Newspaper of Burlington Free Press, May 5, 1843, Page 2

Newspaper of Burlington Free Press dated May 5, 1843 Page 2
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PAriPIOUS: THE RinilTS AND PHIVIUlGES OK THR SEVERAL STATUS isIIKOARD to SLAV IIP. V Bllng a series of Essays, published in the Western ttrtt Chronhlc, Ohio,) oftertht election n1613. sv a vino or ciiio. Number 1. VtOtATtOMS or THE CONSTITHtO CONTINTIO. Mr. Epitob ! I proceed to noiicc, briurty, some of the instances m which the people of the lieo Slates have been involved in the. disgrace of slavery. In niy first number t alluded to the uninin'.ous declara tion by these Stales of the self-evident truth, "that MAR r II BOBS rati, AM? IS ENPOWEP Ey Ills CREATOR THE IKAUENAtlK HIOHT Of Lite, LIBCBTV, AND the ronsciT or lurriNEsj." r.xcty act of Federal Government, which . ilenius to our fellow men these righta, exhibits to the Vorld rm inconsistency, and renders us nbnoxia (0 clmrg0 f hyocflsy. inenrttaetpf gross inconsistency, on ihe part of Ilia Federal tJovernmeni. irn ib m nf r... approve! 27th Febrifary, ISOl.'hy which s'nvcry ami trio slave trado were re-cstalilislial, continued, and aUiurii'u hi uie wisirici 01 l niumbia. l.'n. dor that law, the people of the fico States have for torty years been involved in the discrice of the slue trade, which, during ihat period, has been carried on in the city of Washington. At an early day, it was fjund lint the shies of the smith escaped to tho Ilritisli West India i-lands, to Mexico, and to Citnd.i. Our Omernmont (gpuitcii the cause of the thveholdi'rs. mil opened a corres pondence vvitk Great Lirilaiii am) Mexico, in order to obtain an arrangement with those Cove. nnicnts for the return of such slaves j thus endeavonng to in iliu the Federal Government nnd the free .S'iiIls the pro tectors of slavery, ami holding out to the world that it was a national inttution, in po'paMe violation of th constitution, nnd of eciy dictate of insure. In the no.-'plo of Florida sent a reprcs, Motion to General Jackson, that the sdnvis of that Territory, and of the adjoining Stales, were m ihe li!il,-.t of fee ine from their niastem and t.i'unc rehire, with the Seminole Indi.ins. Our troops, paid by tho Federal Government in money draw i, Iroui the people of tho r.orth, w-ere ordered there, and were literally made ke cstehpolcss thus making Ilia capture of fugitive slaves tho business of ihe juiioii, and involving the people ot inc tree stales m it dunnce. I nicntmnnl in i former number the tact tint, by order ot iho War .Department, a gunboat went up the palaeliirnl i riv- .cr i ir ine purpose cnuisiroyiug a tort in whitn fuci tlvo slaves Ind taken refuge, 'ami tin: two hundred and seventy human IHnr," weie mnrlenil in cold blood by the agents ol'our Government, pa.d by the fiueman of the north. ' In ibis extraordinary transition cur people of the Trca Stales were involved in the dis'racc of murder- tnxjnguirc stares. 'I he efforts which our Government pal (orih to ob tain indemnity for the owners of lavoi who escaped to the British anny din ing the laie war, led tint na tion, and the civilized woild, to believe tint t-livcry was a national 'instiiuliun, Mistainid by ilm free Stales a well a? the s'ave State, and we were con sequently involved m all ihe odium nf slavery. The exertions of our Government in nievcm tl, nnnliimn of slavery in Cuba, and thus to ttop thn progress of nuiimn uueriy, jnvuivcn mo people 01 Hie ticu States III all tho disgrace attached to ihat cxlrnordimrv Iran eaction. Therpirilid manner in which our Govern ment espoused the cauo or the slavo dealers, who owned the cargoes' of the Comet and F.neomiuin, brought upon the people nf iho frte Stales all the ig. noininy attiched to ihe supporters of the slave trade. Rut the honor of tho free States has sufleicd most deeply from the restraints placed upon our people by Ihe force of public sentiment among ourselves. This late of public opinion origmatid in the patriotism of thn noillicrn Slate1. Prior to the formation of our Constitution, our peoplo felt the absolute nccc-sity of a confederated Government, wiih more ample powers ihan existed under the old confVdir.ilior. To obtain this, they wore reviy anj vvilhn.' to ma c sacrifices. Georgia and South Carolina would in, adopt tho Con titu'ion, unless ihey were permuted to follow the slavo tride for twenty yea'?; 'o this ire northern States telueiantlv coneenird, m order to bring ihrtn into th-'Union. Tlie nirth also coiientrii to per mit the souiU lo bo represented in Congress in proportion to the number of tlicir slave, and to pursue liieir fu ritive sltvesinlo the free State", and arrest and cirrv them back. These cotieossions were sacrtlices of northern sentiments and northern interest, made for ihe purpose of o1 mining a. more tfricicntgnvciumenl, in order to slrenglhen and ticrnpttintr the iniiiutions of our country. In this nnnner the Constitution was purchased by the free States. Since the sd.ipiinn ef the Connitution, c havo been constantly called on to make further tacnliees to puichasn lis continuance. Thus, in 1320. the shve Stales demanded nn exten sion of Ihe slaveholding inlluenee, by tho admission of 5Iiss"iin as a slave Slate, in ordcr'to check theiu creaslno preponderenee of the free Stales. The free Stales objected. The s.nilh threatened un immediate d.ssolutiou of thi Union, unlets ihir demanjs wire complied with. The north s-ubmitii d for ihe purpose Of prtntrtine the e l men, iho sarrtnre was Icrhtid an act of patriotism and an i-implu worthy lo be mutated by sfitesincnnnd polniciin. In IRilSouih Carolina demand da surreii Vr of the tariff, mid dis tinctly informed u, thai, unles her demands weic complied wilh, she would riisrolvo iho Union. The flitexwn-K of the free Siatis hesit.Vfd, trembled, and submitted. Tne tariff was repealed, nnd the intcrctts of the free States yielded up. m order to purchase a continuance of Ihe I'nion. Tl.o net is jet quoted by some as an exampla of patriotism on ihe pan of the free Slates. Our press, our stan small, and politicians treated it as such and our people were thus led to believe, tfiat the sacrifice of northern rights in the in terests of the slave Sfates, was, in fact, a duty and a virtue. Whenever ihe interests of the mirth and the south came in coufl.ct, southern members were, for more than a quarter of a century, in the habit of threaten ing "a dissolution tf the I'nion," a1- ihe. most r-fl,-e-tual argument in favor of tluir meauies; nnd it sel dom failed to convince liieir opponents. This prac tice be 'nine so common, that dictation appears to have been regarded as llio ni( nf the south, and sui limji'iiil was looked upon ns theiiiyof the north. This feeling prevailed so long, and to such an extent, that any deviation from the accustomed submission was regarded as suspicious. In ourcircles t homo, theagilalionof any question which en. braced the insiiiution of slavery, or the i-lavo trade, was usually denounced as abolition ; and, without further examination, was regardtd as dishon orable to bun who proposed it. Our public men be came unwilling In r.ii'e any qmnion that should af fect slavery, lest ihey should thereby j.'opaidizo tlicir onn jslti.ni ti themteicsis f the smth. T. suDnori slavery, it is absolutely necessary ti st'p'.rcfs nH 'tsquito deficient, while Harrison was tho beat knowleJe;0 of human rights among those held in bon-1 belles-lettres scholar and the most popular I spoaker in his class at College. Tho full, To the suppress n of mcl. knowledge our people strong and voluminous voice of Harmon was of thelr.c.-'lntesbecam- n-je?arv. In duing t u, , i, v,,. r.(mvi t ,, i.L ' . our own rights were foil sight of ; "we iw our mon- ' ', , , , ,r J'"0' ,u ,at, "figuration, ev I iUn fiom our pockets and appreciated lo the ru I 1 f""3'1')' "t five hundred hoard that of Jack, capture, and even to the murder oi liuiuvo slaves, fa on a similar occasion. In money matters, and were .ilcnt illicit r ihe ontiage. Therpirit of nidi- the ono was free, generous, oven prodi".il. Thu penuence aim iiouor smi to nine i-.i rum our n,V, I laltvis. and of ihe .Senate; our fou.n minuteis) our offices m the army nnd navy, inosily taken fiom im- smr .-nani, uuu nv niceuiy suomnieii to ine abuse Wc saw our respectful petitions to Congress trolled wiih contempt; and our cilizens, who dared thus la approach llitir servants, were insulted and abiBi! by tho supercilious advocates of si ivory: while icnrcely n sali'ary voice was heard in defence of northern honor, l.'ven such ns dared to stand forth in defence of our rights and interests, wercg'iiernlly condiinntd by Ihe pr, oi "damii'd with finut praiss." This was ihe point of our lowest degreda tion. History will mirk the commencement of 131' ni the period of he deepest huiiidi.itinn of thu f'ee Mt.vca It was ihe tune whui the i-lave power ruled tnnnitphanl j and, untiamineled by ihe Constitution, held tne freemen of ihe notlh in almost willing sub-j-ction to ils dictates; whin ihe righis, the interests, and the honor of the fico Slates were reginlul as of little importance, except as a means of promoting the intiresls of the slave Stales. At llu period, when all lio)cof supporting the rijlils of the north, appeared about lo expire, a moet important incident transpired in the Ho iseof Representatives of the United States. John Quincy Adams presented a petition to ditsolte i'ic Union i I say nothing in favor of thu petition ; it was, however, a request that Congress would cairy into efl'ect the threats which, for twenty-five years, had been put forth by southern statesmen. It was a reqicst tbat those Slntes, which had assamed lo themselves ihe control of the Federal Government, . might be left lo take care of and protect themselves. The proposition horrified those who had j often menanccd us wiih ihe consequences now prayed for by northern men. The effect produced by this petition was most im portant. Southern statesmen cxhtbiud totheworld a consciousness of their entire devcndcncc unon the free States. It was distinctly avowed, by ono of heir ablest and most influential members, iliat " the dissolution of the Union would be the dissolution of 't'.artry." It showed to ihe people of the free States, anu to tne vvunu, uuv out insnumons anu nation u independence must ever depend upon northern free men for support. From this moment northern mfn fi ll more conscious of their power, and of the impor tance of our free institutions of the north. The seep. ,tre of power then depiried from the south, and must hereafter be swayed by the north, if our people piove themselves worthy of the high trust reposed in them. It is truo great efforts were subsequently made, nnd will continue to be made, by members from the slave Slates, assisted by northern Democrats, to stop llie u1imIc of that revolution in tho miMic. mind, uliirh originated in llio atlempt to censure tho venerable Admit. Hut their cflbrta have only served to awa ken our people more Wly to the maintenance of our M-hts. I'ACIITCUS. Why are ladies lijte BLage-coarhcB 1 D'yJ 'ivo it ftp, Beeayee bey transport the males. KtiOUM.KUTIONS Or TUG CLOSING HUKNES OF THE LIFE OF HARRISON. roiaCori'ri''n('nttnfae District of Columbia That dreAtn of 1811 how swiftly has ii passed auay t What a period in tho history of ui V.VUIIOJ j i Hu ursi iitnij i ever nan n tun vicvy of William Honry Harrison wag when lio aiipiupu trom tho earn in Washington n few dayn lioforc his inauguration. He was dressed in a plain preat coat, and common black liat, (white was a favorite color of Jackson,) and ap poured in groat simplicity much indeed like a farmnr I'mnMoot Attl.n..l. ,l. . .... . . ,VU.UI..,,( t,,uu-i, , i, u ouuw rap idly descending, a vast crowd surrounded the car lioiife, and filled the adjacent broad avenue, CTor and anon rending tho air with their shouts of w. Iconic, as the old General (refusing lo rule) walked lo his prepared lodgings, holding .on ii n in inn u,inii, vviiuo nis voneranic lioau firmly (as in other diys) reccivod tho pellings. of Iho temptesr. It was a siiblimo moment. It was a beautiful commentary of the nature of our republican institution. It was a renewed r , anil noma ilevclopoinent of tho spirit of our v.,(inMiiuiioii. mir was it mo homage of office iioincrs or otiico-expectants, it was tho out. pourings nf the hearts nf the people. It was animating indeed to son the red pen d.int with Iho nrmcs of nineteen Slates inscrib. ud in white upon it, stretching in tho form of an inverted arclt across the width of I'onnsyl. v.nii.a Avenue, and along with it the star span, glcd banner, triumphant m many battles on iho land and on Iho sea. Gen. Hairison was exceed ingly gratified with iho powerful vote given him. So waa hu with the character of many of his voters. I onco observed lo him I had under stood the clergy of New York generally voted for him. "I am pleased lo hear Ihat," ho ro. plied, "and so did Ihe ministers of Cincinnati." The population of Washington was never so transported with an all pervading enthusiasm on the arrival of any preceding one nf ihe iliits. trious linuof Presidents. When Jackson came from Iho Hermitage, and appeared in Washing, ton in obedience lo the summons of that over whelming majority Inch could never ho revcrs. cd, there waa much enthusiasm among strong politicians annur.no som.ers, bin the affection of those Ihat met and mingled in society with him diil not leap foith as when Harrison stoo l before Ihom. Many wore tho hearty osrula tions b.'Mowed on the hardy check iho old General by untronly virtue and virgin purilv. Ho apnoarcd the venerated and beloved father among kind and devoted childreil. The day of the inaiigratinn was cool and raw. Long before twelve ihu pcnpln began to .ifi-iiiuic in immense numbers. I hev were irotn every part n bo Ilium. Tim The President I elect having taken Iho oath of office, f- .1 i il) 1 1. m. tier of cannon annnnncod ,b f... " ill ttio nnra nf ine people, j, ncn billowed the Inaugur.il Ad. dross, which, long as if was, was uttered in cloar.'audibte and powerful tones, such as proba bly never before pro-ecded from a President. That mental and physical exertion in tho opnn air, on a cold March day, in ihe midst of such intense excitement of feeling, continued for nearly Iwo hours, and followed bv the subso. quent congratulations of the day aiid the occa sion, was enough to cripple iho strength of vonth. How could an old mm sustain it ! Excitable as Gen. Jackson is the very re.-ieiioc of Ins constitution, phlegmatic as Gun. Harrison was Believed to lie on the august occasion of tho inauguration of each, the former as, tranquil in spirits, as he was inaudible in en. imciatiun: tho tool of the latter roomed roused with tho tiro of patriotism, as if it had been kindled anew by the breath of popular applause, when, a ho was crowned with the civic wreath, the shouts of thousands welcomed him as the patriot President of the republic. If we may pursue the contrast between these iwo eminent men. viewed in varinnu li.l,t . .i ii i . "! oiii-, truth will authorize us to sav. th it vvliih, iba ' Hero of New Orleans wis iinpotuoiis.irascib'c ' 'a 'faa'PfcMions.' It is however, fnr more difficult irrceittable, the Hero of Tippecanoo va- cool hT '? 1cach 11,0 lr-0 p?in1, ,Thc"? l,,vnn' not good nature,!,, persevering. u'ZrVJZt 11 anil communicative, but while Jackson wos expressions of like import, are setdown as mere phra mnri! courtly.Harrison was more ahrnnt. U'liilo sas belonging to Proclamations and Fast.serini.n. tho latter would not willingly offend' the hum. . blest citizen, the former was more indifferent what impressions ho made, especially if he was vindicating any violated point of hit, character. Doth loved their conipinions in arms, wore grateful for favore, but far from being eiju.illy sensitive to Ihe severity of ini)eichtr!cnt from thclongneof rumor. An accusation tint would throw Gen. Jackson into a )irnxysin of indigin lion, would only begin to Mir the sonsibilTties of Harrison. Boldness, ardor, a burning patri otism characterised tho one caution, resolution a steady love of country the other. Tbu moral was probably equal to Ihe military co.ir.igo nf each. Neither understood fear. Neither gave up hope in the d.nkost crisis. Neither co.ild tolerate blunders, weakness or wavering, when tho enemy was nigh. Jackson coulif urncr sieak of Itladensburg with patienc.r. " With that old mill," said lie " un the bank of the river for a fort, and four hundred men, I would have beat l ha rascals ofT." lie declared that all the Americans wanted at any limn was a loader ami some discipline. Iluth these men reposed after tho btorm of war and thu fatigues of a campaign, with c!cc delight, on tho bosom of domestic low. Thoy wore fond and devoted husbands. As tho departed wife of the ono is hehl in sicred rem"inbranco by her husband, fo the departed husband of the other is chor islii'd by hih surviving widow, in whose atllictmn a nation was afflicted. As intellectual men. llivywcic uotll sirong, but while cJucat on had lor "' Jackson. In literary composltio.i ho other is careful, saving, just before generous. aM-Hepar,, and thhWit dangerL , en! courage them. Harrison would eiect from his pocket tho lastnaglo for Iho dcstituteand suf. fcrir.g. hike Monroe, Harrison could not dm rich, hike Van Huron, Jackson would with Ihe greatest difficulty die poor. In tho bosom nf both, love of country burned with inc.xtinguii-h. able ardor, and they constitute, like H'asliing. ton, each the rare caso of the highest office ?u the world seeking them In a dignified retire. mum, iiiMi-.iu in inuir seciiiiig it. The one. innaretitlv fnpblp. mirKi-ml l.ic .1,,, ,(.!.-. Ii-.. I tial term, temjic.itunin and disastrous as it u-s '; I ,l il.nr ...n,,,,,,!!,, .. i i ., he n I or, ,i p ron ly stmn-, died on the very threshliold nf Ids labors and rcHpnnsibilitics, What an event was tint death ! It thrilled the heart nf tho nation. When it was annouue. eel to the astonished people, who was not taken by surprise J I nose that were distant from the scene tin agined many things. Those that were near saw and felt things almost surpassing imagiua. tion. Thero might have been a deeper sublimi. ly in tho grief nt tho people, as the melancholy news travelled from city to city and from village tn village of this fair land, but its strength and ingenuousness could not be greater than in the hearts of those who were near tho departed President; who had expected from him no fa. vore, and who were doomed to no disappoint, inent. The people, old and youiig, crowded around his coffin, as in Bolemn majesty tho bodv reposed in the ante-room of the VVhito House. No soldiers no sentinels were nercsBary. Of the Ihour.inds who Visited that room, oil seemed under tho influence of a secret, silent, invisible law, proceeding from tho I'RovionNcr. of (Jon, that dispensed wiih Ihe necessity of all human vigilance. Tho chief of seventeen millions of people had fallen. Death could do no mure ! Many were the early, blooming llovvers laid on tho bier by tho hand of affection. Many the natural tears shed over that illustrious form. I saw some of the plainest and poorest, that ap pea'red to have lost a father and a friend wilh those that were near, it seemed not so much the death of tho President as of the man, yet "a prince and a groat loan" in our political Isrcal. I lie FuNEiui. was there over such a one 1 I ho nation wont into mourning on that day No gorgeous externals were needed to excite public attention. Tho gimplo vclvcled coffin with its precious charge was born along in the centre of that 'minenso procciBion, which out. numbered tho triumphal procession nf tho 4lh of .tiarcn. men rushed upon tho mind a series of contrasts. How different from Iho Inaugura. lion day, Then Ihe joyful roar of the artillery welcomed Iho living Chief. Now the solemn minute guns proclaimed Iho funeral honors of Iho illustrious dead. Then tho national ban ners streamed aloft to tho winds of heaven.--Now they were furled to the HafT, and bound with the badges nf mourning. Along tho whole length nflhc main avenue the white handknr. chiefs waived from a thousand fait hands greet, ing tho President olect as bo passed on Ilia Fourth, but now they who held them looked on in fearful silence. Tho spirit stirring notes of the bugle were hoard on the one day; on tho other, the wail nf the martial trumpet, as the body was removed from tho house. This pro. cession of thousands wan not moving to thu Cipilolino Hill lo install Iho choson Leader in his great office, but to the mausoleum of the dead to entomb his mortal remains whero tho cares and honors of the Slato are alike unknown. I could tint help calling to mind the fine lines of Thomas Campbell on tho funeral af the Princess Charlotte of Mugland. "Sad vyas the pomp wo on lint day beheld, As with the mourner's heart the anthem swcll'd Tho rich plumed canopy the gorgeous pall, Tho sacred nnrch and sable vested wall? These were not rites of inexpresshe show. Hut hallowed as the types of real woe Revered Patriot! for a nation's sighs A nation's heart went with thine obsequies." Thero is one peculiar salntn fnr id r.nm. minder in Chief of the Army and Nav; as his body is carried to the tomb, which was never uuiijiu pam since tne inundation ortho republic, and which will not bn .i-nio nnl,UJ !,,,;. i... should die while actual invested vv ith Iho robes of office. It is of course tho highest known to our military institutions. Its stvln nf as on this august occasion, is grand and imposing And ho who directed it Aloxendor Maromb Iho General in Chief- aiier lam in his lowly bid. riie paths of glory ieau uui to tno grave. ' MR. INGERSOLL'S SERMON, A Serin n preactod on Fust Day, brfrc the first ongrejalnmal tncicli, in Uurlingtnn, Ver. maul, by their minister, George G. IngcrscH, and published nt their rcijiiest. Uniicrsity i rcss, l'iciclicr, li;j. wonau iho pleasure of listening to this ad dress at tho time of its delivery, and reioice that Alrt. Isgeiwoll has been induced to give it tn mo public in a more enduring form. It is writ ten in tho satno calm, chaste, and oWnnt tv', .... r .. u:..u e. - . v "Jrma conspicuous a leature in all the productions of this gifted and polished writer. v e regret that our limits restrict us lo so brief a notice of it at this time. The doctrinal part of Iho discourto it is not of course our province to dit.cm.8. Dut wo invito tho particular attention of ell our readers to the following passages mi the subject of "public transgressions." 7'hey aro so just and appo site that every unpreju diced man, and good citizen, to whatever parly he miy belong, will acknowledge liieir truth fulneis and force. And we aro gratified to ho.ir such sentiments proclaimed by a gentleman vvhn.,o character and position, whose mild and peaceful viittios, and whose transparent purity of heart ami lifts will givo them a weight and an thority in this community which they cannot do. riwi from the sanction of any c'uilian however high may be his claims to public regard. "While individual repentance is thus left, necessa rily, with the individual, it may be said that there should be a common feeling and a common eflbri - " -" n.eiiiiB mm a common enor when we come to what thu Proc amalion terms mil, ,'c;v j.f .'J" "HP'' them tu themselves, ,-iins, that an individual might bitteily repent of. when confined to himso't, he grows indifferent nbout when shared with others. And when those oth-rs swill into a inult.tuilc, he, loo often, fails to rcnlno thai lie has any part or loi in them. Men lalk of such ' trangrcs sion' as 'in the a' sirnci,' and when they thus place them on ibis conven ent neuual -ground, as ihoreis no Inngi'i anv individuil mntk upon them, there is felt no individual responsibility -mid so the matter ends. Proclamations nnd Knsi-scroions may bu nil very true, and even food, yet, when speakingof pub lic transgressions,' ihey must, necessarily, be ad Ires s'd lo the public conscience, and this, wilh but too many, is merely eupposiiion and theory. There is another causj tint opiratcs very pernici ously upon repentance for 'public transgressions.' Such transgressions becomo identified "with puhlic measires or public ih-m, ami so become forbidden topics. Or die, he w ho speaks of them is considered ns speaking the Isnsiuigo of parly, and, then, imparti ality ran lie testified only by silence. This will bo veiy evident, if wo consider for one moment, what maybe called, strictly, 'public transgressions.' hook, in tho first place, on what has been well named, 'tho master cursoof the world' War. You nnv spca' in the most unmeasured terms, ofitsguilt nnd horrors; you may hli up vour solemn protest, or pour fourth your indignant feelings hke a Hood, nnd there shall bo no frown to reprove, no voice to con tra 'ict if our own land be nt peace. Hut if the sound of Initio be heard within our own borders, then, to speak against war, is to speak against the existing ad ministration. Thrn, though, the waters round nur snores ue rtu Willi tiioon, anil our fields bo fattened with human flesh In difend somo wretched inistaLe, or uphold that glittering cheat, falsely called, nation- ' nl lionnr llien ll, eli.ilitno, l.B..n. . .1 M. and horrors ot ar is censurcupon ihe government. It haslieen so, ind.siill is, in part with regard to Intemperance. When tho great moral movement of the Temperance Reform was hetvinninr, iia nlnrinoa march, who do, s not remember tho cry against if, ns being a political measure in disguise. Nay, vv ho doe.s not know how that cry is sometimes raisid, even at this day. If the sober, industrious part of the com munity lliose who build us up, and make us prosnc rons as a People ask to be relieved from tho burden thai is laid upon them by courts, and jails, and pool houses, and sireet-beggary through intemperance. If (how wlit would not put a drunkard on their bench, nor behind their counter, nor at their plough, nre un willing lo put such in the uppermost stats of judicial, lcitHativc. executive authority. If those who would not trust their private business with intemperate men, ssy they cannot consent to resign lo such the nnn nsenient of public interests. Why, this is Party-hit-ginire, and Pany-iclioii, and must not be. Wo miy find another instance in that modern vio. lathn nflhc good, wholes jinc command Thou shnh not stenl which pnssea under the name of Repudia ti m. A classification nnd a vocihuliry which is sup. posed lo lake such ineaniro out of the inotnl codeand put it into the political. So that ho who should be lather dull ns to such nice distinctions, nnd shoul.' think il to flavor, pretty strongly, of dishonesty in itht bo told that hedid not comnrt. hend the mniier ?" vpl 'V'?.11, ' '!"" n ,.Pllc,'rlng'i?"'"n,' "nlv " public ciiacliiicnl, and should ho ilisapprnvr.il would bo evidence only that he is of the opposing Parly. If wc turn from such recent 'public transgressions' lo our standing nalionil sin Slavery wc shall find precisely tho same difficulty. You may condemn slavery in Ihe 'bslraci,' for no ono thus approves of it; nnd if it could I e kept in the abstract, npprcval or condemnation might le alike indifferent. Dm you you mii9t not lake it out of this, foi then it ceases to be a Irangression nnd becomie un Institution. So, though your blood turn cold in your veins, and vour very flesh creep upon yon, at some atrocities of ir responsible power; though in the spiritof llumnnily, you would execrate such outrage on human right i though in Ihe spirit of Patriotism, you Vould remon strate against such a stain and such a burden upon our common country ; though in the spirit of Chris tianity, you would vveep at this crushing down of an immortal soul still, bo vrrv careful what ran nnv For, your intended rebuke of sin, may be construed as in it r it i enco wiiii siaic-iigiiis; your rignteous inuig. nation for 'public trnnsgression.' ns sectional rreiu dice; and your reverence for theelernil principles of ctuu i-iw, as nn iniungeiuent oi ine v,onstitunon. In this way is the sense nf moral nccounubility deadened, if not destroyed. The exhortation and the appeal ate ruhbed of their truth and might, nnd, even it tney nenot listened toinipincnllv, go fornothing os if the mnrnl was sunk in the political, and I Im eiii zen of ihe Stale freed from allegiance lo the bivme govcrmncnl. ;Bul, deny it as wo may, the words of niu iiiiciaiiiaiiui, uie jiui iiiiineuiiilig urius. llltrc aro 'public transgressions,' there aro national sins. (Jod, nmonghis other relations, misteins the charac ter of Judge nf men, Kin? of kinzs, and Ruler of the nations of tho earth. Theso tides have n meaning, nnd wo'unlo the People which dares lo despise il rar ncner lor us 10 repeat ine worus ot one or our own purine men, 'l ire mute lor my country when 1 remember that God is just.' Tho distinction between 'individual and public Ira.iseressions' is one thai is commonly incr'oil nn. It is said, too, that as we shall not exist na nations Hereatier, thcto must be the divine visi'ntion for na tional sins here. I am not sal uui ed that tho separa tion between Ihe Iwo classed of transsrrssinns is na wiup as .ume suppose. I m not convinced that in dividual can be so comDlati) j ilivi,! tm. ..i.i;. to mae thea'ne of the citizen so very distinct from t fr,,.hedUSwleVonf Ti:!T codes ofmoral law, so that the strict integrity which beauty, no wuith, no authority, In public action. If the individuals that compose n nation could be mado "ink Kiury m iiiivnio ciiuracter, nas no ngiiieuiis, i suspect Ihcv would hardly constituto an unrighteous nation. If Iho Peace-spirit could fully nnssess inilivi.litni. ; !,..:. ., ' 1 1 "".'"..a in ...vii piiviiiu cniiaciiy, iney would not be very strongly disposed to become, in public relations, o warlike .people. Did individuals a oslam, wholly, from tho intoxicating cup, I do not see how Drunkenness could becomo n national vice. Iran elevated and unwavering honesty regulated the iiiiiiiiijs i ciwccu man anu man, wo should hear but little, it is iirobnblc, of legislative Repudiation. Anil if mankjnd understood, felt and acted up lo, the plain but divino command 'Whatsoever ye would ihat men should do to you, do ye even so to them 'Slave ry would soon be written down among the thinirs that were. R Tell me, if you can, the ' individual transgressions' winch, in their consequences go not beyond Iho indi vidual) which carry no suffering, no shame, beyond Iho guilty agent. What man can lift bis hand and say neither my comm ssions nor my omissions havo tended loaagravalo tho ' public transgressions ' of the nation to which I belong. Look at tho smallest cir cle, in which we move from day to day docs our in fluence do nothing to Fhipe its character T Does not the character of that circle stamp more or less of ils peculiarity im tint community in which it is found? And does there not go furlh Irom thai community, a directing, modifying power, which helps to make a nation good or bad? Who. then, Ihat knows nnt lhin oftbo reciprocal influonceof pnvaloopinion anil public sentiment, can wash bis hands of all participa tion innationnl sin 7 or contend that no idividual res ponsibility restsonhun as one of a ' multitude,' when, in the common march unlo 'evil,' ho knows not how many tread in his steps, because he follows others in the long procession of folly or sin. Passing from tho piesent order of things to a future

slato of being, wo believe ourselves accountable to a righteous judge, 'who will render to every man sc. cording lo his deeds.' What are those deeds, and in what capacity are they wrought? Do we perforin them as monks or hermits, and is the place of ihnr manifestation, die cloister or the cave ? Are ihey tho use of one only of the several talenls committed lo usi nesides the pcraonnl, is there not Ihe domestic, IhesocisU And what U the family, what is s iciety, but the binding together of individuals for nn all-em bracing good, and the worl ing togelh r for n common iiiuiutii'ni niKi n common Happiness, v-an nccnunta bi lly, then, stop in any one of these, or must it not enibneo nil ? Do we not perform deeds, as parent and child, huband ami wife, friend and neighbor? And will any one class of these deeds be exempted from judgment? Do we suppose that in thelarccr brotherhood nf the nation we are plsced above ac countability for our acta ami principles ? Do we flip nose that ihe citizen, with his rights and interests, Ins no corres mnding obligations," nnd will not be judged fir what he miy haved inoto add lo the num ber and vveiLdit of 'piibiio tiansgrcssions ' Dn not believe it. Theic is a riiht and a wrong in political relation and action, which, do come under ihe one moral law, end will nnt bo forgotten in the moral judgment. If there his been a 'public transgression ' in notation of the great Divine law, nnd we have ill lered not a word lifted not a finger, in Iho wish nnd eflort to stiy it j let us not lay thc-datteringunction 1 to nur souls, tint, as citizens wo nre innocent. If mur.ier, drunkenness, knavery, oppression, darlen nnd defile the land; let not any man he his plnce nnd power what they may who has borne no testi mony ngains' them, plead privilege of citizenship, and sheltering himself under the supposed palliative of public transgression ' sav. I am pure in the ii:ht of (jod. ' Inasmuch as ye did it not to one of the least of these, yo did it not to me."' A TOUCHING SPEECH. The Natchez Fiee Trader contains a re port of a speech of Col. Cobb, llio celebrated half-bred chief of llio Clioclaws, mado in ro ply lo J. J. McRno, Esq., ilm ngent for en rolling and emigrating ihe Indians to tho west of thu Mississippi, who Imd made n speech to the Indians, about one thousand in iiunt- her, assembled at Ilopahka, informing them that "tltuir council fires could no more ho' kindled here ;" that "tlicir warriors can have no field for their glory, and that their spirits will decay within them;" and ihat if they should "take the hand of their great father, the President, which is now offered to them to lead them to their western homes.thon will their hopes be higher, tlicir destinies bright or." rt,, . . . l lie iNdlclicz Uourier celebrates tins bit of , i.loqiiouc.i I'ur comprehensiveness and bre vity, tor Im.iuty of diction and force, fur nf. feeling sublimity und propriety of sentiment. ti.r 1,1,1,13 i.mou , ,, ii,iiii,i-ii is ,-, tiiicillll III , SPHECll or Uoi,. Conn, Head Mingo of Wellington is an ri-dinnn. Tho distinguishing fea the Chnrtnmt entt nf th If,'..:,.;...,: lure of ihe Duke's clnracler, however, is one which ine naciaws east oj the Mississtpp,, 1 1 mrely belonss lo Ins countrymen, nndtoce. This is reply Id the Agent nf the United States: I I'isc.irdinalviriue, and although it his cheitel him n i,r I i , ,. out of some brilliant exploits, and kept him in the UnoTHER: We h.ivo heard you lalk as from rearguard of Toryism, it has hept him, too, from llio hps of nur father, tho great White Chief at ' miny a military and political folly. Akin to this rare Waahinglon, and my people have called upon nuihtv, nnd perhaps quite as prominent in his charne me in speak to vou. The red man has no books IB,his ".nwaveringioncsy. No Whig, in the fer ami when he wishes to make known his views! I ffi?,,, TOaW,! like ns lathers before him, he speaks from his ndds a new glnrv to I is venerable form that bis head mouth. Ho is afraid of wril'u.g. When ho ' w-as never whitened and his hardy cheeks were never speaks, ho knows what ho says ; the GieatSpir- furrowed, by sorrowful remorse. Tn ihese two oua. il hoars him. Writing is the invention of the ' if you add that of untiring industry, you have i.riln friroa ii rrU-nu l?,l. . i .. ' the wliolo secret of sticciss in the cabinet and the r .. fr. . .. w.i ,., ,u viiui ami in iuiius. The Great Spirit talks -we hear him in iho thiindor in tho rushing wind:?, and the miclity waters but ho never writes. Brother : When you were young wo were strong; we fought by j our side; but our arms aro now broken. You havo srruwn large. Mv people have become small. i Urnihcr: My voice i.s weak; you can vl3nri nl"' 'v131"13 lue stylo of the Duke s parha scarcely hear me ; it is no', tho t-hout of a war-, lnCnl;lr' effirts. ri,,r but ih,, iv-ul ,,r in i,.f.., ii i . -. Il has Ions been a pleasant occupation ofamateurs nor, but tho vv. 1 of an infant. I have lost it in , mdrawfin -f ,1 co.npirisins between Wellington and mourning over the misfortunes ol my people Nnpnleon ; but I cannot conceive that ihey will ad I hese are their graves, and in those aged pines mit of much comparison save in one depirtmenl of you hear tho ghosts of thu dejiarted. 7'noir ceaincss, and even ihere ihe reasonable admirers of asties aro noro, ana wo hive been eft to nro. i tcct them. Our warriors aro nearly all none tn I the far distant west, but here aro our dead. , , Shall wo go too, and give their bones to tho wolves I Brother: Two sleeps have passed since we heard you talk. Wo have thought upon it. You asked us to leave our country, nod tell us it i.s our Father's wish. We would not desire to displease our Father. Wo respect him, and you his child. Hut tho Choctaw always thinks. Wo want time toaiiBwur. Brother: Our hearts-nro full. Twelve win ters ago our chiefs sold our country. Bvery warrior that you i-eo here was opposed to the treaty. If the dead could have been counted, it oiilii never have been made j hut alls! though ihey stood around, they could not be seen or iic.im. i iicir tears i nine in tho rain drone, and world is pr.-tty uener.illy ngreed lint N ipol, waiPnir wind but ' 1 Suuly "f no prrors of generalship, and musi , I "f V""' 1,ut t,ie P,,u,iiiiipliedbutfirt'ienbiiofleipeil.iimanbrivi 'heir voices in the .- I.. i , , , i laces knew it not, and our laud was taken away. Ilrother : We do not now romnl.iin. Tho Choctaw sillier f, hut ho never weep". Vou have ihe ttrong arm, aiid wo c.mnot rei6t. Hut the pale face worships the Great Spirit. So does the red man. The Great Spirit loves truth. When you took our country, you promised us land. 7'liero is your promise in tho books. Twclvo times have llio trees dropped their leave?, and yet we have received no land. Our houses havo been taken from us. The white man's plough turns tip the bones nf our fathers. IVo dare not kindle our fires ; and yet you said we might remain and you would give us land. Ilruthcr: Is this ru(i But we believe, now our Great Father knows our condition, ho will listen to us. We are as mourning orphans in our country ; but our Father will lake us by the hand. When he fulfils his promse, wo will an. svver his talk. He means well. Wo know it. Hut wo cannot think now. Grief has undo chil dren of us. When nur business is scllled we shall be men again, and lalk tn our Great Fath. er ubout what he had proposed. Brother: Vou stand in tho moccasins of a grealcbicf ; youspdik the words of a mighty nation, and your talk was long. My people are small ; their shadow scarcely reaches to our ktieo; tl.ey are Flattered' and gone: when I shout I hear my voice in the depth of the wood, but no answering shout conies back. My words, therefore, are law. I have nothing moro to say but to toll vv lut I have said to thmall chief of the pale faces whose brother btands by your side. . William Tyler, or Virginia, brother to the Pres. Ident of the United Slates, recently appointed one of the Choctaw Commissioners. 71io followiug 'rules' are posted in a New Jersey school-house ; "No kissing girls in school-times. No licking the master during holidays." I L GaDBI,,N0.-T., last ,,, ber of llio North Amrricn in Review has nn nrlicleon Landscape Gardening which gives somo useful suggestions lo ruralisu. Tlicro is a great deficiency of taste in mosl parts of our country in respect to this diilichtful branch of sylvan art nnd refinement. Na ture has boon bountiful enough so profuse, indeed, that her gifts, in tho way of scenic omhclliscinunt nnd beauty, aro too little ap preciated. The Review notices with ap probation Downing'.! treatise on tho theory and prnctico of laudscapo gardening also one by tho same author on Cottage residen nes. Tim following remarks of tho Review aro lo the point : When a new sensibility is thus awakened lo appearances within thu dwelling, ho will begin to look abroad and around it with llio more dis. crimination than boforo; and. if ilm and penny are near neighbors to Iho daisy nnd heliotrope, in his garden, he will bngin In inquire within himself, whether either trains anv mat advantage from tho immediate vicinity of the other. So, loo, with Iho foliage of tho trees Ihat liappon lo Im near. Ho will begin to notice Ihe graceful dignity of the elm, the firm grandeur of the oak, Iho Inndcr gloom nf tho evergreen, and the pensive leaning of iho willow. Where, in former davs, he siw nothing but fuel and timber, bo will find value, apart from domestic ii"es, in the expression nf their forms, and the images which Ihey awaken in his mind. Nor will it be long before bo undertaker, by his own efforts, to produce those combinations which make the most pleasing impression. Ho will ascertain by cxperiinon', vv'iero tin; rich velvet nf the locust, the cheerful green of Iho nhnn- tree, the autumnal scarlet nf the maple, and the blond reil of tho oik, can bo set with the best effect. Without the least interference with his graver cares, indeed with a recreation, which gives him more energy for those pursuits that exhaust tho fra mo or tho mind, bo can go on with Ins work of improvement; which in every tense deserves tho name, since ho refines Ins own Insle, and quickens his sensibility, not only lo external nature, but tn every tiling in the moral and intellertu.il world. Even if he gam ed nothing for hitn-olf, but tho satisfaction which it is sure lo give, bis children vv ill grow up w it'i tastes and perceptions, In which his early day. were strangers, ; and all evporienro is fa'lse, if Ihey are not heller, as well as happier, in con. sequence nf Ihcse powers and affections, which growing with their growth, and strengthening with their strength, will act with commanding influence on their destiny; not to make them artists or amateurs, but to raie them to the high standing of refindcd and cultivated turn, Well miy the children congratulate themselves on f uch on inheritance. It is more than wealth can botow. Such a homo is one of llio dearest re collect inns they can carry wilh them through life ; and when they dip, it is the last earthly vis ion which fades and lesions unnn their hearts. as ihey depart to iho land of souls. Correspondence of ihe iVewaik Sentinel. THK FIVF, Git HAT MEN OF UUROPE. I1I-WIXLINGT0N. TnArALOAn Sqcahe, London, 1S42. A writer in lilac .wood's M,mn7ine. irnlw re. iinriteu mat mere i mil one mm who fills (he uni versilcyeofLondon.' There is butjone nun to whom e"lcyeofLondon.' There is butjone nun to whom the whole gnat mettopolis from tho patricians of urosvenor .-qmro to tne negaars ol St. Giles, are .ready to dofTtheir hats, nnd, if neeJ be, to raise a cheer, And no wonder, for every body knows him. If you Inkenn early walk into St James' Park, down by the Pahce, ton to ono but you will nifcta very of I man, Willi a very thin face, and very White hair, and tremendously larpc nose, nnllnpint? rnpidily low. nrus i in; iiiiipu nuoriis. ,vs noriocsaionir, the urch 1 in pulls off Ins rascrcd hat, nnd tho sentinel by the I Palace wall 'sal ites,' and even ih j m in of business, I who has seen him a hundred times, slops in his hu:. ried walk to take another look at the old Inos Dcke. When he arrives at llio arched passage which leads j through the War Oflice into Parliament street, nnd I where two fierce looking fellows, in green coals nnd ,.i.ii.t;n tiLioiui.-., ni, .in u ly uccung gunrti on two Mack horses, (ilmici known n iha 'iior ria.r.i.,') no vvnetis ins tnnrgcr anu oasiicu oiuv ntnn towards liiickinghnm Palace, and ihenco throuih Piccadilly to Ajisley House. A fine, bracing ride fi r the veteran: and long may be enj ly it. for his own grntificaiion, and the patriotic urchins liesi les ! Neither of the Iwo greatest men of England arc m- I tiebl. Jt is t tic combination of these n-iihii"' which gives so much we g it and interest t hii s e) hes ii the House of h irds, for he is no orator, in iheordinary I sense ot ihnt turn, fie knows Holding about tlocu 'lion. II s speeches are luilo and unadorned, some I limes approaching in l)ailMrim, but they nre all char acterized by creni pem irn ion. creat research, and grcil honesty. Mr. Webster cn his return from this country, expressed his deep surprise at the clearness, , '",'i'""i'," .ui-uuuiy. .yi- E" v"".lal M". !" "I "7 1,11, ,MU II.III.U, ItlKI IIIID ...lllllillllli;., i.llUVII ,1, hiigloo to tho verge nf timidi'y. Let us but conlrasl their histories. The eirlv victories of Napoleon were ci inn I over the anlcn'id nrmiesnf Itnly. commamlel by such generals as Wnrniser and the Archduke Clnrles. Willin tton's wcro achieved over semibar bsmns on iho plins of Ilindosian. T o triumphs of Inly were but the forerunners of still greater triumphs over ihe .Mameluke cavalry of Ejypl, tho well train ed i if inlryof Priissn, nn I tho hivy armsl battalion of Russia t of the unparnlled explo i-of Wagrnin, Aus. tcrlitz, Jena, and Marenu", nnd finally nf the conquest of almost iho whole civilized w orld. During much of thisliine Wellington was maintaining an tinenual con let in the Pcninsuh, with nil ihe nalivesof the coun try in his favor, and only the generals of Napoleon in opposition. This vvnr was fi lally brought to a suc cessful issue, afier having m 're than onco narrowly escape I destruction. Thegrvit misters themselves never met but once at merino. In this battle the neon was hive lii- urn ineo uui i ir i ii: iiiiiiiim e iiiei iiiiinnii or lvery Ktiglish troop-, nnd even thai mi.. hi hive been l brivery of the ive Deen ovr- come but for the lnmlv nrrival nf Illiicher. Here the pirallel must end. To contrast them as statesmen, as p lluienn". ns diplomatists, would be nn insult to thilliisiri)iis Corsicin. There hivo been grcit generals beiore Napoleon perhaps ns great ns he but il was reserved for him to unite the highest degree of txcellence in thet'nb net ; lo be nt the same lime n great Commander, overthrowing the nrmies of Europe a grent Statesman, continlhiig the affairs of bis wide spread empire a great Diplomatist, over reaching the wiliest ministers of his Lticmies a treat Financier, restoring a nation from the depths of anar chy nnd beggiry to comparative nftliience a great I.ivv-giver, framing a rode which still governs half of Europe a gicat Orator, pronouncing impassioned InrnniMics to his sol tiers a creal Converser, enchant ing his Court with his sprighlline a and vivacity n Member of the Institute, discussing science wilh the aronj-a Connoisseur in Architecture, and the Arts, beautifying his enpiial nnd filling her ealleries with the mnsteipieces of the Vatican. The poor schoolboy of vvorsici, uie unsciue nuvcii Hirer oi raris ne nas made his own history of Iho vvotld for nearly quarter of n century! To oppose nil this, Wellington can produce in nd duion to military successes, his nble negocistions with the courts nf Spain nnd Ilinzd. nnd nl the Congress of Vienni, hi Premiership in F.ngland, am' his ndvn cacy of Calhnhc I'mancipaliont nnd estimating these nl iheir highest vnlue they nre irifling in comparison wilh Ihe varied nchievmenls of Napoleon. I hate nl vvnyslhomtht ihat Weinsinn owed his high reputa tion not so much lo tho brilliancy of hii exploits, ns lo Ihe eminent services rendered lo civilized Kurope in lending their crusndo nzninst iho overgrown' tyranny nf IS'npoleon, The ballle of Waterloo was ihe greit est of billies, not from tho magnitude of the nrmies engaged, or from llio consuinnnte skill in their dispo sition, or imnn?uvres bin from the deeply important consequences ihat ensued, To nn Knghshmnn Ihe mini of Wellington is at wnya nssocinled with the roaring of tho Tower guna which nnnounced thil the'r great enemy was finally laid low, nnd is a namnn'ivnvs dear lo them, lint wilh nil his services. In. "see is not tho liisliesi in Ihe roll of military elorv Nelson is the nnlionnl he ro, nnd very naliimllv tun. Tho Navy is thobnisl of Iho kingdom, nnd Nelson is thn boaal of the Navy. He died, too, nl the righl lime in Ihe arms of glorious victory. Hud Wellington pctuhtdot Waterloo, just ns ho had given the inspiring signal, "Op, Ounrds, jnd nt them!" his bust might now stand in Windsor I'ahice by the si lo of the hero of Trafalgar. Hut he hn i lived long enough lo becomo a pirlinn to bo a cadcrof the Tories lo oppose thu Reform bill lo hivelus carriage pelted, and his windows broken by the 'infuriated populace and thus to dislutb thai tm nnimit'j which is essential lo the highest order of famo. Vours, mosl siniciely, T. I.. C. Tub "Smircti I'm" outdone. 'Is the Capo innstagn in 1 inquired two gentlemen of tho bar.kccporr.f a hotel in Portsmouth. 'Vcs.sir,' was the reply. 'Two back seats inside,' said one of tho gentlemen, and they both loft tho room. In a moment after, a singlo gentleman came in. 'Tho Cape Ann stage in 3' inquired he. 'Vcs, sir,' said the bar.keoper. 'One back seat inside' responded tho gentleman, and went into the hack mom. In ibis way several enter ed, sntiis engaging back seats inside, some two or three took front seats inside, and one man took an outside seat. I remarked to the b.ir.keopor that thero was a great deal of travel nn the Cape Ann route, ob. serving at the same time, that it was a little strange that passengers should prefer a stage to the rail road ; besidop, how do you find so many back seals? The barkeeper looked shy, put bis finger to his nose, and winked. I was a little subpicinus before, but at this manmuvro I know there was mystery, and, determined to find it out, com. meiiccd questioning htm. He looked wise, twisted himself a little, and said, 'then you don't know tho secret.' 'iN'o,' said I, 'but I have a great curosity to do so.' A gentleman who on. tered, overboard the last of iho conversation, and coming up to mo si,id, 'Friend, I'll let you into tho secret : but before I can do tt you must engage a seat. 'Very well,' said I. He went up to the bar and inquired of tne, what seat I would take; I replied, lint the stage was pret. ly well filled inside, thorolorol would prefer an outside. We went into the next room, where several were drinking, and sat down. Soon af tnr a waiter came in, bearing a glas nf brandy and water, and one of lemonade. The mystery was solved, tho secret brought to light, and was astonished. So many back seals ins'de, wore so nnny glasses of brandy and water (strong.) The front seats inside wore so many glasses of gin and sugar. Tho two outside seats were two glasses of lemonade, ono which I was fortunate enough tn choose. Soon after this discovery, tho travel on that route began to fail. Tho cold water folks broke it up entirely. Ooiton Emancipator. FRIDAV MORNING, MAYS, 1343. J CABINET CHANGES. Mr. WensTER has, at lencili. left the De partment of Slato, ii ml we cunsider his re tirement an indication that Mr. Tvi.r.R in tends to make u general sweep of Whig of- lico holders in fxew England. M Secrolii t ry Spencer is now said to ho the ruling spirit nilinnn ll.. t : .1 .1 l . r- "'t "" ii-aiui-ni s iiuvisers, nnu u hu policy prevails in tho Cabinet thu Loco Fo- cos may expect n pretty liberal distribution of tho loaves and fishes. True, tho Globe s.iys " every Democrat who accepts office under John 1 vler will bo considered a cor rupl and unprincipled renegade from the , 4 . " - Democratic jold, and wim, he made to v t M rn r n, , x,,r ... 1 QAA VI I. -l. .1.-1. walk the n.ANK i 1844." As the Globo is a great favorite with our neighbor of the Sentinel, we ptesume lie wilt endorse Mr. Blair's opinion. At anv rale, tho doctrine of tho Globe seems to bo the unanimous sen timent of tho Loco Focos in lliis vicinity, if wo cm jtidgo from the remarks wn Imvn heard from iho brclhicn in regard to the clungoot Collector which has recently been mado in this quarter. But notwithstanding n litis general rebellion in tho " Democratic " camp, wo presume ilm Locos will take the offices without much hesitation. Indeed our neighbor of llio Sentinel seems to be some what encouraged, since Archibald's success. notwitlislniidiiiL' his ereat fondness of the Globe and his gross abuse of the President and 1 us friends. Of Mr. Webster's retirement from the Cabinet tho Boston Daily Advertiser of Monday last, speaks as follows: Mr. Webster is about tn ri'liro vviili !! " - lamiiy, 10 ins sent in -Marslilitkl, where we I :n .1. .-i:.. r , .... presume, lie will not decline professional cn g.igemenls, in cases of sucli magnitude as m iy require thu exertion of his eminent tal ents and legal skill. Mr. Ciishing has al ready returned to Nevvbuiyporl, vv hero it is said ho will not decline the invitation ol his friends to become iho fourth enndidato for member of Congress in the third district on tho third trial. Mr. Fletcher Webster has arrived i:i this city, having resigned his office of Chief Clerk in thu Department of State, and re ceived his commission as Secictaiy of Lega tion in the China mission, do will make immediate preparations for Ii is depatture, so as to ho in readiness either to join Mr. Ev erett, in caso ho should accept thu appoint ment of Minister, or to proceed with the per son who may ho designated to fill his place, should lie decline it. It mav therefore be inferred that it is llio intention of tho gov ernment, it) caso Mr. Everett should decline the appointment, to fill the vacancy without delay. Among iho persons who havo been named as most likely to I u selected lo fill llio vacancy, aio Mr. CusliiiiL' nnd Mr. Curtis. llio present Collector of the port of N. York. 1 o account lor iho tact of Mr. Curtis be ing regarded as a prominent candidate for a a -- ....... ui, tuts appointment, it should bo understood iiiutu ijuuiiy iiiiJii:a?lull JUUVUUS Mlal II I13S i . r .k. ! . LfUiiis fii 1 1 in i fiiiirn in i:irinnr nrdcr.oniiAn .r tho plan of operation reported to have been determined upon and lo bo accomplished tin- itm i.lnii nJ .-. . ? . 1 . t dcr tho lead of Mr. Secretary Spencer. 1 lie object ot tho plan is reported to be to gain over to tho support of the administra tion sucli portion of tho democratic party as can bo detached from their adherence to Mr. Van Burcn. and iliu other candidates. What , truth there mav be in iho various rumors re- i j - t lating to this supposed schemo of operations, , it is iuipossiblo for us lo determine, and wo therefore shall not attempt to entertain our readers with a repetition of them. Tho retirement of Mr. Webster from tho Department of Stato, will doubtless excite n a general apprehension lost tho interests of tho public should suffer from thn want of that master hand which has directed tho nff.iirsof tho department, nnd inspired universal con fidence in the ability with which they havoj hnnn conducted during tho lust two years. Much anxiety will ho felt until a successor ii appointed, and it remains to be seen wheth er that anxiety will In. i-,.,r.i.,l l,v ilm an. trim, as nas uuoti reported, that imnortant negotiations arc to he carried on with for eign governments on questions of a very del iculo nature, it is of the utmost importanco that thn officer on whom will devolve tho duly of advising tho President on all tho points in negotiation, and of carrying his in struction into execution, should bo ono who is not only capablo of understanding tho great interests of tho country, but who is possessed in a high degreo of tho confidence of the puhlic. (tyTiiu Mechanic's Institute. Our readers will perceive, from a notice in anoth er column, that George P. Marsh, Esq. is to deliver tho lecture before this society, this evening. The lecture will commence, wo understand, at precisely halfpatt seveR o'clock, and admittance is free to all. Of courso wo need say nothing more to induco n prompt and general attendanco of all clas ses of our citizens. fTTExEcuriVE Appointments Archi bald IV. Hyde lias been appointed Collec tor oftbo District of Vermont ui William P. Briggs removed. This appointment ex cites no surprise in ihis vicinity, Hs t (, long boon known that llio iidministrution is thoroughly identified with thu L'jco Foco parly. Mr. Brig;s received his commission from the hands of President Harrison, a short lime before his death, nnd was nominated to the Senate by Mr. Tyler himself. Hu wai a member of the Hnrrisliurg Cnnvontion, ono of tho Presidential Electors from this Slate in 1840, and wo believe he has nlvvayi discharged his duties, ns Collector, to iho satisfaction of all parties, not excepting the Government itself. But uj we would be im partial in selling fotihthi! respective claims of theso two gentlemen for tho office in question, wo feel obliged to admit tint, Mr. Hyde lias also "done the Stale some ser vicu " in his d ty and coneration. havine fil led the post of Collector during the entire mlministralions of Jackson nnd Van Duren, nnd occupied a lucrative place in tho Cm. - I torn Hotiso department for moro than thirty ""i '"i ' uinii untiy ) years. Wo deem it entirely unnecessary , - . , 10 nuu any ining runner lo establish his in- disputable claims to a re-appointment. For if llioro bo anv profit in tho offic.v surlte such Indefatigable and long-continued ser vice must silenco the importunity of those who might desire to share it. - " 1 - 7 Wo have received communication on I - -"-- s-uilllliu ,1 liuil UU this subject from a prominent member of 1. rv ." ,. , . the Democratic party which we are comnel- ad to postpone till next week. THE WORKING OF THE TARIFF. The Utica Whig spenkine of American Cutlery, says it is informed that the great L.I1CIISU houso ol lborson &. Uroitiors are of tho opinion that it will be moro profitable for them to manufacture their fine cutlery for the American market, in the United States, than at homo, by reason of the im post duty which the tariff law imposes upon tho foreign article ; and that they are now making tlicir arrangements to establish with in tho present year, in the State of New York, a manufactory for thai purpose. Tho Loco Foco presses have often deni ed that a tariff conferred any benofils upon the agricultural interest ; but nothing can be more clear lliantliat the increase of manu factories in nilr Cnilntrv ,v ndrlmrr i1.a I J ' "J iw iliu number of cniuimuTs :ilcr j - -' -, hi j i demand tor provisions and oilier necessaries ! r i.e.. nn ...,.i , . of life. The establishment of the nronosed manufactory cannot fail to be of great ad vantage to the agricultural population and all other classes in the neighborhood of ils lo cation ; nnd how much better it is for our farmers to pay for their cutlery and other manufactured articles, in the produce of their own land, than to send the hard money to Europe for them. CT Wo have to apologise this week for the unusual appearance of our paper. Owing to the recent freshets we have been dif nppointed in receiving our supply of paper from the usual source, and therefore compelled to substitute a smaller size. Oylt seems we were in error last week in staling that a law hud been enacted by tho Legislature of New York denying the "right of trial by jury to fugitive slaves. We wero lead into tho niisiiiko by one ofthe New York papers. Tho atrocious hill only passed tho popular bi.inch oftbo Legislature, the Sen ate not having limo to act upon it before the adjournment. It passed tho Assembly hy ayes 60, to 45 nays ayes all Loco Focot. But as tho Watchman very justly remarkl thn Loco Governor and Senate of ibis State havo shown ilu-ir cniti. hitiii.,! l,t,.: - -. . .v.. .,,,?. wwiiiiui, i ,s!$ m another and equally imcnuivocal wa I .iu ua Mils Uft'O INTJICU UUI OI 0111 .1 ... i i im- r.M. . ifnici,iiui u miu uiuit. pniv thmi - I iliotr rAivnrl reaping iheir reward. INSURRECTION EX TRAORDINARY. .Winer's uoctrliic verified. The news of tho change in the Collector ship had tho effect of disinterring and caus ing to " revisit tho glimpses of the motm," sundry dignitaries, whom their ansioos friends had long supposed to bo quietly in urned" beneath tho sod. Like adders ifter , the torpid ropose of a long winter tbey wane on Wednosday seen crawling forth to 'tuuk in tho sunshine of tho old dynasty, whoso " meridian ray" havine boen benbhio and absorbed" had for Iwo yfr$ left ihern to sink back into " iho nl.'yss of nothing- wnenco tney sprung." otnmuntcattd, "I woulil advice vol! to DUl VoVlrbeart in A... tub." raid a joker to a falr.haircd ,tirl. .,!. .i. r .. ..i.i n ..'. - . Ill ri'ium, i'l .,uuiu UUTJBV yuu TO Dut your In an oven, wes tne reply :