Newspaper of Burlington Free Press, April 14, 1843, Page 2

Newspaper of Burlington Free Press dated April 14, 1843 Page 2
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PACIFICUS: THE RIGHTS AND PKIVILUQKS OP THK SEVERAL STATKS im UUOARD to SI,.Vfcll V Bt'ing c series of Essays, publtihut in the tt'tnltrn llctent Chronicle, Ohio,) afterlhe flection of 1342. Mt A wnt. or oiiio. Number IV. viouriSN or the combtiii'tiom ro the tcrrosTor SLAVEaV. Mb. nniToni Tn my firt communication, I stated tint, by out Federal Constitution, the t'reo states ims ecssiil "the absolute nnd unrjtm'ifk'il tight of being cvnnt mid entirely free from the expense, llie guilt, nnd llie disgrace of slavery and of the slave trade. T establish this principle be) ond nil doubt or cud, hif bei'ii ilio object of my second nnd thud numbers. ILni'ij llius disposed of that putt of my subject, I r-lull now timcecd to call the intention ot mv leaders to some few of the Instincts in which the people of ilia true states mve uecii iinc.tnsiitiitionniiy involved in tin) amuse of Ihat'inttittitioui rcscrvinc. for a Al taic number, ail reference to thu guilt nnd disgrace which Ins been forced upon in, fn order to sustain and uncourngc slavery. Thii practiie of sustaining uavcty at me expense anu inconvenience ot tne peo ple of the free Stales, had its origin in the d.iys of our revolution. In 1750, ihc authorities of South Coroli-n-i dent a confi Initial npent to inform Congress that their Stale could furnish no troops to defend her ter ritory naainsl the llrilisli forces, as it was necessary that Iter men should nil remain at home to defend their ramtliet andtritndi apawtl tlieirslaccs incase of insurrection (ViJu setfc! Journal of Congress.) Under ihesj cireiinistancis, troops wire taken from the noithern State', to defend them against the Orn ish, while thev defends! lhcimlvca asainst llieir shve.i, and compelled them to labor for the benefit of iluir masters, in tins way southern plantations were rendered productive, while thojo of llio north were left destitute of laborers, and the burden of enp p uluw slavery wai thrown aim Jst entirely ttpin the iwrlhrtn Stake. By the sn' srqucnt adoption nf the Commotion, silvery was undo stridly n State in tllluliun. Its burdens to be borne by such States as ro.ninued Ihem, while those States, bo preferred to I Jos.i.had an j'i.il ri'hl to be t-srnipt ftom all its p.";ls. by eniincip.itin:! thrir slaves. Yet the practice ot tlitowina the burden of supporting slavery upon thj nation :il Urge, thereby involving the free States in its axpensa, has eontinued down to ihepresentday Tnrse burdens list- been cait upon llie people of the free States i Kirstly, by nppropnnlions nude by Con gress for the direct and avowed purpose of sustaininu slavery and the slave trade. .And, swjnndly, I y such action of thcesoiiiiiieaiijlogti'ntive branches of Gov ernment, ns wis calcda cd. eventually, to produce that chVt, and, in some injtmiccs. tho vfusal of Gunsresj nnd the Incentive t.'iaei, b it sui-h action would relieve the pvopb of thefiee States from this burden. To the first biafich of this proposition, I shall de vote tho present number. Our first treat y, furnu'd with theCrnolt Indians, wes sunod 7ih August, 1733. It contnheJ a atirul.i tior. on the part of the Indiana loturrencfcr up all ni grace then in their territory. Tho came stipulation was obtained in nearly all our subsequent treaties with that aaisje nation. I re cret that the I mit nretcti'ed to myself, will not ad mit of detail, and I will hero statu, tint if any reader shall c-.ll for details on any point embraced in ttuee I'jsayc, I will most cheoi fully give them hereafter. Thii covenant of thi Indians to surrender up no.Tcies, was eannecmd with stipulations to perform other acle, and the exirt amount pii I for surrendini' negroes is llis'efore unknown. For the violation of this, clanso ofiha rnv, we compelled thorn to pay to tho slave hnlflsr of Omnia, at one timo, two hundred and fit v thociand dollars. I think it a fair estimate, tn oji riow.i thu s i n pitl to that nitim, for thcpurBOtoof indueini them to m urn tugilivetiavep, at three hun rfred thnusmd dollirs In out treaty with the Flori di Indian, concluded at Camp Monltiie, in 1823, we Mrecd to ray thorn six thousand doll its, and an an nut'v ot Svo thounsnd dollar for twenty years. The Indians. on their part, stipulated "to be celire end vigilant in presenting fugitive slaves frcn passing Pirouvh their country, and in apprehending and re- turning to tneir metiers suc.i as mourn seek an asy lum anions them." Official teporia and documenis, r.ow on fi! in tha War Depigment, show, beyond eaatraaiciion, that tho Florida war was commenced an I pro-eeuted for the pnrposo of recainins: fugitive laves, and w ptevciit furthtr escapes ol that class of j;eipl. The e xpanso of thlj war Is estimated ot forty mil' tiara of doll art. After the close nf iha l:to war with Greit Rritain, our GverniTtent demanded of that nation cnmpensi. lion, for the owners of such slaves :u escaped to their sjrmy duri.u hostilitici'.v.The demand was tepisted, an.l.yoarsor 4ip;omiUo tttott were emtiloyed in ex totting fi'oiri tHof:i'(h'epiice of li' erty thus cained by our fellow men. After much effjrtnnd expense, we ohtaiil fourteen hundred thvusend dollart for the slaveholders-, but tho people of the free blares wero taxed to dufray th exnrnteof obtaininirand distrihu limtthainonav. In 1823. and for nnny years tub oijientta tint time, tho iffirts of our tiovernment ware put forth " ia preterit Pit abolition of tlnrcry in th4 letani of Cuba, Iq t thee"Cimple micnt affect the institiniin in our soirih'jrn States." And an nent was sent thora v prjvent the emancipation of slaves. Our people of the free Stales uere .ihm invpWeim tlmexnsn-e Vif opposing the liberty of mankind. In me., ftennrnl Jjekson mareheil hn army into Flori- ria i while there, his soldiers, and tho followers of his rsmp, look miny slaves from tho people of that ter ritory, and tha people of the free States have been verl mnivfir the n "t-rns ihm taken, (Vide'iloc- timeats on Qlc iri the office of the Secretary of the Treasury. . In 1516, cerir.n fugitive, slaves lenk refuse in the 4Vll,Uiy UI riuiin, niiumiLiiii iun u"i iii'.ui.on of tha Arnkchicola hver.' 'ITo're they made their (tar- rkns, nd clcare-d thqir fields, and cultivated their farms. Oentral JafUsan sent orders to G 'neril Gainai, to enter thii'territory of the Kins of Spnin, tn itesiroy the f rt. ana to arrur ana return mejii ei'.ive elite to their masltri " A cunboat was de s.iatchiid for Iha purpase of eflfccling these objeris. T.m fort wns cannonaded with hot shot until the miEWne wis blown up. nnd two hundred nnd seven ty msn, women, and children wore instantaneously murdered in cold blood, lor no other crime thin that mpf.,f-rriliT liberty to ttavcry. A !awwipis-d in Kebruin', 1S33, to pav more than five thousand Hollars ta the officers and crew, as a bounty for this Cijtriir.tim of ur Mlaw beincs. OurpeobleofOhio, and lha othor f.-w StalPi. were thus involved in the exnniw of etitrairin j ujftfrs arw, for tlw benefit ofthat institution. Tha bill grantinR this sum. as a merited honntv for Hltiil sliTit, was reported by thochiirmant of the Naval Commi lee, and, it is said, was passed upon their authority without further examination in .the Houe. Many of the slave States hnv'e Ifws author uwb iheir officers to arrest and imprisjn free colored prs)ns who enter their Stales, an I to sell them as e'.aves, unless the expense of imprisoninc them he Said. Mnnv frre rolorcd men in the employ of the Iniled Niate, hnva tveen thus imprisoned, and the expense paid hy uovernment in order to release mem. (Vids reports of rnminiltees made nt the list sesion of Conzress.) Much expsnso his aHj been Incurred by Oiv?rnment in sendindetiehmcnis of troops and of ill-marine rnrps to intimidate the slave of ih juth tt '' e 'frwr. These instnnees have beonfu cju'nt M mnch is that' nfkerr, cimmandinL' !. tachments, dt niteven wilt for orders from the War Department, to mar'eh tlnif.fMeea'!:inti any ririnr whT appearances of lhenrrecti'in are manifested : Every reader is awar that ships, ensageil in the slave tiada,have ban wrecke I on, and near the Uritish West India lalandst and ihe slaves, findine them selves at liberty, havsrsfused toteturni Oar Govern. msnt has. espoused tlx cause of the slave dealers, and have, for many years, ininlveil the people nf ihe free Slates in tho expense of ohiiinins, Irom the llriiish Cwcrnnent, the loss which iheslaveniEtchinu ms loincd by th; liberation of iheir slaves Thus have vi been taxed for Ihe supDort nf the slave trade. I nwl not mention the pa'ricglars concerning the Creole. They will lie recolieeieil hy every reader. Mare ihan a hundred thousand dollars liaiehe.n an- prnprintcd forthe erect on of prisonsin the District of Ollimuia. I neee iiisuiib iiovr urui, nnu suuoie. ufed by slave merchants, t confine their slaves until l htir cargoes or coinenr soutnern matKftiare com pleted. In n former number, 1 referred to tha fact, ,-hat n De-norratic I-cpislaltire nf ojtr own Stale np j, opriatetl ifie jnonev of our fellow citizens, to pay y,emclcs their per diem, while ttie"y ilisrnseH the proper mode of catching touthern slaves. These Me fame bt ihe instances in which the people of trie free States have leen involved in ihe direct expense of suti;nme nnd supporting slavi ry. The nmoumi can not he's vertained wi h precision. Many. have rui mated it at pne'hundred millions dollars, or more than nnc-eiehth part ot the whole stuir.MPfnderl hv theU.iited Stales. sii;e the adopnon of our Federal Constitution, including (he rtWnir.of (ho late war with Great tWtain. They include, in such cslunaie, the most favorable liaht. Yet tho abuse consists In the clear and palpable violation of our constiliilional rijihts, rather than in tho number of dollars nnd cents laKcn from our pocKtis, and appropriated to the sup pott of slavery. Tho Constitution lins heen Viotatctl ; and these vio lations have becomo so frequent, ns lo create alarm amonz our patriots and sages. (Vide Mr. Adams' lain speech at Uraintrcc.) Tho writer, however, con eiders ihe most nlarminir circumstance tube tho per feot'inc of our northern ptess, nnd our northern statesman and politicians, tinder the infliction of those abuses and violation of Ihe Constitution, and nf nnr rights and interest. Wo hive submitted to them so lone, and ao patiently, thnt mnny of our people beein lo entertain the opinion that we are constitii ionally bound lo contiibulen pnrtton of out sub'ianee, accu mulated by our toil nnd labor, to enable llie alavehold ernol the emit It to keep Ihiir slaves in sill Section. Sir, this supinencss of Ihn northern press nnd north ern men, U unworthy of the descendants of our revo lutionary fathers. Furiher abuses should bo resist ed. While we piy all possible r'eference to the rights of the elave Klitu, we surely oniiht to maintain our own. H'e shonlil stand upon the strict line of the Constitution. We oueht not lo permit our southern brethren to invade our rights, while we should be equally careful not to encroach upon theirs. PAC1FICUS. MERCEiVS TRIAL. The St.ite rj. Sinrlchn Mercer. Indictment for tho murder of Mahlon II. ITe'crton. TunsD.tv March 20A. D.inirl Elnirr, mm oftlio Aanocinii) Jus lirt's of llii Supreme Court, mill Jiitlijps Cltv ini'iit, (urrison, mill others, oflliu Court of Conitiiiiii P lens, irrtiding. Counsel for the State Gen. P. Mull son, Attnrni'v Gi'iii-rnl, nnd Tims. P. C.ir- pt'iilcr, Prusucutor oftlio Pious for Glottcos- tor co. Counsel for the Prisoner Poior A. Druwim and W, S. Price, nf Phil i. Pi'ti-r D. Vronm, Gitrrot D. Wnll, A. Briiwiiiii", V. N. JidT.-rs, J. U. Slo in, R. K. Mutlack, J. B. Iliriison, R. W. Uowt-U, of N. J. Tl.o Clerk tln'ti roniiiii'iii'i'il culling the niinii's of jurors, nnd the fnllowing jury uiis cinpiitiiu'lled in nbmit liulf mi lionr, out of tho first 30 liiitiics culled viz: Jury as IZmpannnelled. James Jcnncit, swurn. Jusnli llndd, affirmed. I,awrenee AtkermaniJf Jonathan Packer, " Thos. .McCreily, r" Cha's II. Robbins. .-worn Robert K. Kille, " Abel Fivvler, hffirind. S'ephen D. Kille, affirmed. John Abertson, " John W. Key, sworn Jacob I'.vaul, " After Jiulejo Clmer had infnrnietl tlio ntoiit hers of tint jury tli.il tliey would not ho n. lowed !o soiarato until the close of the triul. Mr. Carpenter opened on tho part of tliu Smte. Ho tltnn railed Junes C Vandyke, Esq. sttorn In ihe afternoon of Friday lOth Fehrinry, nbout dusk, Mr. Hct.erlon and myself intide a clotf carriage, nnd a colered man on ihe o'll&ide, wont on ho ml a ferry I oat at Market street ferry, for thepnrpoan of rrnssinsinto this Slate; about llie time Ihe boat left I'liilndelpliia whaif, ora short lime after, I (jot out nnd left Mr. Heberton on the hack seat -, iho oartiase stood on down river side and Philadelphia end nf the boats two or three feet from the carriage on iho upper sidoofihe boat there was a coal wagon iarnllel with the carriage; ihe harsj.' heads of hiih V"hie!es towards Camdenj there was a great deal of ice in llie canal thnugh the Island whldi frightened the horses, and I went to the heid of tin line horse: the servant stood nt the head of ihe other horse; ns we reached Jorsuv shore, tha part where 1 stooil had passed Ihe piers j I heaid ihe report nf a p slot, and saw iheflishi n second re port followed I at once thought what it was: I went to tno carnage do.it while I wns thore 1 heard Ilia third and fourth report 1 opened thodoor Mr. Heb- orton was nii lussent, iiiteringtnint groans moaning I called lo him twicenr ihriee and shut iho door when I called he mearly groaned I Ml thu carriage and came mind ihe head nf tho hor-os li the coal wsonn somewhere near the front wheel of tho coal wagon, I met Mr Mercer I siid to him, catching hold nf his arm. ''this is a prdlypiece of business, sir." My impression is, but lam uot positive on .tho sub jeci. ihai nr. wonne oiaio wnat you Know, nnu noi Imat, but the I lack man told me to leavo them nlone. There were no other vehicles on board of the boat but the carriage nnd the coal wagon. When the boat had got over to Iho Jersey shore. I saw Mr. Metccr shoot the pistol, nnd heard him say, "Hero I am, 1 give myself up to justice." Ho stood behind ihe coal wagon when ho fired the pistol. I saw the pris oner from the time he shot until he save himself up. The remainder of this witness' testimony wns unim portant. Nothing of Importance was dieted by the cross examination. The witness was employed on board of Ihe ferry boat. I'litmp Daniels, sieorn.i was on ooaro. ino ooai when the man was said to have been shot. Just after the boat had got cleverly into the slip, I saw a man firinir nistnl. I said to him vou must be a foolish inau in oe nrmp nerc. i ncaru same move imsiuis gi oil. 1 saw lus leel anil legs, as ne camo rouno, un der the horses. He said, "let's hnve a dance 1 and nsked, "are thero any fiddlers on board the boatt" I 1 L I 1 I.I ll. -. . t. - - It lie nao ms unno unucr my cieow ni hid innr. was Ihe same person who fired the pistols. Ilcsaid, "I give myself up," after I spoke to him about firing t hem. No orre was near him at the time he male these declarations. I did not notico any one else. Mr. Mercer, when he aaid "I give myself up," was on the off side, nnd when he said "Let's have n fiddle," he was on the near sido of the wagon. Mr. Vandyke came up after these words were spot-en. Cross Mamined by Mr, Jrjfers Nothing farther elicited. . . ByJudnt Elmer-1 thought he was' a d d root for firing the pistol among the horses. I .'nought so, nnd eaiil so. Laughter. I don't know how tort? my wagnn bolt is it is a hundred bushel enal box. i' fore he came round, a limn nsked, "What are they filing nt I'' I ssid I guessed Ihey were only discharg ing ineir ptsiots. i aia not see Ihe pistol, until ne came lo the house, except when I saw him fire. I could not distinguish the person's face who fired be hind lliecnal box. I saw his arm pointing toward therarriage. I should have known the person who fired the pistol anywhere. It was Henry Render who spoke about the firing. Mr. Vandyke knew the pris oner no one else diil. Dr. hnac Mulford, affirmed, t stifled as to the nature nf the wound. The wound on the la'k part of the shoulder, corrcsnnn 'ed to the holes in the cloth ing of the. deceased. The wound wns smalt and rir culai, slightly irregular, and ragged at tha margin. An instrument passed into this opening, showed the wound lo he in n direction inward and somewhat downward. An incision was then msde, and the edge nf the fifth rib was found lo havehcen perforated, and the bnne fractured. The left cavity of tho chest wns found to contain a good deal of blood. SECOND DAY. Wcdmcsdav, March 297A. Tltn Court having been ormnrtl, Mr. Van Dko was recalled, and identified tho pistol. John Roth, Captain of the steamer John Fitch, sworn. 1 was standing on t lie uamnen vynan worn tin. frrv hits! arrived t heard renort of a nistol when ahe was within 15 feet i stepped on board as she came up, and lieatd 1 iheretea man snoii" saw neoenon dive, in tho carriage! Mercer asked me if I could dance a little for him I Henry S. lender Saw Mercer come on Hoard at Market st. wharf, alter 6 o'clock i he enquired of Jas. Kurn whether ho could get a carriage t t.'nmden; saw nothing more nil wenaared Camden ; while then standing hy the heads of the carriage horses, I saw Mercer, pistol in hand, come out from behind a coal wagon and fired: after firing, he walked slowly around the wagon, on the other or left side, and be ing met by Mr.'Van Dyka at tho head of the horses attached to it. exclaimed "here I ami I liive myself tip i I did it) don't let them hurt me; take ms where they wont hurt met I don't want to be hurt; Mr. Van Dke said to him, "Coma with ma. my young friend, you shan't be hurt t" Mr. Van Dvke wanted me ! lake charpeof him, which I refused tn do at first: Mr. Van Dyke then aid to him. "Come, you must get into theearriage. and go back lo the city again :" at that time Mr. V. D. had the carriage door open, and Mr.M. said he could not got in and go back with him I I had hold of Mr. M.'s arm i he said, 'Como, let's have a dancei get me a fiddle; I want in dance." The rest of this testimony corroborated Mr. V.'s. John Cartor, tho Coroner, and Dr. FiU; worn examined concerning tho inquest, post mortem examination, iStc, and corroborated Dr. Mountfort. John Carter, ono of the boatmen, also gave some indufinito testimony; ho heard 4 pistol shots, but was not in a po silinn to see by whom ; he saw somo one running from the boat, but did not know who it was. The attorney Gnnoral Iture rested tho prosecution, and Mr. Browne opened for the Defence. hangi very low down; I refused lo go he said ho would only sit a few minutes. Ho then rang the bell. and a mulatto woman came to the door. She spoke vonr imnress'on, , r r i . . . n . .m I r T ; . - . r . p. .trie iiv Hi.li uriu i nin, , L'l.tJ ill v nil 1,1 , theexnense of removing soiithrrn Indians, nnd llie amount paid for the purclnso of KJmidn and Louisi ana. The protection nl slavery, doi.hihss, entered t, an.l r..rmA,l ti niri nt the nl t.-etAnttnlrtcd hv these norehases and Ihe removal of ihe Indians. Hut ihe writer ia unwilling tn bring forward, npnn hia nwn responsibility, any er.timlte thit admits of diapiim m nrjument. Tho amount S.iinmenso when viewed in !n the last ctanao of the 9th article of our treaty with Snain, tn'rred into in IfllO, the VnM States nerecf "in pay the .Spanish officers, and the private Spanish eitt.ens, .for all propertilbH'hu Ihe more mentsofthelnte American army in Florida " On n reference nf llie qucslion tn. the Jam Atto-nev Gene ral. Feliv Oriuidv. ihsr iifficcr ernvelv drridfri. that - n)y wer property, mid he eufcstntilinlly decided.nl so, that ttenlinsi nrirrofscone ntutrit a portion of the - innv.mpniH nf ri'nr srmv in Flotidn. Unon the no. tlioriiv of ibis opinion, 5?ecreinry Wood I uf paii fof the negroes, njtpough. nootnet aecretary nan cvir en tertained such nn npplicalhii. . tilon. Isanc Toncy, a d,fnocrat!c rertfeeptotive from Comieeiicut, was the author ofthe bill. " lMnt nriNiVtriftnls' in the nnny and navy, made by s'.aveh diinj P.'cjiJints, ere from tw soutn. 1 told him be m st tret into Iho carnage and go hailt to Philadtlphia. Hi refused, and said "don't 'nko mo whnro ihey will hut me." I said "come wiih me, my yming frieiiil, no one shall hurt yon.-' I called in r mie uenileman siantting nv to assin me in a taming air. ill nicer. Thisindividunl n fused at first. I left Mr. Mercer in charge of some persons nn the boat, and went to the carriage nt the left hand door, got up on tho step, and raised up Mr. Heberton's head, which was hanging down, and found lint he wis (ither dead or jusl dy ing. I went bact tn where I left Mr, Mercer, and nsked him for his p etui ; he eaid "I have none." I said give me th pistol, sir, vou shot him with. Ho replied. Oh, and put his right hand into ilujiJe pock et of his coat. I put my hand in nfler IdflRnd too'. out a ;t barrel 'pi'10'- I told iha servant he must tako' Mr. Mercer on Iho box of the carnage. Mr. Mercer got up himself on the ho of iho carriage, and the colored man drove the carriage up to the Hold on ihis fide of the River. The nfliccr-i soon came tin and I wont tn some office with Mr. Mercer. When I relumed, I found lh body of Mr. Heb-rton nt the Ho tel. He was dead. I forgot tn mention thai simulta neously with Ihe first rennrtuf tha nistol. I heard a groan issuing frnm ihe carriage, with an exclamation ftineii 1 10 k io oe nn exclamation oi uistress. ,tfi-. Carpenter Did you sen the wound? Witness I did. It was under the left shoulder. It was a round wound, such as wi uld hao I een made with a bullet. I eximined Iha carriage afterwards. The carriage h-d leather rurlnineat ihe si le and back and the lop rested behind on a comer piece. The curtains had silk lininss or squabs. The curtains at tha upper corner of the carriage, nenr thecnal wagon, were a little open. On the side cunian, nt tho cor ner, thero was a semi-circn'ar piece taken out, nnd the cloth of the inside nadding of the back waan little torn. Tilde wns a hole through th aid cumin, a font or more forward nf ihat place, a little low. rdown. Tho carriage had n window in the door, which was broke n at the lime I won la tho carriage. There wern twa maiks in the carriage door, ius helnw ihe windows, whieb I took tn be tho marks nf two of ther halls. The roller on which the window strap was Irtld wa broken ofl'. Crest examined In Peter A. Uraitn. Esq. The lime I went 'own mine wharf frnm mv o'hee wns between half past five and six o'clock. It was just befire dusk lh.it we entered ihe boat. I could see the fire in ihe fnrnaeeof tha boat, which von eannol very well do in thert.av 'line ail. mercer t nnnu was in hispneket when I p"t min" in. nu J. It. Sin in. Eta A certain man found the rolb-r I have retried loin the carriage. Hu Wm .1 (Ten. Eia.Titt were a tine ann a diubteharrchd run in the carriage, huh unloaded. I think the servant, under my ihrecnnns, or sir. Her herlon'e, nut them into the carriage. There was found nn Mr. Hcherlon a a-nall pistol, nnd a knifo 12 nr IS inches I mg opening with a spring, and fasten in? hack. The blade was about one half this in IsttislH. I do not know whether tha pistol was loaded. I was going about 8 or 10 miles from Camden, ton country hou'e, fr lho purpose .if leaving Mr. Ileber ton. lo snend a week or iwn at Mr Thomas Wrieh 's, nn Peraauquin Cr. e'r. I di I nni examine, on going on boa n I ill boit, until I pot out of the carnage, to see whether there was any person on board. Mr. Hrh erlnn aske.1 me. aa si in as I gat on boa 'd tho boat, tn gel out and are if any person, euher air. Mercer or his triends, weret'iere. watching. I told him I lhouht ll was unnecessary, as no person would suspect that hi wes on hoard. I sal a ill 2 or 3 minutes af er this Mr. Hehe rlnn give mo no direction ns to what I waa to do incase anv " ne was found there. Mr. Hther Ion didnnisay whai he would do in case anv one waa found nn hoard. The nistnl found on Hi berinn, was given hv me to one of ihe nffie rs nt Camden. The double barreled gun, I believe, helnnged In Mr. Metier inn. It waa brnnght frnm his house, nnd placed in ibeearriaee. 1 believe, bv mv servant. I cannot snv rositively. whether the inller of ihe carriage was off belorc we went on hoard Ihe boat. Thrrn was ihe mar'- of a ball where ihe roller is usually phccit. I Kavcfchown MrrHebeilon sboul twelvo years. I went In aihool wiih him. 1 hail sevn but lit tie of hun until wiltiin at out three or four monihs of hia death. I do not know whether he was-in the hihit of carrving arms. I saw Mr. Ileberlon on Tuesday, 7ih of February, and rode with him in the nfiernonn ahotil ten mites out of the city at his request, when we took tea nt the house nf nnbert Steel, at Alingtnn. Montgomery county. .Mr. Pteel was our former schoolmaster. Mr Heherton ramn tn me nn lhat day on professional bninea, nnd henppnrcd worried and very restive, nnd asked m: to tako him out ofthe citv.. IJy ,V ft. Sloan Fn- Mr. White fn esnearMncires. towOi'-nd I'ms-int wnflaken for ihe pitfKvi" nf 'e nn ring ihe rifle for eho.,li"- nl n mark, I intendijj '0 rrtnrri'ihe srjuf uifhfnr" the item evening. My oh jeci wasioget Afni out of the city. He had several objects. J'im'tCma- affirmed. I have never seen .Mr. Mercer, th prionernl the bur, since ihe day ot the -murder. I wns on board the boat on the l-SthnfFib-ruary, nl the lime of the murder. I saw llie pistol "fired.-I stood on llin upper side of the boat near the coal waron Mr. Mercer eninx In mo nn linaril llie horn, and ns'u-d me if I could eel a horse an I carriage for him. v.hn they got over. I mid him I could not. but rviiild rhow him where he could pel ono. I then saw Mr. Heherton'a carriage drive down and took hold of the horses' heads to lead them on board tho Mr. Browne oeconirid the Court nearly the whole of Wednesday, and tho entire morning yesterday, tn opening tho Defence. A full report of his speech, famished lo us by a Philadelphia press, occupies eight cot umns cIosp print Whon he closed at 11 o'clock yesterday morning, lho Attorney General, Mr. Mol leson, rose, nnd olijerted to tho whole cmtrso of prnreeding which ho had marked out. Ho s-.tid lho counsel wero inverting tho order of justice First, we havoan elaborate sum mine up of tho case, and now wo are to have the evidence afterwards. I protest against this inversion of all established rules of legal proceedings. Ho protested strongly against any evi donee against Hebertoit's character, which had nothing to do with tho case, and was to Mr. Ileberlon and called hun by nanicl erica and sobs aloud, and Mr. Iltowne and Mr. Harrison try to cheer her, water is handed to her and she goes on. We went in she showed us up stairs; he cries vio lently! her sisters snd.her ntuiher are here. She let us go into a room with a hud in it ; I did not sec the bed till after I got into the room. As soon ns Mr. Hcbuton got me into Ihe room he locked the door; sobs violently, her sisters too; Mercer looks fixedly and calmly. I told him I would not stay ; he told me 1 could not help myself. He then said if e did not comply with hia wishes I never should sea my home again I screamed he then pulled out hit nistol nnd said I must comnlv with his wishes, tvin. lent sobs. He then took off my bonnet and cloak) sobs and cries. After that he told me lhat he loved me, and would marry me. Ma. UaowHC What further 1 WiTssss He would marry me and take me away from this place; he said, if I was afraid to gil home he would take me tn some place to board till he could set reudv In so to New Orleans. I told him I would not, but I would go home. After we got out of the noue, ne asked me to meet mm again, i to in nun i would not. I waa determined tn tell mv father and mother. . He then said, that if I did he would tell his fi lends that! look him to Ihe house after nicking htm up in the street. He took me threo limes to this house) ones out by 13th and Walnut once in Pine above 13th t I never was with him at anv other nlaces eX.epx mere, no orougni iwo gentlemen unwn to Third ari.i Carpenter in the street, and introduced theill tn me) I know wno tney were. The last time I saw Mr. HebcrlJ.n we went lo Mr. Palmet's, (the Alderman's,: ttie young Jady waa not nl hornet I lid not go in ; he thffl 'ketl me to meet hun the next Wedmsday, and on thi following Wedneaday we would get married and go to eTev" Or.rans; the list time I net him was on Iha Sunday evening when mis conversation look place ; the next morning .' wcnioownts m sisters, sirs. U'nnn s ; wntlsi was mere, my rather nail, received information thai I was therei be sent jt servant to iha house the ser vant ssid mv falher -wished me In rnniA hnm I didn't know whhl n,y ther wnutrf tn tn tnt 1 tvas afraid la go-home firr fear-nf being kept in Ihe houso, so thntmymielinir Kith Mr. Ileberlon would be pre tented t linen fled lo.Mrs. Pider's in Pine above Twelfth erect, and staid there that ni'jht ; this was Monday! the next aiternoon Airs, rider said she would ro out to look fnr-Heberton tn tell him where I was. She (Mrs, P.) ssid she did not see him on her rclorn. That evening a lady came lo Mrs. Pider's i-J said there was a great excitement about me. Mia. Pider then went and told my parenta thai I wns at her house. My friends came ana took mehome. I Arst told this story 10 my mother : all that I have toM here. A. To mv brother. Tuesday night I told it to my mJlhcT, end'the next morning to my brother. (The prsoner.) Ueina questioned, she said Pefore we went to F.lzabeth street, Heherton told ma he liked me bettrr thin any young lady he had ever seen. She sobs agiin, and cries violently ; but we have not heard a wsrd f her testimony. Cross examined by Mr. Molleson ft. How did you know Mr. Ileberlon heard you ssy " that is Mr. Bsslilol" A. I knew it, because he turned and looked and heafterwarda told me he heard me aav so. Here Mrs. Mercer, the mother faints and there nine di.iiirhsnce Mrs. Qtiinn aids her with snir- nf tarishnrn. cVc the tmssage is cleared to ihe oor, ind the fresh air comes in, and sue at length revive!. Mr. Mollesom. sarsn. now aid you Know mat Mr. R-herton waa following vou as you and and Miss bshorie wets going down Chesnut street 1 A. Both of us turned our neaas -round ana saw mi ...... O. What did vou ray lo htm when he look hold nf vnll' cloak I A. We are going on an errand; I felt lhat it was an indignity i but I said nothiug lo nun. u wno wss inai outer genuemsn wi n mm I A. Ii wsa Mr. Penrose. Mr Wood saw mo home from Mrs. Osborne's. a. vhv ma vou agree to meet mm i A. I did not meet him by any piomise, it was by accidmi. whir did vou consent lo meet him 7 A Because I liked ihs mant Mr. Ileatido is a Snarish oentlemsn i I don't know lhat Mr. Hastido spsats broken English: we were not introduced at Mrs.Q.uinn's i he was in the back room and I was in Its front room ; we met aimoat evory o her eve nine, not in succession ! when ooinc for the timbtel la va slopped in. Walnut, between Sih and 6th ; as lo iha jentlsmen who visited my father's house, I lo'd i - r: I .li r- r.:. j. t nimvusy wi vsi. iswcirr anu wr. lunnisnii l lur. Heberion told me it wss Mr. Dincler, whom he had asked to introiues him to my father's. J know no. ihinv nut E izatMtn street i l nao never neard or it and! vnsnot surprised at his turning to go down there. d. wey am yoo sensuni io go up stairs f A. I thougxt iha parlors wereup stairs, o. What kind of alms at iha entrance! A Thevars taw stone stens i we had the conver taltun tboul going in at the house while going down F.l'iaheih sttMlt I don't know hnw long we stood in front of this house t-I -refused in go in, nnd he walked no la the door and rung the bell. Ct, When neieit vou io ring the bell, why ch in' vaii Imii bin and co home I - j.tie aruo do -mbiiicu iu su i1,1 biio nnnu nimseii. lTh further interview on this occasion it is noi prnpef IO irpni" )lf Hlim M-.rctr was aworn. I alent in Sarah' room tht nichl aha cams home. Singleton camo in nd Mima en sisi'S. and as ho cot to the head of lho stsirs, I cstjenut ot saran a room, no said, wnere is she! I said in her room. He then ran into ih room, and I followed after him- He had his sister in his arms. She said, "Oh! brother don ( kill me! proposed only to divert the course of justice. If the allegations agdinst him were all true, they could not justify thu murder. But they were not true, and he would fearlessly chul- lenge tho proof in the proper placu, that He berton ever insulted a virtuous lady. Out if such allegations are introduced as the causoof insanity, medical proof must be first adduced to shew that it is u sufficient cause. Mr. M. referred with much spirit and eloquence to the interminajsls; romance, and metaphysical reasonings almuT nionoma nin, &c, which had occupied so much time. Messrs. Wall and JelTers replied, and the Court finally decided in favor of admitting thu testimony. A distressing scene was produced in the crowded court room, just previous to.tlus diS' cussion, by the introduction of Mist Mercer, wiih her mother and sister, herfuce covered with a handkerchief, in the greatest agitation, sobbing, crying aloud, etc. By the advice of Dr. Van Dyke, she. wns withdrawn, and the court, after the discussion, adjourned to afternoon, when the was sworn it) great agi tation Sarah Gardner Mercer sworn I sm ihs daughter HrfpkA.n. Mai.r , wns 16 in January last. About new vesr's while I was in t hesnut sliest wiih Miss Osborne we met a gentleman whom I tacA for Mr, u..iMn 1 siid to Miss O: " that's Mr. Baalido " t- m. u.kun nuKd ua ihe street and heard me: meeting another gentleman he turned back wiih hint mmA ik-ii rntlnwAfl us down Cheanut lo Second, and down Second till we got in BuriVs auction slo-e.josi above Walnut. I told Misa-O. they were following us i Heberion then laid hold of my cloak and sskrd where we were uoing t I aaid on an errand i as we turned up Wslnut Ihe gentleman walked by tha side

of us i ws all went up Walnual lo Ninth, then turned back and came lo Walnut and Eighth i Ihan wrnl in Fiohth till we came lo George street sad Ihey left usi we then went lo Mrs, Osborne's from whence gentleman saw me home. The next evening I left home nn an errand, and in returning I met Heberion at the corner of Third snd Pine t he went lo the corner of Third and Hu -en wiih mei I thought il waa Mr Bastido the whole lime i ha did not tell me that that waa noi his name i hsashed nie if I would not meet him. and I said " Yes." The nextiimel met him he told me lhat his nam wss Heberion and not Bastslo i 1 bad never heard of him before. Can't hear a word, nor aee her face.) I met him three evenings sfier this. On one of ths eve ning I mei him', ii came on to rain. He stopped st l.sryer Vandyke's to get an umbrella. Lawyer Van dyke told Mr. Heberion to tell me to come in. but I would noi go. On one of the evenings I met him, ha mid me should like tocomo to our house, hut he did tint know anyone -who would .introduce htm. Ha nsked me what gentlr.nien enme to our house. I men tioned one or I wo i he said hb Inew one of the gen tlemen that I had mentioned! the next time, he said, he met him.he.woulds1 him o introduce him. The next lim we met he ssid he had asked Ihis gentle man, and the gentleman had refused io Ho so." The next time we met we look a long walk together wa slopped before a house in F.hxabeih street. ' Mr. u.k. .,nn aiid friend of his lived there, and ask ed nn if I would not go in till he get warm) her head mi dear He said, "n my dear sister, I love vnu as I do life only tdl ms all." Shjeaid, ' I will my c Krnlher " They tooled around ann notn satu, "mi'ncr lenv the room." I said, ''O no.lei meslay!" ThevBep rated. 'Ol no, mother, go nut and shut Ilia door ' 1 saw Singleton about half an hour after thai, I think errim.. and went down stairs. He was nuir.iee.ioi there were several gentlemen down in ihe parlor and he waned to go back again and i ill her. An then I wenlup s aire again, and did not then see hi n snv more. . nn ihaerniB axsmtnauonsne loio nisnni -r-nne in lerview, willout any important facts, with Mis. He tha nolher. .Vary btiornt, the associate of Miss M.. aged 14 g-gvoS simiur siaieiiirnv auuui i:,r iiipi nirrnnu vnr the two Bentlemen in the treet, but also shewed iha thev wslx.ee separately niary wun the nameier vsuna man and Ssrah with the supposed Hns'i. (.nth arm-in-arm after llie witness had reneateill mrnari and m-nisoered lo nerni !o so, saran nna v re quested ihs young men to tenveihem, which thev did al Oeorge st. Witness, w hen 'hey got home, toltl her own sister ho sain tney ougnt in no asnarne.t o ibemselves. ,, The Court nsre aojournca toy o ciuck in s morn. iruicuDHr. r rtaav iiiurnin?, TKa fVmrt onened alU u'cloik. whm ihe lealiuion in hehalf of the defence wnsconlinwd. Hit. irm. itowjnortazc, eieorn-'nir. rnoina Maieer (ilafilhetiis an elder in the 4th Preshvleriai Church, of which , I nin pastor. Know, thcfninily well) ths prisoner is niun, genne ami cnitrieotis i disnnsitian i never thought him vindictive: Satnhbo: Sn wnDlf misnru cnmav-irr win rnasie mm liionesi. I wenl to the family on th 8'h febr ary, nn hearing thit she wis missing i i.iuim me innrnerana single ton it the parlor in; great ili iress he threw up liis hands, and eiclaiined1- "Oh."Mr..l,n'ughhriilge, we ar ruined, disgraced forfyer," burst innv tears, and threw himself violently into a ehait I nsked what's Iha iriajler " a petson named Hebcririn hns'seduced and ruined my sister," rising and smiting semes the room. I hoped not, but be reiterated, and said when his lather came home he would make him shoot her. In spits af all her remniu he continued to drive about the pailorin the greatest seitatioh, eaelaiming. "everr on of us ia disgraceil," nnd determined in leave lb room. I told him he must not go nil his mind wss settled : he grew very violent and insisted upon looking up his father t he continued alternately lo throw himself in a chair and to rise again and walk serosa tht parlor; in abonl half an hour, lie said he would be Ihe belter of romeihing in ea, and some water Is drink; there waa bread nnd butter sent in. with some water in a glass. He ato one mnuthfnl of bread onlvi I insisted nn his eating more, hut he re fused, and said he rnuld not ;-he drank 'a tumbler of water, and after lew minutes he-drank a second tumbler nf water hews ail this time atterhairlv su nns' down and walking thrntigh thenarlnri befitted up third tumbler of water; 'he bronchi it in his hand to the fireplace i he look his handkerchief from his pocket, and held it in one hind oyer the fender ; hepnured Ihis glass of water upon ititntil it wa com pletely saturated j;he' then folded the handkerchief m the form nf a bandage Jind hound it round his fore head, and lied it behind in Ihia wet state. 1 enquired who said she wns a handsome, modest, nuiel. rciirino girl. I was not surprised, considering nil circinu" fiances, to see Smglcloii in such n state of ngiintton. To prevent him leaving the room I stood between him nnd the door, and he often pushed incnsidc, say ing, ''iliac is no tio in it, I will go out)" ho repealed mis inngtiage oiten. wncn I tniKcu wun nun lus re lics Seemed lo be incoherent, nnd not nppropriate. Io insisted that Hebcrlnn should bo brnuuhl lo Ihn bouse and that lie should do justice to hie sister t that ne snouia marry nt siaiori no matter nun i sani to him he still kent to this one noinl. unci would not be diverted by nny cnnsidcrnlions about God nnd relig ion, or nny tiling could say in nun. 1 hnve never seen similar incohctcncy in nny persons except in high fevers. He seemed distracted, nnd I might siy, lo he. in n deranged flnle, nsii seemed lo me. Airs. Catharine S'mnklin, sworn. Live next door lo Mr. Mercer's. Wife of n sen enptnin. Wenl in nf tcr breakfast nn thc8th. Mrs. M. had hold nf . Single Inn on tho stnirs) he was going up slnirs to kill his siller haloid me so) he ripped nut that he wnnhlgo up nnd kill her ; I caught hold of his mm uivsclf, nnd I called for nid from Ihe kitchen to gel him down stairs, nnd some gentlemen came, nnd ly their help wo got him down stairs; Mrs, Mercer siya, "'Mrs. Shinklin, I wish you would step down slnirs, I want to speak toingleinn " I went down to thu kitchen; inn few minutes Singleton made n second nlletnpl to go up slnirsi he was gningiipnnd I run nnd caught hold of him n second time mysclfi hsaM he would kill his sister, for s'te hid ruined and disgraced the family i got him down into the back parlor ngnin : there he went on furiously ; his mind tl telling nn kil ling his sister t the vnungoentleniin who were there got him n liillu pacified ( Win. Itairtl was sent for lo i-omeilownini neJiilely loseeif heconld i'i tin some thing for Singleton i Mr.llaird, Mrs.0.ttinn nnd Sin ulelnn, wercsitlingin lliebac-parlor ; I look mvsent by Singleton ; they sent Iwo gentlemen nfler Heher ton, who said tliey would bring bimdeador nlivc; Mr. Baird wentni'nj Singleton waited with great pa tiencctnsee Hebcrlnn; he wanted to go, nnd I aaid no, they will bring him, and when he comes I hive gnt acowskininmv house, and I'll get it, and then you shaV eirc it to him i presently he turned round, anil I I'asftigiJffned nt his looks; lus features wcte wholly hun.. I: bis face was in sir en lis. rc.l nnd whim streaks, nn eighth of nil inch apart) his ryes looked wild, as u ihey were going come o noi rns neno, i wasafrnid, nnd told Mrs. Qtiinn I would co inin ihe kitchen. Mrs. Q. told me not to be afraid, for ihey ad taken the weapons from hull while I wns gone I have seen crnzv persons -Singleton resembled one of ihem whom I saw. In respect to ihe eriwsktn, I thought it would pacify htm, and I should hketo tu,ve bad Heherton had a good cows' inning. (Laughter.) tier. Azariah Prior, Hector nf the Church of the Messiah, (F.pisiopal.) testified that Sarah went In schoil to hurt in l&ll--'42.and that her chnraeternnd cond icl were uniformly go id : her mill I rather weak ; but when nt school we used to set her up ns an ex tin pie toothers fir soil behavior; Bhe wis mild nnd confiding, which I took lo boa trail nf . hinder run- ng through the tnimlv. I knew Mngletnn met hun fjo'clnck. A. M..on lOlh Feb. in Queen s'.i when iilun a few me.es. he cast lusevea no th ground. n I turned avnv without niiticini? me: sawhim nirain about 3 P. M. in Catharine st., but he pased wiihnt noticing me, wluen lie never did before that diy ; his niiivenit nis were mimed, nnu there was n peculiar wiblness nhont him : told my f.innlv he seeinil frantic. ll .n M. until -viivnnvnission .Merchant -was t ihe honsonn the 8lh having been sent fnr; lound linglelon in a very agitated state t ho took ino into theyatd with him and then denied lh" dishonor of lus sister ; nnd wttai wns to ne done. Hume I very harsh langiiagu cursing and swearing. I ndvised with hun to wait until lus lather nnd lirnther-m law returned from the Aldermin's nffice. which Mr. He herlnn's case was btonght before. We returned into the house. He threw hinne'l upon n chair, thrust his hands into his hiir then jumped up walked across tho room awotennn resumed lus seat, ins father an I brothei returned nnd said the am icould tint iakt hold nf Iteberton. Sinclt-tnn beenme verv furious, raved' about the r-om. cursed his father, swore nl every nnnv nnn cursen every nnnv wno op nnsct him s iMd hia fall er to "co to hell." and in sisted nn going out. He was intercepted by mvself nndolht-raal this lime; he made repeated ettotts to go out) several gentlemen volunteered to takechargo of him ) Singleton left the house a short time after wards. Adam Johnson Siipcrtntendant cf the Sabbath hool. in which Sirnh was a teacher : ahe waa bel ter lehaved than nnv young lady I evor knew in n aehool j I have heard people say that ahe was a very mild, innocent gin. I'hs. Pavnter't at tho honss nnthe 8th. before the father returned : and corroborated the elalemcnla of Singleton's conduct: ho threatened to shoot anv body who would prevent him from goingmit. 1 said, "Vou can shoot mo if vnu like, hut vou ein't eo out of that door In the condition vou are in I then got onepistol from his hand, nnd got him into the front parlor i and to nneify him. Iwo gentlemen nfl'wred to gn and bring Heberion down. He waa locked in, and the kev taken out ; he then eeiied lho p ker, rushed to lho window, nnd attempted in open the ' linds In get out i when thev stopped him he sal down nn a elmli noil burst into icara : corrnhoratfd Mr. i.nu3hhrtde annul pouring water nn ine nsnn ke chief, 4c. Mr. Itrowneasked the witness if from all he aw, whether bethought tho pri-oner had tho use nf Ins reason 1 Mr. Molles' n objected lo the question ; whercunon a long discussion ensued hnwoen the Counsel. Tho lourt adjourned nt 1 u clnrk for dinner ; after which ho discussinn was resumed. Woorjnuny, Friday Afternoon. After nrgiimenl, tho Court decided that tho witness might give his opinion ns to tint sanity of tho prisoner ; when Mr. Pnynler said he did nut think Im hud tint use; of his reason on tht) Wednesday referred lo. Jno. Q. Dicis sworn One of the Plula. night police: wbilu on duty corner of K fth nnd Walnut, u nun. alter iu i tiursuiy tiignt neire tnn latat oc- nircncc. llie prisoner came over from ucross the street nnd nskt-J if I was on duly: Isitanlwnys on duivi rctilving that he should wain tnedirecilv, nnd stnrted down Kuih hutiedlv I looked nl nnd ihnuuNt him wild. When 1 first gut In my box I noticed 3 or 4 cab driver K.nd h negro with trunks on n bar row. After running dow n street, Uercer returned ind asked for naaiir nnd ink, which I ha I nun went with In as to nnoiiier corner i troiu ine i. v in me s. w. corner; alter we got mere, ne si:o i wun you to go to dipt. Hcmeuo'y nnd get Slot till tli u to send li lo somebody some n nu s he tnt'iili-iiu-il ; 1 don't remember either name) neither nunc, vva Mercerihe snd ihepersm whose nine he tir.i in.-n-lioned lived in Pine somewhere nenr 2d street ) I told him I could not attend to that, ns it wis of a private nature! I said I would Htteml to n ease of theft, or any thing like it ; he Slid it was such i cae; he was i hen verv wild i his eyes rolling; flying in evcri di rection; he sail there was a in in runnin.' away with hissislei; those word- wrre tillered wildlv, verv; he viewed the street in every direct nn i his hid and eves turn ng in all ways; then he said there's some nf mv aeqisintanee. and away he started from me; I linked after him, and could sec nn person else: I saw a man nnd woman nt the northwest corner, go. ing up th .- all ct t . Mercer halted among the cabmen ; h then returned down, nnd pnssed rather In low Walnut elreel, lo Fifth i he then ran I ack and called for n rah mini and ordered the cab man In drive tn the Wa nut t. House aa fast as ever be could, and he sot noon the front and thev started : il is n nut of my duly to watch people t that waa one reason why I ""I watcn nun. and anumer was, inai mere were stolen lrooda about, because of ihe trunksbeing there. I do noi believe he wss a reasonable man, or hi I Ihe use of reason at that time. feel hctter in the, morning) nfler a gond deal of per suasiun, ho Mid if you will plcdue nie your word nnd honor nsn gentleman that you will not pfrmlt those Hunks In lenvothat bather's shop, I will go to Blood good's) I gave Inin that pledge) lhat relieved him very iiincli, nnd he said in n hvi her manner than he had shown ufoie. "come boys, let's take a drink i" I declined drinking, nnd I ol J lusts he bad belter not drink Initisell he insisted upon it bis tnniiner ngnin became violent nnd wild) 1 found the best way to cnlm him wns to humor him in his request lie invi ted two others, nnd lho four of us went up to tho bar) abotileofnlo wns tlrnvvn for .Mr. Mercer be put the glnss of nie to bis hps he sal down Ihe glass of nie without tssting it, nnd said let ns ent some oys ters) I told him I would not, he insistidt said he had noi eaten anything smcu the morning before three tried nysters were put on n plate fur him, which be cut up in s-veral pieces! without touching either the nysicr nr the ale, lie tnrk mo apart lo tell tnc lho story of his wrongs I ngain told him nbout Bloud good's) lie eined in have fnrgollen my pledge) I repented it hi said, if I would vvnlch the trunks, nnd not let tin-in go with ml giving the information, he would pay tun nnv nm um ; ho siill'm not of age myself) but I pledge my word in vou it shall be cum nlied with I I told him no li.iv would he reanired i tn go In llioodgnntl's, get n night's rest, nnd leave the trunks to me j nfler a cond deal of perniasimr, by the aid of his friends, nnd nfler exacting n pledge nf me repeatedly, I got him into a cab and down lo Blond good's i I saw no more of him till I saw him here yesterday I was s veral times near enough lo lake his breath ) not the slightest appearance of liquor nbout him. Cross Kxamincd. Davis, ihe watchman, came an I told ine that there wns n young man in 5th at. bebavin-r in such a strange manner thni hn did nm knnwwhat in make nf it) (detailed his conversation with Davis) i I wns in bed al my station house when unvis came lor inc. Following tliis.nroso a discussion in regard to lho admission of certain testimony, which lasted until the Court ntljiiiiriii-il. Saturday Morning. April I, Alex. Ituchenlick, sirornla n sea captain, having sailed in Mr. Mercer's employ. Saw Smglelnn near curner of Shirpen snd Fourth sis. be ween 3 nnd 4 ocbick of Iha Friday afternoon t nppeared greatly ex cited before 1 reached him, would stop nnd walk liacKwards nnd forwa'd, shook hands with him, nut his manner was so wild that I did not ns'- nhntit bis family, the rcpotts, 4c: his eyes rolled like those nf n cmzy man a : one cheeK red, the other hunched t n'kt'd lum, for divcm in nil some one cime non, (lhat I ni'ght nsk lo go lo his family.) a nut mv snn, tor whom he linn engaged lo gel n place) nut ms nn swers were wild nnd iiicnlicrcnt : ho walked back wards nnd forwatds, and I went into tho inatket to gel help, nut on returning ne was gone. llrnry Hcliey I tup carpenter.) amrmea: was ni the house nn tl.o Wednesday ; Singleton raved like a midinan : talked nbaul bis sister, then laughed i rl -w up stairs, nnd camo back wiih pistols; his mother said imploringly, 'My son, don't gn nn so; dnn'l worry so )' he then u uitnienced crvtng agnin ) hip friends gnt round hun when ihey saw the pistols; he insisted nn going out ; I promised lo go In the Alderman's office ll ne would lit! nuei: returned wun ms lamer ipr, without llcberMii, when he broke out again as before. and I vvns called awav. Mrs. Eliza Ouinn (the married sister.) sworn t (Mr Browne rclerred in the newspaper rtnnnr that sn nrtist was to i e picseni io lane portraits nt ine lamuv and begged ill it il mig it be spaied ihis additional nftiictinn. Mrs Q. knew Basil lo, ihu sjinmard, whom Siirah had met at her house in n party of gen tlemen on Singletnn's liirlh-day; Heherton might easily be mistaken for hint ; was nl tuy father's i.n ihe Wednesday ! when I got tboie he threw hn arms rnund my nerk, and burst into tears; put his head nn mv shoulder : nfler n few moments he rnis.il his hend, nnd began to rnve, nnd told me that if I did .'l walk out of tho room bo would kick ine nut, without any cause whatever) he became so very violent thai I suggested lo some persons that they had belter inkocarcuf him; he attempted lo jump nut of the window some one eaid ihey wou'd go for Mr. Cozzeus. a police officer ) Singleton nsked if I would send for mv husband ; I sent ) he came in soma lime after, and Singleton, wilhnitt his saying any thing, ordered him out nl the house, &-. 4c.) I do noi believe he had the use of hie reason i have nursed two insane, persons, and his eye loo' ed more wild than those nf cither. Daniel C. Carman (of Camden) sworn: Waa wiih him from the t'oroner's Inatiesl at Cake's tavern till uiorning; he aat sideHayseaning his head on his aim on the back of tho chair: he didn't seem In know any one in the room i continued in that position till towards 11 o'clock. At onetime ho hallowed out, "ft-ieli. von Mark wilch. whv don'i vou bring me some water 1" Ahnut 12 he asked for supper, at the same lime remarking he had en nothing foi ihe last 3d hours. We got some cold victuals and hu ate a litljo) then asked for Ihu segara lhat bad becn taken from him 1 smoked and seemed rnlmidran'; copiously! sari hia sister wns in the insane as)luui Mr Vandyke seemed willing in indulge him. Dr. Franklin Lippincotl, (of Woodbury,) affirmed Kmc l.im b-ihu y.nr. ns. in Vli.l.,. , li.i.s. .ioi'i J hionlaily since in prison l have bad npiinrtiiniliva nf aeeinr. insane neraona in the Pluladeltihta Hnsnital, where I walked Ihe rniinds three years ) had doubts of bis amity at my first visit. Sutnequent intercourse confirmed those doulus. When I first visited him I found him Inboiing under qrest exc tenunt, which was manifested by a flushed ciuintenann icsllesness of manner wildneas ot me eye incoherent ennver. iff Ware, where ho received the visits of his frionds, nntl was afterwards escorted by quilo n procession to tho private mansion in which Inn f.imily havti resided. ' Mercer, lit tin: tiiue oftlio rendition of the vcrdici, was evidently laboring under great anxiety of mind, mid a cold sweat stood up on his brow. After the result was made known, lie appeared inoro calm, and con ducted himself with much propriety. FtllDAV MORNING, APRIL 14, I94J. THE TRIUMPH. Tho gallant Whigs r Rhode Island have won a must brilliant victory. Their State election itfok place on Wednesday of last week, and was unquestionably one of the most important political contests that have ever been decided in this country. Il in volved principles which lie at the very foun datum of civil society and good govern ment. It was emphatically a contest be tween tho friends of Law and regulated Liberty on the ono hand, and the worst spr cins of Loco Foco radicalism nnd aggra ri uiiiin on the other. And although every kind nf declamation, and inflamatory appeal which could either banish the reason or ex tit.! ihn passions was freely indulged in by tho Dor faction, yet thu good sense and sober iidgnmnt of the People have prevailed against the arts of demagogues and the wicked plots of desperate and abandoned men. We know not when wo have felt limn? gratification at the result of an elec tion. With lho Providence Journal we do not legard it in the light of a mere parly Iriiimpli. Wn look upon it as a triumph of the riht and of rational freedom over every thing lhat is bad, poisonous, and pestilent in civil government. Tim m ij.irity is as decisive as the victory is gratifying. Tint entire vote was larger hy several thousand than was ever before cast in llie Slate, reaching nearly to 16,000. The majority for Fr.NNKn, the Law and or der candidate, IS SEVRNTEEN HUN DRED AND FORTY-SIX! The House of Representatives stands 49 Wliigj.to 24 Dor rites. The Senate contains 19 Whies. lo 7 Dorrites, This result will probably satisfy the friends of Thomas TV. Dorr in this Slate that the Freemen of Rhode Island are capable of managing their own affairs with out any interference from abroad. The following is the state of the vole by counties. Providence Newport Washington Kent Uristol Fenner. Carpenter. House. Ssnats. 430) 1433 1343 1177 533 5002 63S 782 691 16 11 9 8 S 7 W r-356 7110 24 49 7 l III speaking of lho result the Providence Journal has tliu following among other things! As to the leaders, the men who. for their own selfish purposes, have plunged ihe city into violent and ci. tinuud agnation, welnve ihem in tho-" u-hnm tK have deceived and betrayed, whose lime and whosa subsisncc they have wasted t n vain attempts at a revo lution, which, had it been successful, would haveended in their ruin. If such men can again deceive their fl lowers, we shall think there are no limits to human credulity. It ia also a matter worthy of peculiar remark, lhat in Jlvt of the set en Inwns which the Dorrites have ear ner, ine inreign and floating population hold more than -.- - , - . . ...... .fLi-u-.j , new, me uncivil nnu naming noputauon no a moreinsn satton-and constipation. He complained ..fhi. head. ,he,s,nceof power, and emothered thevoiceof ih. real, siiostsniial, nome-tircd population. In all Iha agiicul'urnt towns but iwo ihcLawand Older ptoi has prevailed. of him why he did so: lie said "my head is very bad, it ia burning." ;.. 1 was afraid, owing lo the coldness of the day. ii might injure him, and advised him lo lake il nfT t he refused, and il remained there until it as arsrlv rirv i he continued to move abonl tha parlor: occasionally insisting on grtnngoiu oi tne nnuse, wmcn I always refused to allow till his father should conic in; been- Siired if ilhey had not brought Mr. Hebcrlnn with em t the? told him thev had not i and he then he. citme tiulv oiitraxeous: his father r bilked him:- Mr. Qtiinn, his brother-in-law, reasoned with him verv anectiona'elr. and kindlvi hedid nnt seem in ms to be able to appreciate nr to understand anything luai.WBS aaia to mini i men jiieppeii ir..varil nnn snnketohim sraint ha renlied'lo me verv harslilv i and said tn me lhal all the ministers between here and Kensington could nnt settle hisrmind rnecollect nothing mote particularly; I recommended io ihe friends lo have nim' confined, ia it wnuld"hedanlge-, roua lo have him ro out i ho left the' parlor in rh'nrge of two nf his friends i I did not sco him aflcr. lhat till I saw him in thlalown. He swore, which 'I never knew him tn.do before! I have been in Phil. 31 years t 'studied divinity in llel fast College, IrelaVid. Aa lo Sarah'a modesty nnd chastity I never heard nny ono aay anything about bsrUffrstkis affair with Hebtrton, except my wife. Jacib fle-ssET. ons of the Cantains of the Watch : Went into nn oyster cellar under ine Aiieipm mum inn in 5th Street, about II o'clock, throuirh infor inalinn frnm watchman Davis . found Mercer siitinp nl n table) looked al turn a moment j he got up in tht act nf folding n letter in a hurried manner, cami towards me and said yon was with me last nighl ai Iho corner or hixihanu uiesnut sis) I repn-d "tin vou nre mistaken :" bo turned lound calltd for a fVr and more paper nt the s imeliiiis saying lo Ihi landlord 'cnimha I be tiaid for all I have-." sat down again -, cniiimciiceil writing! again came lowarnr nn. , ipnfnh.il vou was wiih me Issi night i n penile. man alongside who knew hun introduced mei told hun my name ana omce; ne men weni use ; in tne lahlei and again repeated lhat which he twice befort said m mat the gentleman ngain mid him who I wasi he Ihen asked me to re I re in a nisisnt nan n ihe cellar with him, and commenced telling me of Ihe disgrace of Ins sister i the narration appeared very painful lo him, and I t Id him I waa acquainted with Ihe facts ; he placed both hands upon my shoulders and aaid his staler, his falher. his mother, were all crazv: mv family ia ruined; lain the only nne left to redress their wrongs i thai Heherton hail done ibis thing i n nrnsecution had been brought against hittia-.d he was attempting lo escapes his irunksare nownn the opposite sidenf ihe street al a hathei'r shop! his manner uecanie very wun i nt counte nance waa haffuault there was something nbout him I cnnml al all ilesciihe I left him nnd went tn the gentleman who had introduced him to nie-, raid to him Ihe man is not in hia senses, you mut try and gel hitnhome) the young man with him siidlhev 'hid been trvins lo get him home all day -. lhal he had nnt leen home since Ihe mnrning previous ) I said if vou wish to get home, I can soon do that tor you ; ha said no, don't make tiso of any violence-, if you do ho will shnol usi I then nsked is he armed j if so, I will arrest him nl nny rate i the answer was, I don' t know that heist f then said I would Irv and persuade him to go thence I did S0 he sa d no, ho would never gn iiomo tin ne Knew wnere riencrion had gone lo, lhat his hnme was delroyed -, ho eaid he couldn't go without his trunks, nnd he wns deter mined io walch them about that timo n black man came down i there was some lit lie stir, and iho con versation' was alopped i I again nsked him to go uoipe) tuiu iiini i wuuiu nse ms pmce, nnu .ni..u iha irunLsi if Ihev niteinnted In lake the trunks awav I would infnrm himi he said he lived loo far ofl'i I could noi inform him in lime. I found it w vain to attempt to get him Hi go hnmei something, find been sn d about llloo 'good's and I said go there, lhal is nearer, and I can send you Ihe information I thiilk II wss about thai lime ho called mo again apart, nnd again told Ine his slorv I agnin told him to go to Dlood good's, lkea night's red, and hn would I believe myself thai insanity is a disease of ihe nvnd and not ino ooay. AFTCBNOOtf 5E6SI0. Dr. L. was closely cross-examine J at much length conceinina'ihis cnse, and insanity in general ! tho re sult nf which was lhat he di 1 noi consider him per fectly wine -that his brain was nnt even now in a perfectly healthy condition ; bui declined answering the quest'on directly as his present sanity. Isaac C. Field affirmed: Keeps store iwo squares from Cn so i & Newhol l's, wheie Singleton was a eleik i h '-line i l the Walnut ft Ferry House while I -i mil n-r hv I'm -l ive nea- 5 P. M. nn Fiiday i walk'd ilireetly inwards me, with nu noticing anyone ami iiincli in in-- snrprse san - now h r you mr. Adams V in in her a l-ut I lnn. his face was redder ihan I had ever nnticil befire i hn lonked inedieclly in the fa'-e wiih nn earnest eve ; he pa sed directly in to an a li lining rn 1 1, and I saw him no more. The Tnuit here.adj -nil e I in Monday. QT?" It U tin li!rtinul lhal the council will riiiiimi'iii'e sitiiiiiiitii! up the rase to day, and will iroli.hly lie cniiiuiilti'il tn tltn jury in a rliurne from the Court (Judge Elmer) by Wednesday. .MERCER ACQUITTED. Tliu argument of thu counsel for the de fend! in tliWtlt'i'pIy intoreiitii'g case (we learn from the Philadelphia U. S. Gazette) oc cupied all Wednesday and Thursday. Gov. Vrnnm's address to lho jttrv is described in tint Philadelphia papers as nne (if unequalled forco and feeling. Mr. Wall spoke at length on the same side, and was followed by thu attorney general for the prosecution. Mr. .Mnllniiaoii closed his speech at about 4J o'clock, when judgo Elmer proceeded at onco to charge the jury, which occupied about 20 minutes in its delivery. At 5 o'clock, the court adjourned, until, as the jiid"o slated, lho bell on tho court housu should bo rung; and in about twenty min utes thereafter the bell was rung, which was considered as evidenro that the jury had I .,., lt.t i-nrilief ni.rl u-nri nrnnar. Hartford Co. d to emtio into riiurt and render it. At . New London " this psiitii ular juncture thu excitement of hu Windham " Litchfield CONNKCTICUT ELECTION. The election for State officers look place in this Stato on Monday of last week, and the result is there has been no choice of Gov ernor hy the people. Last year, though there were four tickets run, the LoeoFocos carried the State by a decisive majority. Tito consi rvativo vole at tho last election was between two and threo thousand. This year tliu conservatives have all voted the Lo co ticket, and yet llio Lnros are beaten on the Statu officers. The Hartford Courant of last S ilitrday cives full returns from all the towns in the Stale except two. These towns give for Baldwin fWhig) 24,216, for Ci.e.w eland ("Loco) 25.914, for Gilbert (Abolition) 1,755, nnd 72 scattering. Ma jority against Clea .-eland 129. The Loco appear to havo carried the Legislature. Their majority in the House will be about thirty. Last year it was sixty-three. Th Loco majority in tho senate is 1U or 11. Tho destructives seem also to have cariied the four members of Congress. One year more trill unquestionably restore the Whig ascendency in the land of steady habits. This time wo have defeated the Locos ia the popular canvass, wu have cut down their majority in the Legislature one half, and rev otutionized eovry congressional district ! Tho following tahlo comprises full return of tho popular voto for Governor by coup lies: VOTE FOR GOVERNOR. Baldwin. Clear etand. Gillette. crowd, who had continued in the vicinity of i ofthe court lioosii and jail, became very great, n general rush was made for the court house, and, in tlireu minutes after tho doors wero opened, it was crowded in every part. Tltn court having been regularly assembled anil order restored, the clerk asked the jury men if they had agreed upon their verdict, to wh ch each of them answered, " wo have." Tim clerk then asked, " hy whom will you make il kown 1 " and ihey answered, " hy our foreman." As lho clerk waa about to address tho usual question to the foreman, lho counsel on bold sides, nnd tho court, m quested that the audience, whatever the ver dict might be, would indulge in no expression of feeling. Tho clerk then asked " How say you, is Singleton Mercer guilty of the crimo wherewith he stands indicted, in man ner and form as ho stands indicted, or not guilty!" Tho foreman replied " NOT G U I LT Y," and immediately, notwithstand ing tint precautionary admonitions of counsel and court, lho mass broke out in one general cheer, which was continued for several sec omit. Tho prisoner wns at once dischurg ed, and retired to the residence of Mr. Slier Middlesex Tolland 5117 4413 24'0 344f 1B72 ' 3M9 ' 2021 ' 1574 "24,215 Seat. 5159 283 t 4267 IS3 9 3154 211 I 3174 9f 2fr 2247 434 Jf 3S0? 271 t 2294 182 I 1752 92 i 25,114 1754 "75 The Mont pelier Patriot ia laborinf Itanl to convince its readers that the Loc Foco ought to frown upon the third pary move ment. .The .caution wa altogeiHrmoD cessary. Of course the party wh support tliu " Northern man with Sountra prin ciples" will always be frond arrayed agninsl llie abolitionists. The Patriot. knowledges lhat John Ma'Tocks, and th other Whig members of Congress front this Slate, have always sustained by thir votes, nnd " labored ably aid manfully to support, every proposition ts overthrow slavery." fy?" Umsitimplsid IIosriTii.rrv.TSa Loco Focos of Massachusetts. were so con fident of success, in the' late election ia Rhode Island, that Lewis Jocelyn, one f their leaders, and clerk of the Senate, invi ted Dorr lo slay nt his house till Carpenter (thu Dortic candidate) should be elected Governor of the State. The Atlasiilik rfc in . j- ' jniT- vi in prove ip eo a p"ps:otler tor