Newspaper of Burlington Free Press, February 16, 1844, Page 1

Newspaper of Burlington Free Press dated February 16, 1844 Page 1
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m mmmm i i - Item mm WOT GLORY Or OiBSAK BUT THE WELFARE OP ROME BY II. B. STACY. THE AIlTIST II V Mil: UE.V1). Written on seeing a Painter attempting the like nest of a beautiful young lady in her coffin. Til MRS. LYD1A II. SIGOCRNEY. Oh, pure and beautiful I " Taere's rest for thct in Heaven ;" I read this lanrjuage on thy chisel's brow, Anil ill v" pale hp, although it breathe no sound. Bo faithful, Artist 1 Thou hast seen tho smile Of gentle friendship, (hat so oft would play Chanceful and sort, around those features fair: Heaven guide thy pencil to preserve that trace For weeping lovcl Hast seen the holy light Which from those eyes would beam, when in some hour Of aufl"eriii(? meeUv borne, she snake to those With whom her heart-firings twined, of perfect truth In me uivine ucuecmer ( 'Twcre not strange, If tarthly hues, should fail to catch that thought Which ha'l its birth in heaven, and hath gone back Thither again lock'd in an angel's breast. Ask not too much of man oh, ye who mourn Theesrly dead, as if his tinls might reach Ku'i.iresl portraiture, but by her gleam Of (tilest example, treasurtd in your souls la'fte vesial-iViiiip, walk onward till je touch Her seraph-lip, when sorrow conies no more. From the Columbian for February. MOODS OF THE MIND. TIIC OLD FOItTKAlT. BY MRS. EMMA C. EMBURY. " We are the stuff That dreams are made of, and our little life Is rounded Ly a sleep." I was amused and interested by a discus sion which I heard a few days since, be tween two persons who wore my near neigh bors on board a ferry boat. They iiad been in close conversation when they entered the cabin, and as they did not lower tones I soon discovered that the dapper, neatly-whiskered, dogmatic littlo man be tide me was a young yhysician who had just been ground out by the 'saw bones' mill and was not yet sifted, if ono might judge by the husks of learning which seemed mingled with tho good grain. Ilis companion, a modest, pale-faced, sickly seeming German, evidently regarded him with much respect and listened to him as if theru were no pos sible appeal from his opinions. ' Depend upon it, sir,' said the doctor, depend upon it there is n -.'real deal of mis conception about this matter ; a prison who dreams cannot be said to be asleep; (this was a startling proposition, by the way, to One who is an accomplished sleeper, and a most invetcralo dreamer ;) you may rely upon it that no person ever enjoys a quiet, natural, healthful sleep if his mental acui ties aro awake,'- be continued, tapping Ilis little cane most determinedly against tho too of his boot. But,' said tho German timidly, ' vou surely do not mean to say that the habit of dreaming argues an unsound statn of the physical system; there aro persons who en joy the most robust health and yet whoso faculty for dreaming is almost an idiosyn crasy.' ' Impossible, my dear sir !' and tho doc tor compressed his lips with tho air of a man who knows he is right ; 'the mental faculties slumber with the corporeal functions; the man who is under the influence of a profund healthful sleep is, in a manner, dead to all impressions; unconsciousness, a total furget- lulness ot every mental and uodily capacity, are necessary to the onjoymentof repose. No, sir ; slumber may bring dreams, but sleep must bo unbroken by tho vagaries of tho imagination ; therefore a man is not sleep when he dreams.' This was uttered in such Johnsonian style, there was such a bridling up of tho neck, such a peculiar pigeon-breasted swelling out of tho speaker's person, as if ho would have said : 1 1 am Sir Oracle, and when I opa My mouth, let no dog bark,1 that his companion was silenced if not con vinced. At this moment tho boat touched the wharf and I soon lost sight of the inter locutors; but as I wended mv way I could not help thinking how much cause I had to feel pity for myself, for, if the doctor's the 'ory were true, from my childhood to the present hour I had never'slcpl. Right sorry should I t, to believe any fuel) material doctrine. Sad indeed would be my privation if compelled In relinquish my nocturn il wanderings in the fairy-laud of dreams, surely when 'Darkness shows us realms of light We never saw by day' wo may rejoice in the brightness and beauty of that spirit lifu which wo can never enter while tho tetters of clay cling as closely as they do in our waking hours. Day lias its cares and toils, its anxieties and its doubts, its vexations and its sorrows; scarcely does a sun rise and set without the destruction of ome fair scheme, tho withering of some green hope. Amid tho glaro of sunshine we live and movo and suffer ; it brings us aclivo, sentient life; but it is all external the world claims us and the energies of tho toul are all employed by, and for the service of, the perishing body. But when night do tes around us when the brow of Heaven is wearing its coronal of stars when the far-sweeping breeze comes with lulling mu sic to the ear wearied with the turmoil of the world, then is it not sweet to lie down on out couch of nightly rest, and with the ac cents of prayer upon our lips and thoughts of tenderness concentrating within our hearts like honey-dew in tho petals of a flower, to close tho eyes of tho body in calm slumber. while the mind awakens in unfettered vigor to treaa me realms ol spaco and rango tho glorious spirit-land of dreams Slrango that the mind has this power to roam at largo ! strango that it is thus privileged to annihilate time and spaco in its unchecked career! Yet methinks tho only idea that a finite mind can form of infinitude is derived irom tins wonderful faculty, which enablos us to condense a life into an hour. Sleep has its own world, Ani n wi.lo realm of wide reality. And dreams in ihrir Ivtttlopmnii have breath, And iPirs, and tnrtue, and ihn lo.irhof joyj They leave a weiaht upon our waking ihouehli, They taken weight from on" our waking loilsj They do diiide our being they become A portion of ourselves as of our time, And seem like heralds of eternity.' i .mm ii.u'n I1. Hut thero is smother mood of mind fur mora wonderful than that which admits us through tho ivory portal of dreams. There am moments when it peculiar rotroversivo vision is given to thu soul ; when, timid scenes which havo never beforo met the bodily eye, a sudden consciousness of a pree.xistence in which they wcro once famil iar comes over tho spirit. Who Ins not ex perienced that instant insensibility to mere outward impressions, whilo thu soul was looking back through tho vista of memory and beholding there precisely tho same ob jects which were vainly addressing them selves to tho external senses 1 Who has not paused in painful wonder at tho discove ry lliu nintei tilings which sui rounded him wero but tlio tangible forms of some shadowy reminiscence 1 Who has not fell, at some especial moment, that tho present was to hi in but a renewal of a by-pone scene, and that his mind was wandering in a vague past, where nil was dim, dark and troublous to the spiiit ? Tho speculations into which my subject has unconsciously led mo remind mo of a singular instance of hallucination, or per haps ol clairvoyance according as one chooses to determine in the enso of a per sonal friend, which occurred sonio years since). Mrs. L was one of tho most quiet, ecntlc. womanly creatures that I have ever known. Intelligent and well informed, without being positively intellectual in her tastes, her varied accomplishments gave her brilliancy in society, whilo her kindliness of heart made her a decided favorite with all who camo near enough to share it. With just enough imagination to adorn, but not to outshine tier other qualities, witli stit licient sentiment to give depth of tono to tho lights and shades of her character, and destitulo of a single strongly developed pas sion, she tilwas appeared to me peculiarly happy in tho possession of ono of those uuexcitablo tempers which ever secure con tent. ' She was penivo more than melancholy, An I s.tious more than pen-ive, and serene, It may be, more than cither;' and had I been called to designate one who ooked neither into tho vague past or the dim futuie, but found eiijownnnt in the tran quil present, I should have pointed to my nieltv and agreeable tin ml. An incident, ttifling in itself, but leu ling to a singular di'velopciiiiMit nl' ! imyiiT, showed me the lolly of thus judging of an other's nature, especially when wo have nev er been admitted to the intimacy of friend ship until after the door of the inner sanctu ary of tho soul was closed against earthly sympathies. It happened one morning that I accom panied Mrs. L to tho rooms of a cel ebrated picture-dealer whom she wished to consult respecting the ranting ot a valuable painting slie bad recently received from Ita ly. Thu virtuoso was absent, but learning that ho was expected to be at home in a short time, we determined to wait and in tho meantime to nmuso ourselves with tho various articles of tasto and fancy with which Ids apartments were filled. I had been for some time leaning over a scagllola table, absorbed in the study of somo exquis ite cameos, when an exclamation Irom my companion, who had been occupied with the pictures, aroused mo from my abstraction. As I looked up 1 beheld lier standing oppo sito a painting, but her close bonnet entirely concealed her lace from me, and conjectur ing that sho bad discovered something of su perior merit I stepped up behind her to ob serve it also. Il was onlv a portrait of a man in tho prime of life ; an old portrait, for the sur face was in some places cracked and broken whilo the unframed canvass showed on its edges thu discoloration us well as the rents of time. But never did I sen a face to which tho doubly significant word ' fascinating' could bo so exactly applied. The broad, high forehead was baro, while the long ches ii tit cm Is which fell back from its expanse were so mellowed into thu background of the picture that the outline of the head was undulincd and tho cliarm ot vagueness was thus given; as if the faru was looking out from behind a curtain, or rather from the in distinct gloom of a chamber. The eye were largo, daik and dreamy, with that sad but nut sorrowful drooping of tho delicately cut lids, that downward bend of the outer corner, which over denotes tho world-sated rather than the wounded spirit. But the mouth was the most peculiar feature, for the upper lip was cm led like a bow Mt its utmost tension, und rested wall so slight a pressure upon the lull softness of its fellow that ono almost expected to see it expand with smiles at the beholder s gaze. I ho rounded and beardless check was almost too massive in its downward sweep, and the chin, though iSapuIeonesqnu m its outline, had that heavi ness of finish which marks tho influence of the animal nature ; but tho coloring of the face its pale, clear, yet not efitintinalo hue tho dark, well defined brows arching over thoso superb eyes tho shadow flung upon the cheek by thoso fringed eyelids tho deep, rich color of tho womanish mouth tiro softness of the flesh-tints and, above all.tho almost serpent-like fascination of ex pression wlucli pervaded the whole counte nance, all combined to form a most remark ablo and beautiful physiognomy. The cos tumo was that of tho time of Georgo II,, and a diamond star on tho breast of thu gold-embroidered coat bore witness to tho rank of him whoso pictured semblance was without a namo to designato its claims to our respect. Beautiful was that face in its calm immobility how gloriously beautiful must have been the flashings of the soul through such exquisite luaturos, when that eye was lighted up with life and that lip was eloquent with passionate emotion ! Yet oven while my fancy conjured up the imago of such a being, those instincts which in woman's heart are over true, if the world have not checked their honest toachings, mailo me recoil from tho creature of my imagination. Something in tuosn delicate leutures, sometlung in mat sweet sadness of tho eye and lip, somethiiigl1'"1' collected, and as sane in mind as your- in the almost girlish hand which lay half hid- ,e,'v , ,, , . . den in its point-lace ruffle, scorned to spuakl As my look becams fastened on that s'J oi ins voluptuary oi ono woo wun me BURLINGTON, holy fires of intellect had kindled a flame on the altar of sensual and selfish indul gence. But all theso things were observed in much less time than is toqnired for the description of them, and 1 was turning away with an expression of tho mingled feeling that had been excited by the picture, when my at tention was excited by the fixedness of Mrs. L s attitude. Changing my position so as to obtain a view of her face, I was startled by the extraordinary change which had taken place in her appearance. With her tall figure drawn up to its full height, yet shrinking back as it alarmed; her arms lol ded tightly on her bosom and her hands grasping the drapery of her shawl, as if to veil herself Ironi the eyes Dent down upon her from thu canvass, slio stood entranced before tho picture. Iler face was ashy pale, her oyes dilated and vacant, her lips parted and almost livid in their hue, and her whole countenance bom tho impress of intense horror. Alarmed at her appearance, I ad dressed her, but without attracting her no tice ; I attempted to draw Iit away, but to my surprise I felt her arm as rigid as slono beneath my touch, while her wholo attiiudo was that of one who is subjected to catalep tic influence. Gradually tho spell which bound her fac ulties seemed to disperse, and as she slow ly and shudderingly turned from tho picture she fell almost fainting into my arms. ' Let us go quick let us co ;' she gasp ed, and terriuud liy her unusual agitation l hurried her into the carriage. Dining our ride she did not utter a word, but when wo reached her door sho exclaimed, ' Do not leavo mo ; I would not bo alone just now ;' and drawing her veil over her face she hur ried up to her appartmont. As soon as we were alone and safe from intruders, she flung herself upon a couch and a violent flood of tearsscemed somewhat to relieve tho dread ful tension of her nerves. It was long be fore sho recovered from her excessive agita tion, and all my attempts to soothe her were tillmly useless until she had exhausted her excitement by indulgence ; then, when her emotion subsided into tho deep calm which conies I'loin utter feebleness of bodv. elm 1 1 1 1 fi ilr liifl lit mo nnn f C 1 1 1ft clr'innnct moods of mind that it had ever been in) fortune to discover. ' How lung were we at Mr. 's mom this morning V she asked. Perhaps quai tor of an hour,' was my reply. ' And bow long did I stand before that dreadful picture V ' Not more than five minutes.' ' And yet in that brief space the events of a whole life passed beforu mo.' ' Your thoughts must havo travelled with a speed like that which transported Mahom et to tho seventh heaven, and restored him to his couch, before the vessel of water which had been overturned in his ascent had lost one drop of its contents.' 1 Nay, this is no jest ; it is to me sad and sober earnest. Let me tell .you E , my ideas on tho subject of pre-existence.' ' My dear friend, you aro nervous and ex cited ; wo had better not discuss such matter.' ' You think me a little agarcc yon mis. take ; my nerves have been shaken, but my , mind is perfectly unclouded, liver sinco I nave tieen auio to looK into my own nature, f havo beon convinced that my present life is only tho completion of an earthly proba tion which was begun long, long since.' ' What do you mean! xou are surely not in earnest. I never was more so in my life, and yet I scarcely know how to explain myself to you. 1 here are persons who livo and die with natures but half developed ; circum stances call forth one set of feelings and fac ulties, while others aro left dormant. Such I believe to be the case with tho great propor tion of men and especially of women in this world, and therefore it is that I have much charity fur thoso who fall short of my stan- d.ud of goodness, since thero may bo an in- unite deal ol latent virtue bidden in their hearts. But there aro others among man kind who seem to havo the uso of only half thoir souls; not from tho want of develop ment, but rather from exhaustion of the fac ulties. Among the latter class I rank mv- self. I am calm, cold and passionless ; never violently excited, never deeply depressed kindly in my feelings and warm but not ar dent in mv alluctions, lot do 1 olten teel within mo tho faint stirrings of a wild and passionate nature ; a throe of the spirit which tells, not of repressed emotion, but rather of II extinct capacity tor sullermg. In a word, I believo that in a former state of cz istenr.e I have outlived my passions.' - niu aro surpi isou, i ten you my iiiu is full of vaguu memories of a dark and trou bled past. I am as one in a dream ; the things which surround ipo in actual lifu are entirely distinct from thu objects that are . V... 1 ...II I!.. ; daily presented lo my mental view as form ing part ol my existence. Olten that strange, pamliil consciousness ot some past scener precisely resembling the present comes ovo mo, and 1 can scarcely determine whether il is the reality or tho vision which most im pressed me. My very affections seem to me rather like old habitudes of feeling, and when I look upon my children or listen to their merry voices, a droamy consciousness of hav ing, years sinco, heard tho same ' sweet dis cord' and gazed, with a mother's pride upon creatures as fair and as dear, makes me doubt my own identity. 1 That which is vaguo is always terrible, and my thoughts havo gono out fearfully in to tho dark, cloudy past, seeking vainly to comprehend tho wild memories that so dis turb my present tranquillity. But to-day to-day I have seen a vision which has sat isfied my quest. I had wandered listlessly about Mr. 's rooms this morning, think ing only of beguiling tho timo until his ro- turn, when my oyu fell upon tho old por trait. You saw thu effect it produced, (and she shuddered at the recollection,) but you could not know whv it (bus overpowered mo, nuw listen aim rumi'muiT uiai i Know well 1.T Ii I - 1 .1 ... t I what I amsaing; that lam peifectly calm r'" ""-"i - b v .....w VERMONT, FRIDAY, FEBRUARY 10, 1844. floated on the air, and suddenly I found my self in a gorgeous apartment, blazing with lights and filled with a gay company attired in tlio ricn lasuion oi inc oiuen nine, j largo mirror hutigopposito me, and as I rais ed my eyes 1 saw reflected on its silvery surface the imago of a young girl moving in tho stately mazes of tho minuet with a hand somo and graceful partner. I saw tho blush which mantled tho maiden's check as her companion's deep, dark eyes, rested upon her ; I beheld the quivering.of her lip as she timidly replied to the courtly flatteries which were rather breathed than uttered from that exquisttn mouth; I marked the trembling of her hand as it touched his in the evolutions of thu formal dance; tho very beatings of her heart as it hounded against her jewelled bodice were visible to me. That maiden was myself; not a lineament was changed : it was myself, wearing tho same freshness of of tint and frankness ot expression as in the youthful portrait which hangs in yonder ru cess differing only in tho costume, which was that in fashion a century ago; whilo he who was thus awaking mo to a consciousness of passionate existence was the living semblance of that nameless picture. ' Again that strain ofransic sounded; a mist camn before my eyes, and as it cleared away I saw a wide and beautiful landscape. Thero were gently swelling hills in the dis tance, enfolding as it were in their embrace ono of those rich parks which aro said to form so lovely a feature in English scenery. Broad oaks stretched their gnarled branches over tho soft, green turf, and here and there an antlered deer was seen bounding across tho lawn-liko vendurc. But in the fore-ground of tho picture was a closely shaded walk where the boughs of the overarching trees had been carefully interlac ed, so as to exclude every straggling ray of sunshine. A sweet and tender light, as soft as moonlight hut far warmer in its glow, fill ed tho place, and (here in that secluded spot sale a maiden on a mossy bank. The grace ful form of her partner in thu dance was bending over her in the attitude of protect ing tonderncs1!, and as sho lifted her face con fidently towards the ees which seemed radi ant with affection, as she met their glance, I again recognized my own features. ' Once more that faint melody swept by, again my eves wore darkened, and tho next scene showed me the arrangements of a joy ous bridal. A guy company wcro assem bled in a small but beautiful chapel, and, as if power had been given to my mental vision to embrace of objects whether great or small, I could distinctly trace the rich carvings of tho clustered pillars and the grotesque cor bels of the groined tool", whilo tho dickering tints which full upon the snowy vestments of the bridal party, from thu stained glass win dow behind the altar, added gorgeousncss to the scone. As the newly wedded pair turn ed from the shrine, while merry friends press ed round them with looks of pride and joy, I

beheld again the familiar faces which twice before had met my viow. 1 But the vision faded, tho figures vanished, and a cloud seemed to arise, in which only tho noblo face of tho portrait was visible. Presently tho cloud shifted, as if moved by a passing breeze, and my own face, pale, tear- ful and sad, looked out from its dim shadow Again the cloud closed over her apparition, and thus, lulding and unfolding, as wo olten sco tho edges of a thundercloud in the sky, il gave out alternate glimpses of the two faces as it altered its position and its form. But a change gradually camo over the countenan ces of both ; my own became faded and sor rowful, while the cold sneer upon those bright lips, keen glitter of thoso soft eyes and an ex pression of bittercontempt in the scowl of that placid brow, converted its glorious beau ty into the beauty of 'archangel ruined.' ' Again came that tone ot music, hut it was now dirge-like and mournful as it trembled upon my ear. I tie shadow passed away, and I beheld a funeral bier. A rigid form lay extended upon it, and a child ot sonu ten summers knelt beside the body, while her sunny curls mingled with thu dark locks which lay so lifelessly on the brow of the dead. is tlio child raised her head to wipe away her gushing tears I beheld tho face of thu de parted, and again did I recognize my own features. A feeling ot irrepressible horror crept over me, but I was compelled to gaze, whilo .slowly, and as if emerging from the darkness of the distant apartment, camo nut the shadowy faco of the old portrait, as bending over the cold lineaments of death. ' Al this moment you spnko to me, but I could nut answer ; you touched me, hut I was fixed and almost turned to stone ; nor could 1 move until the fearful vision had en tirely vanished, and then, exhausted and al most lifeless, 1 found myself resting in your arms, with that cold, calm picture looking quietly down upon mo from tho wall.' Such was my friend's account of this most extraordinary fantasy, and without pretend ing to trace its source, or to explain tho prob able cause of such a mood of mind, I would only add that it was followed by n severe at tack of brain fever. She recovered, how ever, and lived several years, but never again gave the slightest evidences of any tendency to the vague speculations of which sho had spoken to mo ; though, as I afterward learn ed, sho had vainly endeavored to purchase thu old portrait, which had been sold, during her illness, to somo unknown piciinu finan cier. 1 pretend not to elucidate llm myste ry of her changeful vision, or to define my own belief in her fanciful creed of pre-exist- once. It is enough for me to know that our dreams, whether they bo waking visions or nightly slumbering , miasms, olten " I'as.hke spirits of the past, anJ speak I.iltn vluta i.f tlm fnliirn lirooktyn, L. I. MR. COLMAN'S TOUH. Our reader will regret to learn that tho publication of the first part of Mr. Column's European Tour has been dclaved by an ac cident which bofel him, and from which ho came near losing his life. Whilo visiting a III - ' , r .-..i,... ..i , n.PnmL, ,. i,..l i, . '.i..' r. i.:. i. u.l on g0 scvi!reiy jnjurrli as tQ unf him for mental or physical exertion for a considerable peri- - j, t the lait dates, lis h4 ueaily rocov- ercd,.i(o, uult. A CI1INESC MUSTER. A note appended by tho French Trans lator to a work of the Russian Consul, on China, contains a description of a great Re view of the Chinese army, which took place in tho plain of Yan-chen-va, a league and a half south-east of tho city. This account is given b v M. Lcontioff, w ho resided lor a long time at I'ekin. We set out, says .be, at two hours past midnight, and were drawn over tlio frozen mud in the streets without meeting a living soul. The watchmen only, seated in their boxes, lighted by small lamps, struck their staffs un hearing tho sound of our carriage. I he soldiers going in single file and the of ficers in tche, (cabriolets) wcro proceeding to tho place of the review. Somo soldiers had bows and anows in their hands, others cariied on their shoulders very small guns, and others who went, probably only to in crease the number, had no arms at nil. At the gatu of the city, which was only half open, the guard examined, by thu aid of paper lan terns, those who presented themselves to go out. In this way we passed through tho nar row sticets which led to thu plain of Yan chen. In this open plain was a long file ex tending from east to west of great lanterns, on which were hung leaves of red paper bear ing the inscriptions which indicated the names of the divisions there assembled. Theselan terns were suspended on poles before each di vision, beginning from the cast at tho divis ion of tlio red flag. The soldiers, who were pressing aboul the lanterns, appeared occu pied in assembling and arranging themselves iccordmg to their rank. Our carriage stop ped at the west of a mound on which was a great bluo tent, turned towards the south. it the east and west of this tent were great lanterns hung on long poles solving to give light to the tent ; at the south-east and west, smaller tents had been arranged fur tho mili tary duels. After having examined what was passing on tho hill, we went towards the troops, and we bad not gone more than a hundred paces when we approached the cannon. I was cu rious to examine ibeso pieces, as at present there is no one in the Chinese empire capa ble of casting them, and the Chinese artillery, (if it deserve ibis pompous name,) employs pieces taken from tho Dutch in Little uuclia ria, or rather thoso which were made under the direction of the missionaries more than a century ago. I examined ihem and saw that they were mounted on wooden lour wheeled carriages, uud fastened by cords full of knots. 1 passed to other pieces and my sunrise was increased on seeing that the carriages weie only kept together by ropes tied about them. The iron and hronzo cannon wcro not more than ten decimetres long ; they were placed on the high ground befure mentioned. Three of theso pieces were prepared for firing, and the others placed beside them were hidden by old matting. Was this lo conceal their miserable condition, or only to protect them from the dampness I leavo others to judge. I did not dare to prolong my examination for fear of awakening suspicion. There were also large kettle drums', each carried by four men on sticks disposed like u cross. I lie soldiers then began to place themselves in rows before the blue cloth tents destined for tho officers. I returned to mv carriage and awaited tho arrival of thu oliiceis. In tho east, tho lie iv ens began to grow pale the moon became dim, and inclining toward tho west, finally disappeared. Tint lanterns before the lines were all taken down and extinguished. At ist tho person appointed by tho ICmpuror to inspect the troops, arrived in palanquins, and entered the tent which was on the hill. The troops were then arranged in three very long lines, extending from east lo west. " The three cannon mentioned above, were each discharged in succession. Tho recital I am about tfe make, will, 1 think, create .surprise. To load a cannon they put in u curtain quantity of da-yao, (a coarse powder com posed principally of charcoal mixed with small portions of nitre and sulphur.) They fill up thu louch-hulo with a finer powder, in which nitro predominates they set file to it with a match of twisted paper. Tho firo having reached tho chargo, ihe da-yao begins lo crackle ; the cannon moves hack and for ward, and a minute elapses before it goes off. I was not an eyo witness of what I havo re lated, but I was told so by tho cannonicrs themselves. The cannon exerciso was suc ceeded ny guu-iiting. AOout a twentieth part of tho men only fired, beginning in the middle of lliu ranks, and finishing at the ex tremes. Every row fitted in turn, first mak ing a movement foiward to tho disorderly sound of tho drums before montioned. This sort of fusillade was repealed six times. After this, each rank effected a retrograde movement, accompanied by a fusillade like the preceding, and regained its former posi tion. Then began a general firing, in which tho soldiers of thu back ranks discharged u.eir pieces in tno air, that lliey might not ''hal a slight degree of heal hastens the wound their comrades, and fur fear tno that t sprouting of seeds, you well kuuw. That tho charts should lal to the ground, fur tlio ! different degrees of heal ; that somo m hot, Chinese do not ram down their charges, not sl)111o cold, you well know, and adapt your making uso of ramrods. In this way the seed and manure lo each other. Tho degree mlantry io the number ol 20,000 men ter- of beat depends upon the wilh which nunated its evolutions. ; decay occurs. And this is nllectcd by the During the exercise, the cavalry, officers ' quantity nf ammonia which each inanu'ro ran and men were assembled at ihe right and left ' afford. The gieat point to which your nl of thu hill near the principle llags ranged like ! tuntiun should be directed, ihe,i considering small arcs of a circle. This cavalry, at a llm power of mouldering to produce heat is, signal given by tho music, went over to the ' that it shall mil go so far as to burn up your oiiusiiii siues in me most complete disorder, i. i .... i ii . i nusu woo ii.iii gooo norses wont lirst, thoso who worn badly mounted followed as'they could. This movement inrmiiialed llm re view, after which tho commanders, oliiceis and simple soldiers, dispersed without ob serving any ordur. Thoso soldiers who had guns, woio bluo lunkiu coats, bordered with while. This coslumu distinguished them Irom thu others, who being without arms, were only Kepi m tho ranks to swell ih numbers. By gun, must bo understood a thich cjlin. dor of iron soven or eight inches long, black onod by neglect, und fastened to a wooden gun without a ramrod or lock. This last part of llm weapon is replaced by n crook- cu iron roT, mo oml ol winch is lorked lo receive a paper match soaked in saltnuire. with which the powder placed on the open IS IUWH, - DANA'S l'HIZi: ESSAY ON MANURES Section Fourth. Of the Action of Mould in Cattle Dung. Here, then, we have cattlo dung with its several ingredients spread out before us. We have now to study its action. We need here consider only tho salts and mould. Tho water is only water, and has no other action than water. Tho mould in cludes the hay, for that has, by chewing, and tho action of tho beast's stomach, lust so much character, that, mingled with the slime and bile, &c, it more rapidly decays than fresh hay would, placed similar circumstan ces. During this act of decay, as you have already learned, tho, volatile pai ls of the mould arc given off in part. Theso escape as in burning wood, us water or stream, car bonic acid, and ammonia, in consequence of this slow mouldering firo or decay, the manure heats. Here, then, we havo tin oo very decided and important action', produc ed by tlio vegetable part, oi mould of cuttle dung. First, caid is given ofl"; second, amo ma is formed ; third, heat is produced. Let us now consider each of these, and their ef fects. First, the great action of the carl onic acid is upon tho soil, its earthly parts. It has the same action on these, that air, ram, frost have; it divides and reduces them. It not only reduces them to powder, but it extracts from tho caith putash and the alkalies. This is a very important act, and shows why il is necessary that decay or fermentation should take place in and under tho soil among sprouting seeds and growing roots, in order that they may ublain irom thu sail, (he the salts they want. If well routed manure contains abundance of these salts, ready formed in its mould, then there will be less necessity of this action of carbonic acid. But here again it must be remembered, that this abundance of salts, ready formed in mould, can be produced on ly al the expeliso of great loss by fermentation of real valuable parts. For, Secondly, the next great action of the mould of cattlo dung is, to produce or form ammonia. 1 his plays a threefold part ; Us first action is, to render thu mould more sol uble ; this action it possesses in common with tho fixed alkalies, potash and soda. All tho alkalies put a large, but undefined portion of mould, into a state fit to become food for plants. The second action of ammonia is this, it hastens decay. It is the bellows, we may say, kindling tho slow mouldering fire. The third action of ammonia is, to combine with any free acids, such as vinegar, or even un acid formed of mould itself, but especially with aquafortis, or nitric acid, which is al ways produced where animal or vegetable matters decay. This is a highly important fact. The result of this action, the produc tion of ammonia and aquafortis during the formation of mould, is, thai a kind of saltpe tre is thereby produced. That is, the am monia and aquafortis unite, and form a salt, with properties similar to saltpetre. But we want the first and second action of umino nia to occur, before tho third takes place. Consider now, reader, whether a more beau tiful and effectual way can be devised to has ten decay, and render mould moru fit for nourishing plants, than this which naturo has provided. The ammonia is volatile. It re mains, not like potash und soda, where it is put, incapable of moving unless dissolved by water ; but ammonia, like steam, pervades every part. It is as expansivo as steam. Heated up by thu slow mouldering fire of decay, it penetrates tho whole mass of mould. It does its work there. But, if it finds no acid tu combine with, it then unites with tho muuld itself. It is absorbed by it. The mould holds it last ; it stores it up against the timo when gruwing plants may need it. Now it is only where liio abundance of am monia produced satisfies these actions of has tening decay, making mould soluble, and fill ing its pores without combining with it, that the formation of saltpetre lakes place. So wheio animal matters, which uie tho great sourcu of ammonia, decay, there we may ex pect ail llieso actions lo occur. How impurtant, then, is that action of mouldering which produces ammonia. If, reader, you will reflect upon the conseqiien ces of tins actiun, vuu will at onco see, thai it the muuld is in loo small a quantity to re tain tho ammonia, it may escape, "if li y wasty exposure, you allow your mould to dis sipate itself in air, as il certainly will, you not only incur the loss of that part of the mould, out win diminish at the same tunc, tho chance of keeping the ammonia which has been formed. No doubt all cattlo dung exposed to air, furms moro ammonia than it can retain. Hence lliu necessity and the reason of forming composts wilh ibis sub stance. 'Keep what you have got, and catch what y on can,' must never bo lost sight of in manure. Tho third action of moul is, thed produc- i ,mn 0f 1L.llt. Liltlo need be said upun this manure, pi us hav will heal and lake tire i - (Tu bu continued.) Raising Potatoes iiiom .S'cip. Our mr respondent, J. M. Ili.rl.iu, K-q., giies the follow ing directions for raising potatoes from the seed or hill. "Tho pulp of the halls should be squeezed nut as much as p issible. They shouh then be dried and laid by till the following spring, Tho ground should he partially spaded aim well nuiierizcu. I placed mine along tin 1 1 ices of the Iront pnrt of ihe garden. The bugt a'e the greatest enemies of the youi g plan's and should bo well watched. The potatoci will not come In their full size until Ihe third oi fourth year of pl.inliiig. I had at least sevei distinct kinds of various shapes and colars. among the potatoes produced from tho need." j f '""' rj-Tlw Aug.bur iielle stalls that the latr oruuiion of Mount Klna has boeu most fatal 180 person have perished and the hospitals arc IllillUZ Willi WOUUUBU. VOL. XVIL...N0. 37. Wooi). Wood cut in thu shortest days of winter has been proved by actual ex crimen! to endure much longer than that of a similar description cut in June. The laws of vege table physiology, and particularly lliosti in volved in regulating tho wonderful economy of the ascent and descent of tho sap, are as yet too imperfectly understood to admit of a satisfactory explanation of this fact, although the fact itself is now becoming universally well known. Wood partially seasoned, is preferable iti many respects for fuel, to that which is thor oughlyso. h is an egregious error to sup pose that the entire mass ol fluid contained in wood, is more water. Like the blood of the human system, it is a compound liquid, 'f which pure aqueous elements constitute tho base, but in both cases chemistry has de veloped the presence of oilier substances. In initially seasoned wood the water is ab sent in a great measure, and all that is com bustible in the fluid, left. Selected. Anecdote. Moliere, tlio great comic poet of France, was esteemed an excel. cut actor. He d.ed in performing the part of Ihe Hypochondrias in a comedy of his own writing called I,e Mala, ile Imnginaire, (which is a part of a comedy in England called the Muther-in law,) on tho 17th of February. 1079, in lux grand clunacterick. The ArchbMinp of Paris would not allow his body to be buried in consecrated ground, which the King bung informed of, sent fur the Arch bishop and expostulated with him; hut ho wa9 an obstinate churchman, and would not willingly cniuleoend to his Majesty's persuasions. The King rinding him unwilling to comply, asked him how iinny feet deep the holy ground reach oil. The Bishop replied, about eight. Well, returned the King, I liuil there is no getting tho bettor of your scruple.--, therefore let Inn grave be dug tuelie feet deep, that in four below your consecrated ground', and there let them bury him. The Archbishop was obliged tu comply, for Louis XIV would bo obeied. Blind Teeth is Houses. Referring tn an article on this subject, in the Dec. No. of tho Cultivator, Mr L. l'liymck, of Maryland, in a let. tar to us, says : " I observe that you aro desirous to obtain all tha information you can collect about 'blind teeth, in horse?. This was a matter entirely new to mo till las' summer, when one of my horses had nearly lost tho use of his sight, which I attribu. ted to ocr work, he being of a restless disposi tion when at work. Sometimes after the pridis position to blindness was discovered, (the fight of one eye being almost, if not entirely gone,) ho was sent to tho blacksmith to be shod. The smith told the boy, that if a certain tooth, point- iog ii oui 10 inu uoy, was not extracted, the horse would soon be entirely blind : and with out my assent, took a hammer and a piece of bar-iron, as described by the boy rather barba rous pulling and knocked it out. The boy said thai there was no evidence of pain exhibited by the horse, and that the tooth drooned ou with the first stroke of the hammer. Whether this was the cause of blindness or not, I cannot say; but the horse very sho-tly altcrward recovered his sight, which bince then continues good. A4. CitiV. b Rtcu and Comfortable. One of the wealth iest tanners on the Connecticut, tells the follow ing St rv : " When I firs', camo to Fettle, about 10 veara ago, I told my wife I incut to bo rich all the wanted, she said, was enoUL'h to make hoi 'com. fortahle.' I went lo work nid cleared un niv laud ; I've worked hard evf r since, and havn ot rich rich as I want to he. .Most of my inldren havo settled about me. and thev havo all good larms. But my wife is n't 'comfortable' yet." The Love that survives the tomh is one nf the noblest attributes of the soul. If it has its woes, It his likewise its delights ; and whan the overwhelming burst of L'rief is calmed into the gentle tears of recollection, then the sudden anguich and the convulsive agony over the pres. out ruins of all that we most loved, is softened away into pensive meditation on all that was in the day of its luvehnefs Who would root out such a rorrow from the heart, though it mav sometimes throw a pissing cloud over the bright hour of gaiety, or spread a deeper sadness over tlio hour of gloom ; but who would exchange it even for the song of pleasure or the burst of revelry.' Nu there is a oice from the tomb sweeter than song; there is a remembrance of Ihe dead tu which wo turn even from the charm of the living. mng. A lawyer, now deceased, a celebrated wag, wa pleading before a Scotch judge, with whom ho wis upon tho most intimate terms. Hap pening to have a cl.ent of the name of Tickle, defendant in an action, he commenced his speech m the following humorous strain : "Tickh- my client, the defendant, my lord." The auditors, amused with Ihe oddity of the speech, were al most driven into hysterics, by tim judge reply, ing, "Tickle her yourself, Harry, you aro 'as able to do it as I." UTTlie Albany Citizen speaks thus of the re ception ot J'liuriow Weed K-u. the able and untiring editor of the Albany KveuuiL' Journal. on his return to that city. Welcome home ! Thurlow Weed R.n.. an-:. ved m this city mi Saturday evening by the Hou- -atonic cars. Ile was teceived with a salute of irtillery and the warm greetings of a large num. ber of friends who met linn at the depot. After exchanging salutations with thein he was esror. ted to his resilience. Wo cordially welcome liunbick to Ins country, home and friends-. DEAUTirui. Little Allegorv. A humming, bird once met a butterfly, and being pleased wilh he beauty of its r.erson and glory of its wings, made an offer of perpetual IriendOiip. " I cannot Hunk of it," was the reply, "as you mre spurned ir.e, and called me a draw hni; loll." " Impossible," exclaimed the humming-bird. "I always entertained the highest respect for such beautiful creatures a you." "I'erhaps you do now," su ihe other, "hut when you inulled hip, I was a caterpillar. So let me gie yon llns pieco of advice : Neer in. -u It ib'i humble, as they may cue day bccun.e ;our euporiiirs," Patersov. All the factories in this celebra. ted maiiul.icluniig village are now in Active op. ration, and we understand scleral were about o be erectPil and set in motion. Two Scotch ;entluiucu line lately purchased a valuable site, ,ud are about establishing very extensive farlo. ics for thu manufacture of what is called Pun lee goods a coarse fabric useil lor bagging and ialos. Wu hive been heretofore entirely de. endciit on Rutland and Scotland lor theso oods. A writer of a hue t-, in describing his he .Jin.', s.ijs: " luiioccn'e dwel's hi lie rich ur'si of her daik hair. " We should think it .inod a pre ty smart chance of beiuir combed out, Mail.