Newspaper of Burlington Free Press, October 14, 1842, Page 2

Newspaper of Burlington Free Press dated October 14, 1842 Page 2
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4 nan bpibib I am far from defending fr'profuse cotifi-1 incnt, so unjust, to llioso Slates who aro faith ilancc, with which European capitalists lont I fully paying tlieirilubtB, and In others who hive rotnuiitl.l-atlm. A CHAPTER ON OLD SHOES. Old eImii'm i!i c my delight. Hy old shoes I mean not t t so of last suiitmeis rrow th, on which tho gloss yet lingers, shadowy, anil intermittent, liku n faint niy if sunlight on tho iloinu of tho Cuge, hot real untptcs tionahlu antiquities, which for some 5 or six years have withstood the comliined assaults of sun, dust, and r.tin, havu lost nil prctoli sions to unsocial formality, and uive tho toes assurance of caso and the foefof a hotidaj; such shoos tiro my delight. Thoy present themselves to my mind's eye, inixt up with a thousand varying recollections, and not on ly sliatlow forth the figures, but recall tho ve ry faces, of friends over whom the watets of oblivion have long sinco rolled. This you will say is strange, but mink how I deduce; my analogy 1 In that lopository of wit, learning and saiciism, tho "Tale of a Tub," Swift pertinently remarks, "that in forming nn estimate of an individual's trade or pro fession one should look to his dress ; the man himself is nothing, Ins iippatel is the disting tt shing chaiacteristic, the oiihvnrd and visi ble sign of his inward and spiritual grace." If then wu look to the dress, of winch the shoes of cuuiso form tho chief foattue, it is logically manifest tlit the appearance of cer tain shoes will renew the recollection of cer tain individuals, or sopposo wu drop tho plu ral and substitulo "shoo" for "man" and it will ho equally manifest that a certain shoe is, liana fult, a certain man. Now whenever I too an old shoo, brown, rusty, Ioiik quarter ed, and down anho heel, on .Swift's princi ple, I imagine that I seo niv fat Canada friend, Sietham, tho living personification of air John raUtall. In hue manner whenev er 1 bohold a large, wide shoo pcifrclly adapted to the foot for comfort, and well polished with Day and Martin, 1 think that 1 behold mine ancient shop mite, Wilson, a vvorthv .sou of Crisp,iu and most agreeable companion, who expired of vexation on tho removal of tho depositee, tho necessary con f equenco of his having been a JneUsnu man. I'f-acu to his ashes! he always spoke respect- lully ol the d literal. Old shoes are thu in dices bv which a man's peculiar turn of mind ui.iv be pointed out. So tonaciuuslv do I hold this opinion, that, in passing down Church Street, 1 would wager odd, that, in seven nut ot ten cases, I would tell a stran ger s rnaracier and caning hy tho mere sua in- oi ins suoe. v no can uiisliil.o the staid, I'm inal gravity of the oithodox divine, in the corresponding fulness, and liealihv con dilion of liis easv shoot' Who sees not tho necessities of the poet, significantly develo ped in his two haggard, shapeless old apolo gies lor shoes t I Inn too the sable hue ol the lawyci's .shoo coiresponds must convinc liifily with thu color ot his piolessiou. W lnlo lus liaiiilyisin anil closo attention to nppearanres, ten their own tale in tho mer chant's high heeled shoe. No lover of independence ventured vo unlnrily on a new shoe. This is an axiom not to ho ovei turned. The man who piques himself on the newness of such an habiliment, is, till tune bath "mouldered ii into heauiy" a slave. Wherever he goes, hi; is harrassed by an apprehension of damaging it. Hence ho loses his sense of independence, and be comes a serf, llow degrading ! To suc enmh to one's superior is bad enough ! but to be tho martyr of a few pieces of leather,' to be tho lfelot of a tight lit, to ho made sub missive to the dust, the lain, and thu snow, to bo compelled to ho at tho mercy of all these vilu contingencies, can any thing in human nature be so preposterous. A truly great mind spurns tho bare idea of such slave ry. Old shoes are tbo nptnit possible symbols of sociality. The verv mention of this lux ury conjuies up a thousand images of en joyment. It speaks of tho lose of n labo iiiin day, of a w arm fue the children in bed, th'- lamp uicelv trimmed, the cat asleep uu uil iu , Mil ii' ill i ii ill , nn- in; iiie'iiuHi" ,i,n i .i... . .....i.:.. i i.- p; i... i.i.. ,.i "c 1 . uu: siui unites, nun iiisi ii i din mi: ino mo ui i iciest ha; Jlenry Clay w ith a social iinombaiiassrd at titude ; with a new shoo ibis list blessing is un attainable. Imprisoned in this detestable article (till how unlike the sandals of the undents) wo aie perpetually annoy ed with u consciousness of thu necessita's of our con dition tv philosophic revet ie. another on tho iuslen( withdraws us from the contemplation of a poet to the recollection of the shoo maker. There is another light in which old shoes may be viewed ; 1 mean as chroniclers of thu past. Agislaus, king of Spait.i, always dated from his last new dress. Follow ing so illustrious a precedent, I date fiom tny last new shoes, which weru fust ushered into being during tho memorable period of thu Canada rebellion. Ho I remember that epoch, fi oni tho agitation it called forth, from thu wisdom and folly it quickened into life Assiuedly not. 1 gained nothing by the wisdom ! lost much by the lolly of that ex citing time. Do I thus iciuember it 1 No, but simply from the fact that tho very shues in winch I tun now writing weio then new The shoes wuro on my feet when 1 took my routu along tho banks of the St. Johns on my way to the Slates. They woro witli me when 1 ai rived at thu lines, and looked back with feelings not to bo described, on thu land of radicals and tones of bull-fiogs and bull pouts and gave three heaity cheers that 1 was once ninro enabled to enler tho land of freedom. They were nty sole companions when at night-fall i strolled from mine Inn filled witli emotions of love of country, and, to contemplate thu lieauties oi nature, rani bled along tho banks ol tho Missiskoui, and saw limiting on its quiet stuface, the wild duck, and through llie-openings of tho filmy forest, tho glitlering lake, dolled beio anil there wiiba passing sail, and boidered far away un tho horizon by the dim boundaries of tlio Green Mountains, when suddenly was admonished to return by tho rain, which began to fall in torrents; and, as is alwav thu caso on such occasions, 1 took the wrong bv-path winch led mo lar down into a ro mantic vulluv, in th centro of which stood an ancient castle no, a log cabin no bathos! it was a log-fieaji! I heir money during a period of six years, from I Kj.ll to lsjfli to our countrymen, even on the fa th of a variety of scheme, cxccdingly vis ionary anj! unsound. They did thin, however, ouloi a virtue, which miy hive been pusr I to the extern nf rather an amiable than cruuin.J weakness ; for they gotmr.'liy mile there loans at a leia t-uo oi urerest 'ban tli"y con d hi o. Ii'ti ed, if at all at home, and apparently for nb ucts of great pubac uulity. l!at tho loans In iJisW-Jtales stand oia dilidretiTuniing. At least ui reference tVthc public sanctions, with which they aro irWislcd. 'l'hoy wJro inula according W vour reading and mine, of the constitution, to sovcreignsltndar the obligations of a high pub lic faith : many of them were contracted on tortus nreaily mlvantagoous under the agency Uif houses ot the jrst respectability, whoso no crnmy anu connuenw, .new no uoumu. This confidence was given too ur young conn try, because our resources (in no degree cxag, Ipled) wore considered immense, and becsus, it was thought, as wo aro of'thu Saxon fatn ily, wo were essentially a debt paying people. Indeed, from an observation, vvuicli a larger residence for tho last live years in Kurnpo than in America, enables me to make, it is quite ob perhaps boon far wiser to forbear contracting any, althuugn I ran com one a state ol things in whirh such assumption as a measure of fmanrc and national policy might bo eminently cxpcdi- at. I am gratified to inform you amidst this con. vul-iou in the credit of never il of thu Slates, our own South Cirolina, "wears her boavor up." She is never in nirear onn day, and very often, as at tins moment, (in reference to tbo loan I contracted for her) Iras her interest six mouths in advance in her banker's hands. This is not surprising. You know it lias been one of our familiar and household lessons at home to sub mit cheerfully to tho imposition of direct taxes, to support tho security and honor of our country, and honco by a habit which wo derived from the buried 'warlike, and the wise' who have made us what wo aro, wo pay our Slato taxes with almost as much alacrity as wo give money to our wives and clrldron. If the defaulting State?" would only practice on this doctrine, the sin in est imposition would produce an amount abund. antly sufficient to recuscitale tiieir credit. Occupying the position you do, I sincerely hope, my dear fir, that your influence through otittbo Union will be brought to bear on tins groat national question. We all know th it our countrymen are asscntially sagacious as well as in the main right principled, and re quire merely a propeWiioctlon to be given to tiieir exertions to mike even an heroic effort to recover and BUttain the character of the coun try. flu!, auxiliary to those efforts, something more remains j bo dono by yourself. It in to lend vigorously tho powers of your own genius, and the iininilsos of your own patriotism, m your appropriate sphere, the Scnalo of tho United ytatcf, to create and establish a Round circula ting medium throughout the Union, convertible into specie, but in sufficient abundanco to ele vate the standard of value from the dreadful do- prcss.on to which it has lallen, and in fact to bo adequate to pcrlorm the exchanges ot trailo am value in our country. Whether tins bo a flank of the U. States, or an issue of a redeemablo currency by the Federal Treasury, i3 not of so much tiannartivo importance, as that we should have an abundant and umlorni circulation Irom some source or other, which, making allowance .or the variations in tiio balance of trade, shall bo of cnual value in Now Orleans and Huston, I his circulation, in the rccessci ol ihatiinan- cial wisdom which is past turning out, was des troyed hy our friend General Jackson, when ho slew tho llanlt ol the United htatep, with the arm ofSamsou, and almost "with the self same weapon too," when wo recollect all tbo twad die of the old gentleman on tins subject. He, as liurko saul, was certainly a "consummate architect of Ittiin," in Ins time and tide, and had the happy faculty of impersonating a corporation 'in hi mind's oye,' for the purpose of hating it ai coidially a. he once d.d you and Mr. I'oiiidex ter. When, therefore, Mr. lliddlo euteicd into a context with this hereof two wars, lie forgot the wisdom of the Spanish proverb, "That lie who rots down to dine with tho devil should eat with a long spoon." What has been the result of this least, in broken meat and empty plates you well know. It has lult our country palsied indeed hungry in llo-b and ponr in spirit, I doubt, since the creation of the world, whether such an example ran bo exhibited as w e hive presented for tbo last sixteen years of folly and mis. government. No Southern plan tor would peruut Ins plantation lor one hour to bo governed with such a lack of all sense and I providence. The (' illVar and Hottentots, in petency to do !.ny tiling.) acting through the.' --iuruiico u ue:ir i oimunui, i u-juoi uoi, imo egi.ature oi me no auuing iva'ci cannot no ' uuu" (,"-'""" " F"1" ) '" "S"""' nude sului'ienl iv in n o ut to cm.vio u 'hem of the irn'h and loice ol the old adage that, aft or all, Particular op tub hocking or SuivS-V. I.oum, I or Itoi-roN. Kcrdiuando do Castillo, steward of slop Mt. Loan, or Itoslou, rcponid burnt at ten on tne passage hence fur New Oilunns, has arrived in tbo city, an I states that nn thn 'jOtli of Aimtist, soa nc count, (23tb civil account,) between 0 and 7 o'rlock, 1'. II. bung in about lfilitiule 0 and lougiltiile CD, tlio paaiennero nnd crew bavini' supped, ntnl nil bcuif on deck, tin; ship uiul'Tcasy snil, wall) stiuldmtt snl Mt, n fi'iiialc iT!"enqer who was sitiuij,' abalt tlio main hatch, facina tlin bouse on deck, i-mv n coliium ol smot.a asceiidins from tbr lower or ladu s' ra'iin, and Imiitrdintrly cst'o ilio nlnrui of fire. Thccrew and pjssi"tijrem immediately riislnd into tlio boiiso on derk, but lull id the miioke so dense in tho conipm ion way that they could not descend into the l.idics cabin. 'I he doors of tho house on deck wcto then iinmadiately closed, and nt the saino lime the smoke was pcrceivd furcing its way lliro'igh the forward batches. Tlieae wcruimiii'diately eovertd with sails, which were wet, ami nil bands want to worn to save what they could. Capt. llblrnliro'a chest nnd a part of bis clothing were col out of the home on deck, but the tinofce was so Ueine the steward couiunoieet hie clothinci which wn in the eamo place. The ship ious if wu had tu.d the interest on our foreign leut, that tho ratu ot that interest .would have lallen gradually to the level ot that paid by sme of the oldest and best established States in liu- ropc, and Ibat for objects of wo'l firmdcd pub- lie utility, anil ovun ol private enterprise, our nutistry at home might have been almost indef initely invigorated out of the large surplus cap- ill ol this country, ion will say, l am mirr, that this facility of borrowing, has been a great curso to our own. This I admit n truo to a cer tain extent ; but it was converted into a curse by the action of ojr government on th currcn- y ol the f mted stales. Under judicious regu lations and prudential guard.-', a sttto of things moro propitious to tho dcvelopcmcMit of the re source of a young country like ours, borrowing of an old one like this, its capital to invigorate its labor, ala low rate of interest, einnnt well be lonceived. Il the profits of labor transcended the rate of mtcrcft, it was to create capital at liomp. I rem w hat other source have sprung thoso miraclesof enterprise and wealth, tint aro to ho found in our country in thu midst of a population ul eignteon tmlliors, hut this conjoint action of our lnuor on the capital of others. The l'ilgnm Inund no bink of Kngland plant- c I on tho ruck of Plymouth, or the lluegonols of South C irobna, the gem ; of Samarcandon its thirty plains. Hut il yoa consider tins ficiilly of borrowing ibio.uf, my Dear h.r, as an evil, vou may cor- tain'y console voursolf w . th the convict on that it no longer ovist-, although I am Lipially convinced that you ivill regret tho caiiso which has tiro duced tins want of all c.mlideiicc m good faith of tlio people of the Umtod Slates and thu con scquen.es winch have followed in lixing so so veru a Miguia on the character of our country. It is absurd for us to talk in America that wo i!o not want thu capital ol Iluropa, at the very moment when the Gviei.il Uovormiutit of tho Slates h is sent an agent ahroul to borrow for i's da. ly bread. We do w ant their money and th.-y want the restnts ol o:ir labor. And great ly then is it to bo deplored that this beneficial interchange has been suspended under circuin stances so disa.-'rous to biJthcountr.es. Lot oie now give you a brief statement of tho present coiid.tioii ol Ainer.can credit m Europe, and v. itlioiit pre.-uui.ng to suggest a lomcdy, to enquire oi you whether iho lorce of public opin ion, Cul-o::gir. has not tho roii-litiition il corn- was then pat about and her course steered for a brig which they has seen at 'I, v. M. A lantern was run up as a sinnsl of distress; it was seen on board the bnir. which stood towards the shin. The lone boat and stern boat were cleared away, and the few thim;5 mvei Were nut into t hem. Thcv hart no nrovis oils, exreut rrrhnns some raw onions, winch had been tntt in the lour; bout. The deck becoming hot and the smoke eomiiig tliroudi the seams, nt a lit lie past 10, M. they took to the boats, none of thepassencers nftd crew savins arivtbinv rvpctit what thev stood in, and proceeded to tho line, which proved to be tho Impusle of lhllioiore. Very soon after quitting the ship tho llames hurst forth, renchin? ns high as the tower masi-iicaus. i lie i inning snip remaineo nt siclit until niotinnr, and her mails wcto seen to foil about H, A. M. After the Intpulio was wrecked, and when the wreckiti" vessel, with the tiasr nerrs nd crews of the St, I.ouia and Impilsn, was belting up ror I iiiUb Islaml, tlicy spoke the brig ftnraii miasms of and fiom Itoston for Oienfuegos, when Captain l'.ldrulge, his first ofTiccr, the cuok nnd two steerngs pnssengers went on board her. The others reached Turks Island in saf.'ty, where they will all be able to get comeyenco to tins country. Uu. Ct-uiso at Knwiicuvi'OiiT. We learn fiom our correspondent that Mr. Cushmgmcl bi3 const.!- iienta yesterday, in tboTcinpIo Church, in Ncwbury portytho seals of which vvcro filled, He poLonliout two hours. Ilisgcnctal ground wts similar to that of jMr. Wtbstcr'sepccch, oniitting the aubje -t of tho trrnty, and dwillmg more in dchul on that of the Massachusetts Convention, and vindicating more ful ly the course of Mr. Tyler. Ilediseu'ded the reso lution of the Convention relative to the President, nnd attributed the dilTcrcnccs between bint and tbo Whig party, to the ambition of Mr. Chy. Uaslon i wtui, Philadelphia. A very largo and cnthuastic Whig meeting was held at Philadelphia, in front of the State House, on Wednesday evening, at which the Hon. John 6ergcant presided. Mr. Sergeant made a brief nnd eloquent address, which he concluded by introducing to the meeting the Hon. J. M. Clayton, vvboaddrcsscd tho meeting in nn eloquent and intprc3- sivo style, and was listened to with great attention. He commented in his speech on some of tho remark, of Mr. Webster, in his late speech in Fnncuil Hail- in particular defended the compromise act, nnd the ex pediency ol" a National lintik. SIr.Morton McM'nh nil presented a scricsof lusolutions which wcro unan iniously adopted. &. Death ok Rev. Ur. Ciiannino. It has been known for tome days past, that the Itcv. Dr. Chan tiirin nr this eilv u-hu (Umrprniitlv ill. nt Itcnmnclon. ill Vermont. Ho had been iianti2 somu weeks in the beautiful region of Berkshire county, and extend ed his excursion into Vermont, where he wns detain ed by a suvcro illness, which proved to be typhus fe ver. rearer in n.irn. inai nirt wori nirire c i smns ot his friends have been realized, by the Intal tetmination of his disene on Sunday afternoon la-it. JJocton Haily Atlt. act. i. Dr. Cbanning was torn at Newport, It. I., April Our of Tiintrt own moi.tiis shall Titr.v 1 tho bill, and o'l.-ir'o !'' tho b nc cumii:mm:u." The editor of tho Nan tucket Islander who is considered "otm of tho most iihlo and energetic writers connec ted with the democratic press,' passestho fol lowing opinion upon tlio leaders of his party: With u few hi'ililv honorable excentions the lead ers' of tho di'inoerntio paityaro amontt tho must conteinptihb-el created creatures, actual libels on humanity, anil political biaspnemors ngmnst the dig nity of Heaven. With tho words or freedom forever on their lips, they never let slip nn opportunity of nnuniii in. ii mill BUMitun nui acini;, nun iu their eternal di'graco bo it said, Hie Dtmocralk Party seldom fails to applaud and uphold nil such manifestations of an utter leant of deep seaUd prin ciples," Communication. To the Kdltor of the Free Press : I nm very thankful for your kind publication of my remarks concerning Dickens and what I con ceived your unjust treatment of him) nnd glad that you liavo undertaken a reply thereto, as it will nllbrd ino an opportunity, (by your permission of course,) to speak more fully of ono or two points of the general subject than I then had time or you room. I am sorry, however, that you should have felt disposed to cive any portion of my remarks a personal turn, which was certainly never intended : and to refer to private conversations in a mannor, to my mind neither demanded nor justified by I-lditorial rcspon sibihty. I nddressed, in my letter, no person but simply the " Kdltor of the Prce Press"j nnd, ultho' the paper has been ably and neccptably conducted, yet, since our friend Ktacv left it for the scrvico of State, it woidd pu7zle tho most astute to discover fiom its columns (and I bad no right to look beyond II bo ng allowed 7th, 1760, wns graduated at Cambridge, 17PS, and or- them) to whom that epithet was applicable. Vou darned Pastor of Federal Street Society, on the 1st of had no right therefore to presume that I knew you s anil enlightened. A country ot immense re sources, in a period of piofoiind poace, on the vergo.ol bankruptcy ! Any man who will read I II Ohio's essays on "Public Credit" and on ".Mon- i ov, can ue atno iojj tutraco our present con , il Hon to its true cau--e. We have been snli'er I log ever since (leneral Jackson destroyed the I I! ink of the United Slates (with the exception iu the long run, "honesty is the best policy t he In':.! branch ot mv suhiiet 1 can di-cus in a lew words. As our old Iner.d liando'ph used to say, Amerii an crodit is pried 'vono dead." .luhn J-coh Asior might obtain an un- I U Uik'l i 11.1111. n'l ...,i,i,jiv tiinuiii. I IIVU , i . I .1 . i ,i . . I. a, l.,mv.-n.i and Mr. 1! ikv. ol the I. ,.,.n .,1 . il. hl",rt l,or1"11 1,1 '"'iperod mil itiou create. ' . ..,.,,.,,,,,,.,,,' i,, ..I,. I uy his own oioasiiiesjuniler o o ii'j;-, " .... .. i . ... - ,n u-'l.-im the M uision I lou-e to the .Minorles, might sell hltoen hundred pounds worth of Massachusetts stock, with laro concessions to tho buyer. 'Tho fact is not the le.-.s to bo ron ceilcd that wo begin to be regard-id as a union o! hharporB and swindlers, with whom, if the day oi judgment should happen to be mi Monday, our nay d.v will not bj until Tuesd ly fullowing. 'T.ui rnvuls.oii of conlidouce d-ie-i not arise fo much from aib-credi', which attaches to our resource-1, r. in other w.iid--, our ability tu piy, as our see am.: in h-posiiion to piy. Tho former is stiil c.on-alored in uiohl c. .sos as uudouhlcd, t a sicK-mug uioirust lias lalion upon Hence it's, tha' wM otho rate of in I iiluu tinn dav to twoand a half per ecu', in the Ividon miiket, it is not probable that ll the tloin ni.oiierol the Uni'td S'alo' six per cent lom, were to iiller a price winch would fe. ore an iu crest often per cent, ten pounds of l.i-i-to.-k co-lid be sill, wi'lio.it, fmuici li ideration oi po.icy, under tlio advice ... I r.,-,1 Vlt!inrrnD. on h. rntuln to Cn.il.in.l. rV sudili'il pinch of the toes dispels th0 lJanngs should be induced to take thu" loan. ,0b Kroin the Newport Herald of the Tunes. (iHN'Hlt.VI. II M!!n.V.S M'.TTIIR '10 JOHN C. CALHOUN, O.N THL: KI.NAN'CIAL CONDITION OP Till. I'NITED STATIC. London, September 9th, 1812, To the Hon. John C. Cilhoun : My dear sir If I hivo addressed this letter to you, it is not alonu from tho justification wh.ch I find in tho rcccnllcotions of an old and cherished friendship, but from the fact, that I t!t's;re to attract tho public attention to its ob ject, through tho imdrumontality of a name far more influential than my own. lie not surpris ed, tf you so it first intiie newspapers. I wish not only "to think aloud," hut sposk aloud. My purpose in writing you, in to put you in posiesi ui of kno'vIuHtf of tho condition nf , - r ' 1 ' - f - e. " t fl t , 'o. When we contrail tins d.scredi' of our own country) teeming with such gig uitie ro.-ources, ith the pilmv cre.m oi oilier .'tales that have little else but good faith and li.gh taxation to lhr, it i impossible to tefer it to any other ante but a deep moral distrmt in us the most ignomin oils citii-e that can fa. Ion a people who njpiro to lie cin ized and Iree. UI tlio truth ol us fact, 1 cannot jrivo you a bolter tiiool than that whilst no one wnl look to, and capitalists turn with aversion from, tbo United States loan, the comparatively ih-agnilicriiit town of Him- burg, with its p filiation oi vuu.UM) mhab.ta . , to unable it to ri.e out ol its iihhu.-, has bar.' uv- I at Ii 1-'.' per cent precisely double ihoamoiint ol our propoced loin, one far rung of which the mted Mate-l ominissionei- will piobinlv not be able to negotiate. Denmark and llclginui, nether of which would be a breakfast for thu hungry stomach of lirothar .lolinalhau on a fros- y morning, can borrow at lour por cent, what icy want, an 1 hiigiau t and Ilollain , with the principal of a public ilubt, the payment ot which is likely to be contemporaneous with the (lis. covery of perpetual motion, can burnnv just wb.it they want, at muter o per cent, because they pay their mtereit, and tax themselves to pay their interest. As a statesman and patriot, 1 am sure, iny dear Sir, you w ill say that thu state of l!nn"s must not bo permitted to last. No country can continue m tho worst species of insolvency, a bankruptcy iu its repute, without losing that folf respect which is the salient spring ot all that ijives vigor, and renown to national character. It may he said that as a nation wo arc in no do yrcc responsible for this decadence in the credit of the States. 'This may be truo to a cor tain extent. Our national and political nggre gatu.n, however, if I may so speak, is made up of this family of .States, and you may depend upon it that other nations and posterity will ho'il tho irovcriimeiit ol the Union morally responsi bio for tho character of its members, although the forms of our federato system may discharge it Irom a legal liability lor their engagements, Admitting tho potency, and the extent of the evil, you will ask what is the remedy ! 'This, my good sir, is precisely the ijucotion I am about to ask you, and 1 aslc you in the form ol a spe rific inquiry,whcthcr public opmion.tbrough thu Union, may not receive such an urbanization by the action of Congress, popular meetings and the press, ns to induce the defaulting Stiites to hold conventions this winter, comprehending thoso who have nenoliatcd foreign Ijans, who never theless have met punctually their dividends, th it hy united action luey may induce the legisla tures uf the srvcral lindcbled Stales to impose, and the people to boar buiii taxes as shall pro vido tlio means of paying tho Interest, and cs tablislunir a sinking fund for tho gradual extiu guiohmctit of tho principal of their public debt ! I cannot believo that thwo appeals to State pride, and national honor would bo unavailing, toil t-ce that I lay out of account tho asstiinp tionot thu State debts hy the J ederal tiovern mnnt, beransu 1 ollon fear, if this exportation ere I -l-l ...it, !'.- il"f. i ; .tr- woo'd do elcaiinv i annus h. ing circulation, which the eminent philosopher to whom 1 have relcrred has declared to be one ol the worst calamities that cut befall a civiliz ed country far more dimttrous "than the con tinued blight of unl.uorable harvests and seas ons." 'I'hu let-ult has been first in the con riant action of the I'ederal (iovernmeiit, or their suppo.-eil meditated action on the 11 inks of the .Slates, which created a universal panic, that lias compelled the I! inks to withdraw their cir cuhtion, and next the General (loveniineut per muting to remain in criminal abeyance their sovereign function to supply a curruncv ciiual toth wants of the cuuntrv, and to "regulate its value." The consorpicnse is, that tho States have no'hing in the shape of credit, or m moy, at home ' 1 1 pay with abroad, livery sperms ol pioperty has lailen Irom hlty to one hniuhed per cent eiid the stand ird ol value so seriously disturbed tint a linn in ISM) might have had property to I three limes ihe value of h.s debts, yet ho is now I two facto ru.ned by the silent transit of our country from a redundant circulation to what somu are pleased niot felicitously to call a bard money currency when the lact is that wc pro cure neither that which is hard, or .,olt. I!y this alteration in tho standard of value, a revolution is in purtcntoiis progross in our coun try, as wule-sproad and desolating, as far as property is concerned, as that which distinguish ed and illustrated the masterpieces ofhumin policy of tho Uobcspterres, Dantutis and Marais of another tll-lated country, which in its time was governed by its demagogues tco, who made paper money so thick that it uhowod assignants in the streets ot rans, anu iiieu lumen round and burnt tu their phren.v thoir own handiwork. Look, my dear sir, at the thousands, and tens of llio'j!,ands of families that have been ruined that have had unutterable woe carried into the verv bosoms of their homes, by tho nostrum ut our political ipiaclcs, who, in thuir senseless aron the verv banns mey created, ''ave no lime "by thr preparatory revolution ol the in tervening discords" for the country to pass from period of expansion to ono of fevere and arid restriction. To those who have been ruined in these unhappy tunes, whole estates have passed under the tender gripe ot tlio siierui, tne moral

justice of Gen. Jackson's memorable apothe- iysm will bo but a dry crust, "thai tnoso who but row money ought to break, " a doctrine out of which their creditors aro likely to derive as lit tle comfort as themselves, although it must bo admitted that tbo General tried all he could to secure this blessing to the country. Hut, my good sir, th'! day of reck uung uu come. J ho account will be adjusted now or by posterity hereafter. Oneofttt, first sums will bo to settle what the victory uf New Orleans has cost us. Photo aro generally expensive pageants any how. llunaparto probably never achieved onu for l.a Hello 1 ranee, except to the tunc oi twen tv millions of francs to say nothing of tho lot, cd "craclicd crowns and bluody noses he lult on the hold ol battle. Hut his victories, in cost, were no moro to be com pared to the victory of New Orleans, than a ipeiuiy whistle is io t'.nrjn .uuncnauseirs ccienrairu clarion under an April thaw, 1 calculate that thu victory of tlieeih ouanuary cost us nvu Hundred millions ot dollars, levees tuc smalt expense ot emailing upon me country, n set oi nrivcii'-rs wjiosc uny nas luiven nway nil di"iuty Irom distress, and inado cvtn caiam Ity ridiculous." Vou will say hold. Vou and I arc ntlDAV MORNING, OCTOnl U 1 1, 1912. Gnx. Hamilton's Letter. Wo refer to tho letter from General Hamilton, who has just returned from Europe, to Mr. Cal houn, on the subject of the credit and cur rency of the country. Tho Newport Her ald of the Times, from widely paper wc copy it, remarks "It will be recollected that General Hamilton wa3 among thoso who took a prominent and an HCtivo part in tho elevatbti of General Jackson to the Presi dency, lie has lived long enough to see the incalcu lable injury to Jus country resulting ftoin that rash net. and with characteristic frankness and candor acknowledges his error in its fullest extent." The letter will he found in the preceding columns. EFFECT OF THE iNHW UNITED STATES TA111FF. Many of the English papers itro loud in their denunciations of thu turilT passed tit the Into session of Congress. The Liver pool Times contains tho following tcmarks on tho subject. "The s-itufaction produced by the news of Lord Aslihurton's treaty has been rtrcitlv d.mini'hed bv the intelligence that Congress and Presidiin T)ler hive passed a tariff of duties on import", many of wir.i-b will prove most oppn s-iie, if not destructive, to the tradcol l.iu'nnd. 1 his is pier-iely the result winch wns aulicipati d and predicted as sure to fol low, from the obst nato lefiml of Sir Hubert Peel's Admiiusiration to admit American wheat nnd Hour on fueh terms as woulJ-tlute given the whrat growing Mates the -nine interest la resisting high diitieson llntisui L'ooJs as the rotton-crowim; stutis now have." "Tho new American Turin" i n rrc.n hlowlo tlio already drooping trade nnd cmnme-rce of this coun try, and will prove a fitii one tu -eicr.il branches of industry, if i' should continue in furrefor any leii;th of tone. The n. v ratesof duiv, which nre consider ed eipul on the nverage to nn ad valorem duty of 31 per cent, no inniiiiineiureo goons, me much more linn can be borne, cpirinlly in the present unlu of iraue, nil i iii -h- nun "i nic nunc, sucn n. Ilin-e on wollens and iron, which are much lasher than that." "Manv of them m 'St be diminished, or the trade between the two countries will erase, and unless Sir ltobf-rt Perl has made up his mind to this, he must brine himself nstnin to consider the duties which he Ins imposed on the pnn'-iptl nrtieles ot American nro.luee. and to nller them in such nnnnmrns will induce the Ameiican Government to lower the duties just imposed. MARYLAND. The election in this State took place on Wednesday of last week. Thu Ij.iltimuro Patriot of that afternoon says that there appeared to bo generally n pretty full iitteitdanco at tho tools, and that there was little excitement nnd no disorder. June, 1501. Ho has died tbcrefoio in the fortieth year of his ministr) , mid the G'ld of his ago. Tho funeral ceremonieu were performed yesterday afternoon, in the I'ederal Strcett'liurch, nnd were of a solcm and and impressive character. Tho house was crowded. The I'evcrcnd3 Mr. I.othrop, Mr. Patkmaii, Mr. Young, and Mr. Gannett, took part in the services. S3 A correspondent informs us that "durinfj tbo catly part of the funeral services, the bells of all the Unitarian churches were tolled. ISono ol the other churches joined, we believe, with tho exception of thoso of tho Catholics an unexpected, but honorable and well-merilcd expression offcehng on account of one who had socloipicntly recorded tho praises and virtues of their own Kciiclon and tiioverus. ijosion Gazette, Un. S.'t. Prof. Grimes closed bis course of Phren ological Lectures in tlio Court House on Wednesday evening, giving very gtcat sat isfaction to a highly lospectablo ntidtonce. Several conin imontarv resolutions were passed which wo shall publish next week. fr? Wo are pleased to learn that Mr. Thompson's work upon tlio Natural and Civil History and Gazetteer of Vermont is now printed and will soon bo ready for dis tribution, Wo shall notice it more particu larly hereafter. (TJWo havu received it communication in reply to "Vermont" on tho subject of Mr. Dickins and hw reception in this coun try, which came too latu for our paper this week, but shall appear in our next. As this communication covers the whole ground in controversy, and expresses sentiments so similar to our ow n, it entirely supercedes the necessity of any further remarks from us. Sad AccinrNT. Mr. John Oilman, of this town. whoassi-tcd in finite th-i cannon, bcloinjuip to the Artillery company, while on the parade pround in lias villai-o last week, had las let! hand jiearly, or quite destroyed, and his ollur hand badly hurt. The horcs attached to it snarled whm he was loiding, so that the person holJiii tbo priming holu. n ihown oil his guaid, and the rjuu discharged. 'ranUm Mtibenger. nor, since you allowed tne to appear anonymously, permit ine to say, had you any right to presume to know mo in your paper. I intend to postpone the wholo subject the personal part as well as the other until the whole reply shall have been completed, which I trust will be immediately. I ask you to pub lish this note merely as a pledo on my part, to those who may tnkeany interest in the disc ssion, that if, as you remark, tbo "Dickens is really to pay," "pitch shall bo hot " at the proper tunc. Hespcclfully Yours, Vr.UMONT. I re 1 1 i . it t wis rot KtrirHv tn cordatire m h tne r.nliii nim n, li.nt.nl bv il, House, ntnl ailed tipnn the speaker to declare it out of urdi.r, but iho speaker decided against him. Mr. Wads moved furlm,,.. i,, brl,, In n l., l founded upon a third resolution of the commit jo on ways and moans for imposing a duty upon a:l agricultural produce imported irom tha Un ted 7U!IU, Mr. Harrison hoped it would be v.-;iltr.-.wn as it was uiidorstood yesterday that that meas ure siioum no iclt until tlio next session. Air. JJosvvnII thouirht ho could not m-nennd with tho measure, independent of tho under standing, as they had no message from His Ux. coiioiicy. several members adverted to tho British tar iff statute, and saw difficulties in the wavoffra. tiling such a bill at present which were almost insuperable, and recommend the withdrawal of tho motion, to which the mover assented. Ily a despatch from Lord Stanley to Sir Charles Uagot, which wo find in the Kingston Whig, it appears that the question of admitting American wheat into Canada duly free, or with duty, is left entirely to tho Provincial Parlii mont. The imperial Parliament was conscious of tho probability that American wheat might bo imported into Hngland, under the name of Can adian, but it preferred to run tho risk of evas lion, rather than throw obstacles in tho way of I importations into Canada which might be neces sary for consumption there. Ily the new tarilf wheat from Canada is id mitted into England at a duty of ono shilling tho tpiartcr when the price in England rises to o3 shillings. The following remarks upon this important subject aro from tho Kingston Chronicle : Ihe Lnglish Government oilers to the prov. ince to repeal tho Imperial duties-, levied in En-, land upon wheat imported into England from Canada, if the Provincial Parliament will im. pose a duty on wheat from the United States The provincial Adin.nistraiion has agreed to ac cept tho offer, and propci.es to liv the duty at about :is. sterling per quarter, or .1 l-2d. Cy". per bushel. SuppoHiig u10 impor'ation from tha United Stales to bo about a million of bushel.', this offer will add to the provincial revenue about X3?0,0()() sterling. If it shall only atnountto.fJ00,000itwillbeau enormous ad ditiontotlieprovinci.il revenue, winch vv II no doubt bo applied to public worksto tho erec tion of public building-., m wh rh, as con'Mstod vyilh thoso in every great to.v a in the Un.ted Stato, this province is greatly deficient j and, it is to be hoped, to the erection of schools. To sonio extent the duty will bo a tax nn tho inhabitants of the province, namely, upi n so much of the wheat imported as is cons ,med here. If the duty was mere'y on whef. 'r a' ing it as Canadian v, .at, when exported, it would atnouut to the duty levied on Canadian wheat in England, but the amount will he much more, and as ihe wheat will be manufactured into flour for expeirta'ion, the province vv id navo tho profit of the nntiuiacture. This is the first time; that the Imperial vinvrrnmeiit has g ven up to a colony the dunes it thiiika proju-r to im pose in England on rolomal nnj-ortb tur the reg ulation of Us own tr.ide. Communication. To Vie Hdilor of tha Darlington Free Press. MoNTnsAL, Sept. 27, IS 12. Dear Sib. The successful introduction of moral and religious music into so many of uur public schools ond seminaries of learning at the present day is one of the most pleasing and important improvements of popular education. It is indeed cheerin? to the heart of every Christian and frienJ of public and private happiness. The use of such music in public schools produces important and happy effects. It indues habits ofut tcntioa and good order, cheers the spirits, awakens and invigorates the innainatinn, strengthens the lungs and vocal powers, cscitcs kind and friendly feelings anion;; tbo scholars, and in many other ways con tributes to their health, pleasure and improvement. A gentleman from the States has recently mtroduc c I sinking into several of the public schools in this city and our citizens now feel considerable interest in the subject. . havooflen heard of interesting Juv enile smin' schools m llurbutun and its vicinity, and I trust your people generally still leel the impor tance of tilts branch of common education. In a recent tojr through some partsof the Stites I w.13 delighted with several exhibitions of Juvenile saigin?. Particulaily in Boston, through the ifTutts of the "lloston Academy of Miioie" and Mr. Mason, whose influence led to us establishment, treat pro gress has been made in tins delightful branch of edu cation. Almost every child and vouth in that citv is taujht to nn;. ST. ST.. .IT..... I I . , , , , , , . .. i murdt rers ol their th-i Is, onn it is tli.ni.fht n - v w 'I iiniucu to tne juvenile ucpaiimeiim ot music, ins j be ,,, mlor al .,.. ul,n,-an. 1,1 I-'rom I-'lobida Indian Murder! Hy the arrival at this puit, ot the sivami r I incinnnli. from P,.a'ka, we learn that on the 2id tilt, it parly ot white p. ijac, who were travtllins! near tho sue of Port t mss on Law Iliver, were shot at my some Indians, vv Ii . way 1 ud them ; a woman wns I llltd and a nnti v. i i itrd; there were two woun n in coinpm), oneol u 'i ...i es caped uninjured. It is supposed lhat iheli.o -a - , ,m muled this n-t to reia'iatj on the wlnlis lor t e ile stiucuou of some p opiiy that ilu Indians i " ,n a e-.nioe. 1 in eoiiiainnil.r.y otti-er has r o j t o THE TRADE IN WHEAT WITH CANADA AND GKEAT HHITAIN'. A letter front Lord Stanley to Sir Charles llagol, Governor of tho Ctnadas, informs him that ihe government of the mother coun- j try is willing to content itself with a nomi nal duty ou Canadian wheat and Hour, leaving to tlio Canadian pailiament to ft tho duty on Ameiican wheat and Hour im ported into Canada from the United States. The effect of this will bo nn indirect admis sion of our wheat and flour into Groat Ilril ain, and a virtual repeal uf the corn law Dolomites to tlio Geiioriil Assembly were to prohibition, so far as our trade is concerned. bo chosen for the city of Baltimore, and for hVI-'at and flour once imported from the each County, senators to servo six years numerous and improved Collections of Church music have excited throughout the American Churches a deeper interest in tho Son;s of ihe Temple and led to great improvements in thu di-hghlful service. Hvery eboir nml niiiirresliuii mny now lio ftupplnd vulh n great variety of moat exeellt-nt nn I npprtipri.nn turn s His last work of this kind, especially, tho oaera,- .. was ,i.,r.i uy ino most mMiuSu,si,ed , Kljr ,e (tfl,ncCi ippoMio w3. rcnd nf lhr rfr,on tiifci, ,1, in, ... i,.., . n,ii(..,Bcs .ui , uu.. vi iviiu sii.i me rao tome importers, nt l j , ni In tuc V. S. District ( ol bt, hi fore Jmle u c 1 1 the case oflho United Mates s an imoice- ol L-a-ner filovis tiiiportcdby Kinder CL !jL, wns t i .i Tuc Unite I St ites Aijirsscrs lil,fiu that tin ' .w-h. vhieli iw re fur Iniben, W, re invuind 'J.'.ptr etnl too low. hem'' worth :t7 rrnni-, n.r .t.ja.in. nml n.,1 IU nm Carolina 1 '"Voiced, and .Messrs Sle-wa.tand Lnne Line si.mlar its'inunir. 1 I'm which de-r-osition ihe seller sw ore tint he Clovrsut the invoice price. The t ourt cha's. i tho Jury that if it was a bona fi 'e sale, anil thai th. j.oi i had been really sold at the niYoie- price, tie n t'ltra should be a verdict for the claimants, hut U t a-pi -ed omerwise, there should be a enhct f..r t' - I . t, A V erdict for tho United States. -V. 1". A.ner- were to bo chosun in seven of tbo counties. Sheriffs for each county were also to bo chosen. Each voter was also required to inform to Judges of Elections whether lie is for or against the following alterations iu tho Con stitution of the Slate: 1. The Legisla ture to meet only every two years. 2. Tho Governor to be elected fur four years. 3. Shoriflsto be elected for fouryears. The returns so far as received cive the w i following result. Senate, House, W. 1-2 L'l L. F. S 4 orea v res lonsuue lor i us nero s "e- iul' in o nowcr Yes, it is trim willingly would I expiate lias sin, sir, wilb my blood, if it could rccnll tho fatal paBi, Hut this is impossible. Let us look with courage', and rc solution to the future. I care not what vour abstract theories on bankiugaie, whether they ngrto wilhor dillerfruni inyowii. 1 believe you have, as you had at ino close oi me laie war, ino resources ol iiiiao nnd spirit U lift the country out of its present deej decadence. Ves, my dear sir, I biheva vuur ambi tion mid your gc-m.i9.iru on a level with all that is L'reatnud aloruins in human action and i-uternrise. The lit Id is hi fore you lake the lead iu sonio gteat public measure, whether it ha a llanlt of tbo I'mted States, or mi l.xcbeqae-r tigeut, invigorate mdiislry, L'lvn 10 us nil tibiindiiiil, bound, i-ac.il jan-' medium nnd dm'' on from thndeenlho drowninc credit ol'tlu States. Do ibis, and il the fast Honor of (lie country does not nwa.t yuu, lUlatl blessings will rest upon your Limn, I re-main, tny deir Sir, with sincere oslivm, Very le'pjclfully and faithful v yi nrs, J. MA ilH.TO.V. iiC) 50 In thisstaleniont Mr. Lecomple, of Car roll, ( linlepenilent,; is not includcU, and St. iVlarv's, Dorchester, Somerset.tind Wor cester, (electing in all fifteen delegates and one Senator,) to be heard fiom. If they be all Whigs, as they were last year, the joint vote will stand, Whigs Cr2, Loco Focos 50, and Mr. Lccomptu not numbered on cither side. Uuiled States, can no longer be distinguish ed from tho products of the province, and will immediately find their way to England. This will be good news for tha cultivators of wheat in the western states. Thu Kingston Chroniclo says that the Canadian government havu concluded to ac cept thu offer, and proposes to fix thu duty on American wheat at lliieo shillings ster ling tho quarter, a duly which it is expected will ni.iko a largo and welcome addition to iho provincial revenues. 1 lie importation of our corn into Canada, will obviate ono 1'ioat inconvenience of the sliding scale of n tho cron-laws namely that thu American exporter, who sends out his wheat when he hears that the duty is low, finds, before his cargo arrives, that tho market is already supplied from tho North of Europe, and that tho duties aro again high. The following is an extract from Lord Stanley's letter, published in the Urilisli Whig, of Sept. 27th : " Ily the liw, as it hitherto stood, Canadian wheat and wheat (lour, liavo been admissablc into Great Britain at a rato of duty estimated at 5s. per quarter, until ihepticoin tho lbiglish market reached 70s the kind ever published. It contains a greater vari ety of excellent tune, chants, set-pijees eV., all ar ranged in thu best tasto and style, than any other similar work now extant. And it is a pleasing thuu.dil to the fr ends of i-acred music audits nii- pruveniciil that while the churches generally are be-1 v'""" euui ill uiuiu u.i.i inui c in ilii criru ill 111c Pliuj'.'ei aim making greater elparts for its advancement, that such awoik should in ike its appearance, so admirably adapted to the pr.-seiu lmptuvemcnts of Church mu sic and extended purposes of our Climtran psalm ody. I hope to see you soon, sir anj to Icarn some thing mote of the manner ill vs Inch mus.c is taught in tbo States, both m Adult and Juvenile schools. Your I-'iiend Ac. L. G. W. Wc generally agrco with the sentiments nf ihe above communication : And wo suppose that Mr. Mason has dono more to elevate the character of sacred music within n few years, than any other man Hi New r.nglmd. el Ihero is ono part of las policy, which, wiin our pres -nt Know leage ot musieal mat forth a new- book every vear. madeun chietle of old ! nl!'1 ,ou? '!"' "'w11 f.f Sa Antonio with some fifiy NoanicAsrEas Uucndaiiv. Major Graham, Cap tain Talcott, I. leut. Mead, and Metsrs. Aylutes aid Glass, American eotmni-s.i.m, rs, pass, il thr.niMt Woodstoc'. la-t Wednesday, an their way o the frt. Francis and hend-waier3 of the M John, to make an exploratory survey of the new line ul bounjary. Ilxtract of a letter, datej "Vn.v Crvz, Sept. 11. I annjttnee to vou the eaptute (without a single shot) of the who c Vi.enian fleet at l.agiina, consisiini; of a bug, tctn oi er, and pilot boat, all of which vessels arc now undsr the guns of San Juan de Ulloa." Impoftajit tkoji Texas.-The steamship Mer chant, t apt. Boyle, arrived here this more. j from Texas, linnzinrr .Isles to the 2 ith mst. P.yit .sar i rival we learn that on the llihinst. a tiattv of thir- ' teen hundrel Mexicans under Gen. Woll, surprised while inhabitants. l'leJident Houston Ins issued a proclamation calling on the people to turn eat and punish this aggression. This iniellu'enee, lbs auihetitieilv of nbuh appears unquestionable, would po to prove not on'i t' t an- imisic altered and unnided, with a few a.lJai irnl new tunes, and then olU-i insj the same as a now lloole of music b'dler of course than nil that have preced ed it. Aside fiom the annoyance and confusion pro a 1 1. r ..i.', .... ., ;...j .. expensive to ihe community an3 savors too much of , !'lA,n"? !f l'rfl?ell s'f'ou? "t Ins designs u, -a Texas, speculation. ;or. I V t. elon8 nt;niplat.dinvoMuii hi - a- s ut- iy Limn '.aLn .i iwuj i iiiiitee-u uuiliai u ine.i tin Oer the command of an experienced and at .-:n s leader, taking posscsstuii ol a frontier town would seem but the forerunner of larger forces and more se.-riou-conflicts. We may ihereinre, bo prepared for slirrins new s from the youti republi.-. A curious c-vperiineiit is n laud by liernara v.h h iows that fat may be made ariitii lull) ; . ui.v.ng together one measure of uiibniiK' ;u. I, tea . a.ure! of caiburctted ItydiOjjen and twiutv of I'v 'sjen lutie Canadi.vn TAjttrr. Wc copy from tho Kingston correspondence of tho Motitrca Courier a part of the proceedings in tho Can adian House of Assembly on the UOth of Septem ber, relating to tiiu imposition of duties on American wheat. The order of the ihv for receiving the report ' and transmiiung the nnxtuie- through a red 't luht of th? coimiiitteo on ii.ipos.ng a dntv on forei-n ' "JTt h"B,cr.,'i,,,18, wsrc ol'taiii.sl, win. h were in ...i.... n i .. !i . " soluble in water, soluble in ale hohol, and fusible bi wheat, being called up, the (puestion at concur-1 ueat mto oily iluul. QJTlio steamshii Columbia, Capt. E. C. Miller, arrived on Tuesday morning, with dates from Liverpool and London to the 20th September, inclusive. iho news is wholly unimportant. Thu Queen of England had relumed from her Scottish lour in good health. The English papers took very dilTcrcnt views of tho eflect of tho Ameiican treaty one parly considering it just and politic, and the oilier denouncing it as a dishonora ble and uncalled-for surrender of the lights of Britain. Loid Aslibuiion was severely rebuked by tho latter class, hut wo believo that tho good sense of both nations will con cede to thu ncgociators on cither part, the merit of having bestowed their duties in tho most satisfactory manner. Tho i iots in tho manufacturing districts had not wholly coascd. Ono man had been killed iu a disturbance at Manchester. Trado had slightly revived in consequence of tho treaty with tho United States. A largo number of heavy failures arc an nouiiced, among which is that of Richard ltoheits, lite celebrated speculator in cotton, 'mi I;, iiiid tailwiiy shares, nt M..iii'hosler. renco was put upon the resolutions adopted by ino c-unaiiiue'c, separately. Mr. lllack moved as a'ridcrto the first of .Mr. Harrison's resolutions, "Provided that Canadian wheat bo admitted into tho ports of tlreat lint am duty free, pi at a merely nominal duty, and that American wheat comiiie; into this country and exported bo received in Great Jlntain upon tho same terms as Canadian wheat." This provieo is certainly a most roaonab!e one, as, it ."s'perm oil is made in the fame vay as lard nil. by is composed of elaine and steraine, anil they are ftp aratttl by pressure upon bibulousvaper, uhieh reains th.' elaine. !y the same process lurd oil is obtained, .m,1 v. iiit,.r.strnirina Int.! rl i. ill wl'.n.l llm cnM u nlh. er j ist as vvi II as w inter strained sperm oil. Lous Title Journal. at which amount the uuty leu to uu. uy the bill which i- now befuid'atliauient, a duty ofis. is levt adhlouly while, the price is below 53s. and at 53 falls to is, only. out in auuuion iu una je-uueiiun in me amount of price at which tho lower duty becomes payable, it is proposod to take oil' the restriction vvlueli lias nitiierto uceu imposeu upon ine importa tion uf Canadian flour into Ireland, and thus to onen nnew tnatketlo lhat which may justly be considered as one of the manufactures of ( anada. "It is truo that tho Imperial Parliament at the time that they admitted Canadian produce at a nominal ;iut, miiliii coiisinuueiii.iH) H.IH- iiiijiuseu a corres- pondiiifj; duty upon tne imports oi American wneat in Canada, and nimbt thus have placed a check upon thoundue influx of foreign under Iho namo of Cana dian produce", but whalevcr imeht bo the view taken by tier -Majesty s uuverninciii miner nuiuercnt state of circumslanccs, in which a tax imposed by colonial authority, and of course ree'eivablo into Iho colonial treasury.upim w heat imported from the United States mujht secure the agriculturists of l.'ngland against the competition of farcical growers, they Invo been unwilling to impose such a lax, by tlio authority of parliament upon a taw articlo which might bo requir ed for homo consumption in Canada, and in the ab sence of such a tax, havefell it impossible to propose lo Parliament a further reduction than that which ihey liavo submitted, in favor of wheal Hour slipped from the ports of Canada." Thu Kingston Chroniclo says : "T.i BiiniH extent the dutv will be a lax on the in. habitants of the province, namely, upon so much of the whcatunpJilislMsiieoiisuuiisj nero. if llieduty was merely on wheat, treating it as Canadian wheat when exported, it would amount to the duly levied on Canadiiii wheat in Knalind j hut the amount will ba much morp, nnd as the wheal will bo manitfiietured into Hour for exportation, iIip province wall havelhe irofitof the inainif ictuic. Th-ntho fir-l lime that 'lelmni ml i"v ii-lent lias pivrn up Ion colon, a i i i ru i .ii I't" n I , i NOTICE Is hereby given tint tho Itcv. Geo. L. tho proposition therein contained be not carried ! Hovey Missionary from Jamaica, will de- intocllect, the measure wi rather move a curse I than a benefit to the country. Hut the collec tive wisdom think otherwise, and tho amend incut was lost on the division yeas IS, noss ao. The question of concurrence was then put on the first resolution, and carried yeas dl), nays ID. The second resolution was then con curred in by the samo division. On putting tho third resolution that moved by Mr. Child, asserting the expediency of taxing all American agricultural produce Mr. Han" ilton moved that the fol!awinr bo added therpto: "that all agricultural produce introduced into tlie district otOaspo for tho ute of tho fishenesr ue cxompteu irom an uuty winch was rejec ted by tho following vote yeas 18, nays .'IS. The objection was stated by some of the h u. orab'.e membcm to be thodilliculty which would ariso in distinguishing, but it was admitted Hut produce imported into Gaspo from tlio United States by sea for the uso of tho fisheries should bo exempt, as it was desirable to extend every nraetiealilM nni'mirnrrniMMt 'rim .,.i,.;nnl -a.. , ,vm,.,i . ,m ,tj;iiu IV9 olution was then adopted, yeas ill), nays 21. Mr Harrison then introduced a bill iu acror. dance with the first two roolutions ; it proposes a duly of ils. sicrhni: per imperial ouarlor such duty logo into operation upon tho lifth '' of July next. Tho preamble expresses confidence that upon the imposition of a duty hero upon American wheat imported into thu province, ettch wheat will bo admitted duty tree or rattier as Canadian wheat into the porta of Great Britain. The oimsnioii d tho third resoluii m frmii the til 1 in ilii in I v M II. 1 1 ii. n i r. .'io! liver a lecture on tho subject of his Mission, in the Court House in Burlington on the eve of the Mill, itist. fFiiday) nt 7 o'clock. Tho public may be assured, that, those who attend will bo richly compensated for their attendance. NOTICE. The annual meeting of the Vermont Coloniiution Society will be holden on Thursday of next week in Motitpelicr, at fi o'clock, I M. Tho late Gov. Pinncy of Liberia, will be present and address tho meeting. Ho will arrive in Hui lington, prov idenco permitting, on Wednesday evening by the I!oat,and an address and report of tha state of things iu Liberia may bo expecte' from him nt half past seven o'clock in Court House. J. K. CONVERS' Oct. 10th, 1S12. MairirSodo Married in Fairfax, Sept, 2'nd, by the Rev O. llabcnelt, Mr. I.olind U. Jackson, of Wcstford, Miss Sarah Ann llallardof Fairfax. In Colchester, an the 2d October, ly tetter etle M . Wolleott In th: town on tho 9nd iiiM bv the It. v Mr fc' tl'ir.l M- Heman All n Keei. of Veneres i Mrs. ( 1 I ' i 1 1'OS '1 fl . , l,H I t ' '' - - '. M :. 1 - t r l' V, 0k