TO TUB 1'EOI'M: or the F1U1B STATES OF THE UNION. Wo, tho undersigned, in closing our duties to our constituent and our country as members of tho Jitli Congress, fool bound to call your attention very brief ly to tile project, lotij; entertnineil by a portion of the people of theso United mates, still pertinaciously ad hered to, and intended aojn to beconsummitud the Ax.icxAtiox or Tcxas to Tuts Usi";t. In the press ol business incident to ihclistdsyo of a ecssun of Congress, wo lino not time, did wo aVin it nccoisoa ry, to enter upon :i detailed etitcineiitof the ms.rans winch fotio upon our mindi the niniieibn that thin nrn'eet is6y no meant abandoned t that a largo por tion of the country iuteri sled in the continuance of cldaieslic slavery and mo enio (rule in tnese united Slates h ivo s ile.nnl v and unalterably rletcrniined thai its'iall speedily be carried into execution, and that, by this .lilmieion of a new shvo Territory and elavo State, fir. undue aicendinrynfthf slaveholding voicer in the Gjrirnmcnt shall be secured and rit- tiled beyond all redemption, That it was with these Mows and mtrnliin tli.il snlllimfnts wer cnvclcd i'l the provniec by citizt'tis of llio United Mates, dif ficulties fomented with the MiAu'in Government, a rcvuli broujht about, nml an independent t.'overn. nwnt ilochred. eo.'iiieJ now admit of a doubt i anil that, hithi ilo, all a'lemit; nf Mevii'o to tehice bet revolteu piovinco loiihcuiencn niveprovvil unsitccrss. (el, is to bo attributed to llio unlawful ai I nn 1 assis tance, of ilt'si-iuin.; an I interested indivi Inula in ihe United Stalest and the duvet and indirtet eo-opeia- tun nf our own G ivcrnwut, vil'i s ii.ii.ar fieirs, is not toe leas ceitain an, I ciciiiiinairauic. The op. ii an I re,ieate,l cinis'tueiU of troops in ssvenl Sines of this Union in nil of the 'leuiti K v iluiionj the inirusnn of an Aiueii Mii afmv, by order of the 1'ree.dciit, lar into iho t uttorv of the M "i..'.tn Goiero'iieni, ti' a mniont critical for the f ito of the ins'iu-ent! under ptetrnre ol preventinc Mexican sotuiLrslrom loiueutiiic Indian il'stitrunti-cs, but tn re1! Iv t,i aid of. and acting in uii!2iil.',r ronecrt and coinciilenro with, the army of lh? revolutionists t tho entua tn'ijlect of our ttcx-ernnicnt In adopt any cm 'tent measures to prevent ttie in ist tinwarrantaiim l"."jii,u5io'is of limit's of our own citizens, enlisted, o, j mis d. and ofnV'vrd wiihin not own borders, and tnit.'lii'il in arm an I hnilc nrr iv upon the temtory an.l ajiuis' theinli ibit.vtiof t friendly (.mrnnirnt, 1,1 " 1 of frvebooten and insnrsrnlsi and thcpritnv tu.c rcao-joiti in of the independence of Texas, by ii f 'ia, vntn, at I tic fuel of a ".'tsiun "f Congress and tin' 'to il the very nes'i in vvlirti Picsidcnt Jukton hlj, by "peinl mrini-', ii'!-it"d that "the inrnute wjuid bo continry to Iho policy iovar.nbly ob--rved bv 'ho United Elates in all similar e'lsrs, would be lin K dwit'o ;r-iit tnj l'tifv n Mcmci, and pecuHilv 1; iblr to the darkest sifS.net in, inaswttrh a ' il.c 'l',x iios if hW nH cinijranU fro-n t'te United X ,.' , sd ,.i"f!T Tan iil:ooxiti, n orTitnm indi: v ors-n wmi tiii Avowi.r MiteofK or oaiwtNtNO T'icin ini.exuio-j to run Lsma Statu thfso oceoirc'i'.v aie tvwi vwll kiuwii and toofresh in tho ri'moT cf nil lon-:.l i.i'jro ihin u pasHingnol.ee. Tlie-,a have (i.'co.ne nnli rs of history. I'or further evidence on all theso and otluT rtijiortint points we ref r to tho tuepi.irublo fpircli of Jo'in Ciuincy Adams, diliveied in the lloue of Ilrprcfcomatiw duiiiij tho in irmiiu hour in Juno "n I July. 1?35, and to lu address to li's e mstitueiil , delivctc-d at Uraui iteo S nitinbcr 17, J 3 J-. The open iivoiv.il of lli Teuvi" themselves, the frert'iunt and nnxiou-' n"2J nil "is of our own Gov cinm.nt thj rcobitious of vaiimts filaies of the Union, tli. iurneio,,s dichrations uf iiienilirs of Ouii"ie.s, th" lone uf the S .ut'iern pres, as well as the ilinvi npp'icaii n of the Tiii'i Go''erntiifiit, mike it iiipj'n'4.- fur any moil to ihulil thai anscx t: in" ii ,d the foroi'iii i.i of seveial new sllveholdins! tatt were origin 7,'ly tho pol, y an 1 desij;n of the b1iv i '! nx fJntes and the l'.'"'utive of ihe mlion. The si r." rireienrtsu.il show, veiy cnnehiMvrly, th it Iho narliruhrclj.vttot tins iiiiv ri)iiirition of clave teniiorv wit t'jc p tprttnlion of sUttery and tlte conli med areendent-y of Ihe ttavcjio:cer. Tho fo'lowio' e.xtiaei's I'lom a report nn tint sub jjcl al.ipi'd bv the l.naiilatnre of Jliss ss ppi, from ii nivi of sim.l-r evidn'-e whieh nifjht be adduced, will show xcit'i xchjl tints llio annexation was Aim uwd : "lint we Imtcn In su;cct theimpmtanro of the r.nncx"fnn of TVtas to thi lli-pub'i'', upon grounds s.Tiiewhat local m Hi, ir coioph'Mon, but of an mipoit infinitely utavc nn I uilprestiii to ihe ieopbi who inhibit ihe siutliern portion of this Confederacy, wheic it isU'iiwn that a species ol ilonieslie sl-nery is tolernti d and prop etc, I by law, whoso c.Ms'eii' e is prohibited by the Irani ir.iilniiiis i f other States of this Coafedaiaeyi uh'ch system of slavery is held b' all w'io aro Iiiiuhirly a.-quaintcd with its practical efll -is, 1 1) : nfh'slij b;n -ftcial influence to the court I'ij u'.f'in ic'io?-limit it is permitted to exist. "The commute? f'd nullioiir-rd to say lint lhi svstem is cheri-lird by our cons itocnts as the rent iPiUadium. of t'tc'- prosperity and hnppin'ss; nml, 'v. n. v-ji ..!oian; n.:i-.ti'.-5 may elsewheieonj'Tture, ih c j nrnil C3 are f. l-y "iiirel, up o tho most dill cent oIh i v.iti.i.i aid'rcll etion on ilia ? ibj.-ei, thut tt not r?s s i?rlhinher limits a tlenine nil'i t.-'i'Vi l'-e eifiilian of h'r people rti e so closely cut ri.it'l md .-1 lo. rp,ctrly e'nf.bred, mid whose value is more lujlily apprccia cd, than that whiih we are now con-idjiini;." ' "It in iv not bt i nTon'r lure to reman; that, du- toi'.ihplivt Mc-iin of C'onmcfrs. when a Senator f i.o JJ.' s.k'.j.-ii propose! ill" acliiiowledmnent cf Tetnn oKL-nendeiic.'. it was loiiiid, with n few rxren U-ins, l ie mem' ers cf th.il body irerc ready to take I'rivul tn en it as til on the tubitct of staterv itself. ' With all these fu ls before ti we do not hesitate in bi 'i vuis that tin so ficl'nu? inflirnccd tho Kcvv l.n-'aiv Senators, h I one viitmr in lavor o I lie nuns lire: and indef.il 3Ir. We1 stcr has been bo'd rno-ish. ina p'iblic speech delivered recently in iSew Ymk to uiitiv tbinisnid eitiiens. in declare thai thermion thai liiflut-ni cd Ins opposition was Ins, iil.horri nee lo slavei V in th.' South, and that it mieht, in llieevr nl of luYepoirniinn, bicoint a sl.ivr holding' Siaie. He nl i m .r.enf tho ill ills iiial;iii2 in favor r.f ahnhtinii end that, beimipn dinted upon and aided by thepow erful mllin nee of lelivinus fetlui", it would Lccomu ir r.itilt. nml n prv lleltoloe. ' i hi !r.ii2-...-.f. c miiinjffrnm so disiiniuished an irHivi.lml ns Mr. WMi-ler. so fiinihar Willi Ihe fell ri"3 of i lie .oilh. and nterlairiini so liinh n respcrt for public seriiiiiu'iit 111 New 1'nttlnnit, spraus o plnin lv the v .i-e of the North as not In be nii-iinderstood quckt let her onco proclaim s crusado tiRaiiis! tho rich Stales to tho south of Itrr, nnd in a moment vol- unleeis would flock to her standard in crowds from alithe States in the great valley of the Mississippi -men uf cnlerptiso nnd valor, belore whom no Mexi can troops could stand for an hour. They would leave tutit on mown-, arm mcmselves, ana travel on their own cost, find would ronio up in thousands to plant tho lonestar of the Texinn banner on llio Mexi can capitol. They would dnvo Santa Ann.i to the South, and the boundlcs wealth of cnplured towns and titled chtirchis, and a lazy, vicious and luxurious priesthood, would soon enable Texas to pay herot diory, and redeem her State debt, nnd push her victo rious arms tn tne very snores oi mo r.irinc. .mil would not all this oxiend tho hounds of slavery 7 Yes, the result would b, tint before another quarter of a century Ihe extension of slavery would not s'op short of Ihe Weslrrn Ocean. U'c had hut tiro alter- natives b'.fortutt cither lo rccrict Tixas in'o our fraternity f Stales, and thus make htr our oven, or to teateiicr to conquer .Mexico, ar.a occtme our most ilanecrcus ana terminable rival. "To talk of refiMiniiirriheueoiitcof the crcatYn! ley fioin cmigratim; lo join herarniijs vvasnll in vain and it wns equally vain to calculate nn thitr defenl by nnv Mexican forces, aid d by F.iirI md or not. They had mine once alreadr: it wns thev that conriuercd Santa Anna at San Jacinto j and three fourths of them, after winning tlint glorious field, nail psaceauly relumed to their homes. Hut once set before lliem the connucM of the rich Mexican provinces, nnd yo i niiihl as well attempt lo atop tho wind. This Gov ernnicnl nii.jht scud i.a troops lo the frontier to turn them bark, and thev would run over them likoa herd of nfl'.i U," " Nuthins could keen ihcse bootsd lojftrs from rus'iiits on nil they kia'.ed Ihe Spanish priests out of me i-mnies tney proianen. ' Mr. ", proeee led to insist that a iinjoiity nf the people ol t tie uinteil otstcs were in lavor nt mean ncxalion j at all evjnts, ho would risk It illi iho De mocracv of ihe North. " Sir, (said Mr. V.) it ia not- only the duty of the Government to demand Ihe liquidation of our claims nun. the I Deration ol our rilieno, hut tro turllinr, nnu demand iho nondnvasion of 'PeKas. Shall we sit still her.- wdohi die stahdard of insurrection is raised on our borders, and b t a horde of slaves nnd In Ii ins and Mexicans ro'l up to tho boundary line of Ar'.atisis and Louisiana 7 No. It is oitrdutv M onco to s.iv lo Mexico, If von strike Tc; you strike us and tf I'.oplanii, stanilini hy, siioul I oire to internu'ddle, anu ask, Do you lake rait null Texas 7 Ins prompt an- mvci sn'tiM tie, l es. an t acniiist you. "Such, be would let gentle i, en know, wns the pint nf the whole people of Ihe great Valley nf the West." Several other nvinb-rs nf t'nniress, in lb same del ate. e.vpres'c.i similar vUws and desire, and they are srdl more freq lcnllv express -d in oonrersation. 'I he Hon. Thomas V Gil.mr, e member of Con i;re!.H from Viraiuia, an I formerly a Governor of that Niate, nuiiibcrvil as one of "the Gum!,'1 nnd of finr understood to be in th.- councils of tho Ca' inel, in a letter le.irinjdi'e Ihe lOl'.i day of J iuinry last, originally ilc'imed as a private and conli lential letter lo a fiii iid. fiives it as Ins dc'iber.'ito otonion, .iftir much ex imnntiin nnd rell-'Ct'on, tint TYx-na will en ANSKXf.D totiie Ustos, and he enters into a kpe etoits amnment nnd presents a variety of reasons in favor of the measure. He says, amim; other ihinns : Wami'Sbton, Jan. 10, 1811. "I")kvr Sin: Yonaik if I have expressed theopin. ion lint Tex is would bo nnncxed to the United StntesT I answer, jesj ?nd this opinion Ins not been adopted without reflection, or without a cart fill nbsctvatian of caus s, which, I believe, are r.i pull v brinins about this res ill. I d not know how fir llirse e rises have made the snmo i!npresion on oth ers, but I am p-rsinded lint the tiini is not distant when thev will be felt ia all their force. The cicite irenl win h von apprehend inav nrici but It will be tenporary, ai.d in the end saluliry." IIo t odies the constitutional obic-tuns cs fol lows : I am, as you lmnw, a strict constructionist of the piwerof our I'cderr.l Government: and I do not admit ihe free of iiicto precedent tncsu' lish nulhnr tty under written constitutions. The power confer- teil hv tno Uoit'titution nvtr our loreejn relations, and the tepeated acq lisitions of territory under it, rem to r.ie io leave inis qicsnon open, as one oi e.x eeo-( ncv. "iliil'yo i anticipate nbjerlions with regard to the subject of 6lavi'rv. This is indeed a suldect of r.r- trt'ne r.ici'-y, but it isone on tr'iic't f'ie iinnexion of I cx.is trill tutre l ie most sanitary tnjiiience. nonie have llioiiuht lliat the proposition would endanger ourUui'Mi. I am of a dill'eient opinion. I believe it will bri.r.' abnui n better understanding of our relative riijlils and obligation!-." In conclusion, ho says : ' Having acq lircxl Louisiana ana Florida, we have an interest and a fiontier on the Lult ot Metro, nml rilonir our interior to tho I'aeific, which will not per mit us to close our eyes or fnlJ our nrnis wpli iiulit ference to the evetiis whioh a few years mi v dis close i.i that n inner. We have aliendy had one question ol boundary with reins; other question i.uiilsion anse, undrr our n venue 'nvv, and on r.tlmr poiu'sof neeess ny lu'ercours.-, vhlcli it will bedilti ...i. ..... -', i t cull lo hujiisi. i tie insiiiuiivu u i ,us, unu .jcr relations Kith othrr (Ijternments. at t y,tin that con dition fhich declines Iter people (ic.o are our coun- rumen) to unite their lUitinies trim ours. lilts MCST DE DON E SOON. OR NOT VT AU. mere nre iiminroua tiibes of Indians along both froul.ers, w lieli can easily become the cause or the instrument ,,f border wars. Oaro vn D'jntihtnn is pressmron- w.ird to the racifie. ,vn power can restrain it. Ine pioneer from our ntlnntic sea-board will soon l-indle his fires and erect his cabin beyond the Rocky Mountains and on tho Gulf ol California. Jf M hnniineii conns not to ilia mountain, the mountain uilni in M-ihim'!!-!. lArrv vtir edds n tfH- cullies to our pro'rtess, as natural nnd ns inevitable as the enrnntof the Mississippi. These difiiculr.ta will toon, ' like mounlnins tntetposeii,' " Make enemies of nations, '' Which now, like kindred drops, " Might mingle into one." scsted, Texas is li'.cly to bo a slavcholding country t and I frankly avow my entire unwillingness to do any thing which shall extend the slavery uf tho Afri can race on this coniincnt, or add other slavchol- ding fttatea to the Union, vv lien I say that I regard slavery in itself n gieat moral, social, nnd political ihoseriilits, and spend out cfTorts in unmeaning con- M,cir micrmnst, it in necessary that lention. nnd useless quarrel, with each other, will not ronraal jt w,,, what haS hip; evil, I only uso language which hns been adopted by distinguished men, themselves citizens of slavehof ding Stales. I shall do nolbint.', therefore, lo favor or encourage ils further cxtenlioti." And again, he said: 'In mv opinion, tho pcopleof the United States will not consent to bring a new, vastly extensive, nnd siavcholding counlty, largo enough for half a di zen or n dozen Slates, into ihe Union. In mv OPINf)! THEV OUUHT HOT 10 COVSENT TO IT. In deed. I am altogether at a loos lo conceivo wdiat pos sible benefit any pari of Ibis countryman cxpoct to deiivo from such nnirexauun. All neneht, to any nsn. i nt cast douu u ami uncertain! tne obiec- tions obvious, plain, and strong. On trio general Amotion of slavery, n r-reat nortion of the communi ty is already strongly fxcited. The subject has not only attracteo 1110 rciigous iceiiug oit inw couinry i u hns tnkrn atrons hold on die consciences of men. Mcis a rash man, in Iced, and litilo conversant with human nature, and especially has he n very crro. ner,n estimate of the rhninctcr of tlle'nconlc ol this country, who suppose that a feeling of this kind is to be trifled with or icspiscd. It will assuredly causo Itseir lo be respected. In conclusion, he said: 1 I see. thercl.ire. no political necessity for the an nexition of Texas lo the Union-, no advantages (o be derived from tf, and oh co ions to it of a strong, nml. in mv iudffntcnt. decisive character. I believe il lo be for the interest and happiness of the whole Union to remain ns it is, without clinunu. lion and without addition." Wo hold that lliero is nul only "no political neccsti Iv" for il, "no advanligea to be derived from il," but that there is no constitutional power delegated lo any department of llio National uovernmeni to nutiior' imi s that no act of Congress or trcatv for nnuexa lion can impose Ihe least obligation upon llio several States of this Union to subum tn such an unwarran table acl, or to receive into their family and fraternity such misbegotten and itlegitiuialo progency. VVo hesilalo not lo say ihat annexation, tfl'ectcil by nny act or proceeding of the I' eileral Uoicrntncnt, or nnv of its Departments, would be Identical with dissolution. It would be n violaiion of our national compact, ils objects, designs, atul the great elementary principles w men enteral iniotis torma. Hon. nt a character so deep and iiinunmenini, ami would bean nttemnt lo eiernize an institution and n power "if nature s unjust in tlu-nivlves, s injurious to ihe inicrcsis anu annorreiii to tne iceunes 01 ine neonle of the Iree States, as. in our opinion, mil only inevitably to result in ti dissolution of ihe Union, but fully to jiisifyit; and we not only assert the Ihe peo ple nf Ihe free Slates "ought nol to submit In it," bin wo say. with confidence, thev would not submit to it H'o know thc'.r present temper ami spr.tontlns subject too well to believe foi a moment that Ihey would become parliceps criminis in any such subili contrivance for the irremediable vcrnetuatioti or an inoTitction which iho wisest and best men who formed our Federal Constitution, as well from Ihe slave as tho free ales, regarded ns an evil and a curse, soon to become extinct under tho operation of laws to bo passed prohibiting tho slnvo trade, and ihe progressive lnlluence of the principles of tho Ilcvolu tiou. To prevent the success of this nefarious project to preserve from such gross violation tho Constitu tion of our country, adopted expressly ' insecure the blessings nt nuerty ami not tne perpetuation o slavery and to prevent the speedy and violent disso lut ion of the Union, we invite you to unite, without distinction of party, in an imtnedtalo expression of your views on tins miojcci, in socu manner as you may elccui Pebt calcinated lo answer iiieenu proposed JOHN OXINCY ADAMS,. Jllll.N AlATIUCKS. SF.I'H M. GATI'.S, W If, LI AM SI, AD I. WILLIAM It t'ALHOUN, JOSHUA R. GIDDINOS. SHERLOCK J. ANDRDF.WS, NTHAXIKL n. HORDF.N, T1I0S C. riHTTI'NDF.N. CI1RIST0PHF.R MORGAN, JOSHUA M. IIOWAUD, VICTORY HIRDSEYB, HILAND HALL. vv asiiinoton, Maucii 3, 1313. PACIF1CIJS: I HK RIGHTS AND I'ltlVILKGr.S OF THE Sr.VKitAL STATUS in RIJGARD to SLAVtRV L7in.g (neriej of Kssays, published in the H'enfern jerre Clironiete, ( Ohio,) after the election o"lB12, cv A W11I& Of OHIO. " VV'e s ocerelv liooc ihito is eiiotieh gootl sense nnd Eeniunelove ofrnuntrr iioiong our fellow rnuntryiiirn of iho Northern Slates to secure us final justice on this subjetl ; yi I we cannot consider n fnfe or expedient for the people of li e Somh toetitmly disregard the cll'orls of lb.1 f.inatirs nnd t lie opinions of such mrnns Webster nod oilier who cojnti nance tuch dangerous d jctnni s.'' " Tiie Vi('i rn .?'j.'es har'. no interests of thrir oicn wht.'h r.q i tunny special safeguards for llieirde feti'e, tavo on' t'i.,i u unestic manufactures! and Col Lnows t'o y havu already reciivul protection f o.n Gjieinment on a tnosi hbiral scale ; under whi 'hencouiaceuient thev have improved and flour ished boyoii.l example. V'.ie Soufi has very peculiar interests to pr, srre intcitsts already violently as niled nnd bold y tlueateneo. " Yviir comnv'fiee an. ftillu persuaded Ihat this pre ti.cliun to Iter b'st interest Kilt be afiurded ly the an nevatim of 'las tin equipoise of inftiunccin the I, ills of Coivx ess u'M lie secured, te'iiih icitl furnish us ! p rui in-nl ifn irnnty of protection." Tlu speeeh uf Mr. Adam-, cxpo-i.ii; the whole sys. trm of diiphci'y nnd pet fid y I iwards Mexico which had nniked the conduct nf our G iverninent, and the omphalic expression of opposition which b?gan lo come up from nil panics in tho freo States, however, for a lima n. arly silenced the clamors of the South f.ii annexation, and ilie'i conic uf the North have been lu I d int.) the belief "thai Ihe project is nearly if nol V1, '". nb..!i lon.'d, nnd ihn ni leist ibere is now no t, r. ,iis danger of its consummation. I!, P. vol? ibis to be a faUe and d inscrous security, th it th : proieet h is never been nbaiidnue I a moment hu ue nn .inatnrs and alienors, but that it has been ck-f' ire I I ir n more f ivoraMo niomeiit for its nccoin pi "hni.'iit, wa refer to .1 fuw evidences of mure recent dev. lopm.-nl upo'i which ibis opinim is f mnded. The luM elecion of I'residtnt of Iho Republic i f Texas is undersit od to have turned mainly npioi ll c ej'iesiioii of annmtiuii or no iinneioffoii, nnd the ea.ididale lavoral.le lo tint measure wa. successful I,, n n.,.r,.l.liii n.. nniotitv. Tho sovere-in Stiles oiAhbuna, Teniies"see, and Mia issippihave recently adopted resolutions, some II nol nil oi inn n uniini wously, in favor of annexation, and forwaided lliem 1ft r'.ini.r. us The Hon. Hcsnv A. Wi(r., n mcmbci of Congress from the district in which our present Chief Magis ,,. r,..; l,.,l I,..,, , teen il Vice l'icsidenl. nnd who is underblood lo b moie iiitiuntely ncquninicd with ihe v.Au. n,l iUmn .0 il.a nresent Administration Ihau nny other member of Congress, mo-1 distinrily nvo.v. cl his desire for annexation at the list, session of t;on"re.s. Among inner things c ssiu, in a fjieetn .i.i. i,n,,.., oil mil , ""True, if Iowa be ndd.d on the one side, Florida will 1-3 ndded on llio other. Hot there llio eqiallon must stop. Lei onoinoro Noillietn Slate bo admit to I and the equilibrium is g mo-gnne forever. The la'.ance if int.reils is gone-the tafc.mrd of Amen can properly of the Anienciii Constitution of the American Union, vanished into thin air. Tiiit tnitsl be t'te insrfiilfo result, unless, by a treaty vith Mex ico, vie South i as add MonE weioiit to una end op the lever ! l-'t 'he South stop at the Itabtne, (itie eastern boundary of Toxns.) while the North may spread uncli?ekcd beyond theUocky Mountains, and ine SouTitrav scalk hbstuick the m-amI Finding dilTicidiies pcrhapa In llio way of ncession by treaty, in another speech, delivered in April, 1BI.. on a mot'.on made bv Mr. Linn, of New ink to strike out the salary of iho .Minister lo Mexico, on Ihe ground ihat ihe design nf llio F.xecutive in iiinktng the appointment was to accomplish the annexation nt Texns, Mr. Wise said, " hoearn'stly hoped and trust' ed that lhl'resi lent wns nsdeMrousof annexation ns ha was repres mted lo be. We may well suppose Ihe President lo hem favor nf it, ns every wise states man tnusj be, who is not governcl by fnnalicism or lo-nl seciional prfjiidices." He said of Teens that " ii Bh was. as a Slate, weak and nlinost povv. cilcsa in r 'sisiing invasion, she was herself irrestati Idc us an invading and a conquering l'owcr ibe had liut n sparsj popiihiltou, nnd neither men nor money ot her own, to rano and equip an nrmy lor tier own "Truly vours. "THOMAS W. GILMER." The impoverished condition of Texas, her inability lo raise and sustain troops t defend herself against invasion for any loniilh of time, mil her wnnt of rliaraettr nnd eridit abroad, atemged as reasons for immediate annexation, nnd the opinion has he'll fre qui mly exptcssed by those who feel a dee-p interest in this s.ibjtct, that il'would take place nt a very early dav in the nexl scsssion of Con jrens! Al Ihe piesent session tho resolutions of the Slate of Alabama in favor of annexation, and sundry pelt- nons nn 1 reoiinatrnnees against it. wele reftrrrd lo IheComuiiiteeoii Forcijn Relitims A unjority of I he comiiutle". coii.-isling ol mcniiiers Ironi the slave holding Slates, refustd to consider and report upon the subject, and directed Mr. Adams, their cli.iirrnaii. lo renort a resolution akiil2 to bedisehnrg cd from the further cons deration of the su'tert, which he did on the 23ih day of I-tbruai y. At the same time Mr. Adams asked, as nn individual mem ber of the committee, fur leave to present the follow ing resolutions : " flesoleei. That by ihe constitution of Ihe United States no rower is de cented to their t onuress, or In any deiiartuient or denaitmenta of their Govern tiie.il, to affix lo this Union any foreign Stale, or the OTonle thereof. JCrsoicea, i n at nny attempt ol tho uovernmeni ot ttie united mates, tiy an act ol uongress or ny ircaiy lo annex to this Union ihe Republic of Texas or the people itiereof, would be a violation uf the Constitu tion of the United Slates, nulland void, and to which ihe Itec Stales of this Union and Ibeir people uuhl not to submit." Objections leing made, the resolutions were nol received, iho Sj itbern members bhowing a disincli nation to have ihe subject mutated in iho llouscnf present. Mijfht it not be e'liutodered as savnnng too much of a violation of private cotifidencej wo could refer lo various declarations of person- high in office in ihe National Government avowing a fixed deter mination lo bring Texas into lh Union, declaring that t icy In! assurancesol ihenilof thefiee Slates to nccooipiisb mc object, and insisting mat they pre fer a dissolution of ihe union t the rijcrinn of Ti'x ns I'xnresiu.'. however, al the same tunc, their confi dence, Ihat H the annexation could in cllccteu the people of the free Stalo would stibmil to it, and ihe insiiintions ot ihe slave Males would no secured and perpetuated. Contenting ourselvis, however, with theiibove brief clauee at some of the most prominent evidence in relation to the subject! wo submit to you vthelher ihe project of annexation seems lo be aban doned, and whether there bo not the most imminent danstroi its speedy nccoinphshincnl, nolens tlieen tire mass of the people in the free States become aroused to a conviction of this danger, and speak out and act in BErnnnvcE to it in a mvnnes AND WITH A VOICE NOT TO BE MISUNDI BSTOOD EI THER HV TIIE PEOPLE OP THE SLAVE TATES, OH THE! U OWN Pl'ClIC SESVASIS AND HEPBESENTA Although perfecify aware lhai many important and controlling objections lo annexation exist aside from the question ol slavery, we hive in tins ait tress con fined ourselves nrtnrically lo that, because cf lis paramount importance, nnd because the adtocates of annexation uisttneuy place irjpo'i (oui grouna. Most of Ihe specious arvuminls nnd reasons in favor of annexation with which ils advocates attempt to gun trie pui jor norincrn palates, are jusi aonutns sincete and substatili.il as were those of Mr. Wise in tho speech above referred tn. in which he labored a long timo lo convince Northern philanthropists that thev Tjoulil bestpromoia the objects they had in view by lavonng annexation, mittiiey might have slavery in Testis wiihin I lie power nnd control of our own Government, that they might abolish it or mitigate its evils, lie himself being an advocate of perineural slavery, and anions ine very uretnost to trample up onlii right of petition itself! None can be so blind note as nol lo know that tbu real design and object of iho South is lo "add new WEIOHT TO IIES END OP THE LEVEB, It VVOS Hp.lll Ihat ground that Mr. Webster placed his opposition in his speech on ihat subject in New Yolk in March, 1837. In that speech, after staling ihat he saw in surmountable objections in Ihe annexalion ol Texas! thai ihe purchase of Louisiana and Florid. i furnished no precedent for il: ihat ihe cases were not parallel, unit ibnl no surh policy or necessity as led to thai requireQ iiicaonvzauJn oi texas, rbii Number 8. THE nEMEDV. Mr.. fuiTOn: I hr.va now stated, eenerally. lb constitutional richts of the neonlo of the free States concerning si ivery, and have referred to some of ihe mosl prominent abuses to which those rights have been subjected. It remains lor me to call the atten tion of my renders to thetemedy. Hut this will at once suggest itself to iho mind of every reader,' and eacn will say inai our remedy consuls in unueu nil dication of our rights; that iho real difficulty con ,-isl in our divisions, and our first cfl'jrts Bhould bo U uiiiio the friends of noi them rinhls. In older In do this, we must search out the cause of our division, and understand distinctly lbs point on which we separated. If 1 understand our Liberty men, Ihey arcnnxiuiis to maintain tho riuhtsof the free Slates, nnd ihey ask for nothing more. I speak upon the nulhortly ol many leading men ot mat party, i havo never met with an intelligent man who asked or demanded nny thing more than this j yet they say, "tne wings have neglected a poinon ot our mosi important rights, and the feel it their duty to separ ate irom liieui nno to lurm n uisuuci pariv, vwuibc principal efforts are lo be directed to the maintenance nf such of our rights as have been neglertel by Ihe vv hiss. It was not mv intention, when I commenc. ed these essays, to thtow censure upon any class of men, nor is sucn my present object t I may, howev er, be p-.rmittril lo say. lint I think our Liberty friends did not well "define their posi ion" before they sen arated from us. For tne correctness of this remark, I wi refer to the recollection of the creat mass of our people of all parties. At the tune of separating Horn us, itiey nau not clearly set loriti to tno worm our rights, whuh have been trampled tinon t nor did ., .. . i. ...... .,. l . . ' .u... lliey siaie, won pcr&jiicuiiy, rue nouses vvnicii inty sun hl to rui reel. Neither did lliev definitely maik the boundaries, and limit the extent of tho political reform which Ihey were endeavoring to rtlect. un the co'ilrnry, there was a degiee of obscurity pcrva dour their obiecls. 1 hcv professed onnosilion to slaveiy, and 'eft the public lo infer a design io invade iho privileges of lhe slave Stales, instead of main taining our own. '1 his idea has rested in the minds of a larce portion of our people, both in tho free and in the slave.Sintes. It is true the chnrce was often denied; and il is equally true thai the denial was nol ciirrie I home to tho minds of iho treat mass of our peoples many uf whom, to this day, really bclievo theo'dect of iho Liberty tiiitv to be nn unconstitu tional interfetence with I lie privileges of ihe slave SlatcB. Hut, so far as I have been able to learn their motives, and to nnalvzo their views. I understand them to be simply the prcserratiou of our own rlglttt; tborepcnloi all nets "I congress, pa sed lor Hie sup port of slavery or the slave tradc-t to separate the llio Fe leral Government, and tho free Slates, from all unconstitutional connexion with ihat institution, and to leave it with Ihe individual Stales, where tho Con.tiintion placed it. This, I believe to bo the boundary nnd farthest extent of their political inten tions. 11 thev entertain any other or l irthi r views, i hope Judge Iv'ing (ihe candidate of Ihe Liberty par ty for Governor ol" Ohio) will slalo to your readers, through the Chronicle, the point on which I have fai kd to express their obiccts. I Imri". also, mat tne editors of the I'hilauthropist and Ilinancinaior will. tnrouen it fir resueci vc onu&rs. set loriti oenn ueiv ar.v error into which I may have fallen, in renatd to the designs .and nDjccls ot tncir parly, nut, lor tne prcectit, taking these to be the definite limits to which llieynspire, I will respectfully ask tho Whins, as a paitv, nnd the Liberty men, as a party, to snow me Ihe lino of demarcation between them 7 Is there an individnal in iho whole Wh'g patiyof Ohio, or in ihe free Slates, that is willing lu'surrcn Jcr a snide right of our people 7 If there bo such a whig, 1 hate not met hitn. If there be a Whit' editor, north of Mason and Dixon's line, w ho is willing lo yield tip any of tin constitutional rights of llio free Slates, 1 hope ho will favor the country with his views; and ti nt he will inform us distinctly iriicA part of the Constitu tion wo ought first to surrender. I speak with great confidence when I say, that I believe no such man can bo found. Let the liehls of the people of the free States, in regard lnslavery.be fairly ond dis- tinctly puinled out, nnd there will bo no want of firmness nor of patriotism to maintain them. It is true, however, thai many Whica have, and still do oppose the abolition of slaveiy in iho Disiriel of .u,i,,,,ui4 I'm hict will nptjiti iu fin,, nw inr lin- son. lint Congress An not the constitutional power to alohsh it, If you ihcn ask them if they are willinc that Congress should repeal its oicn laics, for the support of slavery and llio slave trade in that Dis trict, Ihey will, al once, answer von in thcaflirma live. If you inquire whether they arc willing to lend their influence, or Iheir properly, lo support slavery, thev will answer vou thai thev detest the institution. If you interrelate litem in recard lo any other riel.ts of the north, th-y will unhesitatingly, assure you of uirtr iicicniiiiinuuii iubusibui michi. If. then, our Whiza are willinc tn sustain all our rights, and Liberty men have on further ohjrcis in view than the support of such rights, the question at once suggests itself, irny do they divide? What principle separates them from each' other 7 Audit is a question of high and solemn iinporl, which ihe writer would repeat in the car of every Whig, every ami-slavery man. and of every lover of our free in- slitiinons, irnif doyou divide your political influence, and prostrate your political enerqiet, while you agree In principle, anil are laboring fur the same obiccts ? We have Iho same interests to walch over, the same nelits lo maintain, and the same honor In nro tecl. All these must receive our ntlenlion, or be left lo those who, as a party, have uniformly If nt them our country hold us responsible i Our interests
havo been sacrificed) our rights have been trampled upon our Statojias been disgraced, as I havo here- toioro suown. i ei we navouiwviuuu u-ir cituns, aim separated from our political associates, and delivered the honor of our Stale to ihe ke.pingof a party who forgetfsl of tho dignity of freemen, have shown themselves willing to become the cafcAcrj sf slates, and to degrade themselves and their Slate by legisla- esoio purpose of robing tncir leilow men tty with which tho God of natucd has en dowed them. Uut I desire lo examine a little further the cause of our acparatton at the lale election. Tho Whigs supported our tariff; our harbor improve ments! the distribution of the proceeds of Ihe public lands, with zeal and constancy. Uut our comtnerco wun tlByitf tlierigiwoi petition, mc ciavc irauuin Ihe District of Columbia, received from them gener ally, much lets attention, although they were nut ne elected by a portion of that party. Tlieio latter sub jects wcro deemed of paramount importanco by a portion oi our poiiucni irienus; on uiuau tuey uusiuw cd Iheir principal thoughts, and treated tho others with comparatively little atlention. In this manner each party felt that they were exerting their cfl'urta upon vuiqeuiiiui vim interest IO uui tuuuu,, aim eneh considered the other as laboring in behalf of in terests ihat wcro nut worthy of tlic attention paid lo them. .... In litis wsy each party became dissatisfied with the other. Here. then, is the niecise point of divisiou among our friends: not because either did wrong, but because each felt that the other was not sufficiently zealous in supporting all their interests. The divis ion did not arise from any political sin of commission, butor omitting some part of our duties. t The Dem ocratic pany nas vinienuyoiriosea inosc rignis wmcn Liberty men deemed sacred. The Whigs were luke warm in supporting them; and, on this account nur Liberty friends withdiewlromns, and thereby deliv ered over our interests to tho disposal nf those whose Li'ternefg against thi rights of men can scarcely find utterance in our languape' Having thus nsccrinincd tho cause, and the prcrsc poinwif our separation, tho remedy is plain. It consists simply in doina our dtly maintaining our nghls'nnd interests, aad lirilliy i enisling nil uuu3L9 , v, giiaiiu vui seivca ii(un the exact lino of Tho Constitution, and temperately, but resolutely, opposing all encroachments upon our interests, our honor, or our constitutional privileges. I am aware that many ol ur editors and public men f.ar that tho assertion am) maintenance of ourrkdita In tegard lo slavery, vvoild drivo from us our Win? friends in the s'avc Stales. If these fears were well grounded, they wou'd form no good reason w hy we should surrender our constitutional rights, in order to rntrciae their adhercne;. 'I his is the policy of the opposite parly. They apicar anxious to surrender up our rights, our interests, and our honor, for the pur chase of southern voles. II Ihe Whigs allempt lo ri val thai party in servility, they must fail. The inde pendent spirit, ine nin sense oi nunor, ine pnmoiic seulinicnt of our Whiss. will not permit them lo lc. cime subservient to the rlavcholding interest. Hut the argument is not wci-ioundcn. uur sinincrn Whigs are cenerally men nf hhernl nnd patriotic sen timents. They will not a(k of us the sacrifice of our constitutional lights. On the contrary, they will be as willing to grant us thcenjoyment of all our rights, as to demand Ihe enjoyment of nil their own. If Ihey are not such men, lacy arn unfit to be the as sociates of northern Whigs. It is, however, true, that they, as well as northern men. have not, hereto fore, fully understood out rights, for the reason Ihat we. ourselves, eiare nor ojeert tnem; and nicy, as well .is northern men, have unconsciously voted and acted in opposition to th-3 rights of the free States, under the impression that they were sustaining iho Constitution. Hut when the atlention of our south ern and northern Whins shall he directed to this sub jects when they shall have fully investigated it. and shall understand the constitutional limns of slavery, I apprehend there will be no difference between them. It i, tnereiore, nil imi'onant that puntto attention should be directed to thismatter. Indeed, intelligence in recard to northern rights cannot bp loneer sup pressed. A spirit of incuiry is abroad mnong the people, and it is increcsing daily, and becoming stronger and stronger. A marked and palpable change has taken plnce h the publi.- mind within the pnst venr. in f nruary last, nimost ine entire press united in the opinion that we were bound to support the coastwise slave trade of the soirh. At this lime. who is willing to hazard his reputation hy advocating such doctrine 1 Yet, with such examples before us, a portion of our press and of our public men. exhibit much timidity ns to nsserting and maintaining our constitutional' rights. So long have the people of tho norm i ecn nceusioincu io sueni suoinission, wnen our rinhts have been invsded. that many of ourt-d itors, our statesman and politicians, still appear to doubt the safely or an open, (rank, nml manly de fence of oar interest and our honori It. however, needs no spirit of prophecy to foretell the downfall of any party, who has not the moral and political courauo to maintain the rights an I interests of the north. If Ihe Whist come forth to the defence of these interests, and maintenance of these lights, their success is not less certain than the continuance of time; and if the opposite parly continue to oppose inese rinit mm uuticou, ineir ucieai is iiieviiinie. 1'ACIFICUS vvo compare opened else where, in other parts nf the new world, vvliern all tho gifts of N.ituri! were not atlunded with the blessings of social cxistmicc. look nt South America ; Took at the events which havo pepa rated the Spanish colonies from tl.c parent State; contemplate fur a moment the rich abundance nf natural blcsaingf, of physicial resource?, of ani. inal power, til all that can make a people great Vide the late numbers of the "Ohio Statesman.' ENGLAND AND AMERICA. Wo do not believe there is a single render of this pnper wo hope nt lenst there is not one who will, without cmotinns of pleasure peruso tho passages which wo give helow from a speech of Lord Brougham, delivered in the louse of Peers on lite; "ill till., on his motion of thanks to Lord Ashburlon for no gotiuting tho Treaty of Washington. W confess our, own unnfTectcd gratification nt sucli sentiments from such a source, ond will add our belief that languaco nt onco so friendly and so complimentary, and at the snmo time so glowingly expressed, would hardly ho as highly prized in this country from any other sourco in England as from this distinguished statesman from whom it proceeds. National Intelligencer. , EXTRACT.! Then it was said (said Lord Brougham) that Lord Ashhurton had, at a public, tncetinrr. talk ed of America as the cradle of liberty. Lord Campbell : Boston. Yes, and this was said to be a compromising act. But this was after the negotiating was over; this was "the song of triumph," to use an expression of his noble friund ounnsito on a former evening. At this public meeting' at Boston there was no business tn lie transacted, but it was held for the purpose of celebrating; the alliance remade and the re coticileinont effected between these two great kindred nations, lie marvelled to hear the Whigs object to any such proceed injjn at a pub lie ineelinrr, but above all, to hear Whigs or ; sort of Whigs at least, a laugh. object tn nny . . .. . . . i .i it- ..f i:u tiling mat was saiu in lavur in iiiu crauiu ui iiu ertv. lie should have thought tho very Ian guage was so sweet and dear to every friend of liberty that it might reconcile tnem to vvnai might otti?rwitfe have appeared a breach of dig nity and decorum. Now there was one other authority, and it was the last to which he wish, ed tn refer that of our revered monarch Rcorcc the III. He did not consider that he stooped from this high degree, or that he adopted a truckling and unbecoming tone, when in Iiih reception of the ti at Amcrcitt Alinis'er who represented his revolted subjects, and hadllterc fnro a most difficult task to perform who firct rcprceentcd these revolted suhjecta at the court of their sovereign, whoso allegiance they had shaken off, and whose sovereign was known to havo kept fast bold of his American sovereignly until it wan wrested from bis royal grasp ho took the opportunity of giving a most courteous reception, and of paying which was unnecessa ry, but heedless though it was ho thought lit to say that although ho was the last man in his dominions that consented to the independence nf America, there was no ir.an in Ins dominions that wished better to that independence, and felt more anxious for the prosperity nf the new world, j ins was al er the whole ot the miltta. ry proceedings had closed, as the speech of Iird Ashburlon bad been made after the negotiations nail closed. Hear, hear. I My lords, said the noble and learned lord, I breathe the eame prayer which my lato sovereign expressed upon that memorable occasion. I hope and trust, for tho sake of America first for the eako of England next for the sake of humanity, of mankind at large that the proB. Cerily and happiness of that grer.t people will o perpetuated forever. My lords, I cannot view with indiflercnco tho macnificont empire which Englishmen have erected in that land : and my heart glows when I reflect that to Eng land is owing that which America never ecru pies to confess 6he owes to England those lawp, those institutions above all, that spirit of liberty, of religious a well as of civil liberty, which has made the American republic Ihe great est democratic nation that ever hold existence upon the faco of this earth. Contemplated in itself, there ia enough lo (ill ono with admiration, with hope, with exultation ; but, in order tn ap. reclaim's, merits a 00 to citr idom leennri to and prosperous and powerful above all, the gifts which ought to mako them thankful to Heaven pcacclul and contented with ono Another ; their boundless oxpanso ol space diversified with every species of soil which can pour into their lap the produce of industry or scent the air with perfumes, or enrich man by tho wealth, tho proverbial and unsurpassed wealth of their minerals ; every diversity of their most delic ious climates, varying from the temperate to the torrid ; every thing in absoluto perfection, in abundance ; these, a people of boundlcs capaci. ty, numerous, various in their race, from tho in dustry of the negro to the swiftness of tho Indi an, and the ability, the practised ability of the European and her descendant?. All these rich treasures which Providence showered on them in such unmeasured abundance had nono of them sufficed to prevent anarchy from being en throned there, had totally failed to secure: the establishment of even the semblance of a steady, fixed, regular Republic But tlicn turn your eye to the contrast, and compare them with North America, whera you see men who, struggla with a hard climate, with, in many places, an ungrateful soil; their number, small at first, increasing rapidly ; be coming countless and spreading over a vast cx lent of land, had creeled a system which was tried in every political storm, and struggle with success out ol it, and, above all, came triumph ant over tho greatest tempest that of the Eu ropnan rovi lutinn-wh c'l had ever laid vvastehu man society. Tow hit wis the contrast owing ! It was because the Spaniards did not carry nut with them the blessings of a free ennsiitu turn or the practices of principles of civil or re ligious liberty, and because North America was crowned with all tlieje political blessing. And if a passing cloud has come over them for a tun mcnt and it is but for a moment and if thcro hould teem to be, and I believe it is only this einblaiirc of any departure on their side and in their conduct from those kind feelings and strict principles nf religion and commercial honor and perlecl national good laith vvlucli had always dia tiiiL'Uished them. I have no more doubt than that I n uv stand here addressing your lor Jshi,i,s that cloud will pass away, and that the Americana Hi once more, and in no long simco of lime, feel proud and feel glorious in once more rcsuin ing their station a station worthy of their British descent and of their British kindred by feeling nnd acting as they have felt, that no tain should be sultjred to rest on any part ol their national honor. (Cheers.) In the Houso of Lords on tho 11th April, Lord Ashburton relumed thanks fur his vote of thanks, as follows: )Lokd ashburton .viy lorus, oeiore vour lorusiiips proceed to me ousiness ni the tlay, 1 linne I may bo permitted to lake this, the earn est opportunity, of making tny most earnest ac knowledgements to your lordship, and express, ing my deep sense of gratitude for the resolution Inch I perceive u; the votes ofthc proceedings of ibis houso was pissed on Friday last (hear, hear). I Ins resolution imwever graielul and gratifying tn myself personally is rendered, in my iiiinil, minutely more valuable by your lord ships viz, "the expression nf the satisfaction of your lordships at the restoration ot the good un derstanding with the United Slates, which it is alike 1 1 1 c duly and interest of both countries to maintain unbroken." An expression so full of wisdom and sound policy, delivered by such bndv as the peers of this kingdom, cannot fail (o have the most valuable cltect in producing that consummation winch is in itself 6o mucli desired by your lordships. My lords, the over who tinticr importance lu mv mtndot the settle mcnt of those difference which had unfortunate ly grown up between the two countries, wat mv great inducement to undertake the task (hear, hear), and probably in doing so I iliel not sum ciutitly estimate my own deficiency fur its exe cution. I have hid. however, the good fortune tn per form that duly in a m inner which has been ap proved ofby my Sovereign, by her .vlimstcrc, and I have now lo add, by the almost niiprcce dented honour, the approbation of your lordships' house. It is quite impossible for me lo express to your lordships how greatly sensible I am of tins honor. Aly lords, in countries under tree governments, such as we have the happiness to live under, and in America, it is natural that a question of this importanco should be discussed with great irccdom ; and that nas ueeninc case in relation to the treaty which it has been tny business to negotiate, although I trust the con. el it inns aro euch as are likely to be conducive to the future maintenance of peace between 11ns country and America, and that they have fairly ami honorably settled the questions which were in dispute. I may fairly assure your lordships that the more minute eiucstion of more or less of boon- dary, which has been the subject of so much dis cussion both on this and the other side of the water, weighs, in tny estimation, very little in comparison with the larger question of settle ment which should be sh isfactory to men of lion oruble minds in both countries for if it wore not satisfactory to men of honorable minds in both countries, it would not be likely to have anv permanency, f Hear, hear.) My lords, it is not my intention to go at all into any ques, tions connected with the bubiect of theso trans actions. I havo only finally again to express lo your lordships the deep sense I entertain ni mat approbation which vou have been pleased to ex. prosy, h hich is tho highest reward I can receive lorllio liutnoic ciioris I nave inaoo in wnai conceive in he a good cause. (Hear, hear.) Tho Duke or Wellington : I am sure iho house will have heard the speech of the noble lord with satisfaction. I consider it my duty to move that the words expressed by the imuie lord on the occasion be entered upon the jour naU of the house. Cheers. Tho motion was agreed lo. ty passages littvo been marked fof extract in our very hurried perusal of the collection. In relation to tho earthquake at Point I'litrn our iiiillior says "The southern islands has of Into Dean Msitid with great earthquakes, Point I'elle sunk snd part was lost Is while tho dreadful shock did last." Verily, us wo say in noticing a new novel 'Wo shall look forward with eagerness to another work from tho same pen." Uut, in mourntiil earnest, wo belie vo that theso worso than doggerel stnnz.is were writ ten in seriousness. Wo have said that they aro litlle, if any, worso than tho rhapsodies ol some preachers, who un undoubtedly in' tlucnco tho niinu anu conduct or many of our fellow citizens. Wo have littlo inclination to turn preacher ourself; but docs not tho fact that American men and American wo. men are wrought upon by such nonsense awaken ono of tho most melancholy reflec tions possible, on tho wcaknoss of luinan na ture i 1 hat sucli things must bo we know but may wo and our friends bo among those who disnisc the instruments and inly tlvo sub- jests of these "excitements," preferring rath er to sleep lorevor in icy inUillereiice oven, to being tho tools nf tho shocking and tragic caricatutes of religion. 12 FRIDAY MORNING, MAY 1 843. District Convnntion. Tho Whigs of congressional District No. 3 urn requested to meet in convention at Burlington, on Thursday the 8ih day of June A. D. 1843, nt 10 o'clock A. M. to select a suitably candidatn to represent said district in the congress of the United States. Each town in said district, is requested to appoint three or more Delegates to said convention. Samuel Adams, Hakvkv Bell, OitLANDo Stevens, Cassiuj P. Peck, stilt, which had been foreseen and predicted! hy the frii'titil of llt'o Turin", was seized upott by the. enemies' of lli.it measure as proof con- hfsivt: fli.if U would drain tin; country of ill s;)ecfc, and deprive tho General Government of it j most lucrative source nf revenue. And for much nf that period these papers could point to diminished customs and increased exports of specio in support of their tijer nous. But the tide has finally turned. Th un usual amount of European manufactures with which our marked wuro glutted in 1841, hat been gradually consumed. Demand begin to revive, and with the renewal of demand comes renewal of supplies. Our vessels no longer return empty from across the ocean. Every packet and transient ship now comaa full freighted. And the same vessels thai bear a heavy cargo of merchandize, brinjt also a large amount of Specie. The tariff of 1841 is at length "in full operation," and in stead of ruining our commerce and draining us of our specie, as predicted by the adro cites ol British Freo Trade, it is imparting a healthy stiinulous to the business of tha country, adding largely and steadily to ouf s itirdv df 'lie precious metals, and laying broad and deo,) the foundation ofthn Na tionul prosperity and glory. And yet thes groat measures, whose renovating influences' arc just beginning to bo felt will be ruthlessly sacrificed the moment that Loco Focoism re gains the ascendancy in the Federal Gov ernment 1 Will not New York interpose to arrest such a catastrophe ! Albany Jour. ! District Uom't The Last Message or Broken FnAO- MENTS IN RELATION To THE CLOSE OP TIME 11 u J. Dow. t his is a luitlu pamphlet on tint "End of tho World," hut whether it written in joke or in gootl earnest, we should hiitii lo av. Thu author candidly avows that "if iho reader search for errors, 1 will wnrrnnl him not lo bu disappointed," and a ter all, in this ago of monstrosities, we do not know that it is worse uf its kind than tho ravings of somii of thoso illiterates boobies yclept itinerant preachers, whoso words aro as much an ouirago on .Murray as on reli gion. Al any rate, our readers shall huvn somn samples of Mr. Dow's sacred melodies. In ono placo ho says "The Lord will sift all nations with One of the finest kind, of sirrs, Will seneiate the richleous from All wickedness since lime began." Tho beauties ofthc rhymo and sentiment will be appreciated by every reader of the least discernmcn. "One of the finest kind of sives" is a strongeipression. But ho goes on Wars and earthquakes yet will come, As even was since tune begun I Mountains and Islands yet will bust, And crumble back again to duel." There is no mistake about the meaning of those lines. In another stanzs lie says "The gospel trumpet has been blown ToKurope, Africa, and Koine.'' Rome snoms lo have been inserted-for the sake of the rhyme a poet's licence, But again , . " Where once the lofty cities stood On mountains thrown upon their beds, Whero e behold the sunken lake Was caused by shocks of great earthquake s." This Hppcars to be an instance of a wholo sentenco being put as nominative to the verb. One mora and we have dene, though twen- LOCO CANDIDATES. The position of the party in relation to all tho questions connected with the nexl Presi dency is passing strange. Divisions have nt length crept in to disturb their harmony. They havo usually acted with an unity of purpose and effect, known to no other parly in the country. While the Whigs have been distracted divided upon questions on which their independence rendered a division al most inevitable tho democracy, the great family of brotherly love and mutual good will have marched in glorious union, to the timo and linio of their leaders. But we think fur the present, nt least, this season has passed. There arc discords in the music which cannot be soon harmonized and they all grow out of questions connect ed with the next Presidency. They have so many noble, patriotic gentlemen, who arn willing to servo their country in this highest of its posts, that they urn uncertain where to bestow tho honor. Van Burcn, Calhoun, Johnson, Buchanan, Cuss, Tyler, and a gen erous host beside, "all, all honorable men," would under urgent solicitation, accept a iinitiiiinlioii. But here conies the difficulty a difficulty which is deeply felt and mani fested. Old and sworn fiicuds find them selves alienated, men who have sat nt tl.o same council, and slept together in h irmony for e.irs, now go in different ways, and call each other hard names, and all tho elements of domestic sedition arc working to some purpose, Tho chief architect in all this unhappy business, is Mr. Van Burcn whose ambition is as insatiate as thu grave, and never says it is enough. Moderate men have been sur prised at tho uneasiness of this gentleman. Tho tides of fortune have long moved in his favor. Rising from step to step in hon ors and preferment, always going up tho lad der and nover stepping downwind, having filled the measure of his own, though not his country's glory, his honors ns n statcman were suddenly eclipsed. Retiring to private life with tho grace which only an elegant courtier can exhibit, he might have lived in tho cool seclusion of a philosopher, and shar ed tho recollection of honors which none but the loftiest ambition can desire. But what happened This was by no means tho life for ono who had high estimations. Watch ing the growth of cabbages might bo a very healthful employment, hut it did nol satisfy a large heart ; and wo find Mr. Van Burtn in tho dead of winter taking his courso (or Al bany, to have a finger in tho great game there to bo played. His adherents have thrust his namo forward, and a crowd of spirits have been raised, which will down nt no man's bidding. They start up hero and they start up there, and no foresight can tell what shall bn the end of these things. The friends of Mr. Calhoun in particular will never permit Mr, Van Buren to taku tho course again, or at all events if ho does, he will find a competitor in the bold Carolinian who cannot ho so easily distanced, or dis posed nf. Meanwhile let us keep cool and quiet, and watch thn progress of this interest ing family quarrel without excitement as in different spectators should. And whether their candidate is a Southern Slaveholder, or "a Northern man wnn southern princi ples," or half u dozen men with no principles at nil, which is most likely to be the case, tho Whigs will bo prepared to give them hard battle in 1844. John C. Kemdi.e, formerly editor of the Troy Budget,and a member of the State Sea' ate, died in the Insane Asylum at Worcester, Mass., on the 14 lb ult., aged about 50. Mr. K. (says iho New York Tribune) was ruin-" ed by a connection with Barstow, defaulting anj absconding Cashier of the Commercial Bank of Albany ; thu development of which compelled him lu abandon his paper and re sign his seat in tho Senate. He removed to Wisconsin, but his reputation followed him and a sense of his downfall soon stung hi to madness. For two years past the wreck of one of the ablest Van Buren editors and most aspiring politicians in the Mate, he has been confined to the Lunatic Asylum at Worcester. Qy We have mislaid the communication relating to tho late chango of collector In this placo, which wo promised to give trill week. Tho Sentinel is the place for it, aa it was intended for the Loco Focos, but nev- thelcss if our correspondent will send us an other wo will publish it. WORKINGS OF TIIE TARIFF. New York Custom Hoes.-' "mfu". "f business was done at the Cu Houso on Monday, ihan for. long time P'aiDo'coSr v rJZ".s ihennnd.nte?edeid,1CO'0(,0'-A- V- Exprat, ir'U.9'' The Hrilannia brought out about 81.500. ,r li i ,i . . COO consumed 10 venous nouseB in liosion, IN, i ., and Philadelphia. She also brought a large quantity of Merchandise. lioston raper, April 22. Theso two brief paragraphs furnish a con clusive answer to thn clamor raised by tho Locofoco press against the present Turiff. In anticipation of tho adoption of this great measurn by tho Whig Congress, tho Coun try was ilooded in 1841 with foreign fabrics. Of courso for n year or moro after tho Tariff went into operation thn imports wero com paratively small, ond the receipts from thn Customs greatly diminished. Yet this rc- Glorious Whig Victohy at Sriucust, New YonK ! The Wings of Syracuse have nobly triumphed over the combined forces of tho barn-burners and Regency men. I ho Whig majority, says the State Journ al, over tho regular Loco ticket averages overONE HUNDRED AND SEVENTYf and over the " Barn Burners," upwards of TWO HUNDRED I and a clear majority over both tickets combined! Tho vote was very large, 1079. rteportcd flat tic between the Intended Rob' bersof the Santa Fc expedition and the Government Troops. The Platte (Mo.) Eaglo, states that a let' ter has been received hy a citizen of that county, from his brother, novv a prisoner at Fort Gibson, which says that he was one of the company recently captured by 4 body of United States dragoons, after a fight m which several wcro killed on both sides. It is supposed that this is tho band who intended to rob the Santa Fe traders. The St. Lou is New Era credits tho report. A Calhoun Thiumpii The Mobile Ad vertiser states that at a recent meeting of the Loco Focos of that city, the friends of Mr Calhoun wero entirely successful over thoso of Mr. Van BunEN. The M-hllo Register, however, gives a different version of the af fair. It says the V"n Buren men were in m ijnrily, but fa want of organization ihey wero overreached and divided by a recret combination f llio friends of Calhoun, who xtero thoroughly organized and disciplined , 1 caucus, and came to the meeting prepared ' with written ballots. The Register aayr that the signs of bad faith and combination. wero so apparent that many Democrats would not vote at all and it adds : t "We know that (here are hundreds who will Ml recognn Ihe result as binding upon them in an manner or form as democrats: but on the contrary, as marking a disposition lo gain Ihe conlrol of lh or ganisation or the whole party, bj the separate, mcim orEanizaiion of an exclusive and over-reach in eViog, What will be done, to mark the deep dissUaf,CueuV ""'"prevails, wsare not prepared to sav-but lS-i it will take some cfficieut form is as certain as that men are jealous of iheir rights, and look whh restat. ment upon all efforts ihat are meant to frustrau m.rne.gernem.n "' 0pinin' by 3 . The friends of Mr. Vsn Huren, who have rested inactive, trusting to. the 1 usitceanef love of pLciol? in their political fuends, thi n0reanisiiJToofi be necessary, . of democrat. .Ifjainst democrats will now .eo, Ih.t.fthey would be hsard, they mu, ipil for themselves, and demand thse righis which will aclive and disciplined minority." ' " The harmony of the great Dcmot party iruiy wonueriui 1 Connecticut. Chatinccy F. Cleveland ('Loco) was elected by tho Legislature, on Thursday last, Governor of Connecticut for the ensuing year. The following Stale offi cers were also elected t Wm. S. Holabire, Lt. Governor; Jabez L. White, Jr., Treas urer; Noah A Phelps, Secretary; Gideon Wells, Comptroller. All Locos. The Whigs of Newburg, New York, have carried their entire ticket nt the late town election, by an averago majority of oVer six ty. Last year the town was decidedly Lo co Foco. fX7-Tlie County Court for Chittenden County commenced its session at this place on Tuesday last, Judge Bknnk ft presiding, ami Msssrs. Samuf.l N. P.vr.:i vtr.E, Josf.fh W. Ai.i.ev. and IIknuv II.vli: were admit ted on Wednesday nsAliornics ahd Coun icllors at Law.