim the cost ofit lo ihn consumer in nn equal degree It has been -,;.i .i.-i ,t.,ii. nnnriiehs not produced in i ur coun try ore added in the price, and the cons oner pays it lo leep the market. Our own ex';cii'iice shows that ; . nn inrn.n nf duties. whelllCT on nrtleles pro tueed lu re nr not, does not increase Ihe ptleont oil. Whether it does or not.depends on many circumstances, nnd particularly the mpply nt home, and in iho producing country. The amount of duty i but onp eleniciit in fixing the price. Il is well un dersinod that tho expectation of our living n duty on codee, nt the laetiifusion, Icss-ntd Us price in flrsid i -,..1 .1,.,. 1,9,1 a diitv been lied on Un slid cifiie, il would nol havcfuhttitced tbcpticeof tlnicarlirhs lo Wo aro happy to discover by what we seo coming from asliiuglon that a better feci ing is actuaiing a portion ol tlio Members ot Congress loiiching the subject of Protection. home ol tlio aoiitnern Wings, who, nt the commencement of thu present session of Con gress, wero hostile to Psotection, nnd who voted on somu ol tlio preliminary questions with tho lucos, aru gradually yielding, and will votu wilh their iN.-.rihern Whig breth ren for Protection. This change has bcpn effected by the stir among the Peoplo nnd the effortsand arguments of tho Protection Whigs in Congress, whose labors to secure tins re sult havo been unwearied. ' At tho siiinu time, undeserved blame lias been heaped upon them, by faint hearted Whigs (this llioy would expect from Locofo cos, of course, )who could not understand tho liurculenn task that was resting upon them. And for this roason tlio Tariff question has linen delayed, while important Reforms and Retrenchments have been pushed forward, and an nniount nl business transacted not ex curded by nnv Congress for ten vears. The prospect grows brighter daily that tho present Congress will givo us a good Protec tive Tariff; indeed, the prospect is so good, that thu locoforns nave commenced appeal ing to John Tyler's conscience that they might persuade him to Veto tho bill ! Yes, after hauling for frro trade on tlio floor of Congress ever silicn the session opened, tho locofoco members, now seeing that ihey can not probably a Tariff thorn, turn to iho Jhecutire and implore him to play the tyrant nnd Velo tho expected bill ! Hero no dodging. If you renounce the doc trine, you must renounce the party which sustain it : it vou sustain the doctrine, vou must " back nut " from tlio proceedings of tho wool-growers last week. Which horn of the " diploma " will you choose, my sweet fellow t " In tho words of another," " take your pick." ALL INTEUKSTS MUST RISE OR FALL TOGETHER. Our Tory opponents aro frequently found warring upon particular classes of citizens for thu purpose of ingratiating themselves into the favor of others. Thus for example, the Banks, tho merchants nnd tho manufuc turcrers have, each in tlieir turn, been tlio victims of their crusade, professedly in favor of tlio farming interest as if they did not know that, when the hanking, commercial, and manufacturing interests aro prostrated, thn farmer must necessarily sympathise in their distress, and suffer in the common ca lamitv. This is especially true with regard to a Tariff for tho protection of the various producing classes of tho country. The Tory doctrmo of " I- reo 1 rade, would not only proslrato the manufacturer, but also tho mechanic and tho Jarmer. On this subject wo find the following very just remarks in a lato number of tho Baltimoio American: Representatives ii concerned. According to this ratio, the number of members in the House, will bo increased lo three hundred nnd six. The present number is two hun dred and forty-two. Tho new ratio will add furty-fivo to tho number of members from the Freo States and nineteen to the number .. r . til r Irom tlio Olavc states, as win appear irom the following table which we cut from tho Atlas. Mississippi will havo the largest unrepresented fraction and Vermont the next. Ratio. Highest tcrmi 00,000 50,170 Fractions. States. Pr Maine, Now Hampshire, MassaclmsettSt Rhode Island, Connecticut, Vermont, New York, New Jersey, Pennsylvania, Delaware, Maryland, Virginia, North Carolina, South Carolina, Georgia, Alabama, Missi.-sippi, Louisiana, Tennessee, Kentucky, Ohio, Indiana, Illinois, Missouri, Arkansas, Michigan, esentRcps. Reps. unrep'd. 8 10 1.703 5 5 31.574 13 14 37.000 2 2 S.S!S 0 6 10.003 5 5 11,013 40 43 3.710 0 7 23,:fi ttS 31 21,007 1 1 27,013 6 8 31.1JI 21 21 10,202 13 13 5,002 0 0 13,553 9 11 20,014 5 0 30,313 2 B 47,407 3 5 35.0.10 13 15 5,050 13 14 0,825 10 30 10.40(1 7 13 35,6(15 - 3 9 20,051 2 7 10,100 1 1 30,000 1 4 1)7 212 303 Capital. Tho Louisville Journal, re ferring to tho ridiculous proceedings of tho Virginia Legislature rejecting her share of tho proceeds of tho public lands, remarks, that Virginia refuses her share of the land money by way of carrying out an abstract principle. This ono abstraction costs her about Ttincc iiu.nm:n thousand dollars pen annum. If all her abstractions were as costly as tl lis, she wvt ' 1 . un gut rid of them we imagine, and Income, n little mororae tical in her legislaii. i ry mechanic is a manufacturer upon a limited scale. For ibo most pari he is an independent pro prietor, invests bis own capital, employs journeymen on his own account, superintends Ins own business, and keeps bis establishment snujdy under his own eye '1 lie manufacturer, so called, dillers from him chietly in takinc the raw material in a more crude state, and in employing n lari-er nniount of capital, on account nf the machinery necessary to the business nn I in ibis country ihe cstal lishincnt ihus consti tuted is gencially under the management of a com- 'i'n'lhe catntries of P. irnpe whero large capilnls arc accumulated in certain cIjsscs and ranks, Iho ,0 mprlinnirnl industry oficn come forth i.nm i.-nlilislnnent so that the difference heiwcrn Ihe mechanic nnd Iho manufacturer is Ii tie or nothui". In the Pnitrd States Iho mtcrfs's of loth are equally ofl'ecKd by excessive imputations lisnitnri lmots nn.l felines and hats and furniture can be imported from largo Kurepenn establi htnenta iu't as easily as manufactured cottons and woollens. If the mechanical and mamifaclurins interests ate thus prosttated will the nijiicuLiiritt escape injury? nrl raniinl now eiiimovfd in the former. findinc no profit in tin sc pur mis. must bo turned lonnriculniru- tho fanner will behold new rumpeli- ADVANTAGE OF MANUFACTURE?. Even our neighboring Locofoco Stalo of Now Hampshire, averse as her rulers and and her members of Congress appear to bo to thu encouragement of domestic industry, shows a striking cxnmplo of tho benefits derived front the establishment of homo manufactures. Tho population of New Hampshire, in 1840, was 284,574 In 1830, her population was 2C9.523 Incrcnse in ten years, 15,051 Of this increase, the four following towns havo tho amounts set against them : Nnshua, 3047 Manchester, 2352 Dover, ' 1009 Newmarket, 717 A Wise District. - Mr. Wise, some weeks since, glorified his District on the ground that no newspaper wns published within ils limits. This indirect attack upon the fraternity, has provoked somo member ol it lo look into thu condition (intellectual) of this happy region. Tho following is tho result, as wo find it in tho Cincinnati Chronicle : "The District is comprsed of thr counties et Ac. comae, Northampton, Gloucester, Malhtna, Vorlr, Warwick, Jainc. Cite, and Wil iaui.burg. T popu'alion of these countie is composed thus t Whiles, 25,127 Free Blacks, 5,568 Slaves, 22,240 Census of 1610, 62,933 Census of 16.30, 57,250 The District has ihcreforo decreosed since 1(38, 4,357. The want of nnwspopcre hat not added to it prosperity. There are in the District about 12,f00hiie persons nter 20 years of age. Of these 3,415, or mire this one quarter, can neither nail nor wr.te I Tho wholo State of Connecticut, wilh jOO.COO white inhabuanls, (miserable land of schools, newt papers, factories and pumpkins,) has only 526 who d not tena Or Write. t nat IS, llirit mc jui cigmjr nmn as many ignorant people, in proportion, in W'm'i District, as there are in Connecticut! Homt. Iniiustby. Tho numbor of citi zens of ll.iliimoro who have signed tho me morial to Congress in favor of sustaining American Industry, is upwards of nin thousand, and the length of the memorial is fifty six yards. Albanv and Hosto.v RiLFoan. This rod :uj;, vorvheavv business. For some weeks past tho receipts h i i mails, have ovceeded passengers, trciglit and the one thousand iMlart a day, they will hu defeated. President Ttler, if 0rs"in hi calling and the amounl of nriotlnra Increase in these 4 towns, 7725; and .i .... .1 !.. .1,.. I...1C .!. .!.! l : :l l,. limn Miowiny ...... ...u.u ...a.. u " '."".-,V i,,n.'IVo trains, d.i v increase of tho population of tho Slate, J"JJ r ,,, r6a(li ana it j jn contemplation. e from the census of 1830 to that nf 1840, ' nndcrstand, t start a third train in the ennrre of was in these four towns, in which Massachn-' i't month. Thus far the receipts for freigkt