Newspaper of Burlington Free Press, June 17, 1842, Page 2

Newspaper of Burlington Free Press dated June 17, 1842 Page 2
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THE AMERICAN SYSTEM. Wo find tlio following in tlio National In telligencer of Thursday. Tlio place ol its date, says tlin Boston Courier, is sufficient to satisfy us that it is the production of Mr Wm. J Anvis, formerly one of our diplomatic agents in Europe, and now ono of tlio most intelli gent practical farmers in the nation. COPY 01."a Lr.TTEtt From A Farmer in Vermont to a fierJtcmonin H'nehinglon. N'EATiir.iisriCLD, April, 1S12. Hear Sir I iccclvcd your three Idlers of the 31st ultimo nnd 1st amrindiintiint, last nialit, find was tii'ippointpd nnd mortified at the course llimas are taking m NVahin:loii in relation to a tarilTpohcy. It is now about uhieenrs silica the cxpdiincnts on the currency brain. We had not thon wisdom rnowgh to lot well ennnsh nl ne, and what Ins been tlio consequence J Why, wc li'ivu been o.xpeiimcnt in: and oipjri-ncntintr, until vvidc-spreni ruin has overshadowed the land. Hundreds of thousands of the most hid -sirioin clnscs of tlio community, and thoio who were cHily ad I1114 honey to tlin national hive, aro now ruined j and, instead of enjoying the comfoits of life as the ftuils of their industry, esteem the ben' fit 1 f the banUruptnct a rosourcontfunst the most denralid poverty, an ' a9 'ho means of exert ing their Industry in some humble lini to prevent the itirvation of tlieuiselvrs and their families. Hid an accurate valuation o( nil cln-'-us ol" property in the United States been taken in 18)',), and ai'ain in the present year, I am sitisfi d that there would be found d toss of over SCOO 000,000 of the money value of that year ascompaied with the present. One wo.il.1 supposo that sueli nn iiiimen-n amount of lo, anil such u distressing pio ration of all branches of our industry, would have convinced the representatives nf the p-mpl", 111 'Jonro r assembled, of the duncr of rtpciitinvtting upon any Mibject vi tally uU'ectiug thu interests of Iho cooimiinily. Them o Mils to be siine fatality attending both our Currencv and tariff p .hey, but in a d.ieclly oppo-ite wnv. When our currency was good, we strayed from the true syslem i bit twelve years of perjury, corruptions and Hands, attended with tlio loss of many millions of the revenue, anil inea'cu'ablo injit ly to the industrious el iws or our people by means of Iho loruiir" valuation, appears to malm us hu' the vipjr mop' closely 10 our bosoms, until it will stino; Iho revenue and iho ajriciillur.il, minuf icturintj, and in v.hinicil cl.is cs of the community to dealh. Upon this point tlie cxp.'iience of twelve, to four teen years does not seem to cnluhlen Iho mind, of Consr-ss. Nether the general knowledge of those frauds nor the judicial testimony i f the fact exhibited in our courts, can wem them from the pernicious system. One olprs one reason for adhering to it, and nuoihei another j and every one thafhaB been offer e 1, my own pr.iot cal experience, teaches me, is per fectly sirouulless. The first reason I heard, and thai too, from a member of. (Soimrcss, was, that the home appraisers miylil appraise the coods sp high as to cut oll'foremn importations, and thus destroy orjrreatly lessen the revenue. So it eems that llie government must tp shares with a set of foreign cheats and ewiuJb'rs, in the shape of agents, m order to seeuro to itsi-lf a pirtof the reve rie lint ouijht to bo col leclcd, and by this very di'ui!i 'd c ipi-mirs'iio ruin the a?ri ai'tural. manufacturing, and mechanical in dustry of a I irge pnrdon of iliu c. untry. .Another objection is that wi'honl a host of cosioiii-houso of ficers toe inline every ,ieen of iod, thH I101115 val until ui cannit be canied into cfl'-ct. He it'so. An e chili part of the money of winch thee foreisn agents have robbi'd the United Slat s would pay all tho olVfi'rs ii'-LJ to perform 1 his duty thoroughly nndep"d'tH"Hly i an 1, fir one, no d mln a verv nir-row-minded mm, I shou'tl prefer amnu fro-u S100, 030 to S')0D0D3 to our own cm, -ns to protect the icv o.uu of their own co niry, rather than to nllowa parol r,f Hwindlm: nent- toiohus of $1,000 005 to 3,00300) a year bv mean of f-ilse. mill", and ihe bri'i 1 v of eiituiii-house officers. Tln forcien valu. a' nl b is piovel a drect bounty to perjury, bribery, corruption, and fraud, ami wi'l continue so 10 operate, ni-vnrie all llu lei;al penal les thrtl can he enacted. t Hut vhnrc is the difficulty aboul tho home valua tion? ItlnsaKv.avs been practised in Ilol'and, in the Hauso Towns, in Francs and Spun, as 1 have wi ncssod wilh my own eyes, and in l'ortusat as I wilnsssjii lor nine yeare j and in the two l.atie , -nun tiies on every kind of goods imported into tho United States i. e. manufactures of woo', of cotton, of sill;, of iron, of sleel, of brass, ofvvper, of pewter, of tin, and of leather, Liverpool ware nnd glas-, beiun ninj with broadcloths at si dolhrs a yard down to coarso wollens at tvventj-five ceiils; muslins at two dollars a yard ilovv n 10 coitou coods nt ten cents ; ra zirs and knives worth five shillings sterling each, down to those of sixpence sttrling,'and the same is applicable to other manufactures ; yet iho enses of goods wire opened day by diy at the custom houses, and the appraisal went oil in a methodical, correct, and orderly mannr, in the prcsm -c of hundreds of people. Now, I hive mixed ii the course of my life much with foreigneis, and niut say that mv coun trymen nreuuito as renly, handy, and intelligent a nso.i'e as anv of tha continental nations of Kurone. and if so employed and well paid, I have no kind of doubt that we can assess foreign manufactures witn ns inn di readiness, sagatity, and skill, as anv for eign people whatever. In Knyland, ti n, the duties which were not specific wore always assessed in llie fame way. Hut -Mr. S. has received a letter from an nppiai-er in New York, which stales that nine-tenths, of the revenue 011 111-p lriations is collected on ten articles, I do not see cleuly what inference is to be drawn from this fi"t, unless it is in en led to be mfencd that as Great Hrita'm c .Heels C200,000,000 from ten arti cles by specific duties, it tollows as a necessarv con eaoujtieo that we must collect our duties at the nn- piaisalset on the gojls by tho exporter in Kniiland, whoso interest it is to have'theni enieie I at ns low a duly in thi country as possible; and his epnrai-al is to bo taken as ilia true cost, because this same Kngl-sh export-'r has taken n llritish custom-houso oath that the priee he has Rliixed to tho gO"ds is the true cost or valu". Whv. 1 would -ooner talis the word of a York Inrehors,. j key a - lo the s aindncss ot a norhO wnieii ne lias ta'ten inn tarn a maikct town for sale, fiesidcs. ns the New York custom- houe has been he the tire of more ih in ihree-fourths ol the frail Is against the revenue, and as theieisa atron ' hankering afier tha monopoly of iho lorei: trade in manufactures in that ci v, 1 must hca'Iowed to receive witli many grains of dinih' the inferences inleudello bodiavvu fioin .inv facts stnted as coin ing from that quarter. I should hardly think that much credit nug'it to be givin 10 the o, union of a captain or a aUvn 111 regard to Mr. S a sentiments upon abolition. Another nhjction that has been raied against the home vnhialion is, tint iho same kind of coin's insv be differently valued in dilfe cnt ports In reply to tilt", 1 have idri adv once or twice remarked that.ow- ing to the facility of our communication between ono B'etion 1 f tli3 country and another, the tame kind or golds wdl rarely for a month loeiher bo ten per cent, higher in one port than in another, nnd, conse quently, the diHt'ieueo of the dunes assessed cannot be more iban from one to fivo percent, between one port and nnoihrr. Hut is it not bitter and wiser to risk this inr.jM ility than 10 continue to expose our selvcs.to thu wcll-kn'wn frauds if from thirty to fifly t'er cent, which have bi en pitri.'cd by means of the foreign valuation, nnd wdiieh makes the dill'.r eneo in the dniies charg'd between New Yorli and those ports, where the goods have been fairly entered five tmiesns greit i Hut you st.no that many Inters liavo been received from inanufaeiiuers again t the homo valu ition ; this to me is imcompreliensibli. because, in the reports ot nil the public meetings thru have been held unon the mietiun. wbern ihe nn ih.ul of nsos ing iho duties hnvc been menliontd, specific. nuiie.1 m me iiuine viiiiiaiion anu can pavmenis navn been recoiiuncnded. IVrlutns JlMm. I,. S. soil I. ith thtirimniensofnpit.il nnd l!'0 Inch atalv of per itenon 10 wmeii nicy irjvo niiauieii 111 incir nviniil.ic turng operations, may not feel ibo want of nrutto. tion, provided they cm buy tluir wool from tho American farmer ns low or lower than the Spanish or Saxon and olln.r Herman wools cm bo old, nnd this may be ihe caowith tluen or four otfive other tstuD'isnmeuts m tliuuniicil Stan.. England, from our numerous causoa of collision, xvo shall bo obliged to depend upon our enemy for alnrpo portion of woolen goods, necessary to supply tlio con sumption of o ir people, to clotho our army and navy, and blankets, &Ct for the use of both. The gold and silver in our country must bo cxorlod to pay for those goods which wero surreptitiously or cireuilouslv obtained, ns was tho ca 0 during tho wnrof from 1S12 to 1815. Thus wo weaken our selves by sending out of tho country our gold and sil ver lo pay for those neco'saric, nnd strengthen our enemy by furnishing to him thcainevva of war, to he employed by another Admiral Cockburn 111 fCu nt f ically biitningdown tho planters' houses on llm Poto mac and thu coast of the Chca?pcakc, and to n succes sor ol General Ross lo hum down the Capitol ovor tho heads of Iho members ofCoiure-s, if they do not nnticipUe his coming by Hiring to the Hluo Ridge. What enabled Knglsnd to eonuniio the twenty-two years' war, from 17"3 1 1 1S1"), without distress to the Uovirniucnt or lotho aubjeats ? Why, by levying contributions on all the Euro pean nations, through tho instrumentality of her iiianuf.ictuics, which their necessities compelled them to take from her. they furnished her with the ainevva of war, which she used to destroy their commerce, an I to capture or desiroy their navies, and finally to heat the greatest captain and to overturn the most colivtnl military power iho world ever saw. If with her breed we had imported her national wis doni, a id had now semen follow the policy of which foroOOyears, 'he has allbrded us an example, wo not only should free oursi Ives from her leading airings, but in less llian half a century, become more power ful than (irent Ilritain now is. England almost touch cs France and Germany, 111 which countries, for 111010 than a century and a half, the wages of labor, upon an average, have not been over a quarter to one third so high is paid in Eng'and. In France, the population isincenious and hid strious j hut England wascly prohibited their cheap In! or from coining 111 competition with her denrer labor s nnd, by n Heady perseverance in this policy, has attained her present pre-eminence. German) and France, and most of the oilier Stales in Europe, arc new playing her own game anainsthcr to ilicir national profit, and to the gieat ndvanlagc of Iheir Fiibjccls, whilst we, good souls, nro prcaclimgtipon I he text of frco trade, and, during our homilies in nnd out of Congress, nro allow ing our country lo un to wreck nnd ruin. Can we cxpoci lint oar dear labor can compete with the cheap labor of France, of Germany, of llollnii I, or or Eng land 1 Yet wo are weighing wilh a pair or grain scales the measure of our protection. Saxony, 111. Iieiuia, Moinvia, llungaiia, Austria, nnd other Ger man Slates are now filling up with sheep nnd wjol It n manufacture", and in Bohemia, Moravia, and Itungaria labor is very cheap nnd the po.iulnjion is sparse, and the lands well filled for the bleeding of slieep ; so that from thence and thcuhcr German Si ites we may c ilculato upon wool being sent 111 con siderable q'laniilies to compete with onr own, unless a fair protection is given 10 the wools of tmcrie.in growth. The consequence of destroying our own wool growing bus ness, I m-c already suggested. At the present prices of labor and our long winters com bined, we cannot raise the filling wools bflow forty cms fr tho Intro-, and s.xly for the best quality , an 1 as to grow mgeoirsj wools in ihis conn tiy, it is totally out of Iho quesli in, because a coarse woilled frheepvvill eonsumo piund weight for pound weight of the carcase, us inuch loddcr ns fino-vvooled sheep. As 'cw or tli at breed will yield nsmtich wool in pro portion 10 the weight of thur carcase as the finer woolcd sheep do, we hall bo ohliged to import from Sin) ma, from Mogadnre, from Hufnos Ayros, and the other South Aiuc-iean State", all t'10 coatscwoils ne ded fir nngro clot is ail jillur cnrsj fibiics Thec wools commonly, in their dirty stale, cost rrom s;x toeight cents per pound, and as these wools d 1 not compete vvith our own, it would be proper to admit ihem duly free, thai is all wools eo-nng eight cents or under s 1 ut the highest prico at which ihey annul I he admitted duty free, ought not to he over nine cents, or nt the moV. ten cents per pound ; Tor wcte vve to ad mil anv cos! ing over ten cents per pound dutv fiee, it wou'd leave a door open to great fiau Is, which would tend to injure iho wool-growing busi ness of our c innlry, ami I must rep '.at, Mint a supnly of American grown wools is the only sure and cei tain course for the A1neric.u1 manufacturer. tho great superiority of tho quality of tho fabrics lurnished tlio consutnor, and particularly the qualities roaching those who use tho cheapest articles. In the pi teo of plaids, course kersoys, and fabrics lulliorts imported lor Southern consump tion principally, very superior fabrics arc now introduced by our own inanufactuics, and fur nished at two-thirds tho cost of tho former in ferior article. Your tueinorialis's respectfully suggest, that the introduction of every yard of broadcloth into tins country, is the introduction of two and a hall pounds of wool intu tho country and the introduction of every yard of beaver and pilot cloths is the introduction of from thieo lo four pounds of wool into the country, and caclt such yard of cloth foregoes tho incoinolif an acre ol "land of the American fiirtuur, and of course em ploys tho aero of him! of tho foreigner. ts citizens of thm great Republic, wo arc entitled to our own market : vve aro entitled to the cultivation of our own landt to tho cm. p oyinent of our own labor ; these aro not titi reasnnabie privilcgs, and to deny them istodos tioy the arts of peaco and prosperity. Vo submit the important subject to the wis dom of Congress, with full confidence that the interests of tho fanner and manufacturer will be provided for, and that thoir interests may nol be countervailed, by an ad valorem duty, with the one minimum now asked for. CONGRESS. lGi I have heretofore, upon several oilier occasions, wiur-sHci i ins kiuu 01 collision oi'twcen mo wool grovvor nnd manufactnri r. Si ujctimes the wool grower has complained that the manufacturer has 1 ten better pro'ec ed than himself, bin ifieuer the manufacturer has grudgingly conceded the necessary protection to tho wool. grower. It. is. however. short, smhted policy in both, ir llie manufacturer is not fuirlv protected, the vvool-grovver 1 annul find n murKei inr ins wool i aim it, from a want of protcc tion. tho ,woi 1-grower cannot make a modernte pro tit from rai,ng wool, bo will givo up breeding sheep, mm i' ' i ' iii'iiiuiatiuiu u oepeiiu upon IOC llll 1101 itiuoii ui me raw uriieriai irom lorcmu countries, vvaa' mub! no tnec tiseouence alw J.O'l .mil. U'neu jealous nf nny rivalry to her manufacturing indu try. am' particularly of mii Ii active tivnls ns vveare, would prunt 1 y tier runiguiiy anil tier immense capital, by tendiniji ioSpain lu buy up till this lino wool there, nnd to Saxony nnd the German States to purchase up heir fine wool, and, by an order in council, would prohibit llie exportation offino wool from Australia to anv other than the mother country j and then what would hecumo of our inimifaetureisvvilhonl any raw material to operate wilh 1 When too late, they would become convinced of tbrir short-smbied poli cy, of placing it in tho power or o powerful a rival to depnyo them or their raw maierinl. It vvaH by frohihiling iho e-xportation or wool rrom Eughind to 'landers ihat Edward 1 11. and his cuccesnnrs ciip pled their manufactures. Sheep cannot bo raised in a day t vve have already been between thirty and forty years raising up our pro-cut flocks j and, hiroroa liomesupply could ho again obtained, Ihcir factories would be half rotted down. Again : suppose, by our falsa policy, we destroy tho vvogl-growing bnsircss aad our in.iuuf ictiiriii" industry for when 0110 is ties troyed the other must he overturned- -and our coun tiyvva involved in n war vvhalis t be the coin-c r.weiicc 'Why aiha' vvur is mon likdy to he ,ih Mn.UORUI. Of the Woolen Mauufacttirers of Boston and tho vicinity, recently presented to tho House of Representatives. Your memorialists, residents of Masachu fcMf, and the neighboring States", have noticed the Bill reported !o the House of Representa tives, lor the revmnn or the 1 anil, hy the Com mittee on Manufactures, and as citizens engag ed 111 the ti'ilon .vl mulacturc, are desirous tn express thoir view?, and olTor such information as thoir experience can sugge-1. It lias become an important interest, and since the late war with England, has greatly incroas ed, in amount and variety, so as lo furnish all lunhttcs of clot rittitr to tlio American l'oople. and from tinvj to time, under different acts of Congress, it has been fostered, so as to allure a vast ci ital in its prni-eciuion, and lias hceonn one of the inot important branches cw American industry, without affording thus fur a fair remu neration to those who have lnu omoarKeu tlioir capital and skill. The following statement will show the mag niliido of this branch of Industry, and the value of its pocuniiry dependencies, which branch lias, been brought to its present stato, and in which bo much cpi'al and skill hrs been directed, by a system of legislation, which was adopted, not for tho benefit of those, who have become specially interoMed in, but as was then i-up- po'Pd, at least, lor the benefit 01 the country. I ho qurstion now prcscnicn tor tne cnnsuieia tion of Congress, iu, whether it is either for the intcicst of the country, or just to the partic., more esnertallv and innnoumtolv inieresteii, to le.stroy Ibis hr.iueii nt 1 Kluslry. Iho number ofFhoep are estimated to be U,O0t),U'JtJ, worth 10,000,000 dollars, consuming; the produce of 10,000,000 of acres or land, which land is wir'h more than 'JOO.OOO.OOO of dollars ; the wool manufactured in the United States is osiinited at 50,000,000 of pounds; persons immediately employed in this inaniilactiire, olM'lHl ; person, dependent 011 the woolen manufactures, and the raising nt wool, i.ju.uuii ; tne amount investe in machinery, huildingr, lixtures unit power, 111 the Unilcd Status, rnns'dcralily exceeds twenty five millions fL'o.O'JU.OUU) ol dollars. l'att u.xr.erieni'e clearly donmnstratos, that the intended aid of Congress to this branch of industry, in imposing ad valorem duties, Ins com pletoly failed, by the arts nnd frauds of loreig-n ers, in the false representation of cost abrn-id and lalse invoices by which the duties havti be assessed an.! colluded : and wliiist tlio mines on the raw material have exceeded the duties on the manufactured article, an anonnlly legislation I the home consumption lias been so lar Fiipphcd by torcign labor, as to deprive tin tirani lioi Atnortrnn industry 01 1110 1101110 mar- hut, and basso completely brniig-lit tho loreirrn agiirulturo .mil loreign labor into compelilioii with American agriculture and American labor, as to fiicrifico tho interests of a lurjre portion ol 'lie capital tin ust 111 otliisininiifacture, to such a dogreo, that it now languishes 111 doubt, and is struggling to learn tho decision of Congret: whether it shall pmcpcd or ho abandoned. In Urtr'ati I, tli dutei are general and no oath is roquiridiui entering goods; and our ex perience justifies the nssi'rtion.that a Yorkshire inanufactiitor, when l.e conies loonier goods at tho custom-house in the United Htates, regards an oath as a tnattyr of lorm, and sticii otth has no eflicary tn pievcnt false invoices underan ad valotein system. And whilst the advaloretn duty has deprived IhoiO engaged of a just. comneiiFation for their capital and skill, it has also deprived thu govern ment of their iu'eniled ami just rcxenun. Vour memorial -ts respectfully represent, that the success and cxieteuco of tin's branch ot bus mess requires a specific duty, or the introduc tion of one minimum on woollens, to wit : That all beaver cloths, cassuueres, and all fancy pantaloon stuffs, uif'aniiir all irnods inten ded fur clothing, by whatever name known or called, made ol vvooll,ur ot which wool is a nun puiifiit pirt, rusting less than one and a half uol lars the square yard, shall be estimated to hafti cost ono hundred an'd fifty cents tho square yard at the place of oxportatior. The importation of these goods, which have hitherto mi injuriously competed with American industry and agriculture, has been carried 011 by foreigners much more lh:ui by Citizens of the United States, in tho following proportions ; by loruiynurs, Pi.xiy.iivu percent ; oy American en izens, thirty-five per cent. A mi ilium 111 or specific duty on flannels has given to the American manulncturer anvk farm. or the home market completely ; and the homo competition in this particular branch of tho wool len trade is fo great that tho articlo of Ihunels is now furnished at the mere cost ol production and at such a rate, that tho market price, ;r unnl, is now but little above the fluty lormcrly assessed on thu foreign articlo under the square yard duty. In thf progress of the vtoollen imnufarture, ut this country, no fact is Monday, June G. Tho Iltusc met this morning at 10 o'clock. Mr. Levy had the tloor on the Anny Appropiintiou bill, and w.i- followed by Mr. II. Everett, w ho made a very sensible speech in opposition to leduction. He said that "the spirit that was abioad was a spirit of destruction an I not of retrenchment." Air. Adams look the floor after Mr. Everell, an I spoki for over an hour 111 favor of reducing the Army lo the st m laid of 18.21. .Air. Adams's remaiks were the most powerful of any one's who had taken llie same si le of the question, und ho was listened to wilh pio-fo-md attention. Alter Mr. Adams clo cd, Stanley obtained Ihe floor, an I spoke until 1 o'clock, against the reduction of Iho Army, when Ihe committee pioccedid to vote on the amendment ol' Mr. Roosvelt, which vv.as lost, GJ yeas, 10J nays Cive Johnson's nmenlmciil was lin n carried, 102, 01. Other amendments weic then oil' red fioin nil quarters, some carri- d and some lost- il j.OUO was npptopilaiid instead o' S0,000 mi recruiting service, and 4300,000 mste-id orSMXUOO for the F.orida war, and the bill pn-scd in ( 01111111 tec of tho whoio. .Mr. Phelps of Vermont presenied a me monal fir Pioleclion on wool, nnd oilier memorials for pioteclion were prcsen'ed, when llie Apportion ment 1MI was taken up in the female. In Senate, Tuesday, June 7. Mr. Wright moved to tal.o up tho bill lo authorise a compromise between the sureties of Samuel Swartwout and the Government, The motion was negatived. Tho Apportionment Rill was ngiin taken up, the District section as it came fioin the House (req -inng tlio elections lo beheld by several contiguous dis liicts) being under consiiUratinn, and .Mr. Wiight's amendment prov ding that no State under this sec lion shall I u called upontodivi'c counties or 1 lectori nl tlislrics, for the purpose of making s.nglo districts pendii g. Mr. Wrg'ithoi ol, if tho section were ret iucd his aineiidini inwo Id be ndoptid. Mt ssrs. Linn, Culh I erl nnil Walker opposed anil Mt. Talhuadgo advo cated tho original section. Mr. Ilenicil opposed the district principle, m condemnation ol which llie dif ferent parties of Georgia, although dilliring on other sunjecis, agreed. Uii amendment ol Mr, Wright was rtrctcd 1 eas .N'avs aa. In tho House. .Mr. Fillmore from the Commiilro or Ways and Means, reporela bill lo extend to Ihe ii ot August proximo me laws lor laying and col lecting duties on imports. He said as it had become o apparent that it was impossible to dispose or tho Revenue Hill before the fust or July, nntl in thai case it was doiihtl'ul wbe her anv duties could be co Iccti rl und"r llie present laws, b,. Committee had instruct- u 111111 to re-port Ibis lul which was lcfcrrcd lo tho ommiitceoi the VM10I0 on t ie Union, and ordered printed. I lie Army lull was taken up, Ihe question being concurring in the lie nor t of ihe nmnmiMi nf il,r, Wholo. Mr. O.J. Ingeisoll moved to recommit llie bill to Iho .Military (Jommiltee. with instructions tn inquire him uij cxp-uieneyoi reorganizing iheAr my, 10 leiiort a In tor that nuroose tVc Mr. brielly impugned this precipitate and blin Ifold ninn- ni-r 01 iHiueing tins great aim ol our deleliec, and cqnlcniled lluu ilio sulneci should receive the dehbei. nl, consmeiuuoii 01 iiiu iiuusu uiruuii onu 01 us commillccd. .Mr. lteynol's moved an amendment instructing an inquiry ns 10 the evpeih -ncy ol nbo lsliiug the .vttlitaiy .icademynt ve-s t'oinl, or chancimr 11 so as to bo more ncctplnhle to the peiple! Mr.Il.nl. ickcd the whole plan of iho Military Academy, contending lliat it was useless and should he abolish- .1. .Mr. llulmcs gallantly defende I it. The previous inn sunn was iiiovid by Mr. Vorke. nnd being seconded, the motion lo recommit was cut nil, and Ihe House drought to a direct to vole on the amendments of the Committee, all ot' wliu h were eoiicuricd in. The vote oil the division Mr. Cave Johnson's amendment. reducniL' the Army lo Ihe slandaid of 1921, was Was 1 12 ; Xays S3 On iIiji aboh-hing 1I1 reminent of Uragoous of 18315 yt as Oil Navs 9J, &c. The I ill wa- then passed. At n late hour veslerdav. the bill to supply a defi ciency of S31.t))l ill the Niivv Pension Fund, and the bill providing lor the setucincni 01 llie claims 01 Maine for the services or hi r inililia, wero briilly con s rii-rcd in Committee, reported to the House and pas-ed. Wednesday, June S. In tho House, Mr. Cushing's report on the Colonial Tiade was taken up as ibe bu'-inrss ol tho morning hour; and .ur Joshua l.ovvell 01 .Maine mane a long pleaching rpeecli 111 llie midst uf the most outrageous elm oT conveisalioii rrom fill sides, intended 10 be expressive or the disgust and vvi amies or ihe House. It was tlio next llnng to " sanded lloois." The House then, niter some unimportant business. rcso'ved inio eounnillee ol the wholo on llie stale of the Union. .Mr. MelCcnnon in the chair, and resumed , ,1... ,...nt ,!;,... .,r ll.n Tn-.ll- I, II .,.,,,,.! In, Mr ' Fdlinoro from iho Couimittcc of Ways and .Means, which, when the commitieo of the whole rose yesler- d ly, had just been read through entire. .nr. saltonsinii m ivcd to amend llie 0111, ny str.K ing nut'nll afur the e nacting clause, nml inserting the rami lull reported tiy lliccmiiiitlieon manuiaciiires. .vtesfts. .uclvav, nous, and underwood, oniecien to the motion as out of order under ddllii nt iides. f he chiirnnn overruled l ie obuciion. Mr. Ilotts app'-aled, but snbsiqenlly withdrew Ins nppi nl. Mr, llhelt insisted on the rending of the entire amendment, though earnestly requested to yield to the gcneinl ilci'ire 10 dispense wi h it. Mr. John Campbell then submitted a point of order in writing, ngaiust ihe motion lo amend. The chaii man overruled tho objection. Mr. Fillmoru ihen obtained the floor and introdeccd the. subject in an able speech ol nb mt two hours and a hair, which was listened tovvith Ihe most respectful attention. M. Habersham then got the floor, and the bill was laid asilo till to-uurruvv lo act 011 somo small bills.l Thursday, June 9. In the .Senate, the Apportionment bill was ordered engrossed for a third reading bv n vote of 'ZG lo 21. Mr. Linn's amendment, adopted on Wednesday in ,1'oinnuttce, providing that the elections to the 23lh fiongress shall not be allecte-d 1 y tho district section, was rejected by thu Senate, 25 10 22, I I 111. I V, J lint: tu. The Senate reconsidered the vote ordering the ap portionment h II to a (h'ud reading, by a vole of 25 10 10. Mr. White then moves 10 strike 0111 the amend ment 10 the 2d section, adopted on motion of Mr. nention, viz: rrovuled lhal each district snail con tain, ns nearly as may be, nn equal number of inhab itants." The House were occunied nn Ihe bill to extend till tlm 1st of August, the present inles of duties 011 im ports, Mr. Snyder of Pa, movel to strike out tho wont "unlil tho first day of August, 18IJ, amino longer 1" and this amendment was rejected. Dir. ivoosevrit moved tostriko out llie wnoie pro viso, lhal nothing in the act comained. shall sitsi end the distiibuiion of the proceeds of the public lands. Thisopened the wholo land distribution question j and Messrs. llinsvcll,Underwood,Fillmore,('usliing, I'i kens. Wise. etc. tiro nnd con. Mr. Underwood. of Kv. in the comrse of bis speech, m opposition lo air. iioosoveit a proposition, let tall tins nl.srvnlion : that unless ihe ln, distribution act was left ill Ml force, llie tariff would not pass, Mr. Wisonskenl if that was truly tho issuol Mr. Underwood re-allirmcl it, and inaiiy voices cried that's ill that's it!" "Well, then," said Mr. Wise, (in substance) "now wo know what woere to diocnd upon. Tho navy, the army, every thing, are logo without support, and be crushed and trampled upon and destroyed, rather than that the distribution act

Bnouiu no repealed." For mv part. sir. I am an antl.nrolcetion mnn nm in favor of a tariff, only enough for revenue j but if una I- iij lie nit, issue, nu, , mui mull lo 1116 nece'SS). lies of the Government nnd its ins imtinns, and pro vide for them hy suchn tnruTas will answer that end Mr. Wise spoke, very fervently and forcibly. In the Senato Mr. Denton's amendment to the nn pnitionuiciit bill was stricken out, and the bill passed, 25 to 10. This leaves the district clause as it come from the House. The ratio of apportionment fixed by tlio Senate is "0,600. Mn. Cai.uoun in the Field. A groat mass convention of tho Locofocos of North Carolina was hold nt Salisbury, Rowan Co. on tho 10th and 20lh tho number in attendance is cstima led at Ihreo of four thousand. Hon. Charles Fisher, lato M. C. called to order, and nomina led for President Hon. Henry V. Connor, long Member of Congress from tho Lincoln District. Addresses .vorc inaduby cx U. S. Senators D. Drown and Robert Strange, Burton Craigo, &c, Crooko of S. C. and many othors. Letters of sympathy from Messrs. Calhoun, McDufTi', Bu chanan, Wright, Woodbury and cx-Gov. Folk. It was a crand Catherine, In closing its ac count of it, tho Charlotto N. C.J Jcllersonian Lnro remarks : "No expression of opinion was mt.du by tho Convention on the subject of tho Presidency; though wo weio gratified to find that numerous and respectable body, coming together from all parts of the State, almost unanimous in favor of Mr. Callioun,tho great champion of tho Con stitution and Equal Rights. It was thought prematura to make a nomination for the Prcsi ioncy at this tune. One thing is certain, how. over, as shown hy the feelings ol tins conven tion, that Mr. Calhoun is thu almost unanimous choice of the Demiacracy of our State for Prcsi. dent. About this thoro can bo no mistake. We shall have more to say on this subject short ly." The Locofocos aro boasting of great changes in that Oho Woivtern) section of the State, caused by tho addresses of their candidate lor (inventor, Louis I). Henry. They say mat Gov. Morohead is square out for a Protective Pari IT, and they are trying hard to arouo the old Southorn anli-Taritrprojudire against him. We shall know whit luck they have next Au gust. John C. Calhoun, President 1 What say the Vorntontursj to that ! FRIDAV MORNING. JUNK 17, 1912. VIIir. STATE CONVIiXTIOX. The Slato Convention of the Whigs of Vermont, for the purpose of nominating stale i Miners, and ta king su h measures as may be deemed necessary pre paratory to lb,, annual Stptemhcr election, will be holdennt MIUDI.r.llUIO . on WF.DNF.SDAV, the (5th of JUI.V next. Tho Whigs nro requested to np poinl, on or before the 4th of July, hy county or town conventions, three or more delegates to represent each town in said convention. 15. N. I1UII5GS, HARIIV Ml.UM.F.V, KllASTUS FAIRUANKS, A. I.. MINF.lt, ) O. I. CHANDLER, ISIAII SII.VF.R, E. I. WALTON, JR. May 21, 1912. Stats Com. COHNTV CONVENTION. The Whig Convention for the nomination of can didates for Senators for the county of Chittenden, will meet nt tho I'.aglo Hal, in Wilhtnn,on Wedms dav the 2!)ih dnv nf .tune inci nt in In..! a ar ll is especially desirable that every town in the county may be fully represented, ns some nciion may be expected relative lo iho appointment of Delegates iu uie oiaie v.onvenuon. By order of the Committee, GEO. A. ALLEN, Chairman, June 17, 1812. A WORD TO THE WHIGS. It is of tho highest importance to the wel fare of the Whig party, nniid the chagrin and protection I'rtouBEss in Nr.vv Haves. Sixty homes and stores were built in New Hnven Inst veer, incbnltiti. noio pifimineiit than one Hank and ihrt-v rhuuhts mortification which have followed the defoe tion of the President, not to lose sight of the groat landmarks which have so long separa ted them from their opponents, or of the principles which they fondly hoped lo estab lish by (lie gallant strugejoof 1840. While " " -1... "I.l . rnhttivev tf tlin conduct of the mti n in whom wo misplaced our con fidence, and who by t lit judgment of Heaven upon our revered chief, was called to suc ceed to the chair of State, let us remember that wo have our old enemy still before us still clinging to tlio hope of regaining their baleful ascendancy, and reinstating in high places the reckless partizans who swayed iho " reign of terror" let us remember that neither John Tyler nor anv other man can change tlio issuo between us und Locofoco ism, which the people have once tried nnd found most signally in our favor and that though tho establishment of our principles mav be for ;i while retarded by treaclierv and defection, yet that they still remain mi changed, and areas deserving of our support now, as when wo seized ihem like a banner, and, dashing on through tho thickest of thu fight, planted them in triumph on tho summit of the citadid. Let it not be forgotten by tho Whigs of Vermont that, bo tho President what hn may, tho same old foe whom they have uniformly driven out of tho field, s'neo the furthest backward date in the "memory of tho oldest inhabitants," are still kicking away, and wont stay whipped more than a year nt a time that their objects are tin changed, and the means mudo use of to attain them as reckless and unprincipled as ever that if it has been worth while to come out. (which is all wo ask the Whigs to do now) and flog them soundly every hy-gone year, there is no cause growing out of any im provement in their conduct, (o exempt them from a repetition of their old accustomed fate litis fall In short, wo implore tho Whigs of Ver niont to take this matter into serious consid eration, and ask themselves these questions. Is it a state of things which they like to think of, that the glorious motto of" Always faith fill," which amid tho occasional lapses of nil our sisters, has yet clung with truthful tip plicability to our noblo State, shall be rub bed out of our escutcheon, by their tamo ness and apalhv during only one day ? Is there any good causo existing why the old accustomed Whig ascendancy in the Stato should be changed to tlio fierce yells of vic torious Locofocoism, when by just leaving their business half an hour tht'y can set this matter rigiit, without throwing up their cups for President Tyler 1 Let every real, true-hearted und generous Vermont Whig,'onco set himself to thinking in earnest about this matter, and our word for it, whether he likes Tyler or no!, he will jump to his arms, and exclaim, "Never! never shall this glorious laud, which alouu has borne unshaken the brunt of tho buttlo for truo principles, be given over to tho rulo of tho spoiler, by niy aCqtiiescenco or my supinoness!" Idf.l us liuvo evcrv town represented at Middlubury on tho file of July, when tho Stato convention meets to chalk out tho plan of tho next campaign, and that once done, let every man tako oil' his coat, roll up his sleeves, und go into thu conteH, determined to iuncjiicr, ATTENTION, WHIGS! Our readers will porcoivo that tho County Commitloo have called a Convention of tho Whigs of this county nt Williston on Wed nesday tho S9tfi of June, for the purpose of nominating candidates for county Senators and transacting such other business as may come beforo them. It is of tho utmost im portant that every town in tho county should ho fully represented. It will bo seen fioni tho call of tlio committee that it is contem plated, at this convention, to appoint Dele gates to attend tho Stato Convention which meets at Rliddlehury on the Gth of July next. Again wo say, let us have a full and general attendance from every section of tho county. CONGUESS. Mr Randolph, a Whig member of the House of Representatives, last week intro duced a resolution to tho effect that the Tariff Bill, lately reported by tlio committee on Manufactures, be taken out of the com mittee of tho Wholo, next after tho Army Bill. On this motion, tho vote stood, yens 89, nays 87 the Tories in a mass voting against it. Tho rule of tho House requires two thirds of tho members to pass such resolution, and as the Tories all voted against it, they succeeded in defeating the motion to take up the Tariff Bill. This is what we suppose tho Sentim 1 will call another evi dence that the Loco Focos are tho friends of a Protective Tariff. But let the true friends of protection and of tho laborinc classes of the North, mark this fact. Hurry time the Whigs attempt to bring the lubjcct of a protecting Tariff before Congress, the Tory members do all in their power lo de feat the effort, and to postpone the consid eration of the question as long as possible. Let every farmer remember this fact when he hears the Locos talking about their friend ship for ptoteclion. It is no apology for them that they don't like this particular bill. This furnishes no excuso for their conduct whatever. For if tliey think tho duties too low, let them propose lo raise them if too hillli, let tlietn try to bring litem down. But let them no longer claim to be tlio friends of a TarilT, when they aro doing all in their power to prevent tho subject from being brought before Congress at all. But say somo of the Tory papers, this Bill will nflbrd no protection to the Wool- grower. This assertion is false, utterly false, and the Tories know it. The Bill rocs pro vide for thu protection of the wool-growers. True, the duties arc not so high on this ar ticlo as wc should liko to sec them. But the Tories in Congress oppose tho Bill solely on the ground that it will afford too much This is the true cause of their tlio only Whig victory which had happened this spring. Be that ns it may, the Whigs nro far from feeling any disinclination to bear tho credit of tho overthrow of such procinus, hypocritical scoundrels. Tho Dorrltes be gan their unhallowed warfare with a lio in their mouths, namely, that they wero con tending for the extension of suffrage. Their hollow pretensions were adroitly exposed by tho action of the Legislature in calling a le gal convention, which offered the cut-throats a Letter constitution than they could ever make, if they sat in session as long as tlio " Rump Parliament." And in all their hypocritical cant about equal rights and the extension of suffrage, olfered as an excuso for their treason, they have been cheered on and encouraged hy Locofoism which goes to provo what every body ought to have known before, that the solo object of tho whole movement, was to effect in some way or other a summerset in Rhode Island, which would briii" Radicalism, scutn-liko, to the top of the pot. The Legislature of Pennsylvania mot at Harrishtirgh on the 9th Inst. A resolution was adopted, in the Senate, tailing on tha Governor for information rclatiVb to the loan authorized hy tho act of May 4, 1S41, as to whether any subscriptions have Leen made by the hanks' to that loan during tho recess, and iT so, what banks and for what nmount. In the House, a joint resolution was passed nnd sunt to the Senate, authorizing the Com missioners of the county of Philadelphia to borrow S?o(),000 in anticipation of tho rev enue of 1842. fXThc Albany Evening Journal, tho Now York Tribune, and ono or two other city papers have, from incorrect information, prematurely announced the death of Profes sor Jamks Marsh, of tho University in this place. Dr. Marsh, though very feeble, is yet living, but wc regret to say that his con dition is such us to render it hut too certain that his life cannot long be continued to us. opposition to Air aaltunstnll s Bill. Again wo say, let the farmers remember it. We have not yet done with the subject. LET IT BE REMEMBERED By tho people of this State, that ED WARD D. DARKER, whom iho Tori.a have just nominated for Lieut. Governor of Vermont, last year introduced and advocated Hm3fiil1invititr resolution In llm Tnrv Stole uonvention : "Resolved, Tint the true principle of the Federal Government is to confine us action to the obi c s tperifieiilhj cnunieraled in llie Cons ilulion. LEAV ING' INDUSTRY TO TAKE CARE Ol' 1T- ELIV' his, according to Edward D. Barber, is tho "TRUE PRINCIPLE !" And the last Tory State Convention have formally endorsed thedoctiine by unan-moitsly Hum iliating this same Edward I). Barber for tho second office in tho gift of the people, Every one will see that the sentiment of the resolution is utterly hostile to the doctrine of a Protective Tariff. Calhoun himself could go no further. This, then, is the true issue between the Whigs and Tories. Let the people remember it. 'Protection, or no pro tection, "that is the question." RHODE ISLAND. Tho subjoined communication from Mr D' Wolf (one of X-Govemor Dorr's "gen erals") to Gov, King, appears in the Provi dence Journal of Saturday last. D'Woll commanded Dorr's forces on the night of the threatened uttack upon the aisenal at Prov idence. His withdrawal, taken in connec tion with the resignation of tho majority of Dorr's legislature, and tho disposition mani fested by the great majoiity of both parties to frown down all further attempt at vio lence and settle matters amicably, will very soun terminato tho Rhode Island troubles. The Sentinel, Patriot, Spirit of the Age, and " Tray, Blanch and Sweetheart, little dogs nod all," must now turn their attention to some other subject : UxsniDGE. Mass., June 9. IS 12. The undersigned havint; been induced, by ihe ear nest sohcilalions of a com mil tee of the sufi'ratre party in Rhode Islan u to take some snia'l nart ill iheir pro ceedings, has since been convinced that he erred in so eloim.', end takes this medium to inform you that no lurllicr part will lie lateen by mm in the ranks or in the meetini'S of llie suH'raite narlv. Mv fault seems to consist in Ihe pari acled on the 13ih lilt. I as-urc vou lint I vvas so nlaced lhat I could not avoid la Hintr tho command. I did u, and I say it in the face of Heaven, that the creates! inducement to my acting, vvas ihe desire 1 ft It to keen order and prevent blood shed, and protect property, so far as the influence of my cnuunaml vvoulo avail. 1 Ins couut not he none, in llie excited st ile of tho men, without strong and energetic measures in their commander. If I erred in lhat, it vvas a fault of the head, not of the hea r I. 11. D'WULK. The following paragraph, from the Provi dence Journal of Friday last, indicates lhat thu "rank anil lilts - ot the snllrage party arc also bucking out of the scrape as fast as pus sible : ".Suffhaob Cinci'LAH," A pcfi'li'on i n'rcul.Tint! niooiii; tne supporters ol tun so-coiled ' 1'enpic s L;on stlllttion." in this citv. similar to the I nlick eiriular. but more decided and cinlicit in its o tins. It de- I ires, m e'lfect. tbal the siirurrs ileclil an i xnlannttun due to the public fur the course which lb. y have pur sued ui illation to be in-irniiieiv calle.1 tlio " I'co- le s I'onsliliilion ; that many of ihem vottd for I' on y as an ex rcsion or opinion, and hat none of iiieui tver tntcnilcil to carry it nitoellrct liytnrce; hat thev aiesli in favor or an extension of siifiraire. and n sub-tantial cepnlizatiou of representation, but mat iney preler to seek ittrsc oojects unuer llie laws ot llie fctateanil the 1 niteil Mites, undi r wluclitliey have generally been protected in their nM imbts : and, finally, lint they they have Ml confidence in the dipn-ition of he General ,Vs:-enibly to acccdeto such an rxtt'iT-iou or sulTiago as is demanded by public sentiment. Vindovi, ono of llie cannibal Chiefs ofthe Fiji Islands, who assisted in killing and eat-, ing the crew ofthe Salem brig Charles Dag gelt, and who is now on board the U. S. ship Viuccmics, iu New York harbor, as a prisoner, is apparently in the last stages of consumption. What commander first introduced salt pro visions into llie Navy 1 Ans. Noah, for he took bain into the ark. Why is a stockholder in the United States Bank, liko Jonah in the whale's belly? Be cause he was confoundedly "sucked in." An Englishman calls thu anti-corn law people low bread fellows. Tun Coniit,nii's last words. "It seams that 1 wax weaker and weaker every day, nd that I am fast approaching my enti. A few more stitches nnd awl will bo over, and then iberc will bo tesi for my weary salt for earth hath no sorrows that Heaven can not heel." Having said this, he cut the thread of life and caliulv breathed his last. Two miners drinking from their mugs arc called gcologisVs insjjecling quarts. " Pitt's full," as the Earl of Chatham said after dinner. " You aro always getting into hot water," is the shad said to the lobster. " But yea never catch mc in a broil,'" replied the leb- ster. Will you como to the bovver ?" as the caption said to his sailors when he wanted to cast anchor. " You aro inclined to bo waggish," as the dog said to thu end of his tail. Why is impoitant news like an umbrella in rainy weather? 'Because it is always spread. " 'Twas bright, 'twas heavenly bright, but 'lis passed," as the fellow said to his last "yellow boy." " I've a bit of noose for you," as the hang man said to the thief. "Drop that subject, sir," said the sheriff. " Thai's capital," exclaimed a spectator. Why is a pig looking out of a garret win dow like a dull of green peas ? .Sure enough why is it ? Would n't it ho well enough for the Tory state Convention to reassemble in "extra session to enilors" tirse proceedings ol the penitent disorgani.crs ? We ask for infor mation. THE TARIFF. There aro now throo TarilT Bills before Congress, each prepared wilh great labor. 1st. The lull repotted by Mr Saltoiisla from the conimittco on Manufactures of tho House. 2d. Tho lull prepared by the Secretary of tho Treasury, at thu request of Congress 3d. Tlio hill of the committee of Wats mil Means ofthe House. Tho first and third repeal the clause of the land bill which suspends the dNtiihution .vhonever duties arc raised over twenty per cent. I lie second (according with the ro commendation of the President) does not re peal that clause, but iu efl'ect retains the pro ceeds of the public lands in thu Treasury Every ono of these Bills will be opposed bv the Tories. Nothing which tho Whins propose, however reasonable it is, and how ever necessary it may be to restore the pros pcrity of the country, will be supported by llm 1 ones. While they aro bowling most hideously about the " hard times" which their own policy lias brought upon tho coun try, limy will neither do anything themselves to improve them? nor will they allow tho Whigs to do anything if they can help it GOVERNOR DORR. Wo sco hy the papers that tho Rhodo Island renegade, Dunn, under thu patronage of his Locofoco Excellency of Connecticut is prowling up and down in tho latter State and concocting a plot lor another attempt upon the life ol his noble old fillur and his other quondam fellow citizens. Tins migh ty Governor, who holds tho right, under the " People's Cotislituffon," (so says Locofo coism) of lording it ver gallant little Rhody, and is wickedly prevented from the fruition ofthe honor and glory of such u high post, seems to ho skulking liko a shcep-thiuf around the bordets of his nativo State, instigating treason against hf r, and afraid to enter her territory lest ho should meet tho merited re ward of his villainy. Thu Sentinel said tho other day that tho triumph of law and order in Rhode Island, over Dorr democracy, was VINES. Our neighbor White, requests us to jfa; for llie benefit of the public, llint plaster prinkled upon vines, ofiuiy cVncript ion, is a perfect protection against tbe ravages of the iripad bo. ll.t bus proved it by two or three years practice. Punnsvlvanh. Gov. Poiter, of Penn sylvaniii, has sent a message to the LeeiMa- Hire of that State, on tlio subject of its fin- mces. Ho makes a stirring and patriotic ippoul, in lavor of the preservation of llie ublic faith. He makes use of ihe followine appropriate language on that subject : I cannot reconcile it toinv sense of dutv, to peruiit this occasion to pass, without renewing in tha mo-' earnest manner, the appeal already made lo the legislature, iu bt'lulful the public creditors, and especially of those, who have la uo 1 1. it on our improvements nntl luruisiieii ma lenals for their repair and construction, l'ros tratud as the public credit in a trrcat decree is and overwhelmed as llie Ijus-ine.-s energies and nterprite ol tho community arc, it is undouht ediy an unpropitioiis ti.no to impose addiiiouu bnrthertis on tlie people, anil in an ungracious duty to reccoiiiinoiid or to sanction it. But the alternative admits il nu qualification. Wc uitis act in conlorinily to the dictates ol stem and un welcome duly on llie one hand, or disregard and set tliem at naught on the other. W e inu seel; and desire thu commendation of the lion t and honorable, or vve must earn and hear contempt and derision, If wo falter in this di lemma, vve cannot escape ono or the oilier ui these judgments in the eyes ofthe world." Advantagcs or ikon Sr2A3icns. The ad- vaii'agei i 'Sossed by iron buill vessels over i.-o nl wool are miiiy and important. Ins pect lo we gh: : an iron vessel of the rarae troti' tli and dimension?- as one ol wood is less n one luif thai of the latter ; and it may be farther observed that a properly constructed wood vessel weighs on an average 1(100 to eve ry register leu, wh le an iron one of similar di mensions seldom weighs over 700 to the ton. I'he iron built vessel is also far less liable to Fpringa leak than the one of wood. Almost every plank in an ordinary ship is forced from its proper place through the action of s'.carn, anu not tinlrequeiitly considerable mechanical power s necessary to tirmg Ihe plant: to their original position. 1 urthermore, in wood built vessels, llie plank, however firmly boiled to tho limbers within, are entire y unconnected wild lliose above or below, the consequence of which is that tho ship is liable to stra n whenever an un usual surface of canvass is exposed. Under these circumstances the mcs's operate as pow erful levers on tho upper works, and the cargo below endeavoring to maintain an upright posi tion, it follows that iu proportion as the vessel Keels over from the action of the wind will be the strain on her upper side, which having adi. red tendency to open the teams bel ween tho plank, it is not uncommon for vessels to spring a leak, from Ibis cau'-e that were before perfectly ouriil. Hut in respect to iron limit ships tho case is entirely ddicrcnt ; here every bheet of iron with w Inch sho is closed in is adapted to its particular poMtion, from which no cause exists in remove it, and since ever) sheet is firmly bolted into all those that adjoin it, as also to the iron ribs on w Inch they are laid, the vessel IS aim ist as compact as if it were one entire cast. mg. The trial of Monroe Edwards is still going on, in iow lork. I he testimony on both sides was closed on Friday, Mr. Marshall of Kentucky, who is engaged in tho defence commenced summing up, und continued speaking until 9 o'clock P. M, On Satur day morning thu Court-room was graced wilh thu presence of several ladies, and wi crowded at an cailv hour, Mr, Marshall re sumed, and closed his defence about n and was followed by Mr. Huffman, Tho Legislature ol Conneticut has passed ,m net abolishing imprisonment fur debt iu lhat State, Tho Houso of Representatives had postponed tho bill indefinitely, hut thu Senate passed another hill, and the House concurred in it by a very largo majority. Connecticut. The Legislature of Con necticut adjourned on Friday last. Tho Now Haven Palladium remarks : "More intoler ant and reckless legislation than that which has just been brought lo a close, was proba bly never witnessed in this State. Wo shall rofcr.to particularsas we have time and room. The hill called an act to abolish imprison ment for debt, winch passed last night, was driven through in a manner most disgrace ful to those concerned in it, as wo shall show hereafter. Tho doings of this Legislature have astonished oven somo of tho Locofocos.'' Murder ts Wimisok, The Vermont Chron icle bungs an account ol ono ofthe most shock- mg and unprovoked murders which we have ever had to record. It seems that on Thursday the second inst. three sons ofMaj. John Pettes, and an Irishman named Peter McCue, accom- p lined bv a negro lad, named Homer Cooper, only four years of age, were at work near the (Connecticut) river. Auout two o clock the work had ail been completed, save that of Fred erick Pettis-, who vvas lelt alone with tho color ed lad. McCue returned to tlio field, pretend, ing lhat it vvas to help Frederick ; but when he (Frederick) had finished his work, and was show ing tho little boy how to handle the hoe, McCue attacked bun with a hoe, and followed up his blows until he supposed be had killed both the boys. Young l'etlcs recovered so as to call for help, and it is hoped that he will survive ; but tho colored boy d.ed of bis wounds on Sunday. McCue escaped by swimming the river, and a reward of 100 is offered for his arrest. Vet criiitiuii : BO to 35 vears of ace : height about fivo lect seven inches : rather fair complexion ; hair black, with a few grey hairs : greyish blue or black eyes ; has a down look ; a scar on the lower part of his right cheek, and speaks with a strong Irish brogue. He left without coat, hat or slioes-, witli groy pantaloons much worn at the knee. . A person nearly answering this description has been arrested, and is now Thursday in the jail iu this village. 1. S. Still another person has been arrested,' and is now in prison here. A Imrge nEAR.-Mr. John B.Bond, of this city, killed on his farm shout fivo miles from the Post Oflice. on Monday last, a large bear, tho carcase of which weighed nearly two hundred pounds, and was purchased by Mr. John Low tor the Boston Market. Tho bear's skin meas. tired in length between seven and eight feet; and weighed twenty .fivo pounds. He was about regaling h'unsctf with a lamb in the pdgjj of the bushee, when a ball, with sevaral buck hot, was put in his fore shoulder and locjjjtd. near his hcatt Hangar H'tiif.