Newspaper of Burlington Free Press, October 6, 1843, Page 2

Newspaper of Burlington Free Press dated October 6, 1843 Page 2
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ttlfllBJPIBIBS! MR. WEBSTER'S SPEECH, Dsiitsird (it the Plulo Agricultural Fair, li.'U ut Ifntlicitcr, New York, on lOIti, SOth, mitl Ii 1st days of Sept. 1813. ltc p.irto.l for tile New Yurie Tribune, by 11. J, li.ij iiiniiJ, list;. A7. 1'rrsidcnl, mil Gentlemen: I nm Rrcallv oblig rl forilio kin, maimer in which the President of this flici-iy Inn tefcrrcd 10 lite circumstances of our car lr acq iimiviro and inlvrcuiuac. 1 am prnu I gcntlc iii mi, ul noli a jninl nnd'f hs Irirned any tliint tjnu.T my instrnctum rettiiivc id tlio profession in w i.cli 1 liuloiiir, I .amVito lie u- fully competent, how to (ifty li iclt the principal with accumulated interest fin ii k-i in lcile connrctcil with lli.i present pursuit to v.' in;li ho mill yon, jjentlctncn, are so greatly nl Inched. in einy -in i triciiniy consecration ni me rr.snli'nt , nf i.nic rio'ie'c, mill to Ilia I'l'tnriil kindness of nil 11 p.'r iih iMinii'cliil wiih it, 1 hul tlii1 honor to lie ia'ii,'l;.i n;tpur on this occasion, anil to tnnle ihe n-iiiiil nl.iicti usual upon th v celebration of your ttnniversary. It happened not lo lie in my power lo a vept t'ie lender of this ureal honor. Hut in ilei'lin in.' it I Kiniijestnl lo niv friend that, as I soinetimes h ul neeisui'i to visit Western Noiv-Votk, partly to imi " I rmly connections mid other fiienJs, 'and ns I iliv ivs embraced such an opportunity with ilia prciie't pleasure, I might lie in lliisrcaion, in tho course nf t'u niinunn, and that if so, I would rndeav or lo atrinme my lime to no In he present at the An niversary nf i'ib Arieidlural Scieiy. 1 come, pen lleiii.'u, in the fu'liluicnt nf that iniimation. Iconic wiih anal pleasure, notwithstanding the heal of tho vvi'slhor ami the Icncih of the journey, lo he preBent nt this rreit meeiinij of the lieprcscmativca of the Ann 'idlTiral Interests nf this State chcets and I would inot gladly, gentlemen, so nanny bo in my povvii, dosounihin?, or siv so.netliinv, by way of compensation for I In; kindness which you lute tnmifislrd towards inc. and ns expressing the loelinss with which I nclitiovvliugo the lion, or von havo done mo in extending to me this invita li ri. (ioHli-meii, the occasion is an agricultural ocea aim Tlv! topic, which have assembled us together hue .ro 'iirrjcultiiral topics. They carry us to tho rniKi lera'i ui of lint cn-at interest of society, the eel livniioit of ilu-Kirili, from which wo n nselves were men. Ann, gentlemen, 1 havelicen slruck in emu K V th? exlnliilinn which has been initio today of an i mis nn.l 'of ihe pro lnuis and improvement of il'.o in- 'h'liiial arts, ami especially ihe improveinenls in thliji'cat 'Cie.iej and praclieeof aiirien'tnre, which the it ad"ss i.i.'es hich AaniciTTlT.E. in Ihf.ippro- rule fiir e of 111" word, holds out lo the sreat mass ef the society in which we live. The cultivation of ihs tarih ii not all of agriculture in it pioprr or com win ins'. That dipends very nineh on cliuiatoin I eu-.ilitioii. We speak of Agriculture as that erenl l'urs.ut of Sne.iiy in which I lie creat man of men are enj.iijeu, in temncrnlri climates, and in n soil nliptel lo produce ihe viristy of ihinna which srs tis-IVI nnd ihu raiiivutnf man. there i anoiher cultivation of the fields, ap propriate in tropical elini.'iles, which hns received Ihe nrunl ilvnoiuinalion of the ;imifj(io,i the phntiitg lukresl of sieiciy Now, iienllroien, what lias niot foicildy struck my aticuii ni, sir.'nes'ed by what I Invc seen nivl hind anJ witucsied lo-diy, U the ast lv superior a:lv:tntau'e, lo nduid.iaU an 1 to H.'cieiv, of ihe truly njricuiiurnl over the plantation interest. I deoire no heller cxcinphlieatioii nf the Iruih of tlw tin-nil sentiment winch I have advanced, than that siii'seNieil bv ihe eomp msjii if wo nny not more piui.rly ei'l il a cinlmit evhdiiled bv lli.isu who cultivate the field'' of Western .Ne -Vnik nnd those win ciilnvite equally rich soils, which bo beneath a tun. I would compare lli.i ajlienliure of Weinu New-Yor!.' wiih Ihe plniil.itiiin interest of tli3 Wet Iuli"s. iVo'V, d'ie any Ihiii exhibit a htn i.ler hflwu'iiilnTen'iil piirnnls both deJ-!.-ated lu ih j cultivation of ihe land, beiili rearing pro d lets for h'imin cnnsumpiion linn we fin I between y i ir e'rc'cs, nil i those found in the planlatio I Irncts of llu'ii nr Jiuni'jn, not only as nfll'dint; indivitlual hsppiivis, hut as lunching ih liches, the slrenyth, the order, tlio power, the intelligence of human ri.-i v ? Th'diiTcreire appears to he liiis: Tropical cultiva tion, iIij raibinof fiiusr, rice, end'ee, for crimple, i rsiher n matter nf Ojmmerco than of Agriculture. It ci.uuts miinlv in thfl production of one article. The psilue.lioti of that articla depends on lh.i expensi) incurred for sod and labor, of that sort appropriate lo its cultivation I and this is all tapittl! Whenever one woulJ enter upon Tropical cul'urc lieinvesn his capital inlhe soil, and, nt we all wi!:know, a pinion nf it also in labor. It becomes, tieVefjie, inther of the naiuroofa commercial nn d''inkinj, than ihe plain and homely, but healthy rn P enencent field cultivation. The consequence is ouch as a philosophic inquiry would lead us t i expect. i.i uncertain, precaiious, changeable, pirlakinf of tho vi(isiiudcs of trade and' enter prise. Th; other a home inleMt,"o!wiys S'jbsnn- mile tlio s.ime liable, it is trt;a,.to lno-e viciuuuacs which nlt.ich lliuinselvcs toall human concerns, but securing lo him wh i enters upon ihe cultivation of It's own Ian Is, by the labor of hisown InmR a com patotuv ami proiinsinir to L'uard him aninsl ihoacci den's nf life ss is possiblo for thu 11113I f irtunate hu man bcin;s. 'tho cintra't is ei lent when we exam in.) eirefullv ihe eondiiion of him who irysisioTop icil culiivntio.i o!ppo of rofllv. Hr?raisjH one thins for tale nn l o:r o!j. and luiva of others every tiling ilte. lie has one' commodity lo esiry In tho mirltu if s'ile, an.) iw.nty losrk in iht nnrket of p'iie'ne. Whil is the cnnacq'icnce of ibis stale of t!iiT.' lo hi (inures, lo his means of livmj. of se purity and comfort 1 We see at once that, ns he pro duces but one article, nnd tint nriicloa com noJity fi'ij t ti tho ft ictuitinj prices of tho eoniinereiil world, a deprcs-iu'i in in price afT.-c shiuW.irom'i t'ie ic'io.'e extent r.f his annual inrnvif. If, lor example, iho price of tint aniclo fills 10 per cent. In lusjs 10 per ceil, of his cx;i 'els lions : ihe loss irocs through the whole minluct. If i' r scs ho is enriched. Ifil f ills he isinpnuTisho 1. And, Iherel'orc, eMail s which arench to- liv may he pur i i-morrow an.l ni ni in n i' po'3sel of vast capital, cm rely upn irspr.ip erlv for the support and comfirt nf his fmnly, a.ij I il,.. ed icaiiciu of his ebildren from vear lo vear. rioiv.cnnlrnM. with this, the state of the i'irm"r nf Vv'itiem New Vork. or of New England, or of Eng. I land, nr nnv other strictly agricultural sic:ely. Tun i end of nil must nls, ben market. Pinner 'if the we tern part of New Yatkriisesn Hovv is this lo he Indl Without to-night entering great vntiety of ntt;clesns wu lnvc se.-ti hv tlu ex- iip ni nny dnbitcible grnuii I of pontics, tipin nnv hihiuous of to-day. Th"p is eolltcled every species i thing ihit docs not piria'to of elementary truth ind of useful productions fit for human nutriment nntii- I 'iy it under tho convHinn that it it a matter of -le-mil an I vendible. There nre the flee vs of lus fl ck ! mentirv truth to which every true American citizen capanle nf being liiin-d nn extent into the j who w.ll not give way to name', hit thinks that pro (union of raiment for hi nsjli' and finiily. In tiiersj is something in t'niirs, 1 say ihst it is in the llus r iri'tn, therefore, there is a ndvantags. He his lh5 ni-nii3 nf securing 'n himself nn inlep-n- dvnea-md it is true or an iudivi knl, ns of h nation, Ihnt, without independence, no ma i ii a man nnr enn Im ever be a nun. (Cheers.) It i t'ti' which t In it i,rsinsl resjteclsbi'itv ' for yo i will per- reive thai if ho h.iv provbiins 11 1 1 lieeces, hii table is Kipp'ied, nit ftmilv, Ma great oxlent, is clothed andif pri.e.tfnll, ho'wfaris heeffsetrill O.ilyonlhe txiess "fhis productions, which, not nsedin; them ir cinsii'nn'iin. he sinds to market. Sutinis.! this exces, b.a 10 per cent, of his whole product, while if pnecs fid, llw-n. it affects only 10 per cent, of his ineoni". If it fillsupon tho tropical runs ihrouHi his hole pro (iici, nnd nffecls his whole in- rome. lint iho firmer who is governed by the other rrtne; de, I hive menl'iinsH, ems. drinks, nndts .'.'oth- rl vvilimi enre ni tn pri'es. Ho is his own cunsu- Ha buys of himself. His bet customer is ib.ise'f, his vvi'c, and h's healthy t h.Uri n. Th-se are nil supplied with no reference to or concern for olhrr mirket'. Thus. ihrefore, except ns loiheex- reus of h a productions ubove'.heir warns, whv should lisciro a fi' for ihe rise nnd full of pric-j ? This genera! Huh nnv I c, and iloubtlesi is. muddied bv Jinny cons'dnito'ns. It nny be that ucoumrv like1, o.irs, enungetl in grain growing, is a country in Vhinli vnn 1 ,.A in the talenf lint rrrest e.imni idiiv fir other means, llui there can nevertheless, be f..A ,,t n t,tr !, u'l.ii'li tli ',. m i s nf life male nil cimfo.tibletind hniuiy, nr.d secure in nn tonal degree eraiusl ftinino nnd waul, let the ngiiMons, nnd ex- f'nmm . fin, I tmii.'ruof lit r.Tmniprfri 1 world b i.... .t.... n... r:Lnit,.mnn i , r i.,.1 .fiiiKn, it iu this independence of neenf lonal change, this self. i;i. port by our nu n mean', n curcd hv ihe cul'ivation of our own xnl I v our own lnnd, which gives Iho fir- mi r of ihe United f-'lutes tint independent diameter which co'ismult'3 his respect and value as a roan and a citizen, Genilem-n, this reflfcl'on might be purrued nl ereat leivih. It mijht be nude lo appear to what PX'rnt it affects the character of Society. Whv, w't'ii is lh Soeielv in a plantation cM-ablishment in the Wt-t Indies'? Tbernis no Soeielv! There is n lapilalu,' nn'ilhtreislihornf a pin. polar description: lilt a Society, a Soci-lv uf intelligent, free spirits- thero is none, none, none, nnd ibtre never can be! It is therefore, in the i-ii'perite ehtiiiie in iherieh nod fivored fDOis of God t-ii is, therefore, gentle- men beneath such a sun ns shines on yniisndon niclian Kirlh nsihat wbieh you trend, that thelru- est deve lniienicnt of n strong society is to be made that enn ev.r be witnessed cm Ihe Hirlh. (f.oud Cheers) Gentlemen, every body knows lint nl the r. i.,inn..r nil thu is imnnriani In human lir Ilea hi.M"e-ihp cultivation of tho Hirlh. li were for his sins Ihnt Mam condemned tn till the land it wns iho mnst merciful n Ikteine ill that Al- ini-hiv beiipniiv could havo inflicted upon hitnl- rt,oii.l on I repented cheers) Sow, cenlleim-n, in reyard to lbs greal interests of v'riciiltiirr, ih'te nrn lliiugs whhh individtinln innv ihitiir the n-dv 's. And ih-ro nre thing", loo. which Ibe polleehvl senso-ibn imlleeted ngencv of individu- ! ihnt n, which Oovehsmcst must do for them, What they rent (Ji iheni-s lies, Ihev must lWrIlo do for themselves. I'm. ns I havp said, iherearegieat nbifts Jieal in'trnts, great nrtancunenis, whichnre n-ppssirv fir Iho enrichment of Ihe fields of Agri'iil- tii'i for pverv one who tills them, which belong to C. iv r.i nent ind which O ivt rmnciit is nm in iho ful- f i"iil nf its d ines vvll-nit .lUregards nr neglects. Individuals mav i idue, on sech 'tuelion ns ihey cm ohiniu, or Ih chiraeicr of ami of climate Thev tnsv i -e of Ihe nntdcip nn and modes of i , iel.i'1'lrv. ';"" is lh-vp. ttiUI, of iiidgment, f :rli pee of nsMieialvon, of n rninpariron e.fex ..erir.wnts whh lu'lnitiiis lik votirs. art .nn,cn- at tetninneW-'l lo In 1,1 rlpj ivh-ihis fcl i ln.- iber. Vnn bnve lirre sp'ead v,hat i.iiplritti-11's l A(ii culture, what modes of cultivation, are best ndnpled to produce any desired result I an I 111 t (ItiJv nf these cousltlitteH tho education the lAirmcr. This is to baUoiio bv iiiditiduaN and bv in hvidml ass Ki.itions Hutihcic tire oilier ihiiKsi.i'A.Miculturc, ns in other interests of Sucietv. w Inch need lbs aid nf Oivern men t. It would ba swinge if H were otherwise I sirange, iniiee.i, ii ij ivernuien, mo rollecl'ilngency of thu wbnhi people, rbotild find employment wild regard toother thnnj-, nnd ).t u diicliatijed fiom all nuiy Witti reijaru lo lint clouicnlarv, Mnt tndtspensa hlc interest, llui i.ullivalion of the fields. inleiesls of Anrieiiltuiu loo large nnd distant for in hvidu lis lo cavern nnd leculnle. Those Coveriiiii'iii nt'ist atpnd lo. Wlul nm they 7 I shall not no thro.ich them nil, b.-ci'iso it dots nol be come moan I In pan id I am nit a'oi it lo r I lectures lod'overiinienl m gincrnl, f to our own flovernmont in particular. (Cheers and l.iuehlcr ) lint Iheie art Ihins which individuals cannot do for themselves nnd which, thrrifne, are ihe very nhj.vis which it is ine uuiy ot itivuriliueni to le) l)r uieiii. on ii is m '." ,r.-ri. n u raiiii minim iimiai nun .-elf ngninM nssiult nnd violence, the Government must protect him. If mdividvals cannot open for themselves a market. Government must doit for them thu general ngeney nf society must bo called i I. The whole theory of Government, if wo separate il from divine right, if wo consider it as existing lor the good i f the governed, implies lint Government is to tin for individuals what individuals cannot do for themselves. Now llierearc lliinss which individuals cannot do for themselves, for they require Ihe contri butions of mmyi thei rtquire arrangement, svsleni, tegulalion, asses. menls, administration. And what are they In the lirst place, so far, (and I wish to speak of it no f inner,) so fir ns tho interest of Agriculturo is con cerned, its first demand on (Internment is, nflcr tint Protection, (I do not use the word inn political ssnsc) nfier th it protection of tho law which stcures to eve ry man the earnings of his own labor after this the duly of Government to Agriculture is to ghtnn easy transmitlion of Hi product! to the place tif t ile and consumption ;'l ecanse, in our clunnte in nny cli mate human life, if we carry our ideas beyond mere neees'ily, calls fir things, the products of other climates, the fruits of the labor of other persons in other parts of the world ; nnd th'jreforo there is alwiys a necessity for commercial exchange, for disposing of Ihe surplus productions of one cli male for those of nnother and thus to become posses sed of what are commonly regarded as the Injuries of life, but which, are its comforts, and which are the prodii' ls nf d.irerent quarters. Therefore one great object and duly of Government is to see that the pioducls of iltu farmer may be cas-ilyand speedily transported to the place of consumption or sale. I ncej not say, gentlemen, that you in Western Vnrk, are a sinking, nit I 1 doubt not n gritcful example of the esccllf.nt svsletn of laws and policy which has prevailed in vour Stat, and given you an easy trans mission for the products of your rich so.l and indus trious lahir to a plsee ofsilonr consumption, (chinrs) Who is tturi! licit) now that docs not feel the I enefi cence, the wisdom, the patriotism of Cuxroi and the other projectors n your vast internal improvements 1 (loud cheers.) Piny violence orpirly injus'ieo nny tlim for a lime, and prejudice may injure, and inili. n it j- nny rail; but ihero cannot be, I am sure there is n it an' honel mm in all Western New-York, on whosclrart Ills nianiory of ('usros is nol indelibly rngriveJ 1 (r.nth'isissticnppl.iiise and cheers ) Gen tlemen, in this respect, your pos'tion ennobles you heyoml anvtliinq on tho face of Iho earth. New Yiiik city has been broujlit very .-.ear your doors. Thegreal Uiiinormm of this irreat e.onttnent lies close before you. You nn: rich in your home market a market of porch ie nnd o! sale. All New Yoik is at your feet You can deal with her ns if you lived in one of hrr wards I main for all the purpass of com merce. And, genllemsn, if I iniiht contemplate n condi tion of sjcw.y in which, with regard to the thscharg" of nil great limits, nothing na leu tuba desired, I should look ni Western New-York, with her ftvornd climate nnd ferule fe'lds, wiih tlnso i'liproveine nts she has completed and those others which she con leinp'.Hes, an object of interest not onlv to all t'o States of this great Uni n, but to the fieling and hopes and highest aspirations nf every man. As an American, with prido would I look upon these great wmks comineneeJ, completed and to be completed, , nil existing in fullness nnd perfection that the world may see what a Republican government, wi32 in ils councils, liberal in its policy, can do for ihe advance ment nf iho groat interests nf Society. (Cheers.) Gentlemen, Ihe farmers of New-York havo no just reason toenvy those, who live amid ihe cotTec fields, ihe sugar canes, the orange groves, ihe palm trees, nnd cocoas, nnd the pine-npples of the tropics. Knr otherwise. His wheat fields, his grass fields, his herds and flocks, nnd his forests, art, infinitely richer. Gentlemen, ilure is another great object which properlv falls to lbs earn of government, of interest to all tillers of the land who hate an easy nnd cheap transmission to market : il is, of course, the eristenee of such market!,. There must bu markets of sale, of consumption. Why will a man toil lo fill his gra naries nnd cellars berond the wants of his own fami ly, unless somebody wi'l buy tho surplus wlilch he !' '"'.0 srii, ana oy means of which, therefore, holrtay na nuie lo nny eis'wnero vvim na cannot rano upon his own farm? A market, llicrefore. a market of coti'tiniplion, is n paramo int object In all agricultu ralists, who cultivate rich Boils, beneath kin lly skies nnd a warming s. in, and who raise more than is ne cessary in order to ihe s j'tentation of Itfu. It is nb soluitly indispensable. 1 do not say l hat il iseniirely within the control of government. I know that it is not. There nre in iny co isi lerati ins which ell'ect the market, such ns the policy of other nations, the course of trade, the cambium of Society nnd a thousmd other eausss whi h in lify all irovcrnniantsi. flat, nfier nil, it is and must ben great object of govern menl. knotting only at the qo"Stion asa political question (an 1 Oo.l forbid that I should usj ilia wonl 'poh,i"ir in a party snse) it is certainly a mattered interesting inquiry where the surplus prnducli wis t f I thor shall find a sale. This i i n mallei fir govern ment in an enlarged po'itieal, philosophic, and, I may say, phii'inihropie, consideration nf its duties. A gon'1 government seeks, to promote thu inteiests of all ct i.ens, of nil vocations. I have said that lo litis otijecl a mtrxel is nfci!"iry, Whit is il to yon that ' youi nnus ucro in tno uenesee v attey mo in i in tne riphc-jit vvhnit, I beli-ve, on the ficeof the Earth what tsji m Vivi.bevond thoeonsuni'.ition of vour own hausj holds, if there is no doimtid, no maihet for it 1 The mean of transportation may exist but at the power of L.ivcniment, tint it is Ih- tluly of tj.ivem- mem, Ion oo'isidernhli extent, to tjltcire thul fitre s'tould be a Unwind for Agricultural products (Cheers.) lam not about, genllemen, n enter upon the q-if slion the debateibla subject, of a l'ro'ective Taritr, to any considerable extent. Hull, neverhe- less, do a iy it least I di CuVi-and why s'nuld I K0Tjyit1 (O'ltecrs, and cries of 'siy it,' 'out wiih it,' 'goon.' I do sty, gentlemen, that the Amitcci.- Tone of Ms Country is the ureal matte' triic'i de- winds PnOTccnos. Itisn im-no'iier Ii talk about thu Protection of Miuufactures ; that is not iho thing wa want nr need : it ia the PnoTCCTio-e or the Aa- nicueicnR or tub Oocstst '. Jitrpealed cheers.) Ilisa furni-hing lo the surplus productions of Ihit Agriculture a nnrket, a near tinrket, a home market, a lirgs inirkett (Ch-ers. nn! cries of 'That's it,' 'that's what wo want.') Why, gentlemen, many of my friends nnd neighbors in my own S ate hivein- vested their capital in Manufactures. Of course they de.-ite employment in llus branch of industry. Uut suppose ihev do nol get it; canned they turn their capital illo olhrr channo's, into a th) isand other pur- suits to-morrow 1 A'ethey shut nut from nil olhrr wavs of living J Do you suppose tint the Protection of this interest is as important to aemas it is In you') Is it as esenihl, as nhsolutelv necessary, to their in- tercsU as lo rouas7 Not bv ton thousand limes I Vnj win! a market for your productions. You want eoii i'nrr. Vou wsntnnen mouths an I unclad bod iesineit nnd drin': nntl weir ihe surplus produciims you liiveirov:oedloriiieui: 1 on want a Home man kei. a nesdy demand for vour Arnciiliiiril products 1 And ibis is. and must he. furnished hv the Cotniiirrcisi classes, Iho sea faring classes and all other classes of nin-pro.hicers. Now, gentlemen, I certainly admit thu thorn who have inves'ed their capital in Mann- f iclures have n (ml interest nt stake, nnd II is jut that they should Inva s?cured bv law a reasonable protection t that interest. Hut I do nisi insist, in s;iile of all tin sonhi-lry nnd nil the follv (is I must call ii.) of ihisnge and ihis age ls(of sophistry and follv on llus sul.ecl, that the er. nt thing to be lookel for is ihnt wo hive at hotnea d iman.l for the surplus products of our Agriculture, and, on ihn nlher ide. a home demand fir the rnduelsof Slanufactiir- ing industry. Oh-ers. This neighborly exchange it i', this ni-iahboily intercourse nniong nurse ves this supplying our own wants fram citv in cttv. from villige lo villige, from house in house, this, Ms il is 'v hieli is eileuliled to mike us n hspp and a strong people. Knthnsiasiic applause. Nn-v, there is nn this subj iet, especially nmongour brethren nt the South, n s'r.nigo infatuation. They are respeciab'n men-reasonable men can lid men, in some resnect in jo resru-cls I nnd V'et Si e how If ihev rcisou upon ihis suljcct, tirntlemen. 1 belong to Massachusetts. ( Apnl iii'e. Cries of fino I.' an I three tlrnfemng cheers fur Massachusetts I) I have liken the pains In inquire what Mims of money Mas- sarhuseiia pava to Virginia and Oan.'ini. lo say no- thing of w York, every vear for their ngiicii turnl pntliietn nn I it nmnunls lei several imllmns. If we lake the Kaslern pn't of .rgnna nnd thn Kisiern pari of North Carolina, what havo Ihey for sale bin agricultural products purchased hv iho manufacturing and eommereial classes nf New Knslantl7 Nnlhiug m thefaeofthueirlli -and wcpiy then mnny mil- hons. We nro their on!r pustouiers. Does F.nglmrt take their grain 1 Certainly nol s nnd yet, iitying to causes which it wnuld be eisy to explain if it vvcte proper, owing to ptrjiviice. owing to thnr no- Itons-for notions are quiie na common there as in NfW F.nglnnd, thongli New Rngland is the lati'l of notional' (Laughter nn I cheer?)- Ihtre is a per. feet reprobation ofnny iden of protection giving then "ny side for iheirngniilluralprodueis.nllhoneli thev find, day I ydsy, that wo buv ami nay Ihfin f ir llir-ir pm ''"; uv iiinntf iciiircs of the Norlh-nnd it t; the onlv tliiiif: Ihey g.t n uollar fin ate! are ii-ady or,i us .mo rai nig i orn ami an sj;rvciiinioi pro. duels for outsclrcs they being jctieulliirnl, nnd find-1 hy mutual legislation or by some more fortnnl or MS Ihe nrticls continually becoming cheaper, and no I rnngement, I believe in the practicability of this! il persons except us lo buy of them I (Cheers.) Now msy not be in my time, but il is sure to happen, it is 'j a strong case though perfectly true of Kast, cm irciuii nnd of North Caro hma. Whv. rent e. men, I live nn tho sandy sea-shore of Massachusetts. nnd I get along ns well ns I can. 1 am a very poor farmer upon n great quantity of very poor land. Hut my neighbors and I, by very great care I hardly know how conliniio lo livo on. Wo pay for vvhnt we purchase though, for my life. I could hardly tell howj this only I know, they nil gel paid in some way. And yet thco men complain that we do not raise what wo want ourselves but buy of them ! There seems to he much iruth in nn old saying, that 'Minima which havo n seeming seno lake firmer hold, nnd enduro longer in the mind, than thosci which nro loundcd nit nnlure anil experience ' Men like dogmasi lltey ,ltei theory. If they can pick up or scr.iuc together a siring of npnphthegms or enig mas Ihe fact nnd truth nnd all the human talent in the wot Id enn never nrguo them nut of them. Equal del isions prevail mother parts of tho country, ns, for instance, the notion that Protection to manufactures is n thing peculiarly beneficial to those engaged in those pursuit. Per from it. As t It tve said, ihe cap ital of Massachusetts enngn to commerce, or can go to firming. Hut what can he do, whoso farm is his sole estate, but it 7 Can he transport it or go into other pursuilsl The fact is, Protection to this class of society is, next to the beneficence of Heaven, whose sun shines and whose rams fill upon us, the highest object, the most absolute necessity tn those who cultivate tho land, nntl rnise from il more llian suffices for the wants of themselves and their fami lies. (Cheers.) Now, gentlemen, we arc Americans. We have a vast country, a variety of climate, nnd various pur suits. We have agricultural Slates; nntl we have plantation State. Wo have manufacturing interests and interests. And our business is not to nrray our various interests into a belligerent and hos tile Btatc, lint to inflame our own passions or ihepns sionsof others concerning Ihe measures of govern ment for tho protection of our particular interests , but let us make the whole n great national, I tnavsay a family concern. Wo should aim not to produce the imtiressi in that one interest is set nesinst anoth er, but that we all go for those laws and measures which win ne most conducive to the general good. We should remember we nro citizens of iho Unit- ed States j thai na such wo arc interested in the Unit el S ntes and in every Stale, that we are intctcstcd in tho concerns of nil classes nnd nf every class ; and I do firmly hclieva that moderation nnd wisdom nnd persevct mice nun irtilli and reason will ultimately pre tail over all the influences' which seem lo stnaratelhe interests of one elnss from those of another. Why, what I have said in relation to the neeessi ics or wants of Agriculture is strictly true with regard to our breth ren nf tho South engaged in the Plantation interest. The first market for their eotlon, nnd the test market is A-ith the. Northern nnd Nuw-F.ugland manufactur ers of thai arlicls, and it is absolutely astonishing that ,i.:a 'rl.- -V....I. ,1 .u:.j r ti iiii,au i, i-3. .uiiii i.iivea uiiu'iiniti u, their cotton, and that the first third, nnd fixes the price j tt is sil I with small charge fir freight and still firings a hih price. And I say il ii absolutely aston ishing lint those vyhiss living depends on the produc tion nnd sale of this article should not see to what an extent il ilcpendsnpon the consumption nnd manu facture of ihi article in our own country. These truths theii pleincits nf political ecuiiomy nre as true on the James lliver nnd'n Alabama ns hercj and lei popular prejudice become informed and kind feel ing mark all discussions of the subiect. and we shall c line to see now miicii our Happiness anil minor no liend upon n fiee and just and liberal intercourse among ourselves. (Cheers.) Gentlemen, I am too long in troubling you with ihess reuiatk". (Cries nf, go on.) I believe that thev nre found? 1 in truth. I wi h for everything which will promote ilia union of the American family. I with for the prevalence nf everything which shall make every man, from M tine to Georgia, feel that his intere Isare ideally bound up with those of every oth er matt from Maine to Georgia. (Cheers.) Gentlemen, imy I say, Sir (turning to tho Presi dent,) five words n1 n it inysi If? (cheers nnd shouts of 'ves, lifiy or five hundred.') It was under the fu'l conviction nf the! truths, thai, meeting a fow months ago some intelligent friends from Baltimore, I alluded loo ir poinmereial relations a subject to which I had devoted for two years the mot anxious nnd painful labors nf mv whole life. (S.nno one cried nut -Three cheers for lite Treaty,' and they wero accordingly giv en wiih great enthusiasm.) 1 assure vou, gentlemen, that, although fiientlly to all treaties of peace, nolhing was firlher from mv mind at ihis moment than the treaty recently concluded wiih Great Britain. I metn our commercial relations s and if the time shall ever come when we can for a little while forget our parties, and attend to things instead of names if tho time shall ever art ive when there shall bo a business party in ihocountry which I have a faint hope may sometime happen God knows (cheers nnd laughter) we shall find iha'.the subject of our cotnmcrciil re lations, as they have for ssvcrnl'years past existed, and ns they nowcxisi, is highly interesting and of Iho utmost importance to every citizen of the country. Iliii ! pro'.",4 onlv 13 ss" n'w, tint having occasion, ! ?i I! ilf niorc of die ell'ect of an arrang';:.nct entered into very itnfoi Innately many ycirs a;?, to Ihe great detriment of our navigation interests, as is now fully shown by lha great progress which foreign shipping is making upon the shipping of the United Stales. It is ni03t into that under existing acts tho shipping of sotno ol tho small Northern States of Eu rope are lhru?ling themselves inm branches of our trade to which ihev hivo no natural right, and would be encroaching upon our coasting trade were they not prevented by the absolute prohibition nflaw. I will only av lo 'illustrate tlio mutter, that between the great markets of tho United States and the EmpirenI I! where our I'ommeip'nl intercourse was most extensive, the nations of the North of Europe, Ilnm- burg, Mrenien, eio. under Ilec-iprocity Treaties, ns ihey are called, though there is nny tiling but reciprocity in then, cinv nn the trade to the exclusion of our nri'r.v'" ''r":,' "rMS'i I have found it oiitc impossible to ra'so the country up , ton sense of th s great miurv. I said nt llallintnre. thai the time was ciminf?. nnd nerhinsnow is. when. wnh regird to the great matter of commercial stipu- lan ms. s i'n nuvisinie nrrnngement migtii ne mnue between ns and some of ihe great stales of f.urope. ttiur so now. I tin not retract nt all. I nm confi dent of ils truth, nnd unless I mistake recent events give ii additional evidence1. Whil I ai I was this : Kngland excludes most of our nuricutliirnl production her Corn Laws excludo them: yet 'he is anxious lo extend the intercourse be tween herself and us. Tho grcatpovver has ex inguished distance. Imeland lies close to New. York. Twelve or thirteen days only make ihe com m.inic.aiion. An I it is nf no const qiience whether hy sinm sudden r.'vohnion of niluro or hv some decree nf Providence the distance between different countries becomes loss, or whether hv the ingenuity of mm the meins of transmission nnd intercourse are increised because we measure things bvnni. England is not more than half ns distant trom us. for every purpose of international intercourse, ns she was thirty years ago. Wrll then, the countries are lying side by side. How shall we ileal with her nnd with tho other great Coinmeri ial Sines of I'uroprl Are we to proceed on i oc prmcipiti ni reprisal ot nostue or retaliatory teg- nlalun ! lliat Ins been tried with regard to melon nige nf ibe United Slates. We made provisions in f tvor of our tonnage in carrying on eur commerce with r-..,.i... i t- ...1-...1 i.. ...i:. r- vur her tonmge, and s i we cmie to carry one way nnd sho tho oilier. &'o far ns the direct trade is con iiiiu. i. i.'ini'i iiiiiu I'jiaiiiiuir kii,i9i'iiisiuin- cerned, wo hive ni complaint to make. Il furnishes nn example of etwa ny. nnd proves the dinger nnd fol iv m rt-iau.iiory snpiueiiouw. i sunt to my menus in lltltiuiore lliit I believed thu limi was coining when somo arrangement niighl he mule between Kngland and us, I took especial care to say that this must be etieeteii ny i;ongresson tins sine, and ny t'.irusmeni on mo inner hy conuitmnal enactments, as I lie con dhio'i nf the trade between ihe United Stales and the West India Islands has been since 1S32. Congress siid to I'iig:nnd, 'if you will do so, we will di soj if you will p.asjsuch laws, we will piss such other laws,' Th negotiations were cnrriftl on in Kngland hy Mr. Mclvine under Oeneral Jackson on this nido nnd 1'irl Grey on the oilier. It was accepted by Concress, who pissed ihe necessary laws on our part ind Kngland on hers. It happened that we made a hnd bargain that limp ; hut lint is a miller lo be considered; I only cite this ns nuiuoruy lor ireinng upon nils teuujeci uy t-iiuui-ioiil legisluion. an 1 ill whit I said at H.iltimire I inlended faithfully to declare ihnt I did not desire Ihnt thn arrangement should be made by the irenly mak ing power, the Pre-idcut nnd fenite, to the exclusion ofllie more popular branch ot Congress f nut thnt it wns to I o dona hv Congress and Congressional levis laiion nnd nets of Parliament. Andin thefaceof ihit fl siinnoso I exnre-sed mvself nbscurelv. thntieh (hit is n fault I cannot help, in the face of thai, there were men whose a-nsoof jusiico and whose love nl truth did not restrain them from saving that Mr, Wnosrca was in favnr of putting Ihe whole mailer under the treitv-mnkiiig power to be settled, under Jin 7ty'i-nnd his administration ! cheers. Nn! Gentlemen, no, nol I do not, nor 1 will not answer whit nn inllimed piny press may siy, unless I find that thev preai v misrepresent matters serious v nfleC' ling mv rlnracier nnd usefulness ns a public man which I hive ceased to be; vet I am willing, when a suilible occasion offers, lo exhibit the truth ns it is. and n plncn invselfns I wish to be placed before the judgnentof my fel'ow citizens. ICheers.1 An I now, gentjenien, I say Inst in lhe present "Hie nf the world, living in peace, nnd having now I 'veil in peace for n loneer ueriod of lime. I think. than hnsever happened before for when has there been n lime of n lonaer durniion of peace among the po.iers of Huropu? and livinj nl n time when Ibe spirit of pence prevails, wo mav well call lo mind the words ot ihe i oci wuo says lint "Warn a gime, which, if the people wore wise, kings would not play at." Think fi id ! the people are wise i nnd unless in a clear mieslinii m national honor or nntinnnl interests the people will not hivn war. for the will of crowned lieids must yieiii to ine Happiness or the people them selves, iciicers.j ."iow, genllcmen, I say that in this state of things, jt is our duty lo look carefully, wisely, out nt n spiniui rtinciiiauon tnwarus an na lions connecter! Willi us lo ompiro notes," as wo siy, to sec in what our interests are indenlical, In giro up nohing. nnthinr. nothius essential tn the

protection of our industry and the return for the labor in nni worn ol cirovvn liinefa. Hut lei ns roiinr vh i ;nay iwoont in nrinp nni timw reiut titre to happen. The spirit of Christianity the spirit oi our own cxatiipiein i.iuoriy nnu Independence, is bringing il on. America nets back upon Europe I and this re-nctt"n is tremendous. I say tremendous, it is learimi out only totnoso whoso who wish lo uphold tho old monarchic) and dominions of Europe! it is not tremendous but grateful, acceptable, glorious to tne great mass oi i.urope, wuo ucncve tliil govern incnt is lo some extent the oflsurintr of ocnernl enn stem, and that man, man, the people nro entitled to have n direct, powerful nnd controiing agency in its organization. I know, gentlemen, that these senti ments will prevail at least I believe It, I belicvo it. I believe that the interest of peace and virtue, that the interest of our common religion I hclicvo'lhat the great body of conscientious men in all countries have in some degree come lo control the government to say to it "Thus far shall thou come, but no farth er, and hero shall thy proud wuves bo stayed I" Cheers. And I think I sec this, gentlemen, in everything and everywhere. I have evidence of it in the cautions policy of England cautions, cautious, but yielding to tho overpowering neccssilyof the ease, yielding to the overpowering dominion of the public scn'imcnt. I would not here, or anywhere else, venture to discuss Ihe policy of foreign countries, nnd I abstain. I lenvc them, as I hope they will leave us, lo look nflcr their own interests, we pursuing ours. Yet thero can bo nn quca ion that tho spitit of free inquiry is nhrond nil over the earth. And this is right i it is ns it should he in a Christian age, nnd in an nge unrivalled in knowl edge and intelligence, amon the great masses of so cipi. Now. centlcmcn. I'm prowini? rrarttlous. rebrem and cries of go on, and will bring mv remarks to n conclusion. I have the happiness to tSelieve thnt the tendencies of thintrs nre to oroduee new rflnrta I believe that the policy of England is and has been, and will bo moro nnd more towards a more nnd more liberal intercourse an inlcrcouse fnvora! le to our gicat interests, to nil tho interests of Ihe North nnd Middle and equally favorable to nll the friends of Ihe South. 1 1 is most certain that within n few months a new nnd greal change has been produced in our intercourse with England. a verv orentchamre. Articles nrndn,.. ed in your stnto nre yearly becoming more and more introduced provisions finding a market in Europe! In the last six months nuiie a new Undo has sprung up between us and England in Ihe article of provis ions. While I was in New York I look occasion lo inquire of some practical merchants and valued friends how the mailer was: and they said, quite to my as tonishment, that cargoes of lard, butter, cheese, beef, oorK, arc. wero snipped to h.ngland every day, and thai a vessel of the lare'est elnss. within the Inst Iwen. tydays. had lef New-York loath d en irely with the nrlicle of provisions, to I lie exclusion, ns it hapened in that case, though I do not mention it as a matter of triumph, of a sinile pound of cotton or tobacco. This is quite a new tr.ide as every body knows. Who ever '.ho'jg'it. eighteen months ago, that n lar?e cargo en tirely of provisions, would go to a London matkcll Who does not rejoice nn I feel the beneficent influence of this upon both nations. The neonlo of Enitland are hotter fed the ngriculturcnf New York is better encouraged, and the interests of both arc belter pro- moieii. Genllcmen. I will nroceed no farther. I sav the time has come when wo must nttend to things, things, things. I say the time has arrived when we inu-t give up the enchantment of names nnd attend to tho prent interests nf commerce and ngricnllure, when men must be sunk : and I am willing lo sink, nnd it will bo nogrcat sinking either! Laughter :--when things mint he regarded, measures regarded, and names disregarded : and thnush I am not one to give up opinions liirhtly nnd without occa-ton, the time has arrived tor practical measures j when wo must nttend lo things which belong, I had almost said, to our peace if it did not nppcar in some sort profsnc to apply to ordinnry nfTiirs words made sa cred by a hichcr meaning ! bull will nv to the things which belong to our inlercsr. We mti-t he practicnl, we m st look nt things we must see the results of measures and the bearing of every thing thai relates to ihe interests of nil classes of people in the United Sln'es. Kor, gentlemen, we may be sure thai, however local interests mav prevail, weshallnll, wnen wo npprtini n tne close oi lite, regard every thing with satisfaction which we have donefnnder iho im. pulse of a large, n broad American feeling) and we shall look with regret nn erery thing cfJn'tracted, or personal or local which tho interests of individuals nny have led us to cherish in our hearts. Cheers. Let us remember, then, gentlemen, thai our in- teresisaro ihe common interests of the United Statfs. I, us remember that there is not a man in the Union, from the Atlantic lo the Rocky Mountains, from Maine to Mississippi, in whose miersst anu wensrc nnu pouiiesl riihls wo are not concerned. Lei us have souls nnd beans nnd minds big enough to embrace the gren Empire which God has given us : ehcers nnd while cnnseloiis that be neath his benignant rulo weenjov distinguished bles sings, religious nnd civil and social, such ns have been showered upon no other men on iho fnce ot the Einh, let us no boldly on determine I, now and forever, liv ing antl dying, tobefu'ly American, American allo genic" .' Mr. WpnsTiia sat downsmid the reiterated and dea fening npplnnsoof all present. FRIDAY MORNING, OCT. 6. 1843. WHIO STATE CONVENTION. A Convention nf the Whigs of Vermont will he holden at Montpnlicr, on THURSDAY the 191,1 October nest. at7 I'. M.for the pur P" of appointing State Central ami County Committees for tin. vf.arlSJl .! .-!,: niiior ari.tii;;EiiieiiiK as may no tieeineu expedi ent preparatory to the next and Presiden tial elections. All towns unrepresented hv Whigs in tho legislature, are especially requcs. ted to appoint delegates to this Convention. Calvin Tovcs'slev, II. CANFtntD, JnitN A. Pratt, O. A. Ali.en, Eiustus Kamdaics, AttTCMAS CUSIIMAM, E. P. Walton, Jr. State Central Com. THE POPULAR VOTE AT THE LATE ELECTION. Taking the highest voto on each ticket for Sonators, with tho exception of Grand hie, for which tho Governor voto is substituted, the result is as follows: Whig ticket, 24.355 Lopufoco ticket, 22,039 Third party ticket. 3.455 Majority of Whig over locofoco ticket, 231G ; of locoforo and third party tickets over tho Whigs 1138; of tho Wilis and third parly tickets over tho Locos 5770. Last year the Whig majority over iho loco foco ticket for Governor was 3027 coiii- paritive Whig loss 711 ; in the aggregate Whig and third parly vote the majority over tho locos was 5120, showing now a compa rative locofoco loss of 650. Compared witli last year, the Whig ticket has fallen off 2813 votes, tho locofoco ticket has fallen off 2102, and tho third party ticket has increas ed 1361. Vt. Watchman. Cause and Effect. Wo have observed for several weeks that thu columns of the " Spirit of the Age," a virulent Loco-Foco sheet, published nt Woodstock, Vt. by the Tyler Postmaster, Mr. Caleb G. Eastman, havo been filled with coarse abuse of the Faculty and Corporation of tho University of Vermont ut Burlington. Wo havo looked carefully for somo definite charge of mal- cnnducl which might at least givo n show of plausibility lo an attack so gross nnd so out of Mr. Eastman's proper sp'-ere. But the point of tho charge seems to he that the au thorities of the town permit those students, who nro legally qualified to do so, to vote ul tho eleciion, although they possess no prop erty qualifications, which this worthy Loco Foco editor deems essential, us did his old Master, Martin Van Buren, in thu New York Convention. From what wu can gather, the real causo of the editor's grief may be found in them two facts, (hat h was tipelled C A, ,, , .. j. , from the University some few year, since for disregard of his duties and for general immorality : and. secondly, that lie tvn nnl - allowed lo deliver n speech to tho students in connection with th0 exercises of tho Into Commencement. II is grief is very natural, but his public displny of it seems somewhat imprudent, as well ns puerile. Tribune. A PotrrrtAiT op Joii.v Tvi.kii nv a Lo co Foco. Poor Tyler! wo are nlniost tempted to excliiim, when wo witness tho loathing and contempt with which this trait or is regarded by that party which profits most by his treachery. Tho Democratic Review, in allusion to Iho attempt to force Tyler's claims before Iho Loco Foco Con vention in tho raco for the Presidency, says: "A noisy but ineffectual attempt is made to introduco into the stable a very sor ry hack, which camo indeed out of good blood, though n degenerate scion, whom, even tho most favorable early breeding could make nothing of. It is, however, perfectly understood, that ho only seeks a shelter from tho common on which ho has been turned out, because no ono would now either har bor or mount nn animal at once so feeblo nnd so vicious. Hopelessly spavined nnd weak in tho knees, besides being so blind ns not to sco nn' impassable stono wall just he foro his own eyes; he is also evidently so thoroughly diseased, that he could only breed mischief nnd introduco pet lups dangerous contagion into the stable. Ho cannot bu let in, nnd it is only a pity, fnr'his own sake that some friend does not put him out of his pain a service which wo havo endeavored to i eiider on a former occasion." ID-Tho Richmond Enquirer contains an stl. drops to the loco focos of the United States, which address contains the following paragraph relative to the election of 1940: " Vast assemblages, maddened by liquor, and infuriated by Bonsn, bv ravings called snepelipc. and by senseless yelling?, tent ftirtli their drilled thousand?, each as if with a torch from hell, lo kindle a fire to the Furies upon the altar of every log-cabin, and light up a flaino upon uv. cry stump." Such is the language applied by a Van Buren office holder to the people of the United States who, by a majority of one hundred and fifty thousand votes, pronounced the little Dutchman unworthy of their confidence. A fino specimen of Dtmiicracy truly. (XTTlio iibscnco of tho Editor from town during tlio past week, will, we hope, bo a sufficient apology for tlio appearance of this number of our paper. Mr. Editor : I intended sooner to havo said a word to you respecting a communica tion which appoared in tho True; Democrat week before lust ; and I do it onlv to call at tention to tlio stiilemont there niado, to show tho very democratic regard of the democrat ic Collector for tho people and tliuir wishes. It would seem tho Cnl. tmij tho Riclifonl democracy the compliment of saying that llicro was none there fit for the petty post of Deputy Collector ut S2-10 per minimi, nod so, ho posted off Chief Justice Parsons to take care uf them. This is a mire ih-nin. cralic specimen of tactics. And the way thu aforesaid Chief Justice, (innocent soul) iias heel) cheated nntl put tiff, nnd finally billeted up in !)io woods, is grievous indued, if all thu stories nlliMt ure (nit;. It seems from these lepnrls that after tho Col. Wits recommended nl Mont pel it-r.ho pave Parsons intimations that he should have thn post now held hy Parker, hut at anv rate a pood o place meaning as poor Parsons supposed dtitihlless, ono of tho " first chop." But alas, tho poor Chief Justice! was doomed, when the Commission camo on, to find that he is sadly off who hangs on princes' fa vors" for lo ! after much and lie- seeching ho is quartered ut Richfurd. I heard that he had some qualms about going hut finally concluded to yield his personal feelingt for the public good. Ho " revisited the glimpses of tho moon" nt Freeman's meeting, just to help us elect a Represent:! live, and then vanished again. Wo understand that two enterprising gentlemen from the United States, with lite design of establishing a cotton manufactory in tho province, havo recently concluded the purchase of u fine mill privilege in tho Cliaiulilv Uulrict, where iliev are now en gaged in erecting buildings upon un extensive scale, tn carry out their plan. Wo believe it an admitted fact that Brit ish maniifiictiites urn iinablo lo compete with those of the United Stales, in our supply of the coarser description ol coltoti cloth, vvlitlo tne iliscriiiiiinnnir ilulv is lint 7 per rent, in l.ivor ol tlio former, which will nut near pay the expenses altendino nvo frt'ihts across tho Atlantic, thu onii nf the row ma terial from America, mid thn oilier nf the manufactured article to this country, eilliei ol which tlio Ameticanis nut liable to. In tho manufactory, cslnlilisl ed within our own boundary, a stronger cnnine lilur will bo found, for besides being on a bettei fooling in respect to duties, he will It.ivt- tin nil vantage ol as cheap labor as can be pru cured in nnv part of Europe. The common wagrs given to women employed at factum in tho Eastern states are, wo understand S2 to S3 per week. In tho country parts ol tins province thousands work fur as little as $2 per month antl they arc well satisfied lo get it. aiontreat Herald. The iUifflsfim Repuuiators It appears, from a Matcinciit in the Missn-suini naners. that A. (J. Brown. Ihe Iico.Fnco candidate for the ofiico of (itivornur of tint Slate, borrowed from the Union Hank, (the bonds for the procurement of tho capital of which ho is now in favor of re. liiidiatitiL',) as principal, the emu nf 815.000. and ' tins ho is liable, as endorser, for the sum of SifrtMS-17; making Iho handsome sum of SOo, 017, which ho will t'et rid nffbv tho rcniidiatin process ! Rt.ger Barton, also, an avowed Iaich 1'iico candidate, on tho repudiating ticket, fur the United States Senate, in li.ihlo to the Union Hank, ns an endorser, fur 30,'JoO ; and ex-Par sun Ilaiiiinelt, one of iheir candidates fur Con grcfK, for tho tcry modest Mini of 81,000, one nan as principal, aim the oilier nail us ciufnri-'cr. What wonder that rcpudiators abound in Mis sissippi, when so large a premium is offered for roguery ! itou. Journal. The Washington correspondent of tho N y. True bun writes, " I ho Wings cling clo serto Clay as tho contest approaches. I no ico, that print niter print comes quietly out 1 1. I.I. I.. ........ ItL.. .Iuh !,, n ...... .1... I IIVIICIIII Ilia WXIIIII.I , IIBl' Btui. ,,, H D'lllSCI all V, Wl0n , roijnillt of ,,18 rllgB,0 thkkent ley may havo rays, enough to light thfni to ! Ida oc.hI . i ' r--" "LET THERE BE LIGHT." GohVs Patent, Self-cooling, Chemical Oil Burner. Such is the nntnti of a new lamp which has been recently invented, and which Mr, J. Monk has obtained tho exclu sive right of selling in this State. DuriiiL' tho past wool! Mr. M. has sold several of these lumps lo the good people of our village and they havo Upon in use, for moro than two years, in various parts of tho country. They surpass any lamps wo havo ever seen in tho brilliancy of their light nnd in the economy of supplying thciri. There is no grease in the nil and should nny of it he spilt on n fino dress or carpet, it will neither soil nor injure them in the least. Ono of these lamps gives a light equal to six or seven sperm candles, nnd it costs only three fourths of n cent an hour to burn it. Churches, Court Houses, and other public buildings can bo lighted at it much less expenso by these lamps than by nny other means. Thoso who aro desirous of examining them can scclhem burning every night at Howard's Holel, the Pearl st. House, Peck ifc Spears nnd the Post Office, ns well as at many private houses in our town. Mr. Monk will return to this place inn few days wo understand, and nny orders left at Mr. Joseph Wail's Crockery Store will be iinmeili.itelv attended lo. CALHOUN AND VAN MJItEN IN NEW HAVEN. " The d3mcc-.its" of New Haven, Ct. hold a meeting in that city last week to choose dele gates to a Slate Convention. Chs. A. Inger soil, Jonathan Stoddard, Henry W. Edwards, and Win. A. Reynolds, wore chosen, and are waun supporters of Mr. Calhoun. A Now Ha ven paper e.iV6: 'I'll!- Hartford dle!ation is Van Huron "tnthn death," but the New Haven nne Ins atren-'th ami Calhoun metal 'tn the huh.' Colin M. In-ger-ill, Esq., offered a series of resolutions in favor of the District System, .ind comjilitnantary to Calhoun, which put each Democrat upun his iniioponiieni snvcreigiiuy, atul quite a muss was stirred up, although upon takinir thn sonsn of the meeting, it was found to Lo two to ono in tavnr n free trade and southern chivalry. Capt. Francis pitch tl into John C. Calhoun, 'and Iho resolutions, and Charles A. Ingersoll in return c.iuie down 'like a thousand of brick,' upon the valiant ex Captain. They had a rare time of it, nut tne Calhoun men swept the course. Il should ho observed that Mr. Ca houn pass, ed his collegiate course at Vale, and that many of tho leading men of Connecticut are personal friends and old crnntcs ; fo that tho democracy of that State are to some evlent influenced hy recollections and feelintjs not wholly political. Tuiinint.B Tcmpest in Fi.otun.t. The tremendous IcmpeM in Florida, of which we published a notice yesterday, was ono of the most destructive ewr known in that vi cinity. Tho cily of Port Leon was com pletely prostrated. Thn slorm commenced HIi a lit-sli wind on Wednesday mormon. the 13th i list, hut subsided at evening. At bout 11 P. M. thn calo freshened and hv tnidnioht the wholo town was swept with the fury of a hurricane. Every warehouse in the town was l.iid flit with a single excep tion, tii'.irly every dwelling was thrown from ils foundation, tinny of them went crtuhi'd to atoms, and the loss nf properly was im mense. At thn Liglithoiisu every building lint that was destroyed : fourteen nersuns. some nl' them aiming the most valu.ibli! cit izens were known to have been h owned. So for as their names were asrerlained there vveie at the Lighthouse Capt. M. C. Rulierlsiiri, his vvifi and tluee childjoti, and child uf Dr. Tratlewell, Mr. Joseph Wood, painlfT from Tnll.ih.issee, a child of R , Buffllis, and five negroes, and at Port Leon a rrazv negro buv. I lie fjuiilv of Mr. Etl ward Walker at Shell Point, inclu ding his will! and five nr six children aUn perished. Mr. W. himself escaped hy cling ing to tin branches of a tree. Tribune. SlaVv i.v Texas. A letter to Mr. Lowis Tappan, dated London, 13:h Atigut, contains the following extract : "I am just nut nf tho Hntiso nf Lords, at the last moment, and have time before the unil clo ses to say that Lnrd Brougham has just put the question tn Lord Aberdeen, whether iieinlia- lions are peniltng upon the buhject nf tlieevtinc. tinn of slavery in Texas, and if ho with what prospect of success. He undo an excellent peerh nn the importance of the subiect. Lord Aberdeen replied that negotiations are pending upon the subject that the government is fully impressed with the importance, and will use every endeavor tn gain toe end, but that it would prejudice the result to communicate at this mo tnent the stale of tho negotiations." CrSomc "f the Locrifoco papers insist that Mr. Van Buren h as all the stronger now for having been defeated in 1910. If ho shall be defeated in 1841 and 1S43, what a tremendous. lv strong candidate he will bo in 185'J. Louis. Jour. Clay in Ohio. Wo aro told with n de- rce of earne.sliu'ss, that Mr. Clav has no strength in Ohio, nntl that ho cannot, hv any iiii-sniiiiiv, carrv iiiai otnio in xch-i. l lus opinion is iindoiibledlv fallacious. Thn fol- mv nig siiiislui'iory information with recurd m the current nf public fueling, is copied from tho Ohio State Journal of the 29th nil. : " It must have been observed that every declaration of muss and delegate conventions throughout this Suite, have been in favor of the L'reat American sialesnmii nf Ailil.,,,,1 Wt'do nut runieiiiher having seen un ex- pre ssion, in a township, county or district meeting, or meeting ol delegates, fund near- lv everv one has spoken) hut what has been a clear nnd explicit coiiimoudatinn of Henry Clay, nnd an expression of confidence in llie tih'ftinu of this favorite ol all who arc advo cating a complete restoration and establish ment of 1 1 in policy of Wiinliinginn nnd U Fathers of the Republic the American poli cy and Itepublicaii principles. There is hut one feeling among us in Ohio ; nnd for this reason wu have neglected lo copy all the ex pressions of public feeling, hut havo been content with recording llinso of Cuiigressiuii. id conventions. Our fi lends in other Stales may rest assured that Henry Clay tcill car ry this State against Van liiiren, or any other single Locofoco, by a majority as over whelming as did Gen. Ilariison in 1840. Finn at Kcksbvillb, N. Y, Last Sun day morning a house owned by Dr. Jones, and occupied lV Mr. Sidney lord, was to tallv destniM'd hy fire. The Republican says thai Dr. Jones, loss iseslimated at $1000, on which mere was un insurance of S. )(. Mr. Ford's loss, it is said will ho consider.! hie, as the fire had so far advanced before it was discovered, thnt it gavu the occupants of tho house barely time to escape trom the tie voitring names, Times. "I liato to hear people ti.ll; behind one's baeK," as the robber said when the constable was cha sing him, and crying J'sfnji thuf." I A Not, ron the Loco '.The Loco papow imvu .i uriidi eieai to Bay about the Whig: t(T0 dollars a day and roast beef." Their favorite, Mr. Van llvren, lias einco the year 1803, receiv ed about 8-'00,OOOin salaries from the National anJ State Governments. Ho is 05 years old. Suppose iho Loco sheets perforin tho" following sum, and give their readers tho result. If Mr. Van liiircn is 05 vo.rr old, and has been paid for Ins furvi'ccs ! 3'00,000, how much has he re r.ntvod for every day of his life 1 IVe guess it won Id amount lo more than "two dollars a day," According to Ihe Hartford Courant it would feetn thai the Magician has been paid over eight dollars a day for the 05 years ho has lived. Wo suggest that the radical pipers chango their song a lillle, and "keep it before tho people, that Martin Van Huron, has received eight dollara a day of tho peoples money, for every day of his existence!" That will sound well. .Sfm-iW. field Republican. " An Exchange nur no RonnERr. On thn last day of the session of the American Board of Commissioners', recently held at Rochester,' a ministerial delegate went into a barber's shop to be shaved, and, having laken off his coat, it was handed toa boy, who brushed it and laid it on a chair. About the same time a gentleman camo in, and prepared in like manner for the operation. The clergyman was ready to leavo tho Rhnp first, antl taking up a coat "which lis supposed was his own, put it on and hurried to the breakfast table. He had not been seated long when the error was discovered by tho oth er gentlemen, and a hot pursuit was made by the barber ami his aids, who soon found the Rev. Mr. C. cmn'nrtahly taking his breakfast without having discovered the mistake, and of course ureal ly surprised when told that the coat he had on contained a pocket book with five thousand dollars in it. The error was soon rectified, and satisfactory explanation were made. Both gar ments were so much alike, antl so near a fit on ciih, that anyone m'lJil have coinrnitttd tho a line olundor A Y. Com. Adc. l .YANKEr- Crusader. A correspondent of tho Boston Atlaa writing from Paris says: " While at the American legation, a few day since, a roiigh-looking backwoodsman entered,' clad in homespun, with a passport in one hand, and a French dictionary in the other. He wish ed tn havo the former vised. "Where for?"' "Jerusalem." "How are you coino- there!" "On foot." He was a blacksmith from Ohio, who had been brought out at a camp meeting, and conceived some- Miller-like views of the coining of the Saviour. So he had left his fami- y and managed to get here via England. He lelt that afternoon for Jerusalem, on foot, with verv little money, and unable to speak a word of French and is, I am told, the third who has pifucd through Paris on a like errand. Ono has been heard Irnm at Rome, but I doubt if any of them ever reach theirdestinatiun, or, if they do, if they make many proselytes there What the English think. Mr. Wnil hi- a letter f'rnm Glasgow, speaks of having fallen ilintll into IIIC COIIlOa IV OI tlio iimnum i I ravellcrs or Agents, through whom the En- gitsti Manufacturer and large trading houses in the cities conduct their country trade. He s tys : "They have been exceedingly attentive nd kind to us. The first and last inquiry of an Atnncan is, whelherniir tariff will be modified.' If thosn on our sidf if the Atlantic could htar En glishmen, manufacturers and merchants talk upon the subject, Wi should hear no more rf the argu ment th it dutits upon importations are a tax up on the consumers .' I am amazed that thisfaUa. cy can mhl-ad and ddude intelligent men. ID" We have received a new paper from Fer syth, Georgia, entitled "The Bill Cooper." We give a specimen of its paragraphes : Lent inille Journal. 'Our big court will commence on Mondir. tho 11th mar, at which time we hope ourerand jurors will at least keep sober. You wars a' hiwed the privilege of getting drunk last court; fco this is your time to keep sober." I never knew a Miiixible or a good person who was cunning, and I have known so many weak and wicked persons who possessed this despica ble quality, that I hold it in abhorrence, except in very young children, to whom Providence gives it baloro they arrive at good sense X,nJ Messington. Women Fattened at Tunis inn Rt.'.or. A girl, after she is betrothed, is cooped up in a sin ill mom ; shackles of gold and silver are placed upon her ankles and wrists, as a piece of dress. If the U to bo married to a man has discharged, dispatched, or lost a former wife,, tho shackles which the former wife wore iro put on tho now bride's limbs, and she is fed till they aro filled up to a proper thickness. Tho food used fur this custom, worthy of the barba rians, is called drough, which is of an extraor dinary fattening quality, also famous for render ing the milk rich and abundant. With this seed, and their national dish, euseuseo, the bride is literally crammed, and many actually die un dor the spoon. A Relic Wo havo in our office one of the 68 pound shot that was fired in the Tex as sloop nf war Austin by thu Mexican steamer Guadaloiipe in the action of tho 16th nf last May. It is quite ns formidable a missile as we should desire lo see travelling towards our head, especially when started upon its journey h the aid of about twenty pounds of powder. The ball now in our possession entered the Austin ut No. 5 port, cut Iho sill of thu port in two, cut off both axli'trees of thu gun, cut complelely through six deck planks, cut the top-sail bills away and lodged in tho main-mist. In ils prog ress it killed Frederick Sheppnrd, tho Cap. tain of No. 5 gun, severely wounded four mure men at that gun and killed u man at gun No. 6. Eleven of these shot struck tho hull of tho Austin during the action. oucn istno magnitude or the 6S pound ball that it can bo seen in its approach at the distance of more than a mile. N. 0 Tropic. Uncertainty op Evidence. A ainpu ir case was tiied in King's counlv. last wcek ut''orl! 'll0 Court of Oyer and Ter- i """L'r Judge Kent presiding. Singular, "", initio point-lilank contradiciio of the witnesses, under circumstances which do not seem to admit, on either side, of the supposition that thero was error of memory. 'I'lw. ...i .., .1. a ...i.i. - - HvilHU t.9 Villi, ;fJ 1TIIU tugging at worthless three dollar bill upon one trades man in Brooklyn on Ihe evening of April 18th. The facts wero distinctly sworn to hy tho three tradesman, who accurately des cribed iho prisoner's dress and appearance, which were somewhat noticeable; and when he was arrested ho made a sort of admission to the officer that he had passed the bill, and ofTered lo replace lliem with good mon ey. In ti word the evulenco against him was about as conclusive ns the prosecution cat bo expected to furnish in such cases. But per coniru a host of respectable wit nesses, among whom were tho prisoner' wifo's father, sisters und brothers, living ii ihis cily, svvoro that ho was married on the 12th of April that on the 17lh he watat homo nil thn evening, of the 18th hit wed. ding parly win given ; that he was not out of Iho house the wholo evening except for few minutes when he went out to buy an other cake, tho purchase of which by bian was proved also by tho baker at whose shop it was obtained. A number of the gue0 nl tho wedding parly gave similar evideBte. i imi prisoner was, wr neneve acqiijtlcci. m... :. .. " - rrr i nv i man itHi-inn- rnrni iiwa m Mf I hf Ifta.mitliia f