Newspaper of Burlington Free Press, December 29, 1843, Page 1

Newspaper of Burlington Free Press dated December 29, 1843 Page 1
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NOT THE QLOBY OF OJBSAR BUT T H B WBXtPARB OF BOMB BY H.- R. STACY. BURLINGTON, VERMONT, FRIDAY, DECEMBER 29, 1843. VOL. XVII No. 30. 1 "GOD WITH US." Suggcstedby an examination of Vr'spicture,'The Embarkation of the Pilgrim:' hy WILLIAM o. sovits-c. It may bo premised that the Pilgrims are por trayed on the deck of the vessel in the act of supplicating the guidance and protection of their heavenly Father ; and on the corner of the sail which was hung up to cover them is inscrib ed the motto, "God with us," suspended just over the arch of the rainbow, which is conspicuous behind, thus uniting faith, hope, and the promise covenant in the samo glance and recollection. Under this inspiration the lyrist seems to have written his animating ode. 1. " Godwith list' on our troubled way, When darkening tempests lower and sweep, Bevond we see the pcnrlcas ray That lights our path iicrosa the deep And while on high We turn oar trustful eye, " God with us" is our constant cry. II. "God with us!" when the billows foam, X.nd stir the ocean's snowy crest, nll provide a freer homo, He . weuied pilgrims hope for rest Wnct- yfr will not fear, m oar ear Faith whispers . for CTCr ncar " God with us" all, . mj .. , ... l i. lishtninss gleam, " God with us!" when 0 . . light t Across the s'ty with floshi'.'1-, . i, 5cem They are the types of truths wti,'c To rend the pall of error's night-" And while we see Their thrillini: imagery, "GoJ with us" cheers the strong and free I IV. " God with us!" where the star light sheds A placid ray on Freedom's ymith i He will regard the soul that treads In his own panoply of truth And while wo hail Tho wild wind and iho pule, " God with us" now I Ho will not fail! V. God with us!" wliuu Mcivuiti juu otiuir, Where we miv worshii him unharm'd ; Where we mav know and fi nr no more The threatnings of the evil-arm'd And when we reach The yet far distant bench, " God with us" we will ever teach. VI. "God with us!" while we cross the sea Of human life in every hour, To that eternal rest, where wo May praise his boundless love and power! Where wo shall string Celestial hams, and sin? " God with us 1" through Heaven's fadeless spring! ETMr Weir's Painting is one of the four now Paintings which were authorised by Con fa' " ' nm mil-nose ut gracing the vacant inchest In the ltotuuda of the Capitol The pencil of Trumbull, lately deceased, con tributcd the old ones. PRAIRIE AND MOUNTAIN LIFE. The Beg HuNTERs.--Our evenings around tho cnmp""ie wciu gum..i.iij u.., with pipes and chat, now and then a song and soiuutimcs a yarn, either Uncilul or true, from sonic of llio rude characters around us. Encamped upon the Wahka-roosi, or Dig Elk, when journeying outward, only some sixty miles beyond Wcstport, we list ened one evening with inlensu interest to the following narration, given, perhaps, with more effect in the uncouth words of the story teller. It was one of the first uf those camp fire relations that we heard, nnd was so told as to leave a vivid impression upon us all. It was sometime in 1832, that a party of Jilteeu or twenty persons collected among the little village settlements of upper Mis souri, for the purpose of a hec-hunting expe dition out upon Grand River. As is usual on such occasions, there were more novices than practical woodmen among them, nnd in a few days, hoforo a single bee tree was found, their provisions began to run low, while no sign as yet appeared of either honey or game. Thus critically circumstanced, an old man by the name of Vanderpool under took with his son, to return to the settlements, and bring out further supplies for the rest ; but tho man and boy were only a few hours out of sight of their companions when they becamo bewildered, and by nightfall tho two were thoroughly lost. Their only course now was to lay down and wait patiently un til daylight came to assist in setting the m right again, but during the night tho unfor- lunaie old mm in sonic accidental manner dtscnarged his rifle, tho hall passing throutil ins lelt thigh nnd shattering the bone in a i-Tiost dreadful way. Night wore slowl v away ver them, wlulo llio old man lay in horrible gony, nnd without a prospect of assistance, intil, asdav dawned, it was determined that Jie boy should seek the settlements alone. nd hurry hick with aid to his Cither. Accordingly, tho youth set off alone, in oking Providence to guide him, while tin .Id nnd faithful dog was tho only living thing lft with the wounded lather, to lick his le vrisli hand and listen to his moans. More rtunalo than ho anticipated, tho son did in ' brief period reach tho settlements, from 'henco he set out again immediately with very necessaryassistanco, both for his father id tho unlucky buo liunlers upon uranu I - !.. tnnr lintr ivnc nniv tvnrcn iV Unn tamo nnd Im (-!! 11 nf!llifi finrl flin ace where lie had lelt Ins lather, nor direct friends who were with him where to look i ,Jr the main party. All this lime Iho old lan lay jn tne most ucniu muhuiuh, uimuiu ' stir an inch, while enduring the madden- ig ngony of thirst, and wilit a cool stream wiling but a few yards from him, through n ,iep cleft in tho prairie, overhung by n Jroad-spreading growth of timber. He lin- rpred in this way unlil tho third day after It's son left him, when tho desolate invalid beoan to feel his brain wandering beneath ii'? .n.i ir...: I :.!.:..:. l 1110 severity Ul Ills auiiiTiiiis, uim m mis u- M nation his poor friond, liio dog tho only thing that seemed yet imbued with knowl pdgo and sympathy for him presented tho unhappy man with his only cruel and despe fata 'method of prolonging life. Coaxing llio affectionate crr-aturo near ugh to hin by llio leouie motion oi ins iu made a desperate piunge anno an- eck wtlh his knife, and was fortunate ito saver tho jugular artery, not llio expired almost without n simgaie e I Old Vandopool then, by great urnnd himlf so as lo touch the od with his lips, and in this way to imbibe n sufficiency of strange- o give htm a partial restoration with which ho dragged himself, by slow degrees down lo tho edge of the creek. Hero the wounded man slaked his tlirco days thirst, and foil nt onco off into happy unconsciousness of pain and suffering, tiis body quite hidden from view by leaves and the thick undergrowth of wild shrubbe ry nround him. Some hours after, poor Vandcrpool's com panions, tho other hco hunters, enmo past this very spot, they having waited Ins return until patience had expired, and now having determined to abandon their search after bee trees, nnd make, their way homeward as soon as possible. They found the dead dog, nnd though already partially lorn by wolves, they at once recognised as Vanderpool's, but neg lected to search the vicinity with such scru tiny as might have discovered to them their unfortunate companion ; nnd, only satisfying themselves (hat ho was not there, tlioy hur ried on their way homeward. Tho boy, too, at length succeeded in bring ing his friends to tho spot, and finding various footprints around, his father cone and the dog killed, his natural conclusion was, that cither friends or enemies had been there and car ried the old man off. This opinion fastening itself at once upon then nil, they left the place and turned back to the settlements, w'.'ilo poor old Vanderpool with his broken thigh sti.'i '.''V, not insensible, but speechless and powerless, among the bushes on ihe mar gin of the streniT? ' " llfillrd friends searching for and vnnuCr.!."C what had be come 01 ,,lm bul C0ll'd g've tnCni r (Inn nf.'-is Poar "'hereabouts. He he.?.'"'1 Il,s son's voice, and -":'u,J Ba5P forl1' lono or , murmur loud enough !o 'vo warning of Ins presence. They were prc)ai7"! to depart, to leave him (hero for the hist time, " could not call to them. They were gone, nn.l ti uloiit. in itiu tlcaotitln w ililn helpless, wounded, starving and dying, with now not even the dog lo crouch by his side, nnd seem in sumc sort a companion to him. The helpless old man could not drag his mu tilated body up the bank again, and the re maining flesh of the dog was torn by wolves almost in his sight and hearing, while the horrible conviction alone remained that in dread probability his own body would provo the next meal for the ferocious beasts! In this miserable condition, sinking beneath hope in bodily and mental anguish, the poor old bee-hunter passed another nij-ht, and yet with firm tenacity nature clung lo life, and "'""ncp lingered in his frame. I lie boy and his friends, as well as tho nlhpr p..,.1o .rilm Imp. hunting parly, arri ved at their homes, fully expseling to bear of some lucky chance having brought tho old man in beforo them, but consternation and alarm at once succeeded to this hope, when they were told that Vanderpool had as vet neiiuer neon seen orneatd ol ! With instant and humane despatch, the whole parlv, join ed by as many more fresh recruits, hurried away for a general nnd thorough search after the missing man, and, proceeding once more to the spot where iiis son had left him, a more careful investigation had the happy ef fect of at hist restoring the unfortunate erin. plo to his friends. Thov found him nmnmr tho leaves and shrubs, by iho edge of tho wa ter, just where ho had drai'tred himself near ly two days before, wholly insensible and fast hastening toward a condition bevond the reach of human aid. Yet old man was living when the story was told lo us on tho M ahka-roosi, nnd is still a halo old fellow at the date of this writing ! Tho veracity of our simple informant wps never doubted among us, but our interest in Ihe story was increased when, on our return several months niter, wo accidently met with further intelli gence of" Old Vanderpool," fully confirm ing tho anecdote wo had heard of his critical adventure when out, nearly twelve years ago, with llio bee-hunters. How much is there dailv occurring in real life that leaves the pen of fiction in tho back ground. How many occurrences fade con stantly away unrecorded in oblivion, (in de spite, oven, ol the ever-eager daily papers,) full of all tho elements calculated to enlist sympathy and interest. How whimsically must U seem lo us that the world moves, when wo reflect that a vast legion of romances, poets and story-tellers exist by coining, with great labor, fanciful resemblances of things that pass in truthful reality every day unno ticed beforo out eyes in the great panorama of nature. And how much more welcome do we ever find tho real picture that wo ro cognizo than tho omato and elaborate crea tions of fancy. Old Vanderpool and his neighbors, with whom his slory has long been an ordinary and almost forgotten affair, will doubtless bo surprised enough nt seeing n simplo anecdote of their far locality picked up at last and put into print. iV. O, Pic. BABOONS. On the lulls adjacent to the Capo of Good Hope, ihcso creatures aro to be found in vast numbers. On remarkably fine 'days, they assemble in regiments, and with all the order observed by military at drill. In gen eral they approach tho height of six feet ; and certainly, in features and habits, resolu ble the human species more than any other quadrupeds in existence, tho Orang-Outang not excepted. During the late rendezvous of the 22d English regiment of font at the Capo, several rcn-contrcs occurred between the soldiers and Baboons, whose thieving propensities wero u source of constant alarm to every human being within tho immcdiato rango of their numerous caverns. Tho en suing narr.ilivo is from a gentlemen who was un oye-witness to tho scono : " Our barracks wero situated at the foot of a rango of hills inhabited by tlieso iyij cals. Whenever tho soldiers went on pa rado, they wero compelled, in self.defence, to leavo a posse of sentinels to protect their property ; notwithstanding which, their lur live neighbors, tho Baboons, frequently stolo and carried off their blankets, great coats, or any other garments on which they could lay their paws. A poor soldier's wife had washed her blanket and hung it out lo dry. Scarcely had she turned her back, when one of llieso miscreants, ever on tho watch, stole it,' and ran off with il to the hills, which aro high and woody. This act drew on t'-om tho indignation of llio regiment, who formed 1 sTG Par,v. "W1 wil11 s,lck and stones to attack them, under tho hopo of recovering the stolen property, and inflicting such chas tisement as might deter them from tho com mission of similar acts in future. I was on the advance with twenty men, and made a detour to cut them off from the caverns, to which they always fled for shelter, in caso of danger. Thov observed my movement, nnd immediately detached about fifty of their number to guard the entrance, while the oth ers retained their post ; nnd we could now distinctly sco them collecting huge stones and other missiles. At this moment, an old grey-headed liaboon, who had previously visited us at llio barracks, and was known among the soldiers by tho name of Father Murphy, was seen distributing his orders, nnd, with tho apparent judgment of a most consummate general, planning the atlacK. Perccivinn that inv (Insicn was defeated, joined the corp dc main, and rushed on to the attack, when a scream Irom r atlier Blur phy was the signal for a general encounter, and immediately the host of Baboons under his command, rolled down enormous stones upon us, and wo were compelled lo givo up tho contest to save our lives and the glory to bo won by a triumph over such a foe, was not of a character to make us nt nil amln- linns to gain it at tho hazard of our heads and shins. in our retreat, which was prompted by what Falslalf thought " the belter part of valar," they actually followed us lo our doors, shouting, in indication of victory ; while, during tho whole night, wo heard such yelling and screaming, that wo xpocicd a night attack on tho barracks in ...i. ."aso wo should have given them a touch ol' n"' ' ",urJerous saltpetre' and 'blue pills.' IimIio niC'"'' l,0"evcr. wo found, that all this outcry hau uecn cr0i'1lod1 l,-v dls" nutC "hntit llm .livi.i l...-nkot : fur we saw c:;'lit or ten or them with ,V'ccu.i ! it on their backs, amongst the others struucu" Father Murphy. These rascals annoyed us day and night, and wo dared not venture out, unless in par ties of five or six together. Ono morning, Father Murphy had the consummate impu dence to walk into tint grenadier barracks, and was in ihe act of stealing a sergeant's regimental coat, when a corporal s guard (which had just been relieved,) took the lib erty of stopping tho gentleman at tho door, and secured him. Ho was a powerful bruin, and too much for ono man. Notwithstand ing his frequent misdemeanors, we did not like to kill the creature, us wo wero not cer tain that he had conect ideas respecting tho laws of neum and luum : so, having first muzzled him, wo shaved his head and face, and turned him loose. To this ceremony he submitted very quietly , and when thus shorn and otherwise titivated, ho was really a gogd-looking fellow, and on the whole, more prepossessing in countenance, than many of Iho fashionable ' bloods' who figure in Bond street, at tho West End. We then started him up the hill, though he was reluc tant to leave us. Some of his companions came down to meet him, but, from the alter ation which the shaving produced, they did not recognize him, and accordingly pelted him with sticks and stones so unmercifully, that poor Father Murphy actually sought protection from his former enemies, and in timo became quite tame and domesticated, and remained with us." An Irish soldier, who had been ono of the 22d regiment, in verifying this last circum stance, said that every word of it was God's truth, and that if he (Father Murphy) hadn't died within tho last year, he was still alive and at tho barracks! London paper. COFFEE. Coffee drinkers will perhaps like to read the following description of the process of raising collec and preparing it fur market, in Havana, which wo extract from ono of tho entertaining "Hieroglyphics" in tho New Orleans Ticayuno : " Tho seed is first planted in a nursery, ns it were ; while it is sprouting up into a young tree or plant, the field for its transplantation sometimes covering hundreds of acres is being weeded and prepared, Whun the saplings attain tho proper age and growth, they are taken up and planted lor perma nent purposes in llio coffee field. They are put down in rows at distances from each oth er of from four lo six feet longitudinally, and from six to eight fuel lalitudinally. Hero they icmain until they aro worn out, bearing coffee in some soils for a period us long as twenty years. Tho field being thus planted, tho whole of tho planter's attention, year af ter year, is now directed, first to keeping the plantation clean, and entirely free from weeds, for this is indisponsibly necessary to the good and wholesome growth of tho trees, next in trimming the trees, so as to prevent them reaching a higher altitudo than tho coffeo can bo plucked from them by the hand, or ex tending their branches too wide, thereby pre venting the pickers from passing so easily around them. Secondly, in plucking or pick ing olftho coflee berries from the tree at llio proper season ; and thirdly, in preparing il for market. The weeding" is dono with great care not so much as a singlo blado of grass is lo bo discovered among the colleo trees, covering entire acres, anil thus tho wholo power of the soil, which is of a heavy reddish color, preserved for their nourishment. Round tho bounds of llio coffeo field, and at convenient distances through them, thero aro walks or avenues, llio inaigins of which are laid out with great taste, and planted with palm, orange, and other trees, giving it great beauty ; indeed, a coffee plantation seems to bo nothing more or less than an overgrown but well tended garden. It affords a surpas sing sweet perfume, and whon tho trees nro in flower, when (ho beriics aro red some still being green it is picturcsquo beyond any thing, As (he Ireo docs not send forth all its blos soms simultaneously, a portion of berries be come ripo before tho rest, and henco tho pro cess of picking is repeated at different times. Tho blossom first shoots foilh in the latter part of April or May, and next in tho latter part of May or the early pan of June. Tho berry first assumes a green hue, and us it be comes morn ripo it changes to a deep red. The pulling is performed in August and Sop- Member. 1 ho general process ol preparing the coffee for market is this ; It is first pla ccd on a glazier of circular shapo and smooth ly plastered surface, built expressly for the purpose, rating about twelve inches in depth. This is dono for tho purpose of rooting the shell or husk of the berries, every one of which contains two or twin grains ot collec. It is next, on the samo glazier, but in less quantities, dried by exposure to the sun ; when dried, it is put in n circular mitt or trough, whero a wheel passing over it, breaks oil Iho shell and clears tho grain Irom ait in cumbrances. It Is next winnowed, by which tho broken husks nro blown off from tho grain ; and lastly, it is picked or assorted, the pickers using their hands alone, and hav ing no aid Irnni machinery, dividing the crop, grain by grain, t,0 their different classes superior, middling, nd inferior. It is then put up for market." Tun Gvrsins: Who ahe They? The following extracts aro taken from long ar ticle in the London Christian Examiner; they aro from a gentleman of great literary research. Whoever has read Barrow's Bi ble in Spain will at once recognize tho char acter of the Gypsies, Gitanas, or Romans all of which aro synonymous terms. And whom have we seen, with the mark of fugitive imprinted on his brow? yea, with that more infamous brand mark of vagabond also : but ono who strongly resembles, while yet he widely differs from, ihe descendant of the patriarch J udnh I He who lias travel ed on tho continent ot Europe, has met with him in every European land. He who has visited Asia has met with him there. He who has visited Africa and America has met with him there. And what British, or Scot tisi'j, or Welsh, or Irish child knows not the swathv hue. remember not the dark and yo of tho over restless wandcrinp tribes of tho Gu'nn.i, or, as they are called in this country, the Gvnsv race I u race, w.'.'osc or,'11 "uno can teli you, nnd of which none n.'orc igiCa,u " tnemscivcs. Ask ihen." whence tlicy cml, know not. From whom .'"oy sprang, know not. What is tiit-'ir re. H'tn tint-M nnnn. Wlifil .In tlou iv.Orclli They They Tiiey 1 hey iift ti'itliMiit r?nrt iti llio tvnrlrl. Vi?flt is their language ? That of iho nations among :v.Iom( thev sojourn. Are they Jews 1 They u?. you they are not. Are they Gentiles'? No. Liko the Jews, they aro wanderers, without a home. Like the Jews, they are mingled among all people, nnd yet distinct from all ; despised, suspected, persecuted and hated ; without a country without a king j. with na tionality unbroken either by time, persecu tion, or admixture of blood ; with a spirit of clanship or brotherhood that nothing can quench; with a distrust of the Gentiles that nothing can overcome. But the Jew is a worshipper of Jehovah tho Gitana, or Rhoma, knows him not. The Jew professes, and venerates, and studies

tho ancient oracles of revealed truth tho Rhoma scarcely knows that such oracles ex ist. The Jew would rather die than defile himself with what lo him is ceremonially un clean the Rhoma will feed on tho most bat hsomc food, even that which is torn, or which hath died of itself, eatintr his defiled bread amontr the Gentiles, fain to fill his bel ly with tho liusks that swine do cat. How, then, can these wanderers be of common or igin ? The Jew, though cursed, has been still entrusted with tho oracle of God, and has thcreforo retained a knowledge of his name and a zeal for his worship ; a knowledge of tho language ol his loietaincrs, oi iiio msiu ry of tho country from whenco ho has been driven ; and n liope, an undying, unquench able hope of one day returning to that land, nrnmirl wtiirli linvnr all his thoughts, nnd whoso very dust is dear to him as the gold of Oplnr. But the Israelito was sent forth to wander without the written word, and consequently ho has, and must have, lost all trace of tho name and character of the God of his fath ers ; all knowlcdgo of the country from whence ho came; of tho parental sourco from whence ho sprang; of the language in which his father spoko ; of the meaning of his judicial wanderings; and of the glorious hopes that tho world, tho promise, and tho oath of the God of Abraham, Isaac and Ja cob, hold out to the scattered tribes, wheth er of the house of Judah or of Israel. Of these mysterious wanderers, bo Ihey wiiom tney may, land who ihey are 1 pre some not to say, although I firmly believe that they represent the house of Israel) there are not lower than three millions, scattered over tho face of tho earth, and of the well knuwn tribes of Judah and Benjamin about tun millions morn each testifying, though in different wavs, to tho truth of a faithful but offended God. Life in New York. The New York correspondent ol tho National Intelligencer writes : " Tho femato dynasty is gaining ground. 1 mentioned in a previous letter that a La die's Oyster Shop was opened in New York, and a Ladie's Reading Room projected The latter is sinco organized and about going into operation, and mcantimo another masculine privilege has gone over to tho ladies. A Club Bowling Alley has been established in Broadway, near l ranklin street, most lux urious in all its appointments carped, o(. tomans, dressing-rooms, &c. The faniliei subscribing aro of tho most fashionable cliques and no malo foot is suffered to ontcr ibis gynecian gymnasium tho pins being tot up hy girls, nnd the attendance exclusively tern inine. The luxuries remaining to oursex up to tho present times nro fencing and ooxing tho usurpations of which are probably under consideration. Tho fashion you woudsup poso would scarcely gain by nnsculinifying, but the ladies nro wearing broadcloth cloaks for a beginning. Thorn is another artille of malo attiro which llioy have long been said to wear occasionally, but 1 am incredilotis. Seeing would bo belioving." I Potvrnv, Tho author of iho folliwing bcautilul and touching lines isunknowr Western cobler has adopted it for his sii : hero piio f. kake, if- Leer I sel gude oisteis ttudo & in Ihe ahel and fride unci lu for them that chute 4- with dtipitch mend boon A ehuie. A TYPE SETTING MACHINE. Mr. John V. Ford has gone to Washing ton to securo a patent for a type setting ma chine, by which any one that can read may, by touching certain keys like those of a pi ano, set typo with almost inconceivable ra pidity. Ho has another machine for distribu ting tho type. This will provo worso than ratting among the compositors. U. S. Gaz. Wo do not think so. Wo saw and exam ined the models of both machines in this city, and admired them greatly for their ingenuity nnd the beauty ot their movemonts. But, while we belicvo lliat the machines will ac complish one of Iho objects intended, we doubt whether they will the other. That isi wo Believe that they may bo used lor setting and distributing the lypo ; but wo do not be lieve that they will expedite the labor. The types and spaces may be placed by tho ma chine in lines: but the machine cannot jus tify the lines which is always a considera li. :....' uie portion oi too comi"u"i ,uuui. term " justify " will not be understood hy wn-letlered readers without a particular ex planation. Every lino in tho column of a newsnaner. or in the page ol a UooK, must be exactly of the same length to tho space of a hair: now when the compositor is set ting his types, on coming to the end of the lino il seldom very seldom happens that the line can be exactly filled by the word he is setting up. He must then either space out as it is called that is, put wider spaces be tween tho words in the entire line or make morn room hy taking out the ordinary spa ccs between tho words and inserting thinner ones often, moreover, being obliged to di vido.tho word at the end of the line, if it be not a monosyllable. Sometimes tho whole line must bo very thin-spaccd, to got in a long word or syllable which cannot be got in compels the compositor to drive out by very thick spacing. Now the machine can never be made to perform any portion of this labor. It will of courso require ono person to play upon the keys of each machine another to remove the lino when set and to iustifii it another lo place tho line of all the letters of Iho alphabet in their proper places to be re ceived hy the machine, and to supply in stantly every exhausted line while yet an other hand will bo required to place Iho mat ter for distribution in a proper situation for ji, action of the other machine. .,V'ed to all, the machines will cost fifteen hundred j'ollars apiece an amount sufficient to set up ib'.'i." "unity printing offices, while for an establis)in.'ont l'ke ours, four machines, at least, would be .cessarv. We are re luctant to say any thinj that may damp the ardor of genius, or discdtif age enterprise ; but we believo that the machinery now in our omploy will not be superseded by jlr. r ord s disCOVOry, rurlnno nml intwrnfflinfl I p N. Y. Com. Adv. Yankee Incenuitv. A gentleman resid ing ncar our city, in a ucautitut country resi dence, was desirous of levelling off his lawn around his house, when much to his annoy ance, his workmen found a huge rock so near the surface, as to render a removal of it ab solutely necessary. This rock was a real hard headed boulder, weighing, perhaps, sev eral tons; and if it had been only ono fool lower in llio earth it would not have been an obstruction lo the required level of the lawn, but how to get rid of thai foot was a puzzle ; to blast it was impracticable, for ihe house was too near. Some knowing ones advised a burning, and then, by throwing on water, decompose it ; some thought hot cider would do the needful ; others went so far as to re commend Brandrcth's Pills, and Mo flu It's Lotions, that in lime might icork it off. In the extremity of this perplexity a lank slabsided Yankee presented himself, and af ter talking with the proprietor, who was all for lawn, (though above a pun,) says he, " bquire, what will you give now, it X put that eternal rock out of your way, or as much on't as is necessary lo securnyour level ?" " Why," says the Squire, " if you can man age to get rid of about ono foot of tho top of that rock without Wasting and will agree to have il done within a week, I'll givo you so much." " That's a hard bargain," says Jonathan, " to one of us, but I'll risk it." And ho offiackcland went to word with spade, and before sunset of tho samo day he had dug a hole ulong-sidu ol that rock deep enough lor me purpose, and then taking a rail for u prv, ho tumbled it from its bed heels over head into thu pit where it now lies two feet below the required level. On pocketing tho sum agreed upon, says ho, " Squire, I told you that ivas a hard bargain for ono of us; but seeing that 1 have given you a notion how to get rid of another such a critter in case you meet ono in your lawn, it is almost equal to a patent right, aint it 1" And with that he bowed off and departed, leaving the gratilied proprietor in admiration of that wonderful down east mother wit, that seems ever ready lo grapple with and over come all difficulties, and in all " hard bar gains" generally manages to keep on tho safe side. American. Not a dad notion. Tho Baliimoro Sun relates the following anecdote: " A short time sinco a respectable lady residing in Old Town, desirous to test the charitable feelings of some of her friends, adopted tho novel idea of dressing herself in the tattered and torn habiliments of a beggar and with a basket on her arm, and a tale of woe and suffering on her hps, proceeded to their doors, and solicited alms or cold victu als for a starving family. Sho started out immediately after dark, and the plan suc ceeded lo admiration. Sonio drovo her away from their doors with imprecations, while others extended lo her all tho atten tion nnd comforts which the woful relation of her sufferings called for. Being desirous also to test the heart of tho preacher, and although unacquainted with iho gentleman, sho knockod at tho door of the Rev. Mr. H. of the Methodist Episcopal Church, who wil doubtless recollect tho visit. She was here received with tho greatest kindness, raado to sit down nnd partake of the best that tho house could afford, whilst her basket was also filled with food for her children. Tho reverend gentleman and his family acted fully up to the Scripture proverb, that " he mat givetn to tne poor shall not lack." RESPECT TO OLD AGE. A TRUE STORV. A vouni frnntlnmnn fresh from college, who had inoro knowledge of books than of men, was wending his way to the Rev. Dr. C . of Ct. The doctor was extensively known and respected for his encrgy of char acter, his learning, nnd piely, and moral worth. But like the great apostle, he did not disdain to " labor with his own hands." With a letter oi introduction to tho aged di vine, whom he had known only by renutation. our genteel young friend was seeking the jji "k- " uiijiMiuiitiiiiu wiui nun, ' Old daddy," said he to an nurd laborer in the field by the way-side, whose flapped hat iiiiu tuuiow iuuniii uvur-Loat it was a low ering day --and dark complexion and features contrasted strongly with his own broadcloth and kid gloves and lair person " Old daddy, tell mo where the ivcv. ur. u lives." " In iho house you sec yonder," the old man hon estly replied. Without condescending to thank hint for tho information, the young man rode on, and soon found himself scaled in the narlor of Dr. C's hospitable residence, at the invitation of the lady ol the house, awaiting tho expected arrival of llio doctor. Indue time tho host appeared, having re turned Irom the Held, laid aside his wet gar ments, and adjusted his person. But to the surprise and confusion of tho young guest, whom should he meet in the Rev. Dr. but the samo " old daddy " ho had so unceremonious ly accosted on his way. " It was very rcspecttul in you," said the venerable divine, with an arch look, and in a nleasant tone for the as-cd nnrson was not wanting in wit and humor " it was very re- spectable in you to call me old daddy : I al ways love to see young nit-n show respect to old age." Tho confusion and mortification of the young man were indcsciibable. Ho could have sunk through the floor, and buried him self in the cellar beneath him. Willi a coun tenance crimsoned with blushes, ho began to stammer out an apology for his incivility. "No apology," said tho doctor very pleas antly, " no apology : I always love to see r;. spect shown to old age." But the kindness and assiduity ot the family could not relieve the unpleasantness ol his situation ; a sense of the mortifying blunder which he had com mitted, marred all his anticipated pleasure from the interview, and he was glad to take his leave as soon as he could do it with de cency. fiat. Post. , Cinvni. -Anj ono travelling along tho seaboard of North Carolina, will notice the immense quantity of dried herrings used by the inhabitants They appear to c. mo me stan ot lilu in thai quarter. A gentleman on his way to the South not long since, got out of the stago and entered a tavern for the purpose of refreshing himself. After taking a glass ofwhiskey and treating th? driver, he throw down half a dollar. The .'mr keeper looked pciplexed, and said, " I have no silver change, sir, but plenty of the common, if you will take it." Here hecouh.'ed out thirty-seven heiriii"s, which the traveller had to roll up in a ytucu of paper and take wi'.'h him, thinking they might serve him for a dinner. The stago went on, and at the next stopping place lie hailed an old lady, and asked her i'sho could ell i.:... I,...,-i i ... , . . oi.ii mm .1 ui UlL-au. OI10 UllerCU i.'llll il large loal of fi-esh rye, and in return he counted out six herrings. " La me," she exclaimed, " where did you get so much change 1 Can vou change me a quarter !" This he did cheerfully, and had six herrings remaining to eat. Long lln.uMis and IIaiid Ktssi.NG. .Mr. Brooks, in one of his letters from Russia, has the following in regard to Uusiau beams and uussiau Kissing : Apropos, of beards, as I run from one thing to another. Thu Kusaian wear them hereof inoii strous dimensions, as lung and as bushy as a horses tail, and about as handsome as such an appendage would be, hung to a man's chin. Few of the Mojaias shave at all, but the abom ination of mustaches, as thick as a shocbruh, I anu a uearu in proportion, is confined rather to tho slovens than the gentlemen of the country. Oiten hae I been two tierco looking Russians, with tho bcaril of Mahomet upon their backs and dirty faces, looking as if they had never yet lound an acquaintance with razor's soap, or wa ter, and stroking away their beards lor a kiss 1 Uoth hands are kept busy in separating the en tangled web that su beautifully surrounds their mouths, and when once it is found, a Russian can kiss bis fellow man with all tho gusto that a luver would kiss his lady. This is tho fashion with nil I ...... .. m.Uu, MS UIU .Villi JJUIIVlUI said, a maiden may sometimes be kised with more than a Christian relish whcicwith, as with a holy kiss tho diciples wero commanded to s.i luto.oue another, the iiieusocin to embrace one another, and to kiss each other as though they were a pair of turtle doves. Curious Tax. The Louisville Journal has an article three columns lonf headed "The Act of the last legislature lor Conliscatinj Public Property." The amount of the act re fcrred to is this, and is found in the eighth and ninth sections of the act uf last session entit led, " An Ac lo add to the resources of ihe sink, ing fund." The first of these sections provides "that, when a person dies, leavinir neither fath er, mother, child, or grandchild, the title to his real estate shall not pass to, nor his personal property be distributed among, his brothers and sisters, until they have p.iul Jae per cent, on the full value thereof lo the Commonwealth ; nor lo nephew, nieces, uncles, or aunts, till they have paid seien and a half per cent, , nor to remoter kindred till they luio paid ten percent." This is adding to the resources ot t lie sink. ing Fund with a vengeance. Tho Common, wealth makes itself co.heir in every man's es. tate, where thero happens to bo no father or direct descendant in tho family down to grand children. That is; the Commonwealth uf Ken tucky very cuolly tolls evory rich old bacholor that she is very nearly rolate'd to him, and must have, irom live to ton por cent, on all lu proper ty. Nay, a man cannot leave his property to his wife without paying 5 or 10 dollars on a hundred, so that if ho is worth 300,000, the Commonwealth comes in for 820,000 or $30,. 000. If a man wishes to leavo any part of his estate to a benovnlont institution or for the relief of the poor, tho Commonwealth of Kentucky coolly pockets 5 or 10 ner cent, of it lirsl. To crown tins legislative uiuuuer, laugnaoie to an except the sufferer, tho State appoints an agent In v.lue this property, of which sho is one of I ' " ' 10 SUvct ," " ","ot de s heirs. If we were to use a Kentucky c'd,,d h,c" of l,c alM M'ni llie mo phrase we ihould call thi6 law a tcteamer. ' From the American Agriculturist. Necessity of Warmth and Shelter In Winter for Stock. Dear Stn: It is frequently nsked by young larmcrs, to what kind of domestic animals and stock is it advantageous lo af ford warm and comfortablo winter quarters t Tho answer is to all: from hens nnd chickens, to the horse and ox. There is a great economy of food in affording shelter to all that breathe in a cold climate, and to all animals that we wish to fatten, perfect quietude, or freedom from muscular exertion is not less important. All the food given lo animals, goes to sup ply iho waste in the system produced by iho vital functions nnd muscular exertion, keep ing the system in statu quo, or in increasing its bull: and weisht by addition, in full-prow n nniinaN, in fat, or in keeping up a supply of nvai to tne uotiy. in cold weather, a very largo portion of the food is expended in gen erating heal, nnd just so much lost to the production of fat, milk, rggs, &c. The nccrssity of generating animal heat from the carbon and hydrogen of the food, increases with thn severity of thn weather, for the faster tho heat is abstracted from the horly by the atmosphere, the faster it must be supplied. We know of no other sourco of animal heat than the oxydation of the el ements of food by breathing, and their pass ing nut nf the body in the form of vapor, of water, and carbonic gas. All the food, then, that is thus burnt to keep up tho heat of tho body, is Inst in nutrition. Artificial warmth. then, either from shelter or clothing, supplies ''10 p'aco nf fond of that food thus exnen i ded to produce necessary heat, would go, if that wore supplied from other sources, to the formation of fat, or the supply of nct, All muscular exertion, everything that in creases the frequency of breathing, causes waste, which must be supplied before any increase in fit or milk, or muscle, can take place. IhrJ work, aclivo exertion, and quick l.i ,ithinj, cause rapid waste of tho parlsn' It system. This must be supplied by fond lr fire there can beany addition. i Willi l it tint waste, the same food would go i Vnncrtas" ill" weight and vnlk of the body. , " animals are Kept v. arm, ciean, ana quiet, i,t0tlt one-half the nutritions matter (if it boaiKiscd lhrou;h abulk sufficient for proper distent-,,,, 0f i10 organs of nutrition) that it is necessaiy t0 a wretched shivering existence, exposed to.le inclemencies of tho weather, will keep them :n a fine condition. And good shelter and warn, clothing even, cost much less in tho course ol , rBW years than largo uauy supplies oi ioou, inccssarv to vital warmth, and cxpende producinc it. Independently of the question of economy of fond, thero is great comfort to a humane man, in seeing all living things around him comfortable; and especially those to whom ha is largely indebted for those comforts which Ire enjoys. Even when thero nro ample sup plies of food to waste in keeping animals warm, still they suffer in very cold weather, if unprotected from coldj winds, sleet and snow. And it is painful to see them drawn up and shivering, turning their mute suppli cating countenances to their masters, for protection from the pitiless inclemency of the weather. Tho subject of these brief hints is so ably i i , iit-.iivii, iiiiu miiy demonstrated in liebig s Animal Chemistry, that it is greatly to bo desiied that his .work should be in t lie hands of not the low scientific men only, but of tho people ; and I should be greatly pleased to see an edition of it, in which the language in which so much important truth is embodied, should ho udupted to popular comprehen sion. Many peisons will not read it, and others will not understand it, in its present translation. His facts and the unavoid.-ililn deductions from them, being lo us a new era m physiology. Iblarling points that have not been approached before, seem lo have been reached, and a new direction will be given to our researches, and a more profita- uie one, lor we shall seek attainable obiecls. ii i i . i , . J it u arc yet uareiy in tne dawn ol the appli cation of thu inductive philosophy, nnd cen turies will pass over before mankind will bo fully aware of the obligations they owe to Lord Bacon. THE WAY THEY DO IT. A. peculiar faculty which is call 'smart ness, is possessed by tho haek nnd r;ibninn 0f ,,v lurk, to perfection. Ono eveniinr i.isi weeh, it geuiieman and lady on coming out of the Chatham theatre, at 'the close of the performances, were astonished ut find ing tho Hags bolbre tho house wet, indicating a onions change of tho weather a curious change, as hut an hour before the stars twink led with unusual brilliancy, and thu heavens wero eahu nnd serene as tho countenance of a sleeping infant, or a slumbering voung wife. ' Cab, sir?' shouted a score of drivers. ' Yes,1 answered tho gentleman, alarmed for Ihe safety uf tho lady's silks and sanns, which had arrived from the manlua-maker's shop only a week previous, bundling into the hrst cab ho encountered. Upon alight ing opposite his own door, he noticed the'dry and dusty state of the pavements, and felt more puzzled than ever. ' Why, it could not have rained much,' said he, handing the driver of the vehicle his fare. ' Hasn't rained ntall, to-night,' said Jehu. XnV .l,r ...,ii., :. ..v.. " " l.i w i;t.j!t.-muil. IIMUIIUL'illlVf.- w . o ' No,' responded the drircr. ' Huw camo the walks wot, then I inquir ed our anxious seeker nfter truth. You wont blow, sir?' Blow !' mused the gentleman, not exact ly comprehending the meaning of the verb j iimiu uy iiis iiueriocuior. 1 Yes, sir, cxposo mo.' No certainly not.' Well, sir, we got a watering-pot and sprinkled tlt walkt.l Tho gPhllemanlf ludod ho had two ve ry capital entertainments one in (bo llio. pleasuic,