Newspaper of Burlington Free Press, November 24, 1843, Page 1

Newspaper of Burlington Free Press dated November 24, 1843 Page 1
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. & 1 NOT TUB O t O H T OF O JE S A n BDT TUB W B X. T A H E OF R O HI B BY H. B. STACY. BURLINGTON, VERMONT, FRIDAY, NOVEMBER 24, 1843. VOL. XVII Xo. 23. Tilt; 1MUJ.TI S rnAYEit. Oh) thou Great Head of earth nnd Heaven Who dost the howling tcmpest.ride, Thy will the holy fuchas given Be thou the Printer's friendly Guide. When ovo thy aiure Hook expands, He sees his slarry Letter bright, The Work of thy clernnl hands ; Great sovereign of cthcrial light. With Heaven's effulgent Type, serene, The beauteous rainbow's cheering ray, Imprint upon his soul the scene, That opens in celestial day. And when his earthly mouldering Form. Is Locked up in death's cold Chase, Oh 1 save his spirit from the storm That hurls the vicious from thy face. And oh 1 when thy last trump shall sound, And bid the slumbering dust arise; May he be in the Columns found, That form the Pages of the skies. DISAPPOINTING A LANDLORD. Persons who have 'staged it' a great deal are awaro that the eating houses along the pikes arc not always tiic best houses by a jug full. The following brief dialogue be tween a driver on the National road, and a landlord whose establishment was the most uninviting one to be met with in ten miles around, will partially clucidato the matter. The name of Boniface is Screwlor, and that of the driver, Lewis. ' See hero sir,' said Screwier, one day, as John came in for his cros, after watering his team, ' why can't you pillion a little fas ter, and dine your passenger.- here?' ' Well, I d'no. We've dined at Parker's so long that the passengers all expect to stop thero' throwing down three cents for grog as he said this. Oh no never mind that. Drink when ever you come along,' Scre-lcr said, push ing back tbo change which Lewis pocket ed without any compunctions. 1 don't intend charging stage drivers anything after this.' ' I wish old Parker was only as consder ate,' the driver remarked half aloud. Old Parker's boa !' Screwier said, with a curl of the lip. ' lie's got rich out of the passengers, and thinks he is safe for them just as long as he chooses to keep his house open.' ' I don't know how that'll be,' Jehu re turned, musingly. The passnnjrrrs grum ble a good deal sometimes at bis lure. Ho don't know how to set a good ta ble. Ho never was fit to keep a good tav ern.' ' I'm half of your opin ' Hallo, driver ! are you going to keep us hero all day?' screamed out an impatient passengers at this stage of the confab. Don't burst your buttons off, mister !' muttered the driver then resuming. I'm half of your opinion. The fact is, the old scamp is getting crusty, lie is got above himself.' 1 Take another drink, Lu And tho landlord set out the bottle again. Lu, nothing loth, helped himself freely. Driver! hallo!' roared out another pas senger. ' We'll talk this matter over again, when you come down. I can make it your inter est to drive here.' ' Very well, landlord.' And Lu walked very leisurely out, and mounting his box, cracked his whip, and was off. When ho came down. Screwier met him at the door, all smiles and attentions. Tho hostler was ordered to give the team water, whilo Lu, was taken into the bar, and freely died with the best ' Well, landlord, I've been thinking of that matter a good deal since I saw you, and I don't know but ono objection. I never eet along here before half past three, and that is so late. The passengers will grum ble like every thing. Breakfast to throw custom in Wilford's way, who is agent, you know, is at six o'clock. From nine to ten hours is a long lime. And then Grimes must have them to supper, and he is only two hours and a half from here. I really don't know how it will work. Grimes you know, is agent, nnd will take care to tea tho passengers. And, besides, his consent to change must bo gained.' Grimes? Oh! you can manage him 1' How?' Tell him if tho passengers dine here, thev can'.t eat so much supper. Ha ! ha! it will be the verv thing for him.' ' So it will by jingo ! But, then, I shall have mv hands full to cot on with a stage 'load of hungry grumbling passon cers.' Never mtnu, sir,' ana screwier pattcu patted him on the shoulder. ' Your grog shan't cost you a cent here. And that's something.' The driver still hesitated; and tho land lord debated in bis own mind whether ho ought not to in a ko a mote liberal offer. At Jengtb he said I'll tell you what sir! If you will man ago to get Grimes to consent to mako this tho dining place, instead of Parker's, I'll give you a ftp a head for every passenger " you'bring.' Agreed,' quickly replied John. I'll do it.' How soon ?' 'In a week. I know Grimes. Every man has his price, if you tako caro not to offend him when you mako tho offer,' Suro enough, in a week Parker was noti fied by tho agent that ho need not provide dinner any longer, as tho stage would go on to Scrowler's. Parker of coupe, fretted and fumed, &c, but Screwier got tho feed ing of tho passengers, who, if tho truth must bo told, profited by tho change. It was not long, however, beforo ho dis covered, that, what with tho per centago to Lewis, and tho keen appetites ot tho pas scngcrs who tasted nothing from six o'clock in the morning until half past three in the afternoon, he was ' advancing backwards' in.tnml nf improving us purso by the oper ntion. This both "troubled and mortified dim. ' I don't know Lu ; I'm afraid I shall havo . f . in -ivn tin t in dining ot passengers, ii s loosing bu.ine.i, I find,' Screwier said lo tho driver with r. Jang face, as that .individual was helping himself behind tho counter of his bar. They have such counfounded keen appetites, that each ono eats up his full half dollar s worth. That's bad, replied Lewis, who began to think of his fip a head. What's to he done?' ' Can't vou get in sooner ?' ' No. My roulo is only 25 miles, and I don't get mv passengers until near two o'clock, that's out of the question. But I'll tell you what I can do,' winking with a knowing expression. ' What can you do, Lu V And Screwlers faco brightened. ' I can bo in a confounded hurry al ways behind my time, you know. And you can ' ' What?' ' Bo alwavs behind vour time also. Do you take ?' Oh certainly'.' Tho worthies then winked at each other, and scperated. On the next day. Lu had a lull load nine inside and ono outside. Two or three of his passengers had travelled that road fre quently, and fully calculated on filling their hungry stomachs at Parker's, lint no. At two o'clock they were wheeled off under tho comfortable assuranco that the dining house was ten miles ahead. Of course they grumbled, as all stage passengers must, hav ing httlo else to do. At last, alter joltinir along for an hour and a hall longer, until they had become as keen as wolves, the stage drovo up to Scrowler's tavern. Every thing around, looked uninviting; but hun ger makes any place tolerable that gives an assuranco of food. After waiting for full a quarter of an hour during which thero were constant enquiries for dinner, tbo bell rung, and away went the ten hungry men, prepared to demolish every tiling before them. It was alarming, the way bread, and moat, and vegetables disap peared as if by magic. But this work had only been in operation a few minutes when the driver's horn rang suddenly in the door of the dining room, causing 'Distinctly to drop knife and fork, spring from tho table and rush out past the driver, as il ho expec ted the coach, with all his precious baggage, to roll away before he could possibly get in- sido of it. As tho last ono tumbled in, grumbling hard as ho could, Jehu shut the coach door with ii hurried hand, sprung up on the box, and cracking bis whip, dashed off at tho height of bis horses speed. In anticipation ol this, acrowler had taken the wise precaution ol requiring tho dinner faro to bo paid at the bar before the boll was rung. How the disappointed and still hungry passengers grumbled and growled at the dri: ver for the next hour or so, need not bo told. Jehu boro it patiently, and laughed all the while in his sleeve. On the next day the same game was play ed, and with like success ; the new batch of passengers being as lilllo on their guard as the old. Thus matters went on for a mouth or two, much to the delight of Scrcwler.whq could now mako something by the new ar rangement. It happened about this time, that as Ihe grumbling passengers were about leaving Parkers, tho old dining house, a stout, hearty-looking man, comfortably well dressed, presented himself at the coach door and took a vacant place on the middle seat. There wero three ladies on tho hack scat, threo men on the front seat, and now that an ad ditional passenger had been taken in, threo on the middle, making a full stage load. Tho new passenger was quite chatty and so ciable, and well acquainted with men and things, and full of anecdote. Ho proved quite an agrecauio companion, uut even his versatility and good nature failed to in terest his fellow sufferers long. Hunger was too keen. At last Scrowler's fifth rate house was gained, nnd after a a long and tantalizing de lay, dinner was announced. I ho gentle men with ladies Had uarcly lound time to help them, and then got cleverly a going to the blessed tune ot Unite and tork, when 1 Too too too too-o-o-o-o-o ! rang from tho driver's horn at the door of the din ing room, followed by his loud ' Coach right off, gentlemen ! Tako vour seats quick ?' Up sprang tho passengers and scrambled oil, somo swearing and some too much under fear of being left behind, to think of any thing else hut getting insi'Jo ot tho stage But thero was ono among thorn, who was so much engaged that ho did not seem to hear or seo any thing ot all this, until an oilier blast rung into tbo door, and Bo- nifaco touched him on the shoulder with Tho stage is going sir, But l'vo not half finished my dinner yet returned tho passonger.who proved to bo ono taken in at Parker s looking up in surprise nnd splitting forth portions of food from his well-filled mouth as bo spoke. I'm sorry for that sir, returned Screwier blandly, 'but 1 can t help it, tho driver w he off in a moment. Ho is behind his time now. and must bo in by a certain hour, or ho will bu discharged.' ' Too too too-o-o-o-o-o ! ' screamed the horn louder than usual, followed by ' All aboard V Irom tho driver, who dis appeared. ' He's getting on his box now, sir, nnd will start in a moment,' urged tho land lord. And l'vo paid for my dinner? Too bad! ton bad ! Well, hand mo back mv monoy : for I never pay for what I do not receive.' ' I can't do that, sir. Sorry for you. But tho fault is not mine. My dinner has been all prepared, and you aro welcome to eat it. As matters were thus pressing, tho passen gcrdid not stop long to parley. Drawing a clean white handkerchief from his pocket, neatly folded as it had left the ironinc table, ho hastily snro .d it nnen on tho table, and turnin inlo it first, n dish boiled cecs. then two or threo nlatas bread, with sundry littlo nicknackories, tied it up quickly, muttering to himself all,an indication of much activity in tho slio m while in an under fonc. Then seizing a manufactory. turkey in ono hand, two roasted chickens and his well-filled handkerchief in the oth er, ho bowed to the landlord nnd said ' Good day, sir ! I will finish rr.y dinner on tho road !' Thus equipped tho passenger made his appearance at the coach door, and crowded in, took his plapc on tho middle seat. Tho ladies twittered, tho men laughed or look ed grave according to their humor, but our hungry traveller seemed in no way discon ccitcd. ' Won't you have n dish, and a knife and fork ?' asked tho landlord, who had recover ed his senses and came forward, a few mo ments after tho traveller had seated hints -If, with tho articles named, presenting them as hu spoke with a mock polito air, intended to dash our hero. But ho was not to bo thrown off his guard. Thank you kindly !' he said, bowing, ns ho received the carving instruments. 'I had forgotten those.' As soon as tho pair, of chickens and the turkey were adjusted upon tho spacious dish, which the landlord had already re pented having put in the incorrigible trav eller's way, the latter sung out at tho top of his voice ' All right driver ! Go ahead '.' Crack went the whip, and off rolldd tho stage, leaving Boniface vexed, angry and yet amused, at the ludicrousness of the scene. As for tho passengers, all shrunk instinc tively from the meat, bread, fcc, which bad been so liberally provided, whilo the ladies turned up their pretty noses, and ejaculated in a soft, low voice Disgusting !' 1 Hold on hero stranger, will?' said ho of of tiie chickens and turkey, ' This confound ed slage jolts at such a rato that 1 nn't carve my turkey.' Indicating with his finger as he spoko ono side of tho spacious dish upon which reposed his provender. The individual thus addressed, coufd do no less than obey the request, and then the same was mado to bis other neighbor, wio lent the required aid. ' And now, stranger, do you hold this bread bag,' extending his clean, but well filled hand kerchief to a passenger belore him. He was in answer to this request, politely reliev ed of his bread, eggs, &c. The dish was now supported on his knees and firmly held there by his next door neigh bors, who began to enjoy the joke, as did most of bis other fellow passengers. In dis secting the turkey and pair of chickens un der nil tlifi ui-nUvnnttigoous circumstances, lin showed himself a skilful carvor. Tho differ ent parts wore nicely separated, and laid about the dish neatly and quite temptingly. By Ibis timo the odor of the fowls had awak ened into keenness tho unsatisfied appetites of tho whole company, who weie only wait ing for an invitation to help themselves. -In carving, the accomplished stranger had sur rounded the edge of the dish with the pieces of turkey and chicken, leaving quite a space in the centre. Into this ho emptied the con tents of his pocket handkerchief, consisting of a dozen or so of boiled eggs, with bread, cheese, &.c. ' Now, ladies,' he said, lifting his dish, and turning partly round, so that it rested on the leathern strap that formed the moveable back of the scat, and thus was fully presented to lliom 'Help yourselves ! I know you aro all hungry.' The ladies looked at tho tempting exhibi tion, colored, and hesitated. 'Don't bo afraid,' he urged. 'Necessity knows no law.' The temptation was too great for one hun grier than the rest who, hesitating no longer took the wing of a chicken in ono hand, and :i piece of bread in the other,, and forthwith commenced operations, not, However, Uelorc she smiled, bowed, apd said a courteous Thank you, sir. The other two ladies followed suit quite naturally, and then the men went to work in right good earnest, nor paused until turkey, chickens, bread, and all, had vanished. Of course tho sauco for all this was good humor, jokes ami funny savings, in no 'Will quanti- ly. Alter llie eatiuies uau luuy utsuppcni ed, the empty dish was cast overboard, and . . .i !i.i -..ii.. .lr all hands composed themselves, in tho best temper possible with themselves, each other, nnd all tho world, Boniface not excepted. On the next morning, tho wbolo story ap peared in print, with names, places and all, detailed with much point and humor. This account, Parker, who most people thought knew about ns much of tho whole matter as any body, had put up into tho form of a hand bill, two or threo of which wero circu lated among tho passengers in every stage. Ol course, hcrcwler soon became awaro ol this fact, anddid not venture again to cheat tho passengers out of their dinner, when they would consent to eat at all. But it happen ed two or threo times a week, that a whole stage load would refuse to dine, and thus hu would comn oil the loser, r inally, ho aban doned tho profitless business of dining the stages, and fell back into his old ways. Whoever goes that road now, gets a com fortable dinner, in good time, at Parker's, and should the old man loci in the humor. will have added ly way ol extra faro, graphic sketch of the sayings and doings at acrowlers, with which our readers have just ueeu mam; iicipiuimcu. Tho Portsmouth N. II. Journal says strange animal, with head out of water, somewhat resembling a horses, but a littlo shorter, was rocenllv discovered in that har bor. After being fired at several times, the animal moaning loudly, mado for the shore where ho was captured. It was found to be ono of the largest size hair seals, the virtull no or sea calf. Il was eight feet seven inch' es in length, girth five feet nino inches, nnd ils weight nbout six hundred pounds. The usual length of this species, full grown, from five to six feet. Sitor, Pr.os. Wo understand, says the Portland Advertiser, that a quantity of fresh cut birch wood is now coming down thn cr. nal, amounting lo about thirty cords, all des of lined for Lynn and Ipswich, Mass., to bo ofi manufactured into slioc-neirs. An interest ho mg example of tho uses of raw material, nnd Earn1. At a lato meeting of tho N. Y Historical Society, Mr. Barllett read a paper from which tho following is an extract : Egypt continues to be the land of wonders, and attracts to its venerable monuments the learned of all natinns. Tho magnificent work by the savnns who accompanied Napo leon, which was published under his auspi ces, was thought to embrace all that could bo said on that country. But Franco has contributed another work, equally impor tant, by the lamented Champoillon ; and when wo close this list with tho splendid work by Roscllini. under tho patronage of tho Tuscan government, which embraces all tho recent discoveries in Egyptian archaeo logy and hicrogl) pliics, wo must acknowl edge that no part ol the world has ueen more thoroughly investigated and described. Yet wo have to announce a new scientific com mission, sent to tho land of the Pharaohs by that patron of learning, the King of Prussia. At its head is placed Dr. Lecsius. ono of the most distinguished philologists and antiqua ries of Europe. This gentleman has already made somo remarkable discoveries in and about the pyr amids , but the most important is that of tho celebrated labyrinth, a short account of which we extract from his late letters, pub lished in London, dated Pyramid of Mceris June 20th. " We have now been settled for some weeks at the ruins of the labyrinth of M.b ris, and I hasten to give you tbo first infor mation of the definite discovery uf tho silo of tbo true labyrinth and pyramid. We were astonished that earlier travellers had scarce- mentioned those temains, when we saw ruins of hundreds of still well defined cham bers lying before us. The main result of our investigation is, however, the finding, on many of the pillars and architraves ol tho hall, the name of tho truo Mceris, who built the labyrinth for his palace, and the pyramid for his tomb. This pyramid is tho latest of all the p ramids of the Pharoahs. lluis Moc- jis reigned from 2194 lo 2151, B. C. for 4037 years ago) and was the last king of the old kingdom of Egypt before its conquest by I the Uyksos. Both the labyrinth and the lake prove bis power, bis lovo of magnificence and his interest in the welfare of his people. At the end ol the vast plain lies the pyramid in which Mceris was buried, with tho rums of tho village, precisely ns described by Stra bo. Near this were many hillocks, beneath which we found several "hundred chambers, some of thorn vyitli roofs, corridcrs and col umns. The rooms are so irregular, nnd of such various sizes, that no one could have found his way, without a guide, through this mass of buildings. Herodotus describes 3000 apartments above and below the ground an account which the remains lead me to be lieve not exaggerated. Tho forms of this most important part of the palacearedescribed hy Herodotus as con sisting of twelve hills, that is, of twelve open courts surrounded by covered colonades. This palace was surrounded hy labyrinthine buildings on three sides, ai. intersected by a water course. Here our establishment oc- ctipv the ruins nf tho pyramid, and recall the old villain of Strabo which lay on the same level with tho pyramid. Around us arc scat-' tercd huge blocks of granite, tbo remains of oui pillars auu iireuui.ivus oi lite courts, which are of interest, ns odering in several cases the names of the builder, Mcqris, and bis .i.i,., ,!, c. . ,...,l,l I . ,.,i....i.,-l ., i-.-v",. one hundred workman in digging into (he chambers, and latterly in searching for the entrance into t!io pyramid." Dr. Lcpsius has also discovered tho re mains of many pyramids and a large number of lombs, 'which recent travellers bad over looked. Being one of tho best hierulogisls living, he has been enabled readily to decy- pher llie numerous inscriptions with which .1... rr i ... . . . . - . . . IIIU llllllllllllOlll- Ul . JU ill U LIJ LTtlU, illlU IU :.t .i !.... i .i- ; i. ...i identify the sovereigns and distinguished per sonages by whom these tombs were built and occupied. In fact so precise were the an cient people in the erection and decoration of their tombs with paintings and inscriptions, mat tne uoctor states mat lie could lmvu a complete history of their courts. Intlcbkce of Women. If men hold the political power of society, women havo mainly in their hands moro important moral power. Thero cannot bo a moral commu nity whero they are licentious ; there can not bo a refined society whero they are neg lected and ignorant. Upon them depend the earliest education and first impressions of their children. Thoy regulate, or mate rially influence, tin punciples, opinions and manners of their husbands and their sons. riius tho sound and healthful slate of socie ty depends on them. It is a remarkable historical fact, that the wifo of Oliver Crom well endeavored to recall tho exiled king, and that all his childron save ono wero royal. Wo must believe they derived their feelincs and opinions from thejr mother. Alfred, one of Iho most extraordinary men ot anv igo, who rescued his country Irom her cue lilies hy his courage, and by his wisdom mid energy raised her from extreme barbarism to a high degree of civih.ation, in his youth was given to idleness and pleasure. His mullier roused in him tha ambition and vir tue that has mado him tho admiration of of mankind for a thousand years. Napolc on said that to tho manner in which his mother formed him at nn early age, ho prin cipally owed his subsequent elevation. Il was Ins opinion Ihat the lultiro good or bad conceit of a child depends upon the mother. Mothers, while ynu are proud of this dis tinction, remember tho responsibility it im poses on you. Bo worthy of it. Judge Uojikinson. Tho following is tho Iransccndental for " Miss, will you tako my arm I "Young lady will you condescond so far to sacrifice your own convenience lo my

pleasure, as to insert thn five digitals and part of tho extremity of your contiguous arm through tho ungular " . , . ii.ici iniu iui nu n .1 !.!.. ..... -IL ..... .1 mo crooning oi my ciihjw ug.nnsi iiiu per pondicular portion of my frnnio V rrnninl" The wrtouatiT mo.v Gun in thi. Wom.d. For tho last two weeks L. B. Ward & Co. havo been hammering out at tho Hammersly Forge, tho largest gun, as it said, that we have any record of. It is four teen feet long, three feet in diameter at the breech nnd weighed thirty thousand pounds, or fifteen tons. It is mado for Government, , -lit i i i i i ii .i and Will bo placed on board the Princeton steamer, Captain Stockton, HOW at Phlladul-1 1 phia. This extraordinary gun is hammered out with a hammer weighing fifteen thousand pounds. The process of heating and ham mering such an immense shaft is wonderful. Tho machinery for placing the gun in the furnace, of pulling it on the anvil, of turning, cutting, und hammering, aro so complete, that it is moved with a precision and facility truly astonishing. Cast iron guns of this size, and larger ore frequently made, but no attempt, wo be lieve, has ever before been made to make a gun of this size from wrought iron. Il is cal culated thai tho strength und power uf this piece, when finished, will carry a ball of one third greater weight, and one fourth increas ed distance, than the best cast iron guns. iV. Y. Commercial Advertiser. Touch or tiie Sublimi:. I rise, Mr. President, to argue the case of the rich man against the poor man. The rich man, Mr. President, horizunlalizes his emancipated form upon a mahogany sof.i, cut down, hewed out, surveyed and manufactured from the tall cedar of Lebanon, which grew on the lofty andcloud-capt summits of that ever mcmoriablo mountain of Jeliosophal, on whose sunny slopes onco strayed the poet klllir. With till, lit. ,ifl nf,Tiri.rP l.u l:i i in his jacket pockc, Whiln tho other ! liana, IMr. President, the poor man declines j his expectations in a cottaue. circumcedent I to somo umbrageous stream, there to con templative on the incomprehensibility of the vast constellations and other hxed and immo ....i... ti?. .i . , , i.i i vauiu suieiiiies.iiiai uevoive aiounu llie ceies- lial axle-tree of ibis tenequarious firmanent i on high. Then, Mr. President, after calling around him his wife and the rct of his little children, be teaches them to throw away all 1 sublunary desidera.ums, and to perspire to ; scenes ol immortality licvond tho narrow precincts of this chilling charnel house. Tautak on Tttn Tei;th.-A singular paper was lately read, before the French Academy of Sciences, from M. Mandl, en titled, " Microscopic invc?tigatious, as lo the nature of the tartar and mucous covering of tbo teeth and tongue." If wo are to be lieve M. Mandl's microscope, the human mouth is a perfect cemetry, where millions qf infusoria, find their catacombs. Leu venkouk bad already told us that llie human mouth was peopled with infusory animals, and the mucous secretion on its surface serv ed as their ocean ; but it remained for M. Mandl to discover that the tartar which covers the teeth is formed of the mount-tins of the dead of those inhahit.inls of (ho ocean. M. Mandl knows not to what ciuse to attribute these microscopic animal'!, but hu ha. ascer tained, he sitvs, that thev aro most numerous in persons who live on .puiu diet ,,,.-, Professor Wavlantl. in his Moral Philosophy, porlravs the' reckless eru- i city of the ciimo uf seduction with a patlms I .. 1 1 .. , ' ",u " '""."'J must move ev.n llie emu ,.ir. r , , eneii ntiertine. It cannot bu read loo often, ns it is one of the finest gems in the EngtMi Uugimgu ; " Let it bo remembered that a female U a moral and accountable lining, Intoning to dm liar of Und ; that she is made to he the .mure of all that is dehghllul in the domestic relations That in her very nature she looks up to man as her protector, and loves to confide in his i i . . .... nanus ner nappine . lor hie; and Ihat she lw. r, I i.. i i .i ... . i. . i'MU-i. i.iiij hv fiiiu.uiv iiiaiciilll! ,!...,. -.i ... .-".!.... ... i. .. . i aence, proving lale to that reliance and us tug the very loveliest trait in her character is the instrument of her iimlnimr. Ami then let us consider iho misery into which a loss of virtue must plunge the victim ami her fiiends fur ever; the wotth of the soul, which unless afniraclt! interpose, must, by the loss of virtue, be consigned to eternal despair; and I ask, whether in lite whole catalogue of crimes, thero is one that more justly merits tho deepest anathema qf man kind that) dial which for the momentary gratification of a lawless appetite, will vill ain all these obljoations. outr.uie all these sympaimes-, and wor. work oul so wide-spread i, mil iiiU'riniuablo ruin. LlTHRATUnK AND Luimt. It would nor- haps surprise a Southern lady lo learn tint oftho GOOO fi'iii.ilu operatives in the fac lories at Lowell, a largo majority are the daughters of icspeclable farmers; nnd in stances aro rare in which, after a few venrs1 employment, they do not rclurn to the par cti- tal roof mil only with unsulied names, lint will, siiflkien, earnings to cons.ilu.o a com- lurtanio oullit lor Itio voyago ol lile. It wouiu prouauiy cieato greater surprise to ho curreucv ami cretin, it musi nave p.acciiu res in aim informed that many fof ilieso younvotnen ' lcT aro not only be'stiliful in fornt and faco, (for r t'0 ,tVeil. It must burrow and hide itself in Sub beaulv is cmiftnnil in nn r.anb in i,. , .Veisnn' vaiilin: scorning credits, and having trust aro hi'dilv accomnlished Tlmv find 1. isnn, .1 n ; , , ., 1 "! """ ,lulsl r" 111 llio intervals ol toil, to cultivato iho ele- gant art of music, ami to study thu lani'iiaces i . i b 1 l.ll! Hill.. Ill I IV 1 I IllTllllllS l llln.n .ivl.-. ordinary than all, tho constant and confoimi . i i" " tog whirl and clatter of machinery is not suf ficient to banish thn tuneful Nino " tho heavenly maids of C.islalia" from thn banks and waterfalls of iho Merinuck and Concord. tVt tho confluence of ilieso two humble streams, thn nourishing I own of Lowell has within a few years sprung into existence, like Iho creation ol oriental fable. Tho hi.hly llilled oftho female onerativi's b.ivn ariiioll. established a literary periodical, stistaine'd by their own contributions in pro .o and po- eirv. of which thn srmcimon. nl nl. I.I .!. od would do honor to i" .i.i i i. . it . :.ny publication in our country ; and as to llicir means of moral nnd rnlii.lon. l.islrncll,,,, tl,., f v.l . in t.i in r, it uiii v i I .1 . . . uy ..-I a in', in ii aiAit'o.i rt'glll.iriv " ...-,. .1....1 ... - ju,t."""'tu -unci..-. tsuuiuini .lentry MeSSCrteer. Mil. WEBSTER'S ANDovi:it si'i:i:cn. Hon. Daniel Wedster delivered onoof his great est nnd most important political speeches on Thurs day 9ih inst. ton largo assemblage of the Wing. nf Massachusetts, held at Andovcr. Tho occasion was meant lo bo n county mass meeting t hut ihedc-pin- tcrcst fill just at present ii ?ir7",,'T,:V,r Vf"?Pr' in stale pniiucs, ami ihe uc- who bar nromiscd to at uicw uigciuer inousnuus iroin niner couuiic., nnd from nil the eastern portions of tbo Stale. The letter of invitation was addressed lo Mr Wr ostkb bv 1ST C f li f .... e . . .1.. ml I I -Hunts oiiART, ii. i., i ruiesor o. mc i ne uium-iii Seminary and Chairman of iho Andover Whig Com mittee, and expressed tbo desire of tho ).ex county Wings to hear him upon all the prominent questions of national politics. Gentlemen, the committee of Andover which has in vited mo here has desired me to address ihentseinbly which might lc convened, on n numler of vastly im portant topics. It will be impossible, of course, for mo lo occupy so broad a field ns they havo proposed; and yet, Gentlemen, it is my purpose to confine what I have to subjects by them suggested. 1 Invo been desired, Genllcmcn, to express to them my opinions on tin) respective duties ol tho .otional an I Slate Governments on the duty oftho General Govern ment towards the various classes of society, agricul turists, merchants nnd manufacturers , on the impor tance of keeping sacred public faiih nnd the obliga tions to pay debts nnd on the importance of effecting some reformation in the currency nf the country, which shall make il'such as our pcoplo need, of uni form rccetvability nnd of equal value. Now, Gentle men, one portion of llie ciubarrnssinenl which I feel on the present occasion, nrics froinihe circumstance dial really, upon these subjects, I have very little tint is new to -ay. P.y the favor of llie people of Massa chusetts I have been now a good while in public life, and at limes of extreme and gcncral cmbarra-snicnt. On most of inescubicets interest mv opin ions are well known, nnd, Gentlemen, they aro quite i ..--.-,--. n.. r n.,l.l..- !,. 1 tton of the Committee, avoil myself of this occasion, not 50 much to announce any doctrines, ciTlainly not any ntir doctrines, as to recur to sentiments on these various subjects which I have long entertained and which I still entertain, behoving ticin,as I do, condu cive lo the public good ond tho public h ippincss. IS'ow, gentlemen, in regard to the duties of tho gen eral government there are some which, everybody no knowledges, belong to it. All agree that it i. the du ty ol me general government lo protect an lueirnu inu countrv l lint it Iris tne power ot raising an army .inu tending our foreign relations, and m general that the maintenance of tbo honor and interests of tho coun- try, so far as they are connected with foreign stales, belong to tho general government. Hut in regard to tla itnt.ia-lir. lt,lia In lllH nlti.rl, in tlfirinOHV W'ith I our institutions and with n view to which it ought consiantiv 10 ue nomiiiisiereu, iiiero nas gmiiuiJ dilVercncc of oi.irnon o.'gieal breadth nnd leading to rbversp pnnsermene. s on one side or the Other. Now iii ibis disposition on the question, 1 wish that the re marks which I shall shortly submit lo you, should alloflhcmproce.d from n spirit of conciliation, f candor, of per uaion. I havemv ovvnopininn of the tZX ZST Kef I know that we nil have a common interest in the mut ter. I know that we are all bound up in one common file and one common destiny. I know, gentlemen, tlinl die. "Ofiil of the. whole renuires that as f iras nrac ticable we should nil be united in cur j idgment nf , the measures priKlucive orcood to ihe wnoiet ann, vvbal I desire now, and nil limes, is to ad dress those who differ ft-in me in ripiivon, that bv n mutual ijisciis.inn, a free nnd enndid examination nf lii.s difference, vvemay in llie end come lo a unity of opinion. Well now the first nf these subjects is that which has so long be. na subject of controversy between po litical parlies in the United Stales, 1 mean the duty of the general Gorernlnenticitti respect to the curren. cy of the country. Now nil ngreo that Congress has Ihe power to regulate thn commerce of the country, for the words are in the Con-titulioii. All agree that Congress has power to coin money nnd to fix a value to foreign coin, fur these words, nlso. are in the Con stitution. Hut thero has been, and thf re is, n wide difference of opinion as to the duties which may be, or may not be, infernblefrum theseexpress grants f power. Now, gentlemen, in regard In this mater which has so long agitated the country, nnd which wi'l rnntinu. lo agitate it, in my judgment, till it inef fectually se'llol, wc must begin with general princi ple and thus conduct ourselves tojust conclusions. I have snd that Congress lias the power expressly 'ranted to ci'in mon. y and to regulate commerce. Il has also iho power to issue bills of credit, treasury notes np niher miner as it tdeases. This is n power winch lie!onseciiiivelv lo lliegene'al Itovernmenr. ..- , . i . The States can com no money.-enn give no yaluo to foreign coins-can cum no bills of credit. And luremn uuin-, ... ........ therefore, as -nice llicadoption of tho ( ons ilutnn the iiseofpaperasa circuhimg medium his bee ea'- most universal, the question nn-es no what govern- ment. on what nower. devolves thn care and Ihe duly o. s ipertntcnding this paper circn'ntiou. That's ihe question. Nuvv my cpiiunn, gentlemen, it nnd has been for many years, thai tt is the duty of the teener al government to take care of the currency of the Conn jnJ .to superintend H ; that the government Ins a duly beyond that given in the grant of the coining power ;' tint thn power to regulate commerce doe. give authority over tint which is the instrument of all coin ree, riosrv, money, whether in a nienlic il tint I i i , . ,. e ., . . the actual enculating medium of Ihe countrv is safc nu 1 eiinvetiii 111 l.o :i I tne u-es ot itio people; thai it 1 mer tikes the plaeo of com Congtes is hound to see ..r. i.. .;;..,,, ..,.. ilnt it is a S'ifc paper that it is one irom the p-cple are not likely In siilkT, to he in any wav o,-picssedandvl-li.mded or deprived uf iheir just earn ings. I have said tint upm all these subj -( I have very lilllo ihat is new lo say : and 1 will therefore re 1 1 shortly, though I think it H in bad to quote Irom one's self what I aid upon lluspoml on n loriueroc. ca-ton; nnd cons.deriiig Iho inclemency of the day and the late Umr nl'vv Inch our pruceo lings wereeoui uienccil, 1 sh ill use sliott extracts. I aid then, th il of nil the party di. pntes of the tunes this quesliuu lay al the foundation, namely: whether it was tho iliity of the general -ovirinneiil to exercise tluir contml over llie genual currency. Thcearu renin!- vvh ch were made bv me in I'jueud Hall on my return Irom theSe-sono'l Cougre-s in July I3i Thoy put ilia ihus: nnd 1 adhere toil to this day Ihat "Whatever si.bord.nate quealious nny have been raise, I tuucin a .Sub- Treasury, or a Consiiiutioual I Treasury, or a Tree.3iiry in one, or in another, or in vet a llnril farm, I like ths question, ihu plan, the parcniounl, Ihe piaclieul queslt jn, to no Hits, u nireiyj: Whether tt hu among Ine oovvers and ihu duties of Congress to tako any further caro of the .Vnwnil Cunciicy llnm to regulate the coinage of gold and silver. "Tint question lies at iho foundation nf all. Oilier q'listioni. however, multiplied or varied, have but grown out of ihat. " If Government is tunrjd to lake care ihat there is o ool currency, for all iho country, then ol tour.e.u vv dl have a go id currency for itself, and need take no .1 i.i m, ivi.ln toritself anv lllini iivulrir. 1 Hut if.on ihe other hmd, Government is nl liberty to "i' ;,,,ls, tke care of .self; amidst tho general wreck of I ' l,oJy 11 m"M u'Vp ",el"1 ",' """" an,i n" if noihtn represented, or could reineseul properly, 1 tt,ich could not be counted, paid pteco hy pi.v.or I weighed in ihescales, or mado io rins upon lh" table ; rli must resort lo Snecial Deposits in Hanks, even I . . ' . . . - , ... ihiiau tanks v .i...... it ..,a -Ims- ciindiict Ins been so lou.llv de nounced nstligiiious and criminal, treacherous to the li.w. riniicnt. an I Iraudulcnl Inwards Iho People. All ik... Indues nn.l colnv nice are but llie conseoueii ces of tho general doctrine which tho ndmiiiisirnii-n has advanced, nal attempted to leco'iunend lo the country! thai is, that Congress has nothing to do with the currency, beyonu the mere matter of coin age, except to pfovido for itself. How such n notion should come lo be entertained, nl ibis d.iv, may well be a mailer of wonder fir iho vviso ; since it is a irmb capable of lb. clearest demon ,'raiion, tint from the n... .1-.. nr iIia -visi,.neo nf tho Conslitulion. from 1 il, mninent when n practical demonstration ol Gov. 1 crnment drew its first breath M vro visions .he ST h."! "en ml .i.Ud to be an on"th e d. ?, ,1 ,S .1 nowers nnd duties of Cou.rcs,. tru.:, ..,, ili in Wnshinnlon'ti limp. nn I "I"" , . ...... t, ..... i- ' 3 ,Z ' . r ilv- Ana i, sir. .Madison's time, w hen ihe peculiar I... ', s, ,,r .lie roonlrv mrain brounht ,,,.,. uu 1 1 " - - ... , , - - , 'Ihe CX0.U5IVC. or ni ICI-l ill. I" imiui m honed rtht 01 IjOllsrcsa in ins.e care .1. ine currency li"re "vat " " .'!... U...M. I. In ... Ih.l I ,.r. in, to resiore.u nn i ,,rl...v...w , ... .ui..., iu.i. ..." r-r. r- TIJO piper rircu,,.,.... siiie.,. i.- .ife.i.nsiances of tae country, nu nsvm cquv vu nnd the same credit in nil pans of it. This was Mr. Mdi"on's judgment. Ho ncled upon il, nnd both houses of Congress concuried wnb him. Hut if wo now quote Mr. Madison's sentiments, wegetno "plv fit nil. We may re.itl his messages of 1313 and 1810 as often aswo'plense. .No man ansvveis them, anil yet Ihe parly of tho administration acts upon directly oppovitc principles. t" -v'ovv, what lias brought nbout this slate oflhing- What has eaued this attempt, now made, at ihe end of half nrcniury, to change a great principle nf llie ad ministration, nnd lo surrender a most impoilant pow er of iho d'ovcnirnonl 1 Gentleman, it has been a crisis of parly, not of tho country, which has given birth lo these new senti ments. The tortuous writings of party policy haya conducted us nnd nothing elr could well hae con ducted us, to such a point, rv'olbing but party yledg-, cs, notbini but rourses of political conduct, entered upon for party purposes.nnd pursued, from necessary regard to personal and party consistency, could so far have pushed the Government outof itsehar and wjU Irodden Constitutional duty, from General Wash ington's Presidency lo the last hour of llie late l'resi dent's both llie Goternnvnl nnd the country have supposed Congress to be clothed with the general du ly of protecting iho currency, eith r ns nn inference from the coinage power, or from the obvious and in rontestib'e truth, that the regulation nf the currency is naturally nnd plainly a branch o( iho commercial power. General Jnekson was behind no one of his prelecesirs in nsspitmg this power, and in acknowl edging iho cortc.ponding duty. We all know that bis verv first romplaini against the late Hank of iho United Slates was, thai it had not fulfillen the expec tation of the country, by furnishing for lb" use of tne People a 'ound and uniform currency. There wero many persons certainly, who did not agree with him in his opinions respecting the Hank ond the rfleets ol its currtney nn the country t but it was expressly on llie ground of this alleged faihiieof the Hink, that hn undertook what was "called the great reform. There are those asain, who think that, of this attempted re form, ho made a very poor and sotry business; but still the truth is. ibnt bo undertook this reform, for thn very professed and avowed purpose, Ihathe might fulfil better than il had yet l een fulfilled, the duty of Government in furnishing the people with a good cur rency, in 1332 nnd 1333, was not good enough; that the l'eople had n rightlocxpcct abetter ; and lomeet this expectation, he began what he himself called his experimont. He said the currency was not so sound, and so uniform, ns it was the duty of Government to ma!. it ; nnd he therefore undertook to give us a cur rency more sound and moro uniform. And now, centfemen, let us recur, shortly, lo what followed : fir there we shall find ihe origin of the present con stitutional doctrines nnd dogmas. Let us see what has changed the Constitution in this particular. "In 1933 the public depositea were removed, by nn ae of the President himself, from Iho Bank of tho United States, nnd placed in certain Stale Hanks, un der regulations prescribed by the executive alone. This was the experiment. '1 he utmost confidence, indeed nn arrogant and intolerant confidence, was entertained anil expressed of its success; and all were regarded as blind bigots to a National Hank who doubted. And when the experiment was put in ope ration, it was proclaimed that its success was found to be complete. Down to the very close of General Jnckson's administration, we henrd of nothing but the wondctCd success of the Experiment. Itwasde il ired from the highest official s nirccs, that the Stale Hanks, ued ns Banks of Deposite, had not on)v shown themselves perfectly competent to fulfil the duties of fiscal nseuts to Government, but also that Ihey had sustained tho currency, nnd facilitated the creat busi n' lessuf Internal l-vcbnnpes. with the most singular and pratifvin success and better than the same thing had hien done before. In nil this glow nnd fer vor of self-commendation the la'e Administration went out of office, having bequeathe I the Experi ment, with nil its blu-ljmg honois nnd rising glories, lo its successor. Hutnfro-t n nipping: frost was al hand. Two months after Generol Jackson had re tired, the Hanks suspended specie payments, Deposite Hanks and all; a universal cmbafra.s .lent smote down the business and industry of tho Country; tho Triasury was left without a dollar, and the brilliant glory of the experiment disappeared in gloom and thick darknes-! And now gentlemen, came the change of sentiments; and now cam: the new read ing nf Ihe Constitution. A National Hank had al ready been declared by the parly to be unconstitu tional the State Hank' svsteni had failed, nnd what more could be done 1 What oilier plan was tobe de vised 1 How could the duty of government over the currency be now performed? The Adnuni. nation had discarded n National Hank, ami it now felt bound lo denounce all t-tate institutions ; and what, there fore, could it do 1 Tl'e whole party had laid out its entire strength, in an elRirt to render the late Bank oj the Umtid -talc", and anv Bank of the United Slate ., unpopular nnd odious. It had pronounced atlsuih institutions to be dangerous, nnu-republican and mo- mrcn'eat. 1 i . t .....:.ti.. .1 i i - i n. j. u i . i, .hi, --ii-. 1'iiiy, uni. lieu ,i -nun ii ij-iu. in u. , jinv anJ c,.,lr, lmcolls,itu,juna. yovl en,e. ! ,,.- , h-ve nollin-IO of ,he d,fndcnce attd mo. ,en, 1 have notiitng lo say of t ((;3,v ()f , w107.,i,0ii ,esi heir mvn hsorUo 0pmioIls (m -;, , jlKe,llcnt ot esitalton or blushing, et on a question of tint the government and the judgment ol tho country, maintained for titty year-. I only remark, that it we weie to find men ncling thus their own nUiirs, if we should fjnd ilicin dispoMiig of their own intercs, or making ar rangements fur ihetr own property, in contempt of rules which they know the legislature and the judicial authorities had nil sanctioned for half r. re titury, we should he ver v likely lo ilimk them out of their beads. Vt t lliia ground has been laken against ihe late bank, and iil' iinst uli Nitnunl Hanks ; and it could not be i i i . ... i : ' -hi I yn 1 til .minim ni'ii il rn i ,iiii i;i ui I!-UI! VSICN ivi,.,. ,i, i .i -, .... ,t, ,i-,,., cy. H Int. tli 'ii, I an, again, was lite nilmimstration to do ) Vou in ay say, it should h nerclraeled its er roi, il shinild have seen the necessity nf n National Institution, yielded to the peneral judgment of llie country. "Hut thai would have required nn e'ort ofcandir and magnanimity, of which all men .are not capable, U.ridys there wi re open, -oleum, public pledges in llie way. Tin-c immitiiietit nflhe parly auauisl a Ns lioual Han., and ihu disastrous tesulis nf its Experi ments on the Si He iHittuli ins, brought the party in to ihcddemuta. from which it s-eiucd lo have no es cape, but in shifting oil', altogether, llie duty of l iking t are of currency. 1 was nl Winding, Vn. in Ai ly bf last vtar, when the Hanks suspended payment; nnd al iluri.k of some imputation of bad m-ie, I will rt fer toobserv Hums of mine, made then, lo the citizens c.f thai town, and pu' h-heil, in regard to qui s ions which that event would necessarily bring belore llie country. I ivv at on c, lint we wv.u at the com iiieiiceinen' ofn new era and that a cun'roverry nil 9t an". winch vviut i gre.i iv Hie community," No sooner had tho i'.tate Hsnk suspended, and a'nong llie rest tlMi'w w litcti were depositaries of the Government, lhaii a cry of fraud and treachery was rilsed ajainsl tin-in, with no belter reasoT, pcrlviiH, than existed for that Inu I, and boisterous, and boai. fe.l conli.lenci", with which the late Admuii-tratioii hi. I spoken of their e ipieiivof usefulness, and had Rswired lb.-' country lint Us Experiment mold not fail. Kill whether Ihe suspension by the Hanks was a nutter ol tiHces.ity v ili them, or not, the Aunutiislra lion, after it In I happened, eetn; itself now shut out fiom ul 1 Hank-, by its own declared opinions, and llio results of us own policy, nnd n ing no means it hind far luikinj another attempt at n forming ihe ruirm. cy, lurneil a short corner, and in nil una firm aban. i.i. -.nn ,,i i,ii uii- i ,rin -iinn-. I'rom the tun" the Vet" lo ldJ, ilia Administration had i ion od the whole duty, ihe II ink Charier Ul 1 been li e n man who tml voluntarily nhandonrd a sifo bitioin, on deep vvniers, nnd, having in vaiit sought lo support himself by lav1 ng hold on one and nnothtr pteee of tinting timber, i h oosing rather to gu down, i nn to seek safityiti rcluimiij to what he lia-i abandoned. " Meting it hid deprived itself of the common meani of icgulaling iho currtucy, tl now denied Us ohliga lion to do so ; declarul it had not lung to do with ihn currency beyond coiniget ihat it would like care of ihe revenuesof Government, and ns for ihe rest, the People musl look nut for llicmsclus. This decision thus i vuletnly grew out of party necessity. Havinr deprived themselves of the ordinary nnd Constitution' nl ineansofperformuigtheirriuiv, ihey sought lonvoui the rc.pons.:nhty bv declaring Ihat there wos no such duly io pet form. Thev have looked further into thu Constitution, and examined it by daylight nnd bv nioonbgbl, nnd cannot find any .uch duty or oble. nun. Though General Jackson saw it, ver,' p'nituy, during the whole course of hi- Presidency, it has now vanished, nnd iho new Commentators can nowhere discern n veshgu of it. The present Adininistrntioni indeed, stood pledged to trend in Ihe steps of its pre decessors; bin here whs one fool-print which it could not, or would not, occupy, or one strido loo long for it lo take. The .Message, I had almost Biid the fnlii. -Message, coiiimun. -aipi! to Congress in September, a 7'"- r-'""! H A-bmnis.Mlion, - H P.mver ' n'!,'r. ,I,H Coisiituuon lo regulate the i mMiprni ncu i;i currency 01 ine i oi nirv. " Th. President says, in .hat Message, .ha. if h. re- 'rnln5 " ...r" -'or n 1 v 'I'""1. P'"' 'r . lie CA-i.a.. re neving mercantile cm. inrrnnmeniji- r uumer ins www mo ordtnirv nnprt. , .........,., ..,.:.,.. rrs., -.,., s'ltniionnl pri.vWfm of Government. 1 oiui.iMis, ....,-,..,,.,.., v, ,,,, .... "iiww iinai-Duiu miwHim, npn m i rtiinlilniirtf. mm , ,-.. . .,. , T . - . . "'hi