Newspaper of Burlington Free Press, April 21, 1843, Page 2

Newspaper of Burlington Free Press dated April 21, 1843 Page 2
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PACIFICUsi : THR RIGHTS AND rTHVIl.lXJBS OP TIIR SEVERAL STATIC i RHOAltD to SLWER V Being assrits of Essays, published in tke Water n Rutrtt UhrsnUtt, (O.iio,) qfltrt.'u election qfl3U. Br A witto or otio. Number TI'HTIOM or TUB COKSUTCTtOM COMTlMrtD. Mr. l riTus; In iny last communication, I tcfer red to some of lhetn.it inecs m w hicli ihumnuv, col kctMlfiom nurpcopleof the I'rca Statin, liri'l cV-u np prcpnatcd directly lo I lie mppnrt nl stavirv. It is now my purpose in refer to Home instances Hi which IhxjiDOjiloof lao fteo Static linvu lii-en ciiiiix llrtl to Buftjr pecuniary inconvenience and lot), fur tho ben em of llie "lnplnMlug iulcreafa nf tha south. It is m no than forty jr,vi ineo thopooplu f Hay ti, fo lowed the example ninth v hid sit them, achieved their indepenaence, ami tstili udicd n guv rrmnsnt of their own. Ily tlniracn of v.ilor and pa trioii8.li, they became us inueli entitled to .1 rank r.moiifc llio yovcrn.tiuils of I lie enith, n no hy our levolnliiin. Tim claim litis been iickiintvlcdni d liy Kiance mnl Iviml.md, ami, mdicd, no hr nn 1 11111 informed, liv all llio ciil,z,'d nations of tho earth, except tht Uniltd Slot's. So fir fiom rvciignUing ihe Koverinnent of llnyii, at an arly ilav we pised a law to suppiess all enm.iwrci.il uitercouise betm-en enr people and the people of tlmt Island. (Vide net of Uonrrn, approved 25ih I'Ybrusry, I'OO.) This was done because ttio fi pic had, mutt of them bei 11 slivesi .and it tv.is dcsiiruid to tuthhiihl from them our provisions in nrdei 10 1, run.' tinon Minn r.tiuiric Hti'l distress, lest their example niisht imlu. r ihe idaies 111 our southern States to amen their liberty. It is true that a Injurious and tinei'itain Unite has cuMcd In twetit our people of New Kiidsnd anil ihnsenl Ilav II, lut we hate bran liriimlly eut nil' from the proif and adi aiitagit of n loniini'rre teith that iidniid, lor Ino teaton mat inicrenurg: Hli mat people itiwlit at f.'et the flam of tin: a luihein iVfites, and render them discontented in their el uins nfboiiiinee Most of this limo wo have lieen v ii tunl! y delude I fioni llie commerce of the Uriiish Wcl It'dn lalaiula. In the meantime Haiti has ofi'err-l to merehan'a s!"ld,n tcinptation.i for thetr .tmciic.in pi mince. Th: ee letup 1 11 nun they were compel rd to fo'epo in outer lliat tin' southern c!.ivcs uujlit h." lie 11 in ijnor.mcc of th'ir rights. Our farmira of Oli.o line been dene d n market for their wheat, flour, Letf. pork, and tempcrato support otall our itphts. If onenf nnr impottaiit rights suflVr, all must be affected. They will 1 tiller stand or f nil luitrthcr. I ivimnn ol our Iricmls in iitelf a sacrifice of our tichts. - Union of our fi lends will secure our riphln and our inltrisls. I am aware that 1 B Ii n U he rharpid of spcakim tnoHly in rerjard to ihotuihl of llie nmlh, while 1 fay liutlilllu of Ihissnf llie oi h. Hut! heiMiiv rraderr lo un Irroiand lhat tin- ,oiilh rite not mil v niRinfninn' Ihth nun t tgliti, hut they linxn made our rights sub servient to their tn't resist and it has then fore be coma neecssary tlint pi Idle nlleniion th old be thin pailienlarlv eallid to the suppoit of Me intrrtttt and the honor vYlficfrtt Slates. PACiKlCUS. r.to lore, 1,1 order 10 iimnnn rut h a stale of iuiio rineem the slave Slate!, at would cnabW the ina ters to hold their slaves lit udu.ethui. I lnvcalreaily alludvd lo tin- f.iet thai. I.v A lawev isli'i; in most of the fine Slates, eolore.l foiiiicii. when ihey arre 111 port, are hahle to he si'.in mid inpiiaotied, bet their presence luiht ercate a devre for liberty 4ining the slates. If the persona thusim prisoned me found unnhle to pay tho 1 slrnvayant charuea for their arrest and imprisonineiit, they aie lo bi 9 iM into slavery. Thesii pni-ecdinas hivonpe ratrd as a tax upon the eonmieiee of 0 ir northern States. TIiuj hi our intoresu bei n made to sub free iheiotercJt.uiftl ivery. In this w ay llie I'edc ral finvrnmetit hasextmded its fi)lerni' caremer that inilitiition, at the expense of it.c people of the fre Statci. For forty yeais we haie thus been ren dered tributary to lhcslaeStatts. Our O.neruiiient Mill refused to entiT into eomintreial relation? with that of llnyii, and the intercs-is of our t.hiponnir-, our sailors, our inerehaiila, our me, hanics and far mers, are depressed and discoinnirid. in orJi r that ig norance tnd slavery may be prolonged in the souih. And where are our ptnlesini 11 ir our"editoin, of mhiT 1 party, who boldly denounce llui tlasrnni abue of! northcin mtirc'is and 1101 iheni tiuhlsl Nav I ap peal to eieiy thuikiny, ean.lid man. to say whether a ' frank mid tempera c nrimt'Mianceof oui ri-jhlson ibis , subj-rt han notbten recarded jib I'lieouliiiilionalarid o'is'ioiioraJ.'e by a portion of our people of the north ? tiXTIIAITS riMIM AN' AIHIIIIISS or llie tVliliti of VlfKlnl.t. nosemtilc In State C.i ivriittuii on the 'Z'i I day nl' February Inst. cjnI'ITIO.v or tub cocntby ok Mb. van ecccx s ACCB.'fltS TO TUP. ralSIDEMCV. Felht t'itizent; Yon nro fnmiliar with the me moiiable ihelaiiilion of Oi r. .Inilison. 111 I837.nn his relireinenl fiom the 'rridenei, lhat he 'diit thin preat people prosperous) nun ti.ippyt in peace wiin an nations ; and tlourislunc beyond nil former example." Hut tliesiL'aci.uis Htatt'-oueii whooppostxl his in"nt en asuri a ilii-renunal of 1I101I1 posits and the infla tion of the Stale Hanks foretold, with ihe ncemsey of inspiration, the euls that iiniBt ineviiably fulbw hi; inti rriipiiou nf Ihe Lomiueniil irlaliobs of the country. What was tho character of this nrnst'crity. was soon n bit in the sudden and nvetwh. Inline reulin, wlueli, in less than three bruf months, lolloed this silf-eiiiiiplneint vaunt, 'llie pttlihu cpit, it is ttiu', hail been disehartird, under llio au thority ol an annual appropriation of ten milh iiis, as a sin 'iii! fund, heeiiinuiL' 111 1PI7, from the nbimdant nie.ins flowina into the nntioiinl cohVis fmin theeus loins, ami Irom eMinoiihnary sales nf the public do main. The Tirnsury w,-.s not only di eni iiinbered of nil its eiiuaueiiients rt'sidiin!! from two wnrs, but a liure futplus had lurn ihstrihut d to ihe Sinter. An ampb-fund wia trnnsuitttnl to Mr. Van Ituten by his pre-b e sor, nud the parly whu h, fir eipht years, hidtevelhd in the truth, enterid upon a new base nf office, with luioyaii' hopes of .1 Iniintia haivist foriijjlit years more. Hut tho seeds of disiao were sown so duply in the commercial sstini fifth coiuilrv, 1 1 ui l 1 lime was nut on y a diminution in Ihe if e-'ipta from tin' cesiums, of in'otellian one-balf, in 1S37, but a Inllini! nil ill the land fund from the enormous anioiini of httntij fin millions in 133fl to jirfn millions in If.17! Hut with this rapid I'eeliue nf the means nf the count v. Id n see whclbcr tbn reduction of exnenoes tber ' kepi a proportionate pace. I'acts speak too audibly tind tnlelheihlv for contradiction Kroni ollirial eta'eiiieiits of the Treasury Depart ment bv Jlr.Wividbury.it nppears that on Ihe 1 I dnv nf .lanuirv. 137. there was a surplus in the Tffrisi,r, aris-nir from oidniarv source of leieno. of SKVr.NTRHN MII.I.IO.NS ONB HUNnnKIl TUOUSANU DOI.I.AIISl! Addiiiniinl sum nccruinir fiom Jan, I, 1&37, In March J, 1BII. f 0111 oiber than ordinary sources, (ll.ink, U. . Ac ) When the cxtiavasance of Mie patty ran beyond the incoineof ihoAwis ury, sons to n rguirc the idHP'a1- ment to the Slates to be wrtiiheld, Trensiiry IVolie wereau hoii'ed. and llifso were issued during the four yrars up to lhe4lli Match, 1311, to ihe .amount of 17,100.000 9,123,1 00 5.030,000 Total, S3t.S7-.000 Makincr in all, from o'irr than the regular receipts from the customs an I the public lands, during Mr. Vol IJuren's erin, neitlv TI1IH.IY-TWO Mil,!, ION'S! OK DOI.I.MIS! ' iow let us see what was received from the regular sources of income I'nrinj: llie snme period. I'nm the Ctistnin: I'mm .lannary, 1537, 10 January, 1S41, the re. eipis were 6jZ,;uu.uw SOIIICCS. Toiol. 8II4S75 0UO And w have (hp euo-nious sum nt nearlv ON'l: IlINmil'.lJ AM) l ll'I'Y MILLION'S 01-' DOIr f.RS n.nd into the Treasurv duritiL' -Mr. Van Itu- ren's lerin uf four years an amogs of 2V'S,50 annu-iiiv ! A liberal-minded people miihi deem this nil am sum, makiiis (hi" allowance for the growth of the count! y, espei'i ill v as Mr. Adnnis wns displaeid for niianniril expeiuiitiiie ot t'uruen millions: nut was this enoueh for these IMorim r 1 Let tho record speak, There wns expended diuineMlie f"iir ytursnf .sir. 1 an liuren s auuiinisiraiien uie ioiiuih &uui, viz: In 1537, 837CG3 057 I aw, 3').ir. IH IjO, 37.1i!,39'5 1310, 23,'2.G5J3 So bill", so tmnelv and sihutlv. have web. en nccus-1 Tic receipts fiom this source liavum turned to yiild up our interists for the brmfits i run up fiom cUren nnlhoiis 111 1S37 slavery, tint an open assertion of our riuhis, mid sup-' to sixteen miliums in IS39 J port u- our interests, is rcsardid wilh dinrust audi 'rom the Tobhc Lands, 111 the same jcnlouav. period of four yiars, In 1 310, our people of ihe free Slates were dei ply enaajed m commerce; our ships navwaled ei cry seal ' .Mnkiini the ordinary revenue of Mr. our sailors wrc numerous; our merchants were en-1 Vaii II ren s lene. joyinj; 1 profitable commerce; our farmers were en-' To these " r.iainv uinne miliio.ns courased by a rend v market for their products. The I Iroui the ordinary sources, add iho war, then but j.istelos.sd. bad left our nation ill debt; I forcuoing bum fiom extraorditmry n hun Ired millions of dollars was 10 be raised, besidis tho ciiircnt expenses of (ioycrnmcnl. Southern ttatrsinen considered that the intrrrxts nf the slave-lio-Uiiii! Stales would be promoted bv levjuiu'lhis vast sum upon the coinmcicc of 1 he free: Sta'cs 'Ihe' com, Hand was iriven, nnd 1 he blow was slrii k. Twelve thousand seamen were tin ned out of empl.v, commerce was crippled, and thousands uf our ship owners and merchants w re ".unci, and t!i industry of the rorlh was, for a srison, pnra ved tor tiie pur pose Girdle ina the lave States of their due propor tion of o-jr public dibtauJ the expenses ot' (Joum nient. At lensth our p-oplo nf the norili pradmlly con formed 10 il-.e tarn) of 1910. nn.i eubsirjui 111 ameiul mcuts. They es'ed their foilnms, ieciiimihle I by indiintry and economy, 111 th" tin torn dis'pneil to supply nur naiijii wilh surh f.ibiies as were diemed noecMiry lo th" couifoit of our perple. Our IhIhih rs ni'itii f n'md tmplov. Indiisti "is rneotirsged. O'lr farmers uf O lio found a nady niail.et for their produce ; profiwiily acapi cheered evet v d, partiue nl of sici-.ty 111 tiie five 6'iatcs. Our public revenues iWLre ample. Our national debt was paid of! j our lur'or iiiipiovcmenis. the improvement of our titer nav'i'iati m and our Cumberland road, wtie oini; for ward with ratudllv. when the lnt'eho!ihni! intluence lucatna dissatislicd, and threatened a dissolution of the L'mon. One of the slave Slates arra ed its null. tan forces to onoo.w iliis northern prosperity, nnd lo riducR the. l'edcral Govcrnmrnt to the ncce's.ly of . cliaoein ns policy f ir the f inccd purpose of fori ina prosperity upon ihe sUvc Stuns, in di finiice of that law of Providence whic h has ordained lli-.t it phnll nctrr result from oppression and tife. The com- pruniis.! act of 1533 was nothinj more ii"r Ii th.tn the mandate of so iilie n stall saien, by tvhir Ii iliey di r reeled thai our harboi and river improvements should -ensj; tlmt ill sile of Ohio vlieat fl uir, p rk. nnd .. tisf. in X I!nel:inil. slinntd s'oii! and lint our far- .10s shu.dd be deprite.l of a Ihuii.i luarkel foi lluir pr.i.liu-e; tint the manufaetiireis of rYtv Plnplnnd shoald be ruiaed; llut hundreds of thousands of In torer shnn'd be turned out of emplot ; lhat ihrn cnueiof Ooteinniint should be smirk down ; llivl a 1 national dbt shnuld be incurred public credit impair . -ed, ne. l privite ciedit ruined, f 11 the purpose nf "us . taiiiiiii and rr.cotir.ayin the merest of the slave . Stale.!. Toe man late was nbcyiil, nnd the people of 1 the.fr-eStalisliate q'i'teilv, nml aim 1st silently, sub. ; initle.; to the loss of untold millions, for the ben tit of ! ihctliru Sintes. The wriiir tyou'd not beund. r - stood ne si vioa tbfse ttre violations of the Cunstitii lion ; but that Ihey were as clearly riViid'ens nf the ritht: of the .free Slates as were the appropri itions ,..f mo.iev for the ei press purpose of captuiuiL' fiuritne .slaver. It 11 inns mat our commerce tvnn until 11:1s M'.'OO.OOO 333,000.000 31,573 000 pic nnd well sustained by I he proofs. On no oilier prminil, howover, do tve; bclictc llio plct nf painty in tliix ciifo to hate been valid in point 111 tart, or to navo been established by tlio tend- inony. Great excitement o'tnilul -snjrrcat as Inliave disturbed its ballance nnd to have iiccasioncd nuifli etccntricily nf behavior nnd speech wan undoubtedly unveil, nnd it contiuned tor imnie tinic ; lint we inin-t nay that we vro unable to see in the testimony sufficient evidence nf that kind or deptee ol' liientnl ipusint', wliirh in in uiutOFteiit with ituiral mill ieal nccoiiiilability. 'I hero waii for instance, no mislnlie in llie mind of Men er 11s to the tacts nf the rase, an to the 1 erMitiR concerned, an In the nature nf the rriuu) rdiutnitlei by Ik-rherlitn, nn to I'm coin dititiu of public, Keiitinioiit 011 the ouhjeit of fc iu.tlr purity nnd hutior, or as to the consequent nature and extent of the injury dinift to his ester and her family. It was1 in truth) his dear nnd accurate apprehension of all these points that produced the uncontrolled excitement under which In acted ; and the ihfcnce wan that these f.irts ami conceptions raised his mental excite iiicnt to tut luf'li a pitch an lo tender it positive iiidinity. llut all these premises were realities. The farts were Hctua! facts; lint apptrhension of their moral rliaiactcr and nf their bearing and r licet 1111 the domestic and social relations and position of his sister, was accurate and sound; Ins moral some nml judgement of tho crime, in all its tent 11 res and bear.us, was einiticutly jus' ; and more than tha', his conception of the enor mity of the crime and tho injury was it) no res poet extravagant or inappropriate, but was, 011 the contrart, truly adequate, Ii', and rioht, nnd his whole Iraitt ot moral reasoning 011 the sub ject was coherent and e.vaet. This is fully demonstrated by the unitersal sympathy of the public, and by the couspnucnt justification he ba' everywhere received Irom tho moral souse of society as applied to the very same facts that nc'f'U 011 the mind ot .Mercer. If, then, the moral sense of the whole com munity is rioht on this subject if the purest and most exulted sentiments ilul otno'ions of which our moral nature are susceptible, arc trust-worthy and most eminently sane if so- cicty at largo is not positively crazy then ftin llletoti Mercer was perfectly compos mtnlis wns in lug right uiiiid in an cmmctii ue.'reo, when hi; so sternly avenged the enormous crime of Ilcrbcrton; and it wan most unquestionably, sib we believe, on the grounds tve have stated and no other, that the jury pronounced their verdict ot acquital. Ilut if theiio things are so, and if we approve tho verdict, what it may he ashed, is tho draw back 011 our satislactnui, as intimated in the tie. ;ininr,gof these remarks. It is this : the defence of insanity placed the jury and ihe law in a false position; and the case is exposed to the hazard id being used as a cover lor malice anil a precedent tor un righteous lerdtcts in rases bearing oulv a literal and merely formal resemblance to this of Mor cor. It rniglM, tlierel'ire, have been better, in a strict and more legal view of the matter, lo li ne set aside the plea of iusanitv ; and have found a verdict ot not miiltv on the explicit ground that there was not a particle of milice 111 the de'endaitt and thercforo no murder; for such, as we believe, is the real ground of the verdict. If the jury had taken this course and placed the case at once and explicitly 011 the broad ground of retributive justice we believe they would have been triumphantly sustained ; and the duty next to be performed would, as 111 our judgment it actually docs, devolve on the legis lative authority, and that is, to place all such cases of killing in the class of justifiable homi cide. ,Ve believe such a law is demanded by sound morality, and that its practical operation would be eminently salutary. At all events, tuch are our present impres sions, and if they arc a rung we should be glad to have their error exposed. Total. 8lt2ll7ti,3tl An averare of thirty fire miU'ons Jlrc hundred thi'itkoml tlollors nmiuidlt ! Upon Ihe adjustment of bnlanecs on the accession of fen Harrison to the Presidency, it wis found lhat there win nn iciiial d fu-i-'nev in ihe Treasury of TVT,NTV" MILLION'S OK DOLLAKS; and lhat this ilcfcmev wis eoneenlnl Irom the publie prtviuiisly by ihe'insidiuite method nf postponnif! 1M1IS nen'ially due. and borrowing fiom be re"urccs of one vear i.tpiv ihedibtsof a prcee lin:f tear- Tlu im'tice was Kept up duriiij the whole term of Mr. V111 liuren. and ihe pillows uf concealment tvoicthchitirraccoinphshed by a resort to Treasury Nol's in-tcn,l uf loniis. .Mr. Woodbury and .Mr. ''nlhnun lne both ennc'd ed (what, im'eiil, ihey could not well ienv.i 'hat n .N'aUinal )i In existed, on the lib of M ueli .1311, lo the amo mt of tho "n standi-!'.' Tieasmy N'oies, up wardsuf Vive Mi'di'ois of II liars. Hul tlufci:en llfiuen rnnfull nvoiibil reference in the deftrrid ap propriations mule by Cormress, wbi' h, wilh the out s'andiny n tes euellcd ihe di hi up 01 the amount wehiixesta fd.S'irOOOOO I .b ed. Mr. Charles J. loeersoll. one of their tiarlv. nektioH , sired. n nn nihhfss 1 1 his constituents, the debt was 'Verify t I ir 11 iiltllinys ot Iln'lani The ileum of ibis ibbt, however, are rniiehiiv ly set forth in a lit port of the C nmniiiree nn Public et. pcn liiiin s, uf which Mr. Mi fiwelher of f?a was ibi chairman, during' the winttr of I3ll-'2. The e lrreetness ,if 1 Ins report has not luen ioipcached ft 1 1 1 not quarter. We subio n an nbsiincti I id V.ii retarded in. Vreaiuru Ittvarlmml. s-... o-. SG'l 33! l.iio'ooo 299,V1 MAKLNZIG ACQUITTED. Tliu following is ii copy of the specifica tions tiganibt Commander Mackenzie, togeth er with llio finding or iicipiitt il nf tint Court. Tlio tri.il lias hri'ii very thorough, nnd lias cri'iiteil gi'i'iili'xt'ili'inriil throughout llio 1 nun try. Wit presuini! however that tlio deri siun of the court will liu cordially approved liy niiity-iiiiif hundredths of tho iulrllioent nit'ii 111 this roiiiuittiiitv. Treasury .Votes. P his flue in Holland, I'linded d, Li of last war. 310,000 129.33s 3 1 7.0m 7S4!)a 207 onn 200 0. 0 . ... . . . r n befit cut oil. aim oiiruomesiic unior 11ns ui f 11 leu 10 i-imlnii,, ,f. 31! 297 r.s..,iiv,i; ,.", ........ ... ,.. lhat tbeniteresiB of Hie stive atausimclil licproteci 'lf ojstaincal, and upheld at the cspeiiseof northern nfrc'.'iiiuJ. Under the law distributing the proccedj of the pub lic lands amon the seveial Siaits, a fund wis print- did, by which "all our northern Stales would hate ex tricated tliomselces fiom their present embarrass, nienls, and would bate belli enabled to complete their internal improvement already commenced Our-canals and railroads would bae iritcn irwriaied Inn! in, a 10 our internal loiiimirrc ; stimulanil our .icriculiiiral at d inrehanieil laboreis to nieati r el)iut hvnllermi; greater eneouriiiietueiit. TI 1 y would have ja.drtl mnl mcreiised our inatinfaciures. They would, lift a cleat decree, have nnnihilaled llie space which mow diies the people of New I'.ueland from those of our western States; our nssoeiaiioiis would hate in ,rea3ed ; refinement and taste would hae bten fii coirnged; intelli'.'fiice inure rapidly diiiseminaled; asi learninii nnd scienei-promoied. These n.lvanta Uir, ihoiish bitbly d. siinble 10 n free people, are d in I'jros to the interests of s!i,crv. which iiiusi ever (iepend upnii ihe ijinniance iand stupidity of thesl.te population 111 regaru 10 uieir ricun, nun uu iiieuus m recaininn them. All these resnlis were eleaily seen bv that intluence which is ever jenluiiauf iheprogrefs of knowlcilse, which leaches man lo t now Ihe nidus that Ood has iriveii him. The sacrifice was dreined necessnry to the iutercatsof slatery. A livclinlilini! Piesident beenuie the willing iiisltiimetil by which the object wns (fi'.c'ed, Colisislenc'., self if sped, ra son, nnd the lights of the northern Stales, presented These two 'aii items were contradicted during the late war. Debts rrnrdtd in War Department Amount the twelve tribes f Indians, on which the Gotiiiiment paysan interest of 131,000. 8 .'."130,000 Amount due Chippewa and Ottawa In dians, Amnion due scleral tribes in Ittist and evpendid fir use of C!oeriimtni, 111011nt due Fluiida iitihiia, Amount due t.eormi do. Amount due Stale of Oeorcia, do. do. 1I.1. Maine. Thoso four last itrins. nmouniiiig to near a mill ion nr dollars, were embrneed ill I ills which pas-ed liolh Houses of f'onutess ihelast ninlit nf Mr. Van INiren's Ii rm of otnee, but too late to receive llie sig nature nf the Sneaker, but ihey have since been pro vided fir bv a Whi; fowrress. Debts recorded in I'ost Office Department. Duearrcaram's 10 eontrnclors, 827,993 I)ue conirneiors bevond means, 334,990 Debts recordul in .Vnrv Department Amount Navy provision fund usid 81,143,033 Actual deftceney of means to meet the appropriations made by the Con press which adjourned March 3, IS 1 1 ,a i.l previous Congresses, 824 719 009 Hire. then, is a debt of moro than TWh.N1 1 FOUR MILLION'S Ob' DOLLARS, every cent of ' , 1 .1. J,, e t '.1. ,011 12 030 221 bat (light obstacles lo the nttainiiKnl nf his purpose. n,jt., Y;aa conlracled bffore lhe4lh of March, l&ll Tueke ndvintBiiG- to the friti Stales, ineteasing nd . ,n,l some nf which, in desnite il the di iiculiiea en eo.inteieil ly Ihe t lua", has been paid since uieir aietniUr.ey in the .National Councils, expaodingai tve look forward to coniimr time, wire sacrificed by the Kedernl Governinf nt for the purpose of pteseriing the ilavnioldini.' miiucnce irom nil tin isrd. I am aware thai a portion of our enplo con sider these Subjects of hul little importance. They urge that nli ener.iachmiits upon our rights 111 later of the slnwlinldin interests nrc loberimud. hut deny that a proeciivc Inmr, the iljstti' nlioii of llie 1 proceeds 0f ihepubbe laiuls, iheiuiproieirient of our liarPors, our riir naiat on, or 01 iec .imn'i ';iiiino load, are of suih importance a3 to tiqjire their aid and supj-ort. If theseimporlant inlercstsl c abandoned bv those who make the "support of nottliiin tights" tluir motto, how can thev expect the fnnds of interna! iinprocment, nnd of the taiifX to unite with ibem in matters which Ihev diem of fir le peeumnrv iinpnr tanee. If oneela-sof nnr ni-rilu in men wni laimly surrender our pecuniary interests, may we noi ex pert lhat another port 011 will bens willin'.'to yield up our honor to the demands of me soiiihfrn Stales? Is there nn inditiilual who is not pefeety eou-ious that such divl'ions must prove ilcstrucino in nil our sectional rights? If those whose minds dwell most Cbarec 1 Mulder on thtltirh seas on hoard of a I". Slates rrssel. Specilienlion 1 61 aliened th it I om ul older M iclcnz:e, then commanding the U. S. brig Somers.iliil, 011 llie 1st Ueeemtitr, 134. 011 llie man saas 111 latitude 17 curies 34 minutes, 2? seconds, nnd longitude 57 degrees 57 imnutiB 45 seconds, with out foi 111 of law Wilfully, dchbetntely nnd with in il ee nforetliousht, bun-.' and caused lobe hangtd liy ihe neck at the yard nnu of said brig until he was dead Philip Spencer, a midship, nan then serving nn board ihenhy vio'ntum the21-t n'licleof Ihe 1st sec tion of tbeaef of Congress entitled "An net for the belter goieriiinent of the Navyofthe United States," approved April 23. 1 00. Ifptcifitatt'jn 'id. Alleles same thins in regard to Saiiiu. I Cromwell, boatswain's male, &c. Specification 3i, in relation to J litln Small, sea- Charge 2d. Oppression, under three specifications, Hie same ns tne oilier, except mat iney nlieje ne am without form of law and without non J and siifficicnt cause oppressively kill In' hnniriug, etc. fie. Cbirge'i 1. Itczal punishment three speeificatinns as above, except thai they charge thai he did, nf his own nuthurity, and contrary 1 1 the Act of Congress in nu ll case' made nnd provided, kill, Ac. Ac. t.'h itc llh. Conduct unbecoming an Officer, Sneeifc'ition In lhat housed tinniiiiL' nnd insiilling language to Spmcer nl ihe last moment of his execu tion. Chirne 5'h Cruelty and Oppression Specinea- lion In that he habitually inlhetelcruel and unuec- esarv punishment upon Ins crew. Hiding of the Court in nt inse 0 conntander il ex N. .Miclumie. O 1 the first charge and its specifications the Court finds. That the 1st speeiliealion is not proveo. That the 2.1 specification is not proved. ! ThatiUell specification is not proved. That the fnsi eharire is nut proted. On the second charge nud ha specifications: That ihe 1st spei ifieation is not proved. 'I hat Ihe 2d specification is not proved. That Ihe 3 1 specification is not proved. That the second charge is not proved. On tie third chirire and its spec fiealions : Thnl iho li specification is not proved. That the 2d specification is ni l proved. That ihe 3d specification is not proved. That Ihe third ehargeis not proved. That ibeuiirA charge being wnived by tha Judgi Advocate nnd no testimony or evidence being offered to sustain il. the Court took no action upon it. The speeiliealion of the Blh charge being deemed by the Judge Advocate 101 vague, was waived by him. No one hnvinu complained in the Department of spe cific ill ircaniienl, it could not be made more specific, ns Ihe Department had no particular information TtipPnnn ilieri fore took nonclion. As tarns evidence was orkred uniter tne Bin cnarge, tho Conn do find no proof of mistreatment of the rrew nf ihe Somers renerallv bv Commander Mack enzie, nor of individual maitreaiineni, ana inuciore nnu 11 not prove '. ThpfTourt tlotJitrrttire MONORABLV ACQUIT LPTI1 manrf'r AlexanbesS. Mackenzie of all Ihe charges nnd specifications prefered against nun by tlio sccrt' tary of the Navy. appear in tho solitude of her rhamber in an un tidy pegnot'r, or ill. shaped slippers,. ns lo bo ill dressed in tho most brilliant ball-room. A co. quettc ncvor flirts; she is tno well-bred to bo exclusive, and has too much tact to wound the feelings of many to rralifv Iho vanity nf tint She has a desire to please lint is universal : and, if I wore lo choose an emlilcm of coquet ry, I should (in rontradiclinn to the remark above quoted) selext the flower most lavish of sweets and profuse of blossom the lilac, for instance, lliat loads the air with perfume, nr tho may, thatdecoratt-s every bodge. It is the coq-ieirv of Ihe iVom-in tint gives tho charm to French society, and is the cause of lhat indescribable grace and sweetness of maniifr winch accompanies them in the most advinced age, and even to the grate. So far from considering this as injurious lo the moralily of women, I am ronvinccd bnlh iho manners and morals of England wiitild be improved if we more resembled our fair neighbors in their desire to please a desire which nxtends itself through all tho relations of life, and includes in tho immensity of its range husbands, children, friends, acquaintances, nud even inferiors and servants. The marriages; with actresses, dan cers, and wormvi of bad clnracter, which are so frequent in England, are comparatively un known in France, where the woman of society possesses all the graces ami attractions that can captivate and fl the affections, and Ins, there fore, nothing to fear from untvoilhy rivals. Nor does she relax after victory ; she wisnlv contin ue to cultivate these powers which first com minded admiration. She gains experience from maturer years, ami therefore sees them, so far from diminishing her attractions, only confirm ing and increasing ihetii, teaching her lo rivet the chains she wore in early youth, and to assert hr graceful empire to the last ; she h is no fnar of losing the captne she has once enthralled; like Horace's Phyllii "Orals tenet eo-sipedc vinctum " I look upon coquetry in a very Hafe and excel lent ingredient in woman's -haractur. It is like the fl lines nf Vesuvius, which do but little harm, and pave the beautiful cnupagna of Na ples from beintr destroyed by earthquakes. A coquette has no knowledge of the monomania of passion the living on one thought, which is the symptom am! danger of woman s love. She is always in gntid humor, agreeable and self, possessed, and if her love of admiration some times exposes her to censure, at least :t calls for no sacrifice in herself, and awakens no remorse in others. Can tve say the same of love 1 The effect of coquetry in worn in, where it is so general as to give a tone to all social inter course, is certainly beneficial to man. Rousseau say, ' It est commit en France qu' un homme ne rrfuscra rien a aucnne femme fut ce meme la sienne ;' and we can well imagine how all the bitterness and i.eperity of temper, which is the death of love, the curse of marriage, and Ihe destruction of friendship, must be lessened in a country where a constant desire to please on one side h met on the other by that polite and gentle gallantry which has become the univer sal language in which woman, at every age, is addressed. Perhaps this courtesy is not really valuaDlR ; certainly not so precious as true and undivided affection; but love is an ingot of the purest metal, an! can bo ziven but to one; when beaten out into the golden loaf of coquetry, it covers a larger spree, brightens and glitters on a thousand objects, and is of every. day use. The severity with which men speak of co. quetry appears to me unjust and ungrateful. If a woman has beauty or merit, why should they be diminished, nr perhaps entirely destroyed, in the eyes of those she most desires to please, because her desire is apparent 3 If, nn the con trary, she is unhappily witnout any attractions,

should she not rather be encouraged in the efforts she makes to supply, by every art of manner, tno-ecnarms winch n iture h is denied her ! She may not, indeed, he qualified to prac tise the glance of command, or the frown of prohibition, to receive '.lie tribute of sighs and praises, or be soothed with the gentle murmurs of amorous timidity ; but Mill she may be a co. 3 uette, graceful in her 111 tuners, elegant in her rcss, cheerful in her temper, and cood.huinor edly anxious that her small battery of charms should it.ake as imposing a display as possible The general ci j lyment of society must be in creased by hor inti.-nrt exertions "rop'o isc, nor need we doubt they will obtain their reward. It is not all men who are wop by "Matrons of Cornelia's mien, Or ihe light airs of Egypt's graceful Queen," and many a timid spirit which would quail under the towering glance of the "Mother of the (iracehi," and shun the Circeau enchantment of a Cleopatra, in ly find amusement and p ens ure in the humbio attractions uf a lively and dimahle coquette. oUMO MEttcF.R jindiih S'urF.n. Afficling i for justific ition. Hut ns tin! flection approached IheKrei sccicut It ondfWy. ''lioMercurvoflaflttiveii MI becani" pvul-nt that tliu Corporation iilfioo. ""fhUujn ing states on tho aullinrity of an eye w.ttipss, holders wimo reso'ved not in yield their placei I .'?, ot eontin' e allowed lctcproru Cerminl ( Jitreinlnli, ynti shall be fiermit .d to ' ghiMililo ' jiut us aiucli as you please. that the in'erviow of young. Mercer with his family, immediately after the ncnuilat. wis n scene of extraordinary pathos. Sarah fe I on her knees before her brother, as he entered the apar'iiiont, and implored his forgiveness lor Ihe peril and suffering lo which he had been subject ed on her account. 'lie mother embraced hor son fwhoui slip regarded almost as one restored from the grave,) with that joy and gladness which liml 110 utter anre in words. . he youth, on Ins part, tliscov. ered all fliat intensity of affection which forms the most ntrreeahtn trait in bis r.bnr:irtr. tin liungou his sister Sarah's neck and assured her of his pence! forgiveness, begging her to con sidpr herself b'ameless, ami attributing tlio nf. fiction they had just pissed through, to one who nau maac a tun and tcarliil atonement Tor his guilt. MtLLF.n's I'nrriiEcv Fot.rit.LCD. A nersnn proclaiming himself to he thu Messiah, ami now making his second appearance among mill, was brillirllt to this ninlitiitiiiM 9 l'u. il.ieu win,... bu ml hand and foo, ami ni-companicd'hy llirco Htltllf tlltsrie-ii,. I..tm. CM.... - .1 f ..f . ...... . "-Mrniv .-n,.K (VtKinr il priHO HI his authority he mentions that dnriiu' bis fir: advent Iho people said "lie h Hit a devi', ami is mad, ami now they sav the Hiiue, and have put him in an insane asylum. u dec. ares Mil ler to be correct in nrcilictini! his second coininc? at Ihi time, but that ho is incorrect in predict ing the destruction of the world by fire at pres ent, lie proclaims that he istroiiiir to iud r'o all according to the deeds done 'in the body, nud will take Ihe saints with him into glorv ; but leave the rest to their own destruction. It must be some consolation to him to ho surrounded by so in iny of his followers, for fourteen were nf. ready here, having been so persecuted by their friends as to be placed in a lunatic. avlum, un- del llie pteit;liv.c or tlleriMpj. l;lu, , Flour h Manufactures. ho Rochester Democrat states that the manufactures of New Encland last vear, used over two hundred thou. sand barrels of fl uir, in malting starch and siz tig for their goods being a larger quantity of fl uir than was exported to England in the same time. I lie single state ol AlassarliuscttF, miring tne same lime, consumed more Western flour than was exported to all foreign countries I Unfortunate Mptakf.. A negro attempt ing to rob a house at Mobile on the lOili tiluwns pursued and shot by a guard, who bad been placed over the premesis in consequence of their having been robbed before. Another per son in the house mistook the guard as he return ed, for the robber, and cliot hun in tho face with a gun loaded with salt, as he approached the dour, seriously wounding him. Father Miller. Tho rumor of the death of this individual wns premature. Un is lyuiir sick with erysipelas, near Saratoga, not danger, ously, but worn down by incessant toil and la bor, lu his clkirts to convince mankind that the world is coming to an end, he tuny so impair his constitution as at least to hasten his own. Whig Victory. It is slated that, in Monroe County, Teiiu., at the last election, thu I.010 Focos bad four majority. Since that time, five persons who voted the Loco ticket have been elected to iho State Penitentiary, and one is abo-it lo be hung for murder. 1 he county may now be set down as 11 Whig county. A Veteran. There is a turkey in Fairfield, Vl., that has been shot at S'.'l times, at shootiit matches in various towns in Franklin Co., and has yielded to its owner a profit of .$14. Darkness at Middav. Tho New Orleans papers remark that at noon on the 21st tilt., the sky was so oascurc during three or four miitutet- that candles were lighted. ree Prcsi savs th Patriot, " thinks tho wbifi lavcmaiietncm line limes better before this placei I , t 1 "" ,ur"eas"nable7 Did you not premiss without n liorrn simple, and that in this effirt . " ,1 ", : V""1" ' .-!? they would ho hacked by tho it hole influence nf the IWu Foul pnrly anil the entire patronage of Iho Statu Ootcrnnmnt. The Regency Ward meeting, by way of brazening llio miller out, passed" volei. ol thnuks lo Messrs, Chambers, Downing, Malburn, Co., for their faithful and dixinlcreslcil services ; and a City Meeting, call, ed by the General Conimilten, formely endora ed Ihe administration of Mayor Staats and his Loco Fo.-o Corporation. Nor were the Curpo. ration office. holders satisfied with attempting lo brow. beat public, opinion. They undertook to hear down the voice of our citizens by the aid of vo'ers imported from Watcrvlie', Hothlehem and Greonbiisli, Upvard of tiikf.K HUNDRED MEN who had not the shadow of a right In u'3 in this city were brought into the doubtful Wards the day or evening previous In the election and mircheil up to the polls on Tuesday to deposit !, ico I'ocn Ii iIIii'h. Hut it was all In tin purpose. Neither their lansli to-o of money, nor their excessive impor tations id' Voters, nor their many o'her corrupt .inti Ir.iudiilent devices availed to save the l.oco Koen fiipn merited and mortifying defeat. The Wings it cut in'o 1 11 itost wilh a zca spirit and energy worthy of the highest praise. From morning until liigbt nursiil H anti il citizens stood their ground at tne pulls with the most uiiflinch 11 g deterininiilliiii. Hvcn when the prospect was at the darkest there was no Inhering in the Whig ratil.s. They fought like men resolved oivip, and win they did. The election i f a Whig May-iir, or a majority or Whig su- rERVI'MRJ. AND OF TWELVE OUT OF IMF. TWFN. tv Aldermen, nv an average majority of FOUR HUNDRED AND .SEVEN TV, are the trophies of yesterday's triumph. 11 ivn t"i,t --- Tho Whios of nii linioiul, Virginia, liavt) just iir.liii'Viul 11 most lii'ill'miit victory. They liuvu I'li'di'd their Mayor by the uitprocp ilenti'il niiijoiitv of 500 vntrs, nnd out nf twenty sevtn Cuunci'llors nml Aldermen onlv one LiKiifiirn was rcturtn il ! ETTlii! Charter Election in New York citv lias resulted in favor of tlio Loco Foros :is usual. Rut so manifest mill glaring wns thu corruption tlisit wns practised that the only effect of tint rlrction will bo to open tliu ves of honest nit'ii of nil parties lo llie fester ing rollonni'ss of New Yolk Loeofiicoisin. Morn voles were polled by several thousand, it is hi'lii'Vi-il, thiin the ttliolu number of le gal voters in tin: city, tho natural conse quence of the repeal of tl.o registry law by the Loco Li'gMalnre. FRIDAY MORNING, APRIL 21, 1613. .'.mumicii 10 grow worse 7 And ihall w net be allowed, to "grumble" nl llio pdn-fillBlmcnt of iiiicjiiuiiumi i.iunrpelier I 'a trio! . led to ' ghiMililu just ns Much as Voti pie It is 0110 of tho 1 inalienable rifftiii of man.' in this free country, and uono but an 4 old blue light, Hartford Convention FL-dcralist would wish to di'uivi you of it. So pray go on, and ' grumbli; ' i,t the Whigs because they havi! not chartered National Dank, proTiiled a sound mnl uniform currency, dta tributi'd tin; iirocei'ds or th,blic lands, and adopted such other measures as they have al ways ronlended w,.n. necessary to make the ' limes lflli-r. ' Grumble say we 'grum ble ' long, ami gruuihlu luud, and keep grumbling till you nnd your readers both get sick of it. And when you Iravo grumbled to your heart's coiileni, just answer us this question Have not tin; Whigs, as a party, always conli'iitled that a National currency, a protwiivu Tariff, and a distribution of the land fund were iudispt-nsabte to restore the prnsperiry of thu Country, and hat it been throii'li their default, as a party, that these measures have not all been adopted t If so, then llm Whigs, as a party, are guilty ; if nut, not. fX The New York Courier and Enqui . . . . , ,.,. rer relates an ineuiuni coiitu'Cteu tvnn urn ite Hiiiidi! Nl.iiul election, which exhibits an instance of in pure :i patriotism as thu world ever witnessed. Copt. Carpenter, un old ship mister, wns on his dying bed, not ex pecti'd to live through tho day, on Wednes day morning. His gravo clothes we.e all prepared with his own knowledge. That morning he culled his wife to his bed side, mil said to her that ho did not i-xpcct to survive llm d.iv, " Anil my dear," said In " I have nothing elsu to leave to yon and our children, lint I want very much to leave von tliu legacy of 11 good government I want to vole tu-d.iv." Mis- C. was nf course astonished, and replied, that such a thing was impossible that In: tins then dying. Tlio circumstance, liottcvrr, was coniniuni- iMted to tint pri'Miline; offiei'f of tins w.iid.unt llii- li.ill .l l"i n,il i.iili'i-'l l' llm IIOUI.O lit' It? Con.vkcticut Election. We com upon the res Jits' oi'nol ',,';0ir,!.'!..0,,ie.re,!?8t!. which wo rectify by copying the following article from tho Hartford Cnurant of Satur day last. It appears Cleavelund ras not elected hy the people last year, and thu con servative vote was less than we supposed. Thu last Sentinel however, crowed, as usual, before it got fairly out of the woods. There is no election by the People this year. VOTF. EOR GOVF.RNOR. We have full returns Irom 134 towns, and th ma jorities in 6-making all in the Slate. These eits Mr iiniamn zj.tuj tints 1 ,11 r. iiciveiana zd.dwj; nr. Gillette 1792) si:ottering72 Itsvingninsjority against I'lesvlnnd 016G. There is no choice of Governor, nor probably, of nny of ihe Slate officers. The who! vote in the atnie win ne annul bs uuu-01 wnicn tne Vhis have polled about 25X00 the Locos shout 27.300 and Ihe Abolitionist and scatieiing about 2000. In 19j2, the whule number of votes pol ed for Got-ern-r 5 1 23--of which Mr. Kllswoth (W'ug) re ceived 23,700; Invelsnd (Loco) 2S 564 ; Gillette (Abol) 1319; Luomis (Conservativi) 612; scateiins RECAPITULATION OF VOTF. ro GOVFRNOR. Uaidicm. Heartland. Gultitt. fXT'A Warning to third pari v A no t.ITlo.MsTfj. Tlio followinj; paragraph front tho II irtftiril Cioriiot mIiuivs, tit ti -timt thu third party abolitionists of Connecticut 1 ,, ,hjM,, p.itriot by nn officer he was r.iis- iu his bed, wioti' his 11:11110 on tin-"law mil order" ticket loll buck upon his bod, Hartford County, 5197 5239 183 New Haven 4413 4257 183 New I.andon " 2SG7 3271 222 M Fairfield " 3G01 3193 103 8 Windhum " 1693 22S4 446 5 Litchfield " 3732 4016 S71 5. Middlesex " 2021 2294 182 A Tollsnd " 1574 1752 92 " 24.603 26.C06 1792 7 THR CASE OF MEIICER. Wo find thi following rxci'i'dingly jndi l inos remarks on the icsull of this liial, inn! llie grounds ul'llic verdict, in 11 Kile number uf the Albany Advertiser, It has alieadv I ecu inentinnad in this paper that tho long and deeply interesting trial of Kiiiirieton fiercer resulted in ins nnpiual. ''hat result has obviously giten rereral if not unhcrsal fa'isi.-.rt on : and though wo freely conless that tte share the public sentiment on Iliis point, yet there are, as tte think it intti-t be admitted 011 reflection, some cireutmtniccs con nected tt llh the trt il calculated lo diminish that salisfaitioti and lo ficcusioii mine iitivgit nigs that tl.o care, taken i.ll rouiui, may operate 11 11 , ., ----- ,-. - . , ..... . ,. , . uit II. u tort., "nr lion it oecaiion", abandon HI .up..or i ourpecttma-1 sounu, uupaniai, sou Faie auiiini cirauoii 01 jus rv interests. ?n:,aie 11,1111 I heir uoliiicni fi 11 !!.'. nnd ' lice. refine to en-orictntewiih iheini ran t.iey espeei, bv 'V derenrn rested chiefly, if not ovclitsiuel rpar-puoi. m .ivm.i.i.v tl,,. ,..,-,,.-,.. ... , ,e .(., clf ,,.,i M the purl ortllO lU'fOlu: such ITEJIS theirownpitrposcs? Con nny iiiati of reiieetion rup-1 ,my. it'tbe old Unman pool bo received nose llril wee.in exiric,ieiiuie''"S fiom the mor.it , "" nt,iiioi 0111 11 1111 poo lie rcccneu IntluciKa'ifslntcrr, while it continues to control our at, an authority in rir courts, and if uu pithy pecuniary InreiB. .tod Inrso dictum ira furor hrevis est, lyrnth is Thsstfcty "f the free Sintr depends tiion pre-erv- a briof phrjazy '"i held as rulo of law, then ng ilieUinstitution iu m ,'Uiiiy, yx! W4h firm and u o Admit that the ilefunct was suund in ptii.ci- AN ACCOMPLISHED COQUETTE. The following article, wo havo no doubt, is tho production of an admit nnd dexterous Coquette, Wo do not understand the lerm precisely as sho defines il, nor do we think shn has given the moaning which is gener ally atlaclii'd to il. Slut certainly maintains her position with groat insomiity and tact, ,1111! if her arguments do not produce conviction, the I'liliirn does not result from 11 want of skill in iho advocate. If any of our rea ders desire to present the oilier siilu of tho argument, our columns am at their servico. A DEFKNCB OF COQUB.'HV. HV MRS. TORRE HOME, (AN EMJLISII LAI1V.) ('oquelry, indeed, accord, ng to my acccptioii nf llio term, is a strong and universal desire lo charm nud c.np'naie, poriecuv instinct iriun our Kugliidi exclusive inodo nf ll.rling Otpietry leads a woman to be graceful and aimablc with her female friends, winning iu her tiMtinors to all around her, and so fond of elegance and re fincmoflt, lhat sho would be as much shocked to The London I'ost CrrtcE Department (says Wil is, 111 a recent loner to the fS'ituuwl Intelligencei-i Ins is.-ued a special edict aaiii!.t the "Brother Jonathan" and New World" news. piper.J. communicated to the proprietors a few iliys euro through the N.-iv Vork Mrtish ageit', I knew some tune ago, tint Air. Home, member of l'arliamen', had sulu-cribcil for the "llrother Jonathan," expressly ataiiiii? that he did il to see whether it would come through with all its lit erary piracy and without check. Tticoo -p ipers and their extras are now declared contraband, and can pass no Kritish frontier nr custom', ex cept in close envelope nnu subject to letter pos tage. This touched particularly the ".N'ett World," as they haw been at special pains and expense to push their circulation in Canada." Sfecie Below I'ar. Much inconveniences is experienced by the late and somewhat sudden remlutioo of the banks to ref.iso fjpaiiisli quar ters, shillings and sixpences, except at the rales ot 23 cents for the former, and HI and 5 cents lor the latter. The depreciation of these coins, bv I0112 life anil wear, and 111 some instai.ces by being sweat ed, has led to this determination. I ho banks are furnished we are told, with a rood supply uf American small coins, and pay tiut no others, so that 6oon these will till tho ctr culation. The holders of the Spanish small coin, of whom, by-'he-hye, the banks are the largest by far, will have to pu! up with loss between what 'hey received these coins lor and what they now pass for. As these coins are not lawfully current by ale, but on'y by weight or fineness, there is no remedy lor this loss. A. r. American. A Capital Plan. In these davs of economy every expedient is resorted to for the savins of expense. At Pittsburgh the hotel keepers are about to adopt a mesmeric plan fur feeding their boarders. So says an exchange paper. The gentleman wno superintends the dinner win mesmerize all the diners, and then cat a splendid dinner hun self, in which all, through mesmeric sympathy, will partake; one dinner win thus satisfy hun dreds, which will materially reduco the expen ses : , Lord Brougham and America. This dis tiuguished British statesman, iu a recent speech on me .boundary question, made use of the foi lowing laiiotiacn : "I o liilinilely over-value perhaps IC importance, the vital importance, to the interests of this country and ol mankind at largo, of a good understanding, of a cordial friendly fuotinir, beim; restored between th country and our kinsman of America, that I caie not how this line of boundary is drawn. I tin utterly indifferent what directions that line takes, let it go a few miles or leagues to the right hand or to the left, even let it effect Cape Rouse, even let it effect the navigation of. the St. John's river welcome ! take it all I give it up! Uivo me peare between America and England !" Canada On ihe 21st of February the now iron steamer Mohawk was launched from the pock yard at Kingston. It was a no el sight to sec a ship launched in thu depth of .1 Canadian winter, while loads of hay ic. were parsing on the ire from the Auicr'cnn to the Canadian khoro. The launch was eflbcted by culling a large channel in tho ire. The Mohawk was built in England, or rather her frame wns all pre pared there and brought out to Canada lat fall, and rebuilt at the dock yard near Kingston. Buffalo Gazette. havo lit last (liM'iiviTt'il their error. How many such lessons will it rccpiiii! to touch thu abolitionists of litis stain that hy oppos ing Whigs who havo uniformly sustained Northern principles iu roncros, is is t J by con tributing lo elect Loco Focns who 11 re the natural allien nf s'.auery" they will not ; very likely to hasten thu tMii uicip itioii of the slave ? " Wo havn reason lo believe tint m int ho voted tho abolition ticket now most eply regret their course, nnd will never lie induced to repent it. They have been ihe means of I'li'i'tino 11 loco foco in thi C1111g1essi1in.il district, who will go fully mid ciilodly with the Southern sl ivi'-holdi'is, on every question nud llioy fi i'l thnl their railors liuvu advised iheni to snv tin- least niiidii'iouslv. Wo coi'fi.Viui.illv luine tlmt thu result of this oli'i'tioii will otu'ti tlii'ii yes, and load them to n moro correit anil patriotic course 111 luturo. Till Cll.'l.lt SJl'ii ui filluvt of thu result. Hut lot us look at tho bright tide of tin picturo. I ho Whig party in tins .Stnlo though not triumphant, has sustained ii.solf nobly. Their 11rg.1ni7.niou is pri'sorvcd their vote has been "really increased siiirn ind 111 a liiiv hours w is a corpse ANiiTiir.it Lot;.) Foi: 1 How. The Now Yoik Loco Focus mo iloloruiinoil not lo bo behind their hrellircii of PoniMlvnma in egM.itive mlli inisiii. Throit member of the Assembly, ns appears Irom the Albany Evening Ju11r11.1l, bv 11111110 Sirnrkhamrr, McMurry, nnd Ltr, all Loco Focus, last . , , , 1 ! I .1 wcok L'ot i',i tli'il 111 iit'iiati' nnu nuiMieii 1110 epithets Har, nnd paltrnnn, until McMurray, 1111 ihlo to restrain liitucll' ocro.ss llio floor, nnd struck Lee a violent hlotv in the 1'ice; .1 scufflo eroiied, hut the " honorable gentlemen " were soon parted liy other members. Mi'Murray tlieu " apol ogized" In the House, disclaiming, we pre sume, any personalities, and llie Locos let ihe ruffim oil" itb simple reprimand ! This shows that the Locos Focos ol't'ie Now York l.njil iture emir n o "all the decency," as well us " all thr Ii timing." The Haiiuisouruii Outrage. Our read ers will recollect wo gave an account of a most atlrocious attempt at murder, by a Lo co Foco member of the Pennsylvania Hotisa of Representatives, by tho name of.VcCrotc- an, who stabbed a man in tho Hall of tlio House on ihe 7ih intaut. A motion wis made to expell tho iiifllau from the House. But thi: Locos :il tempted to substitute a res olution of simple reprimand instead of ex pulsion. This was defeated. AIcGowan was then permuted to send in his resignation lo avoid tin.' disgrace of exiiiUion. By the follow ing paragraph limn the llatrisbure Telegraph it nppears thorn is an ullor aban donment uf nil dignity, and order, and Le gislative propriety at H irrisbiirg, under th corrupting influences of Locofocoism. Members threatened lo be Assaulted McGovan r signed The RobespierrianLocofocos of Philadel phia ounty. last year, and they are ready to do their ill ty in future. A noble and determined spirit pervades them. Thoso who this year have given their voles in support of correct prin ciples, may always bo relied on. The ener gy and enthusiasm, wilh which tint Presiden tial flection will be conducted, cannot fail to incrcsiso thu Whig strength ly thousands. and wo am confident that C.iiinoclicul will then cast her vote for tho Whig candidal.'." frThe Charier Election in Brooklyn, New York, which look place hist week, shows a handsome Whig pain since last year. Our friends huyii lurried tho Common Council which was Loco Foco at the last election, and niudo a nett gain of ulout 100 on thu vole for Mayor. This afternoon the subject 01 McCowsn's expul sion bein: up, a vote was taken on a resolution offers cd bv Mr. Lowry, nsa substitute for the explosion re sohiiiioi, to merely "rfpriman 1" him. . Mr. Tustin. of the county, nlluded 10 the severe ie maiksof Mr. Houd in ihe tnoriiine, and said ihst if he hid ap' li-d such Innmiape tohiuiaa he had to his collengue,(Mr. MeO nvin.) he would not have leach ed bis hotel without n cHstiiMiion ! Mr. Hood repli-il, thai bo knew hia rights ts a meniberon ihnflmi, and would maintain thim; and any one who wi.uld at emnt toinfrinveunanthrm inger, WiilKeil I 'ui way iuil-jiciivu, wuuiu meeeirtia a rovgn, ciM- igmir. The vote tt as mken nn th moiinn lo "reprimand," and il was nepaiived yeas 37. nsys 48. ll'Arepon Mr, TwHn presmted lothe Spsaktr a enmmunication from M? AfcUutcan, ttisNina mis seat! In ihe omrse nf a cinv'sation, jui as the Hoax tv i" ca'led to ordfr, Mr, TiHtin md loudly that 'he fore the adj uirnnini there would be ic'tral persons on that fl 'or rnirhidrd." We pin i' t ihe sober, r flecon" people of ihe coun try. helhr their reprrs. tumives are lobe threaten ed wilh violence hy ihe Ro csptcrrian Locofocoism of PhiMeb'hii county 7 We have come 10 pretty pass truly. Il is prnp- r 10 sav lhn thnae who voted teains HI well's anUiitule 111 Ihe nmrnini.', and against ihe puer ile motion to "reprimand," weie in faror of vindici lin' the dignity of the Home ' y exprll nr MeOowen. The next vuie wuuld probably hsve expelled him, lad thenlready prrpaitd letter of resignation was then handed in 10 save hun from such a criais. CCEx Governor Hill ami the Madisonian have lately boon disseciiog Bluirof thu Globe, and they have dolie up their work like skill ful practitioners. Blair raves like a mad bull at every application of llio dissecting knife. We expect our neighbor of llie bun unci will echo Blair's groans, as usual. GLORIOUS VICTORY. The Capital ol the Empire State Kcdccmed I We have had the pleasure of recording of late ninny Whig victories, but in no instance has thu triumph been mom brilliant and com plete than lhat which crowned the efforts of the gallant Whigs of Albany, New lork, in the Charier election which look place un Tuesdav ol last week. At the last charter election, the Lores carried llie lily hy a ma- inritv of six hundred. This year the Whigs have carried llie Mayor, Alderman, Super visors and all by si majority of about four hundred and seventy !! The following from tin: Albany Evening Journal uf Wednesday tells thu story : Wills Mayor, Wilt? Common Council, and 1 Wills Majority 01 Four Hundred and l- lliy Thu victory achieved yesterday bv iho Irtio hearted Whigs of the Capitol was alike signal, decisive, overwhelming. Wo have gone through many severe contests in tins city, but uoicr one mine desperate than that of yesterday. We have won, too, many (.'lorioiis triumphs hut that which crowned thu vllorts ol the lugs yeslcr. day exceeded the 111 nil. A fortnight ago fuiv supposed that Ibp Iico Focus, as a party, would iiiulerlako tit sustain the acl.nn uf tliu present Common Council. The mj'iritv in the Board, by their iulaiiious conduct, had en outraged public, sentii'iient that no one dreamed of their appealing tn'the People Mr. Wf.BSTEt. We find the following im- porta nt paragraph in the Philadelphia United Slates Gazette, of Jart Friday. There have been so many rumors of late, particularly in the New York papers, in regard to cabinet c'tanges that ue place but little confidence in any of them. But the Gazette is a paper nf such char acler and respectability that its statements may be relied on, Wi learn lhat the Hon. Dinii I Websier left wilh iha Premd, nl of the United Stalls, on lis densrlure iron, Wnrhuisluo. lies resiunauon of ih i office of '.Seen tar v of M ue, to eiKcelket on llie rrMuay of May, ptevious to tvliu-h he wi I return lo Wah iglon. Ve have reason to b,,evs ihnl oui utlnrniaii 111 is cor rect, and lhat the P.tsidcnt is I lokiiii? toward Virginia for a success n, MrTniewill. nr Mr.Mwen snu, is ibouehl of; but probably some cifeuin"ree8 niust be reaardid before n decision is made bflv-e.n 1I106H itto centleiiien. or among the nuiii"" " rant-in depariment.il honors. , , Surely Mr. Cuahing may expect a place in Ihe Cab inct. In addition the above the old Colony (Massa chufctts) Mcmoriil has tho following paragraph: V team lhat the Seerelarv of Si'itu'naiscd toor three davs in theeaily pari of thistv'ek. ni Msfnim in M ushlield. fircumsiances , " 1 n..;,,l,liia 10 simnoie thai heexnrcta lo spend llie.umutcr there. Ilehaa made nirsneementa for adilinanrooiiior two fur n Library lo the plain old mansion in which he lives. Thia bouse waa limit te foreihcr volutiun.sivri out seventy yenrsajo. Tha Winslotv boos , which nan's near It, and which la difc'ioci.ibed for liotmrf hern ihe residence of so many G.etrnors nndfieneinls of lhat name, was built nee hundrfd nnd fifiy yfjis -"; "'' "" madeof wood, is slill lenanlable. Otil Colony Memorial. Prosperity of Baltimore. Il would seem from the following list of churches which am now in progress of construction in tho city of Baltimore, that the " spiritual af fairs " of this people are in quite a flourish ing condition. The Melliodulssecni to havo got a decided start of all other denominations there. We copy from the Baltimore American. A rrotratant r.insrnpsl Church in Part street. A l.uthiran Church at Tanlon. A Prrthytenan Church in Airquiih street. A Methodist Episcopal Church corner of Charlev and Kaietie Uriel. A Meth'idist Rdncopal Church in lotumbm eiretf. A Meihodisl En'iaconal Church at the earner at Granhy and Exeter streets foundation to bet laid shortly. A Methodist Protestant Church corner ef Pill tne) Amrjuiih stteei, dedicated last Sunday, but not ea tin ly riniehtd. A Meihodin Protestant Chuteb coraer of CrsM and Lorn' ard streets. , . ... A Methodist Protestant Church in Liberty eireet. A Gxtman Caihohc ""'eh ' ne eoioer ef fa and Saratoga itreei-unS'r ,oof' A Catholic Church in 1 P.ippleion eireet. A Oermon Befornied Church location net itetf ,:i"l"chiirch for a colored congregation in Jeftrsoo ftfter, near Hartford Nun. Tim whole number of Charchrs in Baliimore tt ike r f,-:nninc nf the present year, exclusive of ibe above, tvJs tighty. Tug Oldest Inhabitant." Il appears from thu following paragraph, that iliero has been a severer winter than ths present, though this excerdingly respaelablo personagn may not recollect it. New Ksot-vso Wistiss In the last numbsir ef the Gazette, waa an rxttart from Curwrn'e Letters, in which he stated, on ihe authority of Pr. Holyoke, "that the winter of '79-'F0 excee deH ny sinfe 1T40. It began before the middle nf December, tnd listed till June nearlv; no vegetation lekioj place till the last week in May." The lloamn Mail ala es, on ihe authority of aft seed farmer iu Wmceater county, thai in ihe jeer 1785 the snow held on 10 the depth of four feet until ihe lOih of Aptit. Ii then suddenly thawed oft. end siinimrr came on epaee 1 and no year before or lints, within his mrmoi (.(in equalled lhat oae for preue trvcneif. i'ulrm Gazette.

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