Newspaper of Burlington Free Press, November 10, 1843, Page 1

Newspaper of Burlington Free Press dated November 10, 1843 Page 1
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Wvtt NOT THE GLORY OP OJESA1Z BUT THE WBLTAnE OP BOMB BY H. B. STACY. CONTKNTMIiNT. IT ACQOSTOS SKODOBAIIi With hurried steps we onward fly Along the rugged paths of Time, And fix the wild, enraptured eyo On golden heights our feci must climb, Upon whoso peak 'mong fadeless flowers Contentment woos tlie smiling hours Thus day hy day we move along, And chase but varying forms of air j We smile while Hope pours forth a song, And breathe 10 heaven a silent prayer, Till ed by dreams of speechless charmp, We hug the' Future in our arms. We turn aside the wreathed clouds Which bound the Futuro from the Past, And strive to pierce the raylcss shrouds Which fill that mighty, tracclc.n vast: "l et all in vami no beams of light, Suit through that deep, mysterious night! Then on iur breast ue fold our arms, "M waiuhcend with calmilespair; Ai. splaying newer charms, Or Hope, -nam to dare Allures us on t. 'n j0ys. The painful toil for liKtor,, -i,av. 1 Yet Time the sparkling flame ae..'-. The Lover dreams of re-ilms of bliss, And paints a scene on which to dwell, Where Pleasure reigns, in wilderness, Or in the llow'ry, rapturous dell j And seeks the scene of which he dreams j But, ah I they change like Morn's fair beams I Trua to our Hearts we seek an end, Where Joy in fullness shall be found j But, in our course inconstant, bend Our feet to seeming Joys around, Which pass, hko clouds of Summer, by, And leave a soul-o'crwhclming agony ! Thus I have wished a home were mine, From worldly stnfeand men afar; Where Love should on me fondly shine, And in my heavens become a star, Whoie golden rays shall pierce the night, And fold my heart in robes of light I There would I dream of streatns and flowers, And mountains crowned with clouds of gold Of valleys rich in buds and bowers, Of woodlands fnir, and forests old And of a heart whose love divine. Beat pure in unison with mine! But these fond dreams ate weak and vain : The stern realities ol Life Dispel these shadows from the brain, And Lrintr an endles round of strife; Of Jovs to Sorrow near allied, And Madness reaching far and wide ! Contentment dwells not in thsMindj We must, like Ocean's billows move; Now strive an airy prize to find Or, wild, pursue a thing of Love ; But we may learn our lives to bear, And rest with calmness or Despair! A'ertrica, A'. V. THE UNEXPECTED FRIEND. A TRUK STORY. ' It must be, my child !' said the poor wid ow wiping away the tears which slowly trick 1 - j i . i ... . r uuwu iiai wasieu chucks. I Here is 110 ther resource. I am too sick to work, and you cinnot, surely see me, and your little brother starve. Try and beg a few shillings no pernaps Dy tne rinio mat u gone, 1 may be better. Go, Henry my dear j I grieve to tend you on such an errand, but it must be done.' I he boy, a noble looking little fellow of aqout ten years, started up and throwing his arms around his mother's neck, left the house without a word. Ho did not hear the groan of anguish that was tutored hy his parent ns the door closed behind him ; and it was well that ho did not, for his littlo heart was ready to break without it. It was a byo-strcet in Philadelphia, and as ho walked to and fro on the side walk ho looked first at ono person and then another, as they passed him, but no one seorr.ed to look kindly on him, thn lon ger he waited the faster his courage dwindled way, and the moro difficult it became to master resolution to beg. The tears were running fast down his cheeks, hut nobody no ticed them, or if they did, nobody seemed to care; for although clean, Henry looked poor and miserable, and it is common for the poor and miserable to cry ! Every body seemed in a hurry, and the poor boy was quite in despair, when at last he espied a gentleman who seemed to bo ve ry leisurely taking a morning walk. He was dressed in black, wore a threo corned hat, nd had a face that was as mild and honig nant as an angel's. Somehow when Henry looked at him, ho fell all his fears vanish at onco, and instantly approached him. His tears had been flowing so Jong, that his eyes were quite red and swollen, and his voice trembled, but that was with weakness, for ho had not eaten for twenty-four hours. As Henry with a low faltering voice, begged for a little charily, the gentleman stopped, and his kind heart melted with compassion ns ho looked into the fair countenance of the poor boy, and saw the dpon blush which snruml all over his face, and listened to tho modest, Jiumblo tones which accompanied his petition. You do not look like a boy that has been accustomed to beg his broad,' said he, kind ly laying his hand on tho boy's shoulder ; what has driven you to this step?' Indeed,' answered Henry, his tears bo ginning to flow afresh, indeed I was not ,ooni in this condition. But tho misfortunes -of my father, and the sickness of my mother, havo driven mo to this necessity now.' Who is your father?' inquired tho gen tleman, still .-jioro interested. My father was a rich merchant of this city, but ho became bondsman for a friend who soon after failed, and .,10 w's entirely ruined. He could not live aftt.V bis loss, and in one month he died of grief unJ J,is dea''1 was more dreadful than any other tro.'1'0, My mother, my littlo brother, and my"'5!" mjuu suiiu inio tne lowest depth ol poverty. My mother has, until now, managed to sup port herself and jiy little brother by her labor, and I havo earned what I could by shovel ling snow and other work that I could find to do. But night before last mother was taken very sick, and sho has since bocoino so much tvprsothat' here tho tears poured faster than over 1 1 do fear sho will die, I can not think of any way in tho world to help her. I havo not had tho courage to go to any of mother's old acquaintances, and tell them that sho had como to need charity. I thought you looked like a stranger, sir, and something in your face overcotno my shame, and gave mo courage lo speak to you. Oh, sir, do pity my poor mother.' The (pars and tho simple and moving lan guage of the poor boy touched a chord in tho breast of the stranger that was accustomed to frequent vibrations. Where dors your mother live, my boy V said h in a liuiky voice. ' She lives in tho last house in this street, sir,' replied Henry. ' Havo you sent for a physician V ' No sir,' said the boy sorrowfully shaking his head. ' I had money neither for a physi cian nor for tho medicine.' ( Here,' said tho stranger drawing some pieces ol silver from his pocket, ' Ifure are threo dollars, take them, and run immediate ly for a physician.' Henry's nycs flashed with gratitude ho received the money with a stammering and almost inaudiblo voice, hut with a look of the warmest gratitude, and vanished. The bcnovolont stranger immediately ought tho dwelling of tho sick widow ; he entered a littlo room in which he could see nothing but a few implements of female la bor, u misornlile table, an old bureau, and u little bed which stood in ono corner, on which the invalid lay. She appeared weak and al most exhausted, ana' on the bod at her feet i sat a littlo uoy crying as if his heart would "cak. Deeply '"ovcu ' tno siglit, tho stranger Irow near'the bed "f K tovalid.iinil feigning to bo a physician innt... u ,mo ,,,B nature of the disease. The symptoms w.. 0 explained in v few words, when the widow with a deep sigh added, ' O, sir, my sickness has a deeper cause, and one which is hevnml the art of the physician to cure. I am a mo ther, a wretched mother. I sen mv chihlron sinking daily deeper and deeper in misery and want, of which I have no means of re lieving. Jlv sickness is .if tllA linnrl. itnrl death alono can end my sorrows but oven uenm is ureauiul to me, for it awakens thn thought of tho misery into which mv chil dren would bo plunged, if Hero emo tion choked her utterance and the tears flow ed unrestrained down her cheeks. But the pretended physician spoko so consolingly to her and manifested so warm a sympathy for her condition, that tho heart of the poor" wo man mrouucd witn a pleasure that was un wonted. ' Do not despair,' said tho benevolent stranger, ' think only of recovering, and of preserving a lite ttiat is so precious to your children. Can I write a prescription here V The poor widow look a little prayer book from the hand of the child who sat with her on the bed, and tearing out a blank leaf said 1 1 have no other paper,' said she, ' but per haps this will do.' The stranger took a pencil from his pock et and wroto a few lines upon the paper This prescription you will find of grant ser vice to you. If it is necessary, I will write you a second. I have great hopes of your recovery. He laid tho paper on the table, and went away. Scarcely was he gone, when the el der son returned. Cheer up, my doar mother, said ho going to her bed-side ai:d affectionately kissed her. ' See what a kind bonevolent stranger has given us it will make us rich for sever al days. It has enabled us to have a physi cian and ho will bo hero in a moment. Compose yourself now dear mother, and take courage.' ' Come nearer, my son,' answered the mother, looking with pndo and affection on her child. Como nearer, that 1 may bless you. liod never forsakes tlio innocent and the good. Oh may he still watch over you in all your paths 1 A. physician has just been here. Ho was a stranger.but he spoke to me with a kindness and a compassion that were a balm to my heart : When ho went away, he left tho prescription on the table ; see if you can read it. Henry glanced at tho paper, and started back-he took it up.and as ho read it through again and again, a cry of wonder and aston ishment escaped him. What is it ; my son !' exclaimed the poor widow, trembling with an apprehension of shu knew not what. Ah, road dear mother ! God has heard ns.' Tho mother took the paper from the hand of her son, nut-no sooner had she fixed her eyes upon it, than she exclaimed, It is Washington !' and fell back and fainted upon her pillow. The writing was an obligation from Washington, (for it was indeed he,) by which llio widow was to rcceivu the sum of ono hun dred dollars, from his own private properly, to bo doubled in case of necessity. Meanwhile tho expected physician made his appearance, and soon awoko tho molher from her faitintr fit. Tim iovfnl snrnri together Willi a good nurse wi'lh which dm physician, provided her, and a plenty of ruun.-uinu iueu, soon restored lier to perfect IIOU 111,. The influence of Washington, who visi ted thorn more than onco provided for the widow friends who furnished her with con stant and profitable employment, and her sons, when they arrived at' the proper ago, mw , lajiui.iuuie situations, wnero they were able to support themselves, and to render the remainder of their mother's life comfortable and happy. Let the children who read this story, re member, when they think of tho great and good Washington that ho was not above en tering the dwelling of novertv. and rarrvim. joy and gladness to the hearts of its inmates. 'Pl.i ... .. J?! . . ma nu iiciicious taio, wit it is only ono 0l a uiuusanu incidents winch might bo re lated'.0'0 ,lim and wllicl' stamp him the best of men.-Y- Christian Messenger. a'cha.pter on dogs. w.C 00GS. A questionable uso oi"1''" '' was to tiain him for war. Tho ancient early discover ed this faculty of his nature. IJa was prob ably taught at first to garrison castiVs and fortresses, where, from his vigilance and bravery, ho answers nil the purposes of an armed sentinel; and this mode of defence is said by Colonel Hamilton Smith to have continued till the introduction of regular ar mies. From thoir admirable power in an ticipating surprises they have been largely employed, especially by tho Turks, lo guard outposts. At tho present moment tho French videttes in Algiers are always prece ded by a couple of dogs. Anciently thoy wore consplcious in the action itself. After BURLINGTON, Marius had defeated the Cimbri, his legions had to renew a deadlier battle with the wo men and the dogs. Tho Celts deemed their dogs of such importance in war that thcyarm cd them with collars of pointed iron, with a breast plato for u shield. Some dogs, ac coutred with tho latter piece of defensive ar mor, and repelling an assault of soldiers on a citadel, form the subject of a bronzo discov ered at Hcrculancum. Certain Gauls not on ly made tho dog discharge the duty of a sold ier in tlnir war, but a squadron of two hun dred formed tho body-guard of their king. But it would be endless to rclato the multi tude of occasions in which tho dog has been employed in the capacity of a warrior. The instance which most nearly concerns our selves for, if Camernrins is to be believed, it was imitated by Queen Elizabeth in lie land, who sent no less than six hundred dogs with the army of Essex is thn use that was made nt them against the savages in Ameri ca. Columbus set (he example in a battle with the natives of St. Dimingo, when, with tsyo hundred foot, twenty horso and twenty dogs, lie! routed a prodigious nrmy of Indi ans. Tho tc.'riblo wounds inflicted by the dogs upon tho naked savages created such a -nic that thencoforward (!:?v became part . ctics of American warfare. Not ... . lT. " reprobation of tho Span wit .standing u... .,.ll0unus were in i795 .ards, a hundred hlou. -..,iisIl auspices, to landed in Jamaica under Li.b. . m.,Hn attact the Maroons. When a triai .. ,,rj of them hy a sham fire, they rushed forw. with the greatest impetuosity, dragging along their keepers, who held them back by ropes, and even turning in their ferocity to bite the muskets till they tore pieces from the stocks. Happily, tho Maroons hearing of the dogs, surrendered without a blow and tho barbari ty which promised to bo a stain upon our namo was lor once tlie cnuso ol a bloodless victory. Those who, on that occasion, quo ted tho position of Paloy, that if the grounds and end of war aro justifiable, all the means that appeared necessary to the end are justi fiable also, forget the limitation made to tho doctrine by tho mortalist himself, who says the combatants are nevertheless bound to res pect those conventional laws which the cus tom of nations has sanctified, and which, whilu they are mutually conformed to, miti- gato tho calamities of war without weaken ing its operations. Without this confused reasoning, it is still enough that the instincts of humanity arc against such warfare. 'The heart has its arguments as well as the under standing,' is one of the immortal sayings of t'ascal. When Pietro delia Valle visited Persia, during the early part of the seventeenth cen tury, it was the regular mode of execution, for certain classes of criminals, to cast them lodogs kept expressly for the purpose. Ho saw some Jews, accused of magic, brought within llin vimv nf tliocn terrible destroyers. wiui a promise oi paruon it sney turned Mahometans. At tho sight of the dogs, all tne .lews, except one, preterred apostacy to death; ' and us for him,' says Delia Valle, 'whom I know not whether to call constant or obstinate in his foolish opinion, he was torn to pieces and devoured by tho dogs, invoking the namo of Moses with his latest breath, lie had been happy, lie continued, 'thus to die if ho had been a Christian ; but being, as ho was, a Jew, these sufferings served but lo anticipate a littlo in this world his future holl.' If the old traveller had written a trcatiso on intolerance, ho would nrobablv have produced nothing half so forcible as this cool rellectton ol a simple mind inflamed by no peculiar degree of theological ardor. Ovieda, in his ' History of tho Indies,' says that a criminal who was cast to a dog, accus tomed to cat the condemned, having fallen on his knees, and begged for life, tho animal stopped short, and refused to do his office. I ho Spaniards taking it for a miracle, par uuiicu uiu nuor wreiun ; uui m. maze minks that tho clfcct was produced by the eyes of uiu inuii iiiueimg inose oi mo aog, which he believes, according to a popular notion, to be a method of intimidating, or, as it is usu ally termed, fascinating animals ; and ho speaks ns if he had tried it with success on unruly horses. Sismondi relates an insianco of forbearance stronger and better authenti cated than that which wo have emoted from M. Blaze. Somo hounds of tho tyrant of him ., .i. f .. . - mii.iii, inai were led on llio llesh of man, taught 'to chaso him for their prey, and al ready rendered ferocious by scores of vic tini, not only refused lo kill a boy that was given them, of twelvu years old, but when tho keeper, in consequencii of iheir obstina cy, cut the throat of the child, showing an equal repugnance to touch the corpse. In this case, at least, may not tho phenomenon havo arisen from tho tender years of a victim awakening their dormant affections ? The canine species have a peculiar love for chil dren, though, like all their acquired faculties it is irregularly distributed. How renilv uiey iruai incni, now much thoy endure from them ! Colonel Hamilton Smith saw a child bite a bull-dog till ho yelled, without mani- .1 mi i .i . .i - . . . . . ' icsiing uiu siigiiiusi lll-numor. Where you ouoht to have been. A clergyman who is in tho habit of preaching in different parts of tho country, happened to uu at an inn, wnero he observed a horse- jockey trying to take in an honest man, by imposing upon mm a uroKen-winded horse, for a sound ono. Tho parson knew the bad character ot the jockey, and taking tho gen tleman nsido, told him lo bo cautious of tho person ho was dealing with. The gonilo man finally declined tho purchase and the jockey, quite nettled, observed, " Parson, 1 nau much rather hear you preach, than see you privately interfere in bargains between man and man, in this way." " Well," re plied tho parson, " if you had been where you ought to havo been, last Sunday, you migiit nave nonrd mo preach." " Whero was that 1" inquired (lie jockey. " In tho State Prison," roturned tho clergyman. Selected. Laiige Cattle, Gen. Wm. A. Mills, of Livingston county, N. Y., had a pair of oxen at thu lato Cattle Show in Rochester, which weighed sir thousand twohundted and fifty pounds. RochttUr Post. VERMONT, FRIDAY, MOCKERY OF HUNGRY MEN. Our readers will recollect that a few months ago, ono of the American ships of war, in a Mediterranean port, throw a largo quantity of bread overboard, which, though still palate able to hungry men, was removed to make room for fresher, which would keep longer. Tho officers of tho vosscl offered to givo it to the poor inhabitants of tho place, if tho au thorities would permit it to ho landed. This they refused, and the poor wretches came off in uoats and picked up the salt-water soaked food as it fell into the sea. Another caso of mockery of human hun ger has just fallen under our eyo. We copy from a Liverpool paper, without comment ; the phraseology of the paragraph being pre cisely that of the Liverpool editor. Truly, John Bull is a patient animal ! Phila. Sat. J.'ost. " Our attention has just been called to an other most gross imposition upon poor, pa tient, long-suffering John Bull. Part of the cargo of the ship Europe, which arrived at this port, tho other day, from New York, consisted ol butter imported, not for the use of mar, himself, hut for any other purpose he may put it, when spoiled. The law passed by our landed legislators, provides that this butter shall bo put carefully into bond, under custom-house lock and key, and not removed thence for use in this country, until it is ren dered utterly unfit for human food. Of tho butter in question, ten tons were consigned to ono houie, and the rest to different firms. . -cimen of it was brought to us, the olh "j" '-'ch we found to be slightly over , a,y,.W"'. respects, equal to tho saueu, uu in on.-- ,. .Iling in the Liver nome-maue ou.ia. .- .. riceoftl.n pool markets at Is. per lb. 'I ,'.i , linientciii mime uuuer iiuuit;, n t-- i cwt., which would be about 4 pence per lb. ,' but in order to prevent the poor man from getting any of this cheap butter, it is mixed with tar bclore it is taken out ol bond ; and then our humane and benevolent laws allow it to be used for tho purposo of smearing sheep's noses and greasing cart-wheels, or for any othor unconnected with the nourish ment of man or beast. The work of de struction was duly performed yesterday on the Pierhead. Admirable laws ! Miracu lously patient John Bull 1" (TThe aristocratic gentry who mi.t-gov-crn the people of Great Britain, think, per haps, that luxuries, such as c.ood butter, if allowed tho poorer classes, might make them moro clamorous in demanding their rights as high living is apt to beget high spirit, and to smother this turbulent choh-r of'" the canaille," the judicious rulers think it best lo keep them on low diet such as turnips, oat meal, and potatoes and also to make it hard for them to get a sufficiency even of this sort ol (odder ! Seriously how much longer, in the name oi outraged Immunity, will "patient Jol Bull " endure this atrocious injustice from the hands of an oppressive and worse than use less aristocracy? whoso chief aim seems to be to aggrandizo thomsclves at the expense of " toiling millions " vampires who suck the very life-blood of the nation, who, in outrage of hcavcn-appo;nted justice, reap where thoy have not sown, and riot upon the extorted earnings of the poor man's toil, good only in boingg-oofi providers for them selves, and ' Only great In that strange iaell-a nami " and whoso highest aspitation and chicfest aim, is to sustain and perpetuate a splendid government at the expense of an impoverish ed people. England has much in lt;r history of which sho may justly boast; but tho brighest pago of hrr annals records no achievement of hers that can atone for her unpardonable injustico to her neglected poor whoso oft-repeated and unheeded petitions ibr redress of thoir wrongs, constitute a momument of her shame that will survive the marile memorials com memmorativo of her glory. A fearful day of reckoning awaits thers who are responsi ble for her government policy, who had in .!...! I 1- .1... ... . .ii i t wen nanus uiu means to " iced the hungry

and clotho tho naked," in obedienco to the expressed will of the benevolent Saviour, but who used them not, evea when millions of their fellow-creatures their equals, as chil dren of the same common Father were, in the midst of plenty, suffering from the stern est need : "Willing lo toil, and yet dsprired Of common wood and store of corn." But the poor man's tvronos. wn aro taurht to believe, will one day bo avenged and before a tribunal whero neither rank nor weallh can ' influence llio verdict, whero kings will bo on a level with the lowliest of their subjects and whero the decision of the infallible. Judge must be final and just. Howard. Contentment. The man who has been indulged with all the riches of this life, and thereby, as he thinks, ensured n comfortable and contented lot, is not always the content ed man. Whoever finds himself incited bv ! :!... . i. i D awillO IUIGII. JUSU u IIIISUB (Itllt'S US )6 chief end of being, should stop and consider whether he is about to engago in an under- iivm-a us ilia taking that will reward his toil. When. .ii .11 ..... tuereiore, tne aesire ot woalth is taking pos session of our minds, let us look around and see how the possession of it operates upon those whoso industry or fortune has obtain ed it. When wo find thorn oppressed with their own abundance luxurious without pleasure idle without ease impatient and querulous in thomselvcs we shall soon bo convinced that if the real wants of our con dition aro satisfied, there remains little to bo sought with solicitude, or desired with ea gerness; and more inclined lo bo contont with the lot in which Providence has placed us. All that wealth generally gives is more room for tho freaks of caprice, and moro privilege for ignorance and vice it quicker succession ot flatteries, and a larger circle of voluptuousness. Tho consequences of llio desire ol becoming ncn, and of seeming to bo so are most disastrous. Thu man wishing to keop up the appearance of riches must roll in his chariot, though arrested when he alights ; commissions must be purchasod lo gratify younger sons with a red coat an ambition which they moro than expiate un-' der the poisonous breexei of the torrid eoae, NOVEMBER 10, 1843. or the knifes of their treacherous enemies. You must havo often have remarked the stale of splendid poverty in which many a good kind of family exist, in order (as tho phrase is) 4 to live comfortably.' In God's name, wnero were those people born who cannot bo content without a footman in lace, months residence nt Brighton, and services of ptate 1 To attain these glittering objects and vio with tho moro wealthy, they will sometimes literally want food, or tho chief purtormer in this larce, having squandered tho moderate fortune left him by his progen itors, will entail hereditary starvation on a helpless succession of ill-formed mortals. Could the awkward imitators of fasliionablo manners see the ridiculous appcaranro thev constantly niako in the eye of the spectator, by attempting to rival the more opulent, and to assume nirs and graves which onlv habit and education cm rotnlui natural, iliu would blush for their folly in sacrificing mental poaco and social enjoyment for so absolute a bubble, and could they be convinced of the miseries to which they are being led, they would gladly desist trom the unavailing pur suit. Man Ovehboakd. On the morning of the 10th of November, 1835, 1 found myself on tne coast ot ualicta, whoso lofty moun tains gilded by the rising sun, presented a niagniiicicni appearance. 1 was hound lo Lisbon ; wo passed Cape Finisterre. and Standing further out to sea, speedily lost sight ofland. On the morning of the 11th the sea was very rough, and a remarkable cir cumstance occurred. I was on the forecas tle, discoursing with two of tlie sailors ; one of them, who had but just left his hammock, said, 1 1 have had a strange dream, which 1 do not much like, for,' continued he, point- I ;e ;'o to the mast, ' I dreampt t!:;t ! fell in- .t, sea "Om tho cross-trees.' Ho way heard to say ,S" ,l.v several of the crew be sides myself. A mo.::"1 1,10 ca'tu,n of the vessel perceiving thai UtC squall was increasing, ordered the topsail to L'P 'a'''-'n on, whereupon this man with several ollit.-s instantly ran aloft; the jard was in the act if being hauled down, when a sudden gust of wind whirled it round with violence, and a man was struck down from the cross-trees into the sea, which was working like yeast below. In a few moments ho emerged ; I saw his head on the crest ef a billow, and in stantly recognized in the unfortunate man the sailor who a few moments before had related his dm a m. I shall never forget the look of agony he cast while the steamer hurried past him. The alarm was given, and everything was in confusion ; it was two minutes at least before the vessel was stopped by which time tho man was a considerable astern ; I still, however, kept my eye upon him, and could see he was struggling gallantly with thn waves. A boat was at length lowered, but tU rodder va unforiuntitnly not at hand, and only two oars could be procured, with which the men could make but littlo progress in so rough a sea. They did their best, however, and had arrived" within ten yards of the man, who still struggled for his" life, when I lost sight of him, and the men oil their return said that they saw liim below the water at glimpses, sinking deeper nnd deep er, his arms stretched out and his body ap parently stiff, but they found it impossible to save him ; presently after, llio sea, ns if satis fied with tlie prey which il had acquiird, be came comparatively calm. Tho poor fellow who perished in this singular manner was a fine young man of twenty-seven, the only son of a widowed mother; he was the best sailor on board, and was belovcn by all who were acquainted with him. This event occurred on the lith of November, 1835; the vessel was the London Met chant steam ship. Truly wonderful are tho ways of Provi dence ! Horroto's Bible in Spain. HOW TO ESTIMATE MANKIND. How i til portant is the lesson which leaches us not to measure mankind bv ideal standards of mo ralily ; for to imagine too fondly that men are Gods, is to end by believing that they are demons ; the young pass usually througl a period ot misanthropy, and the misanthro py is acute in proportion lo their own gen erous confidence in human excellence. Wo the least forgivo faults in those from whom wo the most expected excellence. But out of thu ashes of misanthropy benevolence rises again ; wo find many virtues where wo had imagined all was vice many acls of disinterested Iriundship where wo had fanci .i .. ii , , .. - . fu an was calcination ami Ir.iucl and so gradually, from tho two extremes, wo pass ,0 'l0 proper medium, and, fueling that no human being is wholly good or wholly baso, we learn mat true knowledge ol mankind which induces us to expect little, and forgive much. The world cures alike tho optimist and the misanthrope. Without this proper and sober cslimato of men, we have neither prudenco in thn affairs of life, nor toleration for contrary opinions ; we tempt (he chea ter, and then condemn him. Wo believe so strongly in ono faith, that wo would sentence issenters as heretics. It is oxnerience , .... . . . . .. ulonu 'lla l""" "'at ha no is discreet Is sel . belrauJ. and m,t f '. P'- ions which wo condumn, often spring the actions wo admire. Cutting Retort. Two gentlemen, Mr. D. and Mr. L., stood candidates fur a scat in tho legislature of New York. They were violently opposed to each other in politics. By some artifice, Mr. D. gained the election. When ho was returning home, much elated with success, he met nn acquaintance, to whom he observed, Well, 1 have got (ho election : L. was no match for me. I'll tell you how I flung him. If there happened any Uiitch voters, 1 could talk with them and there I had the advantage of him. If there were any frenchmen, I could talk French with them and there I had the advantage of him. But as lo L,, ho was a clever, hon est, sonsibla little fellow.' ' Yes, sir,' re pliod the gentleman, ' and there he ad the advantage of you. Selected. If there is any many who may eat his bread at peace with man and God. it is that man who has brought that bread out of tho earth by his own honost industry. It is cankered no fraud, it is wet by no tears, it is stain- by no blood. Culmam VERMONT LEGISLATURE. . . Tuesday, Ocl. 31. Prayer by the Chaplain. SENATE Hesoluliims. TW Mr. s, for a joint assembly this forenoon at 10 o'clock fortho election of a Bank Inspector; passed. I'roir. the states of Indiana anil Georgia, refer red to commilteo on the subject of slatury. Jteporls if Coimnittecs. Tho Judiuiary com mittee reported tho House hill fnnlm miinci;,,,. of taxes assumed on real ei-tatc ; read a third time and opposed by Messrs Cahoon and Camp; .H.WUUIIIII jir urijjgs, lain on tne tauic. I ne senate went into joint assembly; on their return, Mr Brings, from Judiciarv committee, report, ed House bill relating to imprisonment of debt ors, with proposals to amend by strikin" out imprisonment of debtors," and insertin" "nro. CPKO" nilrwito,! . .l .1.1.1 .! , 1 , vr ti i a iniru time anu passed. ...i . m.n,iuii, irom committee on petition o fc;ili,ili?K,!!,.l.?niv,!.iSll.w,VrS-rf-,fsrred sov.nra bdlialtefKiFilaiffc lliem all m one, reported a hill accordingly. Mr Starr moved to lay the bill on tho table lust ; mo oin was oruoreu 'o be read a third time and be engrossed. Mr Briggs, from the Judiciarj committee, reported the House lull re.a'ing to recognizances of sheriff's; tho bill was laufon thu table, the caso being provided for in tho con stitution. Mr Hriggs, from tho same committee reported a hill relating to the grand li, in al teration of an act approved Nov. 11, 1811 ; read twice, and ordered to be engrossed and read a third time. Mr. Dutton, from committee on Li brary, reported that limy had examined into the state or tlie Library, and found it to have been kept neatly and in good order. Mr A. Allen called up tho hill relating to the militia ; it wai read a third time and na.,snd. The House hill for the relief of tho town of (ilastenhury was taken up. supported by Mr. uuuer ana opposed uy AlrSargeant, and pass ed. Tho bill relating to process was read a third time and passed. The bill to pay Win. Maxli.un a certain sum, was read a third time, and on motion of Mr Cutis I amended, directing the Auditor of Accounts to dra;v fn tne treasury lor the payment of thi claim : me WH then passed. The bill reiuti."? to the repairing of bridges was read a third timo ai.o pscu. The bill relating to the sale cf property on at ti.-'im"' u mesne process, was re".d a third time ann.'.iJ 011 ll'e tal)!c- TIip I. ill :.iT,.?riiii."ir sec 18, chap, 18,'It. S. was taken up; Mr E. A.'.'n .rued that it ho indefi nitely postponed. The bill vai debated by Messrs Duiton, Farr, Hutler, Brt" Vxm, Cults and Head, and the uiutiun to polpond wa: carried yeas 21, nays 9. Hills introduced. Mr Read introduced a bill repealing tec. 0, chap. U3, U.S. ; which was read twice and referred to Judiciary committee. Mr Griswold introduced a bill constructing the 7th sec. of the act of 18 13, relating lo the militia; read twice and referred to committee on Milita ry Affairs. Mr Read called up the bill relating to capital punishment, and moved to amend by shortening tho time from the sentence to the execution from ono yar to six months, tuppportcd by Messrs Head and A. Allen, opposed by Messrs. Butler, UrigL's and I'lumb, and lost ; the bill was ic.id a third lime and passed jcis 2.", iinjo f. Mersrs Dutton and Camp ucro excused from further attendance during the session. The Seiutu adjourned. Prayer by the iiv. Mr Ii.illou. HOUSM Hills Introduced. Hy Mr Wright of Shoreliam, from committee of Ways and means, malting appropriations for the support of government, which was ordered to a third read. nig ; in audition to the act relating to public ac counts, which was ordered lo a tid reading. In relation to tho duties of hank commissioner, which was oidorud to a 3d reading. Hy Mr. 1'erk. a Ipunrr ttrin nt rnnrt lit v fisliiiirrtiin county (toSd Tuesday in April and November) iwncn was referred tojudiciary committee. Petilitms referred. Of R. S. Temiey and oth ers, to the (Jcncral Committee. Of M. W Smith and others, to genera) committee. Resolutions. The resolution from tho Senate to adjourn on I hiusd ly next, at 7 a. ni. was con curred in. By .Mr. Jewell, inquiring whether a revission ot lolls on Winouski turnpike is not required ; passed. Fiom the Senate, for a joint assembly this morning lo elect bank commis sioner and bank committee; concurred in. By .ur mougeir, as to ti:e expediency ot protnuitin towns from selling Vermont reports ; passed. Rewrts of Committee; II v the committee on military atl'urs, that it is inexpedient further to legisi ito on mo sutijucts ot compensation to the militia, anil election ol otiiccrs, and on the mill tia generally. By judiciary ci inmitlee, that i is riot expedient or constitutional to tax bache. lors for the support ol" indigent maiden ladies. Tlie judiciary comuiiticu was discharged Irom the petition of Susan Di.v, and it was referred to tlie general coiii iutteo. Jiy committee on roads, bill granting a lerry to uarry Mill, which was amended on motion of Mr Davis of N. bv tub- jeeting the act to legislative control ; the bill was supporleu by .Messrs Wiuslow, Laduo and Wliittemore, opposed hy Messrs Rice uf Somer set, Davis of N. and Ilolcomb, and ordered to a Ud reading 111 to -10. By select committee, against petition of L. F. Waternmi, and others, for the anexation of Greensboro' to Caledonia County ; prayer of the potitioners supported r- M..r ,.,,,1 ,...,,......1 i... m.. ii.i.i. i i ..it .hi. u'.uui urj.mtn ujr .ucssia uiuumi H1IU Flint of Lowell, and tho petitioners had leave to ivitnuraw. The Senate came in and the fullo-vimr cloc. lions were nude : llilaud Hall, of Bennington, Bank Coimnis- sioner and Bank Committee. Hall, 127: John S. l'ettibiine, 07 ; scattering, 4, for Commission. er ; lor uoinnmtee, nan, iui ; i iios. liirtlctt, Jr. 07 ; scattering, 2.1 CHARLES K. WILLIAMS. Chief Sustice of tho Supremo Court. nominated bv Mr Folsoin and seconded by Mr Starr, and elected vice voce, with few dissent ing voices. STEI'HAN ROYCK, 1 ISAAC F. RKDFILLD, (Assistant MILO L BRNNKIT, I Justices. DANIEL KELLOGG, J Tho three first were elected unanimously Mn .l. .1.1. t. Ui... C1.. Vll ll!U till) illl .3Ki..f IlllltlllJilll'U WUIJ lVt logg, staling that he was the choico of that iudi cial district; and the nomination wag continued with few dissenting voices. On Motion ol Mr Whittciiiurc, the 13th and l ith rules were suspended, so as to allow the ad reading of bills and thoir transmission from one House to the other. Special order. The lull in relation to tho bank act of 1810 was taken up and the title amend ed so as to read 'an act requiring tho directors of hanks chartered under tho act ot 1810 to give bunds for the redemption of their bills ;' the provision of tho act of 1810 is conditional, ithe directors sun givo ouims, me imiik Mian be re lieved from the liability of contributing to tho safety fund ; and this bill limes it obligatory on tho directors to do so. Mr Vilas supported the bill, urging that it would not be onerous to the banks, nor objectionable to' the directors, if thev were disposed to bo honest, wlulo it would allordi i i. ...,i.i, si. tir .... I uuuur But-iu nt in ihu imiuiiw mr aruur oil. nn.P,l ih. hill, ar.nirii, r that amnln .,,; i. ,L J . - , ijuncu 17 mo j'li'si'i , mm mat mis iruiu. jjr VOL. XVII No. 23. tion would bo unjust to the banks who have con' tributed to tho safety fund, and more onerous than to require the private property of Uie stock holders to be holden, as it in fact required the directors to bo personally responsible for acci dents entirely beyond their control such as fire, or a more general public calamity. Mr. Warner moved to dismiss tho bill, which motion was opposed by Mr Vilas, and supported by Messrs Warner and Stacy nyus 02 ; noes 83 ) so mo mil was dismissed Reports of Committees. Bv judiciary commit toe against bills relative to fees for service of of process, and relative to usury, and they wcro dismissed. By general commitlec against peti tion to alter tho name of the town of Ripton, and tho petitioners bad leave to withdraw. Br judiciary committee) against bill to prevent sale ot adulterated liquors, and it was dismissed ; bill regulating appeals from justices of the neaco and it was ordered to a third reading ; bill re lating to collection (if taxes on real estate, (pro viding for cases of duccase or inability of por- BUIIStj, ...lilt,, ,.lrtu.,.u , 1!. .... ..J J lo a 3d reading. By judiciary committee, bill relating to engine company No. 3 in Burlington, and it was ordered to a 3d reading. Bill relat ing to costs in civil actions (no costs to bo rc covered against plaintiff, when defendai t is dis charged hy bankruptcy, except at tho discretion of the court,) which was opposed hv Messrs Bil lings and Wiuslow, supported by Motirs Wliit temore and Hihbard, and tho question was pend ing at the adjournment. Mr Whitteinnre called uplhe resolution, post pulling tho collection of notes given for the ben efit of the University of Vermont, until the pay. incut shall be called for by a future legislature. Mr Wliittemore gave the facts in the case, when Mr Wright of S. moved an amendment, postponing for two years, on a renewal of tho notes with annual interest. Mr Davis of N. moved to amenJ the amendmont by requiring one additional responsible signer, which was agreed to, the first amendment adopted, and tho resolution passed unanimously, Adj. 2 o'clock, p. m. SENATE. Rcjmrts cf Committees. Mr. Thompson, from committee on Military Affairs, reported against House bill relating to the mili tia; laid on the table. Mr Field, from Commit, tee on Roads, reported House bill for discontin uance of a certain road in Stratton ; rejected. Mr Cutts, from committee on Claims, to which was referred the petition of Sylvester Pholpa and Jedodiah Ladd, made a report against tho prayer of the petition ; and the petitioners had leave to withdraw their petition. Mr A. Allen from committee on .lfililary Affairs, to which were referred several reports of the Adjutant Genera!, reported that no legislation was ncces" sary. Mr .. Alen, from the same committee, to which was referred the petition of tho Forest Da'? corps, reported that no legislation was ne cessary ; the petitioners had leave to withdraw their pdiition. -Uf .Uuusill, from committee on Finance, reported Hie ilom-o bill altering tho name of tho town ef O'eans to Coventry; tho bill was road a third time and passed yeas 20. nays 8. Mr Camp was excused from voting on this question. Mt Cutts, "from committee of Cliims, reported a bill to pay Edward G. Bab cock the sum of 3300, suppprted by .Vr CutU'i opposed by .lfessrs Farr, Briggs and Sargeant ; read a third time and rejected yeas 8, nayB 20. .Vr A. Allen, from committee on military affair) raported a bill construing the 7th section of an act rel itmg lu the militia, pnssed Nov. 12, 1842 with an amendment, by striking out "relating to the militia," and inserting "relating to public ac counts"; passed. Mr Griswold, Irom commit tee on Rn.ids. to which were referred resolutions from the slates of Alabama and Georgia, repor ted thatno legislation was neccessary. .Vr Bngga from committee on the Judiciary, reported bill repealing sec. 9, chip. 33, R. S.; ordered too engrossed and read a third time. Hill introduced. Mr Briggs introduced a bill relating to the 1st and 2nd judicial circuits; the 1st to consist of the counties of Rutland and Beri uington ; the 2nd to consist of the counties of ll'indham, Windsor and Orange ; read twice and ordered to be engrossed and read a ttjird time. The bill rcmoddleing tho Judiciary yls jB08. finitely postponed. The House resolution, poslponlnr- tn0 pa. moat on two notes due from the 'University of Vermont to the School Fund, war concurred in. The bill for the promotion of AgricuIture,wasU read a third timo and passed. The senate then went into joint assemble and on their rf Mini. ll.B hill srtln,i ,. ""I" of Inn keepers was read the third timo and jce.tcd. ..ti." .."'. -"7 i .7. ...... licence llio bill regulating the 1st and 2d judicial ' circuit was read third timo Jind passed. I he b.J, rehit.-y to the Grand list, in addition iO an act approved Nov. 15, 1911. was read tho third time and laid on tho table. .Vr Gaboon called up tho hill to provide fur tho collection of taxes assessed on real estate and moved an amendment which would make it substantially a new bill; the amendment was adopted and the bill then passed. The bill relating to granting licences to rctai lers, was takou tin, and Mr Ilriinrn , - rs v i v. w a,t strike out the 7th sec. chap. 83 R. S. which ia repealed by this bill: adopted, yeas 19, nays 9 : tho bill was then parsed. A message was received from llio announcing his approval of tho bills of the fol. lowing title : An act amending the charter of " Troy Conference Academy, and an act relating to Associations. Resolutions. From the House, directing tho Librarian to distribute certain public documents' concurred in. ' Mt Griswold called up the bill relating to tho grand list, in addition to an act passed Nov. 11 18H ; it was amended and passed. Tho Senate adjourned. HOUSE The bill relative to fees in civil actions (unfinished this morning.) was ordered to a 3,1 reading, Mr Billings withdrawing his mo tion to dismiss. Resolution. Hy Mr Whiteomb. diWiir, ik-i.k . rian todistributucermindocumwotsin thelibrarr lo" the several tdwnsi ) pasted. Petition referred. Of inhabitants of Plainfield, lo' tho General Commilteo. The Snnale came in. and county appointments bs-' ing comptetui, the joint assembly was dissolved. Ileiorts qf Lomwttleei. Hy select committee, bill regulating ilia lii'f iisiiiL- ig or sellers of distilled spiriti. lit.. 9.1 rn.ltn II.. I. !.' and it was rejected on the Sd readine. Hv conimii too of ways and means, bill relative to the par of Stale's attorney, which was oidered to a third rend mil. Hy committee o( claims, ncainit ihu iwittinn Syivanus Hipley. This was a claim growing oul of a suspension act, passed many cars ago, by which the petitioner claims thai he lost his iiebt. Mr Peck sup ported tho claim, saying that similar ones had alreidr been allowed, and lhat Justice requires llio Stale to' make, good the loss, as it had assumed the responsi bility of discharging llio dtbtor to this neiiiinnrr. Ha! moved lo recommit, with instructions lo bring In a bill, Mr Hice of Somerset opposed the motion; re marked that there was nu nionfoflosf to thenctliinn. er hy the act of the State. Mr Peck S4'd it might bi difficult to proves loss, )el the State had Interfered and rendered it impossible lo enforce payment.. Mr Kus concurred with the views of Mr Rice, and Mr im uaru urgeu uiai uie petitioner oucnt long since l have enforced payment from the bill, on the ground lhat ihc suspension act , was unconstitutional, ilf Peck's motion was negatived, and the petitioner h4 ICHTP IV nillUIIBW, lljr BBIIIO IWUimilieC', OH IO pV Oraody and Itice of Somerset, and ordered ti reailini' : bil to nav Richard r . Abbott. which isiiiiiu .iiati-rsun, which was sunponeq 0 MeF f a 31 . . " , i , - dec? 'l1 '"ud reading, lly general committee. , : waier. resuiaiing lees m i ouniy v.ei,i, 1,1101 to exceed t!nri annum), rafotacy moved an amendment, tj,j,