Newspaper of Burlington Free Press, February 24, 1843, Page 2

Newspaper of Burlington Free Press dated February 24, 1843 Page 2
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TO It El (3 N7 The Acadia arrived nt Boiton on Satur day, in 14 days from Liverpool. The lopici of chief interest, Inch occupy the latest papers, sire thn opening of the si's lion of Parliament, which took place on tin thirdthe Queen's speech, which, on account f tho personal situation of her Majesty, was dwliverd liy commission, and t tic debutes to which tho speech had given riir. In lliu Hnusu of Lords, the address was moved hy the Karl of Puwu, and seconded by the E.iil of Clinton in noal speeches, in which the policy of the administration on tho various points alluded to in tho speech was reviewed. The Marquis of Lansdownc fol lowed, and mado some exceptions to parts of tho speech, anil certain points of ministe rial policy. He found fault with the Ameri can treaty, in regard both to the boundary, mid the question of search. He alluded al in in terms of censure to the corn law of the Inst session, and to a passage of the speech roliting to the affairs of China. The Duke of Wellington replied, on all the points, both penkers complimenting in high terms Lord Ashburlon, and tho Duke expressing the opinion that tho ariangemenl ho hud made wit "most satisfactory to the country.' Lord Brougham followed, in vindication of the American treaty, which ho considered not only satisfactory but of great importance to the interests of ill's country, and to the inter ests of mankind at large. Ho dwelt also at length on the question of search and on the flairs of tho east. Tho Earl of Auckland, Lord Colchester, Lord Ashburlon, and sev ml others followed in tho debate, which was continued until three o'clock in the morning, Tho address was agreed to and ordered to be printed. The Duke of Wellington gave notice that on the 14th lie should submit a motion for the thanks of the House to the Naval and Military officers and men engaged in theser vice in China and on the ICth, a like mo tion in regard to the officers and troops con cerned in the military operations in the East Indies, including the Governor General. He stated that in tho mean lime the papers relating to the tr insactiuns in those countries would he laid on the table. In tho House of Commons, the address was moved by Viscount Courtney, and seconded by Mr. W. 1. S. Mills. Mr. C. Wood fol lowed, and alluded particuhuly to tho Amer ican Treaty, and to the question of search, as it is spoken of in the President's Annual Message. He alluded also to the Corn laws nd tho statu of the Exchange. f, r. i i ... oir tiouert reel replied, n o can give room to a part only of what ho says in ref erence to the treaty, and the question of earch and visitation. He said The honorable gentleman referred to tho treaty lately concluded between litis country and the United aunt, lor liio regulation u! tiienoiiniiary question tic twien Canada nod the Slate of Mnine. nnd 'he lion orabUgentlennn slid very truly lhat lho possession of few hundred squire miles, more or less, was ol Utile imparlance com, urea witn tne adjustment us tween the two eo.i'itries of ilifl'tciillics of Inns cnutitt uance (liffieulties which, if nut amicably settled, lefl little hops for the preservation of peace. I am clad of thn frank approval s j fir iifllio boundary in question, tnd I hope i 'hall be able to show to the house and 10 theeountry, tun ineccuntiy minder ihogrraicstoii ligations to tlie noble Lord, who had retired from the turmoil of noluieal life. but. influenced bv a fenso of publie duty, left the repose of private life lor the single purpose of contributing in the adjustment of this dif ficult question h-ar, hear. I Impe I shall be alilu lo how. if quest one I here, ns it Ins oeen questioned out of ihe hous", nar this treatv fives, nevertheless. every necussiry security to our .nriu .American prov inccs, though it docs nol give us all that e were just lr entitled to expect. Hut cnnsidi'ting I tie unceriain tjr that arose from the conviction on both Miles! iustire of iheir rcsnceiivn cliiins. I do think o nhole. that theTlnttitinn of the disputed territory, om hilf to the Uniti.il Slates and one half to this couutrv, our military communications having been preserved, the adjustment being on the whole mure f.ivorable than that proposal by the Kins of the Netherlands and to which at the I mo we enpres'-ed our readiness to agree, nn I seeing ihat in 1S30 ihe holile forcesal most came to a conflict nn thn subjivr, I say, taking all these things into consideration, I hope I thnll be able to show, that we have acted consistently with the honor and interests of the country in ratifying that convention. In Am-rici.as here, there nte par ties tryinr; to obstrurt it hear, hearl. .Mr. Webster ii taunted in America because he receded from his ex treme position when he saw tbcro una no other way f rnmintf loan amicable settlement. Here the treaty ia called the Ashburlon enDituI ition, but I hope the good sense of both countries will rccugnie tho policy i maintained wiiiiuui cniiangcrinii inu cuic a socretary of attt in the United Stales, to hillcte that if doctrines so impor'ant as those advanced in the despatch could he questioned, it would havebten permitted to remain fourteen montha unanswered and unacknowledged, had it been thought wise to contest those principles hear, hear. Tho debate was continued by Sir Robert Peel on the other topics, and ho was follow- d by Lord John Ilussell, Sir Charles Na pier, Air. Wallace, Lord blarney, Lord i'lil mcrston and several others. Lord Palmers- ton expressed his intentions of bringing the American treaty before the House by a spe cific motion. Tho address was unanimously voted, and tho committee ordered to report Sir Hubert Peel brought up the papers connected with tho American treaty, which were ordered to lie on the table. On the 3d, Lord Coiirtcnny brought up tho report of tho address in the House, and further debate arose upon it, which was continued by several members, when the ddress was agreed to, nnd it was ordered to ho nrcscnted to the Queen hy such of (ho members as arc of the Privy Council. In the course of this day's debate, Sir Robert Peel, in reply to a question put to him in re- ird to the corn laws, said that he did not nt present contemplate any alteration in those laws and the impression on his mind was, that the ptcscnt law was better than any other that had been proposed ; but he was not disposed to bind himself by anticipation to an adherence to any particular law. The session of the French Chambers was opened by a speech from the King, Jan. 9. It is short, and pacific in its (one. We have not room tor it to-uay. It states tliat the good humor prevailing among tho powers, has strengthened the repose of the East, and procured in Syria for the Christian popula tion the establishment of an administration conformable to their religious f.iith and their wisdies. The King deplores the disturban ces which have lately agitated Spain. Ho says that by the occupation of the Marquesas Islands he has secured to French navigators in those distant seas a protection and refuge, of which the necessity has been long felt. Sir Chdiles Metcalf is appointed Govern or Oencrnl ol Ciuaua. It is said that lie will leave Liverpool with his suite, in the steam ship Columbia, on the 4th of March. Aa aoon aa tha alarm was titan, the Mayor and I Mercers I have partly spoken t and willontradj. nn-uibu of the Common Council, the Sheriff of the thai Ihe name of the murderer is Singleton Mercer, county, together with the city police, fireman, hook and ladder companies, repaired in me spot, accom panied by a vast eoncourae of citizens. Vigorous preparation! wero immediately commenced for re moving the osrlh above the ruins of the house a which were overwhelmed, and before the lapaeof an hour levctal persons wero taken out alive, and thn bodies of several olhera in whom life waa extinct. The work of excavating was prosecuted without intermis sion for several hours, and the following dead bodies taken out, according to a list prepared by order of the Common Council t ' Mrs. Mnihew Grennin and child. Mra Willianm Uraicll and two chilldren. Michael Dunn. Thomas Kcely and wife. F.dward Dumbleton a tad. A Child of James Caldwell. Two children of Daniel E. Day. Miss Ann Wilbcr. A child of Mrs. Oardner. Miss Jane Sanford in all ftftttn. Tho following persona were taken out ilir : Mra. Kilfoile one arm broken. A chiM of 7.. P. Uirdaall. Jane McCollom. Mrs. fiardner. Two children names not ascertained. James Harnett and wife. , Mrs. Dunn is missing supposed to be buried in the ruins. Tho scenes which occurred during the exhumation of the living and dead defy all description. Mr. flirdsa II and his wife, who occupied one of the houses destroyed, were both absent from home at Ihe time of the disaster, having left their children in the charge of n sister of Mrs. II. They returned while Ihe workmen were r ngageit in excavating ine earin above their dwelling, nnd were rendered almost fran tic by lho sight of Ihe terrible calamity which had overwhelmed them. One of their children with the sister of Mrs. H, were finally rescued alive. Other scenes, highly distressing to their character, also oc curred ; but of which it is impossible to five a detail ed description, Mrs. Ktlfoile, an aged lady, who was rescued about 8 o'clock, was enabled to hold communion for some timo previous to her extrication, with those who were engaged in the attempt to save her, and was so exhausted lhat she could only articulate "water," winch was handed to her by those without. Too much praise cannot bo awarded lha Mayor, Common Council nnd other cits officers i to the High Sheriff, Mr. Richmond, to the firemen and members of ihe hook and ladder companies, and to numerous other citizens, for the energy and persever enee with which they exerted themselves to rescue their follow creatures from a lingering death. Wo are informed that the ownerof Ihe land on which ihe alide occurred, had frequently forbidden persons to lake a war the earth from the hill, being fearful of a catastrophe like that w hich has happen ed. Rut his orders were disregarded, and the conse quence has been the loss of life to fifteen human be in's, nnd the destruction of a large amount of prop er! v. Toprevent tinnccesjary alarm in ihcmtnds of per sons nt n distance who have friends in Ihis cily we will slate that no oilier ran of the city but that whi. h has been overwhelmed, is liable lo a similar disaster. The larger poition of Troy being built up on n level plain, nnd the centre of Ihe population be ing from half n mile to n mile from ihe scene of the late melancholy occurrence. Tho common Council have acted promptly for ihe relief of the sufferers. Al a special meeting held last evening at 9 o'clock, on the call of his honor lho Mayor, committees were appointed lo provide medical nttendence, relief, Ac. for the sufferers, nud for the burial of the dead. The Hoard adjourned to mret at the scene of Ihe dis aster at 9 o'clock Ihis morning. Thn following additional particulars we extract from the Evening Journal of Satur- for lho put two or three years a clerk in the atom of Carson cV Newbold, South Wharves, nol ycl ttitnty ytari of agi, fond of society nnd tho world. The murdered, Hutchinson Ilebetton, was the son of lho late Dr. Heberton, an estimable man, and who died possessed of great wealth. Ho is also related to the Messrs. Hebcrtons, Merchants, Mather Ncrvklrk and numerous other wealthy and respectable citizens. He was about 2(5 years of age, B feet ten inches, and considered one of the handsomest young men in I'hiinaeipnia. lie formerly woro a mustache, but had it shaved off on Wednesday last. He resided with his widowed mother, Ann Hebcrlon, Ninth street, near Arch, where his lifeless body was con veyed on Saturday nfiernonn about 4 o'clock. Young Mercer wan taken by tho Sherifl' of Glou cester county to the Woodhurv inil. to await his trial for the dreadful deed ho has committed, about t o'clock yestcrdnv, accompanied by two cousins and an attorney, no appeared pcncctiy cairn and col lected. There arc variousrumora afloat in connexion wilh ihis tragic occurrence, and the reputation of the dctd Heberton i but I think I hnve narrated oil thnl can hcof interes', and which I bclievois strictly correct. No exertion, on mv narl. has been soared to ferret out the whole affair; and where such universal ex citement exists, as does both in this city where the parties all belong, as in Camden, whose shore was the scene of the unfortunate event, it is impossible to de rive a more authentic statement. Tho verdict of the Coroner's Jury has not yet been made public. Heberton's funeral will take place to-morrow (Monday) at 2 o'clock P. M. from his mother's resi dence. It has been said that the nbove occurrence was one of 'awful retribution )' and that it is such, all who know the parties will readily admit. Heberton has been proclaimed the seducer of a young and virtuous girl, blasting her fair fame, and destroying the peace nnd happiness of a hitherto respectable family. This, truo though it be, did not justify the shedding of his blood. Hut tho whole affair is one of 'awful ret ribution' throughout. The period has nol been long since tho very of fence for which Heberton has been violently sent into eternity wns actually committed hy his murder er, Singleton Hall Mercer, upon the person of a poor friendless servant girl in Ihe family of his aged nnd respected parent-, but which, for lho consideration of some three hundred dollars, was quietly hushed up. ' Awful retribution,' indeed I No outinged brother nppcared upon the Blase in this case, to avenge Ihe wrongs of a poor and unprotected servnnt girl. No sympathy was excited, no cry of ' satisfac tion' was raised, and lho money usually exacted bv the u.irdians of the Poor for the maintenance of illegitimate children, was ficcly paid in the case allu ded to. Thus you have the character of the parlies plain ly stated, and il'evcr there was nn ' awful retribution,' it has been most fearfully realiicd. As I have before said, the parlies are wealthy move in the highest circles and altogether it is one of ihe strangest nnd boldest transactions thai have been recorded for years. In making the nbovc expose, I do nothing I nt what is publicly known nnd talked of; tar I c it from nieto inflict any farther wound upon the feelings of ihe already agonized relations of the two parlies ; hut I no most earnestly tnvo'.e mat justice uc done lo all. Let not any mawkish and mistaken svmnathv be enlisted on either side. The verdict of tho Coroner's Jurv was 'Wilful Murder.' nnd Sincl ton Hall Mercer wns nceodln'dv committed by Justice Harrison, of Camden, lo nn- swer tne charge ol murder in the first degree. Du nne the examination of the prisoner, Ferdinand W, Hubbcll, Esq., of this city acted as his counsel. HKUTUS. ted day: With tho view of obtaining full and acurale intelli gence, we repaired at an early hour this morning to the scene ol disaster, rue sunt mat met our eyes, as we rode up from Lower Ferry lo ihe foot of tho hill which crowns the cilv. bailies nil description. The elide bad reached unuarda of 200 vards into the level plain covering, n space of more than 150 yards wide, to an averoge depth of twenty feet. Masses of blue clay, rendered by lho cold almost as narn ns rock, were scattered over Ihe whole extent. Fran menta of shattered buildings were strewn along the mentfloi snaitercu ouiiuings were strewn mung me , . , :.. , , , surface or peeped out from among the ruins. Oncof Mo what they will, they ''must come at last. Ass isMNATiON or Ms, Drcmmond. Great excite- ine.it was caused in I.undon bv the ns-assinatiun in open day, un the 21st tilt, of Air. I'dward Druuimoiid, private secretary to sir Kobert reel. About huir past tiircu o ciock in tne aitcrnooo, Mr. lirummonu. who had left Downing street a short lime before, was snot in tltc uacK by a man named uamel Mc-vaugh-ten. This person was directly behind Ml. D. and the shot from bis pistol passed ouile through his bod v. ontcting betwetn eleventh and iwcllih ribs, about two melius mini the rpinc, ami lodging just liencnth lho skin in front, between the seventh and cichtribs. A policeman was on the oilier side of the way, at once ctnssed over to where lho ntsa-sin stood, in timo to grapple wilh biui as he was about to fire a 8ceond pis tol. The pistol was discharged in the struggle, with out injury to any party However, ana .uoaugmcn was nt once inxcn into custody. Mr. Drummond walked to his brother's banking house, which is but a short distance from Cnaring Cross, where the wound was given. There bis wound was examined, nnd as he did nol sutler seriously irom motion, ho was immediately carried home. It wns hoped at first by the .itlendent surgeon- that the wound would not prove fital, but after a short time unfavorable symptoms ensued, and Mr. Drummond expiicdou the morning of the 2Gih. When lho mur derer was arrested, there were found on his person besides the. two pistols, a number of percussion caps exactly fitting them, a receipt from a Glasgow Hank r - .. .---m i -i . :. u , . I.:. Ul ins 1. 1 ur iwi J-1 mi, aiiu iuiu'ji u in u.ibii. ii 1113 lode'iti". nowdcr and bullets fniiiis I lie uistols were found. Two persons siw the first shot tired, and, of course, idontihcd Ihe prisoner on his culmination. When broiiL'hl before the police court for a prelimina ry examination, he give an incoherent account of himself as being persecuted out nt health and home liv tho machinations of lho tories, who hid driven 1.:... c. ri t-:., I I nr.... ...... I. 111111 ir'Jin uriuw, his uuimi, mm ,iiti-i n.tiua 11,111, , . .... i-j 1 . .1. " 1.. .1.. 1.. .1: : nrninipil one of the houses overwhelmed bv the slide. 1 .llUliliiu : nils si-tina lu uu 111c uiiiv uiih 1 111m iud 1; . , , . . , . "j- ..t 1. :.::..: t. r ... ....1 ..... I wns a isent with 11a wife at the lime of Ihe disaster. FROM WASHINGTON. Feb. 11th. Mr. J. R. Incorsoll called for the consideration of the motion to print ten thou sand o.tra conicsof the adverse reports of the maionly and minority ot the Committee ol Ways and Means on the subject of the issue ot two hundred millions of Government stock. This motion occasioned nn animated debate lie. tween Mr. Adams and the members from Mis- sissinoi. in tho c ursc of which Mr. Adams sain These two reports run the race for ponuiari ty tn make odious a project, to which, or tome other similar a.t, let trentlemcn on both sides the house overwhelmed by lho avalanche had caucht fire, nnd the smoke from the sniouldenng flames huos'li' cn nail over the gad scene. It peems as if nn earthquake has passed over this portion of the city, tearing up nnd overturning every thing in its fearful cnicr-r and leaving in its track n chaos of ruins. Thousands of speclators had calh- erednbout ihe spot, while here nnd there pnrtiesof laborers were seen busily engaged in marching for the tmdies or lho victims, nnimated iy tne nope 01 res' cninrf some of the sufierers before life was extinct. When we Iclt the cround nt eleven o'clock this mornintr two more bodies in ndditinn to those above mentioned, had been taken out. 1 hey were thoso of In voice: "iNo: never." Ann what was it! substance that the General Government of this country shall come in aid of the Slates of this Union, which, in the pursuits ol laudable objects, and useful purpose?, involved thein selvcsindcbttostinliaucxteiitth.it they cao not be relieved from it, And the memorialists came here and asked Congress to assist them to discharge these debts. He repeated that lie intended to impute nn improper motives to the gentlemen composing tho Committee of Ways and Means. As tar as Mo had become acquaint n woman nnd child, but we could nol learn their CJ with tlio ccintents of thu report of the major names. Il was supposed that there were still three ..i .1... ,,r ,i. ,;.;... was nlain to his nr Cur n.ra.ma linriMfl ttf.np.ith the rums, nnd every 3. . . . . . J. . . . 1 . (Tiri wns mnUinfr to recover litem. Amid ihepi neral wo there wereinstancesof individ' ualnt'onv peculiarly dis ressing. Mr. Ilirdsall who shows eccentricity and peculiarity or habiis. Mr. "'it ihreeof his children and a sister werein I Drunimnnd wns3f years old. At'nn early nuchcbc- I when the hi I fell. The sad intelliyensjjjjnr came n clerk in ihe Tic.nurv. nnd bad afterwards . Mr. Ilirdsall, an I hurrying to the fat.DT.W' rein the house n r-a ;hed he hepan mind that they had not considered, to an; e.Ment the proposition of the "entleiiian from Maryland (Mr. Johnson.) He did not wish by tins reman; (although tho Speaker had placed him on the select committee) to ho considered as commit- ting himself to the support ot the proposition of the gentleman Irom Maryland, nor uiu lie wish r"e'dnn9 'private Secret a'rv' to the" Kir"' of tipoo, to ' mgiins into ilie rr.ins w-jih frantic enercy. While thus be understood as being responsible for the t-isv liapn linuanea of Deace. No other advantage is to be com srd loan amicable settlement between iwo nations ofkindred orisin, of kindred language, nnd ofinlcresia as kindred as tluir orisin nnd language. I rejoice that the honanblegenlleman has given moan oppor tun'uv of makin? some observations on the late mes- iase of the President of the United Slates. The sin- eertind honest desire I have nlnavs entertained for tho maintenance of a cnod understanding between this country nnd the United .Slates, nnd the spirit in which I have always spoken of America, makes it a dmiblv nainfnt duty to me to have to refer to lhat messsce, which, I nm sorry to say, does not give n correct necountnf ihe negotiations relative to lho tight f visit. Perhaps I may do right lo confirm what the honorah e centleman has said, lhat there is no thing more distinct linn the riant of visit is from the riht of aesreh. Search is s bi'lliuerent rialit. nnd not to' be exercised in lime of peace, except when il has Wen eone-ded by treaty. The right of search extends m only tn the vesjel. but to lho car"0 nlso. The right of visit is quite distinel from this, though the two are often confounded. The right of search, with rospoct to American vessels, we entirely and utterly diai-tnim-n. more, if wo knew that nn American Tess-I were furnished wilh all the m iterials requisite for the slave trade if we knew lhat thf decks were roared to receive hundreds of human '.rings, within r r ' t; L t.r- : I . ! I I.. -..II ft apace in wni n Ilir in milium niip-iiMt-, kin, T ahould 1 e hound lo let tint Amriican vessel pass on. But the right weelaiin.is tn know whether n vessel pretendintr to he Amrienn, nnd hni-iing the Ameri can flat?, be linna fi'le Anirican hear. hear. We rlnim the riKhl to know whether a grievous wrong hat not been off-red lo ihe American llu'! to know, for instance whether a Porlnirese or Rrnzilhan schnon e, tailing under ihe American flag, he ji ally whai be. loth ndmir-Me despatch of my noWefri'nd, dated the 20ih of December. 1 41, he wro'o thus: "The undersigned apprehends, howcv r, 1ht iheripht of search is out rnnfinnl In ihe vir is-.if, .rill nstionnlilv of the vessel, hut nlso ex i.nda to the nbiect of ihf voynire, and ilm nature of ti,. inm The mnr nurnoso of the lluus'i cruisers i toascertatn whether the vessel th-y meet w-iih nre really American or not. The nam nmenco ins, in truth, no resemblance to the riaht of search, i ither in principle or in nra'iice. ins simpit ' fy the partv, who has a legitimate Interest in know Ins the truth, lhat the vessel actually in what her col ort announce." I am surprised ihe Un.'led Mates should contest this, considering lho many small aiatea by wh'ch thev nre surrounded, nnd how easily their revenuo miani oe injured u n cuum mice ur. cs lablishedasn principle that a fireimi vessel might f;e nm siemni from visitation In hoisting any narlieii larflag. With auch a principle recognized, neither the revenue nor the commerce of the United Stales enul I be ssfr for an instant. Hut I know that the United States do liberally exercise this right In the teas ndjaeenl to their own coasti I know that if n Mexican vessel were to hoist thn Hrilish flag under nsnicinus circumstances, tho United Stales would not hesitato to exercisn the right of exposing thn fraud and knowing this. I am thn more surprised nt Ihe claim now set up bv the President of iheU States. Therefore, sir.il will ho mv duly, in the fae of Ihe Mr. Canning, ihe Duke of Vellincton, and Sir Rob eri Peel j by all of whom he seems to have been res pected, trusted and beloved. No motive can bo rs ncd for the ai, as .vir Driimmoiid was not an ot- whnse personnl proceedings could have ctvco of I. It is said however thai the prisoner had nd- milled lhat lie mistook the unfortunate Secretary for 'ir Itobett Peel, which error will suftitienlly account foril. In (il isnow, he wasnoled ns a radical in poli- ics, and nn tnfidtl in rehcion. The eruptions of Mount Etna had dimin ished. Tho mountains were covered hy a loop snow. Another ftno steam ship has been added to thn Liverpool, Halifax and Boston line, called the Ilihernia, nnd to bo commanded hy Capt. Judkitis, recently of Columbia. She is 1350 tons burthen, nnd has engines of 300 liorsu power each. Her saloon on duck 10 feet bv 19. On the 12th of January a tremendous on tho coast of engaged the cries of the youngest child, only three years n rl. reachc ms ear. nnd lor nnu nn nnur ne could hear its moans without being able to discover where it lav. At length alter almost superhuman ef forts, the little sufferer was found, happily but slighily hurl, greeting Us lather wiina sunin ot recognition ns he lifted il out of the ruins. The dead bodies of ihe other Iwo were soon after recovered. hurricane wns experienced England, which resulted in the loss of sever al vessels and a large number of lives. Thu Conqueror, Ecast Indiaman, went ashore at Lornel, near Boulogue, and every person on hoard, excepting one boy, was lost. Her crew and passengers amounted to 92 per sons, of whom several were ladies. The loss of life was still more distressing, from tho fact tlmt on the morninr; of the disaster the captain took u pilot olTTorbay, who was to take the vessel through thu channel, nnd had promised to land tho lady passengers, with their children, nt Portsmouth. The gale continuing to increase, however, tho vessel was lost, as we have stated. Seduction In Philadelphia Itcllberatc Mur der ot the Mcduccr oy tne orotner ot tne Seduced Great Kxcltcnicnt. Philadelphia, Feb. 12 P. M, In one of my regular letters a few days since. I orieny niiuaeu to tne auegeu neu'icuon, or rattier 8D duction, as it was then called of a young lady resi ding in Southwark, and s'ated at tho tune, that something serious was likely to crow out oi the af fair. Th-l prediction has been most sadly realized. and I will now state, as briefly nnd truly as possible all tho circumstances connected wilh the dreadful anatr, which has thrown our whole community into a staie of thegrcatcst excitement. Un Tuesday and Wednesday last, considerable talk was produced hy the sudden disappearance of a young nnu nanusome gin, ageu nuout lb, named Sarah Mercer, the daughter of Thomas Mereer. 33 Queen street, one of the most wealthy and respects- ute innnuitanisoi soutnwarK. A young m.in of this city, named Hutchinson Heberton, waa arrested on suspicion of being concerned in her abduction, and laKcn belorc Alderman Mitchell, at the instance of thcgtrl a brother, who threatened him then with in statu death if he refused, but wae discharged in con sequence ol lho girl's return to her parents on Wednesday evening, it wns ascertained, however. tnai iifDcrion nao seduced the voung girl, and lhat she had gone to a house of ill fame, in the neighbor. hood of Pine and Twelfth streets, keut by Louis O'Ncil, where he had been in tho habit of misting ucr. Miss Mercer s absence, as well aa her return, ac cording to all statements, was voluntary. The an guish of tho family nt the knowledge of the dishonor mat inu inucn upon ute daughter, no tongue can tell nor pen describe. To wire out ihe stain so far aa il was possible so lo do, a marriage was proposed lo th seducer. This was dec'ined nn his pnri, and ihe brother of the seduced then challenged him. This was nlso de I'ned. The infuriate brother, Hung al most to madness, determined not to be baulked in his revenge, He watched the movements of Hebei- ton, and having ascertained lhat he waa lo leave lha fwhlie. expressinn deep re"rei that there jliou'd ap IT.. .(, nli(T-reneoof ooini in on this (nn'c. er- nlicitlv to declare lhal we have mil waived ono ol the . , ...I..I fi- ku .n . tint. In Crt-n.! I ltiftPrl principles Cini'vii'"" '"i .'j'"' ...... il Aberdeen) in hi despatch nf December, IF41 1 and -.. :. mv duly tn declare that lhat despatch bl remained to the present hour unanswered hy the of United Slt. I know, I think. a wU wtl ia IM ibty, nd wUt tbt leonrnt of, Terrible Disaster! Great I.osa of Life Mite Homes Destroyed by a Land Slliic. Tbov, Feb. 14. It is our Melancholy duty tore cord lho nn si nllhcliiig disaster wliith bus ever han pencil in our cily. On Friday afternoon nt half past jo ciock n portion oi uic nm east oi ino cuy sua on and overwhelmed nine h uses j u 1 1 ot Hicni, with one exception, occupied by families. Al ihe mne of Ihe slide several men with learns were engaged at the bottom of the hank, carving off earth: and narrowly escaped with '.heir lives. Nut S'. however, wilh the unfortunate inmates of the dwellings; nearly all of whom were buried under lite mass of clav. which covered their houses in several instances lo the depth of five or six f, el crushing some to atoms, nnd removing others bodily for the space of several ynrds. The distance from tho commen-ement of the slide to tho outer edge nf the deposit nf earth which it has lefl, is not far from 200 yards. Theearlh having been carried more than COO feel over a oead level, after il reached the bottom of the hill. The soil being a re markably unctuous blue clay, is doubllesa the cause nf the extraordinary space which the slide covered, The slide commenced about 100 vards east of Fifth at. and its southern extremity first encountered Iwo houses adjoining ench other on the cast side of aaid strr-l ! both ol which it destroyed. Thccentreof the alide was then precipitated upon the hea.i of Washington streei, overwhelming the bitildine on both sides uf said street, wilh the excep tion of one on the corner of Washington and Hill streets, which wna partially destroyed. The number of houses destroyed on Washington street wna eight. The slide passed down Washington to Hill slreel, which it eroded, and proceeding a few yards hevnnd il, was fiunllj' arresied. The names of lho occupnnis of the houses destroy, ed. so far ns we ran asceitoin Ihein a( present, areas follows: Daniel B. Day, ahincnrpenler, Fifth al. be low Washington, llobert Henry, contractor, do. do. Win. Braid' teamster. Washington, corner of Fifth. Wm. II. Kilfoile, loamster, Washington. William Purdy, mason, corner of Hill and Washington, par- tally duturoyrJ. mints vumeitioD, lb mu si. proposition of tliCLTcnlleinan from Maryland but he did claim, in Lchalf of the honor of this nation, that when memorials were present cd asking for this sort of aid from the represen tatives of the Union, they should bo fully, fairly and impartially considered bv this House, and not set aside in tins way by side-uiows irom tne Committee ot ways anil Means. However ei ther party, Whiter Locofcco, North or South or any party in the House, may dread the pro position ot the rren'.leinau Irom .Maryland, tney will have to come to a serious contemplation of the subject before they definitively decide upon it. It was a marvellous thing to him, it was surprising that the Whigs of this House, the Whig party, should exhibit such an extreme anxiety to avoid an impression that they favored the object. Une would, suppose that the w iiiys thought the Locofocos, in the glow of victory and triumph, would try them for treason if they ex pressed their approbation ot the proposition, anu

make an application of "the second section." It appeared .as if the Whigs, who, in their race, had made their report to the House, seemed to think that their sell-preservation required that they should never, never consent to give aid to the separate states which were involved in burden some debts. They had before the House a de claration from one State uf the Union, that the people of Mississippi would sooner endure a tear lhan pay their debts. inis assertion produced some warm word from Mr. Thompson of Mississippi. Mr. Adams called upon the Clerk to read a letter from tin Governor of Mississippi, which was done. Mr. Adams remarked that, as the letter had been read, he left it to the House to determine whether ho had misrepresented its contents, The letter presupposed that a demand would come from abroad for the payment of this debt and as'erlcil that foiir-tiltlisot the people of tint State would prefer a war tn its payment. Hut uppose, for instance, Holh.nd, or Great Britain or any other nation, should declare war against Mississippi, and sent! her steamers to Natchez, if they could get there he would ask if ciiyon Friday nf.ernoon or evening in a carriage, by " "'"l .c' U.'U "le.r-".c wo" u a8K " "e way of Camden, he managed lo discovei ihe same ke rights of Mississippi would prevent her from calling upon the uenerai tiovermnent assistance! He thought that the obligation in lho street, wnen ne employed one of Vanseiver'a vehicles, driven by a young man, lo whom Mercer gnvc instructions, pointing out ihe carriage, to lose sight of it on no condition, but keep close lo it, and whereter it went lo follow after it. In this, carriage, in company with Heberton, was seated hit le.'al friend and adviser, Jas. C. Vandyke, ii uiii tvuvsv uiirc inr uccrairu nnu leu Willi lite avowed object of preventing a meeting wilh the mis- rnihltl nml pvcileil Mprr An. l.-.l,... tr,--n through several streets, the carriage cntereS thefer-rv-boal John Fitch, then lying at Market-at. wharf. Mercer followed after, leaped from his vehicle un observed, and concealed himself behind a box on hoard the boat, armed wilh one of Cull's six-barre'ed pistols. Shortly after Ihe carriage was driven on loard with the blinds drawn up, and when within a few vards. of Ihe Jersey shore Mr. Vandyke rot out of the same, walked around, il ia presumed, lo see lhat all wna tale, wnen fiercer approached the car riage and fired four balls into lit in auick succession. One of them proved fatal, taking) fleet under Ihe left shoulder blade, and penetrated the heart. Heberton waa conveyed to uako a tavern in uamden, where he expired in a few minutes. The murderer was immediately arrested, and upon ms peraonwaa round tne pistol, two barrels of which retained their charge. His conduct during ihe re mainder of the evening it represented aa having betn wild and frantic, evidently laboring under th most inlenteexritement. Thus lint the imprudent conduct of a one fond and doaling daughter hurled into misery the peace nnn nappinei oi agea ana veneranie parents 1 When Misa Sarah Meicer entered her parents residence. after leaving the alr.de of hfatnyio Pino Street, she avowed her determination nol to remain expressed her attachment for the deceased nnd il wns only by force lhat alio was compelled In. It is alto said lhat herlrniher hail sworn lhal the. loo. who had dii. graced her family, should fall ihe instant he laid eyet nn nrri uui itiriuniieiy ne waa nui perrniiieq to aiaia his handa wilh a double murder. The parlies in Ihe abovo lamentable drama are nf iim meat wMliky end rtpcublc slieraclsr, Of ibt this Union to stand by its members in case of war am! invasion would, in that event, bo asserted; for they could nut consent to see any State of the Union in the possession of the enemy. Sup. pose she should be required to pay not only the amount ot tho debt, but all the expenses or the war to the enemv. Twenty. one millions of do'lars had been exacted by England from Chi na, in addition to the debt due to tho British sub jects, and this debt was not of a dissimilar char acter, bupposn this demand should be made, was this Union to submit 1 Could we say that the war was between Mississippi and a foreign power j and that we could not, therefore, inter, fere ! The issue would come to us in this form, unless we do loinethitur to relieve not only the State of Mississippi, but other States of the con federacy, j ins was a question of morality and nonnr, anu uovernmcnt and congress were bound to take up the subject seriously, and see in what manner thoy could come to the aid of l. . u.-.-.. . ' ; i uic ovoive, wimuui incurring tuu uangcrs ana horrors of war, for the purpose of sustaining thn safety of the nation and shielding it from the imputations of dishonor. Feb. In the Senate on Monday, an at tempt was undo tu assign the consideration of the uankrupt amendment lull specially for Tuesday. Afr Berrien, from tho Cuinmttteo on the subject, said tint the subject was too import ant to be acted upon at so short notice, but pledged himself to move on l ursiJay a special assignment for some future day, bo that the bill should be considered at this session. Here the matter dropped. Tbo resolutions traniferriag, oa certain coa ditions, to the State of Maryland and the three cities of tho District of Columbia, all the stock held by U. S. Government in tho Chesapeake and Ohio Canal, passed to a third reading. At 1 o'clock, the Senate proceeded to the consideration of certain resolutions on the gen eral subjects of revenue, &e., moved some days since by Mr McUuffie. That gentleman sup. ported them in a speech of three hours length, which is said to have shown that he retains his former vigor and eloquence. After Mr McDuffin had closed, Mr Evans of Maine, obtained the floor, and the Senate imme diately adjourned. Mr Evans probably replied on Tuesday. In the House, an attempt was made to obtain a special assignment for the Jackson fine reso lutions, but thu House refused to assign. Tho House concurred in the amendment to the Senato to a bill establishing agencies for water rotted hemp. The House concurred to Senate amendment to the bill indemnifying owners for the slaves on board the Comet and Emporium. Tho mo tion to concur passed, and the previous question was ordered in opposition to tho remonstrances of Mr Giddings. As soon as the House con curred therefore, 83 to 01, Mr G. moved to re consider, and spoke for an hour to show that Congress had no right to legislate for the pro. tcction of the slave trado between the States In the course of his remarks, he alluded to the resolutions of censure upon him, passed at the last session, and, of course, condemned the course pursued by members of the House dif fering from himself in opinion. Mr Gushing spoke for about twenty min utes in reply, in vindication of his own course on tho subjects alluded tu ; and after sundry explanations, the motion to reconsider was laid on the table Yeas M0, Nays 3d. Mr Giddings then raised a question of priv ilege, which we find thus reported in the Jour nal of Commerce : Mr Giddings arose and informed the House that as he was standing in the aisle, Mr Daw son of Louisiana, passed by him and shoved him aside. On asking the gentleman from Louisiana whether he meant tn insult him, the answer was that he did. He merely mention ed this, not on his own account, but that the House ought to have some action to vindicate its own ibirnitv. Air l..ilhniin called lor the reading- of so much of the Manual, as defined the rights of the representatives ol a tree people on tins lloor. Mr Wise said that the centlcmart from Lou iidana was very courteous ; and if he had not been asked whether he meant to instill the gen t Ionian from UlnoJic would not have said a word. But he had, in reply, merely satd"ics," in tending very probably, no disrespect what, ever. Mr Mallnry remarked that ho saw Mr Daw. son lay his hand on Mr Gidding's shoulder, ve ry lightly ; but not. as ho supposed, wttli an in tcntion to convoy an insult. Mr Adams supposed that the centleman from Louisiana did not intend to cut the throat of the gentleman from Ohio from uarto car, (alluding to a former remark attributed to Mr Dawsnn.j After cries of "order, "order, had subsi ,lpd Mr Giddings stated that lie had no tears tor his personal safety, but merely wished the House to vindicate its dignity. The gentle man Irom Louisiana satu mat uc meant to insult him. Mr Wise. But not until you asked him. 'I lie Speaker remirkcd that if he had wit nessed any disrespectful proceedings, similar to that referred to, he would certainly have inter posed his authority, and decided thai this mat tnr was out ot order. A considerable ptrt of the tlav hiving been pent in these nrocoedinirs, the ronsid,r.itinii of the subject of Reciprocity Tro itie.-, 'vlueh had been specially aasigned lor it, wns postponoi: till Wednesday, home debate lollmved on res ulutions calling on I lie Secretary of Ihe Tre.is urv for information ns to the causes nf the re moval from office of Mr Roberts, the Collector of Philadelphia, and nf his predecessor, Mr U vt he. Ii.it i resolutions finally passed. The House then took up tho consideration of the Senate amendments to the Army Appro. priation bill. Two of these woro concurred the third, restoring an item stricken out in tho House from the bill as originally reported, by which Profess .r Espy would bo employed to arrange anil collect motcoromgicni information in tne bureau of the Surveyor General, at an expense of S2000 per annum, was debated for some time and finally lost 70 to 77. After some debate on the amendment s providing for the improvements on the Western rivers, the bill was laid on the table that a message, re ccived from the President some time before, be considered. The Speaker then read the following mess age : . Washington, February 13, 1343. To tt llvisc of Jienrcscntuiivett: I herewith transmit to the House of Reprcscnta lives n report made to me on the Dili instant by the Secretary of the Treasury, on lho amued ol tneprcs ent and nrosnective condition ol uic finances. YhuwiII perceive from it that even if tho receipts from the various sources of revenue for the current ycarslnll prove not to have been overrated, nnd the expenditures bo restrained within lho c-timntcs, the Treasury will bo exhausted before the close of the year ; and that this will he tlio case, al liougnau nor itv should be given to the proper Department to re issue Treasury notes. Hut the stale of facts existing at the present moment cannot fail to awaken a don' t wnemer iiicauiuuni ot tuc revenue lor me respecuvu quarters of ihe year will come up to lho estimates, nor is n ent reiv ccria n mat ine exocuu turcs wuigii will bo authorized hy l-'ongrcss miy n it exceed the aggregate sum which has hitherto uccn nssuincu ihe basis of ihe Treasury calculations. Of all tho duticsot (lie Government, none, is more sacred and imperative that lhat of making nd quale and nmn onrovi-ion for fulfilling with punctuality iis pecuniary engagement nnd maintaining ihe public credit inviolate. .ny failure in this respect, not pro duced by unforeseen causes, could only beregarded nv our common consuiucuis ns n acreius ucgiKwi ui the public interests. I feel it, then fore, to be an indis pcnsal le obligation, while c much of ihe se snn yi t remains nnexpireu ns meuauic uiinprrss ni encip the subject the consideration which its grenl inpori ance demands, most earnestly to call its ntlrnliou to the propriety of making further provision for ihe public service of ihe year. The proper objects of taxation are peculiarly with in the discretion of thel.cgislature. while it is the du ty of Ihe Kxeculive tn keep Congress duly ndwsod of I ue stale oi ine I rcasury, anil in admonish n oi any dT.ger wlrch there may be ground to apprehend of a failure in the means of meeting the expenditures au- tn'inzeo oy law. I ought not therelore to dissemble my fears that there will be n serious fallingnfTin the estimated pro ceeds hoth of the customs nnd ihe public lands. I regnrd lho evil of disappointment in these lespecls as altogether loo great lo hu risked, if by any possi bility il miy be emireli obviated. While I nm fir from objecting, nnder present cir cumstances, to the recommendation of lho Secretary lhat authnritb bo grnntett lo re-issue Treasury notes ns they shall be redeemed, and to other suggesiiont wntcn ne iiis maitenn tins (.unjeci, yet itnppcara lo me to be worthy of grave consideration whether more permanent and ceriain supplies n.icht not lo be provided. The issue of one nolo in redemption of anoiner is no' me payment or a dent, which must he made in the end by some form of public laxa It will be seen that this cetimato makes no provision for the amounts which may be re quired to meet the appropriations for prifat: bills, or other objects beyond the official esti mates, nor for the redemption nf Treasury notes, of which there are 811,009,977 0!) outstanding and redeemable during the year its), ui these, the whole except S'A4t.:j'JO carry interest after maturity, and will hot probably bo presented for redemption! Dutthe sum of S'J.yO'J.fJOO 50, on which tho interest ceases after the year from tho date of the issue, will require lobe provided for, and will not only absorb the balance of S30U,0vi7 OS, but will need a further supply nf upwards of Iwo mill ions to maintain the public credit. I have pro posed to the Finance Committees of Congress, to place these notes on the same fooling with regard to interest as the other notes, and to authorize the Department to reissuo rucIi rcasury notes as may bo rcdcctncd previous July, 1H4 1. Should this proposition ho adop I by Congress, the estimated balance of S390,G27 09 will remain unaffected, pxeent by such appropriations as may bo made beyond the estimates. Believing it necessary that some further pro. vision should bo made by Congress for the pur pose of ensuring an amount of receipts that will enable the Treasury to meet punctually all demands that aro likely to ho mado upon it, I iinvn mis uay aourcsscii a communication to the Chiiririan of the Committee of Ways and nans, recommending duties upon lea and coffee, together with 6evcr.il other articles that appeared lo bo proper subjectM of taxation. However desirable it mav he lo avoid tins re sort, it was thought to be imperatively called by the condition of the finances and lite public credit. On motion of Mr. Fillmore, the House refer, red the message and estimates tu the Committer Wavs and Moans, and ordered that thev should be printed. Mr. Wise disapproved of this course, and immediately moved a reconsid eration, lie supported his motion at length in in a speech, in which he charged on the Com mittee of Ways and Means a desire to cmbirrass the action of tltc Executive. An altercation ensued between hun and Mr. Fillmore, respect ing Mr I' a opinion as expressed in a private conversation a few days before, Mr W. charging Mr F. with a desire to evade in public a ques. tion on which in private he spoke freely. Mr illtnore defended himself successfully, at some length. Wo see nothing in the discussion of any general interest, but the following hints as to the possibility of an extra Fcssion of tho next Congress. In reply to a question ot air tut liinru't). Mr Wise said I tell tho gentleman tint though do not impugn at all the veracity and sinccri ty of the report nf the Secretary, I believe that instead of u surplus of 5tyt,UUU on the nrst ol January next, there will be a deficit to that amount or more. If tlio Secretary s statement bo true, and proceeds on our appropriations be ing equal to his estimates, and we have cut down the appropriation bills, then it follows that there must bo between three or lour millions in me I'reasury on tho 1st of January. The chairman ictiows that very well: and the editors of the In telliirencer told him and all the world that such result would follow from the premises: ami it puis forth this statement to prepare the way for the prediction that there will tic no called session. 1 wish to nvmil a called session, dread tho very name I dread it as a curse the country ; but there are gentlemen who wish there may be a called session , that thoy miy cast the entire odium anil reproacli ol it upon 111 President uf the United Slates. In allusion to this train of remark Mr Fill more subsequently said As to this debate, hotli on the tor.ner occision and the present, I ndimt tint I did not under s-t ttid .vvli.it was the olijei-l ot the gontJcni HI putting Ins inquiries, and I called upon the gen tlninm purposely t" inquire, llut now i uicov or wh it I could not than ; now the real object disclosed, and I do not regret it. His object rv idenlly was to pace the way fur nn extra session and throw the responsibility oi mat measure, possible, on the present lyiingress. Air wise. Did me guuueman uuucraiatiu that to be my object 1 Mr 1' illmure. 1 Hat is what l now understand it to be. Mr Wise. If there is any one measure I wish toprevent, and wish my friends to co-operate to prevent, n is mo necus-oiy ut unvoi tumii session. So far from paving the way for it, my ihject is to make it certain, by the action ot the Committee of IVays and Means, that it may be prevented. That is my object. But I avow it as inv firm conviction that if Congress shall ad. journ on that report oftl.o Secretary, Govern ment will be driven into tne necessity ot mat measure. Mr Fillmore said he was much gratified to learn that the gcntleitnti was opposed to a call. cd session, because ho was understood to speak according to the mind of the Administration. Mr F. did not himself believe in any such neces sity, This had been the short session ; and the Committee of Ways and Moans had h id to ex amine a double set ol appropriation hills, and al so lo consider by what way they might bring in the mnney formerly squandered, and also to de vise ways and means lo carry through the Gov;, eminent to tho 1st of January. It was a curious circumstance that Mr Wise throughout was attarking the estimates of the Secretary, in an argument made in behalf of the administration. Alter this discussion ho with drew his motion and the House adjourned. Washington, Feb. 14. Mr Arnold s bill, which was acted on in Committee of the whole House tn.ilav, has ere ated much commotion here, and there is much trembling and fear among the very largo num her of people in public employment here, lest it become a law. It provides that the pay of mem- uurx ui ingress ue tcuui eii uimv uonurs n u.iy while in actual attendance, unless absent nunc count of sicknes of themselves or families, or by leave of the House of which they are members; mx doll irs for every twenty miles, estitmted by the most usual route from tho member's place of residence, actually traielcd, but not to exceed in .mv casoSSlH); reduced the pay of all offi. ccrs, (except those in the Diplomatic service, the Commissioner of Pensions, and those who emoluments do not exceed S 1,001) per annum, and thoso whose salaries are licd by the Con stitution,) those of 83,000, and upwards, 20 per cent ; those between 83,000 and 81,100, 101-2 per cent. provided that none evcopt Diplotint ic officers receive more than $5,000; and re duces the pay of the Navy, &c, 'JO per rent. The bill was taken out ot t;omtntttee lo-d.iv, iftcr being somewhat amended. I presume that it will come up to-morrow, and, it is thought will pass. 1 doubt whether it will get through tho Senate. FRIDAY1 MORNtNa.T'CDHUARY 21, 1343. RHODE ISLAND AND GOV. PAINE. Our cotciiipornrics of tho Patriot and Spirit of tho Ago tiro making themselves ve ry unhappy because tlio members of lho Rhode Island Legislature nnd the citizens of Providence have thought proper to lender to Governor Paino the civility of a public din ner and other marks of official and personal respect. It shocks the sensitive nerves of these nminblo gentleman that the People of neiglilioring btato should exhibit such une quivocal marks of approbation of the official nets of tho Governor of Vermont. They nre, therefore, spitting nut their venom upon Governor P. with characteristic bitternesi and malignity. In tho excess ot their indig nation and wrath, they nre endeavoring to make it appear that he took ground in his ist message against extending thu right of suffrago and equalizing (he popuhir represen- ittnn of Rhodo Ishind. Now wo defv the wholu fraternity of Lorofocoism to point to I single paragraph in his messago that will sustain this preposterous, assumption. Wo challenge the entire party to specify a solita ry sentence which goes to doleml or justify the restrictions upon the right of suffrage or tlm inequalities of representation that existed under the charter Government. Thev can not do it. Thu ground Governor Paino took wns that thn evils conipl.iiticd of slum! J have been remedied in a peaceful, legal, and constitutional manner that there was no oc casion for a resort to the sword, or ;i bloody revolution. This was tlio doctrine of tho message. And the reregado Dorr tins him self acknowledged since he absconded from Rhodo Island, that :i majority of the rcoPLR of that State were opposetl to his revolution ary movements. On this subject we copy tho following very just renmiks from the last Watchman : In seeking o-tensiblv for the adontion of a eomti- tution, and an cueutiun of the riltt of suffrage linings which were rtffor in tncinseHL'S. nnu no man ii inoio ready to ndmit this than G iv. l'.iine,) s por tion or the people ot Khode Isl ind chose lo adopt mean repugnant to every principle of law and order, and which threatened iillniiniely 10 end in all the horrors of civil war. The people of IHiade Uland mark it, Ihe people of lint state, ns Dorr himteii has admitted, refused to countenance these revolution ary movements ; nnd so overwhelmin'jty strong waa the power oi ino uuvLTiiiiieni, buiuiueu ns ii wns oy tho people, that Dorr lied from lho stale, nnd ii la ihis lime in the cond lion of nn nut-l.itv. fie is now nol even lho candidate ofhis own parly for Governor nt ihe coming election. After the people of Ithode It land had Ihus decisively civen ih tr vrrdif, the chitf nnij.sir.ites of New Hampshire nnd Connecticutsaw fit lo endorse the doctrines of the Dorr parly, and to recognize Dorr himself . is the tightful Governor of a people who ha I practically I anithc 1 I. i n! Their doctrine was nnd ts, lint cmcrumpnis may be chang ed by the people, or ruber by any piny ilaimin to be lite people, viithout regard lo existing ennstitu lions or law i and be clnnged hy force, lstbiseood doctrine for Vermont 7 Hive the cnl; nrquind no rights, by the cnnatitoiiiiu.il compart tn'o niii'h ihey hive entered 7 M i' f - 'i ' . s r tonus s irten I r tl r v ,r .,!.-,.- i. a' ji y I when lho ill ijoril) ei In: p.; u it n- ill d -msnd It 7 Am 1 if thev '' t it - .'.., ener, until it t rfq'ir il li i i a n - nt of the constitu tion ondi' niav th y ! rightfully forced to do it, nt the poinl nt lho biyinct7 Or lake a strnnscr case: sup mse ihst in 18-lt), a slate convention had Dccn caueu nnu nan limited a new eonstiiu inn. in which every nnn was sirmi cd t the not,, nf sntTrs-.g unless be was n Whig, and this had ben adopted by mu ivErwiieiminz vote winch tho Whigs pive 10 Iheir stnie ticket lhat ycir i would meh a ennstitu tion, lurked even hy'lS 000 majority in the populsr vote, be binding upon our locoforo friend", nnd would its enforcement upon them, by the sword, be right 1 If Ihis he indeed so, then are iliere no i-ishls. save in the majority : then i there no security f ir ihe stabili ty or nny constitution, howocr good it miy be. It wis this novel, revolutionary, bloody doctrine, which Gov. I'aine condemned i anil in doing it he v ns faith ful lo Vermont fiiibful lo ihe caue of Liberty, of Law, of Order and of Peace, every hre. For ihis, he his received the respect of Rhode Islanders j and wcnouni not inn lor inis, too, no will tie ropected hy every inte'lieenl mtriotic mm in his own smte. Wa are awite tint the jncnfiro presses bold bun tip, and i:icvtni party nh hun, most pertinaciously, aa hostile in an extention nf the risht nf suffrage. "Thia is utterly unwarranted hy ihe fins in the case. He his laspn no such ground ; nor his the big parly. In Rhodo Island itself, the friends of law and order haveeilcnded ihe riglu of sufl'mgr j they hivero and peacefully adopted a constitution, quite as good on the whole, and in some points better lhan that pro poeo (iviiio uorrnriion. Will the Loco Focos of this State contro vert one of tho above positions t Will tho Tories of Vermont sanction thn ridic.il, ng grarian, revolutionary movements nf iOorr and the band of conspirators who wero leag ued with him in his unholy crusade against thu Government ofhis native Stale t Will tho peace-loving, law-abiding citizens ofNew England sustain the monstrous doctrines which the Pr.on.c nr Iluoon Island have disavowed 1 Will they uphold the renegade whom even tho LOCO FOCO-? OF RHODE ISLAND h.ivo repudiated?" If so, let them walk up to the rack like men, and not attempt to get up n 1'iUe issue. I cannot forbear to add. lhal. in a rnuntiv io full of n-srmrcrs, oi sucn nniiniiani means, il tney nan hern judiciously called out, the revenues of the Govern ment, lis credit, and its ability io fulfil all its obliga tions, ought not to be ma le dependant on temporary expedient', or on calculations of an unceriain char acter. The public faith in this, as in all things else, imi...iii in ue piaccu oeyona question and Deyona con llliurm-y. tne necessity oi further and full nrnvmnns far supplying the wants of ihe Treasury will be the more urgrni, u uongrrss, at inis present session, should adopt nn plan for facililntint the finnnrinl nnemtions of ihe Government and improving Ihe currency of ttiA Mni.nl. a tl .. . 1. - .1.1 -. . r- ' v v.mm.1,1. tiy ,iid mu tii a win nnu eiunrili measure of thai kind, not only would the internal bu siness and prosperity of the country be revived and invigorated, hut important additions lo ihe amount of revenuo arising from importations might alsoh-con lldenllv evnccled. Not only does the nresrnl rnnili linn nf things in relation to ihe currency anil mm. mercnl exchangee pro 'nee severe and dulressmr; emharaesmrnts in ihe business and pursuits of indi- iii,ii-, urn n-iiTivii.u irnii nr y i. n ,-reaip also n necessity for m imp.iilmn of new burdens of tsia lion, in order lo secure ihe Goiernmenl and ihe country ngsmsi diserelil, front Ihe (allure of means 10 luini tne putdic engagements. JOHN TVLKft. The statement of the Secretary of the Treasury enclosed, left nn estimated balance on the 1st of January next of 9380,027. On this the Sscreury makes the following re (C7Soinn of our Wilis contemporaries, to say nothing of the Loco Focos, are rather se vere upon Daniel Kidlog2 f,)r his aristocra cy. They handle his " linen rufles " with out much ceremony, and will probably tako some of tho starch out of them before uext September. Massachusetts. Mr. Parmenler wns the only successful candid.ilu for Congress at tho election which took plan; in this State hist week. Mr. Hudson and Mr. Rockwell tiled but a few votes nf nn election, and will undoubtedly succeed at the next trial. Dickens aoais. The Paris correspondent of lho National Intelligencer siys: 'It is long since I have read an article in any Brit ish journal with so mich gratification otfethng as lilicKwood s crinqueoi inu American ,uirs ui mr. Dickens. Here is n fine fiiMlation, as a.ilfully ad ministered ns richly earned, an I rendered the more niouant bv the profession nf love and admiration tor the bookwrtght with which it ia prefaced and in tersnersrd. He 19 overwhelmed with ridicule nnd con tempt i his general ignorance, his miserable deficiency incisively exposed; a signal lesson inflicted on his vanity and presumption tn ine wnuic process, inciu dins the collition of his text with passages from an tecedent tourists. dcscripliveof the sime objects. The general survey and estimates ot his writings corres pond in justness and acutenesa tu the particular dis section of the paltry notes." m i-. o n- .!. 11 ti. Holand W. Noves ofSalisburv. bv ibefall of a Irec- Mr. INoyes and several other men wero engaged honpinj: wood in inc swamp, ni-ar t cinily of each ...her. As Mr1l?;'w"nJ,rY'"f .. t..w.n nrpi'innslv tA l. other choppers felling timber nesr by, ga e notice llnti he might be m anger Mr. N. slar'ed and ran swiftly from Ihe place wh.r. he " at work, in the meat. time, lho falling "ee. whirh was a large one, so rniwtncd tts branches will, ihebodrnf a irA of smaller stzo as to turn . up hy its mots, which dire, led the source of dinger to a , ..... ..... .,;..;,, . , il,.. shifts of deal'. were mvslrrinnslv concealed in ihe top of ihe small tree: which Mb-d Mr Nuyes tn theearlh. where he instantly expired, wtihotu a struggle, or a groiiii.- Dwclliko Iicsnt The line family mansion at F.lk Island, the estate of Jtnndolpn liarrison, r , y... v. nnnanmrd bv fire on Tuesday I.st, while the severe rle of wind prevailed. The building cost os u,isji, .. w. ium ,v,- COO. MR. TALLMADGE AND HIS EX CHEQUER PLAN. Tho correspondent of the U. S. (Phil.) G.ir.olte, in yivins nn account ot -senator Tallniadge's speech in tlio Senato tho other do v, in support ofhis Echertuer plan, makci lho annexed statement oi some ut iir. I 't rent irks, which we deem highly honorable to ,ii (rnnkness and candor, as well us to his gnou sense. Mr. T. related the various modes adopted by th government for keeping and disbursing ihe public funds. In treating ot this subject, and of the estab lishment of Ihe U. S. Honk, he spoke in hich lerma of Mr. Hamilton, v,hoe mind, at ihe early nge of 37 iiroiuni oruerou. m ennus. i ne enatter of ihe u. a. Honk expired in 1RI I, another wasestablishid in ISIS. That charier expired, and he was ono who voted against re-chnrlering ihe Hank. He recollected well the remark which a distinguished Senator from Ky. mado lo him shortly nfter he hud given bis vole. " Sir," aaid he, "iherowasn young man from lha Weft in I'ongress, in 1811, who voted sgainsl re- chartering Ihe old U.S. Hank. Time went "n ana troubles cjmn upon the euimtrv We a'tempti d tn gel a Ion svtlni.it n N i -i, !'..,, h.u ' it mdispensiblg to the ptop r -nnnaii mrnt of ine fiitsn ces of tho cc-ut) y, d ihe prc a:c n a so' ml and uniform . urti-iry, Th. i v 'g man was cjn vinecd hy experience, thai ihe vole he had given was an erroneous one, and in 1810 he voird to charier an other United Slates Hank. You havo now voted lhat young man did at first, against re-chariering ih Hanl't lut lime and experience will, I hue no iloaM, convince you, as lhy did turn, that you htvs eomimt led an error,"