Newspaper of Burlington Free Press, January 19, 1844, Page 2

Newspaper of Burlington Free Press dated January 19, 1844 Page 2
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F1 raeim Washington. Friday, Jan. 5. Tin' Si'iu'i; n t in FUss.nn in. day, it having iJ. i.irnoil nior voKtcril.iv in Mninl.iv nonl. '.' .f c of lleprrssnUilixc. Aflurlha reading r th" j.iurn.tl of yi'Jlonliy'H pritrucilings, thu i I n I'l-il: up 1I10 rt'L'iil.irorili'r of tliu d.iy, cun. I 'I nn I concluded tho call for resolutions. I. .-I'iiiiitiiiK xv.rc limn presented fruni (lie 'I 1 w 0 , of no pirlic.il.ir intoicst; attlircon. ( . -in cif winch. ..1 . C .1. luuersnlt moved lint t lie House ro i 1 ('umir.'.tico uf the Whole on Gen. Jackson's I! "'If Ail.nn r.ise lo a point of order not so ).i 1 '1 a point of order, as to the irnod f.iith of llm J I 10; Ihu tionlloiiian fioin I'onnsyivniiia, C. .1. 'I.i.-ur-iiill. hiving, 111 his motion, comniitcd .1 0 i-'itf f.ii'h. 'I'll' I'm;: Mik;r II t i liir bach llio imputations xv ' 1 Hit! rinituiii;il lielnnjrin to ihoiii, into the t . i'f h 111 xvlm m ult tliem. I xvill have him, f 1 !i tun! llio 1 1 mo In kinnv that I am loss 1 1 0 in llu eh itl'O ol breach iff.thh, than he is 1 ,1 I c itn.i t c.ill In oritur, a 1 care so litllc f . . v Ih 112 In sny. I Ml-'1-' no notice of hi? 1 ' ,. t!. "(Mi Ad.uiK ' I don't care") Ah 1 ! .'(. iiioni 111 does not cam. I nit is a very cim-. omi'iit w.iv to l'.'I nut of ihn dilemma. It 1 a ' .( vav to sueik out of the scrape. Me Ji v r.ot c ire ! Ah, h.i ! I'll nuke linn care ! M . A.h:ii. 1 itafv Inn). ;i:s? rcmirks ivero made under groat fecl 1 s ol eve. tomunt by hotli parlies, anil the whole t mo xv .tx ijr.imitie ioa high decree thofpeak rrs rlonoliiinjlliuir tins, extending their arm?, n id directing their reiiiirk-f at each oilier. Mr A l.uns writhitiT, during his rnimrkp, with I :r iroin-, nt'd .Mr lugxrsoll xvithering under h '..in.'fMii re'j. . ' n ' 1 it-: diupoM-il of and'quicted hy t 1 of !! Siit'.-Iior, not, however, 1 ! ! .j.i.I li..s ins (rn ml thu Peace Maker x s , juiiii i d'i's voiul !iri.t as usual, whenever ho 111 Msurcs ttienulh with Mr Adams ; Jlr Iror. 1 then xx ilhdroxv his inolion, and I lie House I 11 'tided to act up in a m itioti that the resold. I k 1 appointing ,1 day specially for the considera I 1 ol the report Iroui llm Committeo on the liu'es and Orilfrt of the House be taken up. 1 xx.is the desire to carry nut that previous do. i -.'l'Tition of the llou.'o which had brought up " ' A !.i o'i ',!.. ni.ition of .Mr Ingcrsoll. Yes t !, 1' g !i 'en th.i day a.-signed for the con-r- '. limn nl (he report, Mr Adams very cour. t -o.irly jinvn xvav 111 order that the call for reso. I .t'ons in.ght I) j prooeoded In ; the unanimous iiiuJersMiidiiig of the House being that it sliould 1.113 up iurnudi.iti'ly on the conclusion of the 'I for tCMilutmns. 'JL'ho resolution to recou. f 1 vas adopted by llio vute, as follows : Yeas 10.', ri.iy.7S. Mr Adams moved that Tuesday next be as s j 1 'd as thu diy for reconsidering the report. Too Spmkor rem.irked that it required a vote of tuo-Ilniils. rVlr Ad.ims said that it did not require txvo th .1-, !i'-t,him it xvas a privileged question. .Mi- IJionmo do, a member ol the Committee on 11 lie.-, tjv.) xv tilled the report to-committed to the c iiimnltec, as il comes from the minority in truth, and not the tnij.irily, a usual, members xx'oru not present when it xx as adopted. Mr I), xx ,s .-0 circumstanced, probably, as not to bo able In ho pre.-ent at the time He now undoubted, ly deMres tin; opportunity of bestowing upon it "ase-ond subjr thought." He moved to re 01 ; lit . Mr White insisted tint il xvas a privileged q in.-'iiin.inrlM.-in'h iking precedence of all 1 ti-is. V'lie eport of 11 committee of rules and ( d rs wis not governed hy the rules and or- u -rs ot tne House, mo would doTy any one 1 1 show llio disciis-ion as out of order, and the consideration ol the subject as contrary to the rules, to point to 11 single instance on the jour nal where the House had ever been g verned by the rules, when a report was to i)0 consider ed irom a committee 011 llial subject. It xvas a privileged question, and as such he demanded its immediate cnnt'tluralion. Mr Divis of Indiana, made some foxv remarks explaining Ins position on the subject, having previou-ly misconceived Hie purpose of thcUlsl (now .Ml) rule, when ho recordud his vote against its continuance. Ho xvas a member of the committee making llio report, and should ask the House lo excuse him, in order that some one 111 g!it be appointed in his pi ice, who would nut prejudice the committee in its alter action, should llio report he re-referred, as proposed, by previous iiriuitontioii.il misconceptions and errois, as xvas his case. Mr lliac.k of Georgia, made a southern demo, cratic speech 0:1 the subject, thrcatcnim; in ad vtn-o, Hut if the House rejected the rule, he :i id the oulli mu-t and should do sr. and so, r (i. nver iimike,! 1 he House to keen con in c"- f'leiit'g the sabjoc', and patticularly the g. lineman irom uoorgia. Mr lil.ixl; sai that lie cniild only keep cool xvhen his censtiti -. and the Southern rights and Interests were ...perly respected and pro sci veil. "Co.ii ! win-, sir, I cannot ho made coil until tho torch of the incenliary makes Hi's cold !" (L'i'id laughter.) I can follow tins day's proceedings 110 further. Q iOsiioh. of 1 .-ilcr without number worn receiv r,!, uniil they haxo now hoco.ne so confused, hy being piled one upon the other, lint it vxere 'a useless cfi'irl In dissect ard sialo ihein all. A nii'i iu was linilly mill) in lav the whole F i 'j 'it 011 ihu lali'e, as llio mo-t ready xvay ol (1 .jnHiug of i, ixhich, liiug l.iken hv vo.is and 111, , ics'.iiied a follows : Yo.i.73.'iiiivs 103. il 1 the Mil'joct xvns ii'il la.d mi the table. As 1 cliuo ihis lellc, a controversy is going on helwcen Mrlllacliof (ieo. ai.d Mr' U.viriMov nrN. Y., in xvhich the latter genlleinan is taking bold, sirong and honorable grounds in defence ot t 'so North on this question, and casting into tliesnx-crrst ridicule tho tirade and braggadocia of black, and all tuch other Southern doTenders 01 slavery. Correspondence of tho Journal of Commerce. Saturday, Jan. 6th. Tho House to-day resumed the discussion of the report on ihe iu!, j. livery thing xvent nfl i'.i' n'v a. nl quietly, bliowniglli.it some things r ' h il scus-e.l a well at oihers, and that the I' 1 "1 t.i 1 . , i i-.iavery qiiesliiiu has been 1 un We h ive a new tot of men, iii'jlly j nog men, xvlio am Iron from prejudice. I I ; 0 much from this House yet. Mr Adams, xviili his characteristic, sneer, said, the nlhei d.y, ' I do riot know shill ha much gratified !.y the clnqurncr, or instructed by the ichihm 0! this House." It I am not mistaken, ho ha, keen a little of 110H1 in llio speeches of Kto p.hens, (Jhngiinn, Il.virdsly, and others. The n1 1 gcnllf r tti his gneii the 11101 unequivecal ; o; grni iIi. miiimi at thn.e speeches', to sav II 'i.nig of those of Davis and Dune hi, to which I. 'five the piri.'t.jst attention. It there is a 1: 11 in this tiii'inn who Inn cause lo ha gratilied i the indications slioxvn by ibis House, it is Mr A1' eis. 'i'Jio mui'id courtesy has been evton. il I to him, so f.r as that goes. Tho Speaker put him in llio jdaco xvhero ho inot xvished to In in opposition lo the wishes of the xvhole Kiiith Clialiinan of tho committee on Rules. In that committee, ho had every advantage thai he cottl.l po-sihly desire and found, greatly to lis surprise, a mijorityiii his favor. Ho has won ,1 victory thu greatest victory over achieved in legishtion in this country ; a victo. iy that would alone, h'olting o il nil Ins previ ous history, carry Irs name lo posterity, lie has detested, after a ten year's struggle, all leg. islatun restriction on the right ol petilinn, and opened llm xvhole subject of slavery 10 free and calm discnss'ou in Iho House of Hepresenta lives, Mr Adam's xvhole course .11 this session ha3 been a snccessdii of triumphs. Tin! i-fei ale xvas not in sossinn to-day. In the lltiu'blhu subject of 'tho Report on Rules xvas again take.i ip 5lr Duncan, of Ohio, 8,0'io at length on Ihu sol j id, and in a miiiner I' .1 arrct'.cil mnrli atleut.on. Ho came nut in (. .,, .-itlon lo lb... reslriclioii on the reception a 1 d svn--ion of slavery petitions, hut Hill , ,1 'ii 'ern ,.'nl in, and pointed out very r i. , il." ill eficcts that would result from thn ci ii 1 ition of three million" f slaves. ' 11-oxvt), of TeuneEsee, followed 011 the . er b J , hut,aftcr the rvnir '(hoiuorn- ing hour, xvas obliged to (jive way to the order of the day, which xvas Jackson's Fine. This stale subject occunicd the llmnw dnrinir the rouiaiiidcr of the sitting. I take it that you have "something heard" of Gen. Jackson's vie lory at New Orleans but we hoard "more dis linclly" from Mr Weller, who fought the fight over again in a maimer that phexved him to be at once 11 Wellington and a Napoleon, a fncfi. ci'art and a htraltaitl. He closed ah I xvhat a step from the sublime w ith an allusion to the approaching anniversary supper. The House lo 1 1 the matter undecided. Monday, Jan. 8th. The Calhoun manifesto arrainst tho Van Da ren Convention has not yet arrived, hut I learn that is in print, and xxill soon be here. It lias had thecftbet, in anticipation, tn shake the con. fidenreof the Van Duron men in the strength of their position. It is not at all improbable lli.it the Irienus or Cass and Jn'inson will also keep aloof from the packed convention. 7'lic people seem disposed to take the matter of the next election into their oivn hands, and will care liltle for the dictation of old political lnrk. Whoever may happen to bo elected at the coiiiingclection.it xxiiilav on the shelf a number of old candidates. The "travels history" of some six or seven veterans xvill lie ended. A now set of names xvill bo brought boforo the country, and noxv princinlos and inlercMs will .become the subiectof nohticnl nnitation. Mr Wise has iust returned from an absence of a fortnight, lie looks rather bettor, but is in bad I101.I1I1. Ho has been and xvill bo very qui- ex ai mis session. 11c lias not yet been re-nom-inatcd fur France, but probably xvill be. The Senate, hnxvever, xvill reject him for that mis. sion. I hey xvill confirm him for Austria or Mexico, if ho ivould take cither of those places. It is quite settled that Mr Spencer will be nominated for tho vacant seat on the bench of tho Supreme Court. Mr Hiram Kctchum has been strongly urged upon the President for the Ftntion, and particularly by Mr Webster. The oonaic win not conlirm the nomination of Mr Spencer, unless ho first resign the office of Secretary of the Treasury, and it is pretty cer- Ifiln fl.f l.n ...ill ,,. A M-- "" " ii .v ..... 11. .t lesion, k i,ir un-eii, ai torney-general or district attorney, in New Jcr. soy, has been mentioned for the office of Sec retary of the Treasury. He is said tn be strongly urged on tho President by Captain oiockiou aiiu oiners. In tho Senate, to-dav, MrSemple, of Illinois, introduced a joint resolution renuestinr the President to communicate the provisions of the convention with Great Britain of 1818, res peeling the occupation of the Oregon Territo ry, xvhich provisions w ere continued indefinitely by the convention of 1827. Oregon Territory Xcgotialion nl Washington. Tho debate on Mr Allen's resolution, calling for the instructions given to our Miniitcr at London in reference to the title to, and occupa tion of, the Oregon Territory, and the corres pondenco relative to the subject, xvas continued in the Senate for some hours, and resulted in the rejection of the resolution, yeas 14, nays 31. Mr Archer, chairman of tho committee on Foreign Affairs, stated, officially, for the infor mation of thu Senate, that there had been no negotiation as yet on the subject of the Oregon boundary ; that instructions had been given as the basis of a negotiation by this government; that the British Government preferred to treat hero j that tho negotiation was transferred to Washington city ; and that a minister specially charged with the ajustiiicnt'ol the matter would be here and commence the negotiation in a fexv xveeks. This seemed to give groat satisfaction tolhe Senate. The passage of the resolution xvas opposed on several grounds. It would be unnecessary, because there had boon no nego. tiation, and the only effect of it would be lo pro. inulgale our Instructions, to the great detriment of our interests, that it would appear, under the circumstances, to be designed to thwart the ne gotiation by taking it out of the President's hands or interfering in his conduct of it; and, finally, that it xvas a matter for consideration in Executive session, if it xvere considered at all. Mr Allen said tho government would never alloxv any more land on this continent to bo ceded to any foreign government, more espe cially that of England. He predicted a great xvar with England during the next genera tion, Sir. Tho House to-day, concluded the debate on Jen. Jackson's Fine! at 1-2 past 4 o'clock. Tho bill xvas reported and was passed ; yeas 153, nays 23. Tuesday. Jan. 9th. House. After tho reading of the journal, Mr Hunt, of Nexv York, introduced a resolu tion, asking for inform ition from the War De- partmont. Alter a fexv moments spent in the consideration of other miscellaneous resolutions and other business of an uninteresting nature lo record, the subject of tho report of the Com mittoo on Rules came up in order. Mr Wise requested to bo permitted lo make a minority report, from the fame Committee. Mr Adams opposed tho granting of his request, on the ground that it would delay action, and xvas wholly unprecedented in i:s characlcr hut the Ilo.ise gave him permission. Inconsequence of Ihis report from Wise, a motion xvas made tn postpone tho consideration of this subject a fort night. In reply to an iuouiry whether a vote of two thirds was not necessary, the Speaker icemen uiai 11 xvas not From this decisiou.Mr Adams appealed. Mr While made a very clear cvinc of tho incor- redness of the Speaker's decision, the rules of Iho House reading, " nor shall the order if busi ness be postponed, or changed, except by a vole of at least two thirds if the members present." At this juncture, a motion xvas made to lay the xvhole subject on tho table. It xvas Inst ayes 70, noes 107, thirty majority. After this, the morning hour having expired, tho House went into Ciuimitlee of the Whole, and discussed the reference of that portion of the President's Message xvhich relates to the improvement of the Western Waters, whether tn the Commit, tee on commerce or a select Committee. Senate. Soxeral private petitions and me. morials wore presented and referred. ,lfr Hen dcrson reported a bill to adjust certain land claims. .Vr Evans, from tho committee on Fi. nance, requested that they might be discharged from the further consideration of McDufiie's resolution on tho Tariff, 011 tho ground that it imposed a hill to originate revenue, xvhich the Senate had not tho power to do. The subject ol the Oregon Territory xvas then resumed, by a resolution ollered bySemple, of Illinois. Af ter brief remarks, in "support of his resolution, MrS. moved that it bo laid over, until next .lnnday. Tho Senate then xvent into Execu. live business, probably on tho subject of the ap pointmant ol John C. Spencer. Wednesday, January 10. In tho House of Representatives, Air ;lcKay, Chairman pf the committee of xvays and moans, reported the usual anual appropriation bills fur the prcrent fiscal year, viz: for tho support of ute inoian Department, 01 the military Acadc. my; of the Army; and the general bill for the civil and diplomatic expenses of Government. Mr Barnard's resolution, calling for the re port of the Topographicul bureau, of the survey of the Hudson above and bcloxv Albany, was adopted. The resolution of MrG. Divis, of Ky., Inquir ing of the President whether Jesso floyt. late Collector of N. York, has not violated tho act to lepcal Iho Sub-Treasury and to provide for the punishment of public embezzlers. Mr Woller moved in lay on tho table; refused, yeas 3Ti, nays lit."). The previous question, however, not being seconded, tho Biilijuct xvas throxvn over, I lio donate on Western improvement xvas continued in a western speech in Committee of Iho Whole on the Union, Mr Fickhn of III, ; and without action upon tho subject, tho House ad jiinrnod. In Sr.NATE, lion. James A. Pearce, Senator cUct from .iil. was qualified and took his scat. Mr Woodbridge, from Iho Committee on Pub. lie Lund., reported bill, appropriating' certain al. tcrnato sections of lands in Mich, for internal im provements ; and confining the survey and loca tion of claims to public lands in Mi. Mr Barrow, from the same committee, reported a bill for the survey of tho mouth of Red River &c. The bill granting land for improving the nav. igation of Fox and Wisconsin rivers, after con sideration in committee of tho whole, was post poneu 1111 lu-inorroxv. The Clav meeting at the Assembly rooms. last evening, passed off with much enthusiasm. Animating and eloquent speeches were deliver, cd by Hon. Messrs. Stephens of Ga.. Jarneifan of Tc., Chilton of Va., M. Brown of 7'c., Colla. mcr ot Vf, and homasson of Ky. A Clay Club was organized. Tribune. Nrw York, Jan. 13. The Pomeroy Robe ry Trunk and Money found. We are happy to have it in our power to stale that tho mystc. ry attending this robbery has been at last coin, plctely dissipated, and that the trunk has been discovered, and the robber arrested. The man ner of the detection and arrest of the bold rob ber is as folloxvs: Yesterday about txvo o'clock the Bank of Neiv York sent to the Man hattan Bank a large amount of their bills xvhich h id been taken that day on deposits. Among them was a $500 bill xvhich the cashier of the Manhattan Bank recognised as one that had been in Pomerey's trunk. Information xvas im. mediately despatched to tho Mayor, xvlio sent for Justice Taylor, and on instituting inquiries at the liank ol Nexv York, it xvas ascertained that the bill was received from Mr. Van Seht, whole sale importing merchant, No. 14 Cedar street, up stairs, un going to his p'ace of business he informed the Mayor that he had received it from a German named B. Lcchncr in payment for a bill of goods. The residence of this individual xvas ascertained to be No. 32 River street, in the basement, and officer McGralh with Justice Taylor were despatched tn xvatchin the vicinity until he should return home. In the meantime, it xvas ascertained that he xvas in the habit of spending much time at the office of Mr. Risch muller, No. 109 Cedar street, agent for for. xvarding emigrants, and Mr. Clark the first Marshall, was despatched thither to xvatch for him there. He was soon observed to come out and xvas arrested in Cedar street, as ho was leaving that place. Information of his arrest was despatched to Justice Taylor and McGrath by air. Livingston, (the partner of Mr. Tome roy here,) and they xverc directed to search his nrprnlsns. line vvna Tins was soon done, and nicely stowed axvav in ono corner was the identical trunk covered with a buffalo skin. It xvas ta ken at once to the siaxw's Office, where Lech- nor had previously been conveyed, and xvas there opened, xvhen besides tl.c valuable papers, xverc found about 810 000 in hank bills, the properly of the banks and brokers xvlio had forxvarded them. An examination xvas at once gone into, xvhich resulted in the full committal of Lcchner, and the discharge of Rischmullcr, xvlio it was fully ascertained had no connection whatever with tho robbery, and ,xvas only acting as a friend to Lechner by assisting him in the purchase of goods. The discox'ery has led to the arrest of the Gorman previously suspected at the Mayor's Office, as all the evidence the Mayor had collected went to fasten the guilt up. on a German, xvlio xvas seen with a large trunk covered with a buffalo skin. Lcchncr is a German, xvho arrived here in June last, and proceeded immediately to Milwaukie, xvhere he intended tn settle he returned to this city seven xveeks since, and xvas married on the 18th of December, only three days after the robbery. He was xvhen arrested, engaged in purchasing goons totaKe with rum to MilxvauKic, where he says he is established with a partner in the merchantile business. The greatest credit is due to the Mayor and the Magistrate and officers engaged xvith him, for the zeal, fidelity and as. siduity xvith xvhich they have pursued the in vestigation, which has resulted thus happily. Cituriet P. S. The day after Ills commitment, Leschner committed suicide, by hanging himself in his cell. DESPERATE CONFLICT WITH PIRATES. In the latest papers from Holhind is found I lie folloxving account of an expedition sent by the Notherland Government to the East Indies against the pirates which infest the xvatcrs east of Java and among the Molucca and the Calebcs Islands: The expedition consisted of one stcam-frigale, (ihe Hccla,) one brig, and throe schooners, commanded by dpt. Cocrlson. In the spring of last year these vessels left Sourabaya, and being joined hy I wo ves sels of war (Prown) belonging lo the Suhan ofSj manap, sailed to the Island of Kangelang lo receive the crexv and pnssangers of a Dutch vessel lately xvrceked on that coast. The Hecla approaching alone look these persons on board, with a larire sum of money saved from the wreck. The remainder of the cargo, with more than 830,000 in money, having been taken by ihe nalivcs, they were commanded to reitorc il, and on their refusing to do so an attack was made upon them, their dwellings burned, and many of them taken prisoners, and aficrxvards sent to the Sultan of Sumanap. The cargo and money, it xvas ascertained, had been throxvn into the sea upon the first approach of ihe expedition. Lieutenant C. p. Gevcrs, first officer of the Hecla, xras then rent with n parly of sailors and mariner in small boats 10 a neighboring islmd, xvhich, uficrnn obstinate resistance he succeeded in taking at ihe point of ihe bayonet. The expedition then sailed to llinjocivangie. xvhere they met with five vessels stronalv armed, each with nio.e than thirty men, bavins the appearance of pirnies; 11111 auer examining uipir papers nnu una.ng idem siiling under a friendly flag, the Dutch, xveie compell.'il to suffer litem 10 pass. From thence ihey visited some small islands con tiguous, known hau'nls ofihe pirates, but xvhich were found uninhabited, though exhibiting signs of having been recently occupied. in me slrails 01 .xiaccassar iney xisiled Hie I1.1v or Ooni, the island of Slavery, and further souih Ton nak Dampen, xx here they xvere informed ilialon th western coast of that island there xvero five larpe pi rale vessels xvhich intended to attack the merchant vessels coining from Macassar and Timor. A com mand of about sixty marines, seventy sailors, and some islanders, with altogether only eighty bayonets, xvas riven 10 Lieut. Gevers, who left the Heel, and with his men, in six boils, set out for the small bay in which were iho pirate xessels preparing lo go to sea. He reached there about half past eight in Ihe morning, after twelve hours of difficult rowing ihro' narrow and shiliow creeks, xvhere ha xvn immediate ly attacked. At eleven Ihe respective forces xvero in presence of each other. The pirate vessels were lying with their slcrn seawards, Iheir largo cannon in bat tery on the shore, and by the side of this one xveie five other batteries of small guns. When the Dutch were atabout half a cannon shot disiance, the tiring, with round and crape shot, continued uninterruptedly on the part of the pirates. Thcx had also a Iroop of rinernen hid in small Dusncs. nut, notwithstanding their superior force, Lieut. (Severs attacked them with Ihe bayonet and xvas soon master of their fortifica tions. One battery after another xvas token, after con tinued and ihs mist severe fuhling ; at length Lieut, Schevink pulled doxvn the pirate flag. The dwellings on hore were burned, and the pirate vessels captured xviih twenty four cannons. In the evening Lieut. Gevers returned xviih his boa's luthe fleet. Two days aficrxvards ibe Hecla (having left the other vessels) discovered a pirate fleet of ceventeen sail, each xviih txvo hank of oirs, having sixty to eighty roxvers besides twenty-five to thirty fighting men. Tho Hecla piusiind lliem, and hnxing come up with litem , n desperate fight ensued, xvhich lasted for 2 hours and a half. One of the largest of thei pirate vessels, (mounted xviih thirteen guns, txvo of xvhich xvere six pounders,) after being diimsled, fought xvith extraordinary braverv. Lieut. Gevers. mhre in Imiiil boarded ihis xcssel, hut was repulsed by the spears 01 hid iirnu'B alio lorci'u m ore upon it, i-onv ueaa bodies tvere aflerxvards found upon Ihe vessel, with thirty-eight slaves, tvomen and children 1 four pirates (trying to save ihcmcelves by swimming) were picked up and made prisoners. A second vessel of this pirat ical fleet was sunk, Ihe rest taxed themselves, favored by the approaching darkness and a strong wind. sixteen cannon anil manv small dins were token. Somedayi laler, Ihe island of Knlatos, in the bay of Doni, was visited in boils by Lieut. Gevers. lo as certain whether pirates hirbnred there. No sooner had these boats appeared in Ihe bay than they were urea upun ny me iiiiiiiiiiiiiihhj n general lire men en sued, and a landing was effected with great difficulty. Tho nirntes fled, leaving Ixxenlv-tbree of their vessel onshore) forty cannon were token, their dwellings and Ihe vessels xvero burned, and the whole island devastated. Forty pers ns were delivered from sla very, who xviih six of tho pirate vessels afloat, were lOKcn 10 macassar. These different expeditions (hy which the Dutch nan to aepiore seven men Killed and ixvenlv-six woun ded) were considered so imnorlint in their rendu nnd conducted with so much gallantly, that at Ma cossnr a day of ihonkseiving xvas set apart. The above occountsoro 1111 to the 1st of July, IRI3. when the expedition intended to set r.irili .-i..m nn another cruise, and 10 extend us operations cast of Jnvj. CURIOUS REVOLUTIONARY DOCU- MRNT. We give the following very curious docu mentthe confession of an English Tory as affording a specimen of the character of many of the men who filled tho English ranks during our struggles for independence. It is noxv we believe, printed for the first time, and will be read with interest: The Life, Confession, and Dying Words, ot Capt. xiiuiin Vyunningnam, lormeny nritisn rrovost Marshall in the City of Now York, who was exe cuted in London, the 10th August, 1791. I, William Cunninaham, was born in Dublin Darracks, in the year 1738. My Father was trumpeter in the Rlue Dragoons ; and at the age of eigh: years I was placed with an officer as his servant, 'in which station I continued until I xvas sixteen, and beins proficient in horsemanship. xvas taken as an assistant tn the riding master of mo troop, and in the year 177U was made ser geant of dragoons ; but the peace cnminir the year folloxving, I xvas disbanded. Being bred to no proicssion, I took up with a woman who kept a gin shop, in a blind alley, near the Cole Quay; nut tne nouse being searched for stolen goods, and my doxy taken to Ncxx'gate, I thought it most prudent to decamp; accordingly I set off for the north, and arrived at Drogheda, xvhere in a fexv monius aner, 1 married the daughter ol an ex ciseman, by xvhom I had three sons. About the year 1772, xvc removed to Nexvory, xvnere 1 commenced the profession of scaxvban. ker, xvhich is that of cnticinir mechanics and country people to shin themselves for America. on promise of great advantage, and then artfully geiiing an niueiuuro upon them, in consequence of xvhich, on their arrival in America thev xvere

sold, or obliged to servo a term of years for their passage. I embarked at Nexve'V in the ship Needham. for Nexv York, and arrived at that port the lourth day of August, 1774, with some indented servants I kidnanned in Ireland, but they xvere liberated in Nexv York, on account of the bad usage thev received from me durinir the passage. In that City I used the profession of breaking the horses, and tcachin? vnuns ladies and gentlemen to ride ; but rendering myself oonoxious to tne citizens in their infant struggle for freedom, I was obliged to fly on board the Asia man-ot. war, and Irom thence to lioston xvhere my own opposition to the measures nur sued by the Americans, in support of their rights, xvas the first tiling that recommended me to the notice of General Gage ; and xvhen the xvar commenced, I xvas appointed Provost-Mar-shall to the royal army xvhich placed mo in a situation to xvreaitmy vengeance on Americans. I shudder to think of the murder I have been accessory to, both xvith and without orders from government, especially while in Noxv York, du rins xvhich time there ivere more than txvo thou sand prisoners starved in the different churches by slopping their rations, xvhich I sold. There vx'orc also txx-o hundred and sex'entv. five American prisoners and obno.virxis persons executed, out of all xvhich number there xverc only about one dozen public executions, xvhicl chieny consisted of Uritish and Hessian descr tcrs. 1 he mode lor private executions xvas thus conducted. A guard xvas despatched from the Provost, about half past txvelvc at night, to the barrack street, and the neighborhood of the upper barracks to order the people to shut their xvindows and doors on pain of death, after which the unfortunate prisoners xverc conducted, car- ged.just behind the upper barracks, and hung xvitnoui ceremony, and there buried by the b ack pioneer 01 me rrovost. At the end of the xvar, I returned tn England xvitn tne army, and settled in Wales, as bcinj a cheaper place of livint? than in anv of the non ulous cities, but being at last persuaded to go 10 ionuon, 1 entered so xvarmry into tho dissi. sipations of that capitol, that I soon found my cir. eumstnnces much embarraesod. to rcliox'o which I morlaged my half pay to an army agent ; but that boins soon nxpended. I forced a draft for three hundred pounds sterling on the Board of ordinance, but being detected in presenting 1 for acceptance,! xvas apprehendcd.tried and con victcd, and for that offence am here to suffer an ignominious death. I bee the prayers ol'al! good christians, and also pardon and forgiveness of God for the many horrid murdors 1 have been accessory to. Wm. CUNNINGHAM. FRIDAY MORNING, JAN?. 19, im. AGRICULTURAL SOCIETY. Wo givo to-day the proceedings of the meeting nt tho Court Houso on Saturday. The weather being very unfavorable, tho at tendance was not so large as it would other wise have been. It was, however, very respectable in point of numbers all the towns but two being represented and there wero evident indications of the right spirit abroad. Among the distinguished gentle men present, wo wero pleased to notice the President of the University, n number of clergyman, and other individuals of wealth and education, not directly connected with agricultural pursuits, but nil of whom mani fested a lively interest in the enterprise, nnd expressed a cordinl willingness to lend il every aid. Nor xvero xvo less gratified to find the occasion dignified by tho presence of such men us Chittenden, Loomis, others, who, ripe in years and rich in experience, came to lend us the aid of their counsels, and bid us God speed in our labors. The selections for officers we regard as judicious, and calculated lo give it force and efficency. Tho President and Vice Presi dents are enterprising aciivo men, whose in terests ore peculiarly identified with the soil, and who will take pride in promoting the interests of tho Society. Tho Secretary, as all aro aware, wields " the 'pen of a ready writer," and if he has not got the best native heifer in tho county, wc shall take great satisfaction in surveying the one that bears tho palm. Our Treasurer will taku good care of Iho money ; and if it docs not even accumulate in his hands, it it ill bo bo causo he is less successful in nursing it, than he is usually with his otvn. The Board of managers was selected xvith rcferenco to ability, zeal, and sound discretion all of which will bo called in requisition, ns upon thorn xvill devolve tho responsible direction of all tho society's concerns. Subscription papers will shortly be fur nished to the committees in llio several toxvni, and we hopo to see them promptly tilled up of which we have no doubt. Our quota of the stato bounty, will be about $150, to secure which, we must raise an equal amount. But nobody is disposed to rest there. Five hundred is tho least sum we ought to talk about for distribution in premiums, and unless wo mistako tho indi cations, there will bo no difficulty in raising it at once. And hero we would again urgo tho necessity hv prompt action, inasmuch as tho Board of Managers aro required to an nounce (he preiiiinums by the 1st of March: lo do xvhich thny must understand their re sources to begin xvith. Much of thu future success of thu enterprise, depends upon giving it a good start to begin with, and to do this, it is only necussary to follow prompt ly and judiciously tho impulse it hat already received. RAIL ROAD. Tho meeting In Montpelier was held on the 8th inst., Gov. Paino presiding. Pro fessor Haddock of Dartmouth College, deliv ered, at is said, a rery able address. Documents and surveys wero exhibited to the meeting showing tho practicability of the enterprise, and the number of passengers and quantity of freight which would probably pass over the route. An Engineer who has recently passed over tho txvo routes contem plated for tho extension of tho Concord Rail Rotd, through Lebanon, to wit., Union and While rivers route, via Williamstown, and the samo through Roxbury and Dog river, is of opinion that the maximum grado trill no where exceed SO feet per mile. By recent curvey through from Connecticut river to Concord thu route proves highly favorable and the engineer reports the maximum grade at only 53 feet per mile. Tho products of Vermont which will bear transportation by rail road 10 Boston as con tained in tho census of 1840 amounts to 30 millions of dollars, nnd the number of pas sengers by stiige, through Montpelier villago thu past year 10,644. Tho Watchman says, the advantages of the contral route must and will be shown, and that if so, tho road will bo built. Galaxy. The following committees were appoint ed: Central Committee. Charles Paine, Daniel Biildxvin, E. P. Jewell. Orange County. John McDuffie, J. K Parish, Darius Pride, Aaron Clonveliind. TViwiW.-Simeon Lyman, Foster Slurtc- vant, Hon. John Porter. Chittenden. Doct. John Peck, Horace Nichols, William Rhodes. The business coinmilteo reported the fol loxving resolution, which xvas udoptcd, viz.. Iltsolccd, That the Central Corresponding and Fi nancial Coinmittec be authorized to cause a survv to be made from Conneciicul River 10 Like Chainpbun, through the vallcysuf Onion and While Rivers, and an examination ol the routes on the Western side of Ihe mountain i olsoto oppointan agent to raise funds for the same : and to reuort in relation to the mrvev. either through the public cress, or by calling meetings ai any luiure lime. APOLOGETIC. From a "Chanticllcr" paragraph in the last Democrat, xvo infer that that paper has said something recently that xvas intended to penetrate our sides ; but really, it has es caped our notice, and if our cotcmporary will jog our rccolloction a little, wo will be much obliged to him. If ho has indeed hurled a poisoned arrow, wo will endeavo- to lash our self up to as much passion as would have been appropriate had he possessed tho power to drivo it home. NEW PUBLICATION. Harpcn1 Illuminated and Pictorial Bible. Wo aro indebted to our nuiyiibu. Edwards for tho first No. of this splendid publication. We have seen manv fine spc cimens of letter press printing, and some wood engraving that xvould almost challenge competition with copper; but among them all we have never' seen any thing to compare with the execution of this truly magnificent work. It will be completed in fifty num bers, quarto, at 25 cents each, issuing once in two xveeks, and containing xvhen complc ted, the Bible as published by (ho American Society, with marginal references, tho apocraphy, a concordance, chronological table, list of proper names, general index, table of weights and measures &c. But what constitutes the peculiar feature of this work, is, its beautiful illustrations being em bellished with sixteen hundred historical engravings, exclusive of an ornamental ini tial letter to each chapter ; largo and finely engraved Irontispicces and titles to the Old and New Testaments, Family Rec ord, Presentation Plate, dec. &c. These engravings, as mcro specimens of the art, aro worth tho price of each number; but representing as they do, with fine effect, some of tho most striking events in sacred history, lliey cannot but bo of essential aid, particularly to the young, in fixing important points in tho mind,nnd giving nexv interest to xvliat is but too often regarded, hy occasion al readers, as rather a dry record. Each number is richly "put up" in ornamented covers, beautifully inwraught xviih colors, and set out with appropriate devices. The pa per is fine, and tho execution unequal led by any thing that we havo ever seen from the power press. If the succeeding numbers equal the present, il will furnish when completed, altogether the finest edition of the Bible ever published in this country. Cull at Edward's and exumino it ; nnd if you aro not inspired xvith nexv interest in Bi bo History, takeit for grained, at once, that you possess neither religion, poetry, nor a taste for the lino arls. Tho President has nominated John C. Spencer to fiil the vacancy on the bench of Iho Supremo Court. The senaio has not yet acted upon it. The Senate has rejected the nomination ofProflit; Henshaxv of Boston, and Porter of Hartford xvill share tho samo fate, and it is currently rumoured that Hyde and Wins low will hardly cscapo the council. BREACH OF PROMISE. A novel case of alleged breach of prom ise of marriage engaged the attention of the Circuit Court of New York last week. The suit was instituted by a Mr. Cutler, recently married lo a Miss Curtis, against a married lady named Oatman, formerly a Mrs. Cole, and was commenced by the plaintiff two days befuro his marriago lo Miss Curtis. A number of witnesses were examined, and only two of these, a lady and her husband, had ever seen the parties together at any time or place. Mr. Gerard, Iho counsel for tliu defence, stated in his speech beforo Iho jury, that it had been proved that at the very time the prosecutor said he was engaged lo the widow, (Mrs. Colo,) he boasted he wa couitinj a number of other women. " He, (Mr. Gerard,) had a list of them, and he found they amounted to the exact number of Blue Beard's wives. First, there was a Miss Russell, who he thought had $500, but as this expectation turned out to be false he would not marry her. Miss Russell stood in his affections as high as $500, but tho money gone, the love disappeared jumped out of the windoxv. Thu noxt was Ellen Hoffman, since marriedwhom he familiar ly addressed by tho name of his " lovely woman" and her brother by the cognomen of" brother-in-law." She was a very good looking woman. The third was Mrs, Tasek but who she was, ho (Mr. Gerard) did not know. Then there was Miss Holmes ; the names of tho fifth and sixth ho could not re member; and the seventh was Miss Curtis, who had now the happiness of sharing his bed and board ; and he, (Mr. Gerard) hoped hu had got his match ! Could any thing better shoxv the real character of the man than his wholesale courtship t All this was nt llio time ho xvas courting Mrs. Culo, and he was only waiting for her till after her father's death." We subjoin a report of tho charge of Judge Kent to the Jurv. The action, the Judge said, was draught lo recover compensation in damages for Ihe breach of an alleg ed engagement to marry. The learned counsel fur ihs defence had mentioned that this was ihe first case or the kind brought befure a jury of 1 his Stale; it was only the second instance which he (the Judge) recollected, of a man suing a woman for ihe breach of a niomise of marriaee. It was therefore a rare occurrence, butil nevertheless was a good ground of action, if mine out. noff, (o inane 11 o'u, me jury m"sl he salisfkd rhnl there ha I been n I oni fide and elU'Ctive engagement or promise of marriagej and ine promise nuisi oe reciprocal, otnerwise tne emiage inenl was not binding tn law. If this Ihe first noint was proved lo the satisfaction of llio jury, the question xvns, had there been any good cause shown or ine oreacn 01 nie engigeineui; and, lasiiy, II Hie jury ueucveu no sucn cause 01 Dreacn nsa occn snoxvn, ine next inquiry xvas, what amount of dama ces, thev xvould give a Question entirely for their consideration. Tho evidence xviih regard to the al leged promise lay 111 n narrow compass, as ha xvould point out. The learned judge then xvent over Ihe xviiole testimony on tins brnn.-h of the case, xvith some degree of ininutenes, adding some comments upon the chief feituies in il. Pnnniic of this sort, he remarked, were Ireiied by our law as contracts j nur, ai inesniiie tune, tney were contracts xvhich dif fered a hlllc from those in mercantile pursuits. Here Hie contract xvis lor noiv niatrnnonv. in xvluch each parly cngigcd to spend their lives together-, nnd inereiore tne courts nnu sn 1, tmt 11 telire was a sup pression of facts upon either side, of a nature to des troy the future happiness of one or the other, if the contract xvrre kept, the party so decieved had a right lo break off the engagement. Herein the contracts for marriage differed from those of nn ordinary des cription; nnd if the jury believed there had been in this case a suppression of truth upon the part of the plaintiff, they xvould say so. The evidence, as it bore upon this point, was then read hy ihe Judge, xvho ronelud.J his charge hy again stating lo Ihe jury the points to xvhich (heir duty wns directed. Tho Jury, after consulting togeiliar for a quarter of an hour, returned a verdict for the defendant. Dai. Advertiser. CHITTENDEN COUNTY AGRICULTURAL SOCIETY. At a meeting of inhabitants of Chittenden County, held at the Court House in Burling ton, on tho 8th day of January. 1844, at 10 o'clock in the forenoon, for llio purpose of organizing an Agricultural Society, under an an r ,i, eBisaUrCi passed November 1, 1843, the meeting having been calico ,u ..... dor by U. H. Pcnniman, Esq. The Hon. Truman Chittenden was ap pointed President pro tern., and Wm. Wes ton Secretary pro tern. On motion of U. H. Penniman Esq. voted to appoint a committee to consist of five persons, to draft and report a Constitution. The folloxving persons were thereupon ap pointed said committee, viz : Messrs. David Read, Luther Loomis, Luther Stone, Henhv B. Stacy, Lavater White. The following persons wero then appoint ed a committee to nominate officers for the society, viz: Messrs. David Cook of Char lotte, Rolla Gleason of Richmond, Peter L. Allen of Jericho, Nathan Stearns of Willis ton, Joseph Wells of Underbill, Lemuel B. Piatt of Colchester, Wm. Bowman of West ford, John Barstow of Burlington, Bunyan Bradley of Huntington, C. Smith of Saint George, Lyman Hall of Shelburn, and Eli jah G. Stanton of Essex. Tho meeting adjourned to meet at 2 o' clock in the afternoon. AFTERNOON. Mr. Read, from llie committee'appointed to draft a constitution, reported the following, CONSTITUTION Of Chittenden County Asriculturat Society. Article 1. This Society shall be denominated, "Chittde Coesrv Acmcem'SAt. Socictv." A st. 2. The object of this society shall he the im provement of Agriculture and Horticulture in the va rious branches, both practical and scientific, and 0U0 of the Mechanic Arls; according 10 the provisions of an Act, passed by the legislature of this Stale, on the 1st day of November, A. D. 1643. Abt. 3. Kvery citizen of the County, who shall sign this Constitution and pay Ihe sum of one dollar In the Treasurer of Iho Society, shall be 11 member thereof) and such membership shall be continued from year to year, on ihe payment of one dollar annually in the month of January : Provided, that any person fiaying Ihe rum of twenty dollars shall be a life mem ler of ihe society, and free from any annual contribu tion thereto. Art. 4. The officers of this meieiy shall consist of a President, two Vice Presidents, Secretary and Treasurer. A nr. 5 There shall also be a Board of Mmagtri, to consist of ihe several officers mentioned in Article 4, and one member chu-en from each town in ihe County; whoscduiy it shall be, to lake ihe general supervision of the affairs of ihe society, fix upon such productions, experiments, discoveiies, or attainments in Agriculture and Horticulture, and upon such arti cles of manufacture as shall come in competition for premiums al iho annual fairs, also upon the number and amount of the premiums 10 be awarded and Ihe lime and place of holding such fairs, logeihcr xxiih the general direction ol the sime. Also, tn appoint the committees to award the premiums, and all olhar officers, not herein mined, that may be found neces sary or expedient, and perform all oilier acts needful 10 promole ibe objects of tho society. Provided that the committees for awarding premiums ,lshall, so far as practicable, be selected from persons residing out of tne county. Provided also, that any five of the Board of Managers shall constitute a quorum to liausact business. Abt. 6. The officers of the society named 111 Arti cle 4, together with Ihe Ooard of Managers, shall be cho.cn annually, by ballot or otherwise, as the meet ing shall direct, by a majority of the members present and ihe meetings of the society for the election of officers, shall he holden at Burlington, on the first Wednesdoy of January, in each year. Art, 7. Il shall be the duly of the President to give, at least, ten days public notice, of all annuat meetings and fairs of ihe society and he shall have poxver to call any special meeting of the society, or of the Board of Managers, by giving ten days public no ties thereof. . , . . Ait. 8,-It shall be the duly or the Secretory to keep a true and fair record of all the proceedings of the Society, and of the Board of Managers; to warn the annual meetings thereof, and all the special meet ings directed by Ihe president. Aht. 9. It shall be the duty of ihe Treasurer to re ceive and disl'urse all monies belonging to the society j mnlrA nnd sum all contracts, and affix the seal of the society thereto, under ihe direction of Ihe Board of Managers t ani iiioko rcpuii tu luu.innua, ,uirwii in January. . , .... Art, 10. On or before the 1st day of March annu ally, the President of lh society shall give public no tice of tho premiums to be awarded at the succeeding fair, and also give notice of the exU!cn:e necessary tc secure sucn premiums, rrovuica mat no premium shall be awarded to any pin't.011 xvho is not a mem' btr of ihe Society. Art., II. No premium shall du t.xxurdud without competition, unless the committeo to whom tht claim is submitted, shall adjudge tho same to bo high ly mcrhorious. art. 12. It shall be the duly 01 those members 01 the Board of Managers, selected from the several toxvns, to solicit subsc.riulions, collect monies, and superintend the general interests of ihe society, in ineir respective towns. Art. 13. The society, at any Annual Meeting, shall have power, by a vole of two thirds of the members resent, 10 alter or amend Ihis constitution, as shall e thought proper. Art. 14. The first meeting of the society shall ba hob'en at ihe Court House in Burlington, on Ihe 13th day of January, A. D. 1814. The report of the committee having been accepted, the constitution by them reporter! was adopted and signed by thu individuals comprising the meeting. Mr. Cook, from thu committee on nomi nations, reported tho names of the following persons for officers of the society. For President, UDNEY H. PENNI MAN, of Colchester. For Vice Presidents, Elijah G. Stan ton, of Essex, and Caleb B. Bahton, of Charlotte. Secretary, HENnr B. Stacy, Hurling ton. Treasurer, Nathan Stearns, Williston. Tho report of the committeo having been accepted, the several nominees were respec tively elected to said offices. Tho President and Vice Presidents hav ing taken their seats as officers of the society, Mr. Stacy asked to be excused from serving ns secretary of the society, and thereupon the society voted to excuse Mr. Stacy from accepting said office. Wm. Weston was then elected secretary. On motion of Mr. Shafier, the sever. if articles of tho constitution xvere adopted as tho by-luxvs of tho society, xvith the excep tion of articles numbered 3, nnd 13. Article 3 xvas adopted lis ono of tho by laxvs xvith this alteration, viz., Any person may become a life member of the society by paying the sum of fifteen dollars, instead of txvenly dollars,ns slated in the original article. The folloxving xvns adopted as the 13ili article of the liy-luxvs, viz. : Aixt. 13 The society, at any annual meeting, shall have poxx'cr, by :i vole of two thirds of Ihe members presenr, to alter or amend their by-laws, as shall bo tiiougnt proper. On motion of President Wheeler, tho folloxving additional articles of by-laws xvera adopted. Art. 14. In case of any vacancy or vacancies ac? curring in the Board of Managers, from any cause,, the President and Vice Presidents shall have poxver to appoint such member or members of ihe society. as they may select lo fill such vacancy or vacancies. Ait. IS. It shall be in the power of the board of managers, at any regular meeting, to appoint a sub committee of threo members, subject to their regula tions, itr mepurpusu ut pcnurmtn executive aunt's belonging to the lioard. On motion of Mr. P. L. Allen, voted that a committeo of onn person from each town in the county be appointed to obtain subscri bers to tho constitution. The following persons xvero thereupon appointed such committee, viz : Messrs. S. E. Hoxvard of Burlington, Orvillo Shaw of Jericho, Rolla Gleason of Richmond, Samuel B. Kennedy of Bolton, vm. a. A!...o of Colchester, Eli Chit tenden of Williston, Ira Witters of Milton, John H. Toxver of Underbill, Alexander Ferguson of Huntington, Heman H. Newell of Charlotte, Honry Stanton of Essex,. Timothy Sibley of Westford, Wm. Harmon, of Shelburn, Silas Isliam of St. George,, and Heman R. Smith of Hinesburgh. Mr. Slacy introduced the following reso lutions which were adopted unanimously, viz : Ruotted, That in the opinion of this meeting ag riculture is the great business of ihe Slate ; that upon its resources and improvements, the merchant the mechanic and the manulacturer, and all the members of society, must mainly depend for subsistence and for wealtn ; and lhat upon ihe intelligence and vir tue of those who manage its labors comprising as they do, the mass of our population must materially depend our moral and intellectual chaiactcras a peo ple: henca it is of primary importance lo all. that this great branch of labor should be specially en couraged and honored, and that the agriculturist should himself receixeall those mental aids, and that stimulus to industry, which are calculated 10 make him more prosperous in his business, and more useful, to society. Ruolttd, That all past experience demonstrates, at home and abroad, that the patronage of the gov ernment may be advantageously employed in promo ling the inlercsts of agriculture, and thai wc cordial ly approve the late action of our legislature in this behalf regarding it as a distinct recognition of lha duty which the Slate owes to ihis branch of iis in dustry, and hailing it as ihs dawn of a " brighter d.iv," whose meridian sun shall light up .new hill-lops clothed with verdure, smiling collages far, up ihe mountain, and a irebled population. Ihricc prosperous and happy, in dex-elnping and op plying ihe bounteous resources with which the Crea tor has sirexvn our path. Hcsolccd, That in prosecuting our labors as a so ciety, the aim should bo to call mind in n quisiiion to lead men lo think, to investigate, to search out and apply first principles knowing as we do, that for every process in nature, there is a precise and defi nite reason, which the cultivator, so f.ir ns applies lo his peculiar calling, ought to understand : lhat there fore in offering and axv'nrding premiums, constant re ference should he had 10 the principle involved in pro duction, and the economy of the process, xvith the viexv ot promoting I etter cultivolion through impiov ed process, rather than to encourage extraordinary productions by lavish expenditure. On motion, votett, thnt thp proceedings be signed by the President, Vice Presidents and Secretary, and published in all the news papers printed in the County. U. H. PENNIMAN, President Calb BroN, Vice Pr"id" Wm. Weston, Secretary. TO THE WHIGS OF VERMONT. The under.ioncd your Stole Centra! Committee, having met at Monlptlier, for purposes contemplated by (heir appointment, embrace Ihe occasion to mas lo you a brief address. They are impelled 10 do so both by their attachment to ihe principles of the party, whom il is iheir pride lo represent, and bv lha near approach of another period when these princi ples maintained with extraordinary unanimity by Ihe great Whig party of the Union, are lo he submitted for Ihe approval or rejeclian of ihe People of lha United Slates. Fellow Whigs, another Presidential election is at hand. Brief as has been the interval, since ihe stir ring excitements, and tho glorious triumphs, of 1640, it has been long enough lo render itself infamous by ihe most unparalleled treachery which ever disgraced the political annals of any country, and. to 1 very great extent, to defeat the good lesulls which those triumphs' were designed and adapted to secure. It cannot be doubled that, at Ihe close of the political campaign of 1840, the people of the United State expected a long repose from extraordinary political excitement. Their efforts ihen, were calculated to produce this desirable end 1 and no ona can doubt, if Ihoso efforts, eminently successful as ihev xxere, had met iheir expected reward, lhat ihe condition of Ma country would have rendered the maintenance of Whig ascendancy in its councils easy, llulitisbardly