gran OOtlS -1PIBIBSI - PACIFICUS t TRF. RIOHT3 AND PMVIi.UaES OP TIIR SEVERAL STATKS ia 1UJC1ARD to SUAVER Vj Btlnx a Hriu of Essays, published in thf Western Mmsrtl Chronitts, Ohio,) alsrths slntion 018O. it A wiu or oino. iNTROluTcTION. T Lt Editor of the Chronielei The tlfetlon ii l, ami our opponents have triumphed. They Are iwr chugeil with ths responsibility of (idininistctins ur State Government. This hcing the cnie, wo mf eipecl the election of a Senator to Congress who will tote to repeal tho tsriff, and to abandon the protection of the free labor of the North. VC muit eipecthhs election of such a man as will exert liia kifluanea againat our harbor improvements, and a ompletion of the Cumberland road; and who will oppose the distribution of tho proceeds of the public tendi. W must look for the election of a man who will rote for the annexation of Texas to this Union, and who will lend hit influence generally to the tttoholdine tntorcats. The State will be so districted (a ts elect the greatest possibln number of lloprwn .tatifes in Congress, who ui I sustain the same policy, nd who .will vote for John C. Calhoun to theoflbe f Presiicntin 1S44, should theclsction devolve upon the Mouse of Representatives. Had lhefrimls of northern ri(jhti united their po lities! rfTurts at the recent election, thec consequent a would havo been avoided; but we were divided, nd of course wcru conquered. Crimination and ro nmination will noiextrican us fron the I'.iTicultics Into wltie.li cur unhappy division have procipilaled s. Future triumph can only be secured by future nisnt we should, therefore, prefil by experience. Let us (Jse.ircli nut the rncU on which we have split, that wo may itvoid it hereafter. If thero be any po lilirtlor moral principle involved in tho controversy, let us understand whit it is. Let it bo developed and plaeed before the people, that we may all distinctly ndsrstand it. In order to do this, it is the intention of the writer to enter into an examination of this sub- jset. . He will endeavor to do so with such plainness tad sincerity as the subject demands: no faleo delicti- cr shall deter turn from a full. fair, and endid ex firession ol truth ; nor shut trclings ol ex'itsment nduce him to uso terms ot epithets that may offend ihe sincere inquirer after truth, whether he lives in a free or slave State, or belongs to the Whig, the Democrat, or the Liberty parly. In order to be distinctly understood, your readers taay expect an examination of the subject in the fol lowing order: lit. He will inquire into the righ's and privileges f the a-veral States in regard to slavery. H. Tho encroachments upon these rights, ef Which theanti-elavery men complain. !.!. Tho reinsdy which, I think, all will agree ihould be adopts!. The whole will occupy several columns of ycur taper, and wi l he furnished as tho writer finds leisure esmrnnnic.ua with your readcas, Nstsmbsr 1, 1512. PACIFICUS. NUMBER I. Stssrt ax fttTiaciss or tiix sr.vssti statu C0.VCEAN1NO BLAVXST. Ma. EotToa: Tor the purpose of fixing in tho mind a definite idea of our rights and privileges res fueling slavery, it becom s neccsairy to look back to ihe time of forming tin Constitution. At that period, the spirit of unircrsil liberty pervaded ihemtniWof ur people generally, pirtieulnrK those of Now Ens land snl the northern States. Thcsigcsaml patriots of 1776 had put forth the undying truth, "that man U barn free." m" a self-evidentact." In obedience I this declaration, Massachusetts, ever forward in ths cams of liberty, bv a similar assertion of the rights of man. had stricken the shackle from every lave within her territories. The soil of Vermont had never been contaminated with the footsteps of a slave. Penn-ylvanii, and indeed nearly nil of ihu northern Hlnics, had commeneeil a si stem of gradual mancipation. The delegates from tho north carried with them a strone predisposition in favor of univer sal liberty. While in convention they spoke of slave ry with rieeo abhorrence, and the most irrcconnlca- ls hatred. Not so with the Southern States. They f?arded slavery ss necessary to their nrosneritv. They refused to enter into tho constitutional compact uoon any terms thai would sttlucct that institution to ihs eon'rol of the General Government. Up to this neriod each Stato had acted, in recard to slavery, ac cording to tha dictates of its own will. Each, for Itself, heU supreme, indisputable, and uncontrolled jurisdiction over that institution within its own limits. This entiro power was reserved to itself by each Slate, and no portion of it was delegated to the Gen eral Government ; and to place the subject in euch plain and palpable light that it should never be ques tioned or disputed; article 10, of the amendments, was subsequently ndopted ; by which it was declarrd that tha powers not delegated by the Constitution were reserved to tho several States. Itis, therefore, plain, that tho General Givcrnment have now no more power over the institution of slavery than it had prior to the adoption of the Constitution. The peo ple of truisouthcrn States hold that institution aa in dependency of the Federal Government as they did ndtr the old confederation. Precisely to the samo ctlentlo ths people of the rs States liol 1 ; 1 i . i i.o i.iJSVaiigs m" personal' -r'"' "ty uciegaicu to tue l'eder.il iiovcrnment B3 more power to involve tliun in slavcrv. than the south did toinvnlve'nm in its nholiiinn. The riihts f Ihe States on this subject were mutual, nnd per fscllv reciprocal. Thoss Stales who desired to do so, ijuM rontiniis the institution of slavery ; nnd those wh J des.ieil to bo free, nn I entirely exempt from the xpsnje, the disgrace, and the guilt of it, reserved to themselves tho full nnd indispulahlo richt to remain tllogalher separate from, nnd unconnected with, its erils. The soni of the pilgrims regarded slniery aa violatinn of the will of Heaven, nnd a frncrnnt trensgreion of the law of God. They would no sooner have been pievailed upon to involve them selves in Its moral turpitude, than tluy wo ild in that piracy or murder. The ueonle of the free States. "'therefore, secured to tlicimelvcs the absolute rizht of tsinflirnntr free from the guilt, the disjrnce, and the expense of slavery, by withholding from the Federal Government all constitutional power in regard to that institution; while tha slave Slates secured to themselves nn enual oriviVen to mtnv ilm lin.ntK (as they supposed) resulting from a continuance of liavery. These doctrines aro not new they arc as old the Constitution. They aro no! total, for they have been substantially asserted in Congress, and both in the north and ilia south. They are not anli-slarenj, for they havo bsen, far half a century, tho declared doctrines of the stars States. If anv nnn-slaverv nan claims for the Freo States any further rights in tegard to alaverv than those expressed above, lie ie requested to make them known. If nnyWhis or Democrat of Ohio is willing to deny to ihe proploof ine iree amcsine riii rs annveset icirin, i:c is invited to express his views, in order thai the pubi.e mind may 03 iniormej upon tins very important sub Jet. If there he the constitutional rights of the free ffisles, all will agree that they should bo maintained nd supnortH. On this print it would appear unpos ible that Whigs nnd nnti slavery men should disa. jrse. I, therefore, submit the mestion to our edi tors, and the conductors of the public press generally whether they ought not to speak out boldly and tem perately upon this subject. Ought they not to urge miwaru our iaie anu fvational legislators to main tain and defend the lights of the free Slates, as ascid ously as they do those of the slave States! The queslion is also submitted to the members of our o aie legislature, and lo our members of Cnnnrres, whether they are not as much bound bv their oath oi omee to preserve tho free States from nil p.articipa lion in the guilt, the disgrace, nnd tho expense o lvy. thev are to preserve the slave Slates frorr the abolition of that institution by ConnressT Ouch they not to put forth their influence lo S'parate and wholly divorce the Federal Government from all sup port of slavery, and to bring it back to the position in which the Constitution placed it in relation lo that institution? Having thus elated, generally, the rights of the State, I shall, in nty next communication, examine the subject of fugitive slaves; which has sometimes been urged as an exception lo the general principle that we, of tho free Slates, are connitutionntlv un connected with slavery. PACIFICUS. FROM WASHINGTON. SECRET SESSIONOF THE SENATE. To the Senate of the United Slates, I nominate) lo the Sonato Henry A. ViM( nf Virginia, tuba Rttvoy Extraordinary nd Jlinitt. tor Plenipotentiary of tlio United Statci to the Court bf liia Majesty the King of tho Franc!), in tht place of Lewis Cass, resifiicd. JOHN TYLER. WashinRlon, Fch. 27 1843. Ynas Meaara Archer, lluchanan, Calhmin, Ohoato, Cuthbert, Evati.. Fulton. Kinir, Mc Outfit;, Sturgeon, Tallm.tdge, nml Walker 12 Nity Messrs Bagby, Harrow, Hcntun, nr ricn, Clayton, Conrad, Crafts, Chittenden, Day ton, Graham, Henderson, Huntington, Kerr, Mangutn, Merrick, Miller, Phelps, Porter, Sun rnonn, Smith of Indiana, Sprague, Tappr.n, White, and Woodbridge 24. Tn thclSenate of the United Stain: In submitting tho namo of Henry A. Wise to the Senate, for the mission to France, I was led to do so by considerations of his high talent, his oxa tcd character, and groat moral worth. The country I feel assured would ho represented at P.iris in tho person of Mr Wise, by one wholly unsurpassed in exalted patriotism, and well fit ted lobe tho representative of this country abroad His rejection by the Senate has caused tno to reconsider his qualifications, nnd I see no cause to doubt that ho is eminently qualified for the station. I fool it therefore to' bo tny duty to re. nominate him. I nominate Henry A. IVisc, of Virginia, to bo Envoy Extraordinary and Minister Plenipotent iary to the Lnurt of Ins Alnjcsty, the King of the French, in place of Lovvia Caps, resigned. JOHN TYLER. March 3. 1843. Year Messrs Calhoun, Cuthbert, Fulton, King, McDuffie, Sturgeon, and Walker 9. Nnvs Messrs Archer, Bagby, Ilirrow, Bay. ard, Benton, Berrien, Clayton, Conrad, Crafts, Crittenden, Evans, Uraham, Henderson, Hun tittL'ton. Linn. Maneum, Merrick, Miller, More head, Porter, Simmons, Smith of Indiana, Snrautte. Tappan, White, and Woodbridgc 20. Another brief message again nominated Mr Wise, anil the following voto shows liio result; Yeas Messrs Cuthbert, and Walker 2. Nava Messrs Alien, Archer, Bigbv, Bar. rows, Bayard, Benton, Berrien, Clayton, Conrad, Crafts, Crittenden, Dayton, Graham, Henderson, Huntington, Linn, Mangum, Alcrnck, Miller, Morohcad, Phelps, Porter, Sevier, Simmons, Smith of Indiana, Sprague, Tappan, White, and Wooduruigc m. To the Senate of the United Stales: I nominate Caleb Cushing, of Massachusetts, to bo Secretary of tho Treasury, in place of Wal ter Forward, resigned. JOHN TYLER. Wellington, March 2, 181:3. Yeas Messrs Bates, Buchanan, Calhoun, Clioatc. Cuthbert, Evans, Fulton, King, McDuf fie McRoberts, Rives, Sevier, Sturgeon, Tall, tnatlgc, Walker, Wilcox, Williams, Woodbury, and White 19. Nays Messrs Allen, Archer, Bighy.Btrroiv, Bayard, Benton, Berrien, Clayton, Conrad, Crafts Crittenden, Graham, Henderson, Huntington, Kerr, Linn, iMnngum, Merrick, .Miller, More head, Phelps, Porter, Simmons, Smith of India- na, bprajue, 1 .ippan, ami W lute J7. To the Senate of the United Stales: In submitting to you the nair.eof Caleb Cush ing as Secretary of the Trcatury, I did so in full view of his consummate abilities, his un questioned patriotism, and full capacity lo dis charge, with honor to himself and advantage to tho country, tho high anil important duties ap pertaining to that doprttnci t of the Govern ment. 1 he respect winch I liavo for the wis dom of the Sonato has caused mo again, since his rejection, to reconsider his merits and his qualifications. This review has satisfied me that I could not havca mure able adviser in the administration of pullic affair?, or the country a nioro latllitul otficcr. I feel it, therefore, to bo my duty to ronomi nato htm. ; I nominate Caleb CuBhing to the Secretary ot tho treasury, ii the place of Walter tor ward, resigned. JOHN TYLER. March 3, 1813. Yeas .fiessrs flates i!!.M, Cuthbert, Ful ton, King-, McDuffie, Knee, Sevier, Sturgeon, and Walker 10. Najs Mews Allen, Archer, Bagby, Bar- row, IJavard, Benton, Hornet, Clayton, Lonrad, Crafts, Crittenden, Graham, Henderson, Hun tington, Kc-rr, Linn, Mangum, Mernrk, Miller, lUnrelicail, Porter, .Nintnonp, btintli of Indiana, Spraguo, Tappan, White, and WooJbridgo 27 "Of llioso who havo been Member of thji Congress and have boon eminent in the public service, and who will not bo Member of the next, I need only namo Cmt, Calhoun, Pros, ton, Sergeant, Granger, Fillmore, Saltonsts.ll, Morrow,, (among tho living,) Southard, Lo vis, Williams, and Lawrence, (among the dead,) to show that tho next Congress can not replace to tho country what it loses in this. I might lengthen this list by tho addition of many faith ful, devoted, distinguished, honored ahd beloved patrions who now leave tho public service, some for a bnoi intorvai,no tioubt,uui too many lorov. er. Tho aggrcgato of famcstability.fidclity and worth which this Congress has exhibited to the country, has been 'rarely equalled never ex. celled. "But of those incidental and accidental pecu liaritics and distinctions of this Congress, tho various circumstances above detailed from a memory especially inclined to treasure singular facts and coincidences, may but servo for the entertainment of tho idly curious. Far graver characteristics, higher distinctions, more active virtues, and positivo results from the more solid memorial of this Congress and its lasting claim to the respect anil gratituuo ol this na tton. "This Whig Congress has sat four hundred and fifty days, has passed more than four nun dred bills into Acts, (nearly twice as many as any previous Congress,) made more than two thousand Reports, occupying more man twenty five thousand printed pages, and circulated sev eral hundred thousand copies of valuable docu moms among the people lor their information on public alburs. ' "Having thus done and suffered, thus long labored under abuse as unparrallcd as their pa tience and industry and heroism, tho Wmos of Tiir. Twentv-Seventh Congress, from serving their country how in this evil day and genera, tion, return to tbeir rest, to renew their labors no more ! They catno forth to this mission amid shouting and popular exultations and tri umphs. They return to obscurity and oblivion, in sorrow, disapointment, sadness Vnd silence. But tho people's hearts will return to them again when the cry of hireling factionaries has died away, and when tho harvest of those unro. quited toils is reaped by a renovated nation in calmer years. Though history, venal and false as it ever has been, should nerrlect and holin them, as it does the great and good of almost all Frem the National Intelligenecr. THE ASI1BURTON TREATY. In tho debato in tho Homo of Lords, on the answer to tho Queen's speech, Lord BnouoiUM referred to the treaty between tho United States and Great Britain at in deed nearly oil the speakers did and said concerning tho boundary adjustment: " As to the terms of that settlement as to the ter ritory which is Directed by tho line of boundary that no iiiivo iichiu so niucn lamea oi io nigni, ami so much more and so lets wisely tailed of out of doors I profess myself to be of this opinion, (a heresy, I doubt not, that will be questioned by some, perhaps, of my noble friends behind me) I so infinitely over vaiue, pernaps, me importance, to ine interest oi mis country and of mankind nt large, of a good under standing, of a cordial friendly fooling, being restored between this country and our kinsman of America, mat i care not now this line ot Dounoary is arawn. I am utterly indifferent what direction that line takes; let it go a few miles or leaguea to tha right hand or lo the tela, even let it affect Cape Rous, even let it affect the navigation of Ihe St. John's river welcome I lake it all Give it up I Give me peace between America nnd England." His Lordship went to say, however, that he was not left to that in defending tho treaty. Ho considered the settlement fair nnd just, nnd paid compliments to Lord Asiiduhton for tho happy success of this negotiation. THE EARTHQUAKE Accounts received from the West Indies gives us further particulars of ihe disastrous effects of tho Earthquake, which occurred on tho eighth of February. By the arrival of the schooner Chappelle, Sawyer, at YVilmineton. N. C. from St. Thomas, we learn that 'all 'the buildings in Point Petro were thrown uown oy uie enocK. Immediately upon lis occur rence, about two thousand of the inhal itants rushed from their houses into the public square, which they had scarcely reached when Ihe earth opened beneath their feet nnd swallowed Ihe whole mass I It was Buppostd that full seven thousand people were des troytd altogether in various ways. Directly after the earthquake a flro broke out among the ruins, which burnt five days and completed the work, of ucsiruciion. The other oarts of the island suffered but little. On the islands of Antigua and Montserrat, nearly all .1 . I 1 ' I I i 1 1 t J 'u... me siune nnu uncit ouuuings wcru biiukcii uumt, uu, noi inosc oi wool. A lew lives oniy were lost, ai Pottci Riroata. The Police reporla of contem porary papers, are sometimes very amusing, to say the least ot tnem. i no loiiowing from in t rniiadcl phia Tunos, shows us quite an original genius, either in the reporter or Iho 'loafer,' it makes little differenco wntcnt The loafers, blast them acted quite shabby last night. They wouldn't come in, only onoacurvy ras cal, named Andrew Prank, tha most perfect tatterde malion, the ugliest blear eyed, crooked nosed, wry necked, hip shollen, bandy legged vagabond that ev er I had the ill luck to look at, He came to the watch house and asked ror lodging) passed the night under tho stove, and came up Ht tho usual hour to eay his catechism. 'What have you got to say for yourself, Andrew Prank 1' 1 Say I why I guess I've done nothing I'm not able to answer for, havo I Mister T 1 Why do you sleep in the watch house!' 1 Cos I have right to I thai' soon answered.' What right T 'Why who docs the watch house belong to, ehV 'To the public' 'Well ain't I one of the public!. Ain't it part minel And ain't I a right to sleep one night in it 7 'It was not intended for a lodging houso but for a place to lock up offenders.' 'Oh ho !you come to that game do you 7 'Spoie I had flogged a watchman, I'd been an offender, eh?' ' Yes I think you would.' Well I'll do that next time, and then I 'spose there'll he no grumbling.' 'I can't promise you that. Where's your regular nlaee oflivincrl' ' I don't live regular) I iravets. I've been on to look at some of my property at Washington." WhnlUinH of n'rnnertvT 'Rale estate) lhat large White building on Capitol Hill, and tolhcr edifices where they keeps the depart ments and that snug house what my servant Captain Tyler lives in.' 1 Vnnr sprvant !' 'Yes ain't I one of the sovereign people! Didn't I help to put him in his sitcwation, nnd won't I help to p it him out, if he don't behave himselt V ' Your property don't appear lo bo very productive, Dr. Franks! it is no use to vou.' Yes it is ihounh: I sleDt on the steos of thecauitol nil the lime I was in the metropolis and had my wittles for nothing in the kitchen of our palaces ; cos I had a rtonr, .... . . ' Well Mr. Frank, I shall recommend to you aresi dence of thirty daysin another place of yours in May amensing.' W.,11 I'll nn nnit lank at it' So Mr. Frank was condncled off to see how he would like his new habitation to which must un doublcdly he 'had a right.' 17nrFtiti Tlarttnr i.iimi. n litnh h',11 ftVPrtnnllinv tht past ases, the faithful tnemorv and rliarnrninir I harbor urns ihrnwn inln il'htf thl shock, filling it un. judgment of tho grateful and the just Bhallchor- wa not known thai any islands were sunk, as isn mem among patriot-contessors and martyrs, I "uu uee" "!" " vesacn iiuvn wmirat. as thoso "or WHOM TUB would was not WOR-1 Capt. Means, of schr. Lucy, at New York, from Tirv i muyiiuui-L, i. n. w men Don ne icu uin ruu. amies turn a sugni snocK ot an rv.arinqunKO was icu at mm piacc auoui ine a in which did no damage. Tho correspondence between LordAber-l . The Savannah Republican states that a vessel ar ain of which vessel reports that v viimiiimu iicuuuii,uii oiuiia Hint u ui- ,i,1B ,,,! t- t?. ... invea mere irom Havana, whence sue Baueu on me it-iuua iu iitu uejiar- i uiiinio, ine copt FRIDAY MORNING, MARCH 17, 1813. PROTECTION. Does tho imposition of proctctive duties In crcaso the price of the protected articles ? Tho advocates of Freo Trade insist that it tttro of Lord Ashhurton from England is nub- ,h.Brj,il,t 5loamcr ,,r J1" '5th of J""'"". hu T!y. .. . . . . . " -.Nj,i.niu i jhiu arrived at Havana XOth February, and reports having iuuu in uiu lauuunui intelligencer. V e cxpencncco n severe snocif oi an eannquaKe, on ine nnlvr mnv it iIU,..; t ...... , . 1 8th Feb., off the island of Antigua. It was so se- only copy the Itlllowtng hocauso it complete- vcr(! BS , rctard the progress of the vessel, and on ly conlittes tho inference drawn I) y Sir Rob- '90,u"8 1o, "ie shore, the hills appeared to be in mo- n r .i , , ' tion; one island disappeared altogether. It will be 1.RT 1 EEL, lrom the Silence of Mr. EVCUETT. recollected that Capt. Driscoll, of Ihe Ur. barque after recpivimr T.nrrl Atinnlfmn'a An. u r Severn, arrived at New York about ten days since, aiier receiving L,ord Aberdeen despatch of rcporle(1 thlt ie ejperienccj n sllockof yn earlh: tho JOlli Uuccillbrr. It will bo scon that the 1"e thesatnoday menlioncd above. at which lime l ,nr ,,I;,;,.1 i.,c.. i nt f .. he supposed he wnsaboutonehundrcd and fifty miles latter positively informed Mr. Lverett, that from that Island. tho question of the Right of Search was one , Coptnin Wn is, of tho barq ioOrb, at Baltimore, - , . , ,. , , , . frnin " " k River, Jamacia, states that the earth- ol tlio points to bo adjusted by Lord Ashbur- quakoof ihe 8th February, which proved aodcstriic- iivi in me isinna oi uuaaa ooDe. was not leu in Ja maica at all. Previous to his sailintr. Cant. W. caw datca from Kingslun to tho 12th ult. nt which time the news of the destruction of Point Pctre was not known there. ton in this country. Mr. Eterelt to Mr. Webster. extbacts. Legation of the United States, London, Dec. 31, 1S41. At a late hour on the eveninz of the 2Cth. I received n note from tho F.arl of Aberdeen, requesting an in- leivicw tur ine luiiuwiu;; uay, wiitril 1 inev mm HI ine Foreign OfTice agreeably to appointment. After one ortwo general rcmatksupon thedifficulty of bringing about an adjustment of the points of controversy be- i T GCII .tMtJ.tllia, Lfjr u I, 1 1 1 1 U'l II k.G U, ,1IU U13' cushions hitherto carried on, he said that her Majes ty's Government had determined to lako n decisive step towards that end, by sending a special minister to the United States, with a full power to make a fi nal settlement of iho matters in dispute. This step was determined on from a sincere nnd ear nest desire to bring the matter, so lont in controver sy, to an nmicable settlement; and if, as he did not doubt, the samo disposition existed at Washington, ho thought this step offorded the most favorable, nnd, indeed, the only means of carrying ii into effect. In the choice of the individual for the mission, Lord Aber deen added that be had been mainly influenced by a dnsim tu select n nersor who wuiild be peculiarly nc- ccDt.blc in the United Statee, ns well as eminently Tlio Legislature of Virginia has refused to receive the money belonging to that State under tho late land-receipts distribution law. Tho State is reeling under the weight of its debts; the people are grnan inc under their taxea: their financiers are exhausting their ingenuity in trying to discover new sources of icituuc, unu vei u mij;u niiiuuni 01 muiiey aciuauy belonging to the State is refused, because it euits the present views of the leaders of the democracy to op. pose the policy of distribution. Truly this " Democ. racy" is n curious animal. Hut a few short years nco, the principle of distributing tho avails of the public lands was truly democratic. Nothing could be morn so. Kvcn Mr. Jefferson had indicated the principle aa one of his own. General Jackson nlso recommended and urged it in one or more of his messages. Then, of course, distribution was the true democ racy, nnd it was tirced home to the Government as such hy the Hichinond F.nquirer. Hut it linppeneu thnt Mr. Clay was the first man to get a bill through To the Senate rfthe United Slates: I nominate (J.ileb Ciislnii'' ns Secretary of tho Treasury, in place of Walter Forward, re signed. J01INTVLKR. March U, Iti-iy. Yeas .Messrs Cuthbert, nnd Walker 2 Nayb Messis Allen, zlrrlier, ll.i"hy, Bar- row, Bayard, Bcutun, lierrien, Crittenden, Clay ton, Conrad, Crafts, Dayton, Graham, Ilcttdur son, Huntington, Kerr, L;nn, Mangum, Merrick, miner, iMorclicao, Phelps, j'ortcr, Simmons, Smith of Indiana, Sprague, Tappan, White and Voodbridgc--29. r,,t;ri,l for the trust, nod thai be pursuaded himself both houses of Conercss lor can-vine out the nrinci- he had found ono who, in both respects, was all thnt pie. And never was a more sudden change of the nt. ii.... .win, , i i ,.,... I r.., ., ., ., . . r, .. . could he wisluTh He then nnmeu l.oru Astiburton, who had consented i&unueriaKe me mission..,,. Althouah this communiCP"on wa.sf course whol ly unexpected lo me, I felt no hesitation in expressing I lie great sali.faction with which I received it. I as sured Lord Aberdeen I tint ihe President had nothing more at heart than nn honorable adjustment of the nutter in discussion between the tWo commies, that I was persuaded a more ac eptable selection ol a per son for the imnottanl mission proposed could not have been made; and lhat I anticipate I the happiest results from tho overture. I.onl Aberdeen rejoined, that it was more than an overture; that I.oni Ashhurton would go wilh full P1 weather than there vvaa in the opinion of the "de KJocTa'CV. "f roni "tlio moment when it was discov ered that Mr. Clay was to receive the credit of the measure, nothing could be more tin-democratic then distribution. General Jackson, to prevent Ihe bill becoming n law by two-thirds of both houses, slip ped ii into his trowsers-pocket and ran off with it to Tennessee. And from that hour to this, the same democracy thai was wont to cry up the measure nan neen crying n uown. vve nave neara oi peo plo biting their own noses off. Virginia shows the possibility of the feat. i. l. Commercial. tWIon. HtsavA. Wise publishes in tha Madi. anian a long Address to his constituents concerning bis rejection ly the Senate. He solicits a re-election to Congress, in the place of D. Mallory who has re signed io male room for him, to repel ihe aspersion f Ihe Senate for which ho professes the profound Mi respect and whose action bu deems inexplicable. In ihe course of his Letter he states thai nt the begin nine of the called session of May, 1641, he was urged by Mr. Clay to take n Foreign Mission; that upon the retirement of Mr.Tvlcr'a first Cabinet he declined the Secretaryship of the Navy Department which was offered to htm I y the President t and lhat lost full nj. far recovering from his illness President Tvler desired him to namcsome foreien missioa that he would like but .that lie declined, nnd that in the course of ihe last 'session he was offered the Mission to France. His letter is written wiih strong feeling but enters not stall taloa tielenceoi lua political career. 7 riiunc. THE LVST CONGRESS.
Tho Washington Correspondent of tho New York American, in Siti elaborate letter which occupies between four and fivo col umns of that excellent paper, presents tho following summary of the labors, proceedings, and peculiarities of tlio twenty seventh Con gress : "The Whig congress is rcnarkable for many peculiar circumstances, distinct and apart from politicial characteristics or acts. It has been in actual session moro than oie year nnd a onar ter, beii'pnow in the sixteenth month of its leg. islativo labors. No other Congress ever sat twelve months. Tins has sat tiorr months, moro weeks, more unyr, and more tours than any oth er eince the beginning of thet Government. It has made more speeches, done more business, received more petitions, examined mnro cases, made more reports, printed more documents, acted on more resolutions, pitted more private bills, rejected more private bills, passed more public bills into actt and Us,rrjected more pub lie bills, had more bills vetoed, effected moro and greater retrenchments, caused moro reforms in the parliamentary rules, lost moro members by resignation, lost moro by death, than any previ ous Congress. Tjhkteen havo died. Seven havo lost their wives by death duritiir this Con grehs. Nine havo married since their election, Twelve or more have lost their children by death during the time. Seien Senators and fweie Representatives havo resumed. Of the twelve uepresentalivcs so resigning, three have ucen rc-eiectcei to tho same seats in this same Congress. Several have been very ill and near to death. One has had his lex? brokon. Ono iivvers to inalec n definite arrangement on every point I discussion between tho two countries. He was wnu'ui uic uiiuciii! y oi soriie 01 uiem, pan cuiar y i ., p . , , . , nai nau incorrccny neen cancel the riL'W oi search, " ........vo u.uub. - hich he deemed the most difficult efall ; but he was a5l Congress, pays the following well mcri ilhng to confide this nnd all other matters in contro- , j- ersv to Lord Ashtiurlon a discretion, lie added tea conwiimcni to two uisiincuisiieu mem tnat tney snouiu nave ueen quite wining to come lo n . f rnnirrp ireneral arrangement here: but Ihev sunoosed I had U0r5 01 ",at tngfS, not iuii novvera lor suen a nurnose. i v o cannot pciiiui uie occasion io pass wunoui in This measure b ing determined on, Lord Aberdeen attempt to impress upon our readers the value of the ho nrnnw.r! it wnnM ho linritlv ivnrth whiU Tnr I services rendered to the country bv theauthor of ihe us to continue Ihe correspondence here on matters in Report referred to, (the Hon. Millard Fillmore, of dispute between Iho two Governments. Heof course, New i oik,) vvno retires irom ine iinua ui, Yugren u'na nmt wi inn fn rnnvilfr nnrl run V In nnv slnri.. I ancr a 8C1V1I.O UI buvckii yvius. uutlii ..1111.11 iiu iiua ment I might think proper to make on anv subject; gradually but stcadly risen in the estimation nf the but pending the negotiations that might lake place nt House of Representatives, as a man of ability, ca Washington, he supposed no benefit could result from pacily, and application lo business, and in thai of Ins simultaneous aiscussion nere. ipiiuutai ni.u u uiniii,j.nniB vvnig statesman, m mm, as cnauman oi ine com mittee of Ways and Means in Ihe House, nnd to tho Latimer Case is the Visoinia Legislates!. Hon. George F.vans, aa chaiiman of the Committee The Committee in the Virginia House of Deleitate. on Finance in the Esenate, (.wnose eminent talents, Tns.AtiAur ArroiNTKEHrs. The distribution of "the loves and fishes ' for Ihe county was announced yesterday. The news create'd no small rensation in lbs city. ..The governor has satisfied a fewanddisap- IHrinttd a multitude, in sciecitngn r tour inspector In Mated overall the prominent candidates and appoint nt who was sitppessd to eland no chance al all. Ii s understood, however, lhat the successful applicant divided" with onsotnis competitors, who had ihcad vantage of tome years f rixticol experience in the do Iwi nf fha hfTiee. .Thelairai asDointments are aueerlv parcelled out There were fourteen or fifteen applicants for Mailers V) Uflanccry. an out live, ni course, were aisappomi. ft. Hut tha Governor, thinking to break their fall has medeseyeraTdf ihesVgenilernen Commission of vit.'J. WU1. Ml,A,Minn.Arl!,m Woll.1 r.mlL JOWI, hip, ,u Myi.M'. .-.. ...... . .M.l a tnillll- WaVlueiratlnna, '!waa adding insult tn injury, ss the lrtol aU meyjoi only lorect mm nam ni na v Iwd.eal laajhi tun to fik Knitabr'-ijUf, P bPBicc of Ky.J has had his ear hi ofTin a light. Three have been falielv rnnnrtod aa dead; and published nut.ces to that effect have ueen generally believed throughout the coun try for a time. "Of the morcdisfiiiETuished men in this Twn ty.Scvenlh Congress, ono lias been President anu one vice President of tho United States two have been Secretaries of Stain, nnn Har, tary of the Treasury, one Secretary of War, one Secretary of tho Navy. mu. I,,an ,c. n eral, two Attorneys General, four Ministers Plenipotentiary, two Speakers of former Houses in ueprcFeninuvcs, iiltcen Uuvernors and Lieu tenant uuvernors of States and Territories. Si more Have been tho condid.ites of their nartie; for Uovernors of State. Three havo been un successful candidates for tho Presidency. Twt others have in former periods been the candi tho XitedStaui1 X f" Vl" I,re,idcncy of "Of tho Members of ths nr ,i,t. r- gress, thrco were Members of Congress more ...... ,w,.7 ,Bu. uinera nivo been Mem- bers for wore than twenty vesfs in unbroken ucccwiun. oeverai otners fere Member more than thirty years sgo. Several othen uiwitr man m.uij yur sgo. inr ara mora iiiaa atvfiuy jaari u uu cnJy twt oty TRIBUTE TO MERIT. The National Intelligencer, in speaking on the subject of Latimer, have made a long report upon the subject. It is full of complaint, and calls loudly for legislative action. We give the conclu- ing portion. It hardly requires comment. In conclusion, vour committee desires to express Iho conviction that longer delay to urge this subject seriously upon the attention of Ihe entire Union, would l e unbecoming. 'Tis true, that a honid influ ence has bewildered the imagination of vast num bers of citizens of other States, ascended the p ilpils, instilled venom inio trie gen tie Hearts oi tender cnilu hood, lured female indiscretion into its service, warn ed ihe uninformed minds of thousands from their due allegiance to the federal constitution has stalked into ihehal s of legislation, enacted laws, been cour ted by partisans in politics, and seems bent upon a crusade against the Southern States. 'Tis certainly no less true, lhat Ihe inevitable result of these preg nant causes must be thedissolution of Ihe Union, un less Iho growing evil be speedily orrestiH. Is it too lute, already 1 We fondly trust not. We have seen with pleasure that throughout the entiro of the pro ceedings which givo occasion for this report, the judi ciary of Iho Stale of Massachusetts has not been statesmanship, and faithfulness, are loo well known to need any eulogy ui ours,) is greatly uue whatever of good has been accomplished lor the country by the Congress whose term has just expired. It is no exaggeration to say that, had men of less discretion, less forecast, less providence, been placed in the lead of the business of the two Houses, ihe Government misht now have been without a dollar in iho Treasury rind without tho prospect of a revenue in any degree adequate lo its proper expenditures. A Thus much we cannot forbear sating, en passant, in regard to these gentlemen, without meaning to derogate from the merits of other members of Con gress, many of whom have, in their several stations, surrounded by circumstances ihe most embarrssing, entitled inemseivcs (as we snail nave occasion nere after loshow) to the cordial approbation of their con stituents and their country. WIDOWS' PENSIONS. Tho following is n copy of tho bill which recently passed both houses of Congress, insetiMble to us duties-that the judges of the State granting pensions to certain widows of rev. bo uisiiimuisni'u iii live ciiuris io gam ilia inuepen-I . . c? I I- dence of this nation so earnest in her desire to olutionary Soldiers. louiiu urn itucai Luii.uiuiiuii, na,o ootiiu ui ilium Be it tnacttd, if-c. That if any person who served that that constitution is the paramount law of ihe in ,he Revolution in tho manner sp'ii in ihe act law-that the federol judge has odded another lo ihe passed the aevenih of June, one thousand eight bun- former proots or his reverence for the constitution. jred and lhirty.lw0 have'died leavings widow, or Vour committee trusis lhat discreet men will see the m,y hereafter die leaving a widow, whose marriage inevitable- tendency of the conduct of Iho less con- l00i paco rler the period of his service, and before sideratc, by wiioin tney ore surrounded, and may lhe flr8l of January, one thousand eight hundred, checkandgive a different direction to growing popu- 6uch widow shall bo ollowedtho pension herein di- lar sentiment in otner ota es. i ne passage of the rectedtowit: If the husband of said widow dies pre- requisiieenactments would itself go far, very far, not v:ous t0 ,,e fourth of March, ono thousand eight hun- merely to assure us what is the actual slate of opinion drcd ond forly-lwo, said widow shall be entitled lo elsewhere, but would lend materially lo correect it, receive, during her life, from Ihe said fourth of March. where distempered.. II tney are not passed, the coin- ihousand eight hundred and forly.two. Ihe ennui- monwcalth of Virginia, ttie entire &ouinern states, ly or pension which might have been ollowed to her will understand distinctly the slate of their relations, husband in virtue of said acl of June seventh, one Wliatinusi lonow, your cummiucc un.. i, i w-ucss thousand eight hundred and Ihirly-lwo, if living at to suggest. This proun commonwealth will have ,i10 ,jme wn, D.,d. Ifihohusland of ihe said special care to protect her cuiiens under all circum- widow died subsequent to ihe third of March, one stances. thousand eight hundred and forty-two, said widow Vnnr committee respectfully submits the following shall be entitled to receive during her life, from the joint resolutions for the adoption of ihe House; I death of her husband, ihe annuity or pension which . . . ' I. I mLI. . U.i.a lun IIa..I U.. l...(..nJ in uivoianr ma'iA 1. Resolved, mat in tne opinion ot ine legislature 1 "ti im0u..,v. ,,. ... ,m r ,r. .I,- r ,i, nnH nvnl nt viro.n!!. act ofJune seventh, one thousand eight hundred and ? vb"" xi"r.vr. ,s ,h imperatively require iiiai uongresi snuuiu pass suen . ..m. enactments, in suuinuii io uiuau nucouy pam, a, i will enable her peaceful citizens lobiing to i .irni Mr 8pencer the newiy appointed Secretary TVeasuri. entered on tho duties of his r ,1,. l.,isl.inre is. that the enactments pro- office yesterday. We think it duo to truth to nnii in this rrniirt. nro tho simplest and most feasi- sav. that, whatever objections may justly lie Lie mode of effecting ihe purpose, and therefore the against Mr. Spencer politically, his intellectual people of Virginia have right lo expect tnataucn capacity, promptness of decision, and untiring will be passed. application, fit him in a more than ordinary de- wSlWT'.Vf0' f teOTi 8'e.er j "duou' du.lr ,of lhe Apartment to ,. J .,t rAniniinn.. lowiher wiih all documents which ho has been appointed. pertaining to lo this ease, heretofore ordered lo be James Madison Porter, of Pennsylvania, has printed, iq each representative of Virginia, in the DBen aDDointcd bv the President Secictary for !0U"Lr "tP""! of War. in the place of Mr, mi men oi in asnaiurvoi Virginia, iuiw iaiu vcivtc i :: j Congrsss, ami to ibs ayernors, lo it laid Ufor it Hpencfr, tnd yesterday tnUrd od Iba dchrga lMatttf of lUit tupseiive tfialr. I of hie duties Nat. 1 ocs. Wo say no. Our opponents have ol ways contended that every kind and degree of duty is just so much addition to price, nnd therefore, that no protection can be extended n this way, to the producer or manufuctu rer, except at the expense of the consumer, Thoso who ronson in this way aro generally willing, however, that a small Juty should ho laid for revenue, this being the most conve nient method of raising supplies for tho gov- cimcnt. Now wo insist that tho only duty that e- cessarily passes into jwiee is tho mere reve nue duty, when it is so small that it affords no protection to the manufacturer. The rea son of this is very plain. A revenue duty lias no tendency to excito competition among tho producing classes. Protective duties, on the contrary, whilo they encourago homo pro duction, invariably contribute to reduce pri ces, by stimulating competition among tho manufacturers. Nor is this all. Another benefit, still moro important than tho effect on prices, results from protection. Wo mean the better distribution of capital and labor, which is tho natural consequence of the growl!, of manufactures. Dy continually in creasing the number of thoso who consume the products of tho country, and are not en gaged in producing tliem, tho market for thoso products is constantly extending, and this, also, it is plain, indirectly enhances price. i hits the farmer is benefitted in two ways by protective duties. Tho growth of manu factures, when duties arc high, constantly operates to sustain the prices which the far mer receives, and to keep do ton those which he has to pay. But, at this stage of tlio argument, a Freo iradcLiOco roco walks up, and asks us how the manufacturer is to bo benefitted, if tho result of protection bo to keep down the price of his fabrics. Tho answer is easy and conclusive. Tho effect of permanent and steady protection, and of tho competition it excites, is to improve tlio skill anu economy with which the business of manufacturing is carried nn, in all its details, and thus enalili tho manufacturer to make as fair a prnfit, nn it lower price, as ho could, In tlieUuisct, de- ..... i i mi . b'iL. .. rivo iriiin a nigiicr. i no iiaiurai.gpuriiiiuii of a uniform and stnbln system of protection therefore, benefits all classes of the commu nity. Under it, tho rich man finds a safo in vestment for Ins capital, and the poor man for his labor ; tho farmer sells high and buys low ; the manufacturer is enabled to pay bet ter prices to those ho employs ; the number of producers is diminished, of consumers in creased, nnd productive capital is, therefore, improved ; wc export more, import less, thus keeping the balance of trado in our favor and adding to tho circulating medium of the coun. try ; honest industry is encouraged, daily la bor rewarded, business becomes brisk, the pcoplo contented, and tho country indepen dent and happy. Tho Loco Foco movoments in Virginia, Maryland, Michigan and oilier stales look away from Mr. Van Duron as their Cnndi dato for President. Leading Loco Foco pa pers In various parts of tho Union say civil things of tho Ex-president in a way that in- icates their opposition to him. And what is moro discouraging than nil, it is said that tho bject of tho 1 Rotircd Statesman's ' visit to Albany may not bo accomplished! Wqaro assured that tho New York Legislatun tates I Our 1 Favorite Son ' is not si Legislative Nomination! Alb. Evt.foUl tt?" Tho Washington Globe, tho favorite organ of our neighbor of tho Sentinel, is denouncing President Tyler most ferocious- for appointing Mn. Porter to tho War Department. Tho Sentinel quotes from tlio Globe moro than any other paper in tho Union, nnd considers Dlair nnd Van Duren tho most " Democratic" cotiplo cxlant.-r-Wo npprchend Winslow will havo to cliango his hand befuro President Tyler sends him that commission. Tho " Captain" don't take Rye. Mr. Stdncer, lalo of tho War, now of tht Treasury Department, has recently written a letter, in answer to a series of resolutions passed by a Military convention, held, a short time since, at Albany, New York, on tho subject of tho Military Academy at West Point. The resolutions were transmitted to Mn. S. whilo ho was at tlio head of tho War Department, and his reply is a manly and spirited defence of tho institution denounced by thcNcw York Militia. Ho says there is no possibility of estimating the value of such on institution in dollars and cents; that if it bo aristocratic, ofanti-rcpublican, it shares that reproach in common with all other sem inaries of learning, where the number of stu dents is necessarily small, in comparison withjtho entire population J refers to tho cat alogue of graduates to prove that tho sons of farmers, mechanics, and poor parents have always formed a great part of tho pupils; and suggests that tho reformers would do bet ter if they should attempt to improve before they resolve to destroy the Academy. ISAAC HILL. , Our readers are probably aware lhat Iiaae Hilt, is doing all that is in his pnwsr lo defeat Ihe regular nominations of lhe Democrats. That he may be id R art successful, would seem probable) but whether a be so or not,hc has forever forsworn all claims upon tha democratic party. His apostscy and treachery merits the contembt of every trite drninpnii ana! kia allies, the federalists, must, while they glory in tk treason, despise the ttaitor. Zfarinfffen Si ittarca, j. remember the scenes of amusing to hear BRILLIANT WHIG VICTORY. Tho Charter election held on Tuesday last in tho city of Troy, Now York, resul ted in a brilliant triumph for tho Whig cause. Various circumstances conspired lo make tho contest a most animated one, and the voto polled was unsuallv larne. Tl Whigs carried their Mayor, General As sessors, two out ot three Supervisors, anu ton out of thirteen Aldermen nnd Assistants, by large and decisive majorities. Tho Whig majority on Alayor is 184, on Genera Assessor 284, on Supervisors 263, and on Alderman 280. This is a victory of whic the Trov Whics may well bo proud. Wo ubjoin tho voto for Mayor and General As sessor : Mayor. General Assessor. SIGNS OF THE TIMES." Tho Presidential prospects of Mr. Van Buren are iinytluntT but promising. Recent demonstrations aro all against him. Tho rank and file appear to be .unwilling to break in upon or interrupt that 1 retirement ' which the Argus describe as so grateful to the feel ings and views of its patron. Having been for thirty years in tho public service, tho friends of Mr. Van Buren aro willing that ho should now enjoy tho reposo of Kinder hook and its ' philosophic shades.' Tho-' Public Opinion' about which we used to hear so much in tho Argus, is setting quietly but sternly against tho man wh swamped his party in 1840, There is natural unwillingness to trust a Pilot who has once run a ship ashoro high and dry. And thero certainly would be great weakness in trusting such a man twice. Tho party which has so long floated Mr. Van Buren upon its surface was not easily overthrown. With tithe of tho sagacity lhat has been ascribed to him, and somo slight manifestations of sympathy for the People, all regardless as ho ver was, of their prosperity, Mr. Van 13 u rest re-election would have bean certain W. Corning I486 1302 L. F. Warren. 1302 W. Kimberly. 1520 1236 L. F. Fuller, 123G 184 Majority, 2S4 Majority, Last year tho voto for Mayor was, Heartt, W. Warren, L. 1370 1339 31 To those who 1804 to 16, it is n littlo Winslow read Isaac Hill out of tho demo- atic party, and particularly excrueiatinr, hen it. is recollected that this democrats warty from which ho is thus unccremonioui ejected, is htiadcd in N. Hampshire by Henry Hubbard, of Hartford Convention memory, and embraces in its ranks a large) proportion of tho war federalists. These men, (like most apostates) have verged from ono extremo to the other. From their high, toned federalism, they have descended t tho lowest depths of agrarianism, and en grafted into their " democratic" creed radi calism enough to shako Thomas Jefferson in his winding shoot. Thoy go for freo trade utterly repudiate pi otoction,in every shapv scout internal improvements, and require pledges in advance from the bench to decide Saint iho power of tho stato to lay a road, xcopt by consent of tho landowners. These doctrines nro set up as the tests of de- cmocracy in N. Hampshire, by which every ocofoco is required to swear. But Mr. Hill refuses to ncknowlcdoo these rods. a 0 Ho repudiates tho wholo concern the Hart ford Convention priests who minister at the altar, and tho principles they inculcate, tt anti-republican in character, destructive ia their tendency, and utterly at war with that feeling of Americanism which warmed the old republican party into existence. In this ies his " apostacy," this tho " treachery" for which the Sentinel invokes " the con tempt of every true democrat," and which as forfeited him " all claim upon the demo cratic party." How is this, old school re publicans ! democrats, friends of protection, in Vermont ! Is opposition to Hartford Convention leaders and freo trade radical ism, the unpardonable sin, or not 1 Is there any thing in tho fact that an old republican, who has no ambitious aspirations, whose in terests and sympathies are indcntificd witk tho producing classes, should regard the downward tendency of tilings with alarm, leave his retirement to re-assert American principles, and contend for tho true repub lican faith as originally delivered to the saints wo say, is there any thing in all this, lo call for such a manifestation of spleen ind denunciation, from one who proj esses te regard republicanism wilh so much rever ence 1 We do not sec it ; and must con fess our surprise at the existence of such a spirit. It is to bo accounted for in but one way. Gov. Hill is a known and efficient friend of President Tyler's administration. Next to a protective tarilT, Winslow hatei Tyler above all things, but being an appli cant for an office at the President's hands, it will not do to abuse him openly, to he amuses himself in the mean time in hunting down such of tho President's open friends as take ground with him in favor of discrim inating protection to American labor. Henco this rndo attack upon Gov. Hill. Of its fairness and propriety, every reader will judge; of its success, time will determine. Wl'.ig majority, This year, it will bo sedn.t'no Whig-voV s increased, the Locofuco voto diminished, nd our majority swollen to near two hun dred. Tho Troy Whit?, to whoso Editor wo arc indebiod for the abovo iniellicenco. comments as follows on this glorious victo ry: . . ULOKIUUS VIUTOKYl If'hig Mayor, Whig General Asttisor, and a large Whig Majority in the Common Council. A Whig gain of three Aldermen and Assistants. The charier election in this city was held yesterday and resulted in one of tho most triumphant Whig victories which we have recorded for scleral vears. The vote was unusually laro for a charter election, nnd our opponents fought wim their usual tenacity. Hut in vain. They were completely routed in several of their slronaesi wards; sustaining a los oCJire Alderman and Assistants as compared wilh the Inst charier e'ection, and a loss on the vote for Mayor of more man idu: The Wilis majority in the Common Council would have been still -renter, had it not been for a split in mo oeconu warn, wiucli cave the Locos ttio Alelcr man and Assistant of lhat ward bv n small maioritv nnd reduced their net loss in the board, to 7ir members. The Common Council consists of 13 Aldermen and Assistants! of which I ho Whigs havo elected ten, nnd the Locos only th'ree j piven the Whigs n majority of seven. Last year the WIiirs elected sertnund the Locos six j giving the former a majori ty oi one oniy. The present triumph of the Whigs of this city, is therefore highl gratifying, nnd will leaih them never to despair even in Ihe worst of times. Wc hail ii ns the harbinzcr of creater and more imnortant vico- ries yet to be achieved, nnd which will result in the re-esinuiisnineni oi a ripuoucan lorm oi govern ment at Washington, anil the restoration of the hon or and prosperity of tho country. PACIFICUS. We received, somo time ago, a pamphlet containing a scries of articles on the subject of slavery originally written for a paper in Ohio. I ho pamphlet was accompanied by a letter requesting us lo publish it. But our columns havo been so crowded, for a fow weeks past that wo havo been obliged to de fer it till tho present time. These articles nro written with great ability, and, though in tended by their author, an Ohio Whig, for tho people of that state, aro equally applica ble to every other stato in tho Union. We earnestly exhort all our readers to givo thnm a caretul and thorough perusal. Tho author is personally known to us. Ho is a Northern man in feeling nnd principle, and a staunch, straight-forward, sterling Republican Whig. His communications have been widely copied by tho leading Whig papers in New Englandf especially in Maine and Massachusetts. Wo shall lav before our readers ono or moro of theso letters every week, till wo havo com pleted tho scries. Again we bespeak for them an attcnlivo perusal. Harper & Brothers of New York have just issued, in a pamphlet of 74 pages, octa vo, a " life of John C. Cai.uoun, presenting a condensed history of political events from 1811 to 1843." It is said to have been written by R. M. T. Hunter, M. C. from Virginia. Its object undoubtedly is to make Mr. C. P. U. S. Q7Tho Spirit oftho Agtj Sas the Comet, which has been visible for a week past, il " the fore end of some great runner." ANOTHER WHIG VICTORY. Tlio city of Detroit, Michigan, is redeem ed ! Tho Whig candidate for Mayor and other city officers were elected by a majori ty which ranges at about THREE HUN DRED. Tho batllo is said to have been more severely contested than any which haa been fought for years, not oven excepting tho campaign of 1S40. Tho Whigs seem to bo " girding up their loins" in every sec tion of tho Union. The spring electioni ia Massachusetts and Now York have heea very favorable to our fiiends and show that tlio ascendency of the locofocos will be of short duration. The Detroit Daily Adver tiser speaks ns follows of the result in that ciiy : " Such a victory has not been achieved in lis city in many a long year. The old fashioned spirit has been once moro revived Tho Whig fires burn brightly again. Nor should our warm-hearted Irish friends, who havo contributed their full share to this glo rious result, bo lorgotten in our congratula tions. They havo dono nobly and we thank them. To-morrow wo will give the details both in tho city at largo, and in the several wards. The Blood y Third Triumphant ! ! Tho Third Ward, which sineo 1840, haa given n majority against us of from 40 to 70, has nobly redeemed herself. The Whie ma jority for Mayor, is 63 for Alderman, 60 for Jusiices.96. The Locofoco Convention. Weare in formed that tho Locofoco Convention held in tho Representatives Half, on Tuesday eve ning, was not very satisfactory, in its pro ceedings, to tho Party. Resolutions are said to havo been offered, approving of Martin V'lti Buren, iho Kinderhook Dandy, as some of iho Locos call him, for tho Presidency, but it was decidedly no go. After much con fusion and perplexity, the Calhoun branch of tho party succeeded in laying the Van Bu ren resolutions on tho table, very much te tho discomfiture of tho adherents nf k. t.i,. lie Magician. Boston Atlas. iu iiiuii iiuiiiiifii uiiiuiiiMiii inr rnn ninnin " e reilt Vml In nilrl r1nf Inrn Trim fliO ( a rVT f.A .- I one oftho handsomest things ever dono y either of our great political parties , and it ft flecta great credit upon all concerned.