Newspaper of Burlington Free Press, February 17, 1843, Page 1

Newspaper of Burlington Free Press dated February 17, 1843 Page 1
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0U fxtt fpte NOT THE OLOBY OP 0 S A K U V t THE WBLFABB OF BOWIE. VOL. XVI. BURLINGTON, VERMONT, FRIDAY, FEBRUARY 17, 1843. No. 38. A PAIIAIILE. Br J. It. LOWELL Worn and foot-soro was the Prophet When he reached the holy hill j "God has left the earth" ho murmured, "Here his presence lingers still. " God of all the olden prophets, Wilt thou talk with me no morel Have I not as truly loved thco As thy chosen ones of yore? " Hear me, guider of my fathers, Lo, an humble heart is mine Dy thy mercy I beseech thee, Grant thy servant but a sign 1" Bowing then his head, ho listened For an answer to his prayer j No loud burst of thunder followed, Not a murmcr stirred the air: But the tuft of moss before him Opened while he waited yet, And from out the rock's hard bosom Sprang a tender violet. " God 11 thank thee," said the Prophet, " Hnrd of heart and blind was), Looking to the. holy mountain For the gift of prophecy. " Still thou spoakest with thy children Freely as in Eld sublime, Humbleness and love and patience Give dominion over Tune. " Had ) trusted in my nature, And had faith in lowly things, Thou thyself would'st then have sought me, And set free my spirit's wings. " But ) looked for signs and wonders That o'er men should give me away, Thirsting to be more than mortal, I was even less than clay. " Ere f entered on my journey, As ) girt my loins to start, Ran to me my little daughter, The beloved of my heart ; ")n her hand she held a flower Like to this as like may be, Which beside my very threshhold She had plucked and brouf ht to me." BOYS AND GIRLS. The times have indeed sadlv chanced.' Ono ontiro portion of liumun lifo is struck out. It is now babyhood or manhood. There is no conservative statu (we do not speak politically.) Once there were inter mediate slates of boyhood bare-footed and bean-porridge eating state a spelling and cyphering period where there were boys to do (lie cliotcs and go errands when ap prentice indentures were in fashion, and the line between boyhood and manhood well de fined by the " freedom suit." But there are no such things now. The child steps out of his diaper and frock into a lone-tailed coat, and high-henlcd boots. Ho exchan ges the nipple for tbo cigar. Not ono of tho present generation has ever seen a real, bo na fide " nine-day-old" pot of bean por ridge ; Noah Webster's spelling book is crowded out of school by high works on philosophy and metaphysics. There are no apprentices now. Young men take a few lessons in the trade they fancy, and set up for themselves. But the present generation is as destitnte of girls as of boys. It is cither baby or la dy clout or " bustle" nursery or parlor. The mother lends her infant, or waits upon her daughter. Instead of spinning flax for their father's shirt, they reel silk for the la dies' fair; and instead of knitting stockings and mending trowsers for their brothcrs,thoy work laco and make slays for themselves. The mother milks, churns, mends, washes and irons, and (Ins daughters the "ladies" read novels, dress, and make and receivo calls. They mako parties, instead of pud dings, and cook by tho book, rather than from knowledge. We should be delighted to see a generation of boys and girls in looks, actions, and dress wo should then hopo for health and strength, industry and sobriety, frugality and economy, prosperity and happiness. Wo go for protection to this class of our commu nity. Every father should impose a tariff, ono that should amount to an entiro prohibi tion, on tho introduction of fashionable fol lies into the family. He should protect and enforce home industry. He and his wife and children should enter into a " Homo League" on the subject. This is the tariff that will restore confidence. This is tho bank that will freely discount and never sus pond. Alexandria Index. Criticism. Tho editor of the Nashua. N. H. Telegraph has lately " been down to Boston," where ho heard the colcbrated Jano Sloman perform on tho piano. He closes a somewhat rhapsodical criticism up on her in this wise : " For brilliancy and rapidity of execution she seems a miracle almost. However, it only shows to what an immense extent any ono human faculty may bo improved per haps she can't make a pudding!" A Beautiful Idea. In the mountains of Tyrol, hundreds of the women and chil dren como out when it is near bed time, and sing their national songs, until they hear their husbands, fathers and brothers answer ing them from the hills, on their return home. On the shores of tho Adriatic Sea, the wives of tho fishermen como down to the beach about sunset, and sing a melody from Tas so's Gerusalema Liberata. Thoy sing the first verso and then listen for some time ; they then sing tho second verso and listen until they hear the answer come from the fishermen, who are thus guided by tho sounds to their own village. Boasting. Mako up your mind never to be outdone by a boaster. If such a one says, with an air of superiority, that ho keeps a yaeth, directly affirm that you liavo a man of war of your own private property, it is e qually serviceable to drop as much below the nark as to soar above it ; and when you hear a 'fine' man at an evening party lamenting aUud that his fellow has not brought his cab, bo -ery polite, and tell him you expect your pnv'ie trucK every moment, wuen pari oi it " at ut service. inr Grin, remember that the man who how. smiles, aid sayB many soft things to you, has no genuine kVe ; while he who loves most sincere ly, struggle to hide the weakness of his heart, u irequeniy appears decidedly awkward. kvery dvjnCo of scienco increases tho wnouni ot ukcial happiness. From the Lady's Book. THE BLINDFIDDLER. BY MISS VIRGINIA DEFOREST. ' Harry, what is tho uso of your fiddling away there all tho evening, when you might just as well bo reading somo useful book, or learning somo useful art ' Good brother, don't fret. My fiddling docs not disturb you. You have such a power of fixing your attention, that you can study your book just as well when I am playing a dancing tune hero in this room, as you can when I am a mile off. It docs not disturb you at all.' ' Granted. Wo settled that matter long ago. The cheerful sounds of tho instru ment inspirit without disturbing mo. I think on tho whole I get on rather better when you aro in tho room, especially as you are always willing to give me a lift when I come across anything I don't understand.' ' Well then, why do you fret ? ' it is not on my account, but on your own. It seems to mo that you are wasting your time to practico so much as you do. You play in a masterly manner now: und by employing nil your evenings in study, you might learn a great deal that would be of some practical use to you as a farmer. ' Oh, I like to mingle tho agreeable with tho useful, to fiddle nine-eights of the even hip, and study the remaining fifth, as Patrick O'Douehtery says. Besides, who knows but fiddling may be useful to me somo time or other. I may live to get my bread by it, Poor Harry Duncan ! ho little thought that his " words would ever come true." Ho was a light hearted, volatile, generous youth, the destined heir of a ricli uncle, the favorite son of his father, a flourishing far mer in Ayrshire. Tiicro was not a more promising youth in all Scotland. Not even his staid and studious brother James was more highly esteemed in their native village. All hearts warmed at the sight of his merry fuco ami tho ring of his cheerful laugh ; and right prosperously did he go on for many a long year. Ho inherited his uncle's estate, a fine, well stocked farm, and was at once placed in a state of complete independence. James, who hud not the naturally fine parts and popular address of his brother, was ono of your persevering, plodding youth, who while his brother was learning to play upon tho violin, was seriously ad dressing himself to the study of scientific agriculture, tlo learned a great many things respecting the chemistry of soils and plants mid tho alternation of crops, by studying at tentively nvery new work which came out on either of these subjects ; and finally be came satisfied that he could increase very grually tlio products of uny furm of wlncli e might liavu tho care. On propositi!! some of his improvements to his father, ho tound it much easier lo convince one's self of the possibility of a scheme, than to induce others to adopt it. Tho old farmer was uglily indignant at his son's presuminc to . 1. 1 .i . . t . . leacu nun inu art which lie nau been all Ins life practising; nnd he continually told him to carry his " book notions " to another market. Being a rather high spirited youth, and of ago, at tho time this ungracious speech was made, James took his father at his word and began to mako preparations for leaving home. This was just after the de cease of the uncle, who had left not onlv his real estate, but all his personal property to iiarry. Coming into his brother's room one morn ing and finding him packing his trunk very dilligently, ho accosted him with " Halloo ! what now t going a journey ? ' ' Yes, Harry, a long one, said James, se datcly. Indeed ! ' what has started you off now, brother, and whither are you coins? ' ' I will tell you, Harry,' he said, closing his trunk, and sitting composedly down on the lid. You must know that this morning, hav ing respectfully suggested to father somo change in manuring that field which is in tended for wheat next season, he took my remarks in high dudgeon, scolded away half an hour at me, blamed me for pretending to learn farming iroin books, and finally told me i naa better take my book notions to an other market. Now, as I can do that thing, I think on tho whole, I will.' Oh, no, brother, you will not do so hasty and unkind a thing. You will think better of it." Harry I hato to leave you that's a fact. Wo have been more than brothers. Wo have always been friends. But go I must ' Iiarry put both hands to his face, bowed down his head on the table, and wept like a child. 1 cars tilled the eyes of James, too, but ho was firm in his purpose. Recov ering in somo measure from his agitation, Henry said, " Where do you purpose to go, and how are you provided for the adven ture I ' I mean,' replied James, to eo to Amer ica, and I have money enough to pay my passage and support mo a year after my ar rival.' What is your plan of operation ? ' 'I mean to earn monoy enough to buy somo land ; and then 1 will see if there is any virtue in my book notions.' ' 1 pray you, James, do not act so hastily, so madly. There is no occasion for it. Stay with us. You will share the same as myself in what my father may leave. There are but we two. Why parti Why bo a wanderer and an exile, when vou havo a comfortable home, and a good prospect of luturo inuepeuueiitu ui-iure you ( ' It is of no use to talk about it. Harrv.' replied James, who in fact expected nothing by way of inhcritenco from his father, but still had too much delicacy to wound his brother by saying so. 'You know I lovo you, Iiarry, and would gladly stay with you, but I know also where I am going and what I will do.' At least, then,' said Harry, if you will go, let me smooth your wav a little ' And so saying he sal down and wrote a check for all the ready money in his banker's hands, the hoarded savings in fact nearly all the personal estate of a kind uncle, amounting to a sum which would suffice to purchase his urotner a line tract oi tortile land in Amer ica. This lie Handed to James tne moment ho had signed it. ' 1 cannot take it, Harry.' ' You must you shall tako it. I will tako no denial. Fortune has been unjust to you, James. My undo did not know your worth, my father docs not Know it. INo ono knows you but myself. I will not see you go abroad like a beggar or a mcro laboring adventurer. Tako this money and buy yourself a farm. I bclievo in your ability to distinguish yourself in tho country to which you are going, by your skill and sci ence in agriculture. . You will do honor to the family and tho name, if you have fair play ; and havo it you shall. ' I can get along without this monoy, Harry, and I do not like to rob you.' ' It is no robbery. It is a frco gift. Or, if you nro too proud for that, call it a loan, and when you aro perfectly ablo to do so you may repay it.' ' But I may bo shipwrecked ' ' I will provido against loss from that cause. You must tako it, James. You are my onlybrolher ; I could never answer it to my conscience, if I were lo allow you to go away without providing as amply as I can for your well being. I have enough and more than enough for myself.' Thus urged, James received tho money, and, an hour after, left the paternal mansion forever. Years rolled on. Harry married, had a fine family of children growing up around mm, and ull was going on prosperously ; when his easy disposition his unwillingness to say no I led him into a scries of embar rassments which brought him to the brink of ruin. In consequence of becoming security for a friend who was engaged in extensive commercial speculations, he was compelled to sell tho fino cstato which he had inherited from bis uncle, and tako shelter for him self and his family in the homestead of his father, now far advanced in lifo. Tho de cease of (he old man soon after this event, onco nioro raised him to competence, by giving him a second inheriicncc, James hav ing been passed over in tho final disposition of his father's property. 1 lungs now went on prosperously for ma ny years, nnd Harry had passed the middle period ol life, when being engaged one day in overseeing the workmen on his farm, he was surprised by a sudden shower, and tak ing shelter under a tree, he was struck blind und reduced to prcmaturo decriptitude by lightning. At forty ho had all tho appear nnco of an old man. His misfortune end ed not nero. a succession ol bad crops soon ran lnm deeply in debt, and he found himself once nioro obliged to soil his farm to satisfy li is creditors. A kind letter which ho had received some months before from James, determined him to join his brother in America, and try with the few hundred pounds which still remained to mm, to re tneve his fortunes in that distant land. He accordingly embaiked for Philadel phia witli his wife and two youngest chil dren ; but ill fortune still pursued lnm. The ship was wrecked on the coast of NewJer sny, and although tho crew and passengers wcro saved, tlio trunk which contained his money was lost, and he found himself on n strange shoic in a completely destitute con dition. Fortunately, his good spirits never de sertcd him. Although blind and destitute, his courage and fortitude were unabated.' Ho found shelter for himself and family in the houso of a kind hearted farmer ; and among tho few effects which wero saved from the wreck was one trunk which con taiucd the samo violin on which he had been accustomed to play in the happy days of his youth. When it was brought to him, he grasped it cheerfully, and exclaimed, With this I may bo enabled to find my brother's residence without being dependent on tho hand of charity.' His performmco on the instrument was, in fact, so skilful, that the villagers, won by its sweet tones, and their sympathies for his misfortunes, got up a lit tle concert, which gave him money enougli to commence ins lournov towards the inte rior of Pennsylvania, where ho hoped to find his brother. And so he travelled on from town to town, a poor blind fiddler, nit tied and relieved indeed, but still very poor and destitute, knowing not in tho morning where ho should lay his head at night ; and as full of anxiety as he was of affection for his suffering family. When ho arrived at the town from which Jamo's last letter had been dated, he learned to his dismay, that his brother had sold his property there and emigrated to the west. INo ono could tell jn what part of tho country ho had settled; but he expressed an intention to uuy a farm in Illinois. 1 Slowly and sad ly' did poor Harry resumo his journey. LMys ami weeks did lie toil on, until at last they told him that he had arrived in the Statu of Illinois. But it was a great State, and ho still wandered on vainly inquiring after Ins lost brother, until the hopo of finding his auoiio almost died witiun mm. Towards tho close of a chill autumn day, ho found himself in the kitchen of a large farm house into which ho had been invited in order to regale tho children with a few tunes on his violin. It was a scene of rustic comfort. A cheerful firo blazed upon the hearth, to which his littlo boy hastened for tho purpose of warming himself. The children of the farmor danced about tho room in eager anticipation of tho music, till the poor tiddler had drawn forth Ins instrument from its case and began to play, when its full sounding tones soon stilled tho tumult. Two little girls stood before tho performer, with pleased attention, ono with folded hands, and the other with one hand on hor lips and the other holding the reins attached to the littl car-load of playthings half forgotten behind her. Tho elder leaned over the back of her mother s chair, sheltered by which the littl boy. the wag of the family, executed a traves tie of tho fiddler's motions, with a fire shovel and a pair of bellows. The mother held u on her lap an infant whose interest in t music the father endeavored to increase by snapping his fingers for rastanels. The poor tiddler's wile had ner infant too, in her lap and wretched as nor condition was, she seem nd to sympathise in tho pleasure imparted to the farmer's family by ner husband's music. Tho old farm servant stood with his back to tho fire, gazing apathetically upon the whole scene. The croup was a subject tor a painter. Hitherto tho fiddler had played tho nation al tuncsof the country, Washington's March, tho Star Spangled Banner, A;c., in compli ance to tho supposed tasto of his auditors ; but ho now begun an old favorite air, which had been tho delight of his youthful days, the Yellow Haired Laddie. Suddonly the joy ful chirruping of tho farmer to his little one ceased, the castanets were no longer heard snapping. As the notes of " linked sweet ness long drawn out " fell upon his car, the farmer stood still and gazed upon the per former, wrapt in other scenes, carried back, as wo are all wont to be, by old tunes to old times. At length tho music ceased. " Pray, my good man," said the farmer', " where did you learn that tunol" " In bonny Ayrshire, sir," ' I never heard it played in that stylo be fore, savo by ono hand which is far enough from here. In Ayrshire, did you say I Tell me what is your name?" " I am called poor Harry, the blind fid dler, but, in my prosperous days, I was blithe Harry Duncan." " That I should ever live to see you thus, Harry," cried tho farmer, flinging himself into the arms of tho astonished blind man, in a passionate hurst of tears, " it is your brother James that embraces you ! Why, oh 1 why do I see you thus ?" "Ah Jamie," replied Henry, adopting for the once the phraseology of the humbler peasantry of his country, a little of his old humor returned even at this touching mo ment, " yo ken I told ye mony a time, lang sync, that my fiddle might one day be the means ot winning my bread 1 Well, replied James, recovering a little at this sally, " I think the prophecy has been sufficiently fulfilled. You shall no longer fid dle for your bread, Iiarry." And ho was as good as his word. James's superior skill in the application of sound science to agri culture had mado him immensely rich al though he retained his original simple stylo t living. He had long ago repaid his broth er his generous loan ; but his gratitude for that favor and Ins true affection conspired to mako him place Henry and his family beyond tho reach ot want the remainder of their days Subterranean Fires The Cause Tho disappearance of a small pond of water in Missouri during tho recent Earth quake, and tho issuing of a stream from a hole at tho bottom, has called forth tho fol- owing remarks by a correspondent of tho Journal of Commerce : During tho shakes of the earthquake in tho winter of 1811 and 12, a person walking near tno banks ot the JMuskingum Hivcr, in Ohio, discovered smoke issuing from an opening in the ground ; ho examined the

pot, put his cane down in tho opening, and it immediately took fire. He was much larmcd, and on his return to town related tho circumstance. Tho Legislature of the State wcro then in sessional Zanesvillc, and mmediatcly adjourned lo view tho plicnomc na. 1 ho report spread rapidly through tho village until it roached the ears of an old gen tleman, who immediately explained tho matter. Ho had the year previous burnt a kiln of lime on and against the bank, which ignited a vein of bituminous coal that con tinued to burn under ground, and the vio- once of f no earthquake had thrown down so much of the bank of the river as to cause the opening. An examination of the ground proved that the old gentleman was right in us conjectures, bubtrrraneau fires feeding upon bituminous coal may have produced tho phenomena spoken of in-the St. Louis paper, and tho subterranean fuel may have been kindled by electric fluid. bhakes are very frequent near St. Louis. and more particularly near Shawneetown, Illinois. At the United States salines in that neighborhood shakes are felt almost every year. During the shakes in 1811 and 12 at New Madrid, bituminous coal was thrown up in large quantities at that place. Liquid Petroleum, which is very combus tible, is found in boring for salt water through the regions of country west of the Alleghana Mountains, and in many places it comes to the surface in tho shape of Mineral Tar Springs. Immense quantities of Carburet ted Hydrogen gas also issues from some of the salt wells ot the West, and from numer ous springs termed burning springs. The different Virginia springs possess every de gree of temperature, from that of the heat of boiled water down to tho temperature of fifty-two degrees. Die increased temperature is entirely lo cal, as appears from all tho investigations which havo been made in tho western States. The Carburelted Hydrogen Gas is set on fire at the Kenhawa Silines, and at the burn ing springs in Virginia by the inhabitants, to afford visitors the opportunity of witnessing the phenomenon. Ueneath the earth's surface in many loca tions aro vast gasometers of carburelted hy drogen gas, and also burning bodies which havo becomo ignited from chemical causes fully understood. Theso subterranean fires produco in the course of time intense heat, displacing vast bodies of solid matter, until pcrchanco a body of water is thus reached, which on coming in contact with the liquid fire becomes converted into steam. This must either find vent by some terrific explo sion, or be condensed by a force of pressure which must shake the earth for an immense distance around. The effects of earthquakes are quite vari ous ; sometimes the motion is vertical, throw ing buildings upwards ; at other time the mo tion is horizontal. It is a wonder that earthquakes aro not more frequent, and more disastrous. fA clergyman was censuring a young ladv for tieht lacing "Why," replied Miss, "you could not surely recommend loose hab Us to your parishioners." The clergyman smiled. The poorest of all family goods are indolent females. TREATMENT OF THE INSANE IN RUSSIA. Tho behaviour of the attendants is polite and courteous; every fresh patient is received very respectfully, and first taken into tho so ciety of tho most rational of tho lunatics, who havo likewise acquired the samo tono of po liteness. Hero it is shown tho interesting collections and productions of art ; refresh ments arc brought him ; ho is invited to a game at billiards or backgammon, or may cenvcrse if ho likes it better; hois indulged in every tiling as tar as possible, and thwart ed only in that which might be hurtful to him. Employment, tho beauties of nature, pleas ant society, and recreation ; and, on the oth er hand, darkness, solitary confinement, and ennui, are the principal engines employed to excite and to encourage, to soothe and lo tame. Next day, therefore, thn new comer is conducted to tlio work-rooms of the pa tients, where thoy are engaged in carpenters' and pasteboard work, spinning, knitting, sew ing, embroidery, dec, and asked whether he likes any of thoso occupations. If he takes a fancy to ono or the other of them, pains arc taken to teach him, as it were in play : but, if he shows and continues to show an aver sion to all kinds of bodily exertion, intellectu al employment, reading in the select library of tho institution, is allowed to those only who aro far advanced towards, a cure, he is led out of the work-rooms, lest as it is ob served, the industrious gentlemen thcreshould be disturbed, and taken to a solitary apart ment, where sometimes ho is attacked ero long by ennui. If ho complains of it, he is led back to tho work-rooms, and repeatedly invneu 10 pin in some oi tno operations eo- ing forward there, with n promise that he shall then join in the tea-parties also. If he is not susceptible of ennui in the light room, and persists in apathy or begins to be violent, ho is shut up in the cushioned room, from which oven tho most outrageous soon wish to bo released, because the very maddest per sons feci tho need of light in their wildest tin dcrtakirgs, and darkness seems intolerable CVCn to tlio most fri'lizien imtminnllnn. The Russians, from their sanguine tern tcmperment, are most liable to fits of raving mauness. l lie fins, a thick-blooded and choleric race, arc more subject to melancholy and idiocy, which, latter occurs very rarely among tne Kusians. but tho Letters, poof ie, good-natured, childlike, and frequently childish people, furnish in general only harm less lunatics. We saw several Russians in strait waistcoats. At almost every farm house in Livonia and Cotirland, you met with a Lettish lunatic, bedizened with ribbons, flowers, glass heads, and other finery, who fancies himself a general or an emperor, and yet, decorated, with all tho insignia of his station upon him, good-naturedly conde scends to employ himself in cleaving wood and fetching water. A particular diary is kept about every patient ; also con cerning his work, for which a small sum is nllowed him, that tho insane seeing the pro fit accruing from labor may bo instigated to greater industry. Most of tho men employ ed themselves with pasteboard work, a trade which is easily learned, and the products of which, as they speedily lead to some results, aro not long in affording pleasure and profit. Of the 130 patients in tho house, in 1835, fifty were dismissed, half of them cured, und the other half, as incurable, delivered up to their friends, at the desireof the latter; and twenty-four died in the courso of the year. KhoVs Russia and the Russians in 1842. WILLIAM MILLER. We re-publish Ihe following from tho Ben nington Vt. State Banner. It is tho latest news from this monomaniac and his where abouts. His last fancy sketch will confirm his followers and amuse the curious. It seems the parson is gradually edging off his follow ers from indulging too high expectations of the month of April. "This gentleman arrived in this village.and commenced a course of lectures on his fa vorite and celebrated theme, the Destruc tion of tho World by Fire in A. D.. 1843. on last Sunday week, the 22d inst., which ho continued through the week, delivering two lectures each day, generally to full au diences. During his first lecture ho gave substantially tho following description of the manner oi tne second Advent. " A small bright spot will first appear in the east, which will gradually expand as it approaches the earth. Bye and bye, a small cloud will appear before tho luminous ball, and between it and tho earth. On this cloud will be seen the Son of Man, standing erect, his figure plainly visible to tho specta tors on the earth. At the sound of a trum pet (or some other signal,) tho bright spot having gradually illuminated tho whole heavens, the righteous dead shall riso from their resting places and the risen and liv ing saints shall together bo caught up and meet the Saviour in the air, when they will instantly be changed and clothed with im mortality. The Saviour will then present them to the t ather, whose presence is de noted by this luminous mass, perfect, with out spot or wrinkle. 1 he l ather will then give the Saints, by tho marriage covenant, as a undo to the aon. They will then be constituted tho New Jerusalem, and, togeth er with the Suviour.will descend to the earth, which during their absence has been purified by firo, and tho wicked burned up, where the Saints will dwell with Christ forever. " The time of this phenomenon he main tains will bo during tho current year. Not having been very prompt in our attendance, we are unabled to give any general descrip tion of his lectures. Most are familiar with his method of reckoning time and of inter preting prophecies. His style is egotistical and dogmatical. These faults mav result somewhat from old age. 11 Thn Parson is a large, thick-set person age, something over ou, and stands on his leathers about five feet ten. He has a large head, and a laree inusre full face, with small blue eyes, a small nose, light complexion, and light hair. He is earnest and vehement in his delivery and frequently intersperses his argument with episodes in which he sometimes puts in the " rich licks" against the clergy who oppose his system, and some- times administers some very wholesome ex hortations to sinners and unbelievers, in general. He is afflicted with a shaking or trembling which is so considerable that the motion of his head and hands can be observ ed across the house. He see us to be vastly satisfied with the accuracy of his theory, although he failed to impress the same con fidence upon us, and a largo portion of the community, bull, that might not havo been his fault. The old gentleman has a good fund of historical and biblical information, and a very retentive memory. The only fault which we should urge against it, is that ho sometimes seemed lo remember too much. However, wu will not insist on that. Deeming it our duty, as public chroni clers, to lake somo notice of the presence of so noted a personage as tho parson, wo have given above, what little wo saw and heard of him as the fairest and most proper notice we could take of lnm. From tho Itichinond Enquirer. AN ANECDOTE. Thcenergies of the Northern characterare inexpressible their ingenuity and tact, be yond expression. I beg leavo to state an anecdote, by way of illustration and to catch a portrait, as it flits before me. 1 was called down to see a stranger this morning and ho appeared belore me as a hale, smooth faced, ruddy complcxioned young gentleman, with a sweet, soft voice tall but slim, polite without affectation, He had a large portfolio under one arm, and a bundle of books in the other. A neat cap lay on the chair. I saw at one glance that he was an agent for some print or bookseller nnd that lie had a world of notions, at his disposal. Willi a graceful but unstudied bow, ho be gan his operations. " Cannot I prevail up on you, Sir, to subscribe to this beautiful col lection of sermons? It is much celebrated, though I suppose you have heard of it be fore;." It was the " National Preacher," coming out periodically in No's. I declined his proposition. " Well, Sir, perhaps you would prefer another Christian work," nam ing it, as lie touched his portfolio. I again declined, pleading hard times as my reason. " Well, Sir, here are a largo number of por traits of distinguished men very cheap!" My eye lit upon the half bust profiles of Ty ler, Benton, &c. I waved my hand by way of refusal. " Perhaps, Sir, you would pre fer Mr. Clay's? I smiled, and ho went on wnn ins overtures. wen, air, here is something in the children's way. Here are cards of the Alphabet, illustrated by tho cos tumes of various countries." And they wero well colored, striking to the eye, and appar ently well calculated to attract the attention of the infantine observer, " like cobwebs to catch flies." I remarked that mv children were too old to require such appliances. " Well, perhaps, you may have some of the second generation, mat you would like to oblige." "Thank you; thev aro sufficient ly provided for." " But here is something for the lady, in the culinary Department." And then he put into my hands" The House wife," with receipts for making pies, &c. "No, Sir; but if you could get my cook to reaa your riousewiie, I would present hint with a copy. But tho times aro too hard for mo to throw away my money, or to deal in anv oi your wares. ' Having got through his little batterv. he paused ironi li is labors, and took up his port' folio to take his leave. 1 then turned my ar tillery of questions upon him: " You aro an American f" Oh, yes ? 1 como from Hart ford, Connecticut." You are scarcely 19 yet?' No I am not so old.' 'Indeed! ou have been to Washington?' 'Yes, 1 was there some two or tbreo weeks.' ' 1 hopo you did well there.' Not very. I I.. J . - tr . 3turceiy iiaiu my expenses.' l ou nave been elsewhere?' ' Yes; I left home about 18 months since. Have been to Mobile and New Orleans.' I am afraid you met with less success there than you expected ? ' ' Not much. Wherever I go, I hear of hard times. The scarcity of muuey is an univer sal complaint. And in tlio Western States, the currency is moro distracted and vicious, than it is with us.' He said ho had been a student at Hartford and took this method, cheerless as it was, of adding to his little re sources. 1 expressed my regret that 1 could not relieve him of any of his commodities, as I wanted money myself nioro than any thing --but I resolved in my heart, that if a line in tho newspapers could help on the young and handsomo stranger, he should have it fresh from tho mint. Should any of my townsmen or townsladirs meet with him, I hope they will receivo him kindly, and open their hands and purses to him. Ho is blessed with health, and spirits, and energies. And I cannot dismiss this portrait of a stranger, without a passing tribute of admiration to the industry and resources of tho Northern char acter. (I will not use the common soubri quet, lest I might bo suspected of intending a contumely, which I scorn to feel. A Looker-on in Vienna. Kill on Cure. A good.story is told of a sharp fellow who promised a quack $50 to attend upon his wife through her sickness, kill or cure. Tho woman died, and the quack wanted his money. "Why," exclaimed the man, in utter con sternation, "did you kill my wife?" "The Lord preserve us no 1" replied tho poor doctor. "Did you cure her ?" "Why, no." "Then 1 have nothing to pay you ; I wanted you lo kill or euro my wife didn't care much which and you havo done neith er. Leavo my house, sir; you must be an imposter !" Burns' Marv. A monument has just been completed over the remains of Burns' Highland Mary in tho West Church, Green ock, Previously there was nothing to mark' the resting-place of the maid whose love in spired some of the most impassioned lyrics in our own or any other language. A bas-re lief of Burns and Mary Camppell, plighting their troth, and exchanging bibles across "the stream around the castle of Montgomery," bears the inscription, "Sacred to genius and love to Burns and Highland Mary." CULTIVATION op the CRANBERRY Wo have had several inquiries in relation to tho cultivation of this fruit, tho demand for which is rapidly increasing in our mar kets. Few things are more easily grown than the cranberry, and the cultivation is very simple. Nothing more seems necessary to success than bog or peat earth ; if the bog aro sandy, so much the better, but too much wet is fatal to the hopes of an abundant crop. On the sandy coasts of Massachusetts, where wet bogs or meadows abound, the cultivation of tin: cranberry is increasing, and piecics of ground hitherto of no value, now yield hand some incomes. It is found they grow well on these sandy bogs after draining, and the following is stated to be the method pursued by Mr. Hall, of Barnstable, who has for some time produced them in I irgo quantities : "If the bogs are covered with brusii, it is removed, but it is not necessary to remove the rushes, as the strong roots of the cranberr y soon overpower them. It would bo well, if previous to planting, tho ground could bo plowed ; but Capt. Hall usually spreads on beach sand, and digs boles four feet asunder each way, the sumo as for corn ; the 'holes arc, however, deeper. Into these holes sods of cranberry roots aro planted, and in the space of three years the whole ground is cov ered." Mr. Kenrick remarks, that "although a moist soil is best suited to the plant, yet, witli a suitable mixture of bog earth, it will flour ish, producing abundant crops, even in any dry soil," Loudon asserts that Sir J. Banks, who obtained this plant from America, raised in loJl, on a square ol lo feet each way, thrco and a half bushells, equl to 4G0 bushells per acre. Any man who has a bog swamp, may raise cranberries, by draining it so that thu surface, at least shall be dry, either inverting the surface, if hard enough, with a plow, or covering it vitli sand, nnd planting as above directed. When well set, the yield of an acre will not be much, if any, short of 200 bushels. Albany Cult. HEMLOCK BROWSE FOR SHEEP. Sheep, as well as other domestic animals, liko green food in the winter, nnd indeed the more they can have of a heavy and succulent nature, the better they will come out in the spring. It is a maxim with one of our oldest and most oxpeiicnccil wool-growers, that sheep should bo filled once per day with something that they will eat. They aro rather capricious in their appetites. This capriciousness depends very much upon tho weather. When it is severely cold, they will eat almost any thing with avidity. Com mon hog hay is then greedily sought after. But when the weather is more moderate and tliawy, they are more dainty, and will turn from the samo kind of fodder which they were very fond of, perhaps the day before. Hemlock boughs, we believe, are never re fused by them, until they become somewhat tough in the spring of the year. They are green, succulent, heavy, and no doubt quito nutrativc. Those who can obtain the boughs of the pitch-pine, will find them as good or better than tho hemlock. Perhaps somo of the other evergreens of the turpentine order are good, but we have never tried them, and cannot speak, therefore, from any experience of our own. Those who have a small supply of hay will do well to furnish a good supply of browse, and those who have plenty of hay should also furnish them with a good supply of browse by way of treat. Maine Far. CANADA THISTLES. Mr Holmes. I havo frequently heard it said, that bushes, thistles, &c, cut during tho full of the moon, in August, would be infalli bly destroyed ; but never having faith in the moon's influence upon such mutters, I have paid no attention to it. But as a little circumstance happened un der my observation last summer, somewhat favorable to tho theory of lunar influence, I will give it for the benefit of all concerned. Last summer, I mowed a patch of thistles in my pasture, which had been mowed two years in succession without producing any f.tvorablo result. Indeed, every mowing seemed to increase tlio tbriftinnss nnd number of (ho thistles, and they spread with great rapidity. I paid no attention lo tho time when they were cut, ei ther last summer, or at any of the previous mowings, except to see that it was done be fore tho thistles were out of the blow. Pass ing the thistle bed frequently during the fall I was agreeably surprised to observe that none of the stalks had sprouted they all ap peared perfectly dead. This circtimstrnce naturally led me to the question, why had this last cutting proved so deadly 1 Curosi ty led me to refer to my memorandum, and I found that tho last mowing was performed during xhefull of the moon, in August. I know not but they would havo died, this year, if they had been mowed at any other time. However, I guns that when I havo any moro thistles to destroy, I shall try and cut them about tho full of tho moun, in August. Me. Farmer. J. D. Hill. Lice on Cattle. A correspondent of the Maiuo Farmer says : " Lice on cattle at this season of the year, are on the butt end of tho horns. Destroy them now, and you will not havo it to do in iho winter or spring. Strong tobacco juice or alcohol will destroy them." Sjiirits of Turpcniime, rubbed on at tho roots of iho horns, will also destroy them and if a tea spoonful of it be put in the cup formed just back of the horns, twice or thrico between this and the spring, it will prevent the occurrence of hollow horn. A strong brino made of salt and water will destroy lice, and it may be said to be the safest application that can be made. Ed. Am. Farmtr. Diogenes. Diogones ordered himself to bo thrown anywhere without burying. "What," said his friends "to the birds and beasts 1" "By no means," he cried, "place my staff near me, that I may drive them a way.') "How can you do thai," they repli. ed'since you will not perceivo them 'How am 1 concerned," then added he, "in being torn by those animals if I f00 noihlmr of it." g