Newspaper of Burlington Free Press, June 3, 1842, Page 2

Newspaper of Burlington Free Press dated June 3, 1842 Page 2
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LATER FUOM FNGLAND. Tho British Queon arrived on tho 17th ult. bringing Foreign lions up to tlio 7tli May. IN PARLIAMENT In tho IIouso of Lords, on the 5th, thore wns no session. House of Commons.-The principal business of tho night wasn protracted discussion about tho appointment of magistrates in several countries; great numbers having I een ap pointed, it was alleged, on political grounds and for political purposes merely. The de tails would bo of no intoicst to readers on this side of (ho water. White Slavehv. In tho IIouso of Lords, on tho 6th, tho employment of chil dren and females in collieries was spokonof petitions having been presented from vari ous parts of the coal districts, calling the at tention of Parliament to tho subject. Tho Bishop of Norwich said, That' comtdaiued of I In- employment of children of tender age, male and femalf, and o! young hoys end girl, in tho most sctere uruugory oi ine come; ris. In some nana of those collieries the "stains'1 in which the coals were worked were no more than from 13 to 20 inches in height, and through tht'e those young females and boys weie obbgid to tvoil. in niu.l and water, with chains aroun I their bodies.by which chains they dragged the coal along in tnobnslt eta to the shaft or I o,lv of tho tn s. In this laborious and degrading employment they were kept from an eailyliour in tlio morning to a late ono nl night. Tins early association of such younj' persons was productive of habits t.f siross profligacy, o that their moral was much "renter ihan even their 1 .i i 1 i i.i.:, ..-!.. -a.. uu oi,ii lies I e: mull, null i rii lit unci i u noun? i-i , i m- : --- -- .11 J I Bouieaud disc sum- uttninlity. These statements ' "'ado In buy over the khv' ers il d not succeed, nl- ff theietitionei9 were lully borne o it by a rcportol tho comni'ssioiiers appointed to inquiro into the state of enip oyinent of chil trcn in fii-toiics, coal-pits, l-r. which had been laid a few daj ago on Ihcirluid hi,is' table. He was sure that ho should not he considered as unnecessarily obtruding himself on the police of the house when he called die attention of their lor 'ships' to this important subject, lis hoped that the editions which ho would now lay on tho lable would bo fol lowed up by others ffom other parts f the. country, where similar abuses prevailed, and thai at lengih 'line measure w ud I e brought forward to remedy the evils complained i f. The chain was passed round the waist of the young temaleor boy, and thenro wa passed tlironuli l"e mention, have emboldened lo assume an att'mtdo of upeiiorny. out pruviui ua win mo ..... . tnrco days more, arm ine nuiiiarv smiiimnie nu.o strongly urged mo lo capitulate, 'mis ittinnomo till tho lost moment. NV'c have rumors that force is coming to our assis'ancofrom Cnndahar, and I sin cerely trust it may, for wo havo no energy or spirit among those lure." Alettor. dated the 30th nf January last, lias arrived from Major Pot inner, from which it appears that "(jenciolKlphinslotic, nt the tunc after the murderof Sir W. I?. MWnnhtrti. whm lbs evacuation of Calf bul and its neighborhood was muter discussion in the l.rttisb cantonments, wn so ill from gout anil a wound Ibatallaetivo measures had dctoltieton Brig aihcr Shcltont that .Major Pottingcr proposed march ins from tho cantonment to the Hala Hisar, orpvae. uaiing Cnubtil, with the sacrifice of their baggage nndiighting their way to thcnearcsl lliitish station. Urigadicr Sheltnn declared tho first proposition im practicable, and the council of warwouM tint agree tu the second) consequently, Ocneral itlphinstotio acquiesced in tho volo of the council of war, which was for the disaslrouscoursondoptrd. Tims, insteail of tcgarding tbo disasters of Caubul as a proof of .Aflghan plow ess, they must be looked imnn as ili-monstrnt ons e f the canacitv of the Brit ish ('enernls. Thistletv cornhoratid by the fact i f Slnh Sooiah being enabled still to maintain himself in the Hala-IIissart and by tho Gallant defence of .lellaliail by sir lloocrl sate, wnerone, notwnns anu itur everv' difficulty, has maintained his position since lat October. General Nottis sti'l master of O.indahar and its environs, fioniwhenro ihc Afljhnns have not been able to expel him. Tho fact seems, thercfoic. clear, tint if tho British troops had been will commanili'd at Caubul, neither the evacuation of (bat place, nor the wretched retreat wonlil have leen necessary, and then tho fatalities of that misernblo proceeding would have I een spared. Hr Unbelt Sale was safoin Jcll.alsbnd up to iho 4th of March! he had secured provisions for him self nnd his troops, and was determined to resist to tho nt. An canhq-inko on tlio inn nt eenruaM b id douo meat daniaeo to the fortil'icalion nnd buil dinps of the town, but I tie resolution of tho fienrral nndtiis rrnons bnd n t oulv rcnaired the dimae. hut ro ted n nartvnf Affchnnq nndrr Akhbar Khan, who cnUavonil to profit of tho occasion and to attack the Urilisli pot, lion. 1 he troops sent to the relief of Jcllalabad have met with various discouragements. The want of can non caused the f.iil'iriof Colonil Wilde's movement into the Kbvber Pass. Onat richness, but luckily no heavy mortality, attacked tlto" that arrived near rc'liiwur lieiore lienerai I'oiiock. i no nnernpi Ions, Tlio question, in one form orauothor, now for a lugo ratio, now for a small one, and now for a state of betwecnity, was discussed from noon till nearly nightfall, and then loft without a disposition of tbo question. 'Iho subject In deed seems lo be a difficult one to disposs of, not only in the diversity of opinion wlnrh pre vails in'regard to Jjtho projior ratio, as one mere lv lnr.il. but from Iho manv opinions as to the effort of an addition or diminution of members. Any change would bo an improvement upon tlio present number, perhaps for tho reason thai there nro now too few lo represent tbo masses too many to make a compact and orderly bo dy. An oiilaigcmcntofthc body might havo the samocllecl III tlio iiottso oi iicprcscniatives as tho largo representation has in the Uritish Par liament. 'J'lioie, na is well known, those only speak who have something to say, and that to Iho subject, and in an oniony ami acceptuuic manner. In a largo House, it is thought by some that the speaking would bo trusted to a few members frum tho necessity of the case, as in l,ni! anu. 1 ho (jonirrcss ol the Untleu Slates however, is cmnnofcuil i of different materials from tho lli itish Parliament, llore, what is called a pure democracy is little better than a logoraoy, wlnlo there, power aim responsibility !,'0 rv different thimie. Precedent Ihore, too, ha' become a different habit hoie a second nature and would bo as bard to change. You re, E. U mant from tbo Golernor of Ltnibe, a place near the Cape, stating that after the shock ho sent to that city lor news his Aiucuainp lounu mu city destroyed, aid the ruins rovercu uyuio pea with the oxceptiot of a small portiem, wboro wore asscniDled iho surviving inhabitants and author'Uiee, most af tho latter grcviously wound, pd and mutilated. Tho absence) of illrnet news aflor a lapso ol five days inabes us fear tlio worst for the unfor tunato "capital nftho North." The loss of life is vaguely calcinated at one totwo minis w nnnuhitinn. Sne.enrs nf nreivisiollS bought by subscription are despatched hence to day for tho use ol tne miserable survivors. We make no coininont on thia horrible ratas trophn : its effects mi business and the prospects oftlie country are likely to be very disastrous, TEN THOUSAND LIVE i LOST. Tremendous Enrthqimhc in the Island nf at. Lonwi"o. tlv ush n quarrel had taken bice between two of til if tubes about the spoil they nati previously ac-niiirnl. On the !)lh of February General Pollock ioed an order to prepare- for a maich into tin- Kbvber Pass in oilier to relieve Jellaialia i. I ins oteier is o err ed a-.'jiwngdissilitl'ietion to several of the oflicers. inasmuch as it lim ted the ipianti y of hacsagi- Ih y were allowed tocariy It ha, as ttapp-.irs. neeu since f lend, lhatas .Ii'llala' ad was n t in iinincdi U daiiier, it would b- best tn await the tnriva' of the 3d Drajo ns befoin the nt'e nipt shoul I he made on Ihe Khvber Pats. The Hindoo soldieis, indipenilenl of their dili'ti- to cro'-s the Ir.dus, entcrtnin a slromr aversion to tho barbarity anJ treacbei y of the All" cinns, Till'. ARMV. Wn rnnran llinl wp nln linnbln to fierrpivn the Wis- doni of such a reduction of the already very small military establishment ol this country, as has ucen pro pnsol uy iho motion of Mr. Cavo Johnson, and wnicn secnicu 10 reccivo 1110 support oi iir. jumns. Ilv n snbsiniie'nt e-Kitlniinlion e,f his iews. Iiowcver. we arc gialilkd t.i find that tho solo object of Mr. Ad ntm' in-tern was to procure a carilul inquiiyto a certain ine unest point lo which ine regular loecu could lie reduced with nronrietv. and s ill preserve its efficiency fornll the legitiinalo purposes of a peace cstauiisiimcnt -uttcu lo the tiuucs anu warns oi iuu government. lnshorl, tho object of Mr. Adams is the Iruo nnd riiiht one, ccom my without pirsiniuny t a forco suf ficient to tako caro of the fortresses and other posts, and to watch the frontier. This Ian object seems to us to I o one of very ser ious moment. It sicms hardly to admit of a doubt, that tin ro is noonohrnnth of the puhliu service to which oiir military force can bo applied, that requires more conslantam vi'-ilnnt ntltutiun. than tho tram nullity nnd security of Iho western frontier. Tlio neace-of the Indian tribes niuoii!! theinelves. ns well ns tlio sifety of our on u bonier settlements, seems lo demand lint the e-oiernuieut should be seen and felt on that sulo ol Iho country in torce sulhcienl to Keep LATEST FROM MEXICO. Tho United Slates Cttttcr Woodbury, Uopt lones, ntrlvi'tl at iew urie.ius n t,o faitli nrour In 'nn tumies inviolate to prevent .1... in. I. !.. .1 r".. unlawful intrii'ionsinloanv imrli f the Indian 'errilu- uiu iiu nisi, iii nvu iiiivs iruin ;i vji "., i ,,. , , n , - ,,r in,,, ,,,, ,,,.r,,,..i. n:i vine on uoiiruas passeiiKors tne won. t ow- tion anu inn icm o, iiieeuoris, so nupieiousiy com 'I he bliga.le from I'cr.izeppore,iin 'erthe command twtcn) the leys j one end was then fastened to the "hmry," or vese in which the cn al dm; or cm in fllA l...:it,l ll'nr.. iitni-rt I nlA Ittr lt.1 o.nin. il lt-e drawn ont-the voun" hoi s and iemahs movmnalo'ic i !""'. l-'h or I'Jib, am! on their Hands anil Knees, through mini anil we', nnd nf Brigadier White, was oivthe banks of the Ohenanb on thoDth of .M.vch, and expccle-d lo cross the Jee- wonld. tlieieforo reneh this in a passage often not more than 13 or 10 in diis men. Tlio Karl of Wpncilca, in presenting a petition ci he same su j-ct, olmuved, tint theie could he no comnariMn between the condition of the children em ployed in factories and 'ho-o engaged in the open a r. The petitioner" complained of the manner in which chibiren of tender yeartwero employed in factories, anil iho Imgth of time in which they wcie hi em ployed everyday. Theystitcd lint the liies of thou, sands ami Jens of thousands of chdd.vn were; saenfi cod by this in de of employment. They, therefore, prayed that sime legislative enactment inizhl be passed which should limit tho labor i f ehildn n to ten hours each day. If nny such measuro W2re in troduced, it should have Ins cotdial support. At the Ciueen's leveo held on the lth instant. Mr. Washington Irving was presented by Mr. Kverett. The papers nnnounco the death of the Duchoss Dowager of Richmond, m her 74th year. A fatal duel was foughl at Palermo, Sicily, on the J2nd of April, between Lieut. Brooke Johnson and the Duke di Calabritti, in which tho former was shot dead and the Duko recoiled a dreadful wo ind in the face, carrying away part of bis nose. Thed' cl ong inated in a blow given by tlie Kug ishnnn, who had been taking too much wine. CHI A we euppo-od, tlw papcis &e., by the overland mail wore received in London on the -lib. The in telligence is given in the following extract". The latest intelligence i lo tho 14ih of Pibruary from Macao. Tlio C'hiiuse Government having gar risoned the cilie3 and forts of Yuyao, Tsikee, and Kunghwa. which are situate AO, W .mil 30 niiksfiom Nmgpo, with a view of awms all those who had s b muted to the British, a force c nitin; of three, steam ers with about 700 men was dispatched against them. 'I hey were toon occupied! the only opposi im be ingan attempt atone pinco on the part uf the Tartars to defend the tow n from without the walls ; liut al though they openi'd fire, tbo Tartais Hid as soon as attacked i they were pursued, and lost about 130 men. The snow which covered the country taved theoth rs, as their pursuers did not know the safe, p i h'. The ammunition, arms, c'otlnng, alul other war stores, weredciioyed, and tlio public granaries sur rendered to tho popula e. Thu expedition returned to Kingpoon tho Hill of January. H.mg-chow-l'oo 's tlie chief city nf the populous nrm .icuof i he-iCoaii''. and was, it t snd, about to bonccupiol durui!! February. It Inl a garrison of 10,000 raw tecriiits. iho .'ivtsion or the Ivnchsh troo sinti'ilctaehniertsat Honuki ng. .-linoy, C'nus nn. Cbinhae. an! Nimrno, was I k- lv to prevent nn immediate attack, but on tliti arrival of the expected reinforcements from In'ii and I'nulaiid, ihc-nm- nniirn would, it is said, becrin bytliHciintiireofibat Pcshauar in t tie lieamnin ' of April. T.i" force unniT O.n. Polio. would then be repeelabli', an I fu ly capable of i fieetinu tbo pa-sage. The Seikbs contm uo to all'ml the Urni'li troops every fieiliiy in pas s ng thiousb tin ir territories, and i i evenaid thai a strong body is ready tn co-opcrn'o Willi fieneial l"o oi't; in n tacKmL' the lv I'.iierrees anu rtiieinn. Thcro have, h iwever, been somo destriions from the Sspny regiment. 'I'hn letters from the prisoncs in the hands of the Affcli in chii fs are very short, and gi neral y request ing money to rc'ieve varionsof their pro'sins. wants. Another proofof the wcaknvss of liie AITghan lead ers is, lint Col Paheer lias been nb'e, with his small nnd fecblo detach nient, to maintain hinisiifin Cih z nee during four mon lis, from t ebegii u n of Novem ber. Tbela't intcl!i;:ico from CanJihar is to the lOih of March. All was safe there. Theiewas a lafce body of Airlnns within 20 mills nf lint city; but their leader, Softer Jung, a son of Shah yhooja, np pear;d to dii.a I a icueonlrp n ub ttio Uritish tro ps. Theie were upwaid ofTOOO troops in Oainalnr, an I a reinfotcement of',500, with monfyandammunition ha b.'in sent lo f!en. Nott fioin Su'tkur. Kheally fJhd.ii' was, with its garrison of 10C0 men, alio i-a'e, altliouuh it is 80 miles from ' 'and. thar. The decision of Lord Ulleuborough einff now ta ken to utihold tho lepiitation of the Mrilt sh troops in Afghanistan, orre may hope that in a short limn the relief of.li Ikihdiad will open tl.e campaign with a bnl iant exploit, in rl'aj'f,: irui Siin'!eipsa:sn,.l.i,t,stiiti' r.rrva'U. Tlie minor nf the seizure ol an iron sterner in the In dus has not been confiri' fd. INDIA. The departure of Lord Auckland Ins taken plac. Various aJdti-fes, prov.ng Iuh. in.ich his Loid-h p was appri cialul nt Cale una, wete piesent d to him. I .nnl I'.lh.nhnr.v.iMi. who reached Calcutta on tho Mill of February, Ins infus.-d new spirit into tlnpripira tions lor the reitiforcenitniH to China, by Ins going on board to examine thu transports. I!y the politeness nf Capt. Morris, of the brig W,n. iseiimn, irom rori an rrince. we nave ".ei Patiintc" of tho Ulh May, published ,H lliat place which gives an account of a shocking earllirpi.il;.' thai occtiriou in iii.ii isianu on u 7tbeil Alav. at 5 o'clock in the evcniuir. Tho princip d destruction of life, nf which we haic aii..ft ciMinr, was at Capo Haytian, which tiuvn was cntirulv deMioved. It contained about "),()()!) iiih.ibi'antK, two-tlnrds of whom are thought to bo dead. Tho nnnreiaeh o' the eirthnualto was indica led in l'nit au Prince by "rcat heat, ami heavy clouds lint covered the neighboring lullf, am: followed the direction of the South-Wost to the North-Iist. -Tlio vcs.'o's ;,t anchor, somn of tbo sailors ro pml, c.vpsnonced the shock before tin'' saw tlw? houses agitated, which (ceincd to indicate that th- sliocl: came fiom the wc-t. 'I'lieio were two hhocliB at Port au Prince ve ry distinctly felt, the 11 ret not so long as the prom', which last endured about three minutes, livery person strove to got out of the houses, ai. d l ho streets were filled with the affrighted population. A littlu lunger, s-ays thu Patriot, and Port au Prince would have been the theatre of a disaster Binuhir to that of 1770, of which dii-aMinu-i year the remembrance was rushing into all mind. The Patriot also sav? that there is hardly a house or a wall that Ins not millercd a little. Some have heroine a'mnst uninhibitahle. Tho frmt of the Senate llmtpc, where the arms of the Uetiiihbe aio sculptured, is detached and broken. The interior was uninjured. On the Saturday irght succeeding, and on Sunday there were other r-hocks. Ma.is was in torrupteit, and the persons present ran hither and thither, while many women fainted. On Mondiy morning nt VI o'clock there was at.otiior shock. The weather all the while was changeable, now extreme heal, now ram, now fair, and now signs as'if of a storm. (in Tuc.-day again there was another shock, and since then, says the Patriot, "it soeuis to us that wo walk upon a quaking earth." Saint M trc .1 loiter from this townsays tint the carlhrpinke was felt there with violerce. M my houses w ere seriously d im.-r cd, and some desliiiypd, bul no loss eif life is ni&niioiied. At 6,.T.r.iV'- tho shocks were yet mo.-o seri oup. Tlio greiter part of tbo limine were overthrown. A fire broke out at the samo time and them was not a drop nf wator in town. All the houses that were ni.t burnt sufl'eicd from the eiit liq take. It was in tho streets thai tho writer of tl.e loiter giving this account wan indi tin" it. The Church, the PrWon, Iho Palais N:dio!ia!, tho Treasury and tho Arsenal were all iWi roved. Phis loiter concludes at b A.Al. uy saying hatnn Llllis, Into .Minister to Mexico, nnd tho following Aiiicricfin citizens who wero uttnehed to tho Santa Fo c.tpt'dilion, nnd who have recently recovered their liberty ! David Snivoly, T. A. Sully, J. B. Iloughtal ing, T. S. Toney, J. C. Howard, II. R. DiiL-h.iuan, nnd Geo. Wilkins Kendall, lib erated on tlio night of tho 2 1st of April, the day on which Mr. Ellh took his final leave of Sanfn Anna, nnd S. U. Sheldon, A. Adams and John Tonkins, liberated on tho 27th April, through the intervention of Gen. Thompson, t ho new minister. By tho samu vessel also canto passengers J no. Winslow Wood, Esq. of N. York, wdio has been travelling fur somo two years in South America nnd Mexico, .1. R. Bolton, T. B. Cooledge, Franklin t'erin, nnd J. V. Harper, Esq?, all American citizens and, also, Thompson Robinson, E. Stokes, Peler Gallagher and J. E. Jones, English subjects attached to the Santa Fe expedition and po lilely tendered a passage to the United Slates by Gen. Thompson. We aro indebted to the N. Orleans Pica- y n nt; fur tho following information : On the 2lst April, .Mr. Ellis had his au dience of leavn of Santa Anna, and on iho same dav Gen. Thompson presented his cre dentials, and was received by the provision al President as tho accredited Minister of the United Slates. Gen. Thompson arrived at Mexico on the ovening of iho lfiih April, and was warm- . ly welcomed hv thu lesident Americans. His exertions in favor of those Americans now imprisoned have been indefatigable ant; successful Sheldun Tompkins anil Adams having neon liberated through ins interven tion nn the. 27th. r The next day sixteen of tlio prisoners, . I-- i , . . tdigiisu ana ueruuin protection, menei d. to suread nninnu the tribes a eood common c'u-ation, ami the knowli dgo nnd practice of the ttieetian ie nils nnd in lllltirol Ulff niiricllttlllo. Ilesides rill i d tlio coiiditi in ol Texa nnd of the neitelib' ri-iir M xican Slates the continual influx of adventurers from all quarters of iho world, some ifoublles". L'oinu there with jusl and bonora le mo tives nnd a laudable nuibititai to build their for'unes uoon riirht.ous foundations, but manv. nerlnns the nnioiily, rpektess ' fall consequences nnd as ready f.ir Imvne ns for neieo ihese cue (instances taken in connection with the probable designs of Mexico her s roii2 do ire to reeam in sovereignty oi i exas, nuu her deeti nnd bitte' ha o toward ibis country, under tbo influence of win II she would not hesitate one tno ment to bring tho whole Indianforce in arms upon our p .opto, if she coul ' excite the tribes to such a com binatiin azainst us all tbeso confLrntions render it ns it seems to us. one of the veriLhest an I most imnpralivo dull s of the nat'onawWerninent to see, cnri.fullv nnd i-fli-etunllv. to the nreservation of har mony nnd tjooii faiih on lliat whole frontier; for, if the tribes at the West should combine in a lenguo of fensive ami defensive, lo make war upon these Stales, ho devastation and carnace of such n war would be more horrible than nnfcing the civilized world has seen since lliat "scnB of O. d," Alti'n nnd his Huns rarrted fire nniP'Word, Puninc and terror, over i If the Homan world. The Florida war, with nil its inn. prsina luirnin s, nas neen insignincani aim oi in rompari'on. y far from desiring a large army; b"t . that true economy, ns well ns human- faiih of treaties, pall fir tho maintenance ofa forceeleailv suflicieiit, at all even Is, to man the poits and keep the pcaco t-n the frontier. The diturbaiices'enused by iheiniitmy of the Mad- '. ,.. i.i, t,,,. .;on that wn folt a rns Si.novs bam lei min.aleij. and ail IS tranquil 111 , ""V . . . . thoi. dNtrieis. There are vmplnm of confusion hung likely lo brcn1. out at Oude, where iho old Kinn is acting the oppressor, at the instk-aiion of a ciaftv Minister. In the small Male of Jud,nre thi-ro has been some alarm cic.aied, but it is not likely to produce ony im portant results. imnortant nosition nl the itli n canal. The uiilily of ties proceeding is much can. vassed, for many contend thai instead of wasting forces at isolated points, the Uritish expedition ouglit to proceed nt once to the atlncit ol tho Imperial prov ince of Pekin, which being by th.- consiitution of the t.'hinfl'O empire, pla -ed under the tho immediate Oovertiment of his ("ele tial Majesty, any attack on it would oblige tlu Kuipcror in pers in to examine the causes ot thd war, anu to come to a specuy ue ci inn. The great blunder of the late plenipotentiaries was thsir not persisting in 1810 to denund .a settlement of all disputes, whsn ICeshcn hoa.xe I them back to Can ton. Sir Henry Poltmgi'r must go lo Ptkiu in or der to bring the war tou termination j for Iho man darins at llanj-chow-foo seem resulted lalherto eirry on lheir operations in their own fushinn, nl tliousti thev aPiieared to make an nll'-r of negncia. lions. The taerid province i f Pu' in mutt beo-nil-e'l, nnd even tbr Uritish tioops may have to mnri h toward thecal itn, belnio the outuiary or thni.nv re.ror will vield. The pos-i tion of tin- imncrial nrov inco is, bes'iles, to he considered ns au occupation of trie (internment, and then the I'.mpetor will Inve ri- th'rloaliiliente or siinimtin proper trims. lint m r issued a circular to her llntannie Maiesty s subjects anniuucingtlie c.a t irenf those tlnee citiis, Sir Henry Pottingcrsaib d for llong Kong, w here he reived on the 1st of February. lie immediately put a stop to the wretched system of tcmng the' ibinese commeiri.al jun'.s. Trad" was carii.'d on successfully with the Souihern ports, and opium wns relling freely along the coast, for the powers of the fiovernment to comtnl ihc use of that inr otie ap pear now to'o in n great inessure paralyzed. The alo of thisnrticle is tuch,and ihe pri esso re.nuner aline, that it baa been proposed to tation vissrls in dilTerent places to serto as depots for the cargoes, The pri fits aro such as will enable ihe lion, company to defray nt leakt one half of the expenses of Ihe ex nrrliilnn to China. In tlie meantime the mandarins at Canton snd ItlCir Ulltell engineers nil- oiisy n, eeeeiiog i. einica inn. nlonir the banks of lheir river: ttuybavenl rradv erected twelve stum or earth battrrii.s a'nng bo TiInrnopaFia -e and ihe Mall Junk river, in winch they have pU'cd marly .100 runs of Inreo culibre. As elm exoort Inide from Cinton continued, Kir lle.nry Poltiugcr bnd decided, while trndeis allowed, snd Ihe titer below Whuinpoa is lefl linobf Iructed, imnn not nttnckiii" that iilace newn. for. n hedeclai - n to some mandarins, who enme coilluli) ioned, ns ihev'aid, by their eeletlial monarch lo Ireat wi h the Priiish plenipotenl nry, " I will not now enter into treaty: 1 w u ueuciuie mm uic i.mpi;-.r pvetuujut' ot Pekiii." .... Keinforccmentanronow prepannirm dihrcnt pla Tb ''od and -list Madras Native Infuiitrv em barked nn tho 13lh of March from Madras, nnd tho .4ili. which was nt Miiuhnein. and the 39th Madras Native Infantry, which was at Pcnang, have, ns it is inserted, tfeited orders to get ready for proceeding CONGRESS. Coircspondcnce nf the I'.xprfss. Washington, May 27. The Commercial Dink of Uosioii, the New r.iisl.indiiptnl'ibe Cuernnjet under the late admiuiftrn'inn, sniripwhat unexpectedly was tlie thoine of a brief d scussitin in the liouse nf Kep. re'-ontatitcs in the early part of the session of ycstnithy. ll was proposed that a select mm. "mi'.tee f liould n to Host on to ferrit out a fraud tinon th') Goternmenttotl o tini -.ofab mt 81.")'.),- ()()(), and brought about bv collti-ion of ollici'rs very ireat 'commotion. At present, wo are g- nnriut ol tlie numner oi pertous unifii m ed. All the prisoners who aro not burned in Ihe ruitir, aro escaped. God grant that I'oitau Prince may not hate experienced such a disae- tor." t'nne Havlaln The town rf Cape llnvlain hnt entirely dinipf-wrcJ, and with it two-thirds nf thcvnimlalitm. I ho lamuies tint coum escape are lied lo Fossotte, w hero they were without an abvlinn, clothing or provisions. "The President ol 1 1 a v 1 1 has niven orders to the tihvsiriana and (iflir'crs of Ihe hospitals to leave the city immediate')' in order lo give suc cor to tho distressed. Oilier aid of all kinds w as about to be despatthod by water to tho i dictrcMsud. LATTiK. Im addition tn the above disastrous intelii pence from tho Cape, a courier arrived from tho iiyafew hours pievious to tlio department ofthe Federal Govnrninont with tlio.-o in th" I Cipt. Morns, who statejil in n a i nic oioho oniai. in nml cnri'ipn nf t tin itc irntni"iit . 'I'llfl IIenie. tor iho earlhiui.ike. which em Monday tlie Hill. ' - ... . . I, . .1 . .1... I ,1... ..iii'iln. nmno.l.lf. mill ll'Itll !l lllll was not williti2 tint .M.ilinmci buouiii jro to ine i oei-initi.ii ii....i i......s... mountain e.xcept the mountain r-honlil come to I miserable remnant ofthe inhabitants who Ind Mahomet. Tlio majority Ihvo no objection to rsrapeu urn t!iiiniin.iitc. u ..... ... ... the investigation of iraud, providing Iho fraud, Nicholas and Port Paix. are also faid to ho tie- or what is about tlie same thim:, those who Into ! stroypd. Other parts of t ie island nad not neen ,ln,l I, ...ill niinmil Ir. br, ll rest ir.lt Pit . U N IOI11 W 1(011 t 11 PI. ItlOrriS 1UII! UIU II II Tho result will be wlnt is always tho finale of claimin wero Iilieraleil. On leavina Mexico, Judgn Ellis ordered the sale of his library, table service and fur niture ceniTiillv the proceeds of which were liberally given lo mi'irratu iho sufferings ofthe I cxan prisoners. Me had previously given tlieni upwards nt SIU0U. Gen. I hoinpon is also eloinj: every thinx in bis power and ronsi-tent with his high i siiion to aid the Texn. s and alleviate their imprisonment Mr. Konil.ill wns kept in confinement nt ine tios iii.u in can i...r...r., ,,,,i;t ,t, is,i, April. Un tlio same tlav a vounsr man named Ilir.ven, one of the Texan jirisouers was liroughl to ban Ltiz iro Iruiu 8,iiuiagi sick with thu small pox. I his di-ease has been very prevalent union"; the prisoners several having men, unit iiioo who liatl not been previously vaccinated lieint; now hadlv

iiilleil. Lain on tlio same nilit, that is the loth, Air. K. was taken alone to hantingo, uuiler an escort ot is men, ami tin: m xt niurniurr iilaced in chains. Lulu on the night ofthe 21sl, Jmlgu Ellis, accompanied by 15. Mayer, Esq. Secretary of Legation, called at Santiago with thu oreler for the re lease of Sully, Howard and Kendall. Mr. K. would here stale, that he learned vuibhlU , on tho morning of the loth, that he, with six oilier Americans, were to be liberated within a few days to Mr. Ellis ; nnd this report proh iblv gavo rise to the news which has been published here of the release of the Americans. As regards ihe settlement ofthe American claims we havu nothing new to cumniunicale. Thu Mexican commissioner who has recently been nt Washington, we nu t at Puebla on his return. It was rumored in Mexico that tho Government was anxious to fund GENERAL JACKSON. Wo obseivo thai tho Tory papers through out the country nro making a groat clamor hecnuso Congress docs not remit thu fine ol ono thousand dollars imposed upon " Old Hickory" in 1815, by Judge Hull of Now Orleans. Hut, if il would not he imperti nent, wo should like to enquire why tbeso benevolent gentlemen did not remit tlie fino themselves, when they had largo majorities in both hrnnchcsof Congress, and when there was n surplus in tlio National Treasury of roitrv millions or dom.aus, under thuglo-' lions dynasty ofthe "graceful philosopho r' of Kindorhook. Every woid of censuro and rebuke applied by the Tories to tlio present Whig Congress for not refunding this fino may bo.relorted upon them witli n hundred fold moro justice and force. For thu Irons nry is now empty and thu Government em harrasseel by a heavy debt contracted by the Tories themselves, whereas when Van Huron took the reins the Government was free from tleht and the Treasury was full to oveillow ing. Again we ask if the Whigs are blame worthy for not refunding this fine to the old General in tlio piesent embarrassed condi tion of the Government, how much more are tlio Tories deserving of censure for neglect ing to do jttstico to their idol in tlie palmy days of their prosperity and power? Tlie only answer they can give to tlie question. is that they wanted the money themselves to squander upon such corrupt partisans us . Harris and Boyd, Swnrlwotit and Price, Butler nnd Hoyt, for base electioneering pur poses, and to prop up lheir own tumbling, crumbling, rotten dynasty. CitAni.cs Dickuns. This distinguished Writer passed through tho lako from Mon trenl on Monday last, on his way to New York, wliero ho will soon oinhnrk for Eng land. Ho walked up to tho Square accom panied by Mrs Dickv.xs, hut appeared to avoid notice as far us pussible. Tho admi rers of his writings will rojoico til his return, In the prospect of again feasting upon the labors of Ifls pen, which have ceased during Ins journey. ft7A Mr Inch lately petitioned tho Leg islature of Wisconsin to have his namo altnr od to Lynch. The corporal says it is a ver ification of tho old proverb, "givohtm an inch, and he'll tako an ell." Qjr Eiiwarij A. Stansiiuuv and Benja min J. Tr.NNt:v ire-ro ndinifted to practice us Attornejs in tlio County Court of thii county, on the 2Gth ult. i Emigration fiiom Iuci.ano to America will, it is said, ho unusually rreat this year. From ono port only, that of Limerick, the numbers which have already taken passage iru stdted at 8032 souls. Under date of Quebec, May Id, tho following statement i published : Number of Hmlirants arrived at this Doit dunnc the we-ek endini! tins date : From Rnirlnnd, a From Ireland, 423 From Scotland, 1C9 Tiir. Hindoo Girl. At iho present day, tbo uneducated Hindoo girl, by the use of her hands simply, could surpass in delicacy and fineness ol texlure the production of the most. perfect machinery, In tho manufacture of cot- lou and muslin colli. In Kiighnd, cotton has been spun m fine, that il would require a thread nf four hundred and ninety miles in length to but tho Hindoo girl had, by fXT Tho sweet litllo honey who writes editorials for the Sentinel, seemed to bo a litllo nettled last week because we published an extract from the report of Mr PotNucx- thr, exposing tho corrupt management of Hoyt and lititlcr, the two most conspicuous seii'nfs in tlie democratic party. By publish ing tltosu extracts we tlid not intend to vouch for the correctness of Mr I'.'s report in ev every particular. On the contrary, we have no doubt it is erroneous in some respects but we have ns vet seen no evidencn that weiL'li a noun Imr hind-, con-tructed a tlire.id winch would re- , ,10 ,.,, c copied a fortninht agu is not l,. I,n ll,..i,c.t .mine In il'Air.1. n ' ' C n i '. .' . . ' . , ' " i ctrtclK' rnrroi'l in e.vi.rv llnni onil In llin vnvv omiiid: and the u.iccaio minims ot ner inanu- j - lacture, when spread on tbo ground and covered letter. We havo no doubt that it is so. It deals in particulars, gives names and date's with dew, were no longer visible." FRIDAY MOItN I.G. JUNE 3 1S4?. To correspondinr period fast your, 60G 41 Increase in favor of 1S42, 6l! Cabin passengers, not included in tlio al ove, 133 By a now regulation proposed by the British Colonial Secretary, Lord Stanley, British ships sailing to the Colonies will ha allowed lo carry three full grown persons for overs 5 Ions ofthe ship's measurement ; 2 children not over Id years old, or three if not over 7 years, being considered equal la one adult. Our ships are allowed by Ian to take mnru than 2 adult persons for orery 5 tons ofthe ship's capacity. WHIG STATU CONVENTION. and extracts from Iloyt's oflici.il letters, and carries on its face tho evidence of its truth and it will require better authority than the Sentinel to convince us that it is erroneous. Wo are concerned however lo see our amia ble neighbor exhibit so much excitement on tho occasion. The little darling seems to be Tho State Convention of tho U 'hies of Vermont, ' loosing his temper. He applies some bald Mr ine purpose ot noni naiin siaio i un-crs, aim la- i . .i.:..t, . ...lit i, ...i, . ,.,! , r lit,... ci, I, i.in.ciiruj n lirt .l.inii.a tiui'aairv nri. I W OTUS 10 USWlllCll ilO Will 1)0 ilSliamClidi aralory to the annual September election, will be ! w,f n ho, gets to be a little older. We have always treated ihe joung man well and it is "ullnrcttll,' for liini to call us such hard names. Keep cool, Dana, bo a good hoy and we'll give you a sugar plumb onn of these davs. loldenat Ml IMH.KHUUV, on Wr.D.NT.SDAY, the till uf JULY next. Tim Wlurjs ire requested to np.- point, on or before the lib i f July, by county or oh n content oos, tbreo or moro delegates to represent each town in said conttinion. k. x. imi .r.s, HARRY HR.UM.nY, r.RA.STUS F.UUUANK.S, I . A. t.. M IN KM. .h.'' r 11 , vol TP 1.0111. May 21, 1312 o. i. fii wtii.r.rt. isi in Mi.vt;t(., E. P. WALTON, JR. A PROTECTIVE TARIFF. Tlie Rhode Island war i not endnt, after all. Nottt iilM.inding Mr Dorr a d his illustrious compeers have shown their belie! that "discretion is the better part of valor," their brother Loco Focos out of tho Stale are determined lo make something out of it yet. Tlio S'. Albans Republican is out upon us in full cry this week with a long string of , talk about " patriotism, " " the yeomanry , Rhodo Island," ifcc. Now in all kindness , we adviso tho Republican to keep as quiet A Into number of tbo National Intelligen cer, after roinnienting upon the intense feel ing which pervades everv section of thu country in regard lo a Protective Tariff, ob serves, " Congress is fully aware ofthe ur- "gent necessity ofa Tariff far revenue that . .hi ii i ...... ii. i win oo limy aiiequatc to an tuu wants oi p()ssi),e lllis miltt(,r) for (e more mo government, anu win not suriiiK irom ho stirs it ,0 ,vorso i( smL,,Si Th(, E(,i( ii .1 1 l . p .1. 1. I t . I . I . . 1 ine i.iscnarge oi toe e.uiy ttuieu mat ncces- , knntt. whon .. ,..-.., ...... ... "sity imposes. We have no doubt that an Wis .,, fils(! from .f;illning , ,.Mj ns f,ir "elective lanjr mu oe csiaunsncu uejore nj cm)Cmls C!1lll(, ,ho 10(1(, U.1ul ..lr " the close ofthe prcstnt session. j VVlir nf pr, ..cipl,.," or tho Rhode Island trai We notice, too, that thu friends of pro- ,nrs Patriots. Tliev foitohl for no nrinci with a waslo of ' conjectured that all the towns tf the mrlh arc a tecling Ameiican labor, ngainst foreign pau per labor, am rallting in every part of the Union tindrr tho hio.nl banner of the uni form, -consistent and unwavering supporter and original founder of tho " American (Ik. i sv.srr.M " of Protection. The old Noilh to ioin ihe China I'-xneditio-i, It is rnporlcd that Chtuan, Amoy, nnd lions Konz, are lobe free ports) buildiuss of various kinds are snn juijj up la t m the last named. AFFGHANISTAN. The! intelligence fiom this seat of war consiits cliisrfly of details conee-rningeventa pieviounly known ui eencial teeim, ana oi corrcciiona or itcniais ol Tor .iter dccouiiis. Th' disasters appear now to be atenb- .1 more U inisconJiict on Ihc part of the Anglo In ,iu force than to the prowess of the Airjlinni, or 'tn to Ihe diCficultius e.f ih; country and the tea a. private letter 'from Sir W, It. flliicnaghlcn to friend tho Hon. Mr. Krkins. ilalcd Cab ,1. Ihe ail leccml rr. 1311. has been published by the "Finud i i . ha." ll is as folium, ond speaks fmrful talrst ",Ve hnve now been besiejjed 33 days by it con- A tni-uiy, whom thveottardicp of oar troopi .i iain otli.r cucunisiancj, which 1 will nut investigations, a jreal Finoko gunpowder. Thu Army Bill was debited awh.le fn.day, hut no material advanco was mi le in till con sidcration of tlie su.bjo.'t. Mr. Citshing of M iss inado one of his instructive and bifurcating; Hpacrhes upon tbo 11.11, and adverse to Ihe pro posed redurlinn ofthe Army. N'eitlior lbs con ditinnofour l'ereign Re'atious, nor affaire at homo warranted, as he thought, the ronteinpla lod movement to bnntj down tho Army. In a temncst of reform, as ho ronanled the present feeling in tho House, and it seems to ha nothing more 111 in a whirlwind tint may last nut a tiriei period, but wlucli notertlielofis tiny do a worm t nuscliiel in ns destructive iiiiuieiice, u is pni. posed to make innovation upon innovation. Of course ctery thing dune is lobe dono in Iho sa cred name ol relorin. n le vaaya may cnange this iicadlong feohng, bnl it is probable that if the tote were taken to-day, the majority in tho Uotisu would vote to reduce tho trmy to what it was twenty-one years since. Jlr. liiliinr nt v irsinia took issue with Sir. Cut-lung in his opinions and replied tit length, bpgjmnnga speech which he will closu to day. Many ol the members seemed to lie burpriscd that these two tne iibern hhould bo upon the op. poaittj mile of the same quctdton, both passing as the friends and dafenders oftlie .xor.utivc, and christened by somo of their amiable collea gues; as a put of "thu Corporal's (Juan! ! i lie ueliaie in mo neuaio also gavo nro to like remarks. Mr. Crittenden, of Kentucky, had been advocating the until ratio of representation upon tbo ground that the l.egielatno and not tlie repetitive power had been encroached up. dn. The one way power was tremendous, while the power of the Legislative wan weak in comparison, Mr. bevier ol ArK.ms.af, in Ins rouoli-and-tuiiiblo, ktin.-k.down aud-drag.out ftvle of eloquence, thought there was no danger of that, for m the wing ofthe Capitol whore bo was there was not one tn raise a voice for the President, while at Ihe end of tho building his friends tt ere limited to pou',o six mon in all, who arc s necringly called "the Corporal' Guard !" Tho Apportionment Hill was debated through tho day upon the question of rflfio. Many men of many minds, Haith the proverb; and thore were as many opinioim almost as thero were Senator?, In regard to. what bl.ould const tute tho proper ratio of representation. Tlio num. bers run dh high as nitsotv.two thousand, and fell,hko thu decrees of a thermometer frum a a hot to a cold day, to forty-nine. There was abundance of material for spinning out a long debate, nnd no lark ofa deposition to kill, time to klmcet any extent in fu.uuiinjf favoritw opiti- muss f ruins. In addition fo the forecoing distressing partic ulais, says lha fioston Atlas, ,vn hate tho fol lowing ronfirtintory loiter?. Tlio letter from Port au Prince came by tho William Niolson, at New York. "Port au Tr-iNon, 12 h May, 1812,5 P. M. "Just before despatt liing tins letter, news has reached us that only one portion has been saved, a .Mr. Dupuy all the othors ho ng oith- drowned by tlio tea, or crusiieu lo uea.ui. nio Cape itaulf is one mass of ruins." Port au Prince, 12th. May, 1812. Tho Cape Haiti (town) is destroyed by an earthquake. We have no letters in this place as vet, and we much fear tbo rea-ou of lb s is that all tho.iohtbitauis, or the greater part ot them, are buried in tho ruins. Our Mr. Dupuy, j who left last night for Ihe scene of misery, is in despair about tho f.ito of his mother, brothers, ns'ors, friends and relations. Gnuaivos Iwh suf forcd very severely, and tome lives aro lost ; and to add to their misery, tlie buncu caused soma Lucifer matches in a druggist s t-hop 1 1 ig. lino, and burn down a whole Hpiaroof houses Mr. J. ll. Dupuy s house is ono ol of tlio num ber, but wo hope ho would be able to bate a goeul deal. Port au Prince has suflercd also, but only as regarded breakage of glass, &.c. ware, and t hewa U (of 2 feet thick linrUs) cradled lit in my places half an inch wide; at one plate a brick pillar fell down also. Even hero wo could hardly keep on our wgt, ami tne vessels rennm about very much. All this Happened on .-,ur-day last, (the 7lh,) and tl.e rarth has been in motion over tince. Yesterday wo had a tovere shock, and wo can still, everv now and then, feel tho ground shako. We do not yet fool at all at our case, but wo hopo we have passed over tho worst put of it. The Capo alTair ic in deed awlul to think of I Port au Prince, 12lh May, 1812. Wc experienced about 5 . M.7lh inst. a to. ry severe and continuous hock of earthquake ; ii lasted tovoral minute;, and since, repeated momentary shocks have been felt. No great daimge ban Icon dono hero and in tlio South, but accounts from tlio North aru do plorab'o. St. Marcs is severely injured, and many lives lost. (Jonaives is now devastated, thu public buildings and tinny others having been destroy, ed by tho'first bhock. Immediately alter which n fire broke out and consumed a whole square. Vhe property saved from the doublo disaster was ndlagsd tho following day by the country people. 0e?st?lie bcua mo'ied by ,tTi claims recently adjudicated in favor of Amor- j ican Citizens, and give them snip bearing in- ores! this is mere! rumor. One ihing h "cor- 1 tain however tho Mexican Government i will hu in no particular hurry about settling i them. We met Mr. Dorsey on the 9lh inM. I near Jalapa, on his wav to ihe ciiy of Me-1 ico. Tho duspaches which ho carried out iindouhlebly had reference lo theso claims, and by the next arrival wu thall learn fur ther. O'u the morning of the 23lh of April the city of Mexico was throw n into the highest excitement by a report lliat Mr. Egerion, a landscape painter of great lalents, had been inhumanly murdered at Tactthaya, together with a woman with whoniu he lived as his wife of rare personal attractions, nnd w ho also possessed high endowments as a land scape painter. Tacuhayu is a small village some threu miles from thu city of Mexico, and is a placn wh"rn many families uf dislinc tim reside, especially in summer. Tlie pal ace ofthe Archbishop is also in Tacubaya, as well as the summer p.ilacu of Santa Anna. State has nailed hue colors lo the mast, niltl the Empire Statu is wheeling into position in gallant style and with an impetuosity which nothing fan resist. Flag after flag is flung lo the breeze the good old American llag and volley after volley, poured forth I from beneath il, echoes as it reverberates along our liilis and valleys, louder than the cataract which thunders from tho Western border. Willi abundant resources, in the full (lush of youth, and witli a soil producing all the varieties of tho most salubrious climes, litis pie, or shadow ofa principle, nnd for noth ing else hut the mad ambition ofa fw reck less and unprincipled demagogues. This attempt to make political capital out of freer son, will be well understood by the peopl and propel ly appii'ciated. Let it not sai 1 that Iho Loco Foco party have noihin to do with this matter. Their late State Convention formally endorsed the principles ofthe traitois.iiiid thev must "tuo the mark." I.. CTTlie Apportionment Rill is Mill under discussion in the Senate. It is quiio unlia ble that tho ratio. fixed by tho Iluiisn will he altered. Somo favor a much smaller body thin this will give, while a few are in favor ofa larger. Benton exhibits his democracy by clamoring for the country to support a i irf ..I. Duar-gare.en oi lour or live liiinilreil num- gteat couutiy is sufieiing fiom the1 reckless hers, thus evincing at tho same timo Ids anx experiments, the quack nostrums, and the , iety for economy, and his profound political THE NAVY. It is with tho most unfeigned astonishment and regret that wo havnperceiied Iho recent ac tion of the House of Representatives in Con gress, on thosubjoct of tho Navy Appropriations. Vo had supposed that there was nifbranch of our public service that commended itself so di. rectly to the favor and Mipport of the people as the Navy and most certain it is, that none ol its departments can lay blaiiu tn a more exten site popularity. Yet, with this knowledge be. fore their eyes, a majority of the members oftlie House ol llepreseutalives, witli a reckless dis. regard of the bobt interests of thu Country, and thu known wishes of tho People, havo m re duced the reii'iisito appropriations for Ihe Natv as to render it impossible for the Department to carry on its operations upon tlio cuiileiupla'.ed and necessary scale. Tho loirs of war with the greatest nav.V power on oarth aro not yets.t far allayed, or the vacillating policy of twelve years of Loco Foco rule. Our manufactures nro driven, frum thu market, nnd our factories are clo sing in consequence, thereby increasing tlio depression of labor, ami all because adequato protection is denied to our industry and the products of foreign pauper labor are suner ed, by tho suicidal policy of thu Tory paity in this country, to come in direct campe- tilion witli it. Wo fully ngreo in opinion of the U. S. Gazette, "All tho country wants is reasonable protection and a per manent policy," instead of a policy which chinges with every change in tho popular sagacity. Each member handed in to the chair iho ratio lie proposed, and they wore taken up in succession. That proposed by Senator Ciurrs was 72,000, which would givu Vermont four members. CTIIon. RoiinnT. C. Wintiiuop of Bos ton has been compelled by the health of his family to resign Ids seat in Congress. Few joung members ever establMieel so enviable . . .. . 1 a roputation in so short limous Mr Wimhrnp. with the editor ,, ,. . . . 1 iiniuiy a in, in in me iiuusi) tins moro respect ed by his fellow-members nnd by ihe coun try, or carried a greater weight of authority with his opinion. His retirement at this time :i rrrr:it Ince tn mi, ?t7,.i ........ 1 ........ m!I.. , , , . . , p. , , . b- " ... ... ..ittiiiiiiii iuiiuiii, i u- pu so and tho capricious nnd ficMo temper ,. ,, .v. . . lr , . ' . . i . . .i di0 (lllu ,s n ppoinled for the c onion of of tho times. Wo nlso want n man at the , . ,, , , , , .... . iimiiiwMiii, uuu. i vi T.i a.n evPPLUTO.N is helm of uoternmenl, w ho wi 1 ho an Amcr- ' , ,,,, ... , . , . ... , ihe W lug candidate. Of course ho w 1 be cerii President, promote American arts, pro- , . , . . 1 elected. tect American labor, cherish American ng-1 ilculttire, guard American coiumerro anil fusfer Amcrcan enterprisu and industry. Such u man we want, and ihough wu are not Coiiiiuuiiicaiiou. UHODK IaLAXD. This t tho wrong time, we admit, for a cool and dispassionate review of the events connected with ths recent outbrn1. in Rhode Island, but there are eir cnins ances attending it, so ncar'y interesting every State cnteininent in the Union, and so deeply involv ing tho perpe uity of republicanism, in distinction from mob law, that i' is the duty of the press tospcslc out honestly and fearlessly upon the subject. Tha grand substratum upon v hii.li are based all the ex ci's.s offered by the revolutionists of Ithodo Island for their late proccedmss is n pretended majority or the people of the s ate in favor of the " People Con stitution." This majority, or pretended majority, was obtained, it appears, by receiving votes nnder an er- der issue I tutho t the shadow of leiral nuthonty, anions a people who had Uvea1 nnd were then living im er an established form nf government, ordained before the Revolution (. f 1776 we suppose we m st sat!) ami sanctioned by tho acquiescence of the peo- pie for CO years. The persona ttbo reccited the votes were sworn to ill" faith'ul and honest discharge of their duty under no existing consmutiin and by the authority of no existing latv dtcply interested in Ihe even' of tlio contest to be decided, end bound lo in tegrity by no tie. other than iho same one which all other laws refuse to recognize as so I cient in similar cases. 1 hey were liable 1 1 no nena lv for the friinl- i-nt nd i.ission of vo'ers tvlio fatorcd tbrir fcidcnftho question, but openly professed to contemn the only laws which coul I then by any posibiluy be c atmiKl to possess binding force ,n the s ute Under these circumstances, the farce of polling totes wn ri ne through with. Nobody knew, and nobody cared whether ihe tote of each man was poll ed twenty or a hundred times at the esnie c ect,on or only once. IS body, inclined to support the laws, stooped to inter, ere m the illegal and farcical proceed ln.'sof the mock election, and so, those whoto nal or lack of principle led them to entertain an ordent desire to see the thins tailed the "People's Constitu tion" appear to I e adt pled, wete left unwntched snd unmolested to follow wherever lheir zeal or lheir ll amy iinjhl lead them in jrain'iig their ends. Tho idea of a majority, carrying with p any legal force, under such circumstances, is too repugnant to the c million tense of every man who has n rational idea of the sanctions of law to lead any man not crated orwic!.oJ, tn tho last I'egiee-, into error. Yet under precisely this slate of things, have a large number of . uizens of our gallant little sitter State, urgrd cn by designing and ambitious sco"ndie-!s, ly ihe most reckless appeals to their preju' tre, and by hcon--tant reiteration of fnlsenrcumtnts and fall - 'e- t'.lse ho.ds, been led on from tactioea recil nrree- -! 'a opposition, step by step to open and av.tvn' i 1 e ion against the only rightful authority n.f i" i S- ,p, which could by a iy possibility be reioamied a such by the rederal Goterninent or by lha' of any state n the Un on. They hate been goaded on to tha terge of paternal bloodshed, gainel ihe name e f trai tors p. their irovernmtnt, and hate lisen put down. The whole afTiir ii a fit subject for reflection as well as deep regret but it i n. t without its uses. It h produced a startling example of the depih of degra dation nnd villainy into which the fee e, relentle s and unset upiilous spirit of party is capable of plunc nii! tho human mind. If pioof of this be needed, let us but loo', at the game played by a bjnd of recUfm nnd desperate Locofoces in the city of New Yotk with reference to this subject. While the arm ofthe. law.lheonly bulwark of pcrsonalor political security, assailed by internal treachery, needed the counte nance and support of every gi od citizen for the main tenance of its rightful ascendancy, and while the President of the United Slates was reluctantly pre vailed on to anticipate by preparation, the unwelcome contingency in which he fell himself boun I to inter fere, what sort of s, ectae e is presented in the great hoirt of iho liepuhlic I We see n mob gathered by n bevy of unprincipled po'iticians, longing for a scrap of political inpital, and recklffS how it was obtained, and we see that mob thus influtnccd, openly espouse Ihe cause of revolution, and lion zo the 'ncsking-but wicked coward whose acts had plunged 'heir fellow citizens into the vorte.x of rebellion i If there be room Uii n the scro'l of e'ernal infamy, let the vile motives, of lhese miscreante be recorded, that they may be "Uainneel to ever.nsting fame. ' Upon the meri s of tho complaint against the pres ent form of government in Ilhodi- Island, i say nothing. It enters not in the remotest degree into the question ol the treason of Purr and his rr dupes. It is n thing to be te tied on other principles nd in another way. Tirst let us know whether a mad mob or n regular government is to rule, and when that ques'ion is decided, it will Ic time enough to meddta with ihe qutsiion of the form of that government. fX?" Tho Governor nnd Council of Mas sachusetts havo appointed Abboti Lawrence of Boston, John Mills of Springfield, and open questions between thai (Jeternine'iit and yet. fully piepared lo say who he shall lie, Charles Allen of Worcester, comn.issioni'is our own .ofir adtMiiced towards adjustment, as yet wu aro thoroughly convinced that such to secure tlio rights and interests of lliat ., - . 1" r D to authorize any ruhualiou in either pur naval or military armament, Kven without this con Hidoration, it appears to us that Iho naval estab. libhiuout U not moro nxteusito Ihau in at all times reiiiiiaite to maintain the honor, the inter est and tho dignity of tho Nation, Wu very u man rein ho found within tho borders of Commonwealth, in regnid to tho North Easf thu Republic an honored, cherished citizen ern boundary. As this is dono in rnmpli of tho palmy West, reposing serenely on thu unco with a requisition of tho State Uepnrt laurels hu lias won, in tho tpiiel, calm enjoy- incut, it would seem lo indicate that Lord much mistake the temper nf our comitrvm mi, nient ot domestic ine, in uiu gonial iiosuin Asnuurion s mission nas niuuo some progress if lluu attempt lu curtail the necostary expemh. J 0f liis own beloved Kentucky an American I towards settling this long-vexed question. Iine'eil0 MV& Statesman, un American Pal.iot, an ,1mm- j The interests of tho old Bay State cannot Atn. can i AitMEit. oc ontruMon to tne cniirgo ol iicltertncn. Cnnrs. Accounts from ctcry quarter c.f tlig country represent tho grow iiij; crop of Whoit as tery prom siiig. The crop is Cry fine in &'I lower Virginia om u is not a urge one the failure for two or three year hating deterred farmer1 from le'ihngas much as usual. 1 Iih other growing crnpei aro also promising Nn idea ran yet be lormed of Ihe Tobacco crop. 'I ho season has been, and if, favorabls to plant, ing, Tiichmond Whin Tho Fmperor of llussia published an ukasa on Ihe 2d ult., modifying the position of th ltiissian serfs in respect to tlioir lords, which created ei murh dissatisfaction among the no. bdity that tho Ciraud Master of tho Polier cf St. Pctcreburgh found it ueccsnry to publ'sh an ordianco on tbo following day, annulling 'n reality all that had been command 1 by the v ced ng nkitc