Newspaper of Burlington Free Press, January 12, 1844, Page 2

Newspaper of Burlington Free Press dated January 12, 1844 Page 2
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and, after receiving a fow tnainorials, wont Into csocuhvo lnulncH.. T M. H, P. y. NuN m sitd Upshur have just boon confirmed liy t!m Senate but not so with lien thaw and Porter. Tiiey are still unacted upon, iciiiiriii mote dc!,bpiuth n, Wct-NnSlUf, Jar. 3d, 1811. Pr.OCEHDtNOI OF THC IloUSfi Yr.STKr.tMV. After 1 closed my lutter, yesterday, the Homo continued in tcssinn until u lato lion r, tliec.iss hie; U'j bill fur the payment nf (Jencral Jaclison'H line. Me R.-iinedy closed Ida mojt aliujivo and admrd riomnrolu of b,ili!crdh, and was follow od by .Mr tiruhir, of Kentucky, who m.ido a brief but t-oii.-tiblc tpo'.'cli in opposition totlio mcastiie. Of all tliti violent and insane devotees of par ty, a fallow named Dean, of Ohio, out-licrods Jlorod himself. Never was lliore his equal, for iuurauco, preji ulicc or biltor milignity. IIo fol luivcd upon tlio heels of .1r Orider and, al though Ins pirtmn fsolitijjs and meanness, bad once lud him tn opposo the appropriation of a small sum to bur? the lamented Harrison, still lie was in l.iwirufpultinp; his hands into the ex hausted treasury and giving a thousand dollars to Andrew J icliMiit. Mr I'eytnn. of Tennessee, who rnnios from tlu llero'iit.ii'o district, followed. lie vindiitk Ud the character of .Imlee Hull, from tho asper b, on which had been heaped upon it by tnem hers who had xjic.l.i-. Is t ncces.v.ry, said he, to do honor to (Jj.ier.il J.ieliMiu, lh?t we must Irani. p!o tl,ion the J .!.. i.i i v 1 .Must ne, hyena hlto ju inlo thu jrravo at.dvmlitn that sanctuary, with the vilest vitup(?rati jii 1 Uo did not think those inombcrs who took I hid emirsa by any menu the beet guardians of the fame of General Jack eon. lie wanted to knnw, if so i,itch injustice hud been done to General J-rk.ion by this delay, why nothing had hosn done while Van Uuren and his party ry in power.' Van Huron was n mere paras, .. ui Jackson. He had grown up. on him, at.i had withered the moineut he was left to his n.vu rtwurces. It was to give him new politic--.! sustenance, that this measure was now icsuh! lorwar.l. The committee fion rose and, after some time spent m a i iiiniitbrc;in discussion of points of order, t ie llou-e adjournoJ. In tny b-t'er i yesterday, I cncln.ela hasty note that the .Scn-fto had cimiirmad the appoint men: of .Mr No!.' o i to the cllicu of Attorney G. n eral, and of Uiilr r to that of Hocrotary of Statu. Jly iiiforiuiiio.i was correct. Av Messrs. Hcn ehaw and l'orter have not been confirmed, it is most probib.'c th.it the disinterested Washing, ton Correspondent of the Uostoii Courier, who is paid to write his Washington letters in Me edi tor's sanctum i,i Boston (!) ami who stated that llenshjw uliiM be cunfirtiied, without a dissent iti;r vole, v.as as tccll ir formed a! u;ual i ' Jay, on luoiion of Cave Johnson, the rulos mine nouso were suspei.ded, in order that the Slates wight bo railed, in order, for resolutions. i.tr iiiiar.n nluro.l a resolution, called for in formation from the Fiesiduiit, as to the instruc liouu given t . the squadrons enyayeJ in putting o stop to the I.ivo trade. Mr Hudson offered a rojnlution of inquiry, rel ative to the pivmcM of tlm Massachusetts Claims but, Cue Johnson objectinj;, it was passed over. Mr Be.inlsley.of New York, ofT;rcd a resolu tion, to recoiiMiler the action of the House, yes terday, on Mr Adam's report from tlio Commit, tee mi Utiles. It will be remembered that the House refused to appoint a day for the consid eration of the subject, thereby putting oft' action on the 2Ut Rule. A motion was made to lay the subject o i the tiblc, which was lost Ayes, 80, Noes 87. As objection was made to the re solution, it whs laid over. A great variety of resolutions, J-c. were then successively introduced, from tlio several Slates. They rel-tted to every possible subject and were principally cither of reference to Cummiltccs, or of inquiry. Illicit, of S. C, of forcd a resolution, instructing the Commiltoeof Ways sud Means to bring in a bill to repeal the present Tariff; and substitute a twenty per cent, horizontal abortion. The previous question was called, and sustained anil the Vuas and Nays having been ordered, it resulted as fjllows: Yeas 57, Nays 112, nearly two to one. Some thing or a i-howcr Ir.th this, for the friend.? of Mr Calhoun and a horizontal Tariff. Mr Campbell, of S. C, provoked at the man. ner in which tho Van litircn men had voted on the Tariff! offered a resolution, in behalf of the Calhoun men, to reconsider Durke's resolution to go into the election of a I'ost-inastcr of the Ilou.-e, and to re -appoint .VcCurtnack, the Whig incumbent. A motion to hy the resolution on the tabic was then maJo. The Vcr.s and Kara were or deredand resulted as follows Ayes 91, Noes 7G. So tho motion vv.-w hid nn the table. In Sen-ate Several resolution?, praying for a icduction of postage, were presented fiom dif ferent parts of the Union. Several other petitions and rrlemorials, of a miscellaneous and private character, were pre sented and, tho Senate, having no business be fore it adjourned after j torsion of fifteen minute.-. T. M II. TuonrEAT, Jan. -ltli. PROCEEDINGS OF TI!2 SENATE. Mr Uucliail- on presented a memorial, very numerously sign ed, praying for r. reduction in the rale of postage. A number of other memorials, petitions, &.c, almost exclusively of a private character, were tlien presented in order. The. roi-oiution nf Allen of Ohie, calling for inform ition as to the instructions given to our Miui-ter at the C'o irt of St. Juin.if, relalivo to the tillo to, and occupation of, tho Oaynn Ter ritory and for a copy of any correspondence that may h ive pissed between the two govern ments, came up. Mr Morohead asked, whether, while the nego. tiition was pending, it was expedient to as!: lor these disclosures. Ho apprehended the adop tion of this resolution of impii y might lead ta difficulties hereafter. Ho hoped tho resolution would be permitted to lie on the table, fur the pre.'or.t. Mr Allen thought there was no occasion for thcte apprehension?. He thought it tli-j very tune to call lor information, while tlie negotia tiom were pending. In the case of the hit Treaty, tho strong, t argument in favor of agree. iugto it was, that the negotiation had been con eluded; and our country committed. He want ed to anticipate this commitment now. Ho re erred to the lecont answer of Sir Hubert Peel, 'touching this qucktiou from which it appeared that he thought the liritish were likely to get the advantage of u-, in this negotiation. Mr Mnrehcad rcolicd that he did i.ot oppose the resolution. He pimply expressed a doubt as lo uie expeniency oi ..uopiiug u now. The consideration of the subject was finally nostiiuncd until next Monday and, to enable tho Committee on Foreign Afliirs to examine I the pubject, the Senate adjourned over until tint day. JIousj'. After tho journal had been read, an rttt-vpt was made to reconsider tho voto on Uiack's rtsolution oti the Tar iff but it was fi nally laid on tho table, without a division, as the tamo subject caino up in a resolution previously offered, by McDowell, of Ohio. To secure a full vote, a call of the Houte was moved and sue lained and then the cas and nays having been ordered, the resolution vva3 lott Jyes 81. nays, 102. Of tho yeas, only two wure Wings, uel. Int. of Alabama, and Dickinson of Touncsbec Of tlio nave. Gil weru Whigs, and l'i Locos. Hale. Norrif. Uurkc. and ileding, of New Hampshire ; Seymour and Stewart, ofConnec ticm; and Hamlin, Harriet:, and Dunlap, of Maine, voted in favor of the resolution. Asthia is tho fullctt voto that has yet been taken upon tliu Tariff, I Irive thought it of sufficient impor lauco to prepuo tlio following table by which it wi.l be seen in what Suites, and Lin ing what i an t's. Hie Irier.ds of iirotecliou lo Amciuuan '-.PVsraT sro d s'ribilloJ. Vi-as. Nays. States Wilts Lcos. i'l.i.'i. Locos. 0 3 i 0 0 b 0 0 0 v 0 0 4 U (t I 0 h 0 0 s t tl 3 4 0 'J 10 0 1 1 i Ktiode Ulaiid, Now York, New Jcr.ey, Hihwar, Vireinia, Krlh (.-arsdina, 0 IS 3 u 1 u 0 t 0 n o 9 13 3 2 1 It 0 0 CO 0 0 0 0 0 1 11 3 0 2 0 0 0 1 r, c 4 1 2 B2 Mr Schenrk, of Ohio, offered a resolution, which was adopted, asking fho Committee on Naval Affairs to inquire into the expediency of placing on the pension list ihn surviving widows and orphans of the olficcrs and crow of the Gram pus. T.'ie House then went into the choice of p. Postmaster and after throe trials, succeeded in chooKing a fellow by tho name of Johnson. Thus hive tho party, at last, carried nut their prosecutive measures to the full. All the offi rerK in the Capitol, including many who havo lived from boyhood to old nge in service, have been turned out, au.i their places filled with inexperienced novices, whno only claim was their party preferences. The inronvcnicnccs arit-inj from those changes, besides the hard hip and cruelty to individuals, who, brought up from youth m the service of the House, havo no other means of gaining a livelihood, .-liould have presented these changes. But no tli jfnt of the ('aucus must bo obeyed and everything must make way for it. CLAY IN SOUTH CAROLINIA. We laid before our readers, yesterday, some account of the honorable offiirts which aro being made, by the Whigs of South Carolina, to carry that Stale for Mr. Clav, as against Van Ilureii, at the next Presidential Election. The follow, ing is tlio admirable Address just published, by the Committee of the Ci.av Ci.ud of Charleston. CLAV CI.UR. Tho members of the Cloy Club of Charleston dcom it nttiiral nnd projier, on ihcir organization, lo ad dress llu'ir Whig brethren throughout Ihe Suite. As the name of our association imports, we Irive united ourselves fur the piuposo of promoting, by nil hono rable means in our power, the eleclion ns President, for iho next term, of the eminent statesman of the West, HKMtY CI.AV. It is truo that we ore in a uiincrily in the Stale, bui it is (lie singular excellence of our republican institutions, that the right of opin ion and action is in every way secured In the minori ty; and as every right implies n correlative duly, we rogarditnotonly ns a privilege, but a sacred duly, to express our sentiments nnd carry them forlh into operation in sncii modes as circumst.mce may od mil ; besides this, as South Carolinians, vc arc proud lo maintain ihu moral influence, entirely independent ft numbers, to which our Slat, has always nwpil htr bi"h si.'njin.'? in tho c.infederacv, bclievui" ihat even a Carolinian nunority will never be without soino vvei"ht in any conjunO'ionot interest nnd importance. If union is tircnfitn, wo arc assuredly strong. If dis ord is dchililv, then arri our orponcnls assuredly weak there are Democrats' C.r -'r"y conccivnljle shade of opinion some cirry the i'.' of fne trade, and crv, down vviib ( lie custom house rrin'')' arc for direct loxes some arc ready to dio for protection and tardH), Ike vrorst rstlier than mine soino mnmlniii the uncontrollable ri;hls of majorities others the di vine nshl of churches and consiilutions oath con tends for strict principle each denounce expediency and insist on abstract and stiiiigput construction. How can such men cjiubinel what bands are there to hold iheni tocetlier. Wo are on the ntlurhanJ, avoiding all dissenuon nnd diguise, adlierc to Ihe s.-tlled compromise, which in so vnst a cMiiltry nntst decide questions fiom time to time nriiini; between he onnosne iuiercsts of sections widely distant I'm in caehclher, and engaged in pursuits seeiiiiiiuly eontras- leu. halls. ieu that me ilieory oi Iree ir.iu.', noucver beaulirnl and plnusi'ile it may appear to the philoso pher and the philanthropist, cm no more bo carried out by the practical statesman than the delightful dream ot universal peace, we are content lo niomy auil improve the protective svstotn, aolhai a discrimi nate lanfff lull lie arranged in the manner least bur- densoms and most advnntaueo .s lo nil portions of our citizens. As friends nf credit, but the enemies f ill sorts oi spurious money, we loo!; lolhe wisdom ol Government for the means of n sound and adequate currency, and renounce as a ho'low fallacy ihedi vorte between bank and stale. Satisfied of the in finite value lu all tf tbc rood mmo nnd honest char acter orevtry member ol the confederacy, u waul.l aid each Stale to sustain itself nnd liquidate ils just dbts bv apprdpriaiiii!.' to each ils share of the sale of the public lands which belong ahl;o lo all. Agreeing thus upon important measures, wo profess an une quivocal preference for tlic man best qualified lo nd locale and promote them a prcfercnee unanimous and enthusiastic. We have no namu b'jforc us but that of lln:.av Clw. With him for our sole leader our victory is certain. Wcslinll not waste lime in setting forlh his claims to our jealous support, our abounding confidence he who is not familiir with them cither as friend or foe, knows nothing of the history of his country lor tho last half century, on every C7c ol vvmcii is set tortn ms eloquence, lus pa triot. sin, his wisdom. Finally, we would urce upon our fi lends every where tbc i.ropiieiy nf immediately organizing them s.dves. We are rcidy lo affiliale with every Clay Club found within the Slate upon principles of entire equality, and if any cous'.dernble extension nf the sys tem should leiilecud, we would suggest ihendvan tase of union and connection lymcinsof occasional correspondence or convention. ' We are not hopeless of success in the attempt to release our beloved South Carolina from her adhesion to Van U ireu, and iho de structive pany of raillcals which under his lead and lint of tho strong demagogue of Missouri, who is man) his master than hisfjllowcr, threaten ruin loour institi!!. ms. and menace us with the chance and an archy of ever changing majorities. Wu cannot be liave'ilnt a community like ours, full of confidence in i ur well mnnaqco banks, nnd defending our state bankagainst the ailacus even of ft , pop,! ar fiov-ernor, -Jlilll I'UTIUUUC W tUCIiira limnv,r vbiiiiiii noiuii- mem iuM Innke. when o-ir own tiiivntc connection of that sort is fi'md to wui thv of defence and commit- nnce, nor nsk fir nn exclusively metal'ic currency while smctinnin" the issue of bills in nil directions, and in every convenient amount. These inconsisten cies will not long remain to annoy us nnd our bono- rauic ptme mine i.neriean name win, nr more man the oonicnient incones deiived from ihe public laud salt's, rcroneile us lo 1 tic distribution nl fund nniong ihe imp .verislied, bankrupt anil reluctantly dishonest sisters of our great republiean family. JAMI'.S I. 1'KTIGHU. S. HI'.NRV DM'ICSON, EDWARD f! AM A OB, RF.O. W. mtow.w JAMES SMITH COI.BURN. WOOL. The Market for this ai tide within the year v,l,;,-l. has inst rlr.sod. Iinuhneri snhi..et in many unimportant changes. At tlio commencement of the year 1813, thi quantity nf domestic and coarse loreig;n wool in the country, vvas unusti- ally large, the market much deprcs-ed and pri- ens verv low. A rrreat amount of Woolen ma. rhinery was unemployed, and the woolen busi. ness, generally, vvas pursued, cither at a loss or unltiMMt file nvinnnrtrtirin Tim ffiiipt3 ftf tliO last Tar ff had not then been sufficiently realiz- ed to produce a revival in the business. This slate of things continued for several months, and the last clip of wool vvas sold much below the usual raii"e of prices. Tho grower.--, gen- crallv, realized from SO to Uj2 per pound fur their fleeces. 7'he averago last clip was a lame one. and came into market with at !east an addition of half as much more of former clips, which bad accumulated in the hands of growers and dealers. The increased quantity of Wool ,rtnl f-nni nhi-.lfir.lilfrnti. Illinois-, ami snmn nth- ' . er interior Hlates, vvas a mailer ol uuronsu. The tune is not far distant, when a largo portion of this article will be furnished from the western fcctioii of the country, as the farmers there arc fast increasing their Hocus. Pulled Wool, a twelve month since, had ac cumulated for a greater extent than at any for mer period, in consequence of tho great falling ott in the manufacture o! nannols and oilier la ui! in iiiw 111'iiiiintv.iuiu u, (iituiiuiia uuu wiiili iu- brics, composed principally of this description of nuvu 1 wit 111,0,1 1 oiovim n iivuii uuiinvnu freo of duty under the former tariff, were iu the 1 1, f.f. : . ...i.u '1 ii. Jl.tOUD UI IIIU IllUfUllCir, ..111, BlUll'CIT UIIV ui,- count. Tho uuprecedentedly low price of l.'le Wool, tedmani.rrietornra lo lUlrehafif, ,.f .. .1 u .' lor sale. Dealer,-, also, were ready to operate more oMc.is.vely than usual, and Hie re- a't was. t. at nearly al tho Piece.) Wool 111 first bauds Wis told iu ihu months of June, July am! Aul'iij:, and tho amount brought into the several marketf, was uncommon y large 7'iic mmulaciurers havnii bought freely of the growers, rendered Iho deiriind in mirket lunch 'ti 1 u i esual. The state of things roiiliuund tl I ,v 1. a l.iu lasi CO days, when .1 sensible ...h-jierB in tho mirket has taken place. The earlv sunnlv of many of our manufacturers be in- nearly exhausted, they wore under the no. 7, , . . I. .!.,!., ., 1 ,n.,i.n,u rn. Soiuh Carolina, (Icarr-is, Alabama, Mississippi, Louisiana, Ob!.., Pennsylvania, Kentucky, Tennessee, Indiana, Illinois, Missouri, Arkansas, Michigan, have nf late been tnado to a very great extent, at funic improvement in prices. I'ullcd Wool has also been in good request, and a creator advance has been made in that article, than in Kleecns. The resumption of Ilia niaiiiif.icturo of coatsc Wi ol, has created a great demand for this arti cle, and the heavy supplies in market a few moulds since, have been very much diminished. There is i.ow in operation from 25 to 00 per cent more of woolen machinery than tliero was a year ago. The effects nf tho tariff have be gun to be favorably fell,and the woolen business will, no doubt, bo pursued with its former vigor. Tho improvement in the fabrics connected with this branch of business, within a few years, have been very great. Tho manufacture nf Mntiselii'.c dc laines has been introduced, and is likely to bo favorably nnd extensively pursund. There is r ibably.tntic'i less Woo! now in i!n hands nf the growers, than at any former period for many years. The stocks nf dealers, although now unusually largc.are sufficient tosupply the demand for the present ami it is rcasonablo to expect more firmness in the market, even if pri ces should not materially improve. Iloslon Courier, Jan. 1. MOST ATROCIOUS MUIIDKR IN ItHODK ISLAND. Tho Providence Journal records tho cold blooded murder of Amasa SriUGUE. Esq. one nf the wealthiest and most estimable citizens nf the State. Mr. Spragno was senior partner of the great nlantiuctiirinu House of A. &. V. Sprague, tho junior boing the Hon. William SrnAGUr, Senator in Congress frnm It. Island. The murder vvas perpetrated on Sunday. " lie left his house," says the Journal, "about 3 o' clock to go to a portion of his firm, lying in Johnston, lor the purpose of looking to the pro per shelter of his cattle ; and at about 5 o'clock ho was found prostrated nn the earth, dead. Upon examination, a ball was found in have en tered tlio front and passed out of the back of his head. A pistol vvas found some distance from his body, and under such circumstances as In lead to tho belief that a hasty attempt vvas made to conceal it. There were five wounds nn the head .- two on the back and upper part of the head, one inch in length each, and nearly parallel ; one on the left upper part of the forehead, two inches and a half in length, and a large fracture of the skull and laceration of the membrane of the brain, causing considerable escape of the same. About ono inch from the termination of this, backward, and one inch above the car, is another three in ches in length, with a corresponding and large fracture of the bone ; this fracture extends to the back of the head ; another on the right side of the head, two inches and a half in length, two inches above and forward of the car, with a slight fracture of the fkull. There was n contusion on the right side of tho head extending from the check bone and over the temple, which dopres scd the former, together with a large portion of bone which forms the right side of the forehead. The skin was not broken at this place. Thorn vvas a blow on the left temple which fractured the bone into many pieces ; tho bridge of the nose was badly fractured : there was a wound on the lower margin and front of the chin, one and a ha!.' inch in length, and a fracture of the bono at this pait. There was a pun shot wound in the fore and right arm ; the ball entered al Iho end of the outside bono of tho arm, at the wrist, taking an oblique direction upwards, and pissing out lour inches above its enlianci', on the top nf the arm; the ball did not cuter his head". No other wounds wore discovered. It is ev'dent that the murder vvas not ( unstim ulated without 3 severe struggle. Mr. Sprague was an iiiicoiiimoti.';' s'out and athletic man, and of determined pcrsniiil courage. Tho ground bore traces of an encountor, and appearances in dicated thcro might have beet: two assailants. The pistol which was foUitd was not discharged, although the percussion rap had been exploded. A piece of a musket stock, with hair clinging to it, was found near the fatal spot , and ths marks of blood w ere visible for a distance of sovcPty five feet. It would seem that the assassins, or one of them, fired at him with a musketor rifle, as he was on the brow nf a slight declivity which terminated in a foot bridge. The ball entered his right arm at Iho wrist, as described above ; and thus disabled, he fell upon his hands, nndal. tcr recovering himself, turned towards the bridge where ho appears to have met his assail, ant. Here tho pistol was snapped, as would seem from its being found at this spot. He then passed on to the bridge nearly half way aero.-s, and fell or vvas knocked ofT. A scullb: appears to have taken place here, and the marks of blood tract! the path lo a direction of .-nine twenty-live feet hack, where the unfortunate man was found dead, lying upon his face and weltering in his blood. Tne blows on the head appear to have been given by some smooth, blunt instrument, probably '.be end of a musket. There are stiong reasons to suppose that the deed was not the sudden impulse of passion, bill deliberate')- planned. A rock near the spot af fords a place of concealment, and tracks in the snow were found leading to it. Tracks wore also found leading to a swamp in the vicinity, hut they could not be traced beyond it. His person vvas not robbed riltv-thrcc dollars in money and a gold watch were left untouched ; (lia p0Ciets, Plunder, evidently formed no n,)tjVQ'flir ,,0 UOed. 0, t . . . . hiuco tlio above was written, wo learn tint Nicholos S. Gordon and his brother, John Gor dull, Irishmen, wero arrested yenlerdiy after. noon on suspicion of bavin" been cunccrr.ed in tho murder. I hoy were brourrhl ueloro lien ry I.. Unwcii, Esij., Justice of tho Peace, and committed for examination at future day. The grounds of suspicion are ns follows .- Nicholas Gordon has frequently petitioned the town council of Cranston for a license for the sale of ardent spirits, but, through the opposition of .Mr Sprarfue, Ins petitions have lieen roluseJ. At the last time his application vvas rejected, ho threatened Mr Spraoue, and said ho " would settle it with him elsewhere." Ilo had been seen repeatedly, within tho last week, with a jjun in Ins hand, near where Mr. is. vvas found. His premises have been se'irchcd, and no mm Ci" b found on them, although it is well known that ho had one. A bayonet, cartridge box, and uru iveie iooou. , ou nu (iticooa are, to far as can be learned, tho only ones nf all tho neighborhood who have not visited the house ol Mr. bprau'uc since the muruer. it cannot now bo ascertained bow far these MHpicions will be confirmed bv testimony. Further narticu. implicating the Gordonsm this murderliave come to litjht, and the mother f the two broth, crs already in custody has been arrested. The tracks of a dog wero among those found about the scene of the murder. It appears that Nidi- olas Gordon owns a large and ferocious dog whose hharpcollar corresponds with some of the wounds upon the neck of the deceased. The swamp near the spot ot the murder, and in which tracks were lound leading trom that spot, has been thoroughly explored. A coat marked with blood was found in it, and a gun, I i.i.... , i i : -pi : mucii luuereu nuu uruii m iu. no yuo iw been identified as belonging to Gordon; the piece of the stock, found near the spot ot the murder, vvas evidently broken from it, nnd tils into it. The coat has not been indentified, but it has a hulc in tlio elbow, and a shirt found in Gordon' house has a bloodv stain on the sleeve corresponding with the hole in the coat. Tho houso ot Nicholas uoruon lias uecn 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 . "arched, and uni.er a bed were found two pairs 1 . ... . r 1 1 el, and vv. h tho appearance of having beenso . la considerable lime. A pair ot uoots were nl . t . 1 ..11. 1 so found wel and appearing to have been rub. I I I the pOCketB of the Vest Were bullets, 1.. nercussiou caps, and gunpowder, the latter cor responding with the kind In the pistol found near H' scene of the murder. On the vest, v vero HPas of blood, and one of the sheets on the bed were also marked with blood Tlic demeanor nf the prisoners, as wo learn remains the i-auie as on the iLy of their arrest Nieholas hcems unnaturally lively. It would seem that lie is a man of remirkablu tlrong nerves, nnd is determined to put a bold face on the matter, lo say the lcabt. The fad that he at. tended a Church iu tho morning before, and a christening iu the evening, alter perpetrating the murder, must stamp him sh a villain of thc deep. est uye. vv 3111 buu jouu i cio luoriwe or est dye. William aim jnuri seam morose or cxliiblla the most feeling, and is In a high state of iiorvnjs oxcitcmitit, It is not improbable but that ho may turn Stale's evidence. Tho moth, or still persists in her statement, that she knows nothing of the affair. MUIIDER. AND ARSON. The tvifu and child nf Mr. Gunrgo House man, residing oil Stolen Island, opposite New York, With inhumanly murdered n fu'-r (lays since, by the husband's sister, nnd the house .set on firn to conceal I ho crime. Cup tain lloujonian whs nt sen. The neighbors ruslind to tho spot, but tho fire had iilrcady

obtained great headway. Finding nn ono moving iilmut,thcy concluded that Mrs llou.so man was iibscnl. and lliercToru broke in. Tliry round the floor of tlio upper story burnt through, and when the flumes wero extin guished, discovered 'to their infinite horror bencnlli tho bedstead, and bedclothing of Mrs. Houseman's room, on the lower floor, the charred remains of Mrs. Housman nnd her infant child. Thorn nre conclusivo evi dences from remnant.' of clothing about her person, and tho room, that beforo the deed was perpetrated, great violence nnd indigni ties were, committed on tier person indeed tlm evidence given by Doctors Harrison, Chirk nnd Ediu,co far to establish this point. A black stlk handkerchief lied tight around her right wrist, is a most singular circum stance in tho history of the case. The dis tressed husband arrived two days after the murder wns discovered, and found secreted in tho wood-house, tlio $1000 he received before lie left. The watch, trinkets, &c, of Mrs. Houseman aro all missing. Tho case excites more than ordinary alarm from iho fact that most of tho residents on that part of tlio Island are waterman, who are neces sirily absent a large portion of tho time, nnd iiru compelled () leave their wives find chil dren unprotected. A part of tin; skull nf the child has been found, with tlm hair perfect, which leads lo the opinion that ihe child was murdered. It is also ascertained that Mrs. Houseman had her day clothes on, nnd not Imr night clothes when she was fuund, as was at first supposed. Some light seems at length to he thrown on this mysterious affair. Tlio appearance of tho body of Mrs. Houseman, and some circumstances connected with its discovery, induced the Coroner's Jury to bring in" a verdict of wilful murder, though tho criminal was unknown. Suspicion, however, has rested from the first on tho sister of Mr. Houseman, named Polly Rodine. She slept with Mrs. Houseman on Saturday night pre vious to the murder, and left the house ac cording to her own statement at 5 o'clock on S.ilibatli morning for Now York. The night before was the last time Mrs. Houseman was seen. Tim fact that the Imnsc had been shut up since that night, and Mis. Houseman not seen, tinned with the bad character of Mrs. Undine, she having for some time lived separate from her husband, nnd not a very ri.'putauio tile, oirecteU suspicion on Imr. Her husband is now in Sing-Sing fiir biga my. Ho was tried for the murder of his sec nnd wife, but tlm testimony was not sufficient to convict him. Mr. Cenrgo Waitu apoth ecary, 252 C.iiiul street, visited Sluten Island with n sun of Polly Rodine, on Saturday evening. The connexion that existed be tween him nnd her caused him to be arrest ed and examined. A letter was found on him from that woman, requesting some drug, willi which it is supposed Mrs." IIoiisoiikiii was slupifioH previous lo tlio murder. Tho premises of Wnite wero examined nnd ev- ,,u rcom in the building. The gold wa.ch 1 that vvas u'nnd in the oreniisr-s of Mr. Atlul- "'"s "" onu , o.i uu- plms, pawn o.-oker ill William st. Thcsu 1 tvn is cnurling free trade in tlic same quar I'acls increased tlio suspicion against Polly tcr, hy declarations of unqualified opposition Undine, nnd tlm Police were on the look out fur her during all the morning. About 1 o'- clock slio vvas seen nnd recognized Slid mi- ' mediately carried to the Police office in ' Centre street. She was much overcome on appeiii ing beforo the Magistrate, but nsseiled , ler innocence ot tliu charges, stating Unit il . she had anv choice she would prefer being ir murderess rather than being accused nf1 so foul n deed. She stated that she led Sta- 1 wt're Um" nn,M "Pon ten Island by the 8 o'clock boat on tho day Carolina is staunch in tlm doctrine, and the of tlm murder, and left the linusi; before G . day is not distant, if it has not even now nr o'clock, A. M. She was then taken imn a ,ivi-d, when Virginia, discardinc her abstr.ic- back room ami strictly searched by Mr. CI- 5o .iU strikll l;imls Thc lender, tile Clerk, but nothing was lound , -.i.e.. .1 o- 1 1 n-i upon her. Mr. Adolplms, lhe pawnbroker ' P'l"" lha Sum-, tlio Richmond big, is 111 William street to whom the watch vvas oun of 1I10 nlih-st anil most uncompromising pledged, was sunt for, and on arriving he tariff papers in the Union, and every whig fully indentified her ns the person who had 1 press in the Statu openly sustains the broad pawned it. TI.e unfortunate and wretched I drtC.ino of diic.iminative protection. U11 leniale was then taken over to Slaten Is and. ., . , . . .... The circumstances are very much against the d':r "'" circumstances, it is gratily ing .0 wretched woman, and it must add iinmeasu-1 w'""css Mr- Cy s swelling popularily nt rably to the grief of Mr. Houseman to feel tho South ; for it comes not now an enemy that Ins own sister is tho murderess of his ,ll'. II..!,. rpi... .1 11 11 1 .1 wife and babe. The thousand dollars which was concealed 011 tho premises, led, doubt less to the commission of the crime, and it is supposed that Waitu was accessory to it, and was to Have part ot t lie spoils. An Eclcsiasti:al Controversy. The question whether there can bo a church without a Bishop, is to bo discussed by the Reverend Dr. l'otts, who lakes the anti-epUcnpal nido nf the question, and by the Reverend Dr. Wain wright, who maintains the episcopal side. The occasion of controversy vvas a passage in a sneech made by Dr. Wain-vright at tlio recent New hngland dinner. Alluding to a remarn in MrChnate's address, that iu Geneva the exiled puritans 'found a church without a bishop." Dr. Wainwright sa d, lh.it if that wero a proper occas.uu, be would maintain that there could not be a church without a bit-hop. Dr. l'otts accordingly addressed a letter to Dr. Wain- wright. tillering to debate tlic question with bun Dr. Wainwright answered, accepting tljo offer, and proposing that, as the space lo bo occupied uy suc.11 a controversy would ho greater tlnn the editor of any secular paper would be able to spare, each of the parties in tho dispute should select some religious paper, in which the communications on both sides should be pub- i:l.-.l .l.-.l:. ... 1 .... 1. iisnuu, uo; i-uuuK- ixpeciuciy ausiaitling Iron comment until the controversy be concluded. Dr. Wainwright selects the Churchman nn his part : Dr. 1'oIIh will probably choose the On-er. ver. Dr. l'otts offers to prove that the propo-u. lion "mere cannot ue a cliurcli without a hn.li op," is pregnant with iiiiiiiiuorable evil ennse qunnccF, theological, social and civil ; and that il is u r.scnnttirai, uncharitable, schism.uical mid ami. republican in its character. Dr. Wain. wright denies this assertion " 111 its length and breadth," and declares himself ready to main tain his denial tho moment his antagonist ena bles him lo do so by staling the arguments on which the assertion is founded. .ic t'ost. Johnson and TvLr.it. A Uood deal of laugh ler baa been provoked hereabout hy the publi. cation of tho proceedings of a meeting lately ueiu near 1110 resiaencc 01 uoi, Johnson, on lui own farm, we believe. A resolution was ofl'ur. cd that Col. Dick was their lirst choice for the rresideur.y and Capt. Tyler next. It was mov ed lo strike out the latter clautc, referring to C ipt. Tyler as second choice, which vvas ear ned by the obstiincy ol ono Van Huron ileum, crat present, and so Capt. Tyler wasnof declar. cd to bo tho second choice. Rut they after, wards carried some resolution laudatory ol the Captain. ETCiil. Johnson passed thin place on Satur. day last 011 his wsy home. Wo understand lie says nothing can prevent Mr. Clay' election but (lit running- of himiclf. FninTtfurt pijrf. ExTnAottDfN.titY SunoicAt Operation, Tho Liverpool Mercury, n journal of great respectability, of tliu 24lli of Novem ber, gives tliu following account of n most extraordinary operation performed some limo sinco nl llochdiilu. If the details given aro true, it constitutes one of the most singu lar rases that aro recorded in (he medical books i " Tho person who underwent it is a mar ried woman, thirty years of age, named Es ther Hartley, Toad lane, IloclidHle. Tim operators were Messrs. George Morris, Lavvlon, and Cleg?, of Rochdale, and a pro fessional gentleman frnm Oldham. It np prtars the patient has been afflicted with the dropsy fur upwards of two years. Tho Ut ter end of lust month she was lapped, when upwards of forty pounds weight nf water was taken from Imr, nnd although relieved nfthis extraordinary quantity ufinatlei-, she concei ved that a something was within her, as when she walked, something removed from ono sido of her body to the other however, on the day mentioned above, she consented to undergo an operation, and was bound on a table, cut open from the breastbone to the bottom of her tihdomcn, her bowels were turned, and a substance of a hard fleshy na turn was cut out of her, which, lordlier with water and other substances, weighed upwards of fifieen pounds ; after it had "been cleaned it weigheti seven pounds lliren ounces. The operation occupied about an hour. Sho en dured her sufferings with great fortitude du ring tho operation. Tho patient is now do ing well, and unless somo unforsocn circum stances occur, sho will soon bo able to walk about acain." FRIDAY MORNING, JAN. 12, 1341. MR. CLAY AT THE SOUTH. Wo learn from tho Washington Standard, that tho South Carolina Chronicle, hereto fore an ardent supporter of Mr. Calhoun, has come out for " Harry of tho West," nnd promises lo bulllo nobly in his cause. Il says the Whigs of the Slate are arousing themselves, and will be joined by many ad herents of Mr. Calhoun, viliu are exaspera ted nt tlio treatment he has received. The prospects of the Whigs an; brightening every day, and not it mail arrives but what brings somo evidence- of the increasing popularity of Mr. Clay. Il can Inrdly be expected that he can carry South Carolina, but it is not very probable, judging from the feeling pre vailing among the friends of Mr. Calhoun, that the vote of that State will be given to Mr. Van Biircn. See address of the Whigs of South Carolina in another column, and note the manner in which they speak of the tiirilT, and the currency. " Satisfied," they say, " that the theory of free trade, however " beautiful and plausible it may appear to " tho philosopher nnd tliu philanthropist, can " no more bo carried out by the practical " statesman than the delightful dream of uni " vcml peace, wo are content to modify and " improve tlio protective system, so ilitit a " discriminating tariff shall bo arranged in j ' tlic manner least burdensome and most ad- . l KnnHnnnii, in ,. 1 1 ! !- fi Tl ' ? . . " " "' 1(, ilu Ut1ff .,J his followers in Vermont and N(.w nilmls,irc nrn so,.imiv resnn iis , .. ., , ,,.., "u 5 ' ns".0' democracy, that industry ,ll0ll,u ,ilku C!irc ,,S1'"' " hatover snp- port Mr. Clay asks or receives nt the South, U , distincilv on the "round of iirotecliou '....i : :...i .... f :..... it . , ." , :. . , , ' in disguise, lo betrav nnd weigh us down. . . . ' . . B ' but lo sustain and uphold the great principles of national prosperity. A WITNESS AGAINST VAN BUR EN. Mil. O. A. BitovvxsoN, whom our rea ders will remember as among the most zeal ous and efficient of (he advocates of Van Burcnism in 1S40, and whose plain-speaking communications to tlic Democratic Re view recently led to his exclusion from the piges of that periodical, has commenced the publication of a new Quarterly, of which ihu first number is just issued. Tlio leading at tide, on " Demagoguesim," discusses nt considerable length and with scorching sc verily, tlio character and pretensions of Martin Van Huron. After speaking of par ty divisions and party organizations iu ibis country, tho Reviewer thus refers to Mr. Van Buren : "It cannot be denied that Mr. Van Buren is the mottcompicuous rrpresentalite of the tystem of party management, 111 ibis country, Thv sjmciii iin li bus I1e.11 verltcttd, nnd to 1111 inconsiderxblp 1 xlenl, wns founded by him nnd his more itiiiiuihntepohite.il ns Buciiir.. lie is looui reiv eiinuei'leo wu i n : uuv. to it all the political elevation hehascrerreceireit, and relieson it atone for his restoration tut.'ie i'reiideji-y." lie mis no rii.yicuiii 10 iiHiiiiiiiftio'i ins restoration would, therefore, bun diieel saneiiun of iln si 1 hv Ihu American people,. and l-o far lounrdsfisieiiiue. 11 upon uie co iiury nevonil uie reach of future u-. dress. Ill lln view of ihei use. ihe rc-h eiion nf Mr Vnn lluren, whnlever his perFonal worth, would lu ll dangerous precedent, and a most serious public million) . Mr. Urownson's testimony deserves nddi tional consequencu I10111 his standing in the Loco Foco party. What ho says of Mr van uurt-n s enuro uepenuence on parly machinery and political management for his success in public lifo is notoriously true Not lets true is tho following sketch of (ho gang of harpies who nre enlisted under Mr. Van Huron's banner, nnd aro looking to his re-election for another four years' spoil of the public treasury : "Considerate men, who stood by Mr. Van Ituren. and made no incnnsidernhlo sacrifice lo sustain him, fell ihn, .11 wa. no, loa. , nay that .he gain uiigh, possibly, in ihe long run, overbalance Ihe loss. Mr. irlVt wf Uui'in tU m n?J 'l!!s' in. pullicancsuse, and to magnify, as much as possible, hia Virtues ami public setuccs. Hut the re-appear mice of .Mr. Van liurrn on Iho stage changes tlio whole aspect of nllhirs. He coitus not alone, but as Iho chief of n band, which ihu country had devoutly hoped fnstlitperted never lobj I ollrctcd again. He comes ns the reprtstntatitt of the same ohla?nt corrupting tysttm of party tddtci fallowed by the tame unarm ofgrctily Spoilsmen, with their appetite for ptilnttcr iharpcncd by the few years' abstinence they hate been forced, t'l rough the remains of the orig inalrirtue and patriotism of the country, ta praclitr. Oraiify his withes, reslore bun to the pf-ice he is per sonsllv soliciting, nnd we lose all llinl ns cood in Ihedifeat of Iho Il'pu' lican parly in lelO, nnd retain only the evil j we re-lore what, with nn almost un heard of effort, the coun'ry had thrown of', nnd place Ihe llcpuldicnn parly in Ihe condition in which it mutt be defeated ogam or the country inetitally ruin-td," Good. Wo learn from tins Bedford (Pa.) Enquirer that the friends ol the late CitARt.r.s Oot.n have brought suit against tliu propaga tors ol the libel upon his character, (by tho fabrication lately published of Ins pretended death-bed declaration and retractions concer ning his celebrated speech in the Houso of Representatives in 1840.) Tlio result of the suit cannot fail to establish the detestable falsehood of the statements, which we had somo time sinco occasion to expose, concer ning Mr. Oct.r.'s speech. MASSACHUSETTS. Tho recent election to fill vacancies in the contested Districts in Massachusetts, has resulted in tho election of Julius Rockwell in tlio 7th, and Osmyan Baker in tho Gib, both whigs. In tho 3d, Abbott, whig, has a net gain of about Eight hundred, and lacks only 150 of an election. MR. CLAY'S STRENGTH. Thn Madisonian, wlich, it is well known opposes Mr. Chiy with great bitterness, con cedes him nearly strength enough to secure Ins election. Of tho States which they put down for tho "Democratic candidate," Virginnia will disappoint them and of tlm doubtful ones, wo believe that six (including Connecticut of course) of tlm seven, will givo their votes for Mr. Clay. Hut hear what the oracle of John Tyler, says : "Judging from them-eiil el'ctians the Whig vile, 111 all human probability, will prevail 111 the billowing Slates at Ihe coming Presidential eleclion, even with ihe most strenuous e.v:rlions of the uuiVcJ Democratic puny to prevent it, viz: Maine 9 Masachiiefa 12 Ktiode Island 4 Viroioni G Delaware 3 Maryland g North Carolina 1) !corria 10 Kentucky 12 Tfiincwee 13 Ohio 13 Electoral lotes certain ill The Democratic candidate would, in a pro. Liability, receive the votes of tho States below New 'tnmnthiie... 6 17 9 9 7 3 3 . 9 Virginia Illinois Alabama Mi3o ui- Aikansas Miebbnn South Carolina.... Electing certain C3 I ho battle ground must then be in the States of Connecticut, New York, Pennsylvania, Lou isiann, Now Jersey, Indiana, and .Iiss:ss:ppi 07 clecterial vo'.ea in all. One I thirty eight voted are ncceisary to an election. Tho Whigs having ono hundred and eleven, have to strugylo ro, !.,,.,, oWior. 1 lie democratic candidate having si.uy.fivc voles, has lo struggle to obtain seventy-five votes. This very statement of the case insuffi cient to cause any Republican opposed to Mr. Clay and his policy to feel doubt and alrin aa lo the result. Such is, however, the fttct, ami it is unwise to attempt to conceal it. Madisutiian. FEMALE SEMINARY. Wo nre happy to see our cilizens wiikinr. once nioro lo ihu interests nf our Seminary. II llieru is a town 111 tlm Statu that It.is iho essential requisites for the perniiinicnl esi.ib- ishmunt of a superior school, that town is uiirimgion : ihu terminus nt stnjro routes from all diit-clious, nnd convenient nf access r I . 1 . iy both land nnd water. The Institution can command, ns it has hitheitu dooe, the servi ces of the best teachers in all 1I10 branches if female education, solid am! ornamental. rim beautiful edifice and ileliolilful location of the Senunarv certainly furnish unusual at tractions for tliu eye, and combined witli 1 he course of instruction arc sufficient to give the school an enviable eminence. However largo the number of scholars who have re sorted to tho School during the past vcar, thcro ought to he still moro ; and it is tho d... r .... 1 1 . uty ol our citizens lo interest themselves in tho Institution which has so Ion" been rnn ferring ils benefits upon them and on llmir children. Let us unite in cxtendiiii its in fluence and patronace. Let us commend it to our friends throughout the county and the State. By putting forth a little personal ef fort in this way, we may be ablu to enlarge the funds of the School so as essentially to increaso its advantages. Success to the Seminary and its Teachers. Wcatiicr. Wo havo now more than two fuel of snow upon tho level, and ono has to look very near the boitom of the thermometer In ascertain how cold it is. The Lake will closo over iu cood timo at this rate. The slontis crossed vestcrdav. VAN UUREN ifc TYLER. Tho Madisonian, thn Tvler or-'an nt Wiisliinploti, speaks in the following rordin- al terms of tlm Van lluren men of the North and East. How ad nimbly the strenuous at tempt which that paper made, to iudunlify John Tyler with tho Loco Foco parly, has succeeded. "Thai ihe Van Hnren men of the North and I'ast have plaved t.Aw.jircnicdilnlcdhi false, nnd brnrihss. Iy, tiHvnrds ihe Prei-'nt. hi, isns notormusrVirre, ns lhat nn-li n min ns Vnn lluren lives. Tliu to do this, Ihey lawiie.1, tliss.einlil.-il, aelcililie nicnncst parts of crnun Minus, iiudnhkeof uncerey nnd shame in their "hot pursun" of fJoicrninent patronage and plunder, and belied their parly's principles nnd dispo- bilinn fn llm .lifiii.M in ..II it.A P..I.. l...nna in the inuks of tWpnrl'y, is ns indisputable and well established as any other lai t in history. "There were those few lit number il is true of the President's early and uniform friends, who warn ol the rr'sidentagainat these llcssiau I'olitictans.and their machinations 10 strrtl away his power and ruin his fair fame. Hut, Ihe President's loo honest nnd confiding heart, could not comprehend the sublilily nnd depths of such foul plollings nnd political knaic iy, nnd was induced lo doubt the accumcy of Ihe nd inonil.jns of those few friends, ihoiigh not dislrusling lluir inolins, nnd lo believe lhat ihrre ' o ., . .d ,uolc ZZZZ M. low coi niri men " "uiuany ui ii.sict ' "The Toil abate (lie Win? pres-es have emptied HU11LINOTON FEMALE SEMINARY. At a meeting of the Trustees nnd mem bers oflho Association of the Burlington Fe male Seminary, hidden nt John Howard's Hold, on tlio Sill Jan. inst. tliu Rev. G. J. lugcrsull was cliosun President for tliu year ensuing, J, W. Hickok, secretary, and Hon. T. Folloit, John Peck, Cha's. D. Kasson, J. Me. M. Shrifier and James W. Hickok Executive Committee, nnd after the transac tion of the ordinary busines,the following re solutions were unanimously adopted. Ilesotced, That the palrons of ihia Seminary hnv cnuo to conarntulaic Ihemselies on ils increasing prosperity 1 That tho ccniT.il caue nf tinly nnd dis cipline mfopieil by the prevail aceornpli.hed'Piincipsl meets with the cordial approbation of Ihe Trustees, and civesaj-urame of the permanent success of Iho Ill'lltlltlOll. Ilesolted, That the attention gi'cn to tho funda mental brunches of English Elueaiion, ns a basis for nil ntlnipmcnts in n truly scientific or polite education deserves particular commendation, 1 n lafl'irds a strong recommendation of ihe school lo parents and guar dians penerally. Ilesolted, Thnt we rcfard tho advnnlasres for pur suing the ornamental brnnchesof education, as un surpassed by any similar institution in ihis section of our country. Iletotred, That thc salubrity of .itualion. the natu ral beauties of Ihe plarc nnd us vicinity, the conven ience of access, reasonable charges, nnd thc excel lence of the course of losl ruction, combine lo recom mend this school in nn eminent depree, 10 the patron nao of those who seek fur their daughters the truo ends of a good education. Tho Spirit of the Ago announces that Geo. W. Rued has been appointed Poll Master at Montpeliur, in place of E.S. Mer rill, resigned. AGRICULTURE. We will again remind our friends in tli county, of the meeting at the Court House, to-morrow. The weather nnd tho roads aro fine, and we liopo to see a good rally. Much depends upon a judicious organiza tion, and giving the subject a right impulse to begin with. Tliu counties sire all in mo tion; and tlio following articles copied from our exchanges, will indicate tlm spirit of tho I'ress generally. Il is highly gratifying to witness tliu cordial tinaiimily on this subject. Agricultural Society. Wc bale not bien uiuiiiun'ful nf the subject of 0 ureal importance lo ihe people of our country which is brought up by the follow. n leiier of our corros (undent. In several i-onnties of ihe .mte, meetings for forming agricultural sneiet es have already been iioufk-d. So exclusively ngrieulluial ns is the county of Addison, Hi should I. c amon; the first In profil by IIIC I"' ...11- ' I I' .......... . ...uvb. uf their hheral provisio s for the eslnbtishment nf tg- rieiillurnl soci'hes. wilier slates, especially aiasia- chusetlsnnl New York) are reaping important ad vantages Irom ihese iiisiiiuiions. rhev create a Isud- nble euiu'ation among farmers, eu-ile n spirit of im provement, nntl ililliisj 11 knowledge uf pr. ducts and soils, nnd thn best mo les of eultivning lliem, togeth er with the management of Rocks nnd herds, and tho dairy nnd implements uf husbandry so essentia! lo ihe ucvi lopeinelit ol the ample resources ol our ternio soil, nnd the protperous emnhtion of nine-tenths of eur population. Will tlie people niienil in a call upon iheni to form a co inly agricultural soi iety whii h wo shall issue next week 1 In tlmnran lime the friends of Ihe project must s.-nd in names to be attached la the notice irom tne several lowns. .viaanoury fjala.ry. Agilciiltural Societies. We are glal to see tint the farmers in somo por ties nf lite state are striving to avail themselves of lb benefit ofihcnct of the last session nf our legislature for the promotion of Agriculture. Now shall we givo a notice for Jf'iiiainpon Coun ty ? Would it not be will to revive the old fashioned lairs, and slir up the ingenuity, industry, ond skill of the farmer, anil mechanics of thc good hou-e-wivoo nnd dairy-mauls ot all the productive indusirisl por tion of tho population by means of competition for the prizes nr.d the honors' which an Asriculturol So cie'y may hestow 7 Indeed, perhaps it would not bt amiss t , olV.-r lawyers a handsome prize for the belt dissertation against 201115 to law, and in favorof hu-imniij-. honeslvnn.ljiisiii-oi or 10 elercymen, for tho best discourse 011 practical nliglon love to Gnd ind man; nr even tn editors, for life best practical exem plification of truth, candor, nnd eood temper. But in aood earnest : what say the fanner- about this rnst ter? You may have our cheerful services, in onv mode we en 11 civc them, to promote the cause of home industry, in us brovlest scn-c. IKafcAman. Asrictiltm-al Societies. We notice that preliminary measures for the eilik I shineiil of Aifiicultural Societies under the late liw, have been taken in several count es. To make iho nppropiialion .available for any eouniy, it is ncress-ry Ihu a S cieivbe orpni7cd, nnd that n subscription, nt lea-t equal lo thc appropriation, be raised. In this-' ro..n'v. f,.r inl'iir, ih Fiiti'i-n lion must amount to nb ml SHO, and linn ihe b'oeieiy will he en'illed lo draw the stiiu- sii'li from thoiaie Treasury, makin o).;n ... .01 ...I.. .11 ..l....n,r r. . II. ...I, IV b Ulll.UUIkU, aill.1 ftljlllg C4ICIl.f, ill pri iniuins. Il is mo lite to nri.'t:e the utility of such societies. Their bcneficiil results me seen in nil Christendom. We happen just now 10 have an itlustiatiou I efore ut. A few years airo a soc ety vv as lormed in Ireland oi led thn HelfeM f,nx .Variety. 'Ihe object is, 10 im prove the Kl is crop, in quantity nd n, nhty, and uf course in profil. Ai a late myelins itappeared that the improvement 10 quality ronsiquent on the invettift lionsnf the Society unit ihe insiruetions it had given, was filly equal in SH a ton, one. fifth, or more, oflho whole price, and aluminium if ihe whole crop of Iff land had been treated neennhn to Ihe direction! 10-' nn less than a million and a half of dollars. And iho umouiif of the crnp has b"en iin.n a-ed, since iho so- ciety vvas formed, SO per cent. The oldest Agricultu ral Sneiiy ill the U. is ihnl of Philadelphia, foorfd--cd in 1753: next, lhat of Massachusetts, incorporiit-d in 1702. No premiums were 1 ffered hy the loiter till 1797, when the amount wnsSlSO. IV. Chronicle. Agricultural -societies. ounMucinu-.c loicresi 13 mnniiestea ai inio lime, ! nmomr iho ajriculiural portion of community, tn bo- J .-,lf of lha f'".maiionof societies, in accordance wilt the act n imJ at the last session oflho Vermont Lar. Ulature, for the promotion of Agriculture. Alrtady im-clings have hen called in Caledonia, Orleans and franklin couuiies, to lake ihe matter into considera tion. 'Plus movement is a tood one. If the farmers and others interested, can only uni'e, and proseeulo the work, hand in hand, with a determination to -go ahead," they will not only avail themselves of the spe cial benefits conferred by the act, hut promote the general good. All ihe oilier pursuits of life, are eo ia timately connected with, and dependent on the suc cess of agriculture, lhat when the Utter interest taa guishes, every branch of industry is injuriously eflee ted. Why then, should not all classes engage in this eiiicrnnz. the mechanic as well as the farmer tho men ham, Iho law yer, nnd mnni ticuoer? Why can not every one co-npcraie in the work; and ihouah not nil pcihaps, become active members, yet retrard with fivor ihe formation of these societies! This ia in easy msk ; and it enn nlso be madenn ngreeable a.id ueil'ul one, provided there arises no jealousies, no ect.nnal prijudico, no selfish natrow mindednesa. l"or nur own pari, wo nre lulling to aid in iheunder takinvj, as public journalists. Danville Star. County Agricultural Societies. Upon eur first p.Tjo will bo found a communieaiiot from N. CoLar, I'.f q. of Drrhy, relating 10 the ira poriame uf turuiin Agncnlniral Societies, and Hiking; .1 inn niieiiuauce ai 10c meeting noiinru mwriraco Cniinty. His suggestion of a 25 cent member-ehip may bo the best, certainly so, if thereby the sum re quired by the law can be raised. II not we think it idiould lie 50 etnls, if noi more! nnd the payment of the sum stipulated, nnuualv, should he, perhaps, tho condition of innnherrhii, nnd a membership only lo en u In any one to be conipeliiors for any premium. Tli sunt rrquire I lo be raised for 1 hist rouniv is about 315000-for Orleans same less ihin SICfOOO, and for i;?sex nbnie S1000. Thennnunl payment of ihisautn into the treasury of each society, with the amount drnwo from live Stale Treasury wou'd enable ihe sev eral Societies to offer very respectable premium: ami lo encourage the increased production of eoillfirlielfe too great a coinpeiiiion cannot be ciciied especially thai of wheal, We nre impoverished now by ihe largo sums of money sent out of the Slate lo pay for flour. Thc nhiccts aimed nt bv such sociclirs are notlhv ol the n 1 ten 1 10 11 of men nl nil pursuits among us, and wo "l,nnt t'1" i'10'!0 ,Soci?,1. fs m",v ,c ie,, County 111 ihe .-stale. This week we f publish calls for preliminary meetings in two of our Northern Coun ties, nnd we see by our exchanges that in other Coun ties meetings have also been notified. Caf taenia. Agricultural Society for Franklin County. Anmci-LTi'BiL Societies will benefit our Slate al most as much ns n Geological SravKr. We havo nlwnvs been ndvocating the trial of both insisting; lhat h Oiologicnl Sutvey would bring natural pro ducts lo ! ;ht which arc now buried and unknown, nnd that Agticulliirnl Suciclica would stimulate to in crease funiculi inl indusiry and scientific ecologies! investigation. Disiingiiialicd genllemen,in orEee and out nf oilice, have proved lo Ihe satisfaction of ever n Heeling mind tlm our State need only bo properly surveyed lo devrlope vast richca and kring out -tiumhend treasures from her fieldaand mountain, Ar.d out Whig Jovrrrerr for nu.-n cire ptti