Newspaper of Burlington Free Press, December 1, 1843, Page 2

Newspaper of Burlington Free Press dated December 1, 1843 Page 2
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MR. CLAY'S OPINIONS ON THE SUBJECT OF THE TARIFF. Wc find in tlioGcorgia Journal, which wo received yesterday, ilio following highly in teresting docnmcnls, on the subject of Mr. Clay's couiso and opinion! upon the Tariff. Wo regard tha opinions which Mr. Chiy ex presses, in this correspondence, in relation to Revenuo nnd Protection, as tho opinions that aro entertained hy tho groat body of tho Whigs, of theso United States. Tho prin ciple is that Ilio proceeds of tho Public Lands, belonging ns that fund does to tho People of the Slates, shall bo distributed to the Slates that all the expenses of the gov ernment, adjusted upon a scale of strict ccon omy, shall be defrayed from the revenue de rived from duties imposed upon foreign im portsand that thoso duties shall be so ar ranged as to givo protection to our domestic products and industry, against tho restrictive policy, and pauper labor, of foreign conn tries. This is our doctrine and it is what wo understand to bo the truo Whig doc trine. This is tho policy that wo havo been striving to establish in tho country and it is the policy fur the permanency of which mean assiduously to contend. Tho present TaiiflT is essentially based upon tho princi ple which wo have hero advanced. Expe rience of its operation may ha.vo suggested amendments in sumo of iis details. The foundation, however, is sound. In ils oper ation, the existing TariflT has performed wonders for the country. It has far exceed ed. in its benefits, the most exalted expecta tions of ths most sanguine of its supporters. It has won, for tho Protective System gener ally, tho favor of a great number of South ern and Wester.) Whigs, who came reluc tantly to tho support of a system which has heretofore been considered adverse to tho leading interests of their section of tho coun try. This Tariff will havo dunn. i.tt wo understand Mr. Clay to think a Tariff uem ,oao. it will lave produced rove, nuo sufficient io defray the expenses of car rying on the government, on a system of ju dicious economy, not inconsistent with an adequate support of its various departments. It will have excluded from our country a vast amount of surplus foreign manufactured goods, which wcro not necessary for con sumption, and the payment fur which would havo tended to impoverish tho country. It will have corrected the defects, without de stroying the basis of our foreign trade. It has .furnished protection to most of tho branches of our domesiic producis, and our homo industry. It has infused now life into our business, and caused tho heart of the laborer to leap for joy. This Tariff, with all its benign influences, was a Whig meas ure. It was strenuously onnonpfl. gross, by the leading men of the Loco Fo co parly. Whilo the cry of Repeal is beard from tho ranks of the other part v, the Whigs still abide by the Tariff and ihey intend, if any effort of theirs will do it, to save this great Conservative measure from tho merci less attacks of its opponents, tho Loco Fo co Destructives. Among the Slates which have heretofore been considered as enter taining a settled hostility to the system of a Protectivo Tariff, and which havo since ex hibited strong symptoms of a change of opin ion on that subject, none stands more promi nent than the State of Georgia. The Whigs of Georgia have dono themselves high hon or. A great revolution of opinion has taken olaco in that Slate. Georgia is now a good Whig Slate. Georgia is now a Tariff Stale in favor of protecting the producis and tho labor of our country. Georgia is for Henry Clav. Her voto will assuredly be given for him, in 1844, as President of the United States. We find the following doc uments in tho Georgia Journal, and we transfer them to our columns, for tho infor mation of our readers. For ths Georgia Journal. To Tin Kditos:-Ii will be recollected that a very few days before the lasi general election in this Bute, an extract of a letter from iho Hon. H. Clay, lo Messrs Joel Uranham an I Robert llledsor, was published by them, presenting his views on the sub ject or a TariiT in n very odious light. The whole letter was withheld from the public, because, as al that he had requested no part of it should be published. 1 immediately applied lo Mr. Clav for a cpy of the correspondence; he inclosed me a letter, directed lo thoso fcniicmen, requiring them to give to me, or ' any other friend,' a copy of his letter to them. , I applied to the gentlemen n'-cordinly. nnd 1 met with every favorable disposition from Oen. Bled oe, lo romply with ihcdumand. Dr. Uranham per tinacioiisly persisted in hie refusal to do Mr. Clay the justice he demanded and it was alone by the perse verance of Gen. liledsne, who permitted no honora ble exertion lo pass without makirtff it, that he ob laineda copy. of the letter from Or. Uranham, in whoso possession the ordinal was, and which he lias furnished lo me. From Aim I havo obtained a copy f their letter to Mr. Clay, and his letter in reply both of which I send you for publication I likewit end you extracts from Mr. Clay's letter to tne. from all of which his sentiments and views on the Tariff question will lie fully seen. No man who rend ihe ( arbled extracts which were published, would ever Save supposed that they came from the letter which i sent you. The positions itkcn by Mr. Clay, are distinct and totally unexceptionable, and compare well with the entimentsnf all parlies in Georgn, in days pone by. He declares ai lata opinion that the expenses of the Federal Government should be economical, that the revenue to support such expenses should be raised by duties from imports. Tl. .i n.f-. i. . I j j ti. mint, ii.riiu .Dim jiv wuukj wi'cmninaie, so as In afford "reasonable enc-iuragernenl" io our WIIIVlt'- II1IIU1IIU1 ri. Thai he is opposed to any duly which amount! lo prohibition of the snide on which it is levied believing thai competition would advance all in Uresis. juut iic ! vfu-rii in uic iiuiiuiioua mid unjust system of direct inn, and internal duties in lime of fitliee- ti. . . I.- i . . t. . i r That lie it ojposed to Ihe doe'rine at free trade, as it it called, with foreign powers, "all i.f whn.ii sub jert our commerce with them to restrictions great anil ti irltianamn" uiliieh lrilintt .Inn : .. ... tinners t,f a part of Mtfr labor, for the benefit of Iheir 'T-kM. . Ifl.rllT l.t l. . VWI. J'VWJIC .Mil, aianii ou-.uiu u PIUUIC, SnO IO sfrure that, the duties should be 'MODBRATK. REASONABLE and CERTAIN'." ' " Thai the Tariff' of 1828 was a "fraudulent produc tion!" in many instances ths duties were "extrava gantly high," and in othera not called for by any in terests. These are the srntlmenta of Mr. Clay, which were o crossly perverted nd misrepresented before tho election, and to the prejudice of the Whig party They are now before the country : let that impartial country say whether' lliey are worthy of condemna tion 1 The frien Is of neither of tho Democratic as piranta in the Presidency can condemn iliem, since they advocate in the person of their fa voritts, more otinnxtoua principles. Thoso who are opposed todu lira bfjng rcns.onnh'c, moderate and certain, have ample cause of rompliint lo the viewa of Mr. Clay none others will find an occasion for cen nr. Radar mot add, In eimchiaVin, thai through Gen. IftWaaM I tmfcW W pttaaul tins furrnpou- dencf, which Mr. Clsy has never feared should meet the public eye. Your obedient servant, JAM. A. MERRl WETHER. Extract from a T.tlttr from Mr. Clay io Mr, Merriwether: Ashland, 2d Oct. 1S43. , "You are right, so far na the record is concerned, nJrUt '.,!!S.me.n 1 did not l''e tot tho Tariff- of 1310 or 1812 1 but I supported their principles, and have always ndniilted that t was in fever of llicm. I did not voto for the Tariff of 1923, for which, however, Mr. Van Uucen, Col. Johnson, Mr. Wright, and others of our present opDoncntJ did vote. And it is remarkable that from that period my exertions in Gongreus havo been directed to tho reduction and moderation of Tariff's. .Thus, in 1832. 1 suppoilcd that TarilX whicli greatly modified and reduced the lanir or 1323, insomuch that it was supposed bv rea enable men that it wou'd or ought to satisfy the Nulhfiers of Sou h Carolina. The next veir. 1833, 1 brought forward the compromise. In '1841 1 sup- th"rree artWe'i year' w"ieh WM limi,cd I never was in favor of what I regarded as a high , aml- .A,"d my present opinion is in perfect coinci uenca with that of the wholo Whig parly of the Uni led Slates, including Georgia, as I understand it. va all believe that ihu Kevenuu from the General Govcrnmen! should be derived from tho Foreign im ports, to the exclusion of direct taxes, and lh , cccdsof the sales of the public lands; h ,u. ' more revenue should bo lev cd than i- neccasnr . J economical administration cf ,l,a P?"""y ,0,a" "' ",lbrd l0,i!"'o nd reasonable nrolec ion to American interests agains' tho rival oml pro lubitory policy of Foreign powcrs P it him ClndSd.SrJlT'.V 'Compromise in alt bcafi adhirwl t T ft . 'omB valuation) could have t" the onnosuin- ' yOU k,now fr'"" what 1'nr' nit ih ! ' '' rnme ,0 ,he valuation, with ac that a' . 01 '"tton of which in the Compromise I !u . I , nevcr C0lll'f have passed. ' . . 'k 'he present TarifT, in the main, is right, and "".rtlrig much good. There may be excesses or dc- rHCt II. II nt ...l.lt. t I I . , """ niivo noi nero inc means to Jimee i anil tr there be they ought io be corrected by supplemental legislation. I am your friend, and obedient servant, H CLAY The Hon. J. A. MtsnvcTiies. Etontos, Geo. July 13th, 1813. Dsab Sta : Conflicting opinions of the principles you now entertain in relation lo tho protection of Do mestic manufacturers are held by many of the citi zens of this Slate, while all who have acquainted tncmnelvcs with your public eourseon this subject ac knowledge you lo have been iho distinguished advo cate of the system of protection. Many have been induced to believe and to assert, that your views of it havo undergone, if not an entire change, at least some modification. The opinions wc havo nlwavs entertained of your frankness, candor and independence, and of vour un willingness to conceal your principles, or suffer them to be misrepresented, induce us respectfully to pro pound to VOU the folloivinff nnpotlnntt Are you in favor of a Tariff for the prot-etlon of American Manufactures? Have your principles In reference is ;his subiect undergone Cnange or modification 7 J 01 A reply willob!;j.S Very respectfully. &e. JOEL BRANHAM, KOBT BLEDSOE. The Hon. Hen-by Ciat, Lexington, Kentucky. Ashland, 23lh July, 1843. , Gentlemen t I duly received your favor of the 13th tnst. in which you inform me that conflicting opinions prevail in your State in regard lo my opinions on the policy of protecnng Domestic manufactures, and you request of me information in relation to them. I take pleasure in complying with your request. My opinion is that the revenue necessary to an eco nomical administration of iho General Government ouglit to he derived, in a season of pe-ice, exclusively " mPs"l n our foreign imports, nnd thai a tarillior that purpose ought lo be so adjusted as to ntiord rcasonablo encouragement to our domestic manufactrrcs. I am oppose l to direct taxis and in ternal duties CXCPnt In limner tin- .i,.. ,i ...j , m)li auecess io arms, lam opposed to Ihe doctrines of free trade with foreign p iwers, all of whom subject our commerce with them lo restriction, often very great and burdensome. incsn opinions I have alwnvscnip,inm,l mil .i;u entertain. I never was in Tavor of duties being to liigh as toamounttoaprohibtion of articles on which they wcro laid. I have thought it beat for nil inter ests that there should bo competition. I think ir ul rcai importance mat a tantl should possess siability, as frequent chansres affect ininrionslv nil nnm..i in. tcrrclQ T. itnn-, i.. I. .1... .1 ' . P ... ....... r , 1 1 1 u i uuaiauier 11 anouto do moueraic, reasonai P.'nnu certain. I voted for the Tariff of 1D1G, 1324 and 1332. I think they wero all reasonable and moderate, at the times ihey were respectively passed. In the infancy of manufactures, the object being to acquire the skill mid accumulate Ihe capital necessary to their success ful establishment, a greater degreo of protection is expedient than i requisite nfier they have mndon connderablo proircss. Tho difficulty lies in li.xin" that degree. In 1916, we were without much expert" ence, and failed lo make, in all cases, n proper adjust rnent of the mcasuru of protection. Eight year ex perience in 182 J enabled Congress to fix it with mow cqmu and precision. Eight yenrs of progress in our manufactures in 1832 jus'.ifie I some reduction in the amount of duties, nnd generally iheTariffof 1SI2 is more moderate than thai of 1332. 1 our manufac tures advance nnd become perfected, less and less pro tection will be needed, until many articles will be able lo compete with ihe foreign rival nrticles, wlthoutany ptotection at all in tho form ofdulics. I was not in Congress in 1823, and therefore did not vote Tor the Tariff of that ycir. The duties in many instances imposed by that Tariff wereextrava ganlly high, and, in others, duties were imposed which were not called fur by onv interest. That Tariff was n fraudulent production. It was framed byaconibi nation of some members from tho South, nnd some from the Norih, who were afraid openly to vote Jizainst a Tariff, and yet wished to obiain credit for being favoiable to tupposcd Southern interests. Il was so shaped, with Ihe design (f defeating the pas sage of any tariffs .because it was believed, that it was so injurious in ihe manufacturing interest in ma ny respects, that the honest and true friends of thai interest would not volo for it. Had il been defeated, those Northern members, who united in concocting it, would have returned home and asserted that they were the truefriends of protection, nnd thai its really honest friends were inimical lo it. Hut idwas not de feated. The genuine frien Is of nnniifnclurcs resolv ed nnt lo be cheated bv such a combination, and de termined to lake the bill for the snke of the good that was in it, notwithstanding the bad, which was put their against their consent. The scheme not having succeeded ns was ilesisned, the Somlurn members, who wero concerned in it, afterwards bitterly re proached their northern, confederates for ihe disap pointment. I hnve moro than a half n dozen limes expressed, within Ihe last iwo or three years, on public occa sions, the opinions, which I now communicate ns to a combination nf tho principles of Iicvi nuo nnd Protec tion in a TnrifT. I send you hcrewiih the last speech on that subject which I made in ihe Senate of the U. S. nnd also a brief sketch of the principles of the Whig part, as I undctstand ihem, which I prepared. I have no other objection to the publication or this letter but that it would imply a sensitiveness in re gard to my opinion which I do not feel, and 1 think il has been already sufficienily promulgated. I am your friend and oledient servant, nr t n , H. CLAY. Messrs. Joci Rbaniian, and . Uos't Blf.dsoe. Origin or Tiifci.Avn Trade. It is a sin gular historical fact, that the slave trade origin, ated in motives purely benevolent and auhe suggestion of one of the most philanthropic men of the ago in which ho lived, whoso mind was under Iho influence nf prejudice. Darthelemi do las Casag, the Bishop of Oliiapa, in Peru, witnessing the dreadful cruelly of the Span iards tti the Indians, exerted all his eloquence to prevent it. Ho returned to Spain, and plead, ing thecauso of Ihe Indians before the Emperor Charles V. in pen-on, suggested that their place as laborers might ho supplied by negroes fiotn Africa, who were then considered as beint'sun dor the proscription of their Maker, and fit on. ly for beasts of burden. The Emperor, over, come by his forcible representation?, made sev cral regulations in' favor of the Indians : hut it was not until tho slavery of the African nenroes was substituted, that the American Indians were released from the cruelty of the Spaniards. Piled up. The Columbia (S. C-) Term ran A,! vocaie gives the delails of a rail road accfienl on ih, Oth ins ant. near Ogdensbiirg, between Charles ton and I Co umbia. Thetmin came in contact with a cow while at full speed, and was thrown from the track so suddenly that the passenger car (some 30 or 40 feet long) was thrown in a twinkling on its top, turninc n complete somerset, and one of ihe freight cars be hind pitched on iho lop of it. That compartment of the passengers car over which the freight car rushed contained ten persons, both ladies and centlemen. five of whom entirely escaped injury. Of ihe others four were not very materially injured, and a fifth hid us shoulder dislocated, and was otherwise seriously bruised. The whole parly escnned being crushed by the firmness of the timbers ol the car in whicrt'ilfcy were acnteil, and were extricated from the ruins by pasting under Ihe freight cores it stood mounted on that from which ihey were most providentially deliv ered. 'I tins, of about thirty pasaengets, I ha lives and bonea of all weia miraculously preserved. The des truction of ths cars will iba rerupany two or Urea IbooMiwi duKora r'.or PORK TRADE IN CINCINNATI. The annexed artlclo, copied from the Cincinnati Chronicle will bo road with inter est i p7r'lrJ0tU J"," ,N C'1NNAT.PAST AND i aesENT.-It nasi been our custom to give annually n SnK. Tr,?deani1 Mk. " commence menl and c oso each yr. A walk nmong the great irbP hm-n'? 0k.,hR cn!l1' 'emmdsu, tha nnC.0'1""'1" 1843-Mhas commenced. Kll 01,0 lr8 ,,mle cnSSl in Hio business iiT.. i c ;"u""u nogs, nnu on luesdnynn-KL-l JU88 ,v" ,'",sv C1"""S "P- This cily having UeCQlUG n Htltt nf nr-nlrn f.tp nM ,, . , , ui uii immense uusiness in ine various articles manufactured from tho Hog, great interest is fell among dealers in those articles both at home and abroad, for correct information at this place. We give below, under different heads, a sum mary, as correct, we think, asiican be made. Results op last Season. The price of Ho-, quoted in the Chronicle,-al Ihe first purchases ;,t u. season, was 2,2. It ,00n fetrho.,.. "i Jlsl great number of Hogs were sol ., ,:: an." " from .11. nn in 9 pn . piiees raneinir sold ol from 2,25 lo " n ' 1d "ome I"" were averace of tho '0, '"elhink the argregale "iccher. were :c'kndTnVb0!', 8l.'90' , 4 ,heM ton' .. w?re i"ck,ed '? Cincinnati and Cov ng u '"al'wo hundred and Jtfty thousand og,, dis- Driven to, and packed hers, 203,000 Wagon Hogs, about 20 000 vovingion, asoui 12,000 Tn the distribution of these, near seventy thousand i - ...-s.- itMiuit c il 'il CIV HIIO LsAKD. ""t1" Wl ouuuch umnnuior r rnnce. UI .Ann Ihairit (vara tn I e . . , o&isi iw mine, vcillt'IiV WC iovp, (o Marseilles.) about six and a hair millions i Vi9t lnakinPn investment of nbout three hun dred thousand dollars. The mot important part of ;: . io ,o icouii. ive aro iniurmcd Ihnt nua uui, nn me wnoie, as lavoraoicas was am CIDated. A nnrt nf ilm ,nv.n.A... ..... . t siness. and on a nnrt. ih iIm .,. a;a i.i.i. t... .i hold their own. We are nol informed whether there will bo o dernind f.ir !Krance this season or not. ; vi "k:e; "." .."ff.r .miJ. gregatedul moderately well. The transactions wilh , m wacio liciu t,-U(18t7niieniiV in IMP nn. w..s.u,,u c,o ,,ui larne; our we Delieve offer, for .. v. i.ujui uieiiog, some encour agement. II.. . t ; . " una otnson, we give Delow a list of mercantile houses which wil engnge in Iho bu siness nr P.ick ,h: . r..-lfa- . . . "H W. Lee W. iifrf Thm.V'cisXc r. .a . . iuiiier, r.vans, Koiass & Co, Davis if-Brother, S. Davis, Jr., Lewis, S , in nini?. Sehoo rv . Snn M u n m' j.,',.?.,1 ("n S.B. Hunt, Powers, Phiops.'j. Lawrence) S. H.& ii.m.7 ' ' '""tiicu, igiensri, 'lay or, Urunt. Some half dozen ol the above houses arc new: but much ihe greater part of them ai-0! cx. pcrienced Packer,, of ,k II in ;'le;r butincsVJnrf es- tauushed rairncia n hn . J.l: 1 . " . 1 -taiinga. oomeoiinem are mfil who can command large capitals. With respect to the opening prices all the established facts are these, viz : At Chilicolhe, contracts have been made at 2,50. Indeed, weknowonepurchaschi"hcr than that. In this city, ihe first purchases ere mado at t2.50. Al Alton. III., it is said some sales have been made at from 81.50 to 82. It is said and believed that Ihe market will fall lower immediately. The present price, wo think, mav be staled al $2 37 ; but Ihe price will depend upon the apparent relation pr demand and supply, rather than any assured opin ions. r Demand Asn Soppiy. There are Iwo great sour ces of what may be called e.rrrnneou demand, in the United States, for Pork. One is Ihe Navnl and Com- fncrci.il Mnrini. ik. .L.. :. e . I t.r , '"" uuifi is lur uie cai inuies and oilier foreign ports. Tho U. S. Contracts for VVnInil.,'u 'he principal Navv Yards, include nbnill H (inn linrpn . IV.. .. .1 .L . .i. 7. :; ' n may unci men, inai me en tire Commercial and Navnf Mnrine of tho United Silatcs requires noi far from 100,000 barrels nf Porlt, and we should think the demand for all foreign ports nearly equal lo that. Exirnncous, then, to the do mestic cnncilmnitnn in CnlC. .1 .- .... I -. ..., ..t,,tvl , , nuo, nine is nn ouiwaru demand of about two hundred thousand birrcls of . u..., "iii.mi ucmanu inn great degree regulntcs tho market. c do noi see from any evidence we have, that the demand will be materially changed from what It was last year. As to the supply, there aro two cir cumstances only to be noticed. The first is, that ta kerlln the aggregate there is perhaps, a Utile lighter cropofCorn, which may diminish the genetol fecdin or Hogs. Secondly, there is a l.irger slock of Pork on Hand at Iew Orleans ami oilier nuns, than Ihore was last year. These Iwo facts will just about bal anceeach other, and produce no considerable efieci on prices. In respect to the number of Hogs lo I e driv en to market, we see no evidence that there is likel v to bo ,a deficiency. The conclusion therefore is, ihat though ihe general srate of the country may author ise a email rise in price, there nre no important inllu enccs to change the relations of the Pork market from what they were last year. A market may rie or fall, from speculative considerations; but from real causes it seldom changes very rapidly. TUG CLAY BANNER. The whole country, throughout its Icnght and breadth, is now waking up to the necessity of choosing- a truo Whip; President, at the ncU ejection. The attention nf tho Whiff Party those who earnestly desire to save the country from the horrors of another Lncn Foco reijn, and from tho miserable misrule of such men"as John Tyler is now strongly turned toward IJenrv Clav. He is the man and the only man who stands any chance ofoblainins the nomination of the Whig Convention at Balti more. It is proposed by tho Whirja of Baltimore, to jive a Banner tn the Whigs of that Stale, whicli in May next, shall send the largest proportion, ate delegation lo the Convention lo be held in that city, to ratify .Mr. Clay's nomination to the Presidency. The stolTof the B inner is to he or blue Ash. cut at Ashland, by Mr. Clay's own hand's. The slalT has already been cut, and is units way tn Biltiinorc. The Banner is now nearly finished, by Ackertnan, of New York. Put the Whips of Massachusetts down, as claim, ants nf that Banner. As soon ns wo get Gov. Brigga fairly into office, which will he early in January, we shall begin to make preparation to set out for Baltimore. The Whigs of Massa chusetts will give Mr. Clay ns cordial and hear, ly a supnort, as those of any Slate in the Un. ion. Atlas. A Female Thief ! A young woman calling herself Mrs. Whipple, came to the house of Mr. Wells Bllini .Tiliril tt nn W.J....I... ... I represented herself as from tho West, that she i..io iiiiuiii. niuiiej, mai ner iruni; was at me National Hotel, that cbn nvnn-in,l Im. I, I in Tror in a few days, and that she had recently 1... - -l.!l I til . , ... . . ' mai n ciiiiu. one rcquesicu ol air Holding a family permission to stay in his house until her husband should arrive, offering to assist in the work of the family as remuneration for her board. Oulofcompassionfurtlie woman, who was sup. nosed lo ha all that nhn nrnTnecml ln l.A l.n ..... I - t ...... .. wtl.d.VU IW UI. I diiu na admitted into the house, and treated with the ut most Hospitality. Un Thursday just at night, she said that shr would irn tn thV:iiinnsl iiii . h-t- ...w ik.hvII.I IIUIVI for her trunk, ana left the house leaving behind her in the entry a basket which she had brought with her. Not returning suspicion was exched and on examination nf nna nf tl.n discovered that she had stolen a new silk shawl oi ine vaiuool ill, and 81 in mnuey.and severl al other articles of the value of 84 or 85 in all about 815. On opening her basket it was found to he empty. Tho nublic shnnM tnnlr nut fn it.:. ... It is thought she went west in the Thursday evening train but she may still be in the city. Slim la ml hp etnnt nnn.l I...1.T 1 v. .i., i musing, anu wore a black bnnnot and a ha f nm, ,i n age U apparently under 30. Troy Whig. Another Night Thief One of our Physi. Clans fonn.'l. n niirbt nr llvn cini'n nun nrilia oit.nlt mob sittinir very comfortably on the sofa in his ...In. TM. .. ..!.:.,.. ,i: i i jiiiiiui. iiu man, uii ijuiii uiM;uvurcu, assumed n bAwiblnrml nir. nnd Innnirnil il it m i. nn I.-. house. T'jo Doctor replied that the house was uis own, anu enqutrea oi tno gentleman who lie was. IIh rpnlipil that Im U'no frnin Alli.nu .n.l again asked the Doctor If that was not his house. The Doctor assuring him that he was mistaken very poutoiy snowed mm tno door, instead of having him arrested as lie should have done. Ih. An Extraordinary Cow. Mr. Ira Feltnn, of BelchnrtnlVn. Macs. Ima ricn.l . T1...I , . , , '"'i iiiiiun cow, which is now eight years old, and weighs i'iu pnunus. un utejin or Alay tlio brought a calf, anrl the ovvnpr UiA tlm tnr,nD:.. ,. ure her baj; it ivas two feet in lenffth and nirrhtcnn inchpa in tviiltli I 'ln ..Ir . ,vils lncn put on one side, and thirly lbs. of milk were ta. Irnn from Ihr nthpr at tlm aniim timA I a r. ....--...,, iiiurino calf had done, twenty two anil a half lbs. more was taken from that siile 1 These facts are at- tMted tflinlhA Nnrtliainnlnn nmnn.nl li.i. . . - r " l,j .uu. ty.ro ur of the most respectable citizens of Bel. chertown, some of whom we am personal I v sc. qutinted wilb. floy Stalt Dun. ARMIES. We find in Al isin's History, a statistical account of the numbers conposing Ihe vast armies of the pow ers in alliance sgamst llonnparie, on tho resumption of hostilities in Atgust, 1813. These were composed ofi Mem. CanV. The Grand Army of Bohemia under Princo Schwamenburgh, 237,770 .. C93 The army of Silesia under Rlucher, 93,320 .. 356 The army of tho North, under tho Crown Prince, (ilernadoitc) 154,012 .. 387 Tho Russian Corpi of Reserve under Benningsen, 57,329 .. 783 The Corps d'Armee,of the Prince of Reus, 24,750 .. 42 The Austrian Arm) of Reserve, 50.000 .. 120 Hlockading forces, 102,20i .. Grand total. 719,333.. 180t inVoci? ' Wimense army, 264,7.10 were Au'trians 'j :,.j3 Russians, and the remainder were Swedes, Prussians, and fron the other German States. To meet this vail opposing force, Bonaparte enter ed Ihe campaign vilh an Army of 476,142 infantry and 60,000 cavalry composed of the following mate rial: . . . InrANTBT. CAVAtar. In the Field, 200,000 42,200 Detached, 39,000 4,200 Prince Eurjene'a Army, in Italy, 66.576 1,800 Rtockaded Garrisois, 80 300 Danes, 15,000 900 Bavarian Army of Observation, 22,000 mL , . . 467,074 60,000 The first grand stock of these two armies was at I.icpsic. where Bomparte had encamped, and before which tho allied a mies cnncentraleW their forces. After Ih ree days ha'd fi 'tiling, Bonaparle was defeat ed, and c.ommencei a disastrous retreat towards the frontier, pursued ty the allies, who matched upon and took posscssioi of Paris, which soon terminated Iho campaign by Ihs banishment of Bonaparle to El ba. These armies aro the largest which have been assembled in mode n limes nearly the whole effec live force of continmtal Europe was called into re quisition, in ihat cslebrated and bloody campaign. Buffalo Gazette. r FKIDAY MORNING, DEC. 1, 1843. JUNIUS, No. V. Wo heartily welcome this latest tract of " Junius," not alone for its ability, but for its soasonablcness and admirable adaptation to po wants ot the public. It seems to us morally certain, that, iT this tract can be cir culated throughout the state, among tho peo ple, we shall not long he troubled with nniii- cal abolition. Abolition we do not uhiect to ; but political abolition, as now employ cd, is the bano of the country. Wo sincerely hope, that measures will be immediately ta ken by individuals, and by whig organiza tions, to inlroduco this und the other tracts of " Junius " into this state, in a liberal supply, to be readby the people at their firesides du ring the coining winter. They are made for tho fireside, where the people read and think; und if the christian wants " lino upon line, precept upon precept, here a little and there a little," to keep him in the way to heaven, so do the people of this country requiro suit able political doctrine to save the nation from ruin. In the tracts of " Junius " they are well supplied with instruction on the great political qtitslions of tho time. Thero ought to bs enough in every town to givn all the people a chance to read. They aro shore, piny, and cost but little only two cents a piece, when bought by wholesale, nnd each" one ctntains sixteen closely printcrj large octavo ages. They aro in fact a li brary, at two cents a volume. They aro pnolished and sold bv Greuly & McElrath, Trbune Office, New York, at $2,50 cents a liuidrcd, or $20 a thousand, and may be obtaned through any commer cial houses connoted with New York.' Whig bouksellersand merchants arc the men to gel them. RAIL EOAD STOCK. By the follotrin; article from Hill's Patri ot, it will bo seen .hat rail-road investments in New England tro not, after all, very bad stock. It will bo observed that the Concord stock sells at 18 pjr. cent, above par, while the Lowell portion of tho road is more pro ductive still. Thk Lowell road.it should bo born in mind is no way restricted as to its charges or dividends ; and this, in our opin ion, constitutes a terious objection tn a com munication with Bislon, which conicmphitvs this road as a part if tho line. Alrradv i it a subject of serious complaint, und there can be hardly a doubt ihat it would sit sorely up on us for the future. The Filchbureh road is suitably restricted us arealso the charters through this slate, and by securing a con ncciion with this raid, wo secure ourselves against the contingency of being at last skin- etl at the other end of tho route. Tho road from Lako Ch.implain to Boston, should, bo as lar as practicable, a whole thing, and sub ject lo but one direction. The money ar ticle of the Boston Post of Monday i-.n .i;i.i 1 ..it 1.. - - " ". r v" ys ioncoro 11.31 roae Mrck hn 1 1.1, 1. f.n . ""I tuaipi ore targe, nnua branch to ue i-itchburg u Groton, which is contemplated, will re leve it from ihe present onerous charges at the Lowell and Nashua road, and still further increase its B.rcaay large net proftis." This is an advance of

eighteen percent, above thenr n-lnni -n., r,i...i Wilh such an increase is there any excuseon the part of the directors for iieijlcctiiii; to reduce the rales of "i"i 1 ire-gin Lowell rail-road stock is also min ted at 23 per cent advance-Worcester 16 for old, 13 for new-Eastern in N. H., lj-in Mass. 3-Maine and ! rovidence railroads 3 per cent advance, eacht while Portland, Sacoand Portsmouth sells for 10 per cent below the par value. Thus it will be seen Ihat Concord Railroad slock is nowtno be?tm Boston market with the singleexcep. on of the Lowell. What' excuse, we repeat, is there in-ill ror tho neglect of thedircctors todojusiice loour merchants and other business men. ns U...II in if, Iravelliug public generally, by a material reduction of win inic ana ireigni r In regard lo iho construction of a branch from Nashua 10 Groton, eleven miles, to meet the Piichburg road, we are lold by one of the directors that the mire Is now under survey and (lint the people ofNasliin will give the land lo extend it to tho Massiclnnctts n iT'18 monoPfy f Nashua nnd Lowell roa Is will then be avoided ; and we are also lo'd by the same gcnlleman, thai where those companies now receive 8100,000 fur lolls from Ihe Oincotd company, the amount will be reduced lo 823,000, and the rales of freight and passage over the whole route 10 Boston will meet wuh a proportionate reduction. Pat. FiTcnavao (Mass.) Railroad. This road will bo opened id Waltham, six miles from Boston, on Mon day next, and omnibus conveyance will be provided for all passengers from Boston lolhe depot in Charles ton at 6 cents each, as a regular charge. The Bos ton Post savs "Tho engines for this road destined ere long to be extended to Uralileboro', are niado by .Messrs. Ilinkly& Drury.of this cily, and the first on their contract haa been delivered, nnd generally ap proved, Aa Ihe Worcester railroal have concluded lo reduce their fare to Waltham, via omnibus, to 20 cents, the rale upon ihe Waltham line, now opened, will un doubtedly be equally low, 10 meet this unexpected change of policy on the part or the Worcester, which has hitherto opposed the idea oflow fares." The same paper adds the following notice of a Rail road Convention for ihe exlention of ihia route lo Bur linglnn, and we perceive ihat olhcr Boston paper arc all alive on tho subject. Will the inhabitants of the northern part of il,,, state and Vermont turn a 'cold ehoulrlei lo their own interests and neglect to advo cale Ihe extension of the Concord Itailroad by a near erand much moref.voublorouie? Ib, Railroad CenfnHon.Tne friends of the exten sion of ih Boston and Pnchbiirgb railroad to Brallle honmgb, I.V Chtmplam and CsoW., are reqaraiod to meet in convention at Zrattlcboro Tuesday Decem ber 6th." Wo learn from tho Boston Post, that Mr. Felton, accompanied by Col. Crocker, is now surveying tho route from Fitchburgli to Kconc, with rcferonco to its extension by D. Fulls ucross tho Mountain to Rutland. THE LAROKST YET. Eli CmTTENnEN, of Wdlision, slaughtered a few days sincea pig, 8 months and 15 days old, of thesamo litter or those recently killed bv Mr. E. C. Uomis, (.some mention of which oppearcd in this paper) weigh, ing, after haying been well dressed nnd cooled, 336 pounus. Tli'sis prolably ajillle Ihe largest out, as yet. il was a half-blooded ucrksui.?. Com. No fiction. Accompanying the abovo we roccivcd a sparerib of comely dimensions (and not so very spare, neither,) which gives us ample assuranco of a pig, coi responding with the record. Three hundred eighty-six lbs, t nnd only 8 months 15 days old I Say, an averago of a trifle more than a pound and ahalfadatj Can this bo beat? Out no matter " Let others hail the rising tun I bow to him who.-e coulee is run." And in view of all the facts before us, and the probabilities of tho case, wo award to this pig iho first premium, and to Mr. Chit tenden our respectful acknowledgements. In tho languago of Tom O'Sullivaii, "May ye niver want for tho like 0' it ; and I'm quito suro ye niver will." ROTTEN TO THE CORE. Some time siuco a paragraph, purporting to bo taken from the Age, charging tho lo cofoco parly with being "rotlon and its loa ders corrupt," was published pretty exten sively throughout the Union. Wo believo that the Age did not publish the sentiment as its opinion or ondorso its correctness, but gave it as tho opinion of a leading Locofoco who had taken ground against tho doings of tho Uocoloco (state convention and its nomi nation for Governor. A sentiment similar to tho one attributed to the Ago lias been frequently expressed by many Locofoco pa pers of much higher authority, and in much stronger trrms. Tho Alabama Journal, a paper published ut Montgomery, Ala. has mado 11 small collection of these statements, which wo transftir lo our columns, commend ing their attcntivo perusal to our readers. If" modern democracy" should be judged from out of tho mouths of many of ils ablest advocates, then the sentiment erroneously at tributed to tho Age, is far from beino cor rect. Hear what Parke Goodwin, former editor of the New York Evening Pott, and ....!.!... . 1 : . C 1- I a . . 93i3u.ui tuuui ui .no new iorK I'loriung Post ( Loco ) says of democracy and its prominent advocates : Ken. Journal. "It is of icorck not principles," he s.ys. "the par ty haa talked until it has not only exhausted i:s breath .'ftfr W"" 'S " f'ng lo carry out Us princi ples? What real riot'v is there in nnvnl it i.rn.ni. pent measures? What genuine manhoo I in ony of its prominent men I Isil not at this moment a cnAND imposition anu falsehood 1 is it not a vast collec tive death, s head, anitlusion.a ncculvo i.,a nn Chhi&t I" That is pulling tho case rather strong, but tho writer professes to know. . Isaac Hill, of New Hampshire, in his re cent quarrel with Blair & Rives, about tho spuiN, linn puis it to the parly which hj has so long supported : 'This modern "democracy" has put HALF A MILLION of dollars in the pockets of the editors nnd publishers 0! the Globe, and mado hundreds of office holders rich ; but what has it donefor the ;mor man and ihe laborer? What for iu.ine.s men? What wr ine country f Well dues Isaac ask what has the Locofo co parly dono for the poor man, the laborer 1 What for tho country ? Echo answers vt hat I Hern are a few extracts from a Into number of ihat organ of Locofocoism, tho Democrat ic Review, which must be taken for good au thority. Tho writer of tho urliclu in tho Review giving Ins opinion of Jacksonism, says : "The grand maxim of General Jackson, in his ad ministration, ns I recollect from the historviflh.it ad ministration, was "the people are sovereign if I gain their sanction, it is enough."" Again : 'Henppearsin hii administration to have regarded the peoplf as aiore Me Conrtitution and haws, and to nave neiu inai nesecurni ine Highest pnsilile sano lion fir his acts when he had secured the popular ap probation, formally or informally expressed-" Again, his views of the tendency of mod ern democracy : "Instead of feeling it an imperious duly to instruct and elerale the mass, Ihe tendency amonsr us is tn take uur law irom tne mass, and to Orlnsr thought down to the levil of the narrow viewa. crudo nt.liuns. and the blind instincts nl the multitude. If this tendency isL-iiiiiiiiiieii ana encouragea, our wnole Intel cuiual world willb'-como superficial and void, and American mc 100 iccoie 10 uc worm possessing." His views of tho demagoguts of tho par ty : " Satan, when he has an object to gain, always dis guises himself asnn angel of I12I1I ; an your aristocrat comes 10 you, in tneso nays and i this country, al wavs disguised as nnultra democrat. The yo ing, theinscnious, the inexperienced, should be on their cuanlnirainst these wolves in sheen's cloth- ing. and not thrnuph deceit be led to take up doctrines as democratic which cannot fjil, if psis'sled in, one day to prove the tolal overthrow of democracy nnd civil treedom, anauom public and private prosperity. ' To these extracts wo append the following taken at random from Locofoco papers : "We have ton much mouth and not enough heart democracy." Com. Cour. (Loco.) " You call yourselves democrats, and every step you lake shows you dread the democracy. You alone, Ihe people are to trust 1 yet you alone nerer tnur we people." n,nnrieton ler. tl.oeo) 10 tne De mocracy of N. Y. which assembled at Syracuse. "It is n gloomy sight to look down into ihu grave yard of democratic traitors, nnd witness the prostrate hopes of intellect and ambition, and read upon each tombstone " Died for the want of honest principles." Ohio .-Statesman (Loco.) The success of Mr. Van Buren would be the suc cess, and lend lo reinstate the old, corrupt clique, re. qencics, offtccseekers and hunters, whose selfishness, exclutireners and manifold rascalities constituted the otitiinal elements and piiiiinrv causes of our defral in 1310." Miami, Ohio (Loco.) " We do nol connd ihat ihu Whigs bought up one hundred and folly-five thousand tcven hundred and svenly five votes but we contend Ihey bmight up one half of that number and ihey by making a free tiso of their money by way of purchasing hard cider to treat upon, influenced Ihe other half to follow in the same track." Valley Star, Va, (Loco.) " Are woasbamed of our name and our cause thai we should hasten lo merge Ihe liileofslaie rights mil lifters of Soulh Carolina in lhal of members of the great democratic parly? Do we blu.h at ihe Pal metto tanner thai we must yeil it before ihat ignoble, parti-colored, lattered.draggled, dishonored enaiirn. Mi jlar of the great democratic party ? Kor my own pari 1 uucriv scorn ana repuaiate me name anu asso ciation," Juiti Harper, Calhoun Locofoco, Soulh Caiolina. One of the most rabid of tho Loco Foco prints in Massachusetts, thus accounts fur tho defeat of ils party in that State, at late election : Tho returns of ihe election yesterday, in the "Old Bay Stale," so far ns heard from, have resulted rath er disasiiously for the cause of Democracy. We havo not room lo go inlo the reasons at length, ai this par licular iiiiicture, but would in brief aav lhaf. if tho Stale hat gone for the Whigs, as appearances now indicate it may be set down as a Van ituren defeat. anu not a uciesi ni inr inqumiHPi uomncracy 01 Mttchneitt. The indications of this result hive been apparent throughout Ilia whole canvass 1 the wires of the cam paign havo been pulled by Van Ituren leaders. What ever here of unpopularity has attached lo democratic measures, has been occasioned by the odor of Von Burenism with which Ihey havo been tinctured, and which haa been constantly held up lo tho nostrils of every democrat, and also been made by theso "rule or ruin" men the Shibboleth orparty fidelity, iho only lest of pure democracy. Kor our own pari, we endeavor lo bear up agninst these influences and have on principle, with n sincere devotion to Ihe ureal democratic cause con-tantly ad vocated its true interests, with a hope that, haply, Ihe cause might still be rescued from the fate to which Its injudiciou leaders were hurrying il. But the causes havo been loo Ions nt work 1 the obstinacy of the pro fciscd friends ofMr Van Buren loo confirmed and pro traded. A lesson however, has been taught, and it is not too late, in view of coming events, to gather wisdom from the past, nnd unite hereafter all portions of the democratic party in ono common band of broth ers, once more lo do bailie bravely in the good old cause of democratic progress and equality. MEMBERS OF THE TWENTY EIGHTH CONGRESS. Below wc givo tho members of tho Senate nnd Houso of Representatives of the present Congress, fur the convenience of future refe rence. It will bo seen that the Whig majori ty in tho Senatu is suflkiently decided to so cure tho permanency of the few measures which tho treachery of John Tyler did not prevent tho Whigs from passing. Among the names of tho Senators wc have retained the namo of Nilcs, of Connecticut, although it is not probable that lie will ever sufficient ly recover from Ins insanity to bo nblo to tako his seat. Tho vacancy from Mary land will be filled as soon as tho Legislature of that Stato comes together. Atlas. SENATE. Whig: Evans, Locos, Faitfield. Atherton. Woodbury. Maine. iVcu Hampshire. Vermont. Massachusetts. Rhode Island. Connecticut. New York. New Jersey. Pennsylvania. Delaware. Maryland. Virginia North Carolina. Soulh Carolina. Georgia. Kentucky. Tennessee. Ohio. Louisiana, Indiana. Mississippi. Illinois. Alabama. Missouri. Arkansas. Alichisan. Phelps, Upham. Cnoate, Biles. Sprague, Simmons. Huntington, Tallmadge, Dayton, Miller. Nilet. Wright. Buchanan. Sturgeon. Bayard, Clayton. Merrick, One vacancy. Rives, Archer. Mangum. Haywood. Iluirer, McDufliie. Colquitt. Berrien, Chrilleuden, Morehead. Foster, Jarnegan. Tappan, Alien. Barrow, Porter. White, Henderson, Hannegan. Walker. Temple, Breese. King, Bagby. Benton, Atchison. Fulton, Sevier. Purler. Woodbridge. Thus it will be seen that the Sonato stands WUig 23, (to tio increased ono by a new Senator from Maryland,) Locos 23, inclu ding Mr. Niles, who cannot take his seat. HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES. Maine. Whigs. Lcros. Lulher Severance, n. J. Herrtck, Freeman II. Morse, Riln-rt P. Dunlap, Hannibal Hamlin. New H.Mpsiiir.u. I'Vlmnml Itnrk. John It. Itedding, I Moses Norris, Jr. I John P. Hale. Vr.HMONT. Solomon Foot, I Paul Dillinshsm, Jr. John Col lamer, George P. Marsh. Massachusetts. Robert C. Winlhrop, I William P.irmenter, U.iniel 1'. King, Henry Vt illiams. unarles lluu-on, John Qjiincy Ailams, Josenb Griunell. UllOOE ISLAND. Henry Y. Cranston, I Elisha R. Potter. Connecticut. I Thomas II. Seymour, I John Stewart. I George II. t-'atlin, Samuel Simons. New Youk. J. Phillips Phcsnix, Selnh B. Strong, Henry C. Murphy, Win. II. Maclay, Muses G, Leonard, J. II. Anderou, Richard 1). Davis, James G. Clinton, Jeremiah Russell, Zadnck Pratt, David L. Seymour, Lemuel Stetson, Chessclden Ellis. Charles S. Benton, Preston King, Orville Htingerford Samuel Beanlsley, Jeremiah E. Carey, Smith M. P'ltdy, Orville Robinson, Horace Wheaion, George Rnilibun, Amasa Dana, Bvram Green, Wm.S. Hubbell. itnmilloti 1- ish, Daniel D Barnard, Charles Rogers, Time. J. Patterson, Clnries II. Carroll, Ashcr Tyler. William A. Motely, Albert Smith, Washington Hunt, New Jehsev. William Wright. Lucius Q. C. Elmer, George &vkcs, Isaac G. Farlee, Lillleion Kirkpatrick. Pennsylvania. Edward J. Morris. John T.Smith, Charles J. Ingeraoll, Jacob S. Yosr, John Rilter, Richard Broadhead, Jr. Benj. A. Bid lack. Almond H. Reed, James Black, Henry D. Foster, William Wilkins, Samuel Hays. Joseph R. Ingeraoll, Michael H. Jenks, Abraham it. Mcllvainr, Jeremiah Brown, Henry Frick, Alexander Ramsey, Henry Nes, James Irvin, Andrew Stewart, John Di -ley, Charles M. Reed, Joseph Buflington. Delaware. George B. Rodney. VIRGINIA. Willoughby Newton, Archibald Atkinson, Geo. C, Drotngoole, Waller Coles, Edmund W. Hubard, Thomas W. Gilmer, John W. Jones, Henry A. Wise, William Lucas, William Tnvlor, James 11. Walls, Geo. W. Hopkins, Lewis Steeniod. Samuel u nil ion, Geo, W. Sum men, North Carolina. Thomas L. Clingman, Daniel M. Barnnger, Edmund Deberry, Kenneth Rayner, David S. Rcid, R. M. Saunders, James J, McKay, John R. J. Daniel, A. H. Arringlon. South Carolina. James A. Black, Richard K. Simpson, Joseph A. Woodward, John Campbell, Armstead llurk, Isaac E. Holmes, R. Barnwell Rhell. Georgia. A. II. Stephens, A. II. Campbell, Edward J. Black, Hugh A. Haralson, John H. Lumpkin, Howell Cobb, William II. Stiles. Kentucky. Willis Green. Linn Boyd, George A, Cadwsll, James Slone, Richard French, J. W. Tibbalia. Henry Grider, John While, Wm. P.TIiomttson, Garret Davis, Tennessee. Wm. T. RniA. Andrew Johnson, Julius W. Illackwell, Alvin Ctillom, Georgo W. Jones, Aaron V. Brown, Cave Juhnson. David W. Dickinson. Joseph II. Peyton, John B. Ashe, .Milton Brown, Ohio, Robert C. Shcnck, Joseph Vance, John J. Vonmelcr, F.lias Florence, Daniel R. Tilden, Joshui R. Giddings, Alexander Harper, Pearly II. Johnson, Samuel F. Vinton, Alexander Duncsn, John B. Wcller, Emery D. Poller. Henry St. John, Joseph J. McDowell, llem in A. Mi.orc. Jacob BrinUtholT, Joseph Morn'-, lames Malheus, Win. t,'. McCauslen, Ezra Dean, If n ll.:i...L. . ...... .'uiiKeinoii. Louisiana. John Slide!!, Alceo l.tlirnnche, John II. Dawson, , OJIVI, Indiana. C. B. Smith, S. C. Sample, Robert Pale Owen, 1 liomas J. Henley, IhomasSmih, yv.llmri J. ir,vn John W. Davis, Joseph A. VVrigh V John iVtiU An Ircw L-n.iK...iu , .-.fciuiL-ur, Illinois. John I. Hardin, Robert Smiih, John A. M. ricrnand, Or and,, B. Firkhn, ' John Woitwnrth. Stephen A. Douglass,. Jonpril, p IT ' Alahama. Jamti Dellet, James E. Reiser, Dixon II. Lewis, William W. Payne, George S. Hoinlon, Reuben t'lnpntan. Fi-IIt n mo.,.ii - . ... u. .....wuillicil, Missoum. John Jameson, G. W. Ilowcr, J. B. Bowlie, J. P.UelD, Jflmca M Hunt... AIIKANSAS. I Edward Cross. Michigan. 1 . Robert McClelland, Lucius Lyon, Jat. B. Hunt. ., , . TO " Mirvliinfl. fc. LECTIO. Mississippi, Massachusetts, (vacancies) Maine, do Georgia, do s 4 3 2 1 16 207 222 Elected as above, RAIL-ROAD MEETING. At a mnclitm of the ciliwns of RiirlinBinn holden al John Howard's HnH-l, on Monday,. iMov. 27, icH3: lion. TIMOTHY FOL LETT was chosen President, T. F. Strono and Ciias. D. Kasson Secretaries. On motion, Messrs. J. N. Pomeroy, Guy CHilin and J 0I111 Peck, were appointed a com mittco to report business for the meeting, who reported ihe following resolutions which were adopted. , J?so!r((iThal the people or Vermont have a deep interest 111 the projected Rail-Roads from Huston to Lake Chatnplain that will, the West as. a i-oinpeii-tor 111 our great staple. Wool, we now require, arid shall soon more sliontrlv feel ihe necessity (or, a mar ket lor onr other domestic producis. ResohedThxt fmi..,l..l.: : 1 ul lulul a,iu.,ni,ii nenr ine no- ccssary terminus of either or ihe projected roads, e reel ourselves namciilarly interested in Ihe neciim plishtnem of either (.riheso projects, nnd ihat we will unite our ciToris, .ho1 feeble, wilh the , . r.ions of olffi era in ai.1 nf ilm m ...l..l. l si 1 i tl "mi." mnv oe esitwiiiied. Jlesolted That a corresponding committee of three persons be appointed lo romniunienle with other ins. of thecilisen. should Yheydeh a KIT'" Whereupon W. Lyman. J. I. Clltli'r nnd J. Vim Sicklfti wcro appointed committeo to report iho na hips of persons lo srrve as corrcsponding commiitr-e, who reported tho names of John Peck, T. Follett and J. N. Pomeroy its correspoiidingcommiiice, which was adopted. J. Mc M. Shafter, J. D. Allen, nnd G. A. Allen wro appointed a committee to ascer tain such facts in connexion wilh bolh routes as ihey can gather and report at a future tneetin". Messrs. Shafter, J. D. Allen nnd T. FoI Iclt were appointed Delegates lo alleinl tho convention at liruttli-boro', on the 5ih De ccnihttr. Adjourned to Saturday evening, 9 De cember, ill Howard's. LUM I NOUS EXPOSITION. The Bradford Prolectiir gives the follow ing eiplunatian of ihe mcjimtiic nrincipleas taught by ihu Rev. Lo Roy Sunderland " as he understands it ": The Maomet, The Rev. La Rov .under!and, who publishes the above work, has been showing up mes merism on a new principle, lie discords ihe doctrine of inaaneiic elimination!', wilh all its gimmal adjuncts and conjunct., remote and conr'guous. Perpend; he declare thai mi smeric idiosv ncrnsie. nm ,.crnin tr, geminoiisof, nr linmo-ousin'wiih, Ganglionic, pathel ism. Hence he dctioatis his s) stem, or throry Pa tiietism. By his exhibition, ihe g-aned'o neural tio so mimmalhn Ins involuntary functions, which, from iiirn ii!iiuuiit-i.ii!tr, sup-rinuuciive. ana in tcrcomolu ling su.cepti1 i'incs, impress upon the sensoiium the Iraesient images imparled by passive idiocrnnc pro:et sesof ihoughr, in innjunciion witn natural motion and acuon, which renders '-second sighl," and "ghost see ing," acqiiisime, secondary and imparlnble. Tha megnetic theories of mesmerists and ncurolngi-ts are reprobated. The gentleman haa pcrformd several times in Lowell, nnd hU dantly more lighi upon his philosophy thaa his lee lures and essays, though ih.' latter are lucid enough. Communicated for the Free Press. PHRENOLOGY IMPROVED. -The science of Phrenology Mesmerism. and the like, scemo to be the order of the day. Gentlemen of scienco generally ap pear interested in testing tho skill of llioso who profess to bs musters of tho art of dis covering unknown qualities in the human mind, and human svstem. Dr. Cobb, a well known praciising Physician in Burlington. has proclaimed that he can decide very cor rectly upon tho natural disposition &c, and. also, upon tho bodily infirmities, by exam ining n sitHtiger in n dark room. Ho has boen several times nicd, nnd has not yet been very deficient in deciding. The foU lowing ceriificnio is a fair specimen of what Ihe Doctor might place before the public in many instances. " I was examined by Dr. Cobb in a dirk room. Ho decided very correctly in regard to my Bodily Infirmities, Natural Disposi tion, and (acuities of Iho mind. HENRY FOLLETT. Member of the House of Reprtsentutivei. from Burkshire, Franklin County, Monlpolier, Nov., 12ili 1843, An eminent modern writer beautifully savs " The foundation of domestic liappineft is 'faith in virtue of woman. The foundation of political happiness, is confidence in the integrity of man. The foundation of all happiness temporal and eternal reliance on tho goodncts of Gon. "A rnllinij stone gathers no moss." A verr doubtful adage, (sathe I'enntylranian.) We have just seen In country paper the marriage oj M ."l llfu i'nii"i 1 in .jr