Newspaper of Burlington Free Press, January 19, 1844, Page 1

Newspaper of Burlington Free Press dated January 19, 1844 Page 1
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NOT THE GLORY OF OQSAH BUT TUB W E L r A H E OP HOME. IFir IT S T A C Y. "7 1 URL IN fi T 0 nT V E It M 0 NT, FRIDAY, J A N U AHJ K7 Tsk VOL. XV1I-.X. 33. From tlio Forgcl-Me-Not for 1841. Mi-u's v nitons. What if, in that sublimrr state To ulncli our Km I i shall once attain, Tho tilings of Kanli, ami Tunc, and Fate, Shall pass betore our eye again. Shall we lev lew our Life's slow way Itsw.'inls anil wiarincss beholding, And by Heaven, s purer noon sutvey What Earth's dun twilight now is folding) O, what a wondrous chansjo will pass O'er all that here hath scein'd or I. ten I Darkly we see, ns throusli a ulas?, What then shall farcin face be seen J , The nothingness of all we pn.ed, Thu falsehood oflhejuvc weioujilit, The piinceleas truth of hearts despised, thi worth of nil we vuliicd'nol! Perchance, it shall not then be seen That ill s our c irtl.ly pith of tears, So ditolulen waste ham been As to the itiou nei'a eye appears. Whc.i iloircr Iwht'iiiniiiul us hunks, , Ouri)c shall lead llnir iniirse below, A dreary hoc of I'jnir infOntce., ' Atoned by many a ueedhss woe. Our Youth was passed in visfins fair, In lavishing the wealth of heart i Our manhood had the harder cue Of watching all those dreams depart. What was there left for sad old age, Except in useless grief to rue The errors of n prilurunage We could not, if w o would renew I Yet in ourselves thecvil lay, Poor, weak artificers of woe! Our i.lols nil were nndu of Chiy, But 'twas our hand that framed them S3. We needed some diviner rail, To teach our hearts ahks 10 shun The lovely fault of (rusting all, The bitter sin of trusting none. Turn we then w ith vain disgust From love betrayed and faith deceived, Nor lel our hearts furpel to trust, When thev arc wounded, wrung, and grieved. Take homo this lesson 11 is such Ab turns Life's darkness into lij-ht; 01 we can never love tori much, If we will only love an'shil WHAT IS LIFE? I do not menu when I nsk this question, life in any of its physical forms, or in any or all of its physical avocations. Neither do I moan the Itfo of sublime ruffi.ins, or desper ate lovers; of piping shepherds, or senti mental savages ; of political demagogues, or solitary hermits, or any olhiT species of madmen ; hut lifu as it concerns 0110 and all as it concerns every man ; life, as the period of man's duration upon eaith, and as the budding of Ins future: destiny. As his probationary stall!, it is a mixture of good and ill. The soul h.ith need of a chastening and the rude hufTeliiigs of earth do their part in schooling it fur its fiiline spheic. A tude schooling, it may sciinriiini's seem to us ; but the hand thai doelli nil things well, doth not err. How little do wo know what wo need, and do i- poorly wo should be trained fur tho future, if wo always had ihoJivscif in onr hands. Our fancied good would be given us, and wo would have no such thing in ex istence as disappointment. So foolish arc we ; the very things we most of all need, we would so willingly deprive ouiselvcs of the disciplinary things of life. How wisely different is it in thu ordering of God'sProv idencc. The phantoms of puisuit Ileo from the eager grasp; hopes aio blasted, but 11 moment before ifiuir expected fulfilment; the sea of life rolls its waves over our fiail bark, retarding our arrival at the wished for port. Dili then coiui.lli a time for the good, when their desires shall be satisfied when faith shall be lost in sight, and hopu in full fruition when 11 voice shall sav to this troubled sea "Peace, bo still;" mid when, the quarantine of life passed, they shall en-1 ter the peaceful city that hath golden streets. But life is not alone a time of passive dis ciplineit is a tinio for activity and im provement. By the vigorous use of the powers with which ho has been endowed by Hini who has wisely fitted him fur his sphere, man goes on from strength to strength, and enterprises such vast projects and schemes, that he on whom wo had hut just luoked sis " a worm and no man," lising in tho sc.ilu of existence, and assimilating himself tn Ins maker, forces the exclamation " how like :i God !" And urc wo not to apt to lose sight of the cheering thought that theso concep tions and aspirations of man, pel feeling himself in all that is high and holy, are hut the buddings of that flower, which, i-ventu-11 Quisling fiom lis calyx or tles'll, shall bloom in lasting fragiance and beauty, on the fair fields of u biighicr and better world. Lamoille Investigator. iy. SOCIETY IN NEW YORK. May may bo tho, season fur " llio raging calemure of love," thisjs llio calenture of the social affections iho fever-crisis of the year, wllon the heat that is iho system comes" lo the surface. Most quiet men go to a ball or two in tho holy-days danco a quadrillo or two to show the old year that they uro not of its party in going out pay a compliment or two moro flowery than their wont ; in short, put on the outer seeming which would befit them in a Utopia. I have tried on, like oth ers, for tho Inst week or two, this holy-day humor; and, though I shall be accused of " keeping a sharp eye to business," I must jot down for you a thought or iwo'that has occurred lo me, critical and comparative, on tho present condition of Now York society It strikes me that there is no provision in tho gay society of New York for people of middle age. A man between thirty-five and forty is invited to a large party. He goes too early if ho arrives beforo eleven. Ho finds the two principal rooms stripped of car. pots and of most of tho sitting-down fumi ture, nnd the reception-room entirely lined with tits mammas and thu chaperons of tho young Indies on the floor. ' However ho might bo' a " dancing mad " in Europe, whero peo- j pie danco till their knees fail them, he knows j that in this hasto-to-grow-old country it would bo commented harshly upon, especially if lie has a wife, for whom it Is oxnectotf his over-, flow of snirils should bo reserved. As hu ! don't-dance he would like to converse. . The old ladies talk of nothinnbul their daugh-, ters, and the daughters, if not dancing, think it would repel a probable partner to seem much occupied 111 conversation. lie looks around fur a sofa and 11 lady who don't dance Sofa there is none, and In a chair in the'enr ner peril ips tliete is lino lady who is "neither young nor old rara avis ! Ho approaches lir, mid, well nigh jammed nu.-iinsl llio wall, undertakes a conversation not audible (lie standing and she silting) unlets kept up at :i scream. After a half hour of this, the lady, ifsho he discreet, remembers that "it looks particular" to be engrossed more than half 1 , , . , an Hour tiy 0110 gentleman, anil luous or savs so. The middle-aged man slides along the wall, gets hack into the crowded reception room, talks u little to tho chapeions, comes back and looks on at the wall, and so passes the ihrecjiours till supper on his legs. The ladies take an hour to sup, and, about tlueu o'clock, he gels a corner for some oysters and champagne, and between that and four o' clock gets homo to bed. lie is a business man and rises at eight, and by three o'clock the next day he looks and feels as n man naturally would who had burnt his candle at both ends for nothing. It is not wonderful that there nro no con veniences for conversation in society, for there really is 110 conversation to provide for. Thu want would create the supply. It is 0110 of tho most peculiar of our country's features that convers ilion is not cultivated us a pleasure. When Amencan women leave off dancing they think they have dono with society till they re-npuear to bring out their daughters. All the tigreeabjeiiess of their middle life the most nltraclive and delight ful portion of life too, pnhaps is expended on an appreciative husband who wants and uses it all ! A'ot at all as a disparagement to this stale of things, peihapsyou will allow iiiu to mention u case, that may bo some what parallel, which has turned up in my zoological reading: " These liul" "' ocnis, 01 1110 liiniuy gaiimseeia)- me remarkable for many peculiarities in their habits and conformation. .The males have loiig, large wings I The females have no wings, hut at a ccitaii) peiiud i f their life at tach themselves to the plant or tree which they inhabit, and remain tlieienn immovable during the rest of their existence." " As soon as tho eggs are ptoduced, they pass im mediately under thu femal parent, whose body becomes their stationary coveiing and guard. , By degrees her body diies up and flattens, and forms nsort of shell, and, when life is quite extinct, the young insects leave their hiding-place." Whether society has not some claim on them whether their minds would not bo kept from narrowing bv conversation willi agreeable ;men whether the one exclusive? errand of tho loveliest por tion ni immunity is to rear ciintiren, arc ques tions which in this coufitly (mist be handled verygingerlv at least in print. I may" Iwj permitted to gel on and say " how they do in Spain," however. 1 A middle-aged man in London may 01 may not he a dancer. There is no comment either way hut he must be something dan cer or good conveisalionist, or he is'dropped as " liiinheiing up tho partv." Few men an afford lo bo seen by thu mistress of the house lo bo unamuscd autl iinamiising. A cultivated man, then, who don't dance, gets an hour or two of pleas iul society in ihu ear ly pai l of ihe evening al the opera. If there is a small party afterwards he prefers il lo 11 ball ; but if ho goes In ihu ball, ho finds that iho pleasautest penplo there are the married 1 ni-v "in 1101 sii logi'iucr Wl lout room for a gentleman between them but ev- cry lady is bodily approachable, and will, a " fit ...1.0 managcn.eni ne can gel a comlorlalilu I seat beside any one whom ho may know nnd prefer. If he find her interesting, and talk lo her tho whole evening, lliere is 110 scandal, unless there nro other corrobointin" rircuui - 1 1 1 -? stances: indeed, tho openness of Iiil- alien - ,, , ,. ,. , . lion would rather discredit any unf.ivor.iblo comment If there is a now lion piesent. or uny altraclion peculiar to ono person, a small circle- is formed in n rnrnnr ir n ..I'm,-, .i..n.l around and let tho conversation ho managed by the persons most interested, like listening . . r.. ii i iu music, i on couiu seiuom go lo a parly in London without healing something worth nrson not there, and society (not"r .hns?'" '""""'racttireis, engaged in pro- il, ,,.,m,.,. i. r . i - the navspapers) has the first use and enjoy- ment of all news and novelties ofcycry de- senptton. Newspapcis uro stale tq u man actively conversant in tho best society, of, London. I'eoplo collect new-s.'nnd seo sights, and invent theories, and study and ihinkiq havo material fur being biilli.int in sociuiv, and fur no oilier motive. An habitue of the best houses grows well informed by absorp- Hon only if he keens his oars nnen. Ami open. yln( this entire stage of society is tointing in J'cw York. Ono of your Intelligent correspondents re marked lately upon thu absurdity of copying English hours for gaiety without copying the comptnsating English hours for repose. It is tlio aim of aristocracy to have such habits ns to distinguish aristocrats from llio working classes, and lords and ladies please themselves with going homo to sleep when the clowns lulling lll 10 "'! u"til wo C!1 ilfir(1 I" ""'d like a lord, till noon, wo arc fools lose lltcclown's slumber, and a fashionnbl Iail.v WnM deserve well of her country who would tacitly acknowledge her husband to be a man of business, by giving her parly at bonis when he and his merchant friends could sillond without loss of noudful sleep. Who would not bo'gl.iil to go to a ball at seven instead of eleven ? This change, and the in troduction of comforts and accommodations for convorsiblo wall flowers, would, in my opinion, improve ev'on the charming ehcles of grown up children who now constitute New Yotk society. I see no very marked differences in the dress or usages of the ball room. Rather more waltzing and less quadrilling, if any .,. .,. . .Mi .. . t, ... , . r tiling utit sun "marvellous tew loierniilo wallzers. Could most ol lite waltzing turn in New York "see themselves as others sio them," they would practice the difficult case of this accomplishment elsewhere for u while. Tho lower classes of Germans have balls in their peculiar haunts which it would be good practice lo attend. Willis's latter in Na tional Intelligencer. The present Turin" as It affects the in-icc of certain articles. The Free Trade papers denounce the pre sent laiifi', because, sav thev, it is calculated to raise, and has already raised the price of ceilain ni heirs. When you ask mem to spe cify llio articles lo which they allude, how. ever, they are peifeclly mute. Their hooks tell them it ought lo he so, reasoning from a general piinciplu; and it is in vain to meet with facts. The Journal of Commerce, af ter some weeks badgering by the Tribune, did come out and specify two articles, loaf sugar,and brass kettles; but thu reply of the Tiibunc was conclusive, and settled those points forever. We have daily evidence of I'-ci fact, (hat necessary articles are chi'apcr than they were hefuie llio passage of this law. Upon the ai 11 -li! of pins, a duly of 50 per cent, was' laid. The consequence, says the Ti ilium-, has liec-n that two pin iiiaiiiii'.icloi h's, llio im- IV ones, 111 tin- eoiintiy,! lime since divided 2 per cent, ihu oufv dividend they have iuiti - Ovm-- 'j'lus is nut all: TIh'V ti . ,,. . no actually al lbs niomeiit selling puis fif-' ten c''t. cheaper than they were sold' nn, (.:y accident, has saved my honor.' The before tins I ariff law was passed, and ma- friendly congratulations of the company soon cf liing a vaitly snjiei ior arlide. ! Several new' faced the remembrance of their unjuft suspi. iii.iiiu f.it-lcji irs have been established, and tho w.iges 01 iiiu wen uuien liavu lieen inrieasei . . I sinn; the passage 11 the aw. The Tiilinm- has no doubt, that iflhe lariffis kepi on. thev win no in a very lew yeais, ten per cent cheaper than in piesent, liuciiusci lluunnnti f.icturers sue daily learning how In econo mize in maleiials and pio:esses, and ran sell cheap, bec.inso they have a sine and steady maikel, adequate to tho full amount ol all agent, to obtain something, if possible, from 1 !ls we c:ll,i the other functions of this ani they can manufacture. In addition lo these! the elle'rls of u man in' Louisiana, who ow-l m!l' co-operate with those organs lliatelabo f.icls, it may Lo staled that the number oflod him $300. The agent replied, that jn , ratn wool if we stimulate the latter lo the bauds employed is greatly increased, and that there is every prospect ol an increased number of manufactories. An other article, tinon tho nrico nf which tho tariff has wrought wonderful effects, mass uiiiiuieis. 11 wus ciisiomary, lormei ly, lo impel t glass waro of nil kinds,'und among them chu.i),-couiniop Tumblers, fiom Ger many; at a cost of oO lo U7A els. per dozen, the latter pi ice being the lowest at which thev w'ould bear triiispuitaiion. Tho' importers (arcoidiug to thu authority abovo quoted ) j brought them over niorfdy to niiiko up their cargiicsind were satisfied, as they could al ways sell them readily, lo inako freight on them. Tho new tin iff imposes a duly often c ents a pound on them, 'and the consequence has been, that onr own countrymen, being iincouriiged to iiiuko ihem,- now sell them in llio market for twenty-seven cents a dozen being leu cents lower iliun thr-y were be fore! iho passage of llio act. So much for the effects of this "odious and oppiessive laiifi"." Tho great mistake of nil fiee traders, ns we befoici had occasion to oliseive, is, that they lay down a general principle, and stick 1 Mance, that if a duly is high euoiii-h to pro in ii in spun ui lacts. i ni-v sav, lor in " ' " miim-ani; iiiaiuiiauiire, 11 exciuues tlio 1"1'',gl, "lns sllls " competition, ""'''r" l,,0,,rt,,,.'l",is ,8,,d,;,od d'anrt "l' ' Plltril ll It IC Mflt III fill mwmnlt i rlml I ' "'i," livmll I' OMUL IHU lilt? r.,,,.:,,., ,-, n,rr,i ,- I ihu domestic. These views nru plausible enough in theory ; but they are daily contra- ij'K'd by tin; undeniable evidence of facts. ; ; , T . J- . . . J"""c'""rs. ""-7 hud thai Mm article is cheaper and belter 1 , -urn utiu.r, 1 tuai inn loreigu mauuiaciuro is not shut out, nnd ibatihn ilnmosii.- is ,.m.-:...,i un.. this'should bo so. it is not our business to 1I0". ' termino. Wo only stato facts. Richmond I ' American I'abrlcs. SuspcNonns. Fiom a gentleman in this village, wno ny.s long dealt extensively in the ''"'lido of suspenders, wo learn that one of uuv-MiR i ma nume, nas, wiiniu n lew mini in , 1((Juj iumln)d Jim,3 ,0 ,,,, Mmj. lishment. Ilu also informs us that American ' siispendersarojbiii.h superior; in quality, and I lower in nr jco than ihu European, Our own iiiiiioiiiiiuii;j iiuw iiiiiiish ior o-z pcrciozen niigbo'd an nriicle, as' we formerly paid tho loreigu producer S3. fur ; and while wo cut thu (iriiclo clipaper lhiin no formerly did, wit can pay the manufacturer in tiu, products of i our, own lauor, and nro qot required, as was i "llCo llln ri,soi ,0 SL'liJ our Sl'ct'o "Cross tho Atlantic. win . r. i i i -i - .i . " ,, , JUM ;;"rJ"" "-v " l"-" sTiiigin ior.i(,rSio,t)00, Iho income of which is lo bo vx ward ratinnnalion, jlenionslrali. the precis.., pilllJed in behalf of such paiients of the Mc quiiu.u.ii .it,, arm wiuci. tho " black Tariff", pas worheq in un, particular. - UoshenMm moans of remaining there for an entire Pantiiciis and Catamounts. They tell a pretty tough story of it lad 12 years old in Warren Co., Mississippi, lately, who, willi a club and his dogs, killed a good sized panther. We have a match for it in an inci dent which occurred in Barru seme time last mouth. A son of Col. .1. D. Harrington, aged 17, was in tho woods with his dog in pursuit of foxes, when (as the boys siy,) they scar ed up rather an ugly looking customer, who clambered into a tree with no inconsiderable agility. Tho lad, armed only with a small pistol charged with ball, in order to do exe cution, cliuied up the tree after him, and when within 15 or 20 feet fired, whereupon thu animal leaped I'm 11 1 thu treo in the direc tion of tho dog, hit him a slap in tho face as hu passed, ran about 40 rods and bounded into another tree. Tlio latl followed and went through about tho same ceremony again with the same success. A few days afterwards, while traversing the same woods and crossing n brush fence, he surprised his new acquaintance, who hounded away some 30 or 40 rods and took his position in a tree again. His dog coming up, they followed 011, and our young hero, with 11 gun charged with nine buck shot, walked up directly un der the tree, took deliberate aim and brought him down dead. It tinned out to bo a cata mount weighing about SO lbs., and fur which hu obtained a bounty of $20. Now, beat thisl Cir.cu.MfTANTi.iL EviDnNcn. The follnwinrr statement of an actual occurrence, sayts the N. Y. American, translated for that inner from thu N. Y. Deutsche Scliuellnnst. well exemplifies 1 how unjustly a combination of circumstances may toinetimes accuse a tnan. a lan.e.u noie ai laiuwigsuurgn, one 01 tho rninpmy was showing a vciy rare gold coin, which was passed round the table on a plate, anil gave rise to many suppositions as to its age, country, value, &c. 7 lie conversation then gradually branched ofTlu oilier subjects ; till the com was lorgotlcn, and 011 llio owner asking lor it biclf, to the surprise of ail it was not to be found. A gentlonnn fitting at the foot of tho tahlu was observed to be in much agitation, and as his embarrassment scorned lo iucreaso with the continuance of the search, tho cornnainv were about In propose a very disagreeable mea sure, when suddenly a waiterunteied the room, saying: ' Here is tlio coin : the conk has just luunil it 111 one of tlio linger glasses.' The relief lo all was manifest : and now llio suspected stranger spoke for the first as follows: ' Gentlemen, none of you can rejoice more than tn elf at the lejovery of the coin ; fur picture In yourselves my painful situation: by a sin gular coiiii'.iilonoe, I have a duplicate of the very siiiie coin in my nurso ! (hero slnvin 11 it, 1I10 . .mil. hi.) T; i,oa that, cm the nor- snunl scirch which would probably ho proposed,! ..tMrlo to Irn 11 i,,rilio purloinor of llio coin, oil. doil In thu I id tint I am a stranger bore, with iini'ni! uiitiiitii ior my inipimiy, nan a most ,!,!,,. , ,t,t.,.i Vi. i"1' t .. 1 " , cions, . IV-.. IV. .1 - . .It-. 1 " u "ml 111 o rcnulicc Journal tho fol- lnw,nS explanation of an " Untisualcoli signnieui lo this port, which wo noticed sumu days since : The fads of the case, ns given by llio New Yoik Ami S. Standard, are "these. :V merchant ol Huston snnt orders In his ouuying nis oruors he had ueen so lucky as j to secure .viartin, a likely negro boy, of nine years out ; mat 11 o had nut him in nrison. and 'awaited farther orders, whether to dis- is'nosu ol al auction or private sale, Tho Now England merchant felt a litllo queer about this peculiar species of property. He was not an anti-slavery man, but the buying aim selling ol children allecled linn un

pleasantly. Ho accordingly offered to give the boy to Ellis Gray Luring. Glad lo save Iho Utile lellow Irom a hfool bondage, our fiiend accepted thu offer. Ilu caused the human, chattel lo bo brought from Louisiana, at Ihu expense of $50, has taken him under his own protection, and given him the name of Marlin Loring. Mr. Burrill, thu learned blacksmith, is still seriously engaged in attempting to make discoveries iu thu moon, by means of mes meiisni or 'clairvoyance ; to which end hu proposes to employ three subjects in differ ent places to make observations, unci note ihem down for future comparison. He says ho h.is in his possession Iho statement nf'n lad iu ihu clairvoyant state, who visited tho liionn, and woul into a building resembling a sfhnolhouse, found a book which ho was unable in read, but, at the request of the inagiielizor, ho copied twenty-eight well formed characters. At a subsequent visit no saw tilings uctter, and look drawings ol a monument and mctalic horn. Upon the monument was an inscription written in the very characters which tho boy found in the book, all of which ho had received to com pare with thu Oriental language. A Maniac. A dreadful event recently threw iho town of Rimmie, Italy, into con sternation. A young and protty woman be longing lo iho middio class of society, ob tained permission lo visit her husband, who was conltned In a mad house. The patient testified thu ulninsl delight at seeing her, and tno iicepur, at their request retired nnd lefi thorn togethei. Ho was however, in a few minutes alarmed at hearing loud cries at the room : hu found tho maniac holding in his anus his wife, covered with blood. After the first transport of delight had passed over, a fit of fury had como on, and ho had thrust out both heroyes with a niet.il spoon lefl by mistake, iu thu room. The iilifurtuiiatu wo man was immediately convoyed to the in firmary of tho mad houso and nttonded most carefully. Sim died tho noxt day in dread ful torture, without tillering a word of com pluiut against her husband. Linr.nL CinniTV. Mr. William Annie- 1 ,u" ""'""( "as given io mo i rustees ol .. C I . ' ,i. . m . - "" .""Hclmscils Genera! Hospital the sum Lean Asylum fur the Insane, as have not euro. run IlAl.VY DAY. n v 11 e m n r w . LoxorcLLoir. Tho day is dark and cold and dreary It rains, and tho wind is never wrary : The vine still clings lo llio mouldering wall, And ni every ausl tho dead leaves fall, And the day is dark and dreary. My life (a cold and duk and dreary) It rains, and llio wind is never weary j My thoughts still rlmj to the moiildcrinstpsst, Itut the hopes of youth fall thick in llio blast, And the days arc dark and dreary. He still, sad heart! and cease repinlnc: Itthind the cloud it Iht tun sHH Mning I Thy f He is tho common fate of nit; Into each life sonic lain must fill, Sonic days must be dark and dreary. From the National Intcllutcmer. A NATIONAL AGRICULTURAL IN STITUTE. Believing that a National Agricultural In stitute and Pattern Farm in the neighbor hood of Washington, if so organized and con cluded us lo teach alike the science, thu prac tice, and thu profits of good husbandry, would be productive of incalculable benefits to tho vyholo country, I trust tho editors of thu Na tional Intelligencer will give publicity to the following suggestions, designed to advancu tho most imporlant binnch of productive in dustry in tho United Stales. It may bo salely assumed there is now ex tant a large amount of useful knowledge ap pertaining lo every denarlment of rural econ omy, which, unfoi Innately, is confined ton very few, and therefore comparatively of ve ry little value lo tho great mass of those en gaged in rural pursuits. If a fair portion of this truly practical knowledco were tieuoral ly diffused among all the tillers of the earth, it would double the profits, if not tho pro- uuets, 01 American iiiiriculture. Increase the annual returns from the laud and labor now devoted to rural employments but ten per cent., and you will add over one bundled millions of dollars to tho annual income of the American people. Augment llio yield of tho winter wheal now on the ground only tun per cent., by giving to the plant a cheap hut full supply of those elements which im part strength to its body and a largn devel opement to its seed, ami you will double our surplus broiidsltiffs for export next season. Tho transportation of this surplus to market will add immensely to the business and much needed revenue of all mtr internal improve ments, 11 ml give an auspicious impulse to our manufacturing, mercantile, and commercial enterprise. Tach corn-growers of this land of maize how to harvest only 20 per cent, more which can easily bo done than they now do from the same hind and labor, and you will secure lolhpin and to tho commiini ly a clear tain of80,000,000 uustii-h of corn! It is well known to bo practicable so to changii tho organic structure and functions of the pigs, of which there are millions in the country, that one animal will, from a given amount of food; yield to its owner twice as much flesh and fit ns another. Transform lo the best advantage the above namiid'SO, 000,000 bjshels of corn into pork, beef, lard, oil, stcarine, &.C., and il will load thousands of railroad cars, canal boats, and vessels, on its way to foreign consumers. According lo tho census returns of 1840 IS Ol IcWU : .,, C i , , our twenty in, hui.s of sheep gave less than iwo pounds ot wool per head. If we make, ' . 11 " luuuii 01 mis important prouuet, uy giving the sheep such food as contains a large portion of the elements of wool, it has been found practicable to clip eight or ton pounds as the return from the same value of raw ma terial, which, under other circumstances, would givo only two pounds. Il reouircs. I however, several generations lo effect these iiiiiuri,iui organic cuunges, although much can be done in the way of improvement du ring the lifetime of oach individual. How lew practical farmers know how to mako or lo perpelualo llicsu organic changes iu tho structure and functions of their domes tic animals, which nro alike practicable in all their cultivated plants. Not knowing by what circumstances and elements these favo rable changes are produced, tho great mass of American agriculturalists nru equally in capable of preventing deterioration, to which thu highly artificial condition of bolh their plants and animals renders them extremely prone, llenco is deduced the momentous truth, that practical science, universally dif fused among all our rural population, is in dispensable to maintain thu improvements in any branch ol husdandiy which science has already achieved. Tho knowledge of thu lew, no matter how profound, can never com pensate for tho ignoiancc of thu many. I he important fact is too little heeded, that ill men havo minds which need intellectual food ami dovelopemeut, as well as physical wants which must bo provided for. 'it is worthy of profound consideration that Infi nite Wisdom has so organized tho cold slimy reptile that it needs no artificial shelter, no clothing, and ono meal will supply its hun ger for a whole year. On man, with all his peculiar and exalted aspirations, lie has im posed not only physical weakness and na kedness in an eminent degree, but tho inexo rable necessity of having one thousand meals whero the serpent needs but one. This " ne cessity," however, is ever the " mother of invention." And, strange as it may seem. the poverty and weakness of tho body aro the riches and strength of llio soul. Tho toiling million need not to bo morn industrious need not to practise more rigid economy. Tho tendency of this system of severe muscular labor mid pcnuiious living is to uruiiiy rainer man to elevate our race. As a people, wo lack not capital but knowl edge sound, practical knowledge that wu may avail ovrselves of all ihu legitimate and abundant advantages placed within onr reach by tho benevolent Author of our being. iioiuiug is more common, even in this new mid sparsely sullied country, limn to sen fields badly exhausted by improper tillage. Unless tho food of vegetables derived frem tho soil bo dissolved in water, it can hardly enter thu mtnutu pores ot their roots, and lorni u por lion ot their cnculating nourishment If Ibis food, however, bo at all times soluble in wa- A woman mmcd Rosannah llubort was burnt ter, every rain that falls will dissolve it, andto death in I'hiladelphia, late on Saturday iib-hi wash it away into rivulets, or carry it deepiht.by her dothea taking firo while she was"ia into the earth beyond tho reaeh of the roots' e' of intoxication. of crowing, if not starving plants. The needless loss fiom llio premature solution of ill-prepared manures, and the leaching ol tint soil, when stirred up and made light by the use of tho plottah 01- tho hoe, is many mil lions a year. Vcgutnblo food should bo so prepared, as far as prarticable, ns to encoun ter both the frosts and snows of winter and the heat and rain of summer without loss, and yet yield readily to the decomposing influ ence of vegetable life. Nothing short of this can maintain the fertility of all cultivated lands. It is to practical science that our far mers, and till others who happen to have mouths that require three meals 111 every tweniy-four hours, and hacks thai need to bo chid in wool and cotlon, must look for a rem edy for this inct casing sterility of tho soil, and u thousand oilier oils lo which no allu sion can be made. In what way can this invaluable knowl edge bo brought homo to the fireside and un derstanding of every husbandman in this broad Republic 1 I answer, in part by the efficient aid of a National Agricultural In stitute and Patient Farm, near the capital of the nation. The plan of that at lirinhton. near Paris, (which has been eminently suc cessful,) with slight variations, might hu adopted with advantage. Tho French In stitute was established in 1S29, on a domain of over fourteen hundred acres, and by using an old palaco for college huildine. Since it was founded, the crop of wheal annually crown in thu kingdom lias been increased, according to official reports, over 100,000,-' 000 bushels. It is under tho direction of a j company of business men, und so managed! as to he prohtahle stock Science, without practice and a dun regard 1 to profit and loss, is comparatively valueless. The labor lif llio hands and the improvement of the mind should go together. God has conferred upon man both physical and intel lectual powers lor Ins use. These muscular and mental powers should bo alike develop- ed, and matin to co-operate, before wo have a right lo expect thai general abundance nnd j elevated standard of comfort that high ninr- at and intellectual attainment which ought to distinguish a great and free people. I Too much confidence is placed in books and agricultural journals lo leach, unaided, thu itbslruscjsciuuccs which appertain to rural : economy. It is no easy matter to convey a I clear understanding, by writing alone, of the ' unknown propel lies of unknown things ; bnlh of which are necessarily discussed in terms alike unknown. Tho lecture room, the la boratory, tho skilful dissection of plants and animals, the nature and composition of soils, geologically and chemically considered, and the analysis of all organic us well as inorgan ic matter involved in any agricultural opera tion, are indispensable aids, that tho precise relation of things may Unseen, and that their I. ! r 1 .1 . , , constituent (dements may bo handled and known. Something of ibis sort is necessary lo inip irt lo the mind a competent knowledge even of the language of ngi inihural litera - tuie. Sopiething must ho dono to remove this serious obstaclo lo tho general perusal and understanding of woiks of the highest practical value. Lota person, no matter l.nw liomM,. ,U nr,,:,n,. I. ---.,. --in--Ilia ,l,,l ftfi; ,l fi;(,i .,. ... lils. . . l)amL.,.vcr ftur C,.!1S1!S ...'.. ,., ,,,,. , ' A National Institute should have seveial, young gentlemen as pupils from every Con- gicissional district in lliu Union. These onco ' thoroughly educated, would return and en- 1 graft as far as desirable, the science of rural . . i economy upon every luerary institution in the counliy. I5y the aid of model farms in every county, public lectures, and tho cordi- I suppoil ol the whole intelligence and vine of the community, theso public benefactors ' 01,,'J"r B,atl',s mi tlio o-li in.-t, a boat rouii would bo able to scatter broadcast the good ,' ",' "V'1? lcvei'' """ft d as ,,!,Lual wh car' seed of sound practical knowiedge of tJin, lZZ! 'ZllAA mn abic laws ol Nature over the whulo length i of Germans were bivouacked in tho cugino , . ui ihu minim. What belter uso can bo rnailo of the am- plo funds given to tho Federal Government plo funds given to Iho Federal Government by the Smithsonian Uequest than to qualify six hundred or a thousand young gentlemen, ovorj Ih.'ce years, lo carry homo to every I : I , . - ... ... ..u.iwi, .. ii utn-aiiimiuuniimi repuuiic a knowledge ufal! ihe improvements made in practical husbandry by the experience and study of tho whole woild The cultivators of ihu soil have this nriili-r in their own sun nave mis nriui-r in their own ! It'lllt-V will null' cnr.,L- t. lliit- I hand he servants in Congress, this important ob :..'r- . ' . ject can be promptly secured. The gain to tho wholo country will bo not only incalciila- bio in amount, but as universal as the first wants of our common nature, and as endur ing as thu iuimort.il mind. Will not tho fi hinds of human elevation, the friendsofagricullur.il improvement, unito with me, and send up hundreds of petitions to Congress, asking tho lepresentalives of a ru ral population to establish an Agiicultural In stitute and Pattern Farm near llio capital of iho nalion, and llieieby open a percnial foun tain of know ledge, whosu thousand rills sluill Orlilizo at oncu and forever the wholu intel lect and tho wholo cultivated soil of ibis young and rising republic? How many millions have been expended from llio Na tional Treasiny, or otherwise taken fiom the pockets of llio people, for the benefit of com merco and manufactures 1 Is the great inleiest of agriculture iiluiio unworthy ol pub lic regard! Will not tho keen-sighted and patriotic press of thu whole country speak out upon a question of equal benefit to all parlies, and therefore alike wnithy of their driest support? DANIEL LEE. Uuitalo, December M, 1S-13. SESTivir.NT "Ilohold, my Flora, bow glori ous Naturo looks in her gloom ! Tho trees are filled with blossom, ihe wood in dressed iu Us greon I. very, and iho plain in carpeted with grass !nd Ilmveri-." "Yes, Charles, I was tlimk.iif of ihe fiiiiiii thin,'. Tln'i (lowers aro dandelions anil w ban they are gathered n,.d put into a pot, with a piece of good I'al pork, they nuko tho host grcoiiF, hi the world." Short Sekmon. If yon ran do a favir fi r a neighbor, ilon'l lieniuto, Man best secures Ins own liannionfl liv ntittrilmtirin i, il.i r ii.n. " ten upon i:li:vkn. Monsieur Jaivais had a steed fur salt-, w hich ho recommended us Sine very fine an iinalle one horse elegant exlraordinaiie V 'How old?' said the Frenc luniiti, lvy suru uu is suinser like ten upon eleven, 'No older V 'No, salr, ho is no older vat I tell you.' .'On your honor V 'Oui, sair, on my sacre honor, vat mo tell you is thu Irute he no older us ten upon eleven ; mo cheat you nvoc do nzgho du horse. He is 110 more as vat I tell you. 1 ho horse was purchased, under the full I belief that he vvos no more than tenor eleven years old. l!ut the new owner was a short time after wards told, by a judge of horse-flesh that he had got monstrously bitten by the French man in royiird to the ago of his steed, which was twice ns old as he purchased hitn for. Upon this he wut in a great hurry to thu Frenchman, and exclaimed 'Sari' exclaimed Jarvais, with well feign ed astonishment. ' Sar ! I'll sareyou, you tying smoothed toticucd scoundrel I' ' .Mo lie I mo one scoundrel I Vol for you accuse (110 ! ha I Ynu is von lie yourself you is von grand impudenre, bo gar! You como hero to curse me for lie I be gar !' 'You needn't biistln up to 1110, Monsieur I can eat up two Frenchman just like you at one meal.' Diablo I Vat I You cat 1110 ; you von sav age ; von vild animalli" bane, be gar I' 'Their is no use in all that, Monsieur. You ani a I v ing villain ; you told 1110 a cock and bull story about tlio age of tho hone which is all no such thffig.' 'Uugarl 'tis 110 such thing I 'tis no pull and cock, vat me sells you de horse. Sire, yon be ' 'What!' ' Under von grand mistake, I say nothing all about a bull and 11 cock, I sell you von horse. JVIun Dieii !' 1 Out you cheat me in the age ! the horss as I am credibly informed, is at least twenty, if not twenty-one years old.' ' Oui, oui, dat is tho azgho ; yes, sare, dat is what 1 call him." ' Tho devil it is, you told me bu was ten or eleven .' ' No sair, I no toll you ho ton or cloren. Dat is one grand mistake, sare. Dal leetle .......I ! i - .1 1VUII1 Oil Jilll III , IIIU I1U JUl IIIU1 UillU. 1HV say do horse ten upon eleven.' ' Well, what's tho difference V 'Difference! bo gar! you run English Americano, and you not know the difference tell betwish von English vord 1 Or ho na upon upon he no or. Me no Englisht but sare, dare one grand difference betwish do two leetle vard.' ' But you meant to deceive me,' said tho purchaser doggedly. I 'Deceive you I Mou Dieu, mo deceive ' you von American Yankee, vot you call von ' ud de twenty ; me no possible cheat you. , Bo gar I lis no cai I you put thu horse afore ; ! do honest azghe of de horse is vot I tells you Wen on eleven, and bo gar, you fine him "so.' I 'I know ther's dill'eience.' renlied llio 'min'l I I u mi..ni,u, uui Mill II lull 11 1 U IUCUI IIIU III IIIV . v ... , , . a,-.,mi ,. .,. nr ,;.,...,.. 'Sare,' relumed thu Frenchman coolly, dele is vore vun make de giaud mistake, I tell you do horse vas ten tyw i-luveu; dat is vat mo understand tun mure eleven vat you call ono iitnj de twenty I' A touching incid-.nt in Rsai, Lire The Cincinnati Patriot relates an agreeable incident a having recently occurred in tint citv. The i room, n-niv, in ca-e cu an cp'omn r colhs- j for f laughieror for clruwnnig, hko so many animal cuoie.'d together in n pen. Aiuonj annuals coop lllem a ' 1 !'!or' , 0 , uo ' Hunt, lirovvn, laughin girl of six- would weigh about 150 pounds. A yountnim, of the same nation, m iinecuur-o "i wu- nay tiraveu along ilia snoro ar,j forne. at the n,a.,k of tho boat. IU heard the lieirty laugh of the girl, and it fell upon bis ear iiKe tiio joyful i sound of other days, ' A I""'' '-lncnl German tine; not go into ! Iantrunn at biicli an even'. Ho wx,kcd care- I li"-!y ahuHp', r.ud clo.vn between the engines. 'riiore hail been no distressing hue in the case : no eturnal vmuk: no nl.ubtpil troth. In tlm hours of boyhood and girlhood they had full the ridng fi.-.ma ot love; t-it he had left the old failier lan.l for a new and a bt:t'-?r unu without severing miv lasting tie. I'ale Ind determined to separate t;u;r fnei.ih ; tlrs obai lover. They hul rt-piratf-d willi rgrat, but not with angua-li, for lite hid ordained il fo. The uepu ahon was mutually supposed to Le foio,er. Hut a kind lememtrat cu nt each remained. The girl now saw her old friend approaching. No e.clainat.ot;f un fundings and running into bis euurace. ll.it her young face brightened up to an expression of welcome and joy. Ho took straight hold of her thick hand and pre.sed it warmly in lu own. No l;,.-)sing, in tear and yet tb.iir two jpiiusi omiuuiied with each nthtr in that ni.iinenl.ind their two miuU became, one, An hour after, My tho oiltnr, we caw the hon t voung man loid her nil" tlio boat, arj up Hroidway, arcoiup.inied by live or u oilier young men, who were all cvi Iheirwav to a wed, ding and a liohc Tl.o girl om.-J bundle on her arm, her only pioperty. Sun w nro uoilunr on her head, but liorh-et weiu shod with wood en sabots or slu-e?. Her drud was warm and clean, and it ber.uno a bridal suit. No doubt they are destined to In, happy, unless their hearts: belie tho honesty and goodness beiaunjf in llioir face-. Sant.v. Anna. Lain advices fiom MeU co slate tint Santa Anna is gradually assum ingdespolic power. By a decree of his own, hu is lo wear a liicolored sash over the left shoulder lo the light of iho waist, afmr tho manner of llio king of Fiance. Ho al,o de crees his own right lo change ihu ministry, and lh.t Iho now congress shall have no pew, erto investigate his past ucta duiing a ceri tain pm Mil. A 1'amilv roxNcxioN. A negro pausing along Ficet otreot, was astonished at hearing 2 vnicfl rail out' How d'ye do, niansi Mungo ; howdy'e do, Snowbill' and on looking npVa. eervfd it proceeded from n gilt cage. 'Aha! mass-a Parrot,' Mi.l Hackee, 'you, great man here : vnu live in wild hnn.o . M'ut ipo know ywur fador very w-oll, he lib in 1 1 urh.'