Newspaper of Burlington Free Press, July 14, 1843, Page 2

Newspaper of Burlington Free Press dated July 14, 1843 Page 2
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wtaa I'Olt OOVKIINOH, JOHN MATTOCKS. ron lieut. aovniiKon, H OUACE E A T O N . ron TnEAffncn, JOHN SPALDING, ron CONC3KIVS, HON, GEORGE P. MARS II. 1 iin U mo fevsTr.M. Home labor', work at hornet buy at homes sell at home; rpnd at home) employ our own countrymen in preference! help Aim-tic-tns l.rst; proiitt American I.itor i assist American tndus try j let tho i.;iiil!ifod tlio Nortlu tlio iN'urth supply the South j lint wo don't want wo will shipnwayi what wo c:nt make or produce wo will Imv finm il....i. . ..t:.,.. w. Y --j-"'"! tiny loietoncrs. i ih is tlm v , . .i-ci.,,, . ,i,.-:.u.. . 0 luiuuur own near country .111. 1 our own countrymen, before any forcin naiion j nnd inn , i,mu inru 01 American men ami Anirri can boys, and .AnicncaTi trills and women. Wo are MWtm trtle people.) wo must and we will live liy our labor. It feeds us ami It clothes usj and we mean to take drool that labor 111 preference) to any veto, or nny power iorewn or domestic. Hence wo waul a demesne nrrd protective, tarill'. Prom the lioston Atlas. ,LOSS OF THE STEAMER COLUM BIA. It is willi feelings ofilorp regret that wo nro under tlio necessity this mornlntr, of nn noiiiicing tho loss of lliu llrilish Mull Steam cr Coliimbi.i, Cipt. Shannon, which sailed from this jiorlon tlio 1st insl. SI10 was wrecked, as will bo seen by tlio accounts which wo present below, upon Black Led"e. near Seal Island, iN. S., on ber passage to llnlitax. All her passengers, among whom was tlio lion. AiinoTr Luvnuxct:, of this niy, Willi Ins lady and daughter, were sale, Tho voscl was going lo pieces when tin BtnuuniT ui.it crougut tlio intelligenco. lull licr, ami wotiltl be a tutal wreck. Ho Irivobooti lavoretl by ihu politeness 01 o. ,unou L.auTunce, bsq., with a letter from tho Hon. Abbott Lawrence, tohis fami ly m Hits city, giving the full particulars of tuts tiiuortunato occurrence. The intelligenco of this calamity was for warned lo tins city by S. U. Lyman, Esq. Post .Master at Portland, by Special Exptess. Sum. Island, July 3d, 18-13. My dear Son Wu luft Hoston at quarter past 2 o'clock on the 1st instant, and experienced ti most ngrcoablo run till yesterday at quarter past 1, (it being foggy,) the Columbia struck on tho H!ack Ledge, ono and a quarter miles dis tant from this Island, at hi.'h water. When 1110 ItJe began to ebb, wo saw large rocks on ino larboard side, about 10 fathoms dis tant, and a long reef not a cable's length from us. Before half lido down, these rocks were 4 feet above tho water. Soon after she struck, wo commenced thlowing over coal, which was continued through the day. At half past 2 we began fil ing our cannon ; in half an hour after wo wero answered by a musket, which relieved us from tho most painful anxiety, as wo wero not quite certain when: wo were, and Imped it might he from tho land. At 4 o'clock tho fog lifted, mid wo had (lie inexpressible satisfaction of see ing a fishing schooner making for tho ship, Willi a small boat 111 low. The captain of 1110 scnoouui, intcliings,) win, js the keeper of tho lighthouse, came on board and gave 11s an account of our situation, which appear ed any thing but Haltering. Wo soon con cluded, as it was evident the Columbia was in a rocky berth, that it was prudent to take the ladies on shore, (14 in number,) besides several in the steerage, and five or six chil dren. This was accomplished at G o'clock, without injury lo any ono; and hero we found iwo small houses, a mile or more dis tant from each other, inhabited by kind and efficient people, who exhibit all the sympa thy and care wo could desire. There are no other habitations upon tho Island, which is rough and barren. The nearest main land is Harrington, 2.j miles distant. This morn ing, at high tide, an attempt was mado lo float tho ship, which proved unsuccessful, nnd at half past two the Captain requested iho passengers, (.30 in number,) who remain ed on board, to go on shore aboul 40 hav ing landed last evening. The passengers nro now all on shore and one half the bu" gage. The mails nro all here, nnd the re maining part of tho baggage will be received 111 tho coarso of an hour. llie opinion now is lhat the ship will bo lost she is very much strained and has heel, ed over considerably. W have 95 passen gers, and 73 officers, crew, beloii"in" to the ship, in all 1G8 souls. Tho Cnplaili lias conducted himself with groat coolness nnd courage, and displayed lhat energy and magnanimity that belong to his noble pro fesston. And now having no time lo write, I have only to say that I deem our preser vation t-xlraordinary 20 ards on either eido of tlio ship, wiih a moderate breeze, would have consigned us all to a waterv grave. Through tho merev of A I have all been spared, living monuments of pniiecting earn; and wo and you, and all our friends, should offer up to our Heavenly Father, (ho homage of grateful hearts, for this signal instanco of his sparing mercy. The ladies and all thu passengers have con ducted themselves in a manner lhat should command our admiration. Wo shall send an express to Halifax for a steamer, which, I suppose, is nearly 200 miles we being now about 210 miles from lioston. We havo provision enough for tho present, and can make ourselves lolerablv comfortable, under all circumstances in which wo are placed. Your mother and sister arn quite well, and I am heller than could bo expert cd uftor tho anxiety and fniguo tliroimh which I havo passed. I shall writo the first opportunity. Do not, however, bo anxious j tho season is favorable, and I have no doubt uo shall all be provided for. In groat haste 1 remain, with Iho truest affection, ABBOTT LAWRENCE. James Lawrhnce. I'. S. It is in justice to Captain Shan non to say, that the ship was in charge of tho Pilot of course ho is cxhoneratcd from all blame. From tho Itoston Five. On. of Saturdjy July Blh TRR.IENl)OrjS FIUB AT t,au, fVB ID" Ono of the most destructive Fires that lias happened m this country for Fomn time, look place 111 tho ill-fated town of Fall Itiveron Sun day about 3 o'clock, I At. It commenced in tlio cabinet maker's shop of Mr. Westgatc, and such was its process ilrat bofore it was arrested it destroyed property to the amount of Haifa Million of Dollars .' Ow. mg to Iho ponds being drawn oil', there was creat difficulty 111 getting water, and when that was obtained a groat part of iho hoso had been do. Mroycu uy 1110 rapid advance of tho flames. Tho fjro Bwept Main.street for about half a mile. Hoveral houses were blown up but it had littlo effect in arresting the flame, which catm-hi mo eparK. me lire spread unti mid. number of dwelling houses and stores deslro -ed ..f One Ilundredlu! ESTSli lost in town j not a single dry coeds (-tore es capcu destruction. All tho principal public ,,,,, P aro Josr'C'l, tho l'ocas,ot llridgo .Mill, three Churches, (tho Methodist nnd Chris tian Union Churr-lic,) tho Custom House, Post wince-, nvo largo lintel, (Iho l'ocassut and Manufacturers.) the Fall Kivcr Ihnlt, Savings 11.111k, two Printing Offices, (Iho Motii'or ami Argus). Hundreds of her pour and moot re spectable inhabitants nro houseless and Iho wealthy havo sullerod severely. More than ono thousand persons by this disaster aro do. privod of a shelter, food and clothing. Many returned then- furniluro to what they consider. jjiai u.i ui tunny, um to which tlio it-imcs soon carried destruction. Vho cnu Is nun which presents itself strongly to Ihu sympathies of the clnntylde, in manifesting which wo hope this community will not be bic.kward, A circular nas neon issued at Fall River by a committee, appoahiigto thoclnritability loscnd food, cloth nig or money to tliom, no', to repair their losses and rebuild tho vill aire. lull tn rntinvn llintr urn. sent distres, and enable them lo givo bread In the hungry, clothing to tho naked and shelter 10 me hmiu!p.s. About 8100,000 is insured r.t tho Bristol Co. .Mutual Office, and 50,000 at the Cohaunot Mu tual Oihco. 1ST Tlio Mayor of Boston invited the citiens to assemble at Faiieuil Hall Ibis day, for the pur pose of adopting inea-urcs for tho immediate re. but of tho snflbrcrs. After tho mcctiivr was or ganize.!, iho Rev. Mr. Fowler, of Fall River. gavu an iiilerotmg account of tho circumstan ces attending the appalling conflagration which hid hud desolate thu whole business poition ol that devoted town. He assured thn oioi.iir.r th it the destruction and distress which prevail" ed there was sufficient lo app.il the stoutest boat I .nnl he earnestly invoked Ihu aid of the people ef It.jston, in such shape that llicv mi"lil ee lit to bestow it, to relieve tlio nrnssin.r m. ce.s-ities under winch a largo portion of the in bab.lantsof Fall Rivor were now suliering. A co iiiinttco was then appointed, consisting of iwo citizens from each Ward, to collect mon ey, provisions, clothing, &c. to aid tho stitlbrurs by the late lire. 7'ne following gentlemen con stitnte tin; Committee For Ward No. 1, Isaac Harris, ThoTnis lluihnn ; J. John B. I remcre, J.Cullen Ayer; 3. Andrew Ceyor, John Hnel bngj.t Miwin (irant, W. W. Stone ; 3. Charles Leighton, Pliilip Gi-eolv, Jr.; (I. Homy (. Rico, Henry 1-Mwards; 7. S. Abbott Laurence, S. Ihvis Leavens, 6. Uonj. P. RichauUn, Thus. J. Slielton ; 0. Thomas G. Amorv, John R. Brad lee ; 10. F.zra Weston, Joseph Hustis, 1 1. Win. Widen, Ccorge Sivago; 1'.'. F.ben Jackson, Alvan Siinond-. On motion ol W. Lawrence, K-q. it was voted that tho money, as collected, shall bo transmitted to the .Mayor and Aldermen and that the May- ui,.i-vwi,iiiiiinioiiiio uommilteo, shall be tlio agent 10 transmit all d -nations to our nlilicted brethren at Fall River. It was then voted that tho Secrelarv of this meeting bo requested to act as Monetary of the Cjtnu.ttce,and lint the proceedings orthoment ing be published in the papers of this ovenin". MARTIN' BKIM.Min;, Chairman. W ili.i.vm I brans, Sociotai v. Prom iho Woodstock Murcury. Till: STATU SCHOOL FUND. The subject of the Statu rchool fund, Ins with in a few years pis!, attracted much of the pub lic attention. B.lls for its abolition have been gravely considered by the Legislature for rev oral years pis!, tho press has entertained dis. cussion 011 the policy or impolicy of the measure, and attempts have been made lo enlist political pariioi on the onu side or the other, as it was- be lievedtho mmuro would incut tho approbation or disapptobution of the people. The subject is without doubt one of the gravest import to the ei.tiro population of the State. It invokes tho consideration and proper disposition of millions of the pcoplo's money, and tho subject should be considered with no reference to any party now in being, or to come. If the State school fund, as a moasuic of s'alo financial policy is dofensi. blc and oiiuht to ho MMainoi' it is sr. imlm,n,,. dent of any party considerations; if it be hide, fonstblo and ought to bo abolishr-d, uo pari v con. hidoration should interpose to prevent Us ab.di. tiou. No temporary, sectional or parlv motives should influence us in tho decision of "this qucs lion. It is proposed to consider tlm cnliirw nf it.r. sh ad lund in accordance with tho preceding suggestion.', in several brief wnokK- nnr,il,i,r?. in such a manner, as it is Imnni!. u-ill en,,,., r- them the candid consideration of thn nt:blir. iml an insertion into the colunw of those papers, whoso conductors wish their readers lo become interested in the proper disposition of this fund. HI'AVF, SCHOOL FCND.-No. 1. 7'ne sciioul fund owes its origin to tho old Vermont State bank. In discharm" tlm ,!... ties imposed by iho resolutions of Nov. IS II, the school fund lay duoctly in our way, and the inquiry was naturally sui'j rested, wlmiirn tins anomalous apnond.iL'O to the Smln fnnuiry conducted us back thrnn.rli n tlPridd fit' almost forty years to tho establishment of the old ermont .State Bank in 1SO0. Bv the act es. lauiisinng mat uaiil:, tlio treasurer was author- izeu to oorrow not exceeding 6300,000 at 0 per cent, for the purposoof bankinj. II010 wu lind the source of that stream which then diver-od from the treasury, and which had smco remain, cd in a false position. It was a project to bnr. row money lo lend at the same rate of interest, 111 tho vain hone to make iihihrv Uv thn mnr.. art of hanking. It was an atlemnt to raise the -jroain above the fountain, and one, which could hnd few advocates at thn present dav. If at that early period any prognosticated dfsaslerns cuiisuipicm 10 me ine.iMire, the verification of tjicn pieseniiinont may now bo read in the his. toryof that .nstitution. To meet tho liabilities of tint bank iho I.eg.slaturo at vaiiotis titr.es appropriated large sum-, which but for tho es. '..ibhslunent of that lunk, imght hao remained in possession of the tax paying cnrmminity. I ho fragments of that b.mk'wero scattered to the wind.-, and while tho legislature attempt od to glean and co'lect them together, appiica. lions liequent and pressing wero mado for the use of thu money, until the Legislature wearied by ro-istam importunities, rcsohed in 160,-, to establish the school fund. This measure was resorted lo, as a mere expedient, lo shelter and protect a fragment of tha .Vlato Treasury, from the pitiless pollings of a Hock of cormorants, al ways upon tho watch to engulpb every rent of public fund.--, not protected behind tho bolts and birsof tho public treasury. This measure nov. er originated in tho sober wisdom of tho Lo.ris. .Hturcvmd to much should bo said in vindication of that body; fr tho measure itself his no ono feature that can commend it to the favor of a discerning public. In no one position, in which wo can view it can it commend itself In the favorablo consideration of a prudent, thinkin" inn, nuo 01 tins wo hope to convince every such person, who will candidly and patiently BHi'jun as wo nope to be able to prusum 11. 1 no right disposition to this fund "" "n" ."u "o-ernaiivooi piymgor loosing sov. eral ini.'hotis of dollars lo tho ta.v.paying com. tnunity, and this considrcation ou"ht to bo suf. ficicnt lo secure for tho subject a cool and can. did investigation. AUDITOR. TV? It . -- , M1 iiAMMinnc l lie Loco Foro members ... uiu i.eKisi.iiuro nave at length boon drilled into a nomination of Mr. Van Huron for next 1 resident. In tho resolutions ef thoir caucus, they assert lhat Mr. Van Huron was beaten in lhll) by "fraud, fahchond and corruption." The .iiu iKiior,uu enougn not to know that (his is a irross lie. but n,n ...1 coclod a wero perfectly awaro Ibey wero lyin-r. Ins nomination kicks Mr. Levi Wnndl.uru .f1' ,'S;: ,10 a fol1 f I'imtclf at Iho . iwtitiii L-ouvcnuon lor less than nothing. 1 fie legislature adjourned on the 1st instant, after a session of "3 days, dur.ng which 00 acts and resolutions wore passed. The principlo wero those denouncing tho West Point Acadc. my, and urging tlu payment of Oen. Jackson's line. .1 r''w'',Ss have again nominated Con. An- &fl''h " y,1"""- tor Governor, and chosen Ichabod (loodwin. of PoriKmniul,. i,.in. , 1 r - ft3"0'"11 J"eiilion. Kai Each a From tho Plattxburgli Whig. CnLMBRATION AT CIIAMPLAIN. The anniversary of our national independence was ooiy cciourateil nt Uliamplam. Wo under stand that an unusually lame numborof tiorKon. ero assembled on thu occasion, and that tho exorcises wero conducted in good stylo nnd to Iho satisfaction of all present. Tho citizens of Uiamplam aro entitled to much credit forlhoir zeal and efforts in behalf of thoir now and fa. vorite literary instiiiiliou ; and wo think their exertions cannot Tail of the desired effect, of es tablishing it upon a permanent footing. A saluto of 120 guns was fired in the morning and nthalf past 10 tho procession formed at Iho Academy nnd proceeded to tho church, where Iho addi ess was doliieied by C'ai.vin Phase, a professor in tho University of Vermont ; a sub. stituto for President Wheeler, who was detain ed by sickness in his family. Tlio address was listened to with groat inter est and was throughout a finished composition, jull of just sotitiiii'jnt and just reannings, giv ing his views of the object and end of education, as developing thu man fitted for the gieat end of Ins being and sustaining his relation to God and his fellow men in all due proportions ; which the orator most happily illustrated by tho clnraclerof Washington. Wo give a passage from his address which we pronounce one ol the most hannv mbi-rlns of that illustrious man that wo over heard. "Of all die men whom tho history of thopist can lirin.tr before us, wo think that the most nearly per fect model ol a .Van is eslnbilclin him, whom this day inakss It esnecia It nnornnri.iin in nnmn m,r, minimal ii,liin!rluii. Without a disproportionate prominence of auv ?inao quality, be was eminent in a deim-e lo which few Invo ccr arrived, in nil lhat N errat and nob e in imr ..rir .,, ., ,. ... 1;.... decided wiihou- bcine hasty or se'lf-willed j he was confident Wltholl licillr nirOL'alll: tin una d.-irinrr wiiliout betiiij r.ib i-ho was dehbrrato in the most irdtnary coiiccrns, and was readv to net with pronip liliidoni the most dilliciill nnd daiiu'erous, and m cc ryexiiiencyj ho was eminent as a warrior ; ho was f.tltmnilt na .. .1.1,,. . I.. . . - .......v... ... c-i. in 111,1 11 j llu wlls ol iiiirrior ns a scholars be was exemplary ns n chriliin j Ins pub he eauer was peculnrlv Rravo nnd dymfi.d, and Ins private 1 fe was beauliful. He was not, like most oth ers, tlio product ofpeculnr nnd favorable circumstan ces, but he would have been erc.it under any rireuin stances ; he was not ercaier in public life linn in re lin nienl i ho was every where nod always tbesimc. I.llt llH ell meter wns mil nnnri.finl..l ,,, l.i. ... .1 ... . nnd that bei niifoit was not understood. 1 1,, .rmu s upon us nnd upon the world with a constint umwlli. " onrociery nay seems new excellencies in him. 1 he more mrrowtv ivnnim ,1... ...r.. i . , - - -j . . m.,V i.iiiu.iiiu excellent lie seems. His fame, illustrious ns ii is is as yet but in jis inlancy ; with the lapse of aces ids glory shall brighten. Napoleon was n warrior, nn.l, ui tho midst of his exploits, his bnllhncy so da.zbd Ihe conunon cyo, thai it could seo no other object, and none of the defects of lint. Compare him with Wash, mgtnn, nnd w-lntis h07 a shootinc star ; nstonish ui!: Iho world by ils suddenness, its eccenlricity and bhze, and then is sunk in night I Select your exam ines irom nnv protession and from anv aco-srlect Iho most brilliant, and compare them with Vasluii-. loii.-and what are they J hl.e the stars when the moon Ins arisen, lint it n not for me. nor such as I ; spenk his eulogy. I nibht rather fear to spei his niinolctl slioulil take it upm lips pm cr irrev rent. I em satisfy my own heart nnlv by linnilin" my knees In f,.ro his nn.l our (3 d and leather in deyoat tlnn'.sjivin:.', that Ho revca'ed liim to tho world so fully and so Ion?!" Afler the Address the members of the Acade my ami others formed a procession, and march, ed to the island where tho company partook of a piaiu dinner. After dinner and during the afternoon the students, under tho direction of Mr. Hyde, iho principal, declaimed in a manner acceptable to the audience nnd cieditablo to the institution. The company partook of tea nnd other refresh, ments under a spacious navilhon about nil font long and 20 wide fitted up with tables, seats, and bar, with all tho appendages for shelter com plele, and continued together to a late hour, ap. parent)' gratified with the entertainment. Tho celebration was concluded by an oxhi bitiou of fire works in tho evening. OOVKItNOR JONKS. Tiir. rnosiT.cT is i:ast TnNN-nssr.i:. The progress of the canvass thus far in Fist Tennosteo has been a series of triumphs upon the part of Gov. Jones, unparalleled in the Ins. tory of political warfare in 'iViinnc? i v.. speak with the most entire confidence, and we beg leave to as-sure our friends- in the West, and all mcr tho Union, that the Whigs of Fast Tennessee will nobly sustain their ancient posi tion they will not fall back an inch, mar): it ! ;io one. men will they i erode The skv is bright ami clear, and cirri 11' isre; his post! (biv. Jones Ins infused into thu bosoms of the whole Whig family, a fire that will burn, and burn, and burn, until tlio shouts of victorious freemen shall proclaim a now triumph for our principles a now triumph for tho bold, determined and noble champion of our cause. Vint wo will far exceed our vote nf 1811 is absolutely certain, and this ract is acknowledged by ihe candid oven amongst our poht.cjfil opponents. Thu friends or Col. Polk in thu West may doubt the cor redness of our statement, but wo again as.sure our Whig friends in other sections of the State that conio what will como what may jlasl Tennessee will nobly do her duly! The right arm of the Whig puty in Tennessee aye ! the giant arm, is not p.ilsied by the treachery which Ins in other States almost wrecked our gallant patty nor has it been enervated by the feeble efibrts of a Poll; to avert tho blow which has hitherto, and will in all timo to come fall upon himself, and the party for which ho is wasting all his energies. The Wings of Ihst Vonncssco feel the heavy responsibility that rests upon them, and they are prepared to meet it, as becomes men and freemen I Their principles are dear to them and every Whig siys of Gov. Jnnes as Gov. Jones said of Clay: "a is our only choic! Wo aro for hhn jfr wo aro for him lasttee are for him nil the time!" Col. Polk feels and knows lhat ho has nothing to hope for in this division of the .State. From his entrance into Last Tennessee, until his departure from Ibis place, iho truth forced itself upon him. Ho has suiiercu ueion aller defeat, until be even tho Great (J) Polk, cried out "persecution" whon nt Knoxville, and endeavored to excite Ihe sympa thies ol iho people in his favor. Bui his perse, rution of that honest old man, Governor Can non, was to well remembered, and Iho appeal fell unheeded upon the public oar. A'mwiW" Post. Fioin ihu lioston l)aily Advertiser. Tnr. ('01.1.1:01: or FuANcn A late Paris jour nal contains Iho following. Tho death of iM. La Ctoix has left lacaut several places in tho Institute, tho Faculty uf Science, and tho Col lego of France. Fiom what has already p issod, it appears likely that these places will bo dis. puled with sumo warmth. At tho Collo'o of 1 ranee, two candidates wero present, M. Libri, Ihe successor of I'gendro at the Institute, and who, eight years since, took iho placo of M. La Cro'.v, and M. Liouville, member of Iho Acade my of Scieni es and Asttouon-.or to the Paris Ob servatory. Tho election was about to take place, whon M. 0,auchy, formorly preceptor of tho Duke do Bourdeaii.v, at Prague, and certain ly a very distinguished geometrician, was urg ed to placo himself among the caud.d.ites, by"a parly, who, under present circumstances, would bo xery glad to obtain a manifestation in accor dance with thoir views. Fxcept that it was proposed at a late hour, there wonld havo been nothing extraordinary in M. Cauchy being a candidate, if this illustrious geometrician 7iad not already voluntarily placed himself in a very peculiar situation. Being elected eomo years sinco a member of Iho office of Longitudes, ho refused tho oath, and tho placo has never been tilled. At this tune, he declares that ho shall persist in his refusal, and as iho government naturally, on tho other side, will chooso to havo tho law executed, tho persons who sustain M. Cauchy seem lo have lor their object, rather lo Icavo tho placo vacant, as has boon tho caso with tho office of Longitudes, than to make choice of a good professor Wo cannot howov. er, imagine that in Iho present circumstances, tho prolessors of tho College of Franco will lend themscUcs lo such a combination. Mr. Calhoun is determined not to nnv n visit lo tho North, "inasmuch ns thcro is a largo and influential, but quiet portion of the community. who regard tho office of President as too eleva. ted, and its responsibility loo ureal, to bo the nh. jeet of personal solicitation or canvass." He participates in this opinion. From the Edinburgh Scotsman of Mny 27. Mns. SionuttNnv and Mrs. Southf.v. An article appeared some weeks ago In several of tho metropolitan and other newspapers, (wliicli was copied Into the Scotsman,) relative to those ladies, reflecting considerable blamo upon Mrs. Sigournoy, tho details of which it scctn3 nunc, crssary hero to repeat. Wo think it fair, how. ever, to state that we have had submitted to us a correspondence between Mrs. Soulhoy nnd a parly resident In Fdmburgh, In which Mrs. Southoy distinctly disclaims any participation in tho authorship of iho article in question, or knowledge of tho source whence it originated. It h satisfactory to the friends of Mrs. Smeiir. noy lo know tint ihu paragraph 'Mnnovcd as much as it surprised" Mrs. Southoy, and that the opinion expressed by that estimable lady, who, wo presume, is best judgment 111 tho caso is as favorable ns could bo dosircd, and directly opposed to tho niisrop. roseutations recently circulated. This must bo very satisfactory to Mrs. Si. gounioy and her friends, but wo cannot see how It ts to bo reconciled with thn tins! t It'll nrnrmmil of Mr, Doll, the editor of Iho London Story Tel- .vi, 1, mi ma wiiirgc ngamsi Mrs. sigournoy was

111 fact Mrs. Southnv'rt rli.ir(re-tinitn. ifli,i1t the substance of frequent complaints" made by that lady, 111 letters which ho had in his posses sion. It Will doubtless be roinoinliet-nil lr,v ftitt our London correspondent has Fccn thoso let. icis. aim vouches for their sustaining all that was said in the Storv Toller. It is diffienilt t conceive by what feeling Mrs. Southey has been influenced, or what purpose she had in yiuw, in thus inducing one of her friends to ca. 1 unto .Mrs. Sigournoy, and then reproach hini for doing it, m letters to other friends A". 1 . - imunrrctai. I'ltlDAV MORNING, J U f, V I , 8 13. JOHN JIATIOCKS-WIIIO CANJUDATB TOR GOV1.RNOR. " W'lliL'Imnndenrr. f,n.liiTr.,M,n... 1.- . , . , , . .u.,,t(j ii'iveui react ed their zenith. The IVmls r,f nt-, II, ill the hands nftheii ninmim tn,i. 1 .'' led at llltir climnplprir. Tl.n ! r political intrigue and corruption have found a Irapny i-suu mm c-o menial receptacle 111 the person of John ....muuns. incir icauers congratulate, themselves upon Ins nominalion-and well they may. In him Ibey will find no such clnsm ofopposini elements ns will when their polluted stromisaro emptied into it. oeicn incni lurtlt njzun, casuiisup rniro and dirt. ....It I , 1 , .'nuiutKiis no ..... .jiii.ii a niiiri lis JO ill lll.-in I hie Tl,.i -,n, t.-. ... uU uiu ,;reeuy uavourer ot ail such -treams. 1 hey may How into him, nn.l ocr him, with a mirac ulous impunity, wuhout dancer to hissmd of conlam nation, and as llie streams of purity and corruption present themselves lo his taste, all are alike to hi:,, , each has nn equally pure odor, nnd each cq.nlly nr.i lihes Ins taste His nomination is an insult to the moral sense of tho people, a blotch on the leaders (if such a thins can be) who nominated bun, and a sorry evidence of tho de-enernlmg tasto of Vermonteis, and Iho only cuirantcc evi-n his nominators InvoofVou s nney their purposeais bis instinctive love of easy virtue." l'i ue Democrat. T he above paragrapli is copied from ihu 1,1,0 Uer"crat of Wednesday last. If 1 enthusiasm which wero exhibited on tho oc wo have been rightly informed this paper is I casion, wo have 110 doubt llicv will be ti ium ct itcd by a beardless youth, a foreigner, ! phantly elected. Tho Hon.' Tiiuma.v Ga who has but just received his certificate of! i.usii.v was first nominated by the Con von natural,, ition, and who never yet has been j lion instead of Mr. It had, but declined to run i-ciumo-u ,u u.xurciso ino right ol suHni in mis countrv. It IS linen iik- f,ii n,r .t.o. . - j n .un imu .iiuitu upon 1110 grey haired jiatriarch of Peacham should come from such a source. General Mattocks is a man over sixty years of ago. Ho lias spent his life among the pcoile of Vermont. Ho has re ieatedly received tin most unequivocal tes timonials of thu confidence and respect of his fellow-citizens. Ho has served them in the Stato Legislature, on tho bench of tho Su premo Court, and in tho Congress of tho United Stales. And he has acquired a hold iijion iho jiopular affection which is jiossessed by very few men in Vermont. Tho char acter, tho reputation, the good nanio he has built ttji Invo boon tho work of his life. And perhaps the young man who edits the Demo crat has yet to learn that the pcoplo of ibis Slate will not stiller the character of her most cherished and honored citizens to hoso sciurilously assailed with impunity. Their verdict will be pronounced upon General Mattocks next September. And tho result. esiucially among his old constituents and nei?hbors whom he has served so faithfully in Congress will teach his rovilers a lesson from which it is to bo hoped they may profit. Tho following notice of General M. is copied from the North Star, ono of the most influential Loco Foco papers in ihe State, and which is published in the old General's neighborhood. It speaks a different Ian- guago from that of tho "Trim Democrat." Tho True Democrat proclaimed its inten lion when it was first starlcd to bo decent iu its treatment of pulitic.il opponents. Wo hopo it may adhere to Ibis resolution more strictly hereafter. ' THE " POET LAUREATE." Mr. Caleb Gamago Eastman, editor of tho Spirit of the Ago, nnd member of dipt. Ty ler's " collared choir," makes tho following judicious observations in regard to the Whig parly of Vermont, and tho candidates they havo recently nominated for Stalo officers : "Nonobut on old Federalist can bold an office in ermont. The Republicans of Iho stato onco kept these plague-spots fiom the brow of llie body politic! but now they glareout on its forehead lil.e the litini eve of pestilence itself. Tho Republicans onco kept these rtprrs in the dust; but nosy they have trawled 10 iho highest chairs in tho stale, nnd toiled upon the cushions made for men, rear their Jlaltcncd heads, ami. filling the whole atmosphere with their pestiffer ous breath, hiss d'Jianct in the facse of their old mas. ters. Oh I for onu year of llie brain' old Republican courage tlio braio old enthusiasm thai wanned tho heart-, lircl tho eye, an 1 nerved Iho hands of Ver monteis 111 tho days of (Jalusha to sn.vu tiikse ncp tiles in tiicih holds is mi: eartii j lo;uiri.-e iho of. Iieesof tho stalo fiom tho dime of their unhallowed trail lit throw open tho windows nnd tho doors end let a pure an into the balls where the hot fumes irom lhoin,isma of I-Weralism hare been exhaling sol long !" From this paragraph wo should infer that tho major had just " emerged " from a fit of poetic inspiration. Perhaps ho had just been engaged in preparing thoso verses with which it is said ho intends lo edify tho jieojilo of tins jilace, noins votens, sonio timo in the first part of next August. If tho poetry which nu intends to read to us, bears nny ro sotublanco to his. prose if it is written with iho same classical purily and hoatilv, in iho sanui calm, chaste, and elevated stylo if it exhibits tho same gentlemanly courtesy, iho snmo sweetness of temper, and the samo kindly feolings towards his fellow men, which beam so conspicuously from tho paragraph we havo just quoted, wo shall undoubtedly 1 havo a rare treat ut our next commencement. As our readers aro not, perhaps, familliar with iho writings of this literary prodigy, wo will just clip out ono more " beauliful extract" from tho same dignified article from which wo cut tho oilier. Speaking of Gen eral Mattocks, ho has tlio following para graph : 1 1' 1M'3 ""."'iunlion has been cfTected by tho clique of old l.luo I,ihts who havo controlled tho offices nf the slato since John (. Adams' day who forced Charles line, with am. his MonxL Lnrnosv, upon the veo pit Jof ticoycars who squander the money of tho Ircasury m briheit. largcssci and Kttltu salaries t who teed at tho public c.xpcnso an ormynf la:aroni I'd the ttale once ruled by n Republican Onluln, to the ditcst'.LIe position vf hat ins became the rammim ...... ...ii;iici(oi ucmam"ue aim wiiii mvr.ucrra become the common iu-.vo tipon xvliose tltsraihd person all the old t'.der fl.V of the State man pratifti tlictr irviiAtti,,t-rr, m nil Ihf '.,.,. Such is tlio language- applied by Captain Tyler's Postmaster, at Woodstock, to such men as Sii.as II. Jn.viso.v, Cn.xiu.r.s Paint, nnd Jon.v Mattocks, and to iho party which support tliom a parly which has been sus tained, for fifteen successivo years, by largo majorities ot tho people of this stale, with out tho least variableness, or shadow of turn ing. Hero, then, wo rest, for tho present, wiih me singlo remark (hat iho modest nnd amiable young man, who wrote tho two " ol egant extracts," wo have quoted above, pro poses to deliver a poem before the Alunin of the University in ibis placo, at their next commencement anniversary I Of course nil thoso to whom the good nanio and fame of the University is dear, as well as tho friends of sound morals and solid learning through out tlio country will rejoice at tho announce ment. THE COUNTY CONVENTION. Tho Whigs of this County met in Conven tion at Williston on Wednesday of this week lor tho purpose of selecting candidates to re present the County in ihe Slato Senate next fall. The mooting was very well attended and tho proceedings wero marked wiih unus ual spirit and animation. Wo shall publish tho official account of ihem next week. David IInad of Colchester, and Luritnn Stonx of Chai lotto tiro tho candidates pre sented by the Convention for tho support of tlio wing democracy of the County two as intelligent farmers, ns staunch Whigs and honest men ns the Stnto can produce. The nomination of these two gentlemen was con firmed with great cordiality and entire una- 1 niniliv nml One, .!. l.-,,. ...i aanin, and tho patriotic and magnanimous :..m t.:t.:..i .. .1 . "uaiiiuhuu on 1110 occasion cannot uo 3U C too highly praised. THE STATE TICKET. From all parts of the Stato wo havo the most cheering accounts of tlm unanimitv of our friends nnd their confidence in the strength of the ticket which was presented to me jicopiu at tlm Rutland convention. If tins ticket docs not prove (o bo a jioser to Lo cofocoism, wo will acknowledge our disap pointment. John Mattocks and IIoiiaci: Eaton will sweep the slate liko a tropicnl tornado. Tho following remarks on tho sub ject, we cut from the last Watchman. Th" ticket is a stronrr one vr rv strnnr. nt r...... Mattockm we need not spLak to the Wlilira-nav, to ic;)co;)e-of tins section of tho state. They know'! im now, as they haio know him lomr and well, and the ..,........., m-,iijr tuiipon, tor stations of hi" 1 rc- est tint they know John .Mattocks only to trust and bono; him. He Ins never d shonored, never be rav iu, me c-oniuenco reposed m him. Mr. Kato.v'is r , - ni.ioy hiiown, nut by whomsoever Lnow u he ts bt d in xcry Insl, repute. .s a .Senator' member of llie house, and deb-He in foiulitutionai Conventions, ho has almost constantly been in the public service for several years, and in nil these s'n lions wo have hid opportunity s of oberxin bun vxm set liim down as a modest, unassu,, and c. cuient mnii-a legator, wise and efficient, but nev rr mcr o.neious-i tleb.itor, always caution., clear andcnnviunns-ap!!,!,,-,!.!, strictly honorable and io?,', 1' 'lrI,'rC,,,cn,,of,h0 s ons, 011 whieh ho hns heretolnre temporarily tlis- , '.1 a. . '-' 1110 r;n"i 'nvo shown llini he will - .... i" hid Ein-ion. .llllmo? 1 wo 5 inn il .... even ury nppy to the wis, of F ,,,) and so strom; a U hi- county as Rutl-,,,,! cruificd, by tboiiommal,.,nnf llie eandidito ,.f their , hoiee. we vet rejoice tint in yic-ldin? their preference ibey havo Ihe pm-ile.-o ordoiiijf ,t tn 0 b!e and wnrihy .a man, and so true a Wins, ns Horace ICaton. UVrcn eat the ticket is a strong one; it needs only the united bio ,hem,,rnrl,'PP0,,t f "'0 VI,!IM ':f Vermont .0 eni h n , ,V? I -rt-' V " "-" 'heir own RlrenlTth, b. cxen to diminish that of loeofoeoism. With such n ticket, wo may not only defend oursdirs, but make y TnV0,?,' mtftn V "f0" 'I'eenemy. llit w,r,MVr,r S0"1"1 ! l'Fl ,ls' nnl nlv uncon quercd crmont, but unconquerable Vermont. JOHN MATTOCKS. Wo understand that many of tho Aboli tionists of ibis section of the Stato who havo formerly acted with tlio third party avow Iheir intention lo vote for John Mullocks np.xt Seiteinber. In this they aro wise, for there is not in New England a nioro staunch and true hearted Abolitionist than General Mailocks. Ho closed iho letter to Ids con stituents, last January, announcing his inten tion not 10 be a candidate for Congiess ano ther term, with the following noblo senli- niont 111 not Do deemed non-committal. If Judge Williams has ev er expressed himselfhalf as strongly ngainst slavery ns tins, we should like to see tho evi denco of it. THE RESTORATION OF THE COUIHJONS. Now that the smoko has cleared away, nnd an opportunity is presented lo survey tho field of tho Into Tyler demonstration in this Stale, it may bo well 10 cxamino into the condition of tilings under tho now dispensa tion. In 1810 upon iho accession of Gene ral Harrison nobody expected any thing dso than that the set of ancient cormorants who had fattened upon (ho spoils " over sinco tho beginning of tho Jackson reign, would be replaced on two grounds; first that they had been in long enough nt nny rato ; and second that one parly had been in posses sion to Iho total exclusion of tho oilier so long, that upon a chaugo of administration, a cliango also of such antiques was but sheer justice, wen, tlio change was made. All mo admitted it to ho tho " fato of war," and el''iesced,o.copt perhaps tho aforesaid cormorants, who had hocomo so habituated tocxclusivo possession of tho emoluments of office, that they regarded a removal, in tho samo lighrns nn interference with vested rights. Timo passed on. No one com plained of Iho now administration of affairs here, but most peojilo thought tho change sal utary. The chief died, nnd was succeeded by a thing elected with him for the samo purpose tlmt is, lo carry out in his sphere, Whig principles. Tho folly ofllus chancc clovated compound of the ass, thojackall and tho cat, taught him to heliovo that a summer set would make him inherently, as well ns oinciaiiy a great man. ui course, cunning fellows (and Locos) wero not wauling to ttcklo his ribs with their digits at the sugges tion of tlib idea, for therein lay all their hopes. 1 hoy had just been knocked down by the People liko nine pins, without much hopo ol being set up again, nnd to find, all of a sudden, a setter up in tho ball that had been used to howl them down, was like a fountain in tho dcsctt lo these souls thirsting for draughts of Treasury pap. In duo timo tlio result of these disinterested counsels be came visible here, and John Tyler of Vir ginia, lately elected Whig Vice President through ono of tho fiercest personal as well as political struggles ever witnessed, is seen, here in Vermont, at tho bock loo, of lhat broken down hack C. P. Van Ness, turning out the men who supported him, and repla cing the lazy, useless nnd universally detest ed dynasty which besides being obnoxious to tho Whigs, had becomo a stench in the nostrils of democracy itself, as recent events abundantly prove. After this event, tho word consistency should bo expelled the lan guage. Utit let us sec what this immacuhito contemner of all political corruption lias done in Vermont. He has restored a Collector who is notoriously unacceptablo to his own political party, and who has squatted on his post for twelve years, receiving the pay him self, but doing tho duties of his office, by icpuiy. no lias appointed as a Post Mas ter here, tho Editor of a paper, in tho face of his OWn lirOlCStations nrminst nnv rniih... " S3 -- ....j ..u.iiti.,.- tion between the Press and public office. A man, loo, who, politically, is abundantly proven by circumstances not to bo doubted, to possess the confidence ofnobody. Helms restored to the Light-House, n " bravo old soldier," whose virtues in that behalf wero wondrously tritmpetlcd at the timo he was "pulled olT tho teat" in 1811, but whose military exploilsare rather amusing when de scribed by an eye witness. This man has also adhered like a leech, until ho is pretty well filled, while jioor Jones who has been kicked out after two years service, is as worthy, honest and capablo a man as ever filled the place, and iu addition to bavin" a large family, is jioor. Hut what is that to the merits of a man who has sucked twelve or rilteen years at the oil-can, and who vomited with terror nt iho first firo at Dridccwater 1 Nothing of course. Heroes must he provi ded for. Then let us see what judicious changes have been mado in the Revenue De partment. Wo learn that lhat old pensioner George W. Hill who has been vegetating among ihe bushes somewhere up in Lowell or thereabouts, has emerged from his hole and resumed his sinecure of $500 a ear. Then :i very green parnnip, said to be a brother-in-law to a certain Senator in this region, has a sinecure at Troy, in addition to the old ofiicer re-instated. This man lives at tho end of a road, which " empties in " at one end to tho main road, and in order to pay du ties to hint, or get caught by him, peojilo are obliged to travel up this "side cut," which is a mile long, and then como tight back a"ain to go on their way. Isn't th it nice ? Of course the old lender at St. Albans is re-inslatetl, and the iiipointment nt Ilule Park, which was substituted for that at St, Albans by Mr. Urigg,, is Mj continued and changed of course. Then a new Revenue Boat establishment has been organized at hast Alburgh, making plenty of good daces lor the bangers on. Our distinguished towns man " Chief Justice Parsons " has been bil- lettcd upon Richford, whereat the Democra ry there are awfully incensed. A centlc man of very exemplary character takes tho office at Swanlon, and another from this County goes to Alburgh. Nono havo csca Jied the besom of reform except tho rem nants of tho old dynasty, who were permit ted uy Judgo Uriggs to remain. Even Mr. Colby, a gentleman of unimpeachable char acter, appointed at Derby on tho resignation of Mr. Prentiss, and who was himself a demo crat, was dismissed to mako way fur the An cient of days. So completely is the old re gime letumed upon us, that iho former in cnnibents aro every where re-instated, cx- cejit hero where apersonul difficulty has sep arated tho Collector dejure, from his quon dam Collector dc factv, and in a few other places ulicro tho ancient dcpulics havo died out or yielded their claims to a friend. A few nioro changes will bring us back to things as uioy wero in ISJ'J, with tho samo old set of officials. Wo arc wo cant help being sorry for sonio of our "democratic "friends. It is hard, yet they may as well try to dodgo lightning, as hopo lo seo Iho day when their appointed rulers shall cease to scizo all tho offices of profit, and turn round and tell them to bo quiet. It is appointed unto them thus, and who shall disputo tho fiat of " St. Tammany " ? Who daro to oppose tho oth er saints ol tho calendar t Then let them submit in peace and not maku " night hid eous witli their groans. Truo, they show some alarming syti)itoms just now, but it is 110 go. It the storm looks loo black, a small concession, a sou appointed boatman or such likc,suttles tho matter, and " upon tho whole, thu Colonel, is going to do about right." Upon iho whole, we can only ask the pco plo at largo to judge for themselves us to tho benefits and the propriety of tho recent changes. The whole matter is beforo them, and upon tho case wo ask a decided verdict in September. GOV. PAINL'. The following letter from our present Chic! Magistrate to the Chairman of tho Whig Stato Cotnmiileo was accidentally omitted in tho account of tho proceedings of tjio Convention ni Rutland which was pub lished in our paper last week. p. ,. NoBTHFintD, May 20, 1813. Dear Sir,-l have so often siiJ. audit has, I think, becomes po Rcncrnlly known lint I do notdes.ro nsain to bo a candidate for tho office I now hold, that silon iV',? m?' unn,cccs,,ar-v 10 mak0!1 formal dechr anon of 1 1 1 yet mvicrtlio circumstances, I think it Holicving sincerely thai tho centra! Interests of lbs rndtVeafedinosol. .ndrr'StXS',- ' P1!' lhat. he party at this timo maybe fmifcnt oilier person, and my own husi is ,00? o quire my constant nnd undivided nttcnlion I cannot forcco this opportunity of cxprcssinctho deepinterestlfeel.ntho prosperity of.!,!; Peopl of Ins .State, nnd of nsMirmij them that at all times and upon all occasions I shall 1 0 ready to uso my feeb i powers to promote their welfare. I am. dear sir, With irrcnt respect, Your obedient servant, iron n t CfUHLE-3 PAINE. Hon. C. Tow.s-sLnv. 4TII JULY AT MILTON. The glorious fourth was celebraledat Mil ion Willi the usual enthusiasm. Tho oration of Iho Hon. GconcE P. Mausii was a mas terpiece in its way. Invited without distinc tion of parly, and iho wealher being favora ble, more persons were in attendance than could bo accommodated in the Congregation al Church which was generously tendered by tho society for tho occasion. Tho oration occupied about one hour in iho delivery and was listened to with nn attention character istic 01 an intelligent audience, and dun m Iho distinguished abilities of tho speaker. :uier an appropriate exordium in which tha orator paid duo reveronco to the universal celebration of the day and urged tho propri ety and necessity of the custom, ho procee ded to contrast tho condition of Europe and especially 01 England at the period of our revolution nnd at the present day, with tho condition of tho American States, holdino- up to iho abhorrence of his hearers the cor ruption and abominations engrafted by (ho government of England upon the established church, the landed aristocracy wallowing in wealth and debauchery, appropriatingoxten sivo tracts of land to the support of palridges and rabbits, while multitudes of common la borers tire starving for want of bread ; and presenting to the admiration of his hearers the humble minister of the gospel in Ameri ca, depending for his support upon the vol untary aid of a free, religious and enlighten ed people governed by institutions and law of their own making and advancing in pros perity bexond any nation in ancient or mod ern history. He then alluded in lerms of decji reprobation lo tho commercial rapacity of England, her war with China, the seizure of ihe province of Scinde in the East Indies, of the Sandwich Islands, and of the Oregon Territory, and concluded with expressing his conviction that a war with that country was not only inevitable but near at hand, and tho sooner wo wero prepared for it the better. Wo hope to obtain a copy of this admira ble production for publication. An excellent dinner was provided by tho Ladies of Milton at which the following toasts were drank with an enthusiasm and ex citement which nothing but pure cold water co'uhl produce. Tie Day we celebrate A terror to oppressors : and tion" cm,ams c-am!'10 10 'bu oppressed of all na- Tiie Orator of the day- centleman whoso char near and abilities, m order to bo appreciated, need on ly to be know. ' The second regular toast having been drank, Mr. Marsh returned his thanks to tho audience at tho church, and the comjianyat ihe table, for tho ntlention with which they had honored him, nnd gave The true principles of 1'ree VVa.e-Adequate nro lection at hoiw, and fair competition abroad. 7.onre Washington-s character, confined to hnn,7'r?d '"""CJ "M'"a-e- " "'Richest legacy b njcathed bv man in nnv n.nnU r Apiculture and .Minufadures-Thc true sources of nmonil prosperity, should always to encoaraEcd by a wise and patriotic government. tnc"0c, Tlte TariJ by Treaty A treasonable nroiect nsninst the prosperity of .New Inland and thS Mid die States r and well worthy of us apostate projector. Involuntary Strritudc-yiay the doctrines of tha Ik-clara ion ol Independence be inculcated and exten ded until a slave cannot bo found in Ameiica. European Colonization-Vctler that anynortionof Uyti ,"e6C3l",an b0ed minds, that 11 shall be snatched and preset" ed from ihe unprincipled erasp of British ambitionand avarice. n,.TAt' r'"-on,-I-tt, be held sacred .- but let rash men beware, how they attempt to brim; one section diVsoiutVon?'' " 'cetof ",0 0,her' sywJ n?u? ""7 S''"S yermont-Ucr Green .Mountain Hoys taujtht the revolted colonies in 1777 how to con quer t and m 13 3 present, the , nteresting spectacle Sf I cms, as a people, more virtuous and infclltant than any other state on the ylobe. w n j?te SiS'""f ! Oeclaratton-Twy pledged their lives, their fortunes and their sicred honor, in de feuccoflhatdeclaration.nndthcyredeemedthepledeo. bo y'cJ"f'lorySoldiers-iUy their setting tm bo as pcaccfulaiul resplendent, as its risin; waaelo nous and triumphant. bio .Vu Lt"ii" r '? At tho callof their coun r they wero never known to lack the disposition or the means. ' Tho 5th toast was received with tremen dous applause. Not an accident occurred to mar tha fes tivities and wo went homo with heads and hearts much improved by llie exercises of thn day. Com. Prom the IS". V. Spectator. LOUD VOICE FROM VIRGINIA After playing with and upon Mr. Tvl for nioro than two years, tho Richmond En quircr, the orado ol tho democracy in Vir ginia, has been compelled to sneak onf And most unwelcome- will the sjieech bo to Captain Tyler. Wo judgo that tho editor of the Enquirer, Mr. Ritchie, would Miuch rather havo avoided making the direct for sotno time longer, lhat tlio Canlain ,!, yet longer bo used by thoso who havo been Imnying linn into tho gulf of political de struction by keeping " tho word of promise to his car." Hut a demand from Washing Ion for tho publication of a long communi cation in tho Enquirer, proposing Mr. Ty ler diroctly for re-election, has compelled tho editor to defino his position. Ho has dono so, as will bo seen by the following ex tract j and in this article Mr. Tyler majr