Newspaper of Burlington Free Press, November 17, 1843, Page 2

Newspaper of Burlington Free Press dated November 17, 1843 Page 2
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CHINA. Tln overland ni iil from India had arrived, bringing iiitcttiu'iicc frmii China lhat tin r.it- itiiMlitnu of tin trenly li.ul lit-en exchanged, mill a commercial treaty of tlio most favora li!o character had hern agreed nn. It v tlm commercial treaty with China th" wlioln system offers nnd presents is abolish cd. The hong iMOiclt i tits' debts have, boon iaid up. Tliu trailo is open to all nations as ..(.ll.i.tli. it. I. .Fimlisll, , linl.il i lint Vet kllDWIl whether any hut tlie English are to liavo con suls at tliu four ports. Sir Henry I'ottiiigrr proclaims tlin ratifi cation of tlie treaty, under tlalo of .Inly 22, nnd solemnly and urgently rails upon all sub jects of tlie ISiitish Crown, not only to con form and act up to tlio provisions of commer cial treaty, lint In spurn nnd make known nny base, traitorous and nnpi incipled over tures which tbey or their agents may receive from any subject of China, whether officially connected with the Government or not, to ward entering into any collision or scheme for the purpose of evading the provisions of the said commercial treaty. Ho also warns them of his determination to sen the provisions of the commercial trea ly fulfilled, aifd to adopt the most stringent nnd decided measure njaimi nfTnnilinp .r ties. Sir Hemy notifies that the great sjstem of trade would commence at Canton on the 2"th of July, 1843, from width day tlio mo nopoly of tlio bong merchants and iho consoo charges would entirely rease. The other four ports, Amoy, Furliow, Ningpn and Shanghai could not bo declared opened until an Impel ial edict to that elTect should be received at Canton. This edict was expected to arrive early in September. Measures would be taken in the interim, how ever, fur the appointment of consuls, that there might, bo no delay nflcr tho reception of the edict. CJ. Tradescant Liy, Esq. was appointed consul r.t Canton, with Mr. Thorn as inter preter. The judical functions of tlio consu late were assigned for the pi i sent to A. John son, Esq. that tho consul might devote his whole lime to tho more important object of regulating tlie trade. ! rom Mr. Johnson's award thero was to bean appeal to the chief superintendent. Tho following extracts from Mr. Lay's in structions are given : "You will hold the imstets of all voxels respond- luceo )ou,ior ino nrucny nnd pencenlile Jchi ionr of uieir uoiii 3 crews, or nny otiie-r persons bclonoing ln their respective hip., who may i it Canton, and no ' litiert f.inmi ' ti rt f,i im unin it......: .-.I ..j ...v.. v v. ';i . muling wiuioiu your previous permissiMi, obtained in wrilinjr, in answer to an application, specifying the nuuibir (nf the propri ety of which you are to consider jvurself iho jud"e,) nnd distinctly promt iiir and statins that an officer will accompany such liberty men, to look after and control the stamen or lascar's, as tho case may he. "In any instance where yon imydiscovor that sea men or others are at Canlon on hi rty, wit'-nut your pel mission, and the previous stipulations (above ad verted to) having been complied with, you will request tho commander of tier Majesty's ship which will bo Hationcd nt V.'nampoa to support your authority, to have tho seamen or others forthwith sent bsck to tnctr snips, ana you will report the circumstance to mo thai I may ndopt such farther steps as the case may call for. Von will at the saino time intimate to tho master, owner, or consignee of tho vessel from which the seamen or other-iimulhnrisodl rome, lhat all expenses nttetv'inir ilin removal of sea;n n 01 oth ers from Camon will lie chared 10 tho ship to which they belong, and will bcrecovcrcd before thoisallow cd to sail. 'In eases of pcftyfrays or a'sntlc, or tiotoiisind drunken conduct (unattended, however, with anv marked degree of violence,) in which you may he of opinioii llrit the ends of justim will h- nhtaincl, nnd a sullicient example will bo made, bv fining the often Art any sum not exceeding ten dolhrs, fir confining him for a perjod not exceeding fiveithys, vna hive my nuthority to sum. naiily decide in such ca'scs, without even recoiiling tho evidence, merelv making a mem orandum of Ihv fact in a b joU to I e kept fir thop ir pose; but in all eas'S ivhi ro yon nny consider the of fence to rail for more serious notice, von will, with inn ussistniec 01 1110 captain or h-r Majesty's ship, have ihooir.-nder placed in cnnflnoincnt itnid a formal j inv,-Miy iiiuu e.-iu no neio, nun mr wnifh i will nr rnneon hearing the particulars frn n vert. " Should you obtain poritive nnd iiicuitroverti'ile proof tint any British merchant ship on th-. liver Ins been, or is, engaged in smuggling, or evading tho p'iy msnt of iheju't dues of tho Chinese, government, as Inid down in the tariff and rcgul.ilHi nf trade, you will take immediate tncaiirrs for intimating tho same to the Chinese high officers, ami olliccrs of customs, in order that they nny, if they ilun'( proper, put a stop to sut-h 'vessel cither landi-it: or shipping f irihcr cargo as the rio may lie ; and you will li'tewisi onpiiso tie nnl"r. ownei, or ronianfe of said ship of the steps you hare taken, nnd will acouaint them tint anv attempt to orry on their sm'uyhng practices, or ' in trade in airy shape by force, in opposition to the 1 wis'ies and directions of the l'hine niiihorHirs, will oblige mn to have such ship icmovod from the river." i All this, of rotlrsf, applies nnlv to Hritish ' suhjerls'and vesstds, and it will be observed that Sir Ilenrv makes no allusion whatever! to the relations nf other countries with the Chin-so ; but the pmrl.imalinn issued by the Imperiil coiiiinissioner, Ke-Yinir, an nounri's in the vei v outet that " the tariff nf duties will take ell'ect, immediately after ie eeiving the Imperial sanction, with reference to the roliimerre of all rounliies, as well as Kncl ind." The Imperial commissioner's irnclami(iiun is of courae nddiessed e.vclu sively to ChiiKfe kiihjecl.--, tiiiil, mutatis itiu tandis i-t:to the saino efl"ert villi that of Sir Henry I'nttioger in alio English enjoining cood behavior,tco,mjr!iarice with tho regula tions, tVc. &e. I.NTKlt.WL IMl'ItOVKMKNT IN NEW H AMPSIIIKE. Tltp pxlr.tvaganco to which Democratic ptincijiles are rariied, by tho present domi nant party in New Hampshire, denies to tho government of the .Stale tho power of tak ing tho land.of individuals for the purpose of making Rail .Road. Tho condition on v.hirb".inds arn authorized to bo taken for such purposes, by till governments, is that payiifj do Iho owner a full equivalent for the vfilu'Dj'oT tlie land, and for tlio damages ho majj,ustain, if any, Horn the passing of tliu road through his estate. This question has bean the subject 'of much serious discussion in 'that Stale, as iho "round which has been taken by tliu legislature, interposes an ef- ftcHiai pbstaclo'to tlio further firoscctitiun of improvements m mis sort. ..A largo convention was held nt Ltibanon in that Slate, on the lOilt ultimo, of persons desirous of procuring tho extension of a lino of Rail Road, wdiich, notwithstanding this singular opposition has reached Concord.tbe capital of lint State, from that point to Con necticut river. On thai orcaiion Professor Haddock of Dartmouth University, made an nddres, which M the request of tho rnn Trillion, bus befit since piiMinhi'd, In thii address Professor Haddock hits discussed, i with gre.it nbilily, the question of the advan tages which result to the public from this species of improvement, and of the obliga tion of tho Statu government to aid and promote them. Snmn parts of the argument would seem quilt1 unnecessary in this Statu, hut they tiro demanded by the slato of public sentiment in New Hampshiie. Wo have read this address with great interest, and we take this oppiirlunil of introducing it to tho nolice of our readers. Prifi'ssnr Iloiiilneh ilisciisses two - . ... n.iges resulting from such improvements; nnd 2d tho powers and duly of the legislature in regatd to aid ing and promoting them. Tho first branch of the subject is presented by him in ti strong point of view, and if wo had room wc would extract some portions of his argument Hut we pass over this part for the purposo of presenting more nt length his argument on the other point, which is as follows. Wo should think it would bo qttito convincing to those members of tho New Hampshire Log. isiattiro who are accustomed to reason on such subjects. Boston Daily. "The subject of Charter-rights and Monopolies is uuiioiioieuiy n mnsi iiciicatc ami iiuncuit one. rru neiicc, great cannon tiecoincs tlio Legislature in granting them. Yet it seems essential to the very t--iiu3,it v.Mtciiiiiiem, uiai ii Miouiti no allowed a tic greo of diseictioiiirv power in reference to such priv. ilejis. Iho public good requires, sometimes, the sicnliceof pnvato livhti, ludped., nil nrt nrnmi.nl so tar as it extends, implies this. Whatever power goiernmcnt Ins is so much power taken from iho ruujrcis oi government, ntm lor tlio purposes of gov eii iiiem. ii lax is an cticroielinieiu on private- u Mgn, ui prorcrty. renames are intetrcr ences with personal righls. Thoe nro indispensable to Iho very existcce of Government. And whv thus maintain government? Why, but for tho ends nf goierumeni, ino goon wiucli government is capable of cirocting the public good-lho order and prosper Ity ot the community; , is for tluse objects that individual privilcues and rights are yielded up, or ta- ... . n iiiMiiuii oi my property is taken from me to support this snvernmcnt to defend it when whi n endangered and to give, it efficiency nt nil tunes. That is, I am taxed, and nny ho obliged to do military duty, I may bo called to nctual military service, I may bo compelled to abandon mv p-irsuits nnd !expoo my life itself, for tho public good. .ll this is wcii understood Ills all admi ted to bo right and proper, necrsscry to the vrry ends of govern ment. I am also obliged to pav for tho niaintainaucc of the poor, for the support of schools, for the erec tion of public buildings, for the opening ami impiove tnent of null c highways. All this is'cquallv well un derstood, nnd universally consented to; not, directly, for the preservation of the government, but for tho conycnienre, lh accommodation, the general benefit of tho people. Tho public good, in such cases, is held hv US alt. to illStifv tlm nnmn.il.nrv rnltmrr nf ...ll..;.!. ual ptopeny for public ues. Indeed if such infriii"c menl of privnto rutins is wrong and nnjostifnble7 if 11 "iiiic. ni i(in,uieii i1-irovernmeni shorn of iis power ; it is annihilated; there can ho no such thing as trovcrnmenl. "Mm on the principle involved in all these acts of government, now is it possible to doubt that the Le gislature may liy out a road over nny man's land, for obvious public ends 7 If the purposes of govern ment require mo to yield up a portion nf my income in the form of a tax, w hy nny not these saniepurpo scs of government require mo to patt with a portion of my land? If I may, for tho common benefit, be eoninelhd to civj tin mv life even, shall I Im illnu.wl to place my fool on an acre of Iho common soil nnd ay to the government. This i3 mine mine beyond the control of the very government which gives men tills to it-mine against iho well-being nnd happiness of tho wholu body politick 1 Certainly no reasonable- man can go so far. " The rights of individuals ao nnterinl; they ore sacred, t his is tho general doctrine. It is funda mental in freego.erumcnts. Itutthcn, have not tho I ubhc rights as well asindividuals? Is the Commu nity nol.ody, nothing? Among iho rights of imlivid iuls H the right to tho aid of tho government the common arm in doing what individuals, unaided, cannot do. And has not tho government power to nllijrd this mil. Most certainly t ii is tho proper office of government, tho very end for which itwasinsti tittul. "In tho exercise of this power those who adminis ter the government arc responsib'o to tho people, and nro hound to ue their best discretion. It is a power inri lent to the sou'al stale, It is assumed tint it will lie wisely exercised. There is no leauon to doubt that in the. long run, it will bo o. Our Legislators may he presumed to bo from among nur ablest, most aen sible, and most trust worthy citizens. As matter of fact, they generally are so. Let us, then, entertain no idle fears of ahusn nf power. Let us not cripplu nnd enfee'do the arm of government, lest, with tlie ability to do trond, it should misuse tint nhilitv and do evil. There is an e.xtremo of distrust, as well ns of confidence. There is dinger from too little pawer no less Ihnnfrom loo much. We nnv nnicasonahlv confine the spirit of auth inly, and ahndga the good influence. of legislation. It crcms tn mo tliernis a dispo-iiiion to do so in ihis instance. All wanton in terference ith personal richts should n di-co.inte-jianced and condemned. I'm if the public conven ience require a new road, and ibis ro.id mu-t ho undo across my land, shall I bosiifferel to speculate out of tliu community, or to insist mv legal i . ... v .m ... ,.. ii,.-.iu(i il.ii .... ii.'i'iiii, ' ngiiinst nn. uiami-'st n't vantage o ih whole I'libhe? ! u.iinmpinin, is progressing tnptdly. Tlie road is gra ls thereno way to meet such o'isiv-ln to the general lo I to Waltham, an 1 the rails are laid to within half pr.ispeiuy? Thero must certainly In light some-, a mile of tho Massas.ul House, 10 miles out of lloston where to snhj-ct individuel cup dilv to tho common 1 ,irl,l will be finished In that point ihis week. From weal; there must ho in society powr to cAl'i-i tho I Waltlnm through Concord to froton, thirtv-two i nils of so-iety to secure, on thi wind , iho greatest , miles from Huston, nearly two-thirds of thnpr.idingis nlt.un ible amount nf iudividual prosperity, which is, completed nnd iho road-bed will bo ready for iho re in other words, tho public prosperity. ception of the rails before the opening of spring. Kour "It is objected, that tho general doctrine hein hid thousand tons of rai's, in nddiiinn to five hundred pro down doc3 not apply in this ease, inasmuch ns ilio viously ordered, mi l sufficient to rench Kitchburg, legislation proposed is eVn-cted to benefit, not tlm Ifive been purclnsed in England by Messrs. Derby puldr, but tho petitioners, tho Cornorntiou. and that ct Crocker, nt n very low figure, nnd have since nil the grant nf nut h iri y to loko laud is hut n grant of vanrcd in vahwnhou! SI per ton ; n large portion has nulhori'y to Inke finui individuals lor the benefit of in- 1 ''ecu piiil fir an I has either arrived oris on its way. liividua's. Tho answet is, that the reaoinlleged for 1 ''"h" capital subscription I bus far is S7.'0,000 of the g. mt of p v.-rr is not the private nthnntago of tho which about 5300 000 h is been actually paid in, much Coiporniinn, hut the pubhe necommoiliition. Tlio I f in, advance ofassi-ssinents. Tho' Depot nccom road wi I bo as miie'i a public, benefit, as if the public mo.l.itio'i extend front tho AVIan depot on Warren were to own it. Tho public must pvy iutern-t on the bridge to Prison I'uint bridge eniprhc'uig nhout 2,00tl ripi'nl, hi olhir words must pay toll on the road, if feel of water front and neirlv twenty ncres of land, (hey make it mi I n.vii it ihcmclvr. They have no ' n"'l 'he passenger and freight depots will bo nearer nmro to par, if, under nrnn'-r ronulalions. imlmdnsta I thecentru of business in loston than the llnstnn snrl own theroal. At the sama time, the n-.ldic rniov . iho u e of private capital in rrccling public works. i i- , . . .i,,,.. , r. ,., ,.,.--. ,,1- iiiniiey n, r,p. Vortiuiily lo purchase sloe-k t tho.-o who havn no snr plus capital thus to invest, have novel iheless, nil the us' nf tht public vyorl.s, at a fair rate, withouUiaving c iniribiitol inwards their election capital which they roul-l not well spare. " In every vie y therefire, w-hi-h I am able to tako ofihis gnat woik, wheilur I look at it upon the most I'.i-ioi- d n-in 'ip'e , or with ref.jromw t.i our own morn imiiiidiniii intcit-s.li, nnd iho true spirit nt Ifep'ibliean L'-gislation, there fieuns to n-e but onn conclusion. Is it mn a rational propel Is ii not n wio anil pa. tr.oiie. undcrt.i in?! Il cannol but tend tn lessen the (lisadvaniaccsof our loesl posnion in lefercnei; ti tho great nnketsid tin win 1 1, It will inevitably raise lh v liw-ifo ir real e-snit.-t it vvifl exeiti- tho prndttc ti n nf am les fr which wc lnvu now no market ; will s-ive i.mnen'.o sums now expended in transporta tion i nnd, bv n Ming to tho rapidity and comfort of travelling, will ad I to the happiness of all this portion of the cuuiitrv, " 1 1 is on" of ihos2 Public improvements, which g) to ntiaeh iho people to (In ir native Sinto. nnd to check the disposition, nlriM 1y tun much encouraged in tho old .States, t m a better tail and brighter prospects in the Inundless nnd romantic West, Tho worst fea ture of ilui emigraii'Mi i, that it carries away nur most enterprifin? young men, young men nf enlarged views, of strong powers, of high ni.ns and, often, with small capitals, rendered doubly vnlinbloto themselves aa I ih" community, beai.o accumulated by their vvn iutlustrVi ntul therefore pledges of yet greater suc cess nnd iiscfultifs" in nmurcrlife. "This is one of iIiofo occasions, on which e,- hare ill a common interest the farmer, the mechanic, the I s uueni, nittdiviue uio iminoi leisure ana ihelahorer tho capitalist and the poor man. Whatever adds to Ihn real prosperity of the business portions of society ;s friendly to nil pinions. ,'n u'aes of citizens is wholly unnff-cted by tho enterprise nnd nctivitv of anv other class. Least of nil aro ihev, whoso peculiar bu'iness it is to Rtudv tho improvement of tho public mornls nn 1 intelligence. Education, mental nnd mo ml, depends not wholly noon schools nnd iho Pulpit. Th" Legislature is n school master and a Priest; the Law is a public teacher, (invemnient silently nets nnon us, for good or evil, from infancy to nge, from high to low. Where largo views nnd noble principles mark the action ofpuhlic men, whero justice is foith. fidlvndininislcred.therellioLegislatiireand tlio Courts nf Law nro co-workers with iho Pulpit nnd tho Schools, tint illiberal Legislation, unequal, unjnst, tyrannical, or timid nnd time-serving political nciioti never fails to exert an unwh olesnnie and degrading influence upon Ihn public character. Temptations nrn he 1 1 out by it to frnnd nnd ciinnin", to meanness and ntnbilinn. Intelligence, public spirit, high honor, nil moral greatness is rebuke I. Success and respecta bility como In bo nssociated, in mens' mmJs, with lit- lienes nun low nns. It is equally true, though it may not bo so obvious, tint llie improvement of the cjinmon nrts of life, ih melioration of tho soil, new facilities of wealth nnd persons! advancement, heller modes of production snd trnnsportntian, nil favor Iho great interests of cd rcntirn nnd religion; all foster uitelligencs nml good feeling. Adversity hvh its uses, "sweet ntul neeesia. ryj" tint it hath its evils ton. Times of general mif. term; nro t'nnmif grrnl I nmotaliiies. Eiubnrrn.i- incut ami want, or fear of want nnd of disgrace, ven ture upon bold efforts 'or n Inf. Kmbcuztcinctit, do- nic-ilion, forgery, suicim1, iii-nnncsiy nun vkhjik in tin ir in v rind tonus, nro tliu de'pci ate resort of tried and over tempted humanity, rourty, leu or icaico, exhausts the inriiis or education, and dries tip tlio chaiilicsof Ihoheatt. Noth ngis so rucl.lt ss, limiting so eiuel ns waul. Nothing is so unfriendly to tho kindly influence of trtitli or ot mercy itscii, panic sourness nnd distrust, tho envy nnd recrimination, of a ikl'cntcd, indebted, tortured people. Go build n Col lege nny where but whcie tho young can find nothing cleTi to do but to go to College. Volt may ns well nourish a plant in tho desert, ns cultivnto good learn ing in a poor country. It nourishes only where, great objects nml largo enterprises call for cultivated mtcl Inf., a nml t.K.ifnl noiln wiiim Is. where bii.b eharne'er and strong minds nro wanted to meet tho dcniands of society. An cxtcmiing commerce, nuvn "."K """i prosperous industry in anv ienartnicnt of life, givo vl l..ii,j lociucation, clcvalo Its tone, and extend Us sphere. "And as for religion, givo mo a Parish, not where palsied industry lies dumb an l dcafi not where baf lied enterprise frets and stings itself to madness) not whero uncertainty hangs over every pursuit, nnd hope drooping and broken, is crawling into mortified ob scurity; l ilt rather, much rather, .vhere prosperom labor sheds its cheerful light, and aspiring enterprise, weaving often, it is true, dreams of extravagance nnd folly, is yet nourishing sturdy virtues, which, if not themselves of tho Knmily of the Christian Graces, nte cousins gcrinan to them nil " I'rom tlie ltichmond Whig. Col. Johnson's opinion of Mr. Clay. Mn. F.m-ron t I nm opposed to iho nrncticc of eiv ing publicity to fire-side conversations, but when the leader of n great parly, in a respectable company of ins ieiiuw-Liu7.uiiH, uuiiiposeu oi uuui puiuicoi panics makes use ot languago either in prniso or derogation of a political opponent, I consider it no breach of propriety to give his voluntary testimony to tho worm. On the 30lli of Sentemher Inst. Col. Johnson, be ing in Staulon Va,, a number of gentlemen paid him tho respect of calling to seo him. One of tho compa ny remarked to him, " Colonel, when you reach the Hail Koad Junction, voit will ho near tlio Slashes or Hasoveh. Tho honest old wnrnor s faco untnedi nlelr til no trill, nil cmrluil Of Slllrrilll' nnd lilpno. tire, and ha eloquently said t "I should he delighted to sec lhat place. Kverv spot of L'round Henry Clay touches he immortalizes. 1 have been in public life. tin iui iv ve;irs, ana in inai nine navo necn associated with nil the rrreat men nf the ennnirv. r.rnvion n... Madison and Gallatin, who were old men wnenl first stepped upon tho Ihenlre of politics, 1 will place Jcf- icrsoii nrsi, men iienry uiay. no is n pcrlect Her cules in nil tho nualities that can ndorn human nn lure. Some men may excel him in a single quality for instance, Webster may bo a greater logician, or some may bo more renowned for deep research, hut tnl.c Clay all in nil, ho has not nn equal in the Union, either in tho North or tho Somh the East or the iest. in morat courage in physical courage in I atriotism, nnd in every noble quality, he is without "uperior. i nave neen associated with him on com mittees in connexion with nnllmnn t.nu.nJM Checves, Webs'er nml other distinguished individii' nis, tun Ulay was always the master spirit. We looiico. up lonunnsiiieAi-ixTelaniont nndbv h i counsel wo wcrn guided m our deliberations. If the rest of tho committee assembled before him nnd w;cro in doubt about how to proceed, when lie made ma appearance, nil eyes weio turned upon him (here tho Colonel renreqenf...! lit- m.i.i,. n...l sion how ihty looked) and wo were certain to bo right when wo followed his opinion. He is a great man. a verv rrrpm man ' "a I havo ffiven vn ii. . . . I do not sunnoso that Ins nraisncafi "t-kHS- AMfP the staturn of Clay" yet it may serve to show to the uciiiurmcr. inai in iiienpinion ot onoot their lending ...u.., .....,.....-. Miunaier in numan iteali ill . riniu ui mem auppuso nun 10 oe. ONE WHO IIEAUD. .In-teresti.sc. Intkluoences rno.M Canada Ad vices from KingStrn nrO (if more than rnmmnn inl,,-. est. q he sea' of government question was decided in both houses of the I.eeislaluae. on thnSrd nn.l Jil, instant, in fnor of tho government plan In wit, tho rcmoval tnMnntrc.il. In tho House tho resolutions proposcct tiy ,ir. liaidwm, to tln effect, were carried by a largo m ljority- 51 to 27 after an excited debate ui uvu nays, ami strenuous opposition, manifested by warm spcerhes nnd nlso by tlio proposal of numer ous amendments, which wero successfully voted dow-n. The Inst of Huso wns that tho House should be dissolved and an appeal made to Iho people by a new election. The volo on this was 23 to 31. Thus the ministry have triumphed in tho House beyond thnr highest expectation. The resolutions wero taken to t'le Legislative Coun cil on tho 1th nnd there, after nnothcrwarm debate, tho di'cussion wis made the order of tho day for tho 9ih. Our readers may remember that the resolutions wero onco rejected In the Council, somoof the mem tiers being absent, and the point made against them wr "'i" ,i":i X5'IJ n1tr,:mn "P "Sni" for con- This point being overruled, iho Hon. Mr. Morris rose, nndo his protest against tho decision come to, and announced his -'mention nf withdrawing from all farther participation in (he .action of tho Council. lie then left tho chamber and was followed by twelve other members, .Messrs. Do lllaquiere, Kurguson, Crooks, Sherwood, Hamilton, Draper, McDonald, A. Frnzer, Washburn, M'Kay, Dickson nnd .Macau ley. Tho Speaker also, in pulling the question, de clared bis opinion tint the proceeding wns unconsti t it lion nt, and that if sustained by tho majority of tho Council ho could no longer consent to occupy the clnir. The Kingston N'mvs of iho 6ih nnnounces tli" elec tion nf Edmund Murncy, Esq. for the countyof Has tings. .Mr. Muiney. we believe, acts with tho anli Ministcrinl party. .V. V. Com. Adr. i Erorn the Uoston Transcript. FiTcusimn Hailiiovu, This important lino of connntiniuation, destine I cm long to bring Boston "....ui ... uu. i iii. mi , aim Auveii ui i,aiec Providence rail-road depot. The accommodation foi 1... 1 ............... .1 . . -r i:. business will Imgiea'cr than lint of any lino entering the city, nnd has been secured nt n low price. The Company lnvu departed from tho practise of other lines out of iho city in thrio particulars; they have taken five rods (a ireiierous wi th) for iho lino to avoid fiitureexpcusi s in widening ; they nre putting in litre o hundred extra sleepers each niile, to give greiters security and prrmnncn'o to the tracki thev nre building a permanent fence, -instead nf leaving it to be neglecti d by the farmers. The contracts which e.x'end lo Eitehhiirg 13 milesj are very low. vi, II cents per cubic yard of rarth and l.ini-e rock, including the expense, of moving the materials, nu.1 aro below the. estimates. Michigan- Election, liy the Detroit Free Press (L. of Wednesday evening wo havn rome returns ot uio .Michigan election, "Inch came off last Monday and Tuesday. In tho city nf Detroit tho Loco majority for Gov. Hirry, candidate for re-election, is 58; for McClel land, for t'oncress, over Howard, 153. Wayne- county has nlso given n Loco majority, but how much was not ascertained. The Free Press also claims a Loco majority in Washtenaw, I ut Iho few re tains given do not indicate such a result. In Jnckson nnd Oakland counties tho Locos have probably succeeded. Judging from these returns the Locos hnvo elected their Governor, and two nf the three Congressmen to which the State is enlil'ed. uugaia i am. ,-Kc. Tho Michigan Loco Foco nnners claim the re-ehc lion of Gov." Harry, by n large majority, the entire Congressional delegation, and a majority of both uiuutiirs ui ino legislature. 37T JoitM (Iri.scY Adams was expected at Cincin nati tin tho morning of tho Blh mst. which is tho date nf our Inst ntiviees. Ho hnd been received with th highest honors nnd a universal nut-pouring of the rcopiont everyplace wnercne stopped on Ins r cuto ut l-.rie, Pa. Cleveland, Akron, Ac. Ho has consent ed to deliver a lecture nt Louisville, Ky. nnd the tare est Chinch in the City had been engaged for the oc casion. nnd would be crowded. This testimonial to the worih nml services of Mr. Adams is the more striking as tendered by n shve-lioldiiig community, which, it is popnlntly supposed, never tolerates an open ("pponcnt of slavery. Finn akii Loss or Lifh. Wo liavo pri vatu information of a most painful occur rencf , last niolit, at Novrark Ni-ck. A fnini ly, coiiMstinj; of tlm liusliant, wife, a sou and n (lauclitcr, liatl nist tnovuil into n lintiso up on tliu Nuck, coming from Ualiway. Last (vonin" tliov wt'ro out visitinc n friend, nnd had no firo in their own liousu ; nuvurlliclcss tlio liouso was cntisunicd by urn, in the course of tlio night, and nil but tlm husband perish ed In tho flames, ho being saved with much (lillinilty. Wo coultl not learn tho name. Tho ngfis of tho son and daughter wero 13 nml It) respectively. 1TUMH. Deer nnd bears were never mora numerous than they have bce-p this season, One man on Lycoming creek, Pn., Insi week, killed three bears within hnlf a miloiif his liaise; nnothcr two, several one, making twenty in' nil, n a district of a fow miles. A Ilf.vAWAV Postmaster. Tho Postmaster Gen eral offers a rcvard of three hundred dollars for the rc-arrcst of Ttornlnn IL Freeman, postmaster nt Carroltoni Misxiuri, said Frccmnn having been nrres tcd asa robber if the mail, and made his cscnpo from Iho innrshll. V. Y. Com. Atlt. All Saints' diy vvna celebrated nt Xcw-Orlenns by visits being mtelo to cemeteries by the friends of Iho dead to deposit jntbndi on their tombs. Melanchom Accipest. Ship Crnvnn, llrnv, sailed from Nekhuryport yesterday, nt noon fur N Orleans, nnd the pilot boat in returning was capsized, nnd two of tlm best Newbnrypott pilots, Messrs. Vim. Colby nnd Jeremiah Lunt, wero drowned. They wero both yo-jng men, nnd have left families. lios. Coxir. AsoTtiEn STEAStsitp. An English paper says a new stenm vessel is nj ttJ commenced forthwith on tho slip where tho Wo-cestcr was constructed. Sho is to bo ono of tho larrest over bin'!.', ns her length vvillcxccrd hy twenty. firo foct thai of the largest 120 gun s up in the Royal Navy. Her engines will ha of eigne nuiiureu norso pnwei and she is to bo called tho Terrible. Mr. I.nng, Jr., msstcr shipwright, of Dent ford, will be Iho builder. Killed iiv a Whale. Letters received in this city from Cppt. Reed of the ship Cnndace, of this port, states that Dudley Ln.x, second mate of said ship, was killed by I blow from a whalo on Iho flih of June. last, on thcN. W. Coast. Mr. Lax wns a native of tmsciiy. ,-vett) intlon Uaz. HnnTFor.) and New Havek Kail Road. An instalment if ten dollars on each share of the Ex tension stofc hns been called for bv the Directors, payable lSthinst. New York stock-holders can pay at the UmonBank in lhat city. Tlie Extension slock is thatrecenty subscribed, for tho purpose nf extend ing the Rond o Springfield. The last p the Coaches Within the past week the onlycoach that has been left on tho road from llnstol lo'.ondon (the Princo of Wales,) ceased running. Ihornlroad monopoly is now, therefore, complete hnglVt l'aprr. Junction or nu Atlantic and Pacific Oceans. The contract intcred into hy tho Horings, with tho Republic of Ne'-Grcnnda, for the construction of a ship canal acrtis tne Isthmus of Datien, provides for ceding to thi company tho line for the projected work, with eighy thousand acres of land in the inte rior. Tho Bariigs appear in tho conttact not as offi cial ngents of tie Hniish Government, but as British subjects. NatUbal Cbiositv. A pieco of honey-comb, weighing abouti half n pound, and completely petri fied, was left a this office some davs since, for the purpose of beitj presented to the Illinois Historical

Society. It wai found a few years ago in Iowa, by the Hev. John Wlham, formerly of this county, and is in a. stale of geat perfection tho honey cells being mostly filled vvth petrified beo-brend and retaining their usual form It is one of the greatest curiosities oi me Kina wnui lias ever lallcn under our notice. Alton TcUgraj. ursiiiAN lo.ONIzATION r ALL liXPEDITIOM TO Cape Palmas. The ceremonies on Monday attend ing the embarkttion nt Baltimore of about 60 colored cmtntgrants, mie and female, sent out hy the Mary land Colonizatiol Society to the colony of Capo Pal mas. in iho new.aml beautiful bnrtt 'I.nln.lii. ' t'nnl John E. Allen, vcro said to bo of a most impressive nnd solemn chancier. Indian Nsvvs. Tho Arkansas Intelligencer cf the J'l'.r". "' , '"V 'l v"M r-."i" !"- ' met the (,umancic nnd other Indians at their coun cil upon Red Itiv-jr. We nro gratified to learn that a friendly feeling exists among all parties, and that am icable negotiations nre in progress. Next week we hope to be able lo inform our rentiers ot tho result. The Choctaws ind Chickasaws aro sitting in Nation al Council at .Ciamceche. Thu Cherokee National Council is in session nt Talentiah. Tho Creek Na tional Council has adjourned. We aro pleased to learn that crops havo been good throughout the Indian country." . A gray Eagle, measuring 7 feet 3 inches from tip to tin of wings, was shot in Walpole, N. II. on the 30ih Mr. Joel Mayo, tho lucky marksman, reports the I-.agle to liavu been ns lamp ns j fnt! ...,... rr..v Key. COPPEH Mivr Till, minnr.l ..fAnl,l. T .1.- . ... . , . - "."nn wi iiiu meal west is vastly increasing in importance; not a year passes hut that now discoveries nro made. Dr. John ii V "iscovcrcti upon Ins premises nt Copper Harbor, ISO miles from theSault St. Mnrv.in Michi. pan, a mine of copper ore of the richest kind. Specimens have been nnalyred, mid it tins been nio nuunced that the ore will yield 33 per cent, of nuio copper. ' There is a man travelling ne-er il,n vneirn 3.A.a ineatuuig niiacxtiorimg who calls himself nn Indian nnd says he is a brother to Oceola, the famous Semi nole. He pretends to havo been converted to Chris- wmiX .rrTfl, ,Wv;ai,,on .KVID JTOSTiSippciied when lie was a child. Ho says the light was visihlu to him for ten hours of a dark night, during which ho heard a votce calling lam, which he afterward ascertained to iiiivr tuinti irom nuove out whclhcr it spoke in the l-.nghsh or Seminole language, ho has not disclosed. Ho boasts of liavinp in his nooooim, il... ;.l.,.:.t rifle with which he shot down several of our fellow citizens, and th.- after the kansat Gaz. ' Minute MECiiANisM.-By a measurement lately ade by ono skilled in curiosities, it is found that the le worm s thread is so fine ttmt nna .un.i e :. will extend a dis'atico of one hundred anil ciohty-livc miles and mnetv-two feet while ibe in,o r a common spidtr's thread will reach two hundred and twelve mile and seventy. four feet. TitVNKSotviNc. fiov. liouck recommends Thurs le r" .'1'?f December to bo observed as a day of Thanksgiving in that State. TIIK ANNEXATION OF TKXAS. Thoro seem.' no reason tn ilnnht. (mm ilm indications in the .Uadtsonian ami otlier quar torp, that Jeiiic Tyler will rccominoml to the next Congress, substantially, tl0 Annexation of Texas to th United States! Tho repents of dissension aid an apprt'liendcd explosion in mo kuuiiiui. uii im nnd oiiicr sunjccis may or not bo woll founded ; hut that tho Message will talk largely of designs of Great Uritain on Toy. as, the untiring machinations of the Abolition- tstF, and tho ncccfsilyof rounlci acting tlieinhy Fonio prompt and decisive action with regard to Texas, appears certain. If this project of Aimextvtinn ho fnrmiilablv backeil and vijromtiKlv iitislinl. it will Inr a timi ovcride all part; considerations. Tlie Free niaies, wiuiout logard to parly, can never agree to the addition nf.a vast new territory t ir do- minion in vv!uc( the mi?onous iccil of Slavery has already beoi thickly fowii. The serious proposal of it vvi'l arottFo a resistance to which the Missouri px-.iteinunt was a trifle. Hut it cannot bo stron;ly pressed. Mr. Van Huron and his frieiids wll keep out of it.ivliilo the load ing Whig journip, oven of the .South, have a! ready cnndcinuei it. Mr. Calhoun's friontltunay go in with Mr.t'ylor, but they will not makoa great force, all Did. Wo beliing tlm iiroicct nf Annexation canwt Fcr.uro nvor fifty votes in tho House and twelto in tlm Senate. Vet wc shall watch tho course of tlio demonstrations with a lively interest. I'ribunt. VKUiMJiST FORKVEK! Tho aiincxol hrief paragrntih pays n liigli compliment t Gov. iMmtocks, and a per fectly just or); nor is tho compliment lo the Governor nun-just than the rebuke to those professed Abolitionists who opposetl him. We copy fnm Iho National Anti-Slavery journal and notn party paper: "Vekmo.vt luitp.VF.R. Governor Mai locks has delivered tho best Anti-Slavery ilfcssagc that nn, American Govcrnot ever wrote. We s.iall lake pleasure in laving it before our readers next week. Yet he was bitterly opposed by the politico-abolition party !" In this connection wc may a woll remark as over that Gov. Mattock's messago has been handsomely received, not only by iho whig papers of our own Stale, (and we will add, kindly received by some of Iho loco fo co papers,) but also hy editors of other States, and among them sotno of tho ablest in the Country. It will bo fourd that Gov. ilfattocks is not alono deservingof the thanks of every lover of Freedom nndllunianity, Tho Represen tatives of tho (i-oplo of Vermont havo just taken n high nnl noblo stand on tho subject of Slavery, shoving to the North and to tho South, and tlm vorld that no righteous, pro pur nnd constitutional means will bo left un used to wipo frcm Vermont tho stains of Hid ing, abetting or recognising Slavery. Tho Senato nn Monday declared its opinions in n series of resolutions, which will bo given hercafter,aud wo doubt not that this body will yet more effectually do its righteous work, by passing the bill from tho House to protect personal liberty, 'Vermont lorcver ! Vt. I Watchman, DEATH OF COL. TRUMBULL. The N. Y. American, of Friday, gives thu following brief notice of tlio death nnd char acter of this eminent man. Dir.u, this morning, Nov. 10, Col. John TnuMtiui.i,, aged 87 years. 1 1 is remains will bo taken to Now Haven for interment. Thus fudes .iwny another of tho illustrious hand of revolutionary men. Col. Trumbull, ns ii soldier, nn artist, n diplomatist, and n Christinncentlcman, wns, through many con. orations, honored nnd respected in life, to bo honored and lamented in death. Col. Trumbull, after serving with his regi ment in tlio field, become a member of Gum Washington's military family. After the revolution, he went to Europo to perfect him self in his favorite art of painting, having it always nt heart, to perpetuate on the breath ins canvass some of tlio ureat scenes and somo of the great men of Iho revolution, among which and whom he lived. Ho has, bv his historical pictures in tho Capita!, lor- ever united his fume with that of tho great period and ovents ho has commemorated. While in England, ho became, by tho choice of Wm. Pinckney and Christopher Gore, tho fifth Commissioner under the Jay treaty, for Iho settlement of tho American claims upon England ; nnd holding as he did the determining vote on all contested cases, ho was so fortunato as to acquiro the entiro respect and confidence of both parties by tho strict and honorable impartiality and justice of his decisions. In his personal character nnd intercourse, Col. Trumbull had all tlio polish and cnicni ty of it high-bred gentleman, with all the for bearancc nnd consideration for others which go far to mako up this character. He has died at a ripo old age, and left not an enemy behind. Vt-cr FRIDAY MORNING, NOV. 17, 1843. NEW YORK. Very much to tho satisfaction of all, the election in this State has resulted in the suc cess of tho Van Buren party. Tho Senate stands 26 locofocos to 6 whigs ; the House 89 locofocos to 36 whigs, and four members not ascertained. The popular vote is a small one 80,000 less than that of 1840, when the vvliitra curried ihes slain liy Ipn tlinncnnd . nml the location of the present majorities proves conclusively lhat thd result is no test of par ty strength tho whigs in many instances carrvintr the strotif locofocn districts nm! tho locos in return mrrviim il. t.l -c' whiggcry. In tho counties bordering oil the . .. ...j... iiuii IIUIU3 U I 1 1' it I 1 1 l i i km . lltleison anil .tloliawk, tho Wings have done woll, and greatly reduced the Locofoco ma- jiii uies ot last year. ! !.; -1-1.. ..... . . Tho Whip- gain in . Rensselaer is over 400. Albany about 100, ll I ' -n m.rrx ' iuiumuia vreenc uu. Ulster over COO. Dutchess 3C0. Orange 540. West chester 700 or 800. Schenectady, on As sembly ticket, 443. Montgomery about 300. Herkimer 300. Onedia COO on Assembly, 1900 on Sheriff. Cayuga nearly 1100. Seneca 300. Yates 400. In New York the Whig Sheriff is elected by 1000 niajori- I.. - J '-J ........ I..O, J,,-, K'.IS PfUO nr. lt, C.. f .... ,. .u,,; ,,- uovernor. tviun- gam in the above counties, exclusive of Now York, and counting that on the- Assembly ticket in O.icdia, over 7,500. Tlio Locos have gained 300 or400 in Monroe. Orleans about 300, and have gained probably in some few other Western counties. Thus far tho not Whig gain is not far from 7000 ! The aggregate majorities, as staled by the Daily nuvcriiscr, are, locotoco t'3,223, whig C07o loCO mai. 17.14S. Tlm nlinlilinn into So about twenty thousand. The whigs of N. York did not desire to carry the Assembly this year, nnd all they havo aimed at in this canvass was to keep Iho party embodied. To havo carried the Assembly, with tho Executive and a certain majority in the Senate against them, would havo been a bootless triumph indeed ma king them responsible! nt the bar of public opinion for measures over which thev could exercise nn controling influence. As il is, tho locos havo the whole )ower ; and let them answer for it. But in another point of view is the result auspicious. Mr. Van Buren now goes into convention ostensibly backed by the vote of Now ork. This secures his nomi nation ; and his nomination secures the elec tion of Mr. Clav. Without tho vote of N. York at this election, Mr. Van Buren could not obtain tho noniinatinn ; and with Bu chanan, Cass, or Johnson for tin opponent we should have sotno work to do in tho ap proaching campaign. But as it is, wo aro ready for tho fight ; and if Van carries N. York in tho end, it is consolatory to know lhat Mr. Clay can bo elected without it. MASSACHUSETTS. Tho election camo off in this Stato on Monday, and tho complexion of iho returns thus far is highly satisfactory shewing a de cided falling off in tho locofoco vote, and a moro than corresponding incroHso to tho Whigs. Tho Boston Daily Advertiser, of Tuesday, holds this language: " The result in this city is very satisfactory, exhibiting a Whig gain of 1921 voles, over both tho Democratic and Abolition tickcls. It will bo perceived that thero was a Whig gain in every ward, and that In place of fivo Demo cratic wards last year, thero aro now but three. Tho incrcaso in(tho number of votes for the Abolition ticket is but G5. Tho whole of the Whig tickets for Senators nnd Representatives aro chosen, viz : 5 Senators and 35 Representatives. We givo as many returns from the ncighboting and distant towns, ns wo wero ablo to obtain up to tho hour ut which wo are obliged to go to press, to scenro tho delivery of papers nt tho usual hour. Tlico, it will bo seen, aro in general of a satisfactory character. Thero is a very general incrcaso ol Whig votes and diminu lion of tho Democratic Thero is also but a moderate incrcaso of tho Abolition volo. The whole number of votes given last year was 177,992, of which 54,939 wero for Gov Davis, 50,491 for Gov. Morion, 6,382 for Mr. Sowall, and 180 scattering. The num ber of Whig vote necessary to bo gained, in I comparison with tl o vote of last ye ir, tn sc- euro tho election of Mr. Briggs is, therefore, 8,114. It cannot bo determined with cer tainty, from thu returns which we now pre sent, whether there is a sufficient gain to se en ro n choice. It is certain, however, that Mr. Briggs has a largo pleurality over Gov. Morton, nnd there is little doubt wc think, notwithstanding tho largo number of towns in which thero is no choico of Representa tives, that there will be a Whig majority in tho legislature." AS YOU WERE. Tho Hon. Daniel Kellogg declines the appointment of 4th assistant Judgo of the Supremo Court, and Guv. Mattocks has ap pointed Hon. William Hcbnrd to fill the va cancy. THE RAIL ROAD. All the world east of us is nwako on this subject, nnd would it not be well that wc be stir ourselves in tho matter. Burlington senmsto be regarded as tlie natural termina tion lor either route, while thero is room for some diversity of opinion as to which is tho most feasib!') route, and which tho more ser viceable to tho public. That the stock for one or the other will shortly be taken up, wo havo the strongest reasons for believing, and henco we regard prompt .action by those hav ing an interest in (ho matter, as all important. Tho fact is not lo bo disguised that, with us, public sentiment preponderates in favor nf tho southern route, ns dividing the state to better advantage, while the northern section from this lo Rutland would accomplish the double purpose of an eastern and southern thoroughfare, and of course be vastly more productive to tho stockholders than it could otherwise be. The Whitehall and Saratoga road will shortly be completed, and with a connecting link from Rutland to Whitehall, Vermont would then have an uninterrupted communication from the most central point on-'ku Champlain lo Boston and New York, and thus havo her choico in markets. There is probably not much difference be tween the two routes in point of distance ; though the Keeno Sentinel assorts it as an ascertained fact that the southern route is 10 miles snorter than tho routo iiiiuugi, ejyii- cord, Lebanon and Montpclicr. But these things arc all to bo taken into consideration, and now is the time. llAit.-no.VDs and Atlantic Steameiis. The Prcs- i'.lent ,l,e. Fitchurcli Ila.l-Uoad Company, when in 'arls. found ncrsonsoflieiallv concerned in the nroiee ' tClJ 'no of Steamers from Havre to the V. Statcs,inter e-3ii.-ii iii iiu,ui!ci3 ui, uiu cuiijiiti ui iiue-rimi commit- ' nK ation from our cities. such, for instance, as those, S;S;vKS.l,nl::niS2: ' ''ve'y ln'lt t'"5 French steamers would commence I runninir next season, and that tho terminus on ibis .?..!. ,, ' side the Atlantic had not been lined. It may be lios ton, or it mav be New York. Any conclusive move ment in rcsard to a Kail-Roid from Boston to Lake Ch.iuiplnin, or Montr en I, might influence the decision. IV, Chronicle. RAit.no vds. VVu perceive that all the Rail-road Corporations petitioned fot in Vermont, have passed both Houses, without nny of tho restrictions hither to contended for in i Hampshire. Mr. Gilmote, aeenl for the Lowell, Nashua and Concord roads, was at Montpclicr, urging the routcof the "Centre Railroad," from the momh of White River to Montpclier and llurlineton, nnd Col. Crocker of Fitchburgh, was also . ;t I I n - l.n 1(1, VI till nrnn.Aiiie, tlie superiority of the direct route from Kitchbursh. Ho mide it but seven miles farther to strike the river at llellovvs Falls, throni;h Keene, even to go up tho Con neticut and W'hito River to Roynlton and Montpelier with the advantage of a cheaper road, This must havo been in view of insuperable difficulties in the Mount Holly route to Rtithnd, and tho Otter Creek level lo Vergcnnes, and a branch lo Whitehall. We aro glad Vermont has so ronhly made these crants; and we hive scarcely a doubt that the difficulties sup posed to exist ill New Hampshire, will bo removed in Junes without which nil the Vermont charters must bo unavailing- A'tene Scntintl. Not quite nil unavailing. Provision is made for goingdo wn the Coiinecticttl,tndefi nitely, and for getting from Fitchburgh to Brattleboro'through Massachusetts. Chron icle. Col. Crot kcr, President of the Fitchburj Rail Road Road Company, visited several towns in Windham county last week, and tho citizens in cotiseaucnce seem alive lo the importance of his plans. He ad dressed meetings nt Mellows Falls and I'utney. At Putney, lion. Phineas White presided, and ninou;; ino resolutions nuopteit was me lollowinpt Itaolttd, 'I hat wo he-nrtilv npproveof the contem plated rtnnvcntion to be holden nt some convenient place in Southern Vermont, to take into consideration the fc-sihihty and prospects of n continued line of Railroad from Fitchburgto Windham county, thence up the alley of the Connecticut to Lake Champlain. Four is transported on tho Western Railroad from Albany (or Greenbush) to Boston, for a tenth part of the freiffht from Dost, in tn H'in.l.nr il,n r.. !,;,. 200 nnlfsand the latter ICO! That Railroad, too, is an expensive one to operate, passing two mountain ous ranges, .with an ascent sometimes of SO feet in a nine, anuot courso requiring mote power than a more level road Cvironicte. RESF ECTA B L E QUITE. Mr. E.C. Loomis, of this town, swelter ed on Wednesday last, two pigs, aged eigm nionlhs and fivo days, which weighed the onn 3G8, and tho other 324; making an aggregate of G92 lbs. Millers nro ahcays privileged to have fine hogs ; though 'lis sajd to be " very doubtful whoso corn they aro fed on." But wo should like to under stand by what prescription a man who buys his corn and pays toll, takes it upon himself thus annually tn set his neighbors' mouths watering with the mention of such spare ribs, sausages nnd " fixins "I The Agri cultural Society, (and wc shall havo one) must take this matter into consideration. But, really, our appetite for " roast beef" is materially impaired. APPOINTMENTS BV TIIK GOVERNOR Pursuant to Joint resolutions of the Gene ral Assembly. David M. Camp, of Derby, William Hcbard, of Randolph, Georgo C. Cnhoon, of Lyndon, Committee to devise the best method of al leviating the condition of tho incurably in sane, nnd tcport to the next Legislature. Charles Paine, of Norlhfield, Ililand Hall, of Bennington, Isaac F. Rcdficld, of Montpclicr, Commiltco to examine tho papers nnd cor rcspondenco collected by Henry Stevens, Esq. relating to the early and revolutionary history of tho Slate, and to tako measures for procuring and preset ving said papers, to gether with such revolutionary rolls as havo been collected by said Stevens. SECOND DISTRICT. Tho second ballot for member of Con grcts took place in this district on Tuesday. Our tears arc that there has not been a full vole. STACY vs. TRACY. Walton's Journal, in recording the (doc lion of Judges, announced Mr. Stacy as nominating Hun. Daniel Kellogg, and tho error was inadvertantly copied into our col umns last week. Tlio nomination was made by Mr Tracy, nnd not by us. Wo ncithor counseled, advised nor approved the proceed ing, and must therefore disclaim the agency. Walton's Vermont Register, for 1844, very neatly got up, and containing a largo amount of valuable information, is now for sale at Harrington's. Mr. Isaac Doomttm:, of Bennington, Vt., has invented n machine which make barrels out of raw fluff, and it is said belter barrels than come from tlio hand of the coop er, and at a cheaper rate. It takes any kind of wood, and fashions the staves and heading, adapts them, makes a tight fit nnd completes tho barrel in all but putting on tlio hoops. It is a whole coober's shop in itself. GEMS. A correspondent of tho N. Y. Commcrciar Advertiser who has recently made " north ern tour," stirs up our local pride a little by the following allusion to our steamboais, our' college, and townsman. But what a beautiful boat have wo here tho "Bur lington." Who would have expected such a gem of an establishment on n little InUn 7 . But I wns n no vice Champlain is not so very little, and Iho Bur lington has been heard of before and her captain too Sherman the most popular of steamboats chiefs. How they would stare at such a boat 'in tho mighty Terns.' And tho berths the breakfast the waiters perfect, altogether. Those) nice little lads", in their nice white jackets and jaunty linen caps, gai ly set off with plai I scarfs, who would'nt be a wait er? An incident honorable to Captain Sherman : Six girls in a poor Knghsh family of emigrants on board, strewed along in the engine room, glad of a cheap chance to get warmed. Thetaplain tookthem into tho cabin, where they edified the passengers with some sinking- of anthems, and a hat passed round collected for them a nice little lot of silver coin.which no doubt helped thrm on their way rejoicing. Prac tical answers, such incidents, to the charge that Americans hatcKngland and the English ! By tho way. I forgot, at Buriington, to tell you or two things the library of the University and that of Geo. P. Marsh. Esq., 'now member of Congress. The Vermont University has a hbrary.bcttcr selected, so far us it goes, than any I have seen in the United States. It is onlya pity thtreis not more of it. Tho institution is flourishing lie.ililnly. Its situation snd that of the town itself are charming, even in this wintry aspect. Tho lake, in this part, is very like lhat of Lucerne, ono of the finest in Switzerland. Mr. Marsh's library is a very remarkable one. His collection of Sweedish, Danish and Icelandi.h litera ture is probably unciiujlieij out uf those countries, if indeed it can bo matched there. He has all trie choic est works in the whole range of Scandinavian litera ture, ancient and modern, and a valuable seres also in Herman, Italian and Spanish. His collection of engravings is doubtless unrivalled in this country ; including specimens of nearly every engraver of note since the discovery of theart. Mr. Marsh hasalso. collected many costly books of prints, and rare works in English literature) so that lu's library would sur prise iriany a fastidious bihlioni.-in'ac of the old world; and yet ho has never been in Europe. A reference to such a collection of rare gems of art and litera ture, in a private house of a little village of Vermont., might make a paragraph in the journals of many a flippant foreign tourt; but bar-rooms, stagecoaches nnd steamboats ore more amusing and picturesque A Ci .l.N'ciir.n, ! Tho subjoined practical answer to one of the Journal of Commerce's Free Trade theories, seems to us about as conclusive as anything well could be. From the New York Courier. Mr. EniTon. Those wise and sagacious free traelo advocates, tho Editors of tho Jour nal of Commerce had an editorial yesterday morning headed "llrass Kittles anrllhe Tar iff," in which after telling all about x'jfrmny in which the law was fixed imposing a dutv of 12 cents per pound on the article, they wind up by saying "and now every womam who buys a brass kettle pays ono dollar for every 16 pounds to our friend (the manufac turer) just as really nnd trulv as if his collec tor were ntiihoricd lo call upon her for it." As wo are interested in tho manufacture and sale of the article, wo beg leave to stato what is no secret to those at all acquainted with the subject, that Biass Kettles of American manufacture of equal quality to any ever un polled, and now selling at" the samo price that English were sold at before iho last Tar iff went into operation, and that the only ef fect of the protection of 12 cents per pound is to secure to our country a branch of man ufactures which would otherwise bo entirely monopolized by foreigners. So much for Brass Kettles and the TarilT. Trulv vours. Phelps, Dodge & Co. F.tsci.v.'n.o hut Danohrous Visiter. Tho Arkansas Gazette, published in the village of Arkansas, in tho Stato of that name, relates the following snake story: it seems to bear wimess to the uower of facin tilion, or mesmerizing, in snakes ; though, in their case, ns in that of other professors, it continues to bo disputed by some. The Ark. Gazelle says : A few days since a fino large ratllc-snake made his. appearance in the nouliry yard at ihe race trick, near this place Srit!c'' ''J chickens snrrounded Si gentleman, w ho as .g upon a sand heap, sdorntd ' with a rich variety of colour .h . , ' "u ing quits, the ch;ckens wero mute's ,Khe. jr-- I . ' . ... t .1. T-ntenl lrs. kill luiii,iut remained till ho wis shot when the cnM!.0' was hrnkci. Two davs after his mate was killed' xcar tho aims placoin Ihe yardt the one messuredl five feet three inches, and hnd fourteen rallies and u button ; thcolher had eleven rattles and a button. itt.r i mt i.n'i h noi move lor it tjiie-rouii w-,. ilV FIRM. r I llfE Subscribers bivlntr nssneisiod themselves X together for tho purpose of bu)ing and selhnc Goods under tho Eirm of COI.E Sr. imHlvsnW have taken the store formerly occupied by Messrs. i. miii e. v-oie, nun recently uy .nr. uoie, ou collega Street, where they intend lokecp a general assort ment of DRV GOODS it DRV GROCERIES. And as they porchaso altogether for Cish, their friends, and the I'ublic may be assured that they esn receive lliem as lotc for Cash as can be purchased iu tho village. To test tho same ihey ale respectfully in vitcd to call and examine their new nock of finnnst just received from New York, and Boston t imomj wiiie-ii arc a mrge sssurtment oi uioaK ind urss Goods, consisting of Super Silk and Cation Wsrp, Alpiccas, rich and changeable Alpsccs Luster, Chu san, a superior article of Diap. Royal, dec. Ac. A splendid assortment of rich snd plain Shsult, also, n variety of Cotton and Linen Goods. A ner al assortment of Ems, such as Capes, Collars, Muffs, Boas &e. Also, a largo assortment of Grocerits, such as Teas, Coffee, ugar, Molasses. cVc. by th Chest, Barrel, Hhd. or single Round. Produce orall kind taken in exchange for Goods. H'anttd, particularly, 10,000 lbs. Eleec Wool, ind 10.000 Sheeps Pelts, for which part cash will be paid. Those wishing to purchase, would do welt to call and examine our goods before purchasing elsewhtr. MORTON COLE. nr. . J0,,N BOBINSONv Burlington, Nov. 17, 1543, 6 Rales of North West and Upper Missouri Robes t heap for cash, at COLE et ROBINSON. ir, ellTov, ARCHITECT & PATENT AGENT. rri-'ICE opposite the Patent Office, corner of Bih mm r .inn, v. ,iy oi asnington, will attend le preparing Specifications, Dtawings,dtc..andall busi ness intrusted to him connected w 11I1 the Patent Office, or his profusion, with promptness and despatch. . r. TEST OcncE, Feb. 15th, 1642. Mr. m. P. ELLIOT, who has been formerly era, ployed m Ihe Patent Office, as a Draughtsman, Ac., hiving established a Patent Agency in Ihe City of J asnington, I tako great pleasure in recommcndi.ig htm as a genlleman worthy of confidence, and as b. ing parliculatly qualified to take charge of any busi ness iripunng a knnwledgenf mechanical science, the progress of tne arts, an I patent improvements. Jtr Elliot is also well a -ousinied with ihe prsclies of ik olftcc. HENRY I.. ELLSWORTH. mftm oi r... r . .