Newspaper of Burlington Free Press, 4 Ağustos 1843, Page 2

Newspaper of Burlington Free Press dated 4 Ağustos 1843 Page 2
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FOI! GOVKItNOit, JOHN MATTOCKS. FOR LIEUT. GOVERNOR, HORACE EATON. TOR TMSABVBEH, JOHN SI' A L DING. HON. FOR. CONCMHSS, GEORGE P. MARSH. ton FEVATon ton ClllTTENDD.-r COCXTT. David huad, 1. IT T Hi: II STOVE. SEMATOR FOB OBSI IPLF. COVXTV. WAM. IS MOTT. The Wmn Svsir.M. Hums Inhor j work at homo tmy nt homo) sell nt linmi't pen J nl homo) employ our own countrymen in preference help Americans first! protect American l.i or t n-9it Amrricnn indus try ; let tho South feed the .Norlh tho North supply tin South) what mo don't want wo will shipnwnyi whit wo can't unite or produce wo will buy from foreigners. This i tho Whig system j this is Henry Clay's policy. Wo lovomir own dear country, and our own countrymen, before nnv foreign nntinn and mean first to lake care of American men and Ameri can hove, nnd American irirls and women. We are not nn idle people) wo nutt and wo will live by our labor. It feeds us and II clothe? in and we mean to tnko ore of tint Inbor in preference to any veto, or any power fnrcisn or domlic. llenco wo want a domestic and protective tariff. to Tin: iMiot'iji: ov vhhmoxt: Pablish'd by order of 1'ie Whig State Conrention, under the dii ectton 'o'' Ihe State Central Commit tee. Fellow Citizens: l.i a declaration of (he principles nnd policy of the Whigs of Vermont, tin 10 ran bolnilo which is ci ther startling or attractive for its novelty. Deriving their p.ilincal f.iith from Ihe vvie and I'.urintic Fath ers of the llepublic, the people of this State hae nbided by it with a sti-adf itncs, only excelled by that of their own Green iMn'iniains. Tl.cy have been shaken never broken s they hae been severely tried but have emerged Irom Ihe fiercest trials, puri fied nnd radiant with a blighter glory. Their fearless attachment lo prmciplis," nnd the firmness of their integrity, hive won fir Ihcm universal admiration and respect, and a reputation worth sacrifices to main tiin. li.it tSicv have a higher and nobler motive lo stand fist nnd immoveable. Their principle, have pissed the u.ir-rrinir lest of eipcrience, and the ver dict is TI1UV ARK KIGIIT. Tho voico nf past events, and Ihclo'ider voice of tho present, both pro riniin ihemUIGIIT. With the 3 I nf March 1 S'2P, ceased the adminis tration of n l'rci lent, unsurnis"d for tho snlendor of his abilities a statesman, taught in the school of the Revolution, and enriched with all the wisdom to bs derived from Ions; experience nnd constant ns-uicii-Hon with the mot eminent men of the age a Mm, honest, able, funics, nnd thoroughly patriotic This l'rivd-jnt, who wa' stistainnd by the penple of Ver mont witli very L'rcat unanniitv ihis statesman this mm, m all tho noblest attributes of man was Mm (luincy Adams. In hi sdininitr.itbn, Mr. Adams ncled upon the principles, ami nunptcu iii policy, v. men nnd grown outoi ine prcr.iing niinitnislrationa, cnmlueieil in' il j and intoxicating spirit of speculation) to prudent and I iiuiiuv iiuuiib, Duuvcecovuiiiuiiuuuui luiury nnu m,ojj rBj ami ineiruiiH oi nu nils were cxinm- icu m wicio-epreod moral deterioration, and frequent examples of tho most shocking profligacy profli gacy in the national government, whoso expenditures had run up from 13 to nearly 10 millions profligacy in many of tho slates, which has sinco been consum mated in repudiation profligacy in public officers, multitudes of whom became defaulters and profli gacy among the thousands of citizens, who had been seduced into hazardous enterprise. Tho liberal reward of honcsi labor, and success in honorable Pursuits, wcresoniiinltnvktion of the. mass of evil which had been produced nnd because of iiieso, ninny urcamcii oi tno return oi substantial prosperity. l!ut alas for Ihe dreamers I "the brilliant dawning of a brighter day" became the lurid precur sor of a devastating tempest. Tho tempest came came wild terrific power sweeping awny banks and borrowers, paralyzing the hand of Tabor, sending suf fering and want to the ilomes'ic fire-side, and involv ing the government itself in that bankruptcy, which it had entailed upon mora than quarter of a million of its citizens. Such wero tho second fruits of abandoning the wcn-iricu ucpuuncan policy; inn incso luttcr iruits, appealing as they did, for a return to that policy, with a force which would seem lobe overwhelming, ap pealed in vain. A chanrro in tho course of the gov ernment was inevitable! but the change, ordained by the rulinc dynastv. was not a remedy for Ihe distres ses of thepeoplo. They apain shot wildly to another extreme, nnu lor uie most prodigal issues oi nn tin restricted and unregulated paper currency, they pro posed, through tho Sub-Treasury, to sever the ifov eminent from the people, mid restrict tho business of the country, so far as the Federal Government was lo natc any control over it, to tncmcngio aim uncer tain sunnlv of cold and silver. Acirculatlni! medium of more than BOO millions, they would reduce lo less man su not more than twice the amount ot the an nual expenditures o( the government I This measure was resisted bv Ihe neonle. Amin and again was it defeated by their representative", nnd uuu.ioo, wncn a majority ot iiiom wero tno personal and political friends of tho men in novver. lint Pow er triumphed over tho People, und the deed at last was done. It brounht no relief to individual suffer ing. Even, the government was forced to repudiate tho very principles which it unreel noon tho neonle. It was obliged to eke out a miserable existtneo by the issue of bills of credit! nnd when on tho 4th of March, 1811, the Whigs took possesion, they found the natioual estate covered with tie wiccksof twelve years of misrule, and its administrators burdened with n debt of 24 millions of dollars. 'I hese disasters wero justly regarded as the legiti mate fruits of departing from the ol.l republican prin ciples ami policy. Such was the deliberate verdict of the people, rendered in the Presidential election of 1810. The wisdom of that policy, which had been iinanimouslv affirmed in the days of Monroe, was ngain stamped with tho verdict of popular approval bv the most brilliant political revolution ever record ed in the annals of our counlrv or thcwoild. The people required n substitution of this policy for that, which had brought upon tho country such wretchedness und shame and lo efijcl this change, they demanded and enforced a chanco oi the numin istralion. Iletween the Prcsi'icnl elect nnd lliorenrc scutathes of the majority, thcra was perfect harmo ny; and tho first net of his administration was, to cill an extra session nf Concress to I ring the scv- cral branches into effectual play, in order to grant the necessary relief to thcpublio distress, and remove the embarrassments wtuclt were pressing upon inc gov eminent. 'I ho representatives of the people at once entered upon tho task committed to them. Among llieii firs' efforts, they attempted to reform and regulate the currency. Seeking wisdom from past experience ihcy endeavored to Irame n system combining the excellencies, nnd avoiding the evils, of ihoie which had already ;toon the lclor time anil iml. Ihe re suit of their anxious labors was tent to the Kxecu tile: bill alas I it was not to ihe chosen and well beloved President of the people. Inonc bnrf month tho w'iMst of I lie founders of tho Republic, ami I from the inauguration, by an inerut iblo net of l'rov which, tinder Ahnroc. I, id received the nearly unani- iJenec, the vencratul HARRISON had been gather moos nsscnt fif the people. As well by their own in- ' ed to his lathers, and in Iho Executive chair at a hcrcnt c.xcellcn'-o, as by the approving rrdict of Iho j raitor. I he first bill was strangled by the veto. people, those principles and that policy were stamped A second waspioinptly framed, nnd wnh a most lib REI'L'm.ICAN. '1 ho nrincinlesof that adminictra- cral sniril of concession to the views of the Acciden lion rcqured an lionc-t and economical gournment, tal President. His signature, indeed, had been actu using its constitiriuml powers for legitimate ends to ' ally pledged; but through irenchery, alike to the preserve Ihe Union. " establish mtico. insure domes tic tranquility, provide foi the common defence, pro nnte tho general welfaie, and secure iho tile-sings of Liberty liioiusehes nnd our poslciity," Its policy embraced ainongils main features n Protective Taiill' and a .Yitional Hank mtuial ndi'incts; witlioot which every branch id Domestic Industry must ci ther be crushed by foreign conipetiti jn, or 1ant!uih for the w.mt of a lound and snble currency. There w.is another feitiire, aiming to developo and improve the resources of tho nation, which is now Ies3 depen dent upon the patronage of tho Federal Government since these high objects are, or may be, mainly ac complished through individual cnlernrizo and the aid of the several elates. Still less will the energies of that Government be taxid for this purpose, when nil the stales shall have tluir rights necorded to them, by nn nnnual ditrilnitic n of the proceeds of the pub lic lauds. This is the natural substitute for what was called tho Internal Improvement System, nd n measure whose justice never was qiteatiened by the principles of the parly which had elevated him, nnd to his own plighted luith, that signature was with held. Though embarrassed by the prcssuro of n reckless nnrn!ll(in. nnd llin frenrhervnl t tin l-.vpetinvn find ' lit. r..tlr.u.e , I... U'l.m. . rn Ul V. I. Trt.n ,rt ihe country and to their own pledges, they sought that country's weal in all the modes left to them. Having failed in one point, they turned their energies into other channels. Abiding the lime unavoidably necessary to mature a Protective Tariff, ihey sought to relieve tho pressim; necessities of the government by a temporary Tariff. It was based purely on rev enue principles; but even this fell under the Veto power. An act was passed, base I upon the only just nnd true principle of representation the Houso of Representatives the representation of the people, not of state tovcrcigntics requiring the election of members of Congress by districts; and even this was met bv a nualtfied Veto, which has stimulated a , portion of iho states lo defeat thclavv by disobedi- ntesiuen who formed the Union. They, indeed, ence, amounting to practical ixulhhcalion. I he offered the pubho domi'i, for a j i-t division among knife of retrenchment was applied lo llieexpendit tho several htate, expressly " to facilitate ihecomple- ' mes of the government; fortunately, with success, tionof their id s of confederation and perpetual tin-1 loppingolT the inoiuiroii sum which had annually ion among the Tinted States of Anienci." The de-1 been wasted upon nmost disgraceful and wicked war sign, and the i fleet, of Distribution is but honestly to upon a handful of savages, nnd introducing more just carry out ilieir inlentioiw, according to the spirit nnd principles of economy into all the branches of tho letter of ihe deeds oi cession. government. The majority of Whigs also sought, in Hut to return from ihis digression. John Quincy common with n portion cf their opponents, and not Aduns left (ho mtimi prosperous and happy; in the cnjiyment of nfdl incisure of pioteelion ; with a currency unriviiten m any niti n ot ihe earth : nnu monl, as well as theirs, that wc claim tho rielit to confront nnd resist tier, by all tho means Iho slate can use, by all which Iho constitution wnrrants, and by all which, by amendment, that instrument may bo mado to recognize, in tins character, slavery has long presented herself; in this character she now stands, nor is tho mode of her assaults so well con cealed as to cscapo us. It was long sinro proclaim ed by tho representative of a slavcholding slate, and uan loo long occn opcmyanu sunincicssiy pracucii. Said John Randolph in tho debate on ihcndmission of Missouri "Wo do not govern litem iho people of the North.1 by our blackelares, uulbytAefroientriffe are. H e know what ire are doing. Wo of Ihe South nro always united, from the Ohio lo Florida and wecan always unite; but you of the North nro beginning to divide, lie hate conquered you once, and tee can, and ire will, conquer you again. Aye, sir, ire will drive you to the wall, anil when we havo you mere once more, we mean to Keep you mere, nnu nailyoudoicn likebase money." Aye fellow citizens! they have hat) us "lo tho wall once morei" it was in '20 i nnd tho twelve succeed ing years of tyrnny wero but tho fnlfillmcnt of the re mainder oi the prophecy. Slavery, aided oy us noun cm minions, seized (ho control of tho rrovcrnment and wreaked upon us its vengeance, in tho Tariff of j destroyed tno doctrine ol I'rotccuon cxpungeu tho currency prostiatcd the right of petition dented Liberty of speech and of the press restrained and in tho profligacy nnd disgraco of tho Florida war. The same unholy league ol the slave power with the recreant sons of Northern freemen, is still maintained; and it aims again to force upon us the same evils, and toporpetunte its tyranny, by Iho annexation of Texas to tho Union. The alternative threatens to bo Resis tance or Disunion ; and we cannot therefore completo our rapid views of the principles and ihe policy of the Democratic Whins of Vermont, without ullcruitr tho sentiment that Itcshtancc to the slate ;ioircr, by all riirht means, is an imntratire dutu. Whigs of Vermont! by tho enviable condition of tne country, down to inc nrst iruits oi misrtuoin iwi; by the cursos which blasted the land from '32 to MO ; bv Iho overwhelniin" verdict of tho American ncoplc, in two remarkable eras of our history; and by the results which have followed (he last Presidential elec tionyour principles and your unbending course, through weal aud through woe. hive Icen pronounc ed RIOHT! Lot the righteousness of our cause in spire you with boldness; lei the dangers which sur round us, inspire you with a spirit of unanimity and zeal. In these, wo may agiin triumph, nnd renew our tide (o the iiiuli honors which have hitherto been necorded to us, by the unanimous solO ago of tho Whigs of the Republic. These dangers are numerous and pressing. There aronangers irom within, iiom internal oivi-ioiis, which, in our humble iuJmnont. ounhl lo viel l to the higher dangers from the common enemy. Let the pressure from without consolidate us. The same for midable leaders, Norlhern and Southern, who for twelve years ruled tho nation with an iron rod, nro now in the field, inspired wilh high hopes of ngain wielding the power which they have so much and so long abused. They entertain tho same hostility to all the principles and measures, which distinguished you from them in 1BI0; they resort lo the same duplicity which has as often enabled them to conquer; and if succcslul,in tho light of pist history wo predict, that Ihey will exhibit Ihesamc reckless disregard of their pledges and professions. At this moment, the im mense pilronigenf the Federal Government is in their hands, and is unblu'-hingly wielded to punish the tired integrity of hearty M'hips, and lo I uy up whosoever is heartiest, whosoever is treacherous, whosoever is venal, whosoever is a fit instrument to becoino iho pimp offailhlcss rulers and to receive tho unmitigated contempt of all honest men. The doctrine of Protection isin most imminent dan ger. 1 1 is in danger from the open and powerful ad vocatcsof Free Trade. It isin dinger from pretend ed friends hitherto enemies, and leaders nf tho party which prostrated ihe TanfTof '23 who now, under ihe disguise of clamors against the imperfection of ihe present Tarilli nre endeavoring lo divide the friends oi Protection, nnd thus most surely aiding in the utter ruin oftho system. It is in danger from some per haps real fiiends who idly fancy that a mixed com mission of llritish anil American negotiator", or a hybrid Regency oftho Ministers of Tvler nnd Victoiii, will better provido for ihe peopleof ihis Union, than can their own constitutional representative. Rally, then, for Protection. In all but tho sound, 'tis the same rousing cry which ring through our valleys, thrilling the hearts and nerving the hands oftho pa tiiots of '?G1 Rally! rally for American Indepen dence! Tho currency is in danger. Your opponents bold out no promise, save of Iho thrice condemned Sub- Treasurv ! a incisure dancrcrous from tho Power which it would confer upon the Executive, nnd fatal in us influence upon the productive industry of the country. Politically, it tends to consolidate all pow er in the hands of the President ; to the people, it holds out no relief. The pub ic Lands are in danscr. Tlio Slates in severalty, as separate arid independent bodies, possess e.vecl,tion to disgorge his last cent to aid in cd tno .no in i the pnuiic domain. I is a j,e, eci iiiie, ucalj cllj,jrc- of tho rjch of ,hoso w10s0 fcrred, indeed, for the very purpose of inducing several abundant saved tliem tho necessity oi uorrotving stales to join the Union and in terms loo explicit to of that fund. Such will bo tho general outlines bemistaken. In amount the lands now unsold ex- of that process, which, under the proposed fund, ceed 107G millions of acres nnd will produce more than :a to be the reliance of future Generations for luZ 7 Tell I Uv. K'becn dis LOT Sh.ii ' suPP.f Wl? W' a!J 10 ,Tln the States bo robbed of ibis almost illimitable sum 7- "Pn posterity sucn a system . oureiy no menu Shall tho Federal Government plunder it? Shall it ol the pontile. AUmiUll. be diverted Irom Hie noble purposes lor which it was wilh every branch of Libor and honest en'erpriz Iho pro-lucrr of the raw mat rial, Iho nrlizan, the factor, niiil the -luppcr all progressing steadily and successfully. The benign intl.ienccs of the republi cannolicv hid beetiuniversa Iv felt, and so universal ly wero they acknowledged, that in Ihe political struggles of ".'1 nnd '23, both parlies, in the main, professed their cntiro adherence toil. Another dy ni'ly succeeded : it departed from the Republican policy ; with wlnl resu'ts, let ihe history nf twelve years of political misrule, and unmitigated misery, attest. f Assault aftrr assault was made upon tho Tariff oo IS23. Manfully, nnd for a limo successfully, wer, these n.-sm'.ts repelled by the Whigs of that day nided, in pirl, by the members of tho dominant par ty from th Mrco slates, rut at last it Ui,nnd Ine in vain, to afford relief to iho multitudes, wham the errors of the government had plunged into irremedi bleembirrnssineuts. It was done by n bankrupted. which, however ehfiercntly il liny be regarded by Ihose whose interests were elitlerenlly nllecicd by it mi founded in the puri st principles nl mercy one humanity: Iho very principles, indeed, now recog n'.zed by every s'ato in I he Union, through cither its iion-imiiiisoument or relief laws. In part throng tho accomplishment of its own purposes, nnd in part bv the efforts of opposers, that net is now at nn end. The great question of the Public Lands was also eratipled. nnd n Distribution bill was pa-scd, in nc cordnnce with Ihe deeds of ce-t'nn, and for Ihe first time carrying out the long phgt'ted Hum pi the gov eminent to the several stales. It fotlunatcly rcceiv rdtho sanction of the Executive, and the results of Us temporary existence, even when but a tune ol the ordinary Biles of tho public Innds could bo made. conclusively prorcd the wisdom of the measure. doctrine of Protection to American Industry-w Inch I finally, through unwearied, labors and amid all the nm inln n'i'.nra w.l .ill, ihn rnnglilnlmn nn.t eilllllir m-SmCII t S Ol C0I1 1 ICWlZ 111 tCt CMS Ol IllOner- n tho esiiniitiim of our palnoiic faihers. was sy'non-1 severing and nil hut unanimous opposition of ihe viiinmrniliAMltiiinix l Mi P.PI- v i irvp t' u , i Locofoco parly, from ihe Jsorih, the West, Ihe ccn- abandoned. At ll;u same lime, an eeiuilly persever-1 ""J. tll s'ml. ns w'l aa"f " '"fs" portion of iog nnd ruthles war was made upon the Hank of tho i Ihe Southern wtujs i l'rotulire I anjr was pass. United Kntea . nn m.i itnii.v, wlii.-l, li,u.ai.or ...,H. ed. nnd received t he approval of the President. An 1 y it miv h ivo erred under (he goadtugs of its des- approval, however, which could be secured only by trovers, and however w,de v I iinoucsl bnab v did . asacrinceot ihe uislriliutlon act. err, under ihe charter snlwqupntly grimed by Iho slntcni reiinsyivjuii ilia hitherto served both gov ernment and pcoplo with unexampled faithfulness and success, ll fell. The consequences of this ridical change in the policy of the government, were as suddenly felt, as they wero in themselves extraordinary. We use the truthful language nf an eminent statesman and sen ator, uttered nn the 18th March, X 33 1 : "In the iiiidtt of nmplu mean of national nnd individual happiness, wo have, unexpectedly, fallen intu severe distress. Our course has been suddenly arretted. The general pulse of life elands still, and the activity an 1 ind o-try of ihe country Ic.l a piuse. A vastly extended and lieiieficient commerce is cheeked; man ufactures suspended, with incalculable injury to those concerned in llicrn ; and the labors of agriculture threatened with the loss of their usual reward." "The condition of Ihe country is, indeed, singular. Il is hku thai of u strong man chained. In full Iwnllh, with strength unabated, nnd all its faculties unimpaired, it is yet incapable ol pi rlormiiig its ac customed action. Fetters and initincles are on all its limbs." "Toe evils, nil the evils, winch we now feel, nnd feel so acuttly, result from political measures; ami by political measures, and political measures alone, can ihey ho redressed. They have their origin in nets of povernnenl,and they must find their cure in ulheracis of governMcut." Tneae ruinous acts of thcgimrntiicht irere follow ed by o'.her nci : but not by reirnciiis? iho mens which hnd led to universal injury; not by returning lo that policy, the wikdom of which Ind then been provid, as well by ihe blessed fruils of its e-xisteiice, as by the hitler results of its abandonment. Tho conductors of iho government perversely substituted untried experiments. Alarmed, perhaps, by the wrecks which their derangement of the currency had in part produced al any rate, alarmed by tho loud remonstrances of nn injured constituency they rush ed into the opposite cxtrcins. Ily tho use of the pub lic linds, which were profusely proclaimed fr sale; by encouraging; their pnrlizms. m the several stales, too most prodigil increase of banking institutions ; by convening all the revenue of the uovcmmeiil vir tually inlo banking capital, and expressly ordering the host of pet banks to extend their circulation, they nitnulated the currency lo an unexampled ex tent, vea, to its utmost limit. In n siiml,. omiien.ir e the increaso of banking capital vva3 nioie ilian 1 15 initlioii8i the circulation nf hank nnoer rnte frnm r.I toll 19 millions; and bank loans from 200 lo 523 mill ions, being nn increase of 32." millions. In other words, the amount of n paper circulating nie,lin. which had been gradually accumulating for more than nan a century, was nearly trebled m tho short space ot seven years; This vast maehinn was utltrlv without n Inlnr,. wheel to regulate its movements, or even a power, uiiv iir, uui.juaiu it, lliet ivnr V-UIlirO! II; and It luueu uu, ewei-pini; every uilllg oeiore 11, unlll des trover bv ihn violence of its own netinn. We nppcal to every mill's remembrance to bear US witness, lint nil brandies ol buinec u r., sively, fatally stimulated by the immense issues of bank paper. Tho ordinary modes of thinking and calculation, gate plice to the wildcat chimeras; ra tional and honorable enterprise yiilded to a reckless ' Daniel Wfhsttr'a speech nn moving for loive to bring in n bill to continue the charter of the U, H. Dank fur six year. position to bo curbed, checked and reined where soever their rider pleases. They may have tlio power of locomotion, hut no choice is left tlicin between sudden destruction, and keeping Ilia track indicated by tho engineer, rovorty de livered up tlio Kgyptlans, bound hand and foot, lo bo the slaves ot Pharaoh. No tyrant could desire a surer method to cnslavo n people, than to place them III tho condition of debtors; to the government. That is tho precise condition into which tho school fund, if consummated, will place all those whoso misfortune it may bo to owe) that fund, cannot bo denied. Thu expenses of the govern ment, from tlio declaration, that Vermont was a free and independent State in 1777, have boon met by direct taxation, or if not wholly so, this rcsourco has been tho great reliance of the gov cm mo n t. It has always been true, that any ex pense incurred beyond the necessary expense of government, was to bo met by a direct tax. In such a state of things it is utterly amazing, that the project of accumulating a fund agreea bly to tho provisions of tho act of 1825 should havo been entertained by the Legislature. Tlio whole process of accumulating this fund is re solvable into a very simple operation. It is to every practicable intent and purpose, nothing more nor less, than taking money from the pock ets of a poor tax paying community to accumu late it in the hand of the commissioner of tho school fund, in the vain hope, that something will bo gained In principle or interest or both, ultimately to be applied to purposes of educa tion. But who can fail to see that every dollar Win.-; accumulated lias cost a dollar 1 also that every cent of interest gained to the fund has cost the contributor precisely that amount, be sides subjecting him to all the losses, expenses and risks to which the fund is exposed 1 The money accumulated in this fund is in a false po sition. The process is like transplanting a veg etable from its natural soil and climato to a po sition unnatural and unsiiitcd to its condition. Can the money, when collected in masses, sub ject to the control of the commissioners, be as safe from peculation, from robbery, and from be ing suddenly dissipated by being invested in bad stock, or from oilier accidents, as it would bo in the hands of those, whose labor first accumula ted it ! Would not the money accumulate as fast, if divu,?d among the freemen of Vermont, as it would in the hands of the commissioner! And would it not bi less subject to accident! INu one can doubt it. Hut such a fund as we ha" contemplated would have a disastrous eiloct on any tree gov ernment. The condition, opinions and seuti mcnts of the people must always give shade and ctilor to tho acts of the Legislature, A debt of 81,000,000, due from the people to the government, would be such a counterpoise, as would cause the coteriimcnt to veer from its legitimate course. Petitions for relief laws, for abatements uf rents or interest, for delays and suspensions, for the abolition uf tho fund and other matters growing out of tho fund, might bo expected to occupy nu small portion of the time of tho Legislature. The same interests which would influence the Legislature, would agitate the freemen before election, and a fund design ed for a good purpose, would eventuate in one of strife and contention. The proposed object. in all this, is to raise money to support schools, After the fund has been accumulated, the same object remains to be done yearly in a very com plcx manner, which is now done in an easy and simple manner every year. Now the money is collected in the name of a school tax-, and as fast as the money is wanted, is applied, aud no mass is left to be managed or njuaiidered. After the fund is accumulated, the money is to be yearly collected, but in a most objectionable and op prcssivc form. Now the rich are called on to contribute of their abundance to aducate the poor; alter the accumulation of tho fund, the the poor mortgager, the man whose necessities have driven htm to hire money ot the school fund, will be compelled by the force of a stale A Co.vFnssiox. Tho friends of Gen. Cass In Ohio, comprising snmo of the leading Locos of the State, are taking measures to secure his nomination by tho convention. They have is sued a circular to pave tho way, in which Is contained the following rcmarkahlo confession, probably not intended for tlio "public cyo " : " Wo do but exorciso a right, which wo hold in common with all frco citizens, when we at tempt to conccntrato public opinion upon a man of choice. Wo aro awaro that, in advocating tho pretensions of any other man than Mr. Vi.n Duron, wo run counter to some of the strongest prejudices of our nature for, as with that gen tleman wo wore defeated in '40, so with him our prido whispers wo should conquer in '44. " Out is it tlio part of wisdom to risk all tho great and fundamental principles of Iho Demo cratic party, upon tho fortunes of an individual whoso success, in tho event of his nomination would bo extremoly problematical J Mr. Van Duron has never yet obtained the voto of Ohio for the Presidency ; and it is firmly believed by our most sagacious politicians, that ho cannot, in any contingency, succeed either in this State or Pennsylvania. In Indiana, his prospects are still worse. A reference to the former votes of theso States, combined with present indications places this beyond doubt. Independent of all this, tho feeling now manifested bv Mr. Cal houn's friends, seems to deprivo us of all hope of their aid in support of Mr. Van Duron. On the contrary, Mr: Calhoun has no chanco in the West." If such is the condition of things, what hopes can the Locofocos have of success in the coining contest. Salem Register. F R.I D A Y MORNING, AUGUST 4, 1813. (I?"Tlio Address of the State Committco, which will bo found in our column this woek prevents us from publishing Mr. Slado's letter as we promised. It will appear in our next number. We understand the State Address is from the pen of E. l Walton jr. Esq. It is a very ably written paper, and should bo read by every freeman in the State. designed by our filhcrs, and become, in the hands of unprincipled men, n vast iu.ki lor untiery aim corrup tion! tins Vermont no use for her jusi nnd legil pro portion no children to be educated, no resources to bo developed no cntcrptizes of vast public usef lnessl IJiairiuillluii i", mo uniy iiuutj lu eeuui e iiiu iinia ui the States ; but to Distribution, tho leaders of the op posing parly nre irreconcilably opposed. Wo repeat it then; the lights of iho Stiles the rights of Ver mont are in imminent danger. 1 lie public domain is a standing bride to tlio new Mates; and on this point we havo every thing to fear from their unexam pled growth, nnd ifie coi responding increase of their political power. Rally, then, for the Distribution of the ruuue i.onns. ino uiooi wnicn our iamcrs hod. the express condition of iho bond, and tliocount- less blessings which will flow from ihis righteous measure, nil mvoko you to sustain it with your best Reception or Mn. Adams at Duffalo. Tho committee to invito -Mr. Adams to visit our city, waited upon him yesterday at the Falls. In reply to their invitation tho venerable pa- triot said it would give him great pleasure to meet Ins fellow citizens ot llullalo, but wished to do so without parade or show. The kindly tokens of respectful regard ho had every where received were most gratifying to him, but as his journey was undertaken simply lor relaxa.

lion and to view what was to linn a new and in tercsting portion of our country, at his time of life, ho 1c It constrained to decline a fatiguing formal public, reception. i'i. ,.,.;u .,,i .i.:. i . enerrMr'H I A liu w.rttiuiiwiu .i.a.tu mull icuuu lu a Ililui. The nght or the state, nnd some oi iho most cner- ing oi citizens yestcruay aiternoon, at which ished rights ot our own people, nre in danger, in the meeting the following gentlemen wero appoint From ihis hurried survey of Ihecnurse of ihe Whirrs since the election or lalu, two things aro evident first, that they honestly and faithfully sought lo re deem their pledges, and thus lo restore the old renuh bean policy; nnd i-crond, thai, in all points save one, ihey were prevenicii ny ine treachery oi ine I'resi dent. Tho TanlTforiris the only material exception In these facts is to he found the ley lo Ihe causes nf ihe present cond'uion of ihe country. Tho Tariff alone e-ould not, ut once, restore universal prosperity nlone. it never can do this. Wo have, therefore, dc. pressed prices and unsteady markets f nil : and vast amounts of capital are yet lying utterly dormant minutely more than enough to iiiiuso strength and stability into n sound system of national currency. Yet ihcrc has been improvement. There has been a great decrease of foreisn importations there have been largely increased cxporintions of domestic manufactures nnd produce inving increased activii) lo agricultural and mechanical lal or, to manufactories and lo our immense inland nnd foreign commerce; ll resulting in two important things, an immense redo. -tinn of our freign debt, and an immense influx of gold nnd silver. Such have been ihe efieelsof n TnrifT, whoso power for good was diminished by thoso imperfections, which nctuil experience alnno ran fully developo and future legislation may corieel; hut vaslly more di minished bv Iho rulhiess cry ofllenenl! Renenl!' uiih which its passage was iiiBianinncously greeted by n inwrrrul nnd hostile parly The strength of this parly, ill Ihe next l ongress threatens to be loo great lo permit ihe inewls ol rroieeiian t.nfJv lo count upon the permanency of ihe i Protective Sys tem, i nc misciuevnus euecis oi mis wnni oi eonh dence cannot be Civerra'cd, Its powerful nnd pemi cious tendency was n t too vividly described, in a re. cent speech of Daniel Webster, when he said " Depend upon it, il is chanue. nnd the nnorehen sion of change, that unnerves every workwoman's arm in thceounirv. t hauces felt, nnd chances fear ed, are the bane of our industry and (he prostration of our power,' That there is now any amelioration in the condition of ihccountry, is due to tho Tariff; thai there is no more, is nwins' lo the lact mat all iho other primary principles of ihcRepublicansufold, and of tho Whigs nf the present day, hive, been mosi treacherously de- leaiin. tjiir present condition, men, is to i,c ail, lea lo past history ill prm laming tho correctness and iiitinue value ol vv lug principles. The narrow limits permitted us, a Imit only of brief nonets of iho most important topirs. Any view, however, of the political history of the last fouiteen years, must be glaingly incomplete, if it does not embrnce a prime clement in nil our woes. It is Amebk-an Siavert. As politicians, wc possess nnd behind which the slave system is entrenched. The stale alone possess iho power lo proclaim liberlv to all within their jurisdiction; for the dishonor nnd the guilt of violating tho laws of find and trampling upon the rights of Humanity, they ore prc-emincnly lu-p.MiOMMO. na Ollliri, wicy III V OU trerClgl! WD Clll- not use the power of Slate within Ilieir jurisdiction mn ni uiuivuiuais, ine ciuzcns oi ine siavriioioing States are our neighbors nnd brothers i nnd n iiwli. viduals, ve aro bound, in consideration of their welfare nnd of the rights of the slave, by all moral influence-f u .iB,...tic incut iu riiiieuoM uiiii imiiieuiate action It Is when Slavery leaves her entrenchments, and no faults ns upon our own ground; when she casts ofi ner ciiaie armor, eniersuie wide held or nations' pole lie, and acts within the cognianco of cur (govern struggle between Freedom nnd llondnge, rmr own rights have been denied, and our interests invaded. The right to protect our own citizens from seizure by unhallowed traders m human Ilcsh, to protect them through the writ of habeas corpus and trial by jury; tlie right to absolve ourselves Irom the awful respon sibility of slavery, by refusing as individuals lo aid in sustaining il, nnd by respectfully petitioning nnd re monstrating against it ; the light ion! solve ourselves, as a state, bv nrccludiiii! our magistrates, sheriffs and constables from becoming slave catchers, and our prisons from liecoimnz the receptacles nf slaves; and our common right to claim a fair participation in the benefits of the government, by an equal reptesenla- lion; all, all these have been ana ore now denied. For your own right, then, in the name of Freedom nnd Humanity, wc invoke vou to rallv. Whigs of Ve monl! let all these motives peisunde you to be ready for the contest, and to ncrpnt your selves like freemen, who have never suffered a defeat. Wonnnenl. also, lo Ihe People of Vermont without regard to party distinctions, and commend to ilieir cd a committco to make arrangements for the reception of our distinguished guest, in a man nor according with his wishes and becoming tc. the city : Millard Fillmore, Joseph Stnngham, I Ionian II. Potter, Gcomc II. Dabcock, Frndprlcl; P. f-ttAunna. Inlin f . TCImhorbv. 'I - - - .... ..u.w..h, . - Samuel Wilkesnn, Walter Joy, Thomas U. Love, II. J. Stow, Joseph G, Mastcn, Stephen Champlin, William A. Mosoley, Klisha JUr.ynard, JJyre 1 illingnas), Moses Dristol, Henry K. Smith, Nathan K. Hall, Thomas M. Foote, D. A. Manchester, Robert Hollister, Samuel F. Pratt, Nelson Randal), Silas Sawrin, Charles L. Emerson, Carl Hornung, At a meeting of this committee last evenin, cindidiudncincnt the principles and policy thus set the various sub-committees were appointed, an forth. Arethev rir.ht. in your jiidgmcntl If such arrangements nartiallv made. It was intended be your judgment, wechecrfully submit it to you to t0 despatch a boat to Schlosser, there to receive determine the course which principle end patriotism ,. ' p-p.:,!..,, .,n.i ...:, n,i .. a(r,r,l require at your hand?. Are they icrong wc neither , . -., r I ' I hftm nn nnnnrtllnilv nl llinwinir Iho Ernnnrv f,l osit nor expeci vou 10 susiain mem. in our esiiiiia- 3 -. b ..... v ... lion, he is a true freeman who kecks lo act up lo iho the river, consecrated by so many historic asso requirements of nn enlightened and honest judgment, nations and heroic achievements, and land at uirixuyerriniiwipSlaiel 1 I 111 U It l 1 .1 u Atnsir. 1 CALVIN TOWNSLKY, 1 VKS, I F.IIASTUS FAIIlllANKS, JOHN A. fONANT, H. P. WALTON. JH. (il'.O. A. ALLKN. HAHMON CANFIF.LD, JOHN A. l'UAIT, A RTF, MAS CUSII.MAN, July 21, 1813. I Stale Committee. the wharf early to-morrow afternoon. In tho evening Mr. Adams will exchange greetings with his friends at the American. Duff. Com. Aiherlistr. f). The cITcct of tho diffusion of scientific knowledge on tho progress of society. WottTiiiNOToN Smith, St. Albant. A. Tho present not tho timo to decido the characteristics of tho age. IlrtADFoni) RrxroRD, Wghgale. MUSIC. 0. Tho truo end of man's being ; what Is it 1 Jamf.s O'IIalloran, Durlinglon. 0. Tho rotation which the poet, as an artist, sustains lo tho spirit of his age. John W. Lynde, 1'lattsburgh, iV. Y. 7. Intolerance right. William C. HF.t.citEn, fHnckbridge. 8. What is a practical education I Albert II. Dailf.y, East Poultney. MUSIC. 9. Oration. HsNRr J. Raymond, Conelieide for M. A. MUSIC. 10. Degress conferred. 1 1. Prayer, by tho President. 12. Benediction. MUSIC. Excused. The following aro tho order of exercises oftho Junior Class afTernoom. MUSICK. 1. Tho Romance of American History. William Collamer. 2. Tho Intellectual character of the popu lar Taste. Henry Alanzo Durban. 3. The Mythic Age. Lf.vi Onto Stevens. 4. The Roign of Constantine, the first Christian Emperor. Abahel Read Gray. MUSICK. 5. The Idea of human Life, exhibited to us in tho Works of modern Novelists. Horace Partridge Janes. 0. The Religious Dolief of tho American Aborigines compared with that of the ancient Grcoks. David Blair Northrop. 7. Tbo influenco of the Mysterious upon Genius. Jonathan Janes Marvin. 8. Social Life, the condition of Life in the Individual. Frederick Billings. MUSICK. KVE.VINO. MUSICK. 1. The Oriirinalitv of tho modern Mind grounded in Feeling. James Blackmam. satire. Moses S. Uoyce. 3. Simplicity of True Greatness. Carlos A. Sfraoue. 4. Thf Temple of Carnac. Charles L. Benedict. MUSICK. 5. The influence of Scientific Discovery on social life. Lccian W. Chaney. 0. A Poem ; tho Lcao-ucr of Carillon ( Ti- conderoga,) a talc of olden time. Moses McLellen Colborn. 7. The nbnlishmont of the Papal Suprema. cy, by Henry VIII. Its political effect. William U. W. Howe. MUSICK. "it is to high!" Think you it will ho mado any bettor by u Free Trado locofoco Congress? or is it not wiser to elect out and out Protective men, such as nro nil tlio Whig candidates for Congress in Vermont 1 Watchman. Wool In nothing do wo sco tho benefi cial operations of iho TnrifT so clearly ex emplified, us in tho articlu of wool, tho sale of which owing to tho increased tleuiniid for homo consumption, tins increased beyond all former example. From uvery part of tho country, not only from tho east and south, but from tho far west, wo hear of tlio sale, at living price lo tho producer, of largo quantities of wool. In thu moan timo do mestic woolen fabrics wero never cheaper. ' Oh, the black Tariff '."Hock. Dcm. 7 Messrs Asa O. Ai.dis, of St. Al bans, and Thomas A. Hammond, of Or well, havo been appointed Aids to Gov. Paine with the rank of Colonels. Tim Staff is now complete we believe. (tyWc understand that the "Democrats" of the first Congressional District, have nominated C. B. Harrington. Esa. of Middletown, as their candidate for Congress. Mr. II. was a member oftho Slate Legisla ture last year, and aside from his politics, thero was not a member of cither Houso whom wo liked better. He is a gentleman in the best sense of that word, and every way worthy of the support of his party. But we should voto for Mr. Foot notwithstand ing if we were there. CT'Col. Syi.t.sti:h Churchill, Inspec tor General of tlio U. S. Army, arrived in town on Saturday evening Ia.t and took lodgings at tho Pearl Street House. A Pithy Toast is going tho round'', said to havo been given at a dinner, some whore in .Maine, on the -1th of July, this year. That it hath point who can deny! Jhtl. Pat. The President of the V. Sarej-Uespect for tlis dignity of tho office is not inconsistent, with contempt for the incuml cnt. Air The last link la broken ! NATIONML MASS CONVENTION. Attholato 4lh of July dinner in Phila delphia, it was proposed that n grand Na tional Mass Convention of Whigs from all parts of the Union should bo hold at that city on the 4th of July, 1814, to respond to the nominations to bo made by the Whig National Convention to incut in Baltimoro in May, 1844. This proposition seems lo bo well receiv ed by tho Whig press everywhere. Tho Phil. Forum says : Wc arc al! aware of the influence which the Mass Convention al llaltirnorc in IS-10 Ind upon Ihe Whiij party associations were there entered into, friend ships formed, correspondences nrranced, opm.ons in terchanged, and promises given, which acted as Ihe bond and cement of iho entire llnrriun party throughout the I'nion. It was ihe first ci int impul b given lo Ihe avalanche of I 40 ; the first "roll the. ball" hich crushed r.ocoficoism in its onward course. Ihe Lextnulon of ihe moral and pohticil revolution of tho people against their task-masters nd oppres sors ! Tho invitation is extended in unbounded enrrlnlltv and we trust it will be accepted in the same spirit of fraternal kindness. We nslt our Wh'a brethren nf tho press to be I carers of the renn, st which Plui.n.iplrl.,. city and county makes to the Wind's of the Union, and to promu'frntc through their columns that every uiiaiiciiii-H. v, in uu iu;iuu iur uicir cnmiori nnu con venience. Come one, come nil ! and here let us rati fyanewihoso bonds of amity and kindness which treachery has been unable lo sunder, nnd which can never impair I CTAmong the gentlemen of distinction who were present at the commencement ex ercises on Wednesday wero Gov. Paine and his Suit, Col. Chuuciiill of tho Armv. Mr. Senator Upiiam, of Montpelier, Gen eral Root, of tho New York Senate, and Mr. Sladb late Member of Congress from this State. G7 The editor of the Spirit of tho Ago seemed to be in rather an unhappy state of mind last week, and called us some hard names, which lie will be ashamed of when ho gels to be a littlo older. What is the matter major? Would'nt it bo better to "keep cooll" STATK SCHOOL FUND. No. in Should the fund ever accumulato to the sum of 84,000,(KH) the turn assumed to bo necessa ry, before, by the provisions of tho act, the in. tercst can be distributed, the state would stand in the position of creditor to tho people to that amount, ami inc people m uiu position oi ueui ihv lo the State, to the same extent. The com. miseioners oftho fund would hold the mortgages Coincidences. We were struck, tho other day, in looking at a work called tho " Lives of the Presidents, with a low curious coinciden ces of numbers which relate to the line of fivo Presidents, beginning and ending with an Ad- ams. Hero is a table, lor instance, ot tho pe riods in which they were born and went out of office : Horn. Ketired. 1735 John Adams...., 1801 1743 Thomas JefTuson ISOU 17.'i! James Madison 1817 1759 James Monroe 1825 17C7 J. (luincy Adams 1329 Now it will be seen by this that Jefferson was or nmcr securities against tno uoDtors to mo Wn ,-, ,,, . f,, r,i. .i K J,t Stef SZ t. ?" i Mad,,o eight years after hi. predecesso: terestof this sum, or $210,000 would, if possi ble, he collected of the mortgagors, in tho form of interests or rents. At tho rate of compon6a tion allowed collectors uf the slate tax the bare collecting of thoso rents, would rest the people mid term, would havo been sixty-six. Adams, Jcllurson and .Monroe all died on tlio -1th of Ju lv. Lie Post. Jefferson ; Monroo eight years after Madison : .1 I...... . l e. - .. .. aiiu juiiii v-iiinicy minis cigui years niter iviou roc. Anotlicr curious lact to tic observed is, that Adams was just sivty-six years old when lie retired ; Jcllersun was sixty.six ; Madison ...n ..!... f ! . i t..i. ., . fjiipnwi l .1- r It I HUa OIAI)-riA . iUUIirUU nilSMVIV'BIA UIIUJIMII1 mo sum uieiujcuu anuuauy, aim i ns i.ir ' Quincy Adams, had ho been elected to a sec privilege of having heir money pass through the , u.n, , ,, sWtVMY .,,,.. hands of tho ronimisnonors ot tlio reboot fund, again to be returned to tho several kcIiod! dis tricls, whence the iiionoy was collected, there to be expended in support ol common schools. as is now dono.in every school district in tho Important Decision. Tho Supremo Court State. Besides the expense of collect inr this of Lrrora at New Haven, have decided, in cf- money, much nf tho sum collected, will be feet, that the proprietors of the lost steamboat sponged upbyconimissior.erf.andsubcomiiilfsion 1 Lexington aro responsible for all the freight on 1 l . .1 . ..t it.: .. . Il 1 n. d.A .: .r i -l.i , crs, uy lawers ami tuiierr uApviisua ui litigation, uimim ui um iiiiiu ui nur ui-biruciiun, niiiiuugu and in short by every one, through whoso hands notices wore hoisted up in the boat, and inserted this money is tn pass. Tho fund must result, in the bills of lading, that all freight was to be so long as it lasis, in a system oi ueoi anu crcu- ai iiiu nan oi mo owners. jour, oj commerce. it, of the most objectionable Kind; ono in which the pcoplo, will bo the debtor and tlio govern. Iucland. This island ment tlio creditor. I iar ,1S v,,... ynr. o,n, ..,i .,, ' . . No people can remain long free, vvhilo ground u rrrin nnri i..!... i.: ,r, . ' down to tho dust in debt ; but a people in debt MUSIC. lt Prayer, by the President. 2. Unity of purposo the condition of mental progress. Ezra Jones, Claremnnt N. II. 3. The literary influence of the Reformation. Monnis Miller Townsesd, Clarencetille Can. 4. Tho Cartesian system of Physics. Joel T. Hf.neeict, Durlinglon. o. Science not opposed lo revelation. Xatfianiel W. Peck, Irasburgh. MUSIC. 0. Tho responsibility of the historian. David It. Wood, Shefford, Can. 7. The causes of national character. Augustus Flemino, Dellotrs Falls, 8. Tho spirit of modern improvement. Svlvanus O. Goodrich, Darre. . The youth and manhood of the scholar. Ciiarlks B. Wei.ls, St. Albans. 10. The life of nature. Francis Fowler, Stockbridge Mass. MUSIC. 11. Tho limits oftho kingdoms in nature. AnNER Benedict, Burlington. 12. Originality of tho writings of the 10th and 17th centuries. John II. Hutchinson, Dramtrcc 1.1. Scholastic learning. Aktemas B. Waldo, TtnmoulA. 11. Philosophy and poetry comptred with Historical lacis as sources oi instruction. Franklin II. Ciibbciiill, Hurlington. MUSIC. 15. (Jenius ; its stages of dovolopement. Israel K. Dwinell, Calais. 10. Privato opinion ; its influenco and rc sponsibilttics. Thomas 11. Nichols, Enosburgh. 17. The empire of silence Ko.mv.no II. Dennett, Hurlington. 16. Criticism as it ought to bo. William M. L'AMrncu, St. Albans. MUSIC. not quito so :ato, and 8,5(10,000 inhubitunls. There aro not over tothmiowors that be. aro ma particular sense ''.""" ""' owners in tne wliolo islaiul. in bondage. Such a pconln aro in truth and fact 1 he lact tells tho whole story of Ireland' 8UbicctoUto the bit and bridle. They aro in a I oppicssion ucucr jnan volumes. "MR. BOZK" AGAIN. Wo havo road tho last number of Martin Chuzzlcwit, and marked several passages for publication, which wo must defer to another time. Gall and bitterness must have flowed from tho pen of Dickens while he was inditing some of the scurrilous para graphs against those who moved heaven and earth to gratify and amuse him while he was in this country. That Jonathan often makes a fool of himself, wo admit, and never more so than in the particular case of Mr. Boz. For this he deserved lampooning but such wholesale libelling is a step beyond his de serts. Col. Stone of the Spectator thus characterizes, and justly too, this latest ebu- lition of foreign spleen : Martin Chuzzleicit.Ve have read tho last importation of this work a weary task and productive of melancholy fcelimr. It is cross, actually offensive to decency, in thought and language : ana mat is not the worst of it As a picture of society in New York we do not Know now to class it. A caricature it is not for there is ro resemblance. Mr. Dickens has not exaggerated but invented or rather flung together in hideous confusion materials trather. cd, not from his own observation, but from the pages of iUrs. Trollopc. 7 he spirit in which ii is written is malignant ; mere is no loucli ot playiul satire, no general feeling of love for hu. manity at large, no keen developcment of mo. live, no sense of enjoyment in the display of narmiess aosuruuy. viie universal tone is hard, repulsive, uncomfortable. And besides all this, and worse, it is not amusing. Dickens has at last written pages that are dull and stu pid; knd this is the unpardonable sin of litem ture. What deplorable change has come upon tho mind that imagined Pickwick, and Nelhand Esam wener, anu ttie immortal KichardSwiv. eller. A F TEH NOON. MUSIC. 1. Tho relations of tho ideal to the real in our conceptions of tho beautiful. Ciurlen Edward Foi.lett, Durlinglon. 2. Gradual change, true progress. Allen P. Ingersoll, DurlinpUm. WOOL. Let the farmers and wool growers of this section of (ho State read tho following paragraphs which wo select from innumera ble others to tho sumo effect from other parts of the country and then say whether they are prepared to see out Whig Tariff repeal ed by the Loco Focos. $40,000! Bo it known that over forty thousand dollars in cash have been paid for wool in tho village of Montpelier this season. There has bocn, too, an improvement of prices al ready, and this heavy reduction of the stock of wool on Land will prepare for future ad vances. And why all this l Wc answer, that these aro tho fruits of the new Tariff, which has not yet run a year. Oh ! this good (or nothing Tariff, which our locofoco friends so much condemn, while thoy sup. port the men who voted against it because OUR STATK DEBT. We cheerfully give plico to the following communication from our old friend the West- ford Farmer. IIu shows up the hypocricy of the Locofoco clamor about the Slate debt a very satisfactory manner. We hopo our friend will continue Ins communications. STltAXGH IIAI.I.UCI.YATIO.V. Mr.Kditor. I nolicethatoneof ihul.ocofoco nancT . printed in Hurlington, very gravely inquire?, " Why are the Democracy in tho minority in the State of Vermont I and then proceeds in anert, that Ver mont is not prosperous under her Whij administra tion, "vvhi'e her sifter States have made rapid advan ces in wealth, in prosperity, and influence. Ho also says that " her young men aro compe l d to cmif rate to more favored States, where their cnterpriss will be encouraged and their industry rewarded." crmont, embracing for the most part, a sober, in tclligent, and virtuous people,, it is not strange that Loco Foco-Democracy, should be in the ininorirv and that minority vv ill grow less and less, as its prin ciples and purposes ore crtti-icd and known. A large majority cf the People of Vermont, are the ad vocates of Law and Order; while Loco l'ocoism ftcdi upon broken Constitutions, and violated Laws. It gorqes itself, as it has opportunity, by devouring ths right or tlio sober and intelligent cusses. Hut it meets with too keen a jealousy, and too withering a look, from tho Whig Democracy of our patriotic Slate-. to successfully male its inroads upon us. Its disor ganizing and destructive doctrines are rebuked : ths passes among our mountains aro fortifi d against its encroachmenls; and ills casiofl' with its henscs ; its free alias British monopoly) trade doctrines; its anny vvrightisnij its slave holdms, and anti-Unil" coalilion. These, tho Kditor may learn, are some of the plain reasons, why his sort of Democracy, is " in- vanaDiy in ine minority in this State. But it seems that the sage I'.ditor of the Demo crat, has made a new and important discovery. H has found out thai Vermont, under her Whig admin istration, and for.-ooth by reason thereof, has been tumbling into "Bankruptcy," "while her sister States in the West have made rapid advances in wealth, prosperity and influence." I do not, iho reader will understand, iniend to insinuate in the slightest manner, that the sharp sighted Hditor of the Democrat literally intended to com a falsehood, with which to feed his patrons j but rather that he found it more useful to his purpose, " to be able lo forget," than tell the truth. What sre the facts! In 1910, under ihe adminis tration of JIaitin Van Ilurcn, tho Great Prototype, and God Father of I.oco I'ocoism, and consequently me nigncsi aumoriiy lo ma Democrat, we gel tbo following rtturns, comparing the prosperity uf Ver mont with these highly favored States of the West, "where our young men have been compelled to emi grate, that their industry might be rewarded." Let it be remarked, that Vermont is the only Si.iie in the Union, thathasbecn uniformly wings she has achie ved for herself, the name and fame, of "thestarr that never sets.'' She alone lias escaped a scaring, at some period or other, from the misruloof her political opponents while nearevcry other siale, has, been either in the furnace, or burnt over, by the devcunng clement. Hut to the returns i and first let us com pare tho indebtedness of Vermont, under her "invari able" Whig rule, with that cf his highly favored Western Stales which, for tho most part, havo been steadily pulling in ihe traces of" the I'arly " sinco the appointment of Andrew Jackson lo the Presidency m isaj not overlooking trie state oi rennsylvanio, ths very back-bone ot Jnck6onism. Amount of State debts in 1S40. Pennsylvania, Alabama, Mississippi, Louisiana, Indiana, Illinois, Missouri, (Tom lltnlon's own Stale,) Jlnhigan, Arkansas, Vermont, (tlio Whi; S31,723,2Cl I0S39,G56 12,4U)00O 29,j5C,00U I3,CG7,3 13,iC5,CS2 2.929,657 fi,01t,000 3,7C3,3G3 star lliat never sets,) none!! It is well here to nonce, that our ears have bcim constantly filled by (he Loco Foco presses and dema gogues in this Stale, about our enormous State debt dial as a consequence vo aro on tho eve of bankrupt cy and that it has all grown out of Whig csirava ganceand prodigality jeopardizing every man'sfarm in the Slate, in its ultimata payment i when m fact we have no Stale debt at all. This makes me think of the great cry about "Wool." And now let me ask the Kditor of the Democrat, whether he will under take to deny, that the obovo truly enormous State debts and embarrassments, m Pennsylvania, and hit western l.oco Foco States, have not u iIB lmn rriltt'n im lltntrr tli I nn Pn J . ' ...v .,vv . uvu a, iiriufiraiions cf