Newspaper of Burlington Free Press, June 9, 1843, Page 1

Newspaper of Burlington Free Press dated June 9, 1843 Page 1
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NOT THE GLORY OF C.BSAR BUT THE WELFARE OF ROME vol. xvir. BURLINGTON, VERMONT, FRIDAY, JUNE 9, 1843. No. 1 I ET The following cheerful s r.iin of poetry is a portion of "The Old Man's Poem," by Horace Smith, which appears in the London Monthly Magazine, for March : Vainly, ye libellers, your pago Assaults and vilifies old age, "Tis slill life's golden era ) Its pleasures, wisely understood, An unalloy'd, unfading good, Its evil a chimera. Time's victim, I am victim still, Holding the privilege at will, To seize him by the forelock, On me would he return the grasp He finds there's nothing left to clasp, Not e'en a single hoar lock. We blame th' idolatrous divine, Who gilds and decorates his shrine, Its Deity nci-lected ! Yet our self-adoration Mind Is body-worship; to the mind No reverence directed. Grey beards there arc, who, thinking art Can conquer nature, play the part Of adolescent friskers, Swindlersand counterfeits of truth, They strive to cheat us by false youth, False teeth, hair, eyebrows, whiskers. While to the frame due care I give, No masquerader will I live. No vain appearance pander j But rather seek to save from blight My mind, in all its pristine plight Of cheerfulness and candor. A youthful cheer sustains us old. As arrows best their course uphold, Wing'd by the lightsome feather. Happy the younaold man who thus Bears, like a human arbutus, Life's flowers and fruits together. To dark oblivion I bequeath The ruddy cheek, brown hair, white teeth, And eyes that briahtly twinkle ; Crows' feet inavplouzli with furrows deep My features, if I can but keep My heart without a wrinkle. Youns, I was never free my soul Still masler'd by the stern control Of some tj rannic passion i While my poor body, servile tool, Theliiery wore of fnp nnd fool, An object slave of fashion. Thanks to tby welcome touch, old age! Which strongest chains can disengage, The bondsman's manumitted, Released from labor, thraldom, strife, I pasture in the park of life, Unsaddled and unhittcd. From the Dublin University Magazine for May. A QUEEN FOR A DAY. On a cold and rainy day in tho nionlli of April, 191, a post chaise with four horses, was seen lo travel the road between Lons-le-Saulnicr and Besancon. Two persons occupied tho carriage one of them, a tall, handsome, and decant figure, reclined alone in the back, while in the front was seated a young woman whose dress and manner at once bespoke the waiting-maid. ' What o'clock is it?' asked tho mistress of the maid. Four o'clock, madame.' Wc shall never arrive the postilions aro frightfully slow.' ' The road is very bad, madame.' What a horrible delay 1 was sure my nerves would play mo some disagreeable trick; detained three daysjit Lons-lo-Saul-nier, ill and unfit to continue my route, with such serious reasons to wish it ended ; and to add to my misery, to go so slowly ; I believe at each change of horses they have given me the most miserable beasts possible to procure. But, madame, unfortunately wo are gal loping the whole way,for the jolts art! enough to ilislocatts our joints ; it is your uneasi ness and impatience prevents your fueling it This country is pretty, but the day is so wet I am sum that young man who follows us finds wp go too fat. ' How! is he there still V Yes, mad line, but a few paces from the carriage ; he has not lost an inch of ground. He is a vcrv good horseman.' He must bo a most determined idler to make a journey of seven or eight leagues, in weather like this.' Say, rather, madame, that he must be very much in love. no must do maa to follow a person whom he scarcely has seen, and never spo- Ken to.' It only proves that they have still a rem nant of chivalry in the provinces. I should like to seo our fashionables of Versailles or Paris gallop in that way in weather like this. and a road bad enough to break one's neck : trust me they do not give themselves much trouble, they are expert at talking nonsense, or in following up an easy intrigue, but most assuredly they would not do as this honest provincial. And they aro perfectly right, for what can mi young man gam out a uroKen hack or a pleurisy r Poor fellow !' You pity him, Suzanne has ho bought you over i 1 You know mo too well, madame, to sus pect such a thing, the chevalier' ' Ah ! it is a chevalier !' 1 Did 1 not tell yuu so, and moreover, be fore you tore his totters, you read them, and they were, signed ; his nanio is Do Maillcttcs and of a good lamily.' Why, this is a conquest really flatter ing.' Ho saw you enter the inn at Lons-lc Sauluier, he saw you again when you wont to the window, nnd ho tell in love with vou You must know, madame, (hero aro hearts in the world capable of love at first sight ami you should neither no oiieudcd nor surprised at having inspired a sudden pas inn ' But I hopo you have been discreet, You have not told him who I am? You know that I have pood reasons for nreserv ing the incognito in this journoy ; it is for that reason 1 did not permit tho Due do l the Marquis de C , nor any of my laiimui vassals' to attend me.' Bo assured he knows no more than any one elsei and it is not his fault, for ho did not spare questions. I answered him as I did every ono else, that vou wern calle Madame de Pryne, and that you travelled lor pleasure, uui mis aid not satisfy him his curiosity was strong enough lo make him shake a purso of gold, hoping tho sound of it would make mo more communicative. When he saw that his offers wounded my uuuvevj, mat my uiscroiiuu was incorruptl' ble, he tried conjectures ; no doubt, said he it is a person of coniequeice whom the troubles nnd misfortunes of Franco have ! obliged lo seek safety in flight, bul I shall follow her lo the end of tho world.' 1 Yuu sec that this foolish fellow will end by compromising me.' They stopped to change horses, and after a moment's silence, Suzanne recommended the conversation. See,' said she, ' this poor chevalier, who still pursues us, and bears his welling with a patience quite praiseworthy.' Does it continue to rain V replied Mad ame Pryne. Then drawing ihc glove offher white and beautifully-formed hand, covered with diamonds, she ran her fingers through the curls of her fair hair, arranged tho lace of her cap, and, notwithstanding tho rain, leaned her head a littlo out of tho window of the carriage,so true is it that zeal and de votion, and obstinacy aro always rewarded in the end. 1 Where aro wo V asked tho handsome traveller of tho postilion. At Naux.' And the next stagel' Jougne.' Is it a good place to stop V Certainly a town of seven thousand souls, and at the hotel of the Lion d Argent you aro as well treated as in a palace. That will do very well.' In this little dialogue tho words wero for tho postilion, and tho look for the chevalier, tor Madame de Pryne was not a woman without pity, and, after this act of charity she closed the carriage window. 1 Docs madame intend to pass the night at Jougno 1 asked aiizanne. ' No, no, wo shall contiiiuo our journey to-night; you know that I ought to beat uesancon to morrow morning ; we shall on ly stop for supper at the Lion iV Argent, where you arc as well treated as in a palace, then wo shall conlinuu our route. Scarcely were the two travellers seated at a table, in the famous inn of Lion d' Argent, when a functionary wearing a tri-colorod scarf entered the dining-room and fixud up on Madame dc Pryne a scrutinizing look, and seemed to compare her features with something written on a paper which ho held in his hand. After this examination, by which ho seemed profoundly occupied, the functionary, who was no less than tho mayor of Jougne, desired the travellers to show him their passports. Madame do Pryne seemed embarrass ed ' Could you spare us, sir,' said she, this ormality ; all our papers arc shut up in one of our portmanteaus.' ' I am very sorry, drily replied the officer, but no ono can avoid submitting to a pro cedure so important at present to this coun try. Your trunks must be opened.' And notwithstanding tho ill humor shown by the ladies, tho trunks wcro taken from the car riage, and brought into tho great room of the Lion d' Argent. The largest was first open ed, nnd what was the astonishment of the mayor on finding a tolerably large bag full of gold. What is this i cried the officer, aston ished You see very well, sir,' replied Madame do Pryno, smiling; they aro louis. Is it not allowable to carry such, travelling?' 1 hat s as it may be, madame there ap pears to bo a largo amount.' ' Uh! but thirty thousand francos at tho most. 1 Thirty thousand franccs looks very like li U 11111 Indeed, do you think so V uh ! you are qnito right to alloct in- diflerencc : but 1 am not so easily deceiv ed.' I seo that there is no necessity for my in terference, for you seem to manage very well for yourself.' ' A truco to raillery, if you please, mad ame, my character and the msigna of my office is to be respected. 1 Mclievo me, sir, they have my most pro- tound respect. Very well, madame ; but with your permission 1 must continue my exanuna tion.' ' Just as you please, sir.' The mayor of Jougne was going to re ply, when in lifting up a linen cloth, he saw a quantity of rich embroidery, and drew from the portmanteau two dresses cov ered with gold, and a velvet cloak trimmed with ermine, and fastened with a clasp of diamonds. 1 Ha !' said ho, ' these coincide exactly with my suspicions.' Will you bo good enough to tell me what these same suspicions may be 1 ' Confess first that the name of Pryne, which you havo written in the book of tho inn is a feigned one.' 1 acknowledge it. That is enough you need not tell mo any more.' ' W hero Is the harm in travelling under a feigned name, when tho incognito conceals nothing wrong. ' We shall see that, madame.' ' Let us end this scone, sir; I will show you my passport. 1 ' l is not world while ; your pnsport signifies nothing to me now, and 1 will dis pense with your showing it. Doubtless it is easy enough lo procure false papers but stay, hero wc have enough to confound all dissimulation and destroy tho mystery with which you try to surround yourself.' ' And as ho spoke ho lilted his arms tri umphant in the uir, holding in ono hand a crown, and in tho other a sceptro of gold. There is no doubt now ; 1 know who you are.' ' You will perhaps tell then V 1 Marie Antoinette of Austria !' ' Tho Queen V J Yes, madamo; and you wish to emi grate to Switzerland, I was prepared for you.' ' Really, you know that tho Queen, Ma rie Antoinette, intended lo make her escape, and pass through here V Certainly ; they suspected your inten tions at Paris, and sent mo word, and yon see that my vigilance did not sleep. And now in the name of the law I arrest you.' ' Without further proofs V I need no other.' And if I Hgiiin bog of you to examine my passport ( "lis useless; what signtlics a passv portT 1 Then nothing will shako your convic tion Y 'Nothing, madame.' 1 In that case, sir, I must submit.' Suzanne had several times attempted to interrupt iho conversation, but with an im perious gesture her mistress commanded her silence. The Queen and her maid wero now lodg ed in the be3t apartment of the Lion d Ar gent, with two sentinels placed at their door ; the tattoo was beat ; all tho influen tial persons of the placo were summoned ; the national guard were under arms, and the local authorities established themselves in the largo room of the inn. When all the no tabilics of Jougne were united, they delib erated upon what they should do in a case of such political consequence. A furious demagogue, the chief of their party, com menced speaking in these terms : ' Citizens : Wo havo just mado a great capture : but as a famous general once said, it is not enough to conquer, you must profit by the victory. In a few days the eyes of all Franco will bo upon us ; for proud Jougno is one of tho number of illustrious cities which belong to history. Let us raise ourselves to tho grandeur of our ne.w posi tion, and let us merit tho approbation of the nation which shall soon behold us ; may the wisdom of Cato and the patriotism of Bru tus inspires us; may our decision be thought worthy lo bo placed side by side with tho sublime sentences of the Greek Areopagus and the Roman Senate. 'Tis thus I pro pose: ihc pattiots of Jougne shall form themselves into a battalion, place Mario Antoinette of Austria in tho middle of the ranks, and conduct her to the bar of the na tional assembly ; each of us to carrv ono of the insignia of thu royally that wo have ar rested in flight this sceptro, this crown, this royal mantle and all this golden frippery which wound our republican eyes ; wc shall placo our spoils upon the altar of our coun try, and wo shall return gloriously to our firesides, after having received the felicita tions, of our brothers and tho thanks of lib erty. And that it cost nothing to the na tion, I demand that the thirty thousand fran cos seized upon tho fugitive should be employed in paying tho expenses of our journey. I his speech caused a great sensation ; but the more moderate, who always spoilod the finest flights, proposed and carried, by a majority of voicos, that they should await the orders ol the national assembly. At tins moment, the Chevalier de Maillet tes, who had been delayed by a fall, arrived in tho hotel of the Lion d' Argent, wet, splashed, and weaned. I ho first thing he asked on entering was, had they seen two ladies pass in a yellow carriage 1 At this question tho landlord seized him by the col lar and dragged him before the committee. 'Who are you?' said the president. ' What is your name?' Isidore dc Maillcttcs.' ' What appointment do you hold under those persons, for whom you asked on your arrival here V ' I don't know them.' ' You don't know them, and you pursue them in this fashion ! You don't know them and ynt you seek lliem ! An unhappy at tempt to conceal the truth!' ' I don't understand on, sir.' 1 Undoubtedly,' said the chief of the Ja cobins of Jougne, ' this man conceals his real name and rank; ho is some noble of Versailles the Prince of Lamballo or Pn lignac, perhaps the Count d'Artois himself, secretly returned to France searrh him.' They found upon tho chevalier four louis, a watch, and a love-letter folded, scaled, but without address : this letter was the sub ject of profound examination. They sought to find a mysterious and po litical meaning in the phrases of gallantry which it contained, but it was time lost ; for the Ooucrnmcnt of Jougne did not under stand the science of interpretation. ' We shall send this letter to the national assembly,' said the president, ' who will, per haps, bo more fortunate than we arc, and find a key to those tender hieroglyphics.' 1 Can you deny, sir, that this letter was for the Queen V What Queen Y ' Deceit is useless : we came here to ar rest Mario Antoinette of Austria.' 1 Arrest ! here ! The Queen, Mario An toinette V 1 Yes, you seo concealment is out of the question, and 'twould be better for your own sake to hide nothing from us. VVJiat can you tell us of our prisoner V Mo I I havo never seen her.' ' You still persist in your absurd system, nnd declaro that you do not know tho pur sons, whom you asked after, on coming into the inn 1 ' ' What ! llm lady in tho yellow carriage whom I have followed all tho way from Lous-lo-S.iulnier, tho Queen of France ? ' ' Citizen,' replied iho president, in astern voice, ' I suspect you wish to mock us ; hut if so, know that wo shall make you repent of it.' As tho chevalier did not reply, ihoy thought it usolesss to question him further, and de termined on keeping him a prisoner. When they had decided the fato of tho chevalier, they sought iho Queen, to inform her of their determination with regard to her. ' Our secretary,' said the orator, ' indites, at this moment, a letter lo the national as sembly. You must remain prisoner hero un 111 tho return ol Iho messenger, who will de pari in an hour.' ' l also havo written to tho national as sembly,' replied tho Queen ; ' will you havo the goodness to forward my letter with yourst' ' Willingly ; and until we roccivo a reply from Paris, thirty-six francs a day shall bo allowed for your expenses, lakon from tho money lound in your possession, and twen ty-four for tho lady who accompanied you, and lor the young man who lias just arrived.' A young man did you say! It must bo the unhappy Chevalier de Maillettoi.' 'Tit such he calls himself; but wo have no doubt is only assumed to conceal a name' of more importance. There is nothing to prevent your seeing tins person ; tl you wish he shall come to your room.' I wish it much,' replied tho Queen ; and then added, in a dignified manner, 'you may retire gentlemen.' Tho moment after, Do Maillcttcs entered the room, pale nnd trembling. The Queen received him with a gracious dignity : while he knelt lo her, and taking her hand which she held out to him, touched it respectfully with his lips. ' Will your majesty deign to pardon the temerity of my pursuit ? ' said he humbly. 1 My ignorance must be my excuse.' ' 1 pardon you, sir ; and seo nothing in your conduct but an exalted devotion to our royal person.' ' Put it to the proof, madame, and I shall brave the greatest danger to show myself worthy your clemency.' ' Well, chevalier, you havo not long to wait an opportunity to show your zeal ; tho town is in an uproar, the people surround thu inn : get rid of them, for they worry me with their noise' The chevalier went out and returned in a quarter of an hour, saying ' Your majesty's orders are obeyed. The crowd is dispersed.' I shall not forget this service,' said the Queen ; ' and I hope ono day lo bo ablo to repay it, and give you a place at my court when 1 regain my proper rank ; in the mean time I mako you my chamberlain ; and now I beg ot you lo order my supper; lor l am shall 1 confess it? uncommonly hungry.' What I at such a moment, nnd after such cruel emotions ! your majesty can feel hun gry I What grandeur ot soul ! The soul has very little to do in this af fair. Order three covers, one for me, one for my faithful Suzanne, and one for yourself. We shall all sup together ; nil difference of ranks shall be forgotten in our misfortunes We will not hold to the etiquette of Versail les at the hotel of tho Lion d' Argent. Above all things take care and let the cham paign bo we, ccd. The repast was delightful the Queen put her companions at their ease by telling them that she wished to banish all ceremony, and pass the tunc as pleasantly as possible. Su zanno begged flic chevalier to relate his his tory, which the young man did with much simplicity. ' 1 belong lo this country,' said tho chcV' alier, nnd was twenty years old last Easter Monday. My father tiled in the king s ser vice, and my mother intended mo for the church ; for I had an elder brother Achil les who wasdestinued to maintain the fam ily honors ; unfortunately tho poor fellow was rather quarrelsome, and was killed in a duel. I was then taken from my studies, launched into the world, where I quickly for got all I had learned, and entered eagerly into Iho lolly and dissipation usual with young men. I got into debt and difficulty, was obliged to leave my property and live at Lons-le-Saulnier, of which I was well wea ry. I had just resolved to go to Paris. When you appeared, then my former pro jects vanished ; I thought of but ono person, of whoso rank I was ignorant I need not add how I followed you on horseback, nnd became prisoner with yourselves.' The next morning, when the Queen awoke, Suzanne told her that the anteroom was full of visitors, who had been there from day light, and wished to pay their homage. ' Really, Suzanne I but arc they of suffi cient rank for that ? ' ' Hero is a list of their names.' The names were those of tho highest no bility, who courageously camo to render hom agu to persecuted royalty. Tho Queen received them with a touch ing kindness of manner nnd reproached them mildly for the imprudent step they had ta ken. I thank you,' sho said, ' and feel deeply tho generous expression of your loy alty ; but I must insist upen your not expos ing yourselves further by remaining with me. The Queen's remonstrances were useless. Such was the zeal and enthusiasm of those who surrounded her, that thoy insisted on forming a court in the Lion d' Argent, and it was only by choosing four of tho number that she could prevail on the rest to leave her. Those four persons, Suzanne and tho Chevclicr De Maillcttcs, formed the society ol the Queen, who excited their admiration by her grace, her constant serenity and gai ty, so remarkable under the circumstances in which sho was placed. Meanwhile tho mayor and committee of public saloty of Jougno sent each day to the national assembly u bulletin with a detailed account of the manner in which the prisoner occupied her time. ' To-day,' said tho bulletin, the Queen roso at ten o'clock ; at twelve she dined, with a very good appetite, with tho persons who composed her suite ; after dinner her majes ty wished to bo alono, she paced her cham ber in a stato ot agitation, pronouncing words which we could not catch tho exact meaning of. Bourthold, who is a man of informa tion, pronounces them blank verse. At threo o'clock tho Queen demanded her at tendants and played a game of 'reversis' with.tho Abbe do Blanzy, tho President du Bihnts, and Madle Caslerville ; at five o'clock her majesty stopped playing and con versed in an under tone with tho soi-disant Chevalier do Mailluttus, when tho conversa tion became general, and they talked gaily on frivolous subjects at oight o'clock tho citizen du Moriet road a lecture in a loud voice at nine o'clock supper was served, which lasted till midnight at twelve the Queen retired to her apartment.' This stato of things lasted fivo days, whon tho Baron do Morict who nassod a portion of his timo out ol thu hotel, took tho Queen nsido, and said lo her, All is road) for your escape. Our friends have re-united secret ly, nnd a hundred thousand crowns aro at my disposal. I havo bribed tho sentinels, nd at midnight a post-chaiso will wait for you at Iho end of the street. My measures are taken, so that wo can pass out of the city and across the ftontier without danger to morrow your majesty can dine at Fribourg.' No, replied the Queen. ' 1 o morrow I shall set out for Besancon or for Paris: for 'tis to-morrow the reply of the national as sembly will arrive and my futo will then be decided. I havo no confidence in the result, and I do not wish to fly ; it would but serve to expose my friends to new dangers, and you have already dono enough for me.' The messenger having arrived from Paris with despatches for tho authorities of Jougne, the committee assembled and requested her majesty might be present at the opening of thu letter. This letter, addressed to the mayor of Jougne, ran thus: Citizen 1 Wc would have you know that Marie Antoinette of Austria has not quitted Paris ; and wo would recommend your set ting your prisoner at liberty, Mademoiselle Sainval, actress of iho Thcstro Francais, who is expected at Besancon, where she is to give several representations.' Mademoiselle Sainval, cried thu worth ies of Jougne. ' So, Madame, you have been mystilying us all this lime! Gentlemen, replied Mademoiselle oain- val, ' I am Queen, Queen of Pout, Queen of Palmyra, of Babylon, ofCarlhage, of lyre, and of twenty other kingdoms of tragedy. Is it my fault if tho mayor ol Jougno lias ta ken the diadem of Melpomene for the crown of Franco ! You mystified yourselves ; no thing could dispel your absurd error, and I submitted. You wished to raise yourself in history, and you have only made yourselves ridiculous ; I recommend you to be more cir cumspect in future; and, with the permis sion of the national assembly, I will now or der post horses, resigning a part which I have played in spite ol mysell ; fo-tnorrow I shall resume my own, only bo assured the play-bill of Besancon shall explain Ihccauso of my delay. Good morning, gentlemen.' After having given vent to this lively sal ly, Mademoiselle Sainval turned towards her courtiers ' I owe you,' said sho, ' somo justification of my conduct in assuming a title which I in vain refused, and by which I hoped to ren der service to the august person who alone has a right to it. If tho Queen were to es cape, and pass through here, as it is suppo sed, I think they will he in no hurrv lo seek or detain her. Finally, ladies, you have not lowered yourself by being in my company; though I belong to tho theatre, 1 have nohlo bluod in my veins ; my name is Alziari de Roquefort, and mv family ono of the most in fluentiiil in tho province.' Then addressing Monsieur de Maillelcs, she added ' As to you, chevalier, this affair may teach you not to run foolishly after adventures on tho high way. I promised vou a place at my court when 1 regained my throne ; I shall keep mv word: my court is the comcdic rraneaiec; and when you conic to Paris, tho best box in it shall bo at your service ! ' IUAKTIIA WASHINGTON. iiv Mits. sicoun.vuv. It was early in tho winter of 1748 that the levees of Governor Gooch of Va. open ed with unwonted splendorat Williamsburgh Many ol tho members ol Assembly took thither with them a part ol their families and this session was graced by iho precenco of several young high-born maidens, who had never beloro been presented at court. One among theso was evidently the theme of general admiration. Some of the statelier matrons criticised her as deficient in height. Uut, though somewhat beneath the middle stature, she possessed that round and exqui site symetry which the early historians have ascribed to thu fascinating Anne Bolevn. A pure complexion, and clear eye, were finely contrasted with dark, glossy, and re dundant hair. Still it was found difficult, by common observers, to analyze her beauty ; for it rested not on any permanent gift, but on the consent of the whole movement, and the melody of voice, wero confessed to be among its elements. More of animation was hers, than is wont lo distinguish tho modern Southern beauty ; but what chiefly won old nnd young, was a bland cheerfulness, tho si lent history of the soul's happiness, and an expressive smile, inspiring every beholder with confidenco like a beam from the temple of truth. Though sho had scarcely numbered twice eight summers, there was about her u woman ly dignity, which chastened former admira tion into respect. Among thoso who had paid their devoirs (o this lovely young creature was Colonel Custis, one of the most accomplished gentle men of his timo. His father, the Hon. John Custis, of Arlington, held iho office of King's Counsellor, nnd was a man of wealth and distinction. His attendanco at Williams burg during the present session had been somewhat interrupted by ill health; and while there, the graver duties of the statesman had so far absorbed him as to render him igno rant as to what reigning beauties had produc ed sonsation at court. Not long after the suspension of tho levees, and the return of tho burgesses to their homes, tho counsellor requested a conversation in his cabinet with his sou, Colonel Daniel Parke Custis. ' I trust I havo always shown that regard for your welfare which is duo from an affec tionate father to un only son. I am about to givo another proof or it. In short, I wish to turn your attention to a suitable marriage..' The Colonel bowed. 1 You know Colonel Byrd, of Wcstovcr, to be my very particular friend. His daugh ter is ono of the most beautiful and accom plished ladies in Virginia, It is my desire that you form with her a matrimonial alli ance.' He seemed lo wait for a reply, but in vain. "May 1 inquiro if you havo thus early pre sumed to decido seriously on tho preference of any young lady as a companion for life Y I have, Sir.' May I bo favored with a knowledge of her nanio T 'Miss Martha Darnbridge.' Accoidiug to a happy prcscionce, the lof ty councc-llor gave his consent to tho nup tials, and the flower ol the court ol Williams burg becumo a bride, in tho blush of her sev enteclh summer. Their residence was a retired and roman tic mansion on tho banks of the Pamunkey. Il reared its white walls amid a profusion of vines and flowering trees. Broad planta tions, and tho wealth of Virginia forests, va riegated tho grounds. Rural occupation, and tho delight of each other's society, pre pared for them what they deemed a para disc. In visits to their favored dwelling, the Chancellor learned to appreciate the treas ures of his new daughter. Her excellence in tho responsible sphere to which she was introduced won his regard; and with tho in genuousness of an honorable mind when con vinced of an error, ho sought every oppor tunity of distinguishing her merit, which hB had once been reluctant to admit. When he saw the grace and courtliness with which she maintained a general hospitality ; the judgement far beyond her years, displayed in the management of her servants ; tho en ergy, early rising, the cheerful alacrity with which sho regulated and beautihed tho inter nal mechanism of her family ; the disinteres tedness with which she forgot herself, and sought the good of others; but, above all, her untiring devotion to her husband, and the littlo ones sprung up around her; he gloried in tho sentiment ol his son, which, indeed, ho had always believed, though he was once in danger of swerving from it, that strong personal affection is essential to the bias ol matrimonial happiness. But the scenes of felicity was not long to last. The death of her two oldest children prepared her for a deeper loss in her blovcd and estimable husband. In the trying situation of a young, beautiful, and wealthy widow, and mother, she was slill ablo to conduct herself with unvarying discretion, and faithfully to (lis charge every important duty. ft was in the spring ot lioa that two gentle men, attended by a servant, wero seen riding through the liixurant scenery with which tho county of New Lent, in Virginia abounds. Tho most striking figure nt tho group was a tail, graceful man, and apparently twenty-five years of age. He would have been a model for a statuary when Rome was in her best days. His companion was an elderly man, in a plain garb, who, by tho familiarity with which he pointed out surrounding objects, would seem to be ta- king Ins daily rounds upon Ins own estate. As they approached the avenue to an antique man sions, tic placed his hand on the rein of his i companion. ' Nay, Colonel Washington let it never be said that you passed the house of your father's friend without dismounting. I must insist on the honor of delaying you as my guest.' ' Thanks to you my dear Sir, but I ride in haste, the bearer of despatches to our Governor in Williamsburg, which may not brook delay.' ' Is this the noble steed which was given you by the dying Braddock on the fatal field of Mo uongahela ! and this the same servant he be queathed you at the same time V Washington answered in tho affirmative. 'Then, my dear Colonel, thus mounted and attended, you may well dine with me, and by borrowing some of this fine moonlight, reach Williamsburgh ere his Kxccllcncy shall liavo shaken ofi'his morning slumbers.' ' Do I understand that I may be excused im mediately after dinner V ' Certainly.' ' Then Sir, I except your hospitality.' And gracefully throwing himself from the charger, ho resigned the reign to his English servant, giving at the same time strict orders as to the timo when he must be ready with the horses to pursue their journey. ' I am rejoiced, Colonel Washington,' said tho hospitable old gentleman, 'fortunately to have met you on my morning ride ; and the more 6o as I have some guests who may make tho request pass pleasantly, and will not fail to appreciate our young and valiant soldier. Washington bowed his thanks, and was in troducod to the company. Virginia's far-famed hospitality was well set forth in that spacious baronial hall. Precise in his household regula tions, the social feast was closed at the time the hoet had predicted. The servant was alone punctual he knew the habits of his master. At the appointed moment he stood with horses caparisoned at the gate ; and much did ho mar vel, as listening to every footstep that paced down the avenue, he saw the sun sink in the wes', and yet no master appear. At length or ders came that the horse should be put up for tho night. Wonder upon wonder ! when his business with the Governor was so urgent ! 7 he sun was high in the heavens the next day ere Washington mounted for his journey. No among the guests was a beautiful and youthful wiilnw. tn wl,n,n rh.-irm hi. l,n:irl l,n,l rosnnnil. ed. This was further confirmed by his tarry - ing but a brief space at Williamsburg, retrac- ing his route with unusual celerity, and becom. ing a frequent visitor at the house ot the late Colonel Custis, in the vicinity, where the fol lowing year, his nuptials wero celebrated. Henceforth tho life of tho lady of Mount Ver nonis a part of the history of her country. In that hallowed retreat, sho was found entering into tho plans of Washington, sharing his confi dence, and making his household happy. There her only daughter, Martha Custis-, mod m the bloom of youth ; a few years after, when the troubles of tho country drew her husband to the post of cominmder-in-chief of iher amies, she accompanied him to Boston, and witnessed its siege and evacuation. For eight years he re turned no more to enjoy his beloved residence on the banks of tho Potomac. During his ab- sence, she made tho most strenuous efforts to discharge the added weight of cares, and to en dure, with changeless trust in Heaven, conlinu. ed anxiety for ono so inexpresaibly dear. At the close of each campaign, she repaired, in com pliance with his wishes, to head quarters, where tho ladies of the general officers joined her in formingsucli society as diffused a cheering in fluence over even tho gloom of the winter of Valley Forgo and Morristown. Tho opening of every campaign was the signal of the return of Lady Washington (as sho was called in the army) to her domestic cares at Mount Vornon. 'I heard,' said she, 'the first and last cannon of the Revolutionary war.' 'i'he rejoicings which attended thu surrender of Cornwallis, in the au tumn of 1781, marked for ber a season of the dcepost sorrow. Her only remaining child, Col. John Custis, the aid. de-camp of Washington, became, during his arduous duties at the siege of Vorktown, the victim of an epidemic fever, and died at the age of twenty-seven. Ho was but a bjy of five at the time of her second marriage, and had drawn forth strongly tho affections and regard of her il lustrious husband, who shared her afllictions for his loss, and by the tendorest sympathy strove to alleviate it. After the close of tho war, a few years wore devoted to the enjoyment and embellishment of their favorite Mount Vernon. Tho peace and returning prosperity of their country gave pure and bright ingredients to their cup of happiness. Their mansion was thronged with guests of dis. tinction all of whom remarked with admiration the energy of Mrs. Washington in the compli. cated duties of a Virginia house wife, end the elegance and grace with which she presided at her noble board. The voice of free nation, conferring on Gen. Washington the) highest office in its power to bestow, was not obeyed without sacrifice of feel ing. It was in the Spring of 1789, that, with his lady, he bade adieu to his tranquil abode, to assume the responsibility of the first Presiden cy. In forming his domestic establishment, ho mingled the simplicity of a republic with that dignity which lie felt was necessary to secure the respect of older governments. Tho furni turo of his house, the livery of his servants, tho I entertainment of his guests, displayed elegance, while they rejected ostentation. In all these ar rangements; Mrs. Washington was a second self. Her Friday evening levee.", at which he was always present, exhibited that perfect eti quette which marks the intercourse of the dig. nilteil and high bred. Commencing at seven, and closing at ten, they lent no more sanction to late hours than to levity. Tho first lady of the nation still preserved tho habits of early life. Indulging in no indolence, sho left her pillow at dawn, and after breakfast retired to her chamber for an hour, for the study of the scriptures and devotion. This practice, it is said, during tho long period of half a century, she never omitted. The duties of the Sabbath were dear to her. The President and herself attended public wor ship with regularity, and in the evening he read to her, in her chamber, the scriptures and a ser mon. Tho Spring of 1797 opened for them with the most pleasing anticipations. Tho cares of high office were resigned, ami they were about to re. tire, for the remainder of their day, to tho belov ed shades of Mount Vernon. The new turf springing into fresh greenness wherever they trod, the vernal blossoms opening to receivo them, the warbled welcome of the birds, were never more dear, as Wearied with the toils of public life, and satiated with its honors, they re turned to their rural retreat hallowed by tho re collections of earlier years, and by the conscious ness of virtue. But in two years Washington was no more. The shock of his death, after an illness of only twenty-four hours, fell like a thunderbolt on tho bereaved widow. The piety which had long been her strength continued its support, but her heart drooped ; and though her cheerfutness did not utterly forsake her, she discharged her ha. bitual round of duties, as ono who felt that her " glory had departed." How beautiful and characteristic was her re ply to the solicitations of the highest authority of the nation, that the remains of her illustrious husband might be removed to the seat of gov ernment, and a marble monument erected to mark the spot of their repose. " t aught uy the great example winch l navo had so long before me, never to oppose my pri vate wishes to the will of my country, 1 consent to the request made by Congress ; and in doing this I need not, I cannot, say what a sacrifice of individual feelings I make to a sense of publio duty." Tho intentions of the Congress of 1707 have never been executed, nor the proposed monu ment erected. 'The enthusiasm of the timo passed away, and tiro many conflicting cares of a great nation turned its thought from thus per petuating his memory, whose image, it trusted, would be ever enshrined in the hearts of a great people. Scarcely two years of her lonely widowhood were accomplished, ere the lady of Mount Ver non found death approaching. Gathering her family around her, Ehe impressed on them the value of that religion which she had tasted from youth onward to hoary hairs. Then calmly re signing her soul into the hands of Him who gave it, at the age of seventy, full of years and full honors, she was laid in the tomb of Wash ington. In this outline of the lineaments of Martha Washington, we perceive that it was neither tho beauty, with which she was endowed, nor the high station which she had attained, that gave enduring lustre to her character, but her Chris tian fidelity in thoso duties which devolve upon her sex. 7'his fitted her to irradiate the home, to lighten the cares, to cheer the anxieties, to sublimate the enjoyments of him who, in tho ex pressive language of the Chief Justice Marshall, was "so favored of Heaven as to depart without exhibiting tho weakness of humanity." Russian Conquests. " The brilliant ca reer of Muscovite conquests," says Bulga rin, " began with Peter the Great ; although the amount, in his time, did not exceed 176,200 geographical square miles, yet their effect was to lay tho ground work for our ascendancy over the Baltic and the Euxino. At tho time of Catherine's accession, our lominion was spread over an area of 6,917,- 1l Bro n,ll. and,hr re'gn was mark- ''' "V t'e acquisition of CoUrlaild, LlVOnia. , White Russia, Volhynia, Podolinia, the ( L.rinica, .sopu, uisiijkoi, a largo extent ot territory between the Bug and Dniester, the country of the Nogay-Tartars, the Kabar- das, and part of the north-west coast of America. When Paul ascended tho throne, the area of tho Russian Empire, of which about one fifth was in Europe, amounted to 7,338,900 squaro miles ; under his brief sway, howev er, not more than 1010 were added lo iho mass. During the reign of the Emperor Alexander, lliero wero incorporated, in the year 1802 and 1804, Grusia, Mingcrclia,and Imeritia; by the treaty of Tilsit, in 1807, ho acquired the province of Bialy stock : by that of Fredericksham, in 1809, the Isles of Aland, and West Bothnia, as far as Tornoo ; the treaty of Schonbrum, in the same year, gave him tho province of Tarnapol ; and by that of Bucharest, in 1812, he obtained Bessarabia, and part of Moldavia, including the mouths of the Danube. Tho Russian possessions in America com prised an area of 504,000 square miles, and extended, as staled in the Ukase of 1821, to the 51st degree of northern latitude. By tho poace of Gulistan, in 1813, ho acquired Daghestan and Shtrwan; and the settle ments made at tho Congress of Vienna, gavo him Poland in its existing extent, and provided for tho cession of Tarnapol to Austria. Tho treaties which ho concluded with tho United Slates, in 1824, and Great Britain in 1825, extended his possessions in North America, to fifty-four degrees, forty one minutes northern latitude Tho consequence of this gradual accu mulation of territory was, that the Emperor Alexander bequeathed to his successor a sovereignty spread over a surfaco of 7,650 690 squaio miles. Tho brilliant career of the presont monarch has added the Persian provinces of Erivan nnd Nakitshevan with an area of about 10,500 squaro miles, which now constitute New Armenia, and were ac quired under tho treaty of Turkmanshy, in 1823: and tho fortresses of Anapa, Poli, Akalzik, and Akalkalachi, to which a terri tory of about 2100 square miles is attached, which wero extorted from Turkey by tha treaty of Adrianople, in 1829.

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