Newspaper of Burlington Free Press, March 31, 1843, Page 2

Newspaper of Burlington Free Press dated March 31, 1843 Page 2
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Sana pisaa'ai PACIFICUS: THE IlinHTS AND PHIVir.KGES OF THIS EVEIUL. STATUS in HKOARD to St.AVKRV) Using attriet of litmus, published in tht M'ctttrn Hurts Chronicle, (Ohio,) afltrthe tlcclion c1812. IT A wmo or OHIO. Number 2. rcomvr. slaves. Mi. noiTOi! Tin convention that framed our Inderal Constitution, met with no t rilling difficulty in fixing the rights of tlio people of the diHcrcnl States in regard to fugitive tlarei, Uy the common taw, fetid the law ol the nations, "a start bccameabsolttltly fret ky entering Ihe territory of a free State or (he srnmenti" whether he dul so'by consent of his mas ter, or hy escaping from his master's custody. It wis foreseen that, if this principle of the common law remained in forre, sef emancipation would deprive the slnveStatcs of nninslilulion which they regarded important to their prosperity. A member from South Carolina moved an omendment to the Consti tution, requiring ',Mia(re slates ami servants to be delivered up likccriminals." This wasohjectul toby members fiom Pcnnsvlvania nntl Conneettcul. for the reason that it would involve the people of tlio free Slates in the expena of slavery vide 3d volume Mad.san Papers, 1417. An amendment was subse quently adopted, in the form in which it is newfound in Ihe last riaulo of the 1st section of the 4th article, which provides, that "no person held to service or la bor in ons State, under the laws thereof, escaping in to mother, shall, in consequence of any law or rcgu lilion therein, bi discharged from such service or la- or," itc. Hy this provision tlio common , law, as it then stood, was charged so fur as the United States were concerned, so that a slave tssciriso to a ftco State did not I herr-lav laconic n ee. Under this provision Concuss passed tho law of 1793, requiring certain officers of tho Slato and Fed rat Governments to act Klicn fugitive slaves were brought before them j nnd it wis supposed by our rco le nenerallv. that wu were bound to nid the master in recapturing his fugitive s'ave. This has led many of our pcoplo to tielieve the subject ol Motive slaves lo form in exception lo the tliaclrinc laid down in my first number. Hut the subject cama before the hu srcnio Court of the United States t their last ses sion, in Ilia case of Prigg vs. Ihe Commonwealth of Pennsylvania i nntl it was decided, on solemn argil ment, that no Slate officer was obliged to net in such case, and that so much of said law as required them to act viatunconslilutional. In this manner the doc trine laid down in my last communication was con firmed by the Supreme Court of the United States, in regard lofuqititc stares. There wero many other important points decided in that case, Horn which the following principles are deduced ! A slave, bv ocapinc to a free Slate, acnuircs certain Important rights and privileges. When ho reaches our territory we regard him as a man, and not ns property. If ho work for me, or sell nie property, In mav suo moin hi own name, and collect nav. Nei ther I, nor any other nnn, except his master, can take advnnlagcof his having been a slave. If any person tttcmpt to arrest him, as a slave, without process, he may uclciul lumseii, witn just ro mucli torce as lac comes ncces'arv to protect his person and his person al liberty. In this respect he enjoys the same rights ind privileges which our citizens possess. Ho is li.v Mo to benircsteJ, ami taken back to slavery by his former master in allnllur respects be n regarded in liw as nfreeman. While in a slave Stale ho may not resist the violence of his 7nasttr, by an act of self defence; ifho do so, he may bcinslnntly slain by his mas'cr, or otherwise severely punished nnder the laws of such Slate. It is this Inw, ng it criminal in him to defend his person against the violence of his master, which constitutes slaven. Tint law can have no operation in our State. The slave, therefore, bv escaping fiom a slue state, escapes Irom the on ration of that law. Its penalties cannot he visited upon him for nn net dnno m Ohio. Tlicro is no such law here, nor is itin the power of our Legislature to enact such a law. Our Constitution forbids its exis tence. The court, in the case referred lo. cxnresslv decided that the jurisdiction is vested solely in Congress; that inc passing tai a law upon uac Miujeci uy augres, is conclusive that the mister shall have the benefit conferred by Ihe act) nnd that no State law can lie interposed to qualify or charge the rowers given by Congress. They further decided, that it was equally plain that Congress intended that the master should have no other or farther facitties for capturing his lave than those expressed in tho liw of Congress j and, therefore, no State law can add to the powers conferred in tho act of 17D3. It, therefore, follows, that ho may defend himself against his master while in this State, for tho obvious reason that self-defence is a natural right, and there is no law having forro within the Sta'tcof Ohio which foibids its exercise. If his master nttempt to arrest him, the slave may defend himself with so much force ns may be necessa ry to protect his person and liberty. If the master press upon him, and it becomes necessary for bis pro tection, he may kilt his master, or the agents of his master,be theyrqanyorfevv, without innuirin" wheth r they come from n slave Stale, or be citizens of Ohio. It is important lint our people should distinct' ly understand, thai, if they volunteer to arrest n fugi tive! slave, thevdo so at their nctil. I speak with con fidence on this point. There is nothing in the act of Congress forbidding tlio slave lo exercise Ins natural right of self-defence i nor does it mention any penalty fordoing so. The act treats him ns, property merely, ind visits upon him no more punishment for killing his master than it would upon a muleforllio samcact. Tha law of Cnnrrres-i sett es tho rights existing he tween tho master and the people of the Slate to which the slave may flee; but it docs not attempt to dcfiuo me rigllis existing ueivvren uiu master unu s-ava.-. It follows, therefore, that the slave, v. lien ho reach fi our terriiorv. becomes nt once reinstated in the en i-iymenl of all his intutal rights which belonged to him while in Afiica. It is true that we lend him no nroteciion aoainslhis master, but wo leive him to du fond himsi-lf with all tho means in his power. Ho may, for this purpose, provide himself with weapons. If there bo two or more of them together, they mav onilo their efforts to defend themselves; and in nil respects put forth their physical powers to the same lame extent that they could do were they on the soil of their native land. I am aware that many of our peoplo think it wrong to do any thing by which the slave shall learn h'i3 rights. With such I disagree. If it were in my power, every person sliouhl know his rights the moment he louchcsour soil. To with hold from him this knowledge, would nid his master in regaining him. We are under no constitutional, leal, or moral obligation thus to md the master ding compromise for the peoplo of the freo States. Yet, by the Constitution, our Slate is made the race ground over which the master may pursue hit slave nno may use every means to arrest mm mat nn out cer may use to attest a citiien on legal process. There is this distinction, however, between the master and officer! vto protect the ofllcer but not tho master. Tor a person to resist an officer, in tho execution of process, is criminal under our law. ixot so witn tne slave, ho may defend himself precisoly as ho would in Africa ; or as a citizen of our State may defend him- sett against a person wno, witiiout proccs, attempts to nrrcst for crime. Nor ire our peoplo under any more obligation to assist n slaveholder to catch nslavo here, than they arc to go to Africa to aid him in Kid napping. Indeed, ifyoti will show tno n man .who. knowing his rights will aid n master lit catching a slave in this State, I will show you a man who would go to Africa and nid in kidnapping the people there, and bringing thcui into slavery, provided he could do so without incurring danger of the halter. Or, ifyou will show me a judge, or justice of tho pence, or oth er Slato officers, who, knowing his rights, will aid in sending a fugitive back into slavery or in detaining one for further proof of his being a slave, I think I ha.nrd lit tic in saying, that for thta same fees ho would send you or mo into bondage, if he had the power to do so. Vet it is a humiliating fact, that, in 1939, our Dcm ocrnticl.ecistature nttenintrrl. lav leral enactment, to make our Stale officers and citizens the catchpolcs ol southern slaveholders. I say they attempted to do this! for, by the decision of Ihe supreme court, above referred to, all such Stato laws arc declared "ojjcom stitctional asd voip." Notwithstanding they were then told that such acts would be void, they grnvely occupied their time, and expended the money of our citizens, in devising the best modo ,of catching slaves. They utcd all their power and influence to involve you anu mo, nnu your people generally, in the guilt, the disgrace, nnd expense of slavery. In this tliey violated the Constitution ol tho United States, as well as that of our own Slate. And now, Mr. Editor, anti-slavery men nsk that the varlv, ihe men who enacted this law, should re ceive the full benefit of their servility. They desire mat puiilic sentiment should lac expressed through our public papers. That this law bo repealed. That our Statebe relieved from the disgraceful attitude in which it now stands. That the subject of fugitive slaves be left where the Constitution and laws of the United Stales havu placed ii. Andean there be any diiTercnccof opinion, on this subject, between Whigs and anti-slavery men 7 Is there a Whig editor in our Stile, who will hcsitaleto raisehis voico against this disgraceful lavv7 And to maintain the clear, absolute, and indisputable right of our people, to bo entirely free and exempt from the guilt, tho disgrace, nnd expense of catching fugitivo slaves 7 PACIFICUS. From the Madisonian. POST OFFICE LAWS. It will bo remembered that somo timo last fall we published a letter of the Postmaster General to a gentleman in Kentucky, upon the subject of writing on newspapers and send ing them through the mail. That letter was republished in many papers, and the soundness of the legal opinions it ex pressed, in reference to the UOth section of tho Post Office law of 1S23, was generally admitted and acquiesced in. There wero some, however, who doubted their correctness, and we remember that a wild man by name Hyington, a member of tlio Ohio Legislature, introduced a resolution calling upon tlio President to dismiss the Postmaster Gene ral for entertaining and publishing such opin ions, which lie was pleased to characterize as weak and puerile. These remarks are called forth, at this time, inconsequence of reading the opinion of the Judge of the United States Dis. trict Court for the Stato of Maryland, which we publish below. And we invite its publication in all other newspapers, that the public may see the Postmaster h:.s in this case, as it is his pur pose in all other instances, made the Constitu- lion and the law of the land the rule of his offi cial conduct : WBITISO ON NEWSrAPEItS AND PAMPHLETS. U. S. DisTiticT Coukt March Term, 1813. United States is. Elder. This was a suit to recover the penalty imposed by the Post Office law of 1623, for a violation of the 30th section of that law, by writing or putting a memorandum on the margin of a newspaper or pamphlet sent uy man. In this case it was in proof that the defendant, Mr. Elder, of tho firm of Elder, Gelston & Co. wrote on tho back of a printed paper or pamph let containing a Tariffof duties or Price Current, these words : "From Elder, Gelston cf- Co., IJal. timo re," and sent the pamphlet to a correspon dent in Louisville, who refused to pay letter postago thereon. In comnlianco with tho requirement of law it was returned here, and placed in the hands of the u. S. Attorney for the recovery ot tho penal ty. For tho United States it was contended that such writing was within the prohibition of tho UOth section of the Act of is'-lo, and subject to ils penalty. The opposite ground was taken by the defence, and, alter argument upon the construction of tho law, the Court decided that it was a violation of tho law to placo on a paper or pamphlet, sent by mail, those or any other words other than the name of tho party to whom tho paper was went. Tlio jury accordingly ren dered a verdict for tho United States. '.. Collins Loo, Esq, U. S. Attorney, for tho plaintiff. N. Williams, Esq., for the defendant. Baltimore American. A Villain. Wo know not whero wo havo met with an instanco of more atlrociotis villainy than is detailed in the following paragraph which wc cut from a late number of tho United States Gazette. Tho facts wero set forth In tho report of tho proceedings beforo the Criminal Court of Philadelphia. It appears that Thornton Walton, is an old, "stifTQuaker," living in llyberry Township, that he had a wild son ; nnd had a young female do mestic that ho brought up for years in his fami ly. That about a year ago tho son took liberties with his domestic ; nnd when tho consequences became evident, (hat Mr. Walton compelled her to go beforo Franklin Comly, Est), of llyberry, and pcrjuro herself in an oath that her situation was owing to her familiarity with a certain col ored person. That Mr. W. frightoncd both tho squire, and the girl into this course. That the negro was bound over, and tho girl absolutely kicked out of the house. That when the infant was born, it was discovered to bo per fectly white and the very imago of Mr. Walton's son. That girl then went beforo Squire Dyer, and confessed tho whole truth. The Grand Ju ry found a true bill.and tho young man was yes crday put on trial. The girl is a poor dclicate,un fortunate creature, and has been thrown upon the hands of the Guardians of tho Poor ; and if the Commonwealth makes out tho whole of its case, Mr. Walton will stand a chance of being severely punished lor tins attempt to crush the poor and friendless, by means of his influence and wealth. New way ok oettino up Courage. At the hospital on Saturday, a tumor was cut trom tho nock ot a young woman by Or. Waren. Dr. Buchanan, tho neurologist, arrived nt the hospital (to witness tho opera tion) about ten minutes beforo it commune cd. Ho found tho woman depressed fearful, and sick nt stomach. Thinking that she might bo of the impressible class, ho direct ed one of tho gentlemen present to placo his liantl upon some ol tho organs ol Iter head which have invigorating effects when excited. As sho seemed to ho relieved by this opera tion, tho doctor then attempted himself to ex cite the organs of firmness, hardihood, self ostccm, and playfulness, in which ho succeed ed so well that she burst into a fit of laugh ter at tho doctors, declared that she know as much as any of them, that they couldn't hurt her. and sho did not fear tho operation at all Icr laughter did not ccaso until iho doctor placed his hands upon tho back part of tier head to restrain it. Then continued to ex cite her hardihood and self-esteem, he mado her impatient to have tlio the operation per formed. She rose from her chair nnd insist ed on rushing directly to the amphitheatre to have it finished. Ai soon as sho was per mitted to go, sho went forward, pouted at tho professor, and acted so singularly as to induce some who did not know what had happened, to suppose her under tho influence of opium. The operation, which required an incision in the neck of about three inches in length, was skillfully performed by Dr. Warren, and borne by the patient with much steadiness. Being then taken to her bed. she seemed to have forgotten tho wholo scene, and could not recollect whero or how tho op eration had been performed upon her. Boston I'ost. WIDOWS PENSIONS. Wo wero in error on this subject tho other day. Tho bill as it finally passed tlio Sen ate, merely tho provisions of tho act of 1838 and tho nets supplementary thereto, for tho term of OJie year from the 4th March 1843. So thai any widov who received, or was en titled to receive, a pension under tho fivo years act, can sccaro one years pay by com pliance with tho Allowing instruction. rmsios Orricr, March 0, 1813. In order to catry into offset tho foregoing act, the pplicint who may cairn i pension must make a do : laration under oath, before some masistrata in thn county where she rcsdes, which declaration must be duly authenticated. I ho official chancier andsigni- iuro oi ine magiiiritf.muii no cernnea oy tne proper officer under hie sell of office, nnd the magistrate must certify that thedectarant is personally known to him. J. L. EDWARDS, Commiiiioner of Pensions. DECMtlATinN. Inordcr to obtain the benefits of the set of Congress oi ine m mircn, ma, granting pensions tor one j ear 10 ucrmii wiaows wno nave received pensions under the act of Ju'y 7, 1839. Slate Territory or District M On this dnysf , personally tppearcd be- tore tne oi tno ,., u,, i resident ol , in thecountvof . and vrnra. who. beinir first duty sworn according to law, doth, on her oath, make me iviiuniiit uviaaa ion, in larucT lo uuituii uac veaic fits of the nrovision Hide bv the act of Congress, oass ed on the 3d March, 1313, granting pensions to wid ows of persons who served during the revolutionary war. , That she is ihe widow of , who was a here insert the rank the husband held in the army, navy, or militia, is ihe esse miv be. and the regi ment, corps, or vessel in which he served j and the annual amount or pennon which she received under the act or July 7, 183?. She further declares that she is still a widow. S worn to and subscribed on tho day and year above wruien, Deioro March 21 It " FRIDAY MORNING, MARCH 31, 1843. ATROCIOUS MURDER. A terrible murder was Dcrnctraied in our street! last evening. All our readers doubtless remember the attcmot. menlinned some davs since, of Mr. Henry Collon, of No. 2G Vcsscy it., to Bhoot Mr. Charles Oorlies in Leonard st. The pistol then merely snap ped, and Colton was arrested. He was bailed, and has since been at liberty. A day or two after this, tne wile ot t.olton made an unsucccsliul attempt to commit suicide by taking laudanum. This added strengtu to tne rumor wo nau previously neara, tnai therefore, every uieins vve may use for that purposo the assault of Lolton was tnado in consequence of the The Inventou op Lithography Fifty years ago there lived at Munich a poor fel low, uy name Aloys bonelelder, who was in so litllo repute as an author and artist, that painters and engravers refused to publish his works at their own charges, and so set upon somo plan for doing without their aid. In the first placo, Aloys invented a certain kind of ink which would resist tho action of the acid that is usefully employed by engravers, aaaJ vritll tlals lau taaaja lais uApui llllUIIIS UpUfl copperplates as long as he could afford to purchase them. Ho found that to write up on the plates, backwards, after tho manner of the engravers, required much skill and many trials, nnd ho thought that, wero ho to prac tice upon any other polished surfacc,a smooth stono for instance, tho least costly articlo im aginable, ho might spare the expense of the copper until hu had sufficient skill to use it. One day, it is said, Aloys was called upon to write rather a liumblo composition for an author and artist a washing bill. Ho had no paper ut hand, and so ho wroto out tho bill with somo of his newly invented ink, up on one of bis Kilhcim stones. Some time afterwards, he thought ho would try and take an impression of his washing bill he did, and succeeded. Such is the story, which tho reader most likely knows well and having alluded to tho origin of art, wc shall not fol low the stream through the windings and en largcments after it issued from the littlo pa rent rock, or fill our pages with the rest of the pedigree. iscnfeirer invented Lithography, VERMONT SUGAR. The singular fart ii staled in the Montoelier Watch man, that, next ( Louisiana, the State of Vermont is the greatest sujar producing State in the Union! incnmouni 0t maple sugar produced is laiuvvas over 2,559 Ions, beinc over 17 3-4 lbs. to each inhabi tant, allowing apopulation of 29I.91S. At five cents a pound this is vorth S253,9G3 20. The Watchman states thai thisjiuantity is very far below that pro duccd the last vcar. and thinks it mar be safelr csli mated that the mgar produced this season will, at the low price of fiveccnts, be worth one million of dollars. It is a " singular fact " that a paragraph so erroneous ;n fact and figures, should go the rounds of city and country, for two or three months witlnnt correction. Vermont is, to be sure, a sveet little state, but not quite so full of tho " saccharine " as bore represented. According to tho census statistics of 1840, Vermont ranked fourth, instead of second, in the list of Sugar growing states produ cing 2,347 tens, or a littlo over 15 lbs to each person, and amounting, at 5 cts. to S232.396 70. That the product has in creased since 1S40, is doubtless true ; but wc think that doubling the amount of that year would be a very liberal allowanco for tlio present, and that would givo us as the result something less than half a million of dollars a very clever little sum, by tho way, to add to tho real wealth of the state in three or four weeks, ".between hay and grass." Tho following table shows the relative pro ducts of the five principal sugar states : Louisiana, 119,947,720 lbs. New-York 10,018,109 " 9eV?int-. mim " Indiana 3,727,795 " Rhode Island returned but 50 lbs., Missis sippi 77, and Delaware none. The latter state, however, is now engaged with tho cornstalk, and wc venturo tho prediction that sho will shortly produce her own sugar. pato all such delusions. Wo now know that ! tho comets revolve in regular orbits, and return at regular times. Ktill, it was Tor a timo sup posed that somo dreadful tnisfnrtuno followed each return, especially in tho case of the cele brated romot of 1402, which had a period of about 130 years. Its appearance in 1402, was supposed to havo caused tho death of tho Prince of Conde. It appeared In 1274, three days be foro the death of Thomas Aqtiinao. In 1147, it prccccdcd tho crusades ; in 030, thcro was the celebrated blazing sword in the heavens, which prccccdcd the death of Mahomet; 11 years U. C. it was suspended over Itomo beforo tho death of Agrippa. Sir Isaac Newton aroso and dissipated these delusions; but in some minds less gross, they are still supposed to have some effect upon our earth, such as sudden changes of climate, dis eases, tempests, earthquakes, &c. Hut an En glish physician, Dr. Foster, has said that if arc cord of all these events were kept, we should find mat mere is never a time when on some part of tho earth there arc not these appearances, even if no comet has shown itself. Tho following is tho concluding paragraph. As to the reason given for thinking tho comets inhabited by a superior order of be ings, it strikes us as boin2 a " very curious " one, to say tho least. Wc hardly think, however, it will bo satisfactory to our read ers. , In 1GG9 a comet was seen, which presented much the same appearances which wc havo wit nessed. It was seen at mid-day. It was situ ated among nearly tho samo constellations. It was scon at the same season of the year, and the same appearance of tho tail was observed in creasing in length and diminishing in bright ness. It is not impossjA that this may be the same one with a rcvoltwoii of 175 years. There was one seen 35 years after, with Iho same ap pearance, which was at the time supposed to be the same ; but that has never since returned, nor is there a record of its having been seen be fore : while 175 before 10G9,thcrc was one seen at tho Cape of Good Hope. So that it is not im possible that this may bo the same one returned again to visit us. Tho question has arisen whether comets arc habitable. If so they must be inhabited hy be ings very different from ourselves, without lungs or eyes, capable of bearing intense heat and intense cold. It has been said if there are in habitants, they must be of a high order of being, because tlieir opportunities of acquiring it arc so great, in the passing over such immense spaces and visiting so many elillerciit systems. If the comets of 1771 and 1824 never return to us, they have probably gone to visit other solar sys tems; and bliould our comet never return to us, it will be guided in all its wanderings by the same Almighty Hand which has preserved it so long Irom collision with suns and stars, and will keep it until his own good time. bard's majority C1G. His majority in tho samo towns last year was nearly 5,000 ! This result shows that tho Grnnito Stale has benn shaken to ils very ccnlrc. One year more, nnd Locofocoism bites tho dust even in Now Hampshire. Tho Representatives elected lo the legislature this year stand as follows : Radical Loco Focos 112 Whigs and Conservatives 10G Loco majority G Last year iho majority of iho Loco Focos was about 70 1 With such a result staring them in tho face, it is decidedly amusing to hear tho Locos talk of carrying Vermont at the next election I makes us narta tcrs of us emit. On the contrary we ere under every moral obligation to use all out ef forts and influence to the advancement of justice and liberty, so far as vve can, without offending against the laws of our country. It i3 on this principle) that every citizen of our State, whether he bo n judge, jus tice of the peace, or any other State officer, incurs as much moral guilt, when ho assists a master in retak ing a slave, as he would were he logo with the master loAfrica, and aid him in capturing and bringing into slavery tho inhabitants ot mat unnappy i.inu. it must bo a vitiated stntc of public opinion that regards them in any other light. ThvoflVnco against man kind is the feame in cither cases nnd I intend that no false delicacy shall deter me from an unreserved ex pression ot our rights. One of theso rights is to in form every person within our laordcrs of all his legal privileges. I would as soon tako from n slave his physical powers of defence, as I would rob him of his moral power; I would as soon I ind his body with chains, as I would bind his intellect in ignorance. Hut while the slavecniovs theso natural rights, the ma-tcr hss his constitutional and legal privileges! and theso wc ate bound also to respect anil onserve. 'i he mas ter mav enter State, r.nd pass through it in pur nit nfVit fugitive slave, and wa have not the consti tutional power to prohibit him. As individuals, wo allcicd seduction of his wife bv Corlics. Last evening a few minutes before 7 o'clock Mr. Corlics was seen to come out of his Bowling Saloon under ICrceuicr & Co.'scoachcstablishmentin Broad way near I-'rankhn street, in company with a woman, He passed down Broadway to Leonard St., down which he turned and proceeded towards his residenco at No. 103. He was thcro last teen standing still and in conversation with a woman. A moment or two after the explosion of a pistol was heard, and a passer by in Broadway saw a man fall but saw no one near nun . uit going 10 mm, jair. monies wis luuna 10 have been shot. A ball had entered tho back of his bead, and on examination is sunnosed to hive lodcred iusl behind his no-c. He was SDC-cchless when found. ana so remained, rortions or Ins Oram escaped through tho wound, ond his recovery was of course impossible, tie was immediately taken into a room in the Carlcton House, and attended bv nhvsicians. When wc left he was still living, but died at a little after nine. Officers immediately went after Mr Colton, who was found at his houso onn taken into custody. He surrendered himself without hesitation and denied all knovvledgeof iho transaction. Collon has for a long time kept a genteel gambling establishment at his residence. Curlies is a single man and boarded at A Touching incident. A Boston editor thus describes an incident which passed under his observation on Friday last : "A little girl, about seven years of age, was itting at the corner of Washington and State street, upon a small pine box, with a basket by tier siue, containing some nan dozen apples, which she was patiently waiting lo sell, though her little form trembled from head to foot with the cold, which was most severe. The little half-clad object fortunately met the eye of a boy not more than eight years old, dressed in the richest style of tne day, even to an unusual ox tent, who stopped beforo her, aud taking a rich kerchief from his own neck, tied it snugly about tiers, anu tripped away." mv refuse him adniis'.ion to our dwlhncrs, or wo i No. 103 Leonard st. We havo not heard of the an- mav deny him the rights of hospitality! we may re-, prehension of the woman with whom he was last seen ., , I. a. a - i i; ...... ,.v,:i.i..n . ..i.. ....i i.-. u.. i a rard him with horror, and tfach our children to de test him i but he may, nevertheless, travel our roads, and may orrcst his slave in our presence: and may bind h'uiL if neccssarya and transport him back to the Slates from whence lie escaped. Wo havo no right to Interfere far the rhvo's protection, although uur sympathies may be excited in his favor. On this sub ject uur faith is pledged, and must not be violated. But while vve permit the master to do Ibis, wo do not protect him in doing it. Par from it. When he en ters our Slate to arrest his fugitive slave, so Jar as they to are concerned, ho docs it at his own peril, as much as ho would if ho wero to go to Africa to kid nap a native of that country. He has no law to pro tect him, and mini depend upon physical forcei yet he must respect tho rights of our people. He must not viohte iheer.ictily of our private dwellings, nor mimt ho violate tho Dublic peace. Honnv lav "acn- tic hands" upon Ihe slave he may arrest and secure him i but wp.irc under no obligation to furnih him all- aasn of our orisons, or to nuard his caniivcfur him. If Iho slave defends himself, the mister is not there- UV aumoriZCU to sutaoi or Kill nun iiaa iiv waaiaita ll aaa a slave Stale. Should he do tint, it would constitute murder under out liw, for which he would bo hang ed, thesainc astluaugh he hid killed a ficcinaii. Af ter he has arrested the slave, ho cannot compt I him to perform any mental service vvlntevei, nor cm he legally beat or chastise him. Should ho do this, ho maybe arrested ami punished for theasniilt and bat tery. The master's power pxicnds so far as is ncees eary to arrest and take bad; his stare t beyond this he cannot go. But ho may do every thing lo elTect this object peacably. Here his righlslerminate. But this he does at his own peril j and if the slave, in de fending himself, kill his master, it is a matter in winch we have no concern. Vet he must not do it wantonly or unnecessarily. Should ho beat oil his master, ond, while tho master is retreating, shoot him, that, too, would be murder, and we should then l..n- . It a c!V. Theseare some of iho rights of Ihe master, and of . l'L...M.!n..i.(ll.).i nn.ll. will I.a rtl Ihe si.ive, wmio on aiai .,u. v.- "... . w .......i t... ..palp reader, that it sa matter enttrelv be In een Ihsmselees. it u a sunjeci in wmu,, at !:,.(,, arennalerno obligation lo Interfere. If the slave drive beck the master when attempting lo arrest hint, here Wno moral or legal duty resting upon u in strp in to Ihe master's aid. There is no such stipulation con toed in our Constitution. The patriots who framed lUt shatter of Arueriean liberty, made no such deta in company, nor do we know that her name has been ascertained. It is surmised bv manv that tho niur dcrer was n man diessedin woman e clothes. A. Y. Tribune of 1iesday. Officers are in active nursuit for the woman who came into Mr. Colton s boarding house while Iho gasaruio was mere. 11 is cam mai incy nave uu tained a clue to her residence. There is also "ood reason to believe that Mrs. Col ton may have been this woman, and that she had changed her dress before thecoroner arrived. The whole matter will undergo an investigation be fore a coroner's jury this afternoon at 3 o'clock, ir the Court of Sessions tooni, where it is proballe some liny witnesses will lie called for examination. It is not improper or uiinrofilablc lo naid that thi fatal nllnir arose from an itnnroner inlimaev between the deceased mid Mrs. Collon, who is a young and oatrneiivc woman. Wo have heard it said, however, that the first ad vanccs were not made bv the deceased, and ll-t be did not know Mrs, Collon to ben married woman until some time ofter the relations between ihem had been ol the most intimate characier.-l N. Y. Specta tor, same date Tho Mr. Corlics who was shot by Collon was a native of Orange county, in this State, and was nbout 28 or 29 years of age, ond wo suspect, from iho accounts wo have seen of him in the Now York papers, that ho had not sustained a character altogether unblem ished before his late melancholy death. On tho contrary both ho and Collon seem to have bcon professional gamblers and accom plished debauchees. The Coroner was hold ing an inquest on the death of Corlics which was not closed nt our last dates, We sec it stated in the papers, that a ves sel which left Boston last week took out sev eral missionaries lo the Pacific Islands, car ried also five thousand gallons of rum, Wo supposo that neither the missionaries in tho cabin, nor their cause, arc to bo identified with tho traffic of the merchandize in the hold of the vessel, and it is wrong lo make any sucn attempt. let ono is reminded, in no ticing the character of the passengers on deck nnd tho quality of thu merchandize below, of tne oiu rhyme, "Thcto is a spirit above, and a spiritbelow, A spirit of joy, and a spirit ofwoj Tho spirit abovo is a spirit divine, But tho spirit below is the spirit of wine." United States Gazette. Fnocr.Ess or Improvement. "Mother, "ask cd a tall gawky, "what did you and dad use to do wneu no came a courting you r I'Goodarth and seas! what do you mean, Jed emaiii" "Why, I went over to see Pcmrv Doolittle tbther night, and sho told me I didn't know how to court. I asked her lo show mo how and scz she, 'ax your inarm.' What did you do, moth err- "La suz ! Whv. Jed, wo used to sit in the cor. neranu cat roast turkey. "uoou gracious ! tunes aint as they use to was' sartin. The only thing Peggy gin mo was a com raw picnic. La veil. Tho following is from the Picayune. Ifyou dont laugh a: it, "you are a crab." "Without faith, it is impossible to be saved," was made by a French preacher to read, "with- out lacs, it is impossible to bs shaved." Dionitv. Tho Snrinefield. fMass.1 Ga zetto says that tho Locofoco Moderator o the Town Meeting in Wcstfield. la st wenk Matthew Ives, announced tho result of the uaiioiing lor Selectmen in the following man ncr . uemicnicn, wo navo counted 111 votes, anu our ticket is olectcd." Apt nui'Lv. A lady once asked a Jack i ar wny a vessel was called "sho," "be- cause." answered Jack, wiih a knowing leor, "Ihe ritreinr coils more than iho hull THE COMET. Professor Pierce of Harvard University gave a lecture at iho Odcon, in Boston, on Wednesday evening of last week, in regard to the character and composition of this ce lestial visiter. From a report of his remarks which has appeared in the Boston papers, wc have mado tho following condensed abstract. He opened with an interesting sketch of sev eral of the more remarkable of these pheno mena. Tho present appearance, ho says, is undoubtedly a comet, and is easily dislin- gutsliedtrom zotlical light, bo dissimilar arc tne two in their appearance, that it was a matter of surprise to tho learned Professor that they should ever have been confound ed. The present visitor is distinctly marked by all tho characteristics of a cornel, and differs idely from zodical light, not only in ils shape its pyramidal form but in its clearly de fined lines of termination. Tlio question of greatest interest, how near the present comet would approach to the earth, ho was unablo to answer, till its path should have been de termined by accurato observation. But there is only ono chance in 281 millions, according lo Professor P.'s theory, that any comet will actually strike the earth. And if there should be a collision, so rare is the matter of which the comet is composed, that our atmosphere is sufficiently dense to resist it, nnd it could not therefore striko the earth's surface at all. As to the physical composition of these ce lestial phenomena, Professor Pierce endorses the opinion of Herschcl that they arc nebu lae drawn out into tlio form of tents, and that tlieir shining is induced by the decomposition of their parts. Whether tho tails, or trains are self-luminous is somewhat questionable. As they loso parts of their trains in their progress, it is possible that the fire balls and fulling stars, which wo sometimes sec, are oc casioned by our passing through their frag ments. Professor P. considers tho trains of tho cornels a part of tho comets themselves, driven back by tho resistance of tho air. Another theory supposes them to be attract ed from the bodies by the rays of tho sun. In regard to the history of comets in general, and tho opinions formed of them by tho su perstitious, tho lecturer speaks as follows : An old writer has said that in the Book of tho Creation, the Almighty has placed comets in the margin, as asteriks to point us to more elevated and spiritual views of the world. They havo in all ages past, been looked upon with dread, and Uotton Alatlier lias called them scythes to cut down tno wicked, ixot oniy nave inoy been supposed to threaten wars and the more dread ful calamities but to concern themselves with the cases of tho meanest individuals. If it is in tho shape of a flageolet, it concerns musicians ; if a girdle, those in love; if of a triantrle. it be- longs to artists; and when it is in tho form of a dragon, it portends poison. And even at this day there are some who suppose Ihem the forerun ner oi some ureauiui ctlannty-aeven of the dis solution of the globe. The wand of knowledge can, however, diiii CONFESSION OF THE MONTPE- LIER PATRIOT. The disastrous result of tho late election in Now Hampshiro seems to have disturbed the equanimity of neighbor Marston. That the very standard bearer of tho Democracy, in 1840, should have been smitten down by the Whigs at the opening of tho campaign of 1843, is more than our contemporary can endure. " Any bodv who supposes." savs the last Patriot, " that the future is to bo all sunshine and fair weather, (lo the Loco Fo cos) will find himself much mistaken." This is what wo havo always told you Mr Marston, and wo arc glad to hear you con fess it at last. Tho Patriot then goes on to acknowledge that the Loco Focos are get ting sick of their party and backing out in all directions. " You observe litem" (the Lo- Cava), Ian finj'v. 11 loa' (Vorjttnnt in (laoal alleiau anco upon our political meetings ; they (tho Locos) snuff and turn up their noses when you sjuak of lite dangerous tendency of spc cial legislation;" Wc don t wonder at that, for the cry of " special legislation," " monopolies," &c, is all gammon and the Locos begin to understand it. But tho Pa triot continues, " aw ultimately they (the Locos) will be found singing in Tippecanoe clubs," " How many (Locos) arc there," exclaims our desponding Patriot, " whose distinguished talents, and high moral quali ties the people are slow to discover ! " Wo supposo our neighbor hero refers to Mr. Sinilic. " Jlut toe cannot detail the va rious means by which men become estranged from Democratic principles," continues this oracle of Locofocoism, " nnd the democrat who calculates on continued sunshine, and wind and weather favorable, win. be doom ed to DisArroiNTMENT." Now, although wo have repeatedly assured the Loco Focos that they were doomed to disappointment and defeat in tho next campaign, wc are sur prised to find the leading Loco paper in the Slato acknowledging tho correctness of our position. Wo have always regarded the Pa triot as a very fair paper in many respects, and, by this confession, it has established a character for honesty and candor which can not be questioned. JHr. IWurston closes up this gloomy picture of Locofocoism thus " These reflections are suggested by tho contemplation of tho slato of things in New Hampshire. Tho standard-bearer of the democracy of tho Union having outrode even tho tempest ol ltHU, liko a sea- fowl, so distracted and embroiled by faction and disaffection, if nothing worse, as to be barely able to save her regularly nomina ted candidates from defeat ! " This f a melancholy reflection, certainly. REPUDIATION. A letter from Samuel Young, Secretary of Stato of tho Staleof New York, to a mem ber of tho Now York Senate was read in that body last week, which puts forth doc trines that cast tho Mississippi Rcpudiators entirely in the shade. The following is an oxtract from the letter to which we refer: "Millions of outstunding stocks are now impend ing over the State, which werclcreated by laws in clear ond direct hostility with the plain provisions of ino ivonssnution. mese laws were null ana ret a from their inception, and cannot imposi xvrx a SHADOW OP A MORAL OBLIGATION FOR Till fCtriLMCNT or THEin ostensible demands. Whether the people of the Stato will quietly bow their necks to the yoke and pay a premium upon legislative wickedness and encroachment, will be disclosed by the future. And if the double ceasE or past profligacy and past prece dent can be fastened unon llictn. the,, ia'l then fc meek enough to bear without a murmur the amplest strides of unbridled tyranny." Such arc tho sentiments put forth by this Loco Foco secretary under tho new dynas ty in New York. Such are the bold avow als with which the Loco Focos of the Em pire State signaliso their ascendency. The keeper of the Broad seal " of New York, publicly declares thoso laws which have been regularly passed by tho Legislature ahd ap proved by thu Governor, and under which more than FIVE MILLIONS OF DOL LARS of Stato stock lias been invested the keeper of the " broad seal," we repeat, declares theso laws to be " null and void from their inception," and s.iys they " can not impose even a SHADOW OF MOR AL OBLIGATION " upon the pcoplo of tho Stalo ! Such an attrocious sentiment would disgrace even the Mississippi bond breakers. Wo hope to see its author rebuk ed, as ho deserves to bo, by the Legislature of tho Slate. Mr Senator Root has already idtroduccd a resolution to remove Mr Young from his office. The Loco Focos however will sustain him, and wo fear they will en dorso his doctrines also. Tho Washington Globo is out upon Pros ident Tyler and Mr. Webster again with more ferocity than usual. The particular occasion of Mr. Blair's virtuous indignation is the wholesome flagellation which Mr. Webster administered to General Cass for his impertinent interfereance in the form of an official protest in relation to thu late Treaty with Great Britain. We presume our neighbor of the Sentinel will copy Blair's blackguardism. Caleb Cushing is about to be married, says the Washington correspondent of the Lowe uouricr, to aiiss uarper, oi jiaitimorc. hc is described as being very intelligent, amiable, and beautiful, and withal an heiress to a large es tate. Miss II. is the grand daughter of Charles Carroll, of Carrollton, and daughter of the dis tinguished Robert Goodhue Harper, of Mary laud, for many years one of the most ablo mem bers of Congress, and one of the most'eloquent men in the Union. So says the Boston Alias, from which it ap pears that, notwithstanding Mr. Cushing was rf- jected by the Senate, ho has had much butter luck with Miss Harper. A First Rate Certificate. The fol lowing certificate was sent to a physician a year or two ago. It lias been tho rounds of the papers once, wo believe, but is worthy of a more " general circulation." Tho or thography, certainly, possesses tho merit of originality. " sur I Take the I.ibburlv of oddrcssinir yew abowt the brandy fi salt. I was ntlicted with dreadful low nesof sperits and rewmalism which having freely aplidc the abuv has boath disappeard. sur my way of inlying is the sawlt outside wonst a day & the brandy in twice every hour, ils eflex is sumtims real ly Astonismnp;. my wue auso lanes inc auuv iuca disinin her Tec, if-finds great benefits. sir yewr most obedient Tcmmvs Sfoonev. P. S. A neyburof mineTridetheAbuvonhiswife bean Bad skalded killing a pig but I'nlukky forgot to put in the sawlt. ovvever it was oil Vetry wel, for Iho brandy aloan Cured his wife Si now he's got the tawlt to Cure his bakun." NEW HAMHSHIRE ELECTION As wo intimated last week, tho election which has just taken placo in this hot bed of Locofocoism is anything but satisfactory in its results lo tho Now Hampshiro Loco Fo cos. iiubuaru, tlio regular JjOco toco can didate for Governor, lias just escaped de feat and that is all. Though ho is not quite unhorsed, he has been mado to reel in bis saddle, in tlio lato contest, in such a man ner as will teach tho Loco Focos that they nro not omnipotent even in New Hampshire. Tho ponderous maco of Isaac Hill has been mado to ring upon tho helmet of the party to somo purposo during tho last year, as tho bruised and mangled head of Locofocoism clearly proves. Wo havo not yet received full returns from all tho towns in the State, and of coin-so wo cannot speak with entire accuracy as lo tho preciso result. Hubbard's majority will probably range from fivo hun dred to a thousand I And such a result, for a Stato which in 1810 even, gavo a majori ty of more than C000 against Tippecanoe and lyler too," is certainly glory enough for one day. In two hundred and ten towns the vote for Hubbard was 22,447 whole vote against biro was 21,831, leaving Hub- Wo gavo several curious epitaphs a few weeks ago, but accidentally omitted tho fol lowing which certainly should havo been in cluded in the list. It was was written by a New Yorker, on the tomb of a drunkard. "Pause, passer, pause, and drop a tear. For an old toper's buried here ; Let tears like Croton water fiow, To mix bis liquor down below." C7Sir E. L. Bulwer. One of the Bos ton papers publishes the following extract from a letter written by Bulwer to a gentle man in that city : "With the last pags of the 'I.istof Ihe n.irnns' closed my career as avvr tercf fiction. You have long been aware that my graver studies have been graabml Iv unfitting mo for the taskot the 'Roinancier.' Tho light of other days is faded,' and my fancy no longer kindles at a spark, ns in happier hours of yore. I am too wise to jeopordiio what little credit I may have won already, and therefore bid farewell a mournful farewell, it may be to the light labors and flowing dreams of tbo novelist." BUTTER. A corrcsnondont of the Madisonian, speaking of butter now purchased for tho navy, Bays : "Wc are now getting such butler as is used in the Driiish navv. and which lasts in all climates two vcars perfectly sweet. Some of the same kind of butter was taken out by tho exploring squadron, car ried around the world, and, after being on board more than three years, was brought back to New York, ex amined, and found as sweet as it wae originally-,, Wo wish wo could got same of it, for wo have been eating butter atronjr enough to pull over Solomon's temple all winter. Tho market has been full of vilo stuff. If some grocer or nrovision dnaler would sell none but good but ler, he would make his fortuno In a Bhort time. . . . i . i r t . T . Wo would walK a mue to uuy irom iiuu. uus ton l'ost. Good-humor is the clear bluo sky of tho soul, on which every star of talent will shine more clearly, and tho sun of genius encounter no va Tvnri in bia nassacrc. Tis the most exquisito beauty of a fine face a redeeming grace in a homoly one. It is like tho green in a landscape, harmonizing with every color, mellowing tho glories of the bright, and softening the hue of tlis dark. Communication. Mn. KotTon, 1 observed in a late number of the Free Press a skotch of the argument of Oeorge W. Chccvcr, in favor of tho legal practice tf bangingcer tain transgressor', occompanied with some remarks from Iho Hditor on the aaine subject. KJitors and Clergymen are, in some considerable measure, the conservators of public morals j both, from their posi tion in society, exerting an inllucnec, eilhrr beneficial or otherwise, in proportion to tlieir popularity or pub lic patronage, llenco the ncsessily that they should invesligate both sides of every subject w hich involves the welfare of their fellow-men, and moro especially in cases whero human lifo is nt slake. Presuming that such is the intention of the Kdilor of the Free Press, t have ventured to offrr a few remarks on said ..... vwiiotucauaauaa ua everv azaiamu nam 10 wnoseouscrvation they may extend. Q. It. Chv.raii aa ! a, ,a : n.. .. . ... . ... .... .. r j r-"- ...wiuca uui aaau aiua ua ucaiy. iney icar tne same iremendous evil which they in flict on others, but nothing else." He has therefor based his argument on the assumption, that "fear" is the best prevenliye of crime; that fear exerts a tronger influence on the human mind than any other passion. If so, in the case of capita! punishment, it must be either the fear of death itself, or the fetr of what follows after death, the consequent judgment. With regard to the former it will not hold true, for men brave death under various circumstances, as in the field of battle, &c. Military glory eclipses the fear of death. So the hope of liberty, " Give me lib erty or give me death." Yes, and the Christian law giver taught his followers not lo fear death. "Fear not them which kill the, body," &c. Matt. 10, 29. Truth then demands that we should not fear death, and hence the martyrs could rejoico in fire, and sinf and pray amid the torments of the flesh. w Is it then the fear of "judgment to come" which disarms the would-bo assassin, which silences re venge in the human breast? If so, it mutt certainly have ils effect whether we hang or not, for men do not livo for ever. Why then do not murders cease from among menl Can they by living a few rears final out some way to avoid the judgment of Him, who has said, " Vengeance is mine I will repay "7 If true re pentance is the only way to a reconciliation with an oaTcndcd Deity, docs not this qualify a man to live harmless, holy, umlefiled, and consequcntlya blessing, not a curse to society 1 Shall itbcsai.l that we must hasten to cut oiTthe murderer with hisbmiher'n crying from the earth against him 1 Why then is it customary to allow "benefit of clergy," that he may be induced to seek a place of repentance 1 If w4 are sincere in our labors and dcircs for his eternal wel fare, then the argument drawn fiom fear on this rouni loses Us weight ; nnd if not, such labors anil- desires are all n farce, and we manifest a diabolical spirit of revenge. Indeed so vve consider it, when we see on individual, whether red man or white, pursa ing his stealthy wny in midnight darkness to shoot he ball or strike the dagger into the heart of him who may have destroyed his lelativeor friend. Hence, te get rid of this alternative, G. B. Cheever and other Christian advocates for hanging, turn to the Scrip tures for authority to take the life of man under cer tain circumstances. Uut before we proceed with this point, some may pethaps hint that the preventive efficacy of hanging i in the ignominy of a public execution, the shame of being exposed to the gaze of an offended community, tor Colt, say they, killed himself rather than endura it. " Who," says Cheever, "ever heard of a man kil ling himself to avoid imprisonment'?" "A punish ment which the criminal fears more than death, must be of all others most powerful to restrain from crime." In these sentences he rather surpasses himself. Fears more than death! But is there not ouite as much ignominy attached to tho crime of suicide un der such circumstances, particularly as many inter pret such an act as proof of a hardened heart and a guilty conscience? And if shame has so itneici'oan effect why should not community be willing to let them remain a liv ing monument of it. I should think, it would scare them out of their crimes sooner than out of thsir existence. There is something whimsical in the idea that the (ear of death induces a man to kill himself. Dul to return. The text of Scripture which as- pears to be most relied on for authority to hang ths murderer, is, "Whoso sheddeth man's blood by mm shall his blood bo shed"; which Cheever is said to have " examined, and brought additional proof of the grammatical accuracy of onr English transalotion of it." His proof is not given or we might possibly hara been instructed. As it is vve miv nerhans be allowed to say that the word which is translated, " shall be shed," might with equal propriety, in the oninion of competent scholars, bo rendered "will be shed." We know that in the Hnslish language, we conjugate verbs by the use of auxiliaries ! and in the future tense by the auxiliaries "shall or will", while in most other languages their verbs have a change in tho termina tion, &c. to express the different tenses. When giv ing us the r.nglish version of the future tense, the translator uses cither auxiliary according to his no tion. Now where is the command, if wc read it, "Whoso sheddeth man's blood by nienwiff his blood bo shed" ? It would merely point out an effect fol lowing a cause, a consequence future to the act pro- ui.whu t. , in., us aaa aaac Itrun union 10 Ira ftt nr tho forbidden tree, "in tho day thou catest thereof thou shall surely die," or thou wilt surely die. Wa may use either auxiliary without allerinc the mean ing, fur aught I can sec. In like manner, it anoeara to me, the true translation of the text " Whoso shed. deih," af-c, is that in which wc can use either auxili ary and keep the sense, as in the other I have quoted. Besides to take it as a command involves some ab surdities. God says, in tlio prececding verse, " at tht hand of every man's brother will require the life ef man"; how can he then consistently, in the next line, tell man to require it at the hand of his brother. Again He has just before pointed out to man his do minion, but gave him no dominion over his fellow; for this plain reason, it seems to me, that the being who exercises dominion or -governs, requires greater intelligence than the being governed ; so God alona is capable of exercising dominion over man, "for in the imago of God made he man." Again if man may kill man for murder, where shall wo stay the hand of the avenger of blood 1 I know they try to gel round this point by saying it is the duty of the civil officer. But remember the law was given to Noah. Who was the civil officer then 7 To get on this ground ihey are obliged to leap over several hundred yeare and plant themselves on the law of Moses, forgetting at the same time the prominent law written by the fin ger of God, " Thou shall not kill " ; and even under this dispensation, tho civil officer did not hang or stone to death the criminal, but the Pcoplo were to do it. If the command, " Thou shall not kill," applies to the private individual, and not lo the civil officer when acting for the Slat! against the murderer, &c., then why do not the rest of those commands apply in Iho same way 7 Thus a man kills another and break llit! command, tho civil oHcer kil's him ond does not hna! the comiinml ; ma pi, con oiiur.its adultery ami breaks tlio 7th cotnma'.iJ, why may not the civil ofllcer commit the same offense nnd not break it 7 or is it reasonable that in older to prevent or cure an evil lie may do the same evil 1 If men may commit acts as civil officers which, aa private individuals, they may not commit, then are the lavvscf God not so much adapted lo men as to tlio condition in which men may bo stationed; and Irre wo are brought into a labyrinth of absurdities: nnd we may as well odopt, with some of our traniat Isnlicbreihrcn, the vulgar error that "tho King can do no wrong" or ns wo are hero somewhat avers lo king-craft, we may have some other "privileged otuer. it is to bo remcmakred too, that if, by this lino of reasoning, wo can find authority in Scriptural for killing tlio murderer, wc also find it for killing tht batiDain-breakcr, adulterer, ivc, and the repeal of these laws, if wc reason ns they do in the case of mur der, must havo had a tendency to increase licentious ness and tho profanation of the Sabbath. It will not do to try to evade this conclusion by appealing to the enormity of tho crime of murder, for where raunler (what lYio law terms such) destroys one victim, Li centiousness destroys its scores of victims. Uut perhaps I have gone far enough for the ptesent, I will only quote, "Tho executioner alone inflicts punishment of which the suffering can never becalUd ... -(..fliwii, u jiaaaiiaaiaaaiiat i.a.ivi. aats ka.a.aaaaa, tcajiaj morn than Hr-ntTa " .(-. T aA nnrf nlhr-p i.niMiMa urn la-nraiii v nrntniaa- ni wnaii aura; an an r some men, and what would be the conditioa of eeef- ely were the destinies of men at their control.' is a class who keep so far in the rear of toma'P

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