Newspaper of Burlington Free Press, January 27, 1843, Page 2

Newspaper of Burlington Free Press dated January 27, 1843 Page 2
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CAPTURE 01- A MEXICAN TOWN BY THE U. S. SQUADRON. New YonK.Jun. 14. The bark Anahuac, tint arrived licro last Sunday, brought a ro ort from Mexico lliat Monterey, the capital of Galiforni.i, liad been captured liy the na val forco of the United States, on the Pacific station, under tho command of Commodore Jones, ilo was led to bolievo that tho Uni ted Slates had declared war against Mexico, and therfore took this bold step. Tho Mudi souian of yesterday contains n translation from tho Dinro did Gohioino, of the 14th ultimo, published in the city of Mexico, which give lull particulars : " On tho lDlh of Oetohor, Commodore Jones arriv ed st Monterey, in the frigate United States, accom panied bv the il vane, under dpt. htrihling. As s.ion n thash'tjia ha,f nni-tiorcd, Capt. Armstrong, the lias captain of the United States. hndcJ, ami delivered to lh acting Coventor, Don Juan Alvarado, a little from I'oin.imdjro Jnn.s, requiring; the immediate surrender or th." n'aci' wnaiii lutts, dsn's, nniniunmon, nrnib, t.r , u tin) United Stites, in order to tavn it from the horrors of war which would ho the immediate con-no.-inenoeinf a refusal to submit. Alvaratlo. upon this minim m, e'onulled tlie other inihtnry and fivil au thorities; and finding tint I hi gnrriniii consijtcd of onlv iwo.ity-nine. (hit ths artillery ivis composed of eleioa prss, entirely usaless front the lottetiness of thtir oarUigo, an 1 lliat the whola number of mils kits slid e.irbi'ies, pood and bad, did not exceed an Ivmdrcl and fifty ho surrenderd the place) which wis, in consul cn.-c, immediately occupied hy the Americans. Tho arlicl-s of ripltiilation, sinned on the option, prondc that tho Mexican soldiers shall l.isrch out with collars Hying, and shall remain n3 prisoners of war, until they cm bo ssnt to Mexico : that tho inhabitants shall unprotected in their persons and property, so Ion;; n they conduct themselves dt, nit infrincro the laws of tho United Histcs. &.c. .fc. Commodore Jones, at tho same tin,,, i'.qurd i nraalnmalion to the California!!?, de claim? that 'he como h arms as the representative of a powerful nation, against which the ctisiiiig govern ment of Mutico had engaged in war, but not with the intention rf spreading dismay nuto'if: tho peaccf l in habitants,' and inviting th-.i tosubmil to tho author ity of a nation winch would protect thiin forever in ths enjoyment 01 uueny, ccc, ire. All these things too!; nhee on the tOth of October Tu dai s afterwards, on the 21st of the month, Cum in Jore "Jones addressed another letter to the acting Governor Alvarado, to the cried, tint intormation le teivod by him since the captnro of tho place, left him m rm.M lo dinht that the diiTicultic3 between Mox- iej and the United Statea h id been adjusted i and iSst hrin"" anxious to avoid all cause of future difiicul ties, he was ready to restore the, place, with its fnru and property, to the ..ljiicins, in uio same con itiiion in which ihev weru before the seUtirc. Moil tcroywaiacc rdingly, on that diy evacuated by the Americans, and re-occupied by tlio Mexicans, whose fhir, on being rc-hoislcd, was saluted by tho ships. Thus terminated the three d lys at Monterey. Immediately after the restitution of the place, Com tmd'irc Jones despatched a letter to ihe commandant Micheltorcno, who was on his way to Montciov, with a reinforce lient of trooprf. in whioh he stated that he had been indjeed to invade California, by tho mani festo addrcssel bv fcneral Sinta Anna to tho Diplo matic Corps at .Mmico, wherein his excellency had conditionally declared war against the United States, tint the capitulation of Monterey, had been as honor-i abls to Mexico as circumstances would permit! and that he had restored the place, and ceased allollbiisive operations, so soon as he became convinced of the ex istence of pea 'o between the two nations. Tho commandant .Micheltorcno, received the news ol tho capture of .Monterey, on the 23d of the month, whan In was near Antrclcs. On the 2jth he received Commodore Jones' letter, in answer to which, ho aent s series of propositions for the settlement of such of tho difficulties as might bo arranged there, leaving the rjucsiion of the seizure to bi discussed between iho two ffovernments. Commodore Jones, in his re ply, dated tho 1st of November, endeavored, ns far as possible, to sooth and conciliite the excited feelings of the Mexicans t and expressed his readiness to m?et Governor Micheltorcno at Santa Barbara, with out delay, in order to confer with him on his proposi tions. Thinzs remained in this stnte on the 10th Novem br, when the vessel which brought the papers from the Govornor to Mexico, uuitlcd California: ul that time Commodore Jones had not met Miclteltoreno. curious private, loiter, written on board one From tho IS. Y. Tribune. ANCIUNT CASH OV MUTINY. Ilis well known to porsonsconvcrssnt with Naval History, that during the rcigtt of Hliabeth, Sir Fran cis Drake was one of the boldest, most scientific and successful commanders in the lltitislt Naval Service during the lGlh century. Of his tnanv gallant ex ploits a detailed account is given by l)r. Johnson, UIO, l,UII9lll-U t IIIU 'CIII,i;illllll B .,IIIJJ.l..l. ... . w In this sketch is related n case of contemplated mu tiny, in some respects bearing a similitude to that of tho Somcrs. As it may possess Interest at tho prs ent, 1 will relate some uf the particulars. , In theyeir 157 Sir Francis obtained a commission from the Queen constituting bini Captain General of n licet of 5 vessels, viz ! the Pelican, Admiral, (com manded by himself,) of IPO tons) tho Kli-.abcth, Wo Admiral, of 80 tons j Marygold, 80 tons! Swan, SO tons. These ships, if they maybe so called, wcro pnninnnd bv himsrlf nnd nthrr nrivnto odventurers. and manned with lflt stout sailors, for n voyagoof discovery and profit. They Biileil rrom fiyinouin in December 1577, and cruised first olong the Ilatbary coast, ihenee to Capo Vcrd, on tho coast of IJraiillo, dc, ith various success nnd ndttntutes, till they wtro near the Straits of Magellan. ,They had en countcicd many difficulties on the main land and is land bv the lavages, and had somo of their men killed, imrtirnlnrlv nt Port Jidhn. whelo two of his men were murdered, and himself narrowly escaped. Thcy rcmnuiiMi litre about two months in tne summer oi 157 J. after bringing the natives to submission. While lie remained nt Port Julian, ho had other enemies to encounter far more formidablo than these hm hrm.ins. and ninrn insidious, nrtful and dangerous than the ambushes of tho Indians) for in this place was laid open a design formtd bv ono of tho onlle men uf the fleet (probably ono of tho scientific corps) not onlv the defeat tho lovanebut to murder tho Ad- muni. General. Tlio gentleman was named Iliomas Doufflitio. What wcro his inducements to attempt tho destruction of his lendrr, or his tlcMgn in case of succss, or wlial measures ho Hail laKcn to corrupt ins followers, cannot now liotraceil in history. The plot was laid befoie the departure of thacct from I'.ngland, and detailed to Drake himself m its full extent, in his parden nl thn Plymouth, who not onlv entertained tho iictRnn so accused ns one of his company, but treated liini with romatkablo kindness and attention, scntm nt,, nt h own table, and long ing him ill the same cabin with himself. Nor did the Admiral discover the least suspicion of his attentions till tntir arrival at tins place, out appeared, ny tno au thority with which ho invested him to consider him as ono In whom, in , his absence, ho could most se curely trust tho management of his nffairs. At length, in this remote corner of the world, ho tounu out a design formed acainst his life, called together all his officers, laid before them the evidence on which he grounded his accusation, and summoned tho criminal, who, full of nil tho horrors of emit, nnd confounded nt so clear a detection ot his whole scheme, immediately confessi d his crimes, nnd con fejscl himself unworthg longer lo live; upun which the whole assembly, consis ing ol thirty persona, ni ter haling considered the affair, with tho attention it required, and heard nil tlntrould bo said in extenua tion of his offence, unanimously iignee! the stntence by which he was to siijlr death. Drake, however, unwilling to proceed to severities, ofTered him uis choice, of being executed on tho island or set on shore on the main lam! with the savages, or sent to LjUglanu to lo tried belore iho Cotimil; ol v. men. after a dav s considciatun, hechose the first, and lens imig at VorlJiilian. After Ins condemnation, and tpr renpa ini' io m I e e no pp. in nan nciore oi ereu the convict remained deaf to all pcrsuation, partook of tho communion, and dined hcarlilv with tho Ad miral, anu was cxecuicu in inc aucrnoon wun many proofs of remorse, but nonool fear. After theexecit' lionof this man. tho vihole comnanv. either convinc ed of the iustico of tho nroceedinir. or awed bv the severity, applied themselves tcithout any murmurs or appeal ancc rr discontent, to the prosecution of the voyage. of tho vessels of thn munJron iii iliu Pacific, probably the United States, dated "at sea, Sept. 10," which affords some cluo to Com Jones's svstem of operations in his uncere monious occupation of California. It seems that Com. Jones hud received at Callao, j about thn 3d of September, a copy of tho lot tor of tho Mexican Secretary of State lo Mr. Webster, with his circular to tho Diplomatic corps, together with rumors of war between Mexico and thoUiiitctd States, and of tlie cession ofCalil iornia by tho former to Great Britain. He ascertained also that about the same time tlio British Admiral Thomas, in the flag ship Dublin, sailed suddenly from Callao, on secret service, in pursuance of or ders just received from England. It is fair ly infciiblu from this letter that Com. Jenes, underlie strong impression that the English Admiral was under orders to lake possession of tho province of California, wjs resolved to anticipate him by the celerity of his own movements, and tliorclbro left Callao 48 hours'after him, and made all sail for Mon terey. Ilo arrived there October 19, having tn furty-fodr days sailed through forty-nino degrous of latitude, and nearly ns many of longitude j und on his arrival lost no time in carrying Into effect tho object of his move ment. What could have been tho destina tion of the British Admiral, is a fact yet to be learned. From the New York Courier and Knquirer. THF. SOMCRS AND II Kit OFFICIOUS. The newspaper are publishing with a great deal of ftravity statement to theelfect that Mrs. Small, the widowed mother of ono of tho mutineers hung on bowl the .Som're, is in very distressed state, and almost iii3aue since the iicwu reached her of the lato of her son. This is certainly very natural, and no body can either wondernl ihe feelings of the mother or tail to sympathise with them, but wo really don't Inow what nil that has to do with the case ufC'apt. and his officers. Tho mother of every miscreant that has cvcrHullercd for his crimes deserv ed sympathy ; the unfortunate woman in this case desrves it, and the relatives of all the criminals who will hereof er pay the penalty orcrinienl the yard arm or upon the gallows on Ihe land, deserve it ; but be cause the execution of a malefactor brings distress upon his friends, nro we called upon to condemn to public execution the officers of the law who inflicted Ihe punishment 1 Is ti our duty to stiguutize as muwerers the men vt ho executed Small, Spencer and f 'roinwell. because tho stern necessity for such nu act of justice, involved a great deal of personal grief and d'utress among their relatives 1 We can (eel as uVcpl) as others fur the agonv of heart that such a catastrophe must I. ring to the bosom nf relatives; we dj feel it most forcibly and most deeply so, we doubt ntt, io Iho officers of the Somers. Has it coma to tMs, however, that sympathy is onlyjiclivoor the part of crjmej Tjil we arc only to feel pity for the friends of villains! It layer ji easy to sit down ond minglo lears with the relatives of miscreants who plotted the murttcr of half a vessel's crew and all her officers j a m irdcr ouly prevented by the just execution of those who were prepared o make a charnel house of the ship i but are we called upon for no other feelings 1 uommanncr .uaciernzie anu me gauani anu noble hearted young man who wero Ihe destined victims,! and very cruel and sanguinary persons forsooth, be esusethey did not stand quieily and passively by tot )ia their throats cut, or to bo thrown overboard. Til! bloody sea-scoundrels are martyrs because they weri) swung up before they wer. 'Ilowed the opportu nity of carrying their butchery in. o effect I Mackenzie and Gansevoort and Perry and Rogers and the other noble fellows among tho officers of tho vessel, are eoiearti.'and selusleJ by "unmanly fear," inasmuch, as they were not nmiabla enough lo permit Philip Spencer, Samuel Cromwellani Klinha Sir all lo mur der them in their berths or throw ihcm overboard while the smaller boys were made lo ''walk tho plank,1 in order to rid the mutineers of an "incumbrance 1" Ilis enough to curdle the blood of the very coldttt tTt rver of newspaper slang, to see aucn cnarges in From the Boston Atlas. ni'.TIItlOMKNT OF GOVr.UXOR DAVIS. Tho mutations of political affairs, like tho changes which arc incidental to every department ot human action, como udoii us. freouenl v. with sudden, and sometimes lamentable cllects. For Ihe chance which has just taken place in our own State, no adequate cause can be assigned. It would nut do uuucuit, to be sure, to surest n cause, so proximate in its opera' lion, that its inlluencc is hardly lo uc questioned or mistaken. A ncavy emu tell upon nic Hearts ana tho hands of a portion of the Wliisr I'artv. tho influ ence of which was benumbing and death-like. It would not be difficult to icll from the manufactory of what Frost-Kin:? that tornifvinir snirit was ex haledand one would suppose thcro woujd bo little consolation in the reflection that the vcrv freezing operation, which had curdled the blood in the veins of others, had tendered tho atmosphero loo cold for the comlort even ot the atorm-bpint lumscil. This transition in l ha local notifies of our State, sJiteh 'Aiia 'Mf6Vafy,,,-iiJ?,UAwl,Ji,irli'. ln..Vy respects, to be deeply regretted. It disturbs the har monious action of our State Government and unsst ties and renders uncertain its course of proceeding. No government can bo managed letter than that of our State lias ucen. io political system lias Deen, or can be, administered with a more accurate adherence to tho principles upon which it was established, or a stricter renard to tho comfort and happiness of the People, for whom it was instituted. lis affairs have been manated by men of strict intelligence, integrity, and patriotism hy men of sterling virtue, and sound nrnetieal sense, liv tne co-onerat on ot various n- Ilucuces some of them not erv honorable to their originators, and others of which it may well be won dcrcd tnat mev nave laucn into so siraugca comuina' Hon tno tair tauric oi our rsiaie uoveriimeni una nnssed into the ruthless hands of the same Partv who laid waste and desolnto the cheerful mansions of our National Government. Tho foot-ptint of the political marauder is already marlted upon the nigh places Ol our uoiuiiiuiie:iiiii. ti n&ir uaruarian cu' ions .ire occunvinn tho scats which have been era eed, heretofore, with along lino of the cherished, ithe Iiunoreu, uiu uiusii mas ui iiiu oi.uv. ,,ti.ii Hiiinia there, throughout the enrrth nnd breadth of old Mas SHchusctts, that docs not feel a sense of deep humili ation, and burning shame, when he looks upon that circle in tho Senate Chamber, or runs his eve over tho names ot those who aro to become tho Council lors of the State. Heaven Lo praised that there is yet a tcciiperatiiepowcrintho People and that thcyarc already wailing in perpetual anxiety, for the lime to DUSINF.SS I'ROSPKCTS. Tin times aro hard business is dull. Is thore any prospect of bettor days 1 Wo wotild gladly say. ye; wcro we able to say so in good faith. Hotter busi ness times than exist just note, we do hope for and expect. But such brisk times as wo hod a few years ago, civo no Rigns of their coming they cast no "shadows before." AW, many and tiloity arofail- ingj loss alter loss comes to tins man nun loinai, and the courses of business aro all interrupted perpet ually. The lime must coinocro long, when tho obli gations assumed In the recent years of expansion in business and in snecu aunn. win do turown on, ci ther by discharging them in full, or by calling in tho aid of law lo wipe them out. We aro fast learning wlm can stand thn nrrssurn. nnd who must bow be fore It. When this shall be fully known when tho business men shall know who may bo trusted, with somo degreoof safety, then business will brighten up n nine, i no necessities oi uio gummy mi unau lutcly require somo more traffic soon than is now rrirrirr! tin. Hut there is nothing in the state or the civilized world nt large, or inonr country in particular, which indicates to us any very great change, such as will tnnltn hnsinf'cta vrrv brisk. Thn world Is at pcaCCt every nation is producing nearly or quite enough lo virmlv iis nwn wants. All tho countries have at pres ent a largo supply of thoprincipal productions of ag riculture and of the mechanic arts. Neither the cul tivation of the soil nor manufactures seems to prom iso much nrnfit. unless markets become better. Hut belter tnntltols can hardly t)o rxpecicu, necause uio producers aro saarceiy lessening, wiiuo um cunsu' mem do not increase. Wrt hav,, .imbn of neaee neaee ainonr? the nations as ono reason why business will not bo brisk: let us not be understood to express sorrow lor tno rnll. We can name another cause of tho present low prices j wo mean tho Temperance Reformation. While thousands upon thousands of bushels of prnin UMf! ivnrv il A v rnnslimcd in tho ditilleiies. tho effect was In Itnen mi ihe nrien of rrnin. and with that the prices of other agricultural products. Also, while thousands of men in ado themselves unfit for labor by their intemperance, the number of good laborers was less, and wages wcro higher. The cause of this rhnno wc.arn nlad tn seo. We are no advocates for tho ro-opening of distilleries, and re-hoisting of tho flood-gates of intemperance. If the good reforma tion has had somo small paralyzing action upon'tho business of the country, notwithstanding tins ellcct, we aro lieartilv glad mat tno reiorniHiion nan occur red. Rut our joy at that need not blind our eyes to its conscqucnccd. Tlie currency oi tne country is mucu ium uuuuu ant then it was a few yearsngo. Lot politicians dis pute about tho questions as to the wisdom or folly of the expansion of tho enrrcnev then, nnd of the subse quentconlrnction : we leave llicso points to them. inn a coniracuon uus limcu puiec . wi,-, .,.,.,, prices have como down. We seo no reason to ex pect that the currency will soon be moro abundant than now : wc nave incrciore no remun io suniusu that prices generally will be much higher. Indeed wo doubt whether they have vet reached their lowest point. Thoso who are in debt will faro hard s thoso who nave loaned money securely, wnt tinu mem sMvrs nuifdi enriched bv tho chanircs which havo ta ken placo. In coming out of the pressure that has been upon us, the rich will find themselves richer and ie poor poorer. This, lion ever, was not our proposed noint. Wi meant to end by asking what inducements farmers have to cultivate extensively the coming year. We thiult liners wil bo so low as not to remuncraio ono for lured labor and ono for purchasing manure. Those wdio aro abundantly able, may consult their pleasure as to what they will do but common lar tncr, whose whole properly is the farm, must con suit their means and such wc enn not advise to in cur any considerable expenses next spring; it will be wisest lor tlicni to be themselves, Willi meir uoys, very industrious I tit to avoid hiring ns far as possl , w u-i limit i!innrr I i i"s run in a wasic. We arc sorry to be obliged to hold the views that wo do but we aro not uble to persuade ours:lf that auy brighter ones are correct. .V L.. j-irmer, ihcm in utunuut, to Humiliate tlio assignee of tho bankrupt's estate. 4tii. l'roviding mat tno assent ot a majority in amount of tlio creditors shall bo necessary tn a discharge." A discussion followed nn points of ordor, anu finally the provious qtiestion being moved was scconded,liut in the'mean time tho morning hour expired. JUr.uiddings and Mr. Barnard simul taneously demanded tlio order of tho day. The Speaker announced that tho regular or der of business was the bill heretofore iutroduc- cd by the gentleman from Vermont, (Mr. Lver ott,) to repeal tho bankrupt law, laughter and that tho gentleman trom Kentucky, (Mr. iitar- nrrivo when they ca.. hut I these presumptuous up starts baclt to their appropriate spheres leaving no picnioual behind them, but indelible reproach that tho dignified places of our State have been polluted by their presence. une among mo many uniortunaic resiiusoi tins political change is, tho retirement of JOHN DAVIS fiom the Chief F.xecmhe olfico of our State. It will be rccollectiil that Mr. Davis was calle I from his scat in the benalc uf the Limed Mates, a position which he had filled with rrrcat credit to himsell. with usefulness to the Commonweallh, ond the highest satisfaction to those with whom he was associated- it will be lie was called from that no sition, by tho unanimous request of the Whigs of Massachusetts, to be their candidate for the office of Governor, unite ever-memorable campaign of 1310. Submitting himself to the wishesofhis fellow-citizens, though not without somo reluctance, he agreed lo abandon a placo for which ho was very peculiarly laid on tho table. qualiliec, nnd in which r.e nau gathered to hiniscit FROM WASHINGTON. jANUAitv 11. Tim Senate did not sit. Tho bill to refund Gen. Jackson's fine then came up. Mr. Hunt mado an able argument against it, and had not concluded when the moniinrr hour ex pired. Communications from the rsavy, ami from Gov. Doty, were then laid before the House. The bill to provide for the sale nf the real estate of infants in tlio District of Colum bia was passed, and tho House adjourned, Mr. Adams having the floor for Monday on the bill for tho relief of West Honda. Jan. 10. In Senate. Mr. Allen presented a resolution from the Legislature of Ohio, in favor resolution in favor" of a. reduction ol lefte? '?o- tage. Mr. Calhoun presented petitions from Phila delphia and other places, in favor of the Ex chequer scheme. In presenting them, Mr. C. took occasion to say that he was not in favor of the scheme. Mr. Buchanan presented petitions from Phil adelphia in favor of the schemes of V, C. John son, to issue two hundred millions of State stocks. The Senate then adjourned. In the House. -1r. Wise presented petitions from Baltimore and Philadelphia, in favor of the Exchequer scheme. Mr. Clifford offered a resolution, directing the Judiciary Committee to report, forthwith, a bill for the unqualified repeal ot the Jianuruni Mr. llrii'i's moved to lay tlio resolution on mo table. This motion failed yeas 81, nays 110. Tho previous question on the adoption of the resolution was moved and tcconiled. Tho next question was, "bliall the main question of the resolution, bo now put ; un tins question -ur Everett demanded the yeas and nays, which wcro ordered, and resulted, yeas 110, nays 83 So the main question on tlio adoption of the re solution was ordered to be put, and being put, uio resolution wasauopieu oy a vote oi naya ,o, yeas ltis. Mr. Uarnard the Lhairman ot tno judiciary Committee then mso and made some remarks to the effect that the bill could not be reported forthwith, inasmuch as the committee could not sit during the session of tho House. Mr, Wise moved that the members of tho Ju diciary Committee have leave to retire for the purpose ot exccutinir the order ol Hie House. The Speaker decided that such a motion could be entertained only by a suspension of the rules. Mr Wise took an appeal, but the decision of the Chair was sustained by tlio appeal being shall,') was entitled to tho floor. The bankrupt law repeal bill, as horetoforo reported bv Mr. Everett, with sundry amend ments ncndinrr, was then resumed. Alter tlio statement of tlio question, Mr. Marshall waived Ins right of addressing the House, and moved the previous question, which was seconded. Tho lirst question camo up on tho amendment to strike jut the proviso, and to insert a now provi so as given below. I ho amendment was adopt cd : yeas US, nays w. The question then recurred on the stiustituto inuveu uy iur.DJiuaiu, which was lusi , jfua iwi navs 1!!0. The bill as amended was then ordered to a third reading, in tho following form : lie it enacted by the Senate and House of lleprc senlalives of the United States of America in Coif errcss asstiiiblcd. That an net entitled "An net to cs tnblUh a uniform system ot bankruptcy throughout Iho United States," approved on the 19th August, IS II. be. and thesamo ncrebvis. repealed : Provided, That this net shall not nll'ecl nnv caso or proceeding in bankruptcy commenced before the passage of this net, or any jiains, penalties, or forfeitures incurred under the said act; but every such proceeding may be continued to its final consumatiun in like manner as if this act had not been passed. On the question "shall this bill pass, the yeas and nays wero ordered, and taken as fol lows : Yeas Messrs, Landafi" W. Andrews, Arrington, Athcrton, liccson, Ihdlack, Uirdscye, Ulack. Board- man, Jiotls, llownc, Hoyd, Hrcwsier, uronson, Aaron V Brown. Butke, William Butler, William O. Duller, Green W Caldwell, Patrick C. Caldwell, Win. B. Campbell, Thomas J. Campbell, Carulhers, Cary, Ciscp, .Chapman, ClifTord, Clinton, Coles, iuwen, ivaiuci, itnrrcu uavis, iiitnuiu u. iavi, Oean, Deheriy, Doan, Doig, Kastman, John C. Kdwards. Robert. Everett. Ferris. John G. Flovd, Charles A. Floyd, Fornance, Gentry, Gerry, Gil mer, Goggin, Patrick C. Goode, William O. Goode, Gordon. Graham. Green. Gusline. Harris. Hast ings, Hays, Holmes, Hopkins, Houck, Houston, Hubard, Hudson, Hunter, Charles J. Ingcrsoll, Jock, Cavo Johnson, Keim, Andrew Kennedy, bems. i.ittiehcld. Lowell. Abrnnnm iucuic an. McKay, McKcnnan, McKcon, Mallnry, Marchand, Alfred Marshall, Thomas F. Marshall, Mathews, Mattocks, iUcdili, Mitchell, Morns, iewliaid, OH ver. Oiborne, Owslev, Pnrmentcr, Partridge, Pick ens, Plumer, Pope, Prollit, Ramsey, Rayner, Rend, Reding, Reneher, Reynolds, Illicit, Riggs, Roose velt, Sanford, Sewcll, Shaw, Shepherd, Shields, Slade. Truman Smith. Snvdcr. Snrii''?. Stanlv. Steeiirod, Stockly, Alexander II. II. Stuart, John T. btitart, bummers, Quinter, nwecney, laiiaierro, John B. Thumpson, Jacob Thompson, Tillinghast, Trinlctt. Trotti. Trumholl, Underwood, Vnn Buren Ward, vt aslunglon, waltcrson, v cller, WcstbrooK, Wise, Wood, Augustus Voung 110. Nais Messrs. Adams, Allen, Sherlock J. An drews, Arnold, Aycrigg, Ilabcock, Baker, Barnard, Borden, Briggs, Millon Brown, Jeremiah Brown, liurnell, Calhoun, Childs, John C. fJlarli, blnlcy N. Clarke, Cranston, Cravens, dishing. John l'.d wards, Fcssenden, Fillmore, Gates, Granger, Hen ry, Howard, Hunt, Joseph R. Ingcrsoll, James Irvin, Win. W. Irwin, James, William Cost John son, Isaac D. Jones, John P. Kennedy, King, Lane, Linn, Samson Mason, Maihiot, Maxwell, M.ivnari!, Meriwether, Moore, Morgan, Morrow, Pearce, Pendleton, Powell, Benjamin Randall, Ran dolph, Hidgwav, Rodney, William Russell, James M. Kussell, Saltonstall, stralton, li'ehard w. Thompson, Toland, Tomlinson, Van Ranseelaer, Wallace, Warren. F.dward I). White, Jos. I,. While, Thomas W. Williams, Christopher H. Williams, Joseph L. Williams, Winthrop, Yorke, John Young -71. Mr. Proffit afterwards moved a reconsidera tion of tlio vote, but no proceeding wero had on the motion. The House on motion of Mr. Fillmore, went into Committee on tho Whole on the army Apj (Treat credit and tho general approbation, ho relin quished his seat in the Senate, nnd assumed the office of Governor of tho Commonwealth, to which he had been elected by a very largo majority. Since he has held the office, he has faithfully performed all its du ties he has been sedulously regardful of tho public interests entrusted to his care and ever watchful of the honor of the Commonwealth, over whoso allairs he had been called lo preside, within the last year of his official course, scleral questions of great diftt culty and delicacy have como up, lor his decision. In regard to some ol tnose questions, individuals ninong his political friends may havo differed with him in opinion but nil must award to him, in his action on those questions, the most perfect honesty ..f I..,....,!.-... Kirl n tlri.1 ar.trl tn tl.A i.tla ,I.a IUI Illlhllltull, "I.U Udll,k,,BHII. ,W tllU ,,VtUV4 ,11, Commonwealth. Owing to some strange nnd wayward apathy, on the part of a large portion of our fellow citizens, who were hound, by strong obligations, to accord him their support, GovEn.von Davis was not re-elected by ihe People and owing to the grossest duplicity nnd fraud, he has failed of an election by Ihe Repre sentatives of the People. Tho official power which he has so beneficially wielded, has passed into oilier hands. After many years nf honorable official ser vice, in various stations, tho great man thegoed man the honest man, is now about to retire to pri vate life. Ho is about to rejoin the social circle, around the domestic hearth, tho loss of iho pleasures of which is but poorly compensated, by any, even the hiidicst odicial station. He will carry Willi liini to his retirement, tho sfleciions and the blessings of a large portion ut ms leuuw citizens, a ueep.icit frralilude for his public services will be awarded to him, by the well-informed and considerate portion of the community, wnoso goon opinion is valuable be cause it is never unworthily bstowed. If he should remain in retirement, during the remainder of his life, he has nlreadv done enouiili to cive him a dis tinguished placo among the great and good men whose names have illustrated Iho history of our Country. The name of JOHN DAVIS "rlarum el vencrabilo nomeii" shall be ranked with the names of the bcnefai tors of their Country with those who have rendered signal services to ihe Re publicwith thoso who have 6tood up for Ihe Coun try, against the machinations of secret and open enemies with thoso who havo passed through the ordeal of public life, with un exalted and irreproach able character. Wo trust, howover, that Mr. Davis will not long be allowed to remain in private life. Ho has qualities which admirably fa him for tho highest public sta tions. Ilo is ono of thoso men whom the People cannot well spare. He has thoso reliable traits of character in which tlie t'enple must, and always o'tiiinted niainut these officers. Cowardice is a stran-J will, confide. He is known, and well known, per o the blood ol the nii'Jeiis. tno nnnsevoorts, tne iiiiouguuui our ouiury una newui nul long lie nl JV, ryi, tlie llogers, anu an omen on uuty in ine K v.neni nd v, apprehended, that it would bo an'ex "iv lingly dangerous experiment to list the question villi any of them. Thereis not a innn or boy among Iheoi tlio has any knowledge of "unmenlv fear," I ..were' fl' i' inav I e iiiderttood hy hni nho us t, sresw h ku ineib upfffhui llippsnrv. lowed to spend his time in retirement- tint will In- colled again lo adorn, as li has already adorned, with his dignity, ability, and honesty, the high places of the Nation. Iivc labor : if you do not waul it for food you mnv for physic. Mr Wise then (it beinj; resolution day) offer cd a resolution directing tho Judiciary Commit tee to execute tlio recent order of the House by rctirinir and reporting; tho bill 'forthwith.' Mr Briggs moved to lay the resolution on tho table. Tho motion failed : Yeas 60, Nays 109. The question was then taken on the adoption of the resolution, and the result was leas 11., Nays 61. So the Committee had leave to retire for the purpose of executing the order of the House. Tho next business was a rcsolutiod callin; for information from the Treasury Department, relative to the rcmoial ot Jonathan Robert late Collector of the Port of Philadelphia. Objection being made to the consideration of the resolution at this time, a motion was made to suspend tho rules, bu; without success. Mr. Tillinghast offered a resolution instruct ing the Judiciary Committee to report an amend ment to the bill fur the repeal of the Bankrupt Law, so that the repeal snail not a fleet cases which may bo pending at tho time of the pas sago of this act. Mr Clifford moved to lay the resolution on the tabic, The motion failed, yeas 00, uays llii. j no resolution was auojiteu uy acclamation. The House then adjourned. Jan. 17. The committee on the Judiciary be inr; called for reports Mr. Uarnard, chairman thereof, rose and reported (in obedience to tho instructions oi the House yesterday; a bin to re peal tlio Bankrupt Caw. Tho bill was read first time by its title, and after somo discussion on points of order, it was read a second: time. Mr. Uarnard said he now proposed to submit amotion from thu Committee on tlie Judiciary which ho had already sent to the Chair. The Speaker. No proposition is in order ex ccpt a motion to amend or lo commit. Mr. Uarnard. That is the motion I make, And the proposition of Mr. U. was then read as follows : "That tho bill bo recommitted to the Com inittcd on the Judiciary with instructions to ro nort amendments to tho lullowni'' cllect : 1st. Confining tho repeal to that part of tho bankrupt law which authorizes proceedings in bankruptcy on the solo petition and motion of the bankrupt. 2d. Authorizing any bankrupt to declare him unlf insolvent, and makinr; such declaration ar act of bankruptcy upon which his creditors may proceed against mm in uanKruptcy. Ild. Mitlioruing the creditor, or a majority o consideration of tho bill, the committee roe, and after disposing of several documents on the tabic, the House adjourned. Jan. IS. I am of opinion, at thi3 present wri ting, that I shall not again attempt to give a conjecture in advance, calculated to encourage the hope that Congress will legislate decently upon any particular subject, and l promise hereafter not to be guilty again of counting upun any thing like consistency, from ono year to another, in the doings of the House at least. . believe that almost every person who has writ ten or said any thins within the last fortnight, until yesterday upon tho subject of the bill to repeal the Bankrupt Law has cprcsscd strong doubts ot its.passago ; and all were as much as tonished at the doings of yesterday and the day before as I was. Such a perfect avalanche of votes as came rushing down yesterday so eud denly and unexpectedly as fairly dumb-founded every body 1 wonder it Members who voted for this law at tho Extra Session did not then know that it ould of course wipe out a creat many debts that it would release thousands from their legal obligations, and that some small creditors and other folks u-nujd complain ! Did they expect such a measure to operate without producing the very effects intended by the law itself, or that unlike every other law which has ever been passed, it would not in somo instances be wrongfully used ! There never was a measure adopted for the mitigation of the rigors to which those who aic so wicked as to be ooor and in debt arc exposed from their creditors, that did not create a clamor among a certain sort of people. It made a great outcry in Massachusetts when crediters wore deprived of the glorious and delightful privilege ot shutting up men in prison lor owing a debt ot less than live dollars, and it required the spirit and boldness ot a rclormer to purpose and ac cotnplish its abolition. And so of all such laws iou have seen the Ayes and iNoes upon the passage of Iho bill yesterday ; M0to71. I am sorry to know that among tho Ayes are Whigs, but it may allord somo consolation to know that the greater portion of votes are given by Locofocos : tho 71 who voted against tho re peal arc, I think, all whigs. But this is sorry comfort. This is a good specimen of tho instability wich characterises me legislation and tne Uuv crnment generally of this country "constant only in inconstancy," like the blind goddess standing upon the wheel, and 'unstable as water, how can we excel ! liut there is no uso crumbling so I will say no more, but to thank our Seigneurs that they had the grace to pro vide lor those tnat are already waiting at the pool. 1 do not think that the benato will strike out the provision in favor of those who apply bciore ine passage oi me act. Mr Profit yesterday moved tho reconsidera- tion of the matter, in order to give his friend Cushing an opportunity of replying to the kicks and cutis am! buflcttings.ho has received during the debate, it tie undertakes to reply to them all, he will have employment for a week at least. Mean tune, debtors must scramble for the bene fit of the law while it lias life in it. The appro priation bill may occupy two or more days, and possibly the question of reconsideration of tho repeal may not bo disposed of this week ; and it will not pass the Senate without some delay. Mr Clioato has been mailing a very clear and able tqiccch in the. Scnato to-day, upon the Oregon bill, and in reply to Benton and Linn, and making a very ahlo defence of the treaty, The galleries were intensely crowded tn hear Mr Choatc.but the suddenness with which they were emptied when Mr Benton began to reply was really wonderful. Benton goes forgiving .and warranting tho land to settlers in Oregon, without regard to treaty or convention, and in the faco of every other consideration than dc. lianco to John Bull. It is said that Isaac Hill is to bo appointed a Comptroller of tho Trca6tirvbut I cannot vouch for the verity of the rumors. Jan. 19. In tho Senate, Mr. Morohead pro rented the credentials of John J, Crittenden, elected for six years from tho dth of March next. The credentials wero read and filed. Tho bill to refund the balance due to Mau. eachuscttB for disbursements during the late war with Great Britain, was taken up, and on motion was pontponcd until Tuesday next. The bill authorising the adoption of measures for tho occupation! of Oregon Territory was tho order of tho day, and Mr. More.'iead, of Ken tucky had tho Hour, lint ho wished to uelcr his remarks until no should obtain some inior mation from the Executive, which ho would call for by resolution. Ho then submitted a resolu tion, requesting tho President of tho United States lo inlorm the senate whether ureal Britain had mado any grants of land to British subjects in Oregon, through tho instrumentality ot the Hudson's IJay Company or otherwise. Ho bogged that the subject might bo allowed to lio over until tomorrow, or until the information ho wished for should come in. Mr. Benton, however, expressed Ins desire to goon; and accordingly proceeded to reply to Mr. Choato s remarks yesterday. Mr. Choato rejoiced ; and then tho Senate adjourned. Treaty of Washington. In tho House, Mr. Cushing, from tho Committee on Foreign Hala tions, reported a bill, providing for the execu tion ot the Treaty of Washington. The bill fix es the salaries of the Commissioners and Clerks, and authorizes the appropriations necessary for that purpose, and the applications of such a por tion of tho usual Navy fund as may bo required for the African Squadron. Mr. Ctishingcxplained tho objects of tho hill, and with the concurrence of the Chairman of the Committee of Ways and Means, moved to refer tho bill to tho Committee of tho Whole on the ftato of thu Union, which was ordered accordingly- Mr. White, of Indiana, offered a resolution instructing thu Committee on the Post Office to inquire into the expediency of altering tho Post Otlico law, so as to allow tho transmission of newspapers at reduced rates of postage. Adopted. General Jackson's Fine. After tho reception of reports from committees, the House proceed ed to the consideration of the bill for tho remis sion of the fine to Gen. Jackson. Mr. Hunt, of Now York, resumed his argu ment on the legal question, in reply to Mr. C. J. Ingcrsoll. When ho finished, .Mr. Botts obtained the floor ; but as the hour had expired, he was oblig ed to defer his, remarks till tomorruw. Bankrupt Reveal Bill. Mr. Fillmoro rose and said, that although ho was anxious to go on with the Army Appropriation bill, yet as the Bank rupt repeal stood in tho way ot olhor business, ho would propose to take up tho motion to re consider tho vote by which that bill was passed, for the purpose of disposing of it. The bill was accordingly taken up and Mr. Cushing leaving the floor, rose and began Willi sonic comments upon the example of vicil lation which hail been shown by the House, in repealing the bill which they had passed at the last session. When Mr. Cushing finished, Mr. Fessenden obtained the floor ; and made a highly animated and interesting speech in reply. Mr. Davis then spnko with great ability in re. ply to Mr. C, and on the party topic which have been introduced. Mr. Marshall next obtained the floor, and oc copied it during his hour in a speech. Before ho had concluded bis remarks Mr. Protlit rose and claimed the floor, (stating that the hour had expired.) After a brief conversation, Mr, P. withdrew the motion to reconsider, the effect of which is, that tho bankrupt law, so far as tho action of the House is concerned, is repealed ; nnd the bill goes to the Senate for concurrence. Ata lato hour the House adjourned. Jan. 20. In Senate, A large number of bills from the House of Representatives wcro recoiv cd and put on their first and second reading. The most important was that tor tlie repeal ol the lijuKrupl act, winch was referred to the Committee on Judiciary. Lopu It'eht. An incidental discussion sprung up in relation to copy rights, on a bill introduc ed bv Mr. Berrien to authorize Richard Henry Wilde, of Georgia, to enjoy the benefits secured to authors by tho present law of copy right, for siirb irnrks of his as ho may wish to publish in tl. rr , t, . .... , published in foreign countries previously. iMr. 7'appan, of Ohio, proposed an amendment, the ellectol which would be to extend tho ben etits asked for Mr. Wildo lo all American au thors who might desire to publish in the United States works which might have been previously piiuiisneu auroau. Messrs. Huclunan, King, Crittenden, Wood bury, Bayard and Berrien, participated in tho discussion. After which, tho question was ta- en on the amendment, and it was rejected bv a very decisive vote. The bill was then ordered to a third reading, and finally passed. Is Tim IIol'sg ok Rni'itESENTATivxs, after some unimportant business. Mr. Mattocks presented tho application of the Liovernorol ertnout, in pursuance of a resolu tion of the Legislature of the Slate, asking rcmu iteration for moneys expended by the State in protecting the Northern frontier during the late disturbances in the Canadas. lli'hlsiif l'rce Colored Persons. Mr. H'inth rop, trom tho Committee on Commerce, made a report on the memorial of lienjamm Kich and others, of Boston, complaining of the seizure and imprisonment ot free colored persons in their employ on board of their ships, in Southern ports. I he report concludes with resolutions declaring such seizure and imprisonment, when no crimes are charged against such persons, as unconsti tutional, and in direct violation of tho rights of persons secured by the Constitution of the Uni ted States ; and also adverse to the treaties with other countries, and with toreign nations; and that th3 Police acts of any Stato of this Union authorizing such scizerc and imprisonment, arc opposed to the constitutional and exclusive pow- eroi congress to reguiato commerce between the States. Mr. Haynor presented a report from the mi nority of tho Committee, asking that tho Com- initto bo discharged Irom tho consideration of tho whole subject and recommending the rejec tion of the resolutions of the majority. Mr. John P. Kennedy, Chairman of the Com mittee, said ho diQored from both the majority and minority. Ho had not yet determined whether he should make a separate Report ; but he would seek an opportunity lo express his views to the House. In the mean time, he hop. cd the Report would be printed. Mr. Black of Georgia, said he was decidedly opposed to printing either an extra, or the ordi- nary number of the majority's Report ; and he moved to lay the motion to print on the table. There was considerable sensation among the Southern members when tho nature of the Re port was communicated to them. But the tno tion to lay on the table was rejected ; and the House ordered tho usual number of both Reports to bo printed. Mr. Briggs moved that tho House resolve it' self into Committee of the Whole, for the pur pose of going on with the Appropriation Bills. Tho motion was negatived. The Speaker then announced tho orders of the day private bills which occupied the House during tho remainder of the sitting. I'lllDAY MORNING, JANUARY 27, I8H. U K P E A L TllE I E A iTl Tho following resolution was passed at tho last session of tlio New Hampshire Leg islature, every Loco Foco member voting in its favor and every Willi and wool-growers of Vermont to this doctrine of the Now Ilompshirc Loco Focos ? Do they wisli to seo tho protective features of the bill repeal ed and a revenue Tariff enacted in its place? Do they wisli to revive tho exploded doctrine of Calhoun, Woodbury, and Van Buren of a twenty per centTariff and horizontal duties? Had not the Loco Foco wiro pullers in this county bolter drum up another meeting lo secure a higher rate of protection on Wool, and forward tho proceedings to Woodbury and Atherton t HEAR THE OLD FARMER AGAIN. Our old correspondent, tho Westfoud Farmer, whoso communication will bo found in another part of our paper, holds up Gen eral Kellogg to tho gaze of tho " Democra cy " with tho " huge paws " of a plain man. If tlio portrait he presents of him bo at all correct, and it strikes us as being a very tolerable likeness, wo can not well seo how tho Loco Focos in this Stato can be induc ed to support him with much cordiality. Tlio rank and filo of tho party have, for sev eral years past been taught to regard a well dressed man as utterly unfit for any office whatever. And we do not believe that tho prejudices which have been so industriously excited, by a certain class of politicians, against tlio " aristocracy of wealth and tal ent," can bo easily allayed. At all events they will be likely to givo the Locos some trouble before next September. Thu " Doni ocratic Ploughman," an influential Loco pa per printed at Middlebury, under tho super vision of Mr. Barber, is already out against tlio ticket in unqualified terms, and appear ances, in other sections of the State, indi cate uneasiness and disaffection in the " dem ocratic " fold. The old farmer's tribute to our present chief magislrato will be cordially responded to by every truo Whig in the State, and wo ivail ourselves of tho occasion presented by his remarks to say it is understood that Gov ernor, Paine will decline a re-election. j I'lio honor of defeating Mr. Kellogg will therefore, be reserved for somo other man. Who that man is to bo, a Whig Convention will designate when the proper timo arrives. Wc can not let the occasion pass without saying ono worel in regard to Governor in ftcetlam, others reluctantly submit to tho Di.sru-r'H cttAt.v," mid " the tloctrine of tlio 1 equality vf man is not practically regarded." Ho then justifies this deplorable condition of I tho people. " God crcatad inch," says he, " with unequal faculties and thereby iiettku AD.U'TEO TIII1M TO THE DUTIES Of I.ft'E." " This inequality" ho continues, " proditC' cs the grratat harmony of action, and is UEST CUMULATED TO rllOMOTE THE GENE RA I. iiaitiness I" Truly, wo know not which most to admiro tlio novelty of his dis coveries, or tho beauty of his doctrines. Ho first informs the dumocrncy of tho Old Bay Stato that llicy aro an enslaved and oppres sed people, and then consoles them witli tho assurance that God has mado them so, and they must not grumble, for this inequality and oppress n ill make them moro con tented and it ,.py! Verily, verily, if tho peoplo of Massachusetts don't re-elect Mar cus, it will prove that they neither love orig inality, nor admiro genius, and it will fur nish another, nnd a most melancholy illus tration of tho "ingratitude of republics." Query : Wouldn't it bo well enough for the House of Representatives to appoint a se lect Committee, with power lo send for per sons and papers, to enquire what particular kind of oppression Governor M. refers to, and ask his Excellency to point out, a littlo moro specifically, " tho oppressor's yoke," and " tho despot's chains," to tlio end that tho aforesaid " yoko " may bo "broken" and "tho oppressed go free." THE BANKRUPT ACT. It will bo seen hy referenco to tho do ings of Congress, that tho bill repealing tho bankrupt law has passed the House, by a decisive vote ; but so modified as not to af fect any proceeding commenced before tho maturity of the repealing act. The bill will doubtlcs pass tho Senate though not with out debate, and some delay, as thcro is no trimmer in that body, to movu tho " previous question" ns often as the subject is called up. That the President will sanc tion tliis worse than childish triflling and frivolty on the part Congress, is not quite so certain. But, however this may be, thoso who design to avail themselves of the pro vis;ons of tho law ns it is, should lose no timo in putting their application on record They can then follow it up or not, as cir cumstances may dictate. fXTIIiGin.v Important. Vermont isout J upon us again in tho Watchman, and wo i have corrected his misrepresentation of our I remarks in the same paper. lie think there is a good deal of difference between himself and us, and it is quit - possi' le-lio is correct. But ns, in his opinion, this difference seems to bo altogether in his own favor, it is not in good taste for him to make a public boast of ' his superiority. Wo readily admit that ho Iln was nlnrnrl in lilc nrrcpnt nnci I . , . . . , . r , , . it, .iv3,i,,iiiuuijii,,iii,uLiiiit, uinuuu- tion under tho most unfavorable circumstan- ' , ,. , ., . I pear moro motlest in hmi to let his readers ccs. T he Win" nartv. at that timo. . r. .- 1 . , ici. uus iiuiii uia euiiin itinerations, v er uoiiu.iiieueu uy inuueaiti oi ono eader, dis- ' tr J 1 . ,1.1.. I !.: ....... 11 r. - gustcd with the treachery of another, and " " '' nnimuw. il is He had '"T " oj .nr. uicKcnt been most grossly slanJcrcd by his political , ' opponents, and much prejudice had been nvrilnrl nrrmnct lilm nvnn iimnnrr Whifrc .! .I...i:.. 1... 11 v But since his election ho has been constant- , "u "u'"ul;" press. our paper, this week, and send it to tlio lit- ly growing in tho confidence and favor of tho people. Every measure of his administra- , tion lias been approved uy Ins political friends, and he has shown himself, by his public acts, to be a staunch and straight for-1 ward Whig, an unswerving republican, and i most energetic Chief Magistrate, At a time when such men as John Davis, Thom as Corwin, and Luther Bradisii were de feated by thu apathy of tho Whigs, Govern or Painu was triumphantly re-elected, ngniusi iwu opposing caniuuiiies, uy a vote larger by nearly three thousand than was ev er cast for any other Governor, except in the canvass of 1840, and he will leave the Executive Cluir with u popularity unsurpas sed by that of any man who has everfillled it. GOV. MORTON'S MESSAGE. This is ono of tho most curioiisdoctimcnts which has recently met our eye. It opens with a homily on tho inequality, tho oppres sion, and slavery which prevail among tho people of tho Old Bay State ! This is cer- Louisiana Senator. Judgu Alexan der Porter was, on the 9ih instant, elected to represent thu State of Louisiana in tiio Senate of the United Stales. Judge Porter received 43 votes, Mr. Conrad, thu present senator, 22, and there were fivo scattering. Messrs. Porter nnd Conrad aro both staunch Whigs from which fict we infer either that Loco Foco btock is much below par in tho Louisiana Legislature, or that there is no Loco in the Stato who is fit even to be voted for for Senator. Of Judge Porter tho New Orleans Bee speaks in thu following compli mentary terms There does not exist with in tho compass of this wide Union a staunch er, a truer, i ,t mire incorruptible Whig than Ai.exandi r Porter ; nor was it in the pow er of tlie Legislature to send to the Senate a moro able and efficient representative. As a man of hitters, of talents, of experience, ho will compare with any member of thn august body to which ho has been returned ; nnd as a useful legislator, and stern, unbending advocate of Whig principles, ho will find no lainly a rich idea, and shows nuite conclu sively that Marcus is a man of parts. No superior in tlio hulls of Congress. ordinary mind could havo made this discov- " ery, and we presume all will accord to .hV . S0MERS -MUTINY newly elected Governor the merit of origin-! ' 1 1 r " C0llc,uaea ,no ality. But lest we should bo accused of ',ort of 1,10 Prodding foro the Naal misrepresenting him, wo will quote his own . V""" 01 1,lqu'ry "" l" ma urea,Jlul traS languaju : j 011 board tho Somers, Wc havo from While some arc burdened with superfluities, many day to day spread the whole testimony fully others arc piiiins in want. And while some ate" re- -...1 I,. l,..r.,- i i i jOicingi.iye.o7ii,othfrsbow under the oppressor', """"V . cue-rs, .tuu navo '...I.. i ....I...H -... j ii..e! -.... il,,, .,mI,I.1 , 1, r,. . :...!.... -..-.! yi'.t, ur Itiuitti'iiiy.iiuiitH tunicuc.u,,,,. vy.1,1 invis iitiui,-,, 1111.111 lujuuu IUI IllUlllsUlveS 3S Bueu u aiaiu m tl.ll oucitiy uu ill iiaiiuuiiv 111111 11, u ,.,.,.,.;. rtf,!,,, .,, rr, , will ot Mini who created us all of one llesli anil blooUI , i"i"--v '"" ui uuimuanuer Does it not cry aloud for melioration 7 And although MACKENZIE. ail mesc eyua uu nut exist in ineir mosi njrgrnvaie'U form in this country, yet even here, is oe-R own fa- vobed Lommonictaltn, we nave abundant ewuence that the great Christian precept, "Whatsoever yo would that men should do unto you, do yc even so to them," and the corresponding political doctrine of the equality of man, are not duly and practically regarded. 1 ho Court will now weigh tlio whole evidence, mako up their opinion upon tlie case, and transmit the whole lo th Navy Department at Washington, from which wo shall probably first hear tho result. thu inquiry lias been protracted, patient and In common with a great majority of tiio fair: and tho decision, wo doubt not, will bo peoplo of New England, we had hitherto s tch as will command tho entire approval of been laboring under the delusion that slave Wcfeel every disposition to ere with the Editor 01 uio .niisii vine mug, in ine ttntiiiicnt it expresses in relation to i lie narsn remarKs which some respec table newspaper have indulged in towards -Mr. Snen. eer. theriecralary of War. in connexion with the r cent most unuappy event in Ins rami v. It is cm. and unmanly at such a moment as this, to visit the sins of a son upon a father a father who, if he has the oruinary leeimits ot Human nntute, mutt be bro ken down ond crushed beneath thu anguish of the dreadful blow that has fallen upon him. It u no time lo t .ui nt a parent in the midst ol an nllliciion like this, whatever may be his own character, or win lever may be his conduct even, under such ciri uinsianccs. I'ew futhcrs ore called upon to meet such deplorable and heatl-rending family calamities, nnd few father can Know how they would act if ihey wero placed in the same oitnation. The least that can ho done, is to treat with tenderness the stricken feelings of such a man, and above all, to avoid adding one pang lo iho anguish of a mother's heart on such au occasion. Of the justice of the doom met by the son there o ight not, it deems to us, be but one opinion but surely, such u late wero enough for his parents, without the superadded cruelly of personal reflections on them selves. .V. V. Cour, ip J!n(j, Death or I'uancis S. ICev, The Southern Moil of yesterday brought us the melancholy intelligence of the death of Francis S. Ksy, Usq, u distinguished Lawyer of the Cily of Washington. lie died cry sudden in lUltunoro, on Wednesday last, of nn attack of billious chobr. He was the nullior of the .N'jtionnt snwi"ri K,,,.,l.,l H...M "i """'"I j "-. ..y .... .','..t .... .'NIII.VI, ry had been abolished in old Massachusetts, and that the descendants of the Pilgrim Fath- j ers wero tolerably frco and happy, but this popular superstition is at length dispelled by tho radient genius of Marcus Morion ! Tru ly lio deserves a monument. the public. All tho proceedings in the case. iiii-'uding all the testimony, the narrative,and otlrr documents of Captain Mackenzie, tho cuts of both decks of tho Somers, fcc. fee, h.ivu been printed in a neat pamphlet of a bout 50 pages, and may be had at the office of The Tribune. Tho case is an entirely new ono in American annals, und nil tho At tho first blush wo supposed this mod ern Solomon meant lo cn ulemn this oppres-' proceedings will therefore bo of permanent sion, and inequality of condition among the 1 interest. Tribune. people. Hut in glancing a little further on, " , , -., ti i U. States Senator The Hon. J.J. Crittenden we find wo wero mistaken. He expressly ; fK,cta, UmeJ Sutc s,nator hy (he approves of it, in tho following paragraph : i laturo of Kentucky, for ti )car from the 1th of Perfect equality moral, social or pecuniary, is not , March rest. :. uoj crcatea men witn unequal pnysicn . attainable. and intellectual powers, nnd thereby better ad p TEl THEM TOTHE EVER VARYING DIT1ES AMI EMPLOY- mentboi' ut'E. This dn crsity of talents operating throughout the infinite variety of human affairs, pro duces the greatest harmony of action ; and is dosbl less the best calculated to promote the general happi ness. Civil institutions should nim to encourage each one faithfully to employ his talents in that sphere of action to vhiih they are best adapted, and in which Ihey will contribute the most to the wclfaro of him self and his fellow creatures. A Faih Hit. We loarn from the J.V.v VorV Ameiican, that when Mr Pushing had lim hed h,s panegyric upon Cicncra! Jackson, in the Housn of Itrpresentaiivei, on Thursday, Christopher 11. Wil liams addressed the Speaker as follows : "Mr. Speaker, I only d - e to remark that moro than twenty yenis have e'ni d since the battle of New Orleans, and inn1 much as the gentleman from Ma1 huselts has nevir uulil now, found nn oiinnr. to cu'oeiso ihe hero of 'hi dav, I suhtiiit n as 1 riis is Hcmocracv " w it h a venceanco. . 'u'"'. V, "l,u ul "" ' ' 8"."t i h poini oi or jr mot tn He fust says that " while some arc rejoicing 'i u is new tqri-,,

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