Newspaper of Burlington Free Press, September 22, 1843, Page 2

Newspaper of Burlington Free Press dated September 22, 1843 Page 2
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warn wwm AMERICAN SLAVERY AND IRISH RIH'EAL. The following is mi extract from a lute speech of Mr. O'Connuu, tit a Repeal Meeting at tho Corn Exchange, Dublin. Wn commend it 10 lliu altuntton of thoso Repenleis in this qti.ulor who ullemptcd to 'cotisiiro him for his Aliolilion sentiments, Ambbican SvMrATiiv Tun Smveiiolder. Tim As jji itkni. said .Mr. U'Cotiucll, vvilh muio uf em linn llinn generosity, nvoi led canvassing the question of negro slavery in America a sympathetic disposi linn for the strimsU-s of llo Irish people ewisted on iho one hand, whilst a feeling of Irish grntitiulo c. ill on llieothcr. They were in lli.it position, when Mr. Hrosnau nnil n nun o( llio name of Moonoy, whom every body knew, thought fit to address b i ters to them, vindicating negro slavery in America, and justifying the h irrid fact that mm should be the properly of his fellow-man. He (Mr. O'Connell) wan for tit erty nil over tho world, nmoiig every seel nn I riersuasion among every creed and caste. What w a- it to him what color a man might he of. Though lii sMn might bo black, was he not still made in the imnttJ "f tho Denial f!od 7 was he not destined, ns they were, for an eternity ol p iin or of happiness, and was ho nol redcemrd by the blood of tho ltedeemor of alii (hear.) Not never for a moment could In-loir-rale the idea of m in beini; inailc the propeny of an itln-r lil.o tho bruit beasts, lie could have no no tion of tile man who would in his own person rathe) ill1! ilnn become a slave, ami who nevertheless refus ed to perforin the Christian duty of doing toothers a they should do to him. In reference to these Atneiiean advocates of !ivcry. he could not Invc acted otherwise than he had done, thoudi tho liherlv of trihml, the Kciual of ill" Union ttflf. were to nlndo Iho result, ijo was bcun.l en , I, , . t em feqiunc"s, b'lt to justice I n I huinvntv, an 'nine -.hit will lu'did not hesitate to il,r- . ai' .1 ui soul mid Ins nj.p.isiii m to iho a) stem tlia' m! i in.alhu Irian lieingins the brute beattsof the li"! ' He spoke distinctly and emphatically, for 113 he w.inlrd In makeaa impre.-siiin, he use I hir-her words than he would hue done if he did not know that h irsli words were necessary to louse lhcsclfi!i tcni!er.aiiiciit of the domineering mailers of slaves. And h- did make that sen-ation, an. I ho was glad of n. lie would retiact nothing of what lift had I cforn said, though ho would not 'repeat in lividu il i usances of oppression nnd eiinltv. What ho Enid applied as well lo llra.:l or to the Wist Indirs, or vtl'eicverclse slavery was l.novvn in tho world, ni to Ametiea (hear. Ii-.ir, and cheers.) I!ut ha was accusal of jainiiij Iho Aimaicaii .Umlilion Society what with Uoyd Garrison ( (eli.-Lis.) In Fngland tho Ami Slucry parly included the friends of freedom of con science. The body lo whom Joseph Mursc belonged friuld have no sentiment that in regulation and prac tice was not in the highest device consistent with gov. government and law. Ho knew no better than lie was (hear, hear, from Mr. Steele.) Tho nnti-slavi i y party in I'.ngland were very numerous, especially among ihe Qu ikers, and ho should stale that ho firm ly brli.'ved there was a greater proportion of friends of genuine liberty among iho Knghsh Quakers than arinng any otlhcrbyily of men. They were not so, ho was orry to Male, in Irel.an I. There wcro some most liberal men among Ihe I ri-! Quakers, but the greater part of them were fir from descrvm" lint praise (hear, hear.) Ho wis not much nllaeheil to the Wesley.in Methodists, who were another class of Alulinoni ts ; ihey were the most decided fanatic of the present day. They appeal in f let to think that ihe high character they el inn for the superiorly over olhcr men in the love of (Jod gives ihem a right to hale their fellmv-niait exceedingly (hear, and laughter.) .lahaz Hnniing was the name of the Pope of the Metlio list", (laughter ) A lellovv who looked etecedinglv l.kc Ins name. They had only in fact to imagine what kind ol a fellow Jabtz Hunting must be, and thej haj exactly tho kind of thing that' he ro sily was (laughter ) It was he (J.ibez) that got the organ to Miik up at a m-ctiiig when lie (Daniel) w as about to speak t l fivor, of course, of die objects ol that meeting. Tho Abolitionism of liosion called bis (O't'oiuii ll's) speeches ' inlliminiilory," hi'o the Charleston slavers aeeiifil linn of e.ilumnv, in saying that they made brutes of their slaves. Why. the ad vertisements by Air, bit written by themselves, proved it. It was thai iho Irish in America were said i lo be ihe most cnu I of any ilass, to the peop'e of color: that tliev behave, even towards the free peo ple of color, vviih more contempt mid harshness than any otiie.s. Was thai a calumny towards Ireland ? (pries of " It i.") r"o, il was int. Lord Moroetli publicly stated the fact. Italllicted him exceedingly to hear such n siatemim. The lii.-h suflurcd perse cutions ihemsi lve.-), ami should feelincrcyfortho.se who vvero Muiilarly ciiciimstaneed. Instead of that they appeared to fia the most prone to that absurd notion of i.risiocracy tho filthy aristocracy of the skin. Il resembled the principle that actuated the Orangemen in Ireland of haling those whom thev ini'ito. The testimony of Lord Morneili would weigh 'him down until he should hear on undoubted proof that that teems was altered uy their countryman in America. Prom tho Albany D.ai'y Advertiser. PRESIDENT JACKSON'S NOTION Or A CONSTITUTION. Mr. Orestes Iliownsoti, tlioticli a Fonowli.it eccentiic yet undeniably an able and indepen dent unit, bavin'' lor mini'! cars im-cn the sup port ol his stii ti'' pen to the party railed "the democracy" and to its leaden, hap, within the year, undergone funic very material changes of opinion in relation to t lie topics referred to, and in the I'Jti.ocr.itic Kcricvv in a succession ol ar tides lie lias been engaged in felting forth his new and more matured view, nut onl of the action of llie s,o-cal!ed democratic parly and of the character and policy of its lender?, but of the essential spirit of that party, its aims and the tendency ol its inllucncc, as well as Ins stt til ro eletnonl:.! views of the principles of our American inrtilutions and the grounds and ob iccts of government in general. We have heretofore given from these articles rnmo pas-sages on the disorganizing tendencies or the action anil spirit ol the party mentioned and wo now copy a short, but very pregnant paragraph on Ux. President Jackson'n notion of a constitution. "The grand maxim of Gen. Jackson in hisadministra lion, as I collect from the history oflhat administra tion, was, 'The people, are sovereign i if I gain their sanction it is enough. ' He appears in his, administra tion 10 havo regarded Ihe people us above the Consli lu'ion and laws, and to have held that he secured the highest possible sanction for Ins acts when ho secur ed thepopular approbation, formally or informally ex prt ssed." On this parsage the National Intelligencer makes the following comment : An admirable description I We could almost sit at the feet of this dcniocraiio phi!, is lpher for the un daunted lova of truth which urges nun onto spcik such unwelcome things of llie flreit Idol in its very Icnple '"The Democratic Itev v ' iu id of cry ing forever "Great is Diana of th- I' m - .us." ISut ho might have added, thai, a.i. ;;reat musi ciau lovjs his inaitiiinepl, s j Gm. J i . -jn loved the reoule. only because he could play upon them 'what tune he h'led. He set the people' pleasure above iho law, and it was Gousiitution enough forhiui, because trhal he Killed the people weio ready to sanction : and where, thev nv'ghl havo differed from him. the terror of his popularity htld most men mule-. So that ii will, seeming to bo the people's, became so, and stood tho solo authority Hie only law, uie omv ionstuu lion, and (if hebad chosen) alino.uhe only Go-pcl. Both llieso passages have our full assent Text and comment both, hi llie deepest convic tions of our mind, wo hold to ho ruo. Wn believe that Gen. Jachson novs.' had any Eound intolligiblo idea of llio real ilesiign aoJob. jectof a constiliiticm, nor any true sense of duty, on the part ol sucli an otticer as tho i.iuel live cutive Magistrate under our constitution, of obe dience to the lavv cither as enacted by Congress or signed by tho President, or a interpreted by the Judiciary. He not only hold that tho Exe cutive was distinct from tho other two co-ordi. iiato branches, but wholly independent of them and above them, so far as his own official action was concerned. Ho seemed never to have been able to distinguish between his personal opin ioiia of n law, or a provision of the constitution, and hia proper authority and obligations as a public functionary and agent of tho constitution nnd the laws; and Iheroforo hold that ?ir, as such functionary, had ll.o full right to interpret them for himself, and so he acted. Striped Pia. This Protean monster presented liimseKin a new form, at Sunlit lladley Falls, during Ihe latocninp meeting. A scow boat was landed near iha villar'e. nil who fell disnosed sleiuied on board, nnd iho boat was then floated down iho river, across llio line into Hanipilen county where Ilia pig stannain not much fear of Ihe lavv. Tho passengers were c harcrcd six reniaeaeb for their rltle. and all were fur nished 'a drink.' The boat wis then run ashore, the passengers discharged, nnd Ihe boat pushed up sircnm for another load. This process was continued until Kherifl' Wrifihl of this town nnnearml I when tin1 Pig, fearing his oil powerful grasp, slunk away nnd was Kra ns more in thai form. llamiphirt Oat, O'CONNEL AND THE N. Y. HER ALD. Our readers will recollect that O'Connel lately refused nn introduction to liennett of Nuw York Herald. At Into meeting ol tho Irish Repeal Association in Dublin, Mr. O'C. ninth; llio following explanation of the subject. In our judgment his conduct was perfectly just nnd needed no upology what ever. ".Mr. O'Connell said, I havo now to mention anoth er subject of sonic imporiancc. It relates, in Iho first instance, to the press, and I wish lo account for the conduct which I observed yesterday towards a mem ber of the American press. (Hear I) A Mr. James Gordon Dennett placed bis card in the hands of Mr. Htec'c to havo him introduced to mc. 1 had known who that individual was, nodi I therefore rejected nt once, with no small indignation, any attempt lo in troduce him to me. Ileislhoeditoroflhu Arte Voik, llcnild, and, when I pronounced that n more vilo newspaper docs not exist in tho entiro literary woild than that journal, it conveys nn idea of n magnitude of infamy and vilcncss that could not well I surpass ed. 1 know 1 shall be accused of traducing nil the American newspaper writers, but I am doing no such thing. Hear, near I I might as well, if speaking of the Satiiut or the John Hull in Kngland, bo supposed to apply my observation lo the Morning Chronicle or the I'.xamincr, as lo place in the category tho New Voik Herald nnd the many excellent papers publish cd in America. of course, this Mr. liennett is veiy ready with his pen, nnd will, no doubt, abuse mo in nil moods and tenses, hut I never shrink from any kind of danger "Hear, hear!" and loii'1. cheers. He will attack me with his pen, but in no other wnyi and I can hero icll him, for his information nnd ns sislnnce, that he, will gel enough of abu9e in tho Dub lin newspapers in one week to serve his purpose for six months. Ifuighler.) ?,lr. Iluckingham, Iho lec turer, no soonerniiivcd at New York lo lecture, than this Gordon llcniictl sent him word, "llial ir ho did not sendlimi money ho would nhusa his lecture in his paper." Cricsof "Shame l"l Mr. Buckingham, how ever, had llio courage to set him at defiance, and he published the transaction in his bonk on America. Hear, Imar I) I, too, scl him at defiance, and I would no' consider myself tho friend of liberty if, while I at tacked kings, aiidcmpcrors, and great men, 1 allow ed n degraded piess lo pass without expressing for it niycontemptuous scorn. "Hear, hear!" and loud cheers. Liverpool Albion. from tho Hartford (Ct.) Couranl. ANEf'DO.E OP OBNERAIi WASHING TON. At the romnieiiceimnt of tho Revolutionary war, there lived at Eist Windsor, in this Slate, a farmer of tho name of Jacob Munsell, aged about forty.ftvo years. After the coinmunica lion by water between this part of the country and Uo.-ton was interrupted by the possession of Huston Harbor, by the British fleet, Munsell was often employed to transport provision?, by land, to our army lying in the neighborhood of llostoii. In the suiniiigr ol while thus employed, he arrived within a few miles of the camp, at Cambridge, with a largo load, drawn by a stout ox team, In a part of the road, which was somewhat rough, and where the travelled path was narrow, ho met two carriages, in each of which was atiAinorican (Jen. Officer. The offi cer in tho forward carriagr,when near to Munsnll, put his head out at the window, and called to littii in an authoritative tone "Damn you, get l it Ihe path" Munsoll immediately retorted, "((mi , I won't get out of the path got out yourself." Alter some further vain attempts to prevail on Munsell to turn out, thoolhcer s car riage turned out, and Munsell kept the pal li. I ,ie other carnage immediately came up, hav- ing been within hearing distance of what had passed ; and the officer within it, put his head out at the window, and said to Munsell " My mend the road is bad, ami it is very elilhcult lor mo to turn nut : will you bo so gooil as to turn out and let me pass.'" "With all my heart, sir," said Munsell ; "but I wont be damned out ol' the pith by any man." This last Officer was lietiera! Washington. Tho writer of thu foregoing article, hiving heard the story at the time ol the transaction, enquired of Munsell, soon after tho close of the war, as to Iho truth of it. lie said it was true exactly. His word wasentiioly to be relied up on. ' Sr. .ex. Hartford, Sept , 134D. ' STEALING VOTERS." Wo commence the following paragraph, from the last Caledonian, to tho particular attention of our neighbor of tho Sentinel. It shows that the Locos stolo votes as bad in oilier counties us they did in tin's. Tun Vipers ditten. The following incident oc curred at the election in Newport. An old gentleman, iu years oi age, living wun nis son, woo uaa ucKeucr ntetl into a loeofoco, wns asked by bis son the Mon day preceding llie election to go with him lo Derby and visit n loeofoco son-in-law residing there. lie went and the Derby loco look iho eld gentleman about tho farm, amusing him in various ways in or. i er lo keen his attention from thecleclion: but Tucs day noon came, and llie son started on", ami the old gentleman lound that be was going to l-'rccman's Meeiiii'-. suddenly enme to his recollection, and tak ing offhis coat and his cane in his hand set out for Newport, lo vote, ten miles distant. He arrived at Hie place of voting at 3 o'clock and deposited his Whig ballot, to the, mortification of tho locofocos and tho iov nf ihe Whins. As he catno in. worm and ricrsnir nig, ho was received by the Whigs with cheers, and ns the contest was close, ho tarried till twelve o'clock at night, whe.i the Whigs succeeded in electing their candidate. This was good spunk, ond llie veteran Whig deserves three cheers from tho whole Whig par ty of i crmont, anu a pension lor Hie. Jons Bull's Notions of America. The iLTtiorance of the English of everything respect inir America is cross enough now, but a few voars aeo it was nast belief. When the emi nent American poet, Halleck, was in England some years since, a gentleman informs us that he was nam? on a statre coacn, aim nouing an animated conversation with a clergyman of his acquaintance. Directly behind sat an English farmer, apparently a man well to do, and of con siderablo intcllnrcnce. who could not avoid overhearing the conversation: and seemed to tal.o nn interest in it. At the first opportunity ,e ashed v"r. Halleck, "Are you an American ... ... .. ........ ... ,,. .. -1 Ti sir ! "I CS. "vnv, vnu taiK very goou i-jii- I'lish !" said lie. wondcringly. "Ves," said Hailed;, with his habitual turn for pleasantry "I flitter myself I do speak it pretty well- earned it or the mirposc oi travelling in win cuntrv." "Oh !" exclaimed tho Englishman, serious and satisfied, and without tho remotest suspicion of a joke Aetc lone Sim. Wlnt is a horso mackerel ! Wo ask for in formation, and our brother of the Journal is em inent piscatorial lore. It was staled a few day since, in tho Hunker Hill Aurora, that a horse mackerel was lccnntlv caught in Lynn Hay twenty-five feet long. Surely they cannot he surh lui"li fish, that are caught "over tho south side of the bridge in Providence, and which the editor of tho Journal describes as " line pan Itsh, JloZton Mer. Jour. Tho "fineJ nan fish" of which we Fpoko are very small at'tln's season, and are sometimes called "drilled eyed mj;eroi." yc nave scon them in Newport weighing several pounds, and highly esteemed for their flavor. We never be fore heard of one twenty. fivo foot lens, aml think it must bo another species of lis'.'i. I however, a bona Tide horso mackerel twenty' fivo feet long has been caught in Lynn Hay, it becomes our duty to find one at least twen ty-bix feet long in Narragansett, for we acknowl edge no superior in this doparlincnt I'roti. dencc Journal. A correspondent of tho Huston Post gives the following description of an incident at Kancuil Hal" : , , . " Whilo my mind was riveted upon tho pic ture of tho "The Departure," by Wiser, my at. tention was arrested by a question from a young man who had seated himself by my side ; " Which is Columbus " He does nut appear in this picture," said I j It is the departuro of tho Pilgrims." "Oh ! no," said tho youiijj man, "ho hoea not; he came over afterwards." OToNtifcLLird II, who snorts a ferocious ,,E.!N0 air of whiskers, meeting Mr.t) Connol in Dub. ,i ,..rt:,i ';!,, , nr fifteen members of Mil, tlte inner situ, -wnin uo von muau in piai-o iho I.eijislat'ire rlaunrrl tolm elected: our Whisker on the p'tice t Anient ." Lord I.aet year llie locos earritil tnmr fv-nje, iicr.ci irom 11, replied "whifi vmt p.ace your tongue wi lin forty w ity vote, Hurrah f.r oil Hennini.jri m',!?" ' t'ounty-A.ir IMmer. Tt) MISS VIOIjET MAlir, AT SAtUTOdA. AsTon IIousr, A I'd., 1843. Start f,iir, my sweet Violot 1 This lotter will ho on your tuhlo when you tirrivo nt Saratoga, and it is intended to prepare you for that critical campaign. You must know tho ammunition with which you go into the field. I have seen service, us yon know, and, from my retirement (on half pay,) can both devise strategy, nnd rcconnoitro tho enemy's weakness, with discretion. Set your glass before you on the tabic, and let us hold it frank council of war. You never woro called beautiful, ns you know ; and nt homo you have not been a belle but that is no impediment. You are to bo beautiful now, or at least to produce tho result of beauty, which is the same thing ; and of courso you ure to bo n belle the belle, if I mistake not, of the season. Look in your mirror, for n moment, and re fresh your memory with tho wherewithal. You observo that your mouth has blunt corners which, properly managed, is n most effective feature. Your complexion is l ather darkly pale, your forehead is a shade lower than is thought desirable, your lips are full, sweet nnd indolent, and your eyes nro not remarkable, unless well handled. Tho lids have a beauty, however, which a sculptor would understand, and llio duskiness around them may intensify, exceedingly, one particular expression. Your figure is admi rably perfect, hut in this country, and par ticularly among tho mm; you arc to control, this largo portion of female beauty is neither studied nor valued. Your hair is loo pro fuse to bo dressed quite fashionably, hut il is a beauty not lo ho lost, so it must be cuifi'ed a Vabamlnn a very taking stylo to a man once brought to thu point of studying you. Tiicro are two phases in your character, Violet 1 earnestness nnd repose. Tho lat ter shows your features to the most advan tage, besides being a most captivating qual ity iu itself. I would use it altogether for tho first week. Gaiety will never do. A laugh on a face like vonrs is fatal. It spreads, into unmeaning platitude, the little wells in the corners nt vour month, (the blunt corners 1 spoku of nbove,) and it makes your eyes smaller which tlmy cannot well bear. Your teeth are minion and white, it is true, but ihey show charmingly when you speak, and aro excellent, as reserved ailillerv, lo follow an introduction. Save your mirth till the game is won, mv dear Violet ! Of courso you will not appear nt breakfast the morning nfler vour arrival. The mental atmosphere nf the uunircd hours is too cold and questioning fur a first appearance. So is tlte hungry half hour till tho soup is re moved. Go down lato to dinner. Till after tho first glass of wine the heart of man is a shut hook opened then for entries, nnd accessible till shut again by sleep. You need no table-lesson. You eat elegantly, and, with that swan's neck wrist, curving and ivory fair, your everv movement is ammuni tion well bestowed. But, there may, or may not, be a victim on llie other side of the table. (Vftcr dinner is tho champ dt bataiUc ! The men aro gallent, tho ladies melted out, impulses n-top, tho key of conversation so prano, nnd every body gay and trivial, bo be not you ! It is not your style. Seat yourself where you will havo a lilllo spice lor a foreground, lean your rigitt cioow on your left wrist, and support your chock lan guidly in tlte liollow ol your glovcu inumu nnd forefinger. Excuse tha particularity, but try the attitude as you sit, now. Pretty is it not ! Look onlu out at the tops of your eyes. If women's glances were really the palpablo hafts tho poets paint them, tbo elleclivu ones would cut through the eyebrows. Stupid ones slide over tho under lid. I ry this ! Mow earnest tho clanco with the head bent down , i -mi., .t ...i.i. t.: .! vvaru now sillv uiu i;ye- vviui iiiu oui- innt ! And move your eyo indolently, my charming Violet I "it traverses the frippery gavoiy-woof of tho hour with a pretty thread . I , I., T ol contrast turn iooks iikii superiority. I'le-n have a natural contempt for themselves when in high spirits, and repose comes over them like a star left in heaven after tho turn of a rocket. Nothing is prettier in woman than a lean ing Head, now wltnoui removing inn sup porting hand from your cheek when a man is ntroduccd to you : smile tranquilly, aim look steadfastly in his eyes nnd hear what ho has to say. Lucky lor you it is ins rie t'otr to commence conversation ! anu in whatever tone ho sneaks, pitch your reply a note lower'. Ullorably sweet is the contral to tone of woman, and the voices of two persons, conversing, nro liko tho plummets of their hearts tho deeper from tho deeper so fell, and so yielded. If you Hunk it worth while to harmonize with his tone al- terwards, cither in argument or tenderness, the compliment is only less subtile than over nowering. Thore is n great ileal ol promenaaing ni Saratoga, and natural instinct will teach you most of its ovcrcomingncsses; but I will venture a suggestion or two. It you are bent on damago to your man, lay your wrist forward to his, and let your liandurop over it. when von take his arm. No mortal eye would think it particular, nor would he but there is a kind of unconscious alTec- tionntcnrss about it which is electric. Of course vou would not resort to manifest pressure, or leaning heavily, except you wnm carrvintr on the. war a 'loutrance. Walk with vour head n little drooped. If vou wish to walk more slowly, tell him hut don't hang hack. It is enchanting to have a woman " head you off," ns llio sail ors say, as if sho were tryinc to wind around ynu anu it has tho charm, loo, oi nouooK ing particular. As lo conversation, the trick is born with woman. II Her person is aumireu to uegin with, this is ihn least of her troubles. But though you aro sweet subjects, and men like to hear vou talk about voursclvcs, there is a sweeter subject, which thoy liko better than vou Armselves. And lean away from mcrimcnl, Violet 1 No man ever begun to o-e, or made any progress in loving, while r. ranm-l.? WHS lUUeilllie. IIIUIU l u viitii i,mnp iii iubduetl tones and sad topi which sinks Ihroug.'; the upper crust of man likn n Klnno ilirnunli tin? thin ICC of a Well. Anil if Im U n man of liattirn! sentiment of feeling, though a worldling himseiV, the lew worldliness in you, llio Hotter, rioiy, i those who nro to belong to us, is a spell that in any but mythological days, would havo superseded the sirens. I believe that is all, Violet. Al least, it is all I need harp upon to you. Dress, you understand to a miracle. I sco, by iho way, that they nro wearing the hair now, liko ihe chains on tho shoulder of a hussar three or four heavy curls swung from tho temples to tho back knot. And that will be pretty for you, as your jaw is not Npoleonesque, nnd looks better for partial hiding. Uuin your father, if neccsry, in gloves and shoos. I'rimrotr should not be fresher. And whatovor scarfs are made for, wear nothing lo break tho curves from car-tip to shoulder Iho sculpturo linos of beauty in woman. Keep calm. Blood out of ptuco is abomi nable. And last, not least, for Heaven's sako, don't fall in love! If you do, my precepts go for nothing, and your belle-ship is forgotten by all but " tho remainder bis cuit." Your affectionate uncle, Cinn Beverley. A Cieveh UErt,y. A servant girl in the town of A, whose beauty formed matter nf general admiration and discussion, in passing a group of officer in the street, heard uno of them exclaim to his fellows : " By Heaven, she's painted." "Ye?, sir, and by Heaven only!" sho very quietly replied, turning round. The officer acknowledged tho force of the re buke, and apologised. The Hon. David Henshaw, Secretary of the Navy, accompanied by his suite, visited the re ceiving ship Ohio, in the stream, this morning. The yards were manned upon his arrival and de parture, and tho customary salute fired. Iios. ton Mercantile Journal. Pray who aro the persons, of what rank the officers, constituting tho "suito" of the Secrota ry of tho Navy I Verily, this democracy is a wonderfully aspiring principle. Formerly the Secretary of the Navy was a plain business-like gentleman, wearing a black coat and nankeens in Summer, and engaged in the business of his department liko any other gentleman of indus trious habits. When he made a journey ho took to the porter, like anv bodv else. But now that "tho democracy" is having its full swing, nobody connected with the government can travel without a suite.' without makine an os- tcntations display of state and quality without a 'tail' of parasites and menials. Yet how beau tifully do they mouth out their democracy to the people i a. x. unmmcrcial. FRIDAY" MORNING, SP.PT. 22, 1S43. OUR COLLEGE and the ELECTION. Wo find tho following remarks in the Inst number of the North Star, a Loco Foco pa per, printed at Danville in this state. HOW IS THIS 1 ' In Burlington, n whig was elected representative "by only 17 majority. The Sentinel complains of,this "and attributes tho defeat of thedemocrats to the stu "Jcnts'of ihe University, whonrc allowed tovotc for "lownreprescntalive without ihe least shadow of rei "an or justice. Thevvholeproceeding says tho Sei , 'tincl,is unjust and tyranieat a nuisance lo bi' "abated by whatever means. Men who have no in "tercst in town affairs, and who pay no laxe-s are 'allowed year after year to decide who shall represent "us. WorJs and orcumchls have beentrie 1 to putdown "ibis abominable practice but in vain. The time is, "not distant when actions will speak louder than "words, if wo are to be lomrer disfranchised by n sot "of feardless boys sent in from other towns lo rob us "of our rights." We agree with the Sentinel, that it is high lime this evil was abated. It must be done by a special act of

the Legislature, if it cannot bo cfl:jctcd otherwiso " First wo desire lo correct ono or two er rors of fact into which Ihe writer of the above has been led. Mr. Stacy's majority was 25 instead of 17, as stated in the Sentinel. This majority was much greater than tho whole number of students who voted, and several voted iho Loco Focn ticket throughout, to our certain knowledge. Nor has lliero been an election in this town within our memory, when the votes of iho students have influen ced the result. Our majority for represen tative has always been greater than the Whig majority among the students who have voted. Such aro the facts, and we defv the Loco Focos to disprove them. But the false representations in tho above article are not its worst feature. It openly threatens a resort to violence and mob-law if the practice of allowing tho students to vote is not discontinued. True, the article was written while its author was smarting tinder tho mortification of defeat. But this, thought it may in somo measure palliate, can by no means justify iho atrocious spirit which the writer exhibits. It has always been tho fato of his party to be in a minority in this town, and it strikes us ns being worse than childish for him to get into a passion about il, and threaten to tear down tho col lege. Tho editor of tho sentinel knows very well that the University is not a political In stitution, and he ought to bo ashamed (and wo presume ho is beforo this time, if not, he is to bo pltied)to use such languago in regard to it. He knows that ho was himself in debted to that very Institution (that "nui sance" which ho says, "ought to be abat ed by whatever means") for tho degree of master of arts at tho last commencement. Ho knows that Mr. BnoWNso.v, ono of the most prominent members of his parly, was received hero by the faculty last August with every mark of respect, that ho wns welcomed as a distinguished Scholar at the literary festival, and that nn honary degreo was tendered to him by the Corporation, at the closo of iho commencement exercises. He knows that Mr. Silas Wright jr., tho Ajax of Loco Focoism in the United States Senate, has recently been crowned with tho highest honor (the degree of L. L. D.) which the university could bestow and that Mr. Lucius B. Peck and Mr. Paul Dillingham jr. and olhcr prominent Loco Focos in this stato have eacli in their turn received hon orary degrees which have been voluntarily conferred by the College. And last of all, ho A-iioies that tho Faculty have done all in their power to procure the passage of a law by our legislature prohibiting the Students from voting for town officers in this town while they are members of the University. In this wo think they erred, but wn have not a doubt lliat they acted with an honest intention to promoto tho best interests of the Institution. Wo have not a doubt but they supposed such a law would servo to allay the senseless clamor of tho Loco Focos about the politics of llio college, but we havo very serious doubts about tho justice, or even the constitutionality of such an act of leg islation. out tins wo will not discuss now Our only objoct is to show tho folly, tho wickedness, the ingratitude of tho Sentinel': course. And this wp think must he suf ficiently manifest front tho facts wo havo already stated. If any body is to bo censur cd because the students vote for town rcprc scntative here, it should bo tho legislature by whom the law was passed or the board of authority by whom il Is expounded. Every body knows that the samo pracllcb prevail at every other literary Institution in tho state. The students of Middlebury Collego and of Nor.violi University (and the latter aro all Lioco tocos and wo nrcsumc their votes control the clcctionjhavo alwaysl been nlowcd to voto in llioso towns respec tively. And who over heard of any com plaint being mado about it? Who would over think of exciting a io6 to taro down those colleges becauso llio constituted ex pounders of tho law will not disfranchise tho students 1 We make tho following extract from n communication which appeared in tho last True Democrat in regard to tho University. The Editor of tho Sentinel knows, from his own personal experience, that every word of it is true. "As regards the genera political inllucnco of the " Faculty, they aro beyond reproach. They nro a " part ofthat small portion of officeholders, who hold " their opinions quietly and vota accordingly without "thrusting themselves foivvard ns political preachers. "They do not even converse with llio students on " polities, but preserve towards llictn the character of "ten hers alone, and rather regret thai party feeling " should run high within llio collego walls. The text "books rend on the "Science of Government" nre "standard works. from which each ono is permitted " to draw liisovvnnpinions. If a majority of tho stu " dents aro Whigs, the fault, if it is one, is theirs, nnd 'they alone should bo punished lor it, or their fathers " ami mouicrs who cm tliein here. Wo have something more to say on this sub joct, which wo shall reserve for another oc casion. Mil. BROWNSON'S ORATION. An Oration on the Scholar's Mission, by O. A. BnowxsoN. Burlington, Vt. V. Harrington. This Oration has been lying on our table for several days. Thoso who listened to its delivery, both here nnd at Hanover, will we have no doubt bo gratified with an opportu nity of reading it. Of tho many excellent addresses which havo been pronounced nt our commencement anniversaries wo do not recollect ono with tho tono, sentiment, nnd spirit of which wo havo been more pleased. Tho'Mr. Harrington had an edition of sevcr alhiindrcd struck off, there are but very few copies left, and those who desire to obtain it, therefore, will do well to apply with nil convenient despatch. Wo havo marked several passages for our columns which we shall give in a future number. VOTES FOR SKNATORS-Chittcndcn County, OFFICIAL. Pern. s i g & , -1 Towns. Bolton, 84 84 Burlington, 35!) :)."i3 Charlotte, ft!) 33 Colchester, 1GG lot Kssex, 205 20G Hincsbiirgh, (j." G."j Ilunlinglon, 75 76: Jcrico, 135 13'J Milton, Kill 133 Richmond, 117, Shelburnc, 71 70, St. George, 1 1 Underbill, 173 173 1 Westford, 07 07. Williston, 123 121 Whigs. Abo. Ic27,1632 10 300 153 111 11G 143 100 180' QKi 100 11G 21 70 100 05 to 1 151- 300 150 110 1 115 141 i 100 18G I 2IG ICG 110 21 i 7!) 100 05 til U'GGlOGa 211 5 10 3 50. Gi 10 1 3 2 I 47 50 200 A TEA I'ARTV. 7'hc Ladies of this village contemplate giving a tea party, on tho evening of Friday tho 29th Inst. Refreshment, music, and entertainments usual nt an evening party arc to bo provided Thcro will ho no other oxponso to thoso who. compose the parly than the price of admission, tin?, as well as tho time, placo and other par ticulars, will he mentioned next week. Tho avails of tho tea parly aro to ho applied to the support of the CHARITY SCHOOL This School under tho patronage of ladies of all denominations has been conducted six or eight months with great usefulness to tho childron who havo attended. As tho object is ono which receives tho approbation of all the good, it is to bo hoped that every gentleman who has tho means will attend and make tho party as largo, sociable, and pleasant as possible. tt7ALL HAIL TO THE WlltGS OP M.MNK ! l,oco Focoism is again prostrated in Maine. Their annual election for state officers oc curred a week ago last Monday. Wo have now received returns from nearly the whole state which shows that the regular Loco Fo co candidnto for Governor is defeated by the people by a very Imndsomn majority. Last year the Loco Foco majority in the Stato was OVER ELEVENTUOUSAND Three limes three for thu gallant Whigs of Maine. Further particulars next week. Tlte following beautiful piece of blasphe my is from the Madisnnian of Saturday: "The 'rcmedv is m the hands of ihe people,' and Mr. Clay is the pill ihey must swallow lo lm euied. He is lobe the iihvsieiin. nurse, nnd medicine a triune reine ly a divine panacea and by the grace of God, perhaps he would be King!" Thu dread of Mr. Clay at Washington is grrater than the fears of their Maker; and the most sacred things in the creed of the christian arc dragged into their attacks, to give force to vituperation. U. S. Gazette. HOMER. We learn from tho Boston Daily Advcr tiscr that the Rev. John Williams, Arcli deacon of Cardigan, lias recently published a treatise in which ho attempts to prove that tho Had and Odjssey, which havo always been attributed to Homer, or have nt least borne his name, arc really translations of Jewish works, probably wi itten by Moses ; that tlicy embody in symbolical or meta phoncnl language all tho truths and doctrines of tlio old Testament wilh many of those contained in the New. Tho work is per fectly serious ; its author is evidently sincere. On liis hypothesis, Agamemnon is only representation of Joshua; Helen represents Rahab : Nestor, Abraham, and I'enclopo, Sarah. The allusions mado to A Icmcius, the royal gardnnr, arc to bo understood of Adam Priam is an impenitent king, abandoned by God, and never sanctified bv crace. Tho goddess Ate is Satan, who visits Agnmcin nun and compels him to submit to a solemn xpitution. Achilles, on the other hand, is ono of the elect. Aitlioii"li ho has sinned grace descends upon him, ho will bo regen crated, will begin a now life, and eventually bo saved These aro but specimens of the results of the reasoning of the work. As wo havo lid, it is not the production of a skeptic, nor intended for a joke in any way. Tho au thor is a sincere member of tho established church. Ho must not bo confounded witli Dr. Isaac Williams, "tho poet of Puseyism His theory is not entirely unprecedented Joshua Barnes suggested the identity of Homer nnd solomon. His argument was this. Ilomcros, if read backwards, in tho oriental custom, becomes Soremo; It gives place to L by mctalcpsis, whenco Solomo, whence Solomo or Solomon. In 1G55 nn Italian named Jacoho Ugono published a trcatiso which proved that the siege of Troy was only a symbolical prophecy of llio cap ture of Jerusalem. Although wo have not full confidence in Dr. William's argument, we do not doubt that it is quito as strong as thoso of Ugono and Barnes. I'LATT'S PORTABLE MILL. Tho reader's attention is directed to Mr. Crohn's advertisement of this machine, in another column. Wo saw ono of them, n few days sinco in operation, at C. Bax ter's Saw Mill, and tinlcsslhcro is somo rad ical defect ubout it unperceived by us, it must bo a very useful invention. It was then running upon corn, at tho rate of six TYLER AND POWELL. A correspondent of the Boston Post an nounccs the appointment by John Tyler of Alexander Powell formerly of this place, to bo Consul to Altona. Wo call upon thoso who know ut Washington, New York, or Boston to inform us whether this announce mcnt be correct. If so, we have a word to say on tho subject. CyNEiv Jersey Tho Whigs of lite Essex N. J. Congressional District havo nominated William B. Kinnev, Esq. Ed itor of tho Newark Daily Advertiser, as their candidate to represent the district in Congress. There is no better editor in this country than Mr Kinnev, and if ho acquits himself witli as much credit in Congress, his constituents will have every reason to bo proud of him, Speaking of his nomination the N. . Commercial Advertiser says "He will of course be elected, nnd wdltnnkpa uablo member. He is not only a gentlemen of sound pouucni principles, mil ol irreproachable character, anu vviiuaia m m ol ccliic.allun, nnel a tiucnt and grace fid sneaker. As an editor, ho has honored our nrn fessiou fjr many years j and as a member of Congress no win retiect Honor upon Ins constituents." A CHAPTER ON ASSES. Under this title the Boston Courier has given a summary of a disquisition on the mil ity of Asses and Mules by Mr. Skinner, the editor of tiic American Farmer, published at Baltimore Thu Courier has mingled with his digest various humorous but hitler paral lels and contrasts between the veritable quad rupeds and sonic varieties of iho biped ass ind mule. Thoso we omit, ns we do not be lieve in tho benefit of bitters of any sort, and take some of the more practically useful facts presented of thu four-footers. Mr. SUnncr minks that of all animaU the mule is the one best calculated lu work the longest nnd cheap est, and with most effect in this country, and that the increase nf the sperics ought to be encouraged. He leiisw nn own experience; and gives one rccoinuien dilion, in faying, that though the mule maybe tho r.auso of lullsin oilier?, no man ever yet saw a mule fall down. What an excellent animal for the saddle! The .ass is much belied in t he general supposition that he h "vieiou-, stubborn and slow," for we have thenn thoritvofSir John Sinclair, who remarks, after an eipcriencc of thirty venrs, that he never knew of but one mat Had anv vici ua propenciiie,nnd ihoo might nave iiccn subdued ly proper management when younc. Sir John says that he has lound them truer pullers nnd quicker travellers with a load than horses, and that their vision is more accurate. He has ued them in bis family carriage, nnd iu a gi?, and under the sad dle. The mule is more steady in his draueht than the horse, and neverstartsorruns, and is easily taught to obey implicitly the voice of his clttvrr. Mr. J. N. Hamilton, of the U. S. Navy, contends that the Ass of Malta is the finest variety of the race. This, we suppose, must bo substantially of tho sumo stock as the Spanish Ass, which lias long been famous. In Sir Oeoriro Staunton's account rf the embassy to China, we arc told that mules aro valued in that economical cmpireat a much higher price llian hor ses, oeneral vtasiiineton was a breeder of mules, and, as member and officer of tho jockey club at Al exandria, thought them of much valuo. Six of his tivonies solil alter Ins death at llio rate of two hun dred dollars each. Tho longevity of the mulo is very remark able. Pliny, the Roman writer on rural af fairs, is cited as giving an account of a mule, which, at the ago of SO years, wns voted by uTnn Star that Nnvnn sets." Addi tional returns of tho lato election in this Stato show tho following result for Governor. John Mattocks, 23,115 Daniel Kellosrc. 20.295 Chas. K. Williams, 3,175 Majority against Kellogg, G,5D5 fl? The Washington correspondent of tho N. Y. True Sun writes, "Tho Whigs cling closer to Mr. Clay as the contest ap proaches. I notice that print after print comes quietly out beneath his banner, liko stars in a sunset sky. When tho midnight of tho struggle thicken?, they may have rays enough to light him to his goal." An honest contession. Tho Augusta, Age, n Loco Foco paper of the straitcst sect, makes llio following honest confession. Wo say, Amen ! "Tun DoiocnTic Pabtt is kottev, its lead- EnS ARE COnnlTT, NO GOOD IS TO HE GAINED rBOM a longer adherence to it, and unlcs it can bo made to undergo some volent nnd radical change, by breaking it up and rcinodelhnir it, the country is belter off under Federal Domination," (meaning bv llio term "Federal" the tricnd3 and upholders of the Constitution of tho United Slates.) The T.vnirr. The Boston Post occa sionally pens an articlo which shows some little evidence of llie Beneficial workings of the Tariff Here arc a brace : The Lawrence Manuf iclurinj- Company, at Low ell, have just declared a dividend of five percent, for six months, reserving nearly an equal amount of pro-lit-. , The Merrimack print works are said to be making more money than thev would d iro I'ivide. Soles of this company's stock have been made al 21 per cont advance ! Communication. TIIC ENDS OF lT.MSHMnNT. N. II. To His Kxcellcncv, Charles Paine, Govcnxoa cf the State of Vermont. Dear Sir : In a farmer paper, I noticed the re cent, general movement of the public mind toward th abolition of capital punishment, and clanced at soma of the evidences of a sad relaxation of criminal lavv. These evidences wcro found in the tono of leading newspapers; in Ihe unwillingness of Courts and Ju ries lo convict of capital crimcss in the difficulty of bringing public swindlers to justice; nnd in the xery great facility, with which criminals sentenced to im prisonment for life, nro pardoned out after an average of about four or five years confinement. Il appears to me that this teiijency to relaxation and the various feelings goujg with it, arise from a popular miscoliceplion of the ends of punishment. Of these ends there are confessedly several; Ry look ing too exclusively upon any one of these, snd so formings theory, we .arc almost seen to be mislad. It is found on examination lhal thebcsl legal suthor Itic3 have ever coincided with thu inspired standard, in respect to the ends lo bo attained by punishment. These nre, chiefly the following. 1. 77ie pretention of crime and the consequent se curity of the community. Punishment is not neccss.irily vidictivc. It is in flicted not to give pain to the criminal, but to restrain him from indicting it on others, and that the commu nity may learn the character cf crime and be preserv ed from its commission, aud that the profligate may be terrified and the innocent instructed and warned. On this ground punishment, even severe punishment is an absolute necessity. Crime is so great an xil, that, in the view of both God and men, the proper tenor against il can not olhcr wise be inspired. To prevent crime therefore is 'he dm fend of punishment. This is the form, if vvc mistake not, in which this sub ject is uniformlv presented in the Scripluies. Ex- n,A.eti..f.i L-ei Inl.l lit I I lm eil'nr.l nf tit a m.n..t,l.. the Athenians to have free neenss to tho grain J J inniL.ting renal suffering, are intended lo bt market for its voluntary service in assisting to carry up the Acropolis materials for tho famous tcinplu of Minerva. Dr. Rccs, the Encyclopedist, mentions two in England, that wero 70 years old ; and Mr. Skinner's father saw ono at work in a sugar mill, which was 40 years old, nnd ho owned ono which had been constantly worked 21 years. Another very important fact is that the ass and tho mule will do more work and on less food, than the horse. Mules are more used in Spain nnd Portugal than in any other countries, and llie King of the former used them for his carriage. In Lisbon, tho wisdom of Don Pedro used to drive six most splendid grey mules. In Egypt, Ihcro is n beautiful race of asses, small but ex quisitely formed, of great spirit, and much used for Ihe saddle. .Mules are regarded by agriculturists who have used them, ns superior lo the horse for all purposes; and one writer affirms without fear of contradiction, that their disposition to mischief proceeds from neglect ; they are not more mischievous ihan horses, but peo ple arc disposed to think Hint ihey can bo abused with impunity aud left lo starve without danger. Mules nro not subject lo many diseases, and nil that Ihey do labor under, or nearly all, can be cured by bleeding nt the mouth ; nnd by being turned out lo pasture uiey vv in recover irom nimosi any accmcni. RUTLAND Tho county of Rutland did nobly in the late cloction. It gavo tho largest Whig majority of any county in the State. But tho Rutland Herald says this is nothing to what she can do, and that she will do better next year. Tho town of Rutland has also done better than any other town in Ver mont having mado a greater increase than any other, over her majority of last year. Her vote in 1312 was for Paine, " Pmilie, " Williams, In 1343, for Mattocks, " K'cllogir, " Williams, " Fool, " Harrington, " Thrall, Nelt sain on fiov. vote. 74 Foot's majority oversll243. Old Rutland forever ! 2 63 321 PO 17 343 GO 31 a terror to evil doers and a praise to iliem that do well. Rom. 13: 3 and 4. Whoever looks at the law in Gen. 9: C, prescribing that the murderer shall ba punished with death, and at the circumstances con nected with i ts enactment, will see that prevention of murder was its chief end, nay, the only end alluded to. Il was God's purpose lo set up a barrier, which had not before c.i?tcd, against tho cruelty and vio lence of men's passions; to hedge in and restrain their malice by the highest penalties which man if capable of bearing on carlh. In the antediluvian world, tho mi'dcr course had been chosen, butinvain. Crime was heaped upon-crime, until "the earth was filled with violence." Now lo prevent murder and secure society from violence, God instituted this first penal law, denouncing death as the awful penalty against the murderer. And who will rise up and say that God has misjudged the case, and that his wis dom has mistaken the most efficient means of pre venting crime? That tho pretention of crime and Ihe consequent security of society is the first object of criminal juris prudence, has ever been held, I believe, by the ablest masters of the Law. Thus lllacl.stone Book 4th, p. 8th says, ".As to thetniior final emueof human pun ishments; This is not by way of atonement, or ex piation for llie crime commuted ; for thajaaat bo left to the just determination of the Supreme Hems'! bulas a precaution again-t future offences of the fame kind. This is effected three ways; eMer by the amendment of the offender himself, for vvnich purpose all corporal punishments, fines and temporary im prisonment are inflicted; or bydctcring others by the dread of his example from offending in tho like way, ul pcena, (as Tully expresses it) ad paucoa melua ad omnes, perveniat,' or lastly, by depriving the party injuring, ef the power to do future mischief, which is effected by cither pulling him to death, or by con demning mm to perpetualjconfinement, elavcrr or exile. The same one end of preventing future crimes, is endeavored to bo answered by each' of these three species of punishment. The public gtinaeoual secu rity, whether tho offender himself be amended by wholesomo correction, or whether he bo disabled, from doing any farther harm; and if the penal ty fails of both these effects, as it may do, still, the terror of bis example remains as a warning to, other citizens." Thus the first object 'of punishment and that to which all others are subordinale, is to secure the community from injury by detering the unprinci pled nnd wicketl from tho commission of crime thro dread of punishment. A tecand importaul end qf punishment is tt bushels per hour (which wo understand to j papers prove very satisfactorily that if Mr. Van bo its fair capacity,) and the meal was ccr-, Huron is nominated ho cannot bo elected, and tainly as well manufactured as any man i 'ho Van Buren papers stato that tho election of If the I.icoi are to bo believed-savs tho Louis. ville Journal, there is no earthly doubt of the f"rnish attandard by trn.cn to estlmattthe gtiiK and triumphant success of Mr. Clay. The Calhoun could desire. Tho wholo niiichino is hardly fivo feet square ; capablo of being trans ported in n ono horso waggon, nnd may bo j Mr. Calhoun ia utterly without the limits of pos sibllity. It follows, of course, that Mr. Clay's election is beyond all doubt, as neither of his . .!!.. .1.. , . ... UI'llllllUlllO D.UIIIIO .1), V I.I1UIIIU UlUUlUlll" IU U1U readily belted to a horse, steam, or light , cculationa of ,heir 0'wn partl6an,. water nower. wlicrovor it mav bo fiiuml. . , Should this little machine rcalizo in nracticn i fX?CAPiTAi. Punishment, Ourrcadors what it now so fairly promises, it must prove will find tho communications on this subject of vast importnnco lo sections ronioto from n our paper worthy ol their carolul porusa! mills, nnd without streams lo warrant their erection. They aro written by a gentleman who tin- dorstands what ito ts nbout. enormity nf crime. From eatly childhood, we wt our most distinct and iotlucntial conceptions of the moral cnaracter ot certain actions, from the penalties the law attaches lo Ihem. Thus, murder bv duellins or diikingis the same act, and involves tbe same degree of nbsolulo criminality m New England and in New Orleans ; tut it is notorious, that society jn the two places attach very different degrees of crjninaliiy to the act, ond Iho cnuso of this different sense of criminality, must unrptcstionnbly be sought ir the dif ferent penalties associated with the act in the two places. Tho pcnnl lavv nfTords tho instruction under .which our estimate of crime is made, and foima ths common mind upon the subject. How shall a panic-. ular net bo regarded 7. Is it criminal I Is it scanda ' lous or crrditahle'l The mind invn')in; these inqut r;e advcits at onre to Hie legal pcneliies, and fpj