Newspaper of Burlington Free Press, January 20, 1843, Page 1

Newspaper of Burlington Free Press dated January 20, 1843 Page 1
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. . . i. . . . I i ....... WOT TUB Q L O R Y OP C .ffl S A H DVT TUB WELFARE OP ROME. VOL. XVI. T II K M O T II It It . DT t. it, eigoiuinev. Who, when tliy infant life was younp, Deishtetl, iVr' lliy l.utigl'pilv s-mth'd each childish moan, And nnde ihy litilo erief." her own 1 Who, s'eeple", watch'd in hours of pain, Mnr s nilM till ihou wert well ne.iin ? WhisorrowM from lliysiilc to pari. And hore thee, absent. on her heart? Thy Mn'her, lov I How cnn'sl thou pay Her tender care, by nt&titand day 7 Who join'd thy spnrn with cheerful air? AndjiAt to i-e thee strong and fnirl Who, with fond pride to sues! and friend, Would itill the darling child commend 1 Whosp tears in ferret, ilow'd hltn rain, If sin or woe, thy liledid s tain 7 And whi, wit l prayer's tineon-in? ig!i, Ilesoiisht for thee, n home on hiiihl Thv Mother, hoy! How cnn'nl thou pay Her lirelcjs love, hy night mid day 7 Hear on thv brow the lofty smilo Of upright dntv. free from guile, With earnest dilliyeneo restrain The word, the look, that nivcs her pain Ifwcirvliil her path invade, Come, fond and feailrss, to her aid, Nerve thy youne arm, her step' to guide Iffid;s her cheek, he near her fide. And hy a life of poodnr?s pay Her caro and love, hy nipht and day. From the FranLfott Commonwealth. Mn. Koitor. I send yon a translation of Goethe's snalvzation of Shakspeare's character of Hnnilrt, which I have prepared for your paper. Although Goethe's criticism of this deep, I might say unfath omable tragedy, is known to sotnnhy a translation of Tho'sCarlyle.'vel I do not think that tho plittahty of ine runners ot sniKspcare are acquainted witii it, nnti I doubt not that this will he a very welcome nrtielc to I lift...',..!..,... r.U . l..l .... -. I. . .1 - . t t,.. t Ambition reign arc not the passions that govern him ; lie bad been contented to be tho son of a king, but now he is forced to view with great er attention the difference that divides the king, from the subject. The right to the crown was not hereditary, but a piolimgrd lift! of bis father wou'.d have strengthened the pretensions of bis only son, and secured to him the hope of its possession. But now he sees himself, notwithstanding the apparent promises of his uncle, peiliaps forever excluded; now ho foi'h himself poor in favor,in l,inds,and a stranger in that which he could, from his early youth up, look upon as liis own inheritance. Mere 1 1 is soul first inclines to sadness. He feels himself no more, yea not even as much as any otiier nobleman ; be oilers himself as a servant to everyone; he is not courteous, not conde scending, but sunk low and poor. His for mer cu'fJiiion ho views like a vanished dic.-.m 1. is in vain that his uncle tries to exliiliarate him, and to show him his situation in unolhei point of icw ; tho sense of his nothingness never deserts him. " Tho second shock ho received wounded deeper depressed him nioie. It is the marriage of his mother. Atiucand tender son had n mother left him, when tho fuller died ; and hit thought to honor, in company of his surviving nnhlu mother, the heroic form of the dead, but be loses even bis moth er, and it is worse than if death had bereft him of her. The truthful imago that a well brought up child loves to form of his parent vanishes; by the dead is no help, on the liv ing no bold. Shu also is u woman, and, hy tho general term, "frailty," given to her sex understood. Now lie feels in reality, deeply, deeply depressed now ho feels that hu is an orphan, and no fortune in tho world can substitute what hn has lost. Not sad, not contemplative by nature sadness and re flection become a burden to him. Thus wo ico him enter on the stage. " Picture to yourself this youth, this son of a prince, right vividly; present his situation to your view, and then observe him, when he learns that the ghost of his fuller had been seen to stand hy him on that horrible night, when the venerable Ghost himself ap pears before him. A tremendous shudder possesses him ho speaks to tho mysterious form sees it beckon he follows and hems, Tho horrible, accusation against his ancle founds in his car the call to icvenge, and the imploring repeated prayer Remember me. ' "And when tho Ghost is vanished, whom do wo sec before us? A young hero, who pants for revenge. A priuco by biitb, who feels himself happy to be called upon to re venge himself on tho usurper of his crown? No; ..Astonishment nnd melancholy take hold of the lone one be grow s bitter against the smiling villain? swears not to forget the jci-li;uij- u departed, and concludes with the significant exclamation : "The time is out o joint oh cursed spirits i That ever I was born, dc," In these words, mcthinks, lios thu key to Hamlet's whole demeanor ; and to mo it is plain, that Shakspoar wished to jiainl a great , deed laid on u soul that is not strong enough ito perform it. And in this sense I find the niero manaccd throughout. Here is tin oak- Ireo planted in a costly vase, that should Have . ..... ; 1 ! I !.. I. ........ Itllt l.lfl.K flnlV- ffCCeiYUU III lis IJII3UI1I .iuilllii .,. ..... ,.w.- . ; thn roots expand, and the vase is burst (4 ! A beautiful, noble, pure, in thu highest Jegrco moral being, without the physical (ran t i that constitutes tho hero, sinks mult r I . .i . :. ... ...i I .1 i t Duruen, mat ll ran iieituer near, nor iuiui ' off every duty is holv In him, hut this is loo w. . ' :i.:i':... :.. .u I...I ..n.;.... Iiam. nil IIHiuaaiiij ... .,, t..,i,.u ., . .1.... ...Ltd. ... w,eif In ilunl! lint HOI lll'll WIUVII 13 ,,,iiuj,.'i., tM iiavtij '" iat which fur him is an impossibility. How O turns, IWI313 noil liuia iiitiisrii , iiutv hu dvanrcs and relrngiades ; huw ho ever is IllrlUUrieil, ill uii'ij iuiiii muf in, mm tn ( t....a cinlif rifliw mm. without i.viir nh. g ms peace ui mum uguiu. THE NEW SCHOLAR. BY T. S. ARTHUR. "How tlo vou like that Ann Stacy ?" ask cd olio girl of another, tit n boarding school, ulluding to a new scholar that had been cn-, trrcd a tliiv or two before, " I don't like her sit till," was JuWPply, nccompannied by a slight expression of con tempt. " Neither tlo I," rejoined her companion, whose tiatno was Martha Wild. " She's tho meanest looking girl in the whole house." " Anil ugly as sin." "Did you ever sen such a bonnet as that she had on when slin caniol" "O dear! Dnii'i mention tho thing. I thought 1 should have died laughing when ( saw it. And thou that outlandish dress with the wtiist under her firms. !t looked :n if it might have been made in tho year one." Just at that moment a plainly dressed, quiet looking git I. with :i faro ever thought ful and subdued forotio of her years, passed near the two misses, who so far forgot them selves at the moment as to laugh aloud, nnd throw upon her half concealed glances of ridicule. " Martha," said one of tho teachers, com ing up at tlio moment, and addressing the eldest of the two in :i giavo voice, " I am sorry to see you thus Ibrgetiing yourself." "It is wrong I know," M.utha. replied, somewhat abashed lit being detected in so unkind an unladylike act j " but then, how can I help laughing at bert" " I am sure, Martha, that I can seo noth ing about Ann Stacy to excito feelings of mirth." Nut in her old fashioned, hitched-up dress? ha! ha! The very thought of it makes mo laugh !" " Did vou never see a short-waisled frock before in your life!" usked tho teacher still with a crave face. " O yes. But not for five years or more." "And wore llieiu ilien, no doubt.." "Of course. Thev were fashionable at tluil time." "And now vou so far forget voitrsrlves, as to be guilty of the unladylike tu t of wound ing the leelings ol a strung!! young girl, bo- ciiiM! sliu liatitii'iis to Iimvo on n dock cut in the very sU lu of those you worn a few years iifo, and no doubt thought very be- coniinsr. "It is not only that, Miss Compton." said Martha with a more .serious air. "Take her all in all, she is one of the most disagree able girls in the school, besides heini; not exactly of the right kind of company to intro duce among vouni; ladies of our standiii"." As to her being disagreeable," replied the teacher, "that, I presume, is a mere ides, the result ol an unjust prejudice " "iNo, indeed, flli? Cuiupton ! It is not. ert;imlv, tho most unpleasant in her appearanre, faco and manners of any "ill 1 have ever met. Indeed, so much so is she to me, that 1 cannot feel or act at all kitullv towards her." "Do vou know any thing about herl" "No." "Did vou ever sco her before she came to this school ?" "Never." "Of course, then, she has only been here for a few days, your prejudice against bet is caused by some improper acts on her part. Is it not so I "O ! as to that, 1'vn never seen any thins parlioilnily nut of ibeway about her.' She's good enough, no doubt, but I can't bear her. "And the reason is, if I rishtlv understand y oti. because she is not handsome, nnd wears clothes not made in I lie? height of the fashion. "1 didn't say so Miss Cump'.oti." "But all you have said convinces mc that you have no better reason." The two yiuum ladies seemed half offen ded at this ren an:, which liacl in it more truth than thev lell willing to hear. Miss Compton saw this, and said no more upon thu subject. Anutit a week rrnm that time, Martha Wild awoke one morning with a heavy chill, which passed off in the cuursc of an hour. and was succeeded by a burning fever, ac companied by a most violent pain in the back, and sluggishness of tho whole sstcni. A physician was sent for, who saiil that she was very sick, anil he feared would bo ill for smut! time. His lea is weie loo true, ll was several weeks before slio left her ronni, during' which time she suffered much, both from the disu ise, and the violent action of thu powerful remedies which her physician administered. Fur thu first few days of her sickness, her young companions gathered about her bed and vied with each other in their offices. But as tho disease progressed, and she be came morn helpless, and tho attendance on her moro and more unpleasant, one hy one they fell off in their attentions, and at last she was left alone with the hired nurso of the institution. INo, nut alone either ; fur there was a young, unobtrusive, mid "fnllo cirl. for whom none seemed to feel any inteiest, who might niton ho seen going quietly to her room, anil moving about the bed of tho sick scholar willi n sleallhy step now soothing, or in-adjusting :i pillow, now holding a cool ing (iratiht to lips dry and parched willi e ver, and now looking down upon thu face of the invalid with an expression of deop cor'n- uisseraiion. At last Martha became so ill that she could not bu left alone, night nor day. Everv night someone or two of the y g l.idiesuf thu school had to sit mi willi her. At first this was n kind of novellv, and there were several ready to ulTur themselves. But nnlv a lew flays had passed before ibis one was nut well, and that ono hail soino oilier excuse, until the whule task of watching bv ltl bed side uf Martha Wild devnlved upon the nurse and Ann Stacy, who performed the task niMu after night, alternately. " Skilful medical treatment nnd careful nurs ing, at length subdued the disease, and the sick cii'l began sluwly lo recover. Fur sev eral days dining tho height of the fever, she was bill impeifeclly conscious of uuy thing that passed iirouiid her. But so souii us she did become iihlu tu notice, she observed that thu gunllu hand that was so busy about her, and soothed so often bur pillow, find tho ten- uer voice mat inrpiuiro nauy now sue ton, BURLINGTON, VERMONT, FRIDAY, were the hand nnd voice of iho very pirl to wnrds w hom she had pormiltcd herself to in dulge, unkind feelings and these, too, with out tiny real cause. At first, her heart s note , r syi:re)y, ns slip how often she had wantonly thrust nt her feelings, and how often slio had ridiculed her nppenrance nnd pccnliarilies of dreft and manner; but, as she gained strength to perceivo moro and moro narrowly, and to feel tho warmth of a pure heart going out unselfishly towards her, that emotion gave way lo ono of nfiection. When Martha Wild had so far recovered as to ho aide to sit up in bed n little, and to feel an interest in what was going on around her, Ann would roinc to her room after her recitations in school, and read interesting books to her, and in other wavs exert horsalf i i. .. ....:i.. .i. ....i! i . ' -., i .M'inm uiu il-iiiuus uours. truiers were now ready to join in rendering the time less wearisome to Maitha ; but no face was so welcome, no voice so pleasant, as that of Ann Stacy. Sho seemed no longer plain hxher features; no longer singular in hernar ance, no longer ungoiiteel in her manners. " You have been with he sick before, have you not, Ann? " sho said to her one day, after she had beguiled an hour for her with some ingenious device. " O ! yes ; for months I might say for years," replied the gentle girl, looking up with an expression of interest into Martini's face, while her eyes became dimnitd with tears. " I have been familiar willi sickness since my earliest recollection. When a little gill I cannot remember how long, how very long my mother kept her loom, and then her bed before she was taken away. Only a few years passed after that before my elder and only sister drooped about forn. time with the same, falal.'lingering disease with which our mother died, and then she was shut up in a room, and I became her nurse. For two years I was with her night and day. It is now only a lew months sinro wo wero sepa rated, and her body buried out of my sight forever." The voice nf the young girl had trembled as she lohl liiiefly the sat! history of her be reavements When sho alluded to the re cent death nf her sister feelings overcame her and she gave way to a uh of tears. Re covering herself soon, with an effort, she said, " 1 ninnnt tell hew much fVlt dra-.i to wards you, Manila, the moment saw you. You are the very itnaL'o of lb -, only sifter of w hom I have just spoken Often and often, since you have been nick, have I bent over you, and gazed -jiid gazed upon your pale face, scarcely able to convince myself that you were not really that dearlv loved and lost f'liC." ' Then it is because I resembled your sis ter so much that you havo been to me so kind a nurse 1 " " That may have influenced mo some, but I trust not entiiely. To those who need the attentions of a friend, whether in sickness or in health, we should ever bo ready to offer those attentions." "And young as you are, Ann, you am learniiiL' In act from such unselfish princi ples? " Maciha said, in a tone of surprise and admiration. ' Thai clear sister, who so much resem bled you," replied Ann, looking in tho fate of ibe invalid, ' taii'jbt me from my earliest years to regard oihersj to think' of their ciimfurt and happiness even more than my mvn. A ml those lessons, enforced hy her steady example, I can never forget." " Would that I wen- liko her in spirit as well as in featnies!" was the fervent half ejaculation of Martha Wild. When. -die went out from that sick cham ber, she went out a chanced gh. She saw with new eyes, mid estimated others by a new and higher standard of estimation. For Ann Stacy sho ever after entertained the warmest affection. Itr.soi.unoN. There is certainly nothinp: in man so potential for weal ur woe as decis ion ol purpose. Ki solution is almost omnip. olent. Sberiden was at first timid and obli ueilto sit down in iho midst of a speech. Convinced of, and mortified at thu cause of bis total failure, he said one day lo a friend, " it is in me, and it shall come out." From that moment ho rose and triumphed in acon siimalo eloquence. Hero was trim moral cot!rae. And it was well observed bv a heathen moralist, that it is not because llii'iies arc difficult that we daro not undertake them. Be thou bold in spirit. Indulge no doubts, for doubts arc traitorous, lu tho practical pursuit of our high aim, let us never luoso sight of it in tho slightest instance; for it is more by disreganl of small things than by open and flagrant offences that men come short of excellence. A Perfect Caled Quotem A regular scheming, t-lircwd, bard working, monev mak. ing Yankee, 'nut West,' a chap who rejoices in the various occupations of doctor, gunsmith, law ycr, tooth. extractor, dry goods merchant, jus. lice of the peace and schoolmaster, has recent ly, by advertisement, added the following to his list of pursuits and qualities: Anclioneering of the loudest kind, interwoven with ventriloquism and the use of the globes. The advertiser would also havo no objection to teaching sing ing school evenings!, and might possibly find an hour to i-pirc each morning breaking colts to harness or carrying on a small garden at the halves !' Makino a lt.usc. The very last caso of raising tho wind is that of an Irishman, who walked into a grucer'u store, a short time since and seeing the uwncr busy, ho feizcd a large chceso from a pilo lint was'nei.r him, and clap . ing it on his head a-lccd the owner il'lio wauled to uuy a cheese. lo, n,nd the unconscious More keopor. Well says I'.it, I must try sonic, where else then ami in irehed oU'wilh thu cheeso on his head. Tho in in d. -covered his loss in a few miiiutcp, but Pat was too rpry fur him and succeeded in m ifcinj; gued his escape. 'It is a teinblo thought,' say Cooper, in 'Two Admirals' 'at an hour like (hi?, to his re member that nothing can lxj forgotten. I have somewhere road tint not an oath is uttered that dues not continue lo vibaato throorrb nil limn. in iho wide Bprnading current uf sound not a stamped on tho laws of naturo by the indchbio seal of tho Almighty's will.' prayer ir-ncri. t iat Hh nr,.r.l a ... i. r i foen, tint its record is not to bo If t ho world I'mi't como to an end in Anril. Par on Miller and his men will doubties lie much disappointed if it docs, a much larger nimDcr wiupoawiuiiyeucneuin, LIFE IN MEXICO. "Life m Mexico, during a Residence of Ten Years in that Country," is thn name of two duodecimo volumes, just published at Boston, by Littlo 6c Brown not two thick pamphlets, as is the style of tho day, with leaves of whily-brown but two fair vol umes, after the Boston style of printing, with milk-whito paper, and a clear, large type. The author is Madamo C do la B 1 by which, we aro to understand, an American lady, tho wife of an intelligent gentleman, formerly the Spanish minister to Ibis country, and afterwards sent by Spain, in a diplomatic capacity, to Mexico. The work is a very delightful and interest ing one. Life in Mexico is given in all its hues and forms, with a skill in pencilling which we had almost said could only belong to a woman. Among that lively people and in that picturesque region, she finds ample occasion for the exercise of a talent of de lineation which sho possesses in an uncom mon degree. In these sprightly volumes, the manners and country of Mexico seem spread beforo us with almost as much dis tinctness as in a scenic representation. If there is too much of any thing, it is of what the Mex icans themselves havo too much, re Iigous parades, processions, nnd other cere monies. But, in general, nothing can be moro vivid and satisfactory than her sketch es, whether of high or low life. A VISI T TO SANTA ANA IN 1939. " At length wo began to see symptoms of vegetation, occasional palm trees and flow-org. and by the time we reached a pretty Indian vil lage, wiiero we slopped to change mules the light had broken in, and wo seemed to have boon transported, as if by enchantment, from a desert to a garden. It was altogether a pictur esque and a striking scene ; tho huts composed of biinbno and thatched with palm leaves the Indian women, with their long black hair, eland mg at the 'J:,ori-, .. itli their half-naked children tho mules, rolling themselves on the ground, .i-v.ording lo their favorite fashion snow-white gnats brows ng amongst the palm-trees, and the air soft and balmy, the first breath of the morn ing ; tho dew-drops still glittering on the broad leaves of the banana and palm, and all around silent, cool and Mill. The huts, though poor, were clean ; no win. dows, but a certain subdued light made its way through tho leafy canes. We procured some tumblers of new milk, and having procured mules, pursued our journey, now no longer through hilis of sand, but across the country, through a wilderness of trees and flowers, the glowing productions of the tierra ealiente. We arrived about five o'clock it Mangade Clavo, af. ter passing through leagues of natural garden, the property of Santa Ana. The house is pretty, alight-looking, and kept m i. ice order. iWo were received by an aid-decamp in uniform, and by several officers, and conducted to a large, cool, agreeable apartment, with little furniture, into which shortly entered the Senora de Santa Ana, tall, thin, and at thu early hour of the morning, dressed to receive us, in clear while muslin, w ith white satin shoes, and with very splendid diamond ear-ringB, brooch and rings. She was very polite, and in troduccd her daughter, Guadalupe, a miniature of her nianimi, in features and costume. In a little while entered General Santa Ana himself; a gentlemanly, good looking, quietly dressed, rather melaiicholly looking person, with one leg, apparently somewhat of an invalid, and tons ll.o mist interesting person in the group. He has a siilnv complexion, fine dark eyep, soft and penetrating, with an interesting expression of face. Knowing nothing of his past history, ono would have said a philosopher, living in dignified retirement; one who had tried the world, and found that ali was vanity ; one who had buffered ingratitude, and who, if he were ever persuaded to emerge from'his retreat.vvould only do so Cincinnatus-hkc, to benefit his coun try. It is strange how frequently this express, ion of philosophic resignation, of placid sadness, is to be remarked on tho countenances nf iho deepest, most ambitious and most desiunin" of Krt,e ,, a Jeucr lrmn tl)c Queen, of Spain written on the supposition of his being still President, with which ho seemed well-plcascd, but tnerolv made thn inn.,. cent observation, "How very well the Queen n roes ; It was only now and then that tlm of his eye was startling, csneciallv when h spoke of Ids leer, which is cut oil" l,W tl,. Mice. lie speaks of it frequently, liko Sir mini ii.tiuuriiy oi ois nioouy naiicl ; and when he gives an account of his wound, and alludes io ine i rencii on that ilav bis counifinatir . sumes that air of bitterness which Ramorny's , 'r. .. "" j't.anoie ui narry the Smith." Otherwise he made himself very agreeable, spoke a great deal of the United State", and of the persons whom he had known there, and in his manners was quiet and gentleman, like, and altogether, a more polished hero than I had expected to see. To judge from the past, he will not long remain in his present state of in

action. Breakfast was announced. The Senora de Santa Ana led me in. Af ter breakfast, the Senora despatched an officer for her cigar-case which was gold, with a dia. mond latch offered me a segar, which I hav. ing declined, she lighted her own a little pa. per cigarilo, and the gentlemen followed tier good example'. Tho lady, however, informs us, that the practice of ladies smoking, has become un fashionable among tho genleel society of Mexico, being cunfincd mostly to elderly la dies, who cannot give it up; and being vo ted vulgar, will probably not survivo another generation. A COUNTRY BULL FIGHT. In the afternoon we all rode to the Plaza de Toros. The evening was cool, our horses good, the mad pretty and shady, and the Plaza itself a most picturesque encloseure surrounded by lofty trees. Chairs were placed for us on a rising platform ; and the bright green of the trees, the flashing dresses of the toreadors ; the ruarinir of the fierce bulls, the sDiriied bornk-. the music and the cries ; tho Indians fhoutinir e l. . .1 I ft iroiu uiu irct'n up w hich nicy nauctiincu; all formed a scone of savago grandeur which, for a short time at least, is interesting. Bernardo was dressed in blue Batin and gold ; the pica dors in black and silver; the others in maroon- colored satin and gold. All those on foot wear Knce.brccclie and white silk stock nrnt. a litis black cap with ribboi.,and a plait of hair stream, ini down behind. 'PI,. hnr. ...... n.. Cood, and as ach new adversary appeared, eemed to participate in tht enthusiasm i of their JANUARY 20, 1843. riders. One bull after another was driven in " ,.j n,u wiiukiii nuit.1, and their horns not blunted as in Mexico, it is a much more dangerous affair. The bulls wore not killed, but wore sufficiently tormented. One stuck full of arrows and firc-works, all adorned with ribbons and colored nanor. made a sudden manner, anrl na lint-A thnu am nn..rt.nit.. nnHMn spring over an immensely high wall, and dashed into ine woods. I thought afterwards of thi.- unfortunats animal. Ii MV ii timer lnrt Lnn wandering alone all night, bellowing with pain, uiu cunceaicu arrows piercing us llcsh, and looking like gay ornamcnls : "Po, when the watchful shepherd, from the blind, Willtnfla ..t.,1, n -mh.I... -I.-,. .1 . t , , ' ..w..0 ..,, ,, i.iiKiifui sunn uic cnrcie ninu, Distracted with her pain she flees the woods, Ilnunda o er the lawn, and sctlts thesilrnt floods With fruitless care, for still the fatal dart bucks in her side, and rankles in her heart." If the arrows had Ktror!.- inn ,tnn .,,.,1 il. bull could not rub them off against the tree?, lie must bavn hind fmlnnili l!-,l l, . ...,. " - - .L!4 IIV I Ullllll MUtl, III? file would have boon bettor, for when tho ani- niai is entirely exhausted they throw him down with a laso. and null inrr not llin firprnco ,! ointment on tho wounds." Tho following nassace details what the author justly calls " a strange scene." She had just witnessed the discipline of the fe male penitents, which seems lo have been comparatively mild, and was then nrivntilv introduced into tho church of St. Agustin, to sec ll c DISCIPLINE or the MALE PENITENTS. When it was dark, enveloped from head to foot in a large cloak, wo went to the church ol St. Atigustin. When we arrived, a small side door annarcntlv nnnnnil nf hoir -.,,1 .., cd passing through long vaultrd passages, and up niuuj lulling Biaira, umn wo lound our selves in a small railed gallery looking down di. rectly upon the church. The scene was curi. ous. Ab. ut one hundred and fifty men, envel oped in cloaks and sarapes, their faces entirely concealed, wero assembled in the body of tho cnurcn. a tnoiiK had just mounted the pulpit, and the church was dimly lighted, except where he stood, in bold relief, with Ilia irr:ir rutin iml cowl thrown back, giving a full view of his high, bold forehead and expressive face. His discourse was a made but very forcible and eloquent description of the torments pre pared in hell for impenitent sinners. The cf feet of the wholo was very solemn. It appear ed like a preparation for tho execution of a f,i...n.l tut w. .w,.,.v.".,,u , i iiiiiiiiii;,. ouo IOC discourse was finished, they all joined in the prayer with much fervour and enthusiasm, beating Iheir breasts and faliing upon their fa ccs. Then the monk stood up, and in a very distinct voice, read sni-nr:i! nnccn.fne nf .-:.,,,. descriptive of the sufferings of Christ. The . L ... T . 1 . . - , ..lyail tui-ii oirutK UJI uiu oiiscicrc, ami ol a sudden, the rhiirrb iv.ia ti1iin,n,il in .,,r,,na darkness all but a sculptured" representation 01 me uruciii.Mou, wnicn sceincu to inng m the air illuminated. I felt rather frightened, and would have been tn Innt-i, iU .l,.l, l,.., it would have been impossible in the darkness. O..JI I.- . oiiuueiuy, a lerriuie voice in the dark cried, "Mv brothers, when f!lirist u-na f-,.-in,,r.,l ,,,,!, pillar by the Jews he was scourged." Al these words tho bright figure disappeared and the darkness became total. Suddenly wo heard the sound of scourges descending upon the bare flesh. I horrible. Before ten minutes had nasbod the sound became splashing, from the blood which ..u iioiv nit;. I have beard nf thncn churchcF, and also, that half of those who got mure, uo noi rcauy scourge themselves but, here, where there is such perfect concealment, there seems no motive for deception. Incredi ble as it may seem, this awful penance continu cd without intermission for half an hour. If they scourged each other, their energy mtght be lcss astonisriin-f. fjlr. Wfi rnuM nnt loai-A tlm MnttU !. : w nu .iiiiiwti injt il ta perfectly sickening; and had I not been able to t.lkf! hnM nf ftm Xnnnra' )iii.1 iti.l ' " nuiiut is Mil iuui thing human beside me, I could have fancied myseit transported into a congregation of evil spirits. Now and then, but very seldom, a sup. pressed groan was heard, and occasionally the Vnin nf tttn mnn t. ., nr... .. . I t... . . . latinns. os In, i,nr. r,. ' w ..m ,,1,'tin vin-,;ill lOUIll uy CJlCU Hnm. 7'T." " l.u,L, ; . h.fZ"". "T'Ghusan. during the 10.1. century. In 1055, the Miserere. The sound of the scourging is in. describable. At tho end of half an hour, a lit tie bell was rung, and tho voice of the monk was heard calling upon them to desist, but such wa their enthusiasm, that tho horrible lashing Con tinucd louder and fiercer than ever. In vain he entreated ihem not to kill them selves ; and assured tlicni that Heaven would bo satisfied, and that human nature could not endure beyond a cerlain point. No answer, but the loud sound of the scourges, which are many of them of iron, with sharp points tint enter the flesh. At length, as if they were perfectly ex hausted.the sound grew.fainter.ind littlo by little ceased altogether. We then got up in the dark, and, with great difficulty, groped our way in the pilch darkness through the galleries and down the stairs, till we reached the door, and had the pleasure of feeling tho fresh air again. They say that the church fl'ior is frequently covered with blood after one of those penances, and that a man died the other day in consequence of his wounds. A RiNoiTr.iTi liirviiir..Av r.. !.. nri...- day evening Ilruce's old paper mill in Westvillo ninu mi-mm was entirely consuineu. 1 lie Xew Haven Herald of Friday says, that a singular phenomenon attended this conlligration, which had a powerful cflect on the community. A driving snow storm was prevailing at the time, and the sudden illumination from the flames gave tho whole atmosphere the appearance of a ung nificcnt cxibitionof iho Aurora Ilorealis. The situation of the burning edifice is near the bare of West Ilork, a bold eminence of some three or four hundred feet. Tho snow acted as a mirror, and threw a reflected light over tho whole hemisphere, tho cause of which not being nuuoii, unuiv iuu meteoric metropolis oi iow llni'nn lllfll Q nnmniLlIn A. .1.1. n. ...... ' fclVtl. VI', II UK, I IUU .It IIII.1 tii'oouot amounted horseman dashed through Chapel et., aiaiunous rate, cxciauiiing, "I ho end ol the vvorldisat hand" and for a short time the Mil leritcs enjoyed the glorious anticipation of the fulfilment of their prophecies. The "midnight cry" was raised, the bells sounded tho alarm, tho engines were parading tho streets lo find where their services wero required and "quite athwart went all decorum." Several religious assemblies being met, the congregation rushed into tho street, when the sudden and all pervad ing light struck them with instant terror, and manv scenes u'nri. nvil,itn,t ii,mrnl n...l conflagration. A venerable minister of the church, gravely assured one of tho fire compan- .v. nu, i. .iuu I IV. uuiiibim blllOIIUSlltIO, OUl UIU actual "rninhifrnf tlm I.nnl In nrnti ..!..,. ....I ii-d nut a was no aruuciai cninuusiion, nut tne many persons remained under this"remarkable but very natural delusion during tho whole ninbt. All tlm U'l-irl.t lt'.l nrn.lli, rn.,.'ir.n, t,n night. All tho worltl was greatly rejoiced tho next morning, to find it was nnlv tho burning ol I, II." Ml. .1 .. 'I .. .. uuw-c uiu jiaper mw : icimtinu jicram, " Come rest in this bosom" as the chicken said to th dough. -" 111 JI1INA Ail JAPAN. In a latn numborof tho London Shipping Ga. zottc, wo find an account of Iho Population, Com mcrce, Sir. of China and Japan, by It. Mont gomery Martin, from which we make the follow nig extracts, which arc particularly interesting k iiiir milt- nnmnirnnrridn,. ...,....- ...J8' JBlald Productions are no. m r. . ' ! I . . " UK"- """ "oo vaiuanie. j no population is est)- mJ,C,n"mr,,.n.,?"'.?I !C,n',",0l!!!'l,e,', Iat 20 000,000, who rank with the most , "r. """ ", nno runt-., torn,. .... nn . r 1 ona mm and containing on an area nf 1,203,000 square mm: uvurv variety 01 ciumtc between tho ltiMi antl .list degree of north .altitude. Tho sea coast is of creat cxlont, and the country posses, scs, in addition to its rich alluvial plains and complete inland navigation, tho advantage of nu nierotis fine rivers, lakes, bays, harbors and creeks, with habitable island of v.irioiiM size, skirting nearly Iho whole maritime fronlior. Tho population of this immense territory are inapcculnrdeirrec an agricultural, manufactu ring, commercial people, with a lived and bored itary government, based on simple but cfibctiic priticitilcp, for merging the of the indi vidual in that of tho body politic a people un fettered by the prejudice of caste, advanced ton considerable extent in lilorature.nrl, and science, and adopted for receiving the civilizing and Christian influence of Britain. The following is slated to havo boon the pro grcssive increase of the inhabitants of China since the commencement of the fourteenth cen tury : ,t. D. IHO:), population fiO.OlS.Sll (au thority Kang-keen-o-chu ;) 1?7.-), population, 1.")7,:J01,.j5 (Amint-l'ekin.ilocuinenls ;) 17C1, population, 108,211,55:1 (Cro-sier and Pokm documents;) 1?!).', population, :)07,ir7,200 (Anglo-Chinese College Report;) 13l:j, popti lation !)01.flO:)70 (census taken in the lSth year of Keaking, incluil ng the population of Tartary and the mdnpimdeiit provinces.) The jintly celebrated Or. Morrison qnntn, with approbation and conviction of its veracity, the cnsusoflhc provinces of China from an o'f. hV.inl work, caMed the 'falsing, published by an thorny m 1825. which table gives the popula. tion at y52,iSliO,012, or to each square mile of territory 253, which is the same rateable pro portion to the square tiulo as in England. Thu products and exports of China aro vari ous and valuable, including teas, sugar, silk (raw and' manufactured) spices, drugs, dyes, porcelain, metals, &c. The principal article is tea, which, although only introduced into Eu rope at tho commencement of Iho 17th century (A. I). 1C02 to 1010,) now requires about CO," 000,000 pounds per annum to supply the in creasing demand of Europe and America. In 1009, A. 1).. our E ist India C mpany re ceived their first invoicu of tea, a"moJnting lo two camustery, containing 1 Vi 1-2, b. In 1073 they imported .,7i:)lb; but this quantity en glutted the market that the imports of lea" du ring tho ensuing six years amounted in all to only :il3ib. B it in the spire of 10!) vearc, viz, from 1710 to 1S10, the Eat Indn "Company nales of tea amounted to 750.215,0101b.,". no uf which was 123,50 1,-VJol. sterling. From the commencement of the present century to the vcar 1SH0. tlm tn.i until lor tl. l,li. Company amounted to 900,0(iO,OlK)lh. wei"ht ll. ., ( . , .', - ., ....,-....,..ww...-. , and the revenue paid to ihe Ilniish Exchequer) oil , this tei amounted to 101,353,6531. sterling, this extraordinary branch of trala in an inn iJ inuuf, ,11,1,11 iuu io,!, irnm-ii on ino minn-a i a distant continent. ciiinhivinTahtHit .1.1)!)!)! 1.1 a instant continent, nninhii'in'r nlmnt .1 nilfl' i.i ,. , . . i , . . .. , .1 . . . . . . " r.iijriisn capital, anil yioitling .t.iJiM.uiw . atu.u ally to the English treasury, is still capable of groat extension. Europe received from China various branch os of art and science. The miriner's compis", tho calculation of eclipses, printing, gunpowder, tho smelting and combination of metal?, tho WOavillT of COttOll and Sll!,-. Ihp imniifnsliirli,,. of porcelain, tho prepiratiun of sugir, &i &c. have all been known from time immemorial to the Chinese. -iiiir uiu c .:iM,icrao.u iraius ""J ln'i of the rnistmg trade, for which pur- The Chinese cirrv on a considerable traffic jiwu ii" .usa uiau juilnS, UT YU&aUlift aru CIU- oloveil. In the .7oir 700 A. D. Canton was first made a regular commercial port of the Chinese em pire ; and in the year 1 100 A. I), the Chinese compelled foreigners to brmj tribute every thud year to Canton where 120 houses were built for thoir arrmntriivl it inn M'l,, Portu guese, Spa!iili and Dutch carried on a lucra- trvo trade with Chiin at dilDient ii irru traoo wiiu i,nmi at iiiiuient jmrts along the coa,t of Canton. Ainov. .Macao. Nim-no. antl I'ortUTOHSO. al'lnr Ihmr lYmilsuiii frnm Tni,Ti,n and Cliingahew, madu .Macuo their perm inunt residence, after hiving had temporary aisnk's on thu island for 20 years'. They pay, at the beginning of every year, a ground rent of 50 tacls ol silver to the Chinese treasurerat Can ton, for which a receipt is duU furnished. Eng land turned her intention lo Uhin i at the bivm uingoftho 17ih century ; in 1070, the English l!l.l IllillU ('ntl!l inv li ill ;i rmtlm of Formosa, and earned on a considerable trade in those seas, pirtirularly with the adjtconl Chi. nese province of Fokien. In 1070, A. 1). they bail a factory at Amoy from which thev retired in 1050,on the contests between the .Mantchou Tartars and the Chinese for the imperial throne ; but in 1031 tho English were permitted to re turn to their factory at Amoy, ami they remain- fid tluirr. until 1?.7. ivlin n I lui f,.ri.i,m I'f.i-iniii.r.i of China defame restricted to Canton and .Ma. cao. In l uu the hnglisli had a lactnry at uiui san, and in 1702 :i at Pulo Condorc. The Dutch endeavored to expel tho Portuguese from .Macao in 1U22, hut failed, and then pro. cnedod to Formosa, on which latter island they formed a factory in 1021, and icmaincd there until 1001, when a pirate (Coxinga,) expelled tliein The unjustifhblo and sanguinary contests which tho European nations so long waged agiuisteach other ou the coas's of China, com. pulled the Chinese government tn icstrict them all to the porl of Canton, where id late years the whole foreign commorcu of Iho country lias been conducted. Hut sufficient has been said tu show thai the inhabitants of China are not averse lo intercourse with European'-, and it is well known that tho Chinese themselves carry on an exti nsivo inantimo trade, and many of their large junks annually tralfic along thu coa-t ol (.... I, i,, n,in. .,! Sil.m lNnntr I-.,- S!l. capore, liorneo, &.c, ou which latter named is. u..i .1 i.... ... I I inn iwin r ,,;,,. liiii,. .HMIIV luviu mi , I. I., r.itu, mw,w,' . ,111,1.01.. Col. llurney states tint Ihcru aro -110,000 Chi neso in Siatn : and llankok, tho capital, more than 60,000. Their numbers aro ascertained by the imposition of a capitation tav on every nlalo Chinese. -10,000 Ions uf Chinese chipping r. .it.. i.A n..-i ..r slin... I., i.n U.U.- dllllll.lll f tl&ll lilu j.uim vii .., i. ..i iu.Kii states there are 20,000 Chineso employed, in Hie smelling m inoiais, f, iiaiavia, ine capi tal of Java, may be said to owe its ereat'on to tho agricultural industry and mechanical skill oi tho val numbers of Chinese, who hue been long soltled in tho island. At Hmcapore, Pen. ang, M ilacca, and throughout all tho islands o' ll,., 1.' ..litrii A rf.ltmnHi.ii. Iliiiinvn si.lllnrj uiui I .IHii,;t-w juiiiw ...w I'jilnntilo roinniori-p Chineso junks arc tu bj found engaged in a i ii. . It maybe norossary to advert briefly Inanoth, or country wiih which wo should endeavor tt .. ,....1. r.- II-.!. I I.. opun uiriiuil 101 jiriusii in iiiui.iiiuii', ilioiuiv Japan, which consists chiefly of three Island fseoiratcd from each other bv narrow straitiO ixtuilduig about llilHi miles in lengtn, with ;'. i . . ....... . t . . . . - breadth varying from 50 to 100, and ni samo few ii 1' place vuu imici. i n coumryip ooio miuj No. 31. 11 inn1.' ! striking, with rich valleys and extended and well watered plains. Tho coast is indented with deep bays and secure havens. The islands are of volcanic origin : gold, silver and copper mines abound, and iron, coal, sulphur, cinnabar, (tllC Ore Of morning rr. ,M fnnn.l in .tllT-.... ,1 M.l ' . ... u'cnuiy ana industrious nations of tho East, and ...I. . . . . . . .",w ........iif, ui mv L.iiai, aim who seem to have attained a higher decree of ril'if 7it..,i ft,.. il. r.1.: .... " .. . .,,,, ulu vyiooou, ueiore wnom tney rank in physical energy, independence of mind, a lofty tentiinont of honor, and an eager desiro to become acquainted with foreign objects of in. torosl, either in art or Fcience. Tho Japanese arc entirely independent of tho Chinese, with whom they carry on but a small amount of trade, I hu Dutch nro allowed to resort to the port of Nangasaki, whero they dispose of two annual cargoes in a legitimate manner, conformable to Iho rules of the Japanese government, but they also, it is said, carry on a considerable contra, band traffic. Tho Portuguese had, during tho earlier part of tho 17th centurv, a stron'foot. ing in Japan, and, it is said, converted 150,000 families to Christianity. But their proselytis. ing zeal outrun their discretion; they conspir ed lo raise an army of 50,000 converted Japan, cso to dethrone the Emperor, in which attempt thev were finally defeated, and, it is said that 1)00,000 reputed Christians wore slain by the Japanese government with the most barbarous tortures the Portuguese were utterly and for ever o.pollcd from Japan. At this period the English and Dutch hid factories on tho small island called Firarido, very close to tho shore of ono of tho larger island.-, 'with which an advan tageous trade was conducted. The Dutch, with the v iew of expelling iho English, informed the Japanese government that the English were Christians like tho Portuguese, a evinced by the cross in their flag tint the King of Eng land had recently married tho King of Portugal sister, and that tho English were intriguing to re-introduce tho Portuguese into Japan. Alarmed at this intelligence, tho Japanese gov. crnniunt, when the English shipping arrived A. D. 1001, ordered their European cargoes to be taken off their hands as before, and return Japan cargoes to be provided as usual, and the people to bo civilly treated, but at tho same time to be informed that they must quit Japan under p.uo ui nuaio, ami not return again to trade with the Japanese, whose commerce was henceforth restricred to tho Dutch, and who hive ever since artfully excluded every other European nation from intercourse with Japan. There can be no ihiuhtllut it would be of great important if we had a direct intercourse with. I apan. Tho adjacont peninsula of Coroa is about 400 miles long by 150 broad, inhabited by n tall, handsome, and brave people, who always treat the English with muked courtesy. The Co. re in-, pay a small annual tribute to China, but aru otherwise independent of its government ; and by fair dealing and prudent conduct we may be able to open a trade with an interesting, peaceful, and intelligent people. Siam, and the adjacent countries and island?, iiiiti:ii-ui oiiinuoaoi an inuustnous popu. lation, whose territories abound in agricultural and mineral wealth, afibrding a profitablo ex. clrmgo for liri'.ish manufactures. ThesUTarof contain several minions of an industrious popu. m ,m is cheap and plentiful ; sill;?, .ti,,rr.. n...i . " '. imi.e r.ltmB uie-stuffs, tin, and copper, Irom mines and riv. crs in large quantities, and employed as current com, and for iho purchase of commodities. rhoro hi a Portuguso consul at llankok, the cap. ital of Siatn ; but England during tho past cen tury scums entirely to havo neglected this and other equally wealthy poitions of the globe. Watches made nv MAcm.vcnr. Tho London correspondent of the N York Journ al of Commerce says that some gentleman has been duvoting 20 years oi his life to tho inventions, whereby he is now enabled, hy a variety of machines, to construct an incredi ble number of watches, of every variety of sizes, in a day ! By one machine 300 per fect pl.iies cm be produced in one day and by five machines, also center, third and fourth wheeh crossed polished and cut with balances for 300 movements. By another, 300 pinions aru cut and rounded another drills tho holes, the tapping, screw-holes, ifcc, planting the depths and escapements. Four other machines will make pivots for 50 movements a day ; 20 other machines for every description of work connected with vviiich-niiiking make up thu sot. Tho best chronometer makers in London havo declar ed tii.u every part produced by them is far superior to any tiling that has been or can bu produced by othur means at the preicut da v. Ifos, Post, N0V-RF.SU rCNCE, A ItARD DOCTKINE F.Ott !i 'iiNi-. The attention of soma of our citizens a iuvv days ago, was called to somewhat of a .11 vol exhibition. A sleigh drawn by one horse, 'i' sei'n in one of our streets, so completely Ii adod with boys, and two gentlemen, who by the by, wero so buried up with the young urchins .i hardiV to bnve n hrn.nthintr Imln na in l, scircely'abie to proceed alongthe road. Tho mvsterv wan pnon koIvpiI. Tito hnt 1,.1 (nttnA oui that the gentlemen in the sleigh were non- resisi.tnis aim consequently tney toon advan. tage of the circumstance, and were determined to accompany their passive friend in a little fru'i 'itoioft rill... Thft linrdct nflrl nf ll,.. -- - - - I'.... w. ..IU WUCfc, however, Beetned to be that of the poor horse, won lauoreu naru to get along, without tieing able to remonstrate against a doctrine so totally in ippucauie 10 inmsoii. .cicouryport ItcralJ. A "Pattern" Husdanp. It is related that Lfidv Arden. bavimr tin. lontlmshi.. ir., nil tl, usiiil remedies having been applied in vain, alio aueugiii nuciucuoii senumgio i.auiuurg, a ills, tanco of fifty miles, for a dentist to extract tho recreant tooth. Whpn thn l.,ii,-jinn an.;.-...! however shu declared that her nerves wi re un. equal to submitting to the operation, unless she first saw it performed on her "leigo lord." He, good soul, after a few involuntary wry faces, submitted, nnd a fino sound tooth was extracted from his jtvv, after which, Lady A. declared that she had seen enough to satisfy her that the could not undergo a similar operation ! uusuanus ye vvioarepctulent and impatient learil a lesion uf forhnar.inrn nnil muliirnnra from the above little tale ! Transcript. SoM.S'AMlll'LISM. A few llinblf aim joting vvonian in this town got up in her sleep aim vviin a pair oi scissors, cut oil tlio whole of her ringlets, and retired lo hid again, with out being conscious of what sho had done. hut is moro remarkable, sho had taken moro than usual pains with her hair the night bufin c. Bradford Herald. In a 1'icki.e. Caiharino I'ickle, of Ciiuion co. I'enn., got into a Picklo hy mar rxing one Jacob Pickle: sho wlilim m out uf tho pickle, nnd to nvoitl all future - ----- u uiuiii yii luuiia I'ickles, by procuring a divorca from Pick), mm mu uvcome UDpicKlea.