Newspaper of Burlington Free Press, February 3, 1843, Page 1

Newspaper of Burlington Free Press dated February 3, 1843 Page 1
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- Mi fc tVX E. VOL. XVI. BURLINGTON, VERMONT, FRIDAY, FEBRUARY n, 1843. No. 36. NOT TUB GLORY OF OASAR BUT TUB WELFARE OF RO From tho Green Bay (V. T.) Republican. LINES, SUGGESTED nt THE DEATH OP MRS. CHAKI.OTTK E. WHALING, of Keesecillc, N. Y. WBITTES DV A TRIEND. Ohl have I heard arighll and issho gonol . Forever gonol in life's fair morning called To yield her spirit up to Him who cavo The priceless gift, and moulder back to dust 1 And shall I hear no moro her much-loved voice, Breathing in music soft and sweet, the soul's Sincere and fervent feeling blessing all On whom the light of her pure friendship shone? And shall I never hasten more, to greet Her welcome footsteps 10 cischango with her The kiss of fond affection 1 Oh how bright And joyous were those hours, forever past, But still to niem'ry de ir, when oft wo shared Tho social board, and oft together knelt In prayer to Him, from whom all blessings come. How oft together in die house of God, We, side by side have sat, and joined in prayer And praise, and listened to the words of life, Which from the lips of her beloved sire, In heavenly accents, fell. And 0 how blest, When at the sacred feast, prepared by God's Own Son. we oft together sal, and fed On food that even Angels may not cat. Sweet seasons we enjoyed, yet sometimes sad, For well we knew that we ere long must part, Perhaps, to meet no more on earth. A few fchort months on rap'tJ wings had fled ; andbro t The'parting hour. It was my bridal day j And she, the prido and joy of oil our hearts, So young and fair, with mournful pleasure, stood Beside me, at the Altar, saw me plcdgo My hand to him who owned my heart; sho heard lie speak the marriage vow, and then she knew That darkly rolling waters, wide and deep, And many weary miles, must soon divido Our happy homes. 'Tis past and O how oft Has mem'ry lingered round that snot whero last I met her sad and tearlul gaze, and clasped Her inmv heart, in one lonp last embrace: While each in lain essayed to speak that word, That bitter word-farciccll! Could I have known That death so soon would cast his shadow o'er Her sun of life, which then fair promise gavo Of future bliss, of coming days and years, Of health and happiness-, how would my heart Have thrilled with anguish, in that mournlul hour. But O, the fatal truth in mercy was Withheld; that while the precious boon was spare!, We might rejoice with trembling hope that wo Should meet again. But death, alas, has claimed Her for his own, and o'er her peaceful gravo The tear of love, of disappointed hopes, Of sweet affections buried in the dust, Will now be shed. O who has power to heal Tho broken hearts of husband, parents, friends, And "sister dear; one only sister, now; Of all that housrhold wreck, left desolate. Vet dry your tear., ye mourning friends; and lift The eye of faith above, where Hr, who gave, And one by one, has taken to IIiMSEtr Your dpareas-t earthly treasures; cverreigns Supreme ; and with submission soy, "Thy will O God, be done." Fiom tho Montreal Gazette. CULTURE OF WHEAT. A very interesting article lias been pub lished in the last number of tho English Quarterly Journal of Agriculture, on tho proper time for cutting wlicnt, and though this may not be tho most suitable period of the year to bring such an arln'lu before tho public, yet, as it contains information for the miller as well as the farmer, it may be as use ful now as at any other time. It may also have some influence in determining the proper pe riod of sowing wheat, as well as the most ju dicious mode of cultivation, that would he likely to securo the crop from diseaso and vermin. The article referred to, is tho Re port of an experiment, carefully made by an experienced practical agriculturist, J. Ilan nam, Esq., of Drighton, England, and is so minute in every particular, as to be perfectly satisfactory, which is seldom the case in re ports of agricultural experiments. I could not presume to trespass on your columns with any more than extracts from tho report. Mr. Hannam had five different cuttings of wheat in the same field, tho same variety of grain, and tho soil of tho same quality, as follows No. 1. Reaped August 12th; slacked August 2Gth. No. 2. Reaped Aueust linn; siacKea August jisi. No. 3. Reaped August 26th ; stacked Sept. 5th. No. 4. Reaped August 30th ; stacked Sept. Oth. No. 5. Reaped Sept. 9th; stacked Sept. lGth. There were twenty perches cut each time. No. 1 was green, the grain only fully form ed. No. 5 was fully ripe, and in tho samplo was full, but coarse. No. 1 and 2 were fin er in the shin, but small, showing that they had shrunk some. No. 3 was unexceptiona ble, being as plump as No. 5, and superior to 1 and 2, in thinness and uniform clearness of skin. There was not much difference be tween 3 and 4, except that the last was more rough than tho first. In February ,tho whole of each specimen was carefully thrashed and cleaned, under Mr. Ilannam's supcrintcn dance. Tho following shows the result, as regards quantity : No. 1 gave 21 bushels; weight, list. I21bs; and Straw, 22st. 7lhs. No. 2 gave 2 bushels; weight, list. 1 lbs; and straw, 21st. 3lbs. No. 3 save 3j bushels; weight, 15st. lOlbs; and straw, 20il. Fibs. No. 4 gave 3 11-10 bushels; weight, ICst. Gibs ; and straw, ISst. 211)9. No. 5 gave 3 butliels; weight, list. 131b ; and straw, If st. Nr. Hannam proceeded to test tho valuo of the several specimens for milling, and each kind was ground & dressed by one of tho best and most experienced millers in Yorkshire, and tho result was as follows : 21 Gros Weight Weight I'ollard Uran Waste o quantity, of grain, of flour I Bushels, st. Iba. st. lbs. st. lbs. st.lbs lbs 12V It 12 8 12 12 2 1 1 2 2 11 1 8 C 11 1 11 1 3 4 15 10 12 G 12 2 1 5 4 3 IMG 1G G 12 3 1 3 2 5 9 h,3i 14 13 10 111 9 2 5 2 From tho abovo tablo, it would appear that one bushel of wheat of each specimen produced tho following quantity of Hour, seconds or pollards, and barn: No. 1 weighed per bushel, GOlbs; 45 lbs flour; 4 lbs pollards; 10 lbs bran. No. 2 weighed per bushel, G2 lbs ; 47 lbs flour ; 4 lbs pollards ; 10 lbs hran. No. 3 weighed per bushel, G2Jlbs; 49 lbs flour; 3 lbs pollards ; 81bsbran. No. 4 weighed pr bushel, G2 lbs ; 4G lbs flour; 4 ihvnollards: 9 lbs bran. No. B weighed per bushel 593 lbs; 43 lbs flour; G lbs pollards ; u lus uran. The samo tablo gives tho per cent of flour seconds and bran, or tho quantity of each that 100 lus. of grain would yield : No. 1. 75 lbs flour i 7 lbs seconds; 171bsbrnn. No. 2.-76 do 7 do 16 do No. 360 do 5 do 13 do No. 4- " do 7 do 14 do iwn. fi. 72 do II do 15 do jt thus appears that No. 3 is suporior to all the other varieties, giving moro per bushel than No. 5, by GJ lbs flour ; and a gain of fifteen percent on tho flour of equal meas uro of grain. lOOlbs of wheat No. 3, makes 80 lbs of flour ; while 100 lbs of No. 5 yields 72 lbs, showing an advantago of 8 per cent in favor of grain cut green. It was found that in No. 5 there was a greater quantity of flinty particles, which would not pass through tho bolt, than in any of tho others. The bran from No. 5 w as coarse and heavy, while that from No. 3 was thin nnd light. Estimating the flour of tho various wheats to bo worth, at tho timo of tho experiment, 2s. Gd. per stone, the pollards Is. 3d., bran 10d.,and the straw 2d. per stone, tho valuo of the respective cuttings willstand thus: The xalae of the produce oftictnly perches. No. I.-jH 8 71 No. 2.-.C1 7 7 No. 3. 1 17 3 No. JjCl 17 2 No. 5.-JC1 13 Hi The estimate of tho aluo Dcr acre, founded on tho foregoing calculation, gives fur tho value of tho acre 01 No. 1, cutn month before fullv ripe, 11 9s 2d No. 2, cut three weeks belore fully ripe, 10 16s 4d. No. 3, cut a fortnight before fully ripe, 14 18s. No. 4, cut ten dav3 before fully ripe, 14 17s 4d. No. 5, cut ripe, 13 lis Sd. Mr. Hannam gives other details of his ex periment which arc not very essential to know ind thus sums up the advantages of cutting wheat a fortnight before it is fully ripe, rather than let it stand until the period of full maturity : First, a gain often per cent upon equal measure; second, a gain in tho weight of fortcen per cent; third, a gain of seven shillings and five ponce in the valuo of every quarter of wheat ; fourth, a gain of one pound, six shillings, and four pence upon every acre producing twenty-eight bushels. Tho value of flower, for tho purpose of nu trition, depending in a great mcasuro on tho gluten it contains, a samplo of number three and five was analyzed by Professor Johnston who found them to contain respectively, num ber three, nine-fifteenths percent of gluten number five, eight-ninths per cent of gluten proving that tho wheat which gavo the great est quantity of flour, gave also the best. Not withstanding tho result of Mr. Ilannam's ex periment, it is doubted by many Farmers whether it is profitable to cut wheat a fort night before it is fully ripe. From my own experience, I would recommend cutting be fore fully npo,btit in tho hot climate of Cana da, I should think tiiat seven or eight day before fully ripe, would bo tho earliest peri od that it would bo safe to cut it, unless the crop was diseased by lust or mildew ; then ndced, the sooner it is cut the better, for it will not make any improvement, however green it may be at tho time. If tho grain of wheat is perfectly formed and tho full size before rust or mildew attacks the crop, it may yield a fair produce, if cut immediately, but if lelt to stand, until the straw is withered and dry, the grain becomes shrunk and dried up, so as to bo scarcely of any value. Sum mcr following the soil the application of lime sowing the wheat in drills, and hnninrr w , & the crops, will bo tho most certain remedy against rust and mildew, and perhaps against tlio lly. It is very probahly, that by intro ducing now varieties of seed, and adopting new and judicious modes of cultivation, wheat might still bo raised in perfection in Eastern Canada tho bountiful Creator of all good has scarcely ever permitted tho inhabitants of any country to bo deprived of their chief means of sustenance, without a remedy be ing possible, but wo havo never attempted any remedy, though I have no doubt a rem cdyisin our power. Wm. Evans Coto Si. Paul, January 21st, 1843. COINS THEIR HISTORY. Tho precious metals, by reason of their dura bility, their uniformity of value and quality in all countries, and the convenience with which they may bo kept and handled, make tho be: standard by which to estimate and compare tho valuo of commodities, and to measure the obli gution of contracts that is to sav, thev make the best money. Coining, or tho conversion of those metals into convenient and uniform pie. cos of various sizes, stamped with known and authentic signs so as to ho easily recognized and safely depended on by all, both the ignorant and the skillful, without imposition or mistake, al. ways engages tho early attention, and is gener ally claimed as the exclusive prerogative of government. And as it is noither possible nor politic, entirely to exclude tho circulation of foreign coin, it is a part of that prerogative to limit and sanction such circulation, and to reg. ulate the valuo of such coin in terms of tho do mestic currency. Whero government docs not exercise this prerogative, a trading people will adopt tho uso of such money, whether of indi vidual or foreign coinage, as circumstances or their own convenience dictates. Tho possession of extensive gold and silver inineB, after the discovery of America, enabled tho Spaniards to produce an abundant supply of their national coinage, which by tho energy of commerce, was soon circulated, in largo quan titics, among tho European nations ; and, in tho English Colonies of North America, became al. most the solo metallic currenry. Hence tho Spaniard's dollar bocamo by degrees to ho tacit ly recognized in this country as tho monetary standard in business transactions. It is truo tho English denominations of pounds, shillings, and pence were still presorved in the keeping of accounts : but tho valuo of these do. nominations (being morcly fictitious,) differed in the different colonies, and they were always roforred, in exchanges, to the Spanish dollar, the only uniform coin which obtained general circulation. This coin had its counterpart also in soveral other European states besides Spain : the nx dollar of Sweden, Bavaria, Denmark, Hamburg, and Holland, was about equal in valuo to tho Spanish dollar, and rendered that coin a conve nient standard of commercial transactions with those countries. The evident necessity of establishing some uniform currency for tho whole country, in or der to prevent confusion, foster tho national trade, and facilitate domestic exchanges, became so apparent at tho conclusion of tho war, and urged itself sn imperatively upon the considera tion of the Continental Congress that that body immediately sot on f ot a euiirsc of investiga tions preliminary t" t'i" establishment of ana tiiinal rninaao i' '. t! , uleiations above re ferred to icii tu an uaiiy adoption of tho Span. ish dollar as the money unit. On tho Gth of July, 1783, upon tho report of a grand commit. tee on tho subject of a mint, (among whom wore James Monroe and Charles Pinckney,) it was Risohcd, unanimously, that the money unit of the United States bo one dollar, and that the smallest coin bo of copper, of which 200 shall pass for one dollar, and that the several pieces hall increase in a decimal ratio." Jour. Cong' 785,). 225. Mr. Jefferson, in his Memoirs, has given a short history of this ordinance which is worth transcribing on this head. He says : "As early as January 7, 1782, Congress had turned llicir attention to the monies current in tho several states, and had directed tho Finan tier, Robert Morris, to report to them a table of rates, at wlucli the lorcign coins should be re ceived at tho treasury. That officer, or rather Ins assistant, uouvenour Morris, answered them on the 15th, in an able and elaborate statement of tho denominations of money current in tho several states, and of tho comparative value of tho lorcign coins cliielly in circulation with us. Ho wont into the consideration of the necessity of establishing a standard of value with us, and of tho adoption of tho money unit. Ho propo sed lor that unit such a Iraction of nuro silver as would ho a common measure of tho nonnvof every state, without leaving a iraction. Tins common divisor he found to bo one MIOth of a dollar, or ono 1000th of the crown sterling. 1 lie valuo of a dollar was, therefore, to be ex pressed by 1110 units, and of a crown by 1000, each unit containing a quarter of a grain of fine silver. Congress turning again their attention to this subject tho following year, tho Financier, by a letter of April SO, 1783, further explained and urged tho unit he had proposed ; but no thing more was done on it until tho ensuing year, when it was again taken up, and referred to a committee ot wlucli l was a member. The general views of the Financier were sound and the principle was ingenious on which ho proposed to lounu Ins unit ; but it was too mi nute for ordinarv uso, too laborious for compu tation, cither by the head or in figures. A horse or bullock of 850 value, would require a nota tion of C figures, viz. 115,200. I nronoscd, therefore, instead of this, to adopt this Dollar as our unit ol account and payment, anil that its divisions and subdivisions should bo in tho (loci mal ratio. I wrote some notes on tho subject which I submitted to tho consideration of tho financier. I received his answer and adhc rence to his general system, only agreeing to take for his unit 100 of those ho first proposed, so that a dollar should be M 40, and a crown 10 units. I replied to this and printed my Notes and Reply on a flying sheet, which I put into the hands of tho members of Congress for con sideration, and tho committee agreed to report on my principle. Tins was adopted tlio onsu ing year, ami is the system which now prevails.' Jejj. mem. and cor. ol, 1, p. IM, li). In tho sheet abovo referred to (to bo found on pp. 133142, of the same volume) Mr. Jef. ferson proposed ono gold coin of ten dollars five silver coins the dollar half dollar fifth of a dollar tenth of a dollar and twentieth of a dollar; and ono copper coin of ono hundredth of a dollar. He further proposed that it should be ascertained with precision what a dollr.r was in order that the unit might be fixed ; and that the average of pure metal found in tho different dollars in circulation should bo adopted as tho standard. He proposed an alloy of an ounce the pound, so that tho coin should contain 11 parts silver and 1 part copper, or 22 carats fine He also made somo remarks on tho proportion between gold and silver, proposing that of 10 to 1 as best corresponding to the mercantile rate after due regard had to its liability to imporla tion. Tho plan suggested by Mr. Jefferson, and re ported by the committee of 1781, of which ho was a member, was, as wo havo seen, adopted by the Congress of 1785. This was tho first stop towards our present system of coinage. It was followed hv "hers as tho necessary estigitinns wetf "'Oil. Onr.vivo Oitnr.r ofil Ull IV '.t, (,i Tho ofllcor was a n mid jnko is told itn 1 an Iriih sergeant pompous and pedantic man, In nu ot using "toploiticul" language and astonishing his inferiors in rank with largo words. Ono day a privato appeared on parade with a very dirty lace, and, turn ing to tho Irish sergeant, the grandiloquent military man said "Sergeant, rcmovo tlio individual with the bcsmultcu countenance. and lave him in the aqueous current of tho river!" The sergeant went away nnd soon return ed alone. "Whero is tho souldicr?" inquir co; tho olliccr. "lour honor ordered me leave him in tho river," said tho sergeant "and 1 lejt hvnttcrc r ff?3 " A Yankco in London" thus writes to tho editor of tho Now I ork Commercial " Tho only topics of great national impor tanco now under consideration nrc tho anti corn-law agitation and tho weaning of His Royal Highness tho Princo of Wales. Tho former proceeds with unabated energy, and the latter has boon accomplished, to tho as tonishmcnt and delight of Europe. I sup poso all tho children in tho United Kingdom will bo nt onco sub octed to a similar depri vation, without referenco to ago, and that the wholo country will ocho with ono harnioni ous squall ot sympathy lor His Koyal lligl ness' bereavement." Eighty thousand head of catllo have died in Egypt of an Epidemic that has raged among tnem during w past year. From Godey's Lady's Dook for Feb. BAC1IELOII BOB'S DISCOVERY. BV N. T. WILLIS. " Sad wero the lays of merry days. And sweet the songs of sadness.'1 " Come !" said bachelor Bob, as ho hitched his chair closer to tho table, "quite alone, half-past twelve, and two tumblers of toddy for heart openers, what say you to a little friendly inqul. ition into your mortal felicity 1 You were the gayest man of my acquaintance ton years ago j you aro tho gravest now I let you swear by your Lares and Penates, that, (up to tho lips as you sco in care and trouble,) you never wero sn happy as in these latter days. Do you swear this to me from a 'way you have,' of hanging out trap for tho world, or are you under a little innocent delusion i Hob's hobby is tho theory of happiness. Riches and poverty, matrimony and celibacy, youth and age, arc objects of contemplation to Bob, solely with referenco to their comparative capacity for bliss. Ho speculates and talks about little else, indeed, and his intercourse ith his friends seems to havo no other end or aim than to collect evidence as to their happi ness and its causes. On this occasion ho was addressing a friend of mine, Smith, who had been a gay man in his youth, (a merry man, truth to say, for ho was in a perpetual breeze of high spirits,) but who had married, and fallen behind-hand in his worldly a flairs, and so grown care-worn and thoughtful. Smith was rather noet. in a ouiet way, though lie only used no. ctry as a sort of longer plummet when his heart got on soundings, i am macntco to uoo for the specimens of his verse-making which I am about to give, as well as for the conversation which brought them to light. " Win', said smith, " you have stated a ut. lemma with two such inevitable horns, that ar. cuinent would scarcely help me out of it. Let mo see, what proot can 1 give vou that l am a happier man than I used to be, spite of my chap.tallen visage ! smith mused a moment, and reaching over to a desk near his elbow, drew from its privato drawer a book with locked covers. It was a we'l-filled manuscript volume, and seemed collection of prose and verse intermixed. Tho last page was still covered with blotting paper, and seemed recently written. " 1 am a poet," said smith, coloring slightly, "but it has been a habit of mine, ever since my callow days, to record in verso all feelings that wore to warm for prose : sometimes in the fash ionof a soliloquy, (scripla icrba,) sometimes in verses to tho dames or damsel to whom I was indebted for my ignition. Let me sec, Bob ! wo met in rlorcnce, 1 think!' " For the hrst timo abroad, yes !" " Well, perhaps that was the gayest timo certainly I do not remember to havo been any whero more gay or reckless. Florence, looS, urn here are some lines written that summer do you remember the beautiful Irish widow you saw at ono of the catino balls! addressed to her, flirt that she was ! But sho began all her flirtations with talking of her sorrows, and if sho tried you on, at all " "Shodidnt!" interrupted Bob. " Well, if sho had, vou would havo boon humbugged with her tender melancholy, as I was. Hero aro tho verses, and if ever I ' turn ed out my lining to the moon,' they are true to my inner soui in tnoso uas ot irolic. Head these, and then turn to the' last naro and vou will find as truo .a daguerreotype of the inner ngoi oi my moping aays, written only yester uay. 'Tis late San Marc is beating thrca As I look forth upon tho night; The stars are shining tranquilly, And heaven is full uf silver light ; Tho air blows freshly on my brow. Yet why should I be waking now I I've listened, lady, to thy tone, Till in my ear it will not die ; I've felt for sorrows not my own,

Till now 1 cannot put them by ; And those sad words and thoughts of thins Have breathed their sadness into mine. 'Tis long though reckoned not by years Since, with Directions chilled and shocked, I dried a boy's impassioned tears, And from the world my feelings locked The work of but ono bitter day, In which were crowded years of pain ; And then I was as gay, again, And thoughtl should be, for aye I The world lay open wide and bright, And I became us lightest minion, And flew the worldling's giddy bight With reckless and impetuous pinion Life's tide, with me, had turned from shoro Ere yet my summers told a score. And years have passed, and I have seemed Happy to every eye I ut thine, And ihcy whom most I loved have deemed There was no lighter heart than mine; And, save when some wild pasiion-tono Of music reached the sleeping nerve, Or when, in illness and and alone, My spirit from its bent would swerve, My heart was light, my thoughts if ire free, I teas the thing I seemed to be. I came to this bright land, and here, Where I had thought to nerve my ings To soar to a more lolty sphere, And train myself for sterner things The land where I had thought to find No spell but beauty breathed in stone To learn idolatries of mind, And leave the heart to slumber on Here find I one whose voice awakes Tho sad, dumb angel of my breast ; Ami, as die long, long silence breaks Of a strong inward lip suppressed, It seems to me as if a madness Had been upon my brain alway As il 'twere frenzy lo be pay, And life wereonly sweet in sadness 1 Words from my hps to-night have come That have for years been sealed snd dumb. It was but yesterday we mot, We part to-morrow. I would fain With thy departing voice forget Its low, deep tone.and seal again My feelings from tho light of day To bo to-morrow only gay Hut days will pass, and nights will creep, And I shall hear that voice of sadness With dreams, as now, untouched by sleep, And spirits out of tune with gladness; And time must wear, and fame spur on, Before that victory is re-won I And so farewell ! I would not be Forgotten by the only heart To which my own breathes calm and free, And let us not as strangers parti And w shall meet again, perhaps, Moro gaily than w o're parting now ; For lime has, in its briefest lapse, A something which clears up the brow, And makc the spirits calm and bright And now to my tad dreams ! Good night I " What a precious hypocrite you were for tho merriest dog in Florence !" exclaimed Bob, as ho laid tho book open on its back after reading these linos. " You feel that way ! crcJnt Judvas But there aro some other poetical lies hero what do you mean by 'wo met but yesterday, and wo part to-morrow,' when I know yon dang lad aftor that widow a wholo season at tho Baths 1" " Why, said Smith, with ono of his old laughs, " thero was a supplement to such an outporing, of course Tho reply to my vorscs, was an invitation to join their party the next morning in a pilgrimage to Vallombrosa, and once attached to that lady's tuite, va pour tou jour! ! or as long as she chooso to keep you. Turn to tho next page, itetors coming to tho verses of my moro sober days, you may like to read ono moro flourish liko tho last. Those wero addressed to tho 6amo belle dame, and under a continuanco of tho samo hallucina tion." Bob gravely road : Mv heart 's a heavy one to-night, I know not if mv brain is riirlit. uear .uary, tiiuiKing upon nice Hut every thing looks dark with met I parted fiom thy side but now, I listened to thy mournful tone, I gazed by starlight on thy brow, And wo were there unseen alons Yet proud as I should be and bleisod, I cannot set my heart at rest 1 Thou lovest me. Thanks, oh, God, for this I If 1 should never sleep again If hopo is all a mock of bliss I shall not now havo lived in vain I I caro not that my eyes are aching Willi this dull fever in my lids I caro not that my heart is breaking For happiness that Fate forbids The ono sweet word that thou hast spoken, The ono sweet look I met and blessed. Would cheer me if my heart were broken Would put my wildest thoughts to rest! I know that I havoprcsscd thy fingers Upon my warm hps unforbid I know that in thy memory lingers A thought of tnc, like treasure hid Though lo my breast I may not press thee, Though I may never call thee mine, I knowand, God, 1 therefore bless thee I INo other tillsthat heart of thine! And this shall light my shadowed trackl I take my words of sadness back I " What had that flirting widow to do with the gentle name of Mary!" exclaimed Bob, after laughing very heartily at tho point blank take-in confessed in those very solemn verses. "Enough of love-molancholv, however, mv dear Smith ! i.01 s havo a look now at tho poetical side of caro anu irouuie. v nat do vou call it V The Involuntary Panycr of Happiness. I have enough, oh, God 1 My heart to-night, Runs over with the fulness of contrnt; And as I look out on the Iragrant stars. And from the beauty of the night take m Afypriccless portion yet myself no more Than in the universe a grain of sand I feel His glory whncould make a world, Yet, in tho lost depths of tho wilderness, Leave not a flower imperfect 1 Rich, thnuL'h poor I My low-roofed cottage is, this hourj'a Heaven I Music is in it nnd the song she sings, That sweet voiced wife of mine, arrests tho car Ofmy young child, awake upon her knee; And, Willi lus calm eye on his master's face, My noblo hound lies coucliant ; and all here All in this little home, yet boundless Heaven Aro in sueli love as I have power to give, Uiesscd lo overflowing I Thou, who look'st Upon my brimming heart, this tranquil eve, Knowcst its fulness, a Thou dost the dew Pent to the hidden violet by Thccl And, as that flower from its unseen abode, Sends its sweet breath up duly to the sky, Changing its gift to incense so, oh. Oncl! May tho sweet drops that to my humble cup Find their far way from Heaven, send back, in nrsv Fragrance at thy throne welcome I cr. Bob paused a moment after readincr these lines. "Thev seem in earnest." bo said, "and I will sooner believe you wero happy when you wrote these, than that you wero when you wrote tho others. But ono thing I remark." added Bob, "tho devout feeling in these lines written when you are happier; for it is common ly thought that tribulation and sadness give tho first religious tingo to tho imagination. Yours is but the happiness of Christian resignation, after all." "On tho contrary," said Smith, "nothing makes mo so wicked as caro and trouble. I al ways had, from childhood, a disposition to fall down on my knees and thank God for everv thing which made mo happy, while sorrows o'f an descriptions stir up my antagonism, and make me feel rather liko a devil than a Christian." "In that case," said Bob, taking up his hat, "Good night, and God prosper you ! And as to your happiness!" "Well, what is tho secret of my happiness, inniK you " Matrimony," replied Bob. AGRICULTURAL LETTER FROM GEN. WASHINGTON. Wo nro indebted to the kindness of an old friend for the following valuable docu mcnt ; valuable not only because of the re vered source from which it emanates, but because it affords many excellent lessons C , , . i. . irom nu nuio anu practical larmcr : it is strongly characteristic of the American hero. Wo see hero the exercise in privato life of that attention to detail, that inflexible devo tion to order and discipline, which so eminent ly mark tho public character of Washington No ono can read this letter without seeing at onco that tho writer was an industrious, sound, practical farmer. He whose indom itable energy gave freedom to a world, did not esteem tho most minute details of ngri culturo unworthy his attention. It will probably surprise tho reader to find Gen. Washington insisting upon tho uso of harrows and cultivators in tho cultivation of his corn; this wo havo been accustomed to plume ourselves upon as a much more mod crn invention. The letter, directed to his overseers, is taken fiom tho manuscript copy in Washing' ton's own hand-writing, and as wo arc in' formed, now appears in print for the first time. Southern Planter. Philadelphia, UthJulu, 1793, Gentlemen' It being indispensably nec essary that I should havo somo person at Mount Vernon through whom I cm commu nicate my orders : who will sco that theso or ders aro executed ; or, if not obeyed, who will inform mo why tlioy aro nut ; who will rcceivo tho weekly reports and transmit tliom ; rcceivo money nnd pay it ; and in general to do those thii'cs which do not ap pertain to any individual overseer. I havo sont my nephew, Mr. Howell Lewis, (who lltl-9 IIIU IU UllUIIU IU IIIL'III Ulltll 1 can provide a manager of established reputa tion in theso matters. You will therefore pay duo regard to such directions as you may receive from him, considering them as com ing immediately from myself. But that you also may have a general knowledge of what 1 expect from you, I shall convoy tho fol lowing view (which I havo of tho business committud to your chargo,) as it appears to mo, and direct you lo govern yourselves by it ; as I nm persuaded nothing inconsistent therewith will bo ordered by Mr. Lewis, without authority from mo to depart from it. 1st. Although it is almost needless to re mark that tho corn ground at (ho farm you overlook, ought to bo kept perfectly clean and well plowed-yet, because not only tho'erop ,owrl .ilh the common w loat . one goodness of that crop depends upon such management, but also the wheat crop whtcli is to succeed it, I cannot forbear urging tlin propriety and necessity of tho measuro in very strong terms. 2d. The wheal is to bo got into the barns or into stacks as soon as it can bo dona witli any sort of convenience, that it may not (es pecially tho bearded wheat, which is subject to injury by wet weather,) sustain toss in shocks; and because tho shattered grain in tlio fields may bo beneficial to the stock. But no hogs arc to bo put on stubble fields in which crass seeds wero sown hist full, win- tor, or spring ; other stock, however, may bo turned on them, as it is rooting that would be prejudicial. 3d. Tho wholo swamp from tho road from Manley's bridgo up to the lano leading totho new barn, is to be got into the best and most complete order for sowing grass seeds in August or, at fartherest, by the middle of September. The lowest and wetcst part thcrctore is to bo sown with timothy seed a lone. All the other parts of it arc to be sown with timothy and clover seeds mixed. The swamp on the other side of the aforesaid lane, now in corn tind oats, ) is to bo kept in tlio best possible order, that the part not already sown with grass seeds, may receive them ui thcr this autumn (as soon as the corn can bo taken on witn satetv,! or in the spring, as circumstances shall dictate. No exertion or pains nrc to bo spared at D.iguertin to get tho swamp from Mauley's bridge up to the meadow above, and the two enclosures in the mill swamp, in the highest order for grass, to bo sown in the tune and manner above mentioned. But that no more may be attempted than can be executed well, proceed in the following order with them accordingly as the weather may happen to he, lor this must lie consulted, ns dry weath er will answer lo woik in the low parts best, whilst the higher grounds may bo worked at any time. 1st. Begin with tho swamp from Manloy's bridge upwards, and get all that is not already in grass well prepared for it, and indeed sown. ilii. 1 hat part of the lower meadow on tho mill run, which lies between tlio old bed of it and the race, and within the fences. 3d. After this is done, take that part in the cnclo suro abovo (which was in corn last year,) lying between tho ditch and fence ol No. 4, up and down to tho cross fences. 4th. Then go over the ditch and prepare slipo after slipe, us the ditch runs from the one cross fence to the other, aud continue to do this ns long as tho season will bo good, or the seed can bo sown with propriety and safety. 1 conceive that the only way to got theso grounds in good order and expedition is, to give them one good plowing and then to tear them to pieces with heavy harrows. Wheth er it be necessary to cut down nnd take off tho weeds previous to these workings, can be decided tietter by experiments on the spot than hy reasoning on it nt a distance. M desire is that the ground shall bo mado per- tectly clean, and laid down smooth ; without which meadows will always ho foul much grass lelt in them, and many scythes broken in cutting what is taken oil. 4th. The buckwheat which has been sown for manure, ought to bo plowed in the mo ment a sufficiency ofseed is npu to stock the ground a second lime ; otherwise, so far from its answering the purpose of manure, it will iiecomo an exhauster, lor this reason, if the plows belonging lo tho farm aio unable to turn it in in time, those of Muddy hole, Daguc-run, and Union farm, must combine to do it, tho work to be repaid by tho farm which receives the benefit, as soon as the work is accomplished thereat. 5th. Where clover and timothy seeds aro mixod and sown together, allow five pints; uf the first nnd three of the latter to the acre and where timothy only is sown, allow four quarts to tho acre. Let tho seed bo mcas tired in the proportions here allotted, and put into a half bushel, and tho half bushel filled with sand or dry earth, and extremely well mixed together in your own presence or by yourself, which will answer two purposes, viz : 1st. to prevent theft, lor seeds thus mix ed would not sell ; and 2dly. the seedsman being accustomed to sow a bushel of wheat lo the acre, would be at no loss to cast a bushel of this or any thing else, regularly on that quantity of ground. Gth. Il is expected that you will begin to sow wheat early in August, and in ground perfectly clean and well plowed. I would have, and do accordingly direct, that not less than fivo pecks of seed bo sown on each acre. I he plan of tho farm over wheh you look is given to Mr. Lewis, from which the contents of each field may be known. And it is my express directions that every watch, and the best attention may he given to sco that this quantity actually is put in ; for 1 havo strong suspicions (but t his ought not to bo hinted to them,) that the seedsmen help themselves lo a pretty largo toll. tli. As soon ns you liavo done sowing, and even belore, il it can bodono convenient ly, you are to set heartily about threshing or treading out the wheat ; and as fast ns it is got out, to have it delivered at tho mill or elsewhere, according to directions. Tho longer this business is delayed, the more waste and embezzlement will thero bo of the crop. Tho wheat is to bo well cleansed ; the chaff and light wheat are to he properlv taken caro of for the horses or olhcr stock ; and the straw stacked and secured ns it ought to bo against weather and other injuries ; and until tho vhole bo delivered, it will ro quiro your constant nnd closo attention. 8th. Tho oats at tho farm you overlook, aro, I presume, all cut j in that caso, let all the scythes, and cradles, and rakes which you have received, bo delivered over to tlio man sion house; or if you chooso to keep them against next harvest, you must bo responsi ble lor tnem yoursell. 9th. The presumption also is, that tho flax is, ere this, pulled ; let il lui well secured, and at a proper season stripped of its seed and spread to rot. During this operation let il bo often examined, thai it he not over done, or recoivo injury in any other respect by lying out to long. IOth. Get tho cleanest and best wheat for seed, and that which is freest from onions. I would have about one. third of my whole third with the whito;and tho other third with tho yellow bearded wheat. Tho over seers (with Davy, as he knows the state of Ins own farm and the quality of tho wheat which grows upon it,) may meet and decide among themselves whether it would be best to have somo of each of these sorts on every farm ; or, in order moro effectually to pre vent mixture, to havo ono sort only on a farm. In tho latter case, tho cutting of that which ripens first, and so on, must bo accomplished by tho force of ull the farms, instead of each doing its own work. If the seed on one farm was to bo sown on another, especially if tho seed which grew on a light soil was to bo sown on a still ono ; anu that which grew on a stiff one, sown onlight ground, advanta ges would unquestionable result from it. lltli. 1 he potatoes at the mansion houio must bo worked hy the plows from Union farm, and when this is required, it would bo best, I conceive, to accomplish the work in a day. 12th. It is expected that the fences will bo mado secure, and no damngo permitted with in them by creatures of any kind or belong ing to any body mine any moro than olh ets. lSth.Tho greatest attention is to be paid to tho stocks of all kinds on the farms ; and the most that can be mado of their manure and litter. They aro to be counted regularly, that no false report may be mado ; and miss ing ones.if any, hunted for until found, or tho manner of their going can be accounted for satisfactorily. 14th. A weekly report, as usual, is to bo handed to Mr. Lewis. In this report, that I may know better how the work goes on, men tion when you begin to plow, hoe, or other wise work in a field, and when that field is finished. Then increase, decrease and chan ges arc to be noted as heretofore and let me ask loth. Why aro tho corn harrows thrown aside or so little used that I rarely of lato over seo or hear of their being at work 1 I have been run to very considerable ex pense in providing these and other imple ments for my farms ; and lo my great mor tification nnd injury, find, generally speak ing, that wherever they were hut used, there they remain, if not stolon, till required again ; by which means (hey, as well as the carts, receivu so much injury from the wet weath er and tho heat of tho sun as to bo unfit for uso ; to repair or supply the place of which with new ones, my carpenters (who ought to bo otherwise employed,) arc continually oc cupied in theso jobs. Harrows, after tho ground is well broken, would certainly weed and keep the corn clean with moro caso than plows. I hope, therefore, they will be used. And it is my express order lhat tho greatest care bo taken of the tools of every kind, carls nnd plantation implements, in future for I can no longer submit lo tlio losses I am continually sustaining by neglect. lGth. There is nothing I moro ardently desire, nor indeed is there any thing moro essential to my permanent interests, than raising of live fences on proper ditches or banks ; yet nothing has ever been in a gen eral way, moro shamefully neglected or mis managed ; lor instead ot preparing the ground properly for tho reception of the seed, and weeding and keeping the plants clean after they conic up the seeds aro hardly scratch ed into the ground, nnd are suffered to bo smothered by tho weeds and grass if they do come up; by which means the expense 1 have been at in purchasing and sending the seeds (generally from Philadelphia,) together with the labor, such as it is, tiiat has been incurr ed, is not only lost, but (and which is of infi nite more iinportanco to mo) season after season passes away and I am as far from tho accomplishment of my object as ever. I mention the matter thus fully to show how anxious I am that all these seeds which have been sown or planted on tho banks of tho ditches should bo properly attended to ; and tho deficient spots made good if you have or can obtain the means for doing it. I7th. There is ono thing I must caution you against (without knowing whether there bo cause to chargo you with it or not) and that is not to retain any of my negroes who aro able and fit to work in the crop, in or a bout your own house, for your own purposes. This I do not allow any overseer to do. A .m ill boy or girl for tho purpose of fetching wood and water, tending a child, or such liko 'liiugs 1 do not object lo ; but so soon as they .no ahlu to work out I expect to reap tho benefit of their labor myself. 18th. Though last mentioned, it is not of tho least importance, because the peace and good government of tho negroes depend up on it and not less so my interest and your own reputation. 1 do, therefore, in explicit terms enjoin it upon you to remain constantly al homo, (unless called olf by unavoidabls business or to attend Divino worship) and be constantly with your people when there. Thero is no suro way of gelling work well done and quietly hy negroes ; for when an overlookei's back is turned tho most of them will slight their work, or be idle altogether. In which case correction cannot retrieve ei ther but often produces evils which are worso than tho disease. Nor is there any other modo but this to prevent thieving and othor disorders, the consequenco of opportunities. You will recollect that your timo is paid for by 3u, and if I am deprived of it, it is worso even than robbing my purse, because it is also a breach of trust, which every honest man ought to hold most sacred. You have found me, and you will continue to find mo faith ful to my part of the agreement which was made witli vou, while you are attentive to your part ; but it is to be remembered, lhat a breach on ono sido releases the obligation on tho other. If, therefore, it shall bo proved to mo that von are absenting yourself from either thu farm or tho people without just cause, 1 shall bold mysell no more bound to pay tho wages than you do to attend strictly to the chargo which is entrusted to you by one who has overy disposition to be. Your friend nnd servant, Geo. Washington. If rich, it is easy enough to conceal our wealth, but If poor it is not quite so easy to conceal our poverty. We shall find that it is less difficult to hide a thousand guineas than one hole in our coat. Lacpn. .W