Newspaper of Burlington Free Press, May 13, 1842, Page 2

Newspaper of Burlington Free Press dated May 13, 1842 Page 2
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SPEECH OF AUBOTT LAWRENCE, Befori tht Shoe and Leather Dealer t' Contention ai uoston. Wa have heretofore noticed tho moro importanl proceedings of this Convention. On referring lo tho pamphlet report of its proceedings, just published, wo iiiiutiiMuriiucu in u u iiiiiiuier ui interesting uocu moms. Among them is a statistical account of the shoe nnd leather business of tho town ol Danvors, furnislicdby cuiiimiiiec, eonsiMiiig ui live incniucrs. iici-uriiuiij to tun statement mere are manufactured annually in that town 921,000 pairs of shoes nnd boots, of the es timate I value of SMO.OOO. of which fortv ncr cent, is tho produce of labor. Tho persons employed arc males, ana y 10 teinaics. in tanning ana curry inc. tho number of males cmnloved is 323. Ihecaninl invested in tanneries and mills, '$ 123,000 and 373.800 lues 01 leilher mails annually, 01 winch tno estimated valuo is 8792.000. There are a so 180.000 skins manu factured, in which business II males are employed ( (3,500 cords of bark arc ued in the tanneries) 15 vessels 01 fcu tons eicn, arc employe 1 in tho trans portation of birk, anil 5 vessels of two hundred tons 111 tho importation of hides. Tho gross amount of sues 01 ooots and snocs. icatnct mid skins is 31,531, 600. A number of speeches made in the Convcn'ion are fully reported, ntiuiig which is the following, by tho Hon. Abbott Lawrence, tho following resolution being under considerati in. lloiton Patriot, Ilcsolccd, That while 1I10 productions of Amciican machinery nnv suceessfullv enmneto with the tiro- ducliuns of nny oilier country, llm proJuciions of American labor, unless gmrueil liy wholesome legis lation, must fall beneath the shock of European com potitinn. Mr. Lawrence being present by invitation, having been called upon from various parts of the chapel, rose and addressed the Covention as follows: Mr. President I appear before you without having liad tuna for the slightest preparation to make a speech on this occisi in, hating received your invita tion to take a seat in the Contention but a lew minutes befote I entered the ho se. 1 should most certainly have declined tho imitation with which you honored mo, Ind I anlicipitod boms: called out to take pvt in your deli' cr.1l.0n. Vou, Mr. 1'iesident, ami miny others present, know that I am a man nfdeo Is rather than words a plain lnsincss mm, and not addicted to pnbl 0 speaking. As it is thj pleasure of tho Con vention that I slioul I say something upon tho resolu tion under discussion, I will proceed to do so, and like my able and distinguished friend who preceded mo, on the mosi trilling intimation given that I am taking up too much of your precious time, I will at once bring my runiaiks to a clos'i. It gladdens my heart, Mr. 1'iesidcnt, to oe beforo ms so largo and roperl-tlda a representation of the 40,000 persons enga;cd in lliu manufacture of leather in this Commonwealth j a branch of industry very much underrated, being in reilily amongst tho inol impjr.aut, and perh.'ps it would ho safe to say, the largest mechanical and manufacturing interest in ommititin the country. I rejoice to -eo the poi pie aro awake to their Hue interests, and that they have sunt you here to consult and deliberate upon tho best manner of procuring security now and hereafter to the laborers in 'his branch of business. I look at this Convent on, assj nbleil without distinction of partv, as "the dawn of a brighter day," and I hail it with joy as the com ncnecment of a general movement nf the people in all the Stile , favorable to tho protec tion of our own labors hoping lint n strung expression of public opinion may produce tho adoption of a sys tem of measures by our government, which not only the people, but the givernm"nt itself reoiires. The remedy of khc evils under whi -h we now stiller, is in VOIIl own hands. Vim nrn ill,. Knvpl-i'ifTilQ nnrlrvin make and iinnnko our rtihrsj it is at tho ballet box that ihe question of protecting our lsbor is to bs so'- tied. Tha greit majority of the people of this country are wor'.ing men, hborcis upon the soil, or in some one of the mechanical trades) and when thjy, in the 1 consciousness of their integrity nnd worth, risjand assert their rights by sound arguments, you nnv bo certain they will be heard and respcewd by tho Con- ; gre5 ofiho United Stales. I ask you, fellow.ciii7.cns, to look for a moment to the condition of our country. Have wc ever seen any ! thing like it 111 linieof neico beforo 1 Or even since ' VC hive existed ns a nilion I In lu-n tliirH nf tin. Plates wp have a piper currency not converti' le into coin, without a standard of value. Tho credit of of the States gone, and their stocks sidling for one fifth of their par value. The treasury of tho U. States empty, and its credit distrusted, so trea sury notes aro at a discount, and government loans rAllnot hn linrr.K in l.ul rPI... n...l ........m ...n.. n n . not piy its debt-. Somn of the Slates cannot pay. Hanks do not pay) and is it surprising that iudivid- unls do not nat-1 Mr. President, the groit business of this greit coun try is paralyzed ; every branch of iudustrv is aim ist at a standstill, ami this too in a country blessed with every tlnng man cm desire, with all tho elements of promises. Not a step has been Inkcn to ameliorate prosperity in it j and ihis siidcring is brought upon the restrictive system of Great llritain nor do I be thopoiple by Iho want of a very mo Urate amount of , lieve that there i any prospect of a change thai will honest and wise legislation. bo of the smallest benefit to us. Tho nilio.i, several of the Slatos, an 1 individuals, j has been often h.i.d, for the last lifucn years, would arebinkrupt. Strange as it miy appear in this po j lo repealed. Has it I ecu ilono 1 No. Nor will they uniform policy bv which we hive been governed iwre.71 uur flours, u n iiiwnoau.1 to ,l,,uil lirni llm since tho adiption of the Constitution, and try Iho experiment of low and ynifnrui d dies upon imported merchandise. Sir, I am opposed to experimenting upan tneiainroi the country. It isn mere expert vient ) the laborer, and a little experience will bo euuieiii 10 p-ove my .issernon. u want no inuro country inn ono course to pursue, and that i, to look foreign merchandise al present. Wo have already I to our own country, and to the special care of our own quito too much, more than wo can pay for. IC im- ' labor let us protec t it and with the prutectu n (hat port too much, and manufacture to, little. "Tho a paternal government is bound to extend to this nll wholo question is in n nut hJI," nnd can be seen at i important interest. I have no fears for the prosperity aitlincu: our distress arises chiefly from the surplus , of our glorious republic. I have very much at heart offoreign products, forced upon us in many instances tins success of this nuestion. which is soon. I think, to by foreigners, under the Compromise Act nn I ad va- 1 loruui uiiiiLs. n no are mo men m our country mil i such nn extent, tint 1 sincerely ncltcvu ihit nothing feel most sensibly the effects of the tl'iciuatious in the i now will save the country from almost fitnl bank currency, ctccssite impel lations, and revulsions in ruptcy b it a tarilf, embracing the principle of dis business Is it ihe merchant, tlio farmer, the pro- , crimination and (,,.ecific duties nnd unwilling ns 1 fessional man, or tho mechanic? All men and all i always have been to appear in public, I nni leady to interests are nioior less afii eled by these changes) ' spend nnd bo j-pent in this cause, which I believe lo but, sir, it is the hard woiking, fiugal, industrious me-I be that of tho countiy's brst good and would wil chnnij who is the greatest suHcirr, nnd in no one i lingly, if it should bo found necessary, buckle on thu branch of mechanical labor do.-s tlio pressure of the nruior, nnd canvnss i ur good old 11 iy Slate from the tunes caus) greater enibjrra".sineni Inn among those , shores of Capo Cod to the hills of R-rkshirc. I am engaged in the manufacture of leather ) for it is pro- enj"iiraged, h.iweter, in looking to tho future, from duced in largo amounts for export to i ther pu is of the fact lint there are indications that the people are ijui uiiK.ii, .in i wii.jii ii no in me cuain receives a blow, it vibra'cs to either end tv th a force that is ,-e vertly fill by ull. The annual product of leather, when nianufi Intel in a'l its branrlits, has been es timated at 530,000,000, and a largo proportion f this f ioniums illinium is made up of boots and hocsj and shall this vast interest be. nifT-red to peiish fur iho wintofa midcrnte protection fiom the general gov v. nmcnt ! Shall it lie sacrificed upon the altar of an ahvtracllun, called free trade! No, sir, it requires protection, and must hive it. You bate a right lo call upm Congress to pro'ect your labor against the diitresss I and miserable pauper labor ol E irope. We s'lould bavo a protection that will n-curo the jo irney man nnd the apprentice, ns will as the ma-li r work man. It is the laborer who requires the fostering arm of government. I have already said, that the great source of nur trouble is, tint we import too much and manufacture too little. Why, sir. our imports for tho Inst ten years nave i ir exceeueu our exports, vtu nave run up n debt in Europe, the amount ol which is indv . frightful. Die nniounl of state, city, bank, nnd other 1 cannot but express tho hope that a national con corporation stocks held abroad, which we linvo sold vention will bo held, composed of the representatives and pledged, amounts to lit) hundred millions of tho working men of nur country nnd let them a Marl. Besides thu principal Slim. WO nnv llll ramn Innolirr u'lllinnl nnttv i;.(liiiit. Mvrrlnn.le il s lould do s i) nasrl'1 a million of dollars every month f ir interest. Yes, sir, more than SJOO.OOO goes every v-ek to Europe to pay our imprest on tins dibt. Now I is'itihatl.a 0 we tosl o.vf r this two hundrcl iiii' lions of debt, created in the last n n years, under tho Compromise Act of low limits, and no duties al nil on one half if all oar imports? Il7iy, ir hare had a trrent amount of champaignc and I-Vench ribbons, and a Lrrrtx hail inos. I confess tint the recklessness wiih which our public alliirs h ive been managed in this department of our natiunal economy is abs Intcly appalling. Our country literally mort gigeil, not at home, hit abroad, for two hundred mil lions of dollars, for which we have received tliesur pl'isscs of tho iii'tiiuf.ictures of every rouutry in Europe, to tho permanent injury of our firme's, mechanics, merchants, inanufaciurers ) in fact, of e very individual, whatever his occupation or condition nnv be. Mr. President, the question comes up nt once, when wu look to the condition of the country, w hat enn I e done to restnru oar lost prosperity, nnd raise the fail ing credit of the country ? The first measure, in my humble judgment, that should have occupiel the at leniion of Congress last December, wns to have inado amnio provision, bv the adoption of a tariff uf duties Von imports, to mict nil the necessary expenses of t'lf-government, nnd tq provide n sinking fund to pny oil I lie national dent, it tins had uecn done, con Kdence would hate I ten restored, and you would not witness the s enes of trouble that present themselves el the present time. I re.'ret. however, to siv tbnt r'ne condition of affairs nt Washington is not Mailer uig, and lhat many things are doing ihnt slioiildNiot lie done, and n great many left undone, which it "is llieir auty to no. 1 do not spctk ns a politician. I wish nothing from the people tint their good will, nnd nothing from the Executive and Congress but ttiso legislation, such w ill restore tu the whole country a fair reward for the inuueiryoi ine people. It appears to tne, sir, not a very difficult matter to rixupoiia plan to achieve Ihe great objects tteall have ill view. A sound eurroncv can onfv I e bnstd on n sound uril'j give us tlio loiter, and tve can afterwards establish the former. I nm very e'ear in the opinion, lhat we can never maintain a sound currency through out tho United States, if we aro to transfer our work shops to England, France, nnd Germany. We can never be pro perous in lhi country, nnd maintain a uniform standard of va'ue. without protecting the laborer in his employment. Our wealth, our resources every thing we possess and enjoy, is founded in labor! lirnvu it iiniBi in i ntuniieu, nun never EUIU'rtU to lail guish from foreign compelninn. I do not dfl"ire, Mr. President, to raise one dollar more revenue man nny tu required lor thu neceshnry and economical wants of the government. Looking kacW to the expenditures of ihe yut eminent, and for" ward to the condition ol our defences upon the sea. Loard. our inuian icmuoii uu our oorutrt ami frontiers, together with the positive wants of tho navy and army, 1 nave estimated tno expenditures at tniny millions annually for tho next Ave yoars, nnd shall set aside tiro million) annually to create n sinUng fund for the extinguishment of tho national debt. The amount then to bo raised is thirty-two millions of dol lars. I cstimaio tho whole amount of imports at ono hundred and ten millions, on an average, lor Ave years) 1110 nrst two years may tail snort 01 mat amount, tho three last will probnbly exceed the esti mate. Of thisonc hundred nnrl inn mi linn-. I ilpilnet from three to fivo millioiisof coin, and fifteen millions ..t ...I....I. l Ml . . r I I I . ui iiiuuiun. wnieii Hiiouiu ne irco 01 amy, leiting iitmiii ninety millions upon which duties should bcassesscd. Wo bavo then ninety millions ution which we can assess thirty-two millions annually, whi' h would give about thirty-three and a third per cent. The difficulty now unses, now sua 1 1110 uuues 00 assessed 1 anau It be a horizontal duty of thirty-three nnd ono third per cent, nd valorem on every thing? or shall wo adopt the principle of discrimination nnd specific duties from considerauiocxpenenco m these mat tois, I have no doubt whatever of the expediency, nay wic necessity 01 niioptitig ine iaiier. iiscriuiuiaiion wasadonted in I lie first tarirfcstablishcd, nnd should not. must not now bo abandoned. .Specific duties nro far more safe nnd convenient, in most eases, than the nd valorem system. All practical merchants ngrce in regard to the utility of specific duties. Our own ex perience should not be lost unon us. Tho revenue. I am confident, would be much larger tinder specific duties, erpnl to twenty-five percent., than ad valorem duties of thirty-five per cent. Tho effect of ad valorem duties has been to ila 0 the foreign importations of the country in the hums 01 inrcianers s a ureal tiro- portion nfthoad valorem goods imported from Oieat llritain nro I ronght to us by.Hrilish subjects, and nine tenths of all tho ad valorem merchandise imported into New York from Prance, is imported by French men. So il is with ad valorem Gorman eonds. I ile-iii it essential lint there should bo a specific duty upon tioois nnn (.noes, under tno tarni 01 ms:, you hail a specific duty of one dollar nnd (illy cents per lair on boots, and thirly eenton shoes. Now there live been, under the reduction of tho Compromise Act. hriro uuanlilics of l'ren li and German btols im ported ) tho best French buoi c st four do'lars, and the German three dollars; under an ad valorem duty vou will find these lino's invoiced from Franco at S3. and perhaps al 82 50, nnd from Germany at $?. A iiutyoi tiuriy-tureo ami ouoiiiird per cent, would not give you the protection that wo dd em1 lo you to pay the laborer any thing like the wages he his been in the habit of receiving) of course, if his wages aro ma terially reduced, he and his family must bn deprived of many of the comforts they have usually enjoyed. Besides, vou degrade the character of our now inde pendent 111 oring people, when you reduce tho wages of labor so low ns not to n'low them tbo means ofrd Heating t heir children, and clothing them decently, that they may attend public worship and the Sunday school on tho Sabbath. Wo should ctcri nil our efforts to elevate, and not deiness the laboring elites. H'n live under n popular government, founded on public opinion, anil it is to the intcllgcnco of the people we are to look for its stability and pennmency. Sir, I am for universal education. 1 have no fear of the people learning anil knowing too much. Our government cannot, will not stand, but with an intel ligent nnd imral population Shall wo compirennd pi. ico in tho simc scale the fire, intellectual, indus trious mo'hitiics an I working men of our country, vith those half pud, half starved, parish fed people of Europe 1 iS'o, sir. my indi.'iiatiin is excited when I bear it said tint the reason why wo cmnot com pete with tho old countries in iniiiiifacturcs and the mechanic, arts, is bcciuc our lab ir U loo high wc must bringdown be lab ir, it is nid, to the European standard, and then we shall go on very well. Sir, I do nol desire to compete with foreign labor. I hope never to see the time when labor can ho obtained at the price it now is in Great llritain. A fnirhainMoom weiver obtains from S! 7,1 10 52 per wei k. Farmers nny bo hired for 20 to 25 cents per day, and most kind of nifclnnics in nronm 1100 : ini.l o'f course nr. cording to their skill nnd employments. Most nrlic! s of subsistence, too, you must remember, aro double tho price they aro with us. Upm 1I10 continent of Europe labor is st II lower. Cm we, shall we thr. w open our grcai country to tho productions of all the world, and maintain free trade, which is nil on one side? Not a country in Kumpc wi'l t iko an artie'e from Ibis country ttiat they are nol obliged to rereito cither for reven 16 or their thanuf.t"lurc. Cotton the v cannot al nreseni do without, nlibon.di nn Hl'iri is making, and I fear a succsfful one. bv Great Hiinin. to sipplv hers.df Willi the common qualifies from India. Tolneco is taken for revenue with a duty from 300 to S0d per cent. Flour, pnk, beef, in short all our great staples, with the exception of colt in, to bacco, and rue, aro prohibited, nnd every article th it computes in the slightest degree with tlu-ir own I t.nH 1 ...I I I. . - .1... . :.. t- 1 . I And yet they hate the assurance in Engl ,nd ,o upon the sublimated beauties of F.eo Trade. I writ booli and send mons unon We have seen llieir plans rrom tho tune of Mr. Hus Lisson, and hive Ind an abundance of theories up to .1... I. - . .... t i, i ;. I ,t . , i . nil' i.isi repori 01 .ir. iiuiiiu .inn il it is .in enacu in im 1 1'OU.I ICO. UT IIK'il lllU. Mj .IS 01 UUU1 I rori'lh COm. without the price rriches about 82 per I ushol with tlicouty. 1 am tired ot tins everlasting speculation upon free trade. It mean milling. It is ideal) a mero phantom, 11 ml not to he eulei t not uypiae men. It is a transcendental, 11 to 'inn doctrine, that has no pniclical result. My friends, wu have in this agitato the wholo nation and I feel its importance lo I tailing tno matter .nto their own trnws. i was highly gratified lo le.irn a T.-w days ago after nn eclipse of lite and twenty years that a briith' spot could be seen in New Hampshire, tthcrcaninllueiitiil gentleman, long in tho public service, who h is n Into been devoting himself to agriculture, and editing a most creel h nt ngricultiral piper, Ins changed ground, nnd has well urged tint the I est way lo en courage agriculture is to give i's products a home mirkel, by protecting home msnufaccres. New York, I'cnnsj Ivonia and Ohio, too, are discussing the subject witli great spnit and ub lily. I hope that a strong expression of public opinion will produco the result wo so much wish. Mr. President, I am admonished by tho do-:'.- that I have already consumed too much of your valuable lime, and will only add that I welcome the members of this ("on v ii Hon to our city on my own account, and feel assured that I may include tho whole popu I ltion, who lam certain entertain the same sentiments that you nnd I do upon the import an t qucstt n which !, l,r(,n-,l,i , i, ,,.,),,.? is time to discard our political and party bickcrin I hero is a ci isi3 in niira lurs, which demands o us this sacrifice upon tlio nit u of patriotism, Let us know no oth-r parly than lint ofouc for our country without referi nee to pirty lenders. Of w hat con seuuenco is it lo vou nr me. who administers the irov- eminent, provided it Do well nilnimif Icrcil 1 tut my self, 1 shall go for the country, and care not who may be the chief executive nf the nnlion, if he bo honest, capuble, and fai'hful to the Cou-titution. THE CALIFORNIAS. Much impoitance was attached, and very justly, to rumors brought from Mexico by the Virginia Antoinette, three or four days ajjo, that the English had purchased from Mexico a good portion of tlio provinces of California. Tho constant accessions inado by England to her territory in North America, of course excite much attention, and no slight degree of alarm. This California purchase, however, is no new affair. Tho facts of tho caso arc these, as we gleam from correct sources of intelli gence. Tho debt duo from Mcx'co to hnglish bond- holders lias been calculated at about X 10,000. 000 sterling, the interest upon the original debt having been, for sonic time, unpaid. In April, 18.'! 1, it tva proposed to tho bond-holders, through Messrs. Lizard & Co., the authorized agent of tho Moxicau (joveriimenl, that anew consolidated fund, at 5 per cent, should be crea ted, into which the former debt should, in part, bo invested. Tho moro important terms upon which tilts was to be effected, were, that tho bonds issued at fi per cent should, with tho in tercst due on them, be estimated at par, and thoso issued at (i pur cent, with tho intercut due at 112 1-1! for every 100. Tho now bonds were to bo taken for one half of tlio existing debt. The other half was to bo discharged by land warrants for land in the departments of Texas, Chihuahua, New Mexico, Sonora and Califor nia, at the rate of -1 acres for ono pound ster ling. Tho warrants wore separately not to be for less than -100 acres, nor for more than 10,000 acres nf laud. In August, 1&U7, the English bond holders accepted this offer, subject to certain modifica tions of th teriin', relating to the portion of the ilobt to Lo discharged through the land war rants. For this portion of tho tlclit, it was pro posed, that deferred bonds should bn issued, up on which interest should conitnotire, to he paya ble October 1, 18d7, which should ho receiva ble in payment nf lands in the departments of Texas, Chihuahua, Now Mexico, Sonora and California, at tho choico of the purchaser, nnd that Air the payment of tho interest of the whole debt, one-sixth part of tho custom-house duties of tho ports of Vera Cruz, and Tanmico should he irrevocably appropriated. Tho Mc.v ican povfrntnnnt also proposed to hypothecate 100,000,000 acres of land in tho departments mentioned, for the payment nf tho tvliolo debt. Unas on tho other hand asked, that it should, in addition hypothecate STi,000,000 of acres in tho ddpnitmcnts having thu nearest couiiiiniii cation with the Atlantic, and which might appear best soiled lor colonization from abroad these lands to bo specially and exclusively hold npan for location through tho deferred bonds. At tho same time, it was agreed by the bond holders to observo tho law ol April (i, 18U0, prohibiting foreigners to settle on lands adjoining or boun ding on those Slates or Territories belonging to tho country nf which theynro citizens. It June, 1930, Santa Ana, then President ail interim, as sented to tho modification of the terms origi nally offered, adding "that the government would take hoed, in conformity with the fllli ar ticle of the agreement, that no lands should be granted to tho subjects of tho border slates, in the event of any bonds falling into their hands, which they may bo desirous to exchange for lands." In virtue of this agreement, the Hug. lisli bond holders nny oblaiTt in California and elsewhere in Mexico, twenty million of acres of land, at tho sum expressed, for the one half of the debt, or five millions due to them. 1 no reported bargain, winch has attracted at tention just at this time, is probably some final arrangement, based upon the stipulations we have mentioned. Picayune. From thu IM. O. Picayune, Apiil 21. LATEST FROM TEXAS. Tho stoiuishin Neptune. Captain Rollins. 28 hours from Galveston, arrived yesterday morning. Tho news is important only so far as it indicates the de termination of the 1'rrs.dcnt that Mexico shall nol bo invaded until after tho next meeting of tho Texan Congress. ho Ho iston Stir sta'es tint at lloxar. Colonel Lewis I'. Coil; has nn 'er his command u lame num ber of 11 Jordan's men," nnd "Cow Hoys," who aro determined lo march immediately to Lorendo, or to tho l'residio. Their leader is one of thu most ener getic nnd fearless men tve have ever known, mid wo aro confident he will not return without striking a blow that will be felt throughout theeastem protiuccs nf Mexico, lumber company is organising on tho banks of tbo Colorado, nnd will soun bo tcadyfor the field. They will not call upon government for aid, but furnish their own cq lipmcuts, food and cloihing. The same piper also informs us that General I'ur-lo-on atr'.ved at Austin, from llexir, on the 1st inst. A largo imjority of tho volunteeis that had collected under lux command to march against tho .Mexicans, became dissatisfied in consequence of his being supersede-1 by General Soinervdlc, by order of General Houston, nn I returned to their homes. The vo'un tecrs wi-hed lo choose their own commander, and were quite exisperated that tho President should ap point a I'omininder without t'icir eon-cnt. Only . 1(1 .1. .1 so only or one hundred men consented lo rcmamand . s."! t" ho orders nf General Somertille. Among ' 1 1 ipsa nr. Mtirt V nr fitrlt' Irnm nvia rnunlt. ti'illi n i bra-s fild piece from the arsenal at Austin. Many of thn volunteers wished lo elect Huilcson, and give him Iho co'umand, but he refused, and declared lhat ho would not lend nny expedition into tho Rio Gtandc without the authority of tho l'residenl. We learn from the CaHestoii Alvcrliser, that on tho 13th instant Galveston was visited with a severe storm from the northeast, which continued about one hour, nnd it was feareil tint serious damage would be done to tho vessels in the harbor. The San Hernnrd was drucn from her moorings and tvent ashore, but has been gotten oil without much injury. Several other vessels share I tbo same lite, but none of them much injured, nnd will all bo .... ....... . ...... m , j , ...... . hra-s Mi it niece from t ii nrsenril : ril Austin. Mnnw 1 rKX ' ' 1 Lu3Lai'td ",ucl' bcllcr 'ban was anticipated nt the time. The simo day the steamboat Philadelphia wns wiccked on the Hrazos liar, r-ho was coming down the river, with but little stemi, intending to land nt Wasco, but tho current carried her upon tbo bir, and she tvent to pieces during the night. Slio had 100 bales of eolton on hoard, principally insured. A storm on tlio 13ih whs evcc'iUnal spvpto in Liberty county. At some plices nn the Trinry it blew with the fury of n tornado, and uproote I Inrge trees. Fears fire entertained that several plantations on that rivet hive been seriously injured. ' The Ho iston (Tcxis) Telegraph watns young men . about to emigrate to Texas, to I cwnro of intern i perance. Il s lys Texas can offer to the intemperate inughl hut nn early grave. Of a pirtv of -eveuteen persons who emigrated from New York three yeirs 1 ngo, only one survives. The mortality is attributed to intemperance. From the New York Kxprcss. l'lKlM CANTON. The sli p O-cir, nnitnil last night from Canton, has furnished us with papers to the 13th nf January. From tho papers, though not so late I y a few days as those received from Kugland by the Overland mail, we mike a few extract'. Advio s from Cliusan state that the troops, although in a comparative slate of inactivity, upon iho cissa tion of all aetite operations, continued healthy. The campaign was considered as finished fur tho winter) hut it was piesuini! neiivc operations would lie commenced during the month nf January. Tho natives at Cliusan nru said to verv glid of the return of the English, and hate opened all their shops in the town of Tuighae ; provisions of alt kinds were pknlil'ul. Tlio wall of Ningpo aro four nnd a half miles in circumference, by admeasurement of theengineers. From the C. niton Register, Jan. 11. The la'esi intelligence is, that several Hritish mcr- ch nils, under a groundless alarm, caused by some vaguo reports that tho netvly erected forts on the C.iiilon river below the city, would be immediately utlaeked nnd destroyed by the Hritish force, hastily left Canton and went on board their ships, at Wliamptia. We hate heard that Mr. T. A. flihh was the only Knglish merchant who remained at Canton. The re ult ol the panic, however, was n sudden and great fall in tlio priio of teas of, it is said, 0 and Ttnel. an I teas were hastily purchased al tho depreciated rates, and shipped oirto Wiismpon, to be put on board .inv ship that would receive ihein. Tho panic originated, wo bilicve, in tlis fact tbnt the American neent of a lending r.nglish house in Mncno, wns observed to be hurrying on hi transac tions quicker than usual) and Ihe Kngl sh merchants concluding from Ins connections that he bid the best possible information from Macao and Hongkong, fol lowed his example and something more. The result of this may proh ildy bo generally bene ficial j for when tho fears ot nil panics are allayed, it will not bo very rosy, tto imagine, for the hong merchants to advancu to the late extortionate rates. From thoCinton Press. "The little AjirnicAs ('Liri't:ns." The Anelonn. Cnptnin Turner, nnd tho Ariel, t 'apt. Dood, schoonirs of 'JO tons, arrived some lima since from tho United States, both mailing capital pnssnges. Notwith standing which it was doubted by mnny, if such diminutive craft was capable of working to windward at sea ngainsl the strong winter monsoon ; but n trial proved thein nt least equal to any sailing vessels which have tisitcd llieso waters. They tvero des patched in a strong norther j the Anglona to Nainoa acconiplishe I her voyage in n little over 5 days, going up in the trry "leithof the gale" in time and a ha'fdays. Tho Ariel wqnl to .Manilla, whero she re mnined twentv-four hours, nnd was back ngnitint anchor offilie Praya Grande in 12 days It was then proposed to try their spec I wiih each other, and tho '19U of last month was fixed upon for the race, round I.intin island and back to tho starling point, a boat anchored off (he Prnya Orance. They went off in fine style nt Oh. 5'Jn., with a strong north wind, which continued about thrco hours, ttlun Iho An glona had (.'lined about three miles to windward) it afterwords became quito moderate, when tho Ariel e-tnblishcd her superiority in light winds, by grad ually closing with lur antagonist, taking tholial soon afler rounding I.iniin, and coining in 17 minutes, or 1 l-i miles n-liead. Tune Anil 6h. Jim.) An glona, Bh. 59m.) distance sailed Cj miles. From the Oswego Palladium. CAHUL AND A F F G 1 1 A N 1 STAN. As the region of country west of the Indus willim mediattdv I ccoine the scene of a erent siniifpIp. nnd nerhapj i- destined to be tho field of u mighty contest between tho two greatest powers of I'uropo nnd Asia, we unve iiiuugui some nonce oi us mnnoitanis, to pography nnd resources might interest our renders. This roeion, sometimes cnlled Independent Persia, or the Kingdom of Cabul, or Airghnnistan, is com posed of several provinces independent ol each other. It extends fiom thu l'aropanii-'iin mountains on tho north, to thn Indian ocean on Iho south, about eight hundred miles, nud about seven hundred tildes enst ward from tho (treat Desert to the Indus. Tho northern part of this territory contains the Kingdom oi i nuui, wiiu ine provinces oi neistan nnd ttignan islam the southern part tho large districts of Heloo chist.ui and Mikrati. The features of the countryarc strikingly contrasted prodigious mountains, on the north, and plains of salt nnd sand on llic south. Thn Affghon land is n region of vast mountains. bi"h table lands, nnd rapid rivers. The mountains nro spurs of ine Himalayan, and someoi itiopenKseiceod twenty thousand feet in aliunde. It is hi this region nftho world that lite mountains nre the most stupendous. Tho lughiM prakB of thu t ordillcras of South Attie nca, aro inferior to those of "the Hiinclayah. It it therefore one of the most impracticable countries on earth, yet itiscnpablo of sustaining a great population hns been tho sent of empire, of high oriental civiliza tion, and of an enlightened agriculture. Upon ono of tno sources 01 the Indus nro yet to ue seen tno ruins of Ohizni, in tbo 1 1 lit century tho scat of the great empire or Mahmood. tho first of tho Sultans. Tho name, of Mahmno I Ihn Ghazncvide is slill vcnetablo in tho cast. His s ibjects enjoyed the blessings of luantic anecdotes nf thnt-icrnr nod ininnrlialilv of Ma hometan justice, and was adorned by the songs of I'euiisi, nmong the most celebrated ot castorn poets. It is through this impenetrable country of prodigious mountains and deep defiles, that the Ornish arms .'ccm lo bcstnlgghng to meet tho Russian on tho banks of tho Caspian. Tho Intler nro contending with a siinilnr county nnd a similar people amid the moun tains of tho Cnuinsus. Either of these two great monarchies hns heart enough for the tvliolo world. Tho occupation of the passage from southern to north ern Asia, through the terrible dcfilo called by tho ancients tho "Gates of the Caspian," may bean object of eager solicitude lo both governments. With the llritjsh government especially, tho occupation of the pass may bo connected with the establishment of a port upon tbo Cnsnian. A very largo portion of tho Afighan country is of course wild and desolate, nnd sometimes inaccessiuic. There nrc, however, extensivo districts of tableland, which are said to surpass in fertility the most product ive soils of Europe. The summer climato resembles that of tho tablelands of Mexico, and must bo among tbo most dehshtful in the world. The winters nro severe the higher peaks of the mountsinsnre clad in perpetual snow and on ihe higher tablo lands the snow lies deep for four or fivo months in the year, ac companied by n Norwegian temperature. Tho pro ductions of such n region aro of course determined by the degrco of elevation. At Peshawar, which has n central situation in respect to latitude, the tropical fruits mingle with thoso of Europe. Wheat, barley, and rice, the pomegranate, tho date, and tho orange, nil belong to tho varied vegetation of Cal ulistan. The vine, the peach, and tho npricot grow wild, being in digenous lo tho soil. Tho mountains nro covered with vast forests of pine, mingled with tho cypress anil the oak. On the plains are seen the mulberry, the tamarind, tho plane, the poplar, and the willow. The historian Gibbon, in discoursing upon the Ghaznevido empire, in tho latter part nf the last cen tury, declares that Ghizni is not far from the city of Cnbool, and had not been viited by any modern traveller. Since his timo the Mritish arms hate ad vanced from Ceylon to the lliuielaynh, from the Irra tynddy to tho Indus. The gicat pass of tho Intler ritcr, at Attock, which ha- witmsscd tho presence of the greatest conquerors of tlio earth, Scsnstris nnd Alexander, Mahoinnicd, .ingis and Tamerlane. Nadir and Amungzebc now tranquilly reposes under the dominion of "the Old Lion of the I'uiijanb," Hunjeet Singh, tho robber chief of Lahore, the devoted ally and vassal ot "Tho Honorable India Company." Hooks of travels, letters from the east, reports of engineers, literary and scientific discourses, nro rapidly publishing to tho world the hitherto unexplored se crets of Cabulistan. The. writings of Elphinstone, l'ottinger, and of tho ill-f.i'cd ."ir Alexander Hums, aro full of information respecting the natural and po litical fen lines of the country. The population is thus estimated by the first named wrircr AlTghans, 4,300,000 Iteloochces, 1,000000 Tartars, 1,200,000 Persians, 1,500,000 8,000,000 For tho East, this is not a large population. Hut it must be remembered that they, with the exception of thu Tartars, belong lo tbo wluto, or Caucasian race of men, and bate corresponding intellectual powrrsand capacities for improvement. They nro not Hindoos but hate themselves been the masters nnd con- tiiwn nf X'.ir.l...... I...IU H'l. r...U:na .1 n 'l'"-. -I II.IMI til. II. I. J 1U, IIIU IIIUSl Warlko of tbo Afighan tiibes, nro n proud and daring rnCc. who .nt vnrinns norm, I,.. l,l,l ..nVnv..? ,.- it ' ... ...... .iy,a. upon ine lossot empirclliey did not -lnK down ..i- i.... i.i'i . ' .. ...... in servitude, but established among themselves a sort nf domestic independence. Their chief beinc no longer supported by royal influence, nro scnrcely re tarded with any degrco of diference, nnd an almost pure democracy prevails. The revenues arc, how ever, regularly collected, and in the neighborhood of the principal cities there is a regular police. In the Cthilzip region is Cnbool, ono of Iho most deliuntful cities in the world, with n population, nicordinsto Hums, of about C0,000. Here, too, ore the rcmainsof Iho magnificent Ohizni) but probibly not 10,000 people occupy the site of tlio former great city of the tShnzncvide. Under Dost Mahomed, the Dooraunce tribe was supreme in Cabul, and was regarded as ihe bulwark of the moiianhy. Their number is estimated at a million "most of them shepherds, liting under their tents, nndlciding a gav, innocent, pastoral life, with frequent festivals, in which preparations of milk and sherbci form the only regale." Cnndahnr, which claims for its founder Alexander the Great, is the only important city of the Dooraunecs. Its population is not stated. Hut it is a placo of considerable trade, is regular and well built, with four long and broad ba- Peshnwnr, on the northern edge or niloooi,i-cn, was the formet cnpiinl of Cabul, nnd then contained 100,000 inhabitants. Its population is not now sup posed to exceed half tint number. The city is rudely built, and its public edifice-, much d cnyed. This city is not far from the fortress of Jtllnlabad, where, ac cording to tho last accounts, the Hiitish under Sir Robert Sile, sti'l maintained themselves. The Affghan tribes which compose the main body of ihe population of Cnbul, display the variety of cha racter to I e expected from a people, part of which has attained a hih degree of Mahometan civilization, but the most of whom are rude nnd uncultivated. "Their martial an I lofty spirit, llieir bold and simple man ners, ihrir sobriety anil ontcmpt of pleasure, their unbounded hospitality, and tlio pcncrnl energy nnd iiuepeuoeiice oi nieir cinracier, rentier inem on tno whole a superior race. They show great curiosity in regard to the products of Kurnpean art and skill, with nn eager disposition to inquiie into the processes em ploye d. In ties they are strikingly contrasted with the Hindoos, who niu ludiiliri nt with regard to such tliincs. The higher classes of iho Aflirhans seek to promote learning. They hate sehools'and colleges, nnd tho elements of knowledge nre widely dilliiscd. They nre clothed in velvet, slintvl cloth, or silk, and decorate their persons with gold, silver, nnd jewel-. niu wnue among n pari oi the Atlghans a taste lor knowledge is general, the mountain tribes nro rude nnd ignorant. An instance ,s related of ono of the mountaineers, who swing a mullah copying thu Koran, struck off his head, sating, "You tell us ibis is the book of Ood, nnd you make it yourself." The Iteloochces, who aro not Affshnns, arc honorable robbers, nsremnrlnh'e for llieir fidelity ns for their ra pacity. The I.oorics oflheMckran, on the shores ot the ocean, aro n brutal banditti, who seem to Iwve no religion, but 1 elievo nun were I om to die, rot, and bo foriotten. Plunder nnd murder nro tluir pursuits, nnd their mode of life of such abandoned prolligncy, that scarcely nny children nro born nmong them. Their numbers nre recruited by captives ticlcntly torn from Iho neighboring tribes. CONGRESS. Wednesday, April 27. In Senate, to-day, Mr. Evans from tlio Com mittee on Finance, reported the Appropriation bill, which was ordered to bo printed. Mr. Allen moved to take up from iho tablo, his resolution calling on the l'resitlont for tbo information received or tlio action taken by him in rcferonco to the lthodo Island disorders, pre facing the motion by remarking that Congress in tho existing state nf thiu;s ought no longer to remain inert, inactive and careless, while the Executive, as he supposed, was pursuing a course to make this government party tu a civil war. no tvishcu uongrcss to anticipate fucIi a catastrophe, tvlijch would happen if not ar rested. Mr. Archer was as anxious as Mr. Allen to examine the subject, but not with such a tno. tion. Ho did not, with the gentlemen, antici pate any fatal conflict, but was of tho opinion lhat tlio proceedings commenced would not be carried out. Mr. l'reston moved to lay Mr. Allen's mo tion on the tablo ; but after remarks on nointb of order by several gentlemen, withdrew tl.e tnotion, and tho question was taken on Mr. Alien s motion, anu the Senate refused to take up the resolution, Ayes 18, Noes'JO. The remainder of tlio day was consumed in the consideration of private bills-, &eeral of wlncliwere ordered lor a third reading. In tbo yoiisc, the Apportionmoit" bill was again taken up in Committee of tho Whole, tho question pending on the amendment of .Mr. IlaUled, from Iho Committee of Elections, providing for tho districting of tho several States. Tho expediency and the Constitutional now cr of Congress to district tlio .States was iloha. tod diirifg the day, by Messrs. Stanly, Arnold, Davis of Kentucky and Hummer?, in support of tho amendment, and Messrs. Colquitt, Hoggin, Houston, and Kennedy of la., opposition there, to, tho former contending that tho district sys tctn was best adapted to the expression of tho popular will, by enabling tho electors to know tbo character &c.j that by tho general ticket system, tho nominations tvero thrown into tho hands of a caucus or convention of tlio leading ioliticiansj that tho people not knowing the candidate for whom they voted, wero loss inter ested in the allairs of tho country, more liable to select unworthy men j and that a minority would bo able to govern, as tho representatives from five of tho largest States would constitute a majority in the House, and might bo elected by a bare majority of those Mates, not compos- ing moro than a quarter of tho pcoplo of the United States j and the latter opposing tho di rect Bystcm as unconstitutional for Congress, as inexpedient, and as under the control of tho States, &c. Without taking a question tho Houso ad journed. TitunsDA?, April 28. In tlio Senate tho general appropriation bill was discussed most of tho day in com tnittcc. In tho Houso Mr. Stanly, from tho select committee on public expenditure, submitted tho long.lookefl.for report of Mr. l'oindoxtor from the commission to inquire into tho management of tho Now York Custom House, which was laid on the tablo and ordered to bo prin ted. A motion lo print 20,000 copies lies over. The National Intelligencer says wo have had no opportunity to oxatnino its contents ; but thoso who have had time to do so pronounce it to be a startling devolopementof abuses, which have grown up (and some of which bavo grown old) with the Custom House establishment. In duo time our readers shall bavo a glimpse of its contents, which are voluminous as well as interesting, and which it will tako some titno to master. The Apportionment Hill was again taken up in Committco of tho Wholo on tho Union, thu question immediately ponding being on tho amendment of Air. Colquit to exempt tho State of Georgia from tho operation of the General District Syslctn, as proposed by the amendment from the Committee on Elections. Mr. Kennedy of la. concluded his remarks in opposition to the District System. Mr. Ilirnard ably atlvosatcd tho amendment, contending that the Constitution gave full pow cr as to regulating the time, placo and manner of holding elections tu the States first, and pow er to the General Government of revision and correction of State legislation when necessary, that the necessity now existed, and the District System should bo adopted for tho correct and perfect expression of the popular will, &c. &c. Messrs. I'ayno and Clifford opposed the amendment on tho grounds of constitutionality and expediency. The House then adjourned. Friday, April 20. In the House, Mr. Cushing moved a rccon sidcration of tlio vote by which on Tiiurtday, the usual number of copies of Mr. I'oindexter's Report rclativo to the New Vork Custom Houso were ordered to be printed. In February, it appears a resolution was adopted, calling on the President for tlio report of the commissioners 'jn that subject. Hence it was urged that Mr. Poindo.ver's report ought to como to the House through the Prcsidelit, instead of through tlio committee nn public ex penditures. It was stated by Mr. Wiso that the report had been sent to the treasury depart ment on tlio 20th of the present mouth only, so that the censure cast on tlio President for the allcdged delay, could not be borne out. Mr. Stanly had a letter of the President road, from which lie argued that it was by no means certain that tho wholo report would have been transmitted to the House. It was incidentally stated that Mr. Poindo.v tergavo a copy of his report to the committee, on expenditures, under a sub-puma from the I Speaker. After a warm and long debate, tlio motion to ' reconsider was rejected by a majority of eight votes. Tho remainder of the day was devoted to tho consideration of private bills. The Senate wore engaged tho whole day in considering tlio numerous amendments report ed by tho finance committee tu the General Appropriation Bill. Saturday, April 30. Hon. Samuel C. Crafts look his scat as Sen ator from Vermont. Tlio Civil and Diplomatic IJill has been under consideration in the Senate, as in committee of the whole. The amendments considered bavo been mainly of a Diplomatic character. Tlio Sen ate, alter debate, have voted appropriations lor tlio outtliH ror iliu missions to Stockholm, New Grenada, Belgium and a half outfit to Holland. Tho proposed appropriation for a salary of 82,000 lor the t'onstil at Paris-, was rejected. The bill was then finally gone through with, an increased appropriation having been made for the benefit of American seamen abroad. In the House, another debate sprang up on the report of Mr. 1 omdextcr rclatue to tlio N. Y. Custom House. The remainder of the day was occupied with private claims. May 2, 1312. The absorbing topic at present here is the Report of the Custom House Commissioners, The public aro all on tlio uui lite to iet nos. session of tho important disclosures expected. ' Yesterday and thu day before the House of! iteprcsentatives wore convulsed upon tho sub jeet, and several severe passages were oxcliang ed between .Mr. Adams, Wise, Stanly, i-c. The negotiation between Mr. W ebster and j Lord Aslibtirton is rapidly advancing, and ami-' cably, ami although untiling lias yet transpired, j I have reason to bulieto that it will finally ter-1 initiate most honorably to both countries. " , May 3. This day's Session has been wasted in tho Senate by tho perversity of Mr. Allen cf Ohio, 1 who at an early moment called up his Rhode I Island Resolutions, asked the Yeas ami Nays on thequestion of considering them, and when' Ins name was called on Ins own motion, claimed tlio privilege of deciding the matter. Tlio i Ch.tir decided tint to be out of order. Fro... this decision Mr. Wright appealed and a long ' debato ensued ; at last upon explanations from I tlio Chair, the appeal was withdrawn. Where- j upon .Mr. Allen raised a new point, took a new appearand contrived at last, in defiance of the Senate, to state what he wished to bring at lirit that three companies of U. S. troops from Old Point Catnl'ort had passed throu 'li li.-.ltnnore on their way tu Rhode Island. He ' thnii took his seat, and tho Seiialo voted not to tako up his resolutions : Yeas 10; Nays 23. In the House, on motion of .Mr. Briggs, a resolution was adopted for adjournment of tho ' House from Thursday to Monday, for the usual . purpose of ventilating tlio Hall, &c. .Mr. rillmore from the Committee of Ways and Means, reported the Navy Appropriation Bill. Another by Mr. Everett to go into Committee of the Whole on the llnioti, to resume the con. sideratiou of tho Apportionment Bill, prevailed against a strenuous attempt tn continue the debate on tho printing of the Now York Cus torn House Reports. Hon. E. M. Huntington, nuw Commissioner of the General Laud Ollice, was to-day con firmed as Judge of the U. S. Court fur the Dis-trii-t of Indiana. May -1. Tho House having done so much and to well yesterday, tpcut the day on Poindoxter's Re port, etc. Judge Underwood of Ky. mado a strong speech against thu power of the President to institute such Commissions of Investigation as this on thu New otk Custom Houso. He contended that if this power wero admitted there could bo no safety, uu rights for the citizen ; but all torts of political inquisitions might be insti tuted, and ultimately would be, to promote the interests of tho President's party by blacken ing thu character of its opponents, &c. &e. Mr. U. was heard with much attention. Mr. Stanly of N. C. inado a bitter personal reply tua speech equally savago from Mr. Wise day "beforo yesterday, in which ho balanced tlio account eliectually. Wiso interrupted him tu tho midst of his philippic; Stanly calling him a bulUlog, which Wise retorted with tho imputa tion of coward. The Speaker repetedly called to order. When Stanly concluded Mr. Cushing got tho floor and commenced a tot speech; jo 1 came olf. In the Senate, the day was mainly spent in debato on an amendment to the Appropriation bill moved by Mr. Woodbury, to restrict rigidly tho right of tho Executive to appoint special messengers abroad, diplomatic agents, &c. All tho strength of tho Senate camo out upon it. Mr. Buchanan, to show its Impolicy, stated that while ho was Embassador at St. Potorsburgh, his dospatchea from Washington ont by mail wero regularly oponod by every European Government through whoso territory thoy pas sed so that when thoy reached him tho oaglo on tho seal so formally fixed looked like ntur key buzzard. No European Government thought of sending despatches by mall. He (Mr. II.) was aware that a wiso discretion in this mattor might be abused, but, knowing what his expeiiuiico had taught him, ho could not voto for this amendment. It was rejected. .''ho bill finally passed, and was roturncd to the Houso fur concurrence in the Senate's amend ments. I think it will bo got through to-morrow ' May r. Nothing of importance was done to-day in cither Houso of Congress, except to adjourn over till Alonday of next week, in order that tlio Senate Chamber anil tho Hall of thellouso might be fitted up for Hummer. ' FRIDAY MORNING, MAY 13, 1912. CONGRESS AND THE TORIES." Tlio Tory papers are loutl in tlieir clamors that Congress is doing nothing for tho relief of tho country. Now that Whigs should ex pect something should bo done is natural enough. Hut what do they expect? That is tho question. Do thoy expect a Bdtik to bo chartered? That, wo ull know, can not bo done, for reasons which all understand, and tho Tories should bo thu last to com plain on this score, for they have always op posed a Bank of any kind. Do thoy desire tho Exchequer bill to ho passed ? That perhaps ought to bo (lotto, but there are many objections to il, which weigh much with both Wiiigs and Tories. Should the Tariff Bill bo passed ? Wo say amen lo that, and the moro Congress is pushed on that point tlio hotter for the country. But the Tories arc the last men who ought to complain that Congress is doing nothing lo make tho times better. What do they proposo? Nothing. Absolutely nothing. Thoy voto against ev ery thing against tt loan, and against Treas ury notes lo pay the debt which they them selves contracted and relievo the government from embarrassment. They voto against a Bank, against tlio Exchequer Bill, nnd against the Tariff. All thov proposo to bring the country out of the difficulties in which their own jiolicy involved il is to talk about econ omy which thoy never practice ; to recom- j mend tho restoration of the Sub-Treasury ' . ..i..i. i, -..;. i i .t . . I Wllllll UIU LMjtlC IliltU lUIIUUHIIIL'll , lU 11- pcul the Land Bill which both tlio people and the status havo approved ; and to make long speeches in favor of "low wages" and "free trade." These aro the measures which tlio Tories recommend for the relief of a suffering country. But, say somo of the Tory papers, you havo tho majority why don't you pass a Tariff Bill ? And has not such a bill already boon reported by the IVhigsl And is nut tho only reason why tho Bill was not reported sooner to be found in tho reckless and unpiincipled oppo sition of lliu Tory momhers of Congress t Who caused a delay of a wholo month by a factious attempt to prevent tlio reference of tlio Tariff tptestion to tho appropriate coni milteo Tlio illustrious Charles Gag Ath crton of New Hampshire, tho leader of the Northern Duugh-fices in tho House of Rep resentatives ! Who voted against the ro- frrencu when thu question was finally takon? j Thu wholo Tory party in Congress ! Who,i by an infamous coalition tt ith the ultra slave- j holders and "free trade" politicians of the south, defeated tho request of tlio roniniilteo on Manufactures to bo allowed to send fori persons and papers to obtain tho necessary information fur adjusting tlio details of tho t Tariff Bill? Every Tory member of Mcj House of Representatives without a solitary exception! These arc facts. Let tho i'ro plc remember them. It is also n notorious fact, lhat, had not tho Tory monibers in both Houses of Congress refused to allow the Tariff committees the privilege of obtaining light, nmf tlio assistance of a clerk, a good Tariff Bill would havo been reported months ago, and would now havo been tho law of tho land. But no, thu Tories prevented it, by a disgraceful coalition witlt tho .Southern Slaveholders, and now, with their usual fair ness and regard fur truth, they aro charging upon the Whigs tho delay for which tho Tories themselves aro responsible. But let them continue their clamors. They will deceive no intelligent man by tlieir hypo critical cant. If they tire sinccro in their drsiro for a Tariff let them apply tho lash lo tho leatlers of their party in Congress who aro doing all in their power to oppose it. Tho People will then givo thcui some credit for honesty, but not before. THE " TOPAZ." Wo havo inserted a communication in our this week's paper criticising rather severely! the literary character of tho Topaz Wc have not ourselves read the paper with suf ficient care to judge correctly whether all the strictures of our correspondent nro just, but wo must say that tho extracts which ho makes from tho paper in question aro any thing but creditable to the literary taste of its conductors. And as this journal claims to bo a "representative" of thu literary char acter of tho people of this state, it is but fair that the pretensions of its editor should be faithfully examined by thoso whom ho aspires to represent, if his literary attainments may bo judged of from tho paragraphs quo ted by our correspondent, wo humbly beg leave to dotibi tho sufficiency of his creden tials. Wu can not say how it may bo with tho literati of Middlobury, but wo do nol be lieve that any of tho learned Doctors in our neighborhood havo signed them. Perhaps our contemporary will consider us rather captious in our criticism, if so ho must con solo himself with tho reflection that it has always been tho misfortune of conspicuous characters nnd men of genius to bo carped nt by tho rudo populace. Tho typographi cal appearance of tho " Topaz" is creditable lo its publishers. MORE TORY ECONOMY. In a lato number of our paper wo called tho attention of our readers lo tho outra geous oxtravnganco ol Vnn Burpn and his party in tho employment of ono George Plitt, an "agent" of the Itcaven-boru Amos in tho Post Office Dcparlmont. Tho Committco on public expenditures in tlio House of Representatives havo lately mado n report on tho subject of tho Florida War, which dovelopes n specimen of Tory oxtrnv aganco and corruption still moro astounding, and which ought to startle tho most ultra and devoted partisan. Among oilier "demo cratic" items in the Bill as reported by tlio committee, and which was allowed andjaicl by Vnn Huron, wo find the follawing : For 100 cords of Wood, $2,000 I For one load of Oysters ! 83,800 ! I For hire of 20 Steamboats, $344,510 ! ! Ono of these Steamboats, which cost onljr $15,000, was hired by Van Buren at tho economical price of three hundred dollars a day and the owner of the boat was paid in the whole the " democratic" sum of eighty two thousand dollars ! ! ! For 200 Oxen, S9.170! Expenses of the agent in mak ing the purchase, 3,000 ! ! Grand " democratic" total for 200 oxen, 12,170111 Three thousand dollars charged by a " demacratic" agent nnd allowed by "rnt ocratic" administration for " scrtiees" in purchasing two hundred "democratic" oxen ! Truly, who would not bo a " Democrat" nt this rate? This is a fair specimen of Van Buren economy, "retrenchment and reform." Who can wonder that tho National Treas ury is bankrupt when they see such proofs of iho unparallelled prolligncy and extravagance of tho lato administration ? And yet tho file leaders of this party have literally mado themselves hoarse by their shouts cf a Bank rupt Treasury and Whig extravagance!! II lug cxtravaganco and a Bankrupt Treas ury t 1 1 THE COMPROMISE BILL. Much has been said by tho Tory paper in this Slato in condemnation of Mr. Cla for his agency in procuring the passage of this Bill. And wo tire ourselves inclined to admit that this was one of tho very few errors of Mr. C.'s public life But it should bo remembered that one Andrew Jackson occu pied tho presidential chair at this time, with a largo majority of political friends in Con gressand lhat iho Compromise Bill re ceived the almost unanimous support of tho Tory parly at the time of its adoption, and was approved and signed by "Old Hickory" himself. With ' what grace then can tho Tories censure Mr. Clay for supporting a favorite measure of their own party 1 Wo aro not, however, tho indiscriminate eulogist of Mr. Clay or any oilier man. We think that, in lending the sanction of his great namo to tho principles of this Bill, ho com mitted an error of judgment. Wo have no doubt, houever, that ho acted from the pur est and noblest motives v'17.. to save tlio country from tho horrors of civil war and tlio shedding of fraternal blood. Besides, by uniting with the friends of General Jack sun in adjusting iho details of tho Compro mise act, wc havo no doubt Mr. Clay was governed by tho same principle which indu ces the skilful sometimes to ap ply snow tu a frozen limb to restore vitality and circulation, or hold up a burn to tho lira to extract tho inflammation. For by lending his support to the measure ho knew ho could thereby save the Tariff from tho uttur annihilation which otherwise awaited il. As wo said before, the Tories should bo the hist to complain of Mr. Clay for his agency in this matter, for he thereby rescued Calhoun, their great leader, from the gal lows. Besides, tho Toiy party in Congress nro now doing all in their power to sustain tho principles of this very Bill, while tho Whigs aro endeavoring lo obtain Us repeal. Vide the speeches, of Wright, Woodbury, Calhoun, Alherton and Illicit, on the one side, and of Clay, Evans, Simmons, Hud son, Slade, iVc. &.c. on the other. ttJRIiodo Island seems yet to bo threat ened with rebellion and insurrection. Tho new Legislature assembled on Tuesday of last week in a blacksmith's shop the Gov ernor, Senate and Assembly, all in the same room and Governor Dorr read a document to thu deluded multitude which he ter mod a message. Thesu sago law-givers were el egit ih! to llieir place uf meeting by a body of armed men, and from the tenor of tho following from tho I'rovidenco Journal wo infer that their leaders will soon bo escorted, by authority, to a less commodious edifice: "Tun Kkvolctiox is in a suite of suspended ani mation, Tlio leaders of the party h ive been of ttrr unrertnin locatit n mice w.iiranis hate Lfen issued tarv of : is ocr the- line nnd their hi ml quarters nobody l.iums of their Cieneral Assembly lias etoporattJ, and most of t lie member clothed themselves in thu safe yirb uf insipnificance. or invisibility. The last lhat ttas rin of the representatives from (tloceattr, they ttero "rutting slicks" (iter the hills towards their patriotic I'oiwtituents as fust as thnr Ives routd earrr thrill, stopping now nnd then to at use' their fellow members for not having taken their ndtiee, broken into tho Mate Hcni-o, dispersed that rebellious Legis lature at Newport li'ckcd tip Uov. King, his Council anil Senate, and put all iheiroppomrts inl ih bud but tt hero tlieiuselvis tt ere no. If any of the State government wvroinchnnl to r.-rofiiixo ibc Koiindiy Legislature, they could find nobody to rnmmunieata with. Unv. Dorr s probably nhsent making prepai nlions lo return ns Napoleon did from I'.lba. If be mil probably not boa hundred days keforsko finds his St. Helena." On Wednesday of this week tho regular Legislature wero to assembla at Newport to receive the reply of President Tyler to a requisition mado upon him to assist thr Slato authorities in suppressing domestic insurrec tion. Tho reply of tho President was ex pected Wednesday morning. G5Wo have not received the New York Tninu.NC for moro than six weeks past. We aro not awnro thai wo havo said or dona any thing lately to deserve such neglect. Don't our paper reach Gotham regularly, or what is the trouble I "Wc pause for a reply." .nipusi tiiein. Uoy. Dnrr lint hid or run nway 1'e.iree is tiiisMiigislierilT Anthony lias ubsqualula-ti-d -l'.nrmcntcr is npprrliumto about bail Dr. Hr.nvu Iris "mizzli-d" tin-Mcrt tary of StateV office

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