Newspaper of Burlington Free Press, March 10, 1843, Page 1

Newspaper of Burlington Free Press dated March 10, 1843 Page 1
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if Tit NOT TUB GLOBT OF OJBSAB BUT THE WBLFABB OP BOMB BURLINGTON, VERMONT, FRIDAY, MARCH 10, 1843. No. 41 VOL. XVI. WANTED, A GOVERNESS. Wanted a governess, genteel and steady, Sweet tempered, ana graceful, and forty about : Tosuperintenda juvenile lady, ... . , Whoso parents intend her next spring to 'comeout.' She must be at small talk remarkably clover, Be well-versed in gossip, and littlo light news, And when she is called upon, talk on forever, And never grow tired, and never refuse. Modern languages too, she must know them com pletoly. And epigrams make most brilliant and terse, And when ordered must fill an allium pago neatly, In exquisite prose, or in beautiful verse. In music (ofcourso) she must be a proficient, And ne'er have a cold, when called on to sing, But must be at all seasons and hours efficient, In a duet, or glee, or that kind of thing. She must, too, design well, and draw mo9t divinely, runt nre-screens prciiy, ana um iu... Carve email amber baskets, and ormolu finely, And wken her pupils are ill act as nurse. These gilts, and somo more too tedious to mention, The parents make euro in one lady to meet, And forty pounds yearly, 'tis their intention, To give, and to board her, in Tortington-strcet. REMEDY FOR CHINESE LYING. A chineso silversmith to whom tho English gave the name of Tom Workwell, brought home tome silver spoons, as he called them, to a cap tain of a ship who had ordered them. The gen tleman suspecting his friend Tom had played him a trick common in China, of adding no small quantity of tutenague to the usual proporton of alloy, taxed him with the cheat, which ho deni ed, with tho strongest asseverations of his inno cence. The Captain then told him he had bro't with him a famous water, called lie water, which being placed upon tho tongue of a person sus pected of telling anjuntruth, if the case were so, burned a hole; if otherwise, the party escaped with honor and unhurt. Tom, thinking it a trick, readily consented, upon which, with much form, a single drop of aquafortis was put on his tongue; he jumped about tho room in violent pain, crying out, "Very true, half tutenague," in hopes that confessing the fact might stop the progress of the lie water, which, from tho pain he felt, be had some reason to believe possessed the qualities ascribed to it. Several Europeans who were present, and who had bought different pieces of plate from him, now put similar quos tions to him, and he confessed it had been his constant and uniform practice to add a very large quantity of tutenague to every article made at bis shop, for which, during the continuance of the pain, he promised ample reparation. MANNERS. Attention to manners may not appear, at first view, to have any conncMon with health. But it is so. All our habits of body and mind are so intimately related, that their mutual influ ence is great, and not one of these habits can be named that does not, directly or indirectly, Sect the health. And I maintain that gentlo- manly manners prevalent in good society are fa vorable to health. I speak not here of Clicster- fieldian niceness, nor of Chesterficldian absurdi ties ; but of those fundamental rules of polite ness which regulate tho conduct of a gentle man. These principles dispose him to treat others with urbanity, kindness and due respect ; to make 'iim extremely cautious of injuring their feelings, diminishing their reputation, or throwing obstacles in the way of their enjoy ment. And on the contrary, it is a leading sub ject in all its intercourse with others, to make them happy ; not, indeed, by any sacrifico of truth or principle, but by exhibiting a disposition to befriend them ; to overlook their minor fail ings ; and to give them credit for every virtue which they really exhibit. Now, such treat ment from our fellow men has a po-vcrful ten. dency to buoy up the mind, and to make it cheer ful ; and thus to promote the health. And by cultivating such feelings towards others, we ehall perceive a happy reaction upon ourselves ; contributing not a little to bodily, as well as mental sanity and enjoyment HUclxoch. ORIGIN OF DISEASE. The celebrated Dr. Abernethy said : " I tell you honestly what I think is tho cause of the complicated maladies of the human frame ; it is their gormandizing and stuffing, and stimu lating the digestive organs to excess, thereby producing nervous disorder and irritation. The state of their minds is another grand cause the fidgeting and discontenting themselves about that which cannot be helped ; malignant pas ions and worldly cares pressing on tho mind, disturb the cerebral action, and do a great deal of harm." These are certainly excellent hints for the present unsettled times. A HINT. It is not the money earned that makes a man wealthy so much as what he saves from his earn ings. A good and prudent husband makes a de posit of the fruits of his labor with his best friend, and if that friend be not true to him, what has be to hope ! If he dare not placo confidence in the companion, of bis bosom, where is he to place it ! A wiCe acts not for herself only, but she is the scent of many she loves, and she is bound to act for their good, not for her own gratihca tion. Her husband's good is the end to which he should aim his approbation and love is her reward. CONSERVATIVE DOCTRINE. We do not know wlien we have met with an article, of tho same length, containing more serious and solemn truth, or moro just induction from indisputable facts, than tho following, which we copy from a Southern paper, whoso politics arc not of a decided party cast, but which is rather opposed than otherwise to tho Whig pnrty. Wo welcome the sentiments expressed in tho closing arti de, coming from such a source, as a proof that reflecting men, without regard to party, oin to look with alarm at those doctrines I 'I.. . tm Cnttnrntnn ftf linlll mill whicn sinito at '""" r lie and private morals -.Nat. Int. From the Southern (Charleston) Patriot. lHimo.DiJtATioN.-The spirit of insubordination which is spreading upwards among what are called th. educated daises of American society is a fact too striking not to have become a subject of remark. Man who hsvo been imtructed in principles of high SrVlUy.snd routb who have had the benefit of per Islaiioe'iation with exalted .worth, have ahkeex, Eibitid in the United States, within a few years, de- pravity of purpose and licentiousness of conduct shocking to contemplate. Tho destructives have ob tained tho mastery over mo comerraiir. prmtipito of society. , . . . rnero must exist somo genurui uuou iu, una w ily. Instances of rnalfeasanco in pecuniary trusts may bo traced to' circumstances of a temporary Vnn.ti1tiAt, nnrl nvnrnrlintl in painful pursuits aro the sources of a large portion of the foib les and crimes exhibited in tho forms of infidelity to private engagements, public aciaicauons, luxurious expenditure, suicide, and even murdtr. Unt, Indepen dently of theso social vices and irregularities, there is a general relaxation oi 1110 dumu ui puuuj v....... ted in an increasing spirit of insubordination among tlie youthlul portion 01 our popuiuuuu um uy im. tho obfcrver with tho startling an- ncaranco that accompany tho ordinary forms of crime, but which, silent ana unseen in us ciiecir, is gradually undermining tho fabric of American so ciety. It is the duty of thoso who impress their own char acter on iargo classes of men, and shape public opin on, to discover the sources of this relaxation, and nnnlv thn corrective- before the evil assumes a mag nitude too formidable for removal or restraint. 'c have our own theory on this subject. It may not be nattering to the scll-lovo ot our people, out wu ore satisfied of its general truth. Wo have arrived at tho conclusion that our entire system of law, in its ineertitudo and fceb o mfiuenco and sanctions, is acting most injuriously on ,tho public morals and manners.' . ... Thne wtinsn rnrnllnelmns reach back to twenty years will remember how much more were legal pen' allies, and how much moro largely thoy were res pected by public opinion, than they ore at present. Juries then held in high veneration tho Bhield that the law held over nerson and property. Now we see nf.n.iin.nna l.v them, thrnuirh a misnlaced mcrcv. of attrocities that tho whole world have agreed to call murder, because they are averse to capital pun ishments. How is all this to end 1 If tho injunctions ond sanctions of the law in. tho case of capital crimes are to be thus disregarded, where shall we bo at tho termination of a few years 7 What crimes will be thought to merit ptimsnmcni On what scale, abandoning ail tho standards of pirn thntwi Kiifneienilv securo nerson ana nroncriVf- ishment that have been devisedby civil society, aro we to graauaio penalties 10 uiituuta opinio, bui otderl Aro we, inour hiijhcr claims to wisdom and humanity, to adjust punishment to crime oy a man AnrA rf nnr nwn'l There would then appear to be something in me state of public opinion which has brought tho law and its administration into a condition of dangerous Inxitv. that is Bilcnilv. irresistibly, undermininsr what have been deemed social safeguards in tho present organization of society. Morals and manners oio fortified by the laws. Between them there is a sybtc- matic influence aclion and reaction. I ho people an tho fountain head in this country of mntleranf Iprrislntinn. imvprnment. alld tllO ndmllllS iration of justice. Juries, magistrates, legislators, functionaries, are all under the dominion of popular opinion. Legislative nicasurcF, ollicial ronuuel, and iilti auminisiraiion i uic laws aeuiiuwicuyu nu u the healthy influence, or therevcrse, of -oiind public, sentiment, nut let tins connnuo to rxiiuui an inuu- ference to milihc enwaeenienls. and inn feasance, pri vate and official, will still s prinjr tip in all Us frightful nronortions. Let juries from misplaced meicy, dis play an increased disposition to screen guilt from pun ishment. and crime, in all its forms and eradations will be sown like dragon's teeth nil over the land. Let the people place no self-restraints on their natural love of power, as seen in the occasional outrages that supercede the authority of the magistrate, and a more destructive range will be given to misrule ana nccn tiousness. Ueil amelioration of opinion, conduct, and manners must proceed from the people themselves. The ba sis of such amelioration is the overthrow of a most pernicious dcmagogcej"!, tchich tsjiist superceding wanus au me natural injiucnceoi zaienr, puonc vir tue, and solid acquirement. Tho hetler ediiraled portion of American society is rapidly leaving our legislative hnllsi tho next Mep in our social decline will lie mo annnooninent ot llicir eiuuou-sol our vui tiablobo lvof judicial inaaislrales, thconlu rcmainim counterpoise to the destructive influence of the dema trozucs who arc striving to destroy their indepen dence, in changing the tenure of the judicial office inrougnine basest arts oj popular Jlatlery, THE QUAKER GIRL. nV MISS LESLIE. 1 Mother,' said Clementine Selbury ono morning, as she stood near tho window, ta king off her bonnet and cloak,aftcr her return from dancing-school, ' how 1 should hate to bo a quaker ! ' Mrs. Selbury. You express yourself will far too much vehemence, Clementine. Tlio word hate is too strong to be used by a young girl, on any occasion whatever.' But what makes you think of quakers just now 1 ' Clementine. Because I this moment saw Mrs. Doveridgo pass by, loading a littlo girl in each hand, and her eldest daughter follow- cd her with two moro, all on their way homo from what they call i ilth day meeting.' Now, I should dislike to see my mother wear a still brown rattinct gown, a plain book-mus lin handkerchief, with a grey silk one pinned over it, a littlo tight cap without either laco or ribbon, a close black bonnet, and a drab colored cloth cloak with a narrow collar. Oh! how different from your beautiful French silk coat, and your elegant liat trimmed with blond and feathers. Mrs. S. Her eldest daughter Edith is cer tainly a very pretty girl. C. It is a pity, then, that she should bo disfigured with that brown cloth coat, and that plain white silk bonnet. And then to soo all her younger sisters with tho same sort of brown cloth coats, and little Leghorn bon nets without a single bow on them nothing but a band round tho crown, and strings of plain wlnto ribbon, now can thoy bear to be drcst in such a manner ? How different from me, in my whito beaver bonnet, and my pink merino cloak lined with, white silk What a miserably dull life thoy must lead To think that they havo no music or. dan cing, no balls, and that they never go to tho theatre. How I should dislike to live with quakers I Mrs. S. I am afraid, Clementino, if your preiudicc against quakers is so great, you must give up your expected visit to Philadel phia, notwithstanding that your father has al most promised to tako you with, him, next week, when ho goes tiutiier on business. C. It would bo dreadful to mo to give up my jaunt to Philadelphia. But cannot I be thcro without living among quakers 1 I am sure all tho people of Philadelphia aro not wnat tney call r nends. Mrs. S. When your father was last in that city, ins old acquaintance, Mr, Ems worth, (who is a very plain quakcr, and con forms in every respect to tho primitive man ners of his sect,) made him promjso to bring his eldest daughter with him the next time ho camo to Philadelphia, and to allow her to stay at his house. Ho wished your fatlior ulso to bo his guest, but ho prefers inking ii 1 I - I .1-1 .. 1 : . . n l.ta Ills rusiuuiicu ui i uuiui, iiiiuiiiiuj; iu his nau al custon when ho is from homo. I here fore, if you c to Phil.iih'lplii.i at mi, you place of abode must be nl Mr. Kinsworlli's C. Then I believe I would rather not frn. Mrs. S. Vcrv well, vour sister will bo hnnnv to take vour place. C Still, I havo a great desiro to visit Philadelphia, particularly as 1 have nevor been thero in my life. Every ono calls it a beautiful citv : and it is said to have more comforts and convenienco than any other place in tho Union. Mrs. S. I certainly would advise you to avail yourself of your father's kind offer, and of Mr. Emsworth's equally kind invitation. C. Well. 1 would certainly mako groat sacrifices for tho sako of seeing a place of which I heard so much. 1 believe 1 will no, dear mother, notwithstanding the quakers. -Has Mrs. Linsworlli any children f Mrs. b. Only ono, a daughter about six teen. C. And I am fifteen. Howover, though there is so littlo diflerciico in our ages, I do not expect that she will bo any thing of la companion to me. Hut 1 will try to get alone with her as well as 1 can. in about a week after tnis conversation, Clementine and her father left their homo at Baltimore.and set out for Philadelphia, where they arrived at ten o'clock in the morning. When thov landed from tho steamboat, tney found Mr. Emsworth waiting to receive them, with us carriage a lareo, plain, olive-color cd coach, with no other ornament than an E. on each door ; it was driven by a black ser vant in a quakcr dress. Thev soon arrived at Mr. tmswortns house, a largo, substantial, old-fashioned mansion, with an air of the most perfect com fort and convenience, and which had been built by his grand-fatlter. The mahogany furniture in the family sitting-room Was nearly black with age, but it was in complcto order, and so polished by frequent rubbing, that you might seo your face in it. Tho so fa was covered with dark-brown chintz, and had a largo and very soft pillow at each end, Tlio capacious Franklin slovo was resplen dent with briehtness, and blazing with an ex cellent hickory lire, un mo manici-pieco stood a small clock in a mahogany caso ; and tho other chiinnov ornaments were largo and curious shell, and tall, old-fashioned chi na flower-jars. On each sido ot tho ttre- plucc wero small maliognny brackets, which, by means of a little brass knob, could be slip ped in and out of tlio wall, and wero ex tremely convenient to hold a candle for ono person to read or sow by in the evening. Near each of lliem stood a large and well cttsliioned nrm-chair. In ono of the recesses stood a book-case, stored with an excellent selection of honks; ill the other was a china closet, witli cellarets under it, like those of a side-board. Tlio colors of the carpel were simply green and black, and the figure very small and neat. The curtains were of brown moreen, with a binding of the same color, and no fringe ; and, unlike the generality of window ciirt'ims, wero evidently intended for use rather than for ornament. Cushions of the saint) moreen were on tho old-fashioned mahogany chairs ; und the looking-glass, which was very large, had un extremely nar row maliognny liame. un tlio table under it lay a family Bible, thu binding protected by an oil cloth cover. When Clementine first looked round the room, sho felt an inclination to smile at tho plainness of the furniture, as sho contrasted it in her mind with the Brussels carpet, mo rocco chairs and sofas, silk curtains, and marble pier-tables in her father's splendid pallors: not to mention the looking-glasses in superb gilt frames, the bronze figures hold ing lumps in tho recesses, the t rcncli time pieces covered with gilding, the chandeliers suspended Irom tho centro of tho ceilings, and tho elegant vases that decorated the mantel pieces of tlio mansion that was her home. But she was received so kindly by Airs, tins worth and her daughter, that sho could not but reproach herself for having entertained a single thought liko udiculoot the sober sim plicity of their house and habits. Lydia Emsworth was remarkably hand some ; and her complexion of tho purest red and white, denoted tho most perfect health Sho had intelligent blue eyes, with long black lashes: sho woro her dark brown hair parted on her forehead without uny curls, and its luxuriant length behind was simply wreathed round her comb. Her teeth wero white as ivory, and her smile tho most beautiful that can be imagined, tier figure was naturally so good that corsets (which she had never worn) could not have improved it. She was drest, the day of Clemciitino's arrival, in a hidi frock of dark groy merino, mado as plainly as possiblo, but fitting her exactly ; and her collar was of tho most transparent book-muslin, with a nicely plaited trill of the same. The ago of Lydia Emsworth was only six tren ; but having read a great deal, and de voted a largo portion of her time to tho im provement of her mind, sho had acqujred as much koowlcdgo pud information as is gen erally iound in young ladies ot twenty-tivo ; and though her modesty frequently withheld her from expressing her opinion, or taking a conspicuous part in conversation, sho listen ed with such a look of intelligence that ifwa's easy to perceivo sho was by no means igno rant pi tho subject uQdcr discussion, whatev er it might bo. Soon aftor the arrival of Clementine, Lyd ia Emsworth said to her, ' When thou hast sufficiently warmed thyself, I shall bo glad to conduct theo to thy chamber, that thou may est disembarrass thyself 'from thy travelling dress.' Clementino instantly accepted Lyd ia's offer, and was conducted by her to a ve ry commodious apartment, with curtains and chair covers of dimity, and a toilet cover most carefully quilted. This room was also warm ed by an excellent firo in a Franklin stovo ; and, liko tlio parlor, it was most, carefully guarded against draughts. It was replete with comforts, and on a hanging shelf were somo very interesting books. Clementino changed hqr dress, unpacked her clothes, and arranged them in the bureau and wardrobe. By tho time this was accom plished, the largo eight-day clock on. tho landing, place of tho stair-case struck ouc, and Lydia camo up to conduct the stranger to ibu eating room. The dinner (to which Mr. Rnli'tiry. had boon invited) was very ,'ihiiudaiilly liml admirably cooked ; and the (lessen wilt made by Lydia, on whom that hiiniiii'ss generally devolved. Never had Clementine seen such fine puff-paste, or last ed sui'h exquisite sweetmeats. After dinner, her father went back to his hotel, having made an appointment to meet . .1 . i i : ni- L" i a irenueman meru uu uusmuss. yir. jiiis yvorth repaired to his store In Market street; Emsworth took her knitting, Lydia resumed her sewing, and Clementine seated herself at tho window, that she might see what was passing in tlio street. Sho had a very erro neous idea that in presenco ot quakers all conversation on gay subjects was interdicted, and she was much surprised when Mrs. Lms worth and Lydia, with tho kind and conside rate feeling that distinguishes their sect, en couraged her to converse on topics, that, be ing familiar to her, they supposed would givo her tho most pleasure to talk of. In a snort time Clementine became herself perfectly at ease with both mother and daughter, and found herself relating all the particulars of a juvenilo ball at which she had made ono of the company, shortly before she left ualti more, and describing a new play she had seen thero tho preceding autumn ; nor did a sin pie disapproving remark from cither of her auditors remind her that such amusements were notaanctioncd by the society of Friends At tea, which took placo at a very early hour, and which was made by Mrs. Ems worth herself, (a bright tea kettle boiling all the time on a chafing dish beside her,) the table was covered with a clean cloth beauti fully white and fine, and set out with several different relishes, two large plates of excel lent buckwheat cakes, and a basket. of buns made by Lydia. Clementine saw that sho should live well during her visit, a prospect by no means displeasing to a girl of fifteen. After tea, Mr. Emsworth, drawing out ono of tho little mahogany brackets from the side of the fireplace, seta-candle and snuffers up on it, and read aloud to tho family (who were at work round a large stand) a very amusing tour in Luropc, recently publised. Noxt morning, the weather being remark ably fine and mild, Mrs. Emsworth and Lyd la went with Clementine to sec West s cele brated picture of Christ healing the sick, in the house built by the citizens of Philadel phia for its reception. Clementine at first thought it very strange to visit public places unaccompanied by a gentleman, tslio was not then aware that a nuaker bonncl is con sidered a sufficient cvidonce of respectabili ty, and a sufficient safeguard against imper tinence; and that escorted by a quaker fe male any lady might travel unmolested from one end of the Union to the other. At the first glance of West's picture, Cle mentine did not think she should like It, but her companions explained it so well, and pointed out its beauties with so much natural taste and feeling,that though they stayed near two hours, she was sorry to leave it. 1 Hey afterwards went through tho hospital, which Clementine thought the most perfectly noa place slieliad ever seen, and she particular

ly admired the manner in which the floors were sanded in borders and flowers. She could not, however, suppress a smile at the statue of William Penn in the hospital gar den, and it is certain that the quaker habit appears to no advantage in bronze or marble. ' Thou art amused,' said Mrs. Emsworth to her, as they camo away, ' at the quaint and formal appearance of the founder of Ifluladelphia, and 1 believe that a statue to look well should always bo enveloped in a mantle or some sort of loose drapery that will hang in gne folds ; for instance, like the marble effigy of Benjamin Franklin, over the door of the City Library, that I pointed out to theo as wo passed. And the habit of Friends, as worn in tho time of Charles the Second, was perhaps still less becoming than it is now. Still, I would not wish that this statue were otherwise, for it has the merit of truth, and gives us an idea of William Penn as ho really looked. It is not a great many years since a few persons were still alive who had actually seen him." ' Soon William Penn 1' exclaimed Cle mentine, ' is it possible 1' Yes,' replied Mrs. Emsworth, ' and myself havo often seen an old woman named Barbara Niebuhr, who recollected tho first landing of William Penn, at which time, as she said, she was sixteen years old. She had been brought to America by her parents, who were Germans, and had accompanied some Swedes that formed a settlement on tho western side of the Delaware, a few miles below what is now Philadelphia. This woman, as is often tho case, had a perfect recollection of the most striking events of her early life, while her memory could not rotain the occurrences of later times. For many years she sold cakes and molasses candy at a stall in Chesnut street, near the steps of the Bank of North America, and 1 have of ten in my childhood laid out a cent with her. Afterwards sho sat in market with herbs, and continued in that occupation the remainder 01 lier IIIU.i W lieu U tcilimjr uiu, u nau, as thou mayest supposo, tho appearance of ex treme ago.- Sho was bent nearly double ; her teeth had long since been entirely gqno, and hor hair was white as snow. Afterwards her hair all came out, and grew again, per fectly black, and resembling that of a young person. 1 saw her frequently after the sec ond growth of her hair. Though poor in ap pearance, she was said to have amassed some monev. She lived in a very old ruinous house in one of the alleys, and Anally died in con seqnence of a vory serious hurt she received from the stairs falling with her. Dr. Priest ley visited hor when he was first in Phila delphia, and published an account of her in ono of tho no vspapers. He heard from her lips a description ol tno arrival oi w imam Penn and his friends, and of the wilderness, then inhabited only by Indians and wild ani mals, and which is now an elegant ana pop ulous city.' Clementine said sho could.scarcely roaliso tlio fact of the squaro in which thoy were now walking having been a savage forest in the memory of any person but recently dead, and that chesnut, walnut, spruce, and pine trees should have grown in places now occu pied by ranges of handsoino houses, forming straight and regular streets whoso length seemed almost intornunablu. But Lydia re minded her of the great numbor of towns be yond the Alleghany, where, only twenty or thirty years ago, tho axe of the settlor re sounded for the first time since the croation of tho world. And she had seen two old oranrl.uncliis of her father, whom she had frequently teen at their farms in Chester county, who, when very young men, had gone on horseback from Pennsylvania to South Carolina, at a time when the best road through the interior of the country was a pathway in tho woods, which had been trav elled only a few years. Tliis path was cal led the K. L. road, and was first explored by a German from Lancaster, who, to ena ble himself to find his way back, had with his kinfo marked the trees on onesidoot tho way with L. for Lancaster, and on tho other sido with K. for Karolina. Sho also told of her great grandfather Wilson having pur chased a largo tract of land about forty miles from Philadelphia, of an Indian, for a brass kottlo and a bluejacket well decorated with bright buttons. And tho tract of wilderness soon became a fino farm. Clementine was so well pleased with her companions on their visit to West's painting and tho hospital, that in tho afternoon she expressed a wish to go and see something clso. but Mrs. bmsworth very judiciously replied, ' If thy time with us were but a few days, it would bo desirable that thou shouldst see as many sights as possiblo in a short pe riod ; but 33 we hopo to keep thee at least several weeks, wo fear to distract thy atten tion and overload thy memory by showing thee too many places in rapid succession. What thou seest will interest theo more, and dwell longer on thy remembrance, if thou hast time to examine it properly, and leisure to think upon it afterwards, before thy mind is diverted to some now obiect. Clementine acquiesced, recollecting that when she had visited her aunt and uncle at Washington the preceding summer, thoy had in one morning been all over the capitol, tlic president's house, the navy yard, and every show place in tho city ; and had gone in the afternoon to Mount Vernon and tiro talis of tho Potomac. Tho consequence was that she had no clear idea or satisfactory rccol lection of any 0110,0! those places. Larly in the afternoon, a quakcr lady and her two daughters brought their sewing, and came to tako tea with Mrs. Emsworth. They wero all very intelligent persons, and there was much pleasant conversation, though they knew nothing of the fashions, and never went to balls, plays, or concerts Tho visit to the hospital being mentioned, their guest, Mrs. Orwell, related several an ecdotcs of William Penn and his compan ions, which she had heard when a child from her grantlniotlier,whose father had come over with them in the ship Welcome, in 108. Mrs. Orwell then requested Lydia ihmswortl to repeat Roscoe's beautiful lines on William Penn's Tree. These verses were sent by tho celebrated Mr. Roscoo of Liverpool to Dr. Rush of Philadelphia, in return for an inkstand made from a piece of tho wood 0 the old elm of Kensington, which memorable tree was blown down one night in a violent tempest, during the last war, vear 1812. Lydia, in a clear and distinct voice, reci ted, with much taste and feeling, the follow ing beautiful stanzas, which, being less gen erally known than they deserve to be, we shall present to our readers without further introduction. WILLIAM PENN'S TREE. From clime to clime, from shore to shore, The war-Mend raia'd his hateful yell. And 'midst the atorm that realms deplore, Penn's honor'd tree of cotfeord fell. And of that tree, that ne'er again Shall spring's reviving influence know, A relic o'er the Atlantic main Wa sent the gift of foe to foe. But though no more its ample shade Wave green beneath Columbia's sky, Thoueh cv'ry branch be now decay'd, And all iis scaiter'd leaves be dry, Vet 'midst this relic's sainted space, A health-restoring flood shall spring, In which the ansel-form of Peace May stoop to dip her dove-like wing. So once the staff the prophet bore, By wondering eyes again was seen To dwell with life through every pore, And bud afresh with foliogo green. The wither' d branch again shall grow, Till o'er the earth its shade extendi And this, the gifi of foe to foe, Become the gift of friend to friend. The next morning, soon after breakfast, an aged temalo quaker brought her knitting, and came to spend the day at Mr. Ems- worth's. She was immediately installed in one of the cushioned arm-chairs, in tho warmest corner. Lydia brought a footstool to put under her feet, and the greatest atten tion was paid all day to hor comfort. She was called Neighbor Markley. In the afternoon, Mr. Emsworth's car riage was prepared, for the purpose of giv ing Clementino an opportunity of seeing tho water-works at Fairmount. Mr. and Mrs. Emsworth accompanied her, and neighbor Alarkley was taken with them. Mr. bms worth explained to Clementino tho powerful yet simple machinery that furnished thewholc city ol Philadelphia with an abundant and never-failing supply of excellent water; and sho was delighted with the beauty of the place and the tasto and neatness of the buildings. Aftor their return to town, Neighbor Mark ley talked of going home, but the family in sisted on her slaying to tea. Coffee was made on purposo for hor, as Mrs, Emsworth said she knew Neighbor Markley preferred it ; and when she departed, Lydia gavo her a little basket of cakes to take home with her. Notwithstanding Neighbor Markley's re monstrances, and declarations that an old woman liko her had nothing to fear in walk ing alono after dark, Mr. Emsworth insisted on escorting her to her dwelling, that sho might have his arm to support her, as tho pavement was somewhat slippery with snow. Clementine had thought to herself all day that Neighbor Markley must bo a rich rela tion, from whom tho Emsworth family ex pected a large legacy. She thus accounted for their great attention to the old lady, and she began to think that quakers were not more disinterested than other people. What was her surprise to find, from something which was said, that Neighbor Markley was an inhabitant of the Walnut street almshouse, and that Mrs. Emswoth frequently bought from her herbs and plants, and that she took in quilting and. knitting. This poor woman was very good and very intelligent, and sho was frequently invited to spent a day with tho Emsworth family, to break the monotony of 1 - 1 nr. 1 a - 1 . " . ner usuw me, una to give ner an opportunity of enjoying many things that sho could not obtain in her own residence. " Certainly," thought Clementine, "quakers are good peo ple." A fow days after, Lydia Emsworth, fol lowed by tho servant man, loaded with a large basket of provisions ready cooked, went to the almshouse to make a new gown for Neigh bor Markley, carrying with her the stuff. Sho stayed all day, cut out tho gown, and with the old woman s assistance completed it by nine o'clock in tho evening. Tho next morning Lydia commenced making a quakcr black bonnet, which Clementine understood was for another mutate of the almshouse. " How did you learn to do all theso things?" said Clementine. I was tlirco months with a mantua maker and six weeks with a bonnet maker,' replied Lydia, 'that 1 might acquire somo knowl edge of the art of making gowns and bon nets, which knowledge will bo useful to me in caso I should at somo future time live in tho couutry, or bo so situated as not to havo it in my power to employ others to work for me. I believe,' said Clementine, 'you also went to a pastry school. I did, answered Lydia. JJut how," inquired (Jlcmontine, 'did you find time to learn mantua making, bonncl making, and pastry V ' You must recollect,' returned Lydia, that I havo never learned music, dancing, or any sort of ornamental needle work, and thai, as I dress plainly, very littlo time is sufficient for my own sowing. I herefore I havo al ways had ample leisure to cultivate such ac quirements as aro approved in our society.' I ho more Clementine saw of the Lms- worth family, the better sho liked them Never had people milder tempers or kinder hearts, and never wero people more perfectly happy. In their company, Clementine felt a disposition to be pleased with every place they visited, and with every thing thev show ed her. They took her to the museum, to the asylum of the deaf and dumb, and in fact to all 111 the city worth seeing, excepting, of course, places of public diversion ; and Clem entine found that it was possible to be very well satisfied, and sufficiently amused, with out even hearing of plays and balls. Her father, who came every day to seo her. told her one morning that he would tako her next evening to a juvenile ball. ' Father,' said she, "do you think this ball will bo very different from those I have been at in Baltimore V ' No,' replied Mr. Selbury, 'not very dif ferent.' ' Then,' said Clementine, 'I believe I will decline going, out of respect to Mr. Ems wolh's family, as I am a guest in their house, and quakers do not approve of balls.' I am very glad,' said Mr, Selbury, 'that you seem to feel so much delicacy towards them; but they are so liberal in their opin ions respecting the customs of other sects, and so disposed to allow people of every de nomination the priviledgo of judging for themselves, that I am convinced they will not offer the slightest objection to your going to the ball to-morrow evening.' I am sure they will not,' replied Clemen tine, 'so far from that. Lydia will ask me to describe the ball to her after I come home, for sho knows it will give me pleasure to talk about it. But as I think they will be rattier better pleased if 1 do not go, I wi stay away, and not tell them of the sacrifice I havo made. And it will bu no great sacri fice, for I anticipate a very pleasant evening at home, as somo of their friends whom I particularly like aro to drink tea hero to morrow.? A few days after, however, Clementine's resolution was not proof against an invitation from her father to accompany him to the theatre, to see a new and attractive melo drama, and a very laughable farce. None of the Emsworth's family gave tho smallest hint of disapproval. Tea was prepared at a still earlier hour thanusual, that Mr. Selbu ry and his daughter might take theirs com fortably, without fearing all the time that they would get to the theatre too late to seo tho commencement of the play ; and next morning Clementine amused them highly by her very animated account of it. tor several days, Lydia Emsworth had not sat with the family as usual, only joining them at meals, or for a short time in the eve ning ; and when Clementine went out, Mrs. Emsworth volunteered to bo her companion, instead of Lydia. Clementine, at last, ex pressing much regret at their now having so littlo of Lydia's company, inquired if she was indisposed. 1 No,' replied Mrs. Emsworth,' thou seest her always at table ; but she has a particular occupation which she cannot pursue as she wishes, except in her own room.' And this was told to all Lydia's friends when thoy inquired for her; but none, how ever intimate, were invited to go up to her chamber. This very much surprised Cle mentino, who had a considerable sbaro of cu riosity, and who felt a littlo hurt that Lydia did not ask her to como to her room, and sit with her. She at first supposed that Lydia was enca ged with an unusual quantity of mending or patching ; but then she recollected that the mending was done regularly every Wednes day, and therefore it was improbable that so much should havo accumulated as to make it necessary for Lydia to devote her whole time to it ; and she wondered what sort of work it could, bo that was not admissablo to the par lor, or oven to the dining room. At last sho thought sho had guessed ex it Cly. ' I supposo Lydia is quilling?' said sho to Mrs. Emsworth. No,' replied Mrs. Emsworth, smiling, ' we always do our quilling iu the summer, when tho days are long.' Clementine then recollecting that she had heard somo of the quaker ladies talk of ma king rug carpels, by sewing together slips of nld cloth, she concluded she had certainly guessed the mystery, and that Lydia was un doubtedly making a rag carpet for the kitch on floor. She did not, however, like to men lion this new conjecturo to Mrs. Emsworth, and she soon found it erroneous, by accident ally discovering that the kitchen carpet was new, and had only been brought home from the weaver's a few weeks before ; and she earned also that the cutting and sewing slips of cloth was a business that, like quilling, on ly went on in the summer, among methodical people. Clementino was again at a loss, and no ono seemed disposed to gratify her curiosity, in spite of the hints which she could not avoid dropping. One morning, the father of Mrs. Linsworlli, a fine venerable looking old far mer, arrived from the country, and Lydia was immediately sent for to come down and see her grandfather Wilson. Shu came instant ly ; the meeting was very affectionate on both sides,and Clementine, finding that Lydia was likely to remain some limo in the parlor, de termined to avail herself ot un opportunity she had long been watching for, and, by slip ping into Lydia s room during her absence, she hoped to be able to satisfy her curiosity. She accordingly (taking her book with her as ifshe was going to road in her own apart ment; glided on tiptoe into Lydia s room, and looked about for some traces of her friend's mysterious occupation. She saw on the bed a new shirt, on which Lydia had evidently been sewing the ruffle. The linen and cam bric wero of the most exquisite fineness, the shirt was made in the newest fashion, and tho frill had half a dozen little tucks along the edge, scarcely broader than a thick thread of cotton. Nothing could surpass the exquis ite neatness of the work. Clementine's perplexity was now greater than ever. She knew that Mr. Emsworth wore no ruffles on his shirts, neither did any relations of the family ; and this shirt was ev idently not intended for a poor person. She knew not what to think. Why Lydia should choose to occupy herself in this manner, and with such unremitting industry, why it should be kept a profound secret by the fam ily, was to Clementine a subject of the great est amazement. She still held tho shirt in hor hand, when, to her shame and confusion, the door opened, and L)dia appeared. Clementine started, and let fall the shirt; and Lydia stood mo tionless with surprise that Clementine's cu- rosity should have led her to take such dis honorable means to penetrate the secret, and with regret that her little mystery shoule re discovered. She did not, however, speak, and Clementine hesitated, fullered, but could frame no apology, and at lust burst into tears. Lydia then advanced, took her hand, and placing A chair for her, said kindly, "Sit down, dear Clementine, and compose your self." Concluded on fourth page. From a late London Paper. Dovek, Jan. 26. The great blast at Rounddown Cliff, consisting of 18,590 lbs., or eight and a half tons of gunpowder,which has lately produced so great a sensation in the scientific world, was fired off this day, at two o'clock. Long before this hour every height (at a respectful distance) commanding a view of the immense cliff intended to be operated upon was studded with spectators, and, we must say, that excellent arrange ments were made by the company to avoid accidents. A line of demarcation was marked off by signals, and police and milita ry were stationed along this line, to keep the populace from approaching within it. The Rounddown Cliff o'erhting the sea, close to the ono whose fearful height is so graphically described in King Lear, and commonly known by the classic name of " Shakespeare's Cliff." The original inten tion of the Southeastern Rail way Company was to carry a tunnel through the portion of the height this day Mown down, as they have through the bowels of the Shakespeare; but, from the circumstances of tremendous falls having taken place on either side, du ring the progress of the works, and from these falls having affected the stability of the cliff, the expedient of blasting it was very judiciously lesolvcd on. A mine, consisting of three cells, was accordingly planned and formed by Mr. Cubitt, the engineer of the company, in the base of the cliff, into which the enormous quantity of powder above named was placed, und the ignition of the charges by the voltaic battery was performed by Lieutenant Hutchinson, of the Royal Engineers, who was employed lately by .Majiir-General Pasley in operating onanist the wreck of the Royal George. Punctual to their arrangement, tho miners communi cated the electric spark to the gunpowder by their connecting wires, on the signal be ing given tho earth trembled under our feet to half a milo distant a stifled report, not loud, but deep, was heard; the base of the cliff, extending on either hand to upwards of five hundred feet, was shot as from a can non from under the super-incumbent mass of chalk seaward, and in a few seconds, not lesa we should say, than 1,000,000 tons of chalk were dislodged by the shock, and settled gently down into the sea below. Tremend ous cheers followed the blast, and a royal sa lute was fired. The sight was indeed truly magnificent. Such was the precision of the engineers, and the calculations of Mr. Cu bitt, that it would appear just so much of the cliff has been removed us was wanted to make way for the sea wall ; and it is reckon ed the blast will save the company 1,000 worth of hand labour. Not the slightest ac cident occurred. On tho cliffs we noticed Major General Pasley, Sir J. Herschell, and many engineers, together with a host of sci entific mem A Result of the Exploring KxpFniTro!. "An important addition has been, or ultimately will be, made to our collections, by the labor of the exploring expedition. The number of live plants Drought home amounts to between two hundred and three hundred spcrioF, among them several new fruit frees from the East Indies. Tho collection oftecds embraces many hund. red kiiiGF, from all the various places where the expedition touched, among them many of the ericas, from the Cape of Good Hojc, and the splendid pinus Lambertiana and other, from the Columbia river. The seeds were placed under the direction of the National Institute at Wash ington, and havo been lib rally distributed by Dr. Pickering, the curator. For the growth of the live plants, a green house, 60 feet long, has been erected on the vacant ground in the rear of the Patent Office, Part of this has been par titioncd off, as a store or hot house for the trop ical plants and fruits. These, when increased will probably be distributed among the nursery rote of the country." Uirlkultvral Magatiri