Newspaper of Burlington Free Press, February 17, 1843, Page 2

Newspaper of Burlington Free Press dated February 17, 1843 Page 2
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A UEAITHFUL PICTURE. Wo know not when wo have boon so deep ly Alloc tad by the proceedings of mir Nation al Log isl.it tiro as wo were on lundingtlio fol lowing thrilling account of the presentation to the Congrtss of the United States of the Battlk Sword op Washington the true and sturdy falchion which was homo by the " Father of his Country11 through tho long struggle that resulted in our National Inde pendence. Thi! wholo proceedings nro of surpassing inteicst. Tho speech of Mtt ScM.Mnns is simple and touching, and his closing remarks, particularly, aro hs chaste nd beautiful, as they are. eloquent and ap proprinte. Tltore was evidently no attempt on bis part (o excito a ginglu emotion beyond what tho impressive circumstances oftltooc- I 1 II rm canon would nniurauy inspire. mora is no ottuntatious coloring, no theatrical display, no ambitious thrusting forward of tho orator s a conspicuous figure in the beautiful bis toric pictiuc Ills langurtgo is simple, natu ral, and impressive. Prom the National Intelligencer. THE PRl'SENTATION OK T1IK SWOIU) OF WASI11.NGT0.. Thtcta3 prf seated in tlio Houso of Rcprescnta tivus yist-jrJaj was ona nf lhot brief mnmciitsol' re fresiliinir. hie!i, few and far between, occur to ihi wtary, way-worn, luatt-s,K!; traveller aeron tlio ni- dy .anara, where lio comes upon a cluster of palms. nnj urncsin ineir giRiciui suauo iintjs a welling spring wotthy to lio called " tiia Diamond of tlio Desert." ll w3 an hour tilu.n liie iTtiictnbtiinco of I titer days rushed wit i power upon the heart, ami bore it away. mriue nine, irom aurriuiiijiiig uearin, anu transport e it. it in a vision, to a harmicr clunc. It nsa mor 1 mirage, in which, whtlo gazing in thought upon what "that old mm cluq'ifiit " wll dcnuminalcd "our Golden As"," un0 forgo t tint there aio sjcIi things as dsmigogucs, and can be such thincs, ripjih or a la nor pure. Washington, our own Washin ton, might lie imigined, for a moment, to hivo " btirft uia cerements, ami to be pre'tnt in ihe I.i'gislalue Halls of the land he loved ; and both tho man whoof fared, and the man who received, tho cherished mp. morialii of tho desd Patriot seemed to havo fell, while they spo .e, tho inspiration of a pi eater presence than thai which was visible about them. A fanciful oh. terver might haio believed that the mere touch of v asm.igwn a oworil hail a sort or moral electricity a1 out it, and that ho who did but handle tho staff on which J' ranUin had so often leaned catuht by the contact pumviiiuitr o; ins elevating wisuom. Mr. .Summers, a? wo well know, is esteemed at home as a lawyer of lurli standing, and a man of treat strength ami purity ol character, lull his warm est iricnus coiuu not luve 0c3irea llt.it Ins parting speech (if U wero Ins last) as a member of Congress should have been more worthy of the place and of the maa. Ho treated a subject on which it is no eiay task tj speak wiihout tntencss in a manner at onee simple, appropr.ate, and dignified, saying just enough and ill more, and anying it with a warmth of feel i n u too sinccro to be counterfeited. His brief account of tho relies ho presented wis clear and succinct, anil yet had enough of particularity to give it the Inchest interest. As lie proceeded, tliecroivdid hall and "a war-sword of mjr graml-unclo, General Georok I before. Ho pronounced him Ilritish In his fool. Washington, and the gold-hcadcd enno bequeathed R(, and jn ,ig actions, and said that tlio Brit. to htm by Doctor Hexjamin Franklin, t ? 7nti.., ...i.it, ,.,: ,.i ... c txr TWInicrestina relics I wisk to bo presented, '8h . fpol .n8 1vv llch ws manifested by Mr V. .1 i t . i. - . .t ' I iitlfMntT I in I naif ttat linil hoon ifinpririMtAfl in umicu oiatci, on ucuau oi mu nation, ma uintau in-my. mi uciuuii n-pgiiiuu mis uongress can uispoic oi mem in such a manner as idea Bomo htir dozen times, and in as strong language as no couia embody. The debate was continued by Messrs Wood, bridge, Choate, Denton and others. Mr Archer withdrew Ins motion to recom mit. The bill, by unanimous consent, was then considered as in 'Committee of the Wholo. Mr Archer then moved to strike out the pros, pective grants of land. Mr Uallioim asked the gentleman from Mis shall seem moat nnnronriatc. and best calculated to lecp in mtmury the character and services of those two illustrious founders of our Republic. I ntn, with estcrm yours, SAMUEL T. WASHINGTON. To Hon. Gionon W. Summers, House of Representatives. Copy of a Ulttrrom Col. Geo. C. Wasiiinoton. Gr.onoETowN, January 31, 1843. rivlB S.to . 1 l.flu l.nfA.Atllrt fnnr Inllnr Afftiantl. inst., rerpicsting mo to give you any information in souri, whether this amendment was desired by my poFscs?ion in reianon to inc sworu niacca in your mm hands bv Mr. Samuel T. Washinoton. (allecrd to have been theservico sword of General Wasiiinoton tlurmz tho Revolutionary ar.) and which ho has in structed you, in his name, to present to the Cengress ot tlio i nucci oiaies. General Washington, bv his will, made disposition of his swords in the following words! " To each of my nephew., William Augustine Washington, George IjCUis, licorgo ntentoe Washington, llushrou Wasli- ington, and Samuel Washinglon, I pivoononfthe swords orconteanx, of which I may riio possessed ; and they ate. to choose in the order lh'y are named. 22, nays 24. jVr Linn replied, that in his opinion tho bill would bo Ineffectual without it. The veas and navs wero ordered on tho amendment of Mr Archer. After a brief debate by several Senators, Mr Conard moved that the bill be referred to the Committee on Foreign Affairs. On this qtidslion the yeas and nays were or dcrcd, and it was decided in the negative yeas the Ponnaylvanm and New Jersey troops, then as- I aetnbli'd at llpdford, in suppressing what has been called the" Whiskey Insurrection." General Washington was then President of the United .States, and as inch wsa commander-in. chief of the army. It is known that it was his intention to lean tno army in person upon that occacion had he found it necessary, and ha went to liedford and Cum norland prepared for that event. The condition of hinns did not require it, and ho returned to his civil unties at I'lniaueipiiia. Mr. Samuel Washington held the commission of a captain at that time himself and served in that cam paign, many of the incidents of which ho has rotated to me. Ho was anxious to obtain this particular sword, and preferred it to all the others, among which was the ornamented and costly present from the great r rc icricK. At the time of the division among tho nephews, without intimating what his preference was, ho io- cosclv rcniilkrd "that innsniuch as he was i he only one of them who had participated in military service, thev oucht to permit hmi to Inko choice." This sun gestion was met in tho same spirit in which it was made, and tho selec'ion brin awarded him, he chose '.his, tho plainest, and, intrinsically, tho least valuable of any, simply because it was tho " 'Uttlo Sword." I m'n also in possession of tho most satisfactory ev idence, furnished bv Col. I'eo. Washington. ofGcoreo- inwn, nits nearest inaic relative now living oi iienejni Washington as to the idf ntily ol mis sworu. ills in formation, as to its historv. was derived from hisfalh er, William Augustino Washington, the devisee first named in tho clause of tho wi1! which I have read; from his uncle, the late Judgo Duahrod Washington, of tho Supremo Court j and Major Lawrence Lewis, tho actlni! executor of General Washington's will i nil of whom concurred in the statement that the true jrrries sironf was that selected by Capt. bamuel Washington. Itremaincd in this "entlemin's possession until his dca h, esteemed by linn the most precious memento of Ins illustrious kinsman, it men Lecamo tiia prop erty of his son, who, animated by that patriotism which so characterised the " I'ather onus country, has consumed that such a rrhc ought not to he atv nrnnnatcd bv an individual citizen, and has instructed me, his representative, to nticr it to tno nation, to do preserved in its public depositories as mo common property of nil, sinco its olTice has been toachieveand secure the common nocriy oi an. Hp has, in like manner, requested me to present this Cane to the Congress of tho United States, deem ing it not unworthy of the public acceptance. This was onee the pronertv of tho philosopher and patriot llcunmm 1' rntiRlin. uv a cnoicn to uia tavt win nnu icsiaiiiciu, It thus disposed of i ".My fine crab-tree walking stick, with rurlniislv winntrht in the form of the can give to my friend, and tho friend of mankind, Oct;. . . with n plain green ivorv handle. been carried into effect, and in what manner the Wa-hingtrm. lilt were a sceptre, ue nas inerucu it , cnterlI1jn doubt whatever as to tho idenity of same has been done : and also, if any. and what tins swum, unu ui'rc uiLii iiiu imuiiuuiiuii i nave giv These swords nro accompanied with an miunction not to unsheath them for the purpose of shcddlnp blood, except it be for self-defence, or in defence of thcr country and itsriginsj ami in the latter case, to keep them unsheathed, and prefer falling with them in their hands to tho relinquishment thereof." Twnol these swords are in my possession, being dcisud to me, the one bv my father, Wm. Augustine Washington, and tho other by mv uncle, the late Judgo lliishro l Washington. The descendants ol The question was taken on tho amendment of Mr Archer to strike out the grants of land to settlcre, and it was decided in the negative the vote being precisely similar to the above. 1 ho bill was then ordered to' be engrossed for a third reading veas 24, nays 22, as All ows : Veas Messrs Allen, Benton, Buchanan, (icorge Lewis, and Gorge Stcptoc Washinglon hate Clayton, Fulton, Henderson, Kinjj, Linn, twootherof these swords, and ih.it in your chargois Mclloborts, Mangum, Merrick, Phelps, Sov without doubt the one which was selected by Colonel Nor, Smith, of Conn., Smith of Indiana, Stltr- goon, J appaii. walker, White, Wilcojr, Will. lams, Woodbury, Wnsrht and Youtiff 21. Nats Messrs Archer. Baobv. Barrow. Bates, Bayard, Berrien, Calhoun, Choate, Conard, Dayton, Evans, Graham, Huntinzton, McDullie, Miller, Morehead, Rives, Simmons, Samuel Washington My father was entitled to the first choice under the will, but was prevented by indisposition fromnltend- ni!r at iUount Vernon when the istrihution took place, and Judgo Washington selected for him the most finished and costly sworu, with wincn associa tions wero connected highly complimentary to Gen- cm i t.usimiKiu i i unci! m-iini iiiy 1.11111:1 r-.iv unr!1,, p, m,J ,,,,1 VV.,lt,,:,oo Col. Samuel Washincton. from the fact that it was The bill was read a third time and passed used by tho General during tho Revolutionary war. HOUSE. On motion of Mr Johnson, of u. finj I have at different limes heard similar statements as Tenn., it was resolved that a Select Committee vit imu 1 . ,i mn.i t,., rft. Ssmuel Washmirton. Judcn ,.f l. ...1 i.ti : : 1 n'ora'oriiSiren1 LlTr '? h "ouao whether the seUl resolu- -r.t.r mi. I . .-.-J. linns for ihfi rplrunrhmnnl nf flirt Mnnan havn demises this cano ns and would become it.' Gen. Washington in his follows : "Hem. To my brother, Charles Washington, I givi and bequeath tho gold-hcadcd cano left me by Dr. I'ranklm in his will." Captain Samuel Wnshinaton was tho only son of Charles Washington, the devisee from whom ho de rived, by inheritance, this interesting memorial ; and hawtig transmitted it to bis son, Samuel T. Washing 1111, the latter 1I1113 seek? to bestow it worthily, by associating it with the battle-sword in a gift to hi countrvmcn en may prove satisfactory. I am, very rcspecttuliy, vour ohedient servant, G. C. WASHINGTON. Hon. GEOnr.n W. Si-MMcn, House of Representatives. FROM WASI1IXGT0N. FnmAT, Feb. 3. Senate. nanlcnipt Law. Mr Berrien, of Georgia, from the Committee further 6tcps aro necessary to bo pursued to effect a further retrenchment and curtailment of its expenses. Ocn. H asatmron's Servant. Mr Taliaferro from the Committee on Revolutionary Pensions, reported a bill to allow a pension to John Cary, a free colored man, a native of the county of Westmoreland, Virginia, now a resident of this District, who says he was a body servant of General Washington at tho battle of Braddock's leriss were as nuilo as ihogtavos and whilo every eons cause, even unto thedismcmbcrinont of l.mpiro. yogazed, and many an eye overflowed, every ear In the ban J of Washington this was " the sword of listened wiui thecngaiesi attention totlis close. the Lord, and oi tuocon. Tho respon'O of Mr. Adams was every waj such as It was never drawn except in tho defence nf public might hao Inon expected fiom hi:n ; but those who libertv: it was never sheathed until a glorious and only reiti it, must lose more than hnlf tho irnnraasion triuinchant bucccss returned it to tho scabbard, wtth- with which it was received. Tne aRoriatinns ,,f ih.. 1 nut a slain of ciueltv tinon Us blade: it was never occasion woresjeh as could not fail to rtach a mind surrendered except to that country which bestowed it, like his, and awjkcn w it'nin it those deen and now, r- ful feelings whicli, when unarouseJ, slumber bentath an aspect and a manner which give no token of their preionce. His intonations were deep and impassion ci i his voice falteied tho eloquent blood rushed in torrents to h:.3 countenance and his whole Injure, at titude, and gesture, were those of one of Nature's or ators strongly moved. The wholo transaction was in a high degree credit able to our country, and its re wd on our archives will mark at least one bright day m the contempora csous history of -'ongre&3. As soon as the speeches were ended, and tho reso lution moved bv Mr. Adams had ben ndnnlp.l. Mr. Tuiiifwrrn limi.i-!f n Vir.rirvrin fnn.l inni-. ...lit. 1 v Batfl to himsi truth a fine specimen of the Virginia gentlemm,) act- ia, by whom this offering of patrioiio sentiment has ing aa tno auier ot tic iinuse, winch tho dale ol oeen preseiiieLi to mo icpirsciiiuinc "i I cordially concur with Mr. Washington in the on the Judiciary, reported a bill in reference to defeat, in 1775, and was present at that battle ; .urn ujbu uidi no wus a servant oi uftiicnii Washington at the surrender of Cornwall's in 1781. and who is believed to be 112 years old. rpi. UMI 1 .; - I i i uui was rouu a iinru lime ami u.isscu. Harbor Hill. Mr Konnedv. of Aid. from the Committee on Commerce, reported a bill for the improvement of certain harbors, which was re ferred to tho Committee of tho Whole. Ihe Senate did not sit. Housn of Representatives. Tho Naval Appropriation bill was taken up in Committee of tne w iioie. Mr Meriwether moved an amendment that the appropriation for the pay of the officers bo re dured. Mr Fillimore objected as a point of order, that opinion that they each merit public preservation ;- th0 whnlo subject. Ho asked in tho name of and I obey., with pleasure, his wishesin here present- Conlmilteo t0 )0 (l,s,,.iaried from tho House UU' them in us name, to the nation. , , ,. ,, ? , , ... let thn sword of tho Hero and the staffof the Phi- "dl, and from all the memorials and resolutions losophcr go together. Let them have placo among referring to the subject. I ho repeal hill, origi the proudest trophies and most honored memorials nating in tho Senate, is reported back, with sun- of our natimal achievements. . dry amendments the main features of which has oeen 1 "He , W i ghVnm h a." 1,10 V0 PT'P, en, an I thesceptre from tyrants. 1 ho amondmon also go to A nighty arm onco wielded ibis sword in a right- of tho voluntary clause as allow 9 J .1 l t . t 1-.,.. ... I .l. 1 C. C 1 r vr itip rnnrliiunn nf this addruss the galleries. which were crowded, sent foitli emphatic nianuesia- lirtnc nf tmnrnjintinn.l Mr. John Clumcy Adams then roao and addressed the House an follows: repeal so much s any applicant t" havo the benefit of the law upon Ins mngle petition, and changes, in Ecveral important par ticulars, tho existing mode of procuring tho certifficatc'of discharge. The bill and report are both long, and 33 soon as the report was presented, Mr I all madgo rose and said, that in view of tho import In prtsenting this resolution to tho House, it may s by perhaps be expected that 1 should accompany it with b preventing partial assignments ; 3d, by sub. some sjitable remarks .: and yet, sir, I ncierVose to J f . n " ,if .,,, . am1 ,',, i , . ' 1500 extra copies of tho report. The report Mates that the salutary influence of such a change in the law will be manifested the prevention of undue credit ; 2d, ance" of the subject ho moved the printing of l" an appropriation bill, the pay established by ..... uuiu ii.jl uu iruui.t;u. Tho Speaker overruled the point of order. Mr Fillmore appealed from the decision of the Chair, which, alter debate, was, however, bus mined 79 to 03. .-. . . ' ,,- , , ... . - ni, Mn.m in, than n.lr II. n In,.. . t. ...onl , .-,, f ,i,. etitutintr one uniiorm ruio : anu 'ttn. nv armint? "- " -it ir im iinii.-.i: imuti u urvui luutii-ioii . ... i . . . - i .... . . i : .: r .. - . . .. . fnrrn n r, nir into a Biuiciiiuiii iu biiuw uiu iiisucu oi inc pro- vani oiwoua to I'V ""i"j ill." " I." iT. Z.rL II L """ nnsn,l reiliirllon.Hn .IMoA thit In nm is precisely liecausc occasions ui.e nil? are nuupicu iu i uouior m iiuu injuiuaiiuii ui-iuro iiib aescis r . V, ; , V r , . ' produce universal sympathy, that little can be said by Ma wasted by the desperate speculations to the pay of officers in the Navy had been raised any one, but what, in the language of the heart, in w;,;ch men ; BUC, circumstances are tempt- ' 183 ,0 "l0 enormous extent of 75 and oven tones not louu uui acep.evory one prcscni u a- , im percent., while the reduction which he pro- r f U5lp;"e?lr!fnaJL!" 'n,. follnwlnrr r.nns .rn fr rnntln,,. pos'ed did not even brintr down the pay to a point ing the law : corresponding with the existing price of labor let In llin 1-nnoliti.Mlinn tho Bankrupt Law havo been extended to a nor- MJT WSJ r1cP,iG1 l)lJ W of officers in io,, M follmu lt!,nn n.i.tin .'i ..,in the Navy had been, in 163j, apportioned upon Hut his repeal would bo a denial of equal justico to UiHerent system irom wnat it was prior to nation, lias it seeniB to me. already said all that can be said suitable to this occasion. In parlingfrom him, as.af cr a few short days, we mnst all do, it will, on my pari, no sorrowing niai m uu uiuunumiy nun soe his face and hear his voice no more. woids will there rc hia commission entitles him to do, moved that both the address of Mr. faunirncrs and tho response of Mr. Adams bo inserted at length on the Journal: which having been ordered, Mr. .McKninan, a Pennsylva nia closed tne scene in a uiqnuied and most appro priate manner bv moving, in lionor of tho occasion, main inu ituuse auiourii. And now occurred a soectaolo true to nature. Thn decorum of the Honsa had keptciety man in hisseai "n! Oh, sir, what associations are iiniicu in sua-1 wltch oucht to command ourrcspect Z"J i'lV?" " Jl""."1, ' ?-"a "'e vo ef "ia 2d. That by the decision of the question in announced, and the Speaker left the chair, than there my friend has said, was never drawn but in the catiso relation to the constitut onahty of the law in wasasiuuiltaiieousru.il trom all quarters to oblam a ot ms couniry, aim iiner wraiuru nmii Kip hi unu ui inu iuuim ui uiu uiuiuu oiaiEn, 1110 nearer visw of tho interrstmg memorials of our great Ins country's causo ! Franklin, tho philosopher pf citiz8ns 0f ono of the States of tho Union have In.l ll...i. .1... ,.n-.l ...:.l. ! I tl.a I .KnHii.hn I II, n lull i niuum. uui nan uu; ujc Bill.dllu Willi seeing. hvery band was outstretched to touch lliem. It was like Homer's scene of the beudinL' of Ulvcsrs' bow. and many a puny hand now grasped the sword of asnington, that would havo trembled in the scenes where it once cleameJ in the eves of the furs tn Amer ican Independence. Demand nfer demand was made lor a pleasure so graielul and t.o rare j and it was long lipfnro tho Jl.rffirnl.nl. Anna rnnll r.ci-,,n di.T nn rallilm, Tit.it, iI.m ntill nr, l.n.l t U n I .Di...i.n ,1 .. lila r-nitnt'v. nnrl fur tho freedom of ll3 llUlliail TBCe X bedepo-ited in the Department of State : but wo pre-1 example, his tevcrence for tlio laws of Peace, and for nnif. ih.,. will niTntnntit. nr-nm,..,n .. ii,a ,i,i . ... iim tn-West svninnthied of humanitv : in Peace, : r." Tn,? .nir v: already been passed, ln in that verv sword now tircsented to hi country Oth. Fnully, that such a law extends the pro a charm more potent than that attributed in ancient tcct'.ou of the Government to a class of citizens. times to the lyre of Orpheus. Frauklinl tne me- ..-hn thoutrh noor and unfortunate, ouirht nut for ICIl'IIIIC Ol Willi lUllUllc, iciLllllllj, ... v.... 3 under the shackles of indigence, the way to wealth, nml in ihn shade of obscurity the nalh to greatness; in Ihe maturity of manhood, disarming tne inunucr of its terrors. theliEhlnineof itsfatnl bleat, and wrest ing from the tyrant's hand the -till more afflictive of tms diy are planted in my memory, and many others whoso claims aro not less strong, that time ; that what was now called pay, was ... ,i .in ,1,.' i..i niiin of mv linit. Lmi ., tuvn l.nnn nrnennto.l from ll ;,, made un of what was foruierl v vau ami rations, Thesworci of Wasuimoios! The staffof Frank- t emsGive3 0f tlicrn or restrained by motives IIc hegged to call the attention of the gentle- .. I.L . .. U-. n:n.lnna ara lllllfl-fl III Mlln.1 .... . 1 . tn. . .n ti n ll, . f... ......v ... u .i,l. n .m.imtw Mlli.rAar.not Ilia I IHMIi U a. IU VI1IS lALI. Mr Meriwether said it was not to be suppos ed he (Mr M.) was ignorant of this change he had thoroughly investigated the subject un der consideration, and knew what ho was about, MrM. then went on with his calculations, and when he had finished, Mr Wiso made a long reply, in which ho dwelt with great warmth upon tho necessity o: an uicreat-e, instead ot a reduction, ot the INa the thunderbolt, the printtng-pres., anu ic i been in effect deprived of all the benefits of snare: u nai iiniiics iiru iin-ncin mo n-amr , , , ,.,i.;irt f ii, ,t i.n i... UriU li.ifininr nmiink nd Was line on ana "" L'mnL in Whn t ni hpr t wo men. w nose ves neiong nau inu cimuyiiiuul ui iiil-iii. to tho eighteenth century of Christendom, have led a 31!. That the Bankrupt Law is but the oser- deeper impression ot tncmseives upon too age in Clp0 of a henelicient power which the experi which mey iivuu.u.iu r' '.' " " v", ,;. " " enco of every commercial stale lias ascertain commission, 1113 iiniiunn, anu other prccioui memo- rials of Washington, which have been transforred from that Department to the halls of the Iational In- mute. MEMENTOES OF WASHINGTON AND FRANKLIN. In the House of Representatives, onTucs- day last, after tho transaction and disposal ! this cause, to bo beyond tho pale of its protec tion. One of tho changes in tho bill is the substitu. tion of a declaration nf insolvency according to Mm AM nl till, VVi inn llm I.V.m-11. ' 'hn of Bomo other business, Mr. Summciri, of ;tpr or opprohon : win lecieacen ame inw i u? v,e amendment provides that tho assignees shall be Virginia, roso and addrussiifl t!m limn M. 3tT.r ' ; ZV.ulr; ; Ti u Vra-llVi LTnin hi. appointed by a majority of the creditors. follows hnruI llic chertcrof independence, which he had con- No recommendation to include corporations ia .... l iriouieLi icj lurm, anu it'nacnn", irum mo ecu-v.curu uijujuuicu hi iu iuuuk. IllR. OPE iKER i 1 riSO for tllG ntirnntft nf fl rhrtr. nn tn lUa ml.iot mnnarAcnr Purnnp 111 An IVt. IIM.. n..Kn:nn 1 . 1, . : IntT ntl OIIICQ lilt runnt-tP(l With I ha nrilmnru hi.k . t. r ah. mnrn,.r;nl ...twt nf pnmiiipre. . . o - V . . 7 'I' ' . . Uiail-.il Ui ICIt-C, 11IU ll'-lt-UHOI w. .ww, . nro,l n Vn A lt 111 Til 11 flaitili a m. n it'uotj.m .1. 1.1 -i. ..... .1 a 1 -- il. .TI uilvM aJT t ivpLmHii, ""-.muy, 4 11 j o uatviu jjfr una ana me Binuiet oi proiccuon ana snitiy iu mu uiuuut j,.;;, ivi nnr,in r,. l ... i . val force. enna into a comparison of the Amer ican nnu Unti6h Wavy, and showing how the rnnfnrmfl hv thn Cnnptitntinn n.i tho Fpilflril mantimo lorce oi the Jatter power was amply w" J i r- e UOVCrnment uuinjjuirju. nui uui) iui uic ijiuicukuu ui uui 1th. That it will provent the enactment and .ad0 "irouguoui tne wor n, out enadleuiie nnoFjtlm, nf ndfig lnua " mmn nf ll. hsvn also to taKo possession ol islands anu tnainlani Bl.llluija wiiuiuici ujjj'ui tuiiiir iicat.iiiu i.cvi. anu the inducement was suthcient. wnen M W. closed, Mr McKeon, of New lork, submitted an amendment providing that no part of the sum appropriated should go to defray the expense of equipping anil Keeping up a turce on tne Aln- c&n coast, as contempiaicu in tno sin article o: the Treaty of Washington. 1 lie Uliair uccmcu tlio amendment out of or der. Mr Proffit, of Indiana, obtained tho floor, but was several times interrupted by Mr McKeon. The Chair decided that the gentleman from Indiana was entitled to the floor. But, Mr Chairman, said Mr McKeon. Mr Chairman, said Mr I'roffit. Both gentlemen continued in this position somo time, until the Chair decided, peremptori ly, that Mr Proflit had been recognized and ion tO intOtnir.t. for ft niOlllPnt. ihn rPfnilnr nrilur nf il.n n.iU...a nn f.n.n llm iiii.rnrnti1i.rril parliaiiieniatv nrorccdinrs. 1 cannot doubt thm ilm nim m.,t innrn.i.i. riiuniiinr Ami finally, in tinns. one as to the payment of the interest duo FirnmiRiti.in wlm-K I l,m n .. .11 .. . i. -.i. e L I .t. CM .:t f I. ..I: I- .1.- l i- i i .' v !' . .....v .w muuni ..in iiuo aa tuc mst pings ot my, wnn tuurscuic wihicib ujiwii ma i uiu i3im m.-u 11 iuc ui inuidiia utiuur 111c jaw OI ....,., ii.t ..i, uc uuununi. luau, under tno torturo ot an incurnu c uisease, rc- Mg(Jl, whicli was adopted. Mr. Sninutl '1'. Wnslilnotnn. n riti7rti n( kanint,.n turning to his native !and. closini? his davs aa the mi i ...n ,.n r.nA . county, in tho C.iiiimonwenlth of Virpinin, and ono clik-f migistroto of his adopted Comrnonwcnlili, afier T, . pri,i.n, r ,i, ti;,,, called out by the Chair, as no appeal was taken ot my consiiiuenis. 113 Itonori'd me wit 1 thcennun a contributine lv his counsels, unuer lie i-resiaency 01 1 , 1 . . ,!,,:.. 1 io,. of presenting In his name anJ on His behalf, to Wtirhingion, and recordingbis name, tinder lliesanc- "states transmit to tlio Henate copies of any pro. "m ' ""'"fa ""- ina uon;wss 01 the unile.l Statca, and through that lion of devout prayer tnvolted uy turn to uoti, to mat nest or remonstrance against tne rr.tiltcatioii or ... ... , ... body to tho People of the United .Stales, two most in. Constitution under theoulhorily of which we are hare il,n Ilritish Treat v unon tho riirhtnf Rparrh. unit Mr McKeon said he did not near tho uecis- tereating and valuable relics connected viiih the nnst nsjembled, as thclitpresentativesof tlio Norlh Amcr- .11 r-nrrnsnnndnnrn l,n furnl.lio,! in nnr... ion iimuiy ui mir luumry, ana wnn men wnosuacnicve- lean reopic, 10 rectue, 111 tueir name 11m iur mini .. ... .. - Jlr l'rolltlt then proceeded ! lie was som. he mcnle, uotn in tliu I11.IU and in tlio Cabinet, best I- iheto venerable rehca ot the wise, the valiant, anu tne .---jv- .. , , .. rrn v. Ynrlc itiml luitratc and adorn our annals. eood f.mndcis of our creat confederated Republic- The resolution lies over for one day. saiU 11 " tllQ ?on' e,mla lrom iNow. i.rk u.lecl iticsesacreu syinuois 01 our goiuenaje. uregim iuciio;i. j ins jjih was called tor , ,. r.. , , naill'il ailiann ttia arCniTCS 01 Our ...q n 11 llm hnnne nvnrnecA.I I... M I L. SUCt'ilU UU IIIB UrUllUSlllUll. UllU II UU Wttli:ili;U may. every American who hall ,d ' WQU,d eld ,h(J con3;,3oration of i.ja'VDI. clearly and was sharp, he might get the floor One is the sword worn by lieorco Washincton. first as a Colonel in tho Coloninl sriceof Virginia, hi I -"y 'y e uep forties's campaign ag.iinit thu French and Indiana, 'Ovcrnnient 1 and mt.A .rior...nF,l. .1,,.!.... .t.n ...u..i :..i..r . i . . I hereaftiT tiehotd tin ot lud ependenco aa Cunimoiider.iq.Cliicf of the. tiner lean army, It ia a plain routeau nr banger, wiihagrcen hilt and silver guard. On the tipper uard nf ihe scabbard i enjrnven "J. ISniloy, f'isli Kill." It ia accompanied by a hurkskin belt, which is secured hv a silver buck- la and claan, whereon are enaraven the letters " O, W."and the fijurea "1737," The are nil of the plaineft workmanship, but substantial, ami in keep ing with tho man and with the tiinca to which ibey b longed. The history of this sword is rf rfcetly authentic, and m eiaculata a minded offering of praise to that Supreme liuleroftheUniveiseby wnoso tender mercies our union nas Deen nitneriopreserveu tlirougn all tne vicissiiuues anu revolutions ot una mr cd question. leaves no shadow of ilnttht as to itsidentity. Tho last tirci j"Ae United States of America in Congrest at will and testament of George Washington, benrinu umlilii. That the lliankaof this Congress be' nreaent date on the ninth (lav of February, 1799, contains, I cd to Samuel T. Washinglon, of Kanawha county, niong a great variety oi ucrjuesls, tno following Virginia, Iur the pi i-Si!I ol I lie sword used by man after he (Mr P.) was done, although he was ifriirl llm rra nf latn i ti u'ftnlrl n nnn f In nroat Ala Mr Choate was ontitled to tho floor, and ad. ,j,nir.0Tr,.rii. i...,..i.ior m- i r,.., 1 . 1 ti t .1 I u kuu w-ui a uuuca.uaty ti a itwiiv Indent wurld, and of prayer for tho continuance of """cu u u m ruicreiitu luino jneriiH ot for a few minutes, when a motion was madi the blc?inga, by thedispensations of his l'tovidence, , amBiu maum ui um nuujou, inu lUBiiiuy oi twt tbo Committee rise. to our ueioveu. countty irom age to age, uu lime inuui;aijr iiiicn mo nuim ucjiui lo-jana MONDAY, rn.O. In the Senate on Mon. Bllllll I'C nv iiiwiu . IThe same tokens of approbation which had cd tho addrcaa of .Mr. Summers were cxhibiti ..I ..r I. A.ln...Qi. llii.il VI nil. .luania iciimiivai I . B, r. . ... ... .Mr. Adams conciuued by oiienng tno loiiowing - i"""" uuiiauuc r Archer moved a reconsideration of the resolution, which wa-iinanimously adopted t his ground with maps, documents, reports, treat- Voto bv which tho Oreiron bill was passed. The Mr Choate remarked, en passant, that ho eould not soe what tho Federalists of '03 or '43 had to tij with Hits subject. Mr C. adhered till Time horeaiy tines on ine iNorin westot i4Jand Monday, Feb. O.-In the Senate on Mon. u, rt V&J-a point domed by Mr Benton. He said day Mr Choate addressed tho Senate for the ited at ti e H" l,0"or'fulo1 fc,0!ltor (Vr B0 'W 1 le 'fealy purpose of noticing a gross misrepresentation changes tho boundary. I controvert the state- of his remarks in tho Globe. " lltsolctd by IhcSenatt and Hoiutof Ilcprcitnta- Clause I I tii!nr,,,ii rtnlitp ftrnrtrn Wnliill7tan. in lllA mil.tSri I it.a IrnMv nf 'Afl .ml If ll.n l.n-.!.. f MO I career of his early youth in the seven years war and ,,ave up wlial tlist claimed, he should believo t throughout the war ot the National Independence, f. uJl,,. i..i ,t : ....i.: . and l", ftm.il Washing, -d ?f .hostueaed by the patrtot, tatesman, - - Z w ln, I SliCiiuu HI HIP SWiJlllHUI CUIIieailX 01 WHICH I n,,u '"rli ""J" I i -ii lwuUv. i I - - - . ,, , , 7 I Tr, lirt nn.u manA . mn.i ilmu nrain .k. l n t. .i I ihaarrnis nf b rcptioiii n tlm Rnvotu hona r v war. Ithe Menator trom AllSSOllri liail aditnenil nriA All y aro nuned. These swords aro accompanied eorga wasniiigtoii. i nai tnese nrccmua reuca are ith an iiiiuncnon not lo unliraih thorn fur ih.nnr. hereby accepted in the nameof the Nationt that they paaanf shedding blood, CTCtpl it he lor self-defence. 1)15 deposited for safe-keeping in the Uepaitment of t r.l.n: . J I. I. . . ' Cl.lnf l),o llnila.1 Rial.. anil llinl a Aliw ff I Fill, in in ucii-uruui uit-ir i-uuiiiry nnu in ngntst ana, in i t ,.iu v,. ihnljtipr pn. tn kei n thnm nnhinilrl -n, I n,r. resolution, si'mcd bv ihe President of the benale and falling with them in their hande to tho relinquishment the Speaker of the House of Repieaentaiives, be trans thereof." mittcd to the said Samuel T. Washington." On motion nl. ilr. l uliatarro, tna anurcssaa oi .11 r. Summers and Mr, Adams were ordered to be enteied In the distribution of the swords bendy devised among tho five nrphews therein i numtraleo, the one naw prfsnled WI lo tho share nf Simtial Washing ton, the devisee last named in lh clause of the will Khiclt 1 have just read. This gentleman, who died a fuw years sine in tho tountv of Kanawha, anil who was the father nf Sam uel T, Washinglon, the donor, I knew well. I havo viii u svu inn iiim u in, in )iuci-c.iiih, nnrl reccivrn from himielf tho following ticeount nf the manner in which it became hia property in the division made amuiy the devisees: lie said (tint lio kni w it to nave nreen tne ame-arm f Otncriil Washington during the Itevolutionary war; not mat uscuon uccasionsnr paraueanu revuw, but 'the constant niricesuorilnC the creat chief t that bi had himself seen General Washington weir this ilrilical swnnl, be presumed, for the last lime, wlv n, in 1794, he revinwed ib Virginia and Maryland for mi t I!,-! conef-ntralc jni' 'ti nl'irlrnr) under the ''onir on the Journal, and copies of both transmitted to Mr. Samuel 1. wasnmgton. Mr. McKennan said that, afier. the doep feeling which had been elic'ned by the exciting scene just wit nessed, it seemed to him that the House was not pre pared immediately to onteragainon ihooraMnary bus iness of the session, lie movtd, thtrefote, that the House adjourn. Nn voice dissenting, the House adjourned. Tlio annexed letter, properly belong to the interesting sccnu which took placo in the IIoujo of Representatives on Tuesday : Copy of a letter from Samuel T. Washintoh, ae eampanying the Sieordand Cam prettnted la Con grin. CoAi'a Movtii. Kakwiia CorsTT. (Va.) ) ranmn-n IR-trt. ( motion was laid over to tho next day, mr l aiimauge iiiiroduceu n;s bill proposing his Kxchetiucr plan, and addressed the Senate, at length, in anablo explanation of it. lie bill was then passed over for tho present. several other subjects were taken up. after

I'l .l-O .J- J " men tno ouiiaio aujuurneo. tho House, several bills were reported du scintilla of proof that Ins position was correct. twS ie morning hour. Among them was ono iNeitlier book, letter, report nor testimony of !or ivunuaii against tne any kind favored his views, and no one who juugmeni outaineu against uim uy oiocKton anu knew the habits of search of tho Senator.could Stok0'' doubt that ho would have produced this tcali. The Houso went into Committee of tho moiiy 11 no coum nave done so. Whole, and spent tho day in discussion of tho Mr Clioate examined the treaty of John Jav. Wavy Appropriation UUI, on tho motion to re . . . I. ... 1, I I I . 1 . . . . ,1,,-a llm KAmnnnonliisn ,,f nftA Ilnf.,. Ull VIIUUI eulogy, treaty ui i 01 vyasninnion. tliatol tho n year. In retrard to the North Western llntm. Frn. 7. Scnato The t'eminn bill. nn,1 dary, the routo and privileges were tho same, largo number of other bills from the House of an 01 wiucn was auunuanuy provea by rarer- Representatives, were read a first and second enco to both. time and roferrcd. The bills wore both finallv . j Mr unoaio naving snonen at enns derab n passcu length, and wilh great e oquenco and research, Orffoii Question. This bill was before the air Jjonton rcjiunuu, aim mainiauieu again and isenato tills morning upon tho question of re The following aro the yeas and narn : Ates Messrs Archer, Barrow, llates, Bay. ard, Berrien, Calhoun, Conrad, Choate, Crafts, Crittenden, Dayton, Evans, Grahan, Hunting. ton, Kerr, McDuffie, Mangtim, Porter, Sim. tnons, Rives, Tallmadge, Spraguc, Wood- ridge 24. Nays Messrs Allen, Bagby, Barrow, Bu chanan, Clayton, Fulton, Henderson, King, Linn, McRoborls, Merrick, Moore, Pholps, Sovicr, Smith of Conn., Smith of (nd., Stur goon, Tappan, Waldor, Wilcox, Williams, Wright, Young 24. Private Expresses. The bill referring to the transmission of letters and newspapers by Pri vato Expresses, was the subject before tho Sen ate. A division of tho question was demanded, and the Senate decided that nowspapcrs should not be carried by private expresses. Yeas 11 Nays 25. Letters and printed matter were then pro hibitcd. Yeas 12 Nays 24. Mr Woodbury moved to exclude tho carry. ing of money without a letter from tho penal. ties iniposcu, anu 1.1c amenumcm vnt adopted, After which ihe Senate adjourned. House. Mr Fillmore submitted a rcsottt. tion, that tho debate upon the Navy bill shall eeaBO on Wednesday, at two o'clock, which was adopted. Mr Arnold then moved that the bill for the reduction of pay of members, etc., bo made the pecial order of tho day for Tuesday next. And the yeas and nays having been taken, the ucstion was decided in the affirmative. Yeas 131 Nays 01. After this Mr Summers, of Va. according to general expectation, presented the sword of Washington, and the cane of Franklin, of which a full account will be found in another column. I ho House then adjourned. Feh. 8. Senate. The Senate Chamber was tilled with a large audience, anxious tn witness the ceremony of the presentation of the Sword of Washington and tho Staff of Franklin, as presented in tne House of Retire sentatives. Tho C'erk of tho House appeared with tho proceedings of the House crowinir out of the reception of Washington's Sword, the Cane of Franklin, and resolution of thanks to the donor for the gift. The Sergeant.at-Arms of tho House of Representatives bore the Sword and Staff, and placed them in the hands of tho President of tho Senate. .Vr Archer moved that the Resolution be considered at once and made some brief remarks appropriate to the occasion. Ho stated tho history of the word very succinctly, adopting the remarks of Ur bummers, ot the House ot Representa tives, to whom ho paid a just compliment for the handsome manner in which he had presen ted the venerable relics entrusted to his care. As a further mark of respect for tho venerable memorials, on motion of Mr Archer, the Sen ate adjourned. House, the Sword nf Washington. On motion of Mr Taliaferro, it was resolved that twenty thousand copies of the full journal of the proceedings of the House yesterday, on the presentation ot tho Sword ot Washington, be printed for distribution by the mombo's of this House. On motion of jUr Tlrigg", the journal of yesterday was amended bv inserting thereon tho letter from Mr S. T. Washington to the Hon. Mr Summers. The Navy Appropriation Bill was then taken up as in Committee of the Whole on the state of the Union. Mr Holme?, being entitled to the floor, offered a resolution to the effect that all appropriation bills belaid aside, and that a committee bo appointed to report on the best modo ot resuscitating the nuances and bringing the expenses of the government to tho scale of the national income. Mr ll. consumed his hour in support of this proposision ; advocating free trade and other South Carolina doctrines. and casting the imputation upon the Whigs of Having neglected their duty. Mr White ol Indiana, replied and advocated the principles m.vntainnd by the Whig party, and pointed out the ill effects of those cherished upon the side of their opponents .nr. 1'illmore conhncd his remarks to the bill, and said that the ap propriations contained in it wero less by 81,- 42U,0-26,71i than the estimates. The hour of two having arrived, the Committee took the vote upon the amendment to reduce the par of the otlicersol the iNavy twenty per rent. I he re sult was, ayes 74, noes 82. So it was rejected An amendment was adopted to place the liur. eau of Clothing in charirc af a captain of the navy. Mr Fessenden offered an amendment lo the effect that no person shall hereafter serve as Chief of the Bureau of Medicine and Sur gery who has not seen five years of service, I lie amendment was carried by acclamation. Various other amendments wore adopted, after which the bill was rclerred to the House. Mr King wished to address the House, but as a friend of tho Navy, and in order to hasten ac linn upon the bill, moved the Previous Question 1 he amendments ot the Lomniitteo were con curred in by the House, and the bill ordered to ho engrossed. Mr Merriwether moved to re commit tho bill to the Committee of tho Whole, with instructions to reduce tho pay of tho ofii cerB20 per cent, (the amendment before voted down in Committee.) Mr Wise moved the Previous Question in the midst of Mr Merri wether's preparations for a speech upon his amendment. .Mr .u. deemed that lie Had been unfairly kept out of his speech, and complain cd. A debate of an exciting character grew nut of this question, which was got rid of by the passage ot the Bill. Feb. 9- In Senate, today, Mr Barrow, from the Committee on Commerce, reported a bill to provide fur the improvement of the Mississippi and its tributaries. The bill to establish agencies in the State of Kentucky and Missouri, for tho inspection and purchaso ol water-rotted hemp, was advo cated by Messrs. Bayard, Crittenden, More head, Linn and Buchanan, and opposed by Messrs. Mcliuflie, King, Woodbury, Uaghy nd bevier : and alter the adoption ot amendment of Mr B.igby, providing that the domestic hemp shall not be purchased at a higher price than tho foreign can be obtained for was ixisseJ . Yeas 27. Navs 17. The Pension bill from tlio House, and the bill to prevent the employment of private ex presses upon mail mutes, were passed. A variety of private business was disposed of, and the Senate adjourned. In the House, Mr Reynolds, from the Select Committee on tno subject, reported a bill au thorizing tho adoption of measures for tho occupation and settlement of Oregon Terrilo ry : referred to Committee of the Whole on the Union. The Senate bill on the same subject was subsequently received and referred to the Com mittee on Foreign Affairs. Mr Warren, trom the Committee on Claims, mado a report urging tho necessity of a clerk for that Committee. The House refused to allow it, by laying the report on the table. The special order the consideration of bu siness relating to the District of Columbia- occupied the remainder of the day. Several bills wero passed in Committee of tho Whole, and reported to the liouso Snain and Prance, both of which nations clnimad tho couniry from their discovery and settlements along ine( inissiaiippi. in ine ( oiner nanu. ureal iirnnin claims that one of her navigators discovered a portion of the country prior to tho diseovery of the Columbia by us; and although she did not follow up thediscov ery by exploration and settlement, she claims the rinlit to mint ana trade in ine country, cue also contends that she derived the right thro' a treaty with Spain in iiw. i Various efforts havs been made to adjust tho con flicting claims nf the two nations, all of which have failed. In 1617, an arrangement was made, which has lasted until this time, giving Great llritain the privi lege of hunting and trading in lha Territory ; and we were not to take possession, and exercise exclusive jurisdiction, uithoulftrtl git in a year's notice. Those wno oppose ine did, say wo are bound in goon latin to give 1110 year s notice 1 wnuc .Messrs. iientom and Iitujr, its warmest advocates, declare that En gland has already taken possession of the country, and exercises jurisdiction, and that wo are not bound by the contract already forfeited by her. If an offence is committed, tho offender is tried and punnhed by Knclish laws. It is also asserted that American hun ters are not safe in the country. Large numl crs have disappeared or been Killed witnin a lew years past; and il is supposed that the Indians arc excited tn bos tility asainst our people by British agents. Wo are therefore justified, under these circumstances, in tak- 'ng complete possession of tho country, without giv ing tne vear s nonce. Should this bill pass, as we hope it may. the coun try, under its liberal nrovWnns. will he Rented raniillv Already, emigrants from Missouri are taking up their march toward the setting sun. Tho Methodists have a missionary station there, and many of our citiicns may recollect the Itov. Mr. Lee, who visited this city livn nr thru years affn. accompanied hv two Flathead Indians. He has since returned to tint counlry. and nas a noiinsning settlement on tno ivannmeite river. Tlio climateis one of the most delightful in the world, the soil rich and productive, and game at undant. FRIDAY MORNING, FEBRUARY 17, 1313. THE VAN BUREN DEFAULTER. Tlio subjoined letter was written in ohe diencc to a resolution offered by Mr. Board man of Connecticut, in the House of Rep rcscntativos of the United Slates. It gives a clear and full statement of tho defalcation of Jesse Hoyl, lalo collector of tlio Port of New York. Mr. Hoyt was appointed col lector by Martin Van Buren. immediately after S-inniol Swartwort, who was appointed by General Jackson, had absconded from tho sanio post and port, in consequence of a still larger defalcation. Theso aro the only two cases of defaulting collectors, under our Government, at tho Port of Now York , and the case of Jesse Hoyt serves to show how utterly ineffectual nro all the arrange ments of the bub t reasury net, with its vaults of stono and iron, and its heavy penal enactments, to ensure tho safe keeping of tho public money. So lone as tlio funds f tho Government were in tho custody of National Bank not a cent was lost of the illions colloctod,or received in deposil,'and aid out on demand to the public creditors, nd for public uses by that institution. When wilt the lessons of experience, multi plied, and various, and perfectly conclusive, prove available against the frilso pretences f party and the importunate clamor of de magogues? As to tlio political effect of this letter, tho peoplo will hold Martin Van Burcn responsible for Hoyt's defalcation, inasmuch ns the last named personage has published a pamphlet in which ho says his course was expressly approved by Van Buren, and the corrraponclenl of tlio New York Express savs it is well Known at wasmngton that Van Burcn was constantly in the habit of ovcruling Mr. Secretary Woodbury's decis ions in this matter, and treating him and his letters with tho utmost contempt. OJJkcr of the Solicitor of the Treasury, ) uiioate examined tlio treaty of John Jay, 111 av appropriation uuii on tno motion 10 re. 10m he pronounced a high and beautiful ''uco the compensation of officers. Before any y. Tho treaty of Jay was precisely the vo,e WIa taIion on t,,is motion, the Committee, of '42 of Washington, that of tho past rose, and the Houso adjourned. again his positions against Mr Webster and tho treaty. The subject of the Oregon Bill was not alluded to, or but most distantly, and no one cnuld have known anything of the subject from tho character oj the debate. Mr Benton, in concluding his remarks, was considering tho voto by by which tho bill was passed un Friday. Tho closeness of the vote excited a good deal of interest. Tho result of tne voto was for a time doubtful, and the yeas and nays had to bo twice read to satisfy Sena. tors unit. 1 uu vtue nau not been announcod III OREGON TERRITORY. This vast region of country, extending west of the uocKy mountains to ine I'acinc ocean, occupies this nine a considerable share of oublic attention. bill (introduced by Mr. Linn, of Missouri.) for its oc cupulion and settlement, has been for several days the subject of animated discussion in the U. S, Senate. 11 auiuonzei me 1 rcsiueni to estatiiisn a cnain military posts from some point nn the Misaouri a Arkansas rivers, llirounh ihe heart of Ihe Territoi to the mouth of the Columbia 1 and also directa that grantaof land shall be made, of six hundred and for ty acres to every white male inhabitant, aped rishteen years and upward, who ahall settle and occupy the same iur nve yeara j one nunareu anu sixty acres lo his wife, and tbo same to each child who aball be born wilhiu the five yeara aforsaid. Agents aro to be ap pointed to superintend the interests of the United Stales with all the Indian tribes, and tho jurisdiction of Ihe Courts of Iowa Territory, are to be extended throughout Ihe wholo rceion thus brinein" the whole territory west of the Mississippi under the immediate jurisdiction 01 ino.uniied stales. Many dilltcnltirs have arisen in the way of effect in thu passage of this bill. It is settled that we have a rijhi to colonize and Rovcrn the country having first discovered the Columbia river, , which eives us a claim to all Ihe territory watered by it and its branch es. The discovery has been fallowed by exploration nr anu 1 laise, wmcn strenRineus and con- taposition. They have removed to another portion of tho Hall. His Whig rootn-matu has changed his lodgings, and this has been done silently, and calmly, and without con cert, every individual, ns if from instinct, simultaneously avoiding tho man who could summon the wicked deliberation to commit (his oulrago upon them, upon n confiding par ty, and above all, upon himself.'' Who envies the wretched man the enjoy ment of tho thousand dollars he is said to havo received for his treason ? January 7, 1810, Sir : I have received the resolution of tho House of Representative?, " That the Secreta ry of the 7'reasury bo directed to communicate tn this House the amount of the defalcation of Jesse Hoyt, late Collector of the port nf Now York, and also what means, if any, have been adopted for tho recovery of the same, together with the names of the sureties of said Hoyt," and, in reply, have the honor to state, that it appears that Jesse tloyt executed three bonds to the United states during the period he con inucd in olhcc : the first nn the Sid March, 183S, in the penality of 5150,000, with Hubert MrJimscy. Lewis M. 7iiurston, Lorenzn Hoyt Jesse Oakley, Thomas J. O.ikly and Simtiel Jnnos, sureties ; the second on 30: h November, IS'33, in the increased penalty of 5200,000 with the same sureties as on the firt bond ibis bond superseded the first : the third on 14lh December, 1839, in the penalty of $200,000, with 1 haddeus 1'helps, suietv. 1 Ins bond was required in addition tn the proceeding one. Cop les ol these several bonds are herewith en closed. The amount of the defalcation of Mr. Hoyt, as late collector of the port of Now lork, ap pears, from the adjustment of his accounts by tho Auditor and Comptroller of the Treasury, to be S22f),'i9j 31. Of this amount, it appears that 810,247 21 accrued previous to thu exe cution of the bond of 14th December, 1531), nu suit has been instituted in the United States Circuit Court for the Southern district of New York against Mr. Hoyt and his sure, ties to his second bond, dited 30th November, 1839. For the remainder, 8210,043 07, suit has been instituted in the same court againit Mr, Hoyt and the sureties on tho same bond, and also the surety on the bond af 14th De cember, 1839. These proceedings were com- menced on the 20th February and 9th of April, 1S41. and the stills have been continued from term to term, at the instance of the defendants. The district attorney, in his reports of proceed, ings at November term, 1842, which ended on the 10th ultimo, states that " theso suits were put off for the term, upon the defendant's ap. plication, and an affidavit of Jesse Hoyt, setting forth that, since access had bcon alla-vej hitn to papers in the custom house, his chief clerk had been constantly at Philadelphia, as a wit ness on the part of the United Slates in certain seizure cases." In addition to tho suits above mentioned, measures have been taken to cause the distri butive share of Jesse Hoyt, as late collector, of the proceeds of certain goods seized by his di rection at New York, Philadelphia and Haiti more, fur violations of tho revenue laws, and recently condemned as forfeited, to he applied in payment of his debt to tho United States. What this aharc will amount to it is impossible yet to ascertain, the marshal not having com pleted the sales. It will, however, be consid. crable, the marshal having alroady reported sales to tho amount of near 8100,000. The right so to apply this fund is controverted by peasons claiming it under a deed of trust for the indemnity of his sureties on his official bonds : but as the subject of the trust is indirectly lo .a . 1 ' : 4 1 .1.-4. tt7Tho Montpelicr Patriot thinks w ought to condemn tho Bankrupt Law be cause tho popular voice demands its repeal. Did our neighbor change his opinion of Mr. Van Buren, or Gen. Harrison, or of tho principles and party which each of them supported because tho peoplo condemned tiio ono and elected tho other 1 Or will ho withdraw his confidence and support lrom Vermont Locofocoism because the people of tho stato have " repudiated" it for twelve successive years, and never have pronounc ed a single verdict in its favor 1 Wo nre sumo nol. Wo entertain hardly a doubt (hat ho will still have the hardihood to sus tain his own parly and tho principles they support, notwithstanding thry have repeat' odly been condemned by tlio popular voice Whulevcrhis professions may be, wo think his practice will prove him to bo quite as reluctant as we nro to regulate his opinions by the " vox popitli." f?An Election look placo in Massachu setts, last Monday, to fill the vacancies in the congressional delegation. Wo have not received sufficient returns to judge of tbo re sult. Wo presume, however, Mr. Parmen ler is elected, in the fourth district. In tho second (Mr. Saltonstall's) and in the third (Mr. Cusliing's) theru is probably no choice. Wo have no returns from the Worcester district, but hope Mr. Hudson is elected. ACADEMY OF SCIENCE AT PARIS. At a meeting of the French Academy of Science, at Paris, in December last, among the papers read by the different members, wero several communications of whicli brief accounts aro given in the annexed extracts, taken from late French papers furnished for the National Intelligencer, by the intelligent Paris correspondent of that journal. Tuc Kiow or Water in small fifes. A report was made by M Iteanault upon somi' experiments by M. Poiseuille. repeciina the laws which influence the llnw of witer UiroiiLili very sin ill lubes. I he result of threuexperinient", which appear to have been con- ilucieil ith greit sKill and care, is that, wiih a per fect equ i.i.y in temperature dens ty, an.l pressure, tha How is in uirect proportion wnn tne lengtii 01 ins tube ". A IS f w Jobrnev to the Sovncr.s or the Nile. -n account wns laid befiirelhe nieinbets of ihe sec ond lournov of Mcsts. d' Annuel an Ha'nlicr to lha sourcesof the Ailc, in 1311 anil l?4i, by the western branch, nr While Nile. Thevnvasjeon Ihe Nile from Kartouiu wa 10 a distance o jUJ leii"iic. I ne trav ellers attained the -lib des. 42 minutes of latitude, al most under the meridian of C'tirn, shovi in? the error ofaccounls as to the direction of ihe White Nile. They saw no mountains, allhnifli what arc called the Moun tains uf the Moon are traced on nil the maps of the 5th to the 7lh dearee of latitude. The bifurcations found by these gentlemen are formed by islands only, and there are immense mir-lies. The inhabitants are, reported to bo very numerous, of i pixcifio diameter, varying in race, languase, anu pnysiognomy. Soma areof n bronze color, wiih soft hair. In one of ihe tribes the men are armed with lmres of more than 12 feet in length, the iron heads forming neatly a forth of their mcnsiiro. In another tribe the moon is their deity i if ensaged in combat, they leave ofT the mo ment that the moon rises. Messrs. d'Arnaud and Sa batier, when in the dominions of the Kins of the Ue hrs. found there various articles of the merchandise of India. The color or the bones or livino animus as ir rccTED av rooD. December 2G. The sitlini of this day was of much interest, as well for the varied na ture of the papers which were rend, as for ihe discus sion which took place tipnn different subjects. On of them was on the experiments of M, Klourens on the bones of animals. Ths ircnlleman, whn has trono more min itely into the subj'ecl lhan nnyprcced ing naturlist aclins upon theknown fact that ifan an imal he fed for a longlh nf time upon food of a parlie ular color, that color will he imparted to the boues, has made various experiments, all of them ciceed tncly curious, with a view 10 ascertain tho extent to which this nbsorp'ion of color can becaried, and how far it may serve to indicate theprocpss of nature in Ih ilcvelopement of the osseous siructure. In examin ing the lesulls obtained, microscopic observation is necessary. Medicinal virtce or Oak dark. A communica tion from M. Morisset, nn tlm virtue nf ihe decoclion nf oak hark in various disease? for which it has nol hitherto been u'eil, was next read This gentleman slates that this is a valuable remedy in cases ot en cysted dropsy, in rc.lematnns affections nf tne limbs, and for the obhtera'.ion of ihe herniary sack in young persons. The tall or another Meteoric Stone in Francs. The next communication was from M. Vuillemain, nf Kpinal, on an rcrolit, which fell on the Glh innt., at hall-past six in ihe niornine, in ihe environs of Lan gres, the s'.y being at the time unnhsrurcd by clouds, and the thermometer standing at G degrees centigrade below zero. At ibis moment the skv became sudden ly illumined as bv a near flash of lightning. This light having ceased, it was succeeded two minutes af terwards by a noise resembling lhat of .1 loud clap of thunder. A rumbling noise indica'ing the passage of the aerolite followed, and continued for 30 seconds, in the direction of north to south, but 11 was lmpnss bio lo say at what nrcciso spot the acrohtu touched tha carlh, us its light was, in thenpinnn of M V Icmaio extinguished as soon as it reached our alniosihere. 110 minus, nowever, mat 11 win not be very dillicult to discover it, as, from the nois with which it was at tended, it must havo been ofconsiilerablo volume, nrl adds that he has already received some information on tne simject lrom some peasants who taw it fall, and imagine that they can point out to him almost tha precise spot. He informs the Academy that ha Kill communicate to it the result of his researches. the debt due to the Government will ultimately be effected. With erest respect your obedient servnt, CHARLES B. PENROSE, Solicitor of tho Treasury, THE MILLENIUM. The following letter fiom parson Miller is going the rounds of the papers. If his pre dictions are not more correct tlion his gram mar, wc should'nt wonder if the world should continuo tu wag along a few days boyoud "tho liinu of the end," as ho bus fixed it. Hs Dear llrother IlimesiAi the request of numerous friends, I herein transmit to ihcm, through you, brief statement of facts relatno 10 the many stories with which the public are humbugged, by ihe pulpit, press, an I bar-room declamations, concerning ihe principles 1 advocate,,and the management of my worldly con cerns. My principles, in brief, are, lhat Christ will come again to this earth cleanse, purify, and lak (losscssion oi me same, wnn an 111s sainia, someiims ictiveen March 21, 1 8-13, and March 21, 1S. J havs never, for tho space of more than twenly-ihree years, had any oilier timo preached or published by me. I have never fixed on any mon ill, day nr hour, between that time. I have never found any mislakem reckon. ' in;, summing up, or miscalculation. 1 have made no provisions for any other time. I am perfectly satisfi ed lhat lliSLE ia true, and is the Word or God ; and lam confident, 1 rely whollyon that blessed book for faith in ibis mailer. Iam not a I'ropliel ; I am nol sent to prophesy, but to read, believe and publiai, what God has inspired the ancient Prophets to tnWn- isier 1111111 u, in inu iuoiiiirei( ill iuc J u anu ptW accotnnliah the same thintTi it is supposed that I,, 7 - ,, j. .1 . . "ici Hum u., in um I'mi'iitnio in uiuuuiim lift! Ihe application 01 tnis mnu m mc payment tu Testaments. These have been, and now arc, myprin cip'es. alio 1 uupu 1 Mian never re asiMiiica ot. Hem. as in wuriuiy cares, 1 nine una but very fi-vi fof The Social Doom of a Political Tiuit ob. The Indiinopolis Journal says: "Not n Whig member of either branch of the Gun- nral Assembly holds intercourse wiih Mr. wants. Ihaveiiofundsor'debisdueircofanyamount. Kelso in word or look. Tho scat which he occupies in tlio Snnt has been deserted by I . - I I 1 I ... I. Ill iwf ivu yea IB pai 4 uaveuau a wne anu rifilll cuiurant Ihaegreat reason to believe they re all thechildres. of God, and believers in tho same doctrine nth my. self. I own a small farm in Low Hamptm, jy yt My ftmily upport theniseUes upon it, ani I believe they nro oleemed fr gal, lempeiate and industrious. They use hospitality wiihout grudgin, and ner turn a pilgrim fiom the house, nur tilt needy from their door. I bless God my family nv J'noolentand kind to all men who need iheir sympuhy or airt 1 have no cares to manage, except myown individual " I owe no man any thing " 1 have upended mora F than 2000 dollars of my properly in trelve years, bt-m sides what God bis given me thrcucli Ihe dear is this cause J Yours reyclfulv,