Newspaper of Burlington Free Press, August 19, 1842, Page 2

Newspaper of Burlington Free Press dated August 19, 1842 Page 2
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mm ggMBga WHIG STATU TICKET. ron ovi;n,oR CHARLES PAINE. TOR MBUT. uovnnxon, , WAIT STILLJt. It ANNE Y. l'OR TRUASURHR, JOHN SI'AULDINO. FOR Sr.VATORS CI1ITTCNUE.V COUNTY. DAVID FRENCH, TRUMAN GALUSIIA. VETO MESSAGE ! To the IIjuc of Jl.prescn'.aticcs of the failed Males. It is with unfeigned regret that I find myself tinder the necessity of returning to tho House of Represen tatives, with my objections, a bill enliile.l "An act to provulo revenue fiom imports, and to chain and modify existing laws imposing duties on import, and forotlier purposes." .Nothing can be more painful to any individual called upon to perform thcchicf E.xea utivo duties under our limited Constitution, than to bo constrained to withhold his assent fiom an iniporlant measure adopted by the Legislature, yet ho would neither fulfil the kyli purposes of his station, nor con sult the Iruo iutciesls, or tho solemn will of tlio Peo ple, tho common constituents of both branches of the Government by yielding Ins well consideiod, most deeply lived, and lepeatedly declared opinions on mailers ol great public concernment to those of a co ordinate Department, without i equating that Depart ment serioasly to le-e.xnrninc the subject of their dif ference. Tlio exercise of some independence of judgment in regard to all nets of legislation, is plainly implied in tho rcponsjbility of approving them, .(tall toucan duty it booS'iics a peculiarly solemn and imperative one, when the subje.'ls passed upon by Cun-.-rcss hippen lo involve, as in ilu present instance, tlioiuol tnmicntous issues, to affect variously thovariou. parts of a great country, and to have given rise in all quar ters to such a conflict nf opinion, us to lender it im possible lo coitjectine, with any certainty, on which site tho maioritv really in. Snr.de'. ir ilm hhl,, r... retl clion, iu'ended by the wise author of the consti tution, by rcfeiring the subject bark tu Congress for re-consideralion be ever expedient and necessary, it is precisely such a case as llic present. Ha the siihi'jct of disliibiitin" the nrocrmls nr ilm sites of the public lands, m the exiiliug slate of tho finances, il Inn been my duly to make known my Fettled convictions oy various ocasions during Ibo present si'ssiou of Congress. At the opening ol (lie extra .ion, ii.iwar. I of twelv e inonihs ago, shariii" fully in lb" general hope ol'ictuinini; piospcrilv an3 t i l, I nconiuiciidcd such a ilisliibuliou j bill that r.'i' l ucnuiiiiiiii wascveu Ilieuexpresslyeouiilcil with the lilion that Ilio duties on imports should nut i"U't.J t'lornrcol -JU per cent provided by ihu com promise act of 1H3J. These hones wen- not a htllc enrntirmipd mid ilin. vtovv strengthened by tho rcportof Air. Evvui", then gccreiary ol the Treasury, winch was shorll) theic nlter laid bjtoro Congress, m which be n cunim. n,l,..l the imposition of duties at tho rate of '.'0 per cent, ail roiurcit uu uii iieuiiieicius, who specmej exceptions, and sialed, l,if this measure be adopted, thcro will be received m ibo Treasury Horn customs, in the la-i qu liter ol" the present year, (Hit,) $-1,300,000; in all of tlio year lSl'-', about 2, 3W),0(J0 J mid in tho year 1:91 i, alter llic final reduction under tho net ol ."March '.' abom s, .'0,500,000 and adds, "it is behev, d tint .tiler ilie heavy expenditure required by the pub lic service in ihc present year 'hill have been provi de i fur, tho revenue winch will aceiuo from thai or ie nearly proxim ito rate of duly, will lie sufficient to detray thu expenses of the 'ioverntnciil, and leave a surplus to uo unuuitiy appiieU to the gradual pay luent ol flic nation il debt, leaving the proceed-of l ie public tuna 10 no uisposLd ol as Congress shall tec fit." I was most happy that Congress, at the time, seem ed entirely to concur in tho reconniK ud.iiions of the r.Aocutlvo, and, iinlicvaliiig tho nnrcctness of the Secretary's conclusions, and m view of an actual sur plus, passed the distribution ucl ol'thellh .Seiiteinbcr last, vvisjly 1101111114 us operation by two conditions, I Having reiercnce uotn 01 iiieni, to a pos-iuie state ol the Treasury, and to tho paiaiiujiit necessities of the public service. Il ord lined that, ' if at any tinio during the exist ence of tlial act, theio should be an imposition of du ties on the imposls inconsistent with tho provision ol Ihcaci of the 3d March, ld.iJ, anil beyond the rate ot duties fixed by thai act, to wit, 2U per cent, on the yvaluu of such imports or any of iiieni, then llic distri bution eliould bo suspended and should continue so suspended, until that cause bo removed." l!y a pre vious clause It had, ill a like spirit of wise and cau tions paiiiotis'ii, provided fur another case in which nil arc even now agreed that the proceeds of llies.il, s of the public lauds should be 11-ed for tho dtl'eneo of the country. It was enacted that theaci should cun-tiu-.ic and be ill force until otherwise nrovided liv lnw. unless .he United States should become involved in , Willi any lorcigu power, in v men event, irum Ihu commencement ol hoslihlics, the act should ho suspended until the cessation 01 Hostilities. which ihe:ictof4th September waspa-'Scd, and which , alone lUsidied u m the eyes either of Coiiirass who imposed, or of the Executive who approved the first ol the two conditions just rteiled, wero not destined to be fullllod. Under the pressure, therefore, of tho cmbarrasaments which had thus uncxncctcdlv nris-1 cn, it appeared tu me that tho course lo bo pursuid h id been clearly iil'irhcd out lor the uovcrumcnl by thai act itself. 'The condition contemplated in it, as requiting a suspension of its optraiiou bad occurred. Iilccaiiio necessary, in the opinion of all, to raise the rate of duties upon impuris above 20 per cent, and with a view both to provide uvadablo means to meet present exigencies, and lo lay the foun lation for a successful mgutiaiion ofa loan, 1 fell it incumbent upon mo to urge upon Congress to raise the duties accoidmglv, imposing them in a spirit ofa wise diociimiualVin, fur tho two-fold object ofullordingamplu revenue for tho Government, a, id incidental piolcctioii to the va rious branches ol domestic industry. I also pressed, in the most emphatic but respectful laugugc 1 could employ, tho necessity of unking the land sales available to the Treasury as tho basis uf public credit. 1 did nut think that 1 could stand ex cused, much less justified, before the people uf the JJniied Stale-, nor could 1 reconcile it 10 mvselflo recommend ilie imposition of additional taxis upon lhoin,wilhout,attlie same tunc, urging Ihojeiuploy mciil of all iholegitnnatc means ot the Gomuinciii towards satisfying its wants, Theso opinions were communicated m advantcof !i"w --""j". of the tardl or land sales, under a high sense of pub- ho duty, and ill compl, ii.co vv ith anexpress niunc- lion of ihu constitution so that il a collision, ex- treiuely tu be deiirecated, as such collisions always me, has seemingly arisen between llio Exiculivo mid legislative branches of tliegoveiunieili, il has assur edly, not been owing to any capricious urn rliicni-e, or to anv want of a nlain and frank declaration oi the narl of the former. v-ongress miiereii m ns views wnii iuoe oi mo Executive, as n had undoubtedly a righl tod, and p.i.scd a bill virtually for a time repealing the proviso of the act of the lib September, 1S11. The b,l was returned to the House in which it originated, wilh my objections to hb becoming a law. Willi a view to prevent, if postilde, an open disagreement of opui ion on u point so impoitaut, 1 took occasion to de clare that 1 regarded it as an indispcusiblo pre-rLquis-ite to an increase of duties abovo 20 per cent, ihat tho act of tho -1th September should remain unre pealed in its provisions. My reasons for that opin ion were elaborately set fonli in the message which uccump'inied the return uf the bill which no consti tutional majority uppeau tu have been found for pas sing into a law. The bill which is now before mo proposes, in its 27lh sccnoii, the total repeal of ono of the provisos in tie act of SuptMilicr, and while it increases tho dunes !ibovf 2d per cent, d.rects an unconditional di tnbu. in of the laud proceeds. I sm therefore sub jeclid a seconj tune, m the period ofa few days, ro ilu necessity of either giving my uppioval lo n uieas uro wbuli. in my deliberate judgment, is in conlhcl w ' jreat public inte rests, or ot returning it to tlio ll.iuso in which it originated, with my objections. With all my iiuxiely lor tho passage of a law which wtiuld replenish an exhausted Treasury, and furnish a sound and healthy ciicouruL'eiueul (o mechanical industry, I cannot consent to do soat the sacrifice of the peuco and harmony of the country, uud tlicdcur est convictions of public duty. Foi biiuioof the reasjils which havo brought me lo this conehiBion, I refr to my previous Messages tu Congress, and brielly subjoin llio Ibllowing: 1. 'Ilie bill umles two subjects, which so far from h iving any nihility to one iinollicr, are wholly incongruous in their character. It is both a revenue and an uppioprialion bill. It thus imposes on tho Kxci'Utivc, in the first place, tho necessity of either approving thai which ho would reject, or rejecting that which lie might otherwise approve. This is a species of constraint to which the juugment of the J.vecutivo ought not, in my opinion, lo be subjected. Hut that is nul my only objection to tho act in its present firm. Theuuionof subjects wholly dissim ilarin their character in the same bill, ifit grew into i practice, would not fail to lead to consequences de structive of all wise and conscictitous legislation. Various measures, each ogret ib!t only lo a ninall mi nority, might, by being thus I'liited, and the inorcllm (rcaler chance of succk s, lead to du- assingof laws, cf wuich uo sinf '' provision could, standing olone, command a Majority m Us favor. 2. While tho Treasury u in n staloof cxlreinoem bairavinriu, requiring tury dollar which it can lot long alter the opening 01 1110 present session tirelv eatislaclnry to the "real majority of the 1 thmi's and Hastening to provide lor 11 ny me prcer of Congiess, tho unpiecedeiited and exliaoidinary j American people. Ju tho'wav of accon-lNim" Ulll"'n merely, the legalizing preservation of previous dimeulucs that have lecently embarrassed thefiiiau-1 n ' . i,, ,. .,,i ' .1" I law, all which besets aside, lo substitute for your en- ces of the country beg-n to assume a serious aspect. 1 11 m"s'" " Mlulaiy lUd to imperativ ely ( o- nctmcnl hi, own )iat. This strange, unexampled it biv.ii !T.imn fiu'.in ni-idimt th.Ti il,,, I, ,,.. n,t..r manned ny every public interest, the Lul'is a- c.irt nl' Inn. lime fimialWntrQ vnnr I'llltrrt svstplu nf inako available, nnd when tlio Government lias not only to layadditional tacs, but tn borrow money to nicci prussiuirucumnus, mo umproposos to givo away a fruitful source of revenue which is tlio sanio thing Misusing money ny loan ana taxation not to meet the wants of tlio Government, but for distribution, a prod-oiling which I must regard as highly impolitic, if not unconstitutional. A brief review oflho present condition of the public nuances will servo to illustrato the true condition of tho Treasury, and exhibit its nciual necessities. On thoulhof August (Friday last,) thcro was in tho Treasury, in round numbers 82,130,000 ..cce-a-niy 10 uo retained to meet trust funds. ss.trtn nnn Interest on public debt duo iiiucioiirr, 60,000 To redeem Treasury notes "nil pay the interest, 100,000 Land disttibiilinn under tho act of the 1th September, 1811, GJO.OOO 31,160,000 Leaving anavailablo amount of S370.000 The Navy Department had drawn requisitions on tho Treasury, nl that time, to meet debts actually due, among which arc bills under protest fur SI, 111, 0oV, thus leaving an actual deficit ol 8 144,000. There was on hand about 8100,000 of tinis sued Treasury notes, assisted by tho accruing revenue, amounting to about 8150,000 per woe!;, exclusive of receipts on unpaid bonds, to meet requisitions for tho army, and tho domands of U1C CIVll IISI. The withdrawal of tho sum of 8010,000 to be distributed among tho states, so soon as tho statements and accounts can bo made tin and completed, by virtue of tlio provisions of tho act of tho dlh .September last, of which nearly a moiety goes to a few states, and only about bUOO is to ho divided among all the states, while it adds materially to tho embarrassments of the Treasury, affords to the states no decided relief. No immediate relief from this state of things is anticipated, unless, what would most deeply bedeplored.tho Government could bo rccoucif jd to the negotiation of loans already authorized by law, at a rate of discount ruinous in itself, and calculated most seriously to effect tho pub lic ciedit. So great is the depression of trade, that con if the present hill were to become a law, and prove to be productive, sumo time would elapse before stifliccnt supplies would How into the Treasury, while, in the mdan time, its embarrassments would be continually aug mented by the semi-annual distribution of the laud proceed. Indeed, there is but too much ground to ap pichend t'latcvcn il this bill were permitted to become a law, alienating as it does the proceeds of the laud sales, an actual deficit in the Treas ui y wnii I occur, which would more than prob ably involve tho ncccdaity of a resort to direct taxation. Lot it be also rennrked, that S."),.j00,000 of tho public debt heroine redeemable in about two years and a half, which, at any sacrifice, must bo mot, while tho Treasury is always lia ble to demands for the payment of out.-tanding Treasury noie. .Such is the gloomy p'fture which our financial Dopattmcnt now pre.-enls and wh'ch calls for tlio exorcise of a rigid ccon omy in the public expenditures, and the render ing available of all tlio moans within the control of tho (lovcrunicnt. I most respectfully submit whether this is a time to give away the proceeds of the land sale.', when the public lands constitute a fund which, ol all others; may bo made most ti-cful in sustaining tho public credit. Can the gov ernment bogoneinus and riiutiilicictit to others when every dollar it can coimiiind is necessary to support its own wants! And if Congiess would not hesitate to Miller the provisions oftho aclol'-rii September last to retinin unrepealed in raso the country was involved in war, is not the necessity for such ,i course novvju.-t as im perative ae it would be then. .1. A third objection remains to bo urged, which would be sunkiont in itself In induce me to re. turn tlio lull to the HoiisO with niv objortm' It , i ,.;,:,. i. i.;.,,.. . : ." .... nlijoctio'is. . ...... ..i.!... uMi.-unji.-tip su iiieoji'riiuiij us i.ir- i ill' and distribution, it inevitably nukes the fate I of the otio dependant upon th it of the other in Iiiture contests of parlies-. Can any thing he' more fatal to the merchant or maniifa'ctuicMli in . such an alliam-o ! U'lnt they most of all ie-, quiie is a sy-tei.i of moderate duties, so arrau- god as to withdraw the lai-ill" question, as tar as 1 possible, completely from the arena of political 1 (.omentum, i ticir cii.ei want is permanence and stability. Huch an increase of the tariff I believe to be lc,hi, ; 1 1 ' S, J nf, -ill- i ni, i ,, ,i, ,,, i .. 1 ,, ., j , . , . ,. . ' made in the spirit of moderation and judicious discrimination, would. 1 have no doubt, bo cn- tivo Department will meet with a cordial co-op-1 oration on the part of the Executive. This N all that the nriiiufacturer can desire, and it would l, a ,r,lM r.,.. !,. , , ' i , n, i , , u"rilt-" ruu" U""10 ' people. Lilt 1 cannot too eaines'ly roiieat. tint 111 order to be beuolicnl it must be perm ineiit, and in order to uu permanent il must command general acittues- i an 1 surrender, atuiscrction, 10 wnai our Known pun cenco. ciiles disavows and vur whole sense of public duty Hut can r tich pcririancncv ho justlv lnpod for f"rm'lf . . , if the TanllpicsSioii he co'upled wi'th that ofj I dismiss, sir, all useless invocations of that Distribution, as to which a serious conflict of spirit which pirty seems to have utterly extin opiuion exists anion" the states and the people, I i.'uihcd the spirit which once, 111 this country, W IIC l enlists in lis mnnnrl n l,ni-n u. ,!,,rlt,. if I needed there be a maioritv. of the two Houses of Congiess j What permanency or stability can attach to a measure which, warring upon itself, fjives away a fruitful bourco of revenue at the moment it proposes a larg-o increase of tax es on the people ! Is the manufacturer prepar ed to stake hiuuelf and his interests upon such an i.-suo J J know that it is urgrd, but most erroneously in my opinion, that instability is just as apt to be produced by retaining the public laiuls as a source of revenue a lrom any other cause, and mis- is ascriueu to a constant fliictuatio-i, as it is slid, in tho amount of sales. If thorn uimg in mis ejection ii equally app ics lo eve r,. ,mn,i,mll r,i,, :,.,', . ".. . .. 'A ! " ,"' '" ? lU 3 ?" " 1,0 !l,l)U ol. 'obiiiiu ontially derived lrom duties is con. amount is mn. ttantly liable to change. Tho rculations of foreign governments, the varyingproductivencss i on which all adequate public income must ro of other cuuiilries, periods ol'excitcuicutto trade 1 pose. Tho question has now takou a shape of allll n.,r,nl ..-.rime- ,,f il,, ..ir.., ,.., I .? k";iM'.,rl'-, l ,cr oireuiustances aro auu a great variety ol other circumstances aro . KutitMuitu . diisiii eti uuuci llic state OI COIIl- iiv-ie.e.-, iiueigii auu iioinestlc, auu ot consequence can wear, i uu gieai rum oi ireu luseieiiuuns, the rot ouuc levied upon it. illmtlhe I'tnple alone shall lay taxes a vital prill- Tho sales of the public domain in ordinary I cip'u of all coiittitutional government an es tirnos aro regulated by fixed laws, winch have ' sontial guaranty of all nafo pudhc administra their basis in a demand increasing only in the tiou has become involved, is at stake j that sol. ralioof tho increase of population." In recurrin" I cm ti canon of republican creeds that high fun. tu the statistics connected with this subject, it will bo perceived that for a period of ten years preceeiling 1SJI 1 the average amount of laud sales did not exceeel 8'J,0(IO,0()0. Eorthe increase which took place in 15.!l-.r andti, we are lo look to that peculiar condition of tho country which gicwout of ono of the most extraordinary excitements in business and spec ulation that have ever occurred in tho history of commerce and currenry. It was the fruit of a wild spiritof adventure engendered by a vicious system of credits, under the evils of which the country is still laboring, and which it is fondly hoped will not soon recur. Considering the vast amount of investments made by private individuals iu the public lands, during thuse three years, and which equalled y i:),0JJ,0JJ equal to more than lit) years pur chase, takin-r tlio averai'o nf salos of il.n ion ceediug years, it may bo safely asserted that llio result of the public land salos can hnh! out moil ing toalarm tho iiianulactuiorw'itli tho idea of iiiseauimy iii mo revenues, and consequently iu the course of the (lovernment. Under what appears to me, therefore, the soundest considerations of public policy, and iu view of the interests of every branch of domes, tic industry, I return you the hill with those my objections to ilu becoming a law. I take occasion emphatically to repeat iny anx ions desire toro.oporato with Cotigross, in tho passim; of a law, which, while it shall .-issi-t ;,. supplying tho wants of tho Treasury and re-es. tablish public credit, shall afford to tho maiitifac. turing interests of the country all tho incidental tiriltn'f i.ll. I Low rnilllirii After all, the effect of what I do is substan tially to Jill on Conaress to reconsider the sub, joct. If, on such reconsideration, a majority of lvifp.th,-ds of both Houses should bo in favor of tms measure, it will become a law notwithstand. lug my objoctions. In n case of clear and manifest error on the part of tlio President, tlio presumption of the Constitution is thatnuch majorities will be found in tins case, having conscientiously discharged my own duty, I shall cheerfully ncnuiosro In tho result. JOHN TVLER. Washington, Aug. Oth, 1812. THE VETO. Wo mnlio, from tlio analysis given by tlio National Intelligencer of tlio debates in llio Senate on tlio Ilcvcnuo Dill, tlio following extracts, having reference chiefly to tlio ex orcise of tltu veto power by tlio President. It will be perceived from their perusal, that the Whig Senators do battlo nobly ugainst tlio attempted usurpations of tho Executive. .SKNATli OK THE UMTKD STATKS. Mn. Tallmadue, of New Yomc. Itut he was far from inferring, as gcnllcmtn do, the fate of this bill from that of the minor, tho tem porary measure, lately negatived. Tho magnitude uf tins bill, the lengthened deliberation of which it is the fruit, and the tact that it belongs to llic peculiar and especial care uf the moro popular branch of tho Legislature only, arc things which must givo tho Executive pause, and compel him to yield to Ibis measure a consideration the very gravest. I'mni tucli renewed examination I should infer nny thing but what theso gentlemen apprehend. Certain I am, that if any uf 1T10 former l'lesidenlial Fathers of the Republic Gen. Washington for instance wero now in tlio chair ; that ho had negatived, for somo reason, a bill of but momentary purpose; nnd that a second, of tho very wcightcst consequence, thus deliberately adopted, thus appropriately a matter of legislative discretion only, mid thus presenting no constitutional objection, were presented lo him, would he not at oueo say, " Let tho will of tlio People take effect, and let this bill become a lavvl" Mr. Crittenden, or Kentccky. That Senator (Mr. lhichanan) had nrgued that rcvuuuo mid incidental protection were a great good, and, distribution another in tho eves of llio Senator lrom Kentucky. .Now, 11 was clear that the Presi dent would not let him have both : so would it not be better to givo up tho iiiferioronc, and sccuro the oilier I -Mr. Crittenden answered, that tho country had need of both theso goods, and a decisive right to thciii. it was not for its retnescutativts. bv a tame acquiescence, to suller it lo bo stripped of either. Aetther is 11 to bo bought with the sacrifice of the olber, because belli arc our right. Still less would he ever consent tu see either purchased bv the aban donment of ilio-e high legislative rights, and that legislative independence, which guard all olhcr rights public and private. Uut will not tho Senator himself when, hereafter, in a retirement crowned (as I n 11st) with ease and public hunois, he shall review whatever is must last iiil' and uublu in 11 public career, will he not look back with an especial nrido to his nlacoin a Senate. which, 111 the midst oi whatever could shake men's firmness tu their duty attempts lo lead ihein by se duction or awe them bv power, denunciation, calm ny, the dimensions and tho uproaches of paity, and public sufi'ering and mischief of every sort still held Us linn course, and maintained its principles audits iiwcpcnacnco 1 If our ancestors had reasoned as the Senator now wishes us to do had thev thus stonncd to couiislI themselves into timely compliance ,f they had not tir.ri.rKil mil fill, m:itivi ,11 fciihmiuii.tn In Innrrle usurpation we should not now bo sitting hero to Ho- hberate vv helhcr or not we rhall repel alike invasion ol tlio iincriies ot tins i.egfiaiure. VAV have here a moment in which we have con stitiilioii.il power to act; and if, not through our taint, mat legislation is mane nugatory, let tho re snonsibilitv lie upon his head vv I10 shall obstruct us 111 our duty, and mar every effort fur tho public ser vice. Hut he desired to reiect all such anticipations, and lo persuado himself that respect for tho tcpcatedly expressed opinions of the 1'cople' Representatives would at last tin vail. Jin. Aih'iikk, or Virginia. Sir, said Mr. A., it is no extravagant and extreme opinion of an individual which I advance, when 1 say that jour entire system of the collection of a public revenue was then nt stake, nnd is vet in extreme t . li nUit -!.,, I. ..w.i, I ....II .I..I. I. s iy, eiuroiiot nliirni that 1 put the case too slroimlv. Tu opinions of the ablest men in cither Houses of Congress, of tho members of the bar who have tho widest reputation, and (what is of little inferior im port) of Ihc most intelligent merchants completely versed in such mailers, are all in concurrence on tin point. There can be little doubt thai, since the SOlli .lime, your enlire icvcnuo laws have become void. Vet tho Executive, tender a ho is of every constitu tional sciuplc, and "cavilling on tho ninth part of n h lir" of whatever Consrcss dor tlus l'liiiclinnry so made up of distinctions and dilliciiltics whose nppichcnsivceyes delect Haws everywhere proceeds hero nt once to cure, bv his own interpretation and the supplementary legislation of his ssecrttarv, the j laiiuro ot law auu uiouuseucuui reruianon. nun what law is in force, how i. is .0 be in tcrnro'ed, wheie it is incomplete, who is to supply us deleclsi and all this m the f ice of the concurrent action of both lliesc Houses, alarmed nt this stale of hyin and collecting laves. Nor is that Ihu worst cveut. '1 ho law which these nouies-inc competent posilionoflho President to those measures of Con tned by him, and tho present incredible condition ofi nhad been m the power of tho President, ifit had been tlnii"s to btcuino nernnncnt, unless we. the lc"i-la fie-n siif-ciinili to tlm terms hoonenlv imnoses imon us. KUCW 110 Sect or form ll opinion WllOll the lllgll est public interests wero at stake, or when it was barely imagined that invasions of the gen oral freedom, or of the legislative privileges, wero hbout to be attempted. I speak no longer as to Senators around me, but simply to declare my own feelings, as the delegated agent of thuse who sent me here. Until a few days since, I would havo voted as to this land ipies tiou iu any way that might serine a revenue to the public necessities and redeem our endan gered national faith, lint all this past. 1 aban doned all moderation, in view of assumption like this. It is, Mr. President, no longer a question of a lusher supply of revenue from this iuconsidera- hie land fund, and a full and adequate supply front a loan bill : or between tho value of this I petty portion of revenue, and the main provision tar higher import, a cliuracteroi ur deeper inter- ?se auu tiiitiui eoau an in.ieee:i in uioiu lueoniie; daiuental law no, sir, not a law, the mere part of a code or a constitution ; it is itself a consti tution; foriivo but tint, and a real constitution must follow; take it away, and thciu is an end of all pratical freedom. Such, sir, is this attempt ; and this by a uhiof Magistrate who had just a littlu while before informed you in another message that he stood prepared lo surrender, and had surrender, eel even his constitutional scruples in deference to legislative opinion on a point thus set apart and sucroel to tlio representative will alone. It is ho who now, on a question of mere expedien cy, and a question of supplies, defeats ail lugis. lativc action, and puts a ietn on the must mature and doliborato provisions of your prudence, on a ground which he himself admits to bo a mat ter of temporary expediency alone ! And this ho docs with the most obvious purmse (intima tions of which are multiplied all around us) of lorciug you by tiioso hazards ol public disaster and disgrace of which he himself is totally in sensible, tu turn your legislation into tlio shift, iug and winding track of his personal opinions and interest ! Tlio appalling necessities uf the public sorvico aro to lm trroiim about tho coun try through hedges ami quagmires iu pursuit of the igncsjutui ol Ins expectation ! Hut what, as this matter of supplies, is the rulo of that great country from whoso institu tions and ideas all our own are derived ! There the free control of whatever belongs to tax and supply is, and ever has been, held tho impres criptive right of tho people's representative. It is tlio very law ami canon of all English lib erty. No English Prince has ever dared loout rage this principle. Outrage, did I say 1 No, iiono has dared even to question ill When was a hill of supply ever held there a question for a King! Nuvor, by tho rashest or the ttrongesl of their rulers. About that matter tho temper of English freedom has traced a circle, like that which the exorcist draws, with words of such tremendous power that tho fiercest of all tho spirits that fall cannot pass it. That magic reign, tho most daring of Fngland's most despotic race, the Tudors, never once attempt- cu to ovonoap. iionry tlio viu, tieloro whom neaiis ten at pleasure, ana who could oven, by his single decree, change tho religion of his realm, nevor felt himscll btrongonotigh to over, step this sacred limitation. His lion-like daugh ter more absolute btill, because as bold and a bier ventured as little, throughout her whole unresisted sway, to invade this, tho last recess of English freedom. A iiinglo monarch of that pertinacious race, the Stuarts, hazarded, ttndor the pretence of somo falsely alleged precedents, an assumption to raise a tax without Parliament, lie paid for it with his crown, hie life, and tho outlawry of his family. Sir, wo have an Execu tive of the temper, but not the intellect of that unhappy family who upset a weak throne by their fondness for assorting an illegal power. Finally, Air. President, 1 have to say, in all solemnity, that I will sooner suffer this Covcrn montto go to dissolution than by my act allow any individual to put a bribe on those legislative bodies, and by a motion of his linger or heel, with spurs to urjo and a rein lo check us, ride this Government which way he will. If thcro arc men of anv parly ready to stoop to such dic tation, 1 will not ho found amongst them. If it bo necessary I will sooner say not only in those words onco heard with bitch dismay throughout tho land, "Perish commerce, perish credit," hut U. ti . !! ' 1 .1 It. tub tnu uuvuiiiiuuiil tan 10 pieces auu mu un ion he dissolved, rather than I will sanction, by my act, a measure which will abrogate tlio priv ilegos of theso Houses, and annihilate tho inde pendence of the People's Representatives. Corrcspoudcuco of llic Tree I'rcss. Washington, TucneuAV, Aco. II, 1312. The Veto Mn. Adams' Speech Tun TauIit. I informed you in my last letter that the Tarifl'llill had passed the Senate, and that it rested willi John Tylei and his Loco l'oco advisers and allies to say whether il should become the Law ol the Land, or be met with tho Royal Veto and defeated. And it is now my painful duty lo inform you that Mr. Tyler has again interposed his will against the will of the People and their Representatives, and rejected the Hill. The Veto was sent to the House of Representa tives nt about half past eleven o'clock on Tuesday last, read by the Clerk, and then the further conside ration on the 3 ibject was postponed till the next day. Of the reasons assigned by Mm Tyler for withhold ing his assent fiom thisgicat measure of relief to a sulleriug country, I have neither the time nor the dis position to speak at present. Suffice il to .-ay they are extremely shallow and sophistical, and salisfy nobody but himself and his Loco l'oco advisers. Every position he assumes has been refuted a thou sand times in every Whig journal in the country, and, unless I greatly mistake the temper and spirit of the American people, they will teach this capricious man, before many more months roll over his head, that their will and wants are not thus to bo mocked by his miserable abstractions. They will speak to him in tones which will make him tremble in bis maiblc palace, and which will drive into infamous obscurity the reckless band of wieked Loco Focus who have labored with such zeal to deceive and delude him. Even now the Loco Foco members of Congress be gin to relent aa I turn pale, in view of the dicadfal consequences of llicir frantic anil unpiincipled oppo sition to tho Hill, and of the corrupt and artful tqiiili ances with which they have seduced this weak man into their dark and nefarious plots. They feel that they arc guilty j they l.noic they cannot justify their conduct to the People: and they already fear,as well

they may, that they will be overwhelmed and swept away by the mighty torrent of public indignation which they have so madly and so wantonly provok ed and excited.- Hut I must give you somo account of the great speech of tho venerable L'x-Prcsident Ad ams on llio Veto Message. When the IIousu was called lo order, on Wednes day morning, the II. ill and galleries wero thronged to over-How mg by one dense mass of human I emgs. Every avenue was crowded, every seat and fool-hold was occupied by the mighty multitude which throng ed the Capitol, eager to witness tho discussion. When the hour arrived to commence the dtbato Mr. Adams was tho first lo obtain the fioor. Ho began his speech wilh unusual seriousness and kolcniity of manner. He commenced by alluding to the dcplor- ablo.conditiou of the country, and the obstinate op- his pleasure, to cllict a pcifect and entire reconcilia tion wilh both branches of Conercu, by simply sign ing his name, with the word "upprorcd," to the Tur illllill which had just been laid before him, ctidwluch was cf incalculable importance to the honor, llio credit, and tho prosperity of this great country. He most conscientiously believed, if Mm T'jler had put his name to that 15:11, that both Congress and the l'coplc would have been itady and willing to forget and forgive all the errors of his past conduct, nil his weakness and folly. That measure, ho said, would haverestoied the ce untiy fiom its piescnt unexam pled depression and embarrassment, to a palmy stato of happiness, prosperity and peace. It had been fram ed with trreat caruand caution, and was admhably adapted to meet thovarioUs ami diversified wants of all sections of tlio country. If the Hill had been pa-s- td into a law, it would have given a new impulse lo industry, icstorcd the dtoopmg energies of the peo ple, and literally have made a desert bloom and blos som as Ibo rose. Hut the President had been bi-guil- ed by the evil councils of the Loco Focos, and had refused to sanction this great measure of National re lief. And now the question was, who was responsi ble for its failuro? This was the issue to bo put to the country and the l'eoplc, and he had no fear as to the verdict which would be rendered. The issue was now fail ly formed betw een Congress and the Presi dent and his advisers, the appeal would bo made to the People and ho prayed to Heaven tlmt it might not result in an appeal lo arms! Mu. Adams then adverted to other instances iu which Mr. Tyler had been induced by his I.oee. Foco ullies to dclcal llio action of Congiess. He gave u minute and cuicful history of tho two Hank Hills of llio Extra Session, and said that Congress had been but too anxious and tuo willing to conform to tho wishe s of the President. He asserted that the lir.-t Hunk Hill had been so inueh modified to meet llio views of Mr. Tylef that he had felt bound to vole a gainst it iu the House. Hut the sacrifice was made in vain. Notwithstanding tho anxiety of Congress to make ihat Hill acceptable to tho Executive, tho Locos had persuaded him to vetoit. And whatfollowcd that act? continued Mr. A. Was any substitute piopos eel 7 or did Congress lly into a passion and refuso to uct any further 1 Not nt all. Far from it. Anx ious tu redeem their pledges to tho people, they im mediately vventto xvork to fraiucauolher Hill. And to earnest wero they in thtir efforts to harmonize wilh tho President that ihey went further lliau any other Legislature was ever known to go, to frame a Hill which would meet his appiobatioii. In fact tho second Hank Hill might with truth bo alinust said lo have been drawn by Mr. Tyler's own hand. Who'o sections to which ho objected, wrio stricken out, and others were put m wh'ch he wished to have iuserteel tho Home was changed to suit the capricious whims ..r .i.-. ,,. , . . .... . of this unrivalled ttatuman and all this was done' at the particular request of President Tyler so that tho Hill was strictly tho cicature, the very pet of the Executive, .liiei iriol vas ittfate? asl,cd the xenc rablo Patriarch of (luincy, with great emphasis and animation. It wascained through both houses of Congrtss in honesty and good faith, anj with efcry expectation w Inch the plighted honor of ihe President could raise, that it wouhl unci with his approval. And what was its reception at the Whilo House ? The I'rttident ditoicned his oien ihild vetoed his uiru bantling, and hooled iu derision from the palace. And the Loco Focos encouraged him in his eoursei and lauded him lo tho skies for his praiseworthy con duct! Mu. A u.vmc- then went into n general examination I'RIDAV MORNING. AUGUST 19, IS 12. of sumo of tho chnrru winch had b a mad li ' llio Loco Foco nnaTyhrpassM u'jalin1 Cjir j in order to bring it uilo d.scrcJit vilh thoPt p! mi1 tlcvato tho President to the star. Ho said th. Con gress had performed moro hard labor and cxh.bi lJ greater industry than any other Cong.toStlml ha had over known. Hut ihat, in all thcirtflbrla to ocrvotho country and tho people, they had encountered the most uncompromising opposition from Mr. Tyler nnd his Loco Foco allies. Ho adverted to tevcral other points of difference between tho President and Con gress, which I havo not time to enumerate. Ho spokoof the apportionment Hill, and said Mr. Tyl r had signed it, indeed, but he had added n bane to the antidote which was calculated lo defeat nnd destroy it. Tho Hank, tho Tarn!', and the Land Hid, tho throo great measures on which the Whigs had come into power, had all been defeated by tho President, and ho had gono over to tho Loe ofocos, who had re ceived him with open arms. Hut thoqucstion of res ponsibility, for the failuraof these measures, would go to tho people, and to I'iciii ho appealed, in all confi dence, for a triumphant acquittal of tho Whigs in Con. grcas. They had done their dutv to tho co mtry, but tho Picsielent had thwarted and opposed und defeated them in all their exertions, and on Ida head and the heads of his allies would lest the tremendous respon sibility. I havo given you but a very faint and feeble sketch olsomo of (ho main points in this admirable speech, as 1 have been obliged to write in very great haste. During its delivery, the va3t audienco wbi -h throng ed the galleries nnd Hall, was hushed to the profound- est silence, and the venerable old man, tremulous with age, was much allected by the occasion. At times, his whole fraino seemed to be convulsed with emotion but ho evidently spoko "more in sorrow than in anger." Ho concluded by moving that the veto message bo referred lo a select committee of thirteen, with in structions to bring in a report upon tho lensons as signed by Mr. Tyler for withholding his nppioval from llio Tariff Hill. After considci able opposition from the Loco I'ocos, this motion was finally adopted, by the following vole, ayes 103, noes 61. Tho Tariff Hill was then laid on tho table, and will not probably bo token up again till llio Committee bring in their report. is note rendered nuite cer tain that no Tariff' Hill ean be passed during the present scaion, I will endeavor to write ugain to morrow, and givo you the reasons ic.'iy. G. W. L. P. S. Tlio Speaker this morning announced tho appointment o! the following gentlemen to compose tho select Committee lo tcport on the veto message, viz. Messrs. Adams, of Mass., Morrow, of Ohio, Granger, of New Vork, T. Smith, of Connecticut, Hotts, of Virginia, Pcarce, of Maryland, Rayncr, of North Carolina, .1. Cooper, of Pennsylvania, '1 . J. Campbell, of Tennessee, Gilmer, of Virgimn, Irwin, of Pennsylvania, Ilosscvilt, of New Vork, and Chas. J. Ingersoll, of Pennsylvania. W.xstiiNttro.v, l."ili AotiuHT, 1812. 1 suppose your leaders aro anxious to know what will be tho probable course of Congress in regard lo u Tinifl", now that tho Veto has come, and tho coalition between Tyler and the Loco Focos is complete. I would most willingly gratify this anxiety, but it is not possible to do so at present. All 1 can say is, that the Whigs iu Con gress will do every thing, which a regard to their own character and honor will permit them to do, to supply llio pressing wants of the l'eoplc, and relievo the ciying necessi ties of their suffering, bleeding country. Hut precisely what will ttllimutely be done is at present very uncertain. The exact posi tion of parties in Congress tit this time is precisely as follows : The Western Whigs generally consider the continuance of tho distribution policy of vastly greater consequence to them than tin; establishment ofa Tariff, nnd many of the Southern Whigs agree with iiieni in opinion. Thu Noiiliein and Eastern Whigs, on the contrary, arc ready to go for u Tariff with out distribution, though they would do it very reluctantly. Uut the great mass of the Loco Eocos will oppose, with implacable hostility, any Tariff which llio Whigs may propose, whether il contains tho Distribution foaltuo or not. I tint aware that lliis hist statement will bo contradicted by llio Loco Focos in Vermont, but a fey revolving days will provo its trutlt. In this condition of parties, there, it is manifest enough that tlio course of Congress is beset with very great difficulties. Uut it i3 to ho hoped, neveithu less, that tho wise and cautious councils of patriotism will at length prevail and that tt Tariff will ultimately bo agreed upon which will afford some relief to the country. Uut then 1 admit it U greatly to bo feared that llio Loco Eocos will compel iMr. Tyler to veto it. I can givo you a inoro i citable opinion as to the probablu course of the majority by Mondav or Tuesdiiv. G. W. L. (tJFor the information of such of our readers us may feel interested, wu will say to them thai Nathan, of Lamoille, is still at homo collecting his rents from tho farms he has "earned with the gill cup," and in this manner establishing his claims to the cogno men of the "Farmer of Lamoille." "Willard Griswold," tlio hopeful worthy who stood so manfully forth to defend his partner's lath er, has published no moro "facts;" but tho Lamoille Standard says it will bo its turn shortly to publish sumo interesting statistics about N.ilhan, Willuiil iL Co. and so wo may bo looking out for sonic real fails bufore long. The "Farmer of Lamoille"!!! Hurrah for humbugs ! It is to bo hope el thai llio Life of Nathan, which tho Loco papers mo publishing, may ho primed in n Booh, bound iu calf, and gilt lettered. It will bo so very interesting after election. It should bo "conspicuously insetted" in tho Stato Li brary, ns a part of tho lustoiy of llio Statu just as Marshall's Washington (ills its honor ed place in tho Library of Congress, nnd is justly I'stt'cmed to comprise, in giving llio Lilb of llio Father of his Country, almost the entire history of the times in which ho lived, Should ihu Life of tho immortal author of "amendments," bo less highly honored ? Docs it not furnish a compend of tho history of Locofocoisin in Vermont? Unless this I suL'L'eslion is carried out, wu shall bo forced bt to exclaim "Oh I tho ingratitude of Ilopuli- lies"! they wares" ! too often "entertain angels una- A TiiorniiT ron I'at.hots. Tho American Laborer well remark", that it is a fact which tmgh! lo havo might, that evory advocate of what is called w tra.lr, is acting precisely as the aristocracy of Great Britain dosiro of us. They all insist that tea ought to lake British goods at low or no duties, whilo our products aro cliarged an averago of 2.")0 por -.'out, in re. turn. This may be xory advantageous for . hi, but can it be inn' in ns, or Jst lo our ow u in tercb'i i t''"' ! I !.-rtf, C, 1 1 tin' l..Ao) iV..,ci!!hny for August, vu find n ,n "y tec i of poetry enti tLU "An tvv-i.. tit buiiiintT," purporting to bo by ono Chads U. Eastman, who hails from " Woodstock, Vt." Now, tholast wo heard of tlio pout Eastman of that re gion, ho was retailing Locofoco ribaldry and falsehood, tinder tho less poetic cognomen of Laku. Wo presume however, that Caleb, in thtt3 repudiating his veritable nomencla ture, is merely taking ono of tho poetic licen ces, which ho ttso3 so freely in staling what ho culls political fuels. LET THE PEOPLE REMEMBER, That tho Tarifl'llill lately passed and ve toed by the 1'rcsidcnl, might bo passed into tt law, in spilo of tho veto, if tho Loeofocos in Congress would voto for its passage ; and lot the blame of its failure, rest as well on tho free trado minority in Congress, as on the President, who lias with their uid arrest ed tho Bill which was designed lo roliovo the wnnls of n sulleriug country. If Loco focohtn was honest in desiring protection, it would now join with tho Whigs in vindica ting the dignity nnd independence of Con gress, by passing tho Tariff Bill by a two thirds voto. WHIG NOMINATION. At a numerously attended meeting of Whigs of tho town of Burlington, at Howard's Ho tel on Monday evening, the Hon. Joii.v Va.v Siui.Li.v was unanimously nominated as their candidate for the Legislature. The following losolutions weto then offer ed by James I. Culler, Esq., and adopted : Ihsoltcd That ns a component part of the people ot the United tlalts, mid ol the great Whig parly of the same, we cnnnoi re. ou.-d,, ,t ,n,,r J f . ,., nriv nf to withhold the expres, ion o our cnliro and decided uisapprooanon oi inc course ol tho accidental incum bent of tho Pri'sidentinl Chair, in interposing Ins sm rIo will between a suilenng nation and tho timely re lief (LvHi'ri lor it, by its l'.uihlul Representatives. Hesolca! "l'nat m view- of tho deep interest which we fcvl ns Veini-ini .rs, m ihc protection of tho wool grower and of in m minuet ipt, wo are ready to de clare our un.pialiae 1 approbation of the courscof our Delcgction in Umgnss. on ilv Tni ill' question, and Ihat wo regard the new bom v.eal of tin Loeofocos m this .Slate ior protection ns al undamly proved lo be a humbug, by th? courscof the samopaiiv everywhere but here -and by tlio coiu-ouf lint party hero m np- iiui'Hion iu Congress." llcmli ! mat llic lDminal.on; made by our Slate .. r. . . . J . nnd County Conventions meet our he.iriv amiroval. and shall have our warm support. The following resolution was introduced by E. A. Stanshuiiv, Esq., and unani mously adopted : Wtsoi'i -'Thai ihe nomination nf lion. .Ion:: Van Sk i;i in in n eanihd.itu lo repiesent this town in the. L gi-l.it'ire iiiti is our unanimous approbation, and ihat wo pledge oiii selves ihat he shall bo elected. The mooting was then adjourned to meet at Howard's in two week.". H. LE WEWVOIITH, Chairman. Vi'jt. Wsrioi, Strilary. By reference! to the proceedings of the meeting on Monday evening, our esteemed friend Wyllys the "gentleman ofblandand coiirleotis manners," will perceive that the chances of his going to Montpulier, invest ed with tho dignity of the Town of Burling ton, are rather slim. It is no go neighbor. I'tirmcf Joliny will upset tho upple-cart in which you hoped to ride over tho disjointed lrngmonts of tno W hig party. Whigs after all.dont quarrel about tiiiles, when in sight of tho enemy. They will show themselves true to their faith when the polls are open ed. TRIIiUTE OF IJ ESPEt-T TO THE MEMOIIVOF Piso. ja3i::h .'i.vksei. At a meeting of the Alumni of tho University of Vermont held at the Hall of llio Phi Sigma "u Society, 3d Aug., 1842, tho Kev. A. Fleming was called to tho chair und A. O. AlJis Appointed Secretary. Tho Kuv. Zr.s.s Buss, after stating tho object for which the meeting was assembled; and paying a btief but just tribttto to the worth und character of tho Into Pnor. Marsh, presented the following resolution, which was adopted : IlesolvulVUui tho Ai-ujixi of tho U. V. a1. respectfully request of the family and friends of Fnor. Maksii the privilege of erecting u monument to his memory, with a proper inscription in Latin or English, at such place as they and the Faculty of tho University may select. On motion of K, T. Daxa, Esq. of Bos ton, a committee ol seven was appointed to carry into effect the object of the pre ceding resolution. The fjl'owiiig gentlemen compose the Conimiitoo : IIo.v. Tnmritv Foi.t.m r of Burlington, IIo.v. Jacou Cou.amuk of Woodstock, Huv. Zu.vas Umss of Jericho, I!t:v. J.vnr.5 D.u:nui:i:rv of .Milton, I'uor. Cm:.r.v of llio l V. Al., J. N. I'omkisov, Estp-., and J. W. Ai.lux, l-Isqr., of Burling ton. Messrs. 11. S. Raymond of New Vork, Russell of Canton, N. J., and James Hickok ; of Burlington, wero appointed a Committee to procure some suitable pursuit lo deliver j an address nt tho nc.t Commencement of j the U. V. M., upon the life, character, and literary labors of I'uor. Maiisii. J Messrs II. S, llawnond uf N. V., G. K. ( l'latl of Burlington, and A. O. Aldis of St. . Albans, wero appointed to draft resolutions expressive ol llio sentiments with which the Amm.m of the U. V. M. cherish the nicmo , ry of l'ttor. Mausii. Mn. Il.u'Mo.vii from tho Committee pro I sentctl tho following resolutions, which wero ( uimnimounsly adopted, and ordered to bo ' printed with the proceedings of tho mooting, j Where xs, W ih-jima 1 .liiwiiof tho University I of Vermont, cherish the most alfectiouito icmein , bianc iflhelateProlessoi M ush.and in order loev our a'udiiij estimate of his uueipiallcd worth, and lo express our !i l'ii;; of lovo and reverence for his memory und his name', be it Hc-ulrrd, That a Committee of three bo appointed by the chair to invite somo suitable person lo deliver iu ourliehulf, at the next annual inecliiii'Oflhe.li'uwmi'.a Eulogy upon ihe character of Dr. Marsh. llesulnd, That in ihe death of tho late Piofessor Marsh we depl.ae ihe loss to his personal friends, of oiio whose vvutui biiicvolence, whoso gentleness and benignity of spurt, uud the depth and purity of whose ntleetiun bound lum closely to their hearts and pavo pioimineu-r nn;uiM to llio cvcui oi ins cany auu ia ' UU". ted decease. ! ft tileul, 1 That bv this sad event the Universi ty of Vermont has lost a mast ardent and cificieiit friend a ureal portion of whose life was devoted to the formation of her welfare, and to whoso unu'rinsf and lofty labors she is indebted for much of her high usefulness and honor. HetoltcJ, 4, Thai the Spiritual Philosophy to wh:. hli.il ". wnw, bled has lost m Ihedeathof Or. M n l i iic ol :'i. at and cxtendim; povvvr.vvho v a ' V ui i-'. to ni.p'.icity of Ins life the great principles of Hchgioti which hotauhtoud who enforced llicm thus, to tho mmdsof ihojovvho listen- neu iu ins instructions, nor ir,is ny tlio majesty and lYuiui ui ins personal cxaiiipio mail uy liiu persua sive olonuencu of his words. Httoltttl, 5, That to us tho associated Atumnlot the University or Vermont his death is Uo that of on allectiunato father, when favored by his pcrsonaU presenco wo listened to his teachings wilh rovcrencJ' and lovo t wo beheld his life moulded into a fabric of highest beauty by il10 Wisdom from on high t and as tn that Ins spirit ennonlyrulo us from its ruin tho remcmbranco of boih shall bo to our hearts tho fouu tain of unvyavering sircnenh nn(Jof jllglt ll0pc . HMoMtf, G,-7 hatwo will rorevcr cherish in our inmost souls with sacred care the mcmorv of his name and elttp gratitude for bw instructions and ex nmplo; and that-in all tho walks or l,r.a widens tho sphere of our labors may extend, .hall be spared tho hallowed mllucnco of those principles of Outv and of truth which wo received from his lmnnnil from all tho language of his life. P ana llcsolred, 7, That wc will cheerfully nnd unitedly co-operate wilh tho Committee we have appointed to carry into execution such plans ns they may devise forgiving some permanent nnd prominent form to tho reverential regard in which wo hold the memory and the character of our Into beloved Professor. A. FLEMING, Chairman. A. O. Alius, Secretary. LOCOFOCO POLICY DEFINED BY THEIR LEADERS. " Reynolds of Illinois concluded by depicting w hat he thought would he llio result of a Demo cratic Administration FliEE TRADE, asounj METALLIC CURRENCY, no broken hanks. and no unjust and partial legislation." Debate vi Confess, .miO, 1812, reported intheXa. tional Intelligencer. "Mr. Smith of Virginia followed (Mr. Sum mors.) After pointing out tho various modes by which government could ruin the revenue, and expressing ;,; preference for a sistem nf INTERNAL TAXATION," Sic Same di late. "The protection of domestic industry I (Bee son of l'a.) regard not as a question of any par ticular woids, figures or hycroglyphics in a tar ill'. It is in my opinion a question of currency ; a question whether money is money, or paper is paper; a dispute which is under bcitlotnotit be tween tho Indt pcirlant treasury Democratic pr ty on the one rid", and the Hank and State hig party on the other side." Sum- Dibule. i loin u rupuri oi a single day s debate iu ! congress, turn .sneu uy the Aational Intelliien- i r ' t s i rz . . ' i c?r' wo C0W 1,10 above extracts. Wo shall givo inure c o lung, hut for the present we add only the following extract from a letter from Here wo have, then, open and bold avowals 1 -"u"'o wn iii tno iocoioros in t. oimtoss I .1.... . , . .... " nave determined lu put uo. Tlr so nv mats ate not tnaue by a saigio man, on his own respon sibility but by men ftvni tho Xorth.lh, Huuth, the Centre, and the We-t. thev spr al; unre servedly, and tho firt and the la'st proloss to indicate the course of the entire party. And what really is tho policy of locofocotsm ! Let tho i.ti nver b from their own mouths : I IV go, say they, FOB VHVA- TKADK, HARD (.TR. Klirx'UV, DIRECT TAXATION, a.J u Rl,. I'BAL OF THE TARIFF, uhieh the Wings are note slrii tug to yws.s', IIVO ,1f; THE DXKMIES OF V 11 O '' K C't'IOS! nr nn:iti vorr.s may ye know mm. As the Iicofoco press in this section of tho country is e,ieleavoring to deceive and betray tho people by false issues upon the TnrifK it is'wcll to keep boforo tho public attention a lew nf tho more prominent facts, cxposni'' alike tho dunli- rite. 1 roncln'rv. Iivniipriv. nnd linvtilile ,r Xmr.. tho North, the Iro loaders and papers ir."r. tn lavnp nmtiift mn. lint in I nnnrrns 1 mv ....., in inie airainst, n. vv itiiess i ie r veto in inpss against Winthrop's resolution to appoint a Com. tnitlee to collect information and to obtain Jifht. Witness the vole of the Tory members of the -Massachusetts .Stale Le-jisla'turc. Witness tho vote only a fortnight since in the House on the passa-u of tho Tariff. A tangle member onlv of the Locofoco parly waw honest and manly enough to do Irs duty to Iim country and his constituents while x"i:r.TY-i tve Loi'os voted in solid column against the bill. O. e hundred andlilloen Winus voted in favor of the bill, anil but one from a Northern State against it, ami ho only on account, of an omission afl'ecting his constituents. We ak the attention of the American people to" tho foilovvnu table. They will therein br able U see who are their friends and why thcif enemies. VEAs AKD N.VVf ON THE l'AssAGE of the Rr.v. E.Nt'K llll.L. Yeaf. Yiw. Willi's. I.OCCS. Wh'L'S. Eocos Maine, 1 0 5 10 0 i 13 (i 13 1 13 1 I (I 0 (I 0 0 :s 10 o l n 13 I o o 0 i 0 0 0 (I 0 0 0 0 (I 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 I) 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 (I (I 1 (i 0 0 0 (I I 0 0 1 n 0 0 a f 0 (I 0 0 13' 0 13 0 13 N. Hampshire, Vermont, .Massachusetts, Connecticut, Rhode Maud, New Vurk; -Vow Jersey, Pennsylvania, Delaware, .Maryland, Virginia, N. Carolina, S. Carolina, (leorgia, Alabama. Mississippi, Louisiana, Arkansas, Tennessee, Kentucky, Missouri, Illinois, Indiana, Ohio, Michigan, It will be seen that all the Locos from cverv State, excepting only .Massachusetts, voted against the nr;''.' While every ll'iiif, (except only -Mr. Casoy, of Illmoi-, who voted net be cause the retaliatory duty on exports from coun tries refusing to receive" our wheat had been stricken out,) from Northern States, n-firf in its favor! Bveu am-'un,' the Southern Whigs, al though coining from a portion ol the Fiiion but recently supposed hostile to tho tarilV, the voto stood thirty-threo in favor, to fourteen against, while the Locos wero unanimously against it .' Tur. Tauiki rat. f.AssrnTiiElIiH'sn by WHK! VOTES, 1 Sl'ITH OF THE ENTIRE I.O. CO FOCO OPPOSITION ! Thus is the flag of hoco Focoism raiseel, and on it ts tho inscrip tion, stamped indelibly by the (all but) unani mous voto of that party in Congress NO PRO TECTIOX. Let the people, one an all, inako up their own verdict and take their stand for a Whig (loveriiiiuiitiinil 1'nteetion to Amtrican Industry or l.oeo IWo Ilulersaiui Xo I'rolec lion. Seen is the TitUE issue We find the following among the toasts drank on the fourth of July at Herkimer : By Michael Hoffman Tho resistance of our patriot fathers lo British taxation, has rendered them forever glorious, and ?iv en us this Inde pendence. To bo w orthy of them and enjoy tho equal laws and liberty, their ileceudants will avoid the expenditure and debt which tend lo make taxation and its oppression inevitable. Humor. The Washington correspondent of the Commercial Advertiser says that rumors aro rife at Washington that Mr. Secrotary Spencer is to goon tlio bench of the Supremo Court, in place of Jtielgo Thompson, who is to resign, l'rollit lo have the War Department, Stevenson, the Department of State, .Muhlenberg, of Pj. tho Treasury, and rushing the Navy. Forward to bo Collector at Philadelphia, t ice Roberts who will go out ; Upshur to bo Minister to France. Mr. Webster, it is said, will resume his seat in the Senate, Mr. Choato resigning to mako room fur h.m