Newspaper of Burlington Free Press, November 24, 1843, Page 2

Newspaper of Burlington Free Press dated November 24, 1843 Page 2
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o n mires, both foreisn and domestic, I cannot cimv eaite. Hut llieOoiMtitntion was not lo lm triflwl.wilh. Tlie couiiiry, 1 believe, by n grcitinaj irity, Is of opin Inn tint tins iluty does below to Cuvf-ritmeiii, nnd ought to bo exercised. All tho new c xpdtlnders havo t.ot been abltj to erase this general power over Com merce. Their fate, in this lespert, is like that of hurt in anci?nt story. While endeavoring W tear up, and render asunder IhcConslilutiuii, its sfroife fibres havo recoiled and caught them in the c'cfl. Thef cspe nonce , ' ... , ,. , " Mile's fearful end- Wc.lged in tho Innher which they strovo to rcritl." Oenll omen, this constitutional power can never lie ntrrendered. We may as well give up the whole iMiiiincroi.il. power Jit once, nnd throw every thing Cdiincciod with it hick up.in the Males. lfConprcss surrender lhi pjwer, to whom shall it ps-, or where V J." " "? lodged 1 .Shall it ha lelt to an nnd twenty ditiercnt legislatures 1 To tight hundred or a thou and unconnected banks 1 No. c'ttlenun, to allow that authority In be sur rendered, would be to abandon the vessel of Slate, without pilot or helm, and to sutler her to roll, dirkh'ng, down lhi current of her fun. ' For the k.ako of avoiding all misapprehension, on this most imp irtant subject, I wi h to stalo mv own opinion, clearly, and in a few words. I have' never said, that it is an indispensable dulv, in Congress, un der a'l circumstances, to establish 'a National Hank. No such duty, certainly, i3 created by tho Constitution in express terms. I jo not say auW particular mea lures s.e enj iiiied by the Constitution, in this respect. Congress has ils discretion, and it is left to its own judgment, as to the measures most proper to be em ployed, lint I siy tho general duty does cxit. 'I maintain Ihat Congress is bound to tako care, by s lino proper means, to secure a good currency for tho People! and lint while this duty remains unper formed, une great object ol die Constitution is not attained. If we nre to have as many different cur rencies us thete aro Sta'cs, and these currencies nre to be liable to prpetunl fluctuations, it would be folly 10 say inai wo naa reacnci tnat security nna itmiorm ity in commercial regulation, which we know it v.$ the purpose of the Constitution to establish. "The Hanks may all resume to-morrov I hope they willt but how much will this rs,imption ac complish! It w,ll doubtless afl'ird fcood local curren cies t out win it give me country anv proper nnd sa'c paper currency, uf equal rm universal value? Cer tainly it eannol, will tint. Will it bring back, for any length of time. Pxjnanges to the state they wcro in. when th .to was a Nation l Currency in existence? Cerninly, in my opinion, it will not.' Wo may heap fjild bags upan gold bags, wa may create what secu rities, in the constitution of local banks, we please, but we cannot civo to nny such bank a chancier that shall insure the receipts of its notes, with equal readi ness, every where throughout tho valley ol th" Mis sissippi, and from the shores of the Gulf of .Mexico to the z?t. Lawrence. Nothing can nccomplish this, bilnn institution which is National in its character. Tho People desire to see, in their currency, the marks of i his nationality. They like to see thesprcad Eagle, and where they see that, they have .confidence." There are three proportions on this subject which I would submit to the coii-ideinlion of every candid man. I wih to reason them out, beeausa it is my wish to establish the principles which I embrace, nnd which pass generally under the denomination of Whig prin ciples, and to convince men of a I parties that they ore II true, and will tend to promote the happiness and prosperity of all classes of the peop'c. I say there nre three propositions upon which no honest and intelli gent men can cicn differ. 1. Tlio first is, that in tho present stato of society, in the present condition of the country, naner not on ly does, but will continue to, form the great mass of circulation, me uumuug auout a specie currency, a I Ilia professions of returniiiir to an exclusive metal lic circulation, must "appear to cveiy man eminently absnid. Von know mil it caitnO! ''.a done. You must nil know and be sensible, that from sumo rn't, from some corporation, or from some source we shall have a paper circiil.iiion.nnd tliatu will form the great mass of the currency of the country. Is there a man who doubts this J Is theieamaniu this whole assem bly, in the Commonwealth, who will, without 6ttsi in.?1, (cheers,) say that ho does not know it? Is ihero one whom parly spirit carries so far as to lead him to declare that he expects to see tho day hen specie hall form the exclusive ciirrcncv,aud not at the same time not feel his check burn wi h shame ? (Cheers.) There is none such. Well, then, if it is nstrced that wo must have ihe mass of the circulating medium in paper, is there any man who will deny, 2. That it is a thing most dcsirable.thnt.in this moss there should bo one pari nt least which should pass current everywhere which should be of universal reccivability (if I may use the word) which shall be known to every bo ly and which every body will taka from Maine to Oeor0:a, and all along tho Mississippi. Is that not desinblo ? Inn country under one com mon government, is it not desirable that tho great mass of the circulaiing medium should bo something which every body can respect? Why, nobody can deny this. It is desirable, it is useful, for all the pur- Coses of society and of business, for it 1 encfits every ody, and especially those connected with the com mercial stales. Ail candid men will acknowledge this? Is it not desirable to the merchant in Illinois nnd Alabama to have something in the shape of paper money to remit to you mnnefectiirers and citizens of Essex county which you will receive 7 And is it not desirable to you, manufacturers and citizens of Essex county, that he should have something to re mit which you will receive as money? (Laughter and cheers.) 3. If this is yielded, gentlemen, there is only one more question to consider ; nnd that is, can a curren cy thus universale its character, thusequal in ilsval 4ic over all the country, bo furnished by nny institu tion uf any State whatever? We have si 1 had some czperienceof itj we all know to the contrary. Weoll Aviouj to the contrary. Take the bills of nny bank in Massachusetts this day to Virginia, and they will hot pass. Urine bills of Virginia banks to Massachusetts, npd'thcy will not pass. They are State institutions; and tho citizens of our State nre acquainted with the , institutions of their own State. They know the solidity, tho solvency, the responsibility of their own banl.s, and will trust the paper of their own bank, tit far os they ought. And they know thcin-tiiulioni of inc government tint is over nil. They nre bound to know those general laws and those general insiitu- i.i i. . . . . . ... ......( u.i, an wiu outie.1. not uiev no nor, una incy cmnot unow mo narticu or institutions nf other states, nor can they bo well informed as to the cred.t which is or ought to be due to their banks or their paper. Arid, therefore, if one of you were now nt Richmond or Petersburgh, with plenty of Misa chusetts money in jour pocket, it would not pass readily from hand to hand in daily business, though it is true that if you should tike it to n broker he might not only give you it.s value on its fuee, but pay a pre mium upon it fir nnribern remission, becattso ho makes ii his business tu kno w the value of the moneys of different Slates. Thesj three ihings, then, I take to be conceded: I. That paper will form tho great mass of our cir culation ; 2. That it is desirable that of this mass t int ol this mnii n ni should bo universally acceptable, and of equal va'uo ; nnd 3. Tint such a pa.ier cinnot ba furnished by any Mate institution whatever; but the moment wo ascend to ino government over nil tlie moment we meet money in circulation with tho spread eagfe upon it, iiio( by authority of the United States wo know thai it circulates every where. In ihe niluro of tli ngs it is both rtasinablo nnd just that Ibis should bj so; fir it is rcaso -.able that nil parts of the Unite I States and nil the citizens of the Unite 1 Slates should have respeet for lbs institu tions nf tho General Government and put fai'h in the promises which it makes. Now, gentlemen, where is the power, where is the power 1 I say that the n lwer is implied in the autho rity of Coni-rcs to regulate Commerce. It i" derived from th it for in order to d s ''large ils dulv to Com merce, Congress must s iperinten I that which is Ihu ureal ae'ont of C.inimer 'e money. Comiresq li.ua i power to regiihfle ltio Cniriiicy: rind nccotding to lr. Madisu!)'$ uintnrr-iurtif incut. Ujvernment must have the power 1o decide what shall tike the place of the currency 'If "it is disp'lr.cid by paper money. I ahill not fro nt l.-nrilh river the f ?iiuiMliifinn!.l iiiaatl.i.. Suffice it to say Ih it coeval with the Cons'itution that power na uccn nciievvu l exist, l liosj who ma le thsConstitndnnditl not doubt it. G.-neial Washing-to-did iui doubt it : mil In cslablis'ied a bank, or ni:e wa established un.lr !m udininistraiioii, for th',1 very purpose, M tiisos liid not doubt it; and I inenli.i.i Inn hcciu3. be is o'liincnt nmong those who havu been suppnsuj 1 1 entertain d lubts upon tho constitutional power. Hut .Mr. Madrsja yielded t even if his privalo judgment had not been convinced, ht said, ai ciery man of sense will say. that the thin? has been nettl'd by the repeated decisions of tho Consiiliitionai interpreters i its meaning lias been fixed, determined. And iho Constitution, liko nny othtr instrument, I" capable of doubt ; but h'.e any oilier, wh"ti it meaning has been fixed by the proper tribunal, it must bo tiiken as settled, enduring nnd no lonerr to be doubted. 'Now wc.nll know that we have had a bank for fo'rly ytars yet men say it is uncon (tituiionnl. Will thcyf.iy so forty years hence? ami will they llius go tn from generation to generation, disputing a question already r tiled? I think not. Wo must take lliiiiL's peuhd as settled. Wc must tako the interpretation of Conns, of Stales ond of the peaple, all or whom nave adopted n uan t, wo must tako it as the iiic.auint'. the actual, fixed, definite meaning of tin Cons'itution, or wc shall never hava tny meaning fur that instrument. Now, gentlemen. I will not press this point further, because I agree with those who think that at the pres ent moiti'iit, in the present stale of things, evpecially in 'Iih Atlantic) anil Commercial Suites Ihe evils which have heretofore distressed Ihe community, are not so severely fill. Hut they nre felt in other pans of the country nhnovt as severely as ever. In the South Western Stales und in eome of theNorlh Western S ntci, there is in fact no current money; they may be said in fiet to have no standitd uf value no de scription of money which pisses at par. Men there hnrt eveti-incu their commodities pork, crain. nro- viibns, &e. for other commodiirs in the simps nf paper of unknown value. I hero t no sound Healthy currency among Ibem. It is a poor, low, vexatious, d :ni alin'ir,' s;i -en! uion, 'h whole ofit. bpcauseil is tin ciab!i"hi 1 principle in nil civilized government, Ihit n bad, nnrertnin, fluctuating paper mopev is one ef l f most (l-moralizinr ond deleterious influences i.. , - !. sny sorielv. i . , -1 v n.fi"c though we la New 1 . , ,,! , - ', I, Vf .'! il paiticutar Inconvenience from this source, there ore return laws of trade, thcM aro certain established principles which i Iwnya operalo In society, by the operation of which we'nre just as sure, attomctimo I hope it may be far ofl but wo arejusl ascertain to como back tu that stalo of derangement in tho cur rency as we nre certainly just emerging from such n talis. Hut business is quite reviving it is becoming nelivet in mercantile phrase there is a, better feeling intone the people. Thero has been a decided tiso in puces. Money is becoming plenty, and there area thousand banks which are ready to lend their money to good customer! under llio opinion (in which I do not concur) that all good paper may bo safely dis counted. The tendency is this i large prices by de aling a demand for money, induce largo issues from banks t largo issues tend to raiso prices. Thus pros petily begets excess, nnd excess terminates in revul sion, and this will be the history of our business af fairs most surely unless some check, somo control.be exercised over tho whole matter. Now, gentlemen, I do not say, I never hove said, that a Honk of the Uni ted States was an indispcnsiblo agent for tho good administration of tho Government or the prosperity of the people. I only mean to say that it is the duty of ihe Government to take care ol tho currency : and in favor of a bank I said that it had been repeatedly ttied nnd uniformly with success. Ono other remark I will mako upon the subject. Seven or eight years since I declared in my place in tho Senate, that having very much desired tho con tinuance of tho charter to the bank from n sincere ran. yietion that both banks which have been organized by authority of Congress had been productive of good, I made up my mind in Gen. Jackson's time, inai we coiiia not possibly establish another Bank till there should be a decisive call by tho people for such an institution. reninin of thot Am'tifnn. And 1 have said on Knottier nnd more recent occasion that it appeared to mo that a Hank of the United States, fo tnded upon private subscriptions and invested with uof-ner w iiiscouni, was nut or the question. 1 tl nit to still: because the circumstances of the coun- ttv have changed since the exnirnimn nf therhnrti-r. Stato institutions have greatly increased nnd many of tho States derivo n considernblo portion of their revenue from Uxcs upon the capital of the banks within their limits. Nevertheless, I am quite willing to agree that n bank on the old model is nerfcctlv constitutional; and if tho linio should ever come whpn by llio wisdom of Congress nnl the general judgment of the people, a Dank on the old plan and model s'tould teem proper lobe adopted, it would have my hearty concurrence. Rut still I think that an in suiulion of that sort should bo nn institution rather for controlling issues and for taking care of the issues of other banks, than for discounting paper and thus iiiuii'iiiii;; cujmai lor private Dusincss. LAWS OF VERM0NT.-1843. Secretary op Statics Drrtc Moiitpelicr, November 3, 1843. j The following Public Acts of tho General Asscmb ly passed at the last session thereof, from number one to number thirty-four, inclusive, nre hereby designa ted for publication in the newspapers publinhed in"this state, agreeably to the eleventh section of the filth chapter of the Hcvised Statutes. J. JIc M. SIIAFTER, Sec. of State. NtJ. 1?. AN ACT, in addition to, and in expla nation or "an act relating to banks," approved Octo ber 23, 1610. It is hereby cnacttd by the General As sembly of the Slate of Vermont, as follows: Sec. I. The provisions of section seventeen of the act relating to banks, aDprovcd October 10, 1840, which prohibits any company or corporation from be ing indebted to any bank in this state, in a greater amount than ten per cent, of the capital paid in, shall not bo construed to extend to deposits made by such bank in the banks in commercial cities where such uunis Keeps an necouni, tor ine purpose of deposit, collections nnd the ordinary business transactions wiih said bank. Sec. 2. Section twenty-two of said act is so al tered as to read, in,-.: no loan shall be made, or anv note or bill discounted, exceeding fifty dollars, with out the approval ofa majority of the directors Approved Oct. 31, 1343. No. 18. AN ACT. to encourage and promote Ag riculture. l is hereby enacted, &c. : Sec. 1. It shall bo lawful for any number of per sons, in nny county in this state, to associato togeth er and form a, county society, to encourage nd"pro mole agriculture therein; and anysuch society, when organized according to Ihe provisions of this act, shall have all the powers of a i-orporaliun or body politic, and may auo nnd be vied, implead or bo impleaded, prosecute and defend to final judgment and execution, in nny court of law or equity; and may purchase nnd hold nil tho real and personal estate which shall be necessar y to best promote tho ol ject of such associa tion, and which estate shall be exclusively devoted to such obj'ct. Sec. 2. Such societies shall be formed by written articles of association, sol scribed by the members thereof, specifying the objects of the society, and the conditions on which subscriber shall become mem bers thereof; nnd the first meeting shall be notified and held in the manner prescribed in the articles of association. . They may adopt n corporate name, eith er in the original articles of association, or by vote at the first meeting thereof, in which such society shall be organized, and may at any meeting adopt a corpo rate seal and alter the same at pleasure. Sec- 3i m3"''1 aoc'cr'ei not exeeding one in each county, i-hall be organized by opnointing n president, two vice presidents, secretory and treasurer, and such other officers os they may deem proper, to be chosen annual y, and to hold their places until others are op-poiritt-d. r Sec 4. When any such societies are organized as aforesaid, thev shall have power to adopt nil such by-laws, ru'os, nnd regulatious, as they shall judgo necessary and expedient, to promote the objects there of, not inconsistent with the cons'itution and laws of this stole. Sec 5. It shall bo tho duty of the eecrelary or cletk .f every such society, to keep fair records of all the proceedings of tho same, in a book provided for Ihat tiurnose. ond such records mna h r.,i ;n "onc?rn"l. " CaCh S'y Sec 6. When it shall bo nni?e silisfnciion of the Treasurer of this state, that nny such society is duly organized in any cotinly, accord ing to the provisions of this act. it shall bo the duly of the Treasurer afoics lid, to pay, nnnnally, to iho treas urer of every society soorganiztd as aforesaid, on ap plicaimn made therpfor, such sum out of the treasury 'of this state ns will be in proporiion to tho population of tho county where such recie'.y is organized, csti mating two thousand dollars on the whole slate and taking the census of 1910 as tho basis of calculation until the next census is made. Provided, neverthe less that no such society shall draw any money out of the treasury of this slate, as aforesaid,' in any year, until it shall aNo be ruithermade to appear to theaat- , ' " ..ai..iw .ii nc ireanurer tnereot, tint there shall ""u0 "Z I, ?,'r . ,t'Ca. f" ,,n0 1 !e ""ry of I , . "D ",c neneiii inercot, tor said society shall b enliled to from the slate, accord- T io iiiir.-iion. ii sum. noi ess tnnn Hik cum thi H 'J I, II. J U l-MUUS U IIUS aC, nre. 7. Ail monies, so subscribed, or received from tho state os aforesaid, ha, after paying the ne cessary incidental expenses of such societies, respec luelv, bo annually paid out for premiums, awarded by such societies, in such sums and iu such war nnd manner as they, severally, under their by-laws, rules, and regulation,, shall direct, on such live animals, ar nclesol production anil agricultural implcm-nts nnd tools, as ore of tho growth and manufacture of the county; and also on such experiment, discoveries, or attainment1, in scientific or piaclical agriculture as nre made within the county where such societies nre respectively organucd. ec. 8. This net shall be subject to amendment, a torat.ou, or repeal, n f dure legislatures shall direct , in pasngi', .-.ec, 'J. i lus net shall luke effect from and nfler Dasne,'. Approved Nov. 1, 1843. No. 19. -AN' ACT, relating to the Grand List. I 'iere,y enacted, if-c, That the sixth exceDttd case of the tenth mcimi, nf an net relating to Ihe grnnd list, approved November 11, 1811. is so amended ns to read os follows: Pi isau i estnic of deceased pertnns in the handsof iheir exeailoraor administrators, and not distributed, khall be a s?.ol to iho executors or administrators in the town, and, (for llic purpose nf school and highway taxes,) in the district whero the deceased person has dwell, until said estate has hern distributed and paid to the pariis interested therein. Appinveil Nov. 1,1513. No. 50. N ACT, in addition to " on act relating h public accounts, approved Xocembcr Wh, 1810. It is hcrchy enacied, Ac. j Srx. 1. The Director and Superintendent of the Stalo Prison, the Hank t ommissioncr and Hank Com. nuttees, the Trusted and Superintendent of ihnW. niont Asylum for the Insane, the t'ommissiencr of ,,,"";u" uiiihii, niu i iiuno, ami tne insane poor, ond tho Auditor in tho Treasury, shall hereafter make their several reports In tho Auditor of Accounts by the twentieth day-of September annually, instead of reporting to Ihe Governor, ns heretofore required Sec. 2. Tho Auditor of Accounts shall publish ami append oil such reports to his annual report for the use nf the General Assembly. Sec. 3 All acts and parts of acts, inconsistent with tins, nre repealed. Approved Nov. I, 1813. No. 21. AN ACT, eonttruinp ihe terenth section of the act relating tn public accounts, approved 4Vo. rember 12, 1912. It is hereby enacted, cVc: The seventh section nf the net passed November 12. 1812, entitled "nn act relat'ng to public occounis," shnll bo so construed ns to authorise tho Auditor of Accounts lo examine and allow nil claims for services rendered during iheexistence of ihe act regulating the militia, npprnvr d November 1st, 1837. Approved Nov, , IRI3. No-2?--AN ACT, to provide for the disposal of unclaimed property, stored with trirfin:tri nnd olh tr t'ore-house keepert It is hereby marled, Ac. : Bec. t. If any. article of personal property which ft, or t.-.ay hereafter be stored with nny wharfinger r puhrc store-house keeper in lh!s stale, without any special contract for the keeping thereof, shall not be claimed by the owner or consignee, within one year nun, mo uiiiu ouch miicies were storca, sna ine legoi charges thereon for freight nnd storage remaining un- i'uiu, ,c jibi sun nnvinif ine same in store, may cause such property, or any portion thereof, to he sold by the ehcrifTof the county where the same may be stored. Sec. 2. Such sheriff shall sell all such nrnneriv ( public auction, and shall give notice of such sale, by publication in some newspaper printed in tho town or county where such property is stored, three weeks BuituBsiyi-iy, mo ihwi oi which sunn ue noi less man four weeks before said sale; and if thero be no news paper printed in such county, then such noticu shall be inserted in the newspaper printed nearest thereto, in this stale. Said advertisement shall stole the time nnd plncc of sale, the description of the property, quantity, quality and maik of tho articles to be sold, the timo when stored, nnd tho names of tho owners, or their agents or consignees, when known. Sec. 3. If tho owner or consignee shall not claim said property and pay nil legnl charges thereon, nnd for advertising tho same, before the day of sale, tho sheriff shall proceed to sell said properly and make n return oi inc same to tne treasurer oi ino county whero such nroncrtv is stored, with his nflldavit of the truth of such icturn. And nftcr deducting Iho customary enarges nna expenses oi ine sole, said she rill snail pay. 10 inc person naving sain property in store, nil legal charges thereon, and the balance, if any, he shall poy ,u 1,'C I DU CI Ul Oil U UUU HT. k I1W IIIUUBV. HO 11BICI to the treasurer of such county, shall be kept for the benefit of the owner of the property so sold, and be paid to him on producing satisfactery evidence of his ngni. Approved Oct. 31, 1843. No. 23. AN ACT. in relation In ll, , gnuli'mlf .aw .... uuiisi u 'ifiiuuu itouorf. ii is ncre- .. i. ..ii... r i . . i " uy cuaeieu. uce. . That Sections six. twettfA nnA thirteen, nf i-li,mtr cigiiiy-iuree m me neviseti statutes, are repeated. .1 r.L.w. i . . ' . Approvco. mov. l, ltHJ. No. 24. AN ACT, in addition to chapter tixty teten of the retited ttatutet, entitled "of the main tenance of illegitimate children." U is hereby en acted, be. : Sec 1. Any single woman who has been, or shall hereafter be, delivered of a bastnrd child, nnd shall neglect or refuso to charge nny person with being the fither of such child, within thirty days after such child is born, according to the provisions of tho first section of chanter sixty-seven at the rrvisrd -.iinoo. to which Ibis is an addition, ihcn the overseer of tho poor of ihe town which is charged, or likely to be charged, with the support of such child, may makes written complaint agsinst such single woman, to some justico of the county, setting forth such facts, and thereupon tho justice sholl issuo his warrant against such single woman, to bring her beforo him iu ueexnmincu upon oatn. o ti, t. ..:.. ...i x. i . brought before him, shall examine her upon oath and take her examination in writing, and thereupon issuo his warrant, and causo tho person, by her charged ni, uciiig me iuini;i ui said Dastara cnuu, to no broucht before him. and the same nrnrwdinm tl,... on hnd, as are provided in the net to which il,i addition, as though such single woman hnd made a coiiipiumi in wnung unuer oatn, as therein provided, iifuiiisi un- person cnargeu oy ner wiin Dcing the Iv therofsaid child. Sec. 3. Tho answer or testimony of such single woman, upon the examination aforesaid, shall not subject such sinirlo wnmnn tn Mnw,n;n . ,. viction under chapter ninety-nine, section two, of the Sec. 4. The nroceedinrvanitflinst ih.n.Knn cd with being the father of said child, shall be in the name ui me overseer oi tne poor ol the town, prose, cutmg such complaint. Sec. 5, No compromise made with, or discharge given to, such person so charged, or payment made to such woman, wiihout ihe of the poor, shall bo good nnd valid, as against him, or if made or given nftcr such overseer shall havo com menced a prosecution, or token upon himself th management of anv nroBecutinn hv an.h u.mnH couimcnccd a provided in the act to which this is an addition. Sec G. If such woman or other norson shall at any time give sufficient security for the support of u.icn cnuu, iinti pay ino cosis ana expenses lor the supnori oi sucn cnuu, tne proceedings in the ( shall be discontinued and the powers granted to overseer shall cease. case tlie Sec 7. .Section fourteen, ofchapter sixty. soven nf iuu revneu statutes, is iicrcuy reppnicd. . Sec 8. This net shall take efTect from and after its passage. Approved Nov. 1, 1843, No. 23. AN ACT, relating to astociationi in ad dition to chapter cizhl'ffintofthcTet'url ttatutet, It is hereby enacted dec. Any number of persons may associate together ond have ihe powers of a corpora lion, under the regula tions nnd provisions of chapter eight-one or ihe Kevis. cd Statutes, entitled "Of Societies for the support of the gospel and literary and other associations," for mic iviiuwniij ouuntuiiai puriusc ; To establish and maintain fire companies, and to Etirchaso and hold real estate sufficient for engine ouses for ine or more engines, hose, hook-Udders ana uuckcis, aim sucn oiner property aa may be ncces sary for a fire company. Approved Oct. 31, 1843. No. 26. AN ACT. t'rt addition to chanter elirhtv one of the recited ttatutet, in relation to religious and oiner socienet. ii is nercDy enacted, oec. ifcThat any number of persons may associate togeth er under the provisions, and according to the regula tions, of chapter eighty-one af the Revised Statutes, for the purpose of raising, receiving, holding and ap propriating funds to procure, by purchase or other wise, and to distribule.the Holy Scriptures ; Provided, said society shnll not hold real estate to a greater amount than two thousand dollars. Approved Nov. I, 1843. No. 27. AN ACT, fit amenrfmenf of" an act id relation to the militia." It is hereby enacted, etc. , Sec. 1. All fines under the 150th section, 17Clh sec tion, 177th section, I78lh section, 179th section, 180th section, lBlst section. I82d section. lS3d section, nnd articjo fourth of the 230th section, nnd oil fines ond loneuures io nc paid uy non-commissioned officer musicians and prnates, when no other method of cob lecling Iho same is pointed out by law, shall be col tccted as follows t The clerk of each company, within five days after uji.ii ii.uinoj;, musicr ororri, or any lorteiture shall have been incurred, shall maLecnmnlnini. in wtiiinn. against nil delinquents coming wiihin tho penalties of mis scuuuii, io me commanding oinccr of Ihe comp.T ny, in lliemanncr and forms, as near ns circumstan' ces will permit, as now provided hv law. The debn qucnt, w ho shall he liable for the fine or forfeiture, shall De allowed twelve days from Ihe time of such forfeit ure, to make his excuse to such commanding officer; but if he shall neglect to make such excuse, in writing within tho tune aforesaid, or if tho commanding offi cer of such compsny shall consider his excuse insuffi cient, it shall bo the duty of each commanding officer lo issue a notification to the delinquent, substantially iu ui louowing lortn ; STATE OK VFRMO.NT, ss. To any BherhTor constable in the state, (ireetIno uy incauinoriiyoi ine a into ot Vermont, you are hereby commanded to notify of in the county of that he is nmcrced in a fine ofthesumof dollars cents, (here ucscrmeincaeiauiianu tne time or its commission,) and unless he shall n rod ure to me s certificate in writ. ing, from under the hand of ono of tho field officers of ino regiment to which lie belongs, certifying that said fine is remitted, that execution will issue against him for the same. Hereof fail net, but make service and return accor- ainz to taw. Dated at this day of i the year 5 Commanding officer of ( ihe Company. Which notification shall be served, by being read in the hearing of such delinquent, or by leaving n copy llicicofat his last and usual place of abode i and it shall be tho duty of such officer to make returns of sucn notmcation, with his doings thereon, within six days from Ihe tuno of receiving ihe same. The person upon whom the notification shall be served, may, within six day from the service of the same, apply to one of the field officers of the regi ment, for a dischargo of tho said fine; and such field officer shall thereupon notify the clerk ol the compa ny ol tho timeaud place, when and wherr, he will hear Ihe excuse of such delinquent, which shall be wiihin six o'ays from the time when application shall be first made, end direct the clerk to appear and show cause, if any he Jiave, why such delinquent should not bedis- charged; a,ia tne person applying shall give tho no tice in b manner as such field officer shall direct, and t'1.1 - iirfy such field officer at the linio of hear ing, that bucli notice has been given; and such field olticer may, or may not, remit such line, as rirciim stances may require. If such field officer shall not remit the fine of such delinquent, and deliver him a certificate thereof os aforesaid, to the commanding officer of the company, Ihe commanding officer aforesaid shall issuo It's exe cution in Ihe form now prescribed by law, as ncor a circumstances will permit. ,And the officer, to whom such execution and notification is directed, shall have tne same powers ana lees a in civil process. When sny delinquent shall obtain a discharge, from n fie'd officer, from a fine, such delinnuent shall nav to the cletk of tho company Iho fees for the service of .1 x i ,- . .. ,, ine notification, uciure ine commanding omcer snail occept such discharge, unless such fees have been dis charged by such field officer. And in cose such delin nuent sholl neslect.for the space nf twelve days, to pay the fees aforesaid, tho commanding officer shall is sue his execution for the fine and roots, which shall be collected, as though no such discharge had been ob tained from such field officer. Sf.c 2. The fines mentioned in the seventy-sixth section, tenth section, one hundred and seventy-fifth etciion, one hundred and seventy-third section, and one hundred and seventy-fourth section, sbull be re covered by any person argrieved before any justice, ' in nn action of debt founded nn this statute. .Sic. 3. The fines meniionelin tho S9lh, 91l, 93.1, Qlih, Mil., lJ, 1031, 133d, 111 lb, 135lh, UGlb, 13Tth) 141st, and 142d sections, and in nil cases when re turns are to bo made, not herein before provided for, shall be collected ns follow t Tho officer to whom any return should have been mode, shall demand the same of the officer neglecting, either personally or in writing, wnnin sisiy aaya alter ine lorteiture snail have been incurred ; and if Ihe officer neglceting to make return, shall further neglect or refuse to pay said fine for the space of ten days, after such demand, ine nmcor io whom such return should have been made, shall Issue his execution therefor, tnht, r1irM. cd to any sheriff or constable In the slate. a ec. 4. All tines shall belong lo the company, regiment or brigade, to which the person paying the samo shall respectively belong. oic. o. accuons ihj, 184, 1B5, I8U, 137, 1B8, 189. 190. 191. 192. 193. 194. 19S. 19fi. 107. IflP. ton 200, 201, and 202, uf title eleventh, of the act in rcla- ui'ii iu uiu minim, paiscu ixovemucr ii, 184, oe, and arc, hereby repealed. Sec. G. Section second, of the act aforesaid, shall be so amended as to read as follows i in addition to the persons exempted by Ihe laws of mo unitea amies, ino louowing sholl bo exempted Irom military duty, upon, the payment of two dollars to the treasurer of tho town where bn resides, nnd nrn. ducing a receipt therefor to the captain of the eompa- iiyi juuges ui ino oupremo ana uouniy uourts, Judges nnd IlegiMcrs of Probate, County Clerks, Sher iffs nnd Sheriffs' Deputies, High Bailiffs, Constables, and Teachers nctunllv emnloved in common tehnnte The following shall be unconditionally exempted from military duty, viz t Ministers of Iho Gospel; members of tho religious denomination of Quakers; iicuincs ot colleges; members ol fire companies, so long as such fire companies shall do the duties pre scribed by their by-laws, and shall keep themselves lurnished with nn engine nnd apparatus; all person who nave norciotore occn commissioned in tho mili tia of this state, or in that of the United States, and have been honorably discharged ; officer who may hereafter be commissioned in the militia of this state, and shall serve under a commission five years but no such officer shall be exempt unless ho is honora bly discharged; officers of any corps, when it shall be disbanded, and all staff officers whose offices shall become vacont by the provisions of the two hundred and seventy-fifth section. Sec. 7. To the officers of each company of light infantry and riflemen, there shall be added one third

lieutenant. Sec 8. Tho fifty-second section of said act shall be amended so as to read os follows: All eomnsnv officers shall be elected by the written or printed votes of tho members of said company, and no individual snau neeuginio io any oince in said company, thai is not a member of said company. Sec 9. The one hundred and twenty-ninth sec tion of said act shall be understood to require the commanding officer of each company of enrolled militia, to revise his roll annually, instead of annually enrolling every member of said comnanr. Sec. 10. All fines, assessed h the hv.laua t uniform companies, shall be collected by complaint to the commanding officer of the company, as herein before provided. . Sec. 11. The two hundred and fortieth sec tion of said act shall to amended so as to read as follows : The sum of four dollars shall be annually deducted from the list of each member of a company of uni form militia, who shall be returned uniformed and equipped to the town clerk ; and if such member have no list, or is a minor, then such sum shall be deducted from the list of the person who shall equip and uni form such member. Sec. 12. All commissions shall b transmitted to the commanding officers of brigades, and by them, within thirty days after received, to the commanding officers of regiments, under a penalty of five dollars for each neglect thereof. The commanding officers of regiments, within thirty days after such commis sions are received by them, shall notify the officers elected, thai such commissions arc in readiness, nnd that they appear and be qualified wiihin ten days from the dote of such notice. And for anv neglect to notify, os .ibove directed, such officers shall pay a fine of five dollars. Sec. 13. Ii shall bo tho duty of the officers, non commissioned officers and musicians of the uniform militia of each regiment, if required by the command ing officer of said regiment, to meet two days in each biennial year, commencing A. D. 1844, ot such time ond placeas said commanding officer shall designate, for military drill and improvement; and at every such parade, it shall be Ihe duty of said nrninmilini, officer to bo present with his subaltern field staff oinccrs. ana ine auues oi sato narnde ami rir,n shall be under tho direction of said commanding uiiitcr. Sec 14. There shall bo one general drill, inspec tion and review, of the officers, non-commissioned officers and musicians of the uniform militia, by bri- ujuc, or regiment, one any Dienmany, commencing A. D. 1815, to be held at such time in the month of Sep tember os shall be expedient. If by brigade, the gen eral of brigade shallappoint the time and place, and cive notice thereof to the ceneral of division. If fv regiment, the general or brigade shall oppoint the time, and tho colonel of the reeiment shall annnint the place; and give notice thereof to the generals of uiiauv aim uiTiaiun, oiiu me piacca 01 inspection ana review shall be as central aa in the judgment of the officer appointing may be convenient. Sec. 15. There shall be one general inspection and review of the uniform militia, by brigade or regiment, one aay, oiennaiiy, commencing .1. u. mis, at such timo in tho month of September as shsll be deemed expedient, to be appointed in manner and form pre scribed for officer parades, in ihe preceding section. Sec. IS. It shall be the duty of the major general io re'view si icasi one origaoe Biennially, nna tne Drig' ndier general to review his brigade biennially. Sec 17. Sections one hundred and sixty-seven and one hundred and sixty-eight of title ninth of the mmtia act. passed November ol, are hereby re pealed. Sec 18. F.eld and slafTofficers shall be entitled to the same exemptions from taxes as are the enrolled militia. brc 19. The adjutant and inspector general shnll hereafter receive. one hundred nnd fifty dollars per annum ; nnn cacn ongaoe major ana inspector sholl rccetvo tnree donors tor each day, active duty per formed. Sec. 20. Section two hundred ond thirty-eight of thcacl relating to the militia, passed November 1912, relating to tho compensation of certain officers, is ucicujr irueaicu. Sec. 21. No company of the uniform militia shall hereafter be compelled to furnish themselves with tents. Sec 22. The clerk of each company shall, on or before tho second Tuesdsy in June, annually, make return of the name of each member of said company who shall be fully uniformed and equipped, to the clerk of ihe town where such member resides. Sec. 23. All laws inconsistent with 'the provis ions of this act are hereby repealed. Approved Nov. 1, 1843. No. 28. AN ACT, in relation to military Jinet. 1 1 is hereby enacted, &c. : Sec. 1 In all cases where nn appeol has been ta ken Irom the decision of a justice of the peace, in any prosecution for the collection of n military fine, under the oet "in relation to the militia," approved Nov. II, 1642, the plainliffshall have the same right in relation to soch appeal ss the appellee now has, in relation to the entry of n suit appealed to the county court. Sec. 2. This act shall Uke effect from and after its pa-sage. Approved Nov. 1, 1843. No. 29. AN ACT, in addition lo an act in rela tion to the militia. It is hereby enacted, oYc : Sec I. The several companies heretofore com prising the first rifle regiment in Franklin county, for merly attached to the third brigade and third division of the militia of this stale, are reinstated and restored lo all Ihe privileges as a regiment, which said regi ment possessed previous to the revi-ion of eighteen hundred and forty-two, to be attsohed to the first brigsde and second division of the militia of this state, according to the new organization, any law to Ihe contrary notwithstanding, Provided, said regiment shall not bo entitled to receive of the Governor the quota of arms or colors, now required by law lo be furnished to each regiment. Sec 2. This act shall take efiect from and after its passage. Approved Nov. 1, 1843. No. 30. AN ACT, aeoliAin imprt'Kmmr for militaryjinei in certain costs. Il is hereby enacted, c-! Thai no private of the enrolled militia shall be im prisoned on execution, issued on a judgment founded on any forfeiture, for want of arm or equipment. Approved Oct. 27, 1843. No. 31. AN AIT, astetting a tax for the tupport of government. It is hereby enacted, &c. : That a lax of ten cents on the dollar, be assessed on Ihe list of the polls and rateable estate of the in habitants of this slate, for the year one thousand eight hundred and forty-three, lo be paid into the treasury by the first day of June next, in money, certificates, or notts issued by Iho Treasurer of the slate, otders drawn by the Auditor of Accounts, or orders drawn by the supreme or county courts. Approved Nov. 1, 1843. No. 32 AN ACT, rar tolhe fees of the inspector general of beef andpork.U is hereby enacted, &c. ! Sec 1. The Inspector -General ahall receive from every deputy he may appoint, one cent for each barrel of beef or pork, and one half cent for each half barrel, snch deputy may inspect and brand, according to ihe directions of chapter sixty-eight of ihe Revised Stat, ute. Sec. 2. The provisions of section twenty-one of chapter sixty-eight of the Revised Statute, inconsist ent with this set, are repealed. Sec. 3, This act shall lake effect from its passage. Approved Oct. 27. 1843. No. 33. AN ACT. altering the name of the town qf Monroe to that of Woodbury. Il Is hereby enacted, etc. ; Thai the town of Monroe, in the county of Wash ington, shall hereafter be known and colled by the name of Woodbury ; Provided, that for the term of three vests after Ine nassine nf this acl. in all nublic not iris and advertisements, which shall, in any man ner, affect the exposure of the lands in ssid town for sale at vendue, or otherwise, for loxe, the said town shall be called in oil such notices, "Woodtitry, Into Mnnrec, " ,lie county nf Washington. Apftoicil Oct. 31, 18-13. No. 34. AN ACT, altering the name oflfittovn of Orleans to thalof Coventry.- It is hereby enacted, etc. t That on and after tho first day of January, one thousand eight hundred nnd forty-four, the town of Orleans, in Ihe county of Orleans, shall be known and called by tho name of Coventry Provided, Ihot for term of three years, after the passing of this act, in all nonces and advertisement which shall in any man ner affect Iho exposure or tho lands, in said township, for sale at vendue or otherwise, said town shall be called Coventry, late Orleans, in th county of Or leans. Approved Nov. 1, 1343, FRIDAY MORNING, NOV. 34, 1843. Wo this week complete tho publication of tho laws of tho lato session ; and these, to gether with a press of new advertisements, exclude almost every thing else from our col umns. Wo hope to havo a clear field here after. Massachusetts. The election in this State has resulted in the defeat of Morton and the overthrow of locofoeoism. Tho voto stands as follows : Briggs 57069, Mor ton 52770, Abolition 8855. Briggs majori ty over Morton 4299 ; majority of all others against Briggs 4556. Of the elections to the legislature now made, we have a majority of t in tho benate.and 44 in the House. There aro a number of vacancies to fill, but these will not materially vary tho result ; and tho Hon. George N. Briggs will be Governor of tho good old Commonwealth of Massachu setts. Let tho earth rejoice. Second Distmct. Hon. Jacob Collamer is elected, by some five hundred majority. Hon. Horace Everett gives notice in tho Vt. Chronicle that he shall next week pub lish his intended reports on the subject of Slavery, tho Tariff, Distribution, and the ef fects of tho Tariff of '42 on the Wool-grow-ing interest. These reports, it will bo borne in mind, were not presented to the legislature, tu consequence of Mr. Everett's early retire ment. Wo publish to-dny ihat part of Mr. Web ster's Andover speech relating to tho curren cy. It should command attention. Received from our friend, E. C. Loomis, an elegant spnicrib, from one of those pigs. " Ah, sure 'twas a picture for painters to study : The fat, 'twas so white, and tho lean, 'twas so ruddy." CTTiie Madisonian opens its eyes in silent wonder at a letter that appeared in the Globe of the 19lh "without one word of editorial com. menl;' stating hat we thought every body knew, that Martin Van Buren stood no chance for the Presidency. This correspondent of the Globe is in some things a very sensible man. He says : Until recently I was in favor of Mr, Van Bu ret! being again taken tip for tho Presidency forming my opinion principally from the tone of the Republican newspapers, and those who con eider themselves leading politicians. But, of late, I Imvo mixed a great dsal among the Peo ple, and have taken pains to find out their opin ion about all the Presidential candidates, and my information amountr to this : that though there aro many who would be glad to run Mr. Van Buren again, because they think ho was badly treated in 1840, yet the current of opinion aectns to be gathering ground that ha cannot be elected bv tho People. ' He says again : "A strong effort was made in 1840 to elect him fur a second term, but utterly failed. Now, if he is run again, it will be the third heat, and people aro not apt to run risks on a horse that his been distanced." We differ with him in the belief that any body else will run better but it was not forties we quoted him. Il was to show tho growing con sciousness of tho Loco-Pnco party that its hour has come. The article in tho last Democratic Review entitled " Tho Issue at Stake," has the same gloomy forebodings, confessing that its party is in the deepest peril and entering the contest under most disastrous omens. Tribune. ANOTHER SHOWER OF FLESH AND BLOOD. Mr. Editor : I suppose it will be remember ed by some newspaper readers, that in the year 1841, accounts were published, of two showers of flesh and blood: one in Tennessee, and the other in Massachusetts. I am now about to re late a similar circumstance, which lately occur red in our own State. Mr. Win. M. fnlow, a gentleman of undoubted veracity, related it to me, as follows : On Saturday last, whilst he and his two sons were picking cotton on hi plantation, (in Laurens District, near Enoree river, and about two miles below Musgrove's Mill,) the younger son called to the others : who were a llftlo distance from him, to listen, for he heard something falling near him. They thought he was mistaken, and paid but little at tention to it ; but he insisted, and told them if they would come, he would show it to them on the ground. They went and found the ground strewed with what appeared to them to be pie. ces of meat, varying from the size of an ounce ball tn larger than a hen's egg. These pieces were very moist, and as red as blood or any thing else could make them; and the grass, cotton, or whatever they came in contact with, was stained as with blood. They were scatter ed several feet apart, over a space of ground some twenty or thirty yard in width ; and they examined it for something like 50 yards in length, but did not go to the end of it. I was informed of it yesterday, and went in company with two gentlemen, to visit the place in person. Wo were so lucky as to find some of tho article still remaining, and all agreed that it had the appearance of flesh, of the finest mould, much finer than we had ever seen be fore. Some nf the pieces seemed to be entirely fat, but most of it lean, very red, and somewhat transparent, when held up toward the light; but it was considerably dried when I saw it, having lain 24 hour. The young Win. Inlow, a very intelligent and credible youth of 14, says he first heard a few scattering pieces fall, and looking up, saw the air darkned with them ; and that it looked something liko snow falling slowly, when the flakes aro far apart ; but that the pieces fell more rapidly. Tho shower fell about tho mid die of the day, whilo the sun was shining, ami a few light clouds were in the atmosphere; but nothing visible could be assigned a the cause fur tho phenomenon. Various opinions and conjectures exist here about the matter. Some consider it a natural occurrence, whilo others view it as a sign from heaven. For tny own part, I am not a Millerite or a '43 man, as they are sometimes called, and therefore cannot penuade myself to believe it is sent ns a sign that the world will bo burned up this year; and I havo board no natural cause assigned for it that appears at all reasonable. So, having stated the circumstances as they ox. ist, I Icavo each one to form his own calcula tions. I. M. DAVIS. Union District 8. (ft, Off. 30, 1843. South Carolinian. . , .... rr Ueront etents show tho necessity of Vm. on on tlie part of Iho Democracy and an entire ro.opcratirm to pnsure victory in tho coming 1'remlential conlest.-Ptoltiburgh tlepublican. SINGULAR PHENOMENON. Mr. James Arlington Uennet has written an interesting and curious letter to tho Commcr. cial Advertiser respecting several meteors he has noted during the last few years. Respect ing the first ho says Being near the sea shore some years ago, In the month of August. I observed a bright mete or descending right in front of me, almost in a perpendicular line, and not, to appearance, three rods distant, and being between me and the sea it maintained its light until it almost touched tho ground. A light shock instantly struck my ear as though something had fallen. I ap. proached tho spot, but there being only star, light could see nothing. On feeling on the ground, however, I stuck my finger into some thing soft, which I found to havo a most pecu. liar fetid smell, liko nothing that I had ever met in the laboratory or any where else. Next mor ning I examined the place am! found about two pounds of brown jelly, which had descended iu globular form, but had been broken by the fall nnd formed a small segment of a sphere. Hav- ink nu mi-diis ui wuner wuigiiiiig or analysing this matter, I passed it by with the conjecture inai it was the substance which forms these meteors or 'falling tars.' Tho altitude of this meteor could not bo more than one hundred yards. The next fell in the pail of his milk-maid, do. positing the same kind of jelly without her ob. serving its fall. The only effect of the shock was to throw the pail a little on its side. The third that presented itself was about the latter end of July, last year. Havin? cone to. ward the stable between 11 and 12 o'clock, ofa very clear night, I noticed all of a sudden that the East end of the coach-house presented a u.:tt:.. i:l. i . T ., uriiuaiiL ngni, auu turning io jook lor ino cause a most splendid meteor, which had run nearly half its course, leaving a brilliant streak of light after it, was descending directly toward me, on an angle of about 45 degrees, when it immediately ceased to shine. ' There goes a jelly,' said I to myself, ' which I must hunt up in the morning.' Mr. Bcnnct marked the spot where it fell, and next morning proceeded with a lad to find it. It had fallen farther off than he expected, and he says : I passed four fields without success, when at the lower end of the fifth field, a piece of mead ow land, full half a mile from where I stood, to my wonder and admiration I discovered, a little on the right of tho line in search, a body of dark brown jelly, exactly liko one side of a convex lens, 3 feet in diameter but broken in to many pieces by the fall. The stench was most insul. ferablc. This body of jelly before it fell must have formed a globe of from ten to twelve inch es in diameter, if not more. This jolly, which lay on the spot where it fell until the 12th of September following, entirely destroyed ail the grass under and near it. Now I think that taking the base line ofa right angle triangle at double Ihe distance from where I stood, and this meteor having its formation at the head of the perpendicular, its altitude must be counted at least otic mile, as its downward course would trace the hypothenuso of the same triangle for some distance. I put a piece of this jolly on the coals, the odor from which drove the servants from the kitchen. There arose neither flame nor smoke, yet it extinguished the coals where it lay. Be ing very busy at the lime I did not attempt to determine its constituents. Its fracture was not, however, like that of jelly, but it appeared to break into cubes. There is a possibility or this meteor having had its origin much higher in the atmosphere than here supposed, as its velocity appeared to be very great, but as I heard no explosion by which its true distance and altitude might have been determined, tho elevation of one mile is but hypothesis. Tho meteor of the 15th Au gust, 1783, described by Mr. Cavello, in the l'liiloaupliical Transactions of London for 1731 he places by vague and uncertain data at an elevation from the earth of 53 1-2 miles, and pretends to have heard the explosion twelve minutes after, at 130 miles distance ! May not each of these jellies bo th? rcsidium or synthetical result of the combustion nr clis charge of a large portion of gasse?, through an electrical agent! The universal downward tendency of their motion shows that their spe cific gravity is much more than tint of the at. mojphere, and that they therefore must be form, cd at the moment nf discharge. The editor puts directly alter this, the account of the shower of flesh and blood that fell lately in South Carolina, and says perhaps Mr. B.'s theory will explain it. There may be something in this ; and the two substances noticed in each case nny result fmtn tho same cause, and that so often laughed at under the name of ".i tdiow. or of flesh and blood" be a very philosophic and true thing after all. But tint .Mr B. is nrbtaken in calling thetn meteors in the common acccp1 tation of that term, we have no hesitation in sav ing. Those firery masses that pass so rapidly through the air, accompanied often with loud detonations and throwing e!F fragments that reach the earth, are something entirely diflbrcnt. Thcsa fragments are stone and aro hurled so violently as to be embedded iu the soil. The meteor described by Mr. Cavello, in 1763, and to which Mr. Bennett refers, we take to be an entirely different thing from ordinary shooting stars, l iiat it had a great altitude is also high ly probable, for some of them most certainly have. The heavy stones which they have fre quently hurled to tho earth, would have cllec tually demolished, we think, the maid's milk pail. The substance of the meteoric showers, so called, no one pretends to know. 'I hey are supposed, however, to bo entirely different from the ordinary shooting stars. The falling star that any one miy sco of a clear night, has long been regarded by philoso. pliers as a gelatinous matter, inflated with phos. phuretted hydrogen gas : and the splendid me teor of Mr. Bennett was doubtless one of these ordinary shooting stars appearing very bright by its proximity. The gelatinous substance he found, accords with the experience and theory of others, and indeed is a very singular and cu. rious corroboration of tho n. That these sub stances 'must be formed at the moment of dis charge,' we do not think necessary. Thoir as cent and descent would depend entirely on the amount of gas they contain. The idea of ac. counting for the showers of flesh and blond on this theory is certainly new to us, and deserves, we think, a second thought Tribune, Massachcsitts. What says the Argus at the fol lowing figures'! Msiority against Davis in 1S42, 8,131 " Briggs in 1843 5,073 Whig gain 3,053 Majority against Horton in 1642, 5,133 1843 11,660 Loco Foco loss, 6,747 Net Whig gain DBOOi-Afi. Daily. British Provinces. We sco indications in several of the Canadian journals, that the pro ject is entertainined of forming a close and per fect union between the British American Pro. vinces. lion Wm. Young, Speaker of the No va Scotia Assembly, has recently made a visit to Quebec, and it was generally surmised that his visit was connected with that subject. The measure has been previously discussed ami ve ry widely approved, though many able nnd pru dent men have seen in it difficulties bolli iu prin ciple and in detail. Whig AmsiocnACV. It is highly probable that the Whigs of Maine havo erected two Representatives to Congress to fill tho vacan cies in their delegation ono in tho third and the other in tho fourth district. Fkecman II. Morse, of Bath, tho Whig probably elected from tho fourth District, is a working ship car ver a self-made man. Luther Sgverence, tho Whig elected from the third District, was a journeyman printer in the office of the National Intelligencer, at Washington, and went from that otfico into the State of Maine, and located himself as the conductor of a nowepapci. Ho now goes back to Washington, as a member of W'AH'n I HCCO HIM ll'ljlll, IIIIU1 I IjJdlh ,.. I .vnrthv workinsr mechanic have been olecteJ r Ti. ...... I.:, .1.1.. ;.., tl. ...,, ,..l to Congress by the Whigs of their dh-tricts, against two Lawvers, supported with all Ihu I f0hrco nf ,,1C irDrMocRATicxJ partv. tt7i ' nAII,-UOAD MI3KTI.NG. mmmmm nc t,iu.uiia oi jjuriinglnn anil its vicinity aro requested to moot at Howard's Hotel, on Monday evening, 27lh ina.y at 7 o'clock, forpj tho purpose of taking such measures as way boJ"V deemed expedient, to promoto the construetioir?' of the contemplated Rall-roade, or either of them,' from Burlington to Boslnn. 15. M. 1. The second lecture, on Geometry, before the Institute, next Monday evening, at half past 6' S. FLETCHER, Secy. QCTNEW U00K STORED ANSEL 13 1) W A It 1 S , HAS opened a Book Storo in the Messrs. Pecks' Hiiiliiintr, two doors from Howard's Hotel, where he oilers for mc n general a.-ortment of SCHOOL, CLASSICAL & .MISCELLANEOUS BOOKS. A fplendrd as.onmentof Annnal., Albums and fine ly ilhi-trote-J works in rich and elegant Ilmdin"S. j -rt'a' var':lyf Juvenile Bool.s, from 1 cent to W SO. Quarto, Ociavo, 12mo. and Pocket DiBI.cs and Bines' U0"k9' Ca'holic 1ra'er Uo Ut.AXK BOOKS, Port Folio, and Scrap Book-. Cap, Letter and Note Paper, Quilk Steel Pen, Se-alinJ Wax, Wa fer., IWimr and Writing Pencils, Bristol Board, Writin? itnd Copy Bool.., Coloured Toys by tha sross and dozen, School Certificate., Ate. All ofwhich are olered at prices ihat cannot fail unutijriiis putiiic. nooks can be bought in Bur lington as cheap a in anv of the cities. Burlington, Nov. 21, 1813. 35tf JUST RECEIVED, A LAKOE SUPPLY OP HS 1 li' 1-J liorkins! 5-R. fi-R J.J S.R C.l a t n 4,"'. '"'n'1 Cloth-, Otlcd Cloth Table Spread,', 4-4 and 6-4 hVh .Matiin?, Larjre and small Tuflled Ruga Manilla, Alacact and Sine Matts. " A L S O Paper Hangings and Bordering., Green Window Paper. A larger, heller and cheaper assortment of other Dry Coods than can be tound in the Stale of Vermont. 2Stf. LOVELY cc SEYMOUR. BL ACK, Blue Black and Colored Silk and Cotton Warp AInaccas and Alnnrr-n T.u.,ra. r-k.n. able, Striped and Figured do. ; Lunettas, Princettas. Orleans, Zeijobie and Camblet Cloths ; Black and uiuo unit iiumuazines anu Alpines, uiack and Col ored Thibet Cloths, French and English Mcrinoes, light and dark Printed Saxt.nys, Eolians, Taelionias, i-.uiujr '-ape, imperial vnusans, t'ezana Plain snd I-inured Mous Do Laines. Mn-!ii;nt,h,,rrh r Crape Chusans, Kilmernock Crapes," FOR CLOAKS AND DItKSSESi Black, Blue Black and rich Fie ured Silks for Dresses, tf. Bonnet Silks, ridi Figured ond Plain ; Silk Velvet for Bonnets and Velvet Hibbons to match, snd any quantity of Bonnet, Nk nnd other Ribbons. Mirurcu ana 1'iain -ilk Lnce for Veil and Cotton ' do.. Black and Chantilla Veils j Rich Silk Velvet Plush and Silk Points and Dress Handkerchiefs, Ro sehn Silk, Worsted nnd various other Plaids. irriuea unnny uollars, Dimity for do. ; French 'lowers, Cords nnd Tassels, colored silk Cords, urnids, lumps. Fringes. Trimmino. rtln... m:... and Hosery innumerable! Zephyr, Worsted, Wors ted Patterns and Working Canvass, Muslins, Comb and a thousand oilier articles usually wanted. ALSO, OOOO Yards Light and D.nk Mourning and half .Mourning Calicoes and Ginghams, by actual' IUI-.19UI riiieill. The above Goods are to be sold cheap, by , , ,. LOVELY & SEYMOUR. Church Street, Burlington, f 25 Nov. 20, IS 13. J Gentlemen's Furnishing Goods. I7RBNI.II, English and American Beaver. Rmal X and Pilot Cloth s Black nnd Fancy Merino Ca smicrcs. Sattmetn, English and French Black and Blue Black .Satin cstings, Silk and Woolen Velvet do, Black Italian Alpacca and Fancy Handkerchiefs, Mohair Cravats, tatm and Bombazine Slocks, limn Collars and Bosoms, Silk and Limn Pocket Hand kerchiefs, White, Black and Colored f-ilk Gloves. B ack nnd Brown M..r nn l.w. ...i .. Gloves, and Miltms. Merino ", Cc Vo n Tu Z.'" Drawers, Sue .. Verin.1 i Hose, Cloak Cord and rasscls, Woolen Capes and Tippets j Cloth, Vel.at, Scalletto, fur trimmed Capes j Coal. Vest, and Pan taloons Trimmum. A I above goods can be found at , , LOVELY & SEYMOUR. Church Street, Burlington, November 20, 1S43. ) SHAWLS. CASHMERE, Merino, Kilnle, Hrocha, Belndere, AliaciM, .Mou-iline de Laine, Emb'd do. Mora vian, Highland Plaid Silk and Cotton Shawl-, lor fn'etdicap by LOVL'LY & SEYMOUR, Nov. 20, 1813. CAunA Slr.iV Looking Glasses. A Largo n ortment ol various mes, just received U.J.. nun lur bnie-I'nt-.ip i,y LOVELY & SEYMOUR, Church st. Nov. 20, 1813 85tf Crockery, (ilass &. China Ware. A Large slock pist rccive-d and for sale cheaper than can I e bought in tin- Stale, bv LOVELY & SEYMOUR, Church st. Burlington, Nov. 20, 1S43. S5tf IVolico ! Notice ! ! TO all persons indebted to the subscriber, thai their notes and accounts must be paid, as hi property is posted for sale and nothing hut payment will sav it. SIDNEY BARLOW. Burlington Falls, Nov. 24, 1S43. 26 NOTICE. BROKE into the inclosure of the Subscriber, on the 9th day of November, one dark red Cow, supposed to be S vcars o'd. S.iirf I'nw is msrkaJ with a crop and half crop in the left ear. The owner is requested to prove property, pay charges and tike her away, Wm. HARMON. Shelburn, Nov. 22, 1S13. 25 Gcorce Peterson, HAS now on hand nnd for sale, 1000 Course Western and St. Ubes Salt, Bushtls of zuu tiarreis i- ine do do, 15P Sacks Fine Dairy do do, 250 Barrels Superfine Floor, 200 Sacks fresh Ground Plaster, 20 Barrels Hickory Nuts, at 12, 5 Tierces North Shore Salmon, C Boxes Fresh Lemons, 20 Whole, 12 J and 12 J Boxes fresh Raisin, Alto, Fresh Kegs do do, Soft Shell Almonds, l'hilbert-. Peaeonuta Pa Nuta- Citron, Curance Hocum. together with one of th largest assortments of DRY GOODS, CROCKERY and GROCEKIES he ever had the pleasure of offer ing to the public. In short all you have to do to find any article, is to call at Peterson's, where il msy ba found of as good quality and at as Iowa price a at any other Establishment in Burlington. ilUV. 63, 1D-1J. a NEW GOODS, AT THE NEW CASH STONE. THE subscriber is now receiving from New Terk a eeneral assortment ot Fall and Winter Goods. amongst which are ninny new Fancy A nicies. Alpaccas, di'Ierent colors and lusttes, Mousslined Lant-s, Crane de Lanes, Teisans, a new and auptrier article for dresses, Paris Ceune, do do no do tumps nnd Hinges, assorted color. Daisy Buttons. Swiss Fancy Buttons. Cloak Cnrrfa. Cords and Tassels, Crimped Dimity, Dimity Collars M.l ...ir. ,1-1.1 ,.:ci:l I - ' auu Willis, iiiiirii;,, .iiiiiiruiis unu r lowers. Black Chanlilla Veils, Green do. Bonnet Caps, as sorted, Dress Handkerchiefs and Points. Gent s Scarfs, Cratats and Stocks, Coat and Vet Buttons, Cords and Bindings, Broadcloth, Cassi mers, Satlinelts nnd Beaver Cloihs. Staple Goods generally. Farewell's Boot snd Shoes. Wm. HURLBUT. Burlington, Nov. 22d, 1843. 25 Daniel Patrick's Estate. STATE OF VEHMOXT.) A T a Praia,!. District Ot Chlttl-mlrn. k. XX. Conn . Fikt at Ulirlinalon wiihin and for the Dl-lnrt. ftforpaaiii nn Ihe 18th day of November, A. D. 1843, an instrument f importing to be the last will and testamenl of Daniel 'atrick, late ofllinesburgh. in said district, deceased was piesenled lo the court here for Probate, by John S. Patrick and Daniel Patrick Jr. the Executor, there in named, I ucHErosE it is ordered bv said Court, that nnblie notice bo given to all persona concerned therein lo appear before said court, at n session thereof to ba holden at Burlington, on tho 13ih day of'Dccember. A. I). IS 13, and contest the probate of ssid Willi and il is further ordered that this order be poblishrd thre weeks successively in Ihe Burlington Free Press, a newspaper nrinttd nt Htirlincton, in this Slate, the last of which publication, shall be previous lo the day as signed ns aforesaid for hearing, Given under tny hand at the tteei'tn s oflire thi 19lh ilny of November, l. I543. 2,-iwJ WM. WT..STO.N, Hejistw,