tVHIO STATU T1CICUT. tor flfiviiR.von, 3T r,-o PAINE. , tor i.ir.VT. novniiNon, VAITSTILLK. RANXEY. FOR TRF.ASURtlt, JOHN SPAULDINO. TOR nCNATOHr) ciiiTrcsonN COUNTY. nWII) FRENCH. TRUMAN GALUSHA. WHIG STATE CONVENTION. Proceedings of (lie Whig Stale Cotivon tion of Vermont, convened agreeable to llie notice or the Mate Centra! Committee, nt Middlehury, on the Gib Hay of July, 1842, lortlio purpose ot nominating State officers. The Convention was organized ly the ap pointment of tlio following oflieeis, viz: President, HON. HORATIO SEYMOUR. Vice Presidents, Mr Southwell, Bennington county, Zcn is F. Hyde, Windham " O. P. Chandler, Windsor i:. Hall, Rutland Setli Austin, Orange " Gen. Wm. Nash, Addison " Joseph .Marsh, ChittPiideii " A. Ctishnmn, Washington " Tho. H. Hauloy, Lanioillu " Joseph Curtis, Franklin " Alpht-us Warner, Caledonia " Secretaries, J Collins Wicker, Add-on county, F. V. Hopkins, Rutland " On motion of Mr Chuk of Rutland, a rmnuiiitoo of seven was unpointed by tho President, to report resolutions expressive of tlio oiunion, views and feolings of this Cou ventinn.upon the present slate of the country. Tho following jrontlemon were appointed upon the committee: DeWitt C. Chuk, Rutland -ounty, Wm. Upham, Washington " 0. V. Chandler, Windsor ,H. Cuilield, Bennington ' Harry Bradly, Chittenden " Wm. T. I'mker, Addison " ' 1. N. Cushnian, Windham " Mr E. P. Walton, jr. of M.)til lirhrr, of- fend tho following resolution, which was ndopteJ liy the Coiivcnlitui : Jtnaletit, Ui.it a committee eou:d r.. 1K0 of St'tiatois in each t!Ounll' hmr. r.ilrll..ntnl I... pouted lo Mjrtrt a noBiiinnoii for Governor, Lieut. Oovtinot nnd licnsnnr- -to be raped and procured nsfol ons: Ininwdiaielv ni the adjournment this i.iornmg the deleaa.es shall meet m iounty tonvci -lions i, and each eoiivtniion shall scIhci a committee iqiial to the miniLui of .Senntoi, to which it is enti lied i and at one n'el,rl-, P. M. tho -vend per,-,,,, I hm npimmiw shall unite m tit,1(;ial Coiiiniillee nt the town Hall fot the puipo,of mal.ingnnd reporl-int- a r.oim.iaiion of Stole officers to tho convention. On tnnlion of Mr F.iiihank, all gentle men who wurn whig, were imiletl to" parti cipale in the piocuedings of tho ronveill'ion. -Mr Biiggs having suggested to the con vention, that Mr Fairbanks had a communi cation from onu of the Vermont Delegation i'i Congress, upon the piusent statu of Con gressional feeling relative, to the late veto ; Mr Fuubitnk. upon request read the sumo m fidlon s ; n c-,- w , W!"oto, July 1, 142. D.iirSir.-elave ju.t cms .J the -econd day's ccbal.aino:. tf.e ,uo f tllt. bill eM.Mding il,e provis" ions . ih. rnv-mtc law until the lst of August. The ri-biie vvill pu.oat, y coiitimie one or two .lavs Ion tor It is among ihe must ed iting and interesting that I cv-r wiimssc-d pu ihi. Moor. You will see", fu ...tance n the luiell.geneer, ,, w, nit sncik otitmo.epir.ienla.ly 1 ,ll onlv My ih" : here 7s .ut an muh of triound U-ft r..r il, i',..fde, to Ita, , i 1 J .f "i3"'"" '" 1,11 "-fr thocxer nscof the higu at.d danjerou, p.,-er ot Ihrowin.. hmisel; m ll,o wav ot ,h Pep!,s wdl, n, npZZi U n.ur tmnudiatc Heprci.nialiv, ., have bee n utter 1 enp.umed m the c.miblM 0f .his debate. But Ihe Lpcns aie m e"Manes. T.v mvo tho Prevent. Hut tho acqiisuw,, wi be a dU we" U uiuntjcn. It s i,,.poM!,lo that any parly should f ,icr,-d w.il. l.n for it. leader Thw jrVy 1 utv "v fhii": ttl MV.V''" b,y 'h.ewea'.nes, which they fi 101 " ,r:r!:-..1",i,"pp!- ir.isi.ik.n e at ptmeudes which bn.ucht him into power, w.ll hut roiiFe the w !-..g3 to mme zea'ous Horn i.. mam m.r. .he,,, and will r.,ve ,o them a union and a en, gy which iheir oppoumn do noi dieim of Sue I ean assure .., uitl i,,. tht rffUl in Cuw.-m.- in ! ; ' ' '..will.; ilieeff-e. ,i,, nh'i rouniry. h..pe Ihe b.uid of Whig., wh.. tniin nl ed so gloriously ,n. Vermont in lSin.'vM 1 fri. , ,", won'onnn;,hr7ot;c'!r. ' ' Tnere wil, piolnlly, b- mne, apprehe,, i0J1 felt imonp the peop'c, .In't the p,ev. 'c" a" j ,1'" wate of thingr he.e will r.: l! i ,1 Confess wulwiilr. tariff sufllcent eillu f ! f.'.'n; 'V ""',"!," vrouhn, s ,eh Sppre hens..)ns mavbc .iwmissed. Cot.a.ess wMI not ad J nun without a proleetive tatiff. f,e wl , Con Kre, a,e sur.o.it.,1,,1 ,M,h diffieultuv t b it tl ,.v ocly trrvo to cen.en. li.cir union, Mieni 1 e,7tlu ot-inion. Tho Ian e of a few !.' ... SI' ""J. .hMher I mil imstaken. If I eo.dd .ok f my fr.fii!in Vi ir;nnttt I ..it.i.i a. i-. .... . ." i ... " V BnP." "nye proteeMe tarii!; It mav l"'- ii-aii inateveiy int,.Ie9, 1V j.,; ' III. lerj dil n.lt.in re-adjusung ai c nt" e ,a ft! to' Ft ever, thing nt as ,t ihonld be. at one" a 'nU conn.etmg innrr-is i,il ffl,,. ...,i7' ' nc'.,.a,m'1 i ,, . .... mi 1 trust ilui.gs will eou.e rirht at last.' 't,cV wil he V.higs every where shall itsnrl r.r. "iy, ' 1 J must not y m you, s r, that upon II nnd union ena luccees, depends the pre. , " ..uu .ua, i miiur. u ih-i interesis tiepH. oroteel nn Inn'j f,. .. .1. . - '";' need- lull) tad thcni. I .in, respectfully tn J truly yours Mr Strong, uf Hulland, then introduced resolution!-, which, wilh others, were reterred trie comrmiiet. on resolution. 1 hey then adjoutnod to meet agiin at 2 iu. , . . tno tdtne pvv. 2 o'ci.orK. 1'. M Convuntion mm according to ndjournment ... . resiucnt m ttm chair; nnd while wait 5 ' 'no several iommiUces, thu convention was addressed hy Hon. FI Se tnour, E. P. Walton, jr., Wm.UpLm, Esq" and other?. Tl... - - e ..v. uiiiiiuec, iur tnc nomination of mio oiucers, Hipointcd ngreeahlv to tho resolution of Mr Walton, adopted in the muuiiug, reported : For Governor, CHARLES PAINE. Tor Lt. Governor WA1TSTILI, R. RAiN'NEY Fur Treasure. JOHN St'AULDfNG. On motion of .Mr IJtigin, II. ........ 'I'H... .1 ft ' 'ill H. Itannev forl.iuiit ?Ji",e l"veriior, .iK' ng iur I n.i . ' nxatidi.iatu woiVi.'" n t Resolutions reported by tho committer, and resolutions moved by others were udopt cd ns follows : w hcre-ist if timo is rapidly approaching wht-n the people, ol erinont will bo called upon, in the uxer '.T"'"'" inr iiigncii privilege, mill dearest ficlilp, OR.iiii to B-leqt from nnionif themselves iho Lx.citiviJ Head of the State, and riereaii, tins convention m tho discharge of their dii 'y.naihereprcsenlativesofthedominnnt party ortha otiti,di) prevent to their fclluivcitizenaoflhat party, and of the State, tho names of Chatles Paine, W II. Kanncy nnd John Spauldinij ns individuals, in their judgment, well worlhy oflheir support for lite of fices ofiGovernor, Lieut. Governor and Treasurer, for the ensuing year s nnd VHiercas, this convention, as tho organ of the Whig parly in Vermont, in recconunending this ticket tor the uulTragc of their fellow citizens, seek not merely tho election to office and trust of the per sons who compose it, but through them, the main tenance of sound principles i and Whcraas, by an afflictive and mysterious dispensation of Divine Providence, the great whie Parly of this Country, but a few months since, nn in nnl!ti..l fnilh, one in hope nnd one in their confidence in the illusliious bead of that party, through whom that rami ann nope would have been realized in the recusilaled prosperity of tho people, have been de prived of that head, and, thrown, by the unexposed, and most extraordinary duplicity, and the mortis ing imbecility of his Constitutional Successor, into tinrfi. minr.i... ....I .1:- ..: .! .i ' aivl, ulll4 ijinuiyMfiiiiiiin, inereuy im parling to the prostrate form of Locofocoism a (.pas tnodicretnrn nf life find rnnflilnn..., . 1 herefore. it is appropriate and expedient, that wo ... v...ii.wt t iiic p.e-ui pimru.ie lor wmcn we contend, and which neither the treachery of per fidious friends, or the open hostility of avowed ene mies, can seduce us to compromise, or frighten us to forsake. It is, therefore, ns tho deliberate sense of this convention, rtfsolted. 1. That. In nffftin nntarlmv il.. nt uuum ai corneal, we do so 111 belialf and in support of the following principles and aims ! 1. A TanlH not n "Judicious TarilT," nor a simple revenue Tariff." hut land which will seeutp American Labor from ruin oils foreign competition, encouiairo tho toil and en terprise nf the Producer and th.inmimim.r il.n vr. mer, thu Manufacturer, the Mechanic, and render tho U. S. "vvlnt the v of rir.li I Olltrlil In lin " hit, ...I.. .1..., otherwise cannot be, "Free and Independent Stale." iiiu uiswidiiuou, niuuug i lie several .Male, lo Whom it riehtl'ullv bnlnnos.nf thn nrnrpr ja nl ot the Public Lands. 3. The rvprrisn nf llm ennalitntirti.il nn.t.nr . powl in the Federal Govcrrimem alone, io provide n "Uniform Currency" hv means of vvhvh exchanges may ne equalized, and tlio liutincM and Ihe coiuiticr rial operations of the peoplo may bo facilitated and protected. 4. rhat jnt economy in tho Administration nf tiovernmeni, notii finte and Fed rat, which is de manded by the spirit of our Republican inslitiilinns. 5 The absolute, piedominanee nf Law and order ; and Ihe redress of political greviances, whether real or i iiiiacm iry.nniy ny uieir ins ruuientalitv. G. One I'resnlcnint Term : 7. The alteration of the Constitution by a modi Mention of ihe Velo power , so as to protect the poo plelrotn its abominable nbne,in ihe hands of misguid ed ambition, whether exhibited in the sensibility "of a paraded ciiuoeience, or in tholes quesiiomble form ... i-.A('f.-iiiive rrseiumenis. 8. The abridcnient of Fxeeniiie inilnenpA nnrl I powrr ! ai to secure the independence ol the co ordinate brandies of tho Government. 9. Tile freedom and nurilv ofrlpetli.ni. 1 10. To beufe ihe epmr.itmn nrtbn nnrurt fin.l tl. , swnrd TheTieasury un der the exclusive control of ! ',!,c Protection and advancement of the ciusa triimnt, nn.l eonii lured, from Iho Common School 1,mvrfil'' 3 and indivisible sys- "'"..uwn, a a greni sniemtcrest in a popular gov tleiolce,l,U, That we uhmil lliofoiegninn' state ment m our opponent", and pledgo ourselves, that if i oey win controvert mm overtluow our principles, tint wo will give up our inni. P'rohcd, III. That we beftnivcil but a timid con fidence upon John Tyler in the beginning, nnd that tins confidence Iin9 n rvelonsly decreased upon abet ter acquaintance. That from his calamitous acces sion to iho Presidency io Ihe present lime, its official course has b.en distinguished by inconsistency ofcon duet, instability of purposa and imbecility of mind. hfsaltal,l. Tint we mast eirnisily and sol emnly 1'noTi.s.r nssinst tho iccent exercises of the elo power by the President, whereby the Hill, pro viding for a temporary poaipi nenient of the coinprom ie act, was dcfealeil. That we loolt upon it as a moat flagrant abuse of power, not warranted hy a just Consiitiit.iinnl construction, nod of he most perui cioiiMeiidency. Tint it asserts m affe. t the nulhor ity iiriho Pie-,dent to overrule and tcveri.i the most dehbr rate and constitutional lcL'inlntion nf Congress, on tho solo question nf the expediency or inex P'd.ency of nub legii-loiion, and aB an inevitable consequence, invests him with arbitrary despotic pow er not intended lo bo conferred upon him by the con stitution. V therefore Protest against it, individ ually and collectively, bore nun elsewhere, now and at all times, an unwise unjust, nnd unwarrantable, and di icily subversive ofthe liberties ofiho people. llcsnhtd, V. That the wlugeof Vermont are neith er disennraged nor disheartened. Placing tho con teal on ihobioad basis of princip'c, and appealinij to tlio intelligence and patriotism of the People, they ex pect victory nnd know how to achieveit. The Star of her proud usceudeney is a fixi.a Star, and knows no setting. IttwItttt.Xl. That ihe thanks nf Inn rnnnlru fir. due to the whig delegation in Conresi for their per scverinz efforts to pass a protecting TariH, notwith standing the hindrances and long delays occasioned oy determined and systematic opposition. Rtiohtd, VII. That" is the imperious duty of the the nienihersof Conuiessio remain at their nosts un tilonpusion shall be ellectuallv haHled. anil iho question of Protection of American Industry settled in vie tiji.rmattve. ICcsulrttl, Mil. i bat while we do not hold to the Ineiriues of Nullification. Iteniidianon or Vetnus . tvp will make one marked exception in favor f nul ifv- inp, rrpudntinj and Vetoing the adminii.tration of John 1 yler rr re, in the abstract and concrate : That tie Ins loreakcn thojio to whoso generous confilcnce he owes his statbn, nnd th.it, acquiescing in the sep araiiou, ve recaid with eimal eontemot ihn min and the traitor. flesoherf. That wllllo we desire ft full nrnrppiinn nf all our man ifteturo", we contend, that tho same pro tection ought to be given to wool, ns to woolens, as they inusi usiain each other, and neither can nrogner without tho aid of each. Itcsulrrd, Tint 'he existence of Ma very inonr coun try is both n mnrnl nml nnlon.nl uuil . il... ra...n..l Ar which, byjiist anj proper moans, consistent wilh the Constuulion, wo hou!d heartily and cordially ap prove. Hy Mr. Danat Resolved, that the resolutions and douiL'sof this Conveiiiion, be signed bv its officers, ond published in every whig paper in thu State. tiuti.iiiu SKYMOUR, President. J. Collins Wickkr ? F. W Ilorist.ss, J St!Crctar,c- The Boi!.nda:iv Qccstion With rr.. encututhe announceineiu in the American a few daysFinco that all the questions in depute between Great. Britain ami thin country had been amicably settled, the Intelligencer of ! i. day lias the followiti"; : .uot nappy abonid we be to know tint thsre wao sufh'eient fouiulaiioii for this report. We are afraid that Ihe news ip not only premature. but that there isa possibility of its not lieciun. in.' true at present. Certain it is. that m, represents the settlement of ono at Joabt of the .iue-ii.iii uetween ureat urilaiu and the Uui. ted Slates to have been found so difficult as to icavo auouui wtietnsr it can be considered probable. Which of the Darties. orinelmli. n. irs, is indisposed ton reasonable compromise of i --"J "'Y"cu nu Bro not mtormed : but if the necntiation should on this account eyen-ua ly fall throuMi a heavy responsibility will cot fad to rest, in the opinion of the world, upon the intractable nariv. The N. Y. Albion, which hujrnod means of ..mw.Mi, iii reierenjc w tn9 American's :icln leys '! We total!) .Jisbelieio that any t-uch terms i r, voiortne following reasons; i6i. ueraiiso ins io too improbable to be true. Sndly Because that portion said to be ce. ded is immensely more than equivalent for that retained. 3rd!y, It would be surrendering - to the United fatates nearly iho whole population iv i . fJfu"',wcK. including; the towns of u..uiui ,., me seat ot uovcrnmontJi-Frederic ton, bt. Andrews, St. Stephens, and two wardi w. ylJ, u oi, jnnn Ueil. In fact, by such accesHion, New Brunswick would ceaoo to be a province, and the remains of that fine colony must be re.annexed to the province of Nova Scotia.-4thIy. No ministry could exitt one mnnMi, after the nature of such a cetrin wns inado known to the British people. Jt would prove the downfall of British power in North Amor.cn, and caute a dierupliun in thu empire." "New Brunswick, it must he recollected, was settled by the lx.yahi.ls from this country. ,r iiuniierii v.'iuis, ier .no s.il.e ... .nuirsmem r ti0.r opiuioiK-, -iir tin (iy, eminent m ti,e,r choice. Theie vid their de. ceiid.i.it ate planted , tli0 lo,e, ue ha,. u. ,'T'A!; i !v t',u."- c-"' "real Britain return ...w v. vnr, , .).,, Ml,,,,,., Wjwltlt ' astiii, .tiid iUu.nw 0 honwr incurring FOREIGN. The oleamslilp Caledonia arrived at Uoiton on tliofith Sho loft Liverpool on the 10th lilt. and brings London and Liverpool papers of that uate. Hiie brings 07 passengers. TIlO must sntlsfnelnrv fpnllnn la nvlnpp1 tti England on tho favorable issue which sccmintr. ly awaits the long agitated question of the North Eastern Boundary. We believe it to be tho earnest wish of all partiop, having tho well-be-ing of either country at heart, that every arnica, bio feeling should continue, and that botli should go on in mutual sulisorvicnco for tho irood of each other. Tho Paris papers continue to discuss tho ques tion of the Right of Search, more, wo believe, because they find it annoys tho Knulish, than from any real interest which they tako in the matter. Lord Conirleton fformerlv Sir Iienrv Parneh put a period In his existence on Wednesday ......nig, mo ioiii nisi, ai ins residence, in Ua dogan place, London, by hanging himself with a handkerchief. T he trial of the youth, .Tohn Francis, for hifrh treason in shooting at thn (lueen, took placo on Kriday in the Central Criminal Court, London, lie was found guilty on tho second and third counts of the indict nont, charginc him with having fired a pistol, loaded with some destruc tive substance, at her Majesty, the jury having a ..uuui mat 11 contained a uuilol, but believing that it was loaded with something elso besides wadding and powder. Tho pr.soner, who was dreadfully affected, was sentenced, in the usual torm, to no hanged, drawn, and quartered. The tariff has at length passed through com mittec, and better feeling is consequently visi uiu ... inu prouuee inaiKOt. j no duties upon .......J iirucies are still considered to be very 01 jecttonable, and to require alteration, but the measure, as a whole, is generally looked upon a satisfactory, and now that all uncertainly is emieu it is expected that trade will revive. Tho new duties Will COniO illtn inimndlatn nnnnlinn on the passing of the act, except in thn special cases of salt-provisions and timber. The con cessions made to thn iiianiiljetnrinir i,,inrot i... the roilnctions on the raw material vvill prove of ji'vi'i uuneiiuoincm. am itsnnp.in e on t men ........e-f, mien as oyos, eic, wlucli so greatly en ter into their consumption. Some largo pir cols 01 gums hive since been brought forward, and the good effect of iho alteration was plainly perceptible, as well as on many other goods of a similar nature. Thn present yea', however, may be regarded as a had one, owing to the groat stagnation which existed during tho first six months, it not being to he ovpected that durin" the period which is to come it will bo sullrieut' ly brisk to counterbalance tho loss already bus tained. The accounts which wo continue to receive from the manufacturing and miniii" dts tricts are most deplorable. The London money market is easy, interest on billssame as last week ; but bills of inferior character are not so easily done. Tho Queen's proclamation, calling in light gold, created quite a sensation, and of nocess.ty caused sonm little inconvenience, which il was impossible to avoid. I hero have been some failures eif consequence, but the houses have for a long tune been in a bid state. It is rumored that tho session of Parliament will close in July, and that there will he no fur ther discussion on any important question. .J-,. Jom,,lussoll Ins hi ought in his prom ised biHfor the prevention ofbriborey at elec tions. The measure was received in the hen spirit, and every disposition was s-hown to give it a full and calm consideration. The puts ol the bill that seemed to give satisfaction to both sides uf tho Ilouie, were those lint provided fur the idemnity of witnesses tainted with hri bory ; the personal c.vamimtioii of candidates and their agents; the disfranchisement of do liiiquent voters ; and the arrangement that the proceedings should he carried on at the nublie expense, 1 he uilhculjiei unit apprehended are such as are involved in the unvtiuents con coming treating and the gratuitous conveyance of voters to the poll ; and the iniM..! communion ut peers aim members ol the hi.ver Mouse for the investigation of charges of corruption. Lord Ashley's bill for tho regulation of labor in mines and collieries, Ins been brought in and read a first time. Vhe mna-uro was favorably entertained ; and ample justice w is rendered to the benevolent intentiuns of Lord A? hlev. and to the patience and zeal hu has shown in uros. cciiting the laborious inquiries on which the bill is founded. The Lords have begun to Work in earnest a sure sign of an approaching termination to the session and have had adisctis.non ofthe income tax bill. The weather continues delightlully fine, the. hay harvest has commenced, and the wucai is in iuii csr. From all quarters of Iroland there is the mnt cheering promise of an abund nit harvest. Tho corn, fruit, and potato crops will bo at market fully a month before those of last year's harvest. CHINA AND INDIA. By the overland .Mail Irotu India wo Invo a.!. vices from B unbay of tint Ilhof Ahv.Midras of the 13th of April, Calcutta ofthe lilst, Ctbulol the 12th. Cai.dalnr ofthe fj'h, Lahore ofthe lOlh, and from Delhi of the 3') h of the ia.no month ; also from ChiKinof the .'1.1 of .March. from Macao of the Oth, and from Burmah nf tl,.. 30th of that mouth. They communicate tho surrender of tho fortresn ol Chiuueo by Colonel Palmer on the lit of March, and the slau.rbinr of tho garrison hy tho diazcc tribe as soon' as they had inirched out nf ihe city. Colonel l'a. mcr was aware of the murder of Sir William M Naughton, the t.ci2iiro of General Rlnhinatnne. and the destruction of the British army at Ca- oui : aim yui ne sunui iteu mat t no Oreo h in.. . be conducted to a city tho inhabitant of which weru drunk with the "blood of nearly teu tbous. and of hiscounlryincn ! Wiien the garrison tiurrotiderod, Colonel Fainter Males tint he had but 3(K) men, of whom 100 were wounded ; that ne nan not mare water man would have sup. plied him lorty-oiglit hours, and that to escape massacre no other course was left him. As if apprehensive that all this would not lorin a suf. liciont justification, lie adJs that General Elnh. mstone had ordered inni to abandon tho citadel. The gall .nt general Sale, besiogeJ in Jella. bid by Akhbtr Khan, at tin head of COOO Anglian, being apprehensive tint Akhbar was about to raite the siege to attick General Pol. lock in the Khyber Pass, made a sortie in which he completely mined the Atlgh ins, burned their camp, seized all their stores and ammunition, and recovered four of the British guns taken at Cabul massacre. The victory coBt the life of ono of the bravest and best ' officers in India, Colonel Dennie. In a style equally gallant and daring, General Pollock lorced the Khvber Pass on the Gilt ol April. Lieut. Cnmming', a prom, ieiug young officer, was here killed. There was not the UaptdouLt entertained ofthe jnnc tion ofthe forces under Generals Sale nnd Pol. lock beinf safely effected. Lord Ellenborough, was commencing a course of vigorous operations. Accompanied by Ins secretaries he h-d proceed, ed to the Upper Province of Bengal, to be near er tho grand scene of action. The news of the marJorif the Shah 8ooja.li, by his own people, was luiit.nncJ. Erom Ch.na we have a "celestial" proclatna Iron against the "red-bristled barbiriatii,'1 which only seixed to amuse the plenipotentiary. The forts along the Canton river were nearly finish ed, and part of them had been unmasked. A proclamation had been iosued by Sir II. Pottin ger, in which it is declared that Ilong Kong and Chusan will remain in the possession of ling, land till her demands are complied with by the Emperor, and that they shall be considered free polls, equdlly open to tho ships of all intons. Flic Chinete inhabitants are invited to return and reside under British protection. Amov i also to lomain a free port in our possassion. -The force with tho cxnedition were in npi.l!en, health. Tho head-quartcrs of the general stall" .."..I it njl.vi.n The feeling produced by the delivery nf the letter and part ofthe papers brought by thu In than mail is of a mixed clnractcr as it respects iho military operat t.ns. No doubt ie for a 1110. inni eutur'a.iied about the ultimate sublet 'htm of tho Allghau tribes, but it is not e.vpoctcd witlintit Iho lot-H of many more lives. The nol. I jr erera'om,- be ii.' extended beyond ulOu,i the Indus has, therefore, again become a ques tion which is warmly discussed, the groat ma jority of mercantile men declaring their opinion decidedly against it. Tho commercial accounts are in every point of view much more discour aging than was anticipated. Tho military op erations have had a general influcnco on the Money Market throughout the -vhole three pros idencics, which is adding very considerablo to the other causes of embarrassment. The last advices from Alexandria afford satis, factory proof of the desire of Mohemot Ali to cul tivate and promote Iho interests and conciliate the- friendship of Britain. In compliance with tho wishes of the Oriental Steam Navigation Company, ho has allowed them to placo steam vessels on the canal of Alexandria a point on which ho had been hitherto very tenacious. Tho Pasha had also given orders for clearing and otherwise improving the road between Ct.lro and Suez, for building transit ddpots, an hotel at buoz, and malting other arrangements for fa cintating intercourse with India via Egypt. The best feeling is underslood'to prevail between me i-asnaanclllic present Consul-Uoneral, Col- oiiui uurncu. CIRCASSIA. Appearance now indicate that, after a long and uallant resistance, the Circassians will Im obliged to bow before the overwhelming power 01 miss. a. it is said that tho Kussian arms have of late been successful in several unimpor tant engagements, and that nearly all the pow- un 11 iriucs along the lelt banlt nf the K uban had submitted. Tho Russian Government are making extraordinary exertions to reduce the mountaineers, and upwards of 20,000 additional Iroous have boon ilnnlnve.l for thn nurnnsn. and they are to march in two grand divisions under tno general command of Prince Tchornitclioff. It is confidently believed at St. IVte that thu war will he closed during the present Kuiumur CONGRESS. Monday, July 4. In the House, the Veto Message was debated all nay. .Messrs Hunter and launders, Loco-," favored the eto: Marshall, J. a. Adams, and Pendleton, spoko in condemnation of it. As soon as .Mr. A1l.1n14ponel1.dcd. Mr. P.-mllpinn of Ohio, moved the previous question. Mr. Cost Johnson moved an adjournment. Tho vo'c was 12 to 144. 1 In; 1 CI was ordered. Shall tho bill pass 7 This nucfttion was taken bv veas nnd nnta. nnrt B'ood, ayes 114, najs D7. So there not being two
thirds in favor, the " little tarifl'biU" was not passed lion obstante ihe veto. report from ihe Stale Denartmnit was received. covering a copy of tho President's Mcs-agci'isijnin'j his reasons for approving of the apportionment bill. t ny ii..e-i.iii-iiccr says, "The" IlleSHar'p wan read. nnrt. up rpnrpt In am. caused considerable mirth in the Housem conse quence of the ureal deference which ho hal.itnallv entertains for the expressed wish ot tho two Houses of Congiess." Tuesday, July 5. After the reading of Ihe ionrnal thin mnrninf. Air. Gilmer, of Virninia. rose and nddreised dm llnnsn 011 Ihe subject of Virginia Claims, and in reply to Mr. Hall, of erinonl, the latter gentleman liavimr wilh- nrawn ins mo 1011 lor the previous question, to allow Mr. Ol iner tO rente IO hlt.l. Hil sn.vcli vuna n i-nrir feeble thing. He nltcmlcd to explain nway the plain and simple statement of facts which Mr. i i-- - m""'e" in rcK"ri' 'o bis eonne. tion wilh tho lrgmia Claims. But, in his explanation, he vir tually confessed all tho champs which Mr lt-.i m against him. His manner and tone against his an tagonist very much changed from what they were re-presr-iiled to have been when he first made his attack. 111s language towards Vermont and her representa tive, was rerjf respectful. To use a somewhat hack neyed phraze, ho evidently was laboring under the impression, that, in his unprovoked attack upon Mr. Hall, and the sta'e he renipisenu. "b. iit.l 1..1M i.n thcicro-igpasiengcr." When ho had concluded hn remarks, he renewed tho motion for the- previous que toi on .Mr. Hall's amendment, which motion was sustained, and the amendment of Mr. Hall was adopted. The T.vnirr. Mr. Fillmore's Mill from tho Com niiltee of Ways and Means, .Mr. Saltonstall's Dill rrom Ihe Conininieeof .Mnniifa-turep, and Ihe pro posed amendments, all came under consideration. .Mr. Kennedy, of Hdiiinore, first addressed the committee, and nivlun strong speech in favor of Pro tection. He poke in a bold and decided tone de emed that tho whigs had been disposed to do every thing to 1.1 nntain pcaco wilh the Executive, but if ..o.., ,.... , 1. ,. rnsPrvrj vviihuuta n.ierifico of principles Inch were dear lo ilipm m KK,, then they were for war, " war 10 theknifu" and there would bon illinching in tbu contest. Mr. K's speech was full of patiiotic American feelini, and was do livcied with a firmness of tone, whi. h indicated that he meant what ho said. Mr. Appleton, of lioston. tlun spoke in favor of Protection. Mr. A. was followed bv Mr. Saunders of N. C, who made a violent fire trade speech, which satisfied all who listened 10 him, 1 Inu he was uttcily ignorant on the subject of which bo was speaking, however wise ho may tfe on locofocoism in general. He was followed by Mr. MeKeon, who made ali ultra Free Trade speech and when he hail concluded .Mr. J. II. Ingersoll, of P.i., row and made .111 excel lent speech, shoHingthe niecsfityof puarriingagainsi fraud in collpcling the tevenue, by imposing" specific instead of ad valorem duties. Thursday, July 7. In tho Senate, Mr Tallmade gave notice of his in tention 10 move, on M'.nday next, 10 tako up the hil1 from the select committee, .in the currency, of which he is chiirman. regulating the finances, thro igli ihe medium of an exchequer. Ilt-orjtanization flht .Vary. Mr, Archer, from Iho committee on naval affairs, reported a bill lor this purrose. It was rtferred. MUhcmitunlpriiesiors The same Senator, from tho same committee, reported a bill to provide for ihe employment of mathematical pmfessorsm tho navy. Jo'm ois. The resolution of Mr. Ilaghy, realaltvc to ibis person's pay for removing Iho Georgia Cher okecs west of iho Mississippi, washad up, and passed. It isa resolution of inquiry merely, nnd is intended to ascertain if Ituss has been paid too much, and how much too much. TheadmiruHtu Hill. The lull amendatory of (In Judicial Court bill ofl789, providing for the punish ment and trial uf seamen in cvrta.n cases, which bus foi some lime occupied the attention of the Senate, was had up for final action, and was passed by u vuto of 20 to 10. Seve.-al more bills, tho principal portion of which were private claims, were taken up on the third read ing, and were passed. Jiemedial Justice. The bill to regulate the trials of s.icn cases as uiai 01 .uei.eod, cic. &c, was then taken up, as the order of the day, and occupied" the Senate for sonio tune. House. Mr. I- illmore moved the House into com mittee of the whole, and Mr McKennan, of Pa., re sumed the chair. The TnriJ. This debate was conlinurd, hour by hour, by Messrs Mason, of .Maryland, Cost Johnson, Gamble, of Ga , and others. , , , . Friday July P. On tho heels ot tlio veto upon the litdo tariff bill, Mr oodbury oflered two bills, one to extend the op e ration of lie revenue laws nf the in. l inn u.. ..,. the land prov iso, and ilia other to fix a modeof huu.e valuation . To day they were taken up in the Senate, the ques tion being on givingleave. A "talk" of nearly two hours wa- the consequence, ij which nearly all the Senate joined, of course. At the expiration of tint time, Mr Phelps moved to lay the mailer in baud on the tabl again. The mo tion prevailed by n vote of 25 to 17. The National Institute. This valuable institution was never so flourishing ns at this moment, and its incorporation by the bill now before Congress, moy be considered an epoch in the history ofthe country. The bill passed bv a vote of 30 to 12. Remedial Justice mil This lonr discuEscd bill was had upon its final passage. Mr Uagby, of Alabama, addressed an elaborate ar gument to tho Senate. yout. The journal beinK read, several members endeavored to bring before the House many matters of private ond peculiariuterest to their sexcral con stnuencies. Hut the Hoasc went atonic into com miltee of the whole. Tariff delate Mr McLennan look thn chair at obout holfpastoue o'c.ock, mid gore the floor to Mr. uw mi. i .iiiss., wno nan Beamed it the evening be lorp no mane a warm nnti-lanir speech, and wns ,ou,vluor,iiieoineriae,t,.iir Stuart, of Va., Mr, Uiev.ater.o! N. V ,nnd oihers. SitocmNa Occurhesce. On Ihe night of the 2?th May last, n young man named David Dexter, aged 19, formerly of Poinfret, Vt. hit the homo of Thomas ;V'.l'r m NonlifWId, where he had Uen at woik and for abo it four weeks no trace of him could bodis- vuicic ., oiiugugii many uays were spent in s-arch. suspicions were entertained ihat he had commiittd suicide, as he left in his usual dress and look nothing "'". mm. un suiuruay lust ho was found in the ..".....in luixnurr, ue ir u urancn of Doglliver. about a inueironi ibe placo lie left. Unfrock, hatand one .......imiuuiiu ie.i or niieeii ronstiom Ins body A jury of inquest was held on the lujy on Sunday, verdict, that ho came to his death by bis own hands, while laloring under mental derangement, but in w hat way tho jury could not determine, but probably by culling his lliront. From the appearance of !, ' clothing and oilier things, it was believed tint he ived a .lumber of days m the woods, as hi-. ft,,,. , hit had eeij usml for a bed i h.ihad then v..tii. r.d to a placo vv hero bo was found, and it apt ce I mm ho fell partly 011 his face nnd died wilhout .1 Mrnaalo. l"v"18 laid there probably thrZo weeks or ov'..r"tlic' 'hroat and brtust being neatly decouipocil. There- . ... i.iri.miHi nu avviui signr, too bad to tn hold, , i; r 1,1 neeciiuy ,iiir I ie-r tlir fdicn while they vveielound. I'roin the Montreal Courier of July II. Cn-.Sfft,r..m . nn. ....... ..... ........... (.......lllTOl' aiytyltll'.lN T Mlil.AMVII'JI.l iiuai) or lill K. It becomes our painful duty to record ono of tho f'osl distressing casualties which lias occurred in this Province sinco the introduction of Stcim on tho 1 ,,ar".rcncc- The liigh-pressufc Steamer Sham rock, wlulo between Lachine and Poinlo Claire, on her way to Kingstnn, about ten o'clock on Saturday morning, burst her boiler, and, her bows being blown out by Iho explosion, she went down head foremost. There were on board of her at the time about 120 persons, of whom 49 wcro taken up unhurt by three barges m low. nnd IB wcro e.nnvevpd tnilm Mnntrrnl General Hospital wounded, 51 remain lo bo ac counted for. Ofthe ISconvcycd to thollo-pilal.ono has died under the amputation of both legs. Tho passengers wcro composed or Knglisli, Irish, and Scotch 1 of whom tho r.ngh.h nro supposed to have suffered most from being in the fore part ofthe boat, rho first engineer, who was saved, declares that ho .ma no oincr consciousness or the transaction than that tho explosion took place, nnd that ho afterwards round himself nn board 0110 of the Uarges, the inter val between those events being to his mind a perfect blank. Much money is said to have been lost, tho emigrants being of n superior description. Early jib nun illuming, in. j ones, me coroner, repaired lo tho spot nnd proceeded to thn wreck, which hp found wilh the hind pan or the slern alone abuve the water. Suspecting that some bodies might be in the cabin, he caused it to bo I urst open, when the corpse ... 11-mmu .VPS Uliiw.l OUl. jWICT giving Bl I UlC nc- cessary directions, and perfoiming the melancholy duty of ordering n number of coffins to be made nt I.achine, that officer returned lo town yesterday, but is to repair to the spot to-day. Wc think it probable in... un,-. iii-.imiuus eveni win occasion some Lcgina tlVO enactment aeatnSt tlin lln nf lilrrti.nriaanrn nn gincs. Tho Shamrock belonged lo Messrs Atkinson, Maltlua & Co. of this city. Humor, (accoidiug to declaring on Sunday evening that there had perisheii hit "ia cusio 11.1 rrrnss v pmfrfrpmfpiri u. nn nn. ... one hundred persons, and yesterday, augmenting tho .ui iu una iiu.i.irco ami riiiy. aucn arc tlio particu lars which we have been able lo learn f in which, however, there may be, ns u-tial on such occasions, immiiu ci iui , uui we i.uvo most 01 inem irom an au- iiien.ic source. I'. S. Since writing thn nlmvp nilnriill..ni,.. nished hy the owners of tho unfortunate Steamer With a IlSt Of the number nf ni...n.... nn i,n,.i Ihe lime of the accident, ns well as wilh tho names or mi aping uy wi.icn 11 nppears mat tno latter iiunincr amount toss. The Captain was tho last nprRnn wlmtpfi ilipbni and at the risk or his life swam out a considerable nisianre anil succeeded in saving one ofthe passen gers from drowning. FrtlDAV MORNING. Jt'l.Y 15, IS12. Coricspoiulcnct: ofthe Free Press. Washington, July 8, 1842. Dear Sir, I he'think me that I prom ised to write yon ns soon ns I could get com fortahly quartered here, and inform you of 1110 state ol tilings in general 111 the famed metropolis of the Union. Well, 1 arrived hern in safely on Monday evening and found the House of Representatives just recovering from tho excitement of the Vt;to nnd pre paring to mature another Tariff Bill. I fell upon tho Veto at Troy, New York, and, from that place to this, I heard but one opin ion expressed in regard to it hy intelligent Whigs. All agreed thai President Tylcrhnd broken the Inst link which hound him to tlio party to which ho is indebted for his acciden tal elevation, and that he had removed the main harrier which separated him fiom tho Tories. No ono can longer hold the Whin party responsible for his public conduct. Ue lias cut himself completely loose from them, and, io nso no stronger expression, they chccrfuUif acquiesce in the separation. As to tlie effect of the Veto upon the prospects of the two great political parties, all nro of opinion iliut it will tiu us Ibl lunate for tlio Whigs as it will ho ruinous nnd destructive to the great interests of thn country. It will servo to rouse thoin fiom their unnatural lethargy nnd unite them as a band of broth ers in tho cause of the country. It will nerve their arms and animato their hearts anew, in the great contest of PwiTr.cTi.NU the Laiior and Industry or tub People. And in this contest there will bo no retreat ing, no flinching, till the victory is achieved. Such, at least, is the feeling uhich pervades the Whigs nt Washington, nnd such, I have no doubt, is the spirit which will anima'te nil New England, and, indeed, every free Stale of the Union. There is, as you have undoubtedly observ ed in the public journals, a new Tariff Bill under discussion in tlio House of Represen tatives, and the debate on it is to bo brought to a close at 12 o'clock IM. on Tuesday next. This Bill, unliko the one which lias just been vetoed by Mr Tyler, provides for the repeal of thu 20 per cent, clause in the Land Dis tribution Law. With this provision it will undoubtedly pass both Houses of Congress. The debate on the bill has been very inter esting so far. Many of tlio strongest men in the Hotisu have spoken on it since I ar rived here. Among them I may name Mess rs Appleton of Boston, Kennedy of Balti more, Joseph R. Ingersoll of Philadelphia, Barnard of New York, and Everett of your State. The last named gentleman spoke yesterday and produced a very f.ivornblc impression upon tlio members. He alluded to iho lale Executive veto, witli becoming spirit and in proper terms. Ho spoko of tho general feeling 0f indignation which broke out in every section ofthe country as the intelligence of tho Veto was received. He said, witli emphasis, that ho would not believe that President Tyler could have the foolhardiness to veto another Revonuo Bill, in contempt of this storm of popular indig nation, and in defianco of tiio repeatedly declared will of Congress. In discussing tho merits of the Bill, Mr Everett said Ins constituents were mainly Wool-growers, und intimated an intention, boforo iho bill should bo taken out of ihe committee, and as soon as an opportunity was afl'orded, to propose an amendment to increase the duty on Wool above the rate nt present fixed by tho committee. Such an effort will unquestionably bo made, nnd I have gvvil teuton to Mitve that 'it trill be successful. But if tlin attempt should fail 111 the House, it will be repeated intht Senate. And when this proposition is made, nnd the Yeas and Xays arc taken, voti and rear readers wilt liavo an opportunity of deciding which aro the real friends of the Wool- growers, tlio I nigs or the Loco Fucos. 1 pi edict that tho Locos will vote in a mass against increasing the duty. But the ques tion will soon bo decided, and, when the rc s It is known, it shali bo immediately com municated to you. Since I have been hero I have hoard speeches front about twenty diflorcni mem bers, one half of whom were Whigs and iho I 0Cr mf Tjocnfncos. I J livery Loco who Arts I tfl n,r...,l yet adresscd the Committee., Ihh sunken strongly against the principle, nf protection, and most of them in favor of 11 Free. Trade." Tlio Whigs, on tho contrary, have all, without a solitary oxecption within my knowledge, contended with earnestness, for discriminating duties, and in support of tho present Bill. I wish tho honest (armors und wool-growers, tho mechanics and day labor ers of your Green Mountain State could have been present hero in the House of Re presentatives during the past week and lis tened to iho discussion of the Tariff Bill hy tho Whigs and Tories. They never would give another Locofoco vote in their lives. They would unite ns one man to sweep from llioir rugged mountains a pafty whose lead ing nnd most prominent men advocate doc trines so ruinous to tlicir interests and 10 de structive to thoir labor nnd industry. But as they cannot bo hero I will endeavor to keep them informed, through your columns, of the doings and sayings of tho two oppo sing parties, during tlio remainder of tho ses sion. Since I commenced this letter, Mr. Hud son of Massachusetts has made a most ad mirable spcocii in favor of the great Whig principle) of fostering and encouraging tho industry of llie country. It will soon ho published in the columns of tho Boston At las, nnd I hope you will give it to your rea ders entire, lt is decidedly the best snoecli that has yet been made on the Tariff ques tion during thn present session. Mr. Hud son is a plain Whig Farmer, perfectly cour teous in his language and dcpoitmont to wards his brother members, and Republican in his habits and associations. His speecli was a perfect specimen of logic, nnd a most conclusive and triumphant defence of the doctrine of Protcciion. You will recollect thai ho mado a sncech at the oneiiintr nf il,n present session, which was published in all the whig papers of the Free States. The speech which lie has just concluded is supe rior even to his fu st effort and should ho care fully read hy every Farmer in Vermont and every friend of his country. I hough it is after eight o'clock, the House is still in session, listening to a most stupid i rec lrailc speech from Burke of New Hampshire. I will write yon again the first part of next week and give you u more full acco'unl ofthe proceedings of Congress. G. W. L. STATE OF THE COUNTRY. We are not in iho habit of croakine. We are always inclined to put thu best face possible upon matters, so long as hope rc- ni.m s to cheer nnd cucournrc us. But the present aspoct of our national af fairs compels us to say, that never within our memory or that of the oldest observers of tho limes, around us, have the prospects ' ot tlio country worn n more "loiimv nnd bo- diurr appearance. With n trn.-.iri- ...,,,,1.. and tho credit that should have filled it nt a iiio.i.i nt 3 notice, wenlieiieil and ili-atrove'd with a President, accidentally filling that high station, shorn of support, and rendered ... .. ...i ..anil.- iii'!.ier.iiu uy 1110 odium en gendered hy his unexpected course, nnd ap parently using all his efforts nnd the influ ence and power of his office, lo thwart tho patriotic measures ofthe patty that elected him to power, in punishment for their natu ral indignation at his deficlion ; with nverv prospect that in the carrying out of his vin dictive course, hu will not hesitate to sacri fice the country at tho shrine of personal revenge, hy combining wilh the destructive minority in Congress to prevent the estab lishment of a protective tariff, and a national currency, the only panaceas for the wido spread ruin which now crushes our energies to tno eartli ; wilh all these circumstances staring us in the liice, what prospect of relief is lelt to us 1 1 he linn nnd indefatigable Whig majority in Congress will still k,.ep on in thoir course, and in spito of vetoes and attempted dictation from the Executivo chair, lliey will deliberate upon and mature sucii measures as in their judgment the wauls of the country in the present dangerous cri- euuiiuy 111 tue present unngerous cri sis, requires. But if one man, rendered practically irresponsible by the combined force of his accidental elevation and the in herent insignificance of his character. can with 0110 stroke of thu pen, render miL-a- tory and inoperative all the efforts of llie elected wisdom of the nation. !..-, l,n,. thorn lelt for us, save to await with as much patience as possible the moment when our voices can be heard in ci.ir.l,.iv.,t J 1 mom 01 1110 government ! Lei us hope for 1 her c'nV, ,T"yr f '"'.'u'Wins Slates, that .the best, nnd maintain .he determination .0 set matters right a. the earliest opportunity. fe Wo can begin this fall, hero at home, and i J1181"'15 f ca"s''' ncrve- "ml in patriotism. With in due course oftime, llie people of the whole llotU Z rhVr! Union will tako their national affairs into J.mL'IJ, fanh..,"ry claimrd by th adjoin their own hands, and cause the government feSM to be administered on llie principles intended to be tested by the triumphant movement of 18-10. THE THIRD VETO. This act of the President has excited at once the astonishment nnd indignation ofthe people throughout the country. It comes to us without the apology of Constitutional scruples, which offered a palliation for the former vetoes, but appears as a gratuitous assumption of a share in national legislation, unprecedented in our annals, on the part of the Executive. If argument vvero wantine nel ore to esmblUh .he danger of the ONE MAN power in our Constitution, it is fur nished 10 the fulles; extent by this high handed act of the President, liv nliich lint quill of one man, accidentally in'tho chair of Slate, has iindono uithii simile stroke the solemn net of the people's representatives, becatiie lie did not agree wilh ihem inn mere mailer of opinion. Let not tlio Whig party bo upbraided for nou-fultihncnt of promises, while this madman's sword stands ready, in an instant to cleave their best ef forts to the earth. In tho language of Clay, o must "peck em Whig lliiits ami try our titles again-" GREAT MISTAKE. The Middlobury People's Press must look to its columns better, if it undertakes to hoist our flag for us. In Ihat paper of il10 i2tli, the Senatorial candidates in this county are put down as David French nnd Truman CHITTEN DEN ! Now, was over an error mnm radi. cal than this T No, no, Mr Press, you don't saddle (hat old Loco upon us ns a candidate for tlio Senate. Ho has presided at every poioow of Locofocoism in this county sinco tho memory of man, and we arc therefore rather touchy about hoisting him on our flag staff. It is Truman GALUSHA who is our candidato, a frwc man indeed, of good old Democratic blood, and not the brother ofthe man who didn't go to Pittsburgh ! NORTH EASTERN BOUNDARY, Various contradictory rumors have found a placo in the New York papers during the last week relative to the settlement of this vexed question. It was first said that the matter had been adjusted by our ceding to Great Britain tlio part of Maine north of tho St. Johns River, and receiving in return that part of New Brunswick lying west of the same river. This was subsequently contra dicted, and rc-affirmcd ; but the final result seems to he, that tlio report was groundless, and tho wholo negotiation seems to he still floating, lt is too soon to expect the mat ter to ho closed, though llie arrangement above referred to, may, it is thought, be tlio one finally adopted. The Washington correspondence in this day's paper, and the proceedings of iho State Convention, have crowded out much matter intended for this week, nmo'nsr which are the proceedings of a meeting held at the close of Major Tochman's lectures, which will appear next week. JERICHO CELEBRATION. The late anniversary of American Inde pendence was very rationally celebrated tit Jericho, showing that temperance and rea son have gained a glorious victory in that quarter. A correspondent informs us that tho principles of temperance were carried into every department connected with tho great occasion which drew together such an assemblage ofthe free-born liberty -loving sons nf Vermont. It was a day of national and rational triumph a triumph of liberty over political bondage, and of mind over matter. There was a eatherinrr nf niinm,! . r 3 I beings who knew the value of feodum, as , well mental as political. The "rent day that igave freedom to the New tt'.irld was to , be foniiiieniiiiMied, and in acr.ir lance uilii ! established custom, its anniversary was ush 1 ered in with a salulo of 2G guns. The lem- flee banner floated gracefully upon thu gentle breeze with the appropriate inscription "Ouu Pledge 7'ic moderate drinker's , safeguard, and the drunkard's salvation." I At 0 o'clock iho immense concourse of ' people began to assomho ; processiom after procession came pouring in till 10, when one grand procession was formed, and n-.aiched ! to the Church, to listen to an Oration well belitting the occasion, by D. A. S.mali.ev, Esq., and a Temperance Address by David Ri:d, Esq., both orators displaying talents ami zeal worthy the two Liberty and Temperance. great causes of At an early hour the procession left the Church, and were soon sealed at a well laid table ; every variety was before tnem that the season could afford, and right well did many an unstimulated appetite enjoy it. Speeches, toasts, music and sons breathed but the spirit of Political and rational Lib erty. God speed the cause. 'PL... i. no piocceuiugs in detail have been killdl' furnished, but want 0f space compels us to publish the substance onlv. REVOLUTIONARY lll.SOTOUYOK V MR MO NT VINDICATED. In the debate in the House of U ' , . , ,'',? ?' 11,0 RUl'Jct of 1,10 V.rBin..-i I Jr!!,3, C'am'S ,r.(3''"', hiving goi.o 001 01 .ns way to attack the State of Vermont, and to speak in a blighting manner of her Rev olutionary merit, .Mr IIiland Hall, in his re ply, vindicated his native State from these a?, pennons, in the fullowmrr iust and clone. 1 tribute to her merits. ' nii'i10.,"''0""1" from Vlremi: Gilmer) said Mr om , ,, ,i . ",c Ptrmal-y, iho't ..... ....... 1 - 1 .j.mic. f-wriuo llll'lt litmn mv sl.u... L.. .L ,r i. ' '''T.:... ."'''"'"a in-inus, lne vniuity 1 nfcrat thercvolution.-uy Instoryot Vermont. Whvrl ui IIIV II U I II 1.1 Illlll Nit,' l.'iilrf Milium u.. . . . - ,,. nn T " .. ... i rJ"' '.'e,n.1,"rs ann then Ill 1 lit, TOIB nr. I.-..- tl... I. ... her foes- m''M' M ncvmhclc-. mucht all I hat thoush she was vounj, a little one. 1 ct she could speak and go ai)nir." . My her virtues and her valor she nmntaned her independence as a States and established, and has nillierlo conlinued in healthy and vigorous action, 11 government more purely republican, lhau any other on the face of the clone. Sir, were this a piopcr occasion to go into the rev olutionary history of my native Stale, 11 v.ould bf my pride and pleasure to do so. Hut I am aware that it I-not. I must however, be allowed to remind tho Mouse, that the very day on which the revolutionary Continental Coneress first assembled in Pl.ildelphn -the lOlh or May, 1775-thot the tnilisht of tlm morning of ihat day found -fiilim .l.lfn m the head of a body of Vermonters, proclaiming ilie authority nf that Conines to n conquered enemy within the walls of Ticonderoija. From that mnrninu until the even ine of the last day of the revolution, the Green Moun tain boys, whenever nn enemy appeared. , u .... j K.ttKCAffi . ...v ." --. . mi province, niftory hi mnnrrirMi III I77fi ihm ik. ... 1 . at I lift Pmlaro an.! j ) bf iv hrr u in ik., . his recorded. In 177(1, whin the (.ontmenial Army wasfonned. ermopt f irnihed n ree,mint. which, under Col. Warner r i,,l ,h,n,.i,...b.i.. ..... 7. .'. history is nlo w r.tt n k(.p nconitlln, Hr. weroiher troops, I h,.r, mvadedher whole popu. htionw f iv B Ii.n I forhear. 1 summon a vvi.meK 1 , ,m. fit. , 1 , .nW.roje the Cedars, II.iLl.ai.lt. 1. ; nir,.,. Sarnoca. W.th their tes im.ony I eh, r.i'ly ,im pr0..Jlv commit the decision of hercaiiM' to tl.,. .,,pn.i.,n tribunal of history, U The receipts of tho Western Railroad (Mas.s cvcVage about $1,500 per day. Judge Poiter, brother ofthe Governor of Pennsylvania, died suddenly a few days since in Indiana. Ho was upwards of sev enty ycais of age.