Newspaper of Burlington Free Press, December 23, 1842, Page 2

Newspaper of Burlington Free Press dated December 23, 1842 Page 2
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?7nir?VT!!B TjT TSV) I, (V!-l Vii lyAtk iT J O KJ JJ ra ttEPOUT or tiu COMMITlV.r, os education Arroisrsn tsr tiid oovnahxr,, STATU or VUltMOXT.-t T.pcilvd, I k PiP.viTr. tiff 10 J i fclj. An.l nrllrrtd. rf i-ir.it K ui i iA .f . PMoniM, under iho directum of tha E. A. STAJJUUmihf' Sic'i.- The Committee appointed by Ilia Excellency the Governor, m conforinity with a ...solution adopt..! 1T the Lega Intnrpon tlu3Jof Nov., 1G11. "lo report such plan or plans ns may bo i.vil expedient and ju uci.i.H to carry into practical effect the view, mid 'ij,Scattons com-uned in the lltportof tho Commit' ne on I-Uucaiion," bee leave to submit to the Leg islature tho followin:;! - The report to which your committee, are referred by I'm resolution under which they act, brums with I refcrens. to lh Executive Message, showing a very !"JPPV aj-rcenicnl between Ilio Executive and the Lo'. islature, in regard to lhenenor.il principle, and ofi j;eiM'itou3ht to bo kept hi tiew in all public nets touching tho tnnl mtctesla of educalion j and on eompinnj the two document, it i.iratiryii" to (ir.d ti. prin-iplo. nuJ obi.cts so dniiniidy liv nuJ io diiiinctlyrecoamzed. The nppoimm'cnt of ynr committee, mid the asoijnmtnla of its dillics, mli nitM clearly; enough lint, in the opinion of tho !.( lilalure, the tmio for definilivo aclmn haa arrivoVI, when wo oiifht to cnler Willi nil proper diligeneo tip on enursoof measures which shall wilt in the es t tbhihment of a complelo system of education for the otsle. Theleadin j printlples roeogti!ze.l in the report, and That tho education of tho people H an interest nee e. i.i Importance to no other which tho hand of ejerninont touches, and indeed paramount to them II. . That such a system of education, in nil its branches inJ l?partnicnt, Ought lobe encourasred by liberal Wialation, ns shall render the people of Vermont not fnfetur ti any other in intcilcclual nnd moral cul turn and That, to .c-m?t:sh this, not .only oujht district chools to rtccit; the antious ct.ro of the l..gilitiirc but nraduinlca and coileea (..lOtild also receive Iho pstrisinee of the Slnla ; nnd lhat nil clashes ofschoola rid sornniries thjuW b. so provided for and rejula tsdas i. unite them in onu cmp!eio sy?trm, and girc them the creates! possible cfiici-ncy for the tlova uui of inc. whole reojile. Yet, a'.thoush the.e prinelplsa are o distinctly ,rr tojniirl r.i the biris ofon coiiteniplalcl acuon. your CDinm'.tU'e Into felt themseive- som jwhat embarras sed by tioubis lespsclirif! the nature and rvtentof ill'? plan or plans for carry. u' into practical et'iei the ngws of ine I.jjjislaturc, thai m'ihl beeipcted rrom them. The inquiry ar.io whether ihev .l.oulrl m. tempt to prepare an onllino of n comnlata svsten of -'-.c.li.n for tho Stale, embracing all the ilclail. of pecuniary aid, of regulation, nipenii..n, nn.-l acen'int bility fcr ail rh"i-s of a.-!ioula requisite lo a complelo T!orn ; or whsther th" r'ld of our a; pomtmeut Would i,.t htih-tter atlainc.!, if, leaving liiatin a great m.'as uie untouched, we weis merely to p.igit some init iatory measure, a plan for entering rijjhlly upon '-oil ncourcjof improvement na f.ha'1 pronn.o ulti- mfilfly t secure all that iho report contemplates Set erat csr.s.deratior.s have led your commute, to tdopt the latter eourse. In thelltit;i!ace, the Report n.s.imc. r.s rcrtiin the ntly possivsion of ample funds for tin immodiato prosecution ni any jjiheiou, plan whiuli tho l.egisla tiiie, in ita wisdom, mii.'lit adopt. It was expect. d that the State, before this lime would havo received .mtilhins from the proceeds nf the public lands, nnd that tho.3 Iand3 would constitute a i ernnne.it source ofrevcnusappirceblelo i lie purposes of education. Tnij cipectation evidently had n eiy firrat iutlu ence upon the course adopter! br the l.pgiehture lajl year. Uut thus farit ha; been disappointed j nnd the history of this pait )eardics not cncouraifo tlvi belief that i! would be wiso or eafe to mike it 'the bas s of future action in record to to vital an interest. Not have your eoinmitlca been ahla todctiie any plan for uppl)in" . ,j place of the fuaJa ailrduj to, v;hich they could rely upon ao likely, ni prtemt, to com mandeneral assent, and ihu'a constitute a safo de ment in the system which tin-y miiht reeomnirnd. Again, it was tho c.tpcciatkm of ll.e Legis'nlu-c thai, in iho courts of tho year, the subieot vould at tract end be eo thoroughly discu".e1 ii thp n"W3 papcrs, nj to prepare the pjblie mint! for definimc clun. rorthi3purpo?o tho publicalmn of tho He port co-ettentively with tho hw3 wr.3 ordered, and d..cufiJio;i invited. liut your c. mmiltie resret to say that the subject ecem3 not to havo awakened any teiiei nl and deep interest t and that, inslpnd of the pcnral and earnest duciiision In nil rp.irteis, whieli us paramount importance deserve.', almost nothifi" his been r.aid about it in the r.ewppnpers and onlv by a iinle writer in on? of ihem, we hth.-vc, lias auv thir.t'hkc a general tiew of it much Icsn a ihorouuh iijciission been attempted. These facts-to wlnt-Tercaual'i-y may bo atiri'iuted, rrrlainly do not iu-licato t'tot, as a lonmumly, tve ero rculy In ailnpt, d(finiti?ly unii in all iiae-.tjnt, a plan ofSiateedue-i-tion such ls the Legishturo contemplated as an ulti mate object. liesidir, v.'crs th cbetio-n to the immediate tttlement and adoption of a complete Sti'.o svstem of edicalion rcmovc-J, your eommitto acknowiedgo tint, in a few month which liiva elnpsul sinco their appointment, they havo not hcmable tosatii-fy them selves in regard to all the nuiMions involved in sucli svstem. Uvcr. m regard to common schools, bov tral qienionsoi very gre:.t imporlonci still remain mttle's oft.xpcrirnent and discussion m States that hsre rlevat' I ti thu ibject far more attention than ourselves. Inri-ardto ihese, tliero experience does ni! yet furtii--h rtultso'i wlnrh wa can ccntiil-iitly rely in all rerp'ets ; while in regard to iho proper re lation ofa;huU aul i-m.nar.ej of di.le.-'iilp gradin to (ae'i nihe', and of ilia government to all, they ivo u lill less aid 'n tin n-ay eirVr ol n.tperienco cr plan. 0,1 thn vliole, th.- fore, v ,ir eommillco have thought lhat they th ,. !d hen mi i the ishes of tlu I.ec;il3tiiro hy dvhni.i;.' l1 3 nt'i. nptto report n com plex STstem of education for Too htute, and limiting tliomselvel to tin lu.mb!tr task of Rupgcslinp: r-udi preparatory measures ns nro of immediate imporlauco Ilajipilv these preparatory mcaFjrrs are very clrarly iiidicntedby our own condition, and by the experience (f our sister t'.utcs. In lookins at our own condition we find that, while education is acknowledged to I e thepaiainount inicrettnf the ijlatc, and while the amount of funds eipcn led i.i it h imm'iue, there N hardly tho chad owofeuperTisrn and aecounlabiliiy in regard I.i it. A third p-irt of all Iho inhabitants of the State nro counseled, as tr.ichsrs and iiudiIs. wuh our schools. Try year t and lhat two in tho very budding nine of life, when every tiling tint lourhrs '.he intellect or th; HVctions exerts a imahtv tnerrrv in fixiiiL' iho ner- mancnt character ot (heinrtnuliul, ami lhus of the n mi in II n I, tl 1 1 Ihrt rt n.'l mil, in., n. nf u -l.nnl , j V.n, I . . 1 . . community. If tho r.lo.'a! tnlliicnco of a school is bad it the instruction is erronious or deffctltc u Iho schoid-room and Us arrangement are unpleasant nnd unhealthy the tficct is ith in (he unpaired physical energies, the undeveloped and unstore.l minds, and the deprived morals and manners of those who at tend 11. Thus 'the very life and energy the enjoy nianl, the honor, the well-being of the whole com muaity, 13 at stake. Th.-re 13 involted, loa, an im mense investor-it of capital end annual cxp-n.lit-nre. Wo havo several hundred thousand do! nrs inrestej in tenon! houses ; nnd the echuula are kept up at an expense of manv hundreds of thousands nnially, besides. All this expenditure ihe Legi !a jure creates, sanction, nnd in aom masaro Tc u lales But. ns remarked befh.c, th whole is Teft without supervision or'aacsumsbiliiy. Wo do not knohovy the woniy is expended, or with what re sults. Wo have not eten inquired whni iho results 1 :g.it to bo, or ma !e any provision for learning what they are. As , Stala, we provids tho funds, and Issve them, and almost every thing else, in Ilia irres ponsible hands of tho teachers Bad school coauuit lata of ihadifiVrent district. No other department of the public service in will Injily left ihus without supervivot or control. I'.vcry where else.it is our place u, require accountability for tbs ma of funda and ihe dircharge of duties. T.very whare else we tveuli lako due measures to know how our legislation tvoiks, and to learn whether tho oui-.xVendi.ur5. 'w '11 r'.u.'.l 'rf !i l , . . " . . . . ' . . i,lw i. i V IL . . ' ii'- tioii, should this create, of all intereMs-iliis greatest of !l' ,V.P", 1 ?".','. b,! J'". ?n ,Cl""',,,, 1 VI,y eugh annual examination and revision, by means of system of ac-ountability reaching every tn,.nt, every committee, nud every teachsrl Why slujulJ snot nnnunliy consult these agents, and gather up and diffuse thro' iho community, by means of ihtir reports, the results of their study and'ciprrienee? Is there any better way to discover nny defects, nny want ol efficiency, and errors and .-.buses in the sys tem ? la there any cbsi of men whoso sugecstions for its improvement would ho more valuable ( Had e found ourselves, ns n Slate, in n similar condition ef irresponsibility nnd igronance in regard to any ether prcat Dublic interest, should we not. first noil ... T. I "".v """j's. ,1. siiKii uue.i iu n iuor-'i without hesitation, order a thorough iniest'gai.on of th. facial Is not tins the course or Ilio L-gislaturo in regard to banks in regard to the State's Prison, STtnl And shall an inlere.t which involves nn ex pense in comparison with winch all oilier public ex penditures are a trifle, nnd which readies with a con trolling and vital influence every fiie-sido andeitery heart, bo an excrp'ionl Thus our own condition seem to your committer to indicate plainly enough, lhat our first great duly in the premises is, to provide far u tharouflh inquiry into the facts. In regard to the experience of other Ftales, yo.ir remmilire will not tiespass on the patience f the Legislature by details, or even by a enaral view of their educational movements, and lbs results. The present nurposo will be answered Vy inviting attention loa few points. tViihin Ihe last ten years, efforts to improvo tho theraeter and extend tho usefulness of common s"hoo!a have been made in nearly every State in the 'nion. in twelve, al least, oi ine mates, me super- s concerns, nuo report annuany to ine Legislature, i sfv..' mrastirfB adnntcil snrl thn results will mrfr 1 IIT ari'.ati uy ...rung une nr ,in riimflli. (Mi, u w nail tveown. tiiw iseiarirMi icommonschool fund in New Utiftamt, nmounlinit lo more than 5i,llUU,CUU. Tho inll.icnce ol su lamea fiiniln eleimcd to have brcn imlnnny. Por ncirly had 1 half n cptitnrv nrior lo m tho statula boo' s-iovvn itiuo eviucttco oi uiienimii io uus immense IiIpii.bi lli.i i,sH ttf llts T.mrttit-1 (urn I mi. I lie .1 RCiiLini' full llni ellitticts nnd tho pcopla lm been schools, Inyo been tha results of investigations in rnnnllyMiPLlijont ol llicir trust. Thosvstem liail no Massachusetts, which commenced ono i c.ir earlier ' ,.,..,,,,..', i. ......Iii ; ,..,... ni,n mh..i. .... i. I I It'll: V I IIIHI I lib I V I, til, III.' illl)', W L III, II It II (II pit- pert isiqn, mi I tiecjunta! inly, it srcnis lo havo been 1 iiiailont iiJ, Mates, lhat ' Ilio common -seliool sys vorv.m'ueh lirthe noiVhtion of our own. Anion' th.) i tctn of Jl-jasiehinetts had f illoil inlon'elnlo of nene- Trsultt Wa' the withdrawal fiom I ho comnioincfi.Mli of Iho chiidroil nnd the cate of very tinny of ihu j nf the echool linilJee Were not oiilyiill-silaple'l to tn nirtal worthy mid 1nt1IH21.nl niiiino. nnd 1 horxn.n. do.irauo t11i nt.1l iflbrt. but. In jnanincasi's. were ah- diturbof iniiiii-nfe sumsfnt privnte linli.ui iiic.lmmoti School Studies. a a arlhni 111 nnf. ulhMi llni n,., m-u oncn Ihed upon it, that the system, with nllits rich , i,,i 1w.11 uugweiiuj its icpii mitopurpoFfK. In 137 a reaoliitlon wasinirodiietil into tlid t.culs laluro and t'ariie.l.pinvi.hng for rctumsfiom all Oia couinion schools m Iho .Slate. In cnosi-nueiici', and wiiii 1110 aid or individuals interested in ihortb oet. returns wera nbtninl n,l 1,, .,,!., i..,r,, ,i... r . iii hi mi u tii', i.ums laturc, ni us m;t session, ol such amount nnd char acter ns Id thai body, uitli grcit unanimity, "to in nvf la rr t h) heitor fmptrt ision of common schools," by brnpuiH their condition at nil limes before parents nnd loeal school Wliccrs, in the regis cr lo bo kept by tho teacher, and nmitnllv before the school Mcid.!- in the Ifpnris of Seh'rtol vfiilers. and l.f,,r .1... I.eaislatiironnd Iho Stateni tlieteAhn comtuissionris oraarnznt lo frupcimtrnd tho whnlo matter. T!m IcmJinR object whb, to collect ami tin ! llll II' 1AISI II ' M 1 ITU 8miil lef.'ilntivc, Incil or inJivifiu.il oction tin tlm IH-l'.'Ofi TilC honnl Af Pn1ninitninia lloianainMlal.. c1 worn ntithoiiul to o.nnlov n tW.liiin agencv tho icouisil.; iiil,irmatioii might be oh- isiueo, nn-i 1119 wortc 01 improvement commenced and catritd on. Tito i-crviccs nf n very intelligent and able secretary were secure), and tho work has been prosecuted with gtcat energy nnd sitcce. fur four years. Tho report of 1812gitcn general view of iho results.. Aiming them wo notice. 1. I he oblamin!. ii at, nniliDiiii-rnnti -,rnnrnin information respecting the practical woiking of the common school system throughout the Stale, show ing its iTCc!lcnric, its inipcrfection", nnd its capa hihlim, and constilutilg a safe basin on which to (bund measures for improtemcnt. This information has been diliuscd among (lit; people in various way., r.j us in uu iiiii.ie nvjiuau.o iur ine ucucnt ol every town and cverv school. 2. Iho obtaining and diffusing, in hko manner, of ta?t nmoUIlt of .similar iri(i-rmnli,,n fKCilinn ll,.. sell.ioN. school svslem.. anil educalion, in other Stales nnd countries! information abounding in evamplcs, sir'seslions, nud rxcitemar Is will adapted lo mvc imnu to and direction tn ib tpirn m improvement. 3 Theciraimg of a demand in tho public mind for hielfr nullifications in tenchern. whipli hfis tr.l iiIia csiabliuhmcnt of a profes.ors'iip in oneof the colle ccs, nnd to arrangements in many of tho academies, lor courses ol instruction especially adapted to sifh aj wish to become common school leachnrs. The co-irse of iin,iiovcmcnt in this respect is evidently bjt Jii't begun. 1. The improvement of school houses. "Mori Ill-ill nino-lelilhs nf nil llu district school h.iusrs. elected prior to 1333," says the Secretary, "and whi.'h hr.ve not been since renovated, aro incomplete nnd forlorn specimens, at best, of wlnt such struc ture? should be. They stand in, or diiecllv 011, the public luglmnv, nnd not tiufrcnjcntlv in ulcalt and utisheltere.l siliiatinns, ttilhnut any play-ground or appropriate oul-buihlings. 'I hey nro unaltraciite wnlioit j nnd small, meonveni-nl, and uncomfoitahln within. Thty nro imp.Tf uly s.ipplie, ttiif, (IC mcins of ventilation an I uniform temperature. Thev am so lighted that the eyc-'ight of tlie scholar is not iinficqiienily end.ingeie.'! by the glare of the sun, and Ins .attention distraetcd by etcrypassini; nbjict. Tlie S';ats nro invariably too high; and iho general ar rangement and construction nf the and desks arc n )t calculated to pioinole the health, comfort, and "tircesfiil labor of the pupils, or convenient super vision by the teaclier. Hut, had ns moU of them wcie onsimlly, Ihey aro remleri d wo'se by want of pi.ip- r cm-, ano iimeiy ami neces uy repairs. Al in i oppressive atmosphere, the effect of which can I besjen at any limn after the school has been in ser- I nnhure. sttnim! nn-i tM iv m-iiu'ii nous ttmuii i invc t isitco, is most lanorious rnori i is 11 a trilling matter to be .ivaeJ and ilisfigiiied, and in not a few instan-es able to say, of iho public schools of a wholo town, as . !!tv I oy improper, profane, or licentious images!" wo lind it said by a verv intelligent committee of "' '' '5' l',,.wink'r' ''hildirn of our district Massachusetts, "that thc'ynfl'ord as rood means of j.ji- .11 u u;iu"cn i.i ureal lean nc .in uuui, .in 1 cpei-i.iiiy in ine aiieriioon, 111 iho 1 "X' r six years to siMren. thev will enjoy p-ne nnd wearied couiiienanres. tho languor and un- 1 35 tl'i'd privileges as tho rich can nl.tain at any price, easnKssof body nnd mind, especially in the vnunger I and will ho as thoroughly educated, whether on tho cnldron ; and .11 tho exhaustion nnd irritability ol ! point of manners and morals, or nf studios, and order tho teaclier. Thecvil consequences nf neglecl 111 this 1 ly habits, and literary prugress I" pirticular often extend beyond th.-school room. Indc?.!, your committee m ght appeal, in con6rma 'I..e sei-ds of disease, especially of consumption, if ! lion of their views, to the example of one of our own not soivn in fiieh nn atmospheie, aro rapidly quiek- 1 villages. ened and developed in the lung;, nf such as an-eon-I ' Urattlcboro', Kast Villagers composed within stittmotn.lv cxposel 10 pulmonary complaints. 1 one school district. It ..onlaius about 1 300 inhabi- . In more than siten-tvahtlu of tho school ' 'ants, not fir from ICO of whom aie from tout to ci'di rooms which I havo vi.'te.l, the children were allow- teen tears of agi. The overage attendance nt our ci lrn than one-half the qnntity of pare air which . schools is about ,!03. Wuhivefivu public schools, is deunrd nil olutely ne.-ess ry f .1 Iho healib and tho four taught by fomiles, tha oilier by .1 male teacher ch.vrfnl nnd fiicrvssful Mior of prisoners in iho , They ciril'nu! through tho year, with ihe exception Snte Prison at Wi'iithcrs!;.!.! or Ihu county j ids at oft tcir.i.vis ainouniin,; 10 two mouth or more. Hartford, rs'e.v Haven, and .Voivvieh." Trpoii-er- , Children aroadinillu I lulu th- priunrv schools, those vations of your cnmniilteei wariani the belief, lhat taught by females, nt the ago of four'yeais, and ru tins description is too up; l.cablo to most nf the , main there llll eleten years .if age, or until qualified sJiool houses. if Vermont. An 1 we sjhmit ihisopiti- . to enter the central schools tbn ..i-i, i.uler the ch-irae ion lo invn'i-rs of lbs Legislature comin" from every of a nU trclu-t. 1'lie houses of the primary s lioola pan of the Stale, Willi the moio confidence, because ! "re located in different pirts of iho tillage, to aecom an inquiry into facts, prosecuted for several kticcrs- I modate the children in every section of Iho district, sive years, has brought before the public sinu'ar re- Thobaildin lor tha cenir il school is near the centre suits in Massachusetts. nflho t illage, .1) th it thu children al the extremes of These f-,cls weio aseertaiiiM and published. The I Jho district no but little m irulhaua mil.) thstaut from manv evil r.illiis'nccs, dirwi nn I 'ii.hrcei, on the i it. TI1.1 chiMrcn in llu primary schools aie required hi-aliii, nnimers, morals, and in e'lerlual n Ivancc- 1 to go through a prescribe I course of studies prcpira incut of ihe ..hil.len, which grew out of tho bad I ury to tha central school. On arnvin.; ni eleven stiii'Mure and eoudu.oti of k. Imai houses, were pom- , ''' i'h of age, il thev cm pass a satisfactory evami" 1 tcd out. Improved plans were procured and undo 1 tt in, they are a luiiiied inio ihoeentral school; if they knovn. An. I the icsup is. that nnru than fitly new cannot in - pi,sa sitisfactorv examin ition, they ro school houses h ive been erecte I, an 1 1 greater mint- mini h tin primary schools tilt they can. All, hovv ber of old ones entirely remodled on correct pi inc.- ' ever, on arriving at fourteen years ofae, arc admitted nlcs and with iho I nest iminovcmems. Moro haa iot" the central school, whether they can pass a sat belli done tv uhin tho last four years, in this resper t, ' isfactory cxa,nination or not. Inihecential scliuol than for t.vi-n'y protinn years.' l'.x itnples are thu, bes'des'i'iucjni 11 11 branches, Ihe Ing'n'r branches of set, and an inipulu given, tthMi must rapidly per- an Knghsh ol ic.ition aro taught. The prudential vada tho Stale with their durable and i.iesti.nablc 1 cunitnillco, assi3led hy a special committee chosen for benefits. .". Improvement', by the unionof districts and the classification of schools. In illustration nf ibis tnpie. vonr coniuiitteu mvi'o altention t ) thn change effected 111 a Einglo mstaive. In Middlclown, "m IS'U, theru were I'm. r school districts, wuh S33 prsjn.s over four and under sixteen teirs of age. Of this number, '27.1, (less than una third,) intended Die rummon schools. The poor, nud ihose who felt bin Imlo in Iciest in Ilio educalion of ilcir children, tent lo the.n. The sclnol houses were old an I very much out of repair. I hero was nu uuuormily of books, an 1 the teachers were c intstantiy cha:i2inL'. Thero was mi money raise I for lli"ir support beyond tho avails of j - ',!,. ,.b twrtit tuu uvu n ui iho p iMic fun In. Thcic wnro ei-ht or nine mitata .. .1 I . . I. . I II I!,- M , ,, ,'. schoa's, latiglit by tvp-qnliflacl and well paid teach- ers, n incluiiuv; the children of thosa parents who carri'd most for education. The aggrug ile expense for turion alone in these schools was ihreo limes as great as the whole expense of the common schools. In 133'i, nncnlirely new system of public schools was adopted. Four primary schools for children under nipo years of age, under femalo teachers, and one high school with iwo departments, one fur boys an.l tho other f ir girls with a male and female principal, wero established. Tha hooks, studies, discipline and management ol the schools wero entrusted ion com mittee of ei,iht members. In 1312. itiotcad of less than ine-tlnrl of tho childien between the ages of four and sixteen, ns was formerly the rase more luati three-f.iuiths of them aro connected with tho public schools) nnd ntnong them nro tho children of Iho best educated and vt-eilthiesl families. Three of ll.e old school houses have been renaired nnd fitted u,, .1111 11 uu,v o on nun i, ior ine primary Feiioois j nni i a lorerc. snb'isntiol biiildin- ereetr'.! for ihe bi-li up, and n new one built, for the primary schools ; an I schnnl. Tliis !,,, ei.,. ..I ... .1 A r lot. ad'ndm? lama an I s , ,r it., nli i.irrono.U for il,n bays and "ills. 'Ihe rertulsr s boo! nieetin.fsnro now ' iminero'ts'y attended ; and notn week goes by with-! mil n visit mil,,. ep,,,!, r,i,m ,,..,...... I Tlieeoursenf studi eni!iracc3a ihorouMi P.n"iihe I-' oration nnd a preparatory classical one. Kearlyall the privnte schools havo been given up, nnd a saving nr. n. ' w.iv n i nironiu n n.vtri w .. ... I - vcar: Th'5 "mire expense of tho public schools is n v c-i.U'nj ipsa t inn was c.neinJcd in tho nr v.ita nchoolsin 133?, and hi a vera"' l' lnn it was at ,,m" Tho croZlnfuhn' ' ol Ihe whole is, lhat it is a practical illustiation of tvlint cm ho done to make common schools pond enough for the richest and chenp enough for the poor ts., ...ni nun iu inane ine auvnuiages ol a good edu cation common lo Ilio ricli and poor." Il may bo obj'ctej that ibis example, being from a arga village, is not applicable lo our towns generally; but your commiileo nnprcnond lhat, in principle, il is entirely so; and tvouid remark that, m ono instance, at least, ns will bo seen moro fully iieicafter, n simi lar course lias nlnndy been adopted, with the like ad mirable results, ninoug oareltcs. G. A general fpiriKifimprovetuent throughout iho community, so that the nltendaueo nt school meet mgs is more nu.iiurous-ieachcrs aro more strictly ex'iiniucd schools more often and inorei-arcfidly in spected y greater uniformity nnd excellency of sclioal books secured tho services nf good teachers in better demand, and longer retaineel in thu same school the superiority of female teachers for ihe younger childien more generally appiccnled iho ntunh-r nnd expense. if private schools diminished nnl jfnr onre general disposition exciied nniong in telli;'. nt'iii 'n lo inak" iheniselves ocquaiuttd with wh it is dune in llns and other countries lo riton more tborou.i and adequate education lottery human be ing. All this has been accomplished, vour committee would again reni.uk, clit fly by collecting informa tion and ilill'jsing it among the people, and leaving it lo exert upon intelligent and patriotic cilitna its nat ural inlluenec. Tho law has been thoroughly retis ed, biitonlyso far nlterod as lo give free nciion lo tho impulse llius railed forth, and furnish it thn requisite facilities for accomplishing its ends. And il has been done at n trilling cxpeiirc. Thotthole, including the secretary's salary, and the cost nf nuineiuiis and in vslinbleptiblicaliotcs lhat havo beet sent into cverv district in the Sinie, wiih nil iho priceless result.. have drawn from the nublie treasury !es. ibnn Ai nnn irn nm-i j.H'uua i r;ir mi linn me pecpio 01 t rr- touui iihi. nuuykiiji iur innor loxsiii litis people of thn Sfaie- bi t'ny part of Ihem, liHvecjrpcn- I jlatlly il.uio nn uxpciiililufti (fid t Was i c garilcd nsn privili'Ki. llw nJ in looking bdt.lt upon which i uvu nigrum mo m i ""i i u iiev.tuiuuinr iy nnu tlu'y rejoice. miliar, in rcgaru to 1110, previous stnto or Iho 1 til III III "Vllllk ,,,.,,, 1 liu fbuiklillj Bll" 1 1 I III 1 1 1 1 tal imspnndnr". and clrhilily 1 lhat n art at nnioriiy a iliililv perilous to Iho health and syininclucnl ifrutvtli 1 nf llin I'lidilrrn f llml llu .plmnU wrrn llfl.li.r n nlriMiv siipcrtisiou 1 that tinny of the most Intelligent nnd tvuillhy cilicns had become estranged from their welfare,'1 At. And a nipro careful invosiigalion in fiibjcniicnl years ltd to tho colWUtjivi! Ijiat half the bfhcllt of c.'ilniil.lil Ecliikila hri? lo '. a?.l nf p.utrse hajf the expense flCthcm wasted, nit-reiy udiii the ui ,,,iii'i.L'i.i.,iiy irieyuiarny in inonticn dance of Iho children that thero was money enough expen led in the Jitato for instruction in common school studies to keen onen f.nn unhnnl. f,,r ntt ttm cUil.ii eti ill lbs Slater wilh nsgood instruction as they iimv irne, .. veii iiiuiuus in um year 1 tvnito 111 lact, a largo pailifit bring expended for private schools, Iho public schools were kept'on an average, but seven months nnd leu daysthai ihetc was' an immense wasto of funds in employing mnlo teachers for tho younger children, who, by proper arrangement ami classification, might be put tin Icrtho caroof fe tualo tenchcis for tho year, with lar greater ndvan tago to themselves and that the efficiency of tho scliio.s for good might bo increased beyond previous ,-i,ii.iiuii.i uy ..i.igeii.'rnniiirooueiiouoi ine uesi ap paratus and bn.iks, mul by improved methods of teaching and discipline. Tho results of layin;r this information before tho people hate been, perhaps, still moro important nnd full of promise than in Connecticut. Normal schools for the educalion of teachers Into been established under the patronage of iho Slate; a liberal appropri ation has been made to encourage thCcstabhshment of district libraries; more school houses tverocrcctcd in 1310 than during ten years previous to the present movement; hater men servo on school committer 1 the schools arc inoie strictly siipcrintcndid ; tho at tendance in mora regular 1 1I13 supposed necessity for private schools, which were supported because Iho public schools were so poor, is in pnny places done away, and iIiq ricii avail iheniscltcs ot just lint in struction for their cluldien which isgitcn 10 ihopoor, beenuse it ij Iho best lhat can bo hull and tho'svs leni is so arranged lhat every tnluablu suggestion made by any committee, no mailer where tutu 1 led no matter how littlo known goes to increase tho common light. The annual school returns show the mature opinions of some hundreds of Ihu best minds n Iho Commonwealth : men of hiirh inlellienpiv nf onhrged views, full of philanthropy and piaetieal ex perience, earnestly engaged 111 detistne means for the improvement of common schools. Their opinions, and tho tacts on which they aie grounded, are em bodied in reports which nro read in open town mcet ni'j. accepted as expressing thcopinionsof ihens'em ' lt d cil 7.cns, and then sent up to the State board, to l".""3!ue part of the common slock of fact and sugges tion, and made ava.lable for tho benefit of everydis trier, and thus of ctcry individual, m tho Common vtcalih. It would be arro siting quite too much lo the intel ligence and public spirit ol the people ol Vermont, to suppose our schools, whieh are certainly not under a more efficient system of supervision ancfacc. mutabili ty than ihoseof .Alimachusclls nnd Connecticut were six years ngo, lo be in a condition essentially better ; it will bo asHummg enough to go on the supposition that our system is in as good and healthful a state as theiis then was. Hut it is now clear, on tho slightest examination of iho documents, lhat an investigation' in those States was imperiously demanded. Kxist ing evils were found lo be absolntoly intolerable; while tohatonttemptcd the improvement nf the sys tem without a thorough inquiry into its state, wld havo been to legMaio in tho daik. And who can glance nt tho results without acknowledging them 10 have been iincxpccloe.lly.gra.at nnd happy, and such as would n thousand times repay any community for uireo or tour years 01 too most uncial expenditure and euuca ion as nunne ran mi' iriiM ilm iirui citizens may feci s iti.fbd that, if they will send ihcir ! children punctually and regularlv to school, from the incp'trpose, are auiiiorise.i oy the district to recom mend th." hoiks tobausod 111 1 Iho schools, 10 point 0111 thn courso of studies to bo pursued, and to classify iho scholars. " I'ormerly wa had four public schools, taught in simmer hy females, 111 winter by males, or partly by males an.l partly by funnies. Wo had a!o about Ihesimu uom'ier nf piivato or select schools, some un !:r the chargo of in 1I0 and soma under the charge off uilaleiahers.ullol which aro 11 ivv diseonlinued. Tiicro was, under that system, or rath'-r r.o-svslem. n constant change of teachers, and nf course a frequent change of hook, of the coirs of stu ice. and nf modes of instruction mul discipline. Tho interest of parents was distracted, each naturally caring more lor too school where Ins children were instructed invidious distinctions wero created, money was wast cd, no goal moral influences wero exerted, and liltlu tvasuonacvciilar U10 intellect. The evils of that no syslcni became ao glaring, lhat tho whole villago roso almost to a in in, and resolved to have a reform. ''Tliealvanta2.,s of our nrescnt system nre found to ha imporiaiil. ll is democratic. All our children nro brought together Tho children of the noor nnd ofibc rich stand si.h by side, and merit alnnu decides llieraiik ofuich. Tha expenses nro paid by the prop erty of ihe district, so that iho children of Ihe noor havo cq 1 il advantages of education with those of ihe wealthy. The inlluenec, the talents, anil Ihe p--cunia ry resources of the village, nre concentrated on tin system ofnonuhrcdiication i nnd this affords one sub ieet of common interest for nil sects, nil classes, and all parlies, and does not a littlo 10 sm. 101I1 down the asperities of fe. ling, and 10 harmonizo diversities of - i. .- - ... --( ...... longer period, they hecomu attached tons; wo take nnn 11 ipi m rr mlpmuls h.ninl., tin, it nor Ipup hprs tor n a realur nersonal interest in them t tvebenm to learn their social importance ill society) lo regard their Ma -'"! as the first in the community ; and lluir inlluenco """ that of patcnis, as having Iho greatest bcarm! on iho character .mil destinv nflho toung. Ilvhav ' a enursoof studies pointed out for our children, so that they can nuvaneeregulariy Irom nrnncn to Branch ihey make inuch n.oro rnpi.l progress man lormcriy ion ll I 1110 o iinu uiiiuuit, t niiwi, tsitiic 1,1 a ittitsii 5,,,.t 'cr perlod.and lac ,u,rua ffir belter educalion in the 'mo oi num. jui jiumhiiis uiuuiuiiu-fi ut'iu-m by our school system, is ll.e n.or innum'co it exerts!. Wo already perceive a decided improvement in Iho manners nuil conduct ot inepii pi'snf nil our schools, milch of vvlueh tve nliribulc lo the introduction ol singing as a put ot (lie eiauy fx cruises. The instructor of Iho central school has ta ken great pains to interest bis pupils (n ennobling and del ating pursuits. Ho has turned then attention lo the study of geology, mineralogy, chemistry, to ilio cultivation and earn of ornamental trees, tic, .which occupies their thoughts u lulu out nf school, an.l in sniicH them wilh iiurcr nud htD.lir-r desires and aims. lly tho strict order an.l method introduced into ihe schools, by the punctuality an.l promptness reouircd, nnd by the propriety of conduct enforced, much has already been done by nil our teachers, for ihe promo lion of eood mannrrsun.l sood morals. Il is thought hy good judges lhat ihe nddilional value which our present system of education has given to tlie properly of iho village, is more than enough to counterbalance tho additional ex penses incurred The cxpciienco of our sister Stales, therefore, nnd experience ntnong ourselves, so fat nt we have il, lend lo tho same conclusion at which wo nrrvid by n glance ul our own gcncrnl condition, vizi lhat a thor ough inquiry into thu stateot education nmong us mi" it lo bo l ie first step, as constitution Ihe on v ba sis of cnomnrintu leirislalion for its improvement Hill your coiniuillre nre also bound In remark thai mill experience serin, in uicni urn iiiniieii, me nurd ligations incomplete, nnd the example lo bo followed wun cannon aim iiiouguiiuiness, as not tviinoul it dangers. It will have been policed, that the whole energy of intestigation and effort in our sister Slates has been devol.nl to a eiuglo department nf what should constitute a slate siktemiifrdiicalioii vizi lo common or nrimarv schools. Higher schools Inte been louche I only so fir, us they may have, an immediate mm paipauie oearing un mesu in tun way oi lurnisn ing teachers Irninri! especially fur iho purpose. Hie common school svstem, ns ll la called ss if il could be n i'tm, complete in itself and independent nf any biglier (ilufatian- hsslun lalrn up apart isters-l from itslcgitimato connection with higher semitniie; atidniinlieMiiplismadetd supply its wan s tvilhoul o.,oLM..giuei, icr intcc lyinto Ihoccrvicuns parlor c ime whole. I n legislation it ia a clivorco between ..iH.iii ei i.eii.iou auj inu lower 1 a divorce whteli, your committee would sav with deference but with slionj conviction, cannot he justified on any -rounds of sound reason or experience, nud must be dangerous 0 hointeicslsof education in all its branches, nnd to tho well-being of tho community. In this respect yonf committee cantiM c.xpioss loo strongly their f . ,.., ........ . iiiv.ipi iiuiioi me i.egisiaiure, ns Em bodied m thu last year's rcpOrt 6f the House, Ihntit is the trite policy nnd duly ofn State to encoutnao nnd lostcr, tiy hlicral legislation, "a wise system of s,iU,.rii.,it i,.,., ,,.y vrunciirs nut ueparimcnls. Jt Mould boa .system) it should bo oncj all its parts Biiijinu iiu iiiuiu;tieiy( connccic.i wiiii cacti otner oy Ihe closest ties of rccinrocal .'ntlunnea an.llianarii Il may, indeed, bo urged, and with tome truth, lhat .avioornusnroscculion of measures for ih imnMM. llledt of common sc!iov), will naturally reach the higher ssiiui.arios, much a result i doubtless, to a certain ettenl, Itlcvltable. In a New Knplaiid com muntty the trueideaof a Slate yslcm will manifest itself moro or lets, even when Iho government fails lo Vecognire its existence. The idea possesses tho puuuc nun.i, nquinuj: act upon nil eiiucnlional move ments. You cannot touch apart of Ihesyelem with out reaching, for good or for evil, the whole. Dut it hy no moans follows, that the government may there fore wisely or safely limit itsrsupert ision nnd patron age to a single department 1 font belongs tollie wis dom of the Legislature to recognize Iho idea nnd lo rcalixo it, and for that end to bestow Us attention and ils fostering enre upon ihe system as a whole. Nor, were the foslorinj care of government lo be confined to some one part of tho system, would it fol low that common schools must be that pait. What tho system most need, is, tho spirit of learning kept nhvn and vigorous in all its departments. This spirit js strongest, nnd most vital and diffusive, where there is the highest culture. Thehighcr seminaries nre the head nnd heart of nn educational system j it is fiom Ihem that the warm life blood and the informing and moving power must go tut. It is well argued in the repoitnriaslyear, to wlich tour commitleo hava so often referred, that "without some standard of educa tion higher than that of common schools, 1'ieir stan dard cannot bo raised ;' nnd it might be ndded, that, without n more energetic spirit of learning than they rmbodyvthat spirit connot be elevated or even kept nlivem Ihem all. The f ids tint have been ndduced from thcConnecticutand Massachusetts reportsshow abundantly bow necessary it is to keep the hiehrai In tellectual culture in close contact with common schools. Whenever Iho intercourse between the two has lieen much interrupted by Ihe establishment nf Dtivnto schools, the common schools hive lost thpir interest and their life, nnd havefaild to furnish, even to those who ntlend them, half Ihcir wonted benefits. It is a characertstio of modern civilization, thnt, by means of the press and educational tvsicm, the results of ihu mightiest intellectual energies, nnd all the lights of purity nnd honor that beam foithfrom the noblest and the best, become almoil at once the property and nre made lo contribute to tae well-being ofthe hum blest citizen. Il is tho business of tlie Legislature, so farnsin its legitimate sphere it touches the subject, to foster this blessed intcrcomniunijalion. To make it perfect, thewhole educational system must be cared for. It is only while the ststem lemains entire and is duly cherished in all ils tiirts alike, lhat the san of life 11 )vvs freely, nnd tho developpinent i every where vigorous and beautiful. The arrangement ought stu diously to bo made sucli ns to secure for common schoofs the greatest poss.hleinflucnco from the higher seminaries. This was well argued by the committee last year from facts noticeable nniong ourselves. It is seen every where, that when the higher seminaries sustain their propr relation lo comino.i schools, Iho influence is salutary in iho highest degree. Hut when false and abnormous relations exist between Iho two, when they no longcr constitute parts of onesystcm, Iho result is disastrous, "Schools, academics, ami colleges," says the President of iho American Insti tute of Instruction, "sliould form distinct parts of Iho same system." ' If the academies arc brought in'o competition, as it wete, with tho schools, the in fluence of ihe academics has been found 10 be altogeth er bad; because they draw from tho common schools iho children ol those whoso influence is every thing to ihem." "If, on Hip oilier hand, academics are kept within their Irgi'imatc sphere if they admit only those who liave gone through a common school course, then iho cllect of academies on tho schools will be good. Such an academy in the neighborhood of n common school, will e'evale thestnndardofedn cation in tint school. This would be ihe natut id re sult of iho mere juxtaposition ofthe two. The spirit of tho higher would pervade, inoie or less, the lower. How much stronger nnd more happy might ihe in fluence he made, by establishing f lly between them the relations lhat they ought to sustain, as parts of a system I While ycur committee are fully aware, therefore, of the i'limsnso work 10 be done for perfecting com mon sclunlsm nil their arrangements nnd details, they would keep no less distinctly in view Iho means of infusing into these arrangements and details a prop er spirit. Doubtless activity and interest may be awakened nnd kept up for n lime, by confining atten tion and effort to common schools themselves. But legislative action should be guided by n wise regard lo permanent influences and results. And therefore it W, that wild" ill esamples of our eisler Sunns nuht to fix our attention and innv well serve 10 guide us in many re'pects, jour committee have deemed it a duty 111 referrmg 10 those psamplps, 10 show wherein thty seem It be imperfect, if not dannetous guides. As the lirst practical measure, therefore, lobe adop. led for carrring into effect ihe views of the Legisla ture, your committee would recommend the appoint ment nf a Hoard of IMucation, charged w'lhihe con sideration of the whole sulirci; with nuthority to employ a secretary; anJ tvi h instructions, as a first dutv, to investigate and report cpon ll. estate of edu ciMon among 11 H al! its department, iheamotini ot money, sources, and con 'linn, or all fun. Is devoted to it. And further, that, to facilitate the labors of this board, proi cr measures bo taken lo procure for ihcir use, by leg:s! itivo .authority, mltqiiato returns from teachers anil S"hooi committees. WI1H1 is respectfully submitted. 1'or Ihecomniiilee, V.. C. TRACY, Chairman. Monipohcr, Oct. 2J, 1912. Correspondence of the V. Y. American Mr. Adams ami the Right of 1'ctltlon. Washington, Saturday night. Doc. 10. The first tvonk of the session is already cone. wilh only two actual days of business, ovfin;; to the lailnre of t'jo bcnale tn form a quorum on Monday anil Tuesday. It is a matter not only of usaire, but of proprioty, to adjourn over the lirst 1 rulay an.l ."Saturday to give time for tho organization of Committees, without which no legislative actions can proceed. The Commit tees will be announced in both Houses on Mon- lav inorninu. Pso mitorial chanre will be made in the standing Committer's of last session. The contest lor the right of petition will doubt less be terminated on Monday by laying on the table Mr Adams's resolution to rescind tho infa mous twenty-first rule. The arrivals since the Jast vote appealed to have reinforced the slave side of the question so far as tn give a majority against freedom of speech. We have however, gained a few vo'es hy tho arrival of Mr John Young.of New York, Messrs Wallace an.l l.mo of Indiana j and some oihors. The number nf members in attendance at the House next week will be nearly tivit). If the vote is a tight one, wo must look nut for some dodging among the Locofocos of New York and Main. The whole Locofoco party feel the great im portance of having the twenty-first rule retained by this Congress-. If it is rescinded it will im. piise upon thotn the painful necessity of formally re enacting it, ft incurring the odious rcsponsibtl ily of roeiislaving the North, after its recent emancipation by a Whig House. Hut if the rule is now retained, they will merely adopt all the rules ofthe last House in the usual form ; and in reply to any complaints of that which excludes our petitions-, they will say, "Wo have merely ndoptcd the rules of a H'u'g- House, just us they left them." Hut sad as this termination of the protracted and expensive strife for the right of petition in all the three session of this Congress, no man can review theso struggles without acknovvl edging that the Northern Whigs in tho House have done everything in their power, and sac rificid everything for tho recovery of this lost right of a free people. Lot it bo remembered that if New York nnd Ohio had scut nnno but Whig Representatives to this Congress, wo should hate succeeded. As it is, wo have been defeated hy the obstinate servility and treason nf the Locoforos ol those two States, and of Pennsylvania, lljt we now present the Northern Whigs in the lloiiso united, in defence nf the right of petition aided, moreover, by a heroic little uai'U ol Southern Wings. Monday, Dec. 12, Housr. The usual Standing Committees and tho Select Committees on a National Foun- dry wero announced, The resolution of Mr Adams to rescind tho 21st Uule, excluding Abolition petitions, coming up, Mr Wm Cost Jidinson moved to lay it on the table which was carried : Yeas 100 ; Nays 1U3 and thus this exciting subioct is for the present disposed nf, unless, perchance, it bo rail ed tin to. morrow by amotion of reconsideration. Tho Houso took up the Message, whon Mr n I l 1 l rt ...l a. - . . turning nia. io an incucctuai etturi to reler tlie Kxchciiiicr plan to tho Committee!, of Wavs & Means. Thnt portion relating to G'en Jackson's fine was referred to tho Judiciary Corn, and tho CommS nl,Pro.,ria, SEVaiT. The Standing Comtnlilocs were announced, and somo other business introduced. . , Tuesday, Dec. 13. in fcHNATr, to-day, several petitions wrro pre- SCIltCU, ailionfr tvhiell tenii nun l,u M. itr.:i. from merchants o( New York for the passn'e of a luxv n.tnhtt0l.;M .t. ttr.-t . 1 . i . , ('"".'"S "lu tv.ircuousing syn'oin. -.Ir. 1 allmadge, on leave, hitr.idue.-rii! a bill amending tho acts "establishing the Treasury Department. (This is understood not to dillur materially from his Exchequer plan oflastsess ion.) Ilio bill was twice read and ordered printed. The President's Message was then taken tip and without debate referred to tho appropriate committees. The bill to repeal tho Bankrupt Liw was read the eecSiid timo. Mr. G rahani rravnnnlfcn of an amendment lie should offer when in order. Mr. nverctt, in accordance with previous no tice, asked leave to introduce a bill for the re peal of Jho Bankrupt Law, and several gentle tnen objecting, moved a suspension of tho rules for this purpose, which nrernilnl f'.,v ti lien thirds vote :) Yeas 130. Nays 03. The bill which provides tint repeal shall not affect any case wheru atm'ioatlnn is ma.lo hnf.irn Olli inst. Considerable miscellaneous business was transacted, but of no great importance. On tliu 13lli nothing of imnortiinco was done in cither brancli of Congress, except that in the House Mrt. Adam's resolution to repeal tho 21st rulo was ordered to bo laid on tho tablo by a veto of 10G nycs, to 102 nays. Tho standing commtttes of tho two Houses wero also announced by tho presi ding officers of each, but ns vcrv few chntieres were made from tho committors of tho last I session, tvo will not republish them. That! part of the Presidents message which relates to tho Exchequer w.is referred to tho com mittee of ways nnd means, of which Mr. Filinore is Chairman. Wednesday, Dec. I I. In Sr.NATn, to-day, petitions were presented by various Senators. l no out oi .Mr. Iienton lor the repeal or the Bankrupt Act, with thu proposed amendment of Mr. Graham providing that it sli.il! not affect applications made before tlieoth inst. coming up. Mr. nr.aniKM moved its reference to the Com mittee on the .Judiciary. He said that nublic opinion which .was now considered in favor of the repeal of tlie bill, was, in his estimation, .op posed only to the provision for voluntary limit ruptcy. He opposed setting such an exnmple of instability of legislation as would bo presented by tlie precipitate repeal of tlie bill, but thought that after mature deliberation it might bo modi fied so as to retain tlie provision for involuntary bankruptcy an.l m that form bo consonant with the public wishes. Mr. Hkntov vehemently denounced the bill as unconstitutional, impolitic and unjust, oppos ed tlie reference to a Committee, and held that it was their duty at once to come up and erase this foul blot from their statute books. It wa3 a question of repeal or no repeal. Mr. Tai.i.madrk disagreed with Mr. B., and thought the question presented was rather wheth er they tvouid repeal the law deliberately or not. Let it go to a Commitee and let them report; there was no danger but it would then bo repeal ed speedily enough. It was entirely a new prop osition to repeal a law of such importance, with out eubmitliiiT tlm subject to the examination of the appropriato Committee, lie hoped tlie mo tion of reference would prevail. Mr. Cuiti K.Mirv believed a temporary Bank rupt Law better adapted to thu condition of the country than a permanent ono. Ho had been in favor of a law, nnd believed tint it had done much good; hut, in obedience to wh it ho deemed the public sentiment, lie was inclined to think he should feel constrained to vote for Ihe repeal, un less modified so as to render it unobjectionable. He thought it should be referred to tho Co limit tec, nnd the matter lie .acted on deliberately. Mn. Mkrrick tlmtight it probable In should vote for the repeal, but went for Ihe reference. The fjllcalion wis llc-n ttltcti nil tin. lull tvai referred to the Commil,e on the Judiciary. The Senile went into ll.xecilivc Sessintt. In the HtiL'sK Mr. Fii.i.tirmK nn leave, report, cd from the Committee -of Ways nnd Means n bill making appropriations for the civil and di plomatic expenses of (internment for the half calendar year cndiiigliOlli June, lilH, which was twice read, referred to the Committee of the whole on tho Union, nnd ordered printed. In reply to an inquiry by Mr. Cusiusc, Mr. i s u.l it was not intended, as heretofore, to re port a separate bill for tho pav of Members of Congress, but it was provided for in this bill. On motion of Mr. tlitir.es the House proceed ed to the election of Chaplain. On the second ballot Hcv. Mr. Tiftanv ofthe Bpiscopal church, Having received 1 in, out ol 1113 votes cast, was declared duly elected. A Message was received from the President of the United States, per John Tyler, Jr. llsq., his private becrctary, stating that at Ilia last bussiou two bills originating in the House were presen ted lo him not approved or returned with objec tions, viz : thu bill to repeal the 3D per cent. clause ol tlie Distribution Act, and that regula ting the taking testimony in cases of contested Elections. His reason for ' pocketing' these bills was the lateness n( the period nf their presentation, ren dering it impossible for him to give them a suffi cient examination. II... up nions on the former were well known, as express! d in his previous communications to Congress; ns to the lilt. r, (relative to contested lections) ns the bill might nira.il lie brought inrvvard UK Novn, lie relrameil from nny- expression of opinion on the subject, except to reler them to his views ol the power ul each House tn itcciile on the qiialilic.atmus ol its own members, ns given in a document deposi ted by la i tn nt the State Department at the last session, (accompanying bis approval of the Ap portionment Act,) Vc. The Message, on motion of Mr. Fillmore, was laid on the table, without debate, and ordered printed. A resolution of Mr. Unions lo amend a joint rule eif the House to prohibit tho sale of ivioxi- c ati no (instead ot ' spiritous, as U'lorc provi ded.) Honors in the capitul or the ndjacent grounds, amended on motion ot Mr. Avcmno tn provide for the immediate remove! of the res tauratcurs from Ihe capitul, was adopte.d with out a division, (tho rules h ivimr been suspended for its reception by Yeas 125 ; Nays 52 ) Ihe br-i:AKHt in reply to an inquiry oi Air Fit.t.MoiiK. decided tint the resolution of last session admitting pMil'ons on presentation to the Clerk and approval by the Speaker remained iu force By means of this, much time usuaily consumed by the presentation of petitions iu the House, will be saved lor the present, session, After tho transaction of some other un important business, tho House adjourned. Proml'ie National lnltUijtn:er. Tiin PINE upon or.xr.itAL JACKSON. Notliing could bo more put lo iho purpose, or more seasonable than the arrital at our office, by Satur day's mail, of a pamphlet under iho title of "Mar tial Law, ly o KeniucA ian, " consisting of four es says (which nppeiir to havo been originally publish- ed ill the Louisville Journal) devoted io iho discus sion of iheauihorily and scope of Martial Lawin gen eral, wiih a particular view of lbs case of the punish ment of General Jackson for a contempt of Court by the imprisonment of a Judge, in the year 1915, for acts done at ihedischargeof his civil authority. The narraliveof the facts of lhat case, coming, ns tve have teason to believe it does, from a source entitled to entire credit and respect, and doing justice to the (Jen crnl wherein his conduct entitled him credit, is par ticularly acceptable lo us, nnd tve doubt not will be welcome to our readers, at the present moment, when ihe President of the United Stales has thought it in cumbent upon him, in iho most formal manner, to in tite Congress to revives question adjudicated all but thirty yeais ago, and to relieve General Jacksqn Ironi " the circumstances " in which that judicial ile cision placed him. We therefore transfer lo our col umns the whole of thai narrative, as follows i EXTRACT PROM TUP. LKTTRRS OP "A KEN TUCKIAN, " O.N MARTIAL LAW. rsou THE LOCISVIlLn jovsnau. " There has been no instance of martial law in En jr Use! for th Unbundled and fifty ysors, and nods in lmnbnii'!,,,r..L(I.n':nt'm W' f Independence tml t nt iriven by (Jen. Jackson nt Now O, loans. - Washington carried tha coiinirys.iP.-essfully throu"h lie seven years' war ,,f il,o Hcvohi.ion nffl .."m and traitors without (mdine n necessity or feelm himself authorized lo rosori to nueh means lliKi more, nn op.-ir, unfortified city, nnd every way very similarly cimimjianred to New Orleans, was sue' ce.sr.illy 'defended during the lasttvarby thnspanta. neons clbrts of its citizens, who voluntarily rendered more servico m the! way of personal exertion linn coiiM i,ave ,Pcn extorted by nny amount of cnerenn. i .us, too, ntnidsi daily detiutieiatious from thn Fedo rnl press against the President for corruption in eel ting tho country into ihowar, and for imbecility in carrying it on i denunciations that notcr ceased until ho press itself stopped; that is when ihu editors mil their tvotkincn, with tho alacrity ofall other citizens, shouldered their muskets lo meet the enemy in iho nelu. Indeed, the whole idea cf cxlraetin" hy coer cion from freemen, the most effeclivo "resistance against foreign invasion, is baeJ upon a wroncon ccption of the genius of a Rcpu.'dic. All lilslory proves that Iho patriotism and pubjo spirit ofn Re public arc -mre . (fi-iivo, in callinj Ilirlli in iho hour or need tho inmost enereicsof a State t linn all the co ercive powers of the most nbsotu'c despotism. "True, ns this undoubtedly!, iu tho irenernl, yet the case nfOen Jackson, when he assumed thecotn mand nt New Orlcanj, was a peculiar one, requiiinc, ns ho supposed, nciion frnm him upon a contrary principle. The diffeicnce of habits, manner, "and latiiuaio of the two classes of population iberc, had prevented that intimate inlrrniinL'hne and nu.ocia non so necessary to mutual esteem and confi fence. Certain Americans nf prominence, upon no knawn facts, but upon thoniithorilynf mere suspicion, imlus triously infused into the mind of iheG-neral a calum nious suspicion of tho loyalty of tho French nan nf the population. Such suspicions never conld Into been vvhispeted lo a more susceptible ear. Nn nun over was moro habitually distrustful of the coo I in tonti ms nf others, win was si exacting as lo the n i bounded confidence ho require I lo bo nliced in his own. There never was ono more apt to think himself llieonly safe depository of power. "Under lln influence of th"a suspicions ho nro claitne.1 martial law. and caused It tn lip enforce I nn. on the members of the I.pisl uure by eit't-r thrust- in.:... n.ii or Keeping uicm nut ol Ihcir lj"2islativo balls with nn armed force. No coercion, Inwever, wasus.dor rco'iirol lo make cvpre ms., l,,,,l,,i in ilefence of iho countiv. Tho 'population, nfall classes, nil ihrt .nnroicli nf. the pnpmv. ntprmp.l fir- warn to lu nil with n unimitv and nlaeruv nrzcnl that would hnted.no honor t lie npnnlp nt or .Slate in the Union, nt; 1 which fully refuted the ...iiiiiii iuu nuil din nininsi inoni. nut Ihev gave it a still more ralisf ictnry iifut .ion In Ihe Ian euasn i of their eloquent Senator, ' tu c nMilv refute I it at tlie cannon's mouth. It nay. I he said, there fore, that Orleinsnns saved, not bv tenon nf, but in despite of, martial law; for si are'iss an insult m Ihr-msdves nnd their local authorities was well cal culated to produce dissatisfaction nnd ilisnff.'Ction When a man performs any remarkable fear, ben apt to co.ai.r nit only the means ncttnllv n.e.l. hot nil inereaccompanimcnt., as having been necpsarv lo th. re.1,1, .and ihu wo'rld , ready to take it ,on , .. ,t, ,t., .j(J ,,, 4 :r, i siy lhat the sun of Austerlitz ttns propitious p, bis victories. Hotspur would hive -answered him lhat . the sun won 1 havo shorn; tho same. ",f your moth-' cr s cat ha I but kittened " nn I nt day. It , np irte . .lul no greater inj .slice lo h ;pni'.n by n.crihmgnnv ' ,oT,iii oi ms iiuiiiiiry acnievemenis to mre sin- fiiinoinau noes uenerai Jackson oo lo h sn.vu mill tary character bv atlrrutinr Ilia su-cessf.il defence nf Orleans lo martial law. Rcide what belongs lo Ihevi'.or.if his iro i;n it is justly ascriSabla to no cause but lhat of his o n indomiinblo nervo and en erst', and that r-reat main faculty of infusing Ins own spirit into every nnn about him. "Alter the decisive defeat of tin enemy, hisevacii anon ol the country, an.l the ref.ttnimn Im it... n..nnts of Louisiana of the caliimny-ijainsi them, it was due I parisou tvuh an example much worthier of sdtn.ra lo them that ilier.! sh )u!d liave been an immediate re- turn with the closntr scene of Ihe life nf the wisest, vocition nf martial law, even ihoi'h such a step I best, createsi man ofO.-eece. it noi of ihe world, who shou .1 Into implied a magnanimous eo'icession t'-at ' refus-d to violate tlie I iws of his country to ave his ' p never had been nceled. What was the motive for 1 l''e from an unjust sentence. Our American er kecpmi it up afterwards is left lo eonjeture, an.l ev- i ntuple cinnot fully stand tho cninanson, only be en conjecture is nt a loss lo assign a rational one. cause the sentence about to be inrticted in our case The experiment had shown lint the chords nf the ' wms most just, q'here was ureal difference also, to public heart beat true, and that in ihe hour of incd I '''- sure, as to the penalncs to be endured, but thespir In could make Ihem respond to Ins matr touch. "i ,','! m vin spir.t nf tha actions wero ihe same. The vthole military forco of ihe ""tato was tin Jer lii ' Let unit lie s nd bv ihe narrow minded, who have no rnhlful command. Why continue t'n assuun ! nu-' elf-conscumsncss by which tn measure the motives thorny over non combatants ? whv continuathc in. I t" such nciiotn, thai ibis was but the actintrof a cun terference mill tho ru'itful peroj.itives of iho civil 1 mm actor on a public la;o ; lhat a paltrv thousand aulhoriiesl Was it hardy lo prevent information I dollars was a cheap prt.-e paid by an ambitious man from bfine conveyed tn theenemv ! If so, the mo- i '" red-cm his unlit ary laurel from all tarnish in the tive was wiioiivi.nifequ ite; lor there was n 'thin . lo comin uiieate lhat he could earn ah nt their I n nving - noiliing b it that he was daily increasing lln num ber of his men, improving their discipline, and other wise g.'tiin better prepared for defence. I! it, if lint wa the object, be entirely fiileel in acc impliIung tvhatvv s inleu.le 1 1 for In himse f tells us it w.is as. Pertained from the l!rit!'i olfi -its after i'lp pv.acethat liny vverefuMviiifii'ine'd nf every ihing that haopen ed in tho city frn-n first In lasi "Si impr' sse 1 was he that the decisive battle bad eff.-etuallv crippled thfn. Pinv t'ni, shoiily afterwuds, be ttio-c the Sect Mar v oftVirihat 'iho "inmv's 1 ist ex"riais hive been mi leiil ill. ij ""cli '" any ratu nr me present sea- "On the leth Jin.nrv the enemy had rc-eodnrkeil his troops. On the 2ih IVbruaty be was off Mobile, aelistinceof lot) niiles, and never again approaches! neirer io Orleans. On t'te'20 i, .Mr. I.ivinoto'? re turned from the fleet icUhim'r'malion.drrittd frnn the Admiral, of the Ireuhj of peace. 'On iho 22.1 it w.mconfirtnedfromannt'icr quarter,' and nobody but General Jackson doubled ils truth. A general el. s content at the unnecessary beeping upnf nnrthl law and Iho exaeti.in of constant intluary eluty from tin citizens began to manifest ile!f; but more part cular !yon the part of somo Iwo or three hundred domic,! ed, but unnaturalized rrenchnian, tvlin. though nr.t eonipe liable to scrtn against a naiion tlicn nt amitv wilh I'ranee, vet ba I volunteered their s-rvie-s and rendere'd such gallant nnd valuable aid in obtaining llu great victory, us to extort the special comunndation of the General himself. Theo men complained lhat they were unnccessirilv kept in a disngrmnlile en campment some miles below lliocitv, and nvvav from their business and trade, upon which iheir fjmil'es depended for support, vthil.-t other Lauis.ana militia from a distanco, who In I neither fnuihes nor li 'si nes there, were e ...if irtably quartered in the citv. To relieve themselves, they claimed and obtained ex emption irum military eiutynn account of their alien- 1 age; but tho Gen-ral immediately issued nn order i bnnishihg.all who In I or should obtain sucli c.xeinp-1 lion to llaton linage, 130 miles above the cily. I On Ihe 31 of March, there appeared in in Orleans I newspaper, a temperate an.l suffi-ienily decorous re monstrance against this order of banishment ; first, because of the indignity and injury em men who ile-1 serve ! a very different rcpnt'il uf lluir gallantry ; see nnd, because il violate.! rights secure.) under th- trea- j ty wiiii I'ranee; ibird, because it violited their right to protection as denizens under the Ciiustitulioii of the United Slates; fotirlh, because the f! meral cou! I 1, .. ... nl e i. ..I.. t ..i o i .-.. ii " . ii in it o li e-inj-, . o i s i i;ie -if l nrnoimri.ssntilv n illiorlD.I llip lrs. I.,l l,,,lr lo Ileal alien enemies ; filth, becnuso il was timet!'. e'ivi! lavy should tes.tineitsuninire. that ciiizfiisshnuhi biiestnred In their constituted judges, an I no longer be dalt tv ith before military In!. on .Is. This rcuioii s. ranee was tinttenhy .Mr I.outs I.ogAUtnn, an hi lelligent and respeclalilo inciniier of the I.o.iis.nn i -ens";, who inn inerelore renJccil himseii tery ob --M.'... . .. .1... r I I... ... : ., r e ,1's Scoops, I.i J , u. , ?ly":,"on ,n lieneral s reouest lo Inin the writ of Imhni. vi-,,. M . . ..l..rs ll. ....- ' . ll suspended by net of the Legislature. Pruin this nr some other caus. Mr. l-oua'per hi I availed himsslf nf bisprivilego of exemption from military duty under the laws of Louisiana, nnd had in no other way ren dered himself amenable in military nuthority Too O'neral ciwel Mr. Lnuallier ti he arratid and tritl for hit life before a Court Mirlial, for hiving icritten this remonstrance, linking its piibh-atim the soe tpecifaition, under the fivef I' u 'chargesi first, mutiny: second, exciting m it' ; third, for bcin aspy ; fotirlh, for harboring, nlltring, and protecting the enemy, nnd in balding correspondence and giving him intelligence by ilnspu' lieation ; fifth, for xcritingand publishing a corrupt libel. "The order for iho arrest, though undo on llied.iy ni ptiiiiieaiiini, nnu iiio.igu accouipanie.i ttuu anuiv lunt tbriMIs nf Innpini. was not execute,! nil ,!,p sixth. On Ihe fifih Judgell ill, nf the United Slates pinii-l isb of truth, with which ho belabored their conn, acting upon misinformati m -s lo bis lining consciences. Me spared nut the rulers of tho then under nrresi is.ned a writ of nafe coitus io , rva.rnotio or tlm nation 1111.ro than others ; but have him brought before .ho com t. l ind m. on a . -..,1 ,Vi,,rP v,..,.s il.n li.rl.i ,,f ,l,i. ami r renewal of the application the next day. lhat the writ t u. lu-T tiees m thu l.-lit ( da, ami re had been prematurely i-sued nnd never ..cted nn. ilia pr"-e thein li"loro all men. T hnuli the reas Indue, Or llu purpose nf sating ihe irniihlnnf wti-' ors reir their ii;ipos,tum wore dilloront, yet these ling new nnier and for no oilier conceivable motive, ! rulers were all agreed iu the determination to altered the date of tho order to the sixth, and re-ilo- , g,t rll 0f t,c,r niinister. Thov sent cunnhif' 'llv' 'f r,spi 'i'trpr'!,,! Jn'i,,;)kJn 'I , therefore, todr.iw him ouUti conversation . was proper to mako sucli nn nlteratton, or rallurl , , . , , ! whether there ronld possibly bo any iniprnpri iv in l',;",k any ovpressiiins ho miplit drop of it. would rcouiro a minuter statement of the facts than I v. lush they cnuhl take advantage. But tho re- has yet been pubh.hed to determine. Ilul thai is im - material i for il i. verv certain theip tvni- notion criminal iu it, nnd that it does not lie in General Jnck. ou's mouth to impute nnv surh criminality lo him. Por the General, in ono of his leccntlv published lei- tcrs, wiih anainiisi.il. sort otnarietr, lei's us ibal lio robbe.1 ihe records of the court of this very document, ' se.Sitio; more rigidity of conscience, were not to and lhat, for private purposes of his, he Ins retnin- ho diverted by any moral considerations, from ed the papcrso robbed rvpr since. It would boco.nl. ' .i,;P ,10f.Plna nnrtiiisc er..0orfXm:dfj!SC ,UimrU'0a Wonta--' 'it,,,ov,pTcu victim, and "The writ of habens corpus wa, answered by on m)l , e'ct t(o?eZlL!nGol order to a file of soldier to arrest and imprison the ih, had him arranged before the konian l.or. Jadit. Mr. Dick, the U. S. Attorney, ihciiobtsitifd oritur. But though they had suborned wttnei frnm Judso Lewis, of the Louisiana routt, n writ in sea lo testify against him, they could prove noth. behalf of Judge Hah; nnd ibis was answered by nn j tu j,ja detriincnt ; and the iron-licarted Ro. onr r norr(nn(;'niprteonmfnnr . W.f j ; r4l0rct at iho idea of condemning inno- and Dick. The laiter was nrresml nnd imprisoned! ine uriner, irom some itnexplsinf.l eauso tvn not. They had both served in the bslile, nnd lewis had particularly distinguished himself for his pallsntry, "Tho General himself aifmitt llni, on this same sixth of March, lie wrote In tho llniish commander, notifying him lint ho hnd received inforinal.nn of ratiji'-ation of Ihe treaty of peace, which, lliounli not official, wis such ns to'leavo no doubt of iliefict, Mr. I.ouallier was thetrforn Iried nVfr the General bettered the treatyt ratified, nnd, ihniich ncq'.itlcd by the court mirlial, was nut released from prison, until nbout iho lith. when martial lw wns revoked. Il wns not until the Dili, and not until the militia had it wns not until me tli.aiut not until the mi hliahadl been disbanded, that Judje Hsll wis rclensed from actual confinement nnd even then be was iffnosiin ll :J."e''"b''''JU "f f'Mer, berjoml the iuV mil.r1. ";.ru 'J"'""1''1 witli iho modest com Trnvl I'"" I" ff'O'ild not return with. ha 1 ,'.''r' tfM "."''I official Intelligence of fore,? nn I. i,iv. ?i '! W3.3 H'OUaht tho niilltiff san. f M, iC'y '"."'''n.lcd, it.vvns not ihousht r. nie , if '''T '!ldi""y ,ak' I' t in Hie Reneral o Zl ,wl"h 'i '"3 ftl r-'itkens wera Tndul- a 1 ,,'J V "Sht ' lV. ',dJ,, an " itiSy oTcilar"1'"" VX' nd e;,.ero'0,CO"i0'ninfC0U.,' in.,hu "fain? ott. Uienetlothtvril, and in imprison ,ig it, judee ionrM. vent .iresort to ulterior process forenf0n '07edl wl'.' t'l-if'0",", 1 ,as arraiK"cd beforo tl?e court, wh 't. tvilhoul the intervention ofa jury, butaccord! m.' io law and the universal usage of all courts ine. f.hi i "'f.'nP1. orJered a fine ofa thousand dollars, which thoUcncral paid. . I'ublicaiioii niadeby Judze Hall at the time, ho says ho asked (Jcnrn! Ja -Uon whether he should J"1" nny military corp., and ho told him not to do so. If the Judge s personal nppearance had not been ms tcrially altered for the worse, four years afterwards, when tho writer formed a slicht personal acqnaint mico wi li him, the Oeneral might well have thought he could do better without than with the aid of such a man. Ho sa)s lie returned to ihe city four weeks b fore his arrest, was cordially received by the Gene ral, and till then almost constantly visited by thi Oeneral s most iiilmnle friends, without hearing sny complaint ofmiscondnet azam.-t himself Iledcnisi lint ho was present nt nny consultation, or thnt he was advi.ed wuh nhouttho elcelarinynf martial law, or that, on Ins way from the citv, be ever did or ssiel any t una in discouraTo t,e trn,,p, from advancing to lis aid. In iio'io of these particulars has ho ever been eonrradi'slcd by nny proof, ihoush h earnestly chsl lenged its proeluction. He does not deny that ho may jnvuoxpress.d his approval of thoHeclnrationnr mar 1.11 taw, iliouith Indies not recollect havintr done so, but dots inot so'emuly protest thnt he did not, nor could boor nny sane man have anticipated or approv ed a nnrtril law such as thetrcnernl had enforced ' which went lothenholiiion of nil rights and placed thej lives ol lln ivhole cominiinilv in the pjwer "of a inihtarychi. .,' mil to he kept up'six weeks nfler ih Ooieral Inns ll In I writlen lo the Scretnry of War that tho enemy's last exertions had been mads in tint 'imrter.nl any rate for the present sesson.' " There, is n.iiii'.it In pn,,,,',,c sUv tl10 cJitot of th paper w hopahhsrol Mr. f.ouallier's communicstion an ! Jii'ljI.-wis were left unpunished, whilst Messrs. Hall, l..)ualher, and D.pk wero .punished J for it is no part of m v purpose to arraijn thp mative's of General J.ickso; I. it, uona,hniall lie did to havebe.n in pur suaucpof his notnns of the public good, I mean lo or I ii'U llnopinioiH of cernin r,r l,iu ...n.i:..... j.isi'fy his cm luct as a n3htful or allowableprewdem Dut hating sard what I have, and it coti'd not have been less in t indication nf thetnemorvof Judee til l, il would be hut s-nnl l.tiOT tow1tu, r,,ntf, Jactson, il, b.'fore lavln. this part nf the sublet. I we-o to content P"l the f, l e. 1 1 wa s th o i no. If im u n a te i ncMe ri'l in tn treir tvni, nrey sayintr thst h .. ,t ,, ,ii.,,,n, n jutiieini tr,'.i nsl to exnisla bis o'l'ine a .amst n. ;,, fr y, r0 imio,,, "f Hi l'uiiJ.ime,n il nnd most sicrdlaw Ib wss must f irnmate m the opportimitv it nffirded him of viol Inn thj only S't.nble or acceptable ntonemenl to hiscitmtrv. by actin" tlirotnihoiit in a manner most appropriately beco-mii" nn American citizen. If . i "y."'"""'"'' I" 'bat tncidenl nt his trial which nll irded him ihu .iccion .for prrspmint one of tht sujhmcvt moral spirtnclcs eter exhibited in I'iis-or any other country, when, as it wero wilh his own arm, In sustained tolieriili justice on her shaken seat, vvhilo she inflicted hrr sentence on himself. It is creatmttstice to this fine action to compare it, as ins ii.-eiii.uiie, wun oorioianus torbcaring to wrest his verneiiiee nn hieoivii p.,, mint li .!.,......,. y.. m ins nouu.rymon. li is a net not penerany known, restint; n ny perhaps in the knowledge of I'e.v lies l.'S G ui. Jacks in himself, tint lie attended his tml anticipating a month's imprisonment at the least, asapartof hi? sntcn..c, and with his mindful ly iindeup to a cheerful submission. "My inform. lion was frnm tho late (Sen. Adiar, who, as commander ofthe Kentiio' y militia, bore a distinguished pari in ncliiemig the tietury of New Orleans, hut whosj personal relations towards Gen. Ja. ks , i, at the time of co'oinunicating i, were any thing but those of friendship. He said that, from pre tliu. ne.rriionneo u ilh Judge Ileill, he hi'l'wmt i would mll.xi'ilv nnd fearlessly discharge his duly. Distrustful of C.eii. JneUnoi.' ti-mper, more especial ly nfier the so recent exercise of absolute power, nnd th-' i. illation so natural lo his situation, he was seri ously apprehensive that something would crow out ofthe tml, which, if not pers inally disgraceful to the lieneral, would be degta'lmg to iho country ; ho therefore obtained a private interview for the pur pose of schooling him into a proper temper of mind to meet his trial. Ile found there was no need fur his lesiurp. The writer regrets be cannot venture to de tail tha characteristic dialoguo that ensued. The substance, in brief ttasnlioul Ibis : I understand you are Id be trpd beforeJu.be Hall to-motrow. Yes. Have you ihought cf thu cmife the thing is like lo lake i Yes, I snpposj the el el rascal wilt fine me. I'.i! fieneriil, I am apprehensive he will not be con tent v. 'i t.iat. What ran liedii 7 He may send you lopru l. Uell.d n hmi, let him. liut it may ba for a n mlh, or more. Well, let him. Will you go lo p.- son nnd stay there I Yes, sit, 1 will. Hut will llu troops permit that Jackson, rising from his s at, and empln-izuii', with an uplifted arm, answer ed : ' I'y ft d, sir, they shan't prevent i.' "Gen. ral Jldair thought it tery fortunate that Juege Hall had made ihe punishment of a pecuniary fi iu insleael of imprisonment, for ho thought General Jackson overrated Ins powers of self-contml ; anil, if brought to tho test, would not have been disposed to fulfil bis vaunt. Tha writer has always ihouibt dif ftictulv, and regretted that he was not imprisoned, from a most con!! lent bel.ef lhat he would bate ful filled bis promise to ihu letter, and thereby afforded a still more adequate ai.miT.icnl fir his violation of tho Constitution, lie could nit but have had mo't anx iius misgitings in his own mind lhat his outrageous conduct towai.ls t,ie I.egi-laiurc, Judge Hall, and i'r l.iualber, had overstepped ihe bounds of even li own notions of duty, and could not bill benppre hens v as to llu manner in which thai ctndiict was t) bj re ened by tin sober-minded of his runtry- , I 1 l. V it'i s leh fe imsaliout bun, if he beany part nf iho man I lake hi u f.r, ho nui-t have been more lb in vv i hug to make any atonement the constituted authorities might require The nneedote just related will probably nev-r reich Iho historian; but if it fho. lid, he vv II irans uii ll to p"'eritv without any of iho dieerimiiniing doubts of Gen.nl Adiar, sna in lint tv.iyalsin majority of his countryrren tvouid now receive i' ; an I II will go farther with etery co- I I ghleoed pat. ,ot I ".vards obtaining a cordial forKive. .1 , - . p . . ness for the .1 elarati n of mania! law, and his arbi trary proceedings undent, tlnn any Ihing he ever did, nole.xcepting linhrilli.ini victory," For the .Xew- York Ihangelist. "HIS BLOOD BE OxTs AND ON CHILDREN. ri'CLISIIED DV REQUEST. The rulers of the Jews determined OUR at all Soma hazards to re-juct tho .Mm of rt iiiroth. ttf .hem were moved m their opposition to him 1 by envy, s.iiun by pr.de, and others by the scor- 1 so' was, tnat the excellence of his conversation and tho sweetness of Ins manners, convinced tlient that ho was a great and good man. tl.v ronorto.l accordin.rlf. Their masters, how. over were of "sterner tuiT" than they, and pos. cciicn to die. Thev then, in the spirit of ten. tiitio hypoerary, chargo the Gnvernor with be. ing aironcmy to Ctcsar. Trembling with alarm lest llieso unprincipled men should falsely ae. cusu liiiu of disloyalty to tho Umporor, if he did not grant 1 heir request, Pilato caused tho unof. fending victim to bo scourged, as if guilty, and crowned with thorns. Thou, cxhiting him with his flash all mangled, quivorinr; witli pain, and dripping with gore, he cries, Behold the man I siJ i.nnes ihimvill suffice to clut their malica, ""(;. "i.,., ,,. k.J tuiad But liko HSfts, when enco they had tajUfid

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