Newspaper of Burlington Free Press, December 9, 1842, Page 2

Newspaper of Burlington Free Press dated December 9, 1842 Page 2
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aJGl'OllT 01? Till', COMMISSIONTHS APPOIN. TKD TO VISIT Till) UNIVMISITV OV VllUMONT. . .uColJ1fm.!s!'ioncr3nl,l'oi"ll;tl by ' tTrtcrnor to visit ino University or Vermont tot thovcar 1S1V, be Icavo to report ns follows, vit lhat we hope we hnvenot misunderstood the pur poioof our appointment, ns set forlh in the rcsilu- ir '. i "."""'"'on' P3MCU Iiy llio Lcinslilutc. And lilt shall appear I lit vvn i.i. ,i..ni.;nn ..i earnestness, it is because we feel llinl we cnnimt ili- n" mines iinucr our instructions without so u Hi,-, unu 111 on wo appeal ror our justification. lYc are l-en-nri,,! i, .,i n :j . . .1 i. mis set forth in the memorial of the Corporation of l ie University, and report our views in relation to - - - , ..u cijii-eru niiciiiiou 10 i no tin . .p.m. nimwnn, now to Uo tins belter than, in plac locall your attention to the frank and. iicrMtie exhibition of those ohjecls in the memorial tsclf, which 13 as fn loves! l,'r',iTU-"Jer?',"ne1 nPPinl!1' by tho corporation of ... . ....r.i,jr ui iirinon. lor mat purpose, Dei leave to present the following , M E M O It I A I. . The Corporation regard themselves as charged with the care of ths University, not for their own in terest, nor that of th i',r.,..,. ...,i it-.., ,,.. . for the interest of any particular class or portion of "'"- or me tienelit or Hie whole state. i yii10s?rd L'nivf"ity as it was intended it should lie by the first constitution of the state, as one 0. the publieinterestsof the whole commonwealth and not the ereatjreof any party less than the whole .'hov ilu not wish this interest to be ah indotieil by if. rhey wish it to be cherished and perlected. Thev labor ror it without reward, a, a public interest, in which they are concerned in common with all their fellow citizens, but only as others are. Hut be-ini iii " , ,re 01 ". "nJ feinj neiii responsi lll, both in law and conscience, to take caro of it rightfully, they e innot but present th 'melves before run, nun ii3,i mil ine people lie not despoiled or this interest by the neglect of the I.eeWitnre.or de'rnu I e l of the benefits they expect fro.n thi, by its re missness. As a corporation we have formed plans for its use fullness and without intending lo arroeiteuperior l!y to oirselves, we are reidy to justify ilum on nil t illable occasions. We have eTp 'iided money, and that Willi as much wisdom s r-as inibte m-i co lid expect. We have svight to increase the IKed prop erty of Iho Institution, and we have done in we have sought to enlarge its rncsns of infu lice hy in ereisinp; its libraries and the appiratusof knowledee; and we have done it. We hive sought lo give reis oinhly exact nnd thorough instruction ; and we have done it. We hivesiught u ohtiio grounds round nbout the University bnldincs for their convenience, for iheir beauty, and for their necessity; and we have done it. These ob jects havedemanded patient thought, dillifjpnt inquirv, accurate invesltjaiion, and prompt anJ irtiei'tit ae Hon. This we have not shrunk from. Wehaveilc te'inincd to make the University, as far as our means could allow, what every right-minded and every rloar-heade I man expected it shou'd be. a place where should bo found all the healthful influences of soind leiining. To aid in in tha (are of this crest state interest, we have asked the ass:stonco of the Legislature, but no assistance his been granted. From thedav in which certain lands were set apirt for the University, which at that lime were worth nothing to it, or any nni els--, to the iire-e it hour, not a single dollar has been fivcn to it by the Legislature, fo far asleii-la-iivenul and countenance are concerned, this interest of the people has been disregarded. When wir Ins broken it up, when fire has consumed its pleisinl places, when penury and want have withered its in fluence and destmved its pioperty, it has come in fulness, and knocked at vour door, only to be told, " He yo warned, and be ye filled, but depart." When adversity seemed to be weary of itll-.clins it, ncd temporary prosperity had crowned its sclf-denial.it l.as come with sunshine in its lace, and asked for the rinilcs of a welcoming parent, only lo be turned away in silence, an I perhaps contempt. Co'utnissionera have been appointid hy the execu tive of te state, who have visited us, and, after thor ough examination, have repoitej our condition and our wants; and urged them upon the attention of the Legislature, but without effect. St II, although fre quently unsuccessful, we cannot doubt ihit the time will come, when this rreat interest will he wi.v n!. tended to by those, who have in charge the system of ejucituuii iur i;ie sinie. The cirporilion of n literary institution isorgiu ized l.ka tu.it of Innk or a manufacturing company, to ac'ii niihito Wealth, or to make money. If its an nual income meets its expenditures, it is nil thru it s intend :d it fciioul.i do. If the.vo literary institutions ere lo be enlarge! corresponding to the growing wauls of 'he community, thev most he ailed Irom abroad. It is impossible it bho'uld be otherwise, un less ihey pervert their charter, and abitidon the oh ji'ct of their creition. As citizens, we demand tint the Uoiveisty should be faithful to th j purpnsifor which it was created, and as a corporation we will not ul!'cr its funds lo be perverted to the trade ol St...., ,,'nl..r, VV I .-!.. ..!..-. ..:.l lens nnd (IS men. that it shall mt nn 11 n-cmmilisii ' ...... ... ,,c iii.o uir.i o v 111 lis si. ns 1 the objects for which it was made. And in doing public good, but ibere has been and now is much of tnis, 11 must have aiJ from without itself. P.verv one 11 in those who hive the iituni-dnte charge of the Ur.i knows that it must. It is si implied in its charter, versitv, which those who look after the good of the It is a j implied and was so understood by those who public onjhl to alleviate.' poke of it in the original constitution of ihe stile, , And as it isund-rstood, that some of these einbar nd by those who adopted that constitution as the rnssmetils arise from dtlils due th" Treasury of the deliberate and eolemn expression of their will, and it ' Slate, the justice. I the propri-iy of cancelling them is so implied in tho very nature of the institution it-1 is respectfully urged upon the l.. gis.ilure. self. We ask, then, not merely ns corporators, hut IV. lint there are other intere-ls connected with as citizens, speaking to those, who hold their sens the University to which weiro dir.cted to give ntten and their ofl'iecs only beeauso they represent our feel- tion, which wenriangein ihe U'trlh ylnrr. undrrt'tc tugs, nn I those ofour citizens like ourselves, that the 'nor of tht prtsml nnd pro'i rrlier 1- tnt of the I'tii W.VW3 of the University be exim'med into. And lhat ' vrrjltij. li.ith this yea-, and in vctirs before this, thev I13 examined inio, not for the purposo of satisfy. ! some nf us hive attended the in nl exviiimtlnn or ing uneasy complaints, but for the purpose of . in ; the College, and il inniver-u fi stival. ii'l " c b.'iiicst and ndequale supply of the wants, if found lo ' cintiot bill speak, with pVi-ure inj unfiigned si'i'. cxisl Wo liu'd never f uiil our citicen g'jicritly , fiction, of th" commendable -;,irit of learning tin nn unwilliug, any more than ourselves, to nid from th 'ir peire.l in nii'ist, lioih on the pa-t of tbo Faculty and own earnings the highest interests of learning; and of the stiiiltnK It i such, a it appears to u. ev il ns'fjj individually and alone, we doubt nut the cry go id nnn would delight in wilr.essiq, and whf h roeinbcrs of the Honirable Legislature would be found gives encouragement nnd hope tint the youth of our jusi nyrcscirmives in meir iceiings 01 the general uc-1 s.ro to a 1 in promoting the highest intere-ls of Icirn-. in;. Wo only desire that there rmy be honesty nnd firmness cuough to express these feelings in public ! acts. I We an now without ihe means necessary to com- pin- the me ol" the University. We ere without ' in-.ins to supply the requisite instruction which our rule suitable instruction, nor proved unfvithfnl to our a .110 ;n won iv.-, we reiuse not tone censured. VVc, therefore, respectfully ak the Legislature to ippro- linit.i for the OSV llf lh' ITniU.,rul.. fm.d tt... I.ttnr.r I'lin I, from llio anticipated revenue from the public tmunai Linus, or irum our Slate j reaurv. an li suns ns limy adequately supply its wants ; and, as in duty lound, will evtr pray. si.'n.J, joiiv wiinr.Lr.rt, SAMUKL PHr.XTISf?, TIMUTHV FOf.Ll'.TT, WORTlIIM.Tt)X SMITH. J. 1). FAKNSWOItTII. Tiieg-i-ril pisition is taken in the memorial that .1. . it. ' ' . ,. '.' . " ""'"'Ji 1 ' var;i'is uejiiriiiienlj ilctnind ; and wo nre without i 11 ' 1 11 r ins.nn to organize .sueh new one.s ns the winfof the fessorships, one of the F.'igl h l.mgingh an I I item people of tho st He require. We hive not squandered ,uri',i 'he other of ihe mo b m Iiroptan Iin"ing-i our funds, nor abuse! our trust, nor nclecte.l 10 nro. I''1''1 were deem 'd of great nnporlinee by Iii-n nnd bv ;,IU"7,' ''"7""'C"i(r;. 10 tin- we luliy 1 pnrlance lint nst.n,1Ce, in wlu.le or in pirl, should ?i;I.V.t- ,." K-Vr?'."f '". r .Z"l'n!l '''"'"''"n ."' , begrante I to stnin a pr .f-ss ir ii this dap.irnn'uit. ins Ir H,L , '"'"est fir Ihebmefit ofall the cit- Thev e.inuol but com.mnd th.sio iheatleniion of the S "l ,m M, I.! ' d'r,eCtly i0r 'nJtr""X i" "? ' Le..iIalure, ns having a most important bearing up fninlii n . ,01 j""'1' 1 .c,m9- ' J ! on the coin,,, oi school cducjiion of ihe state, r I II n1''' 'TUn'n ,of O'nmis-.oRcrs for an- 'I ho Commissioners have nlso given nlleolion lo ? n . r' ,h "" V '',"pl",;, 111 ! "' '"-. ' ' 'ho present an I pro-p.-ctivo e-ond tiou III"" liL ,t , m'M'mnn ""'f; ". "jTcf.re.'nr.h,. boil ling, of ihe UniverMty, which are obj-cls t " ,1 !J r.l'-'h,r'!lly '."iderstiud nllu ledto m the memori il. It is'nbvious ili.it in -oti- I ,IZ . . n 11 V, ,'"'r"e,Il"".",!! "ll' nv' i i'l,'i'ln 'Ih-so objects, the prospective growth of Hie ?t , , !J ,,,:',! f! w" 1?" n'V "' 1 n,n'' University. nutt be kepi sieadilv in mind, si that one . " "J f '"'' n9.e?1,J'r",,, 1 'V ,,r,,,.y 'iTf"'!-, gen-ration may not plant, and build, fo nnolhcr lo pn .1 r " '.hat 01 ''V JuJ",'"yi'n1nphick up and pulldown. If lha operation of tho In- .. Mii.i, iniii-u iu me h ipp in nnu de fence of the morals, of the habits, of i he intellectual growth, nnd the rcl'giotH prosperity of the common wcillli, as any other blatemteresi ill ilciu ft namnl. Not that we think tint Ibis pnbtia inlere-t on1u to liavu precedence over other icat inbiects, b it th-n it on jht to hive its pi ice, slid receive the portion or at tention due its intrinsic importance. The original constitution of tho State contempla ted ihe formation of a University ns belonging lo the system of educilion necesssrv in th.. nm,.,,,!! and well-being of the Mate, nud without which the ..lo, , ,i i t .:..,.' ,. , , , , eic., in lore iue uxiures ui socieiy reiioer lie acniii-i- V. iPsh IhZ IL I, mp'C ?' ""J CrH n.' lc; ,io" imi'OMilile. The institution, with more lln. one Z?ltl,l ,nf.Jn PMP1 '.iW"3 c,,,sse', w,", liundre-lstudenu now.nnd which in iBfe-orf mrgen the county grammar schools, an I lha town common eratinns nf men mav t umber four or nl.un,lred re- ,1 ,Rn ,""r?::.TJ"', f ,. ,VV,,iT.. .1 ' -L !L"lr.fal,',or?',w.,,en l'y -Ve.n,llh?r bhndiHlbv! rriy, nor oonil-Riaves 10 llODU aril v. T lev smiknnr " p ...Ti."'. " 1 v10","'"IM '' Judiciary, when, with prayers and tears and in lha midst ol war and of blood, they laid tho corner stone nf our politics! fabric. It was not, for a moment, looked ,1 r 1.1. .'i Vl , "V.?"? ?lb,00d:."ie' laiJ c"rn" "'"'effn'T' i... .1 . r . 11 ion by them ns thecrcatureof n nirtirntar si l,..nn i,...nnnA.. . i ' . . ... tl if 1 n ?,o V!",al l,0r""."10f Ihfsys- 'e.n'if. 1 1 1 m ln'"Tn, ,'-'c 1 wr covU '" rr rnroeo nsn civil 7eo nnn 1 oris inn n.mn, m, 1,. rai, - :..,ir nu nifil ,i in .hfr,tnr,ii ,,,n MVf,f'l!)r-li c"' ainl V nothing o tho corporation as such ; it is nothing to lifn.,.? n,"fs,BHl! l.'nVn' "V5 10 " ct,m'"'1'' for us oily ns ll ts forall others. It ought, therefore, in our view lo be cherished ns n public interest, nnd its wants met in th- spirit or -in Inees mi I liher ility. It ought to Im withdrawn from all party influence o. any ami . very Mi.,i, wnen ex.os,-,i to lie,,, ; nnd bihlv should prevent tho cii'ar' einenl of the various to be rherisho, as nn obj-et of resp-clfiil regird hy means for ne-.modiiing vt.ident nnd at no din all persons ndepe ident of every cons dcralion, ex. ,, I i!,0 ,o.Jms r,.r public nnrno.es, a Chap-I, C'i! I , Iho system of education for llio Libnry, Collcciions orNiiluial Hinlorv, will require Tf.iole state. I etilirgeuienl. lndeeil, ihe wnnts nf the innin mtv Kueb are snbstintnlly our views nf the main poi- demand that marc and niari'viri'iusinstriiciion should (Ion liken in lh inctnoriol; nnd we eiimnt liuties- Im biven, nud lhat all Ihn feieultii s and nil the nnpaia p'clfully urge ihnt perious and r,ttvc nltcnlion bo Ins of knowled"e should be iuennscil, .Some of these given lo that point ; and that ditrcl and piilpihlo wants mav be left to coming year-, but some should aid, 3 fir as is proper, may be tendered to tins great be speedily supplied. interest of the Hate, I Wo i-nnnot conclude our report without seriously r -. - i . . . . ' That the rondilion of ihe Univwifv may be tho' tnoe intelligibly set forth, we would speak, I. Of what lias been done hy the state fot il. II Of what has been done from other nirces, III. Of thn preterit condition of the Treasury. IV. Of tbo jiruehl and proiptctivs wanti of lbs '.TMil!l' I As lo tlie first t ip,, it , known "enerally that tie .. of ,. ii h of land was reserved, in the towns ,, V'Vi "i W.r. .V'""""' for. !? .m , ; In, r."r..iVJ.i,pJ"" it could not he leased. And us it did not come into . . r i nw iitinii-triiiiu i iii ui'. ns me uuei i occupancy oi tiny otic, II too Its ll.lllee iilh the other iml.hr ri.,l.i. . "VI iiii uiu miter puiiiic rtalits. wh were th f land, Iiy the proprietors, h. tho mo t worthies, o ons or he- township,. .Mo.l of iho vnluil.la pontons portions of ihtso pranls have been leased, nud now yield a rem. Hut i,cv were of no use in first nreaii- ..i.ia uiu i nivcrfiiy. in I iis I he y rannol lie sol.t.atul as Ihe income from Ihom s no' lupe, they have been of eomjiaratively'f.mnll value, uivmj no imtnediatu aid in llieynrioiM misfortunes and embarrassments , ii" I'uni r'iiy. mo nuier anlhis p?en leruli reil bv tbo I.ecislntiire, and the institution Ins been left alone, to sinmijle throuph n scues of difficulties nnd iniroriuiHs that have well nili ruined it in several instames. II. As to the second topic. What has been done for the Ulliversitv frinn nllwr (triMI'ia ur a reninrL much has been accomplished. The 7.ealous tirorts of uiu vuiiiurnimn, nnn uiosc navini! ine insiitulion in cinrce, nave rcsuneii in the orientation of the vari pusiieparimenisol literal v and seienlifie inslrii -lion, in the erection of Ihreo large brick edifices, in the commencement of nn etleo'lre l.brarv, and of a pood philos iphical apparatus and in the withering of verv eonsider.l i e colleeliiins i 11 Mtillintlf llic itntirl...r.nlB of iVitiiral llistorv. Aililitions have been made to the furd property of Iroin the public, by donations from in lipidosis, nn I by purclnse in various wavs. until it is manifest that he principal power of the Institution fir pooj liss been deriiul Irom urnale aid. It wvts nrmniferl. si ...v. . .. sii.i.i.'ii. .ii n it.ii.' iiiiiifunr. i v miii.'rniinir. tirst, and in its ini-lcr tunc it h islieen nided". nnd even resiiitaleil, when about to t.inire. bv llm sellm rner. ay of those havnu it in chuge, in connection with tnc liiier.il anl ol the liieu la. it rirn n nn. n rtv '''o. at one period, de-lroyel its buil.'linps, wir, at iiiui hi, uiuw up us insifuciion, anil armra soioiery lilled its halls; death and mislortune hive afflicted Its ftien Is, and penury and wntit hive almost driven its teachers forth usobjeita of public ihirity. It is i ci ply nlh clinir to consider lint, in Ihe midii of thes,. deprivations Htid sorrow, the system of inslrui tl m has been steadily goini: on Iowa ids prfrctinn, and tint p tientnnd continuous lalur lias not been with hobleii Irum the ntudiiils. And it is sill inTe deeply .'ilUctinj lo beassurvd, ns we hive been, that this bss n en none i.f ine sicrihe,. on i.m ntar of .f.utnv mg I'llior, ol iho strength and ivenof ihe lue of s lino w ho were more or less connected with the system of instruction. Long s.maht a d was with held, until Ihey s.ink beneiih the burthrnsof their station; and the only ollice i-f kindoessth.it ein now berendercl to them, is to Iread lightly upon their i be, and to speak wellaf their memory. Althoneh unknniMi to its annals, and utterly disregarded bv its puirihans, when the secrets of all hearts shill be manifested, it will be found that they hive "done the state 'ome service," in their self-denying devotion to its best interests. Although in iho changes, that must hate taken place, and in the various pronress that has been mile, by which ihe University his heen brought up to its present prosperity, many thuus iniy have been aiH ordonc which were neith-rw.se nor useful; yet, io looking calmly at ils present condition, we cannot but be struck wit i surprise, and ndiniration rien, lhat so much has been eflcctcJ for this great public inter est. III. In relation to the third topic, Thefnttnl condition of Ihe 'J'rtasury of tht Vniteriity, voir Commissi.. ners would iy, thit in the examination of this depirtinent, they have found that th? books ev hibit in the clearest nnd must stisfsctoiy manner the character nnd eondit on uf all the properly orthe I'm versity. They show the presence ot.i watchful cate and guardiinship over all that is committed to the Corporation. And we could not but be strmk with the fact, tint the tiled property of the University had neatly or quite double 1 ivuhin the last ten years. Were it not for the existing debts, the prtseni'incnme of theUniietsity wouM ine. t its current expenditures If thes" were dijchargid, it might proceed quietly to sccoinphsh its purp.is s, si eking, from lime to tur, such aid from the public and from individual patron age as iniL'ht be necessiry to supply its increisins wants and accomplish the n'oets involved in its growth. The de is, which originated in part in the erection of ihe present buildings many years since, and in the purchase or laud Tor the site oT the Collpe, Imc.by thepecuniirv embarrassments or the coun try, become hiphly injurious to the interests of the Uiiiurst'y. Tiey hivctirought more orlessofmort 23se and attachments i vin upon College property of L'reit value lo the Institution, and hive operated most disastrously upon the current income of the Universi ty. This falls most everr'y upon the Faculty. They are not men accustom?! to enforce the collec tion of debts at iho point of the law, but others are, and the natural c'li-ei is th-y are more or less strait ened in their iocnme; nn! de'its are shifted from more c'auiorous men to themselves. The result, of n"cesitv, will be that the Faculty cannot n-t with the lu'l tuner of their minds in thcr apr.roiiriite duties. I anil t it thev miy be in 1 iced lo nccept or the more "ir.pimr'uieiH mat irive wen mane io inem to enter i'i nil" ti ids or public libor. Here is not the nlice to stt.jL ti( lit,. .1,1,1:1 imi w si If iti.nisl f.ir 'ti c.iuniry win come lotlli mnier a ispicis mint 1 ivora bio ror i fill and hippy duvclnpement or their mo-nl and intellectual character. Hut, wbi'e this is true, there are in the ib-p irtmentsof instruction some mast urgent want, nnd which for a lung lime hive be n l)P "'-r!'t. his now more thin thiuvyeais "lncc nm" ,,f 'he mn't talented and learned ofour cii- "-V in n a 111 virier 01 tne oorpoiauon. nro'ig-ii away, nnd the v Tilth nf the t-liio have of llio advantage which VM'i.'d hiveresulied from a 1 rquate msitiietion in these depirtuie-it. of b ariin Anl e-peci illy hive .ll.l e-neci 1 IV live our nea 1 -mips our eounn school, and our feni'de seminines sutli led from the wnui ofmch th irmigh 111 1 systemitie instruction in the origin of our own linguige and its c:uli"M histo ry, ns might be given through S'k'i n profes. i-ehin S i.'h 1 w mt muht 11 )t to so unsupplie 1. The F.n rh-h deo irlment ought to be 90 or;inized ns to give it liijli d"gri. of energy, unity mil precision. If it s'niuld s 1 inpp.'ii, ns h is souietimes been sugg.'sled, tint the school fund h onld be broken tr, il would i lie, 111 Hie view ol the Cirnmi.sion'.TS, nf llin first m- siimiiou from vcir to year, slnll be svstemittc. the gi i iinl nnnifeetati in of an idei. which is ever pres ent to tho iiiin Is uf thus1, who have it in charge, and are engaged in its labirs.it will gradually developeit. self, as ii were, naturally, like a thritly tree, which is becoming m ire l.e.iuti'ul by expanding and shooting up with additional grandeur and power, With sucii a conception of the growing and expan sive character of the University, it is nla'm lint suffic ient ground should be n quired for all its neeessiry . purpose. : ns i ir ouii.ii'igs, inr oriiinieni.il neauiy, no'," .l.o,t time much land for ulitisl fnniiv wish and ni- I'ooblnin more iniuimeiliato purposes, us a we regi m,t.,is ,or I,, rhildmi. it was. iherefore, . .1:..: .... : :.. .i. -. ' :.... : . ..i W,i a,i their power 10 procure it. And, al- ninugii 11 was ai 100 nazaru 01 present inconvenience fiom debt, no other course was left them, if thev 1 wiiino see k 1110 perinaucni init'reiiiH 01 nn-u 1 veisiiv, ' 1.. .1.. . 1.1 1 ...1 1. 1.-.. .1.-t n I woiiiu sii k 1110 permanent tnn rems 111 ine eJiiiveisiiv, In this liberal nnd enhrid p bey for tbafiilme well- in 1111 iiiM-nn nnu eniirin 11 p ncy lor 1 laiuime wet being of the Institution, Ihey need tbi.svii.palhv nnd ! encouragement oftbo Legislature, and of every citizen . . 1 . , , . 0I a Cienr iiunn ana pure ncnir. now couiu trio uor- pnrat ion do othc. wjs0 th 1 o seek o nequire tuo.e land !,., ,!. ,te,s...l 7 .m.i i,... m,i' il.eu ,ln n.i. without incurring! ccimnry labilities 1 nnd how is it no tbo Jn-lilnii i:i,or by inplvmgi" lb i reprewuln jives of thu.su for whom ihey live and lilnrl In so just i c iue, webopu they will not appeal III vain ! 1 1 i in nn. "is;., nun inn 'nil" uu" renin v nnu ins I- rellTtimr. Ih n wp belong lo a penshnblo and dying Ceneriiiton. And asvvc passaway, we caniinl but nsk, v.b'f ha!l be Ireasund tbo ircords of present iii)ini'n-' vvber-ihepeeiiliarilirs of modern thought 7 Within what v alia shall be gathered end prcsetvid. forll ..f future ages, ihe winlom eif our day for! Ilvtt. Wm, C. Drat!ly, of WMtmir.il.r. ' been deprive 1 their guidance or the folly of our .l iv for tl , warnuia? Where si ill ffi ...L "P nir blithest institutions of learning And w hal !! . to ruber., p. within themselves u i Li f icnrn ir ni in nmr mi, present. IhaLthov intiv ilutnlititn In.. l.A ' Iriti,i,i1 fli.i...... l.iM. r.. -i " "m7u "Vm wTOKHf" anil in i. fllie wis loin V and lelti- I Ion-it,!, ..!,,,,,, t, t t,r cl d en 2l I cvil.ud and e-ullivnleil !,",,. V , 1 O11111 f.irw ir.l ns ., ,,, : .k.v 11 mil 1111 iinrc. vn e. leins iv.,... it ..... r. .1 u Kiev WOU II lie lllll Vmitltr hnrhirm... .l Tneareat depository of this wisdom and knowledge ... ..u. uni. niieunuo colleges. o alllrm, as n riot boineout bylustorv, a fact not lo begainsiyrd, th.it the Universities of P.ngland nnd of I'.uropo have .uiu mi- iiouieoi iree inougnts, the sucecasfiil oppo ses orabilrnry principles, both in Church nnd Statu. Outof ilKimcaiiie our principle nflihcrty nnd nffiee loin, nnd, more than thai, out of them came the con ception and the plans for universal education. It is not to begnuisaved lhat tho common schools of New l-.ngland on-mated 111, nnd were planned by, the best educated men this or any country ever snw, and w here there was the greatest number of these men, compar ed with Ihe whole population. Ignorance and vice do rial educate Ihemselns ; folly nndruilt do not ask for the light of science! and Iherrfore it is llinl wis- uoni and urine Reck the greatest possible diffusion of iue iiigi.cat nnu ueii education. If then, we would pcrf.tt our system or state education, if we would treasure up, ,i tint we can get nccc-s to the wisdom ofour fathers and lliowis.lom of the race, if we would Kenat hand iheexp isiiions or the principles of truth nnd justice, ns applied to human existence by the greatest and best ufniui, we mutt cherish, ns of the first impiriiucc, our highest institutions of barnin.-. Let, then, tho f .untaiiis be kept full and overflow-111-' ny fres nn I liberal nid, nnd let thoe sit by them whose ilehght it sliall be to 1 1 .n r ii... li, .... ters to every thirsty youth lhat ehnll approach. In new of these facts and consideration, tho Com missioners wcedd earnestly recommend, that the notes due the Treasury of the Slate, from certain indi viduals, for the benefit of ihe University, be civen tin SAMCnr, C. CRAFTS, tVntl t VV U'lTMlUC Monlpclier, Oct., 191?. LUCIUS n. PF.CK. The undersigned Commissioners would also reenm mend, tor the purpose of rescuing our highest institu lions or earning from parlies or all nnd every kind, Inn the liw rlefininir lb.. resnt.nn ,.r rr....nn k. stnenJed as tint students, residing at ioe'!'! to.rninn, .1.11 d.t., ..luue it right of voting in the town at public election-. Monlpelier, Out., 1912. LUCIUS n. l'KCK. lXTF.RK'sTING TO WOOL-GItOWF.RS. , Wisnson, Nov. 3d, 1812. To the Editors of the Vermont Mercury : OENTir.MEN. There nnnear.s to he vet some mis understanding ns to Ihe amount of protection afford ed by theT,iriirof the bint session to the wool-grow-ers which 1 dire to coirecl, through Ihe columnsol your paper. It is a sutiject in which Ihe farmeis or ihis sine ate deeply interested, and ns Ihe repeal or theTinlTislo be the lending object of one of Ihe treat parties, it is desirable they should know the val ue ol lr is ibjcct in contest. Having had pome ngency in relation lo the pioiection of the wool-grower, I cannot feci indifferent lo the danger of the threatened l t-p-nl. I oe laiifl Rill, ns reported by the Committee of Wavs and Means, laid a iltitv of tier epni. nn nit woil costings cents nnd under, per pound, nnd 30 per rc-n. nn en oin-r vvooi.on tne loreign vnlue and chnr gs nf importation, incliidingcommissions (excepting llisuranees.) The eireet of Ihe last provision istoraiso the dutv on wool costing 8 cents, from 5 tofil per cent. 9 " " 30 to 3? 1-. 10 " " 35I0 37 &-. Iiy an amendment, ii'ine hut eoj.-se wool is admii le.iun ferihe 5 per cent, dutv, and by another nmend mni the cost is limi'e I to 7 rents. So that now n.me bin court wool, costmg 7 cents and under, is am tied unde- the 5 pr rent. duty. The term couetf "io eveluile Merino Woo1 nf nil grades, and the best of thestaple of native wool : it was intended, pa'tic ularlv, to meet the mixed grades imported from Bue nos Ayres. Anoth.-r n.oendment hid Ihe sune ob ject. It providd tint if wool nf different kinds, was imported in different biles, but in the aime invoice and nl the same price, the, i.lvaloretn duty should be levied nn the whole according in the value nf ihi. Isi bale. It had been practiced to import five kinds of wool in separate naies, out at the same price, izt the average prre of the whole. This enabled the impor ter to enter the whtile it a price under 8 cents. Bui under these two amendments, all felling wool will be excluded from admission under Ihe 5 per cent. duty. The coarse Ion? woil, tis.nl principally fir blank ets and carpers, does not very materially compete with nny portion of our wool. The short felting wools, toough coarse, do in -ome degree compete with a portion of ours. They arc used in the manufacture of satinets and negro cloths. There are, however, two considerations to oppose this compensation. Tiie first is, that if coa-se long wool was excluded, the manuficlnrers' articles would come in, in their place ; nnd the second is, lhat it is necessary to yield ljtm thing to other int-rest to strenjihen our own. We were nliriiied at the creatimporlalion of felling wool in 1541, from lluenn Ayres, under Brents, and free ofdiitv. The averagepriei s be'ore referred to, an 1 the low prices there, o-casioned by n long blork ade, alonccmbl.il the importers ihos to import it, and 1 assen my nrnei mat, ncrenirrr, no wool that our manufacture will use for making felled cloths, rnn bo imported from tbutplaceas low as7 cents : nor i yen undir 10. els. Hy another vn-ndmnt a specific duty of3cts.pcr pntind wis nddud to thendvalorem duty. The elfect nf nil iheseoiienrmenfs will be to raise the duties on the low pri ed fine wools, nnd including most if no! all the felling wools from Iluenns Avre-. aslollawe i pr. et. pr. ct. mills, cts. m is. ris, pr iu. iron to irom lo On wool costing A 7.7 121 or 3.7 ! . 9 5 7.3 10 1 3.8 5 . 2 fi7.S !0 .1.1 5 . 5 7 fi 8 82 4.0 B . B 8 fi.l 75 r..l C . 1 D fi2 71 fi.G G . 4 10 C.l 07 CI C . 7 The duties in addition to the protection afforded hy the charges nf importation will, in my opinion, be nn ample protection against the low priced wools fiom Iluenns Ayrts, or from nnynther quarter. Tho epieition i, iq ivn it pnmt em this f ireign roinpeiiimn riduee ihe price ofour wn.il at wbnt p.ieeper pound call wwil of n stmle iiiu il in ours heioitiorted 1 The ilems which compose ihe costof iiiiporlitinn are 1. Ihe price p r pound ) On these Ihe l. i per eeuheoiiiriussKin, 1 nil valorem .i. : cts. per pound lor Height, and uut nrc other clnrges on Hid weight. J assessed I. 1 1-2 percent in-uramc. 5. 3 iter cent for six ninnlhs' interest on cosl. from i 1 Miction, of iho order of pure base to the time of sole. ei IU per rent, prnht on cost, charges and duties. Th-s 'are stali-d as the average rnles. AiiJlhcr very iinporlaiit fact is, thai the I'uenos Ayies w i ll is imported in so foul n state lhat it takes twopiunus lo cqinl one pound ofour., as washedoo the sheen. Our vVool looses, in cli-ansing, one Ih'nd of it. weight; llio lluenn Ayres wool loses two thirds in other words it tnkes I 1-2 pounds nf our wool as washed on ihe sheep lo make 1 pound of cleansed wool; while it Likes 3 pounds of Huenos Ayreswool.ns imported, to nnke 1 pound of cleans ei wool. Theq'ic4tinn, then, is nl what price cmi 2 pounds of this wool bo imported 1 The following is the answer, fot wool ensiing from -1 lu 10 cents r charges, duties, cost of I lb. costofi cts. els. mis c, mis. r, nils. mis. cost of lib. 4 5 3 1 12 3 3 3 8 3 8 4 21 6 3 C 13 15 IQ 13 19 21 27 30 31 3li 39 42 C 7 3 8 4 0 a 4 2 n 4 4 10 4 7 Ilui the question may be nsked, bow does il happen lhat ihe pneo of Iluenns Avres wool is so low? It is quoted in Ihe lioston market at fiom 7 to 10 cents. The answer is, that what remains tor sale is proba' ly of the noor nuabties was mirchnse-d during lln- bloeknde, nt low pri -es, ami was irnporiel freeof uiuv, anu is soul wtinoui a prom, 11 1101 a loss, me simegeiiTnl ciuses which havo depressed the price ofour own wool, have aHee'liil the price of all foreign wool in our market. Thu general causes may alfjtd iue suiijeciot nnotner letter. I have thus far re-strictcd myself 10 the consilient ti 111 of iho tariir. as a nroteciive niiimst low nnced for eigu w ools and more particularly against those Irom iiiienn .vyres. 1 win mid liirihertliatilis most proo 1 "''I'i u,l'ler the ptesent tarill', that none but coarse i'"'1' W1" '"' imP"ed from tint place in the slale ',el r,of're imported, but wi I be first cleansed. The 1 '",""lu" OI, ''ul w00.', w ' I educe J to one psvui'it onone pound insieid of paying it on three poonis. ine wool, however, wtil never be equal in vn' in to ours, or other foreign vvoi or the simo fine- i ' 1 1 is not suited to nnke broad-cloibs, beriuse it cjonot.on account of the burrs wnb which it is filled, be i. oiled cither before or after thv are nicked out. T i" fi in wool is imparled from I'urorie nnd Aus tral a iiioour inrts, wereentcrcd in 1310. nt frnui 33 'n il cents per pound. Ihe nfccs, however, nre rl. in.riin I .I.s.-r tri .,.11 I ili.n n.trs H!,., . rontjnrMil wilh our wo d ns wished on ihoHhis p, mav li rileil nt 27 rents per p'nind, a the foreign vsl in This, will, R e. its for charges of importation and profit, nnd 12cenl8for dutiia, wo il l mika the price litre 17 cents, or, without a profit, I'iretns. Sueh, in my view, is the e'.rirl of llio tali!!" of the list a;sion, Vet il does not do all lhat in mv judg meiit, ought to be done. This country produces wool piiffi'-ii-nl for all its wmts. I wNh lu so done, fir ihis interest, whit is nor true union! policy fir every great agricultural interest ; and that i, in rela tion Ii every agricultural product, when we produce un niMiniiiiire on 1 mere oc no iiauger ni a iiionoiuy, lhat ilmies shou'd bo laid, not merely for prot-clion, but for prohibition. Welnve done this for cotton, and why should it not bedone for woo!7 In ie.v of tlieissmof tencnl now mvlc nnd even by northern nicn(ee f'enalnr Woodbury's late leiler.i ih ci iesiion is presented lo our Farmers, is Ihe Tarill- or in ineconii'st I it must pass a severe ordeal at the next Congress. If it ran survivur that ordeal, I thalldevm the question of prolactin as finally settlsj IUsiKlM y &i. Ucsaiti Kvrsirr. THE INTHR.XJL CONDITION OF OltKr Ull IT AN. 4 Tim follovvitig tow of llic intt-rnnl contli tion of Gtcat BrMn, is front llio Morning Clironiolt), one, (' llio irtbsl prominent mill nlilit ofllio Lopijn jotiVnuls. Tito tout! of fe'flinj,' in wliitlil is written is ol'llint nnrn t'sl klfitl ttliicli tlmonstrates llinl the writer sincerely belicvi-jn tlie entire truth of wli.tt ho s;H's, nnd tin: rpruscnliition ho pivrs, is corrohorated Iiy u that has occiirrrtl in that country forra Ion tiniri past. Tho e.xclu siveness of Dritist policy, has, within n

few years back, piodjced a couitlrrvailinjr and defmisivo polcy, in most of conlinonlal Europe, and Ennand is now groaning undnr that reaction. . 7hc article seems to us to he deeply intcrestinj. Heartily do we wish thai wo could imliirn our fellow subjects of every Rratle, rondilion, and disjunction in tmlitics to drou for a brief space their rnirt; viowa and parly predilections and to Innk "with a nlnp;le eye" on that mivv really ajipalliiirrqiiestioii the cmiilition of the cuunlry. for atsuredly the condition of the country is peculiar ; it is more, it is really alarm in;;. " The harvest is past, the summer is end oel, and we are nut mud." The new corn law lias done its worst, as well as We best for this season. I he new tartlr is at wor.k, dumj; more damage to minor tradesmen than good to the great bulk of the the consumers, cause of wnicti is its main and manifest omissions. 'I ho mporters of foreign cattle are not gaining what mr home craziers arc losinu. And thotitrh wheat has fallen so greatly in price, bread lias not yetso diminished in price as to prove a gen- been blamed"; but Though' a te'w'rS &ker" Kve reaping; somewhat large profits. the".! proporttog of them are in the hands uf i,i.u. monopolist-, who, by the aid of a law which aggravates infinitely all the uncertainties of ths seasons, retain in their own liandii that benefit which should reach the poorest individual in the empire. Trade is paralyzed, vet mnnsv is almnilint. There is little speculation, yet trie meant of lorcing speculation are said to be "a drug in the market." The farmers arc alarmed, not nnlv with respect to the changes which have, boiin made, but with respect to those which they dread are to come. And, at the same time, the commercial and manufacturing classes ate bit terly feeling that whatever has been done is sufficient to deliver the commerce of the country from its UC-rilntla nnsblnn. utirl fn,m uiliti.V, .,n,k , I nuu . a umi nt.ivil nwill- ing ran redeem it but measures more general, more comprehensive, and more honest toward all classes than those which were carried during l be last session of Parliament. Do we take a pleasure in repeating this ! God forbid ! The condiliem of the country ia bet-riming a subject too serious and alarming fur tho indulgence of mere- party feeling. What, ever motives may be at'ributtcd lo the advocates of the removal of commercial restrictions by heartless atid cnnccitcd coxcombs, there ia not a man among the advccalcs ol free trade who is not more an.ious to promote the genuine and permanent interests of the country, than the loudest-tnngued talket of then. all. Sumo there may be to whom the idea of this approaching ruin nf the country may be a subject of p'easing contemplation rather than otherwise, inaidnuch as the swamping of the existing frjine work of our social institutions may be regarded as es sential to the working; out of their favorite no. tions. But men of this btamp are in general not only ignorant of the principles of political economy, but freejuently unable to comprehend th em. Ths genuine advocate of free trade is the only genuine Conservative, in a country whose commerce is the basis at once of itsjflury and its life. He does not wish to hold it up lo tho g;azo of every foreigner, and a. if that glory and life were alike re.idy to pass away, or lo have it recorded that its commercial prosperity, liiie Jonah's gourd, "came up in a night, and perish "d in a night." leather does ho seek to uphold its character and credit whereever Dn'tili com morca is to be found, or a Hrilish rlar; is to bo cen. Hut while lie laborK to place that char acter and credit on imperishable foundation, he knows woll that such a mighty object is not to be attained by hiluncc in tbo face of a i-ystem winch is eating, like a cancer, into the very heart of the national oviistcnro. We repeat, then, that the condition nf tho country, viewed in relalion to its permanent prosperity, is sui h as cannot be contemplated by any htuieet, wise, or good man, without feel ings nf the liveliest abirtn. l'aralvsib has- touch. ed our iiiininnrce lear has (-truck our agnrtil lure and poverty rests iitmn the mmiilntinn. Let uu man call tins an oxairprution, bee-au.e in bis own Lou-chiild there nny be comfort, o'r around him there may be employment and fowl. If every individual in bucl. a country as ihis were actual and pintive sufferers from the to- cav of commerce, our i-umlitim, u..,l i, ... help. MS' cute. It is becaute there are iniiti'v who possess capita!, nnd who must ditW it. that there is hope ; uml (i ; mid (paradoxical as it nuy eeein) it is beiaiii-e capital ran find but lit'lo profitable iiiejns ot ihlrusiou, that there is ur jjent caubt" lor fear. Even in Purif, ilurinjr the reign of terror, people nhook e.ll the horrors of tbo time by crowtlm" the theatres, while gaunt famine wms st.lkn, mi the streets, and murder turned the forms ol jiiptte-e into a wholesale tool. Though Ih.s country were on llic very verge of ruin, 7t commercial concerns and daily necessities would Mlill afford Ihe mentis of putting "money in the puroe" of some, thriving on the tnUeriesor des piir of those around tliem. Hut let no man dream lhat he is unaffected by that general pa ralysis and decay which have Ftruck the heart of our commerce, however remote he may deem himself at present from their cflor.ie. Trite as those topics may appear, they must bo uryed and re-iterated, in proportion as the dan ger becomes more emtiiegt. Vc were not without (sharing in tho general hope that, after the late abundant harvest, in conjunction wilh the partial effects of the partial tariff, Ihere would bo such an amount of activity poured into trade and commerce as would save us from the painful necessity of continuing to insist, from day to day, on so melanchully it topic as the ruin of Uritisli industry and the sufferings of British artisans. But alter all that has been, thci-e evils continue to press on us with accumulating force; nor do we tee any rational prospect of amendment, unless the commercial and trading classes, forgetting all party feeling-, unite in one gcucMl and imperative demand for changes in our commercial policy which shall be large, cotnprohcnenc, impartial, and permanent. ConrAsio:i oe a Judge. A very learned and compassionate Jutlgu in Te-xas, (says the National Intelligencer) on passing sentence on one-John Jones, who ha I been convicted of murder, is said lo have concluded his rrmatks ns follows s "The fact is, Jones, that the routt did n H intend lo order you to be executed before next spiingi but the weather is very cold our jail, it (fortunately, is ma very bad condition mce-li pf the glass in the window is brok en, ihochimiiies are in such a dilapidated slate that no fire can be made to render your apart mi nis com fortable: besides, owing to the great number of pris oners, not more ihan one blanket can be allowed lo eieh to sleep souiidiv and comfortably, ihcielorc, will beout of the ipicajjin, In i-(n.s'-r,uence of iIufo creitliistnnees hihI uiiLtn. i,. I..a...n .. .11. asiniicha possible, the court, in llm exercise of iis numaii.iy ami roiiipisiinn, do herehy order vou to beciecuu-.! to-iimrrow morning, 'n soon after bleak last as may be convenient lo llic shcrifl' and agreeable- lo you." A Singular circumstance look place in Fi'shlake township, Se.,n short lime since. 'Ihe fje-ts are civ. fii liv lli.i I.irttst,l A .... ........ nB e.ll....... . :. .1 female, beyond the meridian of life-, and whose name is Ann Wrath, hfd been ill f,., sotno time, ami on j .ii rsiny, inn -itn mt., ,fr fnends nnd family assem. bled SrOllIld her. nnd Intile tbeirllRt niimriirnl rnr..u-ll She appeiic) lo i-jpiro about five o'clock that after noon. The rtremoiiis of laying out 4in dead were im jr .riiuinicei, ineoanuages vvcrcpiaceii neneain her chin to her bead, and every preparation was made for Ihrsolainn riu-s of the buti.il ground. The sexton tolled his bell t bin at half past eishl she rented her head in astonishment, and was ninared to Cud that shewasablcloparlsksoflh refrMhimnif far bar fsKnal i rr. KIUDAV MOn.NINO, DI'.CKMDF.R 9, 1312. THE BALL OPENING. Tho Charlistun AUrcuri, tho alilo mid frank chief ndVncato of Mr. Calhoun's elec tion to thu Presidency, in u recent article on tho stttc and prospects of tho party, speaks in the following strum : "All right 1 Ao Cortivrnmlxe nf ,iriti,n. f,t the take of If.irmony.' Wei wish not lorn triumph obtained by log-nlUn? with Protectionists. Lot lucre ue no nougmg no slurring of unpoitinl que lionst let tile broad ba.Hnor of '7'Vee TmuV, Voo Pa ties, No Debt, Seuarntion from Hunks. Ivconomy, Retrenchment, nnd Strict A.lhciencii to llm Constitu tion, be kept fully, btoadlv spread, lhat he who runs limy rcid and let whoever will not stun I Iiy it in the face, or ri lend or foe. or who would yield a jol or Ihe principles il avows or matk a word of iis honest Democratic avowal of Ihe creed, Iho whole creed nndnolhini' but the creed of Iho parly seek frater nity among Ihe mountebanks wh line. for the iiublit rye' and be numbered henceforth among tho Coom." How is tliis, Mr. Van Buiien Have you nny " avowals fur the public eye " wilh regard to Protection 1 or do you whisper your sentiments in tho ears of Southrons alone I How with yon. Mr. Silas Whioiit? Did you mask nothing of " the whole creed," when you voted for the Tariff, mumbling apologies to your Southern allies which were kept in tho back-ground bv "the party" here, while they ostentatiously approved of your vote in favor, hy resolution nl tlier Stale Convention 1 How with von Mr Speaker- in-prospect, GEoncB U. P wis 1 You have n 1 .1... r ... . . p-irty are in favor of n fair Protective Tnrifl" ssillt-ll lllll I-HI1I1IM III 1 1 ..... . ..n.ll- and your presses Iihvo re-echoed the story, accusing the Wings of falsehood in asserting the contrary. How wiihymi, mostnwl-like of officials, the Albany Argus You huvu said next to nothing pro or con on Protec tion, but of course have kept up n precious thinking all the time. What think you of having your whole hobbling, snuffling, jug gling cabal, " who have made no avowals for the public eye," "numlteicd henceforth among the Coons ? " Tribune. MASSACHUSETTS. Tho Boston Atlas of last Saturday pre tents the following correcfetl list of the mem bers elected to the House of Representative? in the Old Bay Stale. From this tublo it will ho seen that tho Whigs have a clear ma jonly in the popular branch. RECAPITULATION. Counties. Suffolk, Kssex, Middlesex, Worcester, Krunklin, Hampshire, Hampden, Berkshire, Norfolk, Bristol, Plymouth, Dukes, Barnstable, Nantucket, Whiss. Locos. 36 0 14 10 15 39 31 17 10 U 13 4 .5 13 12 H 10 15 6 21 10 12 2 2 2 4 0 173 "17i On Ihis result the Atlas of Saturday remarks, us iimiows ; supposing that the Locos havo eWto.l nil their men in the Senate, and lhat there has been no choice in either Won-ener or Franklin, the Senate will Maud on lis first organization, 15 Locus to 10 Wliiow. If no changes are made from our estimate of the result, thin will i'ive to il.n rv . - ; .... . . . mi I'cairuciivea a majority ot one upon j HI, ballot. It will be seen, however, that ibi i. ell'e-cted by an accidentia! prepondranre in the oeiiale, which may noi be eo lar'e as we huu elated. It may yot be ascertained, on e-oiintiiij. the Senatorial votes, that the Franklin Seiu'ei' are chosen, or lint the Norfolk .Seti.unr.-i are no'. l his would wholly change tin aspect of dfh.i I He-sides thi, theie are a number of those who j will lake their seats upon the -isetnhlin of the I House, whoaronot entitled to their ee iTs. A such will be looked into, ufcn-jr.se, by the dm I mutec on election?, before the Ilnu-e will g-n into convention, 'et it cut where it in iy. If tiie 1 1 ")or. Ir!"" "'""'""'n "-xlem-ii m n ivo boj 0',c'iJr''' ecled when lie w is not ; ,f . ., 1 , r '"'!" ,,,rI?ln ls ' have b3, 1 f1Ie,,,ll "'d-i'ir to the i., nt the, S aio ; , m'tiibor Ir.itt, I-runluiu is al,o hIio.v t nV(. ' , ".' 'V elected, lei il :it lo.u-t ho si, "e-ore inmr vire h ivo rnven unr .1 i t I '"'er ,".l"5,lr"" r""e "' L'.;ol.K-eim. If Hi ? entitled to their suale-, It-nhein he cnnfiriiieil ' "tr, ln" " "arnl "lllo'v iiieui no nave the p-iwer te iiiifin u.s uier in uiu ruiu oi tiineu men t rem w lioin nothing but evil can he expected, and w Im are opposed, hy an overwhelming majority o the people of Massachusolts. IU10DE ISLAND. A Convention of Loco Focos was held at Providence, Rhode Island, on Tuesday of last week, at which sundry resolutions were passed, relating to the alfairs of the State. In regard to the- now Constitution, lately adopted by tho People, they have not yet expressed an opinion. They adjourned to thu 20th instant, when they propose to de cide upon llio propriety of supporting a tick et for Slate olTicers under the new Govern ment, a question on which lln; parly seem to he divided. The Convention, however, declared that Thomas IV. Dorr is iho ri"lit ful Governor of the Stato, a sound Demo crat, and an incorrupiiblo patriot ! Wo wonder they did not also resolve that lie was a very tVmic man. They passed the fol lowing resolution, which indicates a disposi tion to support the new Constitution : , Resolred, That a Committee for each town and city in lliisritate be appointed to submit to said towns and city, in such primary meetings as nuy behold en in all the month of December, the propriety of reg istering their names j and if the decision hould be in favor of registering, to take the necessary steps lo cause the same lohedonei and Ihnt the delegates from ihe city of Providence, nnd the several towns lo the Convention, be that Committee, NEW YOUK. Tho Albany Jourhal gives the official vole nt tiie luto election : Bouck 208,070, Bind isli 18G.038, Abolition 7.2G2. In 1840,the vote stood Bouck 21C.808, Seward 2-2,0ll, Abolition 2.GG2 showing a falling off in the Lucofoco vote of 8000 and in the Whig vote of '10,000. It is this way that all tho I recttnt Lucofoco victories havn boon won Ill no single case, where they havo triumph eil, lias tlieir vote equalled the IVhig vote ol' WO. Tho Journal comments upon tho result : Here l Ihe conchis on and stinineng up of the v Hole matter, imi. Houcli, with KlTO votes less than I t1.0 ' CT '" J,81.?;, '' cl,''VcJ h- "l-i000 ' 'j0" ' .'' bind, '.'-f jvho voted f.ir fiov. Sewn ii.l in IS 10 now withheld their votes. In elllel, therefon ii was an e lection for but one party, llio other haviiif, in numbers sufficient lo change Ihe result absiaiue! from voting. The Whips, moved nnd unniovpd, by arious causes, have alldvrtil Ihe Locofocos to laki tiosscsiioti or Iho Government. Let them retneni. her. nevertheless, lhat llicv are but "tenants nt nr. ferance." Tho power lo reform and reclaim, resides iththe Will;, who unless locofocoism proves is. ncstiiie-iiv sou proiiignie man it uas DM11. wul KSSUISM,. IffUtf 1H W sMSl III IHt, NORTH CAROLINA. Gov. Morolifiid's Mi'ssuoe nt the opening nf iho Legislative Session is before us. ll is a vigorous and m.inly Sluto p iper, taking ground very ilucidetlly for a National Bunk, Protcctivi! To rill', and 1 1 it.- Distribution of the Public Land proceeds tu tho States. In confutation of tho doctrine which denies lo Congress the power to levy duties for Pro tection, ho forcibly says : "All atrrea that duties may he imnnsed to raise Revenue, but some contend that thev can he imnus- cil for no oilier object. If Ihis latter doctrine be true, liie.i are wo shorn ol some ol tne most Important prerogatives of a sovereign People then may we be subjected to thu most abiecl commercial Slavery. If it be aamitlcd that Kurope can pour into our country iue- e-st-cssive prouiiciinns in ner pauper tauor wnen ever ahe chosen, nnd can exclude her productions from our markets, or tnit them so high as -u be tuin o is tj in, and that we have no power to protect our selves ajainst Iheinlbu of the one, or to counteract lha oppressive exclusion or heivy evictions of the other then, indeed, wo are in a helpless condition. The ivow.il or Ibis doctrino Is well calculated lo in- vile I'orciun Powers, who are so inclined, lo forget richt, to impose all such lyrauic.il restrictions upon our commerce ns their cupidity may suggest." Of Repudiation the Governor nobly says I "Tho manii for State llankinrr. and the mad career of Internal Improvement, which seized n number of tne states, nave involvcel them m an indebtedness very oppressive', but not hopeless. American credit and character reonire that the sinin nf violated fsiib should be obliterated by our honest acknowledgement oi ine iieot.anu a sun more honest ellort to pay it. I iiieiciurc reconimcnn tne passage nl resolutions, ex pressive oi iue sir ins merest which this state feels in tho full redemption of every nledire of Dublic faith, and of in utter detestation or Ihe nbominable doctrine of Repudiation. The blnte which honestly owes a debt, and has or can command the mcansof payment, and refuses to pay because it cannot be compelled lo do so, nan aireiuy oarieren mime Honor, anci only awaits an increase of price lo barter Public Liberty. Thiareeotnimmdatbn will come wilh peculiar force from you. North Carolina has been jeered for slue- gishness and indilence, because she has cho'en to guard her Treasury nnd. nmleet her Honor by nvoid ' - .. . ,..oiiiiiy tfieenns tier roienite-ifi'.nls one nas yi-iueii to others Ihe glory cf their magnifi cent expenditures, and wiil yield lo litem nil that glory which will arise from a repudiation nf their con tracts. In the language nf one or her noblest sons, 'it is better for Iter to sloop on ii in lolence and inno cence, thin lo wi'ee up to infamy and treason.' But when Public Honor is si staks or Puh'ic Lib i rty endangered, she will shake ihe pippy from her brow j and then, for her high sonled patriotism, for her unwavering devotion to the love nf Liberty, for her loyally to the union, and for her stem integri ty, the proudest sister of the Republic may well desire to be her rival." Soon Iho Rhode Island question : "The civil commotion which has lately disturbed Ihe patriotic State of Rhode Island is beeply to be re gretted, an . its termination in a conflict muht have been attended with s;rioii9 consequences to the other Stale-. A'ide, Ihen, from mere svninathv, we can not nn indifferent spoctalois. Ineonlirv in the right of siiffiage is llic ground upon whieli ,e 'islam e to the constituted authorities anil overt a-is or rebellion are attempted to be justified. Without pv ma upon the morns of the issue betwren the pirl.iiji in thai Slute, I am constrained to siy tint there is .T spirit too often m ioifcstej in our country to enforce our sunposed ilL'bls, or lo redress nor supposed grievances, by ap peals to open res atince, rather than lo law. to 'rcas on, nnd to a returning sense of jusiiee. it is not eve ry grievance under which n people may labor tl.ntj-.is. lines a resort to force for n dress j nor is it to be be lieved lhat in any Doriion of our country, in this en lightened age, will n course of policy be persisted in thai is grossly unjust and oppressive. The steady op- n-a ro nirni sii,i i.i r..io i. o,,-.. ;n .i..A ... ni.c uir.m ,i f i i-i'iir iv. n i . i niiir ni oi uc in ner s' success wnie!, evenluillv Clowned those (ff,rt proof of the wisrbmi nf llmr lintil-l. I ihnrnf.tra .1 It tne OlllV lfAl TnnrlB nl , o..lA. ... on ill occis, ins, that spirit whi-h is ever read iiini rne torcn ot civil eliscord and revel in the b of a brother.,1 n.... T . .i i . .... , i.vuiiniie U3 lilt; S.II..I it-i in., ii nillnt nn tin, n..!...,!. .....I T..: to Welden, the noint where the Porlsmni and Roanoke antl Raleigh nnd Wilminc Kitilrnads meet, thus connecting Ralei illl'l llm lin-.rl .1 C t .. A .. .l. Vll'l . .. ..... yj , .J.t.t.i t,ui . iiniiin'ii Its rllli. I nnrl I... IF ...I '11 1... poses a Turnpike to ho constructed by Company, from Raleigh westward, by pie ces, reaching nltinvitt ly lo Wayivstinrg, at least. He thinks the western part of the Stito should somehow he provided with B inkiii" facilities, and that Congress should be pressed to open Roanoke Inlet and a water t'ommunicntiun between Pamlico Sound .mil Beaufort Harbor. These works would siveor-u numbers of vessels from all purls of the Union now annually wreck ed on llm Carolina const, especially nbout C-ipe luteins. I J t- proposes also that the Slito connect Lumber River wilh Cape Fear, by n Canal of no -real length or cost. Two years aoo, when the Whig paitv n--iiiiei pnuvr in ihe LeL'i.,laliiri! of North Cirolioa, it found Loco-Foros enjoyim; of fice) as Clerks, Ate. i,d kept them there. Now Loco-Fociiism has tbo ascendancy, ind every Whig is swept outby the votes of members, too, who represent Whig Counties. A.NoriiKrt Wmo VicTonv. The annual town meeting at Hartford (Ct.), has resulted in the complete success of tho Whig ticket. Tho Courant of Tuesday says : Although the Tunes called upon their party to attend, thu ticket got up at their offico received on ly about 200 votes. Thn whole number of votes polled was 1021, which Allen S. Still man, tho candidate fur fust select man on tho regular Whig ticket, received 72G. The other regular Whig candidates for Se lectmen received majorities of from 400 lo 800. Tho Whigs of llarirord havo well maintained their ground, and wh think have won the title of " Gibralit r of Whiggorv " from their brethren of Now Haven. All tho towns in Hertford county have now held their meeting, nnd Iho result is that tho Whtys havo carried 14 nod the Lo cos 7. L ist fall the Times boasted of hav ing carried 16 of the 22 towns. Soniuthing of a change. Comi.no to tiik Point. The Baltimore American justly remarks that tho want of agreement among ihe different auctions of the party staling itself the Democracy, " in reference to principles, or rather tho want of any definite principles among the mass of them, must result in their confusion and dis memberment before long. As the time ap proaches when tho contest for tho Presided, cy must take place, it will bo necessary for il,.. :...i. . tne parlies in that coiiirov.M-e- io - " uiu iirouti'l Ihey stand on respectively. The up. peal to the people i-annnt ho made wiihoul delinito issues on tho great questions that en ter into tho public policy of the country. C7Joiin Quinov Adams delivered n Lfcturn on Government at Providence, H, I., on Friday evening. Tho Chroniclo sajs it sustained fully the grounds taken hy tho Charter party iii that State. Ono fart hn slntoil niiii-nrn!,,. il. , i. e.,Z tun no staled concerning tho adoption of the State Constitution of Massachusetts chusotls: lhat thn whole number of persons voting fur it did not eicced 15,000 giving a vote to av ery 115 inhabitant. "THK MADISONIA.N." W would call ihe attention of our Republican rand ers, to the Prospectus or Ml MiUisontan, in anuther column. As Iho official orgin, and OJ professing l advocate ihe principles of old fsshioncd Republican ism in Iheir broadest sense, Ihis journal will I found interesting to tbosa wishing a journal from the seat of tbc federal Government. Sentinel. We begin to have hopes ofour neighbor! nnd if he will but live up to the republican ism of tho Madisonian, it will at nil events, boa decided improvement. The Madiioni nn has oflale taken a decided and vigorous st and against Benton and his humbugs tho Sub-treasury, nnd other exploded schemoi of Van Buren ; and tho way it uses up tho Globe must be'truly gratifying to all those ro publicans, who havo witnessed tho course of that mendacious print for the past fow year. It cannot ho lhat scnsiblo men will much longer bo deluded by these false lights. O ir Post-Master, Mr. Stacy, requests ui lo say that he will receive and forward sub scriptions for the Madisonian, free of ex pense to subscribers. LOCO FOI.-OISM IN MISSOURI. Turning to our noble Slate, we see the Demoeraer in full power, and ready for action. Abase cunen cy afflicts the State, and ii is for the approachini tiencral Assembly tonnnlv ihi. rltr Qmn ........ depreciated paper, spurious banking, unauthorized is sues of paper trash, lawless corporations, and ihe in trodnction of base paper from other States, hay been Ihe curse of Missouri for some lime past, and is Ihe only cutse that now afflicts he'f. Denton's LiU ter. No State in tho Union has been mora thoroughly steeped in Incofocoism than Mis souri. Wo believe it has never had even " lucid interval" since Benton has beon ia lln. Kunuln Tlmsn wrlin wisli in spn lha r- sult, can find il fnirly portrayed in the above extract from a letter lately written by tho great advocate of a metallic currency. Let those who conscientiously doubt as to iho tendency of the measures of Ihe two par lies, compare the situation of Missouri no there described, and Massachusetts wfaick lias always been a Whig State. It?" The Locos take great delight in call ing the Whig party Coons." The humor of Ihe thing they think too rich and then tho strength of tho argument ! who can with stand that t We would not deprive thera of it for the world. We cannot, however, forget their old prediction, that the name of Whip, would soon he so disgraceful, that wo should be compelled to change it for another. The pood old name, however, sliP hulds up its head, and the loco focos fiudiiiL' it not quite so prt-at a disgrace, as predicted. Sim trying '. rlinnoe it themielva! Bl'nkck Him,. In consequence vf ittt) completion of tlie Monument upon Bunker Hill, the Government of ihe Bunker Hill Monument Association have decided to cel ebrate the 17th June, 1843, the neit Anni versary of the memorable Brttle, by in Ora tion and other ceremonies. The Hon. Dan ir.t. Webs ter has been appointed as ihe Orilor on that occasion and, to a letter of a Committer of the Association, inforwinj; him nf this appointment, he has writlen the following answer : Washing ton, Nov. 23, 1842. Gentlemen, Your letterof tho 231 inst. has excited in mci very strong emotion. It remiudj mo howirre.it a portion of human life has ebps e.l, i-iiict! I joined with others, and performed my pari in laying Ihe corner-stone of the Bunkjr Hill Mimuinem ; and I devoutly thank a kiaj Providence for rontiiinins my days, till I hive seen the completion of that work. I owe you, gentlemen, irreat obligation for do. in.' me Ihe honor of inviting me to address my lellnvv.c iiiens a sei-nud tune, and on so interes. ling an ociMiuun, from lint renowned and cob secrated pnt; and cheerfully accept the duty assigned me. With very true rcard, DANIEL WEBSTER. This will be the third occasion upon which the voice of this distinguished orator will have been heard on this ever memorable Hill. He spoke there on the 17th June, 1825, the liuiu of the laying uf ihu Corner Slone of tht Monument on the lOihof Septomber, 1840, when he presided over and addressed th vast concourse, the thousands upon thousands of ardent and enthusiastic Whigs who crowded the entire Hill, nnd all the surround in; streets, on that day and then again, he will speak, in complisnco wilh this now ap pointment, to eiitiiiiieinorato tho compUliea of tho noble structure which now adorns that sacred spot. Sheriff Hart, previous to the execution of Colt, received an anonymous letter ia which was enclosed SIOOO. The letter and the money the Sheriff has sent to the Presi dent of the Board of Aldermen, of that city. The following is a copy of the letter : "Should you do what is herein requested, snothar sum exactly equal to that now enclosed, shall be sent to you on Friday, November I8th, 1342. Theundsr sijned has no acquaintance with Colt, nor of any of bis relatives and friends. Pure benevolence and hu manity have induced me tOntTer you ihe enclosed sum, on eeiidilion that jrou decline and positively refute t hang Colt. This you can conscientiously do, on ths se-ore of humanity, and that we have no right to take Ihe life nf a fellow bci.ig on thescors that twosf the j iry who tried him were of opinion that it ly fir manslaughter; on the score lhat the Chancel lor it'iplit to have utsnlnl a writ of error toilieCoutt ot I-.rrun, vUie Senate j) on the seoie ol n improper niisi nay, n vio em prejiulice nivin i i... .t... ... j m nn, of ,. , 1'ini iirinni ny int.- ii". nun -ii r - w liv i'.iv a .niisi liini! no ihe seorrf ihst tne true renuhh- i-anilnetniicisiini to ham;, but to iiijpnson for life in eapilsl cas-s; on Iho score that in all human proha bilitv llio law cnaeinir hanjrinefor any offence will Ihia'winter be r-pealcd i on ihe score thn Governor lloiick will, asbe has declared, pardon Coll Govern or Iloucle's opinions M" w'll nscstlainrd on this po'fit. 'I here are many reasons which, in the hssl of the moment Ihe undersigned i unable to writo. Hut, sir, come out, and like Genetal Jackson, lake up on yourself th responsibility eojistruo Ihe laws and your duly a you understand them, and refuse to ban? Colt. You will thereby lay up for yourself in future life the pleasing tefleclioii of bavin; saved from destruction a human beinc unjustly condemned, and , receiving the thinks and Iho blessmjsof Coil's rela- liv09 an UMfl nlld InM, , fuiiPnrobstion antt entire approval of the whole bar of the Vics-Chan- ccllor and the Judccs. If vou take ths ten raeom. mended, you will receive lha applause of ths paoplt, and of the party, and of ths whols community, Pap ular isvlihf dw tra ksa m fst f iktrrissrsr, Wv W'l y.