Newspaper of Burlington Free Press, January 20, 1843, Page 2

Newspaper of Burlington Free Press dated January 20, 1843 Page 2
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FROM WASHINGTON. WAsntNoTON, Friday, Jan. 6. In Sonate, after presentation of petitions, number of business reports were mado by Committees. Mr. Huntington offered a res olution directing tlio Post Office Committee to enquire into the oxpodincy of making the appointment of Assistant Postmaster Gener al subiect to tho nomination of the President and the confirmation of tho Senate, which was discussed for some time. Tho bill for the relief of claimants to indemnities received from the British Government for tho loss of javes at Nassau, and that for tho relief of persons falling into Tcxian jurisdiction from the United States, by the arrangement of tho boundry tine, were ordered engrossed The Senate then adjourned to Monday. In the House, Mr. Triplott offered a reso lution calling for information concerning the navigation of the Mississippi. After being modified so as to include tho Northern Lakes it was adopted. After receiving reports tho House discuss ed a bill to suspend the rules to receive a resolution to furnish stationery for Report er!, which, says tho Reporter for the Intelli gencer, was rejected "by a thundering nega tive, loud enough to be heard at Baltimore" The resolutions to refund to Gen. Jack- ion tho amount of his fine was then taken up. Mr. Adams offered on amendment to the resolutions, so that tho sentence of Judge Hall might not bo censured in repaying the fine ; and he proceeded to support it in a speech ef great point and eloquence. Mr. C J Ingersoll replied till tho expiration of the morning hour, when Mr. Everett moved to suspend tho ruins to consider tho Bill to repeal tho Bankrupt Law. Tho motion was lost, ayes, 118, nays 90 two thirds not toting in the affirmative. Several private bills wero tlion passed and the Houso adjourned. Saturday, Jan 7. In the House, after receiving reports, res olutions were offered and adopted directing the Post Office Committee to inquire into the expediency of establishing a mail route between Lansingburg and Scaghticoko Point in New York : instructine tho Committee on Territories to inquire into tho expedioucy of providing for the election by tho people of Wisconsin ot their Sheritl, Judges ot rronaie and Justice : and requiring certain informa tion from the Secretaries of War and the Navv. A bill introduced by Mr. Gilmer, to repeal tho offices of Recorder and Solicitor of tho General Land office, was read twice and referred. Mr. C J Ingersoll then made a long speech in favorpf refunding Gen, Jackson's fine. The Houso, in Committee of tho Whole, then look up the bill to divide Kentucky into two judicial districts, which was finally pass ed. A variety of unimportant, or at least1 un interesting business was then transacted, af ter which tho Houso adjourned. Monday, Jan. 9. Mr. Botts gavo notice that to-morrow ho should brinsr forward, according to his notice of last session, articles of impeachment of the President. Mr. Fillmore, from tho Committee of Ways and Means, to whom was referred the " President's plan of Exchequer, made a re port accompanied by a unanimous resolution ef the Committee that tho plan ought not to bo adopted. The report is an elaborate and able investigation of tho subject of tho Cur rency, and will bo read with interest. Mr. Atherton, from thesamo Committee, on behalf of tho minority ,rcported an amend ment tc tho resolution to add instructions to that Committee to report a bill embracing substantially the provisions of the Sub-Treas-urv. Mr. Fillmoro moved the printing of tho usual number and 10,000 extra copies of both reports, and the postponement ot the further consideration of the subject, and the making it tho special order two weeks lrom to-day. On this an interesting debate arose and extended through the day. Senate. Petitions wero presented in fa Vr of tho repeal of tho Bankrupt Law by Vssrs. Wright and Archer and against it by visrs. Miller and Kerr. r. Crafts presented resolutions of the i olaturo of Vermont in favor of tho repeal of the Bankrupt law ; of limiting the frank in? privilege and reducing the rates of letter postage; of allowing pensions to widows of Revolutionary soldiers ; and against the an nexation of Texas to the Union. Bills for the relief of claimants for indem nities received from the British Government for loss of slaves on tho Commcl and En comium ; 'and for tho relief of persons resi ding witfljn tho limits of Arkansas and Lou isiana, but who found themselves cut off by the running of tho boundary lino with Texas, were passed. The bill to provide for the occupation and settlement of Oregon Territory, being call ed up for its final passage, was debated through the remainder of tho day. Tuesday, Jan. 10. To-day, Mr Botts brought forward his promised impeachment of tho President, and the greater part of the day was spent in dis posing of the matter. An attempt was made to lay the subject on the table, unsuc cessfully, and finally, after several times cal ling ayes and noes, tho resolution for ap pointing a committee to investigate tho char ges failed by a vote of 83 to 127 all of the President' friends voting in the negative ! It is true, that Air Wise alterwards explain ed his vote by saying that ho did not consid er the matter contained in the charges im peachable. I hit, however, was a question lor tho comnntteo to determine. The Senate was principally engaged upon tho Oregon bill. It is thought the provision making grants of land to settlers under it conflicts with treaty stipulations with hng' land, and 1 tear that the hill cannot pass in its present shape for that reason. That body did nothing of particular interest to day, Wednesday Jan. 11. Nothing of importance was done in either branch of Congress to-day both Houses be ing occupied mainly in discussing the pro priety of refunding Gen. Jackson, s fine. It is a thousand pities the Locos couldn't hare thought to do this themselves when they wero in power. No action was takes on the subject in either House before tke ad journment. SENATE. Thursday, Jan. 12. A communication was received from the Treasury Department relative to the state of the loan. It was ordered to be printed. Tbe bill providing for the occupation of the Oregon Territery was next taken up, the question being on its pauage. Mr. Sevier fare his views ; after which, Mr. Benten took tbe floer. From a message received yesterday from I cy in Ksntuccy and Missouri, for the purchaso tho President, is answer to a reselution, it f wto.Vro"cd hemp for the Naval service of appears that ne nppl cat on or request has ,r . t- . j j -i l' ' ,i '' . , Mr. Everett, of Vermont, objected, and moved been made to the government to becemo a ttiat tho 1Ious' now proceodJlo ,ll0 con,idera. party to the Quintuple treaty; also that no tion of tho Biil to repeal tho Bankrupt act copy of tbe treaty h,is boen officially com- This motion required a suspension of tho rules ; uunibaiuvi i mis guvurnuifJHU i bp, uy inu urucr ui ine uay inu proper uubiijubh In reolv to that nari of tha resolution would bo tho calender of vrivate bills Mr. Ev- which inquires 11 whethor there is any dan- well . moved that tho rules bo suspended; but ger that tho laws of tho United States In re- '"n m A ar , i. i.- .1 e .1 .i 110 : Nays, 70 not two thirds. .d,iOB ...e suppression oi no i.vo Tjie gpeakor thcn announccd that tho Crel will be execated by others," tho President Lubjccti untn (he expiration of themornlng hour, says that this depends upon notorious facts waa tha question ponding yesterday upon and occurrences, of which the evidence has joint resolution to prevent claims, which I been in various terms beloro tho country. HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVE! Mr Mallory, ono of the select committeo - " r ' on Coast survey, rose and said, " Mr Speak- yMr parrncntcr ppot,0 earnestly against er, I ask leavo to make a report, and move- resolution, as most unjust to tho claimants ; i (lint il Vn nrinfafl T1 lira mfiliAn nrnvntlAU. - J --I . f on!J in) tho have been reported upon adversely by committees of HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES. both Houses, irom being presented again, un Mr Mallory, ono of the select committeo Bni" Pn w .iiu. tho anil that it bo Drinted." The motion prevailed. aftor a desultory discussion, not of snecial inter' 1 ha resolution relative to the Exchequer est to the public, the question was taken, and plan came up next in order. the resolution waa rejected. file Ktril'iflr lmr rnct is nrdnr l rmrittmm a I 1 HO IJUUSU lUUIl IU MIU UIUUIB UI INU a uiuiuvn iiia i ujv ire viuvi iv . . . , i.e. . . plcdte ho had made yesterday, viz. " That PTT !al,DI"8' lln wmcn lne rc" 01 1,18 Mr Ulay has himsclt on various occasions, nnt narfirnl.Mf in III. etifinrn nt Ilnnnvpr. disclaimed that be was in favor of a Nationi TiIE LOCOPOCOSAND THE BANKS, al Bank, but expressly said it was a question Tha Legislature of North Carolina, a mnjority of to be postponed and submitted tethede- wnom. are ot ins party in inai atato generally nosuie V. i .i ti m t t i .,i to projects for faci Hating trade and intercourse, and cision of the people." Mr Underwood had tu'whJonl of courM 0f banks ia no belter doubted this, whereon Mr Bidlack pledged than an abomination, havo set themaelves to work 1 - 1 . .1 I I I..1 I I r . 1 -.. h msc f to prove what ho had said, on tho HP"" ,'.""?u"".'V'a "" inwoa. , , ... o .i I the chief of which ana perhaps the soundest bank IIISI VJ'fJUl Itllllljr . hjw IIII9 IIIWIIJIII IIW vuiuu it was supposed, with tho proof in his pock' et. t he House, however, did not appear willing te hoar tho proof al this time, and some members wero rather loud in their calls to order. Mr Cushing hero rose, and moved that the in the union is the bank of the Stato of North Car olina. The stockholders in that inalitulion, justly in dignant nt the attempt to tamper with their preoertr. hare noticed this action by the Lcgiaiatura as follows! State Bank or North Casolina. At the an nual meeting of the stockholders of this bank, held at Italeigh n few days (incc, tho following resolution was nuopieu: Jit solved unanimously, by the individual stockhol ders in the Hank of the Stato of North Carolina, . - ...:,,.. r .i, i,i ft., ners in (lie iiann 01 tno atatooi iorm Carolina, ouse go into committeo of the whole, for Tha, if lbethe peaauro of th(!Generol Assembly of tno purpose 01 consmcriDg ino cxcntrijucr tue siateoi rxortn Uarolina to instruct the rcpresen- plan referred to that committeo at the last tatieof the Slate, in the general meeting of the r . m . e j . . mi stockholders of said bank, to propose the adoption of session. The motion failed yeas lOl.nays .... ., ,. h' for dosm tho 104. Tho further consideration of tho sub iect was then postponed to Monday week, JYir tlomles said tho unlinishcd uusincss was the consideration of tho resolution di reeling tho Judiciary Committee to report a bill for tho unqualified repeal of tho Uank rupt Law mav ba necetsarr business of said bank, and dividing the capital stock among the proprietors thereof at as early a day as is consistent with the security of the debts and reason able indulgence to ihe debtors of the bank, they will concur therein. This movement has elicitod the followinc remarks from tho Journal of Commeree: "Here is i Mead' for the Locofbeo Lecislature of INortn Carolina whichthey wilt bs a Iitllepuzzled to KENTUCKY. Tho Legislature of this State began its an nual session at Frankfort on tlio last day of Dccembor. M. V. Thompson, Lieutenant Governor, took tho Chair as presiding officer of the Senate, and John L. Helm was elect ed Speaker of the House of Representatives. The Message of Uovernor Letcher tho sound and sight of whoso name have a charm for all who have had the same opportunities as wo have of knowing how to value the man is published in tho I ranktort "Common wealth" of the 3d instant, Characteristic ot the writer, it commends llsolf (as tho Editor of that paper truly says) by tho frank and patriotic tone which pervades it. it is short, comparatively, but what there is of it is very much to tho purpose. Respecting National politics, after adverting to tho prostration of enterprise and the distress and distrust which generally prevail, whilst our country abounds in evory variety and profusion of the richest products of the earth, and enjoys besides the blessing of peace abroad and at homo, he justly ascribes this state of things mainly to the tailuro ot the Ueneral Government to perform its high constitutional function of providing and establishing a sound unitorm national currency adequate to the business wants of the country. " Once," says he, " wo wore blessed with as good, if not the best, currency in tho world, and, being de prived of that, wo have experienced littlo else than troublo from that day to this ;" concluding his remarks on this head with e followingobscrvations, in which, wo need not say, we heartily concur: " 1 ho sovereign remedy for the afflicting malady under which we have suffered so ong and so severely is, I think, in the power of our national rulors. Whenever they may be pleased to administer it, speedy symptoms of recovery will soon follow. Until that is dono, the disease can novcr be entirely eradicated, through there may be occasional temporary intervals ot improve ment.4' Afa. Intelligencer. IMPEACHMENT OF THE PRESIDENT. fering martyr in the cause," but as a worthy I Tho National intoiligonccr makes the tou man, and a distinguished aitist, who needs the lowing commont on tho vote of tho U. S. House I sympathy and assistance of his country. Much of Representatives ncgatativing tho motion of has been said and written with great justice, by Botts for a committeo to inquiro into tho grounds the most Intelligent mon, to extol his high tal- and expediency of a formal impeachment of the cnts and genius: but all this satisfies no real Pfesidcnt : we presumo this comment gives a demand of nature It ncithor puts food into tho very correct view of tho vote. mouths of his children, nor clothes upon their In taking tho senso of tho Houso upon this backs. Praise is well, but patronage is better, question, Mr. Botts has acted in perfect consist- It been M,d to his ,nj thal hfl rcccivell eney with his public pledges, and, in doing so, ' ' has done no more than ins uuty. in ueiermin- r-- - v ing against tho proposed inquiry, the majority of Europe, and hence peoplo infer that he is get the ilouso were doubtless influenced by various, ting an ample return foral) the heads he brought and, to some extent, coniticting opinions, i ne abroad wjth him, and that ho is consequently WL'UM Such is notthefact Onthe nnnrnvn ilm rnnittirt nf tfm Prpnirlont In all nar. contrary, half the busts he has to execute are ticulars : by some who arc of opinion that there undertaken at such low prices that they are ac exists just cround for impeachment of the Pres. tually a cause of pecuniary loss to him. For ident, but that, for several reasons, it is not ex- some of hia busts he does indeed receive a libe. pcdient now to institute Buch a proceeding; , ,. .... and by a larger number who are satisfied that ral compensation-but these are very few. no sufficient ground exists for even inquiring Mil. Powers is now about commencing his into the expediency of the measure. And of famous statue of Eve in marble, a very impor those of both parties who voted in favor of the tant undertaking, for which ho has no commis. inquiry, it is known that a part did so on the ionh8 ; also ju,t moda,llng another beauti. ground that it was due to tho mover and Ins mo- . . . , . . . . . tion, if not a matter of course, that, as charges lde wok for"hieh, holhaB no miion. wero made, and inouirv not then challenged, 1 mention these things to show you how he is seal in the House of Representatives n aingledr,nor any mstotial part of a day. This, together with tho incidental duties of my station, and votes given in allcasci according lo Ihe best of my judgment, con stitute Ihe substance cf the services 1 have rendered you. I wish I could hnve served you letter. I have never mado a tnteeh in Congress. It is known lo you all that my life has been chielly devoted to my pro fession, and lo many of you (hat in early life I had no taste for politics, and of course never had mora than a cfimmon.nlnce knowledge of public affairs. such as every man who loves his country should ac quire i and I knew ,1 hod not a suflicicntfund of in fo formation, nor a manner attractive enough to enligh- tenor interest tho respectable body oi wmcn i wasa member, nd as to speeches mado for liunkum, as those are railed that are spoken not to be heard, but to be sent home ana printed in the uismci papers, their delivery is always distressing to all concerned. Ilcsidrs, when I came into Congress there were, and there have always been, msny able and eloquent de baters, but the demand for good listeners was pi eat, and the supply small and being ambitious of distinc tion, and having tho vanity to believe myscll tolera bly well qualified for this arm of the public service. I concluded to join the small but silent corps of hew ers, and took my sen accordingly among ihe silent, thinHng members, in that part of the Hall since cal led " Sleepy Hollow." In his scvonth session including the ex--traono and not a single speech in all 1 It is an instance of practical wisdom and self- control, or of a natural felicity of tempera mont, wholly unexampled. It is the highest presumptive evidence that his votes have al- MrMcKeon, of New York, having the lh'w ' dXf0I-. ..liV.'V'H f,p" Lt floor, proccoded to notice the speech of Mr Ie?aof abusing it. We hope the stockholders in all Cushing on a former day. Mr Raynor took tlio floor, after Mr Mo Keon had finished, and devoted his introduc tory remarks to an explanation of the rea sons which would induce him to vote for the repeal of tho bankrupt law, although he had voted fur the law at the timo of its passage Ho would not, however, vote for tho bill ho foro tho House, unless tho provisolimiting tlio the banks of those States where Locofocoism expends itself in assaults upon such institutions, will follow tneexampieoi ineiorin uarolina banK. II the L.o- cos wish to net rid of tho banks entirely, let them try it. They will find, we reckon, that they nre in tho same snip Willi the rest of the community." "Dow with mn Banks." At a meeting of the " Democratic Association of Cincinnati." held in that city un uic iuui uuiino, ine louowing resolutions, anion; oilier.", were adopted : llcsotvcd. That we nre onnosed to all manners of .! . ...t.:i. i: .t l.l i... I , ,.,,.r .. .. "v .; 1 vi i. .. . i. t i lllllt; HI llli.ll UJIIIIILailUIIA lUUlU UU IIIUUU IU I moin'tanuiiiij; u ..nuuiiai futrciiuy W II1U lH'llt'llI! the 5th December last, was stricken out. unJ?ls be,!,y K't United .. -I atAtea mints, or hv rpiralnl nr. thn vnlni. nf fnrpirm Ho doubted the constitutional power of coins. Concress to enact this proviso ho had no Ilesolved, That we are also opposed to any paper J,,.. I,. f li. ::....:,. money laciory minis oiaie, wneiner mis uo none on douht of Its injustice. account of the State, by chartered corporations, or lio charced tho necessity ol the bankrupt by mdmdua s unn asters. law to tho distress brought upon tho country liaolted, That, in our opinion, tho exchanges of by locofoco nnsrulo making war upon the 7.en, and the commerce basei upon thatir.dustry ; and credit, and exncrimentimr upon the currency that any regulation of them would onlv nroduce dis- uiuur aim uiucscriuauio miscnici, sucn as we nave lately witnessed all over the country, and do yet wit of tho country. The commercial coinmuni community naa ueen prostrateu oy no acts nes,in eucll Slales where legislation has not yet of their own thay had been lead on by the ceased to regulate them into disorder, inflated paper currency of tho Jackson era. limited, That we believe there is gold and silver m. i . i it.i . ciiuu"ii iii me cuumry tu uu uiu uuhiuvss in nit uuuti The distress under which the country was ,ry. and ihat as the charters of the prosent Danks suffering at the timo the Whigs camo into expire, so will, by the irresistible force of tho natnral nmvpr hnrl ornwn nut nl tu'llvn Vrarfl nl iJow nuui, inu v.ii.uiiiii ,i, uy mo utsumjcaruiiut; power, naa grown out ot twelve ycais oi uf an unsound nJ iUeeal circulating mdiuin, be Democratic mal administsation, and the filled by the precious metals j and we appeal to the bankrupt law was forced upon Congress, as bistort of every Nation and every Stato to confirm lliaa thmiattlrlnllleatiitf tt.a" nan ed, by the imbecility, mismanagement and tlemen could bo folded bv themselves for ihe nurnosi corruption of tlie Government. of undergoing the experiment how much more"dis. He then turned his attention to the cele- ? " lZa CSZ brated speech of Mr Cushing, and such an this "Association" iscapableof enduring. Upon sec- out-pouring ol buruing indignation as ho ona mougni, nowever, inai wouia oe a punisnmeni hnctnivprl Itnnn the nvilwnla llmra muni, if 1 o has seldom been my lot to hear. He made but few allusions to John Tyler, hut when he did, it was done with withering fire. Ho referred to the refusal of the House to enter tain the grave charges of Mr Botts against tho President, in terms of eloquent reproval. The wholo effort of tho gentlemen, after he turned his attention to Mr Cushing, was mas terly. It was such a reply to the shameless and disgraceful propositions of that gentle man as 1 had longed to hour, but which, not knowing tho power of JYlr. ilayncr, I was apprehensivo they would not receive. His wero words of glowing patriotism, blasting with their power alike tho baseness of tlio propositions, and tho source from whence they originated. Mr Cushing cowered at the exposition of tho infamy of his position. His face red dened with tlio consciousness of the justice of the punishment ho was receiving. Trem bling, he endured the lash. SENATE. Friday, Jan. 13. Tho President of tho Senate laid before tho body a report from the Secretary of State, made in compliance with a resolution of the Senate, communicating information as to the cost of all commodities imported from foreign countries at the places whence exported, with the rates of insuransc, irciguts, and commissions exacted at said places. Also, from the Secretary of the Navy, a statement showing the contracts and arrange ments made by the late Board of Navy Coin- tuiPNiuuurs Among the memorials presented, was one of a most extraordinary character, beinrr nothimr less man a supplication lrom certain citizens of unio, in behall of that unprincipled political adventurer, Amos Kendall, who is now Buffer ing, within the jail bounds of this city, the just retributien for his insolence and audacity, in resisting the authority and direct order of Cong ress, 10 pay to Stockton & Stokes what Cong. rcss pronounced to be their due. Tho historv of that remarkable case is well known, and the conduct ot Kendall showed to what height ol daring insolence this upstart was raised, bv the success of his demagogueism, in tho palmy days of Gen. Jackson's Kitchen Cabinent. After considerable discussion, by several senators, Mr. tappan moved to refer this me morial to a select committee, which motion prevailed. It is to be hoped that tho Senate, as a body, will give no countenanco to this movement, which has doubtless been set on foot in Ohio by Kendall himself, through tho instrumental! ty of some of his old dependents. Petitions against the repeal of tho Bankrupt Act in favor of the Warehouso System and for the admission of Railroad Iron duty free were presented, and appropriately referred. The Senate was occupied for somo timo with a bill for the relief of the sureties of Pension Agent Emerson. The bill providing for the occupation of the Territory of Oregon, was taken up but the nour Doing now late.tno Senate adjourned with out proceeding to the discussion. During tlio morning, tbe President of the senato presented the credentials of tho Ifon, James Buchanan, elected as Senator from Pennsylvania, for six years, from the fourth of Maach next. 1 hey were read and laid on the tabic. HOUSE OP REPRESENTATIVES. Exchequer Plan. Jn the House of Reprcsen tatives to-day,after some unimportant business.- Mr. Cushing moved to go into Committee of the Whole on the State of tho Union, for the purpose of considering tho bill for establishing an Exchequer, &c. reported by the select com. miuee at tno last session. Objections teincr made. Mr. C. moved a sua, pension of the rules, which was refused ayes 60, nays 129. Mr. Davis, of Kentucky, offered a joint reso. h.ll.n .a : .1 .:li- . . iuuvii ,u auuivrifv mu viiiuiisnineni oi in Agen Report on the Executive Exchequer. Plan The Houso of Representatives has ordered tho printing of 10,000 copicsof this report. In the mean time it has reached us through tho columns of the NationalInteili gencer. Its length prevents our copying i nt present. It concludes with expressing tho opinion that if the plan should bo adopted, it would overwhelm tho Treasury with bank ruptcy corrupt the government and confc upon the Executive the most dangerous au thority ; and if it should he stripped of it lormtdable powers, it would bo useless effecting tho great object for which it was

J- i rri .!.. i ucsignuu. i ucy iiicreiorc ucem ii essen tially defective and incapablo of any modifi cation which would justify its adoption, and accordingly propose a resolution declaring that it ought not to be adopted. feeling. tliR rnnuirv otinht tn be f ranted. neglected, and to enforce the necessity of some ... . . . - , ,., ..,.! T.I.- J 4 upon mo wnoio, suico mo ijuubuuu was iu u kind aid to save mm irom penury, it isoi me ; "smi tiuim wunuifts uvcu uu, agitated, and was not to bo received with favor highest importance to the honor of our country shrink from tho closest scrutiny of the yea SSfiS t be interrupted in his career, and nays. It wouldbe an Incalculable bles- ed of, without an excited debate, and, as far as that he should bo enabled to go on. Pardonme sing to tho country if tho samo " arm of tho we are informed, withsut producing any excited l for mentioning hero the fact that the united public service," to which this truly modest states nave given largo anu imerai commissions and sensibie man unitcd himself, were great- arusie, wno are a. ....unur iU uurowu ,v ,,ren.,l.ctl T1C e.,:on, ,vmlU ,lfm ua as darkness to light. The Government has done ,, , ,,, . , , ... , , . , ., , . ,, . all short ones. There would bo a great deal this, the people have done it also, to their , , , shame be it spoken, while their own artists, with more money t0 be appropriated to useful the little they could collect together of earthly purposes ; tho " common welfare" would be goods, havo been driven all over the globe to greatly promoted, and legislation would be gain a subsistence. For, those who have not far wiser and less fluctuating. What cloudt been despised, have been neglected, at home, while contemptible Italian, German, and other inferior foreign artists have been carressed by our people. These things I have known, and LEGISLATIVE IMPERTINENCE. There is a set of legislators in the General Assembly of Ohio and not in Ohio only who seem to imncine that their duty consists chiefly in directing the Congress what to do. As if there were not home-legislation enough requiring their attention, these aspiring law givers aro constantly superintending the leg islation of the Union. At tho present session of tho General Assembly resolutions of instruction havo ccn introduced relative io the bankrupt law, the tarifTlaw, refunding u fine to Gen. Jack son, tho apportionment law, and wo know ot how many other subjects. We havu been accustomed to belicvo that our State Senators and Representatives were elected to legislate for Ohio; and that our Unitcd States Senator and Representative, wero elected to represent tho wants and wishes of our Stato tn the Congress of the Union. Wo had supposed that some salu tary Stato legislation was needed in Ohio at this time. Hut it seems, according to the notions of some of our Solons, that our Leg islature is constituted for no such purpose but rather lo instruct Congress what to do, or to undo, or to leave undone, fortunate people that we arc, we have one set of men chosen to make laws for the Union, and another set of mon chosen on purpose to tell them what laws to mako. But, seriously, it strikes us that theso in structing resolutions daily dragged forward in our .Legislature, consuming time that ought to bo otherwise employed, are not merely ridiculous, but pernicious, and that they ought to bo discountenanced. Ohio Star FRIDAY MORNING, JANUARY 20, 18. POWERS, THE SCULPTOR. The following letter.from an American ar- tist,at Florence, to tho Governor of Vermont, will be read with interest. Hiram Powers, the subject ef the communication, is a native my heart aches when I recall them. 1 tell you of Woodstock in this Stato, and is, if not the a truth when I say that tho best artists both in first, unauestionablv amone the first, of liv- painting and in sculpture, in Rome and in Flor in? sculotors. In the denartment of portrait- ence' aro Americans-yet they are not known .rlnfr ! nl,(ini truth f i n,l ivirlnal rP. by their own countrymen .. . , , .r f . Now, mydearsir, I beg you to recommend acmuiuii.c, wiiiiuui iijo aaiiiiii.u ui iiiw. ... ... , .1 . .l . . this matter to your people, that they may give higher attributes, the expression of which has one of their nobIcst Bons , chance t0 try hig been snpposed to constitute the appropriate strength. I urge this as well on account of his object of tho art, in bestowing softness, acknowledged worth and the claim he has upon warmth, and life upon the cold, hard, and the sympathy and kind regard of his country, colorless material in which ho works, he is men, as from a sense of his present destitute of chaff blown about the Hall would disap pear; what degrading scenes of disgrace ful wranclint? and controversy between foolish peoplo would be avoided ; and how tho public bnsiness would be expedited f This capital letter winds up will) the true) sentiment of a free-born mountaineer : MASSACHUSETTS. The vacancies in tho Senate of Massa condition. His warm heart ever dwells with chusctts wero filled on Thursday of last week pride upon his beloved Vermont, and he would by tho election of all the Locofoco candi fain havo his works there also. I know you ,!.,. nnn nTrpntinn. Ami nn Mnn will sympathize his toolings, and for my day 0f this n.cek ,l0 House of Represent. tbe difficulties arising from tho intractable .nno fr ,, ,, j::.,.i p. naturo ol tho stone.and, by tho contrivance of i.aD. r slouid ,av t. tha, r ..;. ,.. as the two candidates to be presented to tha now implements and processes, he has sue- witlmut tho ItnnwlpiW nf m. Pnwrno. Bntnlv Senate, and the latter gentleman was chosen cecded in giving to tho marble a fleshiness from the interest I feel in him and his works, on Tuesday to be Governor of the old Bay and flexibility of nnnoarancn. which invest and an anxietv that ho should bo encourarad State for the year ensuing. " God save the now confessedly unrivalled, and probably has never been surpassed. A rare union of inventive genius and me chanical skill has enabled him to overcome bis portraits with the truth of painting, without detracting from tha severe dignity of sculpture. He has yet executed in marble little but portrait-busts. But his genius for the con ception of works of tho highest ideal excel lence has been abundantly tested by the com positions which he has moulded in clay, while and assisted by his own countrymen. Should you find a moment's leisure, you will confer a very great favor by writing me on this subject. I shall probably remain in Florence a year or two, and, if there is any way in which I can serve you, please let me know it. My d i rcction is simply Florence, Italy, via New York and Havre. With sentiments of the highest esteem and Commonwealth of Massachusetts." his success in portrait-sculpture leaves no every kind wish for your health and prosperity, REPUDIATION REPUDIATED The following resolutions have passe both branches of tho Legislature of Illinois bv very decisive matorities. Resolved, Uy the House of Representatives, ths Sen, aie concurring inerein, 1 nai wo iuuy recognise 1111 leiral and moral obligation of discharging, withpunct uality, every ilcbt contracted by any authorized agent or agnts of this State for a good and valuable con sideration, and that the revenues and resources ot lne Stato shall be appropriate! for that purpose as soon aaineycan oc mnae avaiiBDie, wunoui impovcnsn' ihe and oppressing the people. Jcesoirea, Thai our laiiure iiunerio to meet our ob izations has not arisen fiom any intention on tin part of the Legislature, or any rcspeclablo portion of the Deonle. to rcDudiatcor evade these obligations, and uiai vve utterly ueicst nna aDnor inc repudiation 01 ust debts, by btates or individuals, as miserable, dis lonorable, and destructive of public and private char, acter. IXT The cause of tho absence of a Whir from the Massachusetts Legislature on Wednesday last, is at length accounted for. It seems that ho fell into the hands of a Loco Foco doctor, brother-in-law. who ravo him so much med cine that he was unable to go out on that day, Loco t oco medicine is uau stuu lor tho Win tn take. It is worthy of notice, that in all the recent elec tions which have resulted in favor of Locofocoism. it slioulil be observed that the vote of the States for that parly has fallen considerably below that piven for Mr. Van lluren in 1840, when he was beaten by the pop-ufotmaiotilyolonehundredandforty-thrtelhautand! Disturbances at Philadelphia. There have been serious disturbances at Kensington, one of tho suburbs of Philadelphia from a turn out of Weavers. The rioters assembled in large numbers, armed with stones and clubs, and some of them with fire arms. On Wednefday the Sheriff arranged a civil posse, of two or throe hundred men, and proceeded to the Markot House where the rioters were assembled. He was assailed br a shovel of stones, and several discharges of firo arms. Tho posse was dis. persed by the rioters, and a number of them were struck and knocked down. The Sheriffrecciv. ed soveral blows, and was considerably injured. Several of the rioters were arrested, and the next day eight of them, on examinarion, wore committed to trial. On Tuesday a body of troops consisting of nino companies, were ordered out, on the requisition, and put under the command, of Briradier-General Cadwallader. It was aaid that the rioters threatened an attack upon Moy. amensing prison, and the release of those who had been committed, r our companies were un- der arms through the day, and tiro rest in tho evening. No acts of voilenco were committed on the following melt, and at 11 o clock on Fri day tho troops wero dismissed, with orders to hold themselves in readiness to muster at an hour's notice. The Unitcd States Gazette of Saturday, says that the difference between the weavers and their employers, which caused the outbreak, had been settled, and that the former were to return to their work, at prices which had been agreed to. Gov. McDonald has vetoed the bill pass ed by the Georgia Legislature, districting tho State lor tho choice of members ol Lon gross, under tho law of 1842. Tho Lecisla turo of Georgia is Locofoco, like the Gov ernor. 1 ho veto is applied under the no tion that tho law of Concress, although ex pressly authorized by the Constitution, is unconstitutional. It is such Slate-right Quixotes, always tilting with windmills, or imagining an invading army in a nock ot sheep, who have brought the ancient and iust doctrines of the old Republican school of Virginia into disreputo and ridicule. Ihe Legislature of Georgia adjourned on the 27th of December, immediately nftet the veto, and thus thero will be no conformity by Geor gia to the requisition of tlio law of Congress a course also adopted by the Legislature of ISew Hampshire. The elloct will be that tho next Congress will exclude their Repre sentatives from scats, until Georgia and New Hampshire comply with tho law. This must be, or a law of the land bo nulliificd. Among the last acts of the Georgia Legis lature was one anthorizing specie-paying banks to issue small notes 1 Another proof of tho insincerity of Locofocoism. IttcA ntonri Whig. Unto nuRNED at Sea. The ship Count ess of London, Hutchinson, arrived hero yes terday from Bristol, England, reports when in tho latitude of Brest, on the 29th of No vember, she discovered a brig to leeward on fire, boro down upon her, and discovered her to bo tlio irencli brig Angeliquo, Henry llippolitc, master, 10 days Irom Kouen and bound to Marseilles, with a cargo of manu factured goods, drugs; &c. Uy great exer tion, Captain Hutchinson succeeded in sav ine the crew and all hands, and in the kind est manner brought them to Mobile. Mobile Herald, Dec. 31. An Ancient Pautv. Ou Chrislhroas day twelve guests (seven ladies end five gen tlemon) dined at the tablo ot a gontlemau in New Bedford, Massachusetts, whose aggrc gate ages amounted to U IV yaars. 1 he ages of the ladies are bis, 8U, 75, 74, 71, l)J ; ag, grcgriate 51G. Ages of the genllemon 85, 85, 81, 73, 73 ; aggregate 403. Total U1U, All tho parties were in good health, nearly related by blood or marrace, and in the en joyment of a green old age. What pleasant recollections ol old times must this venerablo party have discussed. A Monster Skeleton. The Ozark Standard (Springfield, Mo.) says: "We havo now in our office a jaw tooth of an animal, dug up near Warsaw, in Benton country, that weighs fourteen pounds and a half. 1 no tusks lound at the same place, and sup posed to belong lo tho same monster, aro about thirleon foot long. According to the best calculation thai can be made, the skel eton, when completed, will be forty fcot in length and twonty-eighl feet high. We un derstand lhat it is (ho intention of the pro prictors to send tho skeleton to New Orleans.' Michigan. Tho Senate was organized on tho aj inst. by tho appointment ot James f. Plattjof Ann Arbor, Secretary, Charles A. Mack, of St. Clair, Recording Clerk, and William M, Alhstor, of Kalamazoo, Sergeant-at-arms. Asa- hei H. iiagg was appointed Printer, and Messrs, Greeley and Green a Committee of innnlina. In the House, Robert M'Clelland.of Monroe, w Eiiunn opeaier, anu ti. j. ttcuerts, of Do troit, Clerk. douht of his ability to realize bis conceptions in a more durable material. It would bo a subject of just pride to the artist and lo Vermont, if the idea of his first great finished work in marble could bodrawu from tho history of his native State. The adventures of Chiraplain, the discoverer of our noble Lake, the gallantry of Allen, or the heroism of the women and the unwonted gonerosity of the Indians at tho burning of Royalton, would furnish fine subjects for the pencil or the chisel, and it will bo a re proach to the liberality and patriotism of Vermont, if wo neglect to avail ourselves of the opportunity of encouraging tho only ar tist to whom our soil has yet given birth, by charging him with tho perpetuation of the memory of some of theso interesting events. Vermont has hitherto dono littlo for tho promotion of literature and science, and for tho encouragement of art, with the exception of our noblo capitol, absolutely nothing. With the views of oconomy, which havo characterized the policy of our legislature, it is hardly to bo hoped lhat the public patron ago will bo bestowed upon our artist, but a fit occasion is now offered for the individual exercise of patriotic liberality, and we trust that the opportunity will not be lost. We would suggest that inquiry bo infor mally made, in the different sections of tho State, as to the possibility of raising"byksub- scription a sufficient sum to procuro ono or more works, from the chisel of Powers, il lustrativo of tho history of Vermont, and wo aro authorized to say that the Governor will cheerfully receive any communications from gentlemen interested in the subject. The following is the letter to which wo have referred. The affectionate warmth with which Mr. Brown urges the claims of his brother artist docs credit to his heart, and no remarks of ours can add force to tho fervid and touching cloquencoof his appeal Florence, Italy, October 25, 1842. To his excellency, CHARLES PAINE, Gfoternor of Vermont. Dear Sir : I take tho liberty of addressing this letter to you, feeling that you will sympa thize with its object, and pardou the intrusion. Tho good State over which you presido has shown great taste in the erection of her House of Legislation, and I only wish now she would go one step further, and erect in it a statue to General Stark, Ethan Allen, or some othor of her great men, and sho has many who aro worthy of all the honor she can bestow upon them Time works sad changes in human affairs, and if the nearest generation to the distinguish ed dead forget them, whoehall riso up in all the world to perpetuate their memory t But I will not enlarge upon this subject. My object is to introduco to your notice Hiram Powers, the Sculptor, with whom you aro undoubtedly ac quainted by reputation, and who, tho' long sep arated from his native hills, is a true son of Ver mont, and one whom sho will ever bo proud to own. Mr. Powers has, for many years, struggled on through poverty and acquire knowl edge in his favorite art, and although he has now risen to great eminence, ho is not yet be yond the reach of the common wants of humani ty. I would not represent him to you as a " suf- I am, dear sir, Your ob't. humble servant, (Signed,) H. K. BROWN. (Sculptor.) (tTNo hew testimony of any importance has been taken in regard to the Somers mutiny, in addition, what wo gavo last week. The published proceedings of tha court are becoming so voluminous that we cannot undertako even an abstract of them. Wo entertain hardly a doubt that Com. Me- Kcnzic will bo triumphantly acquitcd. MR. SLADE'S RESOLUTIONS. The following are tlio resolutions, offered by Mr. Slade in the Houso of Representa tives, on the 3d instant, in favor of abolish ing Slavery in the District of Columbia : Whereas, by a law of the United States. Dassed on the ljihof May, 1B;0, the foreign slao trade is ds- (C?We have received an excellent com munication from our old friend the "West ford Farmer," in regard to the Locofoco nominations for state officers, which we are compelled to defer till next week. Wo hope our esteemed correspondent will pardon us clared lo be piracy, and is made punishable by death i fur so doing, for his favor did not reach us in season for this paper. And whereas there is. and has Ions been, carried on in the District of Columbia, within eiht of the nail- oi tno two nouses ol congress, and the resi dence of the chief Executive .Maaistrateof this Na tion, a trade in men, involving all tho principles of outrage on human rights which characterize the for eign slave trade, and which have drawn upon it ths maledictions ol tlie civilized world, and stigmatized. THE BANKRUPT ACT, The Whig papers of tlie most respectable character are everv where, so far as we have those engaged in it as enemies of the human race: lionn ,1,1. m nWrv n ..! .ric . AnJ whereas the trade thus existing in this JJistiict .. . .,,.. -.".b pi.v ...... ,9 aggravated in enormity Dy reason ol its being car- regret at the action of Congress in relation rred onm t,,e heart of a nation whoso institutionsare to the Bankrupt act and the prospect of its equal, and whose laws have, in effect, proclaimed its rnnnal Tlin leadin,. nmon nf ,! I, great and superlative iniquity ; aggravated, moreov repeai. i ne leading papers ol tho largo bvil, oaJ..,BOn ,,, nilhli,r,p, nf Vh,;.,;.- commcrcial Cities are particular earnest on community by its sundering of the ties of Christian .1.:. ...u:. ,. . j ,i . . brotherhood, and by the anguish of its remorseless this subject ; and we see that a remonstrance violation of all the domestic relations, rendered ih more deep and enduring by the hallowing influence & ui n. & uu ,ai tuns ucucfiia ui a uci iiidiiuui inu wiureabcu aireiisui which u i:tves 10 me aomesna d.i . t ...n i .... i... isnecuons: uam.u,,m..w ttro wen summeu up uy a And whereas one of the purposes of tho Constitu- correspondent of tlio National Intelligencer, ''""i in providing for the setting apart and exempting ... o from State junsdiction a District for the seat of the as lOIIOWS. Government of the United Slates, vi, In ninvij. a It prevents undue credit, and this should please the common ground whereon all could meet, under a rd money men. if they are sincere. system of law not involving, of necessity, principlss Il prevents assignments of Dreferred creditors, often or usages peculiar to any of the States, but based up- fraudulently such : on the principles asserted in the Declaration of Inds- Il does awav with the eonfl etinir hankrunt aws ef P?naence, ana looiung to the great objects contsm- the Slates, and puts all on a footing of cqualtiy: plated in the preamble to the Constitution : it ensures a lair uivwcna oi tncellectsol the tailing , i"iin puiiiusuui mc wuuiuiuiioii iu debtor: feated by subjecting a majority of the Representatives Itallows the creditor to compel a failing debtor to ' 1,10 1 copie ana ot the states in tlie two Houses ol i into liquidation : " Congress, and a majority of those employed in ths ..vvuiiTuuiuiiiiiiina iu niiiitas a tiaucill IIU1I1IU beings which is to them a source of grievous annay ancc anu an object oi deep abnorrence and detests- go. It is the exercise of tho most benign novver of tho Constitution, the only one which has been unexer cised by our rtenresentatives : It ex lends the protection of the laws to a vast class of our citizens who aro entitled to some consideration under the Constitution as well as the more fortunate. Ihe laws should not be all made for the rich. The single fact that a Bankrupt law docs away with the whole principle and practice of preference among creditors and partial assignments by debtors, ought to bo conclu sive in favor of tho law. Nothing can more facilitate dishonest speculating transactions than such preferences ; they aro exactly the reverse of what the rule should be. Thompson's Vsrmon,-parl II, p. 7ft JOHN MATTOCKS. Tho letter of this gentleman to his con stituents, declining to be a candidate for re election, has been very favorably noticed in soveral of tho leading papers of tho coun try. Tho following very complimentary tribute wo cut from a late number of the Albany Advertiser. A MAN OF SENSE. Tho Hon. John Mattocks, at present a representative in Congress from Vermont, has recently addressed a letter to his con stituents announcing his determination not to bo a candidate for re-election. Ho has served three terms, and is a popular man in his district; but advancing years, having numbered 6G, with other circumstances, ad monish him to prefer homo and quiet to a longer continuance in political life. Tho honest frankness, right feeling, good sonsc, and a touch of native humor, so mark a portion of his letter, that wo are sure it will gratify our readers. After recounting the favors ho has received from his constituents, be proceeds as follows : I hsvs been nothing- mora than jour attentive rtprs senlative. Durinc lbs six entirs sessions which I hsv attended, snd ths portion thus far of tke present ssssion, a kindPrevidsnca hasgivti mesuch ameis ur ef bsalib, that I hsv net been absent from mj tion : And whereas this trade in human beings is carried on under the authority of laws enacted by the Con gress of thoUnited States, thereby involving the Peo ple of all the States in its guilt and disgrace a guilt and disgraceenhanced by theconsideration thai those laws are a vital usurpation of power, the Constitution nf thoUnited States having conferred upon Congrtss no right to establish the relation of slavery, or to sanc tion nnd protect the slave-trade in any portion of this Confederacy! therifore, liesolted, That all laws in any way autborizinf er sanctioning the slave trade in this District ought to be repealed aud tho trade prohibitedt and that tha Committee on the District of Columbia be instructtd to report a bill accordingly. This preamble and resolution having beetT read, Mr. Slade moved to suspend the 21st rule, inorder that the subject might be brought before the House. Tho 21st rule provides that " no petition, memorial, resolution, or other paper praying the abolition of slavery in the District of Columbia, or any State oi Territory, or tho slave-trade between th States or Territories of tlie United States, la which it now exists, shall be received by this House, or entertaifed in any way whatever." On the motion to suspend this rule, the yen and nays wero as follows : Yeas Messrs. Adams, Sherlock, J. Andrews, Ay.' crigg, Babcock, Baker, Bernard, Birdseye, Blair, Boardman, Borden, Briggs.Bronson, Jeremiah Brown, lturnell, Calhoun, Clnlds, Chiitenden, JohnC. Clark, Stanley N. Clark, Jas. Cooper, Covven, Richard D. Davis, Everett, Irris, Kessenden, Fillmore, John G. Floyd, Gates, Oiddings, Patrick G. Goode, Gran ger, Halstead, Henry, Hudson, Hunt, Joseph R. In gersoll, James, Linn, McKennan,.lcA'ron, Msthiot. -I. r II n i .. . 1 jiBiiucM, .lioAwcu, iuavuaru, morgan, morris, Mor row, Oliver, Osborne, Parrncntcr, Partridge, Pen dleton, iiamsey, iicnjamin Uandall, Kandolph, Ridg. way, Roosevelt, William Russell, James SI. Russell. Cn,nnl11 ..l Cl.n T..,m.n SmilU w,.l.. ' Siratton. Tallinn hast. Toland. Tomhnsen. TrnmK,,! joscpn u. lvnue. wimnroD. i ransion. ursvnna tj Navs Messrs. Ijandal!' II' .tudretM, Arnold. Arl ' a I .,,,, u ... ,..uv.., '-.,.'v.u, u cir ici, jwiuii i . uruwn, .iiuori tirvurn, viiaries uro nurxe, u, n. uaidweli, I . c. uaavvell, H t Campbell, 1 nomas J. Campbell, Laruthert. .. ... i ' l. r.,:er j . i iucy, viiaiiuiuil, VU1IUIU, umiiuii, U1CS. r. r. a , r. ti r .- r 1 n.t r- i r. r'l -.J r a i caBiinai., j. iwnm us, j. j r 10 Grn, Swin, Harris, Hsys, Hopkins, Hou

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