Newspaper of Burlington Free Press, June 24, 1842, Page 2

Newspaper of Burlington Free Press dated June 24, 1842 Page 2
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LOCOFOCO POLICY RESOLUTIONS OF TUG STATE CONVENTION. In nrcnrilanco ivith our promlno last wook, wo preened lo giio llio resolutions adopted nt Iho rocoul -lucofoco stnto convention. This wo do, as wnll for the information of our rcadore, is for tlto purpose of nppoudmg a few remark. They open, ai follwn, upon , THE VAUIFF. IlAr(vn, n tnrifT liill has hern reported to the II on so of lUVrefcutative" in Congress, hy n mnjori. ty ollhe Committed on Mnn-ficiurcs, m which it is proposed to'lny a duly nf 2(5 per csnt. and 1 cents tier Hi. on l'iinonil wind costing over 8 i ts., and word mij.r tlut cost to lie duty frto, nndto lay a du iv of 40 per cent, on Manufactures nf wool, with an addition of 10 per cut. to tnka effect in 1913: and whereas, I lie .Secretary of thn Treasury has lent in n hill to Congress, by width it is proposed lo imposes duty of thirty per cent, on woul costing over cght cent", and 3 per cent on wool costing less than that sum and a Jury of 10 per cent, on Manufactures of wool t and whereas, a resolution was adopted hy certain Manufacturers of .Massachusetts that a "duly on the raw material la a tax on the .Manufacturers" it appears evident that a settled pitrposo exists, whh mmy, both in and out of Congress, to discriminate in hying duties on imports, holwcen thocorpoiato mterost, and the, agricullmnl interest, so as to pro tect iho one an 1 sacrifice tho other ) Then Torn, HrJolri.il, That, as wool is tho trreil stnplo of this State, & its protection is intimately connected wi'h tliu prosperity of its agriculture, a committee of three he appointed to prcpiroa memorial to Congress, re monstrating aiain-"i llio invidious distinctions tlr'S alluded tn,"nnd claiming, that tho agricultural and laboring inlere.'ts generally of Vermont, ho placed upon the same footing with tho rich capitali-t ami Manufacturer t and that the committee ho authorized lo appoint su"h committee In each country, to circu late, conies of tlio memoriil among the jieoplo, and forward the same, as soon as mny ho, lo Congress, Resolved, That we fully concur in the sentiments rontaitie I in the following resolution, passed by our Legislature! to wit ! " Iteiolctd, That our Senators in Congress be in stMictod, and our Representatives requested, to use all honorable means in their power lo procuro the pssjage of laws which, while Ihoy shall gnaid sain't the numerous frauds and evasions now prac ticed upon us be foreigners and foreign agents, and wh.lo they shall raise a revenue sufficient only for tlin nccessirv expense of Ciovcrnmcnt, and shall Invo n diw regard to Mie particular interest of every co uurv nnv giro bv tuoteetiio duties, such a pre- fersnca lo domestic out foreign products in our own markets, and nnv so discriminate between those ar ticles which vvecnii and those which wo cannot pro- ilueoat home, as tofjivo a just, sure, and salutary en. enuiagcment to thoindutiryot every American citi ten." Tho uVfdjrn of tliosa lesolutions is two-fold: Vint, to represent tho Whig, in and out of Congress, as being in favor of protecting only e.orporato interests and of sacrificing agrirul ttire ! Were this any tiling but what it is, a monstrous fi'schood, one would supposo that it would bo sustained by full; explicit and con chiaivo proofs ; it could bo backed up by tho whole coutfO qf tiio Whig party on this subject by reports and speeches, and bills, and votes evidence of thq,.liighest possible character ; for surely bo grave a charge demands high proof, and surely, too, if such proof existed it would hue boon forth coming. Butuc!i uv. !d.?:ico cannot bo fmrid. On every nccis-ion, and every whe-ro throughout the TarilV states tlto hislrry of the p-,it shown that it is the V." h r-j who Invo beon uniformly tho firmest ,'id s'rongpst friends of protection, in its broad, oft mtent. It was Whig votes which secured this Tariffs of '21, '29, '32,; Whig votes which saved the utter annihilation of the doctrine of Protection in '33 ; Whig votes, which were cast in favor of protection in IS 11, and Whig votes which havo beon cast in 181'J for tho amo high object. In Congrors and in the country, it id emphatically and almost exclusive ly tho Whig party, which is now in favor ofef. ficient protection to all interests. Aye though it puts tho chargo of falsehood upon tho (in Boino respects, cortainly,) respectable locofoco committee on resolutions wo affirm that there is no Whig to our knowledge, in Congress or out of it, who has over given countonanco to tho accusation undo in tho first resolution ; and if there is a man, professing to be of the Whig faith, who adopts it, wo have only to say that he ssdly belies hie professions, and should at once be condemned and banished lo the ranks of lo. rofccoistn. Now tinrk tho uiinncr in which tho icicni'ocos cipL'ivor lo give color to their lie. It is not by fair, direct, and unimpcachabio proof, surh as could bo found to sustain tho chargo if it worn trim : but by the concealment of truth ARRIVAL OF THE BRITANNIA. Tlto steamship Britannia arrived at Bos ton nt 11 A, M. on Saturday. Slio left Liverpool on llio afternoon of tlin 4th inst. nnd brings London antl Liverpool papers of that day. She brought nut 50 passengers. Tho most prominent items of news nro two attempts upon tho lifo of the Queen of Eng land, nntl tho fall of Ghu,nop, one of tho strongoM British fortresses in India. Tho British War Slratnrr Rltndamantliiis why did they pass by all tho 'resolutions of the legislature, savo tho onlyono which is ca pable of misconstruction 1 Why could they not agroo to that, which doclaros protection to tho soil itaolffrom foreign aggression 1 Hon est protectionists would havo naturally sought to placo themsolves on tho highest and broadest ground : but they had a roason. They aro not thutnsclvcs, and they know their leaders are not, protectionists j thoy aro unwilling to tako tho bold, manly, nnd truo Whig ground, for Protection at any rate ; and hnnce thay endeavor to bring the Whim down to thoir standard bv skulking behind a misinterpreted and abused nrnvril at llnlilnx on tlto l.itlt instant, Willi resolution nf thn last Wlnl.itiirn. despatches for Lord Ashhitrton, and orders Wo havo intimated that there is no honesty f,,r ,l,u Wnrspito to proceed to llio Moditer in these locofoco professions. Head and judge ra,,17,n- 11,0 sp;ciul 'messenger to Lord yoi-at their last state convention, tho follow- Arfiliuiton ra.no from Hal, lax in the Jnlan- !., . t, . . , , . , lll.l, .inn il la I UIIIUI uu III 11 1113 eie.'Slllt.l e.'3 til u tng resolution was unanimously adopted, .... , . . , 1 " . i i of tha highest imnnrtnnce. rJ:Zzr"',' A.::'iruer.r,ny'e "! "irirV Tho Incumu Tax Hill ami tho TnrilThavo Sl'UOlKlCAM.Y cnnmtmtni (n r?.n;i;(;nn. nearly passed tho llouso of Coinmons, and Viiviv JNUUsrRY T0 TAK,! CARK ol" wil! lootlily hn taken through the llouso of ' ' ' Lords, and receive the Roynl assent. Tho Tlllt Was lliolf- nt,i,it,i,rt,,fl mt nvMltntl Ant.-- -1 ....... .I....I I 7 1.. ! .l.n " .....n.jo.iuu i..,tMii.i in.i,i..i..- .iiiui iiiniiis mill niivi; ni'uii iiiiiuii iii niu .-nation or what lhoy called "TRUE PRINCIPLE" touts' duties, as originally iit oposed, during last year. It covors tho whole anti-Tariff ground, their progress through the lower house, arc reaching oven to the constitutional obioclionof very trivial. tho must ultra opponents of Protection. Cal- Tho British appear to ho making immenso hnun goes no farther tho blindest devotees of prnpnrations for tho proseculion of tlin war slavcocracv no farther than thus to sav in China and India. No less than .50,000 that tho government has no constitutional pow. or to grant protection, nnd that Industry, if pro teclcdatall, must protect itself I And with this perfect declaration of enmity lo all protection by tho government, they nominated Sinilie and stand of anus had been forwarded to Bom hay, hy way ol Alexandria and Suez. Attempts iijioii the Lift: nf the Queen of Hnglantl. Another madman, or a monster without D.rbor and Rtldwin to' carry out their princi- ?xc".,u ,,f 'n!?,ln'f - 1,i,s "nnP' 1'0 as" pies, so far as concerns Vermont. Behold now, thocomention of 1813, attempting unblushing. ly to palm itself olT as thn exclusive) friends of protection, and yet iiominaling tho same ticke', without cither recanting thoir own resolution of last year, or intimating even that their can hdatos have changed their views. When were sassinalion of tho Queen of England. At six o'clock on Monday evening, as Iter Ma- jissty, accompanied by Prince Albert, was returning to the Palace in an open unrouchu, with outriders, an assassin presented a pis tol, nnd discharged it at the Queen, from ve ry nearly the same spot on Constitution liill front which Oxfiml fired. The wretch was tho locofoco leaders playing tho hypocrite inMnnlly sei.ud by a soldier nf the Scotch and deceiving tho people! wcic llicv fm r imlnnr dtiart . lie is an hue is mian. nam protection last year, when they resolved against l1' .'ohn Francis, son to a scene-shifter at one protection; or arc they enemies of prelection f j' theatres. He is about 120 years of age. noil', WliOlllliev reso vo 111 avor nf nrotoct on 7 ' "is5iii was u.,uiiiiu:u neiuru mu Again wo sav judge to. liut we have not Privy Council, and committed lo Newcato. even now s'atod tliis matter strong enough ; it It .ippears that an attempt had been made. was LDWAIU) 1). HARDER who reported on the Queen's life on tho day previous, and sustained tlut ultra anti-tarill" resolution nrohahlv bv tho same nersnn. of metaphysics. Cousin had two favorite, disciples at tho Norman school! nuo, llautain, who becamo n ronvetl to tho rioctrino of friehellmg, and then n Cath olic priest, nnd is now nil ciuincnt pulpit orator) and tho other, JoulTroy.who devoted himself to psycholo gy, nnd succocded Cousin in the supremo chair. In ISM, hn published n translation of Uugnld Stewart's Skctihrs of Moral l'hiloHonhy, with an introduction which raised, in tho experimental school, lively hopes of a congenial votary, which his 6tibco,ucnt labors and publications did not completely realise. Ho translated, also, tho works nf Thomas Itcid, (1829.) and gave in 193 1, a volume of his own, entitled Phi- losopnicai .MPcellnny. Asa hcturcr anil writer in metaphysics, hn was distinguished hy moiliod, terse nsess, and lucidity ; and, in whatever he put forth.by the nicest care, tho mo.l earnest elaboration. The enl ninl pmservcranco with which ho worked broke down his frame. In 1833, the physicians banished liim to Italy, for repose, Put ho soon returned to the sin lies and ellbrts which occasioned his dissolution at llioagnof 13. It happened to me, last year, to moni tion In you, with disapproval, two of his reports from committer's to the Chamber of Deputies. In tho first, he reeoinmrudeil thn eonntiest nnd occitnation of nil the Algerian provinces, by any extremities of violenco and havoc, which might seem neeessnrv fur the end. Tho metaphysician forgot all ethics, all Christianity. i no sccotiu, on a large appropriation ot additional so. cret scuico money, was twn liigh-toncd, too conser vative and prosenptive, even fur tho Cabinet, whore- fused to adopt it. lie read, at the pamo timo, n severe lecture to the Chamber for failing to establish and maintain a decided, devoted majority for the King's Ministers. In theChamlr he spoko with llucncy nnd clearness, of hoth method and diction. Dut he would havo been like others of the French aran ambitious of political success moro suitably em ployed in Ida primary vocation. Inhischair ho hail the merits of confining himself rigidly nnd logically to his subject of keeping widiin the Jlnmnnlia mania minii r.f abstaining from those audacious rcvolu- nuiiiny uiconrs which cnaracicrizc uic rnoicai spec ulative philosophy of this day. Deputations from the Chambers, tho learned bodies, and the University, at- leiiiien uis ousenuies. illcman. the minisler of Public Instruction. Pnsv. President of the Ac.nleuiv of Moral and Political Sci ences, and his master, Cousin, pronounced interesting discourses at the irravc. Cousin nlaccd him as a teach er between Reul and Stewart, attributing to him the sent-o anil mavitv of t he one. anil the lnrrcmntv anil elegance of the other t indefatigable observation of Iho unman soul, the most skillut and grnceml exposition of mental phenomena and science. "Hut." said the master, "ho was too circumspect, too little ndventuri ous j alraul or going astray even m tlio patlis or looi steps of genius in tho higher metaphysics ; forgetting, rather, tho powerful insticls and immortal dogmatism of th human intelleet." Paris Corrcjiunilcnt of me national inumgenoer, TAnirr. I7lh day Tho House went into com-1 mitten of tho whole, and rcsnmM the rnnsldi ration of tho different tariff propositions now biforo thai body. , ' Mr. nattnnsiail (.cliairman or tlio committee on manufactures) went nt length Into nn exposition of tho policy characterizing the report and bill brought in by that committee. Ho had not finished his very lucid nnd able speech wdicn this letter was closed. Juno 19. The llouso this morning took up tho Nnvy Appro priation Hill, returned with Amendments from tho Scnato To tho Amendment relativoto midshipmen, Mr. Hurncll mocd nn Amendment tho purport, of tutilr-li ia tlml titirnnl innd in STn.i.i aliall 1m ttrrta blo to tho appointment nf inidsliipinau when such ap pointment is merited on tlio scornofgood conduct and ahilitv. Mr. Ilurnell. Mr. McKeon. Mr. Wise and ono ortwootbers spoke in favor nf the amendment. This was. however, cutofl bv thonrcvinus aun-tion. nnd the bill wns icferrcd to tho comniitlco of the Whole. Tho House then resolved into Committeo nf the Whole, on tho Revenue liill nn which Mr. Hnhcr sham spoke, and Mr. Ilrown, ofTcnn.is now penk inir. In the Senate, the Rcvenuo Intension Hill has been this morning reported from tho Committeo on Fi nance, without nmcndmetit, and made the order nf tlie day tor .nonuay, i no Army Appropriation inn nasaisn iiecn reporieu, nun a mu ironi mo House re iating to l.ouiinn land claims, passed. last year ; and it is tho same B irbur who now, without repentance nf this damning political sin, if presented to tho people as candidate for Lieutenant dovcrnor ! Can a plainer case of deception and douhle-do.iling lie imagined ? Westibmit tho question to our readers. PUBLIC LAND3. Tho total value of properly distroyod by ainburg, is estimated at near S32,000,000. LATEST FPvOM INDIA. The Indian overland mail arrived at Mar seille', biings an account of tho fall of Ghu7.- Wo have ahead dented cnnsidnnblr. snacn nee. The place capitulated anil surrendered to those resolutions, but from tho connection of 011 rn,ll"" UM 'lie garrison lie safely con the land itiinstimi with it.-.t r ,,,: - dueled to Cabul. must now .rlv fii,.,..i., . ' On tho other hand, Coi. Pollock had fore ,,,,. o'1 tu Muner pass, anil taken possession of Hill pas-srd ,y thcexira t-e.-sion of Con -ress in IBM Ulu 1011s CommatiUlllC It, and would, 110 (louUt, as not only wrong in principle but unjust in its 0 i r pass to the rcliol ol Jellalabail. den. bale, ni- l ( u' liciencv in tiio itevenue hn n sonic lrom that place, overthrew the in ' 1 1 4 .1 1 .1 . t I 1 1, . 1 This U consistent, sn i:,ras .i, ,,t.,, u..a, n 01 Pvniicu mat .viviiar ivuan tind ' w ""'IH- ItlilU.- I 1 II os .nnrtft.nn,l . 4t I . I IJLl II llilUIV "UUIIUUU , , i lo;;- ;"" ' 'v.,r UmKrnl Nolt Ilod inc(1 somo atlvnnt of robbing Nerinont, and he old thirteen, as , si(Ie of K,Il,ar, but General Eng cver they were. But mark the reason for op. ,H lia.l not ininml l.im. Ti ! r,.r,nri,.,l nnulllnn in tl,n Ixii.t 1. 11! . . . !. . 1.. . . I. 1 . . , r . "!.... . J " ' '"- lanu itiiiu unit Mian anooiali Had been noisonei . iiuygti mm me treasury. r,very dollar of it, I hero is no Kecws from China which sues inuru, g-nr; 10 rctluce the -protection nf bTATU or Till-. UOUXTUV. llio past timcrcun imuitiry. iliis is uno of ihc vcrv week lias licen nn unlavorahlo ono lor com reasons why Benton and 'Calhoun oppose the morcc ; the markets in almost every caso land bill. Those new-born protectionists, thon 'mvi) ')U0M 'n a vcr' dull state, shipping order play a deep .game of destruction : they would lmvc '"'"i. unu.,ually , "m""- , TU rob Vermont of her right to. the lands, and by le '"'- ? ...u,u u ..u tho ,o nr. redncn .bo r .,t I'" ""icloi adapted for 'export .arc , . , , ,, . 1 unusually low : but as the tarill is in a nim.iie.lv: num.! f.ivi; L-veil ironi a rCVOIHIC ,n c !,, .. cr,1(),l . ,nnn , in Tariff. It is double robbery, and clearly cxhib- ..i i ... '.' . ..'... ..e , . . uuiu iu if pun u nioiu simsiutiui v suuu ui ltd tlin mcini'iirilv nf llinip nnifna.iAi.t. ... f . . I . . . 1 . .... . , .... ..... ... j.. .....c.ui.rt in dUr of protection. Out of their own mouths arc they condemned. In our next wo shall (jivo the renninder of the resolutions. Waichmmi. Prom tho New r.ngland Parmer. pnornoTivr. dutibs. With a few temporary exceptions, the inter ests of ail lar:e classes in tlio community rise and fall together, l.ol manufactures flouriidi. and nianv hands aro withdrawn from tho tinld tn F;rs', thoy Jive the rates proposed by certain jtho workshop and tlio inou'hs which gn wilh " Wednesday thincs shortly. That tlio trauo wcro never more bare of stock than at present, is admit ted by all parties. I lie letters received lrom Lancashire anil Yoikshiro are a little more satisfactory. The flight improvement felt in Manrhostor at the date of our last paper, has been so Mr sustain ed, but much will depend on the tenor of tho accounts by the Indian mail whether the "round rained cm bo preserved iWnuny continues tn lie plentiful, though mil I liiti'sdav liitrlicr rales bills on wool and wooleiiK. knowin-r and honins ! !il."RIJ '''""J"1 e 10,1 11,0 ial' )riJ of - .!, tii.in ,.,..i-,n,i ; n, ,,imn nr 1 1. 'hi remnii upon t ho farms I ins causes an iiiciuo-vm iii-ui. 11. ii iii juwjHu iiun ui 1111: Mippiy ; prices rise, aim m uriner is heller reuuiiier.i ted for his lobnr and iuvestinenls. Business at such tunes is usually brisk in all its channels mechanics, traders and all, hud full einpluv. The farmer's pursuit is the most important to hit nan subsistence, and tho fanning- population, by their iniiubcrs and worth, stand first anion" thn classes. Theircotidition is tho one to claim tho first and highest toward hut when we come to consider ihu question how llioir interests can bo promoted (we re'ur to pecuniary interests) it is obvious tha' tho causes which na':e tho duties would infor that a great picfanro is given to woolens: and they conceal tho demonstra- blo fact, that tho bill of tho Whig committee on Manufactures giics a very great preference to tha wool.grower in tho amount of eHiciont protection. Again, they conceal tho fact tlut on a tost vote, at this very session as well ns tho last, tho Whi0's of tho freu states voted en masse for a protective tari!!", whilo the loses, with haroly thirteen exceptions, vo!od against protection. Still again, thoy conceal tliu fact that protection to manufactures it substantially protection In agriculture, as it ntlurds agricul ture a market. Finally, to cap tho climax of de ception, a naked extract is quoted from rertain rosolutioiii of a Massachusetts convention, de. daring that a "duty on tho raw material is a tax on the manufacturer." Prom this they force the inference that this convention was opposed to protecting the raw matcriil. Surh was not tho fac!, as to that convention j and such is not tho just and true inference from the resolution quoted. It being true that a duty on the raw material is a tax on the manufacturer, the only inference is that tho manufacturer ought to re ceive a degree, of protection sufficient to enable him lo meet this tax. If he does not, hn neccs mrily ccaFCs manufacturing, and tho market fur the raw material is at an end. Surh iu the ft msy and deceptive character of, enahl the premises on w hich the rcsoltr.irm.inakers ! eloths at lower rates than now found their false accusation. We dismiss this brniicli without i omnieut, and pass to the sec ond thing designed, which is, to represent the locofocos a tho peculiar friends of Protoction I Here, too, is a lack of the very kind of proof which is moil necessary. Do they go to tho Journals of past Congresses to the yeas and nays to tho reports and speeches j and do thoy show any measure of protection which licrfos in Congress have presented ! Ohv no: all this sort of evidenco is entirely tho other way; yea, at this moment when thoy unjustly o "lihin of Mr. Hilton'tall's bill, we throw this in their teeth their party in Congress ; pt'r 'he hi!! leea-.::e i! gim lo i:rirpro'.rriUm I Thrown tliu, by laik ii im'.c-.iii from abroad, 11,101) their own mcsgro re'oiircew, they resolve in favor of protection to wool, and endorse one nf the resolutions of our last legislature. It is tuo one which, their presses claim, limits a tar iff to rovonus, leaving protection merely inci dental. As tn woul, thoy aro for once right Wo thank them for that single expression of favor ; and would double our thanks, did they not put tho wh.ilo gruund of protection on so precario'U a fomid.iti.Ji) lis to defeat tho hopes, noton'y of 'hi wo"!-gr minjj, but every other interest, 1' .. that the Inn is r-.re t-iiih .vr'n i.) r yo h''msi''vH tl, jnrtir ul.-,r j and' " ir ' ' . , j), wen; required tn the discount market Lafge houses obtained icadily three and i half per cunt for fust class paper. Tliu weather is still delightfully fine, and there is a l;ur promise ot almndanl crops. lAvcrpoul Mail. OH KM A NY Tor. CT.sTnorui: at H.MDrncii. We have tho foIlowingstalisiic.il details of llio destruction nf pro perty y the Utc calamitous lire : Streets destroyed, Olj lanes ditto, r.'U; liousis ilillo m streets. I'J'Ji; sun'J houses iu lanes, cellars, IG8 ; inhabitants dispn-es-ed. 'il..72l. ("Iiurches deslroved. S-vir: St. reter. m. .Melioias and Ht. lieririule. 1 tic value 01 ,i.n ..Pi..n..i t,..;i. :u n.ii...nii..i n. i- ono r.no ,.rlr. best market lor their produce, are the matters to ban o. in the mutual' a.inniic.i idUcitd bv the um bo most regarded in obtaining the correct an- nieipahtics, and the pnhlu; buildings at 10,000.000 swer. Such cnuimurcial regiihilioiis by tlio lia. making logeiher 57,0iin,000, equ.il to .O.'liiU 000. tinnal govern Has will make the be-t homo 'l,."lrm uro (-'"'"- ate estnuai.-d nt iMi.vw M.ark.d for all tK.it wo i.iiso. Mr.,,is.. ,.,m l. '":,kl!i ,ht'. ,!"i1 vnl'.' .f ,1'u pmperly A(.,3-26,000. .i - , , , , . I i no aiuouni nisnreii m mo tonign iii-.ur.ince com. elit than any thing else than cm be brought to pnnsnn furniiureanil "msl- is .-limaied at 111.000, near upon mu siinjeci. uou nnrKs iiaurn, or XT ll.uuu, inn wo are inrurnu'd, A discriinnntliiL' tarill mav lav dot es nnnn on very good nuilioritv, tliat this item is so over-r.i. either raw materials or manufactured iroods, or ,f" ll,a' " ,hr"a " ,loul" "P0" accuracy of the ' I 1 i.i iimiuridi, its wuiii, lor Tho I0I.,i ainoiml of ihe liabilities of the instance, may, .crr, benefit tho American Kngli'h insurance eouipanies will not exceed, nt the r .inner directly, by causing a less supnly in the very utmost, .CnO.OOO: ami, according lo the most ni.irket ; but there is a drawback to this benefit. I recent nccouuts, X1'.'0,OCO is held as nearer thn Tlio fivi'lllslon nf :i Mil ion nntirnl r.,r..:...i I IIUIU. wool from our market, might increase the price of wool, and so benefit the wool grower here but it would turn out from factories the hands necessary lo manufacture that w ool, would cause them to become farmers', and thus lessen the numbor of consumers rnmpared with tho pro. duenrs of agricultural productions. Again, tins A litter Irum Hamburgh savs th tntnl destruction nf hooks, ns yet ns crt.iiucd, amounts to 300.000 volumes. Several collections of sciuitilic objects havo perished, particularly nuo consisting of -1,000 models of machines, liclongmg in ihe Patriotic .So ciety, and which were us.sl in the cieum" and Sun day classes instituted fnrtho mechanics of the town llio same leiier gives tliu Pillowing ns an esumato nf I lie rntml il v ,il ,,if.rili'iiilio pntwnnt,,.! , o nnn . million pounds shut nut from our market, would 000 lbs. of colhe. 5.000.000 Ihs. of sur. s.rifin nnn lesiin me prico ot wool in l.uroiie. anil thus "i w men wiru rciined, i,.'in t.alu- ol raw cotion ible tho Bnglish maiiufnrturcr I furnish us ilH " r1""1 '""";!f;lJ,ll,,"s "i 1 ar"kna nf ii.u .i i,....- i.. -iOii sacks of Java riot , 100,000 lis. cf palm oil. 500. ,i,. , ,,, ., ...,. , , , , wu quintals ot rape oil, i.uuu tons ol Smyrna eur. . i, mi, tug n II IU IUI 1,11 .11 III II'. Willi .11 I 1,1,1. . 1111.1 l,,..u ,,r il. ,.,-. H.ll ...,T .. ... I, I "n lot the prico of cloths down sn that our wool 000 picos of linen. S.000 casks of claret. 100 oi.cei would not rwo much. "Uno bawd would wash "f eorn nmlpoinioe spirits, -100 pieces of rum and nr the other ;" p'.-rhaps thev might not hn enuallv ,roc,( nllJ imo ,lj8, uf Wtfct India and American to clnnti lint lliorn iviiiil.t l, )., .l:.i; ' .. UaCCO. ..... .... v ut iuii iinioiciu u. Indirect Iv. through Ihe manufacturer, tin. fur mer may get a sure promotion of his interests. Ukatiis or eminent ir.s in I hance. ttithin tho A duty which should exclude from our markets rcw .wf pnM 1'eVi',.nl dca,l19 ?nd f""' "!" of high most jf .hp manufactures of Burope, anll'n I'Hfe ply niaiinracluring establishments here, would Oencrnl llaiiipon. P07.7.0 di llorgo was born in Cor- create 111 our midst a demand for agricultural Hcn I became the chitf dip omatiu nusnonarv of tho nH...l,,..n ,.r nll I.!...! II T . Illl.mn n.,1 .......... .1... I . . r f l. 1 1 . . . 1- products of all kinds would increase tho val ue of our lands, and in every way conduce to the farmer's prosperity. Especially would it uu so, ii uowi wiu raw iiiaienai anil tlin manu factured goods came iu only under wisely ad justed duties. Such policy as this might injuro the naviga Ilussnn mitocriiey, and tho rival of Talleyrand in diplomatic trcputo ; he finally retired ton splendid hulel in Ihe I'aubureb St. fiermauie, wilh great niuiiii, ne ii.,!, ui, ineinnirs, wmcli.it trankly and failbfiilly eihied, will be sinrivly less curinus and iniriuiiuii; iiiiin IllOfO Ol ins compeer. llOWtt.SCX- c dinglv odious to the snriiim. fnenils nf l,i n, patriot, Napohiin, wiiom he conslainlv labored in lllU'.ir, nllrl i il-nr ll,r,.... . n.l n .1... I.- . f till" interests, iierhaii-. but no other iin,u,rMi,t """ '' inirow ; nnu to tne hegilimausis for iin imercsis, jn.rnap., mu no otlitr important lnying manoeuvred wilh the diplomatic eoips, at the - i . . in vi u oi i.ouis i ni i'i'po against It is through our own mimifacturiiig intercut Olmrlrs X. 'I'h. v havo not spued his memory, lie tint our agriculture can get its L'ruatest aid : wn' altogether, fifteen jenrs the ninhnssailnr of Itus i .i r..-.. .1... r .i 'i.. - . I I sn in I'nns anil l.nm n Wl,..n 1... r., .1 vj ,11111 1 lie 1 1.1111 u iiiu u 1111.TS ;iri: iii-iini v irn.imin.i I . in all movements in lavorol iiiaiiulactures. will llourisli also, rr f etershurgli, he possess, , only twenty (He lotus d'or; these can but permanently llourisli, agriculture carnnges nnd iho equipages ofnll'tlie Huropran le'ga exceedingly couiloous journals, tlio Patriot and Spirit of tlin Ago, wnro quite wrathy on the occasion, nnd said vn had abused Mr Smilic. Not nt nil, gentlemen. Far from it. Wo expressly stated that wo had always understood ho was a very rcspoctahlo grocer and thai ho had ncquirod a groat amount of woalth in that business. Is flint abusive t It is into wo said wo presumed ho xvns a much bettor judgo of Liquors than ho was of Legislation. But wo may have been in correct in this opinion if so, wo don't won der that ho nbandoncd tlto traffic. CHARACTERISTIC HONESTY. FRIDAY MORNING, JUNK 21, 1812. Stato Com. How wiu. itOmsimte ? A meeting of merchants was held at Columbus, (Ja., 011 tho 8th inst., for llio purpose 01 auupunj; some plan 10 avoid "tho enor mous lal impost d upon them iu tho high rale of ex. change which all nro compelled to pny who contract dt-lits from homo." Among oiher things, they mu. ttially pledged themselves mnj tltcir sncrctl honor, 111.11 truin unu alter tno run inv 01 septemt'er next, not spued his memory. I In rs me nmonssaitor ot Hits When be first rntrnd St, Tho rojnl lions fnl'nn'iil Ins muniirieeni I mnrtn 1 unw lit twice, m soneiy, K.n he appeared to be of sound mind j but it is sud in tho I.egunist obituary noticfs, tint ho had become inil tcil.-u contrast wnh the ily pohticnu of such capacity and nscend incy, thai for many years, in the same ruitnl, nil the se crets and interests of cabinels piiBsidiindcr hn con trol or counsel, Thcoilnro Joulhov, chirf piofossor nf philosophy, mcmbirof the Aendimnof Moinl and Pnlinrai u, cncoi siiu.0 l.uud of the Ro) nl Council for Pub CONGRESS. Saturday. Jnuoll The Pcnato did not sit today, having ndjourned over until Mond.iv. not however for want of some thing to do, fortheNnval bill has been awaiting its action tins whole week. Iu the House nothiiitr nf nnv interest lias been donoi the whole day has been taken up in tho con sideration nt a lull relative to Mu Tennessee Hound to lands, fur which il had been set apart about a week previous. .uonuav. june 1,1 After tho Presentation of numerous memorials on the subject ot iho Tariff, the bill for the armed occu pation of Florida was taken up, and after a debate of some length was passed over. A .Ylcssagclrom tlio riesidcnt was received, trans- mittmi'. m answer to a Resolution of the Senate, a Iiepurt of the Secretary of State and accompanying documents relative to the proceedings under the Convention of tho 11th April, 1839, between the United Stan s and .Mexico. Iu the House. Mr. Cowcn nltcrcd the one-hour lesnlutinn providing that no member in Committee nf the Whole nr in llio House shall speak more than one hour on any question. Mr. Athcrton moved to lay tho resolution on tho tiblo; negatived, Yeas 83s .Naysll.i. Hie resolution was men adopted, l eas V:0; .Nays 81. On motion of Mr. F.verett, tho rules were suspend ed by Yens 192, Nays 23, and the Apportionment Hill wns taken up, the question bcinga concurrence m the amendments of the Sennle. Mr. K. moved a concinreiu'e in the amendments (which changed lb ratio fi om . 10,179 as adopud by the House) to 70,090 ami provided for the representation of major frac. Hons) nnd moved tlie previous question, .nr. Adam expressed a desire to debate, and a hope that tlie pre. vinusnuesiionwould not ho seconded.

The demand for the previous question was not sus- Inincd, Ayes 7j, INocsUY. .nr. Adam made nn .mi mated siieeeh lof an hour in opposition to concur renco in the amendment of tno Senate changing the ratio mm in nuvocncyoi uiai providing lor uic rep resentation of tractions. Mr. ( oonerof tin. moved to lav tho bill on the ta hie, rejected. Yens 55; Nays 131. Under the previ ousqtiestion, Iho first nnundmcnt of the Senate chnn I'inrr tlio rntio from 1)0,179 to 70,6SO was non concur red in ; V ens yi ; lt..r i , t The bill was further debated to nilmurnment. Inn former port of theel.ty, a lesohuion of Mr. Adams was n.dsbicd calling on the Secretary of Stnto lor copy of thcQuintupIo Treaty, tho protest of Oov. ejass, aim aiicurrcpuuuein.-u uuiwicu una vjovcrn nicnt and him on the subject. Juno 1 1. Haute. The apportionment Rill was sent to the Senate, tho House not agreeing to any of the Ben ate's amendments. Mr. Win. Cost Johnson announced his intention. in caso the Tand'hill should pass without the clause for tho continuance of the Distribution Hill, to bring forward n 11.11 for the assumption of tho State debts uy tne uenerai iiovernmcnt. June 15. In the Hou-e at two o'clock tho dilute on tlio tar ill' bill wa brought to n close. The question wasfirst taken on Mr. Roosevelt's nmcuilmeiit to -triko out that clause which continues thedistribulion, and was ucciiieu in ine ueg.iuvu ayes iuj, iioe i u, .uajuiny in favor of Iheihslriluition Tr.v! Thegient question of tho session is settled. Tha rights e f tho States in l heiui die lands are sale. Mr. Fillmore moved un amendment declaring that after tho first of August, 1912, in cascaf no neitlivis lation on ihe subject, all rovenuo law's should then he the same as ii ims act had nolbcen pis.-td. Aelop ted without a division. Tho conimilteo rose, and reported the bill to the House. ' The amend mcnis reported by the rommittto were concurreti in ny uie tiousc. Mr. F.aslman moved In striko out the District pro . : I in- ... 1 viso. ieg-iiivcu, iui, uay.s iu. The bill is just rnurosscd and nasscd tho House. In die Senate, the bdl for the armed occupation of Monua was pusscu. 'l'he Arvortlomnent Hill. This bill as amended in the Senate mid nonconcur reil in by the Mouse wns taken up. The Senate insis ted on its fractional amendments veas 24, navs 18 and on the ratio Amendment, 30 to 1 1. Tho bill was then sent back lo the House. The Navy appropriation b.ll was then do'-ated ; the question was uu oiu iciuicuun uiuu.se limiting none, June llj Senate. Tlie Senate iusistel on its amendments to ihc apportionment Hill. Home. The Hill for the temporary continuence of illu l'l cst;ii, Aaiiu . uc uiiuii u!?ni? ruin. The clerk rend tho nniendment before the Com mitten, which was that otl'ered by Mr. Roosevelt, to strikeout the proviso of the bill which is ns follows : " Provided that nothing herein contained shall be construed so ns to suspend the distribution cf the public lands.' On ibis the oucstion was taken bv tellers, who re. ported 103 in tiionfiiiriuativc and 1(3 in the negative. So tlio amendment w.is not concurred in. The next nniendment was ihunno offered I) v Mr. Gwiun, of Miss., to add to tho proviso after the word "lanils," "to n liner penou man me isi oi august. mr.'' On th-s amendment also the ouesiion was taken bv tellers, who reported 87 in the affirmative and III iii the no native. So tho amendment was not agreed to. .Mr. Gilmer moved to amend iy adding after tho words ''publiclaiiil,' tho words, "until ihosimo shall bo otherwise provided by law." This amendment also wns rejected! 90 in the. affirmative and 103 in tho negative. Tho committee then rose nnd reported the bill to tho House. The amendments adopted in committee passed the House. Juno 17. The Apportionment Bill was 'again taken up by the House oh Friday morning, ihe question being on n motion to recede from their vote of non-concurrence to the Senate's amendments. We copy from the Journal of Commerce. Mr. F.verett moved to amend, by inserting "and concur in the Senate's amendments. l!i fore this amendment was moved. Ml. R. W. Thompson had moved the previous question on tho Mtnp'e motion to recede, nnd the same was seconded, And on dint motion I lie yeas nnd nays were asked and ordered, nnd resulted as follows : yeas 109, nays 101. So tho motion was carried in tho affirmative. The question next came up of concurring in ihe amendments of the Senate. Mr. Ovtin movid iho previous question, which was seconded, ayes 10!, noes CO. On the question, shall tho main question be now put 1 .Mr. Stanly ntki'd for the yeas and navs which were ordered, anil resulted ns follows! yeas 12.i, nays m. WHIG STAT 13 CONVENTION. The State Convention of the Whigs of Vermont, for tho purposo of nominating stato officers, and ta king such measures as may bo deemed necessary pre paratory to tho annual September election, will be lioldenat MlDDl.EHURY, on WEDNESDAY, tho fith of JULY next. Tho Whigs nro requested to ap point, on or before tho 4th of July, by county or town conventions, three or more delegates to represent cui;u tutvu in sain convention. P.. N. IlltltiGS, HATIRY BRADLEY, ERASTUS FAIRBANKS, A. I.. MINER, O. P. CHANDLER, ISIAH SILVER, E. P. WALTON, JR. May 21, 1612. COUNT V CONVENTION. The Whig Convention for tho nomination nf can didates for Senntors for tho county of Chittenden, will meet nt the Eaglo Hall in Williston, nn Wednes day the 29lh dav of Juno inst.. nt 10 o'clock. A. M. It is especially desirable that every town in the county mav be fully represented, as somo action may ho expected relative to iho appointment of Delegates to tho State Convention. Hy order of tho Committee, GEO. A. ALLEN, CAairnian. Juno 17, 1812. The Countv Committee rc spcctfully request tho Whigs of Chittenden countv to meet in their respective towns, on Mon day evening the 27th inst. for the purpose ol appointing delegates to the county convention, and, if they prefer to do so rather than to leave it with the county con vention, they can appoint Dele gates to attend the fetatc conven tion at tho same time. Bv order of ihe Committee. June 2i, 1842. WHIG MEETING. The Whigs of the town of Bur lington are requested to moot at Howard's Hotel, on Monday tho 27(h at half past seven o'clock in e evening, lor the purpose ol nppointinii Uologalos to ntloni the Counly and State Conven tions. Let us hove a general gathering. By order of Town Committee. Wo published a fuw weeks ago nn extract from tlio minority report of tlio committeo on Manufactures, to show that the Tories in Congress, as every whero else, wero in fnvor of " reducing the trages of labor." Tim Sentinel, with characteristic honesty, seized upon this extract from tho minority report, declared that it was submitted by a Whig, and then went on to insinuate that tho Whigs were tlie true "late wages," anti-tariff, " free trade" party 1 ! Docs our neighbor think ho can deceive intelligent men by such bare faced misrepresentations? Who uro tho members who mado the minority report, IWr Sentinel'! Will you inform your readers I Do you know yourself? If not wo will in form you. They are Caldxccll of South Carolina, an anti-Tariff Loco Foco of the worst stamp ; lirown, another Loco Foco of tho samo stamp, from Tennessee, and Ha bersham of Georgia, an anti-Tariff man, who claims to bo a Whig. Wo, however, class him with tho Tories, for wo will sustain no man, whatever may bo his claims, who op poses tho doctrine of protection. This is tho test question with us. If tlio Sentinel will tako the samo ground, and refuse to sustain any man or any party, who opposu a pro tective tariff, wo will admit its honesty, in professing friendship for a Tariff. Hut while that consistent and veracious print is doing nil in its power to put down tho Whigs, who aro and ever have been the only true friends of protection, and to elevate the Tories who are the deadliest enemies of the cause, every honest, right-minded man, must consider its professions deceptive, insincere, and hypo critical. Wc ask the attention of the truo frtonds of protection to the following extract from tho Watchman : THE API'OUTIONMliNT UILlT Hy referring to tho Congressional tirocood- ings, our readers will perccivo that tho Ap portionment titii, as amended by tho Senate. has finally passed hoth branchos of Congress. Tho amendments of llio Sennle, our readers will rccolloct, wero only two first changing tho ratio from fifty to scvonty thousand, and secondly, giving another member to thoso Slates which had a fraction of moro than ono half. This Bill now only lacks the siimaj - D turo of tho President lo become a law. Tho wliolo number of members, under this ratio, will lie two hundred nnd twenty three, as will appear from the following table : Maine 7 New Hampshire) .Massachusetts iu 2 1 1 3) Ilhoilo Island rjomict tictit Vermont New York New Jersey Pennsylvania Delaware Maryland Virginia North Carolina South Carolina S 21 1 G .15 9 7 (corgia Alabama Lmiismnn Mississippi Tcnncsseo Kentucky Ohio Indiana Illinois Missouri Arkansas j Michigan 8 7 4 4 11 in 21 10 7 6 1 3 223 PATENT WAGGON SPUING. Wo wcro called upon, the 'other dav, Is tako a rido with a friend, in a waggon mount' cd upon a patent spring, termed an improve ment upon Hie spiral spring, and invented by Mr It. IJ. Hi own of Williston. This spring is decidedly superior to any wc ever before rode upon. We never passed oyer thn ground, on a pleasure excursion, with so much ease and comfort to oursclf, in ony carriage wo havo ever used before. It is certainly a very great improvement in wag gon springs, and Mr Brown richly merits the gratitude of the riding public for his in genious and useful invention. We advise all who desire to rido with comfort and caso in their carriages, to procure this kind of spring. Mr Brown will furnish it for any carti.ige nt the very low pneo of three dol lars. TIIK TARIFF AND THE LAND HILL. It will be seen by ruferenco to the pro ceedings of Congress that the House of Rep resentatives, on Wednesday of last week, passed tho temporary Tariff Bill, ith a sec tion providing for tho repeal of the twenty per cent, clauso of the Land Distribution Act This is highly gratifying lo all true Whigs, as it affords u satisfactory indication of the disposition of tho I louse on tlio gn at ques Hon ot a protective larill, a question on which nro based the hopes of restoring tho business of the country from its present state of embarrassmont and depression. It ap pears from the votes on tho adoption of this bill, taken after an animated and piquant de bate, that a decided majority of tho House arc in fnvor of sustaining tlto Land Distri bution Law. Wo regard the enforcement of this law as an indispensable pro-requisite to the establishment of a permanent and uni form system of protectivo duties. For, so DOUIlI.n DEALING EXPOSED. Who iconld sacrifice the WooUCIroiecrs! ' The Vermont locofoco Stato Convention rc- j solved that the H'ii-s are for protecting niaiiu- tacttires by sacrilicmg tlio woni-grnwer. iNmv be it known, that tho boot is on tho other leg. Tho hieiifiien minority of tlio committee on Man- ufacrures, (Caldwell of S. C. and Drown of Ten nessee, locofoeins, and Habersham of Geo., an anti-latin" Whiff,') have made a report, which is now hetore us. I hoy are opposed to a pro tectivo tarill a revenue tariff only will suit them ; nevertheless they aro forced to admit that manufactures should not bo entirely aban doned, ami so tbey propose to lienytl immujnr.. lures by reducing Ihe iluly mi the raw material! ! Thoy propose to strike out the very host part of Mr SaltonstallV duty on wool (the 4 cents spe cific,) leaving; only U'.i per ct. ad valorem ; and thon bnvo tho hirelihoou lo say, that the reduced duty will r-ivo protection enough to tho rate ptatcrial, Wo quote from tho report : "Tho duty oniroo, by the proposed (SnllonstaU's) bill, is 23 per cent, ad valorem, and 1 e'cnls per lb. .XriAe on the 1 cents, anil you ado to tlio proms of tho wool factory in Dutchess county, above refund to, $7000, or 3 per cent, on tho cnpit.il, ami slill leave 23 per cent ad valorem, as 3 protection 10 the wool Kroner." They further reduce tho duty on pig iron and leather, avowedly for tho honetit of blacksmiths and shoo-makers, of course at the expon-.e of iron-mongers and tanners, and then add : "lltduee the dutyo-i Al.t. OTIIHIl RAW JIAT11 KIAI.S nse'ei in mamifartures lo a rerenuetlulv, and you reliue all other branches qf mannfaituix.'1 Slill again they say : "If, then, tho manufactures of wool, iron, nnd leather, are really iu the distressed condition m which ihcy sro represented to be, wu may, without destroy, mg the factories, yive them essential relief, by rcdu cini.' the duty on the rntr material, by subjecting it to a moderate duty only instead of a duty of cxcIumoii, as in tliu threo cases I have named." Such is tho locofoco mode of protecting man ufacturos, e.vcopt cottons: here thev transfer the burden to the laborers in the factories. We shall quote more fully cro long ; in the mean time read this : . " But it will bo slid, if this i really tho state of the raw material of the cotton manufacturer, then tho rcliel to bo nirirded to him must bo by other means than by itducing the duty 011 the raw material. The other modo which presents itself Is, ItV A RF.DUC TION IN Til P. 1'ltlCK OF LAItOIl. The neces sity for this we leave entirely :o the decision of ihe manufacturer, themselves, and thoso whom they cmplov. They know best what late of wages they can afford to pay out of their profits; and we, tho consumers, only' ask, that if ihey pay wages ihreo limes ns ingn as are pniu 111 l.nglnnil or on tne con long as the doctrino prevails, that a Tariff! 'in;nt "!r ,llof " '"''', tlicy will pay it out of kiiii unit in.nt-n, ..iiu uu, uuoiitfti 1. i.uio us uj ........ , 7" ' . ... .... ... y ........... . ,,v v o.t.v . ute, ,1, in,- ibUI III V. j ......... ..u ....... ....,,, ui., u.ii, tn .,ur - in-inntnieiiiiii, uno ir i we i n yns n urpeiy was 101111111! whaev r, iiimc iifti r ihil -tc, 1 w nt . himed op ih Pih msimt. will, all sen Hill,' .,d po. ' ir"1'1 I1 ic.lhrnoi- IlMirnu know'i 10 ,111"' The ejurnion then canieup nn ci nritrring w ith ths first amendment of tlm Senate, which is, "to strike out fiO, 17!), nnd insert 70,fic0, which was carried iu alliriiintivc, )ens 111, nays 103. The (juration next recurred on the second nniend incut, which protnles for lbs representation uf frac tions if tbey eveeeil 01111 inoiely of ihu fixed rntio, and was decided by )t as and nays asfellowst y.asllO, naya iv; Motions In ire (insider ihe votes (lo make. wen put mid reieetid, nit tliu- the noporttniHue is pn r 1 y ,'!' 11 " I must be graduated by the necessary expen ditures of tho Government, and tho Land Fund, (which sometimes pours into the Treas ury ttctnty-sir. millions of dollars annually, and at others sinksdown to a million a year,) is relied upon as n sourco of rovonuc, how can any permanent system of protectivo du ties bo established which will afford any ade quate relief to the industrial classes of tho country 1 Obviously it is impossible. The position is too clear to roquiro argument to enforce it. Wo rejoice, theroforo, that the House of Representatives have resolved to sustain this beneficent law. It aflbnls a grat ifying proof that thero is yet a reliable Whig majority in that body, over tlto abstraction ists, iho Tories and the Tyleritcs. Tho Tories, as usual, did all in their power to embarrass nnd retard tho action of tho House, and ultimately to defeat tho passago of the Bill. Hut thanks to tho energy and perse verance of the Whigs, their efforts wcro un availing. IMPORTANT. We spoko of Nathan Sntilio, n wook or two ago, as a rum-seller and grocer, Imving always understood that he was engaged ex tensively in that business. Hut the Tory papers say that ho has lately abandoned tho traffic, joined iho Temperance society, and consigned tho grocery establishment, runt and all, to his sons. Vury well, wu cheer fully niako thn coirection, if it is true we wero not however a wnro of tho fact befoie. Will our neighbor of tho Lamoille Whig in form us what aro theeiri in llio case. Our only object in making tho enquiry is to ob tain correct information in the ptomises. 1 For it is of ihu utmot importance, when way of high protection." Here, then, wo present our roadors with di rect, conclusive, and incontrovertible proof.tli.it it is the organs of the locofocos in Congress, if any body, who aro for sacrificing tho farmers, wool-growera and laborers. Qh, how trry, lery honest or how ignorant, were the locofoco resolution-makers. Let them consult their leaders iu Congress before they undertake to manufacture charges of this kind against the Whigs. (0?" Correction. Wo u 11 i n t e n t i 0 n a 1 ly 0 m i t -tted, last weuk, to-reclify an error, which was pointed out to us, in nn articlo wo copied several weeks ago from tho Richmond Whig, exposing the reckless extravagance and cor ruption of Van Huron's administration. The i "iy1'".!,cy could seduce them from 1 it hii 1 jilwinlfri irtsiivi tn zitti THE GREAT CLAY FESTIVAL. The Lexington Intelligencer of tho IOtU instant, coniains a full account of the great festival given in that city on the 9th, in hon or of the Patriot Clay. It is represented by the Intelligencer to have been a meeting of unsurpassed enthusiasm and unequalled interest. Moro than twenty thousand of tho gallant sons of Kentucky, it is said, volun tarily assembled on the occasion to do honor to the retired statesman. The multitude wcro not drawn together by mere idle curi osity, to bear an orator whose eloquence was a stranger to them, or to see a man their eyes had never rested on. Far from it. Thoso who had known him longest, who knew him best, his friends, his neighbors, citizens of that noble Stale whose " Escutcheon he had embla.oned with immortal renown," theio and such as these wore the first, the most eager at the feast. At about 10 o'clock a great body of gen tlemen mid ladies assembled on the Collcgo lawn, and wero presented to Mr Clay. Tho processi'on was then formed, led by thy Lex ington Light Infantry a splendid body of soldiers, followed by an immenso concourse- of cili.ons on foot. Then came a barouche, drawn hy four noble greys, in which wero seated Mr Clay, Gov. ft. P. Letcher, Lt. Gov. Thompson, and Judgo Robertson, President of the Day. Following this were the Committor- of gen tlemen from Ohio, nnd invited guests. Then came a pot trait of Gun. Harrison, drawn upon a car, followed by tho Committee of Arrangements, nnd a long train of carriages, from 3 to 500 in number. A fine band of music also accompanied the procession. They reachhd the ground a beautiful wood land pasture a short distance from the city whore a sumptuous dinner was served up in splendid style. Alter dinner the following toasts were announced : 1. The late and lamented H'm. . farruon An honest man, a pure pniriot, nnd the pecple's friend : May his memory never cease to be enshrined in tbu grateful remembrance of on admiring posterity. 2. Oar Country The patriot's heart bat with gratitude nt the festive board, swells wilh pride ui ihc forum, nnd burns with fire' in ibe field. 3. The Union C'ementcu by the purest blood of patriotism, nnd consecrated by the undivided devo tion of a free people 1 Woe betide the hand that would sacrilegious!) touch it wilh dismembering vi olence. 1. Our rorcign lielationt While war should ba avoided as long ns it is possible to priservo a wcuro and hunorablc peace, it should never be forgotten that peace can never be secure, nor honorable, when a nation betrays a pusillanimous avtrsion to war. 5. The Tariff While all acknowledge the neces sity of nn increase of duties, to meet the expcnditur of government, it is ihe part of enlightened policy, Id afford thnt degree of protection lo home industry which shall ensure the jiermanrnf protperity of th country. 6. The ntitribulion of Ihe proceed! of Ihe Public Lands All net of justice to tho Stntes,which, thointh frequently demanded and. is ofie'n rejected, was pass ed the first moment the Wings cmne into power 1 a law so wiso and murucblionnbly just, Congress has no moral power lo repeal. 7. A .ational Hank Indispensable to the fafe keeping nnd disbursement of the public revenue, to tho separation of the purse from the sword, and tho restoration of a sound currencv. S. The W'hiif Mmlfeito Kenrlcss nnd indopcni dent in spirit, wise and pairiolic 111 principle. 9. Hell. latl?er. hhrinp. Grnnrer- nitt,mj. . I Fearhes, true, neither the blaiuiisjirnents of power, nor inn proepe-cik 01 a triiu.m: .rr ot profptroun ine principles error consisted in stating tho prico of one hundred bushels of limo nnd one hundred bushels of charcoal as tho prico of one bushel of each. This error originated with the Richmond paper, wn bcliclvc, and was no doubt unintentional. We hold ourselves bound to corroct every such mistako as soon as wc discover it for it is ouough, in all con science, to hold Van Huron responsible for tho unparalleled corruption and extrava gance which ho was really guilty of, without magnifying his monstrous iniquity. And this is the only error which has jot been dis covered in tho huge mass of festoring cor ruption which a Whig Congress has alrendy exposed. The Voice of Freedom is about to ho re issued at Montpclier under tho editorial charge of C. C. Burleigh. Though ardontly devoted to tho cnuso of Abolition, it is un derstood that the Voico will strenuously op pose tho organization ofn third party. ftCol, Ciinicmi.i., Inspoctor General alUafe.) I speaking of men of genius, 10 bo perfectly j if the United States Army, arrived in town rcr i' V r ni M 1 .ul i't-l r TI.'it ' ' 1 1 M m'tv emu 10. TheSenalcofthe L'nilcd States TheembodieJ wisdom of the SiVcnnffdcrMe Slates may 11 con tinue to vindicate its rights ncninst unjust encroach ments, wilh ste-ndfnst inflexibility. 11. The niii House of licpresentatires Liberal and enlightened m its policy, its measures deems and will receiv tho patriotic suppon of the Ameri can people. 12. General n'nfeld Scott The aeccmphsheil soldier, his services will be rewarded by a grateful country. 13. Henry Clau Farmer of Ash'and, rtriot and I'hdnntnropist the American Statesman, nd urt rivnlleil Orator of the age- illustrious abroad, belov ed at home: in n long enreerof eminent public Mr vice, often, like Anstidcs, ho hrrnsted the raging storm of pnssion nnd delusion, and by ofienng him self n sacrifice, saved the Republic; and now, like Cincinnati! and Washington, hare voluntarily re ined 10 the tranquil nnlksof private life, tho grate ful hearts of his countrymen d do him ample jus tice) but como what mny, Kentucky will stand by him, and still continue to cherish and defend, as hee oun, tho fume of a son who has cinblaioncd her Ks cutclieon wiih iniiuorlnl renown, Tho last toast, says the Intelligencer, was prefaced by the President of the day with somo happy nntl eloquent remarks. Mr Clay roso in response, nnd for more than two hours, onchaincd that vast audience by tho exercise of thoso mighty powers of ora tory wilh which bo is so eminently gifted. With tin case peculiar to himself, ho swayed the feelings of his auditory at will m 0no tmip f-!ivu'sii Him "inTiirr atrain nilou